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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1883.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 18, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS A
i FINANCIAL SENSATION.
THE LAST DEVICE OF TBE BING.
A Kew Departure-Thc Five Financial
Bills-Validating and Registering the
Debt-Thc Appropriation Bill-A Li?
cense Law, and the Fina acial Agency.
COLUMBIA, S. C., February 8
It has been stated id this correspondence
'Within the past few days that "a new depar?
ture" In the financial affairs of the State might
.be expected, and to-day's proceedings in tbe
Legislature Indicate the nature of the policy
?determined npon by the Gubernatorial party.
The incident in the Legislature to-day which
furuisued the key to the whole dsvice was the
Introduction by Dennis, in the lower house,
of two bills entitled sespectlvely "A bill In
relation to the bonds and stocks of the State
o? South Carolina, and "A bill in relation to
the financial agency ol the State ot* South
?Carolina In the City of New York." These
two bills complete a group of five measures
now pending before the General Assembly,
which are depended upon by the .Governor
and his associates to lift them out of the mire.
The whole qulntagonal device includes the
tallowing measures, which will be explained
In the order named:
1. "A bill in relation to the bonds and stocks
.ot the State ol South Carolina."
2. "A bill to raise supplies and make appro
?iriatlons for the fiscal year ending October 31,
872, and to provide for deficiencies In the rev?
enue tor the fiscal year ending October 31.
0. ? 'A bill to further amend an act entitled
?an -act providing for the assessment and tax?
ation of property and other acts amendatory
4. . -A bill to provide for a general license
law." . '
5. "A bill in relation to the financial agency
of the State of South Carolina in the City of I
The first of the above named bills is a docu?
ment of formidable length, and ls at owe a
validation act, a funding bill, a registry law
and a guarantee bond. Its first section elves,
what purports to be a full Inventory bf all the
t?onds and stocka of the State Issued since
January 1, MOS, all of which are declared to be
genuine and legal issues within the In teat and
meaning of the several acts which authorize
them, and the faith and credit of the Slate are -
solemnly re-pledged tor the payment in full ot
their principal and interest. Next lt provides
for the funding of certain securities ( which are
understood to be the seven per cent, treas?
ury notes now afloat in New York) into six
per cent bonds of the State, and the Issuing
of the necessary amount of conversion slock
lor this purpose. Another section requires
the registry of all outstanding bonds and
stocks, after doe advertisement, at either the
Carolina National Bank, Colombia, or the of?
fice ot the Commercial warehouse Company,
New York, and makes such, registry compul?
sory by prohibiting the payment of interest
on coupons of unregistered securities; and
lastly, the bill affords an ostensible guarantee
against the further Issue of bonds, by provid?
ing that no further issue shall be made with?
out iheconeent of two-thirds of the qualified
voters-of the State at a ge rr- al election.
It ?s'apparent that if tht> above measure
should become a law a tremendous amount of |
ready cash would be required to carry out its
purposes. To supply this necessity the next j
three bills are framed. The first one (nom-1
ber two In the above list) la the substitute fdr
the general appropriation bill recently intro?
duced in the House by the committee on ways
and mean?, and contains the folio wing ve
markable provisions. In the first section it
requires the levy of the tremendous tax of
seventeen and one half mills for State and \
county purposes. This ls divided as follows:
For current expenses for the present
fiscal year.6 mills.
For Interest on the public debt.1 mills.
For deficiencies for the fiscal year end?
ing October 31, 1871.5 milla
For county purposes... ..'?j mills.
The appropriations, dr, at least, such of
them as have specified amounts, toot up as
Executive department. 18,300
Ordinary civil expenses.. .?.111,800
Extraordinary expenses., 60,000 j
Educational, (in addition to the per
capita tax).... 183,000
Total of specified appropriations. .$531,300
A very simple calculation will show that the
proposed tax of seventeen and a half mills on
the dollar would yield a revenue (upon the
basis af the assessment for 1870 and '71) of
$3,172,500, and yet the appropriation bill re- j
quires, specifically, the expenditure ol only
$531,300-less than one-fifth ot the amount.
The next measure-the act amendatory of |
the tax law-provides, amid a mass oi legal
verbiage, which ls depended upon to leave no
loop-hole of escape for the unfortunate prop
erty-owner, that all lands in this State upon
which arrears of taxation exist, at the ex?
piration of ninety days from the passage ?f |
the act, shall be sold at public auction to the
highest bidder, the State to guarantee the
titles to the purchasers by warrantee deeds.
The fourth bur named above 1B another de?
vice for extorting money, and ?9 an Insult ad?
ded to injury. It ls entitled a general license
law, and it provides simply for an Increase of
from five to three hundred per cent, in the
fees lor every kind of license that can be
dreamed ot, while lt includes among the Hst
of acts and articles that require licensing, a
nost of occupations and of articles of domes?
tic use that but few governments in their
times of ?re?tese need have ever thought ot
tax ft g. It ls a practical excise upon tbe
necessities of life, and lt is the most sweeping
of sumptuary laws. \
The filth and last of these devices ls a meas?
ure Intended to abolish that expensive luxury
known as the "financial agency of the State of
South Carolina, in the City of New York." It
empowers the "financial board" to settle up,
from time to time, with the financial agent,
which pow jr they have not hitherto possessed
although they have bad authority to appoint
and discbarge such agent, and lt also empow?
ers, although lt does not require, the financial
board to abolish the agency os at, present or?
ganized, and designate some New York bank
or other institution os the depository of the
State and the place for paying interest. ***
With the exception of the lutrotnctlon of
the measures treated of "above, there was no
business of any special Interest to-day In either
In the Senate, this morning. Mr. Whltte
znore Introduced a bill to provide for special
elections and the manner, of conducting the
same, which simply enacts that such elections
shall be conducted and managed In accord?
ance with existing laws governing general
elections, and that the expenses of the same
shall be poid out of the fonds and in the man?
ner provided for general elections.
Mr. Bleman Introduced a bill to Incorporate
the Journeymen's Mechanics' Union, of
Charleston, which Is an act of Incorporation in
the usual form, and with John Byros, W. H.
Berney. J. W. Miller, G. M. Magrath, J. P.
Howard and Isaac Beed as incorporates, but
whether the association is a trades union, a
pleasure elub or a dependancy of the Scott
Ku-Klux ls left to be inferred from its title.
THE WOBK OF FELD AT.
Relieving Beaufort - Miscellaneous
Business-The Amendatory Election
BUI-The Appropriation for Mr. Wer?
ner-Speaker Moses Delivers a Patri?
[rsoH ora OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, S. C., February 9.
The legislative proceedings to-day have
been of no great Importance In either branch
ol the General Assembly. In the Senate th?
only new business introduced was the follow?
ing concurrent resolution^ for the relief of
Beaufort County, which was offered by Mr.
Smalls, adopted by the Senate and sent tc 'he
House, and, before the day was over, was
returned ' from the. House with its concur?
Whereas; One-fifth (in value) of the real
property ot the County of Beaufort ls now in
possession ol the United States, and, there
t ' >
fore, ls not &ubject to taxation, the title tc
said property having been acquired by the Fed?
eral Government by means of the various sales
made by the United States direct tax commis?
sioners In the years 1863-"6-t-'65 and '66, at
which time the whole of the Parish of St,
Helena was sold by said tax commissioners
for delinquent taxes; and, whereas, the long?
er occupation of these lands by the Federal
Government will be a serious and insurmount?
able obstacle to the prosperity of the said
County of Beaufort, Inasmuch as no Improve?
ments or even repairs are being, or will be,
made thereon, consequently said property is
rapidly deteriorating in value, many valuable
houses having already fallen into ruins; and,
whereas, a bill, prepared by the commissioner
ot Internal revenue, who now controls said
property, is before tbe Congress of the United
states, which provides for the speedy sale of
all the Interests of the Federal Government in
Beaufort County; therefore,
Resolved, Arc, That our senators in Con?
gress be Instructed, and our representatives re?
quested, to use thek imm?diate and most
earnest endeavors to secure the passage of
said bill, or such other legislation as will re?
lieve thi jitizens of this county from this In?
cubus upon their prosperity.
The Senate then proceeded industriously
with its calendar of unfinished business, and
with the following results :
A bill to amend an act entitled "An act to
provide for the construction and repair of
public highways," was passed and sent te the
House. The amendment proposes to Include
In the class of persons liable to road duty
thos? between the ages of sixteen and fifty
instead of those between the ages of eighteen
and forty-five, as the lan n ow stands.
A bill to alterant! ameui an act entitled
uAu act to charter the Town ol Hamburg,"
approved February 28, 1871, which had
already passed the House, received Its third
reading and passage by the Senate, and now
awaits the Governor's approval.
A bill to amend an act entitled "An act pro?
viding for the j-eneral elections and the man?
ner ol' conducting the same," was also passed
I and sent to the House. This is Whlttemore's
bill, which provides for the immediate count
lng and declaration of the vote at the closing
of the polls, but does not provide lor the ap?
pointment ol members ot the opposition party
on the*boards of managers ana commission?
ers. It may be remembered that the Senate,
some time ago, passed a bill which provided
for both of these much-needed reforms, but
which received an unfavorable report from the
election committee of the House, and will
probably not pass that body, and Mr. White?
more bas advocated his present bill on the
ground that if both of these reforms cannot
be effected,' it is best to try at least to accom?
plish one :f them.
Whlttemore's' bill to repeal an act entitled
"An act to authorize tne financial agent ot the
State of South Carolina, in the City of New
York, to pledge State bonds as collateral se?
curity, and for other purposes," and the joint
resolution, by the same author, to provide for
the registering ol all bonds and stocks of the
State of South Carolina, were passed and sent
to the House, but the adoption of either of
them by the House ls exceedingly problemati?
cal, for the reasons, first, that this gentleman's
propositions never do happen to strike the
United Brethren favorably; and second, that
these measures are to a large extent antago?
nistic to the financial scheme introduced io the
House by the financial officers of the State,
Jnd mentioned In this correspondence y ester
I The joint resolution that the Hon. W. H.
Thomas, judge ot the Sixth Judicial Circuit,
be allowed compensation for holding extra
courts, was also passed and sene to the House,
after which the Senate adjourned to Monday.
I The lower house accomplished -but very
little business, almost the entire session being
occupied with a debate upon the resolution to
pay two thousand dollars to Mr. C. Werner, of
Charleston, who designed and executed the
Palmetto Tree, in honor of the members of
the Palmetto Regiment who fell in the war
with Mexico, which stands In the Statehouse
yard. The resolution was sustained by Messrs.
Smart ana Levy, both of whom are veterans
of the Mexican war, and Messrs. Tocum,
Hayne. By as .Hurley and Moses, as a measure
of Justice to the brave men who composed the
Palmetto Regiment, and who laid down their j
lives in defence of the honor o? their country.
The only member opposing the resolution was
Jamison, of Orangeburg, who, with bis ac?
customed captiousness, objected to the ex?
penditure of the comparatively trivial amount,
named, and maintained that there was no
nanon why a Legislature composed largely of
colored men should pass the resolution. Mr.
Speaker Moses made an admirable and effec?
tive speech In support of the measure. Re?
ferring to the argument that had been raised,
that colored men should not vote for it,
he declared 'that, if there should be
any emulation in the matter, the colored mem?
bers were fae very ones who ought most
especially to favor lt. The war of Mexico had,
bo oe sure, given the slave State of Texas to
the Union, but lt had also given the free States
df Arizona, New Mexico and California, with
their broad acres, fertile valleys and lavish
wealth of gold and precious minerals; Slates
.without whose approval the ratification of the
'thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth amend?
ments would not have been secured. For
these considerations he submitted that the
colored people owed a special debt of gratitude
bo the heroes of the Mexican war. Putting
aside, however, this irrelevant and Incidental
question of race, he declared that every work
of art and every leaf of history the.t does honor |
to the State should be prized and cherished.
Many nations had no lasting history beyond
their monuments. France, lately changed
from a monarchical to a republican country,
still clung to her monuments as Inseparable
from her honor and her life, and cherished
equally those which were erected before or
since tbe second empire, and tbe* Slate ot
South Carolina should not suffer one
link ol sculptured . history to pass away.
This and the other monuments in the
State should. never be disturbed, for
they record whatever there Is ol grandeur
and devotion to conscientious convictions in
those who have shaped the destinies of the
Commonwealth, whose citizens had ever re?
sponded with alacrity to the tocsin of war
and marched to battle for the system ot .-tate
government under which they lived as brave?
ly as any men on earth. He favored the reso?
lution for the other reason that it would tend
to show that they were legislating not for
Democrats, nor for Republicans, but tor the '
honor and good name of South Carolina, per-1
i?cting a monument which would exist when
they had passed away. The monument re?
flected no dishonor on the present govern?
ment, and the palmetto tree would never take
one jot or tittle trom the broad and Just princi?
ples on which that government was based.
They were legislators, pledged to do their
duty to the whole people. He did not desire
to take one lota of honor from any class of
people In the State, and he exhorted them, in
conclusion, to do their duly by their State, to
cherish all her works ot art, all her produc?
tions of genius, and all her monuments of
noble deeds. This ended the debate on the
resolution, which waa passed with only two
There was no other business ot Importance
transacted by the House, and, following the
example of the Senate, that body adjourned
until next Monday. PICKET.
CINCINNATI, February 10.
. There have been ninety-five Bmall-pox
deaths this week.
COTTON MOVEMENT FOR THE WEEK.
NEW YORK, February ll.
The receipls at all ot the ports tor the week
were 86,236 bale?, against 92,668 lost week,
120,813 the previous week, and 118,887 three
weeks since. The total receipts since Sep?
tember have been 2,003,053 bales, against
2,510,651 for the corresponding period of the
previous year, showing a decrease of 507,598
bales. The exports Irom all ot the ports lor
the week were 54,381 bales, against 95,827 for
the same week last year. The total exports
for the expired portion of the cotton year
have been 1,075.027 bales, azainst 1,504,993
for the same time last year." The present
stock, as compared with that for the corres?
ponding week o? last year, is aa follows:
Feb. ll, 1872. Feb. ll, 1871.
At all ports.576.407 681,534 -
At the interior towns. 88,051 129,066
In Ltverpool.499.000 610,000
American cotton afloat for
Great Britain.202,000 398,000
Indian ootton afloat ror
The weather at the South was rainy during
THE MUTTERINGS OF WAR.
A SIGNIFICANT BINT FROM WASH?
Opinions of the London Presar-War
Risks Paid by American Vessels-De?
pression of Uni (crt States Securities in
the German Market?
WASHINGTON, February ll.
The administration do not apprehend trou?
ble with England. It is intimated that, should
the Geneva Arbitration tall, the Alabama
claims will be allowed to lapse to the status
quo before the meeting of the high joint com?
mission, remaining subject to a'renewal of
LONDON, Feburary 10.
Great eagerness ls manitested tor the latest
newe from America. Everybody is anxious to
learn how the action of Fngland with regard
to the Alabama claims ls received. Special
dispatches from Mew York and Washington to
the press here, and private telegrams to busi?
ness houses, are posted on 'Change as soon as
received, and bulletins are surrounded by
large crowds. Yesterday's debate in the Sen?
ate on Edmund's resolution ls fully reported
by cable, together with extracts from edito?
rials of the leading New York journals of yes?
The Times says lt ls morally certain that an
attempt to settle the Alabama claims before
the Geneva board of arbitration will be a fail?
ure. We must, therefore, make efforts to pre?
vent angry recrimination. More dexterous
negotiations may settle all differences.
The Post regrets the vehemence of the En?
glish press lu its attack of Americans, because
it may stand In the way of an amicable settle?
The Standard sees in the difficulty which
has so suddenly risen a source of grave anx?
iety and great possible danger, os an unfortu?
nate accident might at any moment precipitate
a quarrel. The Standard feels sure that the
United States will not withdraw their claims,
and lt advises all parties to support the gov?
ernment In maintaining the position whloh
Great Britain has assumed.
War risks are taken oh American vessels In
the Manilla trade, In consequence ef appre?
hensions raised by the Alabama claims dis?
FRANKFORT, February 10.
The difficulty about the Alabama claims has
a depressing Influence on American securities
In Continental markets. Five-twenty bonds
of 1862 have declined jaf here since Wednes?
day, and the market ls heavy.
NEW YORK, February 10.
A Herald special irom Quebec Bays the re?
port of a treaty of separation between the Do?
minion of Canada and Great Britain ls un?
founded. _ _ _
NEWS FROM WASHINGTON.
WASHINGTON, February 10.
. The Senate election committee discussed
the North Carolina senatotahlp without ac?
tion, and will hear Hansom next Saturday.
Upon Sumner's amendment to the amnesty
bill the following senators voted aye: Brown?
low, Clayton, Gilbert, Osborne. Bice, Spencer,
West. Nays-Boreman, Blair, Davis, Gold
thwalte, Hamilton, of Texas, Hill, Johnston,
Norwood, Pool, Robertson, Sawyer, Steven?
son, Flanegan. The latter would have voted
aye, but paired off with Davis. Kellogg did
not vote. Colfax, In casting the deciding
vote, said: "That while not concurring In all
the features of the amendment, as a whole lt
met bis acquiescence, and he should, there?
fore, record his vote lu the affirmative." So
the amendment was adopted. Thus amnesty,
as amended, tailed-all the Democrats and
several Republicans voling nay.
A motion will be made early next week In
the Senate to take up. the House amnesty bill
and press lt to a vote, clear of amendment,
when Its friends feel sure lt wUl secure the
Commander Leroy Fitch has been trans?
ferred from the Pensacola Navy Yard.
Forney has resigned . the Philadelphia coi
THE OL& WORLD'S NEWS.
PARIS, February 9.
It is reported that the French embassy at
Washington has been offered to Drouyn de
l'Huye. A movement is on foot in the Assem?
bly to make M. Thiers President for lite, and
renew the assembly by annual elections. The
propositions are reported to have emanated
from the Left centre. The Assembly has ap?
proved the report of Its committee recom?
mending amnesty to all Communists under
the rank of commissioned officer, and who
have committed no offence against the com?
The Assembly committee on war contracte
has adopted a resolution asking the United
Slates Government to furnish the result of
the Inquiry into the conduct of American
officials who were suspected ot participating
In the purchase of arms for the French Gov-,
eminent during the war.
The Patrie says the committee ot the Na?
tional Assembly, which 1B investigating, the
fads connected with the capitulation of the
French torllflcatlons and armies during the re?
cent war, has obtained proof of Marshal Ba
zalne's treachery to the Republic.
LONDON, February 10. -.
In the House of Commons, to-day, Right
Hon. Henry Bouverie Brand, ministerial can?
didate, was elected speaker without opposi?
The steamer Electra and ship Deheleran col?
lided In the channel. Tbe Electra foundered
with the captain and seventeen persons. The
Deheleran was uninjured.
THE WAR IN MEXICO.
NEW ORLEANS, February ic.
The Matamoras revolutionists, under Gene?
ral Gulrra, captured Zacatecas on the 30th ul?
timo, with a large quantity of stores and
artillery. General Trevino, with three thous?
and revolutionists, has advanced on San Luis
Potosi. -Gen.;ral ?echa entered that city on
the 29th, with six hundred reinforcements,
oefore Trevino could reach lhere: Trevino is
receiving reinforcements dally, and will
doubtless capture the place by part of Cori?
na's troops, which are expected here to?
night, while that chiefilan will remain out?
side to harass the enemy.
MATAMORAS, February ll:
Cortlna's forces have been so reducedsby
captures and desertion since leaving Comargo
that be cannot keep tbe field, and ls expected
here to-night with the entire remnant of his
command. Many of his horses have died from
lack of food. Generals Trevino, Naranjo, Mar?
tinez and Guerrado have united their forces,
amounting to Blx thousand, to attack San
Luis Potosi, which is held by Rocha with
two thousand government troops.
THINGS IN NEW YORK.
NEW YORK, Februay 10.
Fire Indictments have been found against
Mayor Hall for wilfully and corruptly neglect?
ing to audit certain claims against the city.
Bailed In three thousand dollars.
William Porter and Thomas Brixley, fash?
ionable burglars, have been arrested, with
the implements of their profession. They of?
fered Ave thousand dollars to the officers to
be released. Heretofore they moved In aris?
It ls stated on high banking authority that
an old Baltimore firm has protested a quarter
of a million Havana drafts, drawn upon lt for
heavy consignments of sugar.
Dux GOODS ADVANCING nt PRICE_Domestic
dry goods are advancing. Ditto foreign dry
goods. In the?latter, we are told, the demand
for the more elegant makes of foreign mlllB
never was greater than lt seems to be this year,
thus far. In the former the record ls, in
bleached and brown goods an up ward tenden?
cy on almost every staple; also a scarcity on
most of standards. There has been much ac?
tivity this week in cloth*, casslmeres, satinets,
&c, and large siles ace made by agents io elly
and out-town buyers. At present lhere is a
foil stook, as a general thing, ol'woollen goods.
The Rarlian blacks and the same make in gold
mixed are worth in jobbers' hands from ene
dollar and ten cents to one dollar and twenty
cents. In all departments of the trade more
than common activity le reported, and on cot?
ton goods-In both domestic and foreign-fair
prices are obtained and large amounts sold.
New York Express.
THE SAVANNAH RIVER RISING.
Incidents of the Jjfreshet at and Oppo
. [From the Augusta Chronicle.]
Yesterday we stated that the Savannah
River was rising rapidly, and that there were
apprehensions of a freshet. At five o'clock
the water marked twenty-four feet, and at
that time it was raining steadily. The rain
continued to fall all nij-ht, and caused a good
deal of alarm among those living near the
river. The water continued to rise during
the night and morning, though very slowly.
At three o'clock lt marked twenty-eight feet,
when lt ceased to rise. If there were heavy
rains up the country on Thursday night, we
may yet have a fresnet, bnt the chances seem
to be decidedly against lu We sincerely hope
that the city may escape, for a freshet at this
time would cause great damage to the town
and suffering to the people.
As lt was the water came into the upper por?
tion of the city yesterday morning, and flowed
through Market street, Into Marbury and near
Springfield Church. The volume ol' water was
small and caused only a little inconvenience to
the persons living in tbat locality. *
The water carried away theiwharf at the foot
of Lincoln street, recently built by Mes?rs.
Cole?, Bizer & Co. The. force of the stream
was such that the wharf was not carried away
by pieces, but the whole structure was lifted
up at once and borne away. The owners sent
some hands after it la a batteau who caught
and tied lt on Kirkpatrick's bar.
An Immense quantity of drift wood-some
of which consisted of heavy Jogs-was brought
down by the current and lodged against the
bridges belonging to the South Carolina Ball
road and tbe city, and against the wharves.
The force ot the water pressed the drift so
closely together that one could walk on ie lor
thirty or forty yards at a time. It afforded a
rich harvest to the colored troops, old and
young, who, armed with long poles, fished out
enough wood to Bupply them with fuel fer
some time. Some lofty falls and wet jackets
rewarded some of the fishermen for their pains,
but none of them were reported drowned at
last accounts, which Is a little surprising, con?
sidering the reckless manner in which they
exposed themselves.to danger.
On the South Carolina side of the stream,
where the banks are not hlgb, a great deal ot
the country was submerged. During the
night the water entered the dwelling of some
colored people, who were lorced to pack up
and leave._ _ _
JOTTINGS ABOUT THE STATE.
-The balance" of uncollected taxes in Or?
angeburg County is $4963.
-The jail chimney in.Georgetown caught
Are on Saturday week.
-Major D. Miller, clerk of court, was thrown
out ol a carriage in Columbia, on Saturday,
dislocating his ankle. Hts little son was badly
-The recent election for town council ot
Branchville resulted as follows: For Intendant,
J. W. Fairey, Esq.; for wardens, Messrs. L. R.
Berry, Benjamin sloss and John Walker.
-The Cheraw Democrat learns? that the
Peedee Blver ls rapidly rising, and already
overflowing the low grounds opposite tbat
Elace. It Ts feared that much damage may
-A few evenings ego,, little Howard Pat?
terson, the son of Mr. James Patterson, started
with some young friends to take a bunt, and
while crossing Turkey Creek, near Barnwell,
the gun carried by Howard accidentally went
off, and a number of shot entered his arm,
producing some painful wounds, though we
are glad to learn that the little fellow ls rapid?
ly getting better.
-The Columbia Phoenix reports a heavy
swell in the Congaree Elver and a serious
freshet is apprehended. The water on Satur?
day evening was above the level of the canal*
and rlslng-at the rate of seven feet in twenty
four hours. 'Should the swell continue thirty
six hours, as seems likely from the recent
rains, the hluh-water mark ot the' great
freshet of 1852 will be reached. The n ew
canal banks will probably b? flooded, an/? LL?
I stability of the new work put to the test.
-Od* last Friday morning two prisoners
made their escape from Kershaw County Jail.
Their names are Jim Boss and Daniel Waden.
As the Jalloress went up to open the cell doors,
as was the custom, she found these two out
and armed with heavy billets of wood, with
which they advanced upon her. She having
nothing wherewith to resist such a ferocious
assault, wisely got out of their way, where?
upon they morea on down stairs and succeed- j
ed In effecting their escape, though pursued lo
some distance by the son of the Jalloress.
They had been arrested for larceny.
-While blasting rock in his own well, Mr.
Henry B. Young, a respected citizen of Lau?
rens County, met the mlslortune of losing his
lire by accidental explosion, on the 31st ult.
Another person in the well with Mr. Young
at the time the explosion occurred escaped
with little or no injury. The hands at the
windlass, on hearing the explosion, lowered
the bucket, when Mr. Youu_c without assist?
ance got into it, and was drawn up, out sur?
vived only about two boura. Mr. Young leaves
a wife and several .children to mourn his un?
-On last Saturday night the Blore of W. L.
J. BeJd & Sons, of Cheraw, was entered and a
considerable amount of goods taken out. lt
appears that Mr. George Goodrich, while
closing his store, beard a noise In ?he store of
Beld cfc Sons, and calling on Messrs. N. A. Jef- ]
rles, A. G. Bright and H. Stanton, the town
marshal, proceeded to examine the place,when
they found and captured Henry Blue, freed?
man, In the store after several shots had been
fired at him. By the contesslon ot Blue, B?b
Malloy and Anderson Marshall, .Ms accompli
j ces, were In the store, with him when the
alarm was given, but effected their escape
through the back part of the house. They
were both soon after arrested at their homes,
and,-with Blue, sent to Darlington Jail. One
or two hundred dollars' worth of goods had
been removed to the rear part of the lot, but
little. If any, carried away. Ie ls supposed
that If they had not been detected their in?
tention wai*to set Are to the building to pre?
vent suspicion of the robbery. If this had
been done some half dozen or more other
buildings would have been destroyed,
THE WEATHER IRIS DAT.
WASHINGTON, D. C., February H.
The low barometer in Alabama will probably
move east and ihen northeast, with increasing
southeast wiuds and rain by Monday morning
from Florida to North Carolina. Falling barom?
eter and threatening weather will extend over
the Middle and Eastern States, with rain In
western Pennsylvania and New York. The
small area of rising barometer and pleasant
weather will extend on Monday eastward over
Illinois, Michigan and Indiana; followed by
tailing barometer, southerly winds and threat?
ening weather to the westward of those States.
Brisk northwest winds will probably prevail
from northern Florida westward, and south?
east winda from South Carolina southward*]
Otherwise dangerous winds are not anticipa?
ted for Monday night.
Yesterday's Weather Reports or the
Signal Service, ?. S. v.-1.17 p. M.,
Key Weat, Fla..
if g gS s
?5 8 ?fl <
; g i i ? I
; o ; : g, ;
29.92 5KSE " Gentle.
30.03 41 SE Gentle.
30.03 37 NE Gentle.
30.02 68 E Gentle.
29.95 38 NE Fresh.
2?.97 47 Calm.
29.80 flo NW Frith.
29.97 78 SE Fresh.
29.84 60 N Gentle.
29.73 64 N* Gentle.
30.04 2S NE Gentle.
2S.-74 61 NW Brisk. *
30.011 43 NW Light.
30.05 53 E Light.
30.03 31 N_ Light.
30.Ol1 64 NB Gentle.
29.961 57 E Gentle.
29.91 44IN fresh.
30.01 62 S Gentle.
30.071 67|SE Gentle.
F i lr.
NOTB.-The weather report dated 7.47 O'CIOCK;*
thia morning, will be posted In the rooms of the
onamber ot commerce at io o'clock A, M., and,
together with the weather chart, may (by the
ooirrteay or the Chamber) be examined by ship?
masters at any time during the day.
THE RELIGIOUS WORLD.
THE YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSO?
The Meeting on Saturday-Election of
Offleer?-Arrangement* for their In.
There was a large gathering on Saturday
evening at the rooms of the Young Men's
Christian Association. Among those present
we noticed, of the clergy of the city, the Bevs,
John T. Wightman and L. H. Shuck, the Bevs.
Messrs. Gowan and Smart. At eight o'clock,
Mr. Joseph Whildeu took the chair and called
the meeting to order. After prayer by the
Rev. Mr. Gowan the minutes of the last two
meetings were read and confirmed. The com?
mittee on nominations, through their chair?
man, the Ber. L. H. Shuck, then made their
report, recommending the following gentle?
men as officers of the association : Hon. C. G.
Memmlnger, president; S. A. Nelson, first
vice-president; J. N. Hobson, second vice?
president; Simeon Hyde, third vice-president;
Wm. i?. Ree, fourth vice-president; Robert G.
ChlBolm, fifth vice-president; F. A. Sllcox, re?
cording secretary; J; B. Haskell, correspond?
ing secretary; E. E. Sell, treasurer. -
On hearing the report of the committee the
motion was made and carried that the regular
rules be suspended, and the nominees be each
elected by acclamation, which was done viva
Mr. G. L. G. Cook, chairman, then read the
report of the committee on the property and
liabilities of the old association. Upon the
question as to the deposition of this report. #
motion- was offered that the committee be
continued, in order to receive from the old
association a regular transfer ol their property
and assets. This motion elicited a lengthy
discussion as to the relations between the old
and new association. The weight of opinion
however, being manifestly with those who
held that the new association was but the old
reorganized, the amendment was withdrawn,
the report received, and the committee dis?
On motion of the Bev. Mr, Shuck, the secre?
tary of the nomlnsting committee was re?
quested to notify the officers of their eleotlon,
and that the first regular meeting of the asso?
ciation, under the constitution, would be held
on the evening of the first Saturday of March
Bev. Mr. Wightman then offered a resolu?
tion that a committee of three be appointed by
the chair, at his leisure, to be called the "com?
mittee on inauguration," who should make
suitable arrangements for receiving and In?
ducting into office the newly elected officers
at such time as the constitution prescribed,
and subsequently this committee was further
charged with the duty of printing and Issuing
circulars to all members urging their presence
on that occasion, of the proper advertising of
the meeting in the. daily papers, and of ma?
king arrangements for an address on the Sun?
day evening lollowlng the inauguration.
A letter was then read by the chair from
the Rev. W. H. Adams, expressing his regret
that on account of prior engagements he was
unable to attend this meeting, but that, as a
member of the nomlnatlBg committee, he cor?
dially app/oved ot the selection of officers
made; and assuring the association ol his read?
iness to co-operate heartily with them In any
way his services might be requested.
Upon motion, a committee of one from each
church in the city was directed to be appoint?
ed, by the chair, who should be specially
charged with the duty of laying the claims of
the association before the members and con?
gregations of their respective churches, and
inducing them to enroll their names as mem?
bers of the association.
On motion resolved, that alter adjournment,
those present enroll their names as members.
After prayer the meeting adjourned.
The Bev. T. W. Dosh, from Winchester,?Va.,
preached his Introductory sermon yesterday
morning to a large congregation lu the St.
John's Evangelical Lutheran Church, Arch?
dale street, to which he has been called as the
pastor. His text was taken from Romans xv,
29th, "And I am sure that, when I come unto
you, I shall come lu the fui ness of the blessing
of the Gospel ol Christ." From this appropri?
ate head he drew a descriptive and highly In?
teresting discourse, which gave general pleas?
ure to his bearers. In the latter part of bis
sermon the pew pastor feelingly alluded, to^
his predecessor, the Rev. Dr. John Bachman,
who was present, and whom he compared to
St. Paul lu his miqisterial labors of half a cen?
THE BIBLE. SOCIETY.
The sixty-first anniversary of the Bible So?
ciety, of Charleston, was celebrated last eve?
ning at Trinity Church, in Hasel street. Every
seat In the church was filled, and the congre?
gation exhibited a lively Interest in the great
work of the society. The proceedings were
opened by the assistant pastor of the church,
the Bev. H. D. Smart, who read a selection
from the Psalms and said the Lord's Prayer,
alter which the object of the meeting was ex?
plained by the Hon. C. G. Memmlnger, who
Introduced the Rev. C. C. Plnckney. Mr. Plnck
ney read the annual report of the board of
managers of the society, which has already
been printed, and may now be bad at the
Bible Depository of Mr. Fogartie, In King
street, where copies are lett for distribu?
tion. The meeting was then addressed in turn
by the Revs. G. B. Brackett, pastor ?of Flynn's
Church, and Dr. Whitefoord Smith, pastor of
Trinity. During the singing ot the last hymn,
"Father of Mercies, lu Thy Word," a collec?
tion was taken up in aid of the society; and a
committee passed around to afford such gen?
tlemen as desired to do so an opportunity to
enroll themselves as members. -.The Bev.
Mr. Smart then closed the proceedings by
pronouncing the benediction.
Among the clergy present, were the Bevs.
Dr. Smythe, W. S. Bowman, C. Sledder, E.
W. Bollea, (Bible agent,) and W.0H. Adams.
The meeting was Composed ol members of
tire congregations of all the Protestant
churches, and was worthy of the important
work in which the society is engaged.
_ti ., ?._
BISHOP LYNCH THE PROBABLE SUC
CESSSOR OF THE LATE PRIMATE.<:
The New York Evening Post of Thursday,
in an editorial notice of the late Archbishop
.Spalding, says :
He was to have soon received one of the
Highest honors his church could have beslow
edf- for it ls rumored that next spring he would
have been-made a cardinal, In company with
the English Archbishop ol Westminster, and
the Belgien Archbishop of Malloes-two ot the.
most notable prelates of Northern Europe.
One of the favorite plans of the late Arch?
bishop was the extension ot Roman Catholl-f
clam among the freedmen of the ?outh. The*
splendid Idea o? bringlog Into the bosom of
the Holy Mother Gburch over three millions
of converts was certainly worthy of the atten?
tion of any prelate, and Dr. Spalding organ-,
lzed a missionary system in the Southern
States, which is now in active operation. HIS'
death will cause regret In the Vatican as well
as in his own diocese, for with the late Arch?
bishop Plux ix was probably better acquainted"
than with any other American prelate;. The
succession to his office will involve eertain
changes in the administration of several ot the
dioceses. A regular Bystem of promotion
seems to prevail in the Catholic ecclesiastical
affairs, and as Dr. Lynch, of 8outh Carolina,
is now the most prominent of Roman Catholic
Bishops, lt is thought probable by those who
ought to know that ne will be the nert
JOTTINGS FROM EDGEFIELD.
Labor and the Crops-The Prospect for
Cotton-An Increased" Area Expected
The Laborers More Steady.
[FROM AN OCCASIONAL CORRESPONDENT.]
ELMWOOD, EDOEFIELD, February-7.
We have had very severe cold, freezing
weather for the past two months; even np to
this date, rain, with heavy thunder, continue
to flood the earth so completely that nothing
can be done in the way of preparing for the
I present"year's crop, not even the spring oats
having been sown yet. Both the wheat and"
oals Bown in the fall are greatly damaged by
being inundated so long with water and ice.
The public highways are In a horrible con?
dition; in fact, there are bot two ways to travel
with any safety-on foot and horseback, and
the latter ls getting to be quite dangerous.
Vehicles ol' all kinds are gradually disappear?
ing, and will soon be numbered with the
things that have passed, only In favorable
localities where the lands are sandy and level
that do not require any work.
. The roads being in such a miserable condi?
tion will cause a great deal less of commercial
fertilizers to be used this crop, as only those
immediately on the railroads can have the
benefit of using them to any extent. ?
L The rise in cotton will encourage more to
be planted the present vear than was last,
especially in those localities near the railroads
where hauling ls not such a tax. The labor
system ls gradually Improving, and the labor?
ers begin to And out that the yearly changes
i .that they have been pursuing In past years
do not pay, and wish to remain at the same
home, especially where the lands are good,
and they are not slow to find out
these localities and there remain from year
to year, many making considerable advances
and improvements every way. I know of sev?
eral families that have remained until now
where they were liberated, and have consider?
able money, and these are generally the beet
' tenante, and more sought alter by the land?
owner. I have known donble the quantity
offered to them in comparison to what they
were making to get them move, but it was no
go. AB I have frequently beard them inquire
amongst themselves, "Have these men that
are making us such good offers any 'back?
bone P" or, ''Will he stand up lo the rack V
Ac. I thought 1 would ask ona the definition
of "backbone," and did so. He replied, "Why,
old massa, old os you are. rou don't know
what dat mean ?" I replied I thought I did,
but perhaps lt bad more io lt than I thought,
and would like to hear him give me the .
new version o? it. He replied, "It is
a mighty big word with us. Suppose six of ?
us want money from our employer to buy pro?
visions with; suppose each wants one hundred
and fifty dollars apiece, which will make nine
hundred dollars, and be shells out the cash 1
to us, he then has "backbone."
I muBt close. I will advise you as the spring
advances as to the amount of cotton, corn and
other produce planted In comparison with the
past year. SENEX, fl
"A STATE FOR SALE."
Is South Carolina to be Pat tn the Same
The Weekly Gazette (Ark.) has the follow?
ing, under the appropriate heading of "A
State for sale :"
Well, we have the fruits of the carpet-bag
system of taxation before us in - the shape of
auditor's advertisements of "sale of lands for?
feited to the State of Arkansas in consequence
of the non-payment of taxes due thereon," to
take place on the "second Monday in Febru?
ary, 1872," published in the weekly Republi?
can of January 9. Some Idea of the magni?
tude of the taxation imposed upon the people
of Arkansas by Mr. Carpet-bagger's govern?
ment in the first year of his rule may be de?
rived from an examination of this advertise?
ment, recollecting that the lands embraced In
it are only the residuum after the collectors
have sifted all that could be sold In the coun?
ties where forfeited for the price of the taxes
unpaid, and after the owners have had two
years to redeem from the auditor such as they
were able to redeem.
The advertisement is printed in nonpareil
type and occupies more than sixteen pages ot
a sheet as large as the Weekly Gazette. At
legal (carpet-bag)tates the mere publication
of lt one insertion costs the State o? Arkansas
twelve thousand three hundred and'twelve
dollars! It is published also In pamphlet
form. This pamphlet contains, is the same
size type, in medium octavo form, 229 closely
printed pages. . *
We h E.ve i ak en one pace as an average ol
the wobeie. The auditor offers lor sale on that
page seventy-two tracts, 15,837.27 acres, taxed
for $2901 62, or nearly nineteen cents per
acre. Taking page 111 as an average of the
whole 228 pages, and we learn that, comprised
In 16,416 tracts, the whole number of acres of?
fered by the auditor, of lands forfeited In 1868,
is 3,662,540 94-on which the amount of taxeu
unpaid ls $651,462.20-a sum far greater toan
the entire revenue of any year before 186b !
We commend this statement of figures to
those States who keep the carpet-baggers in
their own penitentiaries.
fl OJIICIDE A T 31 A TTHE WS BL UFF.
The Beaufort Republican received the fol?
lowing account of a homicide, which occurred
on Tuesday, January 30, at Matthew's Bluff :
"An Irishman, named Patrick Plunkett was
employed by Mr. R. R. Tuxner ft* some time
during the past summer an J fall. In a settle?
ment of their accounts, Patrick deemed him?
self wronged. A few days before the homi?
cide he was observed going towards Turner's
house carrying In his hand a pistol. In reply
to a question, he said that he might possibly
be obliged to shoot Turner. On Tuesday
morning, while Turner was in bed, being Ul,
a colored woman told bim that P. ' " ick was
entering the house. Tamer got out of bed
und took up his gun, warning Patrick not to
come nearer. Patrick raised his hands, either
to show himself unarmed or to seize the gun,
when Turner shot him dead.'.'
THE SNOW BLOCKADE
?'? - ( OMAHA, February 10.
Six western bound 'trains are at Rawllng's
Station, twenty-two days from Omaha. The
passengers lived on crackers and-cheese. An
indignation meeting was held. Snow closed
in beh'lnd the passing trains.
AN ENCHANT?E SHOT DEAD.-A frightful event
has just taken place In Arkansas, illustrating
the power which a bf lief as old and as childish
as that in witchcraft may still exert, and sug?
gests an argument of some weight In favor of
compulsory education. It appears that a ne?
gro ofiittle Rock, named Francis, deliberate?
ly shot and killed another man of the same race
named Vaughan, for, as the murderer alleges,
bewitching him. Francis says Vaughan was a
recular "Obi-man," In full power; that he
poisoned his hand so that it was always cold;
that he had "charmed" many persons of both
sexe i who had the misfortune to offend him;
and that he had shot hi m for trying to throw
men Into spell?, and enchanting various wo?
men. "I don't feel sorry for shooting him,"
?tided Francis, frankly, "for I didn't want him
evlllog rouud any longer, and>he ought to
have been killed long ago." On this persua?
sion the man walked quietly up to within five
feet of bis victim and clew his brains out with,
a Colt's revolver. . . '.?
-More than six thousand pictures were re?
cently discovered which have been bidden
away In the garret of a Florentina palace
since the time of the Medici.
?&-ALL TEE YEAR BOUND, AND Di
all parts or the world, the elements of disease "are '
present in the air,11 the 'sol?- and the water; ina
greater or less degree,1 and ' therefore the Great *
Vegetable Antidote tb these Invisible enemies- of"
health, HOSTETTER'S STOMA OH BITTERS, ls
laval nab le as a household medicine at all seasons ~
and in e very la tit u d e. At no period of the y ear ia _
a regulating and corrective medicine more needed-1 -
than toward Hie close of winter, when -the son'-'
and rain are beginning' to break cp the winter'
blockade, and from the softening soil arises that
terrible miasma, which weighs like an incubus"
upon the vital mach in e ry and depresses the ani?
mal spirits.' It ls then that the eeeds'of lu termlt
tent and remittent fe wrs, of rb euma tis m and?
ra eu m a tl c gopt, of obstinate stomach, complaints,. <
of disorders of tue liver and bowels,, anil a whole
host of pulmonary and servons complaints - ar? '
sown. - . . ...;'/ .
The best, the sorest way to prevent this, djsai
trous seeding ls ts invigorate and refresh tlre-sys
tem with a course of the Bitters, ir this precaution^ .
be taken now, there will be no danger of the '.'."
miasmatic germs taking* root m the' fluids and ' .
tissues of the bcdy, and-bringing forth terrible
fruit in the spring. Now ls the ? time for p reven- >
tfon. Remember .thit vigor is the only safeguard
t.galnst the virus of disease, and that Eo3tetter'a"
Bitters ls the purest, the. safest, the mostpowerfol
f,nd perfect in vigoran t ever administered, 'either.
as protective medicine or a remedy,. A change bf *
season approaches which almost always proven' .?
more or less disastrous1 to persons of a weak, ner?
vous organiza'lon. - Brace np at once with the
leading Tonio of the ace. - Purge from the blood
all morbid matter, strengthen the nerves, .'ando
regulate and^purlfy the secretions wita ; tie Veg e- L
table Elixir, which combines th- juices of tha
finest medicinal roots-, herbs and.harks, with the?,
most wholesome ef ah dldt?lve stimulants. .
Mtonitipal tyotfc?s/.ir.'Z y
Che Seventh Dis trier, or Charleston County, com
prising Edisto, John's, Wadmalaw; Jame* Island ?n
and st. Andrew's Parish, are hereby notified that
the Tax Books wal be in tbe city, at tbe Fire?
proof Building, February ie, for tbe Collection or o
state, county, Poll and School Taxes, for the year 11
1871, and. will remain open loth, lita, 90th and rr
2let, closing 22d. - - , : t.o.-- (
N. B.-The, dellnciueat Tay payers of I860 will
have no further time allowed from that date. .,
. ... . WM. H. W. GRAY,
?*~ AT A REGULAR MEETING OF
the Board of Commissioners or the Almshouse, rt
held on, tue 4th. instant, the following Preamble -,
and Resolution were unanimously adopted anet .
ordered to be published: .'.f
Whereas, The City Council having materially
reduced the appropriation for the support of. the , ;
Almshouse for the ensuing year, the Bo ard .of
Commissioners, in order to 'make the appropriai
tlon meet the requirements of the helpless poor of
the city as far as possible, feel themselves oom* : ':
pelled, In the discharge of their public duty, to?'
require a more rigid Inspection of the condition
of those obtaining vat-door relelf; therefore, .
be It .>
Resolved, That from and after the diet day. of
March, ensuing, all out-door relelf will be dis?
continued, except to such as may present new 1
applications, said applications to be recommend- -
ed by two immediate neighbors or respectability,
who shall certify to the worthiness of the appli?
cant as well as to bis or her incapacity to earn a
livelihood. in case the applicant shall be Inca- .
pacitated from earning a livelihood, eltner'by
disease or permanent disability, the certificate of
a physician, mgbud standing, win 1? required. "
AU applications for relier wul also be reqouad to 1
be attested by an Alderman of the Ward In whlch |
the applicant resides. Blanks will be furnished .,
by the Master on application to bim at the Aims
house. 0. B. SIG WALD,
Secretary and Treasurer.
Charleston, Feb. 7, 1872. feb9-iTmw4ni
OTTY TAX NOTICE.-OFFICE
OF CITY APPRAISER, CITY HALL, CHARLES?
TON1, s. c., FEBRUARY 5, . 1872.-Notice ls ; i
hereby given* to all .concerned that Returns
for all Beal and Peisonal Property within the
limits of the City or Charleston shall be made .
and delivered at this office, on or before the2lst
of February, instant, for the year 1872, verified
by the oath of the person whose duty lt ls so to
return said property, as principal, agent, trastea,
or other wise.
By Act of the Legislature, passed March l, 1870, 2
lc ls made the duty of the City Appraiser to add: i
Fifty Per Oeat. and One Dollar as penalty for ;i
failure or neglect to make returns of property
within the time prescribed.
The roil ow lng must be returned for taxation as ..
Personal Property, viz : ?. .
Horses and Mules, Neat cat*. *'
Gold and Sliver Watches.
Gold and Silver Plate.
Plano Fortes, Melodeons and Cabinet Organs. ,
carriages, Wagons, Drays, Carts and other
Average value of Goods, Merchandise or other -
commodities pertaining to any business as Mer
chant, Agent, or otherwise, between the lat of ,
Janeery, 1871, and 1st January, 1872.
Average yalne of all materials used, or provided
for nae, as a Manufacturer, or otherwise, between
1st January, 1871, and 1st January, 1872.
Value of all Machinery, Engines, Tools, Fix?
tures and implements used, or provided, and or
all manufactured articles on band on January
value of all Moneys-including bank bills and
circulating notes on hand or deposit.
Value of all credits, over legal Indebtedness.
Value of all investments In the bonds or stocks
of any company, corporation, or person, (includ?
ing City of Charleston stock,) in or oat or this
City, (except National Banks ont or the City,) and
or the gross receipts of Insurance Agencies, in
money and notes, between the first day of Janu?
ary, 1871, and first day or January, 1872.
Value of all other Personal Property, Including !
AU persons who shall pay their taxes la one In- :
stalment, on or before the 1st MARCH, 1872, snail
be allowed a reduction of Five Per Cent, on the
amount of the. same.
* "W. H. EASTERBY, .1
reb5-mwf8 pity Appraiser.
Jg ARLE <fc BLYTHE,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
GREENVILLE, S. C.
BS- Practice in State and Federal Courts.
49? Special attention given to Collecting and
BS ULINfr INSTITUT*
* "VALLE OBTJOIS," NEAR OOLIMBIA, 0.,
FOB TUE EDUCATION OF YOUNO L?UIB8, O'DBB THB
IMMEDIATE SUPERVISION OF TT IE BBUOTlTJSlS '.'
OF THE ?E3ULLNE CjNVSNft ' ?
The situation of the Couvent ls aU that can be
desired for health and beaut v. The buildings are,
on elevated ground, about twu miles from the4
Capitol, and la the midst of an oak gove of
twenty acres. ltls%lthln half an hour's drive
rrom the depot, where omnibuses and baggage
wagons await the arrival of passengers.
TEEMS-For board, washing, fuel, lights and
tuition In English, $300, payable $160 In advance,
or $30 pertnonth, payable tn advance.
Music. French, Latin, Drawing and painting
form extra charges.
43: For further information, application may
be mad 3 to the MOTHER SUPERIOR, to Rt. BSV*.
Bishop LYNCH, or to the Reverend Clergy.