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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1883.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 18, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS A
; IHE STATE FINANCES.
The Text of the Validating Bill-Slr.
Wealey*e Bill for the Repudiation of
. the Hone?t Debt-Amending the Elec
' ?lott I.a.VFs-The New Stamp Act.
COLUMBIA, S. C., February 16.
Ia the House this morning, a number of 1 ap?
portant bills relating to the finances of the
State, which had been for some time In vari?
ous stages of preparation, were either intro?
duced or reported back from the ways and
means committee. The first was the "bill re?
lating to the bonds of the State of South Care
llna,n now better known as the "validation
act," which was reported upon unfavorably by
the committee on ways and means. This bill
wa? described lu THE NEWS of the 12th instant,
and, as was there stated, it provides tor the
. validation of all the bonds included in thc last
exhibit by the State treasurer, the registration
of the same, and the submission of the ques?
tion of any future issue of bonds to the voters
of the State. The full text of the bill is as fol?
A BILL RELATING TO THE BONDS OF THE
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
Whereas, bonds or obligations ol this State
have been issued, from time to lime, to a
large amount, in accordance, as was supposed
by the officers Issuing the same, with the
authority and provisions of certain acts of the
General Assembly, Including "AU act to
authorize a loan to redeem ihe obligations
known as the bills receivable of the Stat*) of
South Carolina,*' approved August 26. 1868:
also, "An act to authorize a Stute loan to pay
Interest on th" public debt," approved August
27,1868; also, "Au act to provide for the ap?
pointment of a land commissioner, and lo de?
fine bia powers and duties," approved March
27, 1869; also, au act to amend the last named
act, and lor other purposes, approved March
1, 1870: also, "An act to authorize a loan for
the relief of the treasury," approved Febru?
ary 17, 1869; also, "An act to provide
for the conversion of State securities,"
approved March 23, 1861); and 'An act to
authorize the financial agent of the
State of South Carolina, In the City of New
York, to pledge State bonds as collateral secu?
rity, and for other purposes," approved March
26, 1869. which said bonds are fully and partic?
ularly stated nod set forth ia a report made
by the treasurer ol the State to the General
Assembly, dated October 31,1871; and whereas
doubts have arisen whether said Issues were in
strict conformity to the provisions ol the said
several acts, under which they were respec?
tively Issued; and whereas lt was the true in?
tent and meaning of the several acts above
?et forth, that such Issues of bonds or obliga?
tions should be made in the manner In which
the same have been made as aforesaid; and
whereas, also, doubts have been raised as ' to
the validity of some of the bonds mentioned
in the said annual report of the State treas?
urer, for the fiscal year ending with October
31,1871, although money has been borrowed
by or realized out of said bonds, on account ol
thisj8late; and whereas the credit of this State
has been affected thereby :
Be It enacted by the Senate and House o?
Representatives of the State of South Caroli?
na, now met and sliting lu General Assembly,
and by the authority of the same:
SECTION 1. That the said bonds and obliga?
tions Issued on behalf of this State, as men?
tioned and set iorth in the report of the
treasurer of this State lo the General Assem?
bly, dated October 31,1871, v. ere duly and
lawfully issued in conformity with the true in?
tent and meaning of the several acts of the
General Assembly hereinbefore Bet forth by
their respective titles.
SEC. 2. That the a Ms of the officers of this
State, authorized under the provisions of the
laws of this Stale, and of the several acts
hereinbefore referred to, to the extent of all
Issues of bonds or obligations enumerated and
set iorth in the -aid report ot the treasurer,
be, and are hereby, In all things ratified, con?
firmed and established.
SEC. 3. That each and all of the bonds
named in sahl annual report of the treasurer
Of this Stale, for the fiscal year ending with
October 31st, 1871, be, aud the same ard here?
by, declared to oe legal and valid bonds of the
State of South Carolina, for ihe payment of
which the faith, credit ana funds of the State
have been, and are hereby, pledged.
Ssc. 4. The section of each of the acts under
which said bonds purport to be issued, whkh
provides for an annual tax lo pay the Interes -,
ls hereby declared to be a part ot' this act, and
an annual tax, in addition to all other tcj.es,
shall be levied upon the properly of the 'AMe,
by the State auditor or other officer perform?
ing his duties, sufficient to pay tbe interest on
the bonds named in or provided tor by this
act, until the principal ot said bonds shall be?
SEC. 5. Hereafter, every bond converted or
Issued under, or lo pursuance of aoy ol the
laws of this State, shall be ot the description
and Style of those heretofore issued under an
act entitled "An act lo provide for the conver?
sion of Staie securities," approved March 23,
1869, so that all of the bonds of the State shall
be of one description and style, as soon as the
exchange can be made.
S xe. 6. All bonds heretofore authorized to
be Issued shall be Issued In pursuance of, and
In conformity with, the provisions ol lins act,
and shah be converted into bonds of the
style and description named In the next pre?
ceding section UB speedily as the same eau be
SEO. 7. That neither the sum or Bums re?
alized from ?ny sale or Bait-s heretofore made,
or which shall hereaiier be made, of any of '
-the bonds ot this State, nor the manner of sale
o? any ol the bonds of ibis State, shall In any
?manner affect or Impair the validity and obli?
She. 8. The Governor Is hereby authorized
and required to siga all of the bonds named In
this act. Tne State treasurer is authorized
and required to countersign the same, and the
secretary ol State ls authorized and required
to affix the seal ot this Staie to the same with?
SEC. 9 Nothing contained In this act shall
-authorize the issue or conversion of any bonds
of this State, other tbau those named ia the
report made by the State treasurer, as specified
In the third section of this act, and such as
bave been authorized under previous laws of
SEC. 10. The Commercial Warehouse Com?
pany, In the City of New York, and the Carolina
National Bank of the City of Columbia, South
Carolina, are hereby declared to be authorized
places for the registering of the bonds, coupons
-or stocks of th? State of South Carolina, and
they are authorized on the passage of this act,
to immediately advertise ia one or two of
the principal papers in each of the cities
-o? New York, Columbia aud Charleston, to
tbe holders of ail the bonds, coupons or
stocks of the State of south Carolina,
the necessity ot- registering their authorized
tonds, coupons or stocks at one of the above
places of registry. In the registration ot said
?bonds, coupons or stocks, the number and
denomination of each boud, coupon or
certif?cale of stock, the act under which
lt was issued, and the name of the
person, association, corporation or firm pre
eentlng the same, shall be recorded, and the
time and place ol registratlonjhall be endors?
ed on said bonds, coupons or stock, so that
the Bald bonos, coupons or stocks may not be
presented at more than one place ot registra?
tion. It shall be the duty ot the said Commer?
cial Warehouse Company, in the City ol New
York, and the Carolina, National Bank, in the
.City of Columbia, Bototo Carolina, to publish,
la the Cltlea ef New York, Charleston and Co?
lumbia, quarterly statements or the whole
amount of bonds, coupons or stocks registered
by them, their namber, denomination, and the
act under which they have been Issued. The
Slate treasurer, and the financial agent of the
.State, In the City of New York, shall not pay
the interest on said bonds or stocks until they
have been registered according to the require?
ments of this act. The State treasurer shall
pay the expenses of advert Ising and registra?
tion, as provided for in this act, the usual
rates paid for like services, which shall not
exceed In amount ten thousand dollars.
Bau ll. Tbe honor and credit of this State
ls, also, hereby Irrevocably pledged to the hold?
ers of the debt authorized by, or mentioned in
.this act; thal tue State will Dot hereafter by it?
self, officers or agents, until said debt ls fully
paid acd discharged, create any new debt or
obligation, or by the loan of Its credit, by
guaranty, endorsement or otherwise, ?
lng for the purpose of meeting Its exist
ligations, or in and for the ordinary ai
rent business of the ?State, without fir
milting the question, as to the creation
such new debt, guaranty, endorsers
loan of Its credit, to the people of this S
a general State election, and unless two
ot the qualified voters of this State, vol
the question, shall be in favor of a f
debt, guaranty, endorsement or loan
credit, none such shall be created or ma
SEC. 12. All acts or parts of acts contri
or inconsistent with this act, are, for th
pose of this act, but for no other purpose,
SEC. 13. This act sharl lake effect im
The committee on ways and means al
turned, but with a favorable report, the
Dement bill," which bas also been repor
this correspondence, and which authi
the fl nanci al board to adjust and settle i
accounts of Financial Agent Kimoton, s
abolish the financial agency In the City ol
General Whipper introduced a "bill tc
sol?date the debt of the State and to pr
lor the payment of the same." This 1
measure philanthropically proposed by li
B. Wesley, of the New York Union Trust
pany, for the relief ot this much hurd
State from all the financial lils that Ile
heir to, and which was fully synops'Zi
to-day's NEWS. A fresh perusal of its co
cat ed providions reveal* no new pointe
portance except the general fact that th
transparently reveals Its own object (to
vide for the bonds now held by a ce
clique in New York to the neglect and p
dice of all Others) by making a most u
discrimination against the "ante-war bc
and others which have never been tal
with suspicion. The bill provides, in a w
for the scaling of seventy-five <
on the dollar of all bonds of
State which may be offered by
holders for that purpose. Now there if
reason why the holders of the "ante
bonds," and the ''Orr bonds," which i
issued in the days of decency and noni
should wish to give up their uuqnestle
securities at twenty-five per cent, reduc
while there is every reason for the anxiel
Messrs. E. B. Wesley, Van Schalck & Co.,
the other signers of the New York pet i il or
get seventy-ilve cents on the dollar tor t
"new" South Carolina bonds. Issued by
Scott administration and tainted all over ?
suspicion of fraud. It would, therefore,
very natural to expect that the "new St
Caroliuas" would be the first to be exchanf
and, acting upon this expectation, this
proceeds to enact that the money prov!
I for therein (by a tax of four mills) shall
used, first, to the payment of Interest on
new stock Issued lu exchange; second,
any be left, to the payment of interest
bonds not exchanged; and, third, if any
still left, to the payment of the "ante-war" t
"Orr bonds." It ls needless to my that th
will be but little use tor the second and tb
ol the above provisions, and. in fact, the
should be entitled "A bill to prov
for the payment of the illegitimate and
repudiation ot the legitimate debt of
State." There ls, however, not the small
probability of the passage of this bill throi
either branch of the General Assembly, an
ls, perhaps, useless to discuss lt further,
was to-day referred lo the committee on w
and means, where it will doubtless remain
a committee nest egg lor next winter's E
The following Important bills were repor
back by the engrossing committee, passed
the House and sent to the Senate for cone
Bill to regulate pilotage at the ports
Charleston, Beaufort and Georgetown.
Bill to amend an act entitled "an act to
corporate the Columbia, Walterboro and Ye
assee Railroad Company.
I Bill to authorize tue mayor and aldermen
the City of Columbia to issue bonds, and
negotiate and pell the same.
Mr. Jervey Introduced a bran-new bill
amend the general election law, which ls t
third or fourth attempt to secure a portion
the much needed reform In ihis dlrectic
First the bill was Introduced in the Senate pi
riding for an immediate couutingof the vc
a':er me closing of the polls at every electic
and tor the appointment, upon the boards
commissioners and managers of election,
"one at least lrom each political party." i't
passed the Senate, came to the House, w
referred to the House committee on privileg
and elections, who reported favorably upon il
rest Of the bill, but recommender the Strlkli
out of the provisions for iii? representation
the different parlies on the election board
One argument that was used against lins pr
vision was the very captious one that the
were various parties-"D?mocratie," "Repu
Hean," "Reform," "Conservative," Ac-ai
that to appoint one of each party would som
times require more than the established nut
ber of managers and commissioners, at
would be, therefore, au impossibility. Next
bill was Introduced In the Senate by Mr. A
nlm. which also provided for the lmmedla
counting of the vote and tor the appoint mei
upon the respective boards of at least one wi:
Bhall belong io a party or organization oppo
ed to the party In power." This was lotend?
to dispose ol the captious objection to th
other bill above mentioned, and still accon
plish the desired result. At about the Bam
time a complicated bill was Introduced in tb
Senate by Mr. Wblttemore providing for a
immediate counting and certifying of the voti
but not for Democratic representation upo
the election board. Both of these bills wer
sent to the Senate committee on privilege
and elections (Corbin, chairman,) where Ai
nim's was killed aud Whlttemore's lavorabl
reported. On the subsequent discussion c
Whittemore's bil), Mr. Cardozo endeavored t
so amend it as to provide for non-partea
boards, but this amendment was opposed b
Mr. Whltlemore, and the bill was passed a
originally drawn. It wus then ecut to th
House and lhere referred to the Hous
committee on privileges and elections, wher
it still remains. Now Mr. Jervey, who li
chairman of the House committee on prlvi
leges and elections, introduces another bill
which is very long and very compLcaied, an
which doos not provide for mixed boards. It
main provisions are that all commissioners o
elections shall be elected by the General As
sembly}lhat the ballot boxes shall be pu bl iel
inspected before the voting, and that Ute vol
shall be immediately conni url and cen i tie
atier the closing of the polls. This bill wa
read by its title, and reforred to the committe
on privileges and elections, which committe
may be relied on to report favorably on Jer
vey's and unfavorably on Whittemore's bili
The former may then pass the House; but will
the evident disagreement between the twi
branches of the Assembly upon this subject, 1
is doubtful il the action of either house will bi
concurred In by the other, and, considering
the near approach of adjournment, lt ls verj
probable that no final action will be laken bj
the present Assembly upon this very impor?
The remuindcr of the business ol the House
was unimportant. Mr. Gary propos?e
another little catechism for the State treasure!
by introducing the following resolution, whlct
was adopted and sent to the Senate :
Resolvtd, by the House of Representatives,
the Senate concurring, That a committee ol
three on the part ol' the House, und-on the
part of the Senate, be appointed to wuit on
tue State treasurer and ascertain from him i tic
amount of moneys received and paid in by thc
county treasurers ot their respective counties,
and the manner in which the same has been
The House, then, with its usual degree of
consideration lor the taxpaying public, voted
itself a holiday until Monday, and aljuurned.
The Senate accomplished a considerable
quantity of routine work, and then adjourned
to to-morrow ai trD A. M., ?ouoiless with the
expectation of not having a quorum, and thus
inditectly securing the same holiday that the
House ls now la the habit of laking every
Ooe of the most important financial bills now
In the hands ot the ways and means commit?
tee is a new general license law, which has
been previously meutioned in this correspon?
dence, and of which I am now enabled to
furnish a full synopsis in advance of the report
of the committee. The bill provides for the
following license lees, each and all of which
are required io be paid into the respective
county treasuries before thc first day ot March
of this year:
Stock, exchange, bli), real estate and mer?
chandise broker?, lu the counties of Charles?
ton and Richland, each.$100
In other counties. 50
Billiard rooms. 50
\ Bowling saloons. 50
I Tenoln alleys. . 50
Hotels, Inns, taverns and saloons are rated
according to their rental value, as follows:
$10,000 or more.$500
$7,500 and less than $10,000. 400
$5,000 and lesB than $7,500. 300
$3,500 and less than $5,000. 250
$2,500 and less then $3,500. 200
$2,000 and loss than $2,500. 175
$l,5'i0 and less than $2,000. 150
$1,000 and less than $1,500. 125
$750 and less than $1,000. 100
$500 and less th an $750. 90
$400 and less than $500. 80
$300 and less than $400. 70
$200 and less than $300. GO
Les* than. $200. 50
Persons, firms and companies engaged in or
exercising the business of selling or vending
any goods, wares, merchandise, wines, distil?
led or malt liquors, drugs or medicines, (ex?
cept such as are so'd by auction, under licenses
granted them, and except such as are sold by
regularly licensed hotel, Inn, tavern or saloon?
keepers,) are rated according to their annual
amount ot sales, as follows :
$300,000 and upwurds.$250
$200,000 and les- "han $300,000. 200
$160,000 and les. than $200.000. 175
$125,000 and less than $150,000. 150
$100,000 and less than $125.000. 125
$85,000 and less than $100,000. 100
$75,000 and less than $85,000. 80
$65,000 and less than $75 000. 70
$50,000 and less than $65.000. 60
$45,000 and less than $50.000. 50
$35,000 and less than $45.000. 40
$25,000 and less than $35.000. 30
$20,000 and less than $25,000. 25
$15,000 and less than $20,000. 20
$10,000 and less than $15.000. 18
$7,500 and less than $10,000. 15
$5,000 and less. 10
The license fees for sellers or venders of
wines and distilled and malt liquors, eli her
with or without other commodities, are filly
per cent, above the rat -s.
Banks are rated according to their capital,
as follows :
Not exceeding $50,000.$250
$50,000 but not more than $100,000- 500
$100,000 but not more than $150,000- 750
$150,000 but not more than $200.000.... 1000
$200,000 but not more than $250,000.... 1250
$250,000 but not more than $300.000- 1500
$300,000 but not more than $350,000- 1750
$350,000 but not more than $400,000.... 2000
$400,000 but not more than $450.000_ 2250
$450,000 bul not mere than $500,000.... 2500
$500,000 but not more than $550,000 _ 2750
$550,000 but not more than $600,000 _ 3000
$600,000 but not more than 1650,000_3250
$650,000 but not more tnan $700.000_ 3500
$700,000 but not more than $750,000_ 3750
$750,000 but not more thau $800.000_ 4000
$800,000 but not more thau $850.000- 4250
$850,000 but not more than $900.000.... 4500
$900,000 but not more than $950 000..... 4750
$950,000 but not more than $1,000,000.... 5000
and for every additional $500,000 over$l,
Railroads are rated according to the length
of their track, as follows:
250 miles and over.$1000
200 miles and less than 250 miles. 900
150 miles and less than 200 miles. 800
100 miles and less than 150 miles. 800
75 miles and less than 100 miles. 500
50 miles and lees than 75 miles. 300
Less than 50 miles. 150
Auctioneers In Charleston and Richland
Auctioneers In other countle?, $50.
Phosphate companies with less than five
thousand dollars, $300; for every additional
thousand dollars or fraction thereof, $50.
Lawyers, physicians, insurance agents and
architects, each, $10.
Telegraph companies, whose lines are 50
miles or less in length, $50; over 50 miles but
not over 100 miles, $75; and for every addition?
al 50 miles or fraction thereof, $25, with 20 per
cent, additional for every wire above one.
Express companies, $250.
The enforcing and punitive provisions of this
act are as lollows:
SEC. 13. Every person, company or corpo?
ration carrying on or conducting any of the
above occupations or businesses. Is hereby re?
quired to make u return, under ihe provisions
of ibis act. of his or their respectlvexoccupa
tlon or business, under oath, to the auditor of
his or tbeir respective county, between the
tl rsi day of January and the tirst day of March,
A. D. 1872, and between the same dales on
each aud every year thereafter; and every
person, company or corporation, carrying on
or conduct lng any of the above occupai ions or
buslueBS, is hereby required to pay Into the
treasury ot his or their respective county, for
use ol the State, on or before ihe first day of
March, A. D. 1872, and at the same lime on
each and every succeeding year thereafter;
the sum required by the foregoing provisions
of this act to be paid Into the respective
county treasuries, on his or their respective
occupation or business.
BRO. 14. It is hereby made the duty ot each
and every county auditor In this State, on or
before the first day of March, A. D. 1872, and
at the sumo time un each and every succeed?
ing year thereafter, lo make and deliver to the
treasurer of his county a duplicate list; and. at
the same time, transmit to the State auditor
au abstract of the returns made to him, under
the provisions of this act.
SEC. 15. It shall be the duty of the treasurer
of each and every county lu this 8tate, upon
the receipt of the sum or sums specified to be
paid upon any occupation or business, under
the provisions of tills act, to give to the per?
son, company or corporation pay lug the same
a ceri.'llcate tu ihe auditor of his couniy, spe?
cifying the sum paid, and the occupation or
business on which thc same was paid; and
said auditor, upon presentation to him
of such certificate, ls hereby author?
ized and directed to issue lo the person or com?
pany or corporation presenting ihe same a
license authorizing him or them to carry ou
or conduct such occupation or business tor the
period of one year from the first day of
March, for the Issuing of which liceuse said
county auditor shull receive ihe sum of one
dollar from the person, company or corpora
lion receiving the same, as compensation tor
taking thu returns and iRsuing the licenses
provided tor In this act: Provided, Thal any
person, company or corporation who may
commence any ol'the occupations or business
specilled In this act alter the first day of
March, A. D. 1872, or of any succeeding year,
shull take out a license Irotn the time of com?
mencing BUCII occupation or business uutll the
first day of March next (hereafter, lor which
they ahull paya sum prop irtionaie to the
number of montliB intervening between such
SEC. 16. The county treasurer of each and
every county sha'l, on on before the 15th day
of March, A. D., 1?72, and at the same lime In
each and every aucceediug year thereafter,
pay, or cause tu be paid. Imo the State treas?
ury, all moneys received by him under the pro?
visions ot I his act, and the Slate treasurer
shall receipt therefor lo county treasurers In
the same manner as is provided in section
102 of un act entitle:! "An act to pr?vido for
the assessment and taxation of pr.'peny."
passed the 15th day of September, A. D. 1868.
SEC. 17. Any person or persons currying on
or conducting any occupution or business
named ia this act, without having first com?
plied with its provislouf, eh ill be deemed guil?
ty of u misdemeanor, and, upon conviction
thereof, shall be sentenced to pay a flue not
less than double the amount of license Impos?
ed upon such business or occupation, and be
Imprisoned in ihe jail ol the county in which
Fucli offeuce Is committed for a period of not
less than six months, or either, or boih, at the
discretion ol'the court; and every company or
corporation currying on or conducing any
occupation or business named in lins act, with?
out having first compiled willi its provisions,
shall be fined iu a sum not less thuu double
the amount of license imposed upon such busi?
ness or occupation; and ihe attorney-general
is hereby authorized and directed to lake all
legal proceedings necessary for the collection
of such fine. PICKET,
AN'OTUER UNIVERSITY OK TUE SOCTU.-The
Methodists of Tennessee have Inaugurated a
scheme for the estuolishment of a University
upon pretty much the plau of that proposed
by the Episcopalians before the war und but
partially carried out, owing to the troubles
and impoverishment of the country, und Hie
death of its two ablest adv?cales und promo?
ters. Bishops Polk and Elliott. A meeting of
the Board ol'Trustees was held at Nashville
the other day, ai which the following officers
were choseu: President, Hon. E. H. East;
Secretary, the Rev. Dr. D. C. Kelley; TreE
urer, the Rev. Dr. A. L. P. Green, all of Nash?
ville. There wus also appointed an executive
committee, consisting of Judge East, Dr.
Kelley, Dr. Green, Hon. E J. Morgan, Col?
onel Jordan Siokes. Major David T. Reynolds,
and the Rev. Dr. Robert A. Young. The en?
terprise, which i3 one of no Inconsiderable
magnitude, is now fairly afloat, and our Metho?
dist friends feel confident ol Its succesB.
LAWS OF THE STATE.
ACTS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMRLT
OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
Published by Authority.
JOINT RESOLUTION to change the nameB of Sam?
uel Dogan, Columbus Dogan and Simon
Dogan, to Samuel Farrow, Columbus Far?
row and Simon Farrow.
Be lt enacted by the Senate and House of
Representatives of the State of 8outh Carolina,
now met and silting in General Assembly, and
by the authority of the same :
That the names of Samuel Dogan, of New?
berry County, and Columbus Dogan and Simon
Dogan. of Union County, be changed to Sam-*
uel Farrow, Columbus Farrow and Simon Far?
row, and that hereafter the said Samuel
Dogan, Columbus Dogan and Simon Dogan,
shall be known and called Samuel Farrow,
Columbus Farrow and Simon Farrow.
Approved February 15,18V2.
AN ACT to regulate the labor of persons con?
fined in the penitentiary ot the '. tate of
SECTION 1. Be lt enacted by the Senate and
House of Representatives of the State of
South Carolina, now met and sitting in Gene?
ral Assembly, and by the authority of the
That all labor, of whatever character, which
ls now being, or may hereafter be, discharged
by any person or persons, who are now or
may hereafter be confined in the penitentiary
of this Stale shall be for the exclusive benefit
ot the State; and the labor of the convicts In
the penitentiary shall not be hired to any
person or persons for a price less than is paid
lo any other c'ass of laborers for the same
kind of labor; and the superintendent of said
Institution shall keep a correct record, stating
the kind of labor, and the amount realized
therefor, and the whole of which amount
shall be turned over to the State treasurer
monthly, to be retained by him, subject to the
draft of tbe said superintendent, for the bene?
fit of said institution, which draft shall be ac?
companied by a written statement of the items
for which each amount ls required.
SEC. 2. Any violation ot this act on the part
ol the superintendent shall be an official mis?
conduct, and, on Information of any person to
the attorney-general, he shall immediately
commence legal proceedings against him
SEC. 3. All acts or parts of acts Inconsistent
with this act are hereby repealed.
Approved February 15,1872.
AN ACT to incorporate the Saxton Riflemen,
of Charleston, South Carolina.
SECTION 1. Be lt enacted by the Senate and
House of Representatives of the State of
South Carolina, LCT: met and sitting in Gene?
ral Assembly, and by the authority of the
That G. D. Mitchell, J. W. Green, M. Smith,
D. Smith, G. Alston, A. P. Johnson, Henry
Fraser, J. R. Carter, - Ferguson, M. C.
Brown, A. Williams, Adam Singleton, J. W.
Jenkins, John Smalls and Charles B. Brown,
and their assc slates and successors, are here?
by made and created a body politic and cor?
porate, under the name and style of the "Sax
ton Riflemen, ot Charleston, South Caro?
SEC. 2. And the said corporation shall have
power to make by-laws, not repugnant to the
laws of the land; and shall have succession
of officers and members according to their
elections; and to keep and use a common seal,
the same to alter at will; to sue and be sued,
In any court lu this State; lo have and enjoy
every right, power and privilege Incident to
such corporation; and lt ls hereby empowered
to acquire, retain and enjoy all such property,
real and personal, as may be given or be?
queathed to, or purchased by it, and to sell,
convey or mortgage the same, or any part
thereof, at will. v
SEC. 2. That said corporation may, from
time to time, Invest their moneys, assets, or
nay property which it may acquire, in such
real and personal property, bonds, stocks, or
In Burettes, in such sums, and on such terms
and conditions, as lt may deem proper, and to
execute bonds, ike, under its corporate seal.
Provided, That the maximum value of all
property held and owned by said corporation
shall not exceed twenty-five thousand (25,000)
SEC. 4. This act to continue In force during
fifteen (15) years, and may be given in evi?
dence without being especially lmpleaded.
Approved February 15, 1872. .
AN ACT to Incorporate the Cheraw Fire En?
gine Company as a part of the fire depart?
ment ot the Town of Cheraw.
SECTION 1. Be lt enacted by the Senate and
House of Representatives of the State of
South Carolina, now met aud sitting In Gen?
eral Assembly, and by the authority of the
That Theodore F. Malloy, Thos. W. Bouchier,
James A. McCrelght and W. L. Reid, and their
successors in cilice, be, and they are hereby,
constituted a body corporate* and politic,
under the name and style ol the "Cheraw Fire
Engine Company," with a capital stock not
exceeding the sum of five thousand dollars,
with the right .to sue and be sued, to plead
and be lmpleaded, In any court of competent
Jurisdiction; to have and to use a common
seal, and the same to alter at will and pleas?
ure, and with all other rights, privileges and
immunities that are now secured by law to like
SEC. 2. This act shall be deemed a public
act, and ehall remain ia force for the term
of fourteen yeats.
Approved February 15, 1872.
AN ACT to Renew the Charter of the Pendle?
ton Male Academy.
Be lt enacted by the Senate and House of
Representatives of the State of South Curo
llna, now met and sitting in General Assem?
bly, and by the authority of the same:
That the charier of the Pendleton Male
Academy be, and the same is hereby, extend?
ed and shall continue In force until repealed.
Approved February 15, 1872.
AN ACT to Establish a Public Road in Barn?
well and Oranaeburg Counties.
SECTION 1. Be lt enacted by the Senate and
House of Repr?sentai ives of the Slate of South
Carolina, now met and sitting in General
Assembly and by the authority ol the same:
That J. D. Cleckly, F. E. Salinas, Isaac S.
Bamberg and Daniel Qualtlebaum be, and
they are hereby, authorized and empowered,
Immediately aller the passage of this act, to
lay out, construct and open a public road,
leading by thc west and north (direct way)
irom Bamberg, in Barnwell County, to Fogle's
Mili, on the Orangeburg Boad, In Orangeburg
8EC. 2. That in the construction of said
road the commissioners aforesaid shall cau?e
lo be contracted and erected euch bridges as
they may deem necessary: Provided, how?
ever, The cost of erecting such bridges shall
not exceed the sum of four hundred dollars,
to be paid, equally, by the Bald Counties of
Barnwell and Orangeburg.
SEC. 3. That said commissioners be further
authorized and required to order out all per?
sons liable to road duty residing within five
miles of the line of said road, as located, (ex?
cepting those living In incorporated towna,)
to perform three day's work In each month on
Bald road until Its completion.
Approved February 15, 1872.
AN ACT to alter and amend an act entitled
"An act to charter the Town of Hamburg,"
Approved February 28,1871.
SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and
House of Representatives ?of the State of
South Carolina, now met and Billing In Gen?
eral Assembly, and by the authority of the
That the act to which this ls amendatory be
altered and amended by striking out from
section first all after the word "Georgia," In
the eighth Un?; of said section, and inserting
In the place thereof "one mile in a westerly
direction, up and along the Savannah River;
tbonce one mlle and a half In a northerly di?
rection, upon a line at right angles with the
line of the Savannah River; thence one mile
and one-half of a mlle In an easterly direction,
upon a line parallel with Ihe line of the Sa?
vannah River; thence one mile and a half In a
southerly direction, to the Savannah River,
and upon a line at right angles with the line
of Savannah River; thence one-half ol a mlle
in ? westerly direction, up the Savannah
River to the said Savannah Bridge, said town
to be In the form of a square."
SEC. 2. That said act be further amended by
striking out, from the seventh Une of section
10 of Bald act, the word ''fifteen," and Insert?
ing In place thereof the words "thirty-five."
Approved February 15, 1872.
COTTON MOVEMENT FOR THE WEEK.
NEW YORK, February 18.
The receipts at all ot the ports tor the week
were 88,966 bales, against 86,236 last week,
92,688 the previous week, and 120.813 three
weeks since. The total receipts since Sep?
tember have been 2,091,196 bales, against
2,653,339 for the corresponding period of the
EreviouB year, showing a decrease of 562.143
ales. The exports for the week were 76,459
bales, against 75,185 for the same week last
year. The total exports for the expired por?
tion ot the cotton year amount to 1,152.074
bales, against 1,576,333 for the same time
last year. The present stock, as compared
with that for the same time last year, ls as
Feb. 18, 1872. Feb. 18, "1871.
At all ports.?83.030 700,033
At the Interior towna. 88,057 123,807
In Liverpool..535,000 750,000
American cotton afloat for
Great Britain.203,000 205,000
Indian cotton afloat tor
THE WEATHER THIB DAT.
WASHINGTON. D. C., February 18.
Northerly winds and clear weather will
probably continue on Monday In New Eng?
land. Light winds, mostly from the north?
east, will prevail In the Middle Atlantic and
Gulf States. Tne lowest barometer will con?
tinue south of Virginia and east ot Mississippi,
with cloudy weather.
Yesterday'* Weather Reporta of the
Signal Service, U. S. A.- 4.47 P. Bl.,
Rey West, Fla..
NOTE.-The weather renort uateu 7.47 U'CIOUK,
chis morning, will be posted In the rooms of the
cn&mber or Commerce at 10 o'clock A. M., and,
together with the weather chart, may (by the
courtesy or the Chamber) be examined by ship?
masters at an? time dunn? the dav.
TR?E NORTH CAROLINA OUTLAWS.
A Moat Daring Robbery-Lowrey amt
his Gang In Lumbercon-Store and
Sheriffs Office Entered and the Safes
taken on*- 8^2,000 in Stoney taken
Parsalt of the Robbers.
[From the Wilmington Journal.]
Henry Berry Lowrey and his gang of out?
laws entered the Town of Lnmbertou some?
time during Friday night and committed the
boldest and one of the most ouccesslul robbe?
ries ever known In this State.
The gang, lt seems, first broke Ino Mr. New
berry's carriage manufactory, where they sup?
plied themselves with such tools as lhey need?
ed. They then visited the stables of Mr. A. W.
Fuller, where they secured a horse and dray,
and thus prepared, proceeded to the store of
Mr. A. H. McLeod, from whence a heavy iron
sale was taken and placed on Hie dray. They
next visited the sheriffs office in the court?
house, from whence his Iron safe was also
taken and placed with the other. They then
started from the town with their plunder,
but as the sheriff's safe was found yesterday
morning lying In thc street, about one hun?
dred and fifty yards from his offloe, lt ls sup?
posed that lt dropped off and was abandoned.
Early Saturday morning, as soon qa the
loss was discovered, the sheriff being
absent, his deputy, Mr. Alex. McMillan, sum?
moned a poBse of men and Blurted In pursuit.
At a point about three miles from the town
they came up with the gang, but being too
weak to effect their capture a messenger was
sent back for reinforcements. A large number
of men Immediately volunteered, and proceed?
ed at once to the scene, but the robbers had
effected their retreat, carrying off with them
th? money, but leaving the sate and a portion
of the papers behind. These, with the horse
and dray, were taken back to the town, when
it was discovered that the sate had been forced
open with sledge-hammers and cold chisels,
with which the gang had provided them?
selves at Mr. Newberry establishment.
The loss ls very heavy, and consists of
$22,000 in money, taken from Mr. McLeod's
suir, a Jot of goods and a number of vuluabie
private papers from the sheriff's office, whlcit
were destroyed. Nearly all of the money
stolen were ot deposits, which, as there ls no
bank in Lumberlon, had been placed In the
safe by different parries for salekeeping. Be?
sides, Borne $1000 worth of merclnndise wus
taken from the store, none of which was re?
covered. The town has been lu a tremendous
state of excrement, which had abated but
very little wheu our informant wrote u?.
6UDDBV DEATH.-Mr. E. B. Cunningham, ol
Greenville, was riding home on the 14lh inst.,
when his horse became unmaoaireable, ran
away, threw his rider upon the frozen ground.
Two colored men, upon seeing the riderless
horse, went on and discovered Mr. Cunning?
ham in a dying condition, from a fractured
skull. Mr. Cunningham was a highly respect?
ed clt'zen and an efficient farmer.
IMG RULE AT THE SOUTH.
THE PLUNDERING CARPET-BAGGERS.
A Blt of Radical Testimony-How 9 jalh
Carolina lias been Robbed?Corrup?
tion tn the Legislature-The "Forty
[Correspondence or ihe New York Tribune J
WASHINGTON, February H.
The sub-committee on debts In the rebel
8tate8 makes a very startling exhibit of affairs
In the Insurrectionary Slates, notably in South
Carolina. The report begins by stating that
the committee has not confined itseit to the
answers of State officials, but has consulted
Intelligent citizens of all parties. The com
I mittee has examined all sources of informa?
it on, from the American almanac to the re?
port of the commissioners of agriculture, and
the census of 1360 and 1870, and also records
I of the War Department. The report says:
Stale officials generally have been courteous
and attentive, anti many have rendered us
great service; but our Investigation, as to
some States, bas been made more difficult by
Inattention and neglect of State officers, and
In several States the inquiry ordered by the
committee has been resented as an Infringe?
ment of State rights and official dignity. Ex
Governor Bullock, of Georgia, sent a letter,
more remarkable lor argument against our
proceedings ns a breach ol State rights, than
for the tacts furnished; and Governor Reed, of
Florida, declined to answer at all. although he
has forwarded to a member of the sub-com
mlltee several copies of his message. He
protested against the invasion of the rights
of the State ot Florida. Generally where our
Inquiry has been resented, evaded or Ignored,
we have discovered rearons for concealment
which convince us that officials are more con?
cerned about their own dignity than that of
the State. In South Carolina the State treas?
urer has neglected all Inquiries; the Governor
has answered promptly, out sent us such con?
tradictory statements that we can give little
weight to any. The worst condition of affairs
was found in South Carolina, and to the
finances of that State the committee devotes
unusual space, and the most extraordinary
evidence ls shown of knavery and corrup?
Alter citing a portion of the message of Gov.
Scott of January 9, 1872, Mr. Stevenson, says :
This may explain the Increase of debt, and
it ls probable that money could not have been
otherwise procured. Yet we cannot agree
that lt was proper to submit to such disastrous
and degrading terms continuously for three
years, had the oredltof 4 . i State been unsul?
lied up to 1860. It might .lave been expedi?
ent to make light loans on almost any condi?
tions to preserve her good name, or a great
emergency might bave Justified such terms
temporarily for limited amounts; but fora
State to go upon the street as a mendicant
borrower, and remain there buffeted from
broker to broker for three years, raising money
io pay old and dishonored debts at a cost
of three dollars in renewed obligations for
every dollar paid, seems to us indefensible.
It ls not Justified by showing that it was
legal, nor by the fact that citizens of the
State conspired to destroy her credit lo order
to overthrow the government. A public
officer should take such a course only
on legal compulsion to preserve the existence
of a State, and there was no such necessity In
this case, which was mainly that of borrowing
money to pay old debts, and damaging the
credit ot the State and weakening the govern?
ment by every loan. It wonld have been
better to have levied increased taxes to meet
actual emergencies. But taxation seems to
have been avoided as if to conciliate, and that
levied was hardly sufficient to pay the ordina?
ry expenses of the State, economically admin?
istered. On the subject of corruption, after
stating the extravagance of the Legislature,
the writer makes this -extraordinary state?
ment, the proof of which, however. Is con
ial82"Mn the body of the report. Even the
recent, Investigation by a Joint committee of
thc LegHature to delect corruption Is follow?
ed by charges, sustained by proots, that mem?
bers ot the committee and men connected
with the Legl-lature were more anxious to
make illegitimate profits for themselves than
lo perlorm their duly.
It ts charged and In evidence that there has
been corruption In the Legislature in connec?
tion with acts conferring or extending corpo?
rate privileges, and thai bribery has prevailed
to such an extent that legislation has been
controlled by a band, composed of members
of both political parties, and of both colors,
commonly called the Forty Thieves, who
would not permit such measures to pass until
they were satisfied. To show that the report
ls not a white-washed document, as has been
reported, lt is only necessary to Insert the
following paragraph :
"The worst feature of corruption In Eouth
Carolina ls that members of both parties and
men of all classes are Involved In lt, and
that public abhorrence of corruption, which
ls the safeguard of popular government,
seems wanting or dormant. Even the old
aristocratic class, to whom we had been
taught to attribute sentiments of chival?
ric honor, have not scrupled to bribe
officer3. lu the op?rations of the land
commissions, the venders were generally
nli' citizens of the planting class, who held
more land than they could utilize, and the
frauds committed in the sale ot their lands
were with their consent and to their advan?
tage, by bribery of the officers by the land?
holders. The. evidence before the committee
shows that General M. C. Butler, who was the
independent candidate tor Lieutenant-Gover?
nor of the State in 1.870, and a native of the
State, has given some valuable testimony. He
was u major-general ot the rebel army, a
large planter, a lawyer, and a leading citizen
of high standing. He slated under oath,
while the committee was silting in South Car?
olina, that If he had land to sell and could sell
lt by buying a State senator for five hundred
dollars, he would do so. Dr. R. M. Smith, of
Spartan burg County, an old citizen, Demo?
cratic member of the Legislature, testified be?
fore the said sub committee lhat he could see
no wrong in bribing a public officer, and com?
pared Hie transaction to the purchase of a mule.
After cttiig certain testimony to establish
his statements, Mr. Stevenson goes on to say
it is sufficient for citizens of other States to
realize such prevalent corruption, affecting
all classes of society, bringing to the same
level patriot and rebel, white and black, the old
citizen and the new. Probably one cause contri?
buting to produce this result Is (he condition
or civil war which has prevailed in the State,
In wlilch the power has been almost exclu?
sively in the hands of one class and the prop?
erty io the hands ol the other.
While open hostilities have generally and
continually existed, there bas been mutual
enmity more bitter than usually accompanies
flagrant warfare. Hence, some of the men in
office may have regarded what was taken from
the treasury as taken from the property-hold?
ers, enemies of the government, and therefore
spoils of war; and, on the other hand, some
properiy-hoiders have come to consider what
they procure by bribery and corruption as a
righi of which they are wrongfully deprived,
and which they are Justified in recovering by
any means. Another cause seems lo be the
contempt which the old property class mani?
fest and feel for freedmen and all who co-ope?
rate with them politically. This gives to
bribery of such person?, in ihe eyes of the
old native class, the semblance of the purchase
of a slave.
Tne report shows, by fact and testimony,
that the Ku-Klux organization was in full ex?
istence in the spring and summer of 1868, and
active and efficient in ihe Presidential election
of that year in favor of Seymour, and con?
trolled by violence aud intimidation about one
third of ihe State. It was in operation before
the new government began to receive laxes,
und before the burdens of government had
Oeen fell in any way. Tnese dales disprove,
therefore, the allegation that the deplorable
tuianc i al condition of the Slate was ihe cause
ot the organization of that band of outlaws.
The committee conclude that the financial
condition of Soulh Carolina cannot be si gned
an a cause ot' provocation of the Ku-Klux
Klan, or the bloody proceeding* of the order.
It ls, however, proper to add that the mal?
feasance and corrupiion of Republican officials
must have indirectly tended to tura society
over Into violence, by bringing the State gov?
ernment, the pariy in power, and the national
authority into contempt, and by increasing
the reluctance of well-disposed Southern men
to identify themselves with the Republican
party, ot even to Interfere against such au or?
ganization to protect Republicans.
NEWS FROM WASHINGTON. '
The Sale or Arma to Franc? and Ger- ^
many ,a Violation of International V:^
Lr.w-Thc Government Arsenal? at
Work f^r Belligerents.
WASHINGTON, February ?7.''-'
Tbe developments made In tbe Senate,'ta&?&
under discussion to-day, on the sale ot arma %
to tbe French Government during the Franco?
German war, Is likely to be followed by equally vi
positive evidence that two hundred tbousjuoa
stand of arms were sold to the Germans lu '
clear violation of the neutrality laws. Aside
from the alleged evidence of fraud there 1J a
very general apprehension that this "aid and
comfort" to belligerents will have a serions .
t?tet on the American case submitted to the .
Geneva conference, on the ground likely tb
be cse urned In the British case ' that the
United States Government have not ex?
ercised tbat "due diiltgence" denned in tho .
6th article of the Washington treaty forappllca- r
tlon to the course of the British Government
In allowing the Alabama to escape from one o?
Its ports. In the debate In the Senate to-day
on the investigation of the Bale of arms to the
French, some of the administration senators
very boldly insinuated that Mr. 8hmner>had
not only been in communication withjthe
Frer-cb authorities, but had taken .steps with
them calculated to materially embarrass hlS'
own government. The discussion -to-day-in
the Senate called out a large attendance o?
spectators and Beveral of tbe foreign represen?
tatives; and while there is possibly some roora
for doubt as to whether the government waa
defrauded out of two millions ol dollars or not,
it seemed very clear that three hundred thous-,
and stand of arms had been sold to France,
and that this trovernment actually set rta
arseaale to work furnishing cartridges for tba"
Bam* in clear violation of the neutrality laws,
for such express cases made and provided.
The House to-day was occupied In debate.
The Senate had no session.
The majority and minority Ku-Kluxreports
are nearly ready. They agree that nearly all
the Southern StateB are approaching financial
rain from bad legislation ami Ku-Klnx. One*
report attributes bad legislation to the Ka
Kin::; the other attributes the Ku-Klux to bad
THE OLD WORLD'S SEWS. 1
LONDON, February 17. F?
The case submitted by the counsel ot Great
Britain to the board of arbitrators at Geneva
has been laid before Parliament. The docu?
ments divided Into ten ee edon a, and seems
to review the whole matter very completely.
It st .ya that the board must determine ihe
question of failure of duty; If it decides that
there has been such failure, then lt must
award a gross sum for damages or define the
limit ot liability for the guidance of the asses?
sors of such damages. The circumstances of
the f,al ling of tbe vessels are detailed with
much particularity, and lt ls argued that they
were widely dissimilar. It ls contended stren?
uous'y that there was no negligence and ns j
breach of neutrality on the part of England,
but that whether the decision la In her, favor I
or against her she will abide, by lt. ?-.< -
PARIS, February 17.
Tho activity of the Bonapartlst agenta
creates excitement at Versailles.
SMALL-POX TN NEW YORK.
Naw TORE, February 17. r
Tho small-pox Is decreasing, owing 50 very ,
general vaccination. Six deaths to-day and
twenty-five for the week. The new cases are
LEASING THE SOUTH CAROLINA
[Prom the Abbeville Presa]
Th? public mind of Charleston Is very muon,
agitated over a proposition on the part of .the
Central Georgia Boad to take charge and con?
trol cf the South Carolina Boad. The Jouirnala
of th?; city have been thoroughly discussing
the matter, and show very conclusively, wa
think, that auch a step would result in ruin aa
well to the road as to the city. Its very de
sign ls to destroy the South Carolina Boad, by
obtaining control of Its affairs, and divert
trade from Charleston; thus building up Sa?
vannah and Georgia interest. The Inducement
held forth is a dividend of four per cent to the
stockholders for a limited time; botas the
Charleston papers show lt might well afford
to pay a much higher price to accomplish its
purposes. We trust the permanent interests
of our own road and elly will not be sacrificed
in th i pursuit, of a temporary present advan?
THE MILITARY PRISONERS.-Tbe Torkvllle
Enquirer says: On Thu.sday afternoon last,
the following York county prisoners were re?
turned from Columbia for Imprisonment hero
until their cases are disposed of: B. T. Biggins,
W. H. White, J. F. Little, M. 8. Bowen, and B.
P. Caldwell, white; and Sam Stewart and Frank
Fewell, colored J. 8. Mdler, who was tried
at the recent term of the United State Clroutt
Court, has also been sent here to serve out bis
term ot imprisonment, which will expire on
the 28th of March next. Including those re?
turned from Columbia, there are now twenty
two military prisoners in confinement here."
NOTICE OF REMOVAL.
SEWING MACHINE COMPANY
WILL REMOVE TO
No. 186 KING STREET,
(Forest House Block,) opposite D. H. SUcox'a
Furn ture Warerooms, on or about 26th February,
THE NEW IMPROTED
WHEELER & WILSON
SEWING- MACHINE !
THE BEST IS THE CHEAPEST !
WHEELER & WILSON
AT THE LATE STATE FAIR, HELD AT
Why it Should Have the Preference of
all Others t
1st. Because lt ls the simplest.
2d. Because lt sews easier.
3d. Because lt sews faster.
4 ui. Because lt uses no Shuttle.
6th. Because lt mates less noise.
6th. Because lt Is more durable.
7th. Because it bas been before the public for
over twenty years, and hence lt la no experiment
to try it.
Ninety thousand more Family Machines sold
than by any other Company. Its late Improve?
ments set lt far ahead of anything In the market.
Adjusting and repa ring done promptly. All
Call and examine, whether wishing to purchase
WHYTE & HARRAL,
General Southern* Agents^
NO. SOO "KING- STREET.