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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1883.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 18, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS A
THE SAIE OF OUR SOIONS.
LEGISLATING ON THE CASH PRINCI?
PLE-HOW THEY HO IT.
The Great c: u Ridge Swindle Trying
the C. O. r>. vr ra u men f-11 Does not
AVork-The Wew Cash Plan-It Works
Like PL Charm-How Mach a Vote
Brought-The Debate-Will the Gov.
-~ ernor Veto-The Pros and Com-.V Spi?
cy Interview-beagle's Average Ad?
dress, Sic, &c.
[PROM OCR OW CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, 6. C., February 23.
The mala event of to-day's legislation hos
oeen the passage through the Senate (on the
.cash principle) ol the Blue Ridge Swindle.
The credit system, or C. 0. D. principle, was
tried In the Senate when the former bill was
pending, but didn't work. Senators were
Averse to bribery, of course, on general prin?
ciples, but they were particularly and emphat?
ically averse to contingent subornation, and so
when they were told that if the Blue Ridge
"bill should become a law they would each re?
ceive $1000 casb, t hey persistently refused to see
lt. In fact, they disrespectfully attached their
thumbs to their noses and playfully waggled I
J?elr fingers, and in divers Ingenious ways dis
closed to the B. R Ring that the scheme was I
"too thin" and wouldn't work. The Bing
then refused to offer any better terms, and the
consequence was they were beaten, as of I
course they deserved to be. But though I
Touted they were not conquered. The Ring J
bave shrewd and able lobbyists in their j
. nnmber, and one of these is the president of I
the road--"honest John" Patterson. At this I
oriels a shrewd and able lobbyist suggested a I
sew device, and one which, in Assembly I
slang, would be called a "good scheme," and
as such deserves description. The origina11
proposition was to pay each member ol the
Assembly who should vote for the swindle
$1000 cash as soon as the bill became a law.
This is known as the C. O. D. principie, and I
this is the scheme that did not work. The I
tiew and ingenious proposition was that I
as many thousand dollars as there were
members of both houses-viz, 154- should I
?e Bet aside to secure the passage pf I
the bill, that every member who I
Voted for the swindle should receive his thoo-1
sand dollars as originally proposed, and that
the remainder of the $121,000 to bs spent In J
the House and the $30,000 to be spent in the j
Senate should be divided pro raia among the
members of each House respectively who
should so vote for the swindle. These sums
moreover were to be paid as so DU as the vote I
was taken in each house, and without wait-1
lng, as was before proposed, for the concur
renee of the other house or the approval ol
the Governor. This was at once recognized I
hy the Intelligence and virtue of both houses
as a "good scheme," and the digital gyrations
were promptly suspended, the sarcastic!
thumbs were removed from the senatorial j
noses, and the little device went I
through the Assembly like a particularly I
lively streak of well-greased lightning. I
The votes upon the swindle were as
follows: In the House, 80 to 19; In the Senate,
22 to 6. A very simple calculation will show
that every member of the House who voted
for the swindle should have got $1550,and every
complaisant member of the Senate $1363. This j
ls, doubtless, Jnst what they made. Not that
your correspondent means to accuse any Indi-1
vidual member of the Assembly of accepting a
bribe-far from it. As Individuals they are
doubtless men of honor, and Incapable of any I
such transaclloas, but as a lot they are a curl- I
.ons study for ethnologist or naturalist. Now,
having explained the secret springs of the j
show, it ls time to raise the curtain and relate j
?how the puppets performed their parts.
The Senate this morning after a considera
ble amount of local legislation, for the benefit
? of Frog Level, Silttehatcble, Little Misery and
other, euphonious and important places, pro- I
eeeded to the consideration of tho favorable
report of the committee on finance on "Bill to (
relieve the State of South Carolina of all llabil-1
Hy for its guarantee ol the bonds ot the Blue i
Ridge Railroad Company, by providing for the I
securing and destruction ol the same."
Mr. Corbin.protested against the passage of
the bill, and read a carefully prepared speech, I
BettDg forth the objections against if, stating
that by the passage of the bill the State would
act only release the road from the $220,000 J
-borrowed from the State, but would pay the
men who were engineering thia project-the
Blue Bldge rt tlin.ad Company as lt now ls
the sum of $1,803,000 besides to get out of the
' Mr. Leslie followed, and made the points in
favoring the passage ot the bill, that the State
was liable for its endorsement, and the quick
er. it got' out ol lt the belter, because next
year the debt would be largnr from the ac:u
mulatlon of interest; that other managers be
fore the present ones of the Blue Ridge Rail- j
road Company had been guilty of short-corn-1
logs in office, and as a matter ot course such I
things were not unusual; that other States do
Just the same thing; and that by failing to give
this project what lt asks for, viz, accordiug to
Hr. Corbin's showing, $1.800,000-besides the
$220,000 borrowed-the State would be the
loser on account of its guarantee of bonds.
The debate was continued ad nauseatlm.
and almost ad infinitum, by Arnim, Whltte
more and others, who certainly showed a
praiseworthy determination, if they received
any pecuniary reward for their advocacy of
the measure, to faithfully earn their money, j
and the bill was finally carried by the decisive
vote of twenty-two to six.
The yeas and nays were taken, and resulted I
as follows : I
Teas-Messrs. Allen, Arnim, Barber, Ble-1
mao, Bookman. Clinton, Duncan. Gaillard,
Hayes, Hayne, Holiinshead, Johnston, Leslie, I
Maxwell,Montgomery, Mclntrrt*, Nash, Owens, I
Rose, Smalls, SwaiiB, Whlttemore, Wlm
Nays-Messrs. Cardozo, Corbin, Holcombe,
Montgomery, Wilson, Young-6.
Bo the bill was agreed to, and ordered to be
engrossed for a third reading.
Now lt is rumored that tim Governor pro
poses to veto this little swindle, and it is also
stated that his Excellency hus had suggested
to him a little device in relation to the veto
power which might also be called a good
scheme, and which he proposes to adopt. It
Ja .vs eli ?ri own that the Governor has, for his
bosom friend and adviser, a certain Ingenious
and prolific gentleman, who has been caliea
Mr. T. J. Machiavelli. The latest happy
thought of this friend in need was, that lhere
were a number of s kindles, more or less glar?
ing, about coming to a head in the General
Af sembly, and that lt would wonderfully add
to the Governor's reputation as an honest man
If he should veto all of these as fast as they
came along. Ha communicated this brilliant
idea to the Governor, and a colloquy some?
thing like the following ls Bald to have re?
His Excellency. Yes, that is all very fine,
hut you know I am In some of these little
games myself, and I don't want to cut my own
His Honor. I don't want you to cut your
.own throat. Did I ever advise yon against
your own Interest, or mine either ? Don't you
?ee theru are some ol these bills that it would
oe perfectly safe to veto, because they can
command a two-thirds vote and go through any
His Excellency. Tea; but that would not
His Honor. Consistent be d_d. Yon get
a good card for the next campaign and the
bill? go through beside.
His Excellency. Well, which bills will it be
.safe to veto *
His Honor. The Blue Ridge Job, for one
That got a two-thirds vote in Both bouses and
can get it again. Then yon can safely veto all
the appropriation bills, because they all re
9aire a two-thirds vote to carry then
rst place, and If thev get that on th
passage they can get lt after the veto.
Hia Excellency. Then you must w
His Honor. Can't do that, unless j
pay me more money than those New
shire fellows will.
His Excellency. Never mind, P
Chamberlain to back down now. Whal
the reporters ?
His Honor. Reporters be-, but 1
Imprecate. I'm a judge now. Wei
know THE NEWS and those papers wi
into us any way, and this ls only a
feather on the camel's back. Besld
reporters won't find lt out.
His Excellency. That's so. All rig
fellow. It will keep the Assembly ht
days longer, though.
His Honor. Well, they won't adjourn
middle of March anyway. Haven't
money enough to pay their board bil
After this intimation of bis Excellency
poses lt may be Interesting to watch tt
ercl8e of the veto power during the rem;
of the session.
The only other business of importance
acted by the Senate was the debate upo
Smalls'sblil to provide for an Inspect
phosphates, which discussion was pre
ted by the introduction of the repc
Smalls's phosphate Investigation corni
which recently met in Charleston. Tb
port shows that the only chattered cor
in operation ls the River Marine Mining
pany. The statement under oath of R
Tomllnson, treasurer, is that the foll?
four companies are now digging, viz:
Oak Point Mining Company, the Marine
Phosphate Mining Company, the wini.
Island Mining Company and the Cc
Mining Company, the last named being
elated with and making returns to the M
River Phosphate Mining Company, but n
ging Its oilier business separately.
Treasurer Tomllnson also staled that the
Point Company is associated with his com]
mining in streams not navigable, and
when it shall mine in navigable strean
will be ready to pay the royalty. The '
man's Island Company own to low v
mark under a grant from the Governor,
are not mining la navigable streams. 1
isla difference, according to the commit
report, of 17,655 tons between the amou
rock dug ano mined and the amount repc
as shipped. The committee state that
are satisfied that it ls at least double
amount above stated, and that it can bi
counted lor on the ground that the Wi l lira
Island and the Oak Point Companies claim
they are not liable for royalty because
are not digging lu navigable stream*, and
should the decisions of the courts bo age
them, they are ready to psy ail dues,
committee state further that lt was imposs
for them to determine the amount of p
phate rock extracted from the beds ot
navigable streams that bas been shipped I
the State, and that to obtain such informa
they would bave been compelled to have v
ten to all parts of the world. Also, that t
know that phosphates have been shipped f
the State to nearly all the ports of this conn
and that European markets have been ge
ally supplied from the same source.
The report also shows that the Mai
River and Mining Company ls the only
that has made returns, and that this
named company has been in existence for
years, during which lime they have expen
two hundred thousand dollars for lmprc
mente, and that the stock is now in good
mand; that the returns made to the State
di tor are for but twenty thousand dollars, i
that the committee ls compelled to accept I
return for want of other evidence, and t
this evidence cannot be obtained until sc
one is appointed to look after the Interes
the State. The committee, of which Mr. B
ert Smalls is (he chairman on the part of
Senate, and Mr. N. B. Myers ia chairman
the part of the House, Bay they are di stress
at the prospect that everything will be dc
to prevent legislation relative to such an
The bill was then taken up, and was
celved with a perfect deluge of amendmei
from Messrs. Corbin and Whittemore, w
were evidently acting in concert, and end
voring, it they could not prevent the creati
of th? office of inspector of phosphates, to
limit his powers as lo virtually defeat the <
jects ot bis appointment. Of all these amei
meals the most important was one to redi
the fees of the prospective Inspector from fi
to twenty-five cents on every ton of fertillzi
passing through his hands. This and t
rest of the amendments was carried, aud t
bill was parsed to Its third readlug by a vc
of sixteen to nine.
The session was also enlivened by the pi
sentatlon of the following affecting memor
from the woman's rights women, or, as 30:
sarcastic wretch has called them, "the co
To the Senate and House cf Representatives
the State of South Carolina:
The American Woman Suffrage Association i
That, wheiea*. the first section of the seco
article of the Constitution of the United Stai
expressly provides that "each State shall appoli
In such manner as the Legislature thereof m
direct, the electora for President and vicc-Fre
dent;" and whereaa, wonen are now unjustly e
eluded from any p irtic: jatiou In the election
these highest officers of tue nation:
We, therefore, respectfully pray y%ur honorab
bodies thit yon will exercise the authority th
vested In you by the Federal Constitution, and e
act a law conferring suffrage upon women wi
a-e citizens of the United States, and of the Sta
of South Carolina, In the approach lug President!
election, upon the same terms and conditions
And we further respectfully represent:
That, whereas, the constitution of the State 1
South Carolina contains no restriction upon tl
exercise of suffrage by women in regard to tl
election of < ertaln State, county, town and munli
pal effl -era;
We there ore reppectfully pray that you wi
enact a law abolishing all political distinctions c
account of sex. except where the same are e:
prcas y con ral nea In tbe present constitution c
And we farther respect fa'ly represent:
That, whereas, the Constitution of the State c
Sooth Car- Una restricts suffrage for certal
officers to men s loue, therefore,
We respectfully pray your honorable bodies t
tate the necessary s ept to amend the State coi
sn tut ion. so as to abolish he rea: ter all p jilt icc
distinction s on account of s-x.
Thia memorial ls presented tn accordance wltl
resolutions adopted at the ann nal meeting ot sal
Amerloan Woman Soff race AI-s iciaion, beld li
Philadelphia, on tbe 22d dar of Novemtier, A. I
1871. ai whlch were present delegates fror
auxiliary socletiea lo twenty-two States.
This pathetic appeal ls algned by tour of thi
oldest siagers In the cause-Lucy Stone,
fiery little snapdragon, who has more spit
and less judgment than any of the rest; Juli
Ward Howe, the Boston poetess, whose great
est metrical success bas been a parody 01
"John Brown's Body," commencing "Min
eyes have seen the glory of the coming of Un
Lord;" Mary Grew, a buxom Pennsylvanian
who might easily get Into better company
and last, and decidedly least, Mr. Henry B
Blackwell, the husband of Lucy Stone, who
however, refuses to be called Mrs. Blackwell
maintaining that lt ls as unreasonable for he
to take the name ot Blackwell as lt would b<
silly for him to take the name of Stone. Si
Lucy Stone and Henry Blackwell, wile anc
husband, go by their own baptismal names
and she addresses conventions while he takei
care of the babies-and this ls the state 0
subjection lo which Mrs. Lucy Stone advise;
every other wile to reduce her b;gger half.
The House at its session to-day transactecl nc
business of any special interest except th?
passage of Jervey's new election law, which,
as has already been stated, provides for at
immediate count of the vote, but makes nc
provision for mixed beards ot managers and
commissioners of elections.
The House, however, held a night session tc
deliberate upon the general appropriation bill,
and had tb?- pleasure of listening to a long
speech by Comptroller-General Neagle, the
salient points of which have already been
fully reported by telegraph. They were, that
the Legislature had started wrong in not
levying larger taxes in former years, so as to
pay up the accounts of each year during the
year; that he had advised them to do this,
but they had heeded the voice of ihe tax?
payers, and thus got themselves into a tight
place at last, which served them right for not
listening to him;' that the State officials not
haviog enough money from taxation to pay
the demands authorized by the Legislature,
had been compelled to issue twentysyear bonds
and put them on the market at ruinous dis?
counts; that the debt of the State had thereby
been run up lo an amount tbat nobody exact?
ly knew, but which was certainly not less
than 112.000,000, and might be far above that
figure; that to pay the Interest on this ihe ex?
travagant but authorized expenses of the cur?
rent year, and the d?ficiences of former years,
a State tax of fifteen mills on toe dollar was
an absolutely necessity; that the easiest way
was the best, and that nobody had any right
to complain anyway. He then went into a
calculation of the probable expenses of the
State government lor the current year, as fol?
Ordinary civil expenses. $650,000
Interest for the current year. : 718,000
Legislative expenses. 400,000
Public and permanent printing. 300,000
Deficiency from last year. 400,000
This was on the basis of the treasurer's re?
port estimating the debt at about $12,000.000,
and was outside of the $900.000 of floating
debt in New York, for which $3,773,000 of
bonds were hypothecated, and which with ac?
crued interest had doubtless amounted to
$1,000,000 by this time, ir this were to be
paid, lt would make $3,468,000 to be raised by
taxes this year; but leaving this ont of sight,
and taking the above statement as the proba?
ble expenses for the year, a State lax of fifteen
mills on the dollar would be necessary io pay
them. Then he said he did not propose to .ad?
vise the General Assembly as to their duty.
He had simply come before them to give them
such facts and figures as were in his posses?
sion, and thanking them for the attention
they bad paid to his remarks, he withdrew.
Dr. Neagle was followed by Mr. Bowen, who
made a pungent and pointed speech against
the proposed lax levy, after which the House
The business in the General Assembly on
Saturday was unimportant. In the Senate a
long debate was had over Gardozo's proposal
of a constitutional amendment to allow of cu?
mulative voting, which was finally lost by the
decisive vote of two to eighteen, Messrs. Car
dozo and Hayes being the only senators who
voted in favor of lt.
The House passed the Senate bill to amend
the quarantine law at Charleston, George?
town and Hilton Head, and made some con?
siderable Inroad In its tremendous calendar of
unfinished business. PICKET.
NEWS FROM WASHINGTON.
The Treaty of Washington Question
Bari Granville's Note and the Cabi?
net-Reply of the Government.
WASHINGTON, February 23.
There was an extraordinary and a full ses?
sion ot the Cabinet to-day on the official dis?
patch Bent to this government by Earl Gran?
ville, through the British minuter, on the
subject ot the American case as submitted
to the Geneva conference, and which was
not received In full till this morning, thongh the
tenor of lt had been previously communicated.
This fact furnishes denial enough to the sensa?
tional telegrams which were sent hence Inst
night purporting to give not only the details of
Granville's letter, but also of the reply of the
secretary of State to the same!-though it
may be added that the secretary has not writ?
ten a line of his reply, and the Cabinet to-day
did not decide precisely what the terms of it
should be. The dispatch of Euri Granville is
represented as being entirely friendly in spirit,
and couched in a simple statement that her
Majesty's government did not understand that
consequential damages were covered by the
treaty of Washington or were to be submitted
to the Geneva conference. It makes no de?
mand for a modification or withdrawal or any
part of the case. The tenor of the dispatch cer?
tainly does not Indicate that any belligerent
feeling can possibly grow out of the correspon?
dence. While the exact tenor of the reply,
which will be made in the course of a week, ls
not known, the impression ls general among
the members of the administration that this
government will state that it submitted
a complete case to the conference, leav?
ing no room lor future dispute to arise on
any question covered by the treaty, and that
it ls desirous that the arbitrators should decide,
tim, whether these claims come within the
definition of the treaty, and, If BO, to then
decide whether they are allowable or not. If
the arbitrators declare that the protocol and
treaty show that lt was never intended to have
the question of Indirect damages submitted,
then that portion of the American case may be
ruled out. In a word, lt ls understood that
this government will take the position that
everything shall be left to arbitration, and to
abide by the decision, according to Its plighted
faith. The text of the reply will probably be
written out and submitted to the cabinet next
Tuesday, and, ll approved, malled In lime for
next Wednesday's steamer.
The War In the Senate.
The resumption of the debate in the Senate
to-day, ostensibly on the sale ot arms to
France, took the widest range of political dis?
cussion, but nevertheless attracted another
audience which filled the chamber again to
overflowing. Messrs. Trumbull and Morton
occupied the entire day. The Illinois senator
reviewed Mr. Morton's party dictation, which
he declared rose above honeBt legislation for
the whole country, and then proceeded to en?
dorse in de(uil the platform of the recent
Missouri Liberal Convention. He rejoiced
that the Democracy of Connecticut had
accepted its platform, and hoped that the par
?! throughout the country would do the same,
he senator's emphatic approval of this plat?
form created no lillie sensation, as. lt Indicates
without doubt Just where hp maybe found In
the Presidential campaign. Mr. Trumbull was
severe in his arraignment of Mr. Morton, and
the latter was of course very bitter In 'tis
reply. He declared that Mr. Trumbull I. .d
this day stepped out from the ranks of the Re?
publican party, but had stopped within easy
returning distance, with his bick chaliced all
over, "Barkis ls wlllln'." He accused him, as
he Ind accused Mr. Schurz, ot remaining In
the Republican party to betray and destroy lt,
and he appealed to him to stand up now and
say that he had abandoned that party, lt ls
now thought that the debate, having assumed
a positive political character, will last another
week. The sale ot arms question was not
even alluded to to-day.
Latest New* and Gossip.
WASHINGTON, February 24.
Judge Davis accepts the workingmen'^
nomination for President.
Garret Davis has recovered.
The changes reported in the New Tork and
New Orleans customhouses are unauthenti?
cated and improbable.
Colonel It ,In. collector of customs at Savan?
nah, leaves homeward to-morrow. He hue
assurances from prominent members of the
cominlitees before which he appeared that his
views regarding rice, salt and the improve?
ment ot Georgi* rivers will have early and
favorable consideration. It IB understood that
Colonel Robb has an Important consulship at
THE TREATY OF WASHINGTON.
Mr. Charles Franois Adams Inter?
The telegraph has mentioned the arrival of
Mr. Charles FrancU Adams, American mem?
ber of the Geneva Court of Arbitration, In
New York, on the 21st Instant. He appears to
have been promptly set upon by ihe inter?
viewers. The Herald reporter makes him
Mr. Adams. 8o far nothing has occurred
which warrants my sayine that the treaty will
be a failure. I left London when the greatest
excitement prevailed. It was on the evenln^
when Mr. Gladstone made his hasly, inconsi(f
eraie speech, which I readjust before my de?
parture. But since then Mr. Gladstone has
modified his language. lu his two following
speeches he took back much of what he had
said at first.
Reporter. Is there any likelihood that the
British Government will consent to pay the
consequent damages in a lump sum outside of
Mr. Adams. The real question Is not about
paying damages, but about admitting the claim
of consequential damages within the prov?
ince ol the court of arbitration. Mr. Gladstone
holds that such a claim is not recognized by
the treaty, and has also declared hlmseif
against the payment of consequential dam?
ages in a lump sum.
By the reporter for the World, Mr. Adams ia
represented as explaining that the excitement
in England was, after all, nothing more than
a newspaper war, and I hat, though not pre?
pared for the question of indirect damages,
Eng ishmen of business with whom he hat
talKed were walting to hear one sum named,
pay lt, and have the whole amount sponged
out. Mr. Ad-ims, says the reporter, statpd
that he thought lt reasonable to refer our
claims under the treaty to the Geneva court,
which could, on the evidence, reject or ap?
prove them, as Justice demanded.
THE COTTON OUTLOOK.
ENGLISH VIEWS OE CONSUMPTION
AND THE COVRSE OF PRICES.
Smith, Edwards S? Co.*4 Latest Circular.
Under date of January 31, Messrs. Smith,
Edwards & Co., of Liverpool, write:
The Manchester market during the past
month has responded lar more freely to the
advance in cotton than conld have been ex?
pected. At the end of December it was
decidedly dull, but as soon as our market was
fairly started lt Joined in the race, and quite
as sanguine a tone sprang up there as here.
Very heavy contracta were given out for yarn
about the middle of ihe month, at prices equal
to the advance In cotton, and since then the
activity has been well sustained, and yarn
generally has gained for the month as much as
the raw material. Cloth bas followed much
more slowly, still a considerable business has
been done in lt as wei!, and no stocks of any
magnitude have been allowed.to accumulate;
but the pos li lon of manufacturers Is very bad.
In the great Eastern department the margin
now existing between cotton and cloth, and
still more between yarn and cloth, ls simply
ruinous. So long as prices keep advancing
the pinch is not telt, as producers are selling ?
cloth made out of material purchased at a
cheaper price, but when a ?Tiing market oc?
curs, and cloth made out of dear cotton has to
be lorced off, lt is easy to see that disasters
We believe that the present strength of 1
Manchester Is in a great degree delusive, the
business doing ls highly speculative, and E
based upon the opinion that a cotton famine
ls In store for us, which will curtail produc?
tion and so enable the present high-priced
cloth to be moved off in foreign markets be- S
fore the collapse occurs. We expect a dif?
ferent feeling will prevail when lt ls found
that no curtailment of production need be ex?
pected, because there is cotton enough to (
keep every spindle In Europe running full
time throughout the year, when It ls also re?
alized that the contracts now entered Into
cannot be fairly closed by the sale of the
gooda abroad until the prospects of the next
American crop are affecting the markets of *
the world, we expect a great change from the 8
present buoyant tone of Manchester. The y
home trade continues lo betts chief support; t
lt ls still very active and sound, In conse- ?
quence ol the prosperity ot the country, but '
ihe news from the East is anything but en- r
couracing. A feeble response has taken place .
in India and China to the great rise here, but I
prices keep quite below our I*-vol, and large '
stocks exist In all the creal Eastern markets. \
The position ol floe Spinner? keeps very good, ?
and, therefore, we consider Egyptian cotton :
In a strong position. *
Attention bas been specially called of late to V
the great consumption of cotton, and the con
tlnued large deliveries to the trade have given ?
rise to very extreme ideas of the consuming ?
capacity of the country. Certainly the buying i
of the trade for the last two or three months i
has been astonishingly large. For twelve
week: 5 their takings from this port bare aver- I
aged 78,000 balea per week. Of this business
lt must be remembered that an unusually large
proportion consists of small Brazil bales. Bay
16,000 bales per week; allowing for thar, how?
ever, we believe that spinners have added to
their stocks In that lime 150,000 bales, and as
they they were well stocked before, they prob
bly hold now as large a quantity of cotton aa
they ever did in the history of the trade.
Tue actual consumption at the present time f
we would put at about 64,000 bales pur week, 1
equal lo bulk to 60,000] bales of the average (
weight of last rear. The consumption of tue
Kingdom in 1871 was estimated at 60.000 bales (
per week, of 388 pounds weight. We put the 1
increase of machine power for the year over ]
last at five per cent., and. were cotton equally .
cheap we would expect a similar Increase
of consumption, but it ls well known that 1
manv spinne? are raising their counts of yarn i
considerably. Thia process always takes place ?
when colton is dear, and bas amore Important
effect than ls generally known in limiting con- 1
sumption. We do not believe that the actual <
use of cotton will be greater this year than |
last, If the present scale of prices continues.
At periods' ot inflation like the present the rate ,
of consumption ls always exaggerated, and
when the subsequent reaction comes, the trade
holds off so long that opinion veers round In a j
surprising manner. We believe that our spin- ,
nets hardly ever held a greater Etake in cot*
ton than they do n?>w, for they own a large pro- ;
portion of the amount afloat and on shipboard, !
and their views are correspondingly sanguine.
Previous experience has oiten shown that this
ls a dangerous basis for the market to rest
upon, and conclusions as to consumption
made at such a lime are often fallacious. An "
agitation ls now going on among the opera?
tives lo reduce the lime of labor lo fifty-four
hours per week; at present they work rather
under sixty. Should this succeed, it will ma?
terially reduce consumption.
Trie prospects ot our market at present are
viewed by the public almost entirely through
thc medium cf the American crop. Public
opinion hai settled down general y to lower
estimates than prevailed a month ago; we
snouid Bay that three and a quarter millions ls
now the favorite opinion on this side the At-,
lantlc. In America'there ls still nearly as
much difference as ever, estimates varying all
the way from three to three and a half mil?
lions; out we should thlok that the average
iles about midway between these points.
There ls nothing conclusive In the receipts up
to the present time; they are large enough to
be compatible with a crop of three and a half
millions; bul it ls generally believed that a
very rapid decline will now be witnessed, and
as we wilt compare wllh seven weeks of
145,000 bales on the average, last year, lt is
thought the deficiency will be so striking as to
keep up a strong current of speculation and
push prices higher. Most people expect 12d
to be reached fur middling Orleans, and some
look lor higher rates. Attention is fixed on
the great decrease In the supply ot American
CQiton, and the extreme reluctance of the
trade to substitute East Indian; and it ls
argued that even at present h'gh prices there
will be little or no diminution in the use of
We do not agree in these opinions, and we
think the present scale of prices dangerously
high. We have no doubt that as the year ad?
vances the consumption will turn more on the
cheaper kinds of cotton, as lt has always done
beloro nuder similar circumstances. The
present margin between middling Orleans and
fair Dholleruh is 3d per lb, In place of 2d
which would be about the proportion of former
years atjthls season, and if that Is not sufficient
to force Surots into consumption the margin
will widen further; but one thing is certain,
viz, that all the cotton that comes to Europe
will be worked up sooner or later, and ihe
real question is what will be the aggregate
Knowing well Hie uncertainly of all statisti?
cal lorecasts, we yet venture to mbmlt the
following estimate of supply to Great Britain
for the year, simply as being a lair approxima?
tion willi the light before us. Assuming the
American crop at 3,250,000, wo would expect
to receive 1,600.000 bales against 2.250,000
bales last year, and 1 664,000 In 1870. when (be
total crop was 3,115,000. Against this it may
be urged that the Americans will keep prices
so much above us thai the crop will move
slowly, but we have no doubt that the country
will be thoroughly swept of colton before the
next sca=o:i commences, and stocks will be
reduced to the lowest ebb, for lhere is no
reasonable expectation of opening next year at
such high prices as rule now. - From India we
expect some Increase, not on the ground of
larger crops, but In consequence of the high
prices, which will sweep the country as lt bas
not been swept since 1869, and we wouid call
special attention to the fact that the crop is
arriving much earlier In Bombay than last
year, and that there ls a great increase of
steam tonnage in Indian waters. We expect
nearly two-thirds of the crop will come by
canal this year, and consequently we expect a
far larger Import in the spring and Bummer
than last vear. We. would put the import
from all India at 1.400.000 bales, against 1,235,
000 bales last year, provided high prices are
maintained till the summer. From Egypt we
expect about tbe same, perhaps rather less,
bm from Brazil a great increase. Very heavy
ttocks urp reported at the Brazil ports, and the
amount ufloat ls much larger than last year.
We would put the Import of Brazil, Egyptian,
and a? other sons at 1,000,000 bales, against
920,000 bales last year.
So much for Riipply. Now for the outgoings.
Let us first cocider the export. We believe
this will provea weak point In our market.
The Coniineut is In a very different position
from last year. It waa then entirely empty of
cotton, and an Immense void had to be filled
up after the conclusion of peace In February. J
Dari ap bte spring months we had a very heavy
demand In lhls market, rising lor several
weeks to 25,000 or 30,000 bales each. France
?rew largely from ns, being entirely ex?
hausted. Now there are 249,000 bales afloat
?ind In stock at Havre, against 46,000 bales last
Fear, and French spinners are heavily stocked
?esides; Indeed, lt ls thought that France
Has already secured the bulk of all she requires
for this year, the fear of duty being imposed
aaving caused every one to stock in anticipa?
ron. The rest of the Continent is only mode?
rately supplied, but still much better than last
rear, and, therefore, we conclude that our
? tal export cannot be put at more than 750.000
mles, If so much, againt 910,000 bales last
rear and 658,000 bales in 1870.
There remains the question of consumption.
?Ve have already said that we estimate it at
?4,000 bales, including a great proportion of
3razll, and we think this allowance sufficient
or.lhe year, especially as the trade held a large
lurplus on 1st January, which they would
)robably part with .if next American crop
>romlsed well. The deliveries to the trade
vould then be 3,328,000 bales, against 3,214,000
lales last year, and 2,817,000 bales the prevl
>us year. We tabulate these figures as follows:
IMPOST. 1672. 1871. , 1870.
tmerlcan.i,600,ooo 2,250,000 l.eei.ooo
??St Ind a.1,400,000 1,235,000 1,063,000
Ac.....1,000,000 020,000 734,000
tdd stock Janu?
ary 1, Liverpool
and London... 727.00 ) 448,000 480,000
Total supply. 4,727,000 4,651,000 8,921,000
> e 11 v e r les to
trade. 62 weeks
at 64,000.8.328,000 3.214,000 2,817,000
?Xport. 750,000 910.000 654.000
Total.4 078,000 4,124,000 3.475,000
tock In Qr eat
ber 31. 649,000 727,000 446,000
70 MW MOVEMENT FOR IRE WEEK.
NEW YORK, February 25.
The receipts at all of the ports lor the week
rere 77,037 bales, against 88,966 last week,
6,263 the previous week, and 92,688 three
reeks since. The total receipts since Bep
ember have been 2,166,957 bales, against
,787,780 for the corresponding period of the
irevious year, showing 8 decrease of 620,823
ales. The exports from all ot the ports lor
he week were 81,055 balee, against 125,248
or the same week last year. The total ex
ort8 for the expired portion o? the cotton
ear amount to 1,236.803 bales, against 1,696,
83 for the same time last year.' The pres
nt stock, as compared with that for the cor
fonding period of the previous year,, ls as
Feb. 25.1872. Feb. 26, 1871.
Lt all porta.549.641 693,218
it the Interior towns. 57,065 118,382
n Liverpool.668,000 764,000
Ltuertean cotton afloat for
Great Britain.160,000 290,000
ndlan cotton anoat lor
SELLING MEDICAL DIPLOMAS.
"For tbat are we Doctors!"
The Philadelphia papers of yesterday remove
til uncertainty in regard to the allegations
ong afloat ot the sale of diplomas by the two
;oncero8 called the ''Philadelphia University
>f Medicine and Surgery," (Paine's) and the
'American University ol Philadelphia and
Eclectic Medical College," (Buchanan's.) A
:ommlltee of the Pennsylvania Legislature has
leen investigating the subject, and at its last
meeting in Philadelphia, the Ledger says, a
sufficient nnmber of cases ot traffic In diplo?
mas was brought to light to justify revocation
if their charters, and not only to justify it, but
Lo demand lt. The following are specimens:
One of the witnesses, who either is or bas
been a "professor" in one of them, admitted
that he bad had blank diplomas of both Paine';
ind Buchanan's establishments In his posses?
sion; was about to make the selling of diplo?
mas a business before the passage of the late
act of Assembly making lt a criminal offence;
that he had never sold but one, but that he
would have signed one of them "quicker than
wink" if he could bave made money by lt.
Buchanan, of the Pine street establishment,
admitted that one of his degrees had been
sent to Schuylkill County to a man who had
not appeared for examination, said man hav?
ing afterwards made a donation of twenty-five
dollars. Another witness, one of these brooda
of ''doctors," testified that he had bought s
scholarship for Beventv-flve dollars lu the
Philadelphia (Paine's) University; wrote nc
medical thesis; passed no "regular" examina
tien; but he got his diploma. Another testi?
fied to his knowledge of a diploma bavins
been issued by Paine for seventy dollars to I
man who attended no course of study. Still
another, "an herb doctor," a colored
man, testified that he had never attended
any course bf lectures, but had received
through an -Dr. Bissell, from Dr. Bu
cha?an, a diploma as "a mark of honor"-bul
a political campaign was then going on, and
one of the doctors was a candidate for the
legislature. Ye*t another, also a colored man,
bad been favored with a Paine diploma, which
was hung up In bis o trice during his absence
and yet another had received a Buchanan
diploma after attending one course, but he
had been practicing for twenty years before
that. But the most extraordinary portions ol
this testimony yet remain to be told. A "doc?
tor," who described his business to be "study?
ing and practicing medicine," mentioned
among his quail fl cai lon s that he had beei
"Janitor for Beven years" In a Baltimore med!
cal school; he also had a diploma from a bota?
nical college in the West Indies, and intender
to get another from Buchanan, but that tnt
latter charged too much. This, however
does not equal tho evidence of James Mc
Shane, who has been some sort of an atien
dant in the dissecting room of both the "Phi
ladelphla" and the "Eclectic." He says hi
"worked" fur Dr. Paine, and "did some work'
for the "Eclectlc:".he was no graduate, but li
Paine's establishment he sometimes "ran th<
dissecting room," aud "acted as teacher." H<
had been offered diplomas to sell.
TSE WEATHER THIS DAT.
WASHINGTON, D. C., Februarv 25.
The area of high barometer over the "uppei
lakes will probably move east, and extent
with clear weather on Monday throughout th?
Atlantic States. A rising temperature, witt
Increasing southerly winds, will prevail ot
Sfonday from the upper lakes to the Gulf. Ac
area ol low barometer, with attending windi
circulating around lt, will pas3 eastward ovei
Missouri, and threatening weather, possibly
with snow, will prevail northward to Minne
sota. Southerly winds, with partial clouds
weather, will prevail on Monday from Texas
Yesterday's Weather Reports of tin
Signal Service, V. S. A.-4.47 P. AI.
Local Time. '
Gi nein natl.
Key West, Fla..
NKW o ricana...
NOTB.-The weather resort dated 7.47 0'CIUCK,
this morning, will ne posted in the rooms of the
Chamber or Commerce at 10 o'clock A M., and.
together with the weather chart, may (by thc
courtesy ol the Chamber? be examined by ship
tu asters at any time during the day.
GERMAXY ARMI?O WITH A VIEW
COMING CHANGES IN FRANCE.
The Legitimist Gathering at Ant werp
Nsw YORK, February 24.
A special from Berlin says that Germany
arming- In view o? a probable change In tbe
French Government. Prussia claims the
to control the change, upon the
whether the succeeding government, by dis?
inclination or.inability, ahouid not execute
the treaty and discharge the obligations to
I Germany. Should Prussia decide either point
I adversely to the apprehended change In the
French Government, a reiavasion or French
( territory will follow.
ANTWERP, February 24.
The police last night were compelled to dis?
perse the Legitimists, who thronged the
streets with violent demonstrations. A dem?
onstration of Monarchists, who bad gathered
here, took place, and the streets were Ailed
with peuple. There is great excitement. Or?
ders have been issued forbidding groups on
the streets. Disturbances are Imminent. The
Count de Chambord ls still here. It ls re?
ported that he baa received several French
deputations. Resolutions were adopted at a
meeting o? citizens forcibly opposing bis
sojourn. The police arrangements prevent an
LEIPSIO, February 24.
The municipality bas issned a proclamation
against the International?. Artisans ot this
city are forbidden to join or support the so?
ciety. . .
BREST, February 24.
The Marie Fran?ais capsized in the harbor,
by which twenty-two persons were drowned.
LONDON-, February 24.
Lord Mayor Gibbons bas been knighted.
The Bishop of Jamaica, here for health, is
JOTTINGS .ABOUT THE STATE.
-Mr. A. W. Kruse, of Anderson, died in the.
Asylum at Columbia on the 18th instant.
Consumption was the cause of his death.
-Major Wm. H. Wbltner. of Anderson,
fourth son ol the late Judge Whitner, died at
Madison, Florida, on Friday week.
-Mr. S. Goodwin, better known as Esquire
Goodwin, a venerable citizen of Barnwell
County, died on the 14th Instant, in his eighty
-Mr. James N. Taylor, who lives in the vi?
cinity of Mush Creek, in Greenville County,
was found in his mill, one morning last .week,
frozen to death.
-The State and county tax levied in Ander?
son ls about nine dollars lor each taxpayer.
Only $3133 of the taxes for the past year re?
-The store of Mr Thomas DuBbar, located
on the Upper Three Buns, in aiken County,
was destroyed by fire on Thursday last, sup -
Eosed to be the work ot an incendiary. Mr.
unbar was absent at the time; but fortunately
some ol bis neighbors were near at band, and
succeeded in saving most of the stock on hand.
-The fine residence and grounds at Kalmia,
formerly the residence of wm. Gregg, Sr., are
now offered for sale. This ls one ol the finest
properties In tbe State, and affords a rare
chance to some one who can appreciate a good
bouse and beautiful prospect to secure a home
at less than half what it would cost to place
like improvements on an unimproved tract.
-Hamlin Beattie, Esq., president of the
Greenville National Bank, who has been ab?
sent in Washington for the past two or three
weeks, has returned. He has perfected full
and complete arrangements for ihe operations
of his bank, which will commence business in
a few weeks. The bank will be opened in the
old "Goodlett House," on Main street.
-J. Bennett Cunningham, the son of Mr.
Asa Cunningham, aged about 27 years, was
lound lu a dying condition on tho 15th instant
in the road near Greenville. The examina?
tion of circumstances connected with his death
led to the conclusion that be bad been thrown
from bia horse, receiving such Injuries lrom
the fall as to cause bis aeath in a short time
-The Lancaster Ledger says: "A letter has
been received here from ex-Judge A. G. On
derdonk, of Manhasset, N. Y.. proposing to as?
sist the people of Lancaster County in building
a railroad from this place to Monroe, N. C., a
distance of twenty-one miles. Judge Oader
donk represents a Northern company, of,
large capital, and which company ls now, li
we are not mistaken, building the Wilmington,
Charlotte and Rutherford Railroad, which pas?
ses Monroe. The propositions contained in
the letter have been favorably considered by a
number of our business men and a correspon?
dence has been opened."
THINGS IN VIRGINIA.
RICHMOND, February 24.
The legislature has passed a bill making
coln only legal tender, and national bank
notes recivable tor debts due the State. It is
equally probable that the governor will veto
the bill, and that the legislature will pass It
over his veto.
An apportionment is agreed upon which will
give the State'seven Democratic and two Re?
publican members of Congress.
LEGALITY OP INVESTMENTS rx CONFEDERATE
BONDS.-The decision of the Supreme Court of
Appeals of Virginia In the case of Walker's
executors vs. Page. Ac, maintains the legality
of Investments In Confederate bonds made by
?dudarles during the late war. The case re?
ferred to was an appeal from the Circuit Court
ot Richmond. A bill was filed In that court to
set aside a sale made by G. W. Randolph, in
May, 1863, of the lands of Infants, attacking
the decree as Illegal and void, and charging
that the investments made of the proceeds in
Confederate bonds not under an order pre?
viously made, but sanctioned afterwards, were
not legal Investments. The Circuit Court on
this bill decreed that the sale was void, and
toe investments bad. The Court ot Appeals
reversed the decree of said Circuit Court, and
decided "that the courts of this commonwealth
bad tbe Authority to make Investments of- the
funds under their control In Confederate
bonds ls no longer an open question. It is
definitely settled by legal enactment, by re-1
peated decisions of this court recognizing the
validity of such decrees and investments, and
by the Supreme Court of the United States."
<?\$axB, Qobatto, S?t.
QHABLESTON WHOLESALE AND RE-1
TAIL MANUFACTURING CIGAR A:,D TOBACCC
No. 310 KINO STREET, THREE DOORS SOOTH OF |
MEERSCHAUM PIPES a specialty, therefore
can sell at prices to surprise you. suitable for
An extensive and complete assortment of all
artlclea in his line ef business is kept constantly
on hand, giving a facility of niling, without de?
lay, all orders extended to bim, accompanied
with cash, or drart on responsible houses in the
city. Purchasers are requested to examine his
perfect Stock before trading elsewhere.
Proprietor of Bmperor William Cigar store,
FISK, CLARE A FLAGG'S celebrated Special?
ties are for sale by all .first class dealers in this
True Pit Shirts.
Patent Pantaloon Drawers.
Laporte's Kid Gloves.
New Styles of Neck Bress.
N. B.-Five novelties Just out. Dover doth
Shirts and Shirtings, Samson Braces, Patent Pan?
taloon Drawers, (red stamp,) Laporte's Cable Kid
Gloves, and the Regent street Scarf.
FISK, CL IRK A FLAGG,
Jan22-mwnmo Ho. m Broadway, New York.
annexai un onus.
?&TEE RELATIVES, FBIENDS AND
acquaintances of Mr. and Mn. EDWARD 0.
STAN, are respect:ally invited to attend the Fa.
neral of the latter, from her late residence, No. 27
Mazyck street? at 3 o'clock THIS ATXSKNOOH.
WHITHER.-Died, at Madison, Florida, on Fri?
lay, the isth instant, of pneamoDla, altera brief
illness. WILLIAM HENRY WHITNKK, a son of tb?
ate Judge i. N. Whither, In the seth year of ' his
iga, ' .' '" '? - '
How is the strong stair broken, "
And the beautiful rodi a ?. -n
WALTER.-Died at Hoboken, N. J., February
17,1872, of pneumonia, WM. DOV/I WALTSB, for
nerty of Charleston, & 0."
L662.-We have THIS DAY appointed Mr.-T. W.
j E. WIS. Jr., to sign by precaution for our firm.
feb2fl-mwf8_PO BOBBE AHENRY. -
pf CONSIGNEES PER STEAMSHIP
iOUTH CAROLINA; from New York, ara-hereby
loUHed that she will discharge cargo THIS DA Y
isth Instant, at Pier No. 2, union Wharves*.. Goods
ir called for at sunset will remain on the wharf
it owner's risk and expense, . ? .\""
I'ebaa-i_WM. A, COURTENAY, Agent ?
^NOTICE.-E. B. STODDARD JHAV;
1NQ dissolved the late Partnership of E. B.
STODDARD ? CO., and assumed, without my coa -
tent, the sole control of the Stock and Assets of
?he Arm, I therefore notify all persons and-cor
?orations not to pay ont any of the Partnership
ands, or to pay any notes or accounts due the
laid Copartnership, or tb purchase and pay for
my of the merchandise of the said Copartnership,
sxcept upon the joint cheek or receipt of both the
ate Partners. O. FB??EB ERG ER,
February 28th. 1872. . feoga
?Sf" THE j CHARLESTON CHARITA
BLE ASSOCIATION, FOB THE BENEFIT OF T??B
?REE SCHOOL FUND.-OFFICAL BAFFLED
NUMBERS. : !)7R"
CLASS Na 867-MOBNTNfl.
CLASS No. 368-EVENING.
AS witness oar band at charleston this 2??a day
ol February, 1872. FENN PEQK, .
J AMES G1LLJL AND, ,
octa _ aw?rn Oommiesioneri.
?B- FRESH VACCINE. HATTER, ;
TAKEN FROM THE ABM,j, "
FOB SALI AT
B ? EN H AM'S DRUG STOEE,
No. 421 KING STREET, : V
febi2-imo CHAELESTOH, S.;c. ~
09* ON M AR ? 1:A G-E--m^.~
Happy relier for Yoong Men from tho effects
of Errors and Abases in early- ure. Manhood re?
stored. Nervous debility eared, imped? menu
to Marriage removed. ' New method of .treat*
ment. New and remarkable remedies. Books
and Circulars sent free, in sealed envelop?!. Ad?
dress HOWARD ASSOCIATION, Na 2 South
Ninth street. Philadelphia. Pa? _octlB
Municipal Notieee. -,
.fm* AT A REGULAR MEETING OF
the Beard of Commissioners of the Almshouse,
held on the 6th Instant, the following .Preamble
and Resolution were unanimously adopted and
ordered to be published :
Whereas, The City Council having materially
reduced the appropriation for the support of tho
Almshouse for. the ensuing year, the Board of
Commissioners, in order to make the appropria?
tion meet the requirements of the helpless poor of
the city SB far as possible, feel themselves com
pelted, in the discharge of their public duty, t
req ni re a more rigid inspection of the condition
of those obtaining unt-door relelf; therefore,
Resolved, That from and arter the first.day of
March, ensuing, all out-door reieif will be dis?
continued, except to such as may present new
appllca ions, said applications to be recommend' .
ed by two Immediate neighbors ol respectability,
who shall certify to the worthiness of the appli?
cant as well as to bis or ber incapacity to earn a
livelihood, in case the applicant shall be Inca?
pacitated from earn ng a livelihood, either by
disease or permanent disability, the certificate of
a physician, In geed standing, will be required.
All applications for relief will also be required to
be attested by an Alderman of the Ward in which
the applicant resides. Blanks will be inrnlahed
by the Master on application to him at the Alms?
house. 0. B. SIG WALD,
Secretary and Treasurer.
Charleston, Feb. 7. 1872. feb9>4fmw4i>6
gOLUBLB PACIFIC GUANO,
On Upland Cotton, by ono of the most experi?
enced and reliable Planters in Orangebarg Dis?
trict, letter on file In my office: .
20 acre) without Guano, 10 bales, 400 poonda
20 acres with one Ton SOLUBLE PACIFIC
GUANO, 16 bales, 4 ;0 pounds each,
or an Increase of 2400 pounds cotton on the 20
acres manured with Soluble Pacific Guano, which,
at the average price of 21 cents, shows a profit of
$524 for $66 laid out J. N. ROBSON, .
Nos. 68 East Bay and 1 and 2 Atlantic Wharf.'
feb21-PA06 .*_: '?
-pACIFIO GUANO COMPANY'S
ACID PHOSPHATE OF LIME,
FOR COMPOSTING WITH COTTON l?ED.
I PRIOE-$26 CASH, WITH USUAL ADVANCE FOB
This article ls prepared under the superintend,
once of Dr. ST. JULIAN RAVENEL, expressly ror
Composting with Cotton Seed. .. . 1 ~
lt was Introduced bv this cop-a uy? years
I ago, and lt? use bas fully attested its value, aw
to 240 pounds or tbts article per acre, properly
composted with the same weight of cottonseed
rurnishes the planter win a Fertiliser or the high'
est excellence at the smallest cost. A Compost
prepared whh this article, as by printed direo
Uons rornlahed, Contains All tho elements or fer?
ait? that can enter into a First Cats Fertilizer,
while its economy must commend its liberal Use
to planters. For supplies and printed directions,
for Composting, apply to J. N. HOBSON,
Agent Pacific Guano Company,
Noe. 63 East Bay and 1 and 2 Atlantic Wharf,
<. JNO. S. REESE A CO., General Agents.
nov27-8moanac_ ? > : ?? ' . -
g 0 L ? B L E
PACI Fl CJD U ANO.
PRICE, $46 CASH. WITH USUAL ADVANCE
Experience In the use or this GUANO for the
past six years in this State, lor Cotton and Corn,
na? so rar established its character for excellence
as to render comment unnecessary.
In accordance with the established policy of the
Company to furnish the best Concentrated Ferti?
lizer at the lowest cost to consumers, this Guano
fa pnt into market this season at the above re?
duced price, which the Company ls enabled to do
by reason 01 Ita large facilities ana the reduced /
cost of manufacture. /
The supplies put Into market this season are, as /
heretofore, prepared under the personal saperiny J
tendence of Dr. St. Julian Ravenel, Chemist r i
the Company, at Charleston. S. C., hence planters J
may rest assured that its quality and c > m posit la
ts precisely the same aa that heretofore sold.
At the present low price, every acre pla
can be fertilized with 200 pounds Guano at al
not exceeding the present value of 80 pound
cotton, while experience has shown tuat ail
favorable condition of season and cultivation,':
crop ls increased by the application from twa
three-fold the natural capacity or the soil, he
under no ctndltlou could ita application f all
compensate for the outlay. \
Apply to J. N. ROBSON, t
Agent Pacific Guano company,
Nos. 68 East Bay and 1 and 2 Atlantic Wharf,
JOHN S. REESE A CO., General Agents,