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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1883.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 18, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS A
SAINT PATRICK'S DAT.
-* SPIRITED - CELEBRATION BT THE
A Bright .Horning-Thc Procession -
Splendid Appearance of the Irish Rifle
Club and St. Patrick's Band-The Ser?
vices at Church and Fa in -r Crcghan's
Address-How the Hibernian Society
Observed the Day-The Banquet and
Speeches X^ast Evening -Annual Sap?
per of the St. Patrick's Benevolent So?
ciety-Other Festivities In Honor of
Che Day, here and elsewhere.
The leaden skies and murky atmosphere of
Sunday evening gave little hope ol auspicious
weather for the celebration, yesterday, of Ire?
land's great Festival, and the day itself dawn?
ed drearily enough to satisfy the most unre?
lenting haler of the Emerald ?Isle and her
warm-hearted children. But the Irishman ls
not made ot the stuff to be dismayed by tri?
fles, and the green badges and sprigs that
were everywhere to be seen on the streets at
an early hour showed how general would be
the observance of the occasion, rain or shine.
As ir nature sympathized with the.pluck and
patriotism of the sons of Erin, however, there I
was soon a sunburst through the clouds, and I
long ere the procession began to move the I
morning gave no uncertain promise of just
such a lovely and exhilarating spring day as
was needed to gratify the hope and gladden
the hearts of the participants in the coming I
festivities. All agree that the celebration of I
St. Patrick's Day yesterday was In all respects
th e most spirited and enthusiastic that Charles
ton has known since the times before the war, I
and lt ls pleasant to chronicle tbe perfect good I
order and decorum which marked all the pro- ;
-ceedings of the several organizations which JI
took part In the public observance of tne anni- j
THE STREET PARADE. j
The Gathering of the Clans-Procession 1
of the Irish R'fle Club and the St.
Patrick's 'Benevolent Associational
Service? at St. Patrick's.
A little after eight o'clock the members of I
theist, Patrick's Benevolent Society began to
assemble at the Hibernian Hall, each wearing
the regalia of the order, consisting of a green
scarf from the shoulder across the breast to
the left side, where the ends were clasped to-1
gather by a gilt harp. In their hat-bands ap- j
peared the Inevitable sprig of shamrock, and
apon each countenance was a smile which
would bave done the heart of the Patron Saint
good to behold. The members were accompa-1
nled by a full representation of the rising gen. I
eratlon, and children and grandchildren, J
arrayed like their parents, joined In the Une I i
and waived their mimic flags of green in honor JI
of-thed?y. - ?Jj
The procession, however, could not move 1i
without the Irish Rifle Club, and expectation <
stood on tiptoe watching for their approach. I <
The martial music of St. Patrick's Brass Band :
was soon heard, and the glistening line of 11
rifles marched with steady tread behind. 11
Their arrival was none too soon for those who
were walling. The line was formed at once j :
in Meeting street, In front of the Hibernian J
Hall, and the procession, with a crash of music j
from th e I
ST. PATRICK'S BRASS BANI), j
moved on np Meeting street The band isa
new organization, which made Its flret ap- i
pearance In public yesterday. It comprises
twenty pieces, and their flne training, excel?
lent performance and general bearing
-elicited the enthusiastic cheers of the hear-1
?era, and contributed In no small de-1
gr?e to the enjoyment of the day. Tbe I,
members are all young, mostly of Irish de
scent, and take [naturally lo the airs of the
Emerald Isle. They obtained their Instru?
ments some three months ago, and their pro-1
* idency reflects credit upon their efficient
teacher and their own talents. Mr. Bearwlth, I,
of the Post Band at the Citadel, Is their in-1 ?
.atructor, and the members of the band are as I
follows: P. E. Gleason, leader; F. G. McGary, I
P. J. Boniface, M. W. Powers, Jno. H. Early, I ?
N. G. Duffy, M. A. Conners, Michael Barry, N. I '
A. Devereux, T. J. Sheehan, M. F. Healey, j
-Jas. E. Coleman, G. Cleary, James Barry, J. I
P. Corcoran, B. Belnmltz, Frank Bearwlth,
Thoa. Glynn, J. B. Maloney and John Pearlng. j
In front of the column marched a commit
tee of the Benevolent Association, consisting
of, Messrs. Chas. Mulvaney, Jas. Rahall, Dan.
Sullivan and E. O'Day. These were followed I
THE IRISO" RIFLE CLUB <
on their first anniversary parade. They
turnea out as fine a body of men as could be I
seen anywhere, seventy-live in number, and
handsomely uniformed. They wore black
pants, with a light gray coat trimmed with I
palmetto buttons, green collar and cuffs, and
neatly corded across the breast The hats I
"were of black, with green cord and tassel, I
and were looped up on the left with a green
rosette pinned in with a miniature gilt harp.
'The colors of the club were an old Fenian J
flair, grean on one Bide, and on the other
white, with " Irish Rifle Club " hand?
somely embroidered upon lt and Bur
mounted by the Immortal shamrock.
They were borne by a man who had fairly
won the honor. Mr. D. Spelman was the
fourth man of his company, then reduced to a
mere handful, who snatched the colors from I
the fallen bearer and flew them all day long I
In the deadly struggle at Cold Harbor. In the j
general orders after the battle, the color- j
bearer was highly complimented, and his
comrades remembered the deed.
The club bas many tried members to whom
it can point with pride, and are men as
staunch and true as Charleston can boast.
Their soldierly bearing, good order and fine
appearance were the subject of general praise. I
The officers who paraded are as follows: Jas.
Armstrong, Jr., president; J. J. Grace, first
vice-president; D. O'Neill, second vice-presi?
dent; A. G. Magrath, Jr., third vice-president; I
P. Cleary, first warden; p. J. May, second I
warden; J. F. Byrnes, third warden; William j
Fowley, fourth warden; John Burke, Jr., fifth
warden; J. F. Walsh, secretary, and A. E.
THE ST. PATRICK'S BENEVOLENT SOCIETY '
came next in Une. The members were In citi?
zens' dress, adorned witb the green emblem
and the sprig of shamrock. They marched by
twos to the number of nearly one hundred and I
^Ity, a solid, able-looking body of men,true re-1
pr?sent?t Ives of the bone and sinew of Charles?
ton. A genial smllo lit up the face of each,
which shadowed the spirit of pleasure wlih
which they participated lu the celebration. Ia
the rear ot this body marched a Uno of the
younger sons ol Erin, children o'l from five to
Aileen years. They were kept up In good or?
der, and with their Innocent and happy en?
thusiasm appropriately closed the long array.
THE LINE OF MARCH
was up Meeting street, along the sidewalks
ol which crowds of spectators watched the gal?
lant array, and eagerly recognized their
friends and relatives In the line. The march
was an oration, and on arriving at Line
street, the head of the column flied through
Into King and down the plankroad to Rad?
cliffe street. Heading again through this
street, the procession entered St. Patrick's
Church, at the corner of St. Phillp street, and
Boon filled the seats in the body of the church.
The crowd followed, and aisles and vestibule
were soon crowded with a dense throng to the
The imposing service of Mass was here cele?
brated, the Rev. John Moore, D. D., officiat?
ing. A deep stillness iell upon the assem?
blage as the service proceeded, and all rever?
ently joined In this appropriate portion of the
celebration of the day. At its conclusion,
was delivered by the Rev. C. J. Croghan. The
reverend speaker designated the occasion as
one tor sadness and joy for Ireland. He briefly
adverted to Its early woes in the Invasion by
the Danes,'by the English under Elizabeth and
Cromwell, the revolution of the treaty of Lime?
rick, and the barbarities of the Penal code.
He spoke'of the sufferings of the people, and
how they-were alleviated, by.the arrival of St.
Patrick-how the Irish never persecuted their
teachers, and. how Ireland became the seat of
learning. He showed bow she produced the
most remarkable of orators, and referred to
Burke, Flood, Sheridan, abd otbere; and to tier
poets, and of these the principal, Moore, who
bad produced the only original epic poem since
the days of the Iliad. Lastly, the speaker
eloquently , adverted to the charity ot Ireland,
which had nourished and kept alive her faith.
He WAS listened "to with deep attention, and
his closing appeal lor the opbans excited much
feeling. At the close ol. the oration, the
PROCESSION' AGAIN" FORMED
in the same order as before, and marched
through Radcliffe to King street, down King
to Rroad, through to East Bay, and up to
?larker, through Market and up King again to
the hall, at the corner of Society street. They
here partook of a slight collation, enlivened
with sentiments and cheers, after which the
assembly broke up. The Rifle Club marched
back to Archer's Hall, where, after three
cheers for the president, and cheers for the
other officers, ?fcc, the members dispersed to
THE HIBERNIAN SOCIETY.
Seven ty-First Anniversary - He-elec?
tion of the Entire Board of Officers
The Annual Banquet-A Notable Re?
union of Tried and Trusty Comrades.
The anniversary of the formation ol the
Hibernian Society ls coincident with St,
Patrick's Day, and the seventy-first birthday
of this venerable organization was duly cele?
brated yesterday along w?th the comm?mora
JOB of LhoUlCa- and virtues ot Ireland's paluin
saint. The annual meeting for the election o?
officers was held at noon, the polls remaining
open UH two o'clock P. M., and the election
resulted In the unanimous choice of the old
board of officers for another year, as follows :
General James Conner, president; Bernard
O'Neill, vice-president; Thomas O'Brien, treas?
urer; James Armstrong, Jr., secretary; John
Burns, hallkeeper. Committee on Finance
A. P. Caldwell, James Mcconkey, T. S. O'Brien,
H. F. Baker, F. L. O'Neil). Committee on Re?
lief-M. P. O'Connor, W. H. Houston, G. A.
Bowman, J. M. Mulvaney, C. C. Trombo.
Committee on Letters-James Cantwell, J. H.
Murrell, John Kenny, W. E. Howland, James
THE ANNIVERSARY SUPPER.
In the evening occurred the annual reunion
and supper of the society, an occasion which
amply sustained the reputation of this time
honored association for bonhommie and cheer.
The tables were spread In the main hall of the
society's building on Meetlag street. At one
which extended across the south end of the
hall, was seated the president, flanked on
either side by Invited guests, while at the re?
maining tables, which extended lengthwise of
the nail, were seated the members and the
remaining gues s. Among the prominent
guests and members were ex-presidents
Magrath and O'Neill, Rev. H. D. Northrop,
Hon. J. B. Campbell, president ot the New
England Society; General Anderson, presi?
dent of the Survivors' Association; Hon. W.
G. DeSaussure, of the St. Andrew's Society;
Rev. D. J. Qulgley, the chaplain of the even?
ing; Rev. W. B. Yates, Professor O'Neale, W.
H. Houston, Esq., Judge R. F. Graham, A. R.
Taft, Esq., Colonel B. H. Rutledge, Theo. D.
Wagner, Esq , C. H. Rice, Esq., of the Lex?
ington Dispatch; Captain Baker, of the
ship Julia, Richard Senior, Esq., Alder mau
Moran, Alderman Sweegan, and the Rev.
Samuel J. Walsh, of Ireland. At the bead of
the hall was stationed Muller's string band,
composed of the veteran musicians who led
the marches of the Twenty-fifth South Caro?
lina through many a weary campaign, and
whose inspiriting strains on this occasion in?
vited the not unwilling hearers to the attack
upon the bountiful supply of good things un?
der which the table groaned. The hall was
without special decorations with the excep?
tion of the legend "Ceade Mille Fal the." which,
blazoned upon an emerald banner behind the
president's table, bespoke a thousand wel?
comes to the guests, but with the honored
portraits which, In their massive frames upon
the walls, smiled an echoing welcome, and
the frequent vases and garlands of flowers
with which the tables were adorned, there was
no lack of life and warmth In the picture pre?
sented in the hall. The supper was served
at eight o'clock, and proved, as was to be ex?
pected, a triumph of that prince of cuisiniers,
the indefatigable Tully. The bill or fare in
i nciuded almost everything of edible and
palatable luxury that ingenuity can devise,and
the attractive menu being fully discussed and
disposed of with running accompaniments of
jest and laughter, anecdote and repartee, and
not without the cheerful popping ol the cham?
pagne corks, the first toast of the evening was
announced by the re-elected president of the
society. General Conner sa'* that it became
his first duty to return his heartlelt thanks for
the honor that had been conferred upon him
in selecting him to preside for anolher year
over the fortunes of the Hibernian Society.
Seventy-one years of strength and uselulness
had shed an unwonted lustre upon the career
of the society. It had welcomed those who,
leaving the hornea ol' their fathers, had sought
their fortunes In this Western land, and
lt had extended a loving embraoe
to their children and their children's
children. It had fostered the wondrous sto?
ries of that land beyond the sea, and preserv?
ed a pride and a love for the name of Ireland,
he took pride In Its history, In Its achieve?
ments of ge ni UP, poetry and art. It had
smoothed the pathway to Biiccesa of every
Irishman who had sought fortune, fame and
honor In the land of his adoption, had wel?
comed each and all of the exiles of Erin who
came to these shores, it had done honor to
the founders of the society, who built well,
and whose deeds lived after them. He wel?
comed the sister societies which he found rep?
resented, and he Indulged the hope that the
years that were past bad furnished foundation
stones for coming years and future strength
and usefulness-links that would bind each
and all to the land from which they sprang.
With these remarks, the president announc?
ed the first toast of the evening:
The Day we Celebrate-A bright festival in the
calendar of Ireland Among tue most blessed of
the works of tne patron saint whose name lt
Stars, under all climes lt unites the sons of Ire?
land in a brotherhood or charity and love.
This was the signal for Muller's Band, which
Btruck up "St. Patrick's Day in the Morning."
The response was by the Bev. H. P. Nor?
throp, whose appearance was the signal for
applause. Mr. Northrop said:
"The day we celebrate!" We, yee, we,
Irishmen and sons of Irishmen, and we who,
unallled by other ties to noble race, and hal?
lowed Boll ol*Ireland, yet unite heart and BOUI
In celebrating the glorious memories of St.
Patrick's Day. And not only are we gathered
together In this honored hall, beneath the
harp and shamrock, but all the world over are
met to-day, the talent, the genius, the worth,
that old Ireland has dowered the world with,
and the noble and generous heans that beat
In responsive sympathy with the thoughts
that are awakened by the name of St. Patrick
and St. Patrick's children.
Inthedlstant East, beneath the spreading
palm tree, the gallant soldier from green
Erin's isle cheers his exile with the Joyous
strains of St. Patrick's Day. In the farthest
West, on the Pacific's slopes, the echoes of the
song are heard thrilling the heart of the emi?
grant with memories awakened by the fami?
liar notes ot St, Patrick's Day. In the streets
ot noble cities thousands are moving along in
Biately column-the green badge of Ireland
on their breasts, the green shamrock of Ire?
land next their heart, the sun on the green
banner with its Immortal harp-moving aloDg
in glad procession In honor ol 8t. Patrick's
Day. In France, In Spain, in Austria, every?
where, where Irishmen, while serving with
honor the land of their adoption, never forget
the dear land of their birth, the exultation of
this day 1B felt. Even In old Borne I have
heard the hoary walis echoing with ihe enliv?
ening notes of the national hymn. And .here
to-day, in this lair city, the honored sons of
Charleston Join the children of St. Patrick in
celebrating their festal day.
Among ine many thoughtB Inspired by the
sentiment to which I hare the honor of re?
sponding, there are two more especially sug?
gested by the peculiar circumstances in which
I am placed. A comparative stranger among
you, I ara Invited to your hospitable board-a
native of this city, who claims no descent
lrom Ireland, I am the Interpreter of the feel?
ings that Inspire this celebration. What more
natural then than to recall those two striking
characteristics that so pre-eminently belong
to the Irish people-I mean their generous
hospitality and their undying love ot country.
Tile wonders of the olden times-the hospi?
talities ot' the East-are traditions only for
those who have not visited Ireland. They
may be witnessed every day in Ireland. Ire?
land, rich or poor-among all classes of Hie
populatlon-wiih all who breathe ihe air of
the Emerald Isle, the virtue of hospitality
seems indigenous. I sp^ak from my own ex?
perience. I speak lrom the experience ol
ihose who have travelled strangers among
the whole-souled, generous-hearted, opened
handPd people of that country. I call to wit
twissthe testimony of a distinguished eon of
our own State, who, writing to a public Jour?
nal Borne years ago, expressed his astonish?
ment, not only at the exquisite beauty of the
scenery, the bounty of her soil, but the un
boundlng generosity and exceBSlve'hospitallty
of the people. Ireland can afford to pity her
maligners-VBjfters who, even, like Thackeray
with all his greatness Dander so lar to popular
prejudices as to ridicule the too great kind?
ness which they are obliged to contess even
while they laugh at lt.
In this point there ls no distinction between
the rich land-owner and his poor tenant, be?
tween the Anglican rector and the "3ogarth
Arooa"-all are equally anxious to provide lor
the wants of the stranger and rival each other
in their zeal for his comfort. In pursuance of
this virtue the difference of class and religion
are forgotten. It ls an hospitality that lives
not In words merely or even io acts. It
springs fresh from the heart. Inspiring the
kind word of welcome and the courteous at?
tention to the stranger. If he who, driven
from bis home Into exile, wrote the sad words
"How bitter to eat the bread of another, lo
dwell in the bouse of the stranger," had had
the good fortune to go to Ireland, he would
have bad no occasion to utter his lament. It
seems to me that ihey wish the guest to for?
get that he ls a stranger-to make him, as
they do, love old Ireland. Yes, love old Ire?
land, that ls the key to the mystery. It ls that
feeling which has filled this hospitable hall,
and ?ves a meaning to this honored assem?
Among an the affections whloh Providence
has hidden In the deepest and most sacred re?
cesses of the hnman breast-which makes the
universal heart beat with quickened pulse
"one of the noblest, as lt ls the most powerful
and unconquerable, is tbe love of country
ol the native soil-of the earth that guards the
bones of our lorefatbers, and *wlll contain
ours. However lt may fade In the heans of
other people, in the Irish heart lt is indes?
tructible. Ireland! her name ever on her
children's lips, ber Image in their breasts, her
memory In their heart of hearts. He has but
one country wherever he may be-America,
Australia-under any sky where the winds
may walt him or the billows bear bim, Ireland
lollows bim. He may leave it, but yet. he
leaves it not, for among the most precious
relics that he carries with him-a consolation
in his exile, a helr-loom for hlB children-he
treasures up some grains ol the sacred soil of
his native land.
The applause of Mr. Northrop's scholarly
response had hardly died away when an
agreeable diversion was caused by a musical
Incursion from the St. Patrick's Society. The
martial strains of St. Patrick's Band ap?
proached the hall, and admittance and wei
come belDg gladly granted, a delegation com?
prising Messrs. John H. Devereux, John
Touhey, John Berry and John Burke, Jr., en?
tered amid the cheers of the company. The
chairman, Mr. Devereux, conveyed the con?
gratulations and greetings of the St. Patrick's
Benevolent Society to the Hibernian Society.
The legends of fourteen hundred years, he
said, had planted In the hearts ol Irishmen a
peculiar genius, which seized with avidity the
welcome idpas of nationalism and religion,
the two avenues to the human heart, which
had through all the ages stamped their Im?
press on the history of the world.
General Conner briefly replied, extending a
cordial welcome to the delegates, and propo?
sing the health and lasting prosperity of the
St. Patrick's Benevolent Society.
Thia was followed by music by the new St.
Patrick's Band, which again fulfilled the pro?
mise lt has given In its brief existence. The
accuracy and ta*te with which this new organi?
zation, with hardly three months' practice,
perlormed a selection of the most popular and
appropriate airs could hardly be excelled, and
the fact that, with but two exceptions, the
members are all sons of Irishmen did not by
any means detract lrom the appropriateness of
The president announced as a committee to
return the courteous visit of the St. Patrick's
Society, and convey the warmest greetings of
the Hibernian Society, Messrs. R. S. Bruns, J.
J. Grace, William England, Augustus T.
Smythe and C. O'Mara.
' The second regular toast was announc
vice-President O'Neill, as follows :
Ireland-Der history is an example of
man can dare, and what man can bear,
her harp, however, long nnstrang, wm aun
echoes of the song that most lmmortaiiz
fame In the valor, poetry and eloquence o
This was welcomed by the band
"Wearing of the Green," and graceful!;
sponded to by Captain J. Armstrong, a
1 lows :
Mr. President-The simple announce!
of the sentiment just exposed ls more
( quent In itself than the greatest wealt
words. Ireland! with the mention of
name how many recollections arise;
many sad and pleasing memories; how n
noble deeds and noble men; how much of
row and suffering, cf Injustice aud oruelt
oppression and wrong ls coupled with
name of Ireland. Yet lt touches a chor
every breast, and awakens sympathy in e
bosom. Yea, even In the breast of those
are the authors of her present state, that
small voice of conscience will arise unbid
and the admission ls torced from unwll
lips that Ireland Is grand even in ber mit
tune. Why lt ls that of all the nations of
earth* that have labored under the yok
bondage the eye turns with the most tee
sympathy to that "Gem of the Sea,"
checkered hlstory'of devoted Ireland but
plainly tells. Her sufferings, her wrongs, t
originated in malice; that mallee
been engendered because Ireland
been faithful to herself. She bas never c
seated to yield herself a willing captive to
hand that smote her, nor bow a suppl]
knee before the throne of a foreign royo
In her most extreme adversity, she has b
most defiant. The greater the efforts t
have been made to crush out her national
istence, the more iurlous and desperate h
been her struggles to arla?. Again and as
has she been betrayed, and her efforts i
dered abortive-agata and again have
eons rallied to a common standard, and
the face of one of the most powerful natl?
of the earth, have dared the effort to rest
the diadem of empire wrested from their
voted country. It really seems that the Ph
dence of God bas Implanted In the breaste
her sons the undying sentiment ot national
-that in His own good time He might !<
them forth lrom trio house of bondage t
make them once again a free people.
Had Ireland consented to yield and acci
wllh servility the yoke of the oppressor, t
malice of her enemies might have been i
peased, but with ber sens poverty, exile, dei
were preferable to submission. So has it c
been, and so Is lt to-Dlght; a od we who ha
here assembled to do honor to that land up
which England's- government has In vain e
ployed every weapon to inflict dishonor, c
recall with pleasing admiration all that ls g
rlous In Ireland's history in the past, ana
reminded that the noble deeds of her so
both In war and peace, In the Md and In t
forum, give promise of a BtllFmore glorie
future. But to those sons of ireland who ;
now amongst us-far distant from their natl
land-to those who have trod her green fiel
and clambered to ber hill-tops, to those w
could once call, and now call, Ireland tb
home, the sentiment last announced has
most endearing significance. Home, sw?
home, how doubly dear When distant and t
seen; how the heart yearns for the spot whl
gave us birth, and how Iresh lo memory <
every hill and dole where we passed the sun
hourn of our childhood.
To-night, from the far ends of the earth, t
scattered sons of Ireland revert IQ Imagin?t!
to their dear island home, rising like a dret
before their vision. Though far away, th
hearts are lhere to-night. They mingle w
the same friends-the familiar faces of co
panions are present to their minds, and ma
annual recurrences of (his festal day fardos
lu distant years rise -from the buried tomb
the dead past and exist again as though th
were of the living present. A father or
mother's form, the Image of a beloved sis)
or brother long since gone down to the li
resting place ol earth, live as fresh and gre
in remembrance to-night as when they li
pressed the last kiss ot affection upon tl
cheek, and with a blessing gaye a Godspeed
the voluntary exile.
Ireland ! lt calls up the home, the attar a
the grave. The home, the sweet home
childhood. The altar, before which the strlc
en heart knelt In sorrow, and from which
rose comforted and filled wilh gladness. T
grave, where slumber thc loving and lov
ones In their Anal sleep. Yet these are n
Ireland; the malled hand of the oppressor h
c inched her possessions, despoiled her homt
Invaded her altars, violated and effaced h
graves. Unhappy land ! When will the no
of deliverance come ? You struggle, but yt
cannot yet arise. Insurrection breaks fort
and wilt ever break forth, at the sight of yo
wrongs, and sooner or laterita repeated effor
will shiver In atoms the fetters that enslai
you. The banner of nationality, emblazon*
with harp and sunburst, will yet float In ti
timph above your castle walls, and the stoi
arms and brave hearts of your sons will y<
restore the crown of empire to your brow.
"Erin. O Erin, though long In the shade.
Thy star will shine out when the brightest aha
The third regular tcast was announced 1
vice-President W. H. Houston, as follows:
The State of Sonth Carolina-Great in the pas
depressed In the present, destined In the futm
to redeem her present and rival her past.
This sentiment was greeted with the i ami
lar strains of Dixie, and responded lo by Coli
nel B. H. Rutledge, who said:
Sir-I thank you for that sentiment. Ever
syllable of lt vibrates through my heart. I bi
lleve lt to be altogether true. South Carolina hi
been creat. She ls depressed,and I Implore th
God of men and nations, who worketh ofter
limes darkly but wisely, so to fortify our mind
and inspire our souls that we may verify jou
prophecy: restore purity to the governmen
rebuild the waste places, preserve happlnet
and prosperity to our people, and, above al
elevate that flag which floated triumphant!
In defiance of British power from the battit
meats of Fort Moultrie, blazed like a meteo
over the plains ol' Mexico, and never lowere
Itself to mortal Influences save once, and thei
not in dishonor; to Its legitimate pride c
place, the unchallenged emblem of the brave
the true and the free.
1 have been rarely more emoarrassed In re
spoudlng to a sentiment than on this occa
sion. Thoughts crowd In upon me. The
come not singly, but in battalions. The dlfll
culty consists not In the want but In the selec
Hon ot topics. But, If I overstep the limits o
modesty, and trespass a little longer upoi
your putlence than geod taste warrants at i
festive assemblage, I am sure you will forglv<
me, for who ever saw or heard of an Irish
man who was not good-humored on St
It was remarked at my table, a year or tw<
before the war, by a Northern gentleman, nov
holding the most prominent literary posltlot
in the United States, that the history ol Soutl
Carolina had never been properly written
and that lt furnished materials for the worl
of a philosophical historian, afforded by iha
of no other 8tate In the Union. This is true
but my business is with the present, not witt
the past. It will be necessary for me to al
hide to it, for the past ls the mothar of the
present, but I shall do so no more than maj
be requisite to introduce the ideas I propose
to offer. , , ,
The character of a people ls always more ot
less affected by their political associations.
lu South Carolina these have been verj
marked. From Its settlement to the Declara^
lion of Independence lt was under aristocratic
and Myal Influences. That famou3 act closed
the first volume of her history. Since then
her existence under the old Confederation,
and as a member of the United States down
to the year I860, has been Republican, and the
second" volume ends with the inaugural lon ol
the late war. During r.hia entire period slavery
was one of her Institutions.
All these circumstances contributed to form
a public character peculiar and distinctive,
marked with strong points and striking ele?
ments. I propase to-uight to speak only ol
the most prominent. The South Carolinian of
that era, which lasted upwards of a century
and a half, was delineated chlefiy by lniel.1
fence. Integrity (based on the sentiment ol
onor) and pluck-the last by no means the
least. Then Intervened tho grand episode ol
the Conterierate war, and Its fatal close shat?
tered as with a battle axe the entire social and
political fabric of old South Carolina. During
this fiery epoch the qualities I have attributed
to her people were splendidly illustrated. The
blood of her sons, shed at her bidding, helps
to enrich the soil of fifteen States; her officers
I and soldiers were distinguished for military
I Intelligence and courage; and scarce ar
I Btance can be shown when any one of tl
/altered in his fidelity.
But, as I have said, the war closed fat
for the cause which 8outh Carolina
espoused, and a depression followed pro;
tlonate to the enthusiasm which had prece
it. When men recovered from the stunt
sensation of the blow and looked about th
they saw nothing but desolation and diai
tlon; no landmarks left, all established pri
pies shaken, and they sank bewildered :
contused Into a sort of sullen despondei
Nothing saved them from apathy but
stimulus of actual want and the necessit'
providing food and raiment for therese!
and families. Political irregularities con
buted to Increase these sensations, and a s
tlment was evolved, and has gained grou
and at this day ls doing mischief, that vt
the destruction of slavery and the old inst
tiona all good has left the State forever: t
the character of our people is doomed, a
that never again shall we see men like th
tbat have gone before.
I cannot agree to any such doctrine as tl
If I thought this to be a universal beliei
would leave a community which had lost c
?MCence in itself. There is a tinge of truth
the Idea, nothing more. It ls thus lar true t
the peculiar and distinctive style of manp
doced by Ute old Institutions has gone w
the institutions. Is lt not equally true tl
men just as good may appear under the ne
although In some respects differing ? Time
a great chemist, and in his prophetic aleml
from the same elements, by newcomblnatloi
produces creatures alike lu organization t
varying in characteristics suitable to the c
cumstances In which they are to live and a
The Roman hero of the republic ls diff?re
from th? Roman hero of the emulre. aud y
both were heroes, and each was fitted for t
duties he had to perform. So lt ls with t
The men under the old system were the cn
tures of it, and suited li, and adorned th?
day and generation. There Is no reason wi
we should not do the same. The principles
genuine manhood are alike under all svsten
But have we lost bur birthright of integrit
intelligence and pluck ? Has the honor of o
people departed ? Let us pause for a mome
and consider. Has there been any period
the history of the State when they have be?
exposed to such temptation ? How have th?
borne lt ? How many of them, even wh<
writhing upon the rack of poverty, have fo
saken tbelr principles to belter their fortune
And among the few who have swerved fro
the old track, doubtless there are some wi
bave done so conscientiously, from an id?
tbat it was the shortest and most effects
mode ol procuring reform. The fidelity e
bibi ted by our people In this respect ls marv?
Is there less Intelligence than former
when education ls more widely diffused thc
at any lime previous? Preposterous. Wi
the pluck gone out of ua? I speak not
physical pluck. The faculty to fight, wbe
molested, ls common to men and animals. I
be deficient In either particular ls a moral d
fortuity, as to be born with one eye oroi
foot Is a physical one. I allude to moral pine
that greatest of human qualities, which ei
ables men and nations to endure wlthoi
flinching the frowns of fate, stand erei
against disaster, and hold their own when mi
fortune and misery confront them. Try 01
people by this standard. It ls a severe on
iou will find them sustain the ordeal. Hai
they not suffered the devastation of wat
Have they not suffered the desolation of fire
The boll-worm, freshets, tempests, have thei
not over and again swept awr.y in a few hou
the labors of the year ? Has not pestilen<
been among us, and while lt lacerated 01
hearts, crippled our energies? Worse the
all, have we not labored under the oppressh
support of a government which wastes 01
resources, ruins our credit, and by destroyir.
confidence banishes capital. Has not e7e
the gigantic arm of the Federal power bee
extended in causeless animosity to harass ar
alarm, until men felt (as old Ireland has e:
perlenced a thousand times) that honesty ar
their homes were no safeguard against lnv
sion and the Informer ? Have not all thei
things happened to us until lt seemed as If tl
very elements had combined with the maley
lenee of man to crush and overwhelm us
And yet, here we-ar*r-fiOL.destroyed, in
broken-hearted, ?na itv DO. mAaaa terrified.
Can you see In all inls anything which ind
cates that our pluck has left us ? On the coi
trary, the conduct ol this people under tl:
singular and fearful trial? lo which they hav
been subjected ls worthy of all respect an
admiration. When I think of the stead
courage with which they have borne these at
rersitles it calls np to my mind a most non
ole incident ol history. Napoleon, the grec
caDtain, al ter his destiny had closed, and whll
speaking of the events of his career In th
spirit of an Impartial reviewer, remarked t
one of ihe generals who shared his captivity
"It was not Wellington, but the British so
dlers (you remember at least one-half of hi
army were Irish) who defeated mt at Watei
loo. My plan was to break the English lint
and I directed all my enemies to that orjec
Alter each charge, I confidently expected t
see the line give way, but to my astonlsbmen
no Buch result followed, and, when the s m ok
cleared alter each effort sufficiently to enabl
me to observe the situation, tbere was th
'fatal red line still-shattered, torn, almost ar
nlhtlated, but tbere it was still unbroken an
still undismayed." Integrity, Intelligence an
pluck, the South Carolina red line, will ye
defeat corruption and dishonesty, and redeer
We are told, however, that this is hopeless
because a hostile, Ignorant, prejudiced and ossl
fled majority will prevent our ever galnluj
sufficient control 01 the government, to effec
any beneficial changes. I do not think so. I
ls true that there is a large majority of thi
colored people of the State who have, up ti
this time, persistently resisted every attemp
on our part lo better the government; and I
Is equally true that this obstinacy is due tc
prejudice and Ignorance. But It ls possibli
io overcome these obstacles. Tbere is a smal
part of these people who follow no regular oe
cupatlon, who live by politics, and by wha
they can get from the government in the waj
of offices and other less recognized picking:
of the public plunder. Little ls to be hopee
from them, because to ihem reform aignlnei
influence destroyed, and support imperilled.
There ls a considerable portion also who arc
steeped In Ignorance, and are at present lm
pervious to the influences of reason, or the Bug
gestions of wisdom, although spoken by tnt
tongues of men and angels. But lhere ii
Billi another class which ls composed ol
neither of these. There ls a large number ol
them who think, (and the number is dally in?
creasing) who are thoroughly dissatisfied and
disgusted with the corruption which exists,
and which brings disrepute on their race, (as
this government rests upon the colored votes
only) and who desire a change as much as we
do. It was the voles of inls class, uniting
with the white voie, which has given us a sat?
isfactory and respectable elly government. It
ls by similar agencies that we must procure
an Improvement in the government at Colum?
bia. The truth is, the great and pressing want
ol the people of South Carolina at this lime is
an intelligent and honest State government.
It overrides every thing else. Federal politics
are comparatively of small moment to us.
There have always been, and will always be,
two fundamental, discordant political ideas la
this country represented by party, call the par?
ties as you please. The one of these regards
the Federal Government as strictly limited by
constitutional restrictions, and the rights of
States as sovereign-the other regarda the
Federal Government aa sovereign, and advo?
cates a free and liberal construction of the
constitution. The first was represented In
the days of Jefferson by the party called Re?
publican, now Democratic. The other by tbe
old Federal, and subsequently by the Whig
party. The party of to-day usurping the Re?
publican name has no tight to so respectable
an appellation. It Is a Radical party. E ich of
the old parties recognized the constitution;
this ls encamped outside of it. It is a revolu?
tionary party. In one sense we are all Re?
publicans, because we are neither Monarchists
nor Imperialists, nor advocates of aristocracy.
We are none of us Radicals. Radicalism ls ruin.
I abhor lt In all its phases.
I have always acted In obedience to the
former of these ideas, and will continue lo do
so, because I think the tendency of the,op?
posite set of doctrines destructive of trueTte
publicanlsm and eventually ol liberty. But
the dangers as to the ultimate effect of these
theories ls In the distance. Why Bliould we
trouble ourselves concerning the roaring ot a
lion on the mountain side when there is a
jackal at the step who has already marauded
the premises, and is about to spring at our
throats and suck the last drop of blood out ol
us upon the opening of the door ? Prudence
suggests that we should just dispose of the
jackal, and pay our respects to the forest king
at a more convenient season.
- OUT immediate necessity ls an honest
competent State government. How can
get lt ? The special and particular mode
one can prescribe at tbls moment. The c
rations ot practical politics are like thoa
the battle-held.. The .best, generalis..oit
times unable to tell what precise move-Men
advisable until he sees, the enemy de pl
But we can do this-we can-hold ours?]
prepared to take advantage of. any opportui
that may offer to promote the grand objeei
governmental reform, and. preserving, w
steadfast tenacity, the elements of true ru
hoodT Integrity, pinch: and intelligence;
can, when the auspicious hour presents ltst
make such, move as sound policy dictates.
In reference to the colored people, we ct
not pursue a better course than that reco
mended to the British nation in a couplet
the poet by their unrivalled statesman, wL
speaking of American affairs,, which they c
not follow, and lost their colonies :
"Beto their faults a little blind ;
Be to their virtues very kind."
Sucha policy must assuredly produce hap
results. The advice of the veteran leader is
true now as then, because lt has its roi
deeply planted In Justice and the philosophy
We are In a great peril. Everything ls
stake-we cannot afford to indulge in vs
lamentings about what is gone; we must
up and doing. The prese ut ls upon us ai
the future ls before us. The State must be i
deemed, and we are the persons to do it.
ls certain, no others will. Let us bend , o
souls and energies to the work. If one pl
falls we must try another, until we do find o;
which will succeed. Have faith In your ov
destinies and that of the State. I belle ve y<
will. Do this, and we shall convert the pr
found thoughts just uttered by your dlstl
fuished president into living realities. It ci
e done. Trusting to the urbanity of tl
chair to excuse me for deflecting from tl
regular order of the evening, I propose tb
The present generation of South CarolIniai
are In no respect Interior to the creneratloi
which have preceded them-willing to redee
the State, and resolv?d to do it, and to bar
down the family escutcheon to those who con
after, battered and bruised lt may be from tl
Btorms to which lt bas been exposed while 1
their keeping, but bright and unsullied as tt
dews of the morning.
Tbe next toast was:
The Judiciary-The oonserva'ive element <
Republican institutions. Its purity and Ind
peudence the sorest protection against popula
prejudice or political excitement.
Judge R F." Graham, of the First Glrcu
Court, was called upon to respond, and said:
To no people can I conceive that the sent
ment you have just heard read ls more dei
than to the Irish. They have always stoc
forth as the advocates ot constitutional libe
ty, whether living In their native green Isle <
In any other land. This nation owes much <
her greatness to the sons of Erin, who, by oj
?cession at borne, have come to this land <
lberty. ID all positions, from the highest I
the lowest, whether on the battle-field. In tb
halls of legislature, on the bench or at the ba
In the peaceful arts of Industry, in trade, 1
commerce or In azriculture, they have estt
bl i shed a c bareet er for bravery, for love c
liberty, for wisdom, for justice, lor elequenc?
for honesty, for industry and for truth. 1
would please me much if I had a claim t
more of their nationality. I have a llttli
however, and pride myself on lt. I hav
enough, too, to canse me to heartily agre
with you that the judiciary is the conservati?
element of Republican governments, and itu
it may prove effective, and properly carry ot
the duties In governments having limited coi
atitutlons, such as ours, lt should oe indepei
dent. Its purity will almost follow, as a ma
ter or course, where its Independence ls si
cure lrom Interference by popular prejudlc
or public excitement
Independence makes us honest and bravi
Servility makes us base and cowardly.
An Independent judiciary may well be coi
sldered the bulwark against executive o]
pression and legislative encroachments. It I
equally requisite to guard the constitution an
the rights of Individuals from the effects i
popular prejudice -aaa- public exoltemen
brought about by the acts of designing mei
or the Influence of particular conjuncture
and which, though they soon give way t
sober second thought, still they haveatei
dency to bring about dangerous innovation
In the government, and serious oppression t
the lees influential, weaker part of-the con
munlty; and lt ia easy to see that it would ri
quire an uncommon degree of fori Hude In th
judges to do their duty as faithful guardian
of the constitution and the rights of lodi vidi
als, where legislative Invasions have been lc
vestlgated or attempted. Every attempt t
interfere with the Independence of the Judie,
ary ls a step towards absolutism -the moe
oppressive of all governments-and lt Is there
fore a duty which every man owes to bi
country, bis friends, to posterity, and to him
self, to maintain, to tho utmost of his powei
this principle In all Its force and strength, t
restore it to Its ancient dignity-li at all Im
paired, to amend lt whenever lt Is defective
and above all, to guard against the Introduc
tloo of new Ideas and theories which, under :
variety of plausible pretences, may, In time
imperceptibly undermine this best preserva
tion of Republican Institutions.
This was followed by the song from T. P
O'Neale-"The Harp that once through Tara'
Halle," which was exquisitely rendered am
The filth toast was:
The Press-The bulwark of a free government
Its purity ls Its power, and its Independence th<
y stone to Republican liberty, i Air-Benni?
The response was by Wm. Tennent, Esq., t
member of the society. He began with at
historical review of the labors of the prest
since the invention in 1450 by an humble ar
Usan of Gottenbnrg, of printing type and tin
appropriate publication, as the first work o
an engine destlued to spread the light of re
llglon, civilization and humanity, ot the Hoi]
Scriptures. He declared that this Invent loi
of movable type became in the press th<
fulcrum upon which hloged for future agei
the destinies of not only nations, but of bu
manity itself. Through its print knowledgi
burst upon a benighted world, and Iron
Strasbourg as a locus its bright and genia
rays scintillated lu fitful dazzlings througt
the chaos and darkness of error. The
people ol Europe abandoned the dog?
mas of Aristotle, and the schoolmen anc
feudalism gave way to the monarchlet
of a Henry VII and a Louis XI. Mind was al
work, and it found pabulum lor the digestion
of the mau v In the sheels that flew from the
printing press, until mathematical and meta?
physical reasoning culminated In the prosper?
ous reign ot the Christian Queen Elizabeth.
Clouds came upon the political horizon, and
Europe was convulsed with revolution and
bloodshed, but again the press burst forth, and
the writings ot Bacon, Milton, Locke, Newton,
Corneille, Racine, Turenne and Conde adorned
the pages ot literature. The press, througt
its powerful and universal facilities, also gave
vent and ready access to the enterprise
and the materialism of nations. Theil
Balls whitened the ocean with the com?
merce of the world, India poured bei
wealth and treasures into the lap of England,
and Addison, Steele, Pope, Swift, Hume, Gib
bon, Voltaire, Rousseau, Montesqueu, Jobnsoc
and Goldsmith crowned the golden age ol
literature, while the purity of the preas glowed
in the genial flow of the Spectator and Tatler,
as they gulled away the evening hour?
at the firesides of happy homes. At this
auspicious period, America made her debut In
lue person of Benjamin Franklin, and the
presB changed its features. Books Jailed to
supply the longings of the public mind, and
Journalism became the popular literature ol
America. Inls country contributed to the
world of letters the gems of Irving, Longfel?
low. Poe, Bryant, Hmm?, Hayne, Bancrott,
Prescott and a host of others, but she early
learned to deal with practical facts, and to
leave to every man to think for himself and
to draw his own conclusions. Thia gave its
wonderful impulse to American Journalism,
and the legltlmate^press of the people con?
trolled the destiny of the Republic and shaped
the tenor of its government. Amenable to
law, it could not afford to be venal nor fawn
like a courtier at the feet of power. Its mis?
sion was to be bold and Independent, out?
spoken and true. Discussing public men and
measures with calmness, and upon the founda?
tion of facts, it overleaps the statute law, and
reaches the people's hearts lo advance, tem?
pering the strictness and oft-times the harsh?
ness of the law to suit the public necessity,
Through the influence of the press, political
parties live, move and have their being, and,
being dependent upon their purity Tor their
continued ..existence, tbe independent press
becomes "the keystone of Republican liberty."
? The sixth regular toast was announced by
Alderman E. F. Sweegan, .as follows:
. Car Sister Societies-Co-laborers th the same'
holy cause, may we ever stand,, thoronizh, dis?
tinct and separate, yet but pillars supporting the
one Indivisible abrlo bf charity and good fellow?
ship.. (Air-Home Again,
? This .was responded to hy General B. H. An?
derson, president of the Survivors' Ass oe la
t?o?, who said: ? rtpcs'i
Mr; President and Gentlemen of ike Hibernian
Society; tc i .-tv?
: .From the remotest pe ria a>i h -tho history o?
mankind there, nave been -sfouDd some .who
bestowed their whole energies upon the in?
culcation and practice o? virtue, or the devel?
opment and preservation of the better spirit
in man. Th ere are, perhaps, no Impulses o?
the human heart more indestructible, nor any
of Ita aspirations more pure, than those whion
spring from a desire to cultivate, cherish and
.perpetuate whatever ia good, or grand/or
loveable; to preserv? the recollections ; of
heroic actions, to celebrate the Influences of
the beautiful,, and to encourage the exercise
ol the nobler passions.
The modes by which thlahas been a!tempted
to be done are .various apd attractive. Bell?
glon, with its Inspired word's; poetry, with its
measured strains; painting, with its beautiful
delineations; sculpture, with lits stately and
graceful forms, and music, with its melodious
tongue, have each and all been employed to
assist in attaining this lofty purpose**
Ic ls worthy or remark (ff Indeed lt may not
be accepted as a strong argument'In- fayor'of
the divine origin of the s oui and Its immortal?
ity) that art and bumah sympathy have very
rarely been employed In .tbe propagation of
ideas or principles known to be wrong. Their
efforts and their yearnings are always directed
towards something higher, or reaching- after
something better. The poet has not prostituted
his art to tho creation ot Ideas which are mean
or revolting; the painter has not disfigured
Ms canvas by scenes or countenances willoh
are sickening or repulsive, nor yet bas the*
scuptor abused the use. of his .chisel by
representations of hideousness and deformity.
The historian, .'and the ' writer of romance de?
light cot in those descriptions' which- excite
the baser passions, and music always sighs to
at lune our hearts Into, concord with the gen?
tler Impulses, ot our nature. It ls no'argo- ~
merit against these assertions that there have
been men who seem to have been almost to?
tally debased, who seem as If in very con tra?
dici?n to every good principle or every
'exalted emotion to nave said, "Evil, be thon
my good," - for these are exceptions which
prove the role, and If in some instances charity
has thrown a veil over their misdeeds, or
romance painted their characters with ficti?
tious coloring, if was' because they stilt- pre
-sejraed some drops of tbe milk of human Kind?
ness in their breasts, and they had not totally
dlallgured their humanity. .
In distant ages the nobler struggle; 'was
maintained almost exclusively by Individuals.
Lawyers and prophets, priests and poets, as
they successively appeared, seem to have
been not only alone and unaided by their fel?
low men, butin very many instances martyn
to their cause. In times more recent, men?
guided by the same spirit, and having conge?
nial tastes, similar principles, common" our- .
Bults, common recollections or commoa de
el res, formed themselves Into associations and
societies for the purpose of practicing or pre?
serving that which 1B, or which seems to be,
moot nearly akin to their Immortal souls. This
association ot men into organized societies for
tbe more effectual accomplishment, of some
g oed purpose, or of practicing some good prin?
ciple, bas sprung Into'existence since the day
when a new light shone upon the world, and
kindled by its purer flame nobler aims and
grander energies in the soul o? man. The
Institution of, societies and associations, in
all their various forms, derives ' Its origin
(rom the teachings and example of Him who
came to proclaim "Peace upon earth and good
will towards men," who gave to men the new
commandment to "love one another," and who
sets before them the example of a perfectly
pure and holy life. Recognizing almost in->
silnctlvely the purifying and elevating In* '
fla ;nces of this supreme excellence,the prin?
ciples which govern associations are nearly
aline in all, whilst their modes ot operation
are extremely various. We find some de?
voting themselves to charity in its loftiest
sense; some practice benevolence; others seek
the advancement ant*, .ilffusicm of knowledge;
some apply themselves to literature; some to
the cultivation of skill In the arte; some In?
dulge the social virtues in recreation and
amusements, and In many other way bas man
learued to lend a helping band to his brother
and bis neighbor. Even the brutes which are
subservient to man have not been overlooked,
and societies have been formed to encourage
gontleneas and humanity in their treatment.
The objects for which the Hibernian Society
was formed are very clearly set forth In the
preamble to Its constitution.
"The happiness of men upon earth, and the
promotion of their choicest interests, are or?
dained by Providence to depend on their mu?
tual aid and harmonious union."'
"As beneficence too widely diffused ceases
to be a virtue, the society considers some
specific object necessary to be adopted: and
as among the number of cases on which be?
nevolence may be worthily exercised, the as?
sistance of distressed emigrants from Ireland
appears most prominent, the society does
adopt relief to this description of persons as
their primary object. Intimately connected
with tais lt ls their wish to promote social
harmony and friendly Intercourse with each
other, thus blending tbe happiness of assist?
ing others, with the promotion of their own
* . * * ? . ? .
Animated by these generous sentiments, and
practicing their dictates with the same liberal
spirit In which they were conceived, the Hiber?
nian Society bas become venerable and illus?
trious. She celebrates to-day her seventy-first
anniversary, and sends kindly greeting to her
sister societies. Her sisters receive her salu?
tations with unfeigned pleasure, and with re?
sponsive esteem and regard, and offer to her
their heartfelt congratulations on this happy
occasion, and their earnest good wishes for
her long-continued happiness, prosperity and
The last of the regular toasts was :
Woman-Our guide in childhood, the partid- -
pator ot onr happiness, our solace In adversity.
This was felicitously responded to by OL'' 0.
Trumbo, Esq., a member ot the society, who
alluded In his happiest style to the agreeably
onerous task that bad been imposed upon bim.
It wes, he said, one of the sublimest qualities
of Irish genius-a native quality of the Irish
character-never to forget that heroic respect
and chivalrous affection toward woman that
have made her the unchallenged queen of the
Irish heart, and have pictured her for one
hundred years upon the Emerald flag, striking
the Immortal harp ot Erin to its heroic num?
bers, as the beBt emblem of Irish devotion,
Irish patriotism and Irish nationality. The
orator and the poet, the sculptor and the
painter had tried for ages fittingly to express
the i mm ot:. admiration of the human
heart for - ian, and bad but par?
tially succeeded; and he would do no
more than ask them to remember that it was^
the daughter of Pharaoh who rescued the
hero of the Mosaic covenant; that lt was Ju?
dith who slew the tyrant of her people; that
lt was Maty, the Blessed Mother, who crushed
the serpent's head; that lt was the wife of
Constantine who converted ihe Pagan world;.
that it was the spirit of the Spartan mother -
that stood In the gap of Thermopylae and that
wherever the desperate virtue of a people has
rallied in the last entrenchments of patriot?
ism, scorning disaster and death, while
wrenching victory from threatened defeat,
that lhere it has always been the divine spirit
of woman that sustained the struggling hero
and consoled the dying patriot.
Not the least pleasant feature of the occa?
sion was the receipt of the greetings of sister
societies which were unable to send represen?
tatives, and of letters from distinguished
gentlemen whose engagements prevented
their attendance. Among the latter were the
NEW YORK, March 15, 1872.
W. A. Courtenay, Esq.:
MT DEAR SIR-I have been again honored
by an Invitation to attend the banquet of the
oid Hibernians of Charleston-a pleasure
which I have never been able to allow myself
yet. This time I must absolutely attend the
dinner of our "Knight9," and must once more
a';k io be excused. Pray assure the stewards
Concluded on Fonrtn Pag'