Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1883.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 18, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS A
THE TICHBORNE CASE.
WANT OFFUNDS THE CAUSE OF THE
Waa there a Conspiracy ?-The Tich?
borne Bonds-The Appearance of the
Oar latest London flies contain graphic de?
scriptions of the closing scenes in the Tica
borne case. Ur. Sala draws a vivid picture of
.the pseudo claimant himself, as he heard of
trie j ur v's declaration. He stood calmly and
cheerfully discussing the different interpreta?
tions which might be given to the Jurors' re?
script, listening courteously, and returning
courteous replies to others. "For any passion
cr emotion that he showed," says Sala, "h?
might have been a man made of galvanised
India rubber-sluggishly elastic, moderately
susceptible ol pressure, and then quietly re?
turning to his normal state." Indeed, he ap
pe us to have been far les3 affected by the un?
toward turn in affairs than many of the specu?
lators in Tichborne bonds, who bave lost
sums varying from two thousand dol. j
lars to forty thousand dollars; and the
manner in which he carried him?
self when placed under arrest, and, during
the whole period of revulsion, snows conclu?
sively that he ls, though a shameless Impos?
tor, a man of true "grit" and nerve. On en
terlng the prison, he was asked in the usual
form to give up anything he might have npon.
him, and at once banded over a quantity of
jewelry which he was weartog, Including a
Handsome watch and chain, and snuff-box, all
engraved with the Tichborne coat-of-arms.
It"appears that the morsel of evidence which
proved the feather In the balance of the jury's
mind was that relating to the tattoo marks.
The claimant had previously sworn that he
bad never been tattooed, but Lord Bellew
swore that he himself bad tattooed Boger Ti ch .
bo me's arm when a fellow-student with bim,
and he was followed in corroboration by Mrs.
Badcllffe, Messrs. A. and H. Seymour, Lady
Dough ty and Mrs. Nangle. Such a succession
of concurrent witnesses proved too mitch for
even the long-suffering Tichborne Jury, and j
the denouement followed forthwith. The Lon?
don correspondent of the New York Tribune
The collapse of the Tichborne trial is under?
stood to be due really to the claimant's failure
to raise the money needed to go on with 11
His solicitors, it ls said, notified him some
time since that they were out of funds, and
that' his counsel could not be expected to pro?
ceed with the cross-examination ot the wit?
nesses for the defence uniese more money
wera foithcoming. Thereupon the claimant
Called together his friends and bondholders
and explained to them that all the money
the y bad heretofore contributed was likely to
be lost for want of a little more. It ts possible
more might have been had bat tor the Eur
??rising line the Jury took. What carried' the
ury was the evidence of Lord Bellew that the
real 8ir Boger was tattooed, and the admitted
fact that the claimant has no corresponding !
marks. But I hear that Lord Bellow's testi?
mony would not have passed unchallenged. An
officer in Sir Boger'slold regiment Is alleged
to have written a letter declaring that Lord
Belie wis entirely mistaken, and that on the
occasion of the tattooing,. Sir Roger, so far
trotn submitting to the operation, was one of
tho officers who. positively refuse j lo have
anything to do with lt. Nobody doubts that
Lord Beliews statement was made In good
faith, but his mistake. If it bea mistake, has
had a very damaging effect. It ls obvious that
the claimant's solicitor and counsel, with euch
evidence in their possession, would not have
yielded to tbe suggestions of the Jury if the
Claimant bad been able to provide means to
coutinue. But the best evidence and the best
case are worthless without money to make
I am of coarse far from saying that I think
the c ai mani's case was of the best, or that It
could have been saved.' I am one ot the very
few who bad no opinion at any time about it.
The verdict of the Jury will not at once change
men's minds. Those who have stuck to the
claimant from the beginning Btlck to him now,
and their number ls large. It the man ls an
impostor, he ls one of the cleverest scoundrels
who ever lived. He puzzled his own counsel.
Sergeant Ballantine said months ago that be
could not make bim out, and that the only
thiner he was sure of was that he could not
be Arthur Orton. His solicitors. Mr. Boss ex?
cepted, seem to bave had unshaken confi?
dence in the genuineness of his claims. Socl
et v,v which might naturally be' expected to
take sides with the family and against "the
butcher," has always been divided. Tue legal
profession Itself bas furnished some stout
partisans for him, and I think a good
many who did not believe the claim?
ant to be the lost Slr Boger Tichborne
thoroughly enjoyed ihe skill with which be
baffled the cross-examination of the attorney
general. - It Slr John Coleridge had not re?
deemed his examination by bis speech, bis po?
sition at the bar would have been not a little
compromised. Only yesterday a lawyer of ?
high rank being asked what he thought of the
case, answered: "If I were on the Jury, and
had to make up my mind before dinner, l am
afraid I should have to last] a long Ume.'
Three days ago the claimant was visited by a
journalist, wnose name everybody in America
would recognize if I gave lt, one of the best
known and one of the most cynical and scep?
tical writers on the London press. After a
?ree conversation of some two hours, this
writer came away avowing his conviction that j
the man he had just seen was the true Slr
Boger. I know others justas little likely to
be carried away by sympathy, or imposed upon
by mere shrewdness, who scoff at the verdict
of the Jury, saying that they, themselves have
subjected the man to more searching tests
than any he has undergone in court, and that
he has come out of them triumphantly.
On the other hand, there are whispers of |
some evidence held in reserve that would
have convinced, or ought to have convinced,
the most incredulous. Such Is the account of
the quarrel between the claimant and bis
wife, (which I should rather be excused from
going into,) and her reported readiness to go
on the stand and swear that he was not Tich
borne but Castro. And such is the story of !
the quarrel between the claimant and his
brother, who had at first been a party lo the
conspiracy, but who thought he did not get
his proper share of the good things going, and
so, in a flt of virtuous disgust, made a clean
breast of the whole matter to the solicitor for
the defence. Of one thing we may be pretty
sure, that, if there has been a conspiracy,
some one ot the parties to it will speedily
"split" upm bis confederates. The fortunes
cf the chief actor in it are at their ebb, and,
as there is nothing more to be got by lying,
those who abetted Elm will forsake him readi?
ly enough under the menace of a prosecution
Tue strong language which Lord Chief-Jus?
tice Bovlll used in directing the arrest of the
plaintiff for wilful and corrupt perjury is only
what might have been expected from his de?
meanor throughout the trial. Whoever else
doubted, the Judge who presided did not
doubt. He early made up his mind that the
claimant and a good many of his witnesses
were lying, and be took small pains to con?
ceal his belief. His prepossessions were of
great help to the defence, and could not but
have, had a very great effect upon the Jury.
That theory of Eng tsh law which prescrloeB
to a Judge an attitude of rigid Impartiality as
between the parties to a cause was very Im?
perfectly observed during the great Tichborne
trial. Over and over again Sergeant Ballan?
tine interposed between the lord chief-jus?
tice and some witness whom he was cross
examining from the bench. Once Sergeant
Ballantine went so far as to intimate that be
thought lt hard be should have to contend not
.only with the counsel for the defence, but
with the court as well. I d n't wish to make
any criticism on Lord Chief Justice Bovin.
He has done what he thought his duty, but he
?bas done lt in a way somewhat unlike that
which bas given tbe English bench a high
repute lor holding the scales with an even
As the claimant most have kno wn for some
.days that he would probably be unable to go
on with the trial, ana known also for a long
time that, In the event of a verdict against
him, he might expect a prosecution for perju?
ry, why did he not make his escape ? The
answer is, I puppose, that be has been watch
ed by tbe polioe, and that be really bad no
chance to get away, or none since the Issue of
the case became certain. Nor is lt certain he
would have run If he could. He has played
lor a great etake. Whatever else he may "be,
he ls a man of great resolution and courage
and coolness. Probably be had hopes that the
meeting of his supporters on Monday would
result in their raising more money somehow
or other, and, so long as there was a chance,
he would not throw it away. The descriptions
ofthat meeting are full of dramatic interest,
and as well worth copying as anything
In the case. Indeed, a narrative of
the financial aspects of this extraordinary
cause would, if lt could be made
complete, be one of the most striking features
of it. Who first conceived the notion of issu?
ing Tichborne bonds? Who bought them?
Wno dealt in them ? How much did Messrs.
Baxter, Rose and Norton know about the ma?
chinery which was put in motion to supply
them with funds ? There is good legal au?
thority for the oplnioa that the way In which
money was got was such as to render those
concerned in getting it offend er s against a
penal statute. However that may be, the
bonds were for some time rather a favorite in?
vestment among people of a speculative turn ol
mind. They were once worth some fifty
pounds sterling-the amount on the face being
one' hundred. Thea they fell to twenty and
fifteen, then went up again to thirty and fluc?
tuated widely all during the latter part of the
plaintiff's case. Finally they were offered
tor a few ghi,lings each, and now the
time came when there were no quota?
tions at all. Some of the claimant's friends
are said to have advanced him, first and
at last, as much as forty thousand dollars, and
the number ol them who are in for two thou?
sand and five thousand and ten thousand is
considerable. If he ls to be dismissed as an
Impostor, he will have the pleasure of re?
membering (according to a computation pub?
lished this morning) that he was supported in
his claim by the evidence of eighty-five wit?
nesses, comprising the baronet's mother, the
family solicitor, one baronet, six magistrates,
one general, three colonels, one major, two
captains, thirty-two noncommissioned offi?
cers and privates, four clergymen, seven
tenants of the estate, sixteen servants of the
family, and twelve general witnesses, who all
swore to his Identity. They could not keep
him out of Newgate, but some of them will
perhaps carry their oellei in him 60 far as to
secure his release on ball.
LATEST FROM LOWERY'S GANG.
The Adventures of the Herald Man
Plays the Agreeable to thc Outlaw
Chlafs Wife-Tnlceato tbe Swamps
A Terrible Mystery, Perhaps.
The correspondent of the New Tork Herald,
who was "captured" by the Lowery's con?
sidering with Hugo that apparent defeats con?
tain definite triumphs, utilizes his confinement
by sending two or three columns of surpassing
interest to the Herald datly. The last dis?
patch has a tinge of romance about lt. The
correspondent, it seems, has been acting on
the safe and celebrated principle of "courting
the old woman," and has successfully wooed
Mrs. Lowery in the temporary absence of ber
husband, gaining her confidence, escorting her
reverentially to church, extracting valuable
bits of news from her, and conciliating through
her agency two of the bandits, armed to
the teeth, and of a singularly vlllanous ap?
pearance. He has been obliged to take a
large quantity o' terrible oaths, and is kept
prisoner until the return ol the ebie!. But the
j ibile mny sot deny Itself its quantum of
sleep. The correspondent's life ls not in dan?
ger, as long as he keeps his oaths; and be
will continue to forward regular bulletins,
which, If not religiously true in ail particu?
lars, are as good as true. The Wilmington
Star, of Sunday, has the following:
The wife ol Henry Berry Lowery, the out?
law chlei, was at Mos3 Neck depot yesterday
as the train passed that point, whither she
came for the purpose of delivering a dlsp atch
from Henderson, to be sent North from tbts
city. She states that the correspondent was at
Lowery's cabin, near Moss Neck, on Friday
evening about six o'clock, when Tom Lowery,
Stephen Lowery and Andrew Strong suddenly
entered lt and told him to get up and go with
them. He told them that he was ready, but
first asked permission to sead off a dispatch to
-his paper, which was accorded him, when he
wrote the dispatch and gave it to the Lowery
female, who. as we have seen, iulfilled her
promise to deliver it to the conductor of the
train. Henderson then accompanied the out?
laws, bound for the recesses of the Scuffle
town swamp. It was reported here yester?
day, tbe report coming from Shoe Heel, that
Henderson had been killed by the outlaws,
but the report ls generally discredited.
JOTTINGS ABOUT THE STATE
-Seventeen more arrests in Union last
-There was quite a heavy fall of snow at
Greenville and Anderson last Friday morning.
-The Anderson County Jail has been with?
out a prisoner for several weeks.
-Large fires have been raging in the woods
around Aiken. #
-Corn planting has Just commenced In crood
eameet in Aiken County. Small grain looks
-Mayor Alexander, of Columbia, offers a
reward of one hundred dollars for the arrest
of the Incendiary who set fire to J. N. Frick's
store tn that city on the 9tb Instant.
-Tbe freedmen are now working well
throughout the State, and, If not bunted down
by the politicians during ihe summer and tall,
will yet prove the best field hands for the
--Affairs in Edgefleld are reported to be In a
I flourishing condition. The merchants have
recently returned from Charleston and New
York with unusually large stocks of goods,
and the grocery business especially ls said to
be one-third larger than in 1870.
-The trial of Mr. W. D. Alleen, charged with
the murder of Mr. John A. Clark, which be?
gan In Wlnnsboro' last Wednesday, resulted
on Friday In Mr. Aiken's acquittal. The
courthouse was crowded, and when the jury
announced their verdict, "Not guilty," tnere
was a deafening iburst of applause from the
audience. Order could not be preserved, and
Judge Rutland ordered that every person
shouting In the room should be fined. The
fines were afterwards remitted.
-The Citizens'Parly of Columbia completed
their nominations for the municipal election,
to be held in that city on the 2d proximo, by
the nomination last Friday evening of Mr. F.
W. Wing. The nominations for aldermen are
as follow : Ward No. 1-B. D. Benn, George
Lever, ?I anson Williams. Ward No. 2-John
Agnew, C. M. Wilder, Cap Carroll. Ward No.
3- W. B. Gulick, George Dierck. Ward No.
4- R. C. Shiver, Cosar Lowndes, Holland Mit?
AJ? ERIC AK SCANDAL IN PARIS.-American
circles in Paris were excited towards the end
of February by the following blt of scandal:
A very well-known citizen of New York,
lamousfor the fortune he has made by the sale
of patent medicines, was in Paris with his wile.
They had been there fe: some time. He is ex?
tremely addicted to game..og; bis trip abroad
is said to have been undertaken chiefly to
break him from this vice which ls making
serious inroads on his fortune. He returned
to his room in Paris one morning about 2
o'olock. His wife was not lu their lodgings,
but he knew where she was to be found, so he
went to the house of a Mrs. B - and found
that lady, his wife, and two men busily en?
gaged playing cards. The New Yorker flew
into a towering rage, and upbraided his wife
in the most Intemperate language. Early the
next morning the outraged wife obtained the
certificates of two or three French physicians,
who bad never seen her husband, vouching
that he was insane and should be placed lu a
lunatic asylum. Armed with these, she went
to Mr. Washburne, and through his Interven?
tion made the police arrest her husband and
lodge him in a madhouse. Meanwhile Mr.
Was ii burne grew uneasy at the thought of the
responsibility he had assumed, and the next
day sent an American doctor to see his Incar?
cerated countryman. Tula doctor at once dis?
covered that his countryman was sane, and he
was llbe-ated-Correspondence Aew Tork
THE LORDS RAMPANT.
STIFF TALK FROM EARL DERBY ON
THE INDIRECT DAMAGES.
The Govern ment Still Hetf cent-France
and the Pope-Celebration of the
Birthday of the Emperor William?.
LONDON, March 23.
Ia the House o? Lords, last evening, the
Earl of Derby, lu accordance with a notice
given on Tuesday nlgbt, proposed a question
as to the course the government Intended to
pursue with regard to the Treaty of Washing?
ton. He hoped the minister of foreign affairs
would be able to state that the government
was prepared to maintain ibe ground taken at
the beginning of the present session and de?
cline to admit the claims for Indirect damages
made by the American Government before the
Geneva Conference. All knew the public anx?
iety was grear. It was an anomalous state of
things that while all the newspapers of the
country were discussing the question Parlia?
ment should be lorbearing from debating it.
He warned the government that the doctrine
that they bad already sacriSced much for
peace and bad better give. more than fall, was
dangerous. He asked further if Great Britain
would appear before the Geneva board under
Eirl Granville replied that Gladstone and he
himself had already given answers to these
questions, to which noihing could be added
at present; complete publicity at tbis Juncture
Th H Earl ot Malmsbury objected to the con?
tinued silence of Parliament. If the Treaty
of Washington had been discussed last
year, the present difficulties would have been
Lord Weslberry spoke in condemnation of
the conduct of the American Government.
It had been distinctly promised that the In?
direct damages would not be pressed, and lt
would be contrary to England's honor to ad?
mit them after such a mutual understanding.
Grauvllle intimated that the treaty had been
The HouBe of Lords has adjourned to April
8th. The House ot Commons adjourns on
Tuesday to the same date.
VERSAILLES, March 22.
The galleries of tbe Assembly were crowded
with SD ec tato rs this afternoon in expectation
ol the debate on the Catholic petitions which
had been postponed until to-day. Monselgnor
Dupanloup, bishop of Orleans, rose to open the
discussion, but yielded the tribune to Presi?
dent Thiers, who proceeded to address the
Chamber. His speech was a plea tor a further
postponement of the debate. He deprecated
discussion, which he declared could not by
any possibility serve the Interests of the Holy
See. He assured the deputies that the policy
of the government on the Roman question an?
nounced last year was unchanged. The inde?
pendence or the Holy See was dear to France,
who had always defended and would continue
to defend lt; but any discussion ol the pe
tl tiona before j the Chamber would seri?
ously embarras the governmenr, while
ic could not benefit the Holy Father. Mon?
selgnor Dupanloup said he would not Insist
on speaking after the appeal made -ty the
president. Easily reconciling the-feelings of a
bishop with the feelings of a Frenchman, he
comprehended the respect due the misfor?
tunes of France. The policy which had proved
fatal to France had also been fatal to tbe See
ol Rome. The Assembly then, by a large
majority, decided not to continue tbe debate,
and passed to the consideration of the budget.
BERLI.V, March 22.
The Emperor William to-day completed his
seventy-tilth year. There was no formal
court celebration of the day, but the Emperor
received a large number ot persone who pre?
sented their congratulations. The city was
decorated during the day and ls brilliantly
INTELLIGENCE IN BRUTES.
Some of the Cariosities of Animal Life.
.'There can be no doubt," writes Mr. Dar?
win, "that dogs feel shame as distinct from
fear, and something very like modesty, when
begging too often tor food. A great dog scorns
the snarling ol a little dog, and tbis may be
called magnanimity. Several observers have
stated that monkeys certainly disliked being
laughed at, and they sometimes Invent Imagi?
nary offences. In the Zoological gardens I
saw a baboon that always got loto a furi?
ous rage when its keeper took out a letter
or book and read ll aloud to him, and hts
rage was so violent thar, as I wi messed
on one occasion, he blt his own leg
until the blood flowed. All animals
feel wonder, and many exhibit curiosity,
the latter quality affording opportunity for
hunters, in many paris of the world, to decoy
the game in their power. The faculty of imita?
tion, so strongly developed In man, especially
In a barbarous stale, is present in monkeys.
A certain bull terrier of our acquaintance,
when he wishes to go out of the room Jumps
at the handle of the door and grasps it with
his paws, although he cannot himself turn the
handle. Parrots also reproduce with wonder?
ful fidelity tbe tones of different speakers,
and puppies reffed by cats have been known
to lick their feet and wash their faces after
the manner of tfielr foster mothers. Atten?
tion and memory also are present in the
lower animals, and lt is Impossible to deny
that the dreams of dogs and horses show the
presence of Imagination or that a certain sort
of reason Is also present. Animals also profit by
experience, as any man realizes who Bits
traps. The young are much more easily
caught than 'the old, and the adults gain
caution by seeing the fate of those which are
caught. Tools are used by some of the higher
apes. The chimpanzee uses a stone to crack
a nut resembling a walnut, and the Abyssinian
baboons fight troops of another species, and
roll down stones in the attack before they
Anally close in a hand-to-hand encounter.
The idea of property ls common also to every
dog with a bone, to all birds with their nests,
and notably In the case of rooks. Nor can a
certain kind of language be denied to the
brutes. The dog communicates his feelings
by barks of different tones, which undoubtedly
raise In his fellow-dogs Ideas similar to those
passing in his own mind."
BE ECONOMICAL.-Look most to your spend?
ings. No matter what comes In, li more goes
out you will always be poor. The art ls not
in making money, but Id keeping lt; little ex?
penses, like mice in a barn, when they are
many, make great waste. Hair by hair heads
get bald; straw by straw the thatch goes off
the cottage, and drop by drop the rain comes
in the chamber. A barrel Is soon empty il the
tap leaks but a drop a minute. When you
mean to save, begin with your mouth; many
thieves pass down the red lane. The ale Jug
is a great waste. In all other things keep
within compass. Never st retch your legs fur?
ther than the blankets will reacb, or you will
Boon be cold. In clothes, choose suitable and
lasting stuff, and not tawdry flnfrles. To be
warm is the main thing; nevermind the looks.
A fool may make money, but lt needs a wise
man to spend lt. Remember it ls easier to
build two chimneys than to keep one going.
It you give ali to back and board, there ls
nothing left tor the savings bank. Fare hard
and work hard while you are young, and you
will have a chance to rest when you are old.
How TO GET OUT OF BED.-Dr. Hall does
not approve of the old fashioned doctrine
which was instilled into the minds ot children
-namely, that they should spring out of bed
the instant they awake in the morning. He
Bay B that ,kup lb eighteen years every child
Bhould be allowed ten hours to be In bed.
They may not require ten hours sleep, but
time should be allowed to rest lu bed until
they feel as If they had rather get up than
not. It Is a very great and mischievous
mistake for persons, old or young, especially
children, and feeble and sedentary persons,
to pounce out ot bed the moment they wake
up; all our Instincts shrink from it, and
fiercely kick against lt. Fifteen or twenty
minutes spent ls gradually waking up alter
the eyes are opened, and in turning over and
stretching the limbs, do as much good as
Bound sleep, because these operations eet the
blood in motion by degrees, tending to equal?
ize the circulation; for during sleep the blood
tends to stagnation, the heart beats feebly and
slow, and to ebock the system by pouncing up
in an Instant and Bending the blood in over?
powering quantities to the heart, causing it to
?asome a gallop, when the Instant before it
was in a creep, is the greatest absurdity. This
Instantaneous pouncing out, as soon as the
eyes are opened, will be followed by wearlnees
long before noon."
FROM THE STATE CAPITAL.
Thc Kn-KIni Arrests-Uro*peet? of (he
Reformera in the Colombia AEnntclpal
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THB NEWS.]
COLUMBIA, March 24.
The bondsmen of C. C. Hawkins, lately ar?
rested at Augusta for alleged vitiation of the
Ku-Klux act, have surrendered him, and he ls
now in Jail here. More arrests of citizens In
the upper counties are soon to be made.
The coming week will be devoted to hard
work on both sides In the municipal contest,
but the People's party, with P. W. Wing as the
candidate for the mayoralty, ls gaining ground
every day. SALOPA.
MOVEMENT OF COTTON D?RING THE |
NEW YORK, March 24.
The receipts at all ports tor the week were
39,189 bales, against 49,972 last week, 50,063
the previous week, and 73,702 three weeks
since. The total receipts since September 1st
have been 2,386,474 bales, against 3,240,087 for
the corresponding period o? the previous year,
showing a decrease since September of this
year of 854,396 bales. The exports from all
ports were 63,988 bales, against 97,053 during
the same week last year. The total exports for
the expired portion ol the cotton year amount
to 1,500,625 bales, asralnst 2,160,117 for the
same time last year." The present stock, as
compared with that for the corresponding
period of the previous year. Is aa follows:
March 24, 1872. March 24. 187L
At all ports.427.888 024.419
At the interior towns. 77.034 02,881
In Liverpool.878,000 780,OOO
American cotton afloat (or
Great Britain.202,000 840,000
Indian cotton afloat for
SUCCESS IN LECTURING.
He "Knowe How lt is Himself ."
The "Pat Contributor" professes to know
bow lt ls, and tells it In this way: "1 know
when I have made a success (ia lecturing) with?
out being told. The 'committee' bring their
wives up to the platform and introduce them
to me. Some ol the influential citizens come
up and introduce themselves. The editor
takes me warmly by the band, and wants to
know where the next number of his paper
will reach me. If I stay over night with my
lrlend, the association president, he invites
in some of the neighbors, and there ls a social
time in the parlor. Or, If I am at the hotel,
the 'boys' calf around and Invite me out to eat
oysters, and lt Is difficult to get away from
them sometimes to go to bed. There are
?eople to see me off In the morning, and
hear lt stated over and' above board
that if I should come to that town again the
hall wouldn't be large enough lo hold the peo?
ple. Little boys on the street are respectful.
But when I tali nobody ls lo be introduced.
The editor who in the alternoon said he must
be sure and see me after the lecture slips off
home. His paper doesn't reach me either (un?
less it reaches me under the fi Oh rib.) The
secretary bands me the stipulated amount with
frigid politeness, and departs. As I pass along
the sidewalk on my way to the hotel I hear
some little boy shout 'humbug!' in a voice o?
startling shrillness. The landlord surveys me
with a look of pity as I enter-he bas heard all
about lt-and I tweak off to bed as soon as possi?
ble. No one attends rae to the depot In the
morning to see me off, and I overbear a rude
fellow tell another on the platform, as I am
about to step Into the cars, 'If that Iraud ever
comes to this town again he'll get a bead put
on him.' "
THE WEATHER THIS DAT.
' WASHINGTON. March 24.
Falling barometer will extend, during to?
night and on Monday, from the Mississippi
Yalley to the Atlantic, with Increasing easter?
ly to southerly winds, ana a rising tempera?
ture. The area of rain will extend over the
Southern States, and clondy weather, with
rain and enow, from thence to Lake Erle.
Dangerous wlods are not anticipated for the
Atlantic and Gulf coasts.
yesterday's Weather Reports Of the
Signal Service, t. S. A.-4.47 F. M.,
O nein natl..
Key West, Fla.
30. ? 9
SE 1 Light,
NOTE.-The weather resort dated 7.47O'CIOCR,
mia morning, will tte posted in the rooms of the
?namber of Commerce at io o'clock A. M., and,
together with the weather chart, may (by the
courtesy of the Chamber) be examined by ship
ii asters at any time during the dav.
Hotel Arrivals-March 'A3 and a*.
J. P. Roberts, Philadelphia; S. Benjamin,
Florida; J. B. Ball and wife, Milton, N. Y.; J.
C. Valden, Florence; Captain J. Harrleon, Liv?
erpool; D. W. Spencer, Virginia; P. A. Breck,
Cheraw;J. Shumaker, G. B. Daniels, H. H.
Babb, New York; B. Evans, Florida; James F.
Bowens, S. Helsby, Baltimore.
Albert E. Baker, Camden; Mr. and Mrs. B.
T. Burton, Brooklyn; Mr. and Mrs. Thos. Col
rolie, Troy, New York; Jno. W. Howard and
wife, New York; David Goodall, St. John's;
F. W. Goodall, Barton, Vt.; H. J. Hand, Phila?
delphia; John E. BobertsoD, Fairfield; C. M.
Callahan, Tnird ?. S. Artillery; Jas. G. Hol?
combe and wife, Miss Holcombe, Master Geo.
Holcombe and two servants, New York; D. H.
Gould and wife, Brooklyn; E. P. Fubbln, wife
and maid, Miss Blunt, A. H. Dohrman, New
York; A. Whyte, Savanoah; H. S. Bosworth,
Cincinnati; Jno. V. Cockers, Jr., Peter C. Tie
man, New York; P. W. Kellogg, Massachu?
setts. D. Lorlng and wile, Boston; Cnaa.
H. H. Hale, Boston; J. J. Van Nest, H.
Camps, New York; J. J. Dale, Savannah, S. P.
Griffin, Louisiana; A. W. Sexton, Jr., J. E.
Dow, Jr., New York; J. Colton, Aiken; T. L.
Vaughn, North Carolina; W. Kedd and wife,
New York; M. Chap?n and three daughters,
Massachusetts; J. Shaffer, F. J. Slnclaire. Jno.
H. Wyman, New York; D. Mordecai, Balti?
more; Mrs. Chadwick, D. G. Ellis, Mr. Chad?
wick, M. N. Thayer, Boston; Mrs. J. W. De
Foust, Connecticut; A. M. Corrie, Florence; E.
O. Hurd, Mrs. Mary Hurd, Miss M. Hurd, Mrs.
Lewis and son, C. E. Marston, Miss Marston,
Cincinnati; E. A. Marshall, Philadelphia; J.
Campbell, Condon; B. W. Parsons, E. B.
David, W. F. Mott, wife and daughter, New
York; C. D. Norton and wile, Miss A. C.
Norton, Philadelphia; G. P. Beed, Brooklyn;
S. Frapre, F. B. Sperr, New York; J. W. Har?
ris, South Carolina; C. Underwood Connecti?
cut; H. S. Osborn, Quincy; Mrs. C. H. Shurner,
Mrs. E. C. Leccomb, Brooklyn; 8. D. Loring
and wife, Boston.
LAWS OF THE STATE.
ACTS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
Published by Authority.
JOINT RESOLUTION' proposing an Amendment
to tue Constitution of the State of South
Whereas. The Constitution of South Caro?
lina, in article 2, section ll, requires a gene?
ral election to be beld on the third Wednes?
day in October, In every second year after
eighteen hundred and seventy; and, whereat,
once in every four years an election is requir?
ed for Presidential electors, which takes
place the first Tuesday after the first Monday
in November; and, whereas, the people of
this State are. by these'two elections follow?
ing so close upon each other, greatly annoyed
and Inconvenienced, and the industrial Inter?
ests of the State are greatly disturbed and im?
Be lt resolved by the Senate and House
of Representatives of the State of South
Carolina, now met and sitting In Gene?
ral Assembly, and by the authority of tbe
That the following amendment to the Con?
stitution of the State be submitted to the quali?
fied electors of the State, at the next general
election; and, if a majority of the electors
qualified to vote for members of the General
Assembly, voting thereon, shall vote in favor
of such amendment, and two-thirds of each
branch of the next General Assembly shall,
after such election, and before another, ratify
the same amendment, by yeas and nays. It
shall be part of the Constitution, to wit: Strike
out all of that portion of section ll, of article
2, following the words "eighteen hundred and
seventy," occurring in the fourth and filth
lines, and insert the following: "And forever
thereafter, on the first Tuesday following the
first Monday in November, In every second
year, in such manner and at such places as the
Legislature may provide."
That the question of adopting this amend?
ment shall be submitted to tbe electors as
follows: Those in favor of the amendment
shall deposit a ballot with the following words
written or printed thereon, "Constitutional
amendment, Tes.'" Those opposed to said
amendment shall cast a ballot with the follow
words written or printed thereon, "Constitu?
tional amendment, 'No."*.
Approved March 9, 1872.
JOINT RESOLUTION proposing an Amendment
to the Co ns thu lion of the State of South Car?
Be lt resolved by the Senate and House of
Representatives ot the State o? South Carolina,
(two-thirds ol both Houses concurring, )
That the following article be submitted to
the qualified electors of the State, at the next
general election for representatives, as an
amendment to the Constitution ol the State,,
which, if a majority of the electors qualified to
vote for members ot the General Assembly,
voling thereon, shall vole in favor of such
amendment, and two-thirds ot each branch of
the next General Assembly, after such an elec?
tion, and before another, ratify the same, shall
become part o? the constitution, namely: . '
ARTICLE XVI. . .'
To tbe end that the public debt of South
Carolina may not hereaf ter be Increased, with?
out the due consideration and Iree consent of
the people of the State, ,he General Assembly
ls hereby forbidden to create any further debt
or obligation, either by the loan of the credit
of the State, by guarantees, endorsements or
otherwise, except for the ordinary and cur?
rent business of the State, without first sub?
mitting the question as l;o the creation of any
such new debt, guarantee, endorsement or
loan of its credit, to the people of this State,
ata general State election; and, unless two
thirds of tbe qualified voters of this State,
voting on the question, s hail be In favor ol a
further debt, guarantee, endorsement or loan
ol its credit, none such ehall be created or
made. That the question of adopting this
amendment shall be submitted to the electors,
as follows: Those in favor of the amendment
I shall deposit a ballot with the following words
written or printed thereon: "Constitutional
Amendment, Article 16, yes." Those oppoeed
to the amendment shall cast a ballot with the
following words written or printed thereon:
"Constitutional Amendment, Article 16, no."
Approved March 13, 1872.
JOINT RESOLUTION Authorizing and, Directing
the State Auditor and County Commission?
ers to Levy Certain Taxes.
Be it resolved by the Senate and House of
Representatives of the State of South Carolina,
now met and sitting ia General Assembly,
and by the authority of the same: *
That the State auditor be, and he ls hereby,
authorized ?nd directed to levy and cause to be
collected, a tax of six (6) mills on a dollar of all
taxable" property in the State, to meet appro?
priations for the fiscal year commencing No?
vember 1,1871. That the State auditor is here?
by authorized and required to levy, in addi?
tion to the general State levy, a tax of two
mills on all the taxable property In the State
for th?-support of public schools, which shall
be collected at the same time the general
State levy ls collected, and paid into the treas?
ury of the State. The same shall be the 1 State
School Fund," and shall be kept by the State
treasurer separate and apart from all other
funds In his possession, and shall under no
circumstances be used for other, than school
purposes; and the county commissioners of
each ot the counties are hereby authorized to
levy and cause to be collected a tax not ex?
ceeding three mills on the dollar of all taxable
property In their respective counties, except
the County of Fairfield, In which the county
commissioners shall net levy a tax of more
than one and a half mills, for ihe fiscal year
commencing November 1,1871.
Approved March 13, 1872.
AN ACT to Amend an Act entitled "An Act
Providing lor the Assessment and Taxation
of Property, passed September 15, 1863, and
all Acts Amendatory thereto."
SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and
House of Representatives of the State of South
Carolina, now met and sitting in General As?
sembly, and by the authority of the same :
That section 103 of the act entiled "An acl
providing for the assessment and taxation ol
property," passed September 15,1868, be and
the same is hereby altered and amended, bj
striking out all the proviso, after me wordf
"delinquent l ind sale," in the tweltth line
that section in of the same act be amend?e
by striking out the words "two years," anc
Inserting in lieu thereof the words "nlnel;
days;" that section 116 of the same act be ant
the same 1B bercby amended by striking ou
the words "two years," whenever the sam?
appears therein, and Insert in lieu thereof th
words "ninety dajsf that section I?7 of the
same act be and the same ls hereby amended
by striking out the words "one year,", when?
ever the same may appear therein, and Insert
in lien thereof the words "thirty clays;" and
and by striking ont the words "two years,"
whenever the same appears therein, and in?
sert the words "ninety days," In lieu thereof;
that section 123 of said act be and the same is
hereby amended by striking ont the words
"two years," whenever the same may occur
therein, and insert in lieu thereof the words
SEC. 2. That so much of the act entitled
"An act to further amend an act entitled an
act providlog for the assessment and taxation
ol property," passed March 8, 1871, as pro?
vides that ail deeds of conveyances bf real es?
tate shall be placed on record in the office of
the county auditor, before the same can be
placed on record in the office of the registrar
of mesne conveyance, be, and the same Is
hereby, amended by adding the following, viz:
"And for each and every violation o? this pro?
vision by a clerk of. court or registrar of
mesne conveyance, he shall, up on conviction
beiore any court of competent Jurisdiction, be
fined jn a sum of not less than five dollar?,
nor more than twenty dollars, and the costs of
the action, one-half of said fine to be paid into
the county treasury for the benefit of the
county, and the other .half to be paid to the
SEO. 8. That all lands which have been for?
feited to the State under the provisions of the
act providing for the assessment and taxation
of property, passed September 15, 1868, and
other acta amendatory thereto, ph al i be adver?
tised by the county auditor, In manner pro?
vided by section 107 of said act, and sold by
the county treasurer to the highest bidder,
and the county auditor shall execute a "war?
ranty deed" deed to the purchaser. The pro?
ceeds of the sale, after deducting fees allowed
by law, and paying the county the amount of
taxes and penalties due from snob land, eh all
be forwarded to the State treasurer by the
county treasurer, and shall be;c redi ted to the
county from which lt ls received on account of
the forfeited lands.
SEO. 4. That all lands and real estate within
this State, whereupon, or in respect whereof,
any earn of money remains due or payable
after the sale provided for in section 16, chap?
ter 13, title 3 of general statutes, or which are
liable for, or on account of any tax laid by or
under the authority of this State, tor State or
county purposes, In accordance with the pro?
visions of either of the several acts, for the
purpose of assessing and levying taxes for
the support of the Government of the State,
and o? the several counties thereof, passed in
the years 1868, 1869, 1870 and 1871, aban-be
. exposed to sale and sold tor the payment of
such taxes and all penalties, coste and charges
thereon accrued, on the first Monday ki Jone,
1872,'snd from day to day thereafter, Sundays
only excepted, until the whole thereof shall
be sold, at the place or places, on the terms
and In the manner hereinafter provided; such
sale shall be by the county treasurer of each
county, at tbe county seat, who shall expose
and offer the said lands at public] sale, to be
sold and conveyed in fee simple without any
right of redemption for the payment thereof.
Ii no person shall at said sale offer to pur?
chase or take a lesa quantity of the lands so
?charged and offered than the whole thereof,
at and for the amount so charged for the
taxes, penalties, costs and charges,
the said county treasurer ehall de?
clare that the State is the purchaser
thereof, at, and for the amount so charged,
and thereupon the State shall become owner
in fee simple with the title to said lands, and
the appurtenances and all the improvements
thereon. If at the said sale any person shall
publicly offer to take a less portion than the
whole ot said lands for the said taxes, penal?
ties, costs and charges, then the said lands
shall be sold to such person as shall offer to
take the smallest portion thereof, and pay the
same; and upon the payment of the amount
due to said county treasurer, said officer shall
exeoute and deliver to the said purchaser a
certificate setting forth the fact of such pur?
chase, and the payment' of the amount bid,
and thereupon the said purchaser shall be en?
titled from the State of the undivided right,
title or interest in fee simple without redemp?
tion in and to all the lands so sold, and all
lands belonging to any person or persons, or
corporation against whom such was levied
and assessed equal to the proportion which
the amount bid holds to the whole of said
lands so purchased, and the purchaser shall be
entitled to demand partition thereof accord?
ing to law, and on said partition thc said
purchaser shall be entitled to a proportional
share and Interest in all Improvements there?
on. In addition to the sums now assessed
and chargeable upon said lands, there shall be
added at the time of said saie five per centum
of the amount of said taxes, penalties, costs
and charges; which said sum ls hereby appro?
priated, for the payment of the expenses of
said sale, and the collection of the moneys
thereon. One-half of one per cent, to be for
the use of the county, and the balance to be
paid into the State treasury. If any person
to whom such lands shall be struck off shall
fail forthwith to pay the amount bid therefor,
said county treasurer shall immediately ex?
pose and offer such lands for .resale as if no
such previous sale bad taken place. The
county treasurer shall make weekly remit?
tances of ail funds received, according to the
provisions of this act, to tts State treasurer,
and shall forward monthly accounts for said
funds to the State treasurer.
SEC. 5. It shall be the duly of the Governor
to cause this act to be published in such man?
ner as shall In his Judgment be requisite to
give full information thereof, the expense of
such public itlon to be paid or reimbursed out
ot the funds authorized hereby to be charged
as the expenses of said sale.
SEC. 6. It shall be the duly of each county
auditor o? each county to exhibit the tax
books thereof, showing all delinquent taxes
herein provided for,for sixty days next preced?
ing such sale, and ali persons shall beVultled
to inspect the same, between the hours of
nine o'clock A. M., and twelve o'clock M. ol
each day, Sundays excepted, and lt shall be
his duty to attend said sale, with the said tax
books, and to furnish the .-aid county treasur?
er and all persons requiring the same, such in?
formation as the records ot his office may af?
ford, relative to the matter Involved In said
sale, and upon the delivery of the treasurer's
certificate of sale, to execute a deed in accord?
ance with section 33, chapter 13, title 3, of
the general statutes of South Carolina.
SEC. 7. That this act shall take effect lrom
and immediately after its passage, .and that all
acts or parts ol acts inconsistent with the pro?
visions of this act be, and the same are hereby,
Approved March 12, 1872.
BILL HEADS printed on fine paper at $3, ti,
$5, $6 50 and $8 50 per thousand, according
to size, at THE NEWS Job Office.
TRIBUTE OF RESPECT. . ^
. -? . .... -. -. .r'-.i?J'TlISS -
Tbe Laic Alexander WeConkey.
At a regular Meeting of toa Burna Chari?
table Association, held Sith January, 1S?2, Presi?
dent A. Cameron in the chair, Vlce-Preildent Rob?
ert Wing said: . :< :. . .. : ,. f;-: : ..
Death, tbe universal leveller, has again rudely;
visited os and has snatched away one of oar moat
esteemed associates. Swiftly and almost nncpn
aelonsly Alexander Mcconkey has gilded from Ilia
to Immortality, and there la left us on ?y theglooat
of hi? absence and. the remembrance of lilarkr
tues. For many y ears the cb airman, of our oatt-.
n. lt tee on charity, his deeds cf mercy and benevo?
lence have been ever characterized by a J cuUoioaa
aid ChrlBtlan spirit, and have won for him "gold?
en praises" and oar thanks, n
Mr. Miller thereupon moved the following prey
amble and resolutions, which were adopted: ; ,??
Whereas, lt has pleased Almighty God ,to're?
move from our midst our late friend and brother,
Alexander Mcconkey; and, whereas, ola exea*
plary character and generous natara decerve ?
special commemoration by vhla association, of
which he has been for many years an honored
member:. Therefore, be lt " . : i.i
Resolved, Tnat In the death of Alexander Mc-.
Oookey, this associ?t lon has lost an emclent and .
zealous member, and tne community a good-,
citizen. .-?.-..-,- -J-wzrv
Resolved, That a page In our Minute Book bo
dedicated to his memoir ana inscribed with tba
lesson of hi j oharaoter aad werta.
Resolved, That a copy of. these r?solu tiona ber
transmitted ro the 'family cf the deceased; and
the? he published la TBS CHJJILXSTON srwB and
Courier. ;. mi .. u,.yJ >2?
From the Minutes. , t ..
STU AKT goa^arnx?. Secretary., f
Praga ana M?oic?ne?^
WHOLESALE & RETAIL*
. .. J . ? -i ;??> 5??U-J Ol . ".
MO. 131 MEETIHQWTR?ET,
Offers his Large end Well-Assorted stocker IS
?es FANCY GOODS,
.' ? i, ' "tc, Ac. Aa.,.
AT THE LOWEST MARKET BATES.
. ? '- 1 ' H? Iii! I .(? ?At?H
Constantly on hand all th?leading Proprietary
Medicines- ... . wi -m- ?
FRENCH, ENGLISH, O ER M AM ANO
. . AMERICAN. "',
FOUNTAIN SYRINGES, the beat and moat ooo
venlent for general QM. .
Also, every other kind of Syringeknown In the
marked ' L J '.
Trasses, Abdominal Supporters, - Shoulder
Braces, Abdominal Belts, Physicians' Saddle?
Bags, Physicians' Pocket-Cases, Elastic stockings
and Medicine Cheats.; o : - ??..> .<
Kidder's Ele otro-Magnetic
Druggists' Glassware, of every description, ?
the lowest rates; and a full assortment of "Dreg
Agent forFattan's "CrystalDiscovery forth?
Hair.? mat ni frow/
Agent for the "New Tork Medical university's"
Agent for Riscn'a Tobacco Antidote, and Up
ham's Antidote to Strong Drink.
Agent for the elegant preparations of W. E.
Warner A Co., or Philadelphia, consisting Of a
fall '.tne of Fluid Extracts, Sagar-Coaied' Pills
Elixirs, Medicated Wines and Syrups, Licorice
and Pepsin Lozenges, Ac, Ac.
Special attention ls directed to the following
Articles of his own manufacture:
GERMIN SOOTHING CORDIAL !
An excellent Carminative, invaluable in the
diseases incident to the period of dentition In
children; as also in colic, diarrhoea, dysentery,
and other infantile complaints. It ls superior to
other medicines used for this purpose, as it la en?
tirely free from any injurious drug, end
CONTAINS KO ANODYNE I
It ls recommended by the best physicians, and
mothers may administer lt with confidence;
THE EXCELSIOR HAIR TONIO/
la a carefully prepared Dressing for the hair, at
once answering the purposes of hair oil, hair
wash, and hair tonic. It contains no sulphur,
lead, or nitrate or silver, and la
NO DTE I
It will promote a healthy growth of hair, and
prevent their falling out, and will not Injure toe
Baer's Improved Vegetable
A gentle Aperient, of purely vegetable sub?
stances, recommended for Dyspepsia, Headache,
Constipation, Ac, Ac.
DOUBLE DISTILLED BENZINE,
for removing grease spots, and cleaning clothes.
None but the Purest Drugs used, and satisfac?
tion guaranteed, both as to price and quality.
Order are solicited from Druggists, Physicians,
Country Merchants, Planters and others, with the
assurance that they shall receive prompt and
THE NEW IMPROVED
WHEELER & WILSON
SEWING- MACHINE !
THE BEST IS THE CHEAPEST !
WHEELER & WILSON
AT THE LATE STATE FAIR, HELD AT
Why it Should Have the Preference of
all Others i
1st. Because lt ls the simplest.
2d. Because lt bews easier.
Sd. Because lt sews faster.
4th. Because it uses no Shuttle.
6th. Because lt makes less no'-e.
6th. Because it ls more durable.
7 th. Because it has been before the public for
over twenty years, ana hence lt ls no experiment
KO try it.
Ninety thousand more Family Machines told
than by any other Company. Its late improve?
ments set lt far ahead of anything in the market.
Adjusting and repairing done promptly. All
Oall and examine, whether wishing to purchase
or not. a
WHYTE & HARRAL,
General Southern .Agents,
PTO. S09 KING STREET.