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VOLUME IX.-NUMBER 1937.
CHARLESTON, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MARCH 27, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS AITEAR.
THE CHARLESIW COLLEGE.
ANNUAL COMMENCEMENT EXERCISES.
A Crush at the Academy or Music
Speeches of the Graduates, Classical,
Allegorical, Sentimental and Humor?
ous-Distribution of Diplomas.
The Academy or Music was one blaze of
youth, fashion and beauty last evening from
the packed parquette to the crowded tiers of
the family circle. The Inclement weather
which had necesslted the postponement of the
' exercises seemed but to have heightened the
universal determination to attend the
Commencement, and as a eonseqaehce the
clouds had no sooner broken a little
and the entrances were but scarcely opened
before the throng came sweeping lu. Old
ladles and gentlemen, and young ladles and
beaux, children and all, came crowding on,
and before the appointed hour every seat in
? the orchestra chairs, parquette and dress cir?
cle was taken. This state of affairs by no
means dismayed those who were yet to come,
And they poured In nntil no one, unless of the
consistency and dimensions of a lightning rod,
could force himself within tee feet of the en?
trance. The surplus then overflowed Into the
family circle, which was soon crowded too,
..and from the floor to within a short distance
of the celling the Academy was one radiant,
eager, expectant mass of attractive civilized
humanity, all ready to do honor to, and enjoy
the annual commencement of, the dear old
At half-past seven o'clock the trustees and
faculty of the College took their places upon
the stage in the rear, and the members of the
" graduating class were also eeated on the left
of the stage. As the exercises were about to
begin, an unlooked for contre-temps occurred
which astonished the occupants of the orches?
tra chairs. By mistake, an unusual flow of
gas was turned upon the central reflector lu
. -tho roof, and the fierce heat of the flames
caused the enamel of the reflector to crack .
sharply Into pieces, which dusted down upon
the audience below, creating no little sensa- [
tion and some symptoms of alarm, until the j
cause of the sudden shower was understood.
The various college classes were accommo- i
i dated on the rows of seats nearest tbe stage, j
and a soft breathing of music from Professor ,
Dauert string band formed an agreeable pre- ;
lade to the programme for the evening. At 1
Its conclusion a deep stillness fell upon the as- j
sembiy as the Rev. James H. Elliott advanced i
to i he front and opened the exercises with a 1
feeling and appropriate prayer. It was prob- '
ably the first time since the construction ol '<
th*. Academy that such a scene was witnessed
upon Its stage, apd the time, place and sur
roundings made it as effective as it was un?
Mr. Wm. Hame Sim?os was then Introduced
by the president, and delivered the saluta?
tory address. His quiet and Impressive tty ie
of speaking was well fitted to this. The au- j
dlence appreciated the welcome, enjoyed Its
classical style, and warmly applauded the
connded periods and flowery diction of the
The address was an exception to a rule. [
The other speakers were all Introduced by the
president in turn, and spoke In alphabetical
order, as the faculty in this way wished to
show that all the appointments, after the vale- '
die tor y and salutatory addresses, were to be
considered strictly equal. Mr. Francis W.
Capers was next Introduced, and delivered an
oration on the subject "Life Everywhere.'*
The speaker Invested his subject with an un- ,
usual degree of interest by placing lt in the
form of. an allegory, the changing scenes of j
which afforded opportunities for some fine de- j
flcriptlon and pleasing pictures. The theme
was bandied with skill, and received a well
deserved tribute ot applause.
An oration on the "Wonders ot Natur?," by
Mr. John Bachman Chisolm, followed, and
claimed the attention of the audience. The
subject opened a broad field and required
skilful handling. The young orator had
studied it with care, and catching the points
of^loterest, kept his hearers encharmed until
his closing words brought forth a storm of ap?
Mr. John Gadsden spoke next on the sub?
ject, "Fiction on Education," and succeeded
well In administering consolation to the novel
readers of the day. The growing Importance
of this bran ch xi f literature was fully estimated
by the speaker, and his clear and forcible
oratory, and the exhaustive manner In which
he treated his subject, gave much pleasure to
The "Progress of Science" was the subject
of the next oration, and received an able
elucidation at the hands of Mr. W. B. W. Howe.
His delivery was manly and impressive, and
the manner in which he treated his theme
showed a reeaarch and power of analysis
which surprised and gratified his ir lends and'
won the cordial approbation of his audience.
Mr. Thomas Moultrie Mordecai was next
Introduced, and spoke upon "The Ruins of
Time." He carried the minds ot his hearers
back to the days of antiquity, and reviewing
the fate of Babylon, Athens and Borne and
the lessons taught by them, brought the pro?
gress and condition of America before his
audience. A brief and eloquent allusion to
the honored names of a late date, brought
down the repeated applause whioh the able
effort of the youthful orator well deserved.
Mr. JameB Ancrum Simons followed with
an oration on the subject: "Let there be
Light." His opening description of chaos and
-effect of the eternal words, "Let there be
Light," was a fine piece or oratory, and
throo?bont his address the speaker never lost
the effect which lt Inspired. The "Light of
?Christianity" occupied the closing remarks of
his happy effort, and bespoke the sympathy
and feeling of the applauding audience.
An essay npon "Suggestions of another
State of Existence," by Mr. Wm. H. Simons,
came next. The logical arrangements of his
arguments, and the power of analysis and dis?
tinction exhibited In bis effort, seconded the
favorable Impression produced by the speaker
In his salutatory addresses.
The exercises were here pleasantly varied
by the delivery of a poem entitled "Marathon,"
by Mr. Henry A. Middleton Smith. The pro?
duction was full of lite and beauties which,
\ enhanced by the delivery of the speaker,
stirred the bloot like the ol ; Roman lays of
Macaulay, to which lt bore a pleasant resem?
blance in the easy flow of language, the grace?
ful style, and the hurrying and rushing of the
"The Pleasures of Memory" were next de?
picted in an oration by Mr. William Moultrie
White, an agreeable and Interesting effort, re?
plete with learning and appropriate quota?
tions. The easy style and graceful delivery
of the youthful orator Impressed itself forcibly
upon his hearers, who testified their pleasure
?nd admiration by frequent bursts of applause.
'Mr. Henry A. DeSaussure delivered the last
oration. His subject was "Early English
Poetry," and his manner o? treating lt excited
uncontrolled merriment and prolonged bursts
of laughter from his hearers. The exquisite
nursery gem of "High-Diddle-Dlddle" was
discussed at length, with a depth of criticism
and a quick appreciation of its wonderful
beauties which was irresistibly comic. The
speaker created an evident sensation, amused
his hearers, and afforded an admirable illus?
tration of the truth of the Horatlan saw,
"Dulce est desipere in loco."
The valedictory addresses were then de?
livered by Mr. Thomas Moultrie Mordecai,
whose eloquent farewell to the faculty and
trustees of the college, his fellow-students and
classmates, was heard with much Interest.
President Middleton then delivered their di?
plomas to the graduating class, and closed the
exercises by giving them a short address upon
their future duties and responsibilities. The
exercises were varied by music between the
orations, and a little alter ten o'clock was
ended one of the most brilliant college com?
mencements which has taken place since the
TAKING IT COOLLY.
How "Roger Tichborne" Received the
New* of the Verdict.
The London papers publish accounts of a
meeting of the friends of "Roger Tichborne,"
which, curiously enough, was being held at
the Waterloo Hotel Just at the time a climax
was approaching In bis case. An eye-witness
The company assembled in the drawing
room represented an aggregate of many
thouand pounds sterling advanced In further?
ance of the claimant's suit. The door opened;
lt was the claimant-very cool, very collected,
very imperturbable, very slow .but soft In his
galt-wno came to the-ce nt re of the room, hold?
ing a slip of paper in bis hand. A lane was ;
made for him to pa^s, and then the auditors ?
formed a semi-circle around him. He stood .
with his back to the fireplace, looked quietly i
around and made that peculiar "maultasche," ?
or "pouch-mouth" movement, accompanied i
by a slight gasp or two, and a gesture of his
hands with the thumbs extended, as though <
to place them in the pockets of his waistcoat, ;
with which all who have watched him narrow- ,
ly are familiar. Then, in a perfectly clear, i
calm voice, he remarked: "Gentlemen, I've i
some very startling newB for you; my case. .
seems to be stopped." And in tones equally
?lear and calm, he read trom the paper the toi- i
lowing: "We have now heard the evidence j
regarding the tattoo marks, and, subject to j
,-our lordship's directions, and to the bear- i
lng of any evidence which the learned counsel
nay desire to place before ns, I am authorized ?
to state that the Jury do not require any fur- <
Cher evidence." This was a copy of the now j
historical rescript handed by the foreman of
the jury in court that day to Lord Chief Justice i
BovlU. "When did you receive it P a dozen i
voices cried to the claimant. "About six
minutes ago," quietly replied the person, tak- i
Ins: in a little iresh air to his lungs, and look- ?
lng blandly round, like an enable eeal, with ?
nothing whatever on bis conscience. I have <
studlea the port and mein ol many men under ,?
many trying circumstances. Tels person In
Jermyn street ntterly baffled and bewildered <
me. I could neither trace the bravado of a ;
desperate villain, foiled and exposed, and dog- ?
gedly determined to brazen malters out, nor
the pardonable anguish of an Innocent man i
unjustly branded with crime. What was pass?
ing within his mind, nor I nor any man living ?
can tell; but Cranmer at the stake did not sur- ?
pass him in firmness, and Talleyrand might :
have envied him his complacent impoEsablilty
THE L O WER Y BANDITS.
The Adventurous Herald Han Escapes
from the Gang and Returns North.
[From the Wilmington Star, March 26.]
By the Wilmington, Charlotte and Ruther?
ford Railroad, yesterday afternoon, we have to
chronicle the arrival in our midst of A. B.
Henderson, the captive correspondent of the
New York Herald, who has at last succeeded
In effecting his escape from the outlaws, and
ls now winding his flight Northward, to "pour
out the vials of bis wrath" In the columns of
the great "thunderer." 7* "derson, upon his
arrival here, kept very close to bis hotel, and
was exceedingly reticent In regard to events
In Scuffletown. He had a double-barrel gun
in blB possession, and his appearance Indicated
that he had seen some rough experience In
the woods and swamps of Robeson. He left
on the 5.45 train for the North.
Passengers on the Charlotte Hoad report
that, whatever may be said to the contrary,
there ls a settled conviction among the people
of Robeson County that Henry Berry Lowery
and Boss Strong are both dead. It ls further
stated that a physician who practices among
the denizens ot Scuffletown and who ls pretty
well posted In the affairs of the outlaws,
savs that he saw the dead body of
the noted outlaw chief after he bad acci?
dentally shot himself. A further confirmai lon
of this fact ls had in the statement of Hender?
son, which was made to a gentleman on the
the train yesterday, that the children of Henry
Berry, three in number, had been appor?
tioned among his relatives; Patrick Lowery, a
brother of the outlaw, taking the oldest, and
his mother the two youngest.
Stephen Lowery and Andrew Strong accom?
panied Henderson to Moss Neck, and told bim
at parting not to come back there any more.
THE STATE OF GEORGIA bas commenced
suits on account ot Western and Atlantic Rail?
road transactions, aggregating $162,335 66,
out of which, it is alleged, the State bas been
defrauded, as follows: Against the Schofield
Rolling Mill Company for $57,156; agMnst Var
ney A. Gaskin tor $15,548; against- Ari L.
Harris for $8,486 62; against John Rice for
$29,500; against Nathan P. Hotchklss for $14,
639 14; against James Mullins for $6,867 31,
and against Foster Blodsiett for $50,188 73.
The last named Individual ls the one to whom
Senator Morton recently Insisted upon paying
a bill of expenses for contesting an election to
a seat In that body as a condition precedent to
reporting the case of Senator Goldtn waite, ol
Alabama, entitled to a Beat.
TELE WEATHER THIS DAY.
WASHINGTON, March 26.
The barometer will continue rising over
the Guli and South Atlantic States during the
night, with clear weather on Wednesday.
Clear weather will extend over the Middle
States by Wednesday evening, and over New
England durins Wednesday. Clear weather
will very generally continue from Tennessee
northwestward and northeastward, with tem?
perature. Dangerous winds are not antici?
pated for the Atlantic and Gulf coasts,
yesterday's "Weather Reports or the
Signal Service, V. S. A.-41.47 P. BL,
Key West, Fla..
NOTE.-The weather report dated 7.470'ciock,
inls morning, will be posted tn the rooms ol the
Cnamber of commerce at io o'clock A. M., and,
together with the weather chart, may (by the
courtesy or the Chamber) be examined by ship?
masters at any time during the day.
TOPICS TS THE STATE.
GLEANINGS AND GOSSIP FR03I EDGE
Thc Crop Pi ospects-Effects ot the Rains
-Corn B< hind-Hand-A Dry Summer
Expected-Itemtnltcence of Wet and
Dry Seasons-Religions Affairs-An
Eloquent Preacher-The Schools In
the County and their Condition.
[FR0U OrjE OWN CORRESPONDENT.J
ELMWOOD, EDGBFIELD, S. C., March 25.
Since my last communication to you a few
weeks ago, the weather continues uoiavorable
for the farmer and planter. Snow is now fall?
ing heavily upon the ground, and has covered
lt several inches deep, and continues to fall up
to four o'clock P. M., being the heaviest snow
we have had this winter. This will keep ihe
land Eo wet that no corn of consequence will
be planted this month; and but lew planters
have any planted up to this date. All vegeta?
tion is fully a month behind last year. The
peach, pear, plum and apple trees show it.
They are just commenced blooming; and on
the 20th of February last year they were
lurther advanced than they are now. Many
think from this that we will certainly have a
good lrult year. I hope it may prove so; but
I have seen fruit killed by frost in May.
All vegetable gardens lopk very much as
they do In January, as all the seed sown was
killed a few nights ago, Including potatoes,
which were up. So everything has a gloomy
appearance at this lime with us. Very little
ploughing has been done In prepailng land for
either cotton or corn, as the laud has been
inundated with water for tbe past five
monthf?, and what has been ploughed la clay
land is the worst for'it, as lt ls equally as
hard as that which was not; and lurther,
when land has beeb covered with water
so long we cannot reasonably expect a
lar^e yield of either cotton or corn, as we
have lost all the benefits of the winter freeze,
the soil being beaten, packed and bleached
with so much rain. In fact, there has been
more rain wilbla the past five months In this
portion of (he State than we had In the two
rears of 1844 and 1845; the latter being tbe
iryeet year ever known ia the whole South
incl West; cora being worth two dollars per
lushel (where railroads were not convenient)
luring the following winter and spring. One
extreme brings on another, as it was then.
Hamburg, S. C., was completed inundated and
learly destroyed, a few years after this, by
iie waters ot the Savannah Elver. And I
lear that we shall have a very dry spring and
summer, judging f rom past experience. .
The wheat ana oat crop looks Lt! r, consider?
ing tbe severe winter it has passed through.'
But these crops ore not as large as .they
should have been, or would have been could
the grain have been ploughed in.
The acreage in corn and cotton planted the
preseutyear will vary very little from last
rear-perhaps a little more cotton. I stated
in my last commud?cailon that I thought there
would be considerably more cotton planted
the present year than last, and, upon general
information, I nod lt will not vury much.
The premium melon raiser In this county,
Samuel Marsh, ls going lo plant a heavy crop,
is be informed me a few days ago. Mr. Marsh
not only makes the bigest melons, lu the
;uunty, but generally has excellent fruit
Our court has Ju?t adjourned, after a session
jf near .three weeks. No disturbance ot any
?ind has taken place In old Edgefleld for seve?
ral months past; all is peace and quiet with us.
Our Sunday schools are growing annually,
and much Interest ls being taken in both
white and colored to train the young bow to
spend the Sabbath day. I fiad there Is a great
scarcity of the right Kind ot books, and not a
sufficiency of any Kind or the kind that has to
be used, as most cheapest and easiest books
are the most needed ai this time. Old Noah
Webster's spelling book hua to be used in Sun?
day schools for the want of others.
I bad the pleasure of hearing a sermon from
the Rev. Mr. Mendenball, now of Columbia,
but formally from your city recently. Mr.
Mendenhall ls an able preacher, winning the
strictes: attention from tbe wh ole of his con?
gregation, and neVer letting them lose the
thread of his discourse during his delivery.
He ls working for Forman Unlversltyaor col?
lecting money for thia institution, and suc?
ceeds weil from what I can learn. Another
youns Baptist preach-r ls going the rounds lu
the Edgefleld association, attending the differ?
ent churches at'stated ways; his name Is La?
mar, and from what 1 can learn of him-for I
have never heard him-be Is leaving favorable
impressions with all the churches he attends.
The Rev. Mr. Jones, ot the Method.st per?
suasion, In this circuit, bas taken the place of
the Rev. Mr. Humbert, and has made a good
impression with all the churches he attends,
as I am informed. Edgeheld village can
boast of two fine schools, viz: a male and
female. The principals of both are natives of
the district. Doctor R. T. Mlms has charge of
the male, and Miss Doby ol ?he female. There
ase several colored schools In the district, and
generally well attended; some number as high
as sixty to eighty scholars. SENEX.
TINKERING TBE TARIFF-FREE TEA
AND COFFEE FATED.
Railroad Squabble? In Both Houses-A
Dull Day In the Cabinet.
WASHINGTON, March 26.
In the Senate to-day the House bill repeal?
ing the duty on tea and coffee was taken up.
Several amendments were proposed and die
cussed, wnerenpcn Senator Sherman said he
would to-morrow renew the effort to pass the
Senate bil', as lt seemed Impossible to pass the
House bill tor free tree lea and coffee as a
se parr.ce measure. Senator Sherman expresses
the opinion that the action of tbe Senate to?
day defeats free tea and coffee. He believes
th? Senate to morrow will adopt the tariff bill
as reported by the Senate finance committee,
and that free tea and coffee without riders
cannot pass the Benate.
The bill granting right of way to the Mobile
and Grand Trunk Railroad, with amendmeut
requiring Its completion within five years,
was passed by the Senate. The Nor h Caro?
lina contested electloa case was made the
special order for Mouaay. Tbe French spolia?
tion case comes up on Tuesday, when Came?
ron will speak on the subject.
The House filibustered all day over the city
depot for the Balintore and Potomac Railroad.
The contest is between tbe Pennsylvania Cen?
tral pod Ballimore and Ohio Bouda. No vote
There was a full Cabinet meeting to-day,
but only routine business was transacted.
Joseph Nimms has been nominated super?
vising Inspector-general of steamboats.
TBE BRITISH BUDGET.
LONDON, Match 26.
The annual budget shows the estimated total
expenditures of the last fiscal year were
?72,736,000. while the aclual expenditures
were ?71,720,000. The estimated receipts from
all sources were ?72.315,000; actual receipts
?74,535,000, an increase over estimates of
?2,220,000. The only excess ot expenditures
over tbe estimate was in naval mailers, and
that was enly ?8,000. The receipts lrom
postal telegraph were ?50,000 in excess of
expenses. The total public debt ls ?792,740,000.
Mr. Lowe's speech, in which he presented ihe
details of tbe budget, were favorably received
by the House, and was greeted with cheers.
. An acito reduce the tariff on coffee and
chicory fifty per cent, was passed by the
House of Commons.
As OTHERS SEE Us.-This is what the Lon?
don Morning Post, ol March 6th, says of ihe
comparative strength of Canada and England
vs. toe United Slates : "The Dominion could
at a shorter notice bring a greaier number ol
troops into the field than ihe great Republic
itseU. and lt must not be- forgotten that ir the
frontier of Canada ls of great extent aod de?
fenceless, that of the United States is ia the
same posh ion. At the first signal of war the
English fleet would cross the Atlantic and
blockade the American pons, and no one
knows better than tbe secretary of the navy
at Washington that the Union possesses no
vessels which could compel us to raise the
blockade, or return the compliment by sealing
up our ports." Barring the brag, tbere Is a
good deal ol' suggestion in this of how badly
nff the United States are as to naval resources.
Eventually, ol'course, we would raise an army
and make a navy, but we would "catch ii" at
first-In the event ot an almost Impossible
DOINGS AT THE CAPITAL.
A Raid by thc Striker?-The Columbia
Municipal Election-Executive Ap?
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NE WS. j
COLUMBIA, March 26.
A large number of the delegates to the Phi?
ladelphia Convention are about to go to Wash?
ington to peremptorily demand the removal
of several government officers, including the
collector and postmaster of Charleston. Wing's
chances for the mayoralty election are im?
proving dally. A Radical mass meeting is an?
nounced for Wednesday night. Judge H?ge,
L. C. Carpenter and others are the speakers.
Governor Scott has removed J. S. Fille
brown, auditor of Darlington County, and ap?
pointed Dr. Lunney, former Incumbent, which
was surprisingly quick work after Whitemore
left for his home in East Wabum, Massachu?
Scott denies that he ls a candidate for Gov?
ernor. It may be remembered that he did the
same thing before the last election.
THE MEXICAV FIASCO.
WA'BTWJTON, March 26.
Special dispatches from Maumoras confirm
thereporis previously received via Havana
that the Revolutionists are utterlv routed and
demoralized. It Is expected that the insur?
gents will soon evacuate fjamargo.
The government troop?, after six hours'
fighting, defeated the Imsirrgents In Tobasco.
and the revolution In Tobasco Is considered
over, all the leaders raving fled. Porfirio
Diaz is reported to have gone to New York,
and other leaders of tte Insurrection hare
fled to Northern Mexico by steamers from
Vera Cruz to Havana and thence to New Or
leuns, when they again sailed for Brazos San?
SAVANA, March 26.
Manuel Esperas has lett for the United
Slates to participate in the mixed Mexican
commission. . .
' BROWNSVILLE, TEXAS, March 26.
The Mexican general, John A. Cortina, has
been indicted In Federal Court for levying war
against the United States.
NEWS FROM NEW YORK.
Progress of the Small-Pox-A Big Corner
In Erle-The Georgi? Investigators.
NEW YORK, March 26.
Twenty-one new cases of small-pox have oc?
curred since Saturday. Stewart's eight hun?
dred employees were vaccinated to-day. Re?
ports from Brooklyn say that there were one
hundred and six cases of small-pox, and
twenty-two cases ot cerebro spinal meningitis
A test case has been commenced against a
physician for concealing a case of small-pox.
Two hundred thousand shares of Erle
changed hands yesterday, The World says
that Jay Gould alone netted three and a
quarter million dollars from the advance. The
Express expresses suspicions lhat yesterday's
business was one fealure of a great plot ol the
Sickles combination to make colossal fortunes.
Erle sold last night at sixty-one and one-hair.
E. H. Green succeeds Jay Gould lo Erle
directory. Erle stock ls now held at sixty
six, but the demand is less active. The trans?
actions to-day were about one hundred thous?
and shares. Prices ranged from sixty-four to
sixty-seven and a half cents. Americans were
buyers, Europeans selling freely.
The Herald correspondent has escaped from
the North Carolina outlaws, and reports the
death of Henry Berry Lowery and Boss Strong.
The Georgia legislative committee have
arrived here to Investigate the conduct of their
absconding Governor, Bullock. The.Investir
gation wlllineltiri? Buiio?i<i* u*?--Uo? with
cute agent. The proceedings will be private.
A PROSPEROUS FUTURE FOR FRANCE,
PARIS, March 26.
The taxes established within the last few
months have produced Ave hundred million
francs, which exceeds the estimate by thirty
millions. The government Is now disposed to
postpone debate on the proposition to tax raw
materials until after the recesa.
A literary convention between the United
States and France has been concluded by Min?
ister Washburneand Remusal, and now awaits
The report of the committee on capitulation
has not been made public, but the Assembly
favors its speedy publication.
A duel was fought between Rogar, ol the
Pays newspaper, and Rlchardet, of the Cor?
saire. The latter waa wounded In the chest.
JUDGE LYNCH IN TENNESSEE.
NASHVILLE, March 26.
A negro attempting to rob a farm-bouse
near thia city i his morning was surprised by
the farmer, who, In attempting to defend his
premises, was killed by the negro. A large
crowd of people soon collected, and were
about to hang the negro, when the police in?
terfered and effected his rescue, but In the
melee which ensued the negro was shot and
killed by some unknown party.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
-James Gordon Bennett, Sr., ls about to
sall for Europe.
-The Spanl-th-Americah claims commission
has adjourned lo June 1.
-A boiler explosion In Brussels yesterday
killed eight men and wounded many others.
-There was a slight earthquake on Monday
night throughout the Stale of California.
-The morocco dressers on strike In Brook?
lyn yesterday beat a non-society man almost
-The Bowen-DeLarge contest will come
before the House committee on elections this
-W. S. Huntington, cashier of the First
National Bank of Washington, died yesterday
-The chief of police and police commission?
ers ot Jersey City nave been convicted of a
conspiracy to defraud the city.
-A colored man opened the proceedings
with prayer in the New York House of Repre?
sentatives, at Albany, last Monday night, for
the first time In the history of the Slate.
Hotel Arrivals-March 36.
J. T. Ecklea, Social Clrole; E. M. Miller, Au?
gusta; C. F. Howard, agent Leon Brothers;
Mrs. A. Millett and twe children, G. S. WU
Hams, W. H. Robbins, New York; F. Elder,
Winnsboro'; H. L. Meservey, Maine; P. E.
Wise, Frog Level, 8. C.; B. F. Whitlock, Madi?
son, Fla.; 8. A. Torlay, South Carolina.
B. B. McCreery, Wm. Gorman, Columbia;
M. O'Dowd, Augusta, L. Hagood, Barnwell; 8.
Dibble, Orangeburg; E. S. HayeB, B. J. Hayes,
Miss H. Hayes, Lexington; John Londey, Bal?
timore; J. Prentiss, New York; W. C. Haskins,
wile and daughter, Boston; Miss E. Trickey,
J. W.Lewis, Washington,D. C.; J. L. Cohen,
South Carolina; C. T. Carter, Franklin; R. F.
Fleming, Laurens; Rev. A. R. Macombrey, M.
Rune, Jr., New York elly, Joseph Brantley.
Falrborn, Ga.; Edward Hoopes, Philadelphia;
F. M. Reynolds, Michigan; Mr. and Mrs. 0. E.
Wood, New York; J. A. Thomas, Ohio.
Wm. H. Armstrong, Geo. H. Coffey, B. H.
True, New York; H. H. Hale, Boston; Wm. R.
Doty, Kentucky; James P. Low, Columbia; R.
W. Mulline, Robert Hilber, Washington; W. H.
Shepard, Connecticut; G. B. Llndemann, wife
and daughter, Pennsylvania; E. J. Martin, J.
W. Kelly, New York; Mr. and Mrs. Charles
Phillips, Montreal; Wm. Hammond and wife,
Portland; W. D. Stewart and wife, F. J. Stew?
LAWS OF THE STATE.
A?TS OF TBE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
Published by Authority.
AN ACT to Incorporate the South Carolina Ag?
ricultural College and Mechanics' - Insti?
SECTION 1. Be lt enacted by the Senate and
House of Representatives of the State of South
Carolina, now met and sitting In General As?
sembly, and by the authority of the same :
That a college and institute of mechanical
arts be established at Orangeburg, S. C., In
connection with the Ciaflln University, to be
called the South Carolina Agricultural College
and Meeba ti ca' Institute, in accordance with
the provisions of the act ol Congress, parsed
July 2, 1862, and all acts amendatory thereto.
The design of the institution shall be to afford
instruction in practical and-theoretical agri?
culture, mechanical art and military tactics
SEC. 2. That the supervision and control of
the institution aforesaid shall be vested In a
board of trustees, In connection with the board
ol trustees ot tbe Ciaflln University, to be
known by ihe name, style and title of the
board of trustees of the South Carolina Agri?
cultural College and Mechanics' Institute; said
board shall consist of nine (9) members, and
shall be chosen by Joint ballot of the General
Assembly, provided that the first board of
trustees shall be appointed by the Governor,
as follows: The first three shall be elected for
a term of three (3) years, the second three for
two (2) year?, and the third three for one (1)
year; and tbe General Assembly shall annually
thereafter elect by Joint ballot three (3) mern
hers of said board, whose term of office shall
be three (3) years; said board may eject its
own chairman. The trustees thus appointed
and elecled shall, In connection with those of
tbe Ciaflln Uni versl ty, constitute one board, and
may elect a chairman; a majority of the board
shall constitute a quorum for the transaction
of business. They shall be paid no compensa?
tion, but shall be paid their travelling and
other expenses rhlle employed on business ot
SEO. 3. The said board of trustees shall be a
body corporate, capable In law of suing and
being sued, holding and selling real, personal
and mixed property, of contracting and being
contracted wltb, of having and using a cor
porate seal, and of causing all things to be
done to carry out the purposes of this act.
: SEC. 4. Should any vacancy occur In said
board of trustees, lt shall be filled by the re?
maining members of the bctrd.
SEC. 5. It shall be the duty of the board ot
trustees to meet and organize within thirty
days after the passage of this aet, at the call
of the Governor ot the State, or any two mem?
bers of tbe board.
SEC. 6. The Legislature shall appoint a
board of visitors biennially, who shall report
each year upon the cot ditton and efficiency
of this Institution.
SEC. 7. The board of trustees shall appoint
a secretary and treasurer, neither of whom
shall be a member of said board. These officers
shall be required to give such bonds as will se
?UM ? aafrt ftdDiTnlstratlon oLlhale-dutlaa. Th?
secretary shall also fill the office of general su?
perintendent of this Institution, upon whom
shall devolve a power of general administra?
tion over all the property of this corporation
for its better preservation and Improvement,
and who ehall also have the power, at any
time, to call a meeting ot the board of trus?
tees: Provided, That no power herein granted
to the secretary shall extend to making any
material changes, except with the concur?
rence and authority of the board of trustees.
The salaries of these officers shall be deter?
mined by the board.
SEC. 8. Whenever the board of trustees re?
port that they are organized and prepared for
action, the Governor shall execute a draft on
the State treasury for the amount of interest
due on ihe fund Invested under the provisions
oftheactof Congress, and which shall all be
under their entire and exclusive control, as
likewise shall all Interest afterwards accruing
from said fund. They shall also have full con?
trol of all moneys donated, appropriations,
lands or property whatsoever, coming Into
the possession of this corporation.
SEC. 9. The secretary shall reside on the
grounds of the institution, and besides exer?
cising a general supervision over all the prop
ty under bis care, shall keep a complete sys?
tem of records. He shall open correspondence
with societies for the promotion of agriculture,
and make use of such means to elicit Informa?
tion upon all Industrial topics as shall be con?
ducive to the material welfare of the college
He shall seek to obtain such contributions for
the museums and library of said college, as
shall benefit the Interest of agriculture and
other industrial aria and science. He ehall
also keep a correct account of all the proceed?
ings of tbe board, and an accurate account of
all the moneys received In the treasury, as
well as those paid out. The secretary shall
report to the Legislature at every regular ses
slou, which shall embrace all such statements,
accounts, statistics, essays, and other informa?
tion relative t.? agriculture, as may be valua?
ble, and also the proceedings of the board of
trustees of said college, to be approved by
said board. -
SEC. 10. The board of trustees shall procure
a site for an experimental farm, of such size
as they may deem necessary, to be located as
near as practicable to tbe present location ol
the Ciaflln University, so as to combine, as
much as possible, practical training with
theoretical Instruction In the science and art
of agriculture. To carry out the foregoing
provision, the board are authorized to expend
a sum not to exceed one-tenth of the amount
of the fund to which this State ls entitled un?
der the act of Congress.
SEC. ll. Students shall be admitted into
said college from each county, after a compe?
titive examination among the scholars belong?
ing to the public schools in euch county, in
proportion to the number of the representa?
tion in the Legislature. The time and manner
of conducting said competitive examinations
to be regulated by the board of trustees : Pro?
vided, That no student shall be allowed to
eater the college whose qualification ls below
the standard of the class to which he shall be
assigned. Provision shall, also, be made for
receiving students irom any school, or other
source, whose qualification shall fit them for
entering the classes to which admission is
sought. Special students who wish to pursue
any. particular branch, but who do not desire
any degree, may be admitted to study under
such terms as the board shall regulate.
SEC. 12. The course of Instruction shall in?
clude the English laBguage and literature,
mathematics, civil.mechanical and military en?
gineering, agricultural chemistry, mineralogy,
animal and vegetable anatomy and physlolo
gy, veterinary art, etomology, geology, pc
cal, rural and household economy, hort!
ture, moral and natural philosophy, UBU
bookeeplng, military training and tactics,
especially the application ot science and
mechanical arts to practical agriculture in
SEC. 13. That the college shall not bec
trolled to serve sectarian br political party
terests, but shall be conducted for the proi
tlon of the general good of the State as t
vided for in this act, and the act of Coagn
of which this forms a part.
SEO. 14 For the current expenditures
said college, certain sums of money shall
set aside In the bands of the treasurer by
board of trustees, which Shall be subject to
warrants of the chairman of the board, dn
in pursuance of the orders of the boar
trustees. All Income resulting from labor
other sources, shall be paid into the treae
of the college. All moneys due to the inst
lion, or received In Its behalf, shall be coll
ed and received by the secretary, and dept
ed by bim with the treasurer of the S
board of trustees, laking his receipt there
The secretary shall, with bis annual rep
render a full and complete account of
moneys received, and all warrants drawn
the treasurer by him as secretary of the bot
and shall file and preserve all vouchers,
eel its, correspondence, and other papers
lal lng thereto.
SEC. 15. The college shall have no conn
tlon whatever, nor be Io any way controll
by a sectarian denomination.
Approved March 12,1872.
AN ACT to Incorporate the People's Savli
SECTION 1. Be lt enacted by the Senate a
House of Representatives of the State
South Carolina, now met and sitting In G<
eral Assembly, and by the authority of (
That Alva Gage, B. Thomllnson, G. I. Gt
ningham, C. H. West, B. S. Brune, S. 8. Ho
ell, B. C Pressley, J. H. Wilson, W. Uff
hardt, J. B. Betts, C. L. Burckmyer, Jo
Hanckel, John H. Devereux, W. McBumi
W. T. Leitch, B, Adger. Zimmerman Dav
Wm. A. Kelly, D. A. Amme, Henry Gerdt
Henry S. Griggs, and 0. B. Levy be, a
they are hereby, created a corporation, by t
name and title of the People's Savings Ins
ration; and that they and such others as'sh
be duly elected members of said corporatk
as in this act provided, shall be a body poll
and corporate, by the tame name and title.
? SEC. 2. Tbat the Bald corporation shall
capable of receiving on deposit, from a
person or persons disposed to obtain and c
Joy its advantages, all sums of money tt
may be offered for that purpose; and, on i
celpt of any deposit. It Bball deliver to the <
posltor a book In which shall be entered
sums deposited. - ''?
SEO. 3. That all deposits of money recelv
by the said corporation may be Invested
any public stock or bonds, created Hy vlrt
of any law of this State, or any ordinance
the City of Charleston, or In the capital stoi
of any bank within thia State, or In Unit?
States bonds or stocka, or bonds or stock
any city or State In the Halted States, or
the stocks or bouds of any railroad compai
Incorporated In this or any other State, <
loaned on promissory notes, secured by pied]
Ot "BUCH BtOCE:?". at UVt immtbnu ooM?ly .ll!
per centum ct their par value, or on bonds s
cured by mortgage o? real estate, ly log at
being within the Parishes of St. Phillp at
St. Michael, in the County of Charleston; at
i the Income and profit thereof shall be applli
and divided among the perBons making tl
said deposit', or their legal representative
after making such reasonable deductions i
may be necessary for expenses, in proportlc
to the aums by them deposited, and to tl
length of lime during which such deposl
may have remained In the institution; and tl
principal of auch deposits Bball be repaid
each depositor at such times, and under sui
regulations as the said corporation shall pi
scribe, the substance of which regulatloi
shall be printed in the book o? deposit recel vt
by each depositor : Provided, That the corp
rators In tho said corporation shall be liable
the amount of their respective abare or shar
ot Btock In said banking Institution for all I
debts and liabilities upon note, bill or olhe
wise; and provided further, that no direct?
or other officer of said corporation shall bo
row any money from said corporation ; as
If any director, or other officer, shall be coi
vlcted, upon Indictment, of directly or ind
redly violating ibis section, they shall be put
Isbed by fine or imprisonment, at the diecn
tlon of the court.
SEC. 4. That the said corporation shall ba*
power to elect new members by ballot, a
their semi-annual meetings In January an
July, each year; and any member, upon filia
a written notice with the president thereoi
three months prior, may, at any such meetln?
of said corporation, withdraw and forevei dit
solve bis connection with the same.
SEC. 5. That the said corporation may hav
a common seal, which ihey may change am
renew at pleasure; and that all deeds, convey
anees, and grants, covenants and agreement
made by their treasurer, or any other person
by their authority and direction, according t<
their rules, shall be good and valid; and th?
corporation shall, at all times, have power t<
sue and be sued, and may defend, and shall b<
held to answer by the name and title afore
Bald; and may acquire, take, hold, and con ve;
Buch real estate as maybe deemed desirabli
for its place of business, or necessary for 1
to purchase In foreclosing or settling suet
mortgages as it may hold an security for loans
SEC. 6. That the said corporation shal
hereafter meet at Charleston, some time li
the month of January, annually, and as mucl
oftener as they may deem expedient; and an;
seven members of the said corporation, th
president, vice-president, secretary or treasur
er being one, shall be a quorum; and the sale
corporation, at their annual meetings In Janu
ary, shall have power to elect a president
vice-president, secretary and treasurer, anc
twenty trustees, all of which said officers shal
be sworn to the faithiul performance of theil
duties, and shall hold their offices and man?
age and direct the affairs of the said corpora?
tion until their successors shall be duly elected
SEC. 7. That the said corporation are here?
by vested with the power of making by-laws
and regulations lor the more orderly manag.
lng the business of the corporation: Provided,
The same are not repugnant to the constitu?
tion and laws of this State.
SEC. 8. That any two persons herein named
may call the first meeting of the corporation,
by advertising lt in any two of the daily pa
pera published in the City ot Charleston .*
SEC. 9. That the treasurer of said corpora?
tion shall give bond to the satisfaction of thc
trustees for the faithful discbarge of the duties
ol blB office.
SEC. 10. That the treasurer of said corpora
tion shall, as soon as may be, after the annus!
meeting in January, publish In one or more of
the dally papers of the City of Charleatop a
statement of the concerns of the said corpora?
tion, which statement shall specify the fol?
lowing particulars, namely: Number of de?
positors, total amount of deposits, amount
invested in bank stock, amount Invested in
State or ciLy stock, amount Invested lb United
States bonds or stock, amount Invested IA rail?
road stocks or bonds, loans on mortgages .of
real estate, loans on notes secured by pledge of
stock, amount of cash on band, total dividende
for the year, annual expenses of the corpora?
tion ; all of which shall be certified and sworn
to or affirmed by the treasurer; and five, or
more of the trustees ol said corporation snail 3
aleo certify that the same Is correct, according
to the best of their knowledge and belief.
8EC. li. That thia act shall be deemed s
publlo act, and shall continue In force until
repealed. i - -
Approved March 13, 1872.
AN ACT for the Protection of Buoys and Bea- j
SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and f
House of Representatives of the State of 1
Booth Carolina, now met and sitting. In Gene- J
ral Assembly, and by the authority.-of. tbe . 1
same: - '*'. '.' |
A Dy person or persons who ehall move any m
vessel, scow, boat or raft,'- to any buoy, or bea?
con, or floating guide, placed by the United i
States lighthouse Board, in the navigable I
waters of thlrState, br who shall in any man- -]
ner make fast thereto any vessel, boat, scow
j or raft; and any person or persons who anal
wilfully' destroy, Injure or -remove any such 1
'beacon or guide, shall forfeit "and pay-a sum
not exceeding one hundred dollars, or be Im?
prisoned In the common Jail not exceeding jjj
three months. ''.
Sic. 3. Said forfeitures maybe recovered by j
an action of tort, complaint or indictment, be- 1
fore any court competent to try tbe same; }
one-half accruing to the Informer or com?
plainant, and the other half to the county In
which the trial shall be had. . ., -jj
Approved Mareil 13, 1873.
AN ACT to Amend an Act entitled "An Act to
Provide for the Construction and Bepalra of
Public Highways." . - |
SECTION 1. Be lt enacted by the Senate and
House of Representatives of the State . Of
Booth Carolina, now met and sitting in Gen?
eral Assembly, and by the authority ol the
That section 3 of said act be so amended as
to read: "That the bridges be repaired ander |
the supervision of the county commissioners,
and that the expense of the same be reid out
of any moneys in the county treasury not 3
otherwise appropriated; and that all tbe work
on said bridges given ont by the county com?
missioners, when the amount shall exceed the
sum of one hundred dollars, shall be done by
contract; and the commissioners are hereby
required to advertise the same In at leastone-^
of the papers of the county; that said propoeal
?hall, la all cases, be accompanied by two or
more sufficient securities; and the county
commissioners shall have the right to reject
any or all bids, if. In their judgment, the Lu -
teres t of the county so require."
SEO. 2. That the sections of said act re?
lating to the appointment and duties of high?
way surveyors, be so amended as to abolish
tho office of highway survayot, and to ?onfer
the duties of the same npon the county com?
missioners. Provided, That if the county
commissioners-of any county In this State fall
to comply with the' provisions of this section,
they shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor,
and, upon conviction thereof, shall be subject
to a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars
each, and to an Imprisonment not exceeding t
six months, or either or both, at the discretion
of the Court of General Sessions of their re?
spective counties. Provided, lurther, That ali
taxes levied for the repair of highways and .
bridges in each county shall be collected and
paid, at the same time as the general taxes,
to the county treasurers.
SEO. 3. All acts or parts of acts inconsistent
with this act are hereby repealed.
Approved March 13, 1873.
AN ACT to Incorporate the Deutscher Bruder
lie herbu nd of the City of Charleston.
SECTION l. Be lt enacted by the Senate and
House of Representatives of the State or Sooth
Carolina, now met and sitting In General As?
sembly, and by the authority of the same:
That D. Werner, J. H. Linsebrink, J. C. H.
Claussen, A. Nimitz, J. H. Heesemann and
C. G. Ducker, and their associates and succes?
sors, be, and they are hereby, created a body
politic and corporate, under the name and
style of the ''Deutscher Br?derlicher Bund," .
of the City of Charleston.
SEC. 2. That the said corporation hereby
established shall have succession ot officers
and members, according to its by-laws, and
shall have power to make by-laws, not repug?
nant to the laws of the land, and to have, use
and keep a common seal, and the same to
alter at will, to sue and be BU ed in any court
in this State, and to have and enjoy every
right, power and privilege Incident to such
corporation; and it ls hereby empowered to
take, hold, re?alo, possess and enjoy all such
property, real and personal, as may be given,
bequeathed or devised to it, or may be ac?
quired by purchase, or in any'other manner,
by said corporation.
SEC. 3. That the said corporation may, from
time to time, invest their funds, moneys, at
sets and all other property which lt may ac?
quire, in such real or personal property,
stocks, public or private, notes, bills, honda,
with or without security by mortgage of real -
or personal property, or by surety, lnjnxeh
sums, and on such terms and conditions, shit
may deem proper. And it shall, and maybe,
lawful for said corporation, from time to time,
and at all times, to sell, convey, mortgage, as?
sign or transfer, any or all of its property, real
and personal, as, and when, lt may deem pro?
per and expedient, and to make and execute
bonds, under the corporate seal, with or with?
out mortgage, for the purchase of real or per?
SEC. i. That the members of said society
hereby incorporated shall be, individually,
liable for the debts of said corporation, each
member to the extent of one year's annual
arrears which the eaid member may owe to
the corporation, according to Its by-laws, In
the year In which he may be sned for said
corporation debt; but such liability shall not
attach until the corporation shall have been
sued, and nulla bona returned on execution la
SEC. 5. That this act shall be taken and
deemed a public act, and may be given Ii
evidence, without being specially pleaded.
Approved March 9, 1872.
-The latesr fashion at weddings ia for a
gentleman to present ali daughter with a
check for a large amount, which Is displayed
with the otber presents, but taken back by the
Indulgent pert at the close of the r?ception.