Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1883.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 18, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS A
THE STATE CAPITAL
EFFECT OF THE DISAPPEARANCE OF
OUR SHADY SOLONS.
Scenes Around the Statehouse-Cathina;
Pay Certificates-The Crains OJ" the
Lobbyists--"Hones* John" la Rhyme
The Hegira of the Blade Lawgivers,
[FROM OUR OWN C0BBK8P0NDRNT.]
/ COLUMBIA, 8. C., March 25.
Although there has been a steady increase
in trade and general prosperity In this city,
which even the disturbing political dema?
gogues who are endeavoring to disorganize
labor and communities in the counties above,
though retarding, have failed to defeat, there
seems to exist a kind of lethargy, made more
apparent because of the livelier scenes during
the winter past.
Tue legislative halls, whose walls hare for
so long a time withstood the roaring of the
redundant Whlltemore, echoed the piercing
shrieks of the voluble Bya?. and whispered
tiwi "penny wise and pound lo eli sh" simper
in gs of the Mobley, are now closed, and no
longer afford a menageries ardna wherein
curiosity-seekers from North, East and West
found something new under the sun-the rara
avis born of reconstruction, the conception of
which, however, ls left for onr friend Dar?
win-something never before witnessed on
this broad globe, and something that the tax?
payers of South Carolina mort devoutly pray
may never be witnessed again.
They are gone. I mean the performers in
the menagerie, and not the walls; the latter
remain, besmeared with tobacco juice masti
- cated from the native twist of the mountains
and the more fastidious ping of the seaboard,
a kind of monument to degeneration which
tells full well "whose been here' since Ive
been gone." Shades of McDuffle and Cal?
houn I How have we fallen.
Members of the defunct Legislature could
' be seen for several days dodging mysteriously
in and out of places frequented by "money
changers," and the appearances ot counte?
nances furnished a very correct index to the
amount ct success met with. Some few were |
able to go home with their certificates In their |
pockets; others were not, and reduced to ex?
tremities, board bills and "supper" charges
staring them In the face, tbey sold for what
they could get. These certificates gradually
went down, until no offers at forty cents on
the dollar could be had.
A certain county official of Richland, whose
business lt is to sometimes lock up people,
-did a thriving business, and bas locked UD
several thousands of his dollars in this class ,
of speculating securities. Frequent trips of
the little basket boggy In the direction of the
State treasury were not calculated to strength?
en the confidence of holders lo any monopoly,
buva somewhat fierce reconnolssance of the
whole situation developed the fact that there
were not nickels enough in that mysterious
institution to make a jingle; besides the head
centre, probably frightened by the working of
an uneasy and uncertain conscience, and mys?
terious- hints at his personal welfare, had, In
.J hw <!: characteristic vibrations, pendulummed
'himself with an unusually sudden jerk into
the St. Nicholas Hotel, in New York City,
where lt ls stated he may be anxiously walt?
ing the "death of another aunt."
There bave been some strange doings. In
several Instances the attaches have been un
? able to find their certificates, and were wan?
dering and wondering about the streets pen?
niless, uni ll, in reply to their Inquiries, they
were convinced that they had better Inquire
of their delegation at nome. There was a |
rumor a'so that in the famous Blue Ridge
BallrdW Bing the masler had held on too
tightly lo'the lion's share of the spoils; cer?
tain lt ls that a certain senator generally con?
ceded to have been the "wheel horse" In that
arrangement did not stand upon the order ol |
his going after the General Assembly adjourn?
ed, but went at once.
The lobbyist have counted up their gains
no. small count according to rumor. They
were hard workers, had a good field, and, If |
all accounts are correct, the laborer has re?
ceived the hire he was worthy of. Sundry pc- J
lltlcal speculations founded on the refults,
financially, are already afloat, one rumor
being to the effect that "Honest John" may
try bis luck Congressionally In the Fourth Di s
trlct. Money IP powerful, and, In these days,
li lt should be used to such purpose by any
one, lt would not be unreasonable to doubt a j
By the way, speaking of lobbyists, there
was a few days since a little squib in rhyme,
that hit some one connected with the ring
rather severely, floating around here. Colum?
bia has lu her day produced a poet or two of
renown; they evidently did not compose the
following, as they lived In more virtuous
Limes; and although the rhyme ls a little
bungling, noone familiar with some of the
facts, as they would show upon the turface
-occasionally during the past session, can find
j much fault .with the verse. Here lt is:
. In modern times there never has dwelt
A lobbyist, sure, of more bon ton.
Where any device, that conld be sme'.r,
Could out smell nm, '-Our Honest John."
Of good address for prevailing lils,
Faml'Ur with the secret way,
.Honest John was best on railroad bills
and Buch like schemes i hat always pay.
A road or two to conssll<iate.
By sundry wily, well laid schemes;
And the L glslatnre of a State
- Always with him waa the best of means.
When one scheme failed he had another, .
Without the credit, but "C. 0. D.;?
.Conscience then be was sure to smother
By the little arrangement or "You see we."
With croppy hair and bltth? or form
And wa lt-t fat, all doubts to Billi.
This railroad man, "Onr Honest John,"
Conld always pass a railroad bill.
Whenever on paper you write yonr name
Mind who is atandlog around yon,
Or perhaps aome day tne little game
Will very securely impound you.
Well, they all now rest from their labors.
The Honorable the Representative Pompey
Snipes has succeeded In getting his certifi?
cate shaved, and once more holds the rudder
ot' bis canoe among the protruding oyster beds
Of Combabee and Salkehaichle. The Honora?
ble the Senator Abraham Sharp3hlns has rat?
ified his contract lor driving the birds from
the rice fields of Waccamaw and Brookgreen,
using bis leglstatjve knowledge to good ad?
vantage io a due regard for the '"acting claw"
of the act that prohibits him from receiving
pay for said services In anything but currency.
The Honorable October Someagnse betakes
himself to the mountain counti9f io engineer
the charges against honest farmers, who are
fortunate enough to bave a little laud lett
after paying taxes, so that the warrant-servers
may make sure of their man when the politi?
cal gods shall call for bim. The army of
porters, call-boys, clerks, and even poor old
Grant, the stoker in the office of the genial
clerk of the Senate, and the most honest of
them all, have vanished, like a dark cloud be?
fore the pleasant breezes of the dawning sum?
mer morning. The "maumas" who kept the
peanut stands that supplied the law-mak?
ers with the means of accompanying
the long debates with the rattling music of the
cracking Bhells, combine with their sisters of
sundry boarding-houses in averring that the
Legislature had some dishonest members In
it, Lil tie mils of besmeared but carefully
kept "L 0. U.'s" are ihe only offerings many
of them bave tor the constable when ne shall
come for their cow to pay the bills contracted
for fish, flesh and food, that bas tickled ihe
pa'ates of the loud-mouthed majority during
the session. Even the venerable Dennis, not
the upholsterer, but him from the Green Isle,
?who, through the changing scenes of thirty
six years, has been a watchful vigil in the
Statehouse, asserts that "Bedad they're gone;
Its lucky, fur they'd stay as long as Iver a
dhrap In the threasury or a booket uv coal In
- This ls a description of a little of what Co?
lumbia has lo-t during the past week, and yet
"she's not sad." SALUDA,
THE IRON HEEL IN SPARTANMURG.
Wholesale Arrests of Farmers-Fears
of a Total Fallare of the Crop?-Acei
dental Drowning-Destructive Fire at
[SPECIAL TKLEGEAil TO THE NEWA]
COLUMBIA, March 27.
A large number of arrests have, been made
in Spartan burg within the past few days for
alleged violations, of the enforcement, act.
Four out of five of the persons arrested are
farmers, who are thus taken away from their
worst at the most critical part of the season.
Other citizens are fleeing from the county to
escape arrest, and Republicans and Democrats
are alike praying for a postponement ot the
arrests in order to prevent the frightful suffer?
ings that would result from the failure of the
Lewis Edwards, a respectable farmer of
Abbeville, was drowned while intoxicated.
His ir i end 5 are no<- dragging for the body.
Tbls makes three lives lost from this cause
within three weeks.
The large Baw mills at Summit Station, on
the Charlotte, Columbia and Augusta Railroad,
were burned this morning, with the engines,
machinery, and many thousand feet of lumber.
TEE COLORED VOTE AND PRESIDENT
A Card from Senator Gaillard.
. CHARLESTON, March 27, 1872.
Tb the Editor of the Republican:
In looking over your issue - of the 26th In
staut, I see in what appears to be auditorial
an assertion which ought not to go to the
country unrebuked and denied.
I believe a newspaper which claims to be
the exponent of the views and Interests of a
person or party, ought to be truthfully In?
formed as to its wish and will, so as not to
send anything abroad except that which is
strictly true; and the promulgations are these.
In speaking of Lleutenant-Governor Ransleys
letter, you say ..That Mr. Rangier ls an Influ?
ential member of the electoral delegation
from this State, and that this delegation acts
under Instructions not to vote lor Grant as
the nominee il he refuses to yield to certain
political demands necessary to party rule in
this State," Ac.
Now, I most emphatically deny that the
delegation has any such instructions. The
only place they could get Instructions was In
the convention, and I am sure they did not
get them there, for not a man who was elected
dared to breathe in the convention that be
was hostile to Grant, for if he had he or they
would not have been elected.
The Republicans of South Carolina have no
just cause nor grounds lor complaint against
President Grant. Let us consider this one
fact if nothing more. By his rigid enforce?
ment of the enforcement act the Republicans
of this State are enabled to repose in quiet?
ness on their couches at night; and for that
blessing, lt nothing more, he ought to have
our heartfelt gratitude. We should demon?
strate the same by our earnest support, and
when I speak thus, I speak the sentiment of
the masses ot the Republicans.
I am well aware there is some opposition to
President Grant, but lt is limited to a very
few, and they are actuated by personal mo?
tives. I know all about it.
There ure some men who want to control
I everything In this State, and out of lt, too,
and any man who refuses to yield to their dic?
tations ls an enemy to Republicanism, and
must be got rid off.
Now, slr, I do deprecate this low, contempt?
ible kind of political warfare, this shooting
at a man through a crack, or "biasUying" him
over the shoulder of another.
I waa rejoiced ia the reissuing of a dally
Republican paper la our city. I thought that
we would have a good conciliating paper, but
lt seems to be only a spleen-bag for a few who
would be leaders and dictators. The oppo?
sition is confined chiefly to the Second Con?
gressional District. I do not Include Mr. Ran
sler, for I endorse every word be said io his
letter, and I believe, In conclusion, he uttered
the sentiments of the Republicans of this
State. Yours, Ac, in peace,
S. E. GAILLLARD.
A COURT HELD BT MISTAKE.
The Circuit Court for York County com?
menced Its sittings last Tuesday, Judge
Thomas presiding. The grand Jury reported
only two true bills, one against John Shaw and
Robert McCorkle, charged with assault and
battery with Intent to kill; and the other
against Lawrence Withers and Andrew
Bridges, charged with larceny. The grand
jury was discharged on Tuesday evening. The
only case taken up was that of the State
against Thomas Spencer and W. P. Roddy,
charged with the felonious taking and carry?
ing away nine bales ot cotton, the property ot
W. B. Daniels, In January, 1871. The bill of
Indictment laid the offence In two counts, one
for grand larceny the other for breach of trust.
S. P. Hamilton. Esq., appeared for the pros?
ecution. Colonel W. B. Wilson for the defence.
The jury rendered a verdict of not guilty,
and the prisoners were discharged from cus?
tody. After the trial ot this case the court
adjourned until the flrst Monday ia July next.
This sudden and most unexpected termination
of the session was occasioned by the discovery
of a very recent act of Assembly, changing
the time for holding court. Hereafter the
Circuit Court of York County will be held on
the flrst Monday in March, July and Novem?
ber. The term Just ended was illegal, and Its
proceedings are null and void.
RICHMOND, YA., March 27.
The Legislature having adjourned sine die
without passing the tax bill, the Governor has
called an extra session.
ALBANY, N. Y., March 27.
All three of the schemes proposed to effect
rapid transit io New York City-the Depressed
Railroad, the Underground Railroad and the
Elevated Railroad bills-were reported ad?
versely by the Senate railroad committee this
moralng. _ _ _
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
-The British frigate Royal Alfred arrived at
-The New York Produce Exchange will be
closed on Good Friday.
-Michael Hayes, charged with the murder
of O'Donnell fifteen years ago, was yesterday
committed for trial in New York. *
-The flrst session of a Federal court held in
Brownsville, Texas, for several years, has Just
-Mary Rose Gonthreaux, Superior Vicar of
the Order ot the Sacred Heart, died In Chicago
yesterday, at the age of forty-seven.
-Pending the action of Congress regarding
the tariff on coffee, trade In New York has
been stagnant. The bonded warehouses are
filled, and there has been a decrease in the
withdrawals this year of eight million pounds.
-The coal miners ot Shenango. Mahoning
and Tuscarora Valleys_e served a notice
of their Intention to strike for an advance of
twenty-five cents per ton after the 1st ol
THE ESOLISH UNIVERSITY BOAT RACE.-One
of the most important events in English aqua?
tic circles, uthe University Boat Race," took
place Saturday morning on the Thames, the
winning crew being Cambridge. Great ex?
citement bas existed during the past few days
on account of rumors that the Oxford crew
contemplated making what ls called a "draw"
of the affair, on account of the indlsposiiion
of one of their number, bpt that apprehension
was unfounded. Both crews have been in
active training for the past six weeks. Their
aggregate weight was-Oxford 14524 pounds;
Cambridge 1425 pounds, consisting of nine
men each. The first race between these two
university clubs was In 1829, which was won
by Oxford. Since that" time they have had
twenty-eight regular contests; Oxford wlnulug
Alteen and Cambridge thirteen.
TOPICS HY THE STATE.
A BIRD'S-EYE VIEW OF CHER AW.
The Condition or the Town-Old Land?
Marka-The Monument to the Con rede
rate Dead-Oar Flrat Narrow Gange
[FROM OUR- TRAVELLING CORRESPONDENT.]
CUERAW, March 25.
Cheraw ls much more city-like than most
of the small towns in South Carolina.
Its streets are wide and straight, Intersect
each other at right angles, and present to the
view comparatively compact rows of houses.
It contains many fine and commodious resi?
dences; one ol the most noteworthy of these
ls the mansion of the late Colonel Allan Mac
farlan. The business portion of Cheraw suf?
fered severely during the war. Front street,
the location of most of the stores, was entirely
laid in ashes by Sherman's army. Since (hen
it has been built up; a portion of lt again
burnt and again rebuilt. The present stores
are, however, said to be not as good as the
flrst destroyed; they are chiefly wooden build?
ings, one story high. A large town ball and a
market house are among the principal build?
ings. The Episcopal Church here ls probably
one of the oldest wooden buildings upon this
Continent, having been built some time
previous to the Revolution of 1775: lt is in a
state of excellent preservation, while at
Cheraw, Lord Rawdon quartered his troops In
this building; the graves of a number ol his
soldiers are still to be Been ia the cemetery at?
Considerable education and refinement is to
be lound here at present, and previous to the
war this was one of the healthiest sections of
our State. A lyceum ls one of the features of
the place, but, unfortunately, most of their
books were destroyed by the same ruthless
bands that converted a beautiful street Into
an ashy waste. It ls rumored that the Rev.
James W. Mile?, of Charleston, bas consented
1 to deliver a lecture bet?re this body In a short
time. The Ladles' Memorial Association have
erected a beautiful monument In the Episcopal
Cemetery to the memory o? the Confederate
dead. It ls a shalt of snow-white marble, four
sided, tapering upwards, ibout eight feet tall,
and covered by a four-sided capital, represent?
ing the front of a gently sloping roof upon a
block ot brown granite four feet square bv
two feet deep. On one side of the shaft is
embossed a lyre, surrounded by the following
inscription: "Erected by the Ladies' Memo?
rial Association to the memory of our heroic
dead, who fell at Cheraw during the war of
1861-65; DEO VLNDICE;" on the next an up?
rooted oak with, "Fallen but not dead. They
have crossed over the river, and they rest in
the shade of the trees." The third side of the
shaft presents the stanza:
"Stranger, bold champions
Or the south revere,
And view these tombs with love-'
Brave heroes slumber here."
On the fourth and last side ls an anchor
with a broken cable, above which is the verse.
"Love and Honored, though Unknown;" and
beneath, in large capitals, the single word,
Cheraw was at one time one of the most Im
Sortant Inland cotton markets In the South,
o long ago as lorty or fifty years lt received
thirty-two thousand bales of cotton annually.
Since the war, however, the receipts of this
article have greatly fallen off-so mach BO that
ibis year not one-third of the above number of
bales have been received. A tannery and a
shoe factory constitute one of the peculiari?
ties of the place. The leather turned out is of
excellent Quality, and the shoes made at the
factory will not compare unfavorably with
Northern goods of the same class. The tanne?
ry and factory are owned by Mr. F. Lynch, a
The Cheraw and Salisbury Railroad, from
this point to Salisbury, North Carolina, ls
being pushed vigorously towards completion.
The grading bas been finished to within three
miles of Wadesboro', North Carolina, twenty
ty-four miles distant. The company expect to
bare thia. pottlon.o? vhe. read complexed ?ad in
operation by the flrst of September next. The
track will be three feet gauge, making the
first narrow gauge railroad in South Carolina.
The principal business men of this place are:
W. L. Ried A Co., J. T. McNalr, H. D. Malloy,
C. A. Brock A Brother, P. H. Brock, D. Math?
eson, Ellerbe A Duval, A. 0. Bright, J. H.
Medlin, W. J. L. Reid & Sons, and H. Farrelly.
In assorted goods: and Dr. W. B. Smith and
Dr. McLain In the drug line. SPRITE.
MAD ABOUT FERTILIZERS.
The Fertilizer Fever In Greenville
Proapects of the Crop-A Heavy Risk
Political Affaira-The Infamona Blue
Ridge Slit-Ia There no Remedy T
(FROM ona OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
GREENVILLE, March 23.
Snow ! snow ! snow ! This ls the tenth
snow. All around ls Arctic. It fell yesterday
all day. There was no wind. It is six inches
deep. It is a great fertilizer, and no doubt
will benefit the soil, but lt sadly interrupts the
farmer's work, which Is now at least a whole
month behind, and it will check very much
the swelling buds, and vegetation generally.
Provender for cattle ls very scarce and dear,
and this year lt has taken twice as much to
keep them as last year. We have not had ten
days of bright sunshine since Christmas.
The people here are not, however, discour?
aged. The preparations for farming are ex?
traordinary. They are mad about fertilizers.
About 700 tons have already been sold In this
city, and probably 1000 tons will be, which, at
$50 per ton, would be $50,000. This ls princi?
pally, however, on credit, perhaps three
fourths. If the season ls favorable they will
pay well, but If not, it will Involve the farmers
in heavy debt and Injure them much. The
fertilizers are invaluable and generally pay a
handsome per cent., but not always. I hear
from the Peedee country
"That in long and short,
In roumi and square,
It ls fertilizers, fern lizers,
This Is now the great hope of the farmer.
The fires in our community have ceased
since two arrests have been made. It Is sup?
posed we have the real offenders. People
hero of all parties are dissatisfied with the
last Legislature and the present state of
things. The Blue Ridge Railroad bill Is rank
with corruption; it smells to Heaven. It ia re?
garded as intolerable; the worst thing the
Legislature ever done; the most wanton and
uncalled for. If there be any proper remedy
the people are prepared to apply it. If it has
a friend up here I never heard of him. It is
execrable. Can nothing be done ?
JOTHXQ8 ABOUT THE STATE. .
-The town elections In Mullins, last Satur?
day, resulted In the election of Dr. R. Yampi],
Intendant, and Stephen Smlih, A. E. Gilchrist,
James Norton and D. W. Ketchum wardens.
-The citizens of Mullins, says the Marlon
Star, proposes soon to erect a handsome acad?
emy with a Masonic lodge In the second story;
also f large and comfortable union church at
which all denominations can worship. The
Wilmington, Columbia and Augusta Railroad
Company will build a suitable warehouse by
the time spring trade opens.
-The Governor has appointed Dr. John
Lunney auditor of Darlington County, vice J.
8. Fillebrown: and P. R. Rivers, of ?dgefleld
County, and G. M. Mattison and J. S. Bonchil
lou, ol' Abbeville County, notaries public.
-The Columbia Unidta learns that a number
of pickpockets have departed from the North?
ern cities in a Southern direction, and ex?
presses the apprehension that some of them
may turn up lo Columbia. Dou't be alarmed.
No shrewd thief would ever expect any pick?
ings in a place that the South Carolina Legis?
lature had just visited.
BROOKLYN. March 27.
The Plerrepont House, on the corner of
Montague and Hicks streets, caught fire this
morning and is still burning. The hotel is
seven stories high, and contained a large
number of persons, all of whom are believed
to have escaped.
MONTREAL, March 27.
Garth's metal works were damaged by Are
to-day to the extent of twenty thousand dol?
FROM TOE FEDERAL CAPITA&
A Long Debate on the Tarin"-No Hopea
of Free Tes and Coffee-Sumner and
Pinchbeck Fraternizing- The Septen
Rite Masons. ' ~?
WASHINGTON', March 27.
Ia the Senate to-day the bill for the relief of
purchasers of real estate from the government
at Harper's Ferry was passed. It postpones the
enforcement of the collection of the purchase
money -three years. The House amendment
to the St. Croix Railroad bill was deleated by
a vote of sixteen to thirty. The tariff bill was
taken up and the proposal to admit salt free of
duty was discussed at great length, but with?
out Anal action. The* tone of this discussion
discourages the hope of free tea and coffee.
In the House the conference report for print?
ing proceedings was adopted. The discussion
of the bill designating the site for the Balti?
more and Potomac depot was resumed, and
the House voted thirteen times, but without
any definite action.
Archer succeeds Vorhees on the naval in?
The House, yesterday afternoon, adopted
the following : '-Resolved, That from the ?vi?
dence taken thus far, before the committee on
banking and currency, in regard to the fail?
ures ol national banks, lt is me judgment of
the committee that the ?uccesafal manage?
ment of the currency bureau requires a
change In the officer at the bead of that
Sumner and Pinchbeck were closeted to?
gether for a long time this morning, and
Pinchbeck dined with Sumner.
Sumner yesterday protested against the
right of ihe arms committee to examine him,
and the committee this morning Issued a per?
emptory 'summons to compel his attendance
as a witness. Some carious complications, ap?
peared inevitable, but this morning Sumner
appeared before the committee anti gave bis
testimony, but under a renewal of his'protest
The Supreme Council of Scotch Rite Masons
will probably meet in Louisville May lGtn, and
not In San Francisco, as previously announced.
Albert Pike will preside.
THE OLD WORLD'S NEWS.
LONDON*, March 27.
The steamship Nestorlan which left Liver?
pool yesterday for Norfolk, Ya., and Balti?
more, took out one hundred and fifty colonists
who intend settling In Nebraska. . "
The Tichborne claimant, who ls now in pris?
on awalilng trial on a charge ol peijurj. has
published a card appealing to the public for
subscriptions to aid bim in making his de
Slr Charles Dilke ls In the city.
France bas given notice of the abrogation of
the commercial treaty with Belgium.
MADRID, March 27.
Indications of disorder are Increasing as the
election approaches. Disturbances have oc?
curred at Grenada.
PARIS, March 27.
Marshal Bazaine has received permission to
publish a pamphlet Justifying his conduct at
The council general of the Department of j
the ?eine has voted on appropriation of 18,
000,000 lrancs for the schools ol Paris.
Tne Constitutionnel again asserts that nego?
tiations are proceeding between France and
Germany looking to the speedy liberation of
the French territory Irom ihe presence of
German troops, and that the German Govern?
ment ls favorably inclined towards some ar?
rangement by which this result, may be at?
tained. Germany, says the Constitutionnel,
ls willing to order the evacuation of ihat por?
tion of France now occupied by its troops,
upon the immediate payment or 500,000,000
francs of the war indemnity, in remaining two
and a half milliards in yearly Instalments.
The report that Washburne and Remusat
bad negotiated a literary convention ls con?
THE ERIE GAMBLERS.
Wm??#m Vail of Pwlcea- Great 51 ung h ter H
Among the nulla.
NEW YORK, March 27.
The Erie excitement was renewed with
vigor ac an early hour to-day, forming, as
usual of late, the great feature of the day on
Wall street. The opening sales were al 66,
but stock suddenly broke from this point and
tumbled rapidly to 60., This was occasioned
by late telegrams from London reporting de?
cline to 5U for American certificates, and 63?
for protected certificates. In the great de?
cline here this morning, many unfortunate
bull speculators were slaughtered. After this
was over, the price rallied to G2A. but later
fell off again to 60^, finally rallying again to
62. The balance of the stock market was
stronger after the excitement consequent
upon the fall In Erle bad subsided.
A SPANISH WAR CLOUD.
JAMAICA, March 27.
The steamer Elba, which sailed lrom As
plnwall last Friday, reports that the Vlrglnlus
and the Spanish war steamer Pizarro, which
was blockading here, were preparing for bat?
tle. Both had steam up and guns in position.
The Spanish man-of-war Tornado was enter?
ing the port when the Elba left.
THE OHIO RADICALS.
COLCMBL'S, OHIO, March 27.
The Radical State Convention meets here
to-day, with Alphonzo Hart as temporary
chairman. John C. Lee was elected perma?
nent president, and made a speech in favor of
Grant's administration, which was warmly ap?
plauded. Captain A. T. Wykeoff was nomi?
nated for secretary of State on the first ballot.
THE WEATHER THIS DAT.
WASHINGTON', March 27.
Clear weather will generally prevail on
Thursday from the lower lakes to the Guli and
eastward to (he Atlantic. An area of low
barometer will probably move eastward over
ihe northwest, with diminishing pressure
throughout the Mississippi Valley, and extend?
ing eastward over the upper lake region and
the Ohio Yaller, with southerly to easterly
winds. Increased cloudiness will prevail
north and west of the Ohio Valley, with, very
probably, threatening weather. Rising tem?
perature is probable for the stations east of
the Rocky Mountains on Thursday. Danger?
ous winds are not anticipated for the Atlantic
and Gull coasts.
Yesterday's Weather Reports of the
Signal Service, V. S. A.-4.47 P. M.,
Ba.t i m jr e.
Key West, Fla.
Mein pius. Tenn.
NOTE.-The weatcer resort dated 7.47 o'clock,
mis morning, will be posted In the rooms ot the
Chamber or Commerce at io o'clock A, M., and,
together with the weather chart, may (by the
courtesy or the Oaamber) be examined by ship*
masters at any time dorms' rbe day.
ENGLISH MONASTERIES.-After a suppression
of three hundred years monastic life has re?
vived again in England, and its spread is one
of the most remarkable signs ol' the time.
Under the spirit of religions toleration the
various ancient orders of Monks, the Benedic?
tines, Dominicans, Capuchins, Augustines,
Cistercians and others have established them?
selves In various parts of England, and have
evinced the ancient aptitude pt the Roman
? Church for securing choice localities.
LAWS OF THE STATE.
ACTS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
Published by Authority.
? .. -- i
Ay ACT to Seduce all Aols and Parts of Acts
to Determine and Perpetuate tbe Home?
stead, into one Act, and1 to Amend the
SECTION- 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and
House of Representatives of the State of South
Carolina, now met and sitting in General As?
sembly, and by the authority of the same :
That whenever the real estate of any head
of a family resident in thia State shall be levied
upon by virtue of any meena or final process
Issued from any court upon any Judgment ob?
tained upon any right of action, whether aris?
ing previous or subsequent tc- the ratification
of the Constitution ot the State of South Caro
lina, If the same be .the family homestead of
such person, the sheriff or other officer .exe?
cuting said process shall cause, a homestead,
such as said person may select, not to exceed
the value of one thousand dollars, to be set off
to said person in the manner following, to'
wit: He shall cause three appraisers lo be
appointed, one to be named by the credi?
tor, one by the debtor, and one by him?
self, who shall be discreet and disinter?
ested men, to be ?elected from a differ?
ent neighborhood, and In no wise related to
either party, resident in the county, and who
shall be Bworn by a trial Justice, or a Justice of
the peace, to impartially appraise and set off,
by metes and bounds, ^homestead of thees-'
tate of the debtor, such, as he or she may se?
lect, not to exceed the value of one thousand
dollars; and the said appraisers shall proce d
accordingly to set out me homestead, and the
set-off and assignment so made by the ap?
praisers shall be returned by the officer, along
with said process, for record In court; and if
no complaint shall be made by either party
within thirty days thereafter, no further pro
, ceedings shall be bad against the -homestead,
but the residue ol the lands and tenements of
the head of the family, if any more or other
he shall have, shall be liable to attachment,
levy and sale. Provided, That upon good
cause shown within thirty days after assign?
ment of the homestead, the court out of which
the process Issued may order a re-appraise?
ment or re-assignment ol the homestead, by
other appraisers appointed by the court: And
provided further, That should the creditors or
debtor neglect or refuse, after due notice
from the officer executing the process, to
nominate an appraiser, then said officer shall
appoint the same.
SEC. 2. Whenever the personal property
ot the head of any family residing In this
State, whether the said person owns a home?
stead of real estate or not, ls taken or at?
tached by virtue of any mesne or final process
Issued from any court, and said person shall
claim the property or any part thereof as ex?
empt from attachment and eale on acoout?f
the same being the annual product of his or
her homestead, or as subject to exemption
under the constitution, and the creditor and
debtor do not agree about the same, the offi?
cer executing said process shall cause the
same to be ascertained, and all exempted
property set out by appraisers appointed and
sworn roi clio purpo??, as provided la the pre?
ceding section for setting out the nomeeleod.
subject to like limitations and provisions, and
the residue, If any, shall be sold for the pay?
ment of debts, which proceeding shall be
stated In the officer's return of such process.
SEC. 3. That if the homestead assigned under
section 1 of this act shall not amount in value
to one thousand dollars, then the sheriff or
other officer who shall make sale of the resi?
due of the real estate of the person claiming
the homestead, shall pay to said person, In
preference to all other claims, out of the pro?
ceeds of said sale, such a sum in money BB
will make up the.one thousand dollars.
SEC. 4, That the homestead, when assigned
as herein prescribed, shall vest in the heads
of the family In fee simple, and be freed and
discharged lrom all debts and liabilities what?
ever, so long as be or she shall remain resi?
dent In the State, and no longer.
SEC. 6. That the head or heads of any fami?
ly to whom a homestead shall have been as?
signed under thia [act, may sell and dispose of
the same, and execute good and legal titles
thereto: Provided they shall deposit the
money ar? lng from the sale thereof, in the
custody of the sheriff of the county, until they
shall purchase another homestead within the
limits of this State; the Bald sheriff to be re?
sponsible tor the money so deposited upon his
SEC. 6. That the said sheriff shall not pay
out the money so deposited except to the per?
son from whom the head or heads of the fa mi.
ly may purchase another homestead, as here?
inbefore prescribed, or BO much thereof as will
pay for the same. The residue of the money
deposited, if any, shall then be paid to the
person or persons who deposited the same:
Provided that If another homestead shall not
be purchased, within the limits of this Stale,
within three months from the date of deposit,
the sherifi, or other officer, shall apply the
money so deposited to the payment of the
debts due from the depositor, lt any there be.
SEC. 7. That the exemptions contained In
the preceding sections of this act shall not ex?
tend to an attachment, levy or sale on any
mesne or final process issued to secure or en?
force the payment of taxes or obligations con?
tracted for the purchase of said homestead, or
obligations contracted for the erection of im?
provements thereon: Provided, The court or
authority issuing said process shall certify
thereon that the same ls issued for some one
or more, and no other, of sold purposes: Pro?
vided further, The yearly product of said
homestead shall be subject to attachment, levy
and sale, to aecure or enforce the payment of
obligations contracted In the production of the
same; but the court issuing the process there?
for shall certify thereon that the same is issued
for said purpose, and no other.
SEC. 8. The widow and minor children of
any deceased father or husband shall be en?
titled to the right of homestead. When a
widow or minor children are entitled to an
estate or right of homestead, the same shall
be set off, and the title executed to the par?
ties entitled by the Judge of the Probate Court,
who snail appoint three disinterested persons,
resident in the county, who, having been
duly sworn, shall proceed to appraise and set
out, by metes and bounds, such homestead,
and make return to him. If no complaint
shall be made against said appraisal and set?
ting out of the homestead, within thirty days
thereafter, by any party Interested therein,
the same shall be confirmed by the judge, and
SEC. 9. That two-thirds of the annual pro?
ducts cf agricultural laborers, mechanics, arti?
sans and tradesmen of every description,
without regard to valuation, character or con
ditton of producto or earnings, shall be <
empt ffom attachment,' levy and safe, ' exct
to enforce the payment of taxes. ' '
SEC. 10. That no sheriff, constable or ott
officer, whose duty It !s to enforce executtor
shall proceed In any other manner (han
prescribed in this act '
SEC. ll. Should any officer sell any real <
tate, or sell or remove any personal propel
of the head of any family, whether th? h?
of such family be a freeholder or not, wi tho
his or ber consent, in violation of the prov
ions of this act, or of Section 32 of Article 2
the Constitution of the State ol Sooth Caro
na, he shah be deemed guilty of malfesance
office; and, on conviction thereof, shall, f
the first o fie nee, be fined in a sum not Ie
than five hundred (500) dollars, nor mo
than one thousand (1000) dollars; and tor tl
second offence shall be dismissed from onie
and, In either case, sh?ll be liable to the pa
ties for all injuries by reason bf his wrongf
levy and sale.
Sic. 12. Appraisers appointed to set ot
the homestead, u nder this act, shall recelv
as compensation, two dollars, each, per da
and five cents a mlle for every mlle ne ce ss arl
travelled, for such services. The* trial Jostle
or Justice of the peace, who qualifies the a
praisers, shall, receive seventy-five ' cents
mile for every mlle- necessarily travelled, fe
such services. The foregoing fees shall t
paid by the officer executing the process ot
of the property of the debtor; or, in case of tb
homestead set oat to a widow or minor chili
ren, out of the estate of the deceased, by tb
executor or administrator thereof. The sheri
1B hereby authorized ito retain two and one-ha
per cent, on every one hundred dollars <J<
posited with him, as directed by this act, s
compenstion for receiving and paying out m<
neys so deposited. 1
SEC. 13. All acts or parts of acta Inconeh
tent with this act, or supplied by lt, be, an
the same are hereby, repealed.
Approved March 1&, 1872.
AK ACT to Establish wa Inferior Court for th
Trial of Criminal Cases in the County <
SECTION L Be lt enacted by the Senate an
House of Representatives of the State <
South Carolina, now met and sitting In Gei
eral Assembly, and by the authority of th
rh at there shall be established in the Cour
ty of Charleston an inferior court for the tri*
of criminal cases, to be called' the Crimim
Court of Charleston County, and which sha
be organized by the judge thereof, immed
ately aTter his election.
! SEC: 2. The derk of the Coon of Co mm o
Pleas and General Sessions, and the sheriff (
the county, shall respectively be the cler
and the sheriff of the Criminal Cou rt,-and ma
act in person or by deputy. All prosecution
shall be conducted by the attorney-general, c
the solicitor of the circuit to. which the Count
of Charleston may be attached. These officei
shall receive the same fees as are now prov
ded by law, and the judge of the Crimim
Court shall approve their bills for service
rendered in the said court, In the same mai
ner, and In like cases, as Judges of the drep
Court are now required by law.
SEO. 3. The Judge of the Criminal Con
herein provided for, shall be elected by it
General Assembly, at the present session, ai
immediately after the passage of this act, 1
shall qualify, In the same manner as the clrcu
judges, an d shall hold his office for the term i
four years, and until his successor ls electe
and qualified. He shall receive, from tl
treasury of the State, a salary of two thousan
five hundred dollars, payable in the same mai
ner as the salary of circuit judges. He sba
have power to practice as an attorney, In a
other courts except the Criminal Court.
SEC. 4. The Criminal Court shall have ei
elusive appellate Jurisdiction of all crimim
causes from the courts of trial justices fe
Charleston County, and exclusive orlgim
jurisdiction of all criminal causes less fha
capital, and not at present conferred by Ia1
upon the courts of trial Justices. In thee
cases, the same laws, fees, powers and prai
tice shall prevail In the Criminal Court as i
the Court of General Sessions, and the Jurie
shali.be drawn and empanelled in the sam
manner as ls provided by law for the Court c
General Sessions: Provided, That the gran
Juries drawn for the Court of General Session
shall also be the grand juries in the Criming
SEC. 5. The Criminal Court shall have thi
same power and jurisdiction as the Court c
General Sessions in reference to defaultini
Jurors estreating recognizances, taken in al
causes within Its jurisdiction, and pu dsn io,
for contempt, ead may Issue rules, orders am
attachments in the same manner and i? Uk
cases as the Court of General Sessions. Th
Judges of the Criminal Court shall ex-offlcl
have all the powers ot a trial justice.
SEC. 6. That the Judge of the Criminal Cour
shall have power to execute the provisions o
the habeas corpus act, and shall also exercls
jurisdiction under habeas corpus at commoi
law, in all cases arising within the County o
Charleston : Provided, That during theaessioi
of the Court of General Sessions for the salt
county, he shall exercise no common lav,
jurisdiction under habeas corpus.
SEC: 7. The Criminal Court shall be a Couri
of Record. It shall ordinarily sit in the court
room of the county courthouse, and when th?
courthouse may be occupied by the Circuil
Court, a suitable place near by shah be prov!
ded for its sittings by the county commission?
ers. In case of an epidemic disease prevailing
at the courthouse, or for any other good cause
In the discretion of the judge, be may adjourn
the court over to a future day, ur to some
other place in the county; and witnesses, Ju?
rors and all persons concerned having due
notice thereof, shall attend at such time oi
SEC. 8. The Criminal Court shall hold four
regular terms during each year, on the first
Monday of January, April, July and October,
each term to be continued so long as business
may require, ani, If necessary, to be ad?
journed, from time to time, in the discretion
of the Judge. The Judge shall also have power
to hold special sessions at any time, in his
discretion, and all processes Issued and recog?
nizances taken for the next regular term shall
be held to refer to such special term, due
notice having been given by publication in
one or more of the newspapers of the county,
at least ten dayu before the commencement of
such special session.
BEC. 9. Appeals from the Criminal Courts
shall lie to the Supreme Court In all cases
within the jurisdiction of the Criminal Court
in like manner as ls provided by law for ap?
peals from the Circuit Court.
SEC. 10. The judge of the Criminal Court
shall, Immediately after- his election, order a
special term of the court herein constituted,
to be held within ten days after the publica?
tion of such order; all cases less tr?an capital
now on the dockets of Courts of General Ses?
sions shall be transferred to the dockets ol
tue Criminal co ure at me special term pren
SE C ... LL A li acia or * parts pf ac l a i n con si e *
tent wita, this act an .-hereby repealed?;.:. w
Approved March 13, 1872. .T.? bi rf mun
?Di i ISM ?WJ --J' gi v- I..".' ;
JOINT- E ESO LOTION Authorizing the County
8 Commissioner^ of Williamsburg County to?
'tJeyyft Sjj?ql?f Tai:'. ''. .'; ' * 'w .''"?.?
?j Be lt. resolved by'the Senate and Hoos?iof
Representatlves of the State, of South' Coro?
kos, now met and silting, in General. Assem?
bly, and by authority of the same: ;'^m^g
That, In addition to the. tax heretofore
authorized to be..1 eried, the coanty cornmji
sloners of Willietntbarg County. are- hereby
authorized to levy, and cause to be collected,
a special tax bf two (2) milla on a dollar, the
same to be used exclusively for the purpose of
rebuilding the Jail in the sal? county. :~
'Approved Marou 9,1872. >., .-"rr?
- v ," ?XS j. j. j : j .3 rj ?
JOINT RESOLUTION authorizing the State Treas?
urer to pay the; Eal a ry of the late Judge
Platt to his Widow. '? ; _ ' ; '" 'L Ll
Be lt resolved by the Senate and House' of
Eep tesen tat! ves of the State Of So ut h Carolina,
now met and ?ittlng in General Assembly,
and by the authority of the same: .nalhwj
That th? State t re ai ur er be, and he ls here?
by, authorized and directed to pay io Mrs. Cor?
nelia Platt, widow of the late Zephaniah Platt,
Judge of the Second Circuit of this State, the
amount of salary,' as circuit Judge, which
would have accrued to the Judge of : the ?aid '
circuit from April iL, 1871, the date of the de?
cease of Judge Platt, to September 9, l?TL, the
date of the qualification of bis. auoc?ssorrln
office. . ? . >- ?<'?"? - '
Approved March 9,1872. '' w ;. A
JOINT RESOLUTION to Authorize the Payment
ot Commissioners and Managers of Elections
at Special Elections during the yea: eight
teen hundred and seventy-one. i
Be lt resolved by the Senate and House of
Representatives of the State of South Caro?
lina, now met and sitting in General Assem?
bly, and by t he authority of the same: i ?dl
That the State auditor ls hereby authorized
and required to-audit the accounts of Lae com?
missioners and managers of elections at special
elections held during the year eighteen , hun?
dred and ' seventy-one, in any of the .counties
of this State, and thereupon the State treasu?
rer is hereby' authorised and required to pay
the same out- of any unexpended balance of
the appropriation' made by section 4 of .the act
of March 7,1871, entitled "An act to make ap?
propriation and raise supplies for-the fiscal .
year commencing November, i, 1870," "for de?
ficiency for payment of commissioners and
managers of elections, ten thousand doll are."
Approved March 12,-1872. .
JOINT RESOLUTION- tb Authorize the Coanty
Commissioners of Abbeville County to Levy
and Collect au Additional Tax of Two Mill s
upon the Dollar..
Be lt resolved by the Senate and House of
Representatives of the State of South Carolina
now met and sitting in General Assembly and
by the authority of the same: W - . . ii
That the county commissioners of Abbeville
County be, and they are hereby, authorized
and directed to levy and collect a special lax
of two mills upon the dollar on the taxable -
property of the said cou Qty. said tax to be de*
voted exclusively to the rebuilding of the
wiiirthouselately destroyed by. fire. li*
Approved March 13, 1872. t
THE MURDER OF LORD MATO.-Captain Bra
ton, the great African traveller, In a long letter
to a leading London journal on this subject,
says: "I am unwilling to see au event no less
portentous than the murder of the British
Viceroy of India so little understood, so little
appreciated by the people of England. In my
humble opinion the loss of half a dozen pitch?
ed battles would have less shaken our pres?
tige, which In the East means Influence, not
'humbug.' I believe it to be, politically speak?
ing, the hardest blow yet struck at us; while
Its consequences are UEely to be still more in?
jurious. , From Chinese Tun-nan to Moroccan
Cape Non the report will fly that the 'Kafir'
Governor of Hindost?n has been struck down
by the Moslem knife, the Faith will glory in
the deed, and El Islam will number another
sainted memory." Captain Burton goes on to
explain, according to the faith of Islam the
assassin is believed to pass to the highest para?
dise. Perhaps it was a knowledge of this
tenet, coupled with his observation of the
temper of the East India Mohammedans, that
caueed Mr. Seward during bis late visit to
utter the remark, justified by later events, that
the next political problem which the English
would have to deal With In those possessions
Would be that ot fanatical assassination.
glotyittfl oTtfj inmigfrinp, <fi?oooi.
In order to Close Out our
We have Marked Bown our
Now is the time to Buy
FIRST GLASS GOODS
At Extremely Low Prices*
CALL ANO EXAMINE THEN.
J. H. LAWTON & CO.
.ACADEMY MUSIC BUILDING,
CORKER KIWO Alf? ?MARKET STS.