Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1883.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 18, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS A
JOHN STUART MILL
THE FOREMOST OF THE ENGLISH
THOUGHT-LEADERS OF THE DAT.
Personal and Hom? Hft-Pnrllamtn.
tary Career-Views on Land Reform,
Representative Reform, Woman Suf?
frage, Irish Rights and American
A London correspondent of tbe New York
Aithonzh as an author the name and fame
Of Mr. Mill ls wond-w!de, yet few men are lesa
per.-onally known. He was born in the year
1806, was educated privately, and early in life
entered as a clerk ID the India o.Uce, where,
In 1856, he was raised to tbe position ot ex?
aminer of Indian correspondence, formerly
occupied by his father. He retired irom the
s-rvice in 1858, when It WP? transferred to
the government, ha - log declined a seat at the
Indi in board offered bim by the present Earl
of Derby, then Lord Stanley. He was mar?
ried lu 1851 to Harriet, daughter of Thom?
as Hardy, Esq., of Brlksgate. That
tbe union was a happy one is evident to
all who have read his declaration to ber
memory of the "Essay on Liberty." No one
~who has ever read those lines to'the "Mend
-and wife" eau ever forget the touching ten?
derness with which he refers to her who
"prompted and inspired all tbat was ??est in
his writings," or can for one moment doubt
" Iiis devotion or ber Influence. The following
ls the concluding sentence Of bis tribute to
her worth: "Were I b?t capable of interpret?
ing to the world one-half the great thoughts
a^d noble feelings which are burled in her
??rave, I should be the medium of a greater
be:: edt to it than is ever likely to arise from
anything that I can write unprompted and
unnsslst? d by her all but unrivalled wisdom."
This is doubtless the secret of bis devotion to
the cause ot woman's rights, of which he is
undoubtedly the greatest champion. In every
he is. most retiring-almost shy. For many
years he has lived lo the quietude, not to say
.solitude, of Blackheath, in one o? those pleas?
ant, unpretending, suburban vii as generally
occupied by quiet but well-to-do tradesmen.
That he loved the fresh breezes and solitude of
this wide heath may be Inferred from bis zeal
to preserve these open spaces around London
lor the pleasurable enjoyment ol its teeming
population. He bas also passed a large por?
tion of each year at Avignon, in the south of
France. There can be little doubt but that he
felt the calls upon his time greater than he
cared to give, not for correspondence only,
but personal applications, some of which
were, without question. Inconsiderable, not
to say of a questionable kind. For idlers
have no conscience. As a correspondent
be is most prompt, as all can testify wno have
bad the honor and pleasure o? correspondence
with him. This quiet home on the heath he
has now given up, more, we suspec', for the
sake of greater quietude than for any other
reason. His health, not at the best very
robust, ia not good, and he is probably de
?irons to complete some still unfinished work,
cr-to tuifll some plan of his own other than
merely to superintend a reissue ot his works
It must be self-evident, even to the most
thoughtless, that the solitude of the study
alone could possibly produce euch
A WIDE RANGE OF WORKS
as those Issued irom his pen. A list of those
works would very adequately convey any
idea of the subjects which have engaged his
profound atienttoo. They cover every phase
of the wide field ot metaphysical, moral and
political philosophy. He ls now sixty-six
years of age, and the autumn tints of life be
fin to tell on bim. He ls about the medium
eight, of slender build, stoops somewhat
and slightly Umps when walking. He is very
bald, but his face is the most placid and se?
rene It Is possible to conceive. The eternal
repose of tnat face is rather Indicative of the
calmness of his Judgment than of the great
-thoughts thur, stir his mind. Utterance these
thoughts will have, but the medium is the pen.
His refusal, as a rule, to speak at any public
meeting is due to the fact, so lt ls alleged
that healwaya capefuliy prepares and writes
his speeches, and then he has to learn them
by heart-a double duty-the latter to him
the heaviest task.
he ls somewhat reticent, never talks lor talk's
aake, but he is earnest, direct and pleasing, and
never misses his mark. A beaming eye and
general laugh will oft times enliven tbe con?
versation, but he never condescends to tbe
wir. In the circles where he visits he ls much
beloved. He is ever found associating with
(he most advanced thinkers, and the leading
political and social reformers, for all those pur?
poses In support o? which he has so long writ
ten. He is Indeed the worthy son of a noble
father, and should England ever reform her
House of Peers, so as to admit within its pale
her greatest thinkers, Mr. John Stuart Mill
would by acclamation be accorded the first
place on the Hst of claimants, and no other
man would be bold enough to dispute his
Mr. Mill made his name long before lie
entered Parliament In July, 1865. Many even
of his best friends thought, and even still
think, his candidature a mistake. From the
moment he entered the House he became a
power? His speech on the reform bill was
constantly quoted all over the country, and
?orne of ita home thrusts stung his opponents
to the quick. His speech oh the cattle plague
bill completely altered the nature ot the
measure, cutting down the compensation by
one-halt, fdr which service to the public he in?
curred the deep hate of the Londoners and
agriculturalists. He raised the subject ol
woman's right to the franchise to the dignity
of a parliamentary question, and he really se?
cured a legislative footing tor the representa?
tion of minorities. His speech on capital
punishment gave offence to some people, but
an angel from heaven could scarcely please
all parties. .
A subject with which he has become spe
-clally Identified ls the "representation of mi
norillee." He Bees in the mere majority but
another form of force, and he would break
.-that force by giving lo every considerable
minorily a chinee of representation In the
councils of the nation, where lt would have
the best opportunity for making Hs spec a!
features known, and thereby. If it contained
Within Itself the seeds of life, create a majori?
ty for the future. What lie desires is the
full* st development of individual liberty con?
sistent with tue welfare of the whole; but he
also believes that the common weal must de?
pend on this fulness of liberty. This he con?
siders can be best accomplished by a system
cf personal and proportional representation;
bejace his connection with the Representative
Another public movement honored with his
name and advocacy ls woman's suffrage, of
which he ls the honorary president. Doubt?
less in this ni"vt meut ie to be traced the
gentle influence ot her of whom he said,
"'whose exalted sense of truth and right was
my strongest Incitement, and whose approba?
tion was my chiel reward." He is io truth the
apostle of "woman's rights" in England, and
has given to the movement the dignity of a
social and political status which otherwise lt
would not nave attained. And it must be ad?
mitted that the ladies who are associated with
aim in this enterprise are worthy of the great
man whom they have adopted as their leader.
There was an Incipient organization called
"The Friends or Ireland Society," beiDglormed
in 1868, for the purpose of fcrclng on legislai lon
In regard to Ireland, more especially in refer?
ence to the Und laws and the Irish State
-Church, lo this Mr. Mill took the deepest in?
terest, SB indeed he has always done in any?
thing coanected with Ireland. When in l lie
House of Commons he made two very able
speeches, one on tenant-right for Ireland, on
Hay 17,1666, and the other on religious equal?
ity, especially in relereuce to Lord Mayo's
Sroposal for concurrent endowment, on
[ay 12, 1868. But the most remark?
able speech which perhaps he ever made I 1
was at the meetlm: called for the pur
fose of Inaugurating this movement. It
as never been published, but it left
an I ii del I io!? Impression on al' those who had
the pleasure of listening to it. The society did
not enter upon active or open campaign, as
Mr. Gladstone had directly raised the question
ofrthe Irish Church, by his celebrated r?solu-1 J
lions in the Housefcf Commons; and it was j t
pretty well known that tenant-right would im
mediately follow. Mr. Mill, and moat of those
present, said that they had no desire to ham?
per the Liberal party with a new movement,
which mleht possibly have the effect of creat
lng apprehension io the minds of the more
timid of the wealthier classes, and thereby
obstruct the very cause which they had assem?
bled to promote. In all her legitimate aspira?
tions and struggles, Ireland has had no truer
friend than John Stuart Mill.
AMERICA. POLITICAL AND SOCIAL.
In all questions appertaining to America
and her people Mr. MM has ever taken the
deepest interest. It ls now nearly thirty-two
years since he first published hls-revlew of M.
de Tocqueville's wrk, ' Democracy in Amer?
ica," m the EUiobonih Review. That article
fully snows his familiarity with American
thought and institutions. During the thirty
ty-two years which have elapsed sioce 1840,
when the article first appeared, his interest
has not abated, but rather increased. With
reference to the question ot capital and labor
in the Slates, he seems to see, in the vast ter?
ritory ol the republic, the great home of free
labor, where industry, talent and pluck can
aftaio, not only to competence, but also to the
highest positions In the State. There the
workmen can secure the fullest privileges of
equal citizenship, and individual effort ls the
magic key which opens all treasures. But he
ls no emigrationist, at least ia the sense of
some people; for he is opposed to schemes for
drafting away the skilled labor ol Europe as the
only means of bettering their condition. He
looks rather to co operative effort, and a
fuller development of the natural resources of
the old Stales, leaving emigration to the natu?
ral outflow of population towards the far
A JUDICIAL DEMAGOGUE.
Thoma* Jefferson;;.1] nc ko y Ti a rs off the
[From the Chester Reprrter.j
In our issue of tbe 21st ultimo we noticed
;he visit of Judge Mackey to this place a few
lays before, and lo connection therewith made
.he following statement ;
"He was called npon during his stay by
dearly all the members of the bar, and im?
pressed them favorably as to his determina?
tion to do his whole duty as an upright and
independent judge. He is bold and outspoken
m the outrageous violations ol law that have
Dcen enacted by the Federal authorities under
he pretended sanction ot the enforcement
ic t. It is his avowed purpose to impress upon
.he grand Juries in his circuit the duty of tind?
og true bills .against all the Federal officers
rho have arrested citizens without warrants."
In hts speech on Monday last he took occa?
sion to lake all this back-or rather, to state
bat lt was a misrepresentation ol what he
aid-not "an intentional misrepresentation,
ie supposed." Well! we thought be said lt
vhen we wrote the article, and we think so
ret. He may not have Intended to say ir, but
be language used by him, If intended to con
rey some other idea, was singularly lnfellcl
OU8. If we did misunderstand him our
nind was not the only one that failed to
latch the true idea expressed. The same lm
>reEsion was made upon the minds of all
resent. Now, however, the Judge says that
ohatever the military authorities may do will
ktve his sanction in advance.
We regret that the Judge saw fit to make
my speeih at all; much more that he should
lave made such a one as he did on Monday
ast. Our people had read with gratification
tis speech at Union, in which he said that lt
vas his determination on donning the judicial
?own to sink the partisan in the judge. His
incalled fur and unjustifiable arraignment ol
he white people ot this community scarcely
iliows them to hope that this sinking process
las yet been perfected.
TONTINE INVESTMENT POLICIES.
The union of the Tontine annuity system
ff th Hie and endowment insurance, ns effected
a the system adopted by the New York Lite
nsurance Company, commends itself at once
o the intelligent judgment as combining
nany new and excellent features calculated
o make life Insurance more perfectly adapted
0 the requirement of all classes. Tontine
?vestment and life insurance are both excel
ent, but widely different In their alms and
un pones. In the former a number of persons
asoc?atelo form a fund for Investment, the
?come ol which is divided at stated periods
moog the members of the association; the
hares of such as may die passing to their
lescendants, and on the death ot the heirs
everting to the survivors, until those who
hare lu the Anal division receive enormous
irofits. Life insurance, on the other hand, ls
, purely unselfish act; tbe applicant seeking
nly the benefit of those dependent on him,
tho, tn the event of his death, would be de?
rived of this support. In the former the
neatest benefit comes to those who live the
ingest; In the latter the greatest benefit ac?
mes to the heirs of those who die the earliest,
ly the Tontine system of Hie Insurance lt is
ought to combine the advantages of both,
ind, while making insurance a profitable in?
vestment to the insured, secures to the heirs
ind dependants all the advantages which tbe
.ld system of life Insurance was designed to
Under the liberal rules of tbe New York
Jfe Insurance Company, this system ls made
ipplicable to all policies of whatever lorm, the
leoeflts of which do not mature within the
Tontine period without increasing the prem?
Where tbe division ls made to survivors tbe
hare of each may either be drawn la cash,
inverted into an annuity, or applied to the
tayment of premiums on the life policy-an
1 pi lon of which the advantages to the Insured
ire very great. This system, In .its carefully
.dj usted details, bas been adopted exclusively
. y the New York Life Insurance Company,
nd marks the beginning of a new era in life
nsurance. and while completely meeting all
be objections raised against, the old system
if lom; u-rrn and whole life policies, offers in
lucement8 to many who have hitherto had no
?olive tor availing themselves ot the benefits
f the system.-JV. T. Commercial and Finan?
For further information apply to Thomas
'rost, Charleston, S. C.
GLIMPSES OF GOTHAM.
NEW YORK. April 5.
The legal authorities are consulting as to the
teps necessary to stay the general Jail dellv
ry threatened by the decision declaring the
lourl of Special Sessions illegal. The district
Korney ls to resist all applications for the re?
?ase of those convicted, and In the mean?
while the court is to be reorganized tn accord
nee with law.
The Morris and Essex Railroad shops are
urned. Loss $70,000. A large number of
workmen are throwu out of employment.
The investigation of the affairs ol the New
Tork Equitable Life Iosurance Company re
ulled in an official vindication and unqualified
ndorsement of the management.
The small-pox has appeared in the Hahne
aan Hospital, up town.
Judne Benedict decides that the steamer Co?
rnubia is forfeited to the government on ac
ount oi cigars smuggled In 1870.
GOOD FOR TUE DRUMMERS .'
RICHMOND, April 5.
The United States .Circuit Court uffirms the
lecislon of the district court that the Virginia
aws regarding sample merchants are uncon
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
-The Colima volcano in Mexico ls in|full
iperatlon; otherwise, on a burst.
-The St. Louis borse-shoers have struck
gainst machine-made shoes.
-Pager's flour mill at St. Louis is burned
-Eight persons were killed yesterday in a
ailroad accident at Brighton, Illinois.
-Mr. Day, oi Day, Allen & Co.. of Chicago,
as committed suicide on account of his losses
u i he great fire.
-Dr. Samuel Jackson, emeritus professor
u the University of Pennsylvania, ls deud,
.ged 85 years.
-The Pittsburg Iron manufacturers' have
.dvanci d the price of ail sizes of Iron three
emhs ufa cent a pound, and of nails tweuty
Ive cents a keg.
-The Knickerbocker Ice Company's stables
it Philadelphia are burned, with many horses,
be watebmau, who entered the burning
luildlng to save his boots, perished.
A PROMPT VJIDICATM.
HAMPTON, KERSHAW, BUTLER AND
JOHNSON BEFORE THE SENATE.
The Charges Against Them-An Ex?
plicit. Denial-Generous Words or Sen?
The letter from Generals Hampton, Ker?
shaw and Butler, presented in the United
States Senate by the Hon. T. J. Robertson,
reads as follows:
WASHINGTON-, February 19, 1872.
Gentlemen-In the report ol the debate In
the Senate on the amnesty bill, we .observe
vs Ith surprise and Indignation that we have
been charged directly and indirectly with be?
ing connected with the Ku-Klux organization
in South Carolina.
It has been declared on the floor of the Sen?
ate that lhere is now lu the possession of the
executive department ot tire Government of
the United States evidence which shows that |
we are at this moment, or were some months
ago, the advisory board of the Ku-Klux Klan.
These are grave charges, emanating as they
do from a senator of the United Slates, and
firomulgated as they were before the highest
eglslaiive tribunal of the country. Appre
heading that our silence on the subject,
whicu so nearly, touches our honor and repu
tat ion. may be construed into an admission of
guilt, we have repaired to the capital to meet
tht-se charges and seek through you, the rep?
resentatives of South Carolina in the Senate,
our vindication Irom these degrading imputa?
tions, by the presentation, in some proper
way, of this communication before the same
tribunal lu which they were announced.
Any charge that we, or either ol us, have at
any lime aided, abetted, counselled, counte?
nanced, or approved the Ku Klux, or any un-j
lawful association ira South Carolina, in any
7ivl^:ica Of law or the rights of citizens of any
class, is utterly and entirely ?alse, whatever
be the evidence on which the same ls based.
If the executive department iiSS In its pos?
session, as is alleged, the evidence of our
complicity with these offences, we can only
say that we hold ourselves In readiness at au
times to establish our Innocence belore the
proper legal tribunal and the enlightened pub?
lic opinion of the country.
Very respectfully, your ob't servants,
J. B. KERSHAW,
M. C. Bc TL KR.
To Hon. T. J. ROBERTSON and Hon. F. A.
SAWYER, Uulted States Senate.
Atibe same session the following letter
from Mr. Reverdy Johnson was read:
BALTIMORE, February 19,1872.
Afy Dear General- Your letter of the 18th
instant has Just reached me. It gives me the
tlrst information I have had that Hon. Mr.
Edmunds, of Vermont, made the statement
in the -enate which j ou quote as reported In
the Globe ot the 10th luttant. It ls utterly
unfounded and untrue. Neither my colleague,
Mr. Stanbery, nor myself abaudoned or
Lhought of abandoning tbe cases to which
the senator referred for the reasons assigned
by him or for any other reasons. So far from
laving done so, we remained in Columbia
taking part in the trials until we had ac?
complished all that we had hoped for or en
ieavored to accomplish, which was to get the
constitutional questions arising under the acts
DI 1870-71 before the Supreme Court ot the
United Slates. This we did. and the ques?
ta ns are to be argued In that tribunal ou the
l s til of March next.
Since the receipt of your letter I have under?
stood that In the debate to which you refer
the same senator and others made Imputations
igalnst you and Generals Kershaw and Buller,
rnere certainly was no proof given or proffer
id while I was in Columbia which implicated
either of you, and although I saw there per?
sons o? every political opinion, and conversed
freely with tnem, I never heard the least inti?
mation that either of you had any connection
whatever with the Ku-Klux organization.
From my knowledge o? Mr. Edmunds, I am
satisfied he has received his Information from
i source which he thought he might confide
in; but whatever lt may have been, he was
grossly deceived, and induced to make charges
vhlch are utterly untrue.
I remain, with much regard, your obedient
lervant, RKVERDV JOHNSON.
Major-General WADE HAMPTON.
During the personal explana ions which fol
owed the reading of these letters, Senator
As to Kershaw, I did not state that he ap?
peared on these trials; thal Kershaw or aoy of
hese people were connected with the klan.
Kershaw was not on trial, neither was Buller.
What I stated was that the Judicial officers of
:he United States in that district had, as I was
credibly informed, In their possession the evi?
dence which would go to convict these per?
sons of being, I believe, the advisory board ot
.his klan, whatever that muy be. That was
what I stated; and li it ls necessary, I repeat
.hat I am thus credibly Informed. And when
he United States will furnish that curse-rid
len people with the Judicial means of carrying
>n those tri a's, with loree enough, with Judges
ind marshals, and the other appliances of Jus
Jce to go through with the trials, I have very
rood reason to believe that evidence of that
-:lnd will be produced.
I do not undertake to say that that evidence
?pon trial would turn ont to be sufficient to
convict them, or would not turn out to be per
lured; I only say. In discussing a public ques
Jon that had relation to that subject, that we
)ught to be careful bow we took steps when
ive had such information. That is all. I hope
is much as the senator that these people when
hey are tried will be found to be entirely In?
nocent, but I do not undertake to pronounce
my opinion, and I have not undertaken to
pronounce any opinion either upon their guilt
)r innocence. Nothing would make me more
nappy than to find them perfectly Innocent.
Senator Robertson, of South Carolina, ha'd
the last word. " He said:
I said at the time these gentlemen were as?
sailed that, in my opinion, they were Innocent;
that they were gentlemen of character, and
position, and education. I still think so. In
i personal conversation with myself they told
me that they be d themselves lu readiness lo
inswer to tue laws ol their country, and lt ls
eery hard that they should be assailed tor an
net for which they themsrlves claim to dis iain.
[ repeat my assertion thal I ihiuk they are
entitled at least- to be deemed innocent unlil
they are proved guilty by the laws of the
country. , _ _
OUR RELATIONS WITH SPAIN.
\ Friendly Speech from the New
Spanish Minister-The President
Squints at Cuba.
WASHINGTON. April 5.
Admiral Barnebe, the new Spanish minister,
presented credentials to-day. The admiral
hade the following remarks on the occasion:
?Air. President, In having the honor to deliver
to your Excellency the royal letters which ac
credit me as envuy extraordinary and mlnls
;er plenipotentiary of his Majesty King Ama?
len?, the first near the Government of the
United Stales, it is very pleasing to me to ex?
press to your Excellency the sincere wishes of
tils Msjesiy, the Kin;:, and of lite Spanish Gov?
ernment, lor a continuation of the friendly re
ations which have ever existed between the
United States and Spain, and ol' their con?
stant desire lo draw their relations dally
closer. It shall berny task ialtlifully to In?
terpret these iriendly relations, and, reiving
apon your Excellency's good will, and the "zeal
with which I shall endeavor to tulfll this mis?
sion, I truet that 1 shall be able satisfactorily
tn accomplish the desire manitesied ly the
King and the Government of Suain. I trust,
Mr. President, that my hopes "and purposes
may be fulfilled, and I beg you al the same
time to accept the expression of my profound
respect for yourself personally."
The President replied as follows: '-Admiral,
[ heartily reciprocate the wish which you ex?
press on behalf of your sovereign and of the
Spanish Government that the friendly rela?
tions which have always existed between the
United States and Spain may not only be
maintained unbroken, but may daily be
strengthened. It. ls hoppd that your disposi?
tion to promote this policy may lead to results
not yet accomplished, but which for some
time past have earnestly been sought by this
government in Ita diplomatic relations" with
yours. Ton may be assured that for this pur?
pose I shan co operate by all thejmeansjwhich
may be lu my power."
ABOUT BENNETTS VILLE.
A Growing Place-Tbe Baronial Court
home-A Railroad Wanted.
[FROM OOH OWN C0RRB8P0NDBNT.J
BENNETTSVILLE, April 2.
Bennettsville 1B sltaaled in the heart of one
of the finest agricultural districts in this or any
other State. High, dry table lands constitute
the face of the country, stretching away in
gently undulating plains as far as the eye can
bee on either side. The soil is a loam of dark
color, free from sand and rocks. Neat and
occasionally elegant iarm-houses dot the sur?
face and afford agreeable resting places for the
wandering eye, while tall worm fences run
nlog in parallels and counter-parallels, and
resembling Indian stake forts, flu up tbe inter?
med?ate spaces, and contribute, " with the
natural beauty of tbe scenery, to make up a
charming and suggestive piclure. A high
state of cultivation exists generally, and ma?
nures are very freely used. Good farming
lands readily bring from ten to twenty dollars
per acre. The climate Is exceedingly health r.
Owing to the very cold winter and backward
spring, farm work Is considerably behindhand;
bur, nevertheless, farther advanced here than
in the adjoining counties. A heavy snow?
storm occurred on the 22d ultimo; though of
short dural Lon. lt was, lor the time it lasted,
by far the severest of the season.
Bennett8ville ls a small place, bat a number
ot new stores and buildings of late and tasty
styles afford unmistakable 'signs of a growing
tendency and abundant proof ol material
prosperity. The Methodists have nearly com?
pleted a handsome little church, with a spire,
which, for the size of the building, almost
rivals that of the new German church In your
city. Mr. C. P. Townsend, the Judge elect, ls
about to erect a spacious and handsome res?
idence upon one ol the principal streets. In
tis courthouse Benoeitsville retains a relic of
Baronial limes; one would almost believe it
bad been built during the reign ol Charle?
magne. The.entrance 1B armed on either Bide
above* the parapet by a square turret, Iron
rusted, and lt looks very much like ihe en?
trances to some of the square castles ol the
Middle ages. It Irowns down upon one as If lt
has been the grave of many a high hope, the
terminus of many a dashing career.
Benneitsville needs a railroad very much.
The merchants are, at present, compelled to
wagon their goods from the Peedee, six miles
distan', and passengers to ride twelve miles
over a road which, until tbe river swamp is
left behind, is little better than a Plough. Un?
fortunately the merchants are said lu be vio?
lently opposed to having a railroad, as they
believe ll will Injure their business. A thriving
trade is said to be done here during the busy
jenson. Some Arms enjoy the reputation of
jelling between one hundred and two hundred
thousand dollats per year each. The principal
Business men are. in assorted goods, J. D.
murchison. P. L. Breeden ? Co., J. B. Breeden,
C. S. McCall, Rowe Brothers, J. H. Tidal and
John Knker; In the drug line. Dr. A. J. Vidal.
_ L _SPRITE.
THE DOINGS OF CONGRESS.
WASHINGTON, April 5.
SENATE.-Abbott's claims for the senatorial '
leat from North Carolina comes up on Tours
lay. The French spoliation bill comes up on
HOUSE - The hill authorizing the appoint?
ant of assistant United States Court clerks,
it the suggestion of the clerk, and at his cost,
passed. The bill creating a boord of shipping
:ommissioners for the protection ot sailors
jassed. The bill paying the officers and crew
)f the Kearsage $190,000 for destroying the
alabama passed by a vote of 89 to 58. The
irmy appropriation bill passed.
The committee OD ways and meaos have de?
eded to Ax the tariff at twenty per cent, ad
valorem upon paper used for books, maga?
sines and newspapers, the sizes not less than
,hirtj-two by lony-slx inches, and thirty-five
>er cent, advalorem upon letter, note and
General Howard estimates that lt will cost
(100,000 to wind up the freedmen's bureau.
THE FATHER OF THE TELEGRAPH.
WASHINGTON, April 5.
The following resolution was pas-ed by the
National Telegraph Morse Memorial Associa
lon, thia aiternoon: Whereas, the United
Stales House of Representatives has placed
meir hall at the disposal of this association
br the purpose of holding a memorial meeting
n honor of the late Samuel F. B. Morse, on
Tuesday, April 16; and prominent members ol
Doth Houses of Congress have consented to
id dress the meeting. And, whereas, the tele?
graph wires have been freely placed at the dis?
posal of tills association for that evening;
Therefore resolved, that the municipal author
ties of cities and towns of the Uulted Slates
ire hereby invited to call meetings ot a similar
?haracter tn their several localities the same
ivenlng, in order that the meetings may be in
elegruphlc communication, and meir sim ul ta
leous expression be given to the national
?rief on occasion of this irreparable loss.
THE WAR IN MEXICO.
WASHINGTON, April 6.
Matamoras specials report that the r?volu
lonlsis are completely destroyed in Slnaloa
Mazatlan has returned to Its allegiance. Rocha
s pursuing his operations against Coahulla
ind Nueva Leon. Advices from Montevideo
.eport the revolutionary lorces dwindling and
;he men returning home. The early evac?a
.loa of Camargo ls reported, ihe govern
neut troops are moving towards Saltillo.
ATTEMPTED MIK A D O GIDE.
LONDON, April 5.
A dispatch from Yeddo announces that
twelve perno ns attempted to assassinate the
Mikado of Japan. The attempt was uDsuccess
ul. Two of the assassins were captured and
.en escaped. There was great excitement,
ind an order was issued to forbid foreigners
;o go beyond the limits ol Yeddo.
THE LATE DR. DICKSON.
[From the New Tork Evening Post.]
It was with the profoundest sorrow that we
jlironlcled yesterday th? death ol Dr. Samuel
H. Dickson, ol the Jefferson Medical College
ii Philadelphia. Dr. D.ckaon was a native of
Snarleslou, Soulh Carollua, where many of
lils family still reside, and where he early
made himself known as one of the most accom?
plished and sklllul physicians of the South.
tJis practice, which was very large, soon at
racted towards him general aitentlou, and
lie waa chosen one ol the Proiessors of the
South Carolina Medical College, in which ca?
pacity he was distinguished by theex'ent and
accuracy ol his knowledge, and the grace aud
fluency ol' his instructions. He wis subse
auantiy elected a professor in the university of
LOIS city, and at a later lime to a chair In the
leffeison Medical College. He was the author
jf several successful professional work?, and
imtinK others of a Treatise on the Practice of
Medicine, and of a chat ming little work on
Life, Sleep aud Dreams.
Dr. Dickson was perhaps as widely and fa?
vorably kuown ID this State as fife was io the
Stale bf his nativity; and wherever he was
kuown, he was profoundly honored and es?
teemed. The liberal and philosophic cast of
tils mind, his fine poetic sensibility, hie varied
?eadlng,hl8 almostunrivalled power of conver?
sation, aud a courtesy of manner which al?
ways brought to mind whatever one had heard
jr seen lu the best societies ol the perfect gen
lemen, won him the attachment of many of
jur most eminent men, aa well as a varied
jircle. of friends. His society was always most
ieulal and attractive, his talk full of the
Expert wisdom ot experience and research,
ind his bearing towards others, however
iliih or however humble, marked by a
jhivalrlc and tender sentiment of regard,
which rendered his compunluushlp as fascina
ling as it was instructive and elevailug. Dr.
Dickson was a Southerner by birth, and a
Southerner in political feeling and opinion;
jut mich was his liberality and courtesy thal a
stranger would scarcely ever have discovered
me fact; we venture to say that no man was
?ver more highly appreciated in ihe North
than he; and his death will be as deeply de
pored among his later acquaintances as it will
ne among those of his earlier years. We may,
Dernaus, be permitted to/a ld that he was for
many years one ot the most cherished and In?
d?nate friends ol' our distinguished poet. Mr.
Briant, the senior editor ol i hie paper; aud
though they differed widely in their political
sentiments, not ao incident ever occurred te
mar the geniality and heartiness o? ?their long
aud beautiful friendship.
THE WOT LY COLUMBIA.
SHELLING TBE COLUMBIA HOTEL.
A Paymaster Alarmed-All Quiet Last
M g ht-Thc Simpson Murder- A Chance
[8PICUL TELEGRAM TO THU NETTS.]
Co LUM Bri, S. C., April 6.
The Radical torchlight, procession last night
promised at one time to end in a terrible riot,
owl og to the turbulent demonstrations of a
few of the members in Iront of the Columbia
Hotel. There are seven holes In the lower
story of the hotel from missiles, and a few In
the second-stery windows. One heavy stone
entered the room of the United States pay?
master, who bad forty-five thousand dollars to
pay off the troops, and a demand was made
upon Colonel Black, commanding the troops,
fora guard to protect the government funds.
A large number of arrests were made, but the
excitement having quieted down, this morn?
ing tbe arrested parties were released, and no
more trouble is apprehended.
The examination of the persons arrested
upon the charge of murdering Simpson last
week in this city, 'took place to-day. Lucas
and Bridges are held In custody, but Dennis ls
released on a writ of habeas corpus, there be?
ing no evidence against him.
The colored fire companies were feasted to?
day by the re elected Mayor.
It ls generally conceded that Alderman L. C.
Carpenter, the editor of the Union, will con?
trol the new Council. His friends think that
ls the only hope for the city, but the rest of
the community see nothing In bis past conduct
which warrants such an opinion.
The city ls perfectly quiet to-night.
DETAILS BT MAIL.
The Phoenix of yesterday gives the follow?
ing account of the half-riot reported In our
As the torchlight procession of negroes
celebrating the late elections In the city passed
along the Main street, last night, lu front o?
the Columbia Hotel, rocks were thrown from
the procession through the glass doors of the
hotel, at the white men standing Inside,
which, being replied to by a pistol shot from
tbe hotel side, came very near causing a seri?
ous and bloody affray. Bocks and brickbats
were hurled by the mass o? negroes in rapid
succession, smashing the glasses and painfully
Injuring several gentlemen who were sitting
quietly in the vestibule of the hotel.
A whoop and a savage yell was raised by
the Infuriated negroes, and, wildly brandish?
ing their torches, a rush was made for the
door of the hotel, and for the space of ten
minutes a furious struggle was made to force
the passage. Through the efforts of Captain
Jackson, however, with some of the police
loree, and of Sheriff Frszee, their entrance
was successfully prevented, though for some
minutes it appeared as if the mob would over?
power them and rush In In spite of them; In
which case, maddened with excitement as the
negroes were, serious consequences must
have followed. Much credit is due to Captain
Jackson for his promptness and intrepidity,
and to Sheriff Frazee. A detachment of Unit?
ed Stales lofantry was stationed at the hotel
to prevent a repetition of the riot.
JO ITINGS ABOUT THE S TA TE.
-The Barnwell Teachers' Institute was or?
ganized In Blackville on the 22d ultimo.
-An association was formed at Cberaw on
the 21st ultimo for thc purpose ot holding an?
nual fairs, and the name of the Peedee Ag?
ricultural and Mechanical Association was
-The town elecllons at Ben net ts ville take
place next Monday.
HO: FOR CINCINNATI.
NEW YORK, April 5.
At a meeting of the Republican General
Committee Mr. Phillp Finkenhelmer euzgested
that twenty-one be chosen from the Central
Committee to attend the Cincinnati Conven?
tion. Daniel Oliver-spoke in favor of the Cin?
cinnati movement, aud moved the election of
delegates at a subsequent meeting to go to
Cincinnati. Other gentlemen spoke to the
same purpose, and as lt was announced that a
special meeting would be necessary to arrange
the matter, the meeting adjourned.
THE OLD WORLD'S NEWS.
MADRID, April 5.
Espartero and Topete are beaten for the
LONDON, April 6.
The House of Commons has reassembled.
Bonham Carter succeeds Dobson as chairman
of the committee of the whole.
The agricultural laborers in Cambridge have
struck for higher wages.
THE WEATHER THIS DAT.
WASHINGTON, April 6.
The barometer will continue failing from
the lakes to the Gulf during the night, and ex?
tend to the Atlantic on Saturday, with easterly
to southerly winds, rising temperature and in?
creased cloudiness very generally. Cloudy and
threatening weather will probably prevail on
Saturday north and west of the Ohio Valley.
The area ot rain over the Lower Missouri Val?
ley will probably extend northeastward over
the Ohio Valley, with threatening weather,
thence to the South Atlantic. An area of quite
low barometer ls apparently advancing upon
the Northwest. Dangerous winds are not an?
ticipated, except possibly for the upper lakes,
Yesterday's Weather Reports of the
Signal Service, U. S. A_4.47 P. M.,
=1 -3. O
Bait imo: e.
Memp ls, Tenn.
i Gen tie.
TELEGRAPH SUIT DECIDED.-IO the United
States Circuit Coure at Richmond. Virginia,
on Tuesday, says the Dispatch, the case of the
Southern and Atlantic Telegraph Company
against Hie Richmond and Petersburg and
Orange and Alexandria and Manassas Railroad
Companies was decided In lav or of the com?
plainants. The telegraph company sued the
railroad companies for the right ol' way. which
had been denied them. When the suit was
?rst brought a temporary injunction against
the railroad companies was granted, and this
Injunction ls now made perpetual.
-The London Spectator says: "It appears
that there are slid people who believe in the
Tichborne claimant to the extent of ?5000, lor
af. er some delay ball to that amount had been
off-rered for his appearance on his trial for
perjury. For the remaining ?5000 he w?U
enter into his own recognizances. This p:>
vislon ol bail is a curious Incident in the case,
but less curious thin ihe undoubted tact there
are still men, wholly uninterested in the mat?
ter, who believe firmly that lie ls Sir Roger
flay evenln*. the 2d lustant, by the Bight Ber.
W. B. W. Howe. HSNBT P. ARCHER and EKILT
MILER, eldest daughter of .the late. Henry F.
s troll ecker. No cards.
JOHNSTON-GANNON.-On Toestfay. the 2d
instant, by the Rov. D J. Qalgley, SAMUEL JOHN
STON to MART A. GANNON, both or this city. No
DUCTED ba the Orphans' Chapel, on SABBATH
imaNOON, at 4 o'clock, by the He?. J. L. GIRAR
OEA?, b. D._apra
j^TROTT? CH??RG H.- REV.
WHITEFOORD SMITH, D. D., will preach To
MORROW MORNING, at half-past io o'clock, and
Her. R. D. SMART at NIGHT, at a quarter to 8
j'clock. Sunday-School in the AFTERNOON,, at 3
UNITARIAN CHUBOH. -DIVINE
Service will be held In this Chorea TO-MOBBOW
MORNING, at half-past io o'clock, and In the
EVENING, at a quarter before 8 o'clock, the Rev.
it. P. CUTLER officiating, ill strangers are cor
lally Invited to attend.
Subject for the evening discourse: '-Saint Pani
>r Saint James ? Faith or Works?" apre
JHCP.CH-There will be service in this Church
fo-MoBBOW HORNING . at the usual hour, and in
ihe EVENING, at 8 o'clock. Preaching by the
Rev. G. R. BRACKETT. The public generally.
ind strangers especially, are cordially tn
rited to attend. mch30-s4*
MARINERS' CHURCH WILL
>er pen for Divine Service every S APB 4TB MOEN
INO, at half-past 10 o'clock, corner of Church and
Water streets. Services by the Rev. W. B. TATES,
3hsplaln. Snnday Schoal at half-past 3 P.M.
PUBLIC FAREWELL SERVICES
it the Citadel Square Baptist Church, SUNDAY
EVENING, 7th April, 1872, on the occasion of the
lepartnre for China of tbe Rev. N. B. WILLIAMS,
Missionary Elect of the Foreign Mission Board of
;he Southern Baptist Convention.
After the U9nal services, the following addresses
viii be delivered:
Address by Rev. E. T. WINKLE R, D. D. Sub
ect-"The Mission Work in Apostolic Times."
Address by Rev. 0. F. ? REG O HY. Subject
'The Manifestation of the Divine Blessing on the
lodern Mission Work."
Address by Bev. L. H. SHUCK. Subject-"The
Ibllgatlon of indi vid ail Christians to give both
'rayer and Alms to the Cause of Missions."
Farewell Address by Bev. N. B. WILLIAMS.
Prayer by Bev. Dr. WINKLER.
The Parting Hand Extended to the Missionary.
Hymn-"From Greenland's Icy Mountains."
During the singing of this Hymn, a collection
vin be taken ap In sid or the Erection of two
Jhurch Bandings-one la the City of Rome,
taly ; the other in the City of Tang Chan, China.
Benediction by the Missionary.
Service to commence at 8 o'clock.^
The Congregation of the First Baptist Church
ind the pa bile generally are cordially invited to
^PENSIONERS OF THE SOUTH
Carotina Society please call on the Treasurer at
io. 2 Broad street. apre-i
CONSIGNEES PER SCHOONER
'. H. SH CEN ET, from Baltimore, are notified
hat she la discharging cargo at Brown's South
ff barr THIS DAT. Goods uncalled for at sunset
vin remain on the wharf at owner's risk. No
:1airas allowed after goods are removed.
STREET BROTHERS A CO.,
SCHONER ANNIE E. GLOVER ls discharging car?
ra at Frase r's Wharf. All goods left on wharf at
mndown will be positively stored. No claims for
lamage will be admitted unless noted on wharf.
MOSES GOLDSMITH A SON,
^CLOTHES WASHED WITH THE
.DOLLAR REWARD SOAP" wear twice longer
han lt washed with common soap.
DOWIE, MOISE A DAVIS, Agents,
Charleston, S. C.
fW THE CHARLESTON CHARITA
3 LE ASSOCIATION, for the Bene at of the Free
School Fund-Official Raffle Numbers:
CLASS No. 437-MORNING.
19- 7-47- 1- 6-29-65-77-25-13-62-42
CLASS No. 438-EVENING.
As witness our hands at Charleston this fith
lay of April, 1872.
apre Sworn Commissioners.
CONSIGNEES PER STEAMSHIP
dARYLAND, from Baltimore, are hereby notified
hat she ls THIS DAT discharging cargo at
1er No. 1, Union w har ves. All goods not taken
iway at sunset will remain on the wharf at con?
apr5-2 MORDECAI A CO., Agents.
^BURNHAM'S SUPERIOR YEAST
?OWDE KS.-Having used Yeast Powder in our
amines for several years, we give a decided pref
'renee above all others to that prepared by
2DWARD S. BURNHAM, Graduate or Pharmacy,
io. 421 E ng street, near Calhoun Btreet, Charles
un, S. C. : King Mansion Boarding H^nse, Julius
?etsch, B*. C. Webb, George L. Holmes, George S.
?elzer, M. D., John T. Wightman, D. D., William
im.th, Master Machinist, S. 0. R. R.
jZSfr* NOTICE-THE BRITISH BARK
JENRIBTTA, Albert Bennett, Master, from Car
liff, has THIS DAY been entered at the Custom
muse un 1er the Five Day Act. All Goods not
'ermined at thc expiration of that time win be
ent to the Public Stores.
April 3, 1872. WAGNER, HUGER A CO.
All parties are hereby cautioned that I will not
ie responsible for blUs contracted by any of the
;rew of the bark HENRIETTA.
apr4-4 ALBERT BENNETT. Master.
SarCITZ HALL, MAYOR'S OFFICE,
'HARLESTON, S. C., APRIL 4, 1872 -An impor
ant improvement of the business portion of King
weet, from Calhoun to Queen street, ts la con
emplatlon. I am confident of a favorable coo?
peration of the project by our public sp lr. ted
lity Council, but the owners of property and the
melness men of that section should make an
ffort to encourage the undertaking. I therefore
espectrnhy request them to meet me Tor consol?
ation In Connell Chamber, City Hall, on MONDAY
lext, at 12 o'clock M.
JOHN A. WAGENER,
TO TAXPAYERS. - TREASURY
IFF1CE, APRIL 4, 1872.-In compliance with
?solution of Council extending time for payment
r the first instalment of this year's tax, with
nt forfeit, to the6th lnstaat Inclusive, th.s of
ice win be open dally for receipt or such tax I rom
A. M. to 2 P. M. during the time so extended.
P. J. COGGAN,
apr4-3 City Treasurer.
$W OFFICE OF COUNTY AUDITOR,
'HARLESTON COUNTY, CHARLESTON, S. C.,
? ARCH 29TH, 1S72.-This Office will be opened on
lONDAT, April. 1st, 1872, for the Issuing of
.Icenses, in accordance with an Act to provide
or a General License Law.
Approved March 13th, 1872.
SAMUEL L. BENNETT,
mcb30-sa County Auditor.
'Albion ZilU??-~jJuiiu,jt; u>u??\t,
~By W. Y. LEITCH
FINE BRICK RESIDENCE ON EAST
wm be sold on TUESDAY, the ?th butant, st U
o'clock, at the Old Postofflce, : ...
Tbat tnrec-story BR :CK RESIDENCE, with
doable piazzas, kitchen and stable, situated on
the west side of East Bay, four doora north cf
society street, adjoining the reeldenee of Captain
Lockwood] to tbe north, containing six. square
rooms, besides pantry and dressing-rooms. Lot
measures 60 feet front by 147 feet in depth.- ?roa?
Terms-One-third caih; balance In one and two
rears, with interest, secured by bond and mort?
gage; property to be Insured and policy a-signed.
Purchaser to pay ns for papers-acd stamps and
three-fourths or cltj taxes for 1672. : < .iV.
apr4-thsmtn4 ?_. _
W. I. LEITCH & B. S. BBUN3,
FINE BUILDING LOT EAST SIDE OF
SAVAGE STREET. Ti ut
Wllt.be sold on TUESDAY, ?th .Instant, at the
Old Poptofflee, at ll o'clock.
'JhaTflne BUILDING LOT east side of Savage
streetTknown as No. -. Lot measures 76 feet by
00 in depth. . . , . rrrrti o
Terms-One third cash; balance In bne and two
years, with interest, secured by bond and mort?
gage. Purchaser to pay for papers and stamps.
apr4-thstn3 -, - y .v.
2tgttioneerV flJripate galas, '-Uti
By ALONZO J. WHITE ?S05.
AT PRIVATE SALE-ONE OF THE
most desirable RESIDENCES on South Bay.
Will beso d at private sale, one of the most de?
sirable RESIDENCES In the city, situate on Sooth
Bay street, known-as No. 40. House contains six
square rooms, pantry, dressing-room, Ac, doable
piazza-to the west, gas throughout, cistern, al,
requisite outbuildings. These premises have jost
been put m thorough repair, painted and pa?
pered from cellar to roof. Lot measures 84 feet
iront on South Bay,1 by 147 feet deep. For par?
ticulars, apply as above, at No. 68 East .'.Bay
street _ apr? thsa
?rrj (goods. Ut. ^
No. 244 KINO STREET. !
SPRING 18 72!
Will offer on HONDA Y, March 26, novelties In ail
Departments of their well selected STOCK OF
DRY AND FANCY GOODS, St prices mach below
present market value.
DRESS GOODS DEPARTMENT
26 pieces of Rich and Elegant Gros Grain sud
Taffeta Black SILKS-$126, $1 87, fl 76, $2,
20 pieces or Black Striped and Japanese Silks,
only 86 cents per yard
10 pieces Plain and Checked Japanese Silks, st
fl and fl 26
60 Japanese ?ilk Dress Patterns, (a new lot,)
only f8 60 .
600 pieces of Mozambique*. Poplins, Leaos, Sul?
tans, Grenadines, Plaids, Japanese, Mo?
hairs, Alpacas, Crape, Bombazines, from 2ft
cents op. The best selected Block o? Dress
Gooda this side ot New York.
loo Real Llama Lace Shawls, from fl2 to $60, (s
60 Parepa Suits, with trimming attached, (a
1 case Buff Lawn, only 16 cents-fast colors
6 cases Figured Lawns, 16 cents
1 case 4-4 Buff Dress Linen, 22 cents.
WHITE GOODS DEPARTMENT
200 pieces or French and'Engllsh Swiss, from 12
to 60 cents
100 pieces Check and Stripe Cambrics and Nain?
sooks, from 16 to 40 cents
200 pieces Marse Hes and Piques, in satin stripes,
figured, dotted, flowered, bordered-an ele?
gant selection at very low figures
16 pieces of the "Novelty" Boulevard Piques,
something new and elegaot
2 cases of Honeycomb and Allendale Quilts,
at fl 50 worth $2
100 pieees 10, ll and 12-4 Marseilles Quilts, from
f 2 up
2000 pieces Mosquito Corded Nets, atjonly SOtcents
worth $1 W
150 pieces Boblnet, very cheap.
RIBB0N8, LACES, ftc.
1000 pieces of SILK RIBBONS, 5, 6,8 and 10 cents
all colors, sbades and B ty les
1000 pieces of Silk Rlobons. 12.16 and 20 cents
all colors, shades and styles
ic oo pieces or silk * moons, so, 40 and 60 cents
all colors, shades and styles
loo pieces Sash Ribbons, only $1-all colors,
shades and Btyles
Coats'd Cotton, 4 spools for 26 cents
$1000 worth or Real Guipure Lace, all widths
$1000 worth or Hamburg Edging and Inserting
closlnr out sale.
The very latest styles of. PARASOLS, Just re?
ceived and sold very cheap.
10 cases of the Latest Patterns of CALICOS
2 cases or 4-4 French Cambric, only 18 cents
2 cases or 44 French Percales, only 22 X cents
6 cases or 10 4 Shee> lng, only 40 and 46 cents
2 cases ot 6-4 PHlowcaslng, only 22tf cents
20 cases or 8 and 4 4 Bleached and Unbleached
Shirting, io, 12,15, ls and 20 cents.
1 case or wamsutta 4-4 Bleached sauting, only
22 cents by the piece *
1 case of 8-4 Bleached Table Damask, 05 and
1 case of 84 Unbleached Table Damask, 60
100 doz- n Doylies, 75 cents; loo dozen Napkins,
250 dozen Damask Towels, $2 60 -per dozen; 100
Huck Towels, $1 per dozen.
For Cloths and Casslmeres, (a splendid assort?
ment) See Business Notice.
CARPETS AND MATTING.
100 pieces 44 WHITE MATTING, only 27% cent?:
The balance or our Brussels and Ingrain Oar
pets will be closed ont at cost._
SIXTY-FIVE FIRST PRIZE MEDALS
WM. KNABE & GO.,
GRAND. SQUARE AND UPRIGHT
These Instruments have been before the publia
lor nearly thirty years, and upon their excel?
lence alone attained an nnpurchased pre-emi?
nence, whleh pronounces them unequalled in
SS" All our SQUARE PIANOS have our New Im?
proved OVERSTRUNG SCaLE and the AGRAFFE
sa-We would call especial atttention to our 1st?
Patented Improvements la GRAND PIANOS and
SQUARE GRANDS, found In no other Piano, which
brings the Plano nearer perfection than has yet
EVERY PIANO FULLY WARRANT?
ED FOR FIVE YEARS.
Sa-We are by special arrangemem anabled to
rurnlsh PARLOR ORGANS and MKLODEONS Of
the most celebrated makers, Wholesale aid Retsfl
at lowest Factory Prices. _.
Illustrated Catalogues and Price Lists prompt?
ly furnish?d on application to
WM. A CO.,
, . . BALTIMORE, MD.
Or any of our regolar eitablished agencies.