Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1883.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 18, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS A
A BRAN NEW SLATE.
AX EBONY TICKET TIPPED WITH
Monta Again the Leader ot tile Chosen
People-Colored Candidates for all the
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
COLUMUTA, April ll.
The latest report lo well informed political
circles announces tbe Radical s'ate for State
officers to be as follows: For Governor, Frank?
lin J. Hoses, Jr.; for lien tenant-go vernor, A.'J.
Ra ns 1er; for attorney-general, R. B. Elliott;
lor secretary of State, W. H. Jones; for adju?
tant and inspector-general, Robert Smalls.
Holders of pay cert 1 flea tea and speculators
in them do not seem to appreciate their in?
vestments, which are declining, and begin to
wonder when that Blue Ridge scrip will put In
The Charleston freight train, in backing tip
to the depot here'this morning, smashed the
mall wagon and covered the driver and one
other person with debris. Their Injuries are
cot serious. SALUDA.
THE POLITICAL ARENA.
The Pennsylvania Office-holders Pledg?
ed to Grant.
HARRISBURG, PA., April ll.
The following resolution was adopted
unanimously at the State Convention to-day:
Resolved, That the delegates from this State
to the National Gonveniion are hereby in?
structed to cast the entire vote for General
Grant for the Presidency, and that on the
question ol the Vice Presidency they are In?
structed to act together lor the best interests
of the Republican parly; and upon all ques?
tions ari&lng in Bald convention they cast the
vote of the State as the majority of the dele?
gates may direct.
A Rousing Delegation to Cincinnati.
TOPEKA. KANSAS, April ll.
The Liberal Republican Convention, ex-Gov?
ernor Crawford presiding, elected one hun
dred and seven delegates to the Cincinnati
.Thc Governorship of Tennessee*
MEMPHIS, April ll.
General Frank Cheatham announces himself
as a candidate for Governor, subject lo the
decision of the Democratic Slate Convention.
A CHARGE FOR MARSHAL WALLACE
The Carolina Spartan complains Indignantly
of the brutal tyranny ol one Deputy Marshal C.
L. Casey, wno lt says while acting as deputy
-marshal under Major Johnson, was guilty of
the most outrageous and riotous conduct at
Unlonvilie, who ls now under indictment in
the United States Court for black-mailing, (or
which be was deposed from office by Major
Johnson, and who has been restored to office
by Marshal Wallace.
The Spartan relates that, a few days ago,
this man Casey, accompanied by a equad of
United States soldiers, rode up to the resi?
dence of Captain David Anderson, one of our
most respected and wealthy citizens, residing
on North Tyger River, seven miles from Spar
tanburg, and informed him that he was ar?
rested tor Intimidating voters, and ordered
bim to report tu town to the United States
commissioner. C ptain A. inquired of bim
who had made the affidavit lor the warrant ?
He replied he had made lt himself. Captain
A then inquired who was to prove lt ? He
answered by giving the names of two colored
men then lu Captain Anderson's employment.
C?ptala A., conscious of his innocence, came
s to- town as ordered, and, on appearing before
the commissioner, that officer (who we be?
lieve has striven to discharge the unpleasant
?dulles of his office honestly and conscientious?
ly) Informed him that he knew nothing of any
charges or warrant against him. Casey being
summoned, and fluding that his rascally
scheme, whatever lt may have been, had not
succeeded, attempted by a most barefaced and
miserable fubteriuge to get out ol the scrape
by saying that be only desired Captain Ander?
son to come over and pay some revenue tax
still standing against bim. We take pleasure
In saying that, so far as our information ex?
tends, the soldiers who have accompanied
Casey in his peregrinations through the coun?
ty have demeaned themselves with propriety,
and are not at all responsible for anything ne
"na3 done or Bald.
JOTTINGS ABOUT THE STATE.
-Tbe ladies of S partanburg have generously
undertaken the expense of Improving the ex?
terior of tbe Wofford College buildings.
-Mr. R. A. 8l88on has established an agency
of the St. Louis Mutual Life Insurance Com?
pany at Blackville.
. -Mr. Robert W. Boyd died of dropsy at bis
residence at Black River last Friday. He was
a staunch man and good citizen.
-MA 0. J. Hook, ol Lexington, announces,
with fond but pardonable pride, the possession
Of a goose which recently laid lour perfect
eggs In one day.
' -Colonel John S. Pressley. of California,
lately of Sumter County. Souin Carolina, em?
phatically and Indignantly denies that he has
become a Radical.
-The farmers of Clarendon County are com?
plaining generally of the very wet and cold
-weather, which bas baa the effect of greatly
retarding planting operations.
-The citizens of Manning have made the
following nominations: For intendant-G.
Allen Huggins. For Wardens-J. T. btukes,
M. Levi, W. H. Holley man, and M. James
-The Sumter election last Tuesday passed off
very quietly, and the following ticket was
elected without opposition : Intendant
Gulgnard Richardson. Wardens-J. E. Suares,
J. li. Wilder, M. Moran, A. W. Slider.
-The Peopie'B ticket was elected in Edge
field last Monday by a handsome majority over
the straight-out Radical ticket. The n??wly
.elected officers are: Intendant-John Wool?
ley. Wardens-D. L. turner, A. A. Cdsby, J.
O. Sheppard. J. L. Addison.
-Dr. John B. Cunningham, a young and
rising physician of Abbeville, was accidentally
?bot ana killed last Tuesday moruing. He
was sitting in bis bouse and, seeing some
birds, be took up bis gun to snoot them,
when, by some mischance, lt went ofi and
lodged tne charge of bail and shot in his neck.
He lived but twenty minutes after the accl
-The death of the two oldest citizens of
Marlon County occurred last week within
twenty-four hours. On the 2d instant Mr.
Jesse Yelverton died at Bear bwamp, in the
Xlberty District, at the advanced age of near?
ly one hundred yearB, and on the next day
Mr. H In ? ara Folk, whose age was about the
?ame as that of Mr. Yelverton, died lo the
northern part ot the county. Both were high?
ly esteemed citizens.
-The Sumter. News has this good word for
Grant's aarmy of occupation" in that county:
"While Sumter Court>y has about as much
need for a garrison ot soldiers as a wagon has
for a fifth wtieel, a horse for an extra leg, or a
.bamming bird for a cow-catcber upon its
beak, we have no reason to complain ot the
company that the government hus stationed
In our town. The officers are quiet, respect?
able, unobtrusive gentlemen, wno mind their
own business, and scrupulously avoid doing or
saying anything to wound the sensibilities of
cur people. The privates, also, as lar a& we
bave been able to observe, are polite and well
behaved, mingling with the community in a
iree and easy manner."
-Deputy U. S. Mar-hal Maloney furnishes
the Newberry Herald the tallowing statement
ol the arrests made by him and quietly sub?
mitted to by liiuse arrested: John Merchant,
Sim Malone, Hilliard Bishop, Adam Burleigh,
Frank Lovelace, Cicero Lovelace, Frank D .dd,
Ell Wail, Ed*. C. Jones. Wm. M. Kinard, Dr.
Hetzler. Thos. P. Slider, John Hoiiseall. Chas.
Sims, Thomas B. Wadilngton, J. Y. MoFall,
Baxter Chapman, Charles Franklin, Ma.comb
Johnstone, Bennett Hancock, Dr. Hatton,
Gratton Laney, Isom Reynolds, Sam Young,
Jeff. Duncan, Lawson Green, Peter Galman,
Wn^ Wintz and Tony Croit.
VICTORIA'S ASSAILANT SENTENCED.
The Plea of Insanity Un ava I ling
Twenty Lashes and Twelve Months'
LONDON, April ll.
The case of Arthur O'Connor, the assailant
of Queen Victoria, came up In the Old Balley
Court this morning. The prisoner made an
effectual attempt to withdraw his plea of guilty
to the charge of assaulting her Majesty with
mltlgailug circumstances on the ground of
insanity. A jury was empanelled to Inquire
into the prisoner's mental condition, and
O'Connor's father was sworn In to testify In
his son's defence. He testified that he, the
father, was a nephew of Feargns O'Con?
nor, and that several members of bis
family besides the prisoner were Insane. The
accused, he said, had been very studious when
a child and had filien into bad health, from
which he had Buffered ever since. The pris?
oner was wounded in the head in 1856, and re?
ceived Injuries which rendered him Insensi?
ble for some time. The witness further testi?
fied that his son had never been connected
with any political association, 'i he Jury, how?
ever, were satisfied of the sanity ot" the pris?
oner, and brought in a verdict of guilty.
O'Connor was then sentenced to be imprison?
ed for twelvemonths at hard labor and to re?
ceive twenty lashes.
MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC GOSSIP.
-There are several penny theatres in
London, all of which, we are told, do a very
Remunerative business. They are not troubled
with "stars," or the "legitimate." Reserved
-A n?w five-act play of the present day,
written by Marc-Aurel, the author ot the suc?
cessful piece, "Fried auf Erden," brought out
last season, has been accepted at the Berlin
-Ole Bull bas purchased a fine brown-stone
house in Boston, which, lt ls said, will be bis
permanent residence In future. The house is
located on Franklin square, near the St. James
-The Theater an der Wien has the oldest
drop scene ever presented to the public eye,
lt being the very one which was raised on the
opening scene of "Zaubir'flote" when it was
first performed, nearly ninety years ago.
-Mr. and Mrs. Dion Boucfcault are under
contract to act at Booth's Theatre during the
next fall, but it is supposed the fulfilment of
the engagement will depend, in a great meas?
ure, upon the success ol Mr. Bouclcauli's new
enterprise-the management of the Coveut
Garden Theatre on the American plan.
-Mr. Fechter has been very cordially wel?
comed back: to the London stage at the Adel?
phi Theatre, where he appeared In "Buy
Blas," the first part he ever enacted in the
English language. One unanimous shout ls
said to have greeted his entrance. Miss Bose,
a sister of Miss Carlotta Leclercq, took the part
of tba "Queen."
-The Theatre du Chateau d'Eau is held by
a drama, in five acts and nine tableaux, en?
titled "Le Spectre de Patrick," the authorship
of which ls claimed by M. E. Cadol. It ls,
however, a version of a well known Christ?
mas story of Charles Dickens. No acknow?
ledgement ls made by M. Cadol of the source
from which the plot ls obtained.
-The International exhibition of 1873, at
Vienna, will comprise a very Interesting col?
lection of Cremona fiddles, among which there
will be the instruments of the four Amati, of
Gwrnerius, Stradivari and Stainer. Prince
Maurice Looaowltz has announced a collec?
tion of lourteen historical fiddles In his own
possession. The collection thus brought
together will be unique.
-Miss Pauline Markham's friends are ont in
cards deny log totally the truth of a recent
sketch in tbe Philadelphia Press representing
her to be a most pitiable wrecs: io person and
fortune. Miss Markham's champions state
that she was never in better health, having
recovered from her recent attack of pneumo?
nia; and as for means, ber diamonds alone
would support her for the next ten years.
-Madame Duprez, the wife of the celebra?
ted tenor, has recently died in Paris. Like
her husband, she was orluioally a pupil of the
Choron Institution, and sang with M. Duprez
on the Italian Btage. Her fuueral was attend?
ed by the leading authors, composers and ar?
tists of all the Parisian theatres; for the lady
was much respected and liked. M. Duprez is
now professor of Bl Dging at Brussels.
-Frequenters of the Opera-Comique some
forty years since will recollect the famed M.
Chollet, the original representative of Zampa
and Fi a Dlavolo, a baritone tenor of remarka?
ble ability as au actor. We bad no Idea he
was living; but we learn from Paris that he is
to have a benefit at his old quarters in the
Sall?? Favart, and will be assisted by the lead?
ing artists of the Fran?ais and otber theatres,
and also by Madame Vlardotand Madame Car
-A Boston journal says: "Whatever may
be maintained lo the contrary, we believe
that the stage of to-day Is, on the whole, in a
hither and a purer condition than it has been
at any period of its history, and tbat not only
are pieces presented in a finer manner than
ever before, but that the actors are, as a rule,
far above their predecessors in all that relates
to refinement, education, and the naturalness
with which they eDact the pana in which they
-The opera season at Drury Lane, under
the management of Mapleson, will depend
this spring on Miss Nilsson, Miles. Tieijens,
Marinion, BauermelHter, Marie Roze, and
Grossi, Mesdames Volplnl and Trebelll-Bet
llni, and MM. Capoul. Francelll, Tizz ml. Men
dibraz, Agues!, Borella, Rota, and Foll, Slr
Michael Costa conducting. Among the operas
gromlsed are "Mignon," Cnerublnl's "Les
'eux Journ?es" ("The Water-carrier,") and
Aub er's "Crown Diamond." The two last are
novelties In London. Both are to be given in
Italian, Cherubim's work under the title of "I
Due Glonnail," with recitatives by Costa, and
Auber'* under the name of "La Caterina."
-In Vienna, a Dew American star, says a
Paris paper, ls slowly and surely rising to
celebrity-the young tenor, George L. Osgood
-where he is acquiring a reputation not only
ap a first class aril<r, but as a composer of
surprising merit. He ls a Bostonian, "and a
gentleman of fortune, who devotes himself to
art from a pure love of the divine science.
The Germans pronounce him to be the most
gerfect interpreter living of Schubert's and
obert Franz's songs. He ha3 studied two
years In Italy, is an accomplished singer ol'
the Italian Behool, and is a pupil ol Sieben?, of
Berlin. His voice is said to be of an extended
compass, full and clear in ail the registers,
perfectly equal, and competent to the arduous
labors of a public singer."
-Musical honors are being bountifully con?
ferred, l?e ex-organist of St. Paul's Cathe?
dral, M. Goss, the composer of the Te Deum
and Anthem, bas consented to become Slr
John Goss. This makes the fifth musical
knight, the previous composers being Slr
Michael Cost*, Slr Julina Beuedicr, Sir J. El
rey and Sir Sterndale Bennett, besides Pro?
fessor Stewart, who has Just been knighted
by the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. Time and
situation have had much to do with these
bonorable favors; In ?lue course. Mr. G. Mc
Farren, Mr. CIIPIUS, Mr. Brinle.v Richards, Mr.
John Huilah, Mr. Curwt.'. Mr. Martin, Dr.
Wesley, Dr. QauoUett, Kr. Barnby, Mr.
Mann?, &c, need not despair, for every one
has artistic claims as strong, and in some
cases stronger than more than one of the
AN INTERNATIONAL QUESTION.
NEW YORK, April 10.
A Matamoras special says that General Mc
Cook protests against anlcle eight of the proc?
lamation placing Ma'amoras under martial
law as violative ot me treaty of Guadaloupe
Hidalgo, and hopes that vessels will be allowed
to pass lrom American ports, McCook guar?
anteeing against a violation of neutrality.
Palacios has J list twelve hundred men. Trevena
has two thousand.
A Matamoras special of the tenth says chit
telegraphic communie .?M?ns with Reynosa
has been re-esiabli-hed, which shows that the
revolutionists are not approaching from that
direciloo. Palacios is not enforcing the
blockake of the Bio Grande.
WHAT THE WOMEN' ARE AT.-One is conduc?
tor of a pas-enger train on the Hannibal und
St. Josepn Railroad. If she conducts herself
well why may she not make an excellent con?
ductress ? In Russia they are druggists. A
large river steamer on the Mississippi is in
command of one. A teacher at Newion, be?
sides keeping school, has made a fortune in
real estate operations; and one rode the win?
ner ot the Derby as a Jockey. What next ?
A FINANCIAL SQUEEZE.
THE "LOCK-UP" SENSATION IN NEW
An Effort to Get T'p Another "Black
The New York Tribune of Tuesday contains I
the following particulars of the latest Wall
street sensation, of which mention has been
already made by the telegraph:
The publicity elven yesterday to the attempt
of Henry N. Smith and others to "lock up"
Ave millions of money, created an unusual
sensation in Wull street, the movement being
the principal theme of conversation In the lob?
by of the Exchange, the banks and the brok?
ers' offices. It was admitted, even by the
most sceptical, that Henry N. Smith, Jay
Gould, F. A. Lane, Osborn & Chapin, and
their bankers, brokers and co-workers, had
undoubtedly united to diminish the
quantity of legal-tender notes in cir?
culation, and to that end had entrenched
themselves under cover of the Tenth
National Bank. The crisis had been brought
about by getting certified checks from several
banks for deposit to the amount of $4,100,000.
These checks being on call at any moment
virtually compelled the bank to retain the
greenbacks in Its vaults, and thus the $4,100,
000, instead of being lent, as lt would' other- J
wise have been, was kept out of circulation
thereby, greatly enhancing the rates for loan?
ing money. These certified chpcks, being
deposited to the credit ot the Tenth National
Bank in the name of Henry N. Smilh, were
passed at the clearing house, and became
good for $4,100,000 in greenbacks to the credit
ot Mr. Smith. On Friday last Mr. smith de?
manded the whole amount, and the bank paid
it, though many bankers assert that the bank
should have refused payment on the ground
that it was aiding an attempt to create a strin?
gency in money. Mr. Palmer, the president
of the bank, says, in Justification, "That ihe
sums were deposited In the name of Mr.
Smith, and the bank had to pay the demand
or go into bankruptcy."
Tne effect of the effort of Smith, Gould A
Co. upon Wall street was to make money
very scarce yesterday, and slightly to depress
the price of stocks. The Clearing House As?
sociation held a meeting in the afternoon, at
the Merchants' Bank, to deliberate upon the
action of the Tenth National Bank. J. D. Ver
milye presided, and a report was presented by
Mr. Tappan, chairman ot the committee from
the clearing bouse, which states the facts of j
the case as follows:
"On the morning of April 5, before 10 A.
M., Henry N. Smith deposited in the Tenth
National Bank $1,100,000, consisting of checks
on the following banks: Bank of Nortn
America, $1,200,000; Cora Exchange Bank,
$1,100,000; Mechanics' Banking Association,
$680,000; Bank of the Commonwealth. $320,
000; Continental National Bank, 300,000. To?
tal, $4,100,000. These checks were added lo
the exchanges of that dav, which, in addition
to between $500,000 and $600,000 loans called
In on the dav previous, carried the large
credit to $4,770,000 on the 5th Instant. On
the rame day cbeoks drawn by Henry N.
Smith to the amount of $3,100,000 were pre?
sented by bim, and paid la legal-tender notes
over the counter, and $1,000,000 was paid into
the sub-treasury on account of a large pur?
chase Of gold ($950,000) made by Osborn A
Chap?n. This amount was also paid on the
check ol Henry N. Smith. An examination ol
the bank account of Mr. Smith .hows that on
February 24,1872, a deposit of $500,000 was
made, and drawn for the same day In legal
tender notes, and that on February 26, 1872,
$200,000, and on February 27, 1872, $500,000,
in all $700.000, were deposited and drawn tn
cas i on the day ot the last deposit."
A long and somewhat noisy discussion fol?
lowed. Mr. Palmer, president 'of the Tenth
National Bank, appeared and stated that the
bank had been ignorant of the movement to
look up money, and that he regretted the ef?
fect which the action of a direotor might have
upon the bank. A resolution for the expul?
sion of the Tenth National Bank from the as?
sociation created much, discussion, and was
finally lost by a vote ot about two to one. Mr.
Palmer then gave a pledge to the association
on behalt of his bunk that all the moneys
withdrawn from circulation should oe Imme?
diately restored to commerce. It incidentally
appeared. during the discussion that ot the
$4,100,000 deposited'by Henry N. Smith, Jay
Gould owned $200,000.
ANOTHER RADICAL PECULATOR.
Another leak has been discovered in the
Federal machine, says the South Carolinian,
only a small one this time, and lt has been
stopped alter the small pittance, a mnre baga?
telle, $10,000, had run through. Special Agent
Yarym has for several days been engaged in
Investigating the financial status of the col- j
lector ot tbe first district, B. J. Donaldson,
and the result ls reported to be a deficit in
that gentleman's cash of about $10,000. Mr.
Yu ry in has returned to Cheraw to prosecute
the Interesting inquiry, and Mr. Donaldson
has lett in the direction of Washington to lay
his grievances at the footstool of "the best
?government," and doubtless will satisfy tbe
nfernal revenue powers behind the throne
that this ls only another Ku Klux outrage.
These gentry have such a facile way tor com?
"51ns they are Inclined to,
By damming ihose they have no mine to,"
that we will not be surprised if this first col-1
lector district ls not forthwith put under mar?
HORACE GREELEY'S POLICY.
What He Proposes to Do In Certain Con- |
NEW YORK, April 9.
Horace Greely prints the following in to?
morrow's Tribune as to his course in the forth?
coming Presidential camoalgn :
1. If there shall be Democratic candidates
for President and vice-President in the field,
we propose to support that Republican ticket
which seems most likely to su ceed.
2. If the main Issue in the canvass shall be
protection against (ree trade, we shall, "no
matter as to candidates," be found on the side
3. But if, as we hope and expect there shall
be, two Republican tickets, and none other
presented with any hope of success, we shall
favor that one whose election will be In our
Judgment most likely to promote economy In
the public expenditure, purity in legislation
and administration, substantial unanimity In
upholding for all citizens a complete equality
ot rights under the law, and hasten the return
of fraternal concord and mutual good-will be-1
tween those who were arrayed against each I
other In sanguinary strife throughout our great
civil war. buen ls our position, and it will not ;
be affecied by the nomination of A, B, C, or D,
at Cincinnati. Philadelphia, or elsewhere. Mr.
Greeley lurther says the Tribune will not be
un organ, and will print no campaign edition,
whoever may be the candidate.
SPARKS EEOlt THE WIRES.
-Miss Coiildock, the actress, Is lying at the 1
point of death.
-There is no immediate prospect of a
change in the French ministry.
-Mullen. Parker A Co.'s paper mill, at Car-1
lisle, Pennsylvania, was burned on Wednes?
day. Los?. $45,000; Insured tor $30,000.
-The Georgia legislative committee, in New
York yesterday, resumed their investigations
into the alleged frauds of Governor Bullock lu
Georgia Stale bonds.
-The special agent of the postoffice depart?
ment, lately sent to Richmond to investigate
the condition of the post office and the cause
of the late strike of employees, has maae a
report sustaining Miss Van Lew, the post?
-By an accident on the Midland Railroad,
near Hackensack. N. J., John Doremos, a
brakeman, was instantly killed, and twenty
five or thirty passengers were more or less
-TheMormon Conference, byan unanimous
vole, has selected Brigham Young to be pres?
ident of the church; Geroge A. Smith, first,
and Daniel H. Wells, second counsellors: and
Orson Hyde, president of the quorum of the
-Thd Som hern Express Company has dis?
continued running their express over the East
Tennessee and Virginia Railroad. All matter
between the South and Southwest, formerly
Solng by i his road, will go via Louisville and
CHILDREN OF THE SA TrDUST.
How Circa* Apprentices- are Treated
and How They are Taught Their
Many of our readers, we fancy, have often
seen and admired the pretty children whose
graceful performances In the circus ring are
always, to very many people, by far the most
pleasing portion ot the entertainment. There j
ls, however, a popular belief that these chil?
dren are cruelly treated to make them learn
these various tricks, which some suppose to
be hurtful to the infant trame. As this con?
sideration, of course, detracts much from'
the pleasure that tender-hearted people would
otherwise feel in witnessing the performances.
The fact is that the things a child ls taught to
do in the rlog are almost the same things
that nine out of ten healthy children are
continually doing on the green sward or
on the carpeted floors of the parental parlors.
Tour own Utile boy-dear kind-hearted
Madam, who gazes so pitifully at the little
elicia children-if he Is a healthy and wei!
developed young chap, will stand on his head,
with his boots In the air, or pitch him?
self head-over-heels a hundred times a day
thus keeping himself topsy-turvey half tils
waking hours-if only he has got some place
where he can do it and not hurt himself.
What your boy does ls almost precisely what
is done by the circus children, only itu-y are
taught to accomplish their feats in the mest
easy and graceful way.
The cruelty ls a ihicg of the past, and the
Buffetings of gymnastic and equestrian ap?
prentices of the present day are purely sup?
The children of the ri ne are put into train?
ing as soon as they can fairly walk, though in
these flays it ls not usual to see a boy of less
than Ave or six years introduced in public In
the acrobatic business. In the case of eques?
trians, however, the case is different-some
ambitious riders bringing their offspring be?
fore the public much younger than this
The tl rd act in which the little ones are al?
lowed to appear before an audience are what
ure technically known as "acrobatic" or
"posturing" scenes. Those who watch these
performances carefully' will notice that the
youngest ones of the party have very little to
do, save to eu?nd In the proper "position,"
and receive an occasional toss from the sen?
ior member ot the group, which toss or throw
sometimes looks ss if very carelessly admin?
istered, but which is In reality ls done with the
greatest care and gentleness. In fact the
modern system of teaching the business by
emulation, Instead of by threats and blows,
makes the youngest so ambitious that they
are ai wa vs begging to oe taught new "acts,"
and nine out of ten of the trifling falls they
get in the ring are brought on by the attempt
to accomplish more than they are really at
the time capable of achieving. The love of
applause ls Inborn with us all, and Jealousy
sometimes so rankles in the baby bosomBOf
these spangled little ones that they would,
If unchecked in their mad career, olten break
their tiny little necks In trying to outdo each
other. To many an ambitious youngster the
greatest possible known punishment is being
debarred the privilege of appearing with his
exultant companions in Btarred and tinselled
finery, and exhibiting bis hard-earned accom?
plishments to the applauding multitude. Most
of the children in the proiesslon at present
are the offspring of performers, who ure not
at raid to have them taught the business, as the
teaching ls now done. Formerly many "cir?
cus actors," particularly the mothers, would
rather have laid their iii tie ones in their cof?
fins than see them brought up to the business
of their parents. . Remembering the blows and
stripes of their own apprenticeship, few
mothers could bear the thought of dying and
leaving their tender babes exposed to the bru?
tality of which they had themselves had such
In gymnastics (he youngsters are first taught
some simple posturing and the dancing posi?
tions; i hen comes what is technically Known
as the "split," which consista in spreading i he
feet apait till the legs are at exact light angles
with tne upright body, a feat which auy lis?
some lad or lass of six years or less can do al?
most without practice. Next they are taught
"bending," which means to throw the head
bacK aa tar as possible toward the beets: inls
being learned, a grown person piaces his hand
under ihe back ot the youngster, when a slight
tots, by throwing the feet over the head, trans?
forms the "bend" Into a "somersault." When
the child has mastered the backward and for?
ward 'vomersauli'' the hardest of bis education
as a "tumbler" is over. The other feats come
easily by practice-"vaulting," "battouie
leaps," "spring-board bomersaulls." "flip
flaps," "hand springe," "cart-wheels," and the
like are learned lu a lew months.
If the young person, either male or female,,
ls io learn the light-rope business, be or she
ls not. as one mignt suppose, exercised at first
on a low rope stretched near the ground. On
the contrary, the pupil ls placed at once on the
rope at as great au elevation as Is required by
the regular performances, and from the very
first learns the business as lt must atterward be
dene. There are two reasons for this-first, lt
accustoms the novice at once to the height;
and, Becond, it gives space for the employment
of tue "balance pole," a long bar of twelve to
twenty feet in length, and which, were the
rope stretched low. would constantly embarrass
the learner by striking the ground on either
side. As lt ls absolutely necessary to future
success that the penoruier should be perfectly
bold and sell-poss-ssed, and not become timid
by reason of hui ts received in the falls which
are first unavoidably many, men are stationed
on either side ot the rope, into whose ever?
ready arms the youngster fulls, and so never
comes to serious grief, however frequent are
Wnen children first essay lo ride alone, a
heavy leather belt is buckled round lb" waist;
from this belt a long and strong cord passes
lliruuzh a ring in me top ot the "pad" or
"surcingle," and ihe Irte end la held in
the hand of the ring-master." if, being
thus protected, young master loses his feet, au
instantaneous pull upon the cord draws him
flat down on the back of the horse, and by no
stretch ol infantile Ingenuity can he get under
the animal's heels.
The apprentices frequently learn to tide the
"pony act," in which the tiny pattern ot a man
dressed as a Jockey or a courier urges his
Bleed with his suri 1 cries and maoy wavlngs
of his little cap. This act is always ridden on
two ponies, and the young rider will contrive
to slip aud fall between his miniature steeds,
while a thrill ol* horror pervades the crowd,
who applaud most lustily wheo, the next min?
ute, me plucky little iellow regains lils leet,
picks up the reins and drives on faster than
ever. The compassionate audience need not
waste their sj mpatbles. however; this fall ls
merely one ol the "iricks of the trade," intro?
duced simply for "effect," and the cord, belore
described, would noi let the rider fall if be
wanted to. On tne whole, the Improvement In
Hie manner of training children for mis sort of
life is marKed and commendable. Ii is not a
business to which every parent would care
to bring up his little ones; but, after all,
"people must be amused," aud every one of
these clrcuB children ls a thousand times bet?
ter off in having an honest, though perhaps
humble, trade than are the thousand*, of mis?
erable liule waifs that swarm lu our streets
and alleys, whose present condition Is utter
poverty, and whose surest expectation of a
rise lu life ls grounded upon the hopes of a
luture of successlui and undetected thievery.
One word more-many persons supposn that
"circus rider?" are Invariably and inevitably
given io drunkenness and dissipation. Never
was there a more unjust aversion-there are
black sheep everywhere, but there ls quite a->
great a proportion of true, honest wives, kind?
ly, loving mothers and faithful husbands in
this as in anv other line of life-their misfor?
tune In ibis regard is the same as tnat of ihe
theatrical proiesslon, viz., that owing to their
public lives, every scandal in their ranks ts
known and magnified, while people in Quieter
walks of lite may, perhaps, be ten limes more
llceutlous, and yet not one-tenth as noto?
The artist who has to back a fiery horse at
night, or do a trapeze performances nt a height
S J great ihat a fall fruin his dizzy perch would
be almost certalu deaih, is not likely to shake
his' neive or loosen his grip, by the use of In?
toxicating liquors, so there are few instances
of habitual drunkenness among ihis class of
-The Mexican claims commission have
awarded four tnousaud dollars io Francis W.
Rice against Mexico. The rejected dalma
were Jos. Selkirk, Joseph Deltesses and Al?
bert Speyers. Some sixty cases on the Ameri?
can docket were dismissed for want of prose
CANADA AND TEE TREATY.
A MILD MES ACE FROM OUR NORTH?
The Dominion Satisfied with the Trea?
ty, bat walting Its Cae from the Mo?
TORONTO, April IL
The Hon. William McDougall addressed his
constituents at Almonte last night. He con?
demned the scheme for the Pacific Ballway
now being carried out by the Canadian Gov?
ernment, as involving enormous expense, and
said lt was better to have relied ra ore on water
communication and American railways. He
next referred to the Treaty of Washington. It
was just possible that Great Britain and the
United Slates might continue to differ about
the construction ot the treaty, In which
case Canada would not be called on
to take any action with regard to lr;
but recent Information seemed to Indicate
that the difference would be settled, and there?
fore the matter would come before our Par?
liament. It would be a fatal mistake for our
Parliament to refuse to confirm the treaty to
which the bead of the government had at?
tached his signature. If the Dominion re?
mains part and parcel of the British Empire
we must submit to the consequences of that I
position and must be ready to do our part to-1
wards carrying out arrangements that may
have been entered into between the mother
country and foreign countries. We cannot
remain as part of ihe Empire and act as an In
dependent nation. We must be willing to
allow the Imperial Government, in Its deal?
ings with the United States or other loreign
countries, to maxe such bargains as they in
their wisdom, and in accordance with the
public opinion of the Empire, may find neces?
sary; and we must acquiesce like good subjects
and put up with the consequences. Mr. McDou?
gall was quite ready lo discuss the propriety of
political change If lt was found that our posi?
tion was an embarrassment to ourselves and
to the mother country. He was quite pre?
pared to consider what was the best, wisest
and salest course for us to take, but in the
Parliament they could not discuss the ques?
tion. They must then bear with things as
they were, they must recognize Canada as
part of the British Empire. In ihe meantime
the provinces were saliefied with the fishing
clause. He considered the Importance of the
concession made to the United States in this
matter had been greatly overrated. As to
the navigation of the St. Lawrence, he held
that lt would be an advantage to Canada to
allow the Americans equal rights on that
river, and that In point ol International law
they were entitled lo lt any way. He argued
that the Imperial Government was alone re?
sponsible lor the treaty.
TERRIBLE BOILER EXPLOSION.
ST. LOUIS, April 21.
The steamboat Oceanus, from Bed Elver for
SI. Louis, when near Brook's Point, twenty
miles above Cairo, at about four o'clock ibis
morning, exploded her boiler, tearing the
boat to pieces. All the officers are reported
killed, and many passengers scalded to death
or drowned. No names have yet been re?
ceived. Sixty-five passengers were on board,
and lt ls reported tnat only four or five were
AN ALARMING FRESHET.
CONCORD, (N. H.,) April ll.
The Merrimac River ia rising lrom four to
five Inches an hour, and an extensive freshet
ls Imminent. Reports from above, from the
streams tributary to the Merrimac, state that
the late rain Is very disastrous to property.
Railroad bridges on the Contlcook River, a
tributary ol' the Merrimac, above Concord,
were swept away last night by the flood, and
the ice ls rapidly disappearing.
THE WEATHER THIS DAT.
WASHINGTON, April ll.
The barometer will fall on Friday .from the
lake to the Gulf and Atlantic, and the very
low barometer over Southeastern Dakota and
Northwestern Iowa will move eastward over
Lake MIohLan, and as a very severe storm
over the lake region and Ohio Valley, with
1 cloudy weather and rain, which latter will ex?
tend over the Southern and Middle States
generally on Friday, with Increasing souther?
ly to easterly winds. Rising barometer, brisk
and high northwesterly winds and clearing
I weather will extend eastward over the nortb
1 west to night to Lake Michigan, and over the
lower Mississippi Valley by 'Friday evening.
Cautionary signals continue at Mllwaukle,
Chicago and Grand Haven, and are ordered
for Detroit, Toledo, Cleveland and Buffalo
Yesterday** Weather Reports ot th?
Signal Service, V. S. A.-1.47 P. M.,
Mern pu is. Tenn.
New Ork aus....
Sa var. nih.
30. C 6
Q en; le.
NOTB.-The weather report dated 7.47 o'olock
this morning, will be posted In the rooms of the
Chamber of Commerce at io o'clock A. M., and,
together with the weather charr, may (by the
courtesy of the Cham her) be exunlned by ship?
masters at any time during the day.
Hotel Asrivalt-april ll.
W. Spears, Augusta; W. C. G. Carraway, J.
J. F. Carraway, Georgetown; N. G. Osteen,
Sumter; L. Granfleld, Georgia; W. J. Leo,
Kingstree; Wm. W. Bawls, Rldgevllle; E. W.
Dlckerman and wife, WeBlfleld; J. P. Painter,
Pennsylvania; Dr. O. C. Rhame, Oakley.
W. H. Jackson, Columbia; J. C. Geiger, G.
T. Atkine, New York; B. L. Mallett, Nevada;
F. Simmonds, Savannah; J. H. Lynch, Phila?
delphia; M. Lyman and wife, Connecticut;
Mrs. W. A. Mowry, Chicago; M. B. Lipscomb,
South Carolina; Mrs. V. Randall, Julia Lips?
comb, Liverpool; W. C. Haskins, Boston; G.
Brown, Miss C. M. Brown, Providence; G.
McGovern,.Sweet Springs, Va.; W. H. Law?
ton, Ninety-Six; T. L. Boyd, England; J. R.
Thornton, M. D., Miss Thornton, New York;
J. B. Lankenau and wife, F. W. Lankenau,
Miss E. C. Lankenau, Philadelphia; J. B. Cur?
tis and wife, Mrs. Voorbees, Miss Voorbees,
New York; Geo. H. Carleton, Boston; J. Low,
Miss Low, New York; Mrs. Jno. E. Page, Al?
bany; Mrs. S. H. Spaulding and two daughters,
Boston; Miss Reed, M. Stevens, C. E. Leary,
Niles G. Parker, Mrs. Parker, Miss McFar-1
land, Columbia; G. C. Smith, Buffalo, N. Y.; |
A. Friedenberg and wife, J. Gorham, Savan?
nah; John Andrews, United Stales Army; If.
B. Clark, New Yoru; F. H. Eaton, Cheraw;
Prof. Beuj. Pierce, Henry Mitchell, Henry L.
Whitney, United States Coast Survey; J. B.
Beall and wife, New York; H. T. Proctor, Cln
cinnatir Wm. L. Gutterson, Jonas Fitch, Bos?
ton; T. Lyle, Pittsburg, Pa.; C. B. Nelson,
Chicago; S. T. Nelson, Detroit; A. W. Shaffer,
IKE NATIONAL LEGISLATURE.
WASHINGTON, April IL
The House ls considering agricultural mat?
ters. The bill relating to the transportation of
animals by railroad was passed. It compels
fire hours' rest and refreshment alter twenty
eight hours' confinement In the cars. Banks
presented a resolution requesting the Presi?
dent to demand the release of Dr. Howard and
the restoration of his property, which was or?
dered to be printed.
The committee on private land claims
agreed to-day to report the-Senate bill, ex?
tending the act of June 22, 1866, relating to
private land claims in Florida and Louisiana,
with an additional section allowing confirma,
tiona upon proof of possession since the acqui?
sition lrom France. The House Judiciary com?
mittee have unanimously agreed to report on
the bill of Mr. Harrie, of Virginia, In lavor of
repealing the test oath OD** Southern ante?
bellum claims for mall and census service.
In the Senate, Hill, of Georgia, called up the
House bill to relieve citizens of Georgia of
political disabilities. It had passed to Its third
reading when Trumbull proposed to amend, it
by adding a general removal of disabilities.
There were numerous objections, and the hill
The pensions committee reported adversely
on the bill giving Farragut's widow twenty
thousand dollars a year pension.
The North Carolina contested seat came up
ACTS OF TBE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Published by Authority.
AN ACT to Empower Fathers to Legitimize
certain Children by Last Will and Testa?
SECTION 1. Be lt enacted by the Senate and
House of Representatives of the State of
South Carolina, now met and sitting In Gen?
eral Assembly, and by the authority of the
That white fathers of children, born of black
or colored mothers, who were formerly held
aa slaves, either during the time of such
mother's servitude or since emancipation, the
cohabitation between the parents of such chil?
dren being still continued, be, and the same
are hereby, authorized to so far legitimize
such children, by last will and testament, as
to enable them to Inherit, posses and enjoy
all rights, titles and hereditaments the same
as lawful children born In wedlock: Provid?
ed, however, That no such father may have
been married at any time previous, whose
wife was then living, or who since may have
broken off such cohabitation for the purpose
of marriage or any other cause, shall be en?
titled to the power conferred by the provis?
ions of this act.
Approved Ma-ch 12, 1872.
Aa ACT to Incorp?rate the Charleston Loan
and Exchange Company.
SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and
Ho as e of Representatives of the State of South
Carolina, now met and sitting in General As?
sembly, and by the authority of the same:
That the persons and bodies corporate who
shall become stockholders in the manner here?
inafter described, and their successors, shall
be a body politic and corporate, under the
name, style and title of the Charleston Lo>u
and Exchange Company. |g"
SEO. 2. The capital E tock of the said company
shall be one hundred thousand dollars, tobe
divided into shares of one hundred dollars
eaoh, and' shall be raised in the following
manner: The following persons are hereby ap?
pointed commissioners to receive subscrip?
tions to ibo capital stock, to wit: T. H. Wil?
liams,.H. Bischoff, Wm. Gurney, J. A. Bow?
ley, J. B. Dennis, C. J. Lamb, W." H. Garde?
ner, Jr., S. A. Swails and J. H. Bnnkle. The
said commissioners, or a majority of tbem
shall open books, at such places in Charleston
as they shall appoint,- within sixty days. from
the passage of thia act, and receive subscrip?
tions to the said stock: Provided, The said
commissioners shall have given at least three
dayB* notice in two daily papers in the City of
Charleston, of the time and place of receiving
the subscriptions, and shall require a payment
of twenty-five dollars on each share, to be
made at the time of subscription therefor:
And provided further, That the board oe direc?
tors shall have power, in like manner, at snob
titre as they shall see fit, to increase the said
capital to the sum of five hundred thousand
SEO. 8. That if, after sixty days from 'he
time of opening the books for subscription one
ten tu of the capital stock be subscribed for,
then the shares to that extent be divided pro
rata among the stockholders, and the com?
pany empowered to commence business.
SEO. A. That the said company, under its
name, shall have snccession of officers and
members, and all the powers, privileges and
franchises incident to a corporation, and shall
be capable of taking, holding and disposing of
their capital stock, according to suoh rules
and regulations as they shall, from time to
time, establish, and also, of taking, holding or
disposing of, or investing tho increase, profits
or emoluments of their said capital stock, and
shall have full power and authority to have
and use a common seal, and the same to alter
and renew at their pleasure, and, by the name
and title aforesaid, shall be able and capable,
at law and in equity, to tof! add be sued, to
plead and be impleaded, aus wer and be ans?
wered unto, in all manner of suits, pleas, de?
mands and judicial proceedinga whatever, and
they are further empowered to appoint a presi
d ml, board of directors, and such other offi?
cers as they may deem expedient, for the
proper protection and transaction of their
SEO. 5. That the said company is hereby au?
thorized and empowered to make COD tracts,
and to make loans of money, upon security of
real estate, personal property and choses in
action, to barter in all kinds of merchantable
articles, to give and to hold in exchange upon
such rates ot interest as may be agreed upon
between the persons or parties borrowing, and
exchange at a rate agreed upon by the hoard of
1 SEO. <S. That the said company shall have
right and power to acquire, purchase, take
and hold, in its corporate name, lands and
ratal estate, anet the same to devise, grant,
sell, assign, exchange and convey in fee simple,
or otherwise, and thal the sum of three hun?
dred dollars b9 yearly returnable to the State,
Dut of the net income derived by the company,
and that this net remain in force for the period
of twenty years.
Approved March 13. 1872._
(Uigurs ano (Eobacio.
jj li. MORILLO,
No. 349 KING STREET,
BETWEEN GEORGE AND LIBERTY, WEST SIDE.
Jost received, a floe assortment of CIGARS, of
the most favorite brands, as Mumbilla. Benry
Clay, Jasmine, Goldeu Bug, Ac, Ac. Ti ose cele?
brated Havana Figaros at 6 cents always on
hand; also Lyon's Durn am Tobacco, at esc. per lb.
Please call and give me a trial. aprll-thls6
MACQUEEN it BIECKE y
IJI/iLL SELL THIS DAY, AT No. 8
V V . Elliott street, near East Bay, at s o'clock
FUBSITUHE, Ac, consisting of Fedsteads,
Bureaus, Chairs, Bedding. Washstand, Picture,
?c; also, Contents of BAR-ROOM.
Terms cash. . ? : aprja
By WM. McKAY.
HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE, D JS Y
Go1 ds, Glassware, Ac. .
wm be sold TRIS OAT, at No. 46Meeting street,
at io o'clock, ...
An assortment of HOUSEHOLD FURNITORS.
Plano, Sewing Machine, stove, Nets Tube, Ac.;
also an assortment of Shop Goods, comprising
Prints. Shirtings, Cloths, Shoe?, Notions, AC ?
april_. . " .
Bj MIXES DR/KE. "
BOOTS, SHOES AND. JETAT*. .
TBIS MORN INO , at io o'clock, I will sell at
my Store, corner of King and Liberty streets:
A floe assortment of Men's BOOTS, Brogans,
Balmorals, Oxfords, Prince Alberts, Creole and
Button Congress, English Ties, Boys? BAlmoralf,
Congress and English Ties, Women's Balmorals.'
Bootees, and Polish. Misses' and Children's Shoes,
or all styles.
At the com mencement of Regular Sale,
The entire Stools of BOO rs, Shoes. Hats. Ac, of .
a Country Store, which will be sold without any
A regular Une of Men's and Boys' Wool, Pelt'
and Straw HATS._ april.
8l)itto anjr^fnmig!)ing ?OO>B.
- . . TN ' ^ ??
ME?PS FURNISHING EMPORIUM,
OPPOSITE THE MARKET HALL.
tDtuqe ano Mtoianta.
JJ BUGS AND MEDICINES,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
I>jR<. H. BAEP,
No. 131 MEETING STREET,
oners his Large and Well-Assorted Stock of
And all the Leading Proprietary Medicines,
The following comprise a few of the CHEMI?
CALS he has on hand. These goods are pox?
chased or the Manufacturera, and will be sold to
the trade at the lowest possible figure:
IODINE RESUB LIMED.
Iodide of Potassium,
Bromide of Potassium.
Nitrate of Silver.
Quinine, P. A W. and R. 4 8.
Morphine, P. A W. and R, A S.
Chloral Hydrate, made by Schering, Berlin.
Quevecne's Iron, (French,)
Iron by Hydrogen, (Merck's.)
Glycerine, (Merck's and American,)
Calomel, English and American.
Blue Mass, English and American.
Sweet Spirits of Nitre, Ac, Ao
Sopercar bolate of Soda.
Supercarbolate of Zinc
? Caulophyllln, Ac, Ac
A Full Stock Ot HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICINES
always on hand, comprising Tinctures, Pellets,
Powders of d .flerent Triturations, Family Medi?
cine Cases, Ac, AC.
The following are a few of the
FRENCH PATENT MEDICINE8
always kept In Stock:
QRIMAULTS SYRUP OF THE HYPOPHOSPHITB
Grlmault's Guaran? Powders, for Headache, Seo.
Grlmault's Matteo injection,
orimauit's Lent's Phosphate of Iron.
1 Mathey-cayius'a Capsules.
Purgatif Le Roy.
Quevenne's Iron, (with Spoon.)
Gigarettes-Espio for Asthma.
Drag?es de Santonine-6 centigrammes, Ac?
None bnt the Purest Drags used, and satisfac?
tion guaranteed, both as to price and quality.
Orders are solicited from Druggists, Physicians
Country Merchants, Planters and others, with,
the assurance that they shall receive prompt
and carerul attention. mc h 7 s m os
The undersigned bas Just received aBapplyot
the Great South American Cancer Be?iedy, oua
DURANGO. .JFJKHS .trPOIL
j8Bl9 No. 181 Meeting street.