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VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1883.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 18, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS A
THE GENEVA BOARD.
A FRANK AND OFEN STATEMENT OF \
THE GENEVA ARBITRATION.
Synopsis or tiie Counter-Case of Great
The following is a sy nope lc ot the counter
statement presented at Geneva on the part of
Great Britain :
Part first begins by announcing that to the
American imputation ol hostile motives and
Insincere neutrality no reply whatever will be
- Offered. England distinctly refuses io enter j
Into a discussion of those insinuations, because
lt would be Inconsistent with her self-respect,
Irrelevant to the main issue, and tend to In
fljne controversy. England's governing de-1
eire ls to fulfil, even exceed, her international ?
duties. Nor will any reference be made to
the claims for Indirect damages, as correspon?
dence with regard to them ls pending
between England and the United "States.
England assumes' that the claims are limited
to losses occasioned by the Florida, Alabama,
Georgia and Shenandoah, but does not J
Object of the introduction of nine other rebel
cruisers added to the list. None of these ves
Bili had previously been mentioned. No
award ls possible for the depredations of the
Boston and Sallie, which are tn the list not
mentioned elsewhere In the case of the United
Stales, and were probably inadvertently In?
cluded. The board of arbitrators Is reminded
that Its conclusions must be formed on proofs,
not allegations, and that the evidence must
be sifted. The statements of American con?
suls are credible when made in regard to facts
within their personal knowledge; but they are
unreliable when dealing with rumors. The
consuls of the American Government, zealous
to indiscretion, shared the Irritability gene?
rated by the war, and erroneous views
throughout the struggle colored their reports.
England rejects as" evidence the papers cap?
tured on the Rosamond, their authors being
Part second deals with the American argu?
ment, disputes the propositions that a neutral
power is bound, at the request of a belliger?
ent, to enforce the municipal laws and add to
them if they are insufficient. It admits that
reparation ls due for appreciable injury re?
sulting from a clear violation of International
-duty, but ls unable to attach distinct meaning
to some of the twelve propositions of the
Am? rican case, and demurs to the exception-1
-ally rigorous application made ot these pro- j
positions to England. It urges that at tbe
. time of the Confederate war the mere sale
and delivery of a vessel adapted for war to a
belligerent was not a violation of the treaty.
Nevertheless, on this point lt accepts the rules
Of the Treaty o? Washington, not with the
over-strained construction put upon them by
-the Untted States, but according to their ob?
vious purport, ic regrets that the United
Stall s should strain the Interpretation of these
fuit s to the uttermost, Instead of accepting
them in a fair and reasonable sense. It
argues tbat England was bodnd to receive tbe
- Alabama as she would a vessel of war of any
sovereign power; and concludes by quoting
from Ortolan, the eminent French authority
on international law, to show that the prin?
ciples for which the United States contend
were.never heretofore seriously asserted or
recognized In Europe or Amerloa.
Par t third treats of the precedents advanced
lu the American casa, and replies thereto wno.
Others such as the filibustering attacKs of Lo
pez on Cuba, and Walker on Mexico and Cen
-irai America, and the Fenian raids on Canada.
History on this subject ls the history of on
lawful enterprises originating in America, and
-with American citizens. The American priva?
teers have from time to time harassed Erjg-1
land, Spain, Portugal, Mexico, Central Amen
" ca, Cuba and Canada.
Part fourth considers the various complaints
made of traffic in munitions of war with the
South, blockade running by British ships, Ac
Part fifth gives the history of the cruises of |
tbe Sumter and Nashville, and complains ot l
-belog requlred to meet demands In regard to
which the sole difficulty is to treat them as
Part sixth gives an account of the Florida
and Alabama, with details of their escape. It
seeks to show that tbe time which elapsed be?
tween Mr. Adam's application and the Ala?
bama's departure was too short to Justify the
charge bf negligence, and claims that, In this
respect, England cannot be charged with any
failure of duty.
Part seventh Is devoted to the history of tbe
Shenandoah and Georgia.
Part eighth relates to other vessels, and re?
pudiates the responsibility of Great Britain
for their depredation.
Part ninth treats of the reception of rebel
cruisers in British ports, and seeks to defend
the ccnduct of Great Britain by comparing
lt with that ol other nations.
Part tenth, after recapitulating the facts and
arguments of the preceding parts, declares
the claim for Interest on the damages Irom
July 1st, 1873, untenable. The losses which
the arbitrators may take into account are, at
the utmost, those directly arising from the
capture and destruction of ships and property.
Jdi?r describing the situation, anxiety and
insecurity in which neutrals would be placed
In time of war, should the doctrines present?
ed in the American case as to their duties
prevail, tbe counter case concludes wilh the
expression of a hope that a frank, open state?
ment of the facts will effectually remove every
misunderstanding between nations allied by
COMMENTS OP THE PRESS.
The Times describes the Biltish counter
case as couched in a grave and statesmanlike
spirit, while the American cuse reads like an
advocate's speech to a Jury In a trial of assault j
and battery. England's reply ls like the ut?
terance of a Judge.
Tee Dally Telegraph says: "The Americans,
studying with Impartiality our counter case,
will find reason to fear not only for their In?
direct claims, but for something more. In?
stance opon instance of over-statement and
Inconsistency ls brought against tbem until !
their great fabric of laborious ingenuity trem?
bles to Its foundation."
THE CLAIMS COMMISSION.
WASHINGTON, April 21.
Thus far about four nundroo and fifty British
and twenty American claims have been flied
with the American and British commission,
which will, early this week, adjourn, to meet
the latter pa-t ol June, or beicre the expira?
tion ci thu three months allowed last March
as an extension of tho- lime within which,
claims may be filed. The commission in Juae
will merely receive claims and then adjourn
GLIMPSES OF GOTHAM.
?. NEW YORK, April 20.
A seller of Indecent books bas been senten?
ced to twelve months' imprisonment and two
hundred dollars fine.
The African Methodist Conference debated
the question of union with the white church.
There was no opposition.
The World d clines to retract the articles re- J
gard:ag Sickles, as demanded by Sickles's law?
Anna Dickinson spoke last night at the
Cooper Institute in opposition to the Adminis?
tration and in favor of the Liberal movement.
Horace Greeley presided.
"COLORED KU-KL?X IN BEAUFORT \
[From the Beaufort Republican, Radical]
On Tuesday of last week, near Grahamville,
in this county, a young man named Farr,
while riding toward the town on a mule, was
halted by a voice from a thicket, by the road?
side. Turning his head he Baw a man, armed
with a gan, emerge from the bushes, whose
face was concealed by a quantity of gray moss,
bis hands showing him to be a negro. The
joung man spurring up his animal to escape
was fired upon by the highwayman. The bali
passed through (he lappel ot his coat and en?
tered the shoulder of the mule, without, how?
ever, inflicting a dlsablling wound. Boeing
that tbe attempt waa futile, the Ku-Klux dis?
appeared Into the woods. On the same after?
noon a lady camed Dupont, living near
Grahamville, returning to ner house after a
brief absence, saw a mau jump from a window.
Over bis face was a white cloth with eye-holes
in lt? His hands, also, sbowed him to be a
colored mao. He had rob bed. the bouse of j
money and silverware.
THE CITIZEN SHOT BT SOLDIERS.
Major Merrill's Version of the Affair.
The following dispatch has been received at
the war department from Major Merrill, who,
as he was in Charleston at the time, knows
nothing personally of the affair:
Friday last, Minor Paris, Indicted for Ku
Elux murder, was shot and killed by troops
acting as posse to United States marshal,
while he was escaping the efforts of the mar?
shal to arrest him on a bench warrant of the
Circuit Court. Telegrams to newspapers to
create sensation, headed "Diabolical Outrage,"
are totally false.
The Torkvllle Enquirer prints an account of I
the killing, which agrees, in substance, with (
Major Merrill's dispatch. It says:
On Saturday last, a squad of soldiers, under
command of Lieutenant Benner, of this post,
and accompanied by Deputy Marshal Duncan,
While on the Union County side of Broad
Fiver, shot and killed a man named Minor
Paris, for whose arrest, we are Informed, a J
bench warrant had been Issued by the Judge
of the United States Cirouit Court. The fol?
lowing are the circumstances attending the
shooting, as we learn them from Marlon Har?
ris, who was in company with Paris at the
time of the occurrence, and who ls now a mili?
tary prisoner In the jail at this place:
Harris says that himself and Paris were
approaching the river, when they were halted.
Harris surrendered himself, ont Paris de?
clined to do so, and attempted to make his
escape by Jumping into a batteau and floating
down the river. After rowing a distance ot
twenty-five yards, again being commanded to
halt, and falling to do BO, orders were given j
by a non-commissioned officer to fire-Lieu?
tenant Benner and Marshal Duncan not being
present-and a pistol was discharged at Pans,
who continued bis effort to escape. Command
was again given to fire, and six guns had
been discharged, when Paris, at a distance of
three hundred yards from the 'firing party,
fell over lu the boat wounded. A short time
after the shooting, Lieutenant Benner and
Marshal Duncan-who were at the house of I
Mr. Lathan, a few hundred yards distant
arrived at the scene of the occurrence, and a j
boat belne procured, the wounded man was
removed to the bank ot the river. An exam?
ination disclosed the fact that a ball had en-1,
tered the abdomen and penetrated the kid?
neys, from the effects of which Paris has since ,
died. Captain Christopher, who ls now In ,
command at this post, is engaged In Investi- t
gating the whole affair. I
THE FIRST O UN.
Speeches by Senator Cardozo and Judge
The Camden Journal reportB the proceed?
ings of a Republican meeting held lu Camden
last Monday :
Senator Cardozo made a sensible speech,
advising the people to elect only honest and
capable men. A Mr.-George followed, and
said there were natives ot the county fully as
competent as Cardozo-they must stick by
their own people and quit carpet-baggers.
Judge Melton made the next speech. He
complimented Cardozo, bad no charges to |
make against any one, was Indifferent who
was to blame for the corruption in the party;
did not see how the public debt was to be
paid, hnn jinked his fortunes as well as his
principles with the party, thought the party
should select honest men for office, asked
where the land commission lands were, and
where were the public schools. The Judge
cloeed by repeating that the party needed j
wblte-waahing Internally, and would go down I
If lt were not cleansed. There was no enthu?
siasm at the meeting.
THE LA URENSVILLS PRISONERS.
Proceedings Before the Commissioners.
tFrf^i the Colombia Phoenix.]
The fellowing defendants from Laurens
County were brought up on Saturday on a
charge of conspiracy and murder, to wit : Dr.
Thomas McCoy, John A. Leland, Alexander
McCoy and Dr. William E. Black.
In the case of Dr. Thomas McCoy, the defen?
dant was remanded for trial at the present*
term of the Circuit Court.
In the case of John A. Leland, objection
having been made as to the competency of
one of the witnesses on the part of the United
States, on account ot an alleged conviction for j
an Infamous offence, the commissioner decided
that the record should be produced, but that j
an opportunity would be allowed the counsel J
for the defendant to produce the same, if they
desired to do so. The counsel for defendant
withdrew their objection. The counsel for
defendant then argued at length that no or?
ganized conspiracy bad been proven, and also
that no murder had been connected with the
defendant; Inasmuch as lt was a moral impos?
sibility for the defendant to have killed either
William Fleming or William Griffin, who were
found dead In the streets, from the localities
they were said to have respectively occupied,
and that, therefore, If conspiracy bad been
proven, the defendant waa entitled to bali.
Mr. Dunbar, for the United States, insisted
on his motion, that the defendant be remand?
ed for trial, and argued that a commissioner
bad no discretion lu the matter, where suffi?
cient testimony to sustain the original affida?
vits bad been produced; and furthermore, i hat
a conspiracy had ben sufficiently shown by the
testimony, and that murder had been proven
In the present case, and connected with the
The commissioner decided that lt was not
bis duty to examine into Intricate points as to
the law of conspiracy: that conspiracy under
the meaning of the eixth section of the act of
May 31, 1870, (enforcement act,) had beeu
sufficiently proven by the assembling of a
band of armed men, their declarations and
their acts on that occasion, that he was no
judge of the credibility of wltneeses, unless
the same was conflicting; that as to the charge
ot murder, it was sufficiently proven here, as
lt was shown, that murder was committed by
the baud of armed men, with which d?tendant
is said to have acted, and that it was not ne?
cessary to show that he himself fired a fatal
The defendant was accordingly remanded
tor trial at the present term.
The cases of Alexander McCarley and Dr.
William E. Black were also heard, several wit?
nesses examined, and the d?tendants remand?
ed for trial at the present term.
By consent of counsel, the remaining cases
were continued uuill Friday, 26ih instant, at
lu A. M., and the recognizances of those on
bail were continued until that time.
Lie u ten at Miller, with a few men of his com?
mand, are in Laurensville, but they are devot-1
lng their attentions entirely to their private
affairs. No fresh arrests have been made.
Messrs. B. S. Jones and H. W. Anderson,
from Laurens County, charged with violation
of the enforcement act, were brought oefore
the commissioner on Friday, and bailed each
in the sum of three thousand dollars.
Eleven Persons Killed In the Fray.
ST. LOUIS, April 20.
A special from Muskaga, Indian Terriiory,
says Talaquash was acquitted of the charge ol' |
murder, whereupon a relation nf the deceased
killed the defendant and the judge on the
bench. An indiscriminate fight followed, In
which eleven were killed and many wounded.
Among the killed were three United States
WASHINGTON, April 20.
The Fort Smith New Era confirms the re?
ported tight at Muskaga, In the lud?an Terri?
tory. At last accounts both parties were close
together, and another fight was probable.
The marshals' posse numbered eleven, nine of |
whom are dead. The dispatch Bays this is one
ot the most terrible affairs ever known In the
Cherokee country. It origluated lu distrust
and Jealousy, in which the more unintelligent
portion of the Inhabitants ot the Indian Terri?
tory are misled by bad white men.
THE man who advertises shows not only a
business talent above his neighbors, but he
may be at ouce reckoned among the Indepen?
dent, generous and public-spirited of ins com?
munity. He who hides bis light under a
bushel, when such advantages as those at
present afforded are so freely offered him, does
not deserve to succeed.
THE POLITICAL OUTLOOK.
PROGRESS OF THE LIBERAL MOVE?
Horace Greeley to the Colored Men-The
Ball Rolls tn Illinois-Massachusetts
In Motion-Louisiana's Reform Pro?
clamation-Polling the Congressmen.
Horace Greeley has addressed the following
letter of advice to the colored men of the
The Eon. M. B. Conway, New Orleans:
SIR-I have yours of 21st instant. I think
colored people will be benefited by, and should
sympathize with, the Cincinnati Convention,
because it tends to free them from the odium
of complicity with the vlllanles and robberies
which nave been perpetrated in the abused
name of Republicanism during the past five
or els years, especially in tue South. The
monstrous exaggeration of taxes and debts in
most ot the. Southern States is the fruit of
white vlllany. The thieves who perpetrated
these robberies are now seeking to escape the
ust punishment of their crimes by bawling
ustily, '"Grant," "Grant;"' "I'm for Grant;"
"Hurrah for Grant."
The Cincinnati movement is at deadly feud
with these robbers and their evil deeds. Let
the honest and upright colored men join in
them, and thus rid themselves of crimes which
others only have perpetrated. Yours,
"? HORACE GREELV.
The call Indorsing the principles put forth
by the Liberal Republicans of Missouri bas
anally been made public in Illinois. It la
signed by three or four hundred of the most
prominent Republicans of the State. The call
mgeests that citizens of Illinois present at
Cincinnati select a due proportion of their
number to represent the State in convention,
[n addition to the Influential Republicans
beretofore reported are the present Governor,
Palmer, the Hon. Newton Bateman, superin?
tendant of public Instruction; Secretary of
State Rummel, Adjutant Dllger, and the Hon.
Wm. L. Grots.
Governor Palmer's Letter.
Governor John M. Palmer, of Illinois, has
STU ten a letter In explanation of his declining
o permit his name to be used before the reg
liar Republican State Convention for renonc?
iation. That convention, he says, will be con?
trolled to secure the renomination and elec
lon of President Grant, and continues:
"I do not believe President Grant should be
renominated by the Republican party, and wil
lot say ao. * * * As all who are
amlllar with my opinions know, I believe that
ill retorms and improvements in the direction
ndlcated must begin in the State; and the first
step toward success must be to win back to
me government of the States the confidence
md affection ol the people. No man need ex?
pect reforms in the administration of the Fed?
eral Government until the people assume the
government of the State, and enforce honesty
md good government. The President and
Congress are too remote from the people to
pay any great degree of attention to their wish
as; they must be impressed by the action and
?xample of the State.
"With these views I cannot defend or justify
the opinion acted upon by General Grant,
jvhen he ordered lour companies of infantry
nto this State lo act as police, and that dic?
tated his approval of the acts of General Sheri -
lan Ju raising troops by his own authority in
:hls State, subjecting Chicago to military rule,
ivbereby a peaceable*cltlze.n of the State was
mlawfuliy killed. These lawless and danger
SUB assumptions of authority cannot be de?
fended or apologized for by me, while the obli?
gations of an oath to support the constitution
ind enforce the laws ot the State rest upon
me. It' the powers claimed and acted upon by
the President in these instances exist in him,
the State of Illinois is but a dependency ot the
government at Washington, and the lives and
l?benles of the people are subject to the will
of the President. To defend these acts of the
President ls to concede that the power he
Calmed exists. Such a concession by the
governor would be a crime against the people
of the State. Nor could I, lt a candidate for
Governor, say to' the people that President
Girant has the Inclination and ability lo en?
force economy and reform In the government,
nor will I submit my judgment on these points
:o a convention that will be dominated by his
appoint?es and partisans."
Commenting on this letter the New York
Tribune says :
''Governor Palmer might have entered the
Republican Convention, received the nomina?
tion, and a virtually unanimous election, with?
out any compromise ot his dignity or his poal
ion as a Republican. The accession of this
UstlngulBhed Republican leader to the Liberal
ranks under these circumstances is a subject
for sincere congratulation."
Liberal? In Massachusetts.
The address of the Massachusetts Republl
?ans, In behalf ot the Cincinnati Convention,
vas Issued on the 18th Instant. It sets forth
that the call for the Cincinnati Convention em?
braces every principle to which the Reptil?
ian party is logically bound, and says :
"We believe that great reform in ail depart
nents of government, municipal, State and
latlonal, though Imperatively demanded by
oublie interest?, can only be secured by con?
sultation &nd agreement among those who
'eallze Its necessity, and that such a consulta
lon as the one proposed will be productive of
great good in the country. We, therefore,
lope to see the convention of May 1 largely
mended by the tried Republicans from all
oar ts of the country."
The address ls signed by F. W. Bird, Ed?
vard Atkinson, William Endicott, Jr., George
3. Blake, Elizar Wright, William 0. Bowditch,
r. B. Sanborn, an i some twenty-five more
eadlng representatives .of the Republican
party, all of whom are men of wealth and
The Liberals In Louisiana.
A Liberal proclamation was issued in New
)rleans on the 17ih inst, signed by Governor
I. C. Warmoth, Thomas \v. Conway, M.A.
?outh worth. Oscar S. Hunsacker. F. J. Her?
ron and five hundred others, leading R?publi?
que of the Btate, Bettine forth their dlssatls
actlon with the President, and concluding :
"The Cincinnati Convention, will be com
joaed of many of the leading minds of the Re?
publican party, and ls exclusively a gathering
)f the members of that party. Many ot'those
ivho will be present have made illustrious re
:ordB ot devotion to Republican principles,
ind are historically identified with the proud?
est of hepubllcan triumphs, but they will be
nen of Independent character and fearless
purpose, not prepared to bow the knee to the
Baal of a personal despotism; men who are la
avor of a Republican government in tit
Jntted Stales, and who believe we are lu
supreme perii of losing lt."
The Louisiana delegation have arranged for
i special train to take delegates from Missis?
sippi, Alabama and Texas with them.
Polling the Congressmen.
A Washington dispatch to the Philadelphia
Quite a commotion was made In the House
by a movement to have the Republican mem?
bers all sign a paper endorsing the nomina?
tion of General Grant at Philadelphia, and re?
pudiating the Cincinnati Convention, In order
to have the endorsements read at the New
York meeting on Wednesday night. When
the papers were first circulated everybody
3itrued them, ou the ground that to refuse
would be considered an .act of disloyally to
the Republican party. Before the House had
been canvassed some snags were struck. The
Massachusetts men refused point blank to in?
terfere, and Ohio then broke, five reluslng to
?lgu; two In.Illinois, aud several scattering
members declined, and many of them who
lld sign required the endorsement to be wa?
tered down lill lt was of very little value. Not.
i few signed with mental reservations of a
pretty wide scope, and some thought the fact
that certificates were needed was an evidence
af weakness and alarm, which was very slg
algoificant. There 1B no doubt, however, that
i clear majority of both houses are In favor of
Seneral Grant's renomination, because there
ls no other candidate who will run against
him in the regular convention.
Other correspondents name among the
members wbo refuse to sign, besides the en?
tire Massachusetts delegation, Messrs. Gar?
field, Stevenson, Beatty, Perry and Ambler, of
Ohio; B air, ot Michigan; Starkweather, of
Connecticut; Roberts and Wheeler, of New
York; S3 p her, of Louisiana; Farnsworthand
Burch ard, of Illinois; and McCrary, of Iowa.
It ls notable that every one of these recu?
sants is very strong, both la Lae House and at
The Democratic Nominations.
The following letter was read to the Louisi?
ana Democratic Convention on Saturday:
"WASHINGTON, April 19.
"Our friends here think it would be good
policy to defer the Democratic nominations
until after the convenitlon In Cincinnati.
(Signed) FRANK P. BLAIR."
THE PENNSYLVANIA LIBERALS.
Bold Speeches by General Thomas and
PHILAUELPHIA, April 21.
The meeting of Liberal Republicans ap?
pointed a committee of thirteen to arrange
for the Cincinnati trip. General Thomas said
he had labored to build up the Republican
party, but now he was iree to say that lt was
the most corrupt party on the face of the
earth. Colonel McClure said the English of
the whole thing was rebellion, and the bring?
ing ot lt to the dignity of revolution. Five
years ago there migbt have been a necessity
for the exercise of military power In the
South, but not now. The speaker dlflered
with Grant upon tbe principle that these were
dangerous things to the free Institutions of
the country, what they had to meet was the
policy of General Grant to carry the elections
by.the force of the bayonet. To his mind the
South had been more desolated since the war
. JOTTINGS ABOUT THE STATE. ?
-Mr. De LaMotta Canter, ot Bluff ton, was In
Augusta on Friday in search of a stolen horse
-There is great complaint by parties living
on the line of the Spar tanburg and Union Rail?
road, relative to the loss of valuable letters
between points on that line and Columbia.
-At an election held on the loth day of
April, 1872, the following were elected officers
tor the village of West Union, for the ensuing
year: Intendant-J. P. Mlckier. Wardens
William Hunter, B. S. James, J. M. Beard, I.
-The house of H. G. Judd, of Beaufort, was
broken into on Saturday week and a lot of
clothing, a gold watch and fifty dollars were
carried off. The next night the clerk's office
was entered, with no result.
-It is rumored that the Columbia city coun?
cil have it in contemplation to relieve the
contractors from any further liability re?
lative to the really unnecessary market build?
ing which waa so completely demolished by
the storm of Thursday aiternoon.
-In the United States Senate, on Thursday,
the vice-President presented the petition of
Rev. John Wallace, of Jonesville, Union
County, South Carolina, praying that pro?
vision be made by Congress for sending emi?
grants to Liberia, which was referred to the
committee on appropriations.
-The tornado of last week struck the plan?
tation of Mr J. Lucinda Smltb, on Cypress Creek,
five miles irom tillllsonvllle, tearing up trees
and destroyed every house in the place except
one stable. Mrs. Smith was slightly hurt by a
rafter from ber falling bouse.
-In the United State Senats on Wednesday
Mr. Sawyer presented a petition of officers of
the Masonic Lodge ol Georgetown, South Caro?
lina, praying compensation for the destruction
by the United States troops of the Masonlo hall
in that town owned by them lo the year 1866;
which was referred to the committee on
-We are glad to learn from Mr. J. D. D.
Fairey, of Branchville, tbat his less by burg?
lars on Tuesday night was only about ?100 lo
goods and a few five-cent pieces. The boy
who was arrested bad only met the thieves,
who are recognized as being four colored men
wbo escaped from Orangeburg Jail a few days
-Mr. C. H. Baldwin, the disbursing officer o?
the new courthouse and postoffice at Columbia,
has been appointed to take charge of the work
OD the above building until the successor of
Mr. Kingsley, who has resigned, has been ap?
pointed. Toe work will be pushed forward
KjaWflireased vigor, Mr."Bal win -ksjing lu .
.AnOll Vfeo (o*?a hy Ut* ?ftiplavwnnt nf KP VP.
ral new hands.
-The Abbeville Medium of the 10th says:
"The foolish, wicked, Immoral practice of
gambling received a damper at- Hodges, on
Saturday night. Amos Benson and Alex.
Adams were playing a game of cards, when a
dispute arose about a bel of one dollar and a
half. Adams struck Benson on the head with
a crowbar, from the effects of which blow
Benson died on Sunday night. Adams Is
still at large. Both of the parties are colored.
-The Rev. M. A. Eibben delivered a mason?
ic lecture at Laurensville on the 28th ult.
-The Laurens Herald ls inclined to think
that our farmers are again engaged in the "all
cotton" system. Experience teaches a dear
school, but the majority of people will learn in
DO other. Some of our planters are DOW put-1 '
ting their cotton seed in the ground-a little
early when we consider the protracted cold
weather and the scarcity of tbe seed.
-The Georgetown fire department paraded
on the 10th. It consists of two band engines,
one steamer and a hook and ladder company.
The hand engine companies are composed of
colored men, and all are highly efficient.
The following ls the board, of firemasters:
W. K. Heston, chief fire deportment; George
B. Congdon, first assistant chief; Warren
Atkinson, second assistant chief; John W. Tar
box, third assistant chief; ?. A. Munnerlyn,
fourth assistant chief.
-Tuesday Dight-last a daring attempt was
made to rob the residence of Senator Frauk
Arnim, in Hamburg, by two colored villains.
They had en cered the piazza, and were In the
act of raising a window alongside of the sena?
tor's bed, when Mrs. Arnim, bearing the noise,
awakened her husband, who Impulsively
crushed through the glass and seized one of
the burglars by the leg. The rascal succeeded
lo tearlug himself away, and effected bis es?
cape along with his accomplice. Mr. Arnlm's
hand and wrist were very badly cot by the
THE WEATHER THIS DAT.
WASHINGTON, April 21.
The lowest barometer over the lower lakes
will move northeastwardly down the St. Law?
rence Valley. Brisk and possibly high north?
westerly winds will extend from the upper to
the lower lakes to-night. Clear and pleasant,
but cool weather, will prevail very generally,
with northerly '.o westerly winds OD Monday
from the lakes to the Gulf and South and Mid?
dle Atlantic coasts, and extend over New
England during the day. Dangerous winds
are not anticipated, except possibly for the
lower lakes to-night.
Yesterday's Weather Reports or th?
Signal Sarrice, U. S. A.-4.47 P. M.,
.ol 67 SE
99 53 E
.09 71 S
.13 37 SE
.CO 651 NW
.01 81 SE
.04 83 E
.92 85 NW
.90 06 SE
.14 8?? SE
,12 69 rt
.99 60 SE
.06 76 SE
19 59 NW
96 71 S
06 73 S
NOTB.-The weather report dated 7.47 o'clock,
thia morning, will be posted In the rooms or the
Chamber of commerce at 10 o'clock A. M., and,
together with the weather chart, may (by the
courtesy of the Chamber) be examined by ship?
master at any time during the day.
-The discussion of the counter cases of
the British and United States Governments
still engages the attention ot the London Jour?
nals, the contrasts they present being the re?
verse of favorable to the American case. An
intimation that the Indirect claims might
probably be withdrawn has brought out some
favorable cornmeals and praise of the people
and government of the United States for a
disposition to reader the fulfilment of the
Treaty of Washington possible,
THE QUEENS OF SONG.
A CHAPTER OF CHAT ABOUT CHRIS'
The Tyrant? of the Stage-Nilsson's Per?
sonality - All ao Lovely-Poor Brig?
Ny m Crinkle, the dramatic and musical
critic of the New York World, chats very
pleasantly of prima donnas in general, and
Nilsson In particulai :
Prima donnas are called queens and nearly
all of them are tyrants. They belong to a
line of despots who have governed the world
without law or reason ever since song became
a sovereignty. Theirs is a divine right to dis?
pense Joy, madden managers, fascinate the
public, and receive the homage and the pres?
ents of all smaller despots. Nobody ever saw
an humble prima donna or a meek prims
donna. "When God has given to a mortal so
extraordinary a talent as I possess." said Cata
Uni, "people ought to applaud and honor lt as
a miracle. It ls profane to depreciate the
gifts of Heaven !"
The impious criticism of Catalina's time has
happily passed away. Even the Judges now
array themselves In court robes of flattery and
bring only flowers ot speech to these queens.
And we rather like their sweet arrogance.
We want them to rule us. It ls aa if mankind,
robbed of Its saints and heroines, with its god?
desses all relegated to fable, and even its Ma?
donnas become a matter af barren chiare
scuro, clung to these wandering monarchs
with a great deal of its old superstition and all
ot Its old chivalry.
They may be imperious, exacting, cruel,
mercenary, but lt they are pretty, graceful,
voluptuous, or vivacious, straightway we fall
down and worship them.
I suppose Plccolomlnl carried awav more
hearts from this country than did Grlsi. And
Lagrange told me herself that a prima donna
?ever lived to an age that would protect her
(rom lovers. .
Christine Nilsson is without doubt the rul?
ing queen In the direct line of descent. She is
the beat praised and the best managed prima
lonna of our time.
[Best praised and best managed are not ne
:essarlly equivalent terms.]
With less personal beauty she has more per?
sonal magnetism than the Pattis; with lees
f olee sbe outslngs Lind; with an Incredibly
small repertoire she has filled the season with
For a queen who comes of a long line of
peasants I tblnk she has more royalty In her
mien and manner than any woman I ever
Something of the weird fascination of her
person follows her Into all ber roles, for sbe
sever disguises her face. Whether barefoot
in "Mignon" or languishing elegantly In "The
Travlata" there is the same Inexplicable
?barm of her own strong personality.
There ls something childlike In the freedom
ind spontaneity of her manner. She looks
rou straight In the eyes with the steady gaze
sf Innocence and curiosity combined. There
is a flicker of pathos in ber face. It ls always
there as if lt were a heritage and organic.
When she laughs she shows a magnificent set
sf teeth, and Ute pathos seems to melt into
tenderness. There ls none ot the Southern
FOluptuouanees In tbat face. If lt were not tor
the intelligence in lt, it would be rugged. It
Is the face of a strong-willed woman of the
sind that can suffer self-denial, when the time
somes, though lt kill them.
She speaks English with a slight accent, and
shows a curious Interest In anything Ameri
I thought her affection tor the country
rested In a great measure on the advantages
lt offered to the poorer classes. That was a
novel discovery to make In a prima donna,
wasn't lt ?
But you must, remember her origin; how
many generations of her people tolled un?
known to luxury before the vigor and virtue
st the stock took vocal form and opened the
way into the world; what traditions of hunger
ind penury and thankless labor must have
;uiuc ?U..U uv L.., mini popp 11 Up jrhnofa
of memory into her mind when she wears the
regal robes ot "Leonora" or glorifies the finery
Do you wonder at the pathos born In her
(sbe Isn't ashamed of her origin. Not she.
Didn't I tell you she belonged to the royal
line ? Where did Grlsi come lrom ? Some of
us can remember when the Marquise de Caux
ran about barefoot In New York. Bublnl
was a Journeyman tailor. Wachtel drove a
sab in Homburg. He told me so himself, and
many a tenor he look to the opera-house be?
fore he got into lt himself.
The fact is that these artists all fancy when
they come to America that their humble origin
?ives them a patent ot natural nobility with
It lakes them some time to find out that we
Democrats are rather ashamed of lt.
But, as I was saving, Misson admires the
material prosperity of the country. They Bay
she clapped her hauds with delight when they
told her the wonderful history of Chicago.
And when that city disappeared in a night,
like the dream that lt was, the tears came
into her eyes.
Everywhere In the Weet she saw the poorer
classes happy and becoming prosperous. She
jays she sang better for lt. Home of her let?
ters to Europe glow with a naive enthusiasm
that is charming.
Everything pleases her. She never saw such
warm-hearted people.- She never saw people
make money so fast. She never saw such a
zrand sight as a prairie. She fell in love with
Peoria, and when they gave her the Illinois
?vine to drink she ordered lt for her hotel la
yew York, and bought a larm and a vineyard
n Peoria. She said there was more musical
culture Ia the middle classes of our society
.han among the same classes aoywhere la
Europe. About her fellow-artists she was
cautious, reserving her opinions. Expressing
snly a very decided admiration of Miss Kel?
cine avoids society, having an actress's aver
sloa lo the assumption of showy apparel wheo
sff the stage. There are two or three families
sp town where she visits en famille, and there
she romps and Biaga and abandons herself to
the freedom of private life with geoulne relief.
On the night that she appeared ia the
"Trovatore" lor the first time, she seat for me
to come Into her dressing room and see the
new costumes which had been Beat over by
Worth for the occasion. Those who saw her
[rom tbe front on that night caa have oo idea
sf the maguidceace of the woman thus attired
lu a room. To see her to the best advantage
ls to hear her. The stage lights throw heavy
shadows on ber face at times, and tbe most
delicate and channing of her facial expres?
sions do not" "cam," d h o stood up Hate ano?
ther Queen Mary in the room, her tall and
graceful figure duplicated by the-mirror. The
moment we entered she held out her hands
and with childish glee strode about the apart?
ment and called attention to the elegaoce of
the dress. Thea she suddenly threw her head
back and listened, un wittingly falling into au
attitude ol beautiful suspense. Brlgooll was
singing. She put ber floger on her lip aud
ape nea the door of the dressing room.
It was the true Italian strain that pleased
tier. Somethiog ia the worn voice and some?
thing more ia the method of tbe oace favorite
tenor touched her, as they sometimes will all
sf us even at this day.
Nilsson has made a princely fortune with
lier voice. She will go back to Europe worth
WOO,OOO-half of walch ehe made la this
:ouatry. It cannot be said of her as of others
that she took lt all away, for she has proved
ser admiration of America by investing nearly
ill her American profits here.
WASHINGTON NEWS AND GOSSIP.
WASHINGTON, April 20.
Ina Senate took up the free tea and coffee
sill, when Trumbull moved aa amendment tor
ireo coal and salt. No action.
Banks, chu lr man of the House committee on
ioreiga affairs, was assured by Secretary Fish
tbat the Cabinet, was a unit, and that the
American case would out be modified.
Joha -ay Kaox has beeu appoloted comp?
troller ot currency.
THE M KT AI RU RACES.
NEW ORLEANS, April 20.
Frank Hors woo the first race. Time, 1.47.
rom Alkea woa the second. Time, 1.54.
Saucebox won the third-winning the last
three beats. Time, 1.48, 1.45J, 1.45$, 1.58,
S USDA Y-SCH O OL AJiKIPERSA R Y.
The Spring-street Methodist Church
How the School la Working-The
Exe rc lacs In Detail. ,'
The anniversary exercises of the Sunday
School of the Spring-street Methodist Church
took place yesterday afternoon, and attracted
an unusually large congregation. The church
was beautifully decorated for the occasion
with garlands of moss and evergreen, which
hang gracefully from the pillars supporting
the galleries, and were relieved at intervals
by bouquets of bright spring flowers. The pul?
pit was adorned with vases of lovely spring
roses and flowers, and the tall gas-burners
were beautiful with bright colors. On the
wall over the rear of the pulpit was the text
"God ls Love," in the form of a bow, the let?
ters being made of white flowers Axed upon a
background of dark evergreens. The flowers
were all natural, and their soft fragrance dif?
fused Itself throughout the church.
The children of the school occupied the
principal pews In the central aisle, and every
other pew and standing place was filled at the
appointed hour, a crowd of late-comers re?
maining lu the porch. Among those present1
were the Reverend pastor, John T. Wightman,
D. D. ; the Rev. R. D. Smart, assistant; Super?
intendent Dibble, of tbe Trinity Church
School, and others. The exercises were
opened by the children singing the hymn, "Je?
sus at the Helm." They were led by Mrs. Moore,
the teacher of the Infant class, upon the melo
deon, and sung with both correctness and
sweetness. The Rev. W. P. Mouzon next of?
fered up a prayer, which was followed by
another hymn. Master Allen McC. Burns de?
livered the opening address, on the "Indirect
Influences of the Sunday School," a most cred?
itable composition, after which Mr. D. M.
Burns, the superintendent of the school, read
his annual report, showing the working of the
Sunday School for the year. The school (as
stated In the report) consists of twenty
classes-six male, thirteen female, and one In?
fant class-and on the roll are the names of
sixty-eight boys and eighty-four girls-In all
one hundred and fifty-two. These are directed
by nine male officers and teachers, and fourteen
female teachers, making a total of one hun?
dred and seventy-five persons connected with
the school. The congregation was particu?
larly expo aed to the epidemic of tbe last sum?
mer, and In consequence eighty-five pupils
had left the school during that time. Since
then there had been an addition of fifteen
boys and thirty-one girls to the school, which
made a decrease of only fifty pupils daring
the year. Three of the. children had died, and
the average attendance at the school bad been
one hundred and twenty pupils. One hun?
dred and twenty-eight dollars and'forty-five
cents had been collected for the school, and o?
this one hundred and three dollars and
twenty-five cents had been expended lor
various purposes. The library contained five
hundred books, wblchgave amusement and
Instruction to the pupils. The report, In fine,
showed the school ta be prospering, with
weekly accessions to the number of pupils.
The energy shown by the pastor, the regular
'discharge of their duties by the teacherp, and
the lively Interest which the children took In
the exercises of the school, all promised a
bright prospect for the coming year.
"The Shining Shore" was next sung,by the
school, and a recitation ol scriptnre promises
ensued, forming a novel and interesting fea?
ture of the exercises. The superintendent
would ask for a promise, on any subject^from
the New Testament, when one of the scholars
would respond promptly by repeating the
words of promise in the Holy Scriptures and
statlog the chapter and verse where they could
be found. Twenty-six of these questions, on
different points, were thus answered, the last
being for a promise from God to fulfil aU bis
promises. A dialogue by Masters Jno. Weekly
and Augustus Johnson, of the Infant class,
and an address by Master James Gra?
ham, on "Early Impressens," were heard
in turn, with hymns, and the prizes,
consisting ot books, Ac, were distributed
among twenty-six of the larger pupils,
and thirty-three members of the infant
class. During the sluging of the next hymn
a collection, in aid ot the school, was taken
up, and a dialogue waa then spoken by Miss
Carrie Johnson and Master Brooks Hampton
on the "Voice of the Flowers," In which tbe
three children of the school who died during
the year were gracefully alluded to by name.
The hymn "They are going down the valley"
followed, and the exercises were closed with
the benediction by the Bev. John T. Wight?
man. The anniversary c?l?brai lou was highly
creditable to the school, and the source of
much pleasure to the participants.
WHO PAYS THE DUTIES f
The value of our importations for the Asea
year last ended was $469,597,057, upon which
duties were levied to the amount of no lees
than $202,446,673. Of this latter sum lt must
be remembered that a large percentage ls ab?
sorbed and lost In the cost of collection, and
that a still larger proportion ls a tax upon the
middle and poorer clashes among us. More
than a million ls charged upon breadstuff-,
and double that amount upon lumber and fire?
wood. Rice and sale orlng nearly two and a
half millions; leather nearly four millions;
chemicals and medicines nearly five millions,
and seeds and planta more than a million,
wiibout, however, extending the Hst, it ls not
too mueh to affirm, says the New York Finan
der, that by far the greater part of the two
hundred and two millions thus accounted for
by the customhouse ls either a tax upon the
Industrial classes, oran impediment to healthy
competition and to the improvement of manu?
factures. _ _ _
TRIBUTE OF RESPECT.
At a meeting of the German Friendly So?
ciety, held on the i:th Instant, the following pre?
amble and resolutions wi re adopted :
Death has again entered our midst and taken
one of our members. Thss link after link of the
chain that binds us together is severed. In the
death of Mr. Henry Horlbeck we have lost one of
our oldest members. He was elected on the 2d
August, 1826, served as one of the stewards, la
1828, and for eeveral years was a member of the
committee on charity. He departed this life on
the 7th instant, having been forty-six years a
member. He was known too well by us to re?
quire any eulogy. Pare and honorable In all his
dealings, esteemed and respected by ail who
knew him, we had bat to know him to love
him; be lt therefore
Resolved, That la the death or Mr. Henry Horl?
beck ibu society ha3 lost one of Its purest and
best members, and the community a highly es?
teemed and respected citizen.
Resolved, That we deeply sympathize with his
afflicted family In this their heavy bereavement,
and trust that they now have m J re enduring com?
forts to strengthen them In this their hour of
tri il than any thing this world caa give.
Resolved, That a biank page in our records be
dedicated to his memory.
Resolved, That a copy of these proceedings be
transmitted by the secetary to the Immediate
family, and they be published.
JOHN A. BLUM, Secretary.
pa- THE EELATIYES AND FRIENDS
or Ur. and Mrs. A. J. ANDERSON, and of Mr. and
Mn. A. A. AsplaaU, are respectfully invited to
attend the Fanerai Services of toe former, at toe
residence of Mr. A. AspwaU, No. 24 Henrietta
street, at half past 4 o'clock THU AraraNoov,
the 23d Instant; . apr23-? -
pa- THE BEL?TTVES AND FRIENDS
)f Major THOMAS L. WEBB, and. of bis BOUS, are;
.ea pee tin ll j Invited to attend ala Funeral Ser-'
rices, at the Unitarian Church, Archdale "street,
THIS AFFKHNOOV, at s o'clock. .. apr22,
pa- THE FRIENDS AND ACQUAINT
INC ES of Mrs. ANN RODGERS and Mr. and Mrs.
?. Nelson are respectfully invited to attend the
Fanerai of the former, at Centenary Church, at
io o'clock. THIS Moas pi?. . . : . 4, apraa-?.
MAGILL.-Departed this Ufe/Aprfl 7th, 1872,
IOHND. MAGILL, or Wacoamaw, aged tm ny-one
Though the road anticipations or early youth
?vere aBver realized by our departed Wand, yet
ie preserved, Through the chequered scenes or his
?^6*1'.,111*1 SSS*? ?r P"PC?. fortitude.
?'J^?.d- ?en?enen. of demeanor, which
.^i? a.tor?e clrcle 01 ?ends;
Saving, while in the discharge or duty, sustained
in injury, ? hlch prostrated his physical ener?les,
md ultimately occasioned his death he ? ought
md round, during his houri or weariness and
pain, the "pearl of great price,'' and when at
ength the summons cams, ne murmured, not at
lae dispensations of Frevldonce, but yielded Ut
iplrit in the blessed hope of a joy foi resurrection. '
"In Him from whom existence boundless nowa/
Tet bambie faith Its sacred trust repose \ ' -
Asaored, on ala eternity, depend.
Eternal Father and eternal Friend I '
within that mvstio circle safely seer,' ?. .
No tune can lessen, and no force can break ;
And. lost In adorados, breathe His praise.
High Rock of ages, ancient sire of days." r t?
, _ Special Wptites.
Schooner MONTANA will discharge TO-DAY, on
louthCentral Wharf. All goods left on the wharf
ifter sunset will be positively stored. Ho claims ':
or damages allowed, unless noted bet?re removal *
. MOSES GOLDSMITH A 80S. '
PB* CONSIGNEES FEB STEAMSHIP^
MTJTH CAROLINA, from New Torie, are hereby
ao ti ned that she will discharge cargo Trna DAT at
Pier* No. 2, Onion Wharves. Doods uncalled
Tor at sunset will remain on wharf at owners'
dak and expense. WM. A. COU RTE 5 AY, ..,
apr22-i . Agents.
pa- TO ERADICATE PIMPLES FROM,
die face, use the DOLLAR SEWARD SOAP nn
DO WIE, MOISE A DAVIS, Agents,
Charleston, 8. c.
pa- THE CHARLESTON OHABTTA"
BLE ASSOCIATION, for the Benefit'or the Free
School F un i-Official Raffle Numbers:
- CLASS No. 483-MOBKIHQ. '
16-31-62-67-71-16- 7-34-48-?7-24- 6
CLASS No. 404-EVSMIRO. '
62 64 40-26-78-69-16-36-20-17-16-63
As witness our hands at Charleston this aoth
dav of April, 1672.
JAMES GILLI LAND,
ap rsa Sworn -Commissioners.
pa- GAS FITTING, PLUMBING ANO
TIN ROOFING. P. L. GULLE ?IS,
Ba zi Cumberland street, near Meeting,
jta- THE SOUTH CAROLINA LOAN AND
rat'sr w?r?iiM*TO?w itawAaaa?uet -
Depositors are requested to leave their books on
and after the lat April proximo, to be credited
with the quarterly ?nteres; then due.
AU Deposits mads on before the 20th April
win bear interest from 1st April.
Interest (6) Six Per Cent, compounded quarterly.
moh2fi-mwru F. A. MITCHELL, Cashier.
?pa- GAS CHANDELIERS, IN VERDE,
Antique, Blue and Gold and French Bronze, with
Globes, of latest patterns, at
P. L. GUILLEMOTS,
No. 21 Cumberland street, near Meeting,
^BURNHAM'S "SUPERIOR YEAST
POWDERS.-Having used Yeast Powder tn our
families for several years, we give a decided pref?
?renos above all others to thai prepared bj
EDWARD 8. BURNHAM, Graduate of Pharmacy,
No. 421 King street, near Calhoun street, Charles*
ton, Sr 0. : King Ma n sion Boardlag House, Jallas
Petsch, B. 0. Webb, George L. Holmes, George 8.
Pelzer, M. D., John T. Wightman, D. D., Wunara
Smith, Master Machinist,iS. 0. B. B,
pm- ON MARBIA Q?.H '
Happy relief for Young Men from the effect*
of Errors and Abases in early liri?. Manhood re*
stored.-?Nervous debility oared, impediments
to Marriage removed. New method or treat*
ment. New aad remarkable remedies. Booka
and o.rcular? sent free, In sealed envelopes. Ad
dress HOWARD ASSOCIATION, No. 2 8onth
Ninth street, Philadelphia. Pa. octls
^?-PUflLIO NOTICE.-OFFICE BO ABD
OF HEALTH, CHARLESTON, APRIL 6,1872.-?-All
occupants of lots and premises, and all owners ol
unoccupied lots and premises, within the corpo?
rate limits or the city, are hereby required to have
the said lota and premises properly claattaji "mfl.,,
the offal or sweepings or the same deposited on
the street Immediately m front of their premises
or lots, to be removed by the city scavengers.
After the first dsy of May next ensuing, au lots.
or premises within said limits, after inspection by
the proper authorities, which shall be found la a
tlltby or unhealthy condition, will be reported to
this Board, and aU persons neglecting or refusing
to comply with this requirement will be Hable to
auch penalty as prescribed by the city ordinance,
which will be rigid y enforced.
By order of the Board.
GEORGE S. PELZER, M. D.,
aprl6-mtu2m2 City Registrar.
pa-FI&E DEPARTMENT. -THE AN
NUAL INSPECTION of the Fire' Department by
the Honorable Mayor and Aldermen will take
place ou SATCBDAT, 2:tn instant, at 8 o'clock P.
M. ?he Une will te formed in Broad street, the
right resting on Meeting street. The Secretaries
ol all companies must oe prepared to hand m to
the Clerk of the Board of Fire Masters tnt ir re?
turns or the number ol Members, condition of
Engines and Hose, aad number or feet of Hose.
By order of the Mayor..
M. H. NATHAN,
Chief Fire Department,
B. M. STROBEL,
aprie . Clerk Board Fire Masten.
^.TREASURY OFFICE, CITY HALL,
APRIL 8, :872.-This office will be open from 9 A.
M. THIS DAT to 2 P. M. dally to and .to include
the 30th instant, for payment or all Interest doe
apon the city debt known as Oity Stock, except
SATUBDAYS, upon which transfers of Stock will
For the first five days priority in payment will be
given parties paying taxes to the oliy ID part ot
whole with the same. All payments of interest wal
be made by check, to be cashed at front desk of
this em ce, and where Interest ls sufficient for taxes
they balance at par, bat where less ine penalti
shall attach on deficiency or difference though,
paid in currency, in conformity with onUnanoe,
aprs-20 City treasurer.