Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME XI.-NUMBER 1883.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 18, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS A
DISAGREEMENT OF THE JORY IN
THE ROGER CASE.
th? Testimony for the Defence-Elo?
quent Addresses by major Buist and
Colonel Mc jWaster- A Fair and Im?
partial Charge by Judge Bond.
The United States Circuit Court assembled
promptly at Wn o'clock yesterday morning,
Judges Bond and Bryan presiding, and Messrs.
-Corbin and Earle representing the government,
and proceeded with the trial of Mr. John Bogers,
of Union Connry, charged with conspiracy. Maj r
?G. Lamb Buist and Colonel F. W. Mc Ma s ter ap?
pearing for the defendant.
The testimony for the prorecutls-n was con?
tinued, and Columbus Davis, white, was the first
wit ness c. Jed. He testified that he was a Kn
Klux and had Joined Gideon Long'a Klan after
the drat and before the Becond raid on Union
Jail. The only? new point brought out by his testi?
mony was that the second raid on Union Jail was
pla .ned for a certain Tuesday night, but was
htftened to Sunday night because lt waa stated
that the prisoners were to be removed to Colum?
bia on Mon day morning, aad the w i t ces J supposed
they wanted to prevent their removal to Colum
~bl.i Witness was not pr.sent at either of the
ratda upon the jail.
On cross examination the witness testified that
he understood the raid on the Jail was for the
pt.rpcseof retaliating upon the prisoners for the
murder of Matthew Stevens, who had been killed
by the prisoners on the road about four miles
fr tu town and near witness' house. This evi?
dence waa obj ct ed to by the district attorney
as o?tng what the witness had h-.ard and not
what be knew. Colonel McMaster replied that he j
had heard these statements from members ot the
kl a LS, and ir declarations of the Ku Klux could
be taken as evidence on one aide they ? irely
should be taken on the other aide. He then ask
ed . what did the Ku Klux say as their object in
masing the raid ?" Thia waa also objected to and
ruled ont, but in reply to a somewhat similar
.question in another form the witness a lld the
prisoners lu the jail bad murdered Stevens, and
-therail was to punish them for ib.it. witness
had never been arrested. Gave himself np last
month and confessed, arid was then released on
his own bond.
This closed the testimony for the prosecution,
?and the defence called as their Ara: witness Mr.
B. BoUmann, of this city. Mr. Bollmann testified
that he had been a merchant la this city's.nee
1844. Bad known the defendant for some years,
and had known him Intimately aluce the war.
Waa his bondsman for ten thousand dollars, and
-had given the bond willingly and cheerfully. The
defendant's cha' acter was about as good.ai could
be found anywhere. Had generally heard that he
waa considered a model of a man. On cross-ex -
amina lon Mr. BoUmann stated that he had been
onctTln Union since the war, and had a large busi?
ness with Union men.
Mr. William Shepherd was the next witness
called for the defence. He testified that he waa a j
merchant in this city, knew the defendant, Mr.
Boger, very well, and had often ben in Union.
Mr: Roger's general reputation waa entirely
good for law, order and peace. Had never, to bta
knowledge, had any connection with the Ka
Klux. Bad conversed with Mr. Rogar about Ku
Klux Ism Knew him intimately, and knew a -j
great masy who knew hun. Bia reputation waa
entirely good aa a good cltisen. Oa cross exami?
nation the witness said he had never been lo
Union since the war. Had convened with Mr.
Roger's ne'ghbot s, bat not la Union.
Mr. C. T. Dunham testlded that he lived In
Charleston, bat was a native ot Massachusetts.
Knew the defendant's reputation, which was un- !
-exceptionable. He had n ver been In Union, bot
had tauted with a great many of Mri Roger's j
neighbors. Did a large business with people la
bis neighborhood. Had always beard everything
that waa good about him, never heard any thing
bad. Had talked about him a good deal lately
because be had been arrested. Would trust him
in trade to any amount.
Mr. J. P. McKlsslok waa next called for the
defence. He Bald he lived near union Village.
Was born and ralstd near there. Bad been very
well acquainted with Mr. Roger for over twenty
years. Knew his general character, and bad
never heard anything against h m. Never heard
or his being suspected of Ka-Klaxlsm aatUhe
was arrested five or six months ago. Wltaess
waa not at the meeting at Mas ott :c HalL Waa in?
vited, bnt did not get there until the meeting
wasSpvex. Two county commissioners had re
Signed, and Governor Scott had ordered a special
election. Had no idea lt was a Ku -Klux mee tin g.
Had never heard that Bald until he had heard lt,
on the stand the day before. Witness
owned the house adjolalng Mr. Rog?
er's store. Rented lc to Messrs. Fant A
Johnson, who kept a restaurant aad bar there.
The basement room was used for cooking and as
an eating s-ooca. Had heard there waa card
piaylng there sometimes. It was a very pabilo
place. Oa cross-examination Mr. McKlsslck said
he had never heard of any Eu klux meetings J
being held there. Had been arrested for con-1
?piracy and waa oat oa ball. Had told the hands
on his place that if they were afraid of the Ku
Klaxthey could come aad sleep m his house.
Had never heard a hint of Mr. Roger belonging
to the order. Did not know what proportion of j
mea In his county belonged to lc. Had heard
most of what he had heard ab, oat the order since
he had been in coors. Heard the crowd pass hla
house going to the Beoond raid on Ualon Jail. Had
been asleep and was awakened by the noise. It
was a terribly stormy night, and, looking oat of
the window, he could eee the party by the flash
of the lightning. They made a tremendous
noise, and contd have been heard two miles.
Goold not sleep agata that night. The Ku-Klux
bad come to bte place at different times. Once
they came while the hands on the place were
having a quilting frolic, and they came m and
danced with them. Sometimes drunken fellows
would pasa along the road, making a good deal
of noise, and the hands thought they were Ku
Klux.- Witness did not know who had had him
an es?ed. Kuew Wm. F. williams very well. Hla
general character was not good, and he was not j
liked by his neighbors.
The defence next called Mr. Richard C. Johnson.
He testified that h.) kept a restaurant and bar?
room m the house described by Williams aa the J
place where the chiefs had a meeting. The base?
ment waa need aa a sporting place and eating
room. It waa perfectly pabilo and open to the
world day and night. Did not remember any
meeting of chiefs. The t e were persons meeting
there every day, and all u ay and all night. Knew
about the meeting.at Masonic Hall, and was pres?
ent. It waa not a Ka Klux meeting, lt was a
meeting to nominate good, honest, upright men
for county commissioners. Did not remember ]
seeing Black there. It waa not a Ku? Klux crowd.
The doora were not closed. It was a private politi?
cal meeting to nominate two men, and to arrange
for a public meeting to be held afterward. Knew
Muulnax, (the witness who testified on Monday.)
Had* never told him that Mr. Roger waa a Ku
Klux councilman. Waa prepared to Bwear moat
positively as to that Mr. Roger was a town
councilman for many years, and might be all the j
time If he whhed. Witaess had never beard of
Mr. Roger being a Ku Klux, and "had never sus?
On being cross examined, Mr. Johnson testified
that he was not a Ku Klux, and never had been.
Never told anybody he had been. Had not told
Daniel Black the previous morning at the Jail that
Mr. Rog'r was a councillor of the Ku-Klux.
Had a conversation with Black about Malllnax'a
testimony. Did not say Malllnax waa mistaken.
Whs*, he did say waa that Malllnax waa a Uar.
Said nothing else pertain lng to the subject, wit?
ness had been Arrested as a Ku-Klux and waa
then awaiting trial. Ha4 been arrested as ,
as be was subpoenaed to appear as a wit
for the defence.
Mr. T. Jefferson Greer was next called,
testified thal; he had lived In Unlonville, and
a probate judge op to the time of his arrest,
arrested October 23, 1871, with Mr. Roger,
son, James Roger. Mr. Steen, Mr. Farr and J
Dawkins, a colored man. Was examined be
a Halted States commissioner in Columbia. K
Mr. Roger very welL His general character
very good tot sobriety and peace. Never ht
of his being a Ku Klux. Was not that sort i
mao. He was a peace-abiding man, and witt
had never heard of his doltg anything wrc
Knew the little restaurant that bad been re
red to. It was used for an eating saloon
bar-room. Knew nothing about any meetin
chiefs held there. N .ver heard of Mr. Rcger be
a councillor of the Kn-Klnx Klan?. Knew W
Williams very well. His general reputation
troth an i veracity was very bad. From hts g
eral character witness would not believe him
der oath. Witness never belonged to the :
Klux. Kee w nothing about them. Had beet
jail six months upon that charge.
Mr. William G. Hoghes was next called,
testified that he hal lived in TJnionvillesev
leen years. Was not a Ku-Klux. Knew l
Roger very well. His general character was v
good. Never heard or suspected that he wa
Kn Klux until be was arrested. Knew nothing
any meeting or chiefs at the restaurant. I
been there frequently. The basemet-t was n
aa an eating-house. A commltee was sent
the citizens or Unl^n, after the urn raid, to G
ernor Scott to request troops to be sent to Un
to prevent another raid, but the troops w
James Hardy, colored, testlfled that he ti
lived In Union and known Mr. Roger for twe
or fourteea years. His general reputation v,
that he was a very proper man In the commnnl
Never heard of hts being a Ku-Klax, and ne'
suspected lt. Witness was In the Unionv.lie J
on the night of t he fi rst raid.
Mr. W. C. Harris was next called. He testis
that he had lived In Unlonvilie fifteen or slxte
years. Was not a Ku-Klax and n?ver had bee
Was arrested oucc on that charge, but af terwar
discharged. Had known Mr. Roger eighteen
twenty years. Had not been friendly towa
him doring the whole of that time. Kuewt
general character and reputation. He was a ve
good man. His character was very high. I
was a No. 1 man. Wi.ness had attended t
meeting at Masonic Hall. It was ne Ku Kit
meeting. He -was certain or that. It was
private mee ti'g or citizens to arrange for t
pabilo nomination of county commlsslonei
The doors were not closed. The meeting w
held at about one or two o'clock lu the ?ftere oe
Kne* Williams. His general reputation f
truthfulness was very bad.
This closed the testimony for the defence, ai
Daniel Black was recalled by the prosecution
rebattal. He said hesiw Mr. Johnson Mondi
morning, and told him that MuUinax was goln
to testify that be (Johnson) wai a member of tl
grand council of the Ku-Klux, and that Jon
Roger and Joseph F. G st were the other* men
bera, and that Mr. Johnson had said lt was a 1
as to himself, but true as to the others.
This clo ed the testimony on both sides, an
Major Buist began his address to the jury In b
half of the defendant. He said that he felt dee]
ly Impressed by the heavy responsibility reattn
upon him. Independen:ly of his profession,
oapaclty, he bad such an abiding and unboande
faith In the absolute Innocence of his client tnt
he proposed to exercise his utmost efforts tn hi
behalf. He was glad that the whole story of tl
iniquities of the Ku-Klux order had been brougt
out. He had no objitrtlm to the whole trat
being known, and could wish for the presen oe c
Judge Bond's dlstln* uglied friend, the Hon
Charles Sumner, to speak with all his eloquenc
of the enormities of their crimes, or that Henr;
Clay and Daniel Webster, the personal friends c
Judge Bryan, could be brought back to hm
anathemas against the order, and they wonl
hear from the innocent defendant a lon
amen. With the Hon. Reverdy Johnson, h
loathed and abhorred tbe order, and could onl;
wish that he had hts eloquent tongue to utter hi
abhorrence. Nothing that the distrlct-att une;
could say could increase hts ladigaatlon agalns
that organization, bat let the district attornej
not take advantage of the enormities of tha
order to worn upon the minds of the Jury ti
prejudice his client. His case was an embodl
ment of the thought of the poet who had said tha
Into the cup of each ure borne rain must fall
some day ba dark and dreary. His mlsfortnm
had been that he lived In Union County, and tha
the innocent moat Baffer with the guilty. He hat
been arrested and confined six months upon thi
charge or having, on two certain days, committee
the most diabolical murders. He applied to bi
released on ball, and the court said to him, "No
you are under a charge or murder.'' But th<
minute the trial approaches, and a motion for con
tlnnance ls m ide, the charge of murder is sudden?
ly abandoned, and he ls brought to trial noi
knowing whit ts to be charged against bim
nor what testimony would bs produced. It was
only by mere accident or by the loterposlt on of
Providence that his witnesses had been in court
trohow his innocence of the charge against him.
The testimony brought up at last against him was
that of three murderers I Three midnight as?
sassins, reeking with the blood or their murdered
victims, who should be on their bended kne-.s and
praying the prayer of the publican, "God, be mer?
ciful to me a sinner." buch were the men who
were brougnt forward to testify against the de?
fendant. The jury were bound, when men who
were guilty of the highest terence known to'the
law came on the ata?d to implicate another, to
weigh their testimony very carefully. They would
observe that the only testimony against aim was
that williams and Black sud thej had seen him at
meetings, which they said were Ku-Klux meet?
ings, but they had proved by Mr. Harris,
a man who had ne taint or guilt, who
had beea fully examined and exonerated,
that those were amply meetings to nominate
county commUs loners, Bach as were constantly
held, AS to the witness, Williams, he had been
completely doored. Respectable witnesses had
proved that he was not t j be believed upon his
oath, and he had proved hlmseir to be guilty or a
foul and diabolical murder, lt was deemed de?
sirable to prove that some respectable gentleman
was guUty, and, therefore, lt was that to prove
one man guUty or conspiracy-a slight offence
the government let loose loar murderers-four
men who had organized to put down the colored
race, aad who actually did hant them down and
kill them. That the murderers were let off the
jury knew as well as he. They knew that mur?
derers were not commonly released upon their
own recognizance for $2000; and this amounted
not only to an abandonment of the ena-ge, but
an absolute reward. He believed that the jury
would acquit this innocent man, and that lt
would be better for the party to which they be?
longed that they should show that degree of
fairness. Tne ancients, In their wisdom, had
represented the Goddess of Jus Ice as blind to the
condition if the men who came before her, treat?
ing them aa equals, rich or poor, powerful or
humble; and be begged them that at least they
would not convict the defendant because he had
borne the character or a respectable gentleman.
Colonel UcMaster followed on the same side.
He referred to then afort?nate position In which
bis client had been placed by the law, which was
sometimes made an instrument of Injustice and
oppression, ff he were being tried by the laws
or his State, he would be allowed to testify in hts
own behalf, an > he would so convince the jory
or his lnnoceoce that the Blight testimony that
had been brought against bim would be but as a
straw lu the balance. But, in thia case, they
were carried back to an old law or 1789, which
closed tbe mouth of the defendant and refused
his evidence. By thia old law, also, they bad not
beca allowed to know before hand what wit
ness?g were to be brought against them. In tbe
old time, no injustice was wrought by this law
I becanse the ti lois were held In the neighborhood
of the offence, and the defence could always
send ont ten or twelve m les to get their wit
nes-es before the trial was over. In this
case, they han1 not known what witnesses
wonld be needed, and it was only by chance that
some of them were present. The cxarge against
the witness had been, at first, conspiracy and
murder. That had then dwindled down to a con?
spiracy to prevent colored men from voting. He
did not care If the Ku-Klux were shown to have
had that object. The defendant bad not been
convicted of beleg a Ku-Klux, and the very
strongest testimony against him did not amount
to a bare suspicion. The informers who had tes?
tified against' bim should be looked upon wi'h
doubts, and should not be believed unless there
were some other facts to confirm their state?
ments. He would not Inveigh those witnesses,
beean-.e he could sympathize with th3 weakness
and frailty of human nature. Knew lt was a ter?
rible thing to tush against the Torces of this
gigantic government. It was no wonder
that they trembled at the avenging
Nemesis of Justice that was pursuing them,
and he had some charity for Daniel
an l some little also for the chameleon, Williams,
but their testimony should be corroborated by
very strong circumstances before it could be
believed. Not one of the witnesses had ever
heard of Mr. Roger being a Ku-Klux until he
was arrested. Then they talked lt over, and
having never seen bim on a raid or acting tn any
way with the Ku-Klux they bad guessed that he
was a councilman, and, perhaps, had told it over
until they believed lt themselves. Williams said
he saw him at a meeting of chiefs, but hid not
shown that lt was a meeting of chiefs at all.
Williams was a chief himself, but James Monroe
was there, and he was not a chief, and so were
Richard Lynn, John Long, Richard Johnson and
Monroe Fant, who were not chiefs. The meeting
was he'd to consider about stopping the outrages,
and that was a good thing. It wai a
pity the meeting had not been held be?
fore, and If Mr. Roger had gone there
and advised those chiefs to stop he should
not be blamed for that. The witness could no t
say how long he was there, or whether he spoke
or not. Did not know whether he was there Ave
minutes or hair an hour. The doora were all
open and unguarded; the wlndowa were open,
and people were passing lu and out all the time.
Where was the secrecy of such a meeting? There
was no circumstance to corroborate the testimo?
ny, and the defendant was clearly innocent or
that charge. As to the second meeting, the tes ti?
mo: y of Black was BO perfectly puerile that he
was almost ashamed to.analyze it. He took that
to be a Ku-Klux meeting because the chairman
a9ked if he was "all right," and he- inferred that
he meant "all right" as a Ku-Kiux. It was easy
to Interpret that qnestlon. The meeting was
simply a primary meeting to make nominations ;
but they wanted to know if,ho was a friend to
their candidates, If they could rely on his support,
and If he would not betray their plans ror the
election to the opposite party. Other
witnesses swore positively lt was not a
Ku-Kiux meeting, and Black did not swear
that lt was, but only that he inferred so.
Tnen Mullina*, coming from a distant portion of
the county, said be heard some man say that Mr.
Roger was a councilman or the Ku-Klux. Trat
was not a legal declaration. No doubt many men
had been rumored to be Ku-Kloxes who were not.
ir such testimony were tobe received, lt would be
a total abrogation of all the principles of law.
There would be no liberty loft, and the sooner we
fall Into the hands of a despot and abolish jarles
and courthonses the better for the country. There
were no two witnesses to agree upon any single
point, wunama testified to the meeting lu the
cellar, Black to the meeting in Masonic Hall, and
Mnlllnax testified that Johnson said Mr. Roger
waa a Ku-Klux, which Johnson said was a He.
Colonel McMaster continued for Eome time with a
further review of the testimony, and concluded
with an eloquent appeal for justice.
District Attorney Corbin followed In a brief
speech, in which he claimed that the charge was
fully sustained by the testimony, and that of all
the men connected with the Ku-Klux conspiracy
such men aa the defendant should be the first and
moat severely punished, as they were the leading
men or the community to whom the others looked
for guidance and advice.
Judge Bond then charged the jury. He said
there was but one count in the Indictment, and
the facts wire narrowed down te a very small
compass. The charge was a conspiracy against
the act of May, 1870, to threaten, Intimidate and
prevent colored men from exercising the right of
s uti rag e. To find a verdict or gum y the jury
must first find that there waa a conspiracy, and
that lt tad this for one or its objects. There
seemed to be no dispute upon this point. The ev?
idence showed that there was such an organiza?
tion, and the counsel on both slues had united
In condemning lt. The only question lett
was whether the defendant belonged to lt.
A great deal of testimony had been In?
troduced to show the character of the con?
spiracy, and some to show that he belonged
to lt. It was necessary for the government,
la order to make out Its case, to show the
existence and the object or the conspiracy; bat
all this testimony had no bearing on the case of
the defendant, ualess the testimony was suffi?
cient to show that he wai a party to the conspira,
cy. Unless the government could show, aside from
hearsay testimony,that he was connected with the
conspiracy, the testimony had no relation to him.
There bad beeo two facts brought forward to con?
nect bim. The first was hts presence at the meet?
ing in the cellar at Unlonville, and '.he other was
the meeting at Masonic Hall. The point for the
jory to determine was whether those were Ku
Klux meetings. If they were not, then all the
testimony about the conspiracy had no manner
of relation to the defendant, ir, however,
those meetings were meetings of mem?
bers of the Klans, coming together as
Ku-Klax, then he was connected. As to
the testimony or an accomplice he was like any
other witness, but it rested entirely with the jnry
to determine his credibility. His competency to
testify was decided by the court when he was
allowed to go upon the stand, but the Jury were
the sole judges of the amount or credence to be
attached to his testimony. The case was a serious
one, and he warned the jory to give lt their best
consi : .-ration. The United States Government
did not want to have any one convicted who was
not guilty, and it was the duty of the prosecution
to establish sach a theory of guilt as to exclude
all theory or innocence, ir the conduct or thc
d-. fendant was consistent with the theory of his
Innocence, the Jury must And him Innocent. If,
however, the defendant was found to be a mem?
ber of the conspiracy, he was bound by ail the
acts and language or the conspirators.
The Jory then retired, at five minutes arter
three o'clock, aad the court took a recess until
seven P. M. in the evening there was a long In?
terval of "walting for the verdict," and at about
ten o'clock Judge Bond sent for the Jury and ques?
tioned them as to the prospect of their agreeing
upon a verdict. The foreman replied that they
differed npon the questions of fact, and that there
was no probability of their agreeing upon a ver?
dict. The jury was accordingly discharged, and
thus another of the Ku-Klux cases bas risulttd in
a mis-trial._ _ _
TERRIBLE MARINE DISASTER.
LONDON, April 23.
It ls now believed that the steamship Ispa?
han, which left. Bombay in January for this
city, and which has not been heard from since
leaving Malta, on the 13th ot February, foun?
dered off Brest. France, during a terrific gale.
Fifty persons are supposed to have gone down
with the steamer.
-The boiler of a locomotive attached to a
freight train exploded in Parkersburg, West
Virginia, yesterday, killing three meo.
THE BANKRUPT TREASURY.
NO MONEY EOE SALARIES, SCHOOLS,
OR ANYTHING ELSE
Stale Crediton in a Condition of Su?
preme Disgust-Political Schemes for
the Future-A. New Deal Demanded.
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM- TO TOB NBW3.]
COLUMBIA, April 23.
It Is now certainly koowa that none of the
newly engraved Blue Ridge scrip has arrived,
and lt is further stated that none will be paid
from the treasury until niter its receipt for
taxes. Many people having claims are hang,
lng around the treasury, to-day, uselessly, and
the dodging of the treasurer, to escape the
multitudinous presence of the claimants, was
amusing. Even the Judges have failed to get
their Balarles. It ls stated at the treasury de?
partment that lt ls useless to think of getting
any money for schools until next autumn.
Much reliance seemed to be placed upon rev?
enue from delinquent sales hythe department,
but less confidence ls expressed by claimants.
Steers and Worthington, of tbe Blue Ridge
Bing, are here. Patterson, the wheel-horse
of that affair, is In Chattanooga.
Bankers and brokers who deal with the
treasury, In the way of business, carry a look
of farcical disgust at the present financial con?
dition; while at the eame time they and other
substantial residents express the most seri?
ous fears as to the prospects of the future.
The determination to weed out the bar?
nacles upon the ship of State ls dally strength?
ening, even in their own party ranks, and the
demands of the taxpaying community are
pressing on every side. The policy now being
attempted by the Radioals to shift their re?
sponsibility ls "too thin" to produce the result
they desire for political purposes, and lhere ls
a disposition among merchants to combine
with the taxpayers to demand a showing of
what has been done with the people's money.
Moderate Republicans acquiesce in this move?
THE MESS AT THE CAPITAL.
Vain Appeals-An Empty Treasury
Where does the Slaney go to-The Con?
dition of the Lunatic Asylum.
[FROST OCR OWN CORRESPONDENT.j
COLUMBIA, S. C., April 22, 1872.
Another week bas rolled by. and In this
short space of time enough has been added to
that already known regarding the adminis?
tration of State affaira, especially those re?
lating to finances, to more than confirm all
I that bas bees said on the subject In the col?
umns ol THE NEWS; enough to brand the par?
ties responsible for suoh a condition of affairs
with lasting infamy. As the schemes ol the
past, present and future of those controlling
the administration of affairs are exposed, In?
creasing uneasiness is made apparent in the
ranks of the party that is compelled to shield
the ringleaders. Among the few upright
men in that party, a determined resolve seems
to have been made to bring the matter to a
settlement at once.
As has been announced by telegraph the
schools are being closed on account of the
want of funds to pay the orders of the State
superintendent-who, by the way, appears to
have performed bis duty promptly-according
to the apportionment of the legislative anpro
prlailon among the several counties.
This fact should be understood and remem?
bered by the colored as well as the white pop?
ulation of the Stute. It should be borne In
mind by them constantly that all the talk
about education has turned out to be so much
breath, spent for the sole purpose of obtain?
ing their good graces In hoisting these cormo?
rants Into office again. The proof of this 1B
to be seen right now, and there is no occasion
to spend time In speculating how it may be.
Let the people ponder over a few ol the fol?
Leaving aside the thousands of claims of In?
dividuals against the Slate, and taking the
Institutions the administration .has direct
charge of, there la a condition ol affairs de?
manding the most serious consideration of
every citizen, be he white or black, dreadful
to contemplate, and certain to be condemned.
Every demand made upon the treasury, un?
der the new appropriation fur educational pur?
poses, is met with a cool response from the
clerks, "No money," and when they utter lt,
they display an uncomfortableness calculated
to excite sympathy. It is like a tragedy actor
in a farce. Their chief ls absent more than
half the time, and the humiliation they must
ieel in the utterance ot this stereotyped ex?
cuse necessarily Is great.
The duty of caring for (he necessities of the
wards of the State ls lost sight o? In the gene?
ral desire for plunder, or ls left unattended to
because ot the plundering that has been done.
An instance ol this kind Is shown In the case
of the State institution for the deaf, dumb and
blind, at Cedar Springs, Sparenburg County.
A draft of two thousand dollars on the unex?
pended appropriation of last year-amounting
to over three thousand dollars-met with the
same response, "No money." The superin?
tendent, without a ray of hope leit, except In
the magnitude of the charity and sympathy ot
a people already suffering under mantiold lila,
brought upon them by the fame administra?
tion, almost In desperation rushes from one
place to another to raise money enough to pre?
vent the calamity to the unfortunates In the
Institution sure to fall upon them by closing lt.
At every turn he ls met with the reply that
those who would willingly lend a helping band
have "all they can carry," until finally the
amount of five hundred dollars ls raised, with
wbjch food, clothing, books, drugs, Ac, can
be tarnished a llltleTonger. This ls the reci?
tal of an actual fact, and no pen-picture; in?
deed, the pen falls lar short of giving all the
facts In detail.
Mr. Superintendent Jlllson and Mr. Comp?
troller Neagle, who constitute the board of
commissioners, proceed to morrow to the
institution to ascitaln what ls best to be
done under the circumstances. With the
present prospect, when the five hundred dol?
lars are gone, nothing remains to the poor
unfortunates but to be sent to their homes,
for those lucky enough to have a borne, and
the remainder to become the objects of chari?
ly among the people now nearly bankrupt
from the payment of taxes, a parc ol which
was to heip support these objects of charity.
Nor Is Itali that the subject of education
has received irs death-blow, and the deaf,
dumb and blind are being robbed. The in?
sane are forgotten by those whOBe duty first,
and last lt ia io prolect them. The appeals
ol'the noble-hearted superintendent-who bas
even mortgaged to the amount, of fifteen
thousand dollars his own private property,
that they might not suffer under his charge
have been met with the bland denial at the
Slate treasury, "no money;'' and when the
treasurer was appealed to personally by the
superintendent, and informed that unless
something was done it would become neces?
sary io send them to their respective counties,
the reply was, "send them.'"
The grocers and merchants of this city have
exhibited great kindness-one that will be ihe
more appreciated abroad when the great bur?
den of laxation and the disturbing elements in
the contiguous counties, which so retards their
busiuess, are better understood. Some are
carrying as high as eight and ten thousand
dollars of Indebtedness of ?he last named in?
stitution. Ic ls impossible for them to do
more, and the superintendent's letter, ol the
17i h instant, to ( lie State treasurer, tells the
whole Etorj. The superintendent writes os
OFFICE STATS LUNATIC ASYLUM, I
COLUMBIA. April 17, 1872 J
Hon Niles G. Parker, Slate Treasurer:
i BAR SIR-Please Inform me whether or not
you are able at this rime to pay any portion of the
appropriation made by the last Legislature for the
support of the State Lunatic Asylum, and if not,
how soon you will be able to do ao ? i he credit or
the Institution la exhausted. We are no Linger
able to ootain supplies of food or clothing, and a
condition as desperate and disastrous tn Its effect
upo i the Institution ai lt la humiliating and di
graceral to the State, ts staring us in the face,
and unless relief ls obtained m thirty days at
most, some other disposition mast be made o'
those who have been placed here no ter the care
and protection of the state. It ?a with this view
that 1 address yon to day, la order that, in caae
the Stare ls unable to take care of her Insane,
some other provision may be made for their care
and protection lo time to prevent the dire calam?
ities that will otherwise encompass them. I need
not remind yon that the care of the Insane is re?
garded the fl i st and most sacred obligation of
every civilized people. Boping that yon will malte
extraordinary efforts, If necessary, to discharge
that obligation In bi half of the people of this state,
in giving that relief to the afflicted and suffering
inmates or this lnstltatlon which the. honor ci the
State, the behests of ju-Ure, and the claims of hu?
manity allie de .naad, I am, 4c.
J. P. ENSOR, Superintendent.
Is further comment necessary ? Let the
people remember those who are Jeopardizing
the honor of the State by depriving the Insane
of food and raiment and the necessaries of
Hie. This letter of the superintendent-this
evidence-let it also be remembered within
and without the State, ls from one of the
Republican party officers, but one who, rather
than suffer the disgrace inevitable In the lu
ture, would meet it at the threshold and clear
his garments of it.
The instances are endless where the money
paid for taxes ls now needed and most stren?
uously demanded. What is to be done with
tbe penitentiary ? The State has there ber
charges, and it ls oft-repeated that she ls
cheated in their number. The straitened
treasury cramps affairs In this direction, and
lt ls no easy matter to procure even wood
enough to bake and boll the few supplies that
fortunately yet remain on band. The stern
looking superintendent of the penitentiary
never looked fiercer, not even in front of a
battery of Parrots, than at present, and it
bodes no good.
ThuB much in recital of some of the lils
that Interest every citizen of the State.
The question may be reasonably put.
"What ls going to be done?" The Moguls of
the administration-those of them who ure
bold enough to stay here and face the facts
for the present keep quite a steady look upon
their countenances,'but are as much at a loss
to know how to get out-I was going to say
of the State-as they are to know where the
money ls coming from.
The efforts made at the latter part of the
week past to trade off In larire lots "Patterson
? Co.'s Blue Ridge plaster" were not very
successful, and ll Parker dc Co. are walting
for the receipt of that uncertain medium
from taxes tc satisfy the numerous demands
clamorously made.against the treasury, I fear
a stump will be run against that will refuse to
The reply of an ex governor ol the North
who passed through this city Thursday night,
made to a gentleman who had stated that the
debt of the State was tbe greatest burden,
seems to cover a part of the present. situa?
tion. "What's the difference," said he, "how
much you owe, you've got nothing to pay lt
with." This Irom a Radical source would In?
dicate that the fraternal ties of party bad long
ago reached their tension, so far as that party
In this State ls concerned. ''There ls no honor
In being mixed up In South Carolina politics,
says another statesman. The party ls a dead
weight, and will be until the rascals are rooted
out of lt."
Like a festering sore whose stench perme?
ates the air and fills the nostrils of those pray?
ing for better things, lt ls rotting itself away
in our midst, and ls disregarded and dis?
graced at I he North, as it should be, where lt
bad hoped for power. The question with the
people is, how long must lt be endured. Action
ls what Is needed, and the first should be to
bring to Justice the advisers and planners of
evils existing, and through whom they have
been wrought. This done, we may hope for
belter time's in the future.
Her schools closed, her paupers neglected;
the deaf, dumb and blind lett uncared for;
the Insane deprived of the means of suste?
nance; her citizens being arrested by scores
and thrown into prison, treasury empty and
officers deaf to tbe appeals for mercy or the
demands of Justice, what bas poor South
Carolina to hope for. Nothing but ibat which
has always characterized the efforts and the
endurance of the brave, and with these vir?
tues directed aright, the time will come when
the world may understand what were the
The new city council and what it will do for
the people is one of the matters speculative at
the present time. Frequent meetings have
been held, but little progress In anything cal?
culated to inspire hope among citizens or the
business community has shown Itself. To the
question of comparison between this and the
old oouncil, a mysterious shake of the bead 1B
the usual answer. In a review of tbe situa?
tion, among other things, the Daily Phoenix,
of this city, says the enormous sum of $131.000
for outlay ls unaccounted for by the outgoing
council, and believes lt can give no satisfac?
tory account of the expenditure of the came.
In speaking of the new council, the same
paper states that the committee of ways and
means has fallen far below the true figures In
the estimates for revenue, the liquor licenses
alone amounting to the whole amount esti?
mated as revenue from licenses, and holds
that receipt from markets is double ibe esti?
mate; other estimates are similarly reduced.
There has not time enough elapsed to en?
able the forming of any just opinion, but to
Judge from the above lc would seem that the
way was being paved for an assessment ot
tax in the future that will prove an additional
burden, hardly to be tolerated, much less ex?
No progress ls being made on the new build?
ings-city hall and market; in fact the latter
took a retrograde movement In the recent
tornado-which did little other damage here
and fell, as has already been reponed H com?
plete mass of ruins. The roof, whit..: was
ponderous and ungainly, was supported upon
iron posts, the latter at the base resilng upon
brick masonry, and entirely unbraced. When
the first rafter was put In place the opinion
was expressed that lt would come down In
the flrtt good blow, which proved to be the
case. It ls believed the work upon the same
will not be continued, aud about every one
met with coincides in the opinion that this ls
the best course io pursue.
The citizens of Laurens County are daily be?
fore the commissioner on charges of violation
of the eniorcement act, and several have been
remanded for tria'. CONUAKEE.
JOTTINGS ABOUT TUE STATE.
-The Phoenix Axe, Hook and Ladder Com?
pany, of Columbia, was reorganized last Mon?
-Mary Williams, a respectable young col?
ored woman, was accidentally shot and killed
last Saturday afternoon by George Wilson,
her half brother, through the careless hand?
ling of a loaded pistol.
-A severe hail storm visited Aiken and vi?
cinity on Sunday night, accompanied by thun?
der and lightning. Considerable damage was
done to the growlog crops.
-Mr. J. M. Warr'B plantation nt Darlington
was torn all to pieces by the hurricane on the
night of the 18th Instant. Mr. Warr was fortu?
nate enough not to lose any stock, but a great
many cattle were killed throughout the county.
-The following persons were arrested last
week, upon the charge of being members of
the Ku Klux Klan, in Union County: R. C.
Johnson, John B. Smith, W. G. Fowler, Thoa.
Belew, John T. Belew, J. D. Long, and -
CROPS IN CALIFORNIA.
BAN FRANCISCO, April 23.
The growlog crops of grain throughout the
State are maturing rapidly. A great scarcity
of hands to gather the crops ls anticipated.
Foundry men and machinists are scarce, ow?
ing to the increased demand for milling ma?
chinery. The Increased production of bullion
and the advance in mining Btocks have stimu?
lated business of ail descriptions.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
-United States Minister Curtin proposes to
accompany General Sheridan through Prus?
sia, and return home about Miy 16.
-The weather throughout England yester?
day was fair and favorable for the growing
-It is stated In New York that O'BaldwIn
has offered to fight Mace for an amount of
money now In the stakeholders' hands, imme?
diately or within one month. If this lalla to
satisfy Mace, O'Baldwlu says he will fi^ht him
In a room at once.
-Secretary Delano joined the ht. Louis ex?
cursionists to Sau Francisco at Junction City,
Kansas, yesterday, having come up Jhere
from the Indian Territory. The ex-secretary
held several consultations with the Indians
while In the Territory, and wan at the council
of Kiowas in relation to tbe proposed sale of a
part of their lands.
TBE FEDERAL CAPITAL.
LARGE SOUTHERN CLAIMS ALLOWED
AGAINST TBE GOVERNMENT.
Adjournment of the British-American
Com m 1 h n I o n-D o I n ga of Co n gress- Jil s
ccllaneonw N'tws and Notes.
WASHINGTON, April 23.
The large Judgment for four hundred and
seventy-five thousand dollars given against
the United States by the Court ol Claims, yes?
terday, is in favor of Andrew Lowe, of Savan?
nah, Qa., for the proceeds of three hundred
and forty-nine bales of sea island and twenty
two hundred and forty-six bales of upland cot?
ton seized by treasury agents Just alter Ute
close of the war. The famous Klyee cotton
case, which has been so long pending, was
decided In favor or the title ot C. V. Wood
rufi & Co., represented by R. M. Corwlne, of
Washington, and C. M. Conrad, of New Or?
leans; in? Judgment being for some three hun?
dred and sixty-six thousand dollars. It has
been erroneously stated that the trial ol this
case was delayed to await the decision of the
Supreme Court on the constitutionality of the
so-called Drake amendment relating to the
effect of presidential pardons in the Court of
Claims. On the contrary, the loyalty of the
claimants was fully established and adjudged
by the Court of Claims.
The British and American mixed claims
commission have adjourned until September,
when they will meet at Newport, Rhode
Island. Hon. Russell Gurney leaves fur Eng?
land next Saturday. At a meeting of the
House committee on fd rei ern affairs to-day a
letter was received from the'eecretary, which
staled that pending the correspondence on
claims, it was not expedient or advisable to
make any declaration upon the subject as con?
templated by the resolution heretofore offered
by Judge Peters and referred to that com?
Representative Peters la in receipt of nu?
merous letters from prominent persons in
different parts ot the country endorsing his
resolution against the presentation of claims
for consequential damages before the tribunal
of ai bil ra1 lon.
The Cabinet session was brief to-day, and
no business of more than ordinary Importance
was transacted. Boutweli, Williams and De?
lano were absent.
The President to-day nominated several
naval officers for promotion to higher grades.
The Senate to-day adopted a resolution de?
claring Abbot not entitled to a seat as senator
from North-Carolina. The deficiency bill was
discussed without final action.
Ia the House a number of bills granting
pensions, removing political disabilities, Ac.,
were Introduced and referred. There waa an
animated debate on the Goat Island bill
without final action. The House ls silting
to-night on the pension bill.
THE CINCINNATI CANDIDATE
Who and What H? Should Be.
[From the New York Evening Post.]
In the second place, If the convention
should nominate as its standard-bearers men
who are known to be in the bands of the
camp-followers, and who are not men of the
soundest Judgments and the most Inflexible
win. it will ian o? its end. The people will
not turn from a leader whom they think safe,
in a probable emergency, to one who is
doubtful or unsafe. They want assurance as
to futura tranquillity and peace, and they do
not feel that this assurance is to be bad from
candidates who are the mere puppets ol
party, and who are not, in fact, genuine
statesmen-wise and cautious lo view, and
decided and Immovable in act. With such a
candidate, for instance, as Hr. Adams or Judge
Trumbull, who are experienced, tried and con?
scientious, the effect upon the popular mind
would be very different from that produced by
names less familiar and Imposing. The fear
of which we have spoken ut the outset would
be laid by the former, but aggravated by the
latter. No person of any sense would imagine
the slightest danger from any quarter, were
the sturdy and careful steersman of Massachu?
setts at the helm; but with a newer or weaker
hand, there might be room, lt not for real ap?
prehension, at least for those appeals to appre?
hension which often produce the same result.
CIVIL WAR IN SPAIN.
MADRID, April 23.
The Correspondencia says that thirty Carllat
bands have now appeared throughout Spain,
the largest of which are impelled chiefly
against the provinces of Navarre, Leon and
Ponterreda. The government forces encount?
ered a band in Navarre and defeated them,
capturing their leader, a priest, who, lt is re?
ported, was immediately shot. Several gene- j
rals who are members ot the Radical party
have offered their services to the government
to assist in suppressing the demonstrations of
French Neutrality Enforced.
PARIS, April 23.
A number of persons were arrested In
Bayonne ? near the Spanish border yesterday,
who were known to be en route to Spain to
engage in the present demonstration against
the government of that country. The.cap-1
Uves, however, overpowered the police loree
which bad them In charge, and escaped to?
wards the Spanish frontier. Troops have
been sent in pursuit of them. Nothing Is
known of the movements of Don Carlos. It I
is believed that he la accompanied by General |
THE FISK-STOKES CASE.
NEW TORE, April 23.
All the morning papers denounce in un?
measured terms the performance of the new
drama, entitled "Black Friday," produced at
Niblo's Gardtn last night The-piece illus?
trai es the career of Fisk, Stokes and Mrs.
Mansfield, and appears to be intended io Influ?
ence opinion against Stokes, who is yet to be
tried. The performance ls generally charac?
terized as an outrage upon decency.
It is stated that Mr. Bartlett, one ot the
counsel for Stokes, bas withdrawn, owing toa
disagreement willi John Graham, the senior
counsel. The case comes up to-morrow, when
the district attorney will put in bia replication
to Stokes's voluminous bill of complaint.
THE WEATHER THIS DAT.
WASHINGTON, April 23.
An area ot quite low barometer is advancing
eastward towards Minnesota and Iowa, and
the pressure will continue diminishing thence
eastward and southeastward to the Atiantlo
and Gulf coasts, with southerly to southwest?
erly winds. Cloudy and threatening weather,
and very probably rain, will prevail on
Wednesday from the Obio Valley to the lakes
and westward. Partially cloudy weatDer over
the ?southern Slates, with threatening weath?
er and probably rain along the Soul h Atlantic.
Partially cloudy weather over the East and
Middle Atlantic States. Dangerous winds are
not anticipated, except possibly for the upper
Yesterday's Weather Reports of th?
Signal Service, ?. S. A.-4.47 P. M.,
Mernp ls. Tenn.
64 SE Fresh.
48 W Fresh.
Si A Brlfk
66 SW B ISK.
64|aW Fre h.
71 B tien tie.
8 .SR Fiesh.
04 W Gentle.
9 W Gale.
66 S Fre>h.
46 S Brisk.
63 SB Kresh.
62 SW ?risk.
40 SW Froh.
6i ? Brisk.
60 SW Brisk.
60 Sfll Brbk.
60 lp Fresh.
i < near.
An Important Decision of the Supreme
Coori. . 'jv
The United States Supreme Coarta a short
time since, delivered a decision in which the
following passage occurs: J ?. :
"We have recently held, in the caso of the .
United States vs. Klein, that pardon, granted
upon conditions, biota out the offence, If
proof is made of compliance wita the. ?radi
tlons; and that the person so pardoned?js??eilr":
titled to the restoration o? the proceeds of
captured and abandoned property, If suit be
brought within-two years.after the suppres?
sion of the rebellion.' The pr Defamationof
the 25th of December granted pardon'nrioon- .
dltlonally and'without" reservation. This waar
a public act of which all courts ol the United
States are bound to taite notice, 'and to which
ali courts are bound to give effect The olalm
of the petitioner, waa preferred within ' two
?ears. The Court ot Claims, therefore, erred
i not giving the petitioner the benefit of the
"Its Judgment must be reversed,'with di?
rections to proceed in conformity with thia
This ls the decision under which the Court
of Claims bas decided favorably upon a number
ot claims from the South as reported' in the
telegrams of yesterday. An attempt was
made by the Senate to flank this decisloa by
llmltingthe Jurisdiction of the Court of Claims,
but It seems to have failed.
MATAMORAS PROBABLY fl APR.
NEW ORLEANS, April 23.
A dispatch from Matamores, dated yester?
day, says: '-General Gevallos and his com?
mand of Ave hundred men and officers, with
two pieces of artillery, reached there to-day.
The general relieved General Palacios, whom
he outranks, and who has .commanded.here; *
for the last tour years, and inspected the de
tencesand city Immediately after tis arrival, j*.
Another'steamer is expected here to-morrow
from Yera Cruz with several hundred more
reinforcements, which will place the etty ber .
yond the possibility of capture' by any force
the revolutionists can at present briasr against
lr. Humors still prevail that GaneralQalroga
Intends making an attack, but up to dark the ;?
enemy were not within ten miles/'
_Entrerai ffoticeg. \ ,.
fm* THE RELATIVES, FRIENDS AND
Acquo in tances or Mr. and Mrs. Th. w. Leonhardt, -
are respectfully invited to attend th? Panerai ot
their beloved Son, CHARLES,, THIS AFT?BHOON, \
at 8 o'clock, at No. 18 Couege street;. aprM-*
Camden, t?. 0., Mrs. M?RQ?RBT MOLBISH, aged 40
Ont off suddenly in tbe apparent bloom of
health, we mourn her loss deeply, bat submit re- -
signe ny to the dispensations of Providence.
In her pathway through lire she always pre? ?
served a gentls disposition, a ktod heart, and a
constant desire to do goad. A fond mother, aa
affectionate sister, a true and faithful friend,
esteemed by ail who kuew ber, she has left our
earthy abode and gone to receive her Just reward
in a better and happier world.' * '
PATT-Departed this life, on Sunday, flirt
instant, LAWRSSOS 3. PATT, aged 88 years ii
mouths and is days.
TELE CHARLESTON CHARITA?
BLE ASSOCIATION, for the Benefit of the Free
j Schcol Fan*-Official Baffle Numbers :
CLASS No. 487-MORNING.
16-12-1->3- 6- 2-32-11-36-74-09-45
CLASS No. 468-EVBHIKG.
60- 3-55-50-70-31-14- 9-76-37-10-2
As witness oar hands at Charleston this 28d
day Of April, 1872.
apr:4 Sworn Commissioners.
far NOTICE. - THE NORWEGIAN
Bark B'JORVIEEN', E. Jonassen Master, from
Hartlepool, England, has thia day entered na?
der the Five Day Act. AU goods not Permitted
I at the expiration of that time will be sent to Fob*
I Ho Stores. HENRY CARD, *\
April 22, i872-aprZ8-5 Agent.
j5r? NOTICE - ALL PERSONS ARE
hereby cant Ic ned against -harboring or trusting
any of the crew or the Bark B'JOBVIKEN, E.
Jonassen Master, as no debts of their contract*
! lng will be paid by Mastsr or Consignee.
apr23-s . Agent.
??-THE SOUTH CAROLIN A LOAN AND
TRUST COMPANY-SAVINGS DEPARTMENT.
Depositors are requested to leave their booka on
and after the 1st April proximo, to be credited
with the quarterly interest then dna.
AU Deposits made on before the 20th April
wlU bear Interest from 1st April.
Interest (6) Six Per Cent, compounded quarterly.
mch26-mw(12 F. A. MITCHELL, Cashier.
frnTTO CLEAN GREASE SFOTS FROM
your garments, use the DOLLAR REWARD
DO WIE, MOISE, k DAVIS, Agents,
f?* GAS FITTING, PLUMBING AND
TIN ROOFINO. P. L. GUILLEMA,
So. 21 Cumberland street, near Meeting.
^-BURNHAiTS SUPERIOR YEAST .
POWDERS.-Having used Yeast Powder in our
families for several years, we give a decided pref?
erence above au others to that prepared by
EDWARD S. BURNHAM, Graduate of Pharmacy,
No. 421 King street, near Calhoun street, Charles?
ton, S. 0. : King Mansion Boarding House, Julias
Petsch, B. 0. Webb, George L. Holmes, George s.
Felzer, M. D., John T. Wightman, D. D., wallam
Smith, Master Machinist, .8. c. H. E.
Happy relier for Yoong Men from the effect*
of Errors and Abuses in early life. Manhood re?
stored. Nervous debility cured. Impedimenta
to Marriage removed. New method of treat?
meat. New and remarkable remedies. Books
and Circulars sent free, in sealed envelopes. Ad*
dress HOWARD ASSOCIATION, Na 3 Sooth
Ninth street. Philadelphia. Po. ootil
?Sr*FIRE DEPARTMENT.-THE AN
NUAL iNsPEOTION or the Fire Department by.
the Honorable Mayor and Aldermen wul take
place on SATURDAY, 27th matant, at 8 o'clock P.
M. 'i he line will te formed in Broad street, the
right resting on Meeting 6treet. The Secretaries
of all companies must be prepared to hand in to
the Clerk of the Board rf .Fire Masters th?lr re
tarns of the number of Members, condition of
Engines and Hose; and number of feet of Hose.
By order of the Mayor.
M. H. NATHAN,
Chief Fire Department.
B. M. STROBEL,
aprie Clerk Board Fire Masters.
???TREASURY OFFICE, CITY HALL,
APRIL 8, 1872.-This office wUl be open from 9 k,
M. Tais DAT to 2 P. M. daily to and to include
the soth instant, for payment of all interest doe
upon the olty debt known as City Stock, except
SATURDAYS, upon which transfers of Stock'WlU
For the first five days priority in payment will be
given parties paying taxes to the city in part or
whole with the same. All payments of interert wfll
be made by check, to be cashed at front desk of
this office, and where Interest ls sufflolent for taxes
they balance at par. bat where less the penauy
shall attach on deficiency or ***nTJ*T*
paid m currency, in ^^?%^^