Newspaper Page Text
VCLUME IX.-NUMBER 1967
CHARLESTON WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 1, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE SUNDAY SCHOOL ARM
OPEXIXG OF THE STATE SVNL
Delegates Present from Every Conni
Permanent Organization and El
tlon ot Offlcern-Instructive and i
pre salve Addresses.
The State Sunday School Convention ass
bled yesterday morning, ia Trinity M.-tho
Church, Hasel street, one hundred and t
teen delegates being in attendance, represi
in j the churches of every county in the St
as well as a large number of lady and ot
At about half-past 9 o'clock Colonel Zimn
man Davis extended a welcome to tbe di
gates. He said:
Tne grateful duty of extending the welco
of the Sunday-schools of Co&rTeston to
delegates assembled here to-day was expec
to have been performed by one who has tat
the most active part in the work ot preps
tlon for this convention, and wno is e
wont to be foremost in every good word t
work, bnt upon whom tbe heavy hand
affliction has just been laid. Regretting, the
fore, the sad necessity which has imposed I
duty upon any other, I now proceed to
discharge with the greatest pleasure. 1
have come together, brethren and friends,
no idle Bbow, to advance no man's prlvi
interests, to gratify no worldly ambition, I
actuated solely by the high and noble pi
pose of consulting as to the best mei boas
training ap the youth ot our State In t
knowledge and love of God, and thereby ?
tending the cause of our Lord and Savio
Ia this great and glorious work wt*, the dw
lera by the sea, join bands with you from t
mountains, the nill sides and the valleys. ^
"rejoice and are exceeding glad" tnat y
have come hither, and now extend to you i
a cordial, fraternal greeting. We open o
arms, our hearts and our homes to rece i -
you, and bid you welcome, thrice welcome !
It was then moved that Joua F. Ficke
Esq., be requested to act as temporary cha
man, and Bev. A. J. Stokes and Bev. J. V
Murray as temporary secretaries. The
nominations being unanimously carried, M
FIckea advanced to the platform and brief
addressed the delegates, thanking them f
the honor conferred upon him by seiet tit
him to preside over the preliminary del ?ber,
tlons ot the body. He said that he bad con
to the convention prepared to unite bearii
with the brethren in the great work befoi
them, and was ready and willing at all tim?
to contribute his bambie services to the fu
extent of bis power to facilitate the progr?s
of the business of the convention. He urge
harmony and courtesy of actioo, so that th
united voice ol the convention might go fori
to the people with such force and power as i
commend their best efforts In behalf of th
great canse' ia which they were engag?e
The Sunday-school, he said, had been calle
by a beautiful simile the nursery of .th
charon; but he would go farther, and cali :
the younger sister of the church, work
lng side by side with the elder agency In th
great work of the conversion of the world
and lt had grown vastly within the last fe\
years, and was becoming every day more lm
portant, more efficient and more powerful ii
its work and Influence.
The roll of the convention was'then cal lei
by counties, and a committee on permanen
organization, composed of one delegate iron
each county, was appointed and retired foi
deliberation. During the absence or this cox
mlttee prayers were offered by Bev. Messrs
Woods, Buist and Wightman, and a number o:
hymns were sung, and brief addresses upon
the subject ot Sunday-school labor were made
by Bev. Messrs. Legare and Jacobs.
The committee then returned, and the
chairman, Colonel W. L. DePass, reported the
nomination of the following permanent offl
cere of the convention : For president, Prof
Janies H. Carlisle, of Spart anbnrg; tor vice
presidents, Bev. J. P. Smeltzer, (Lutheran,;
Bev. C. E. Chichester and Bev. W. P. Jacobs,
(Presbyterian,) Bev. E. T. Wink 1er, D. D.,
( Bs-p tl st,) and Colonel W. L. DePa-B, (Meth?
odist;) for secretaries, Bev. McC. Purvis,
Messrs. J. F. Hay, G. M. Johnson, John F.
Ficken and Bev. A. J. Stokes. These nomina
tlons were unanimously carried, and a com
mlttee, consisting ol Messrs. DePass, Robin?
son and Jacobs, was appointed to conduct the
president to the chair.
Prof. Carlisle on laking the chair expressed
his thanks, and Introduced the business of the
convention la a few earnest and Impressive
remarks. He said that he bad considered it a
high honor to be r er mit ted to attend the con?
vention ia ihe capacity of a delegate and co?
worker ia the Sunday-school cause, but to be
elevated to the position of presiding officer
was a dignity that far transcended his deserts.
Ho counselled promptness, heartiness and
fervency ot thought and sentiment in the
counsels of the convention, and said that he
hoped the record of the convention would
show, as had been said of a similar assem?
blage rectally in session at the West, that
there were "no long speeches and no dry
speeches;" and he added that he hoped there
would be no apologetic speeches.
A communication was then read from H. H.
DeLeon, Esq., extending to the delegates aa
Invitation to avail themselves of the freedom
of the Board of Trade Booms, and another
from the proprietor of Holmes's Book House,
on Klug street, accompanied by a liberal
supply of sta tl o n e ry, for the ase of the conven?
tion. Both of these courtesies were acknowl?
edged by votes of thanks, which the secreta?
ries were requested to transmit to the
OB motion of Colonel Davis, a resolution
was passed, extending a fraternal Invitation
to all clergymen in the city to seats upon the
flooV of the convention during RB session.
The first subject for discussion was then
announced as being 'The Bible authority for
the Sunday School," and the Rev. W. P. Jacobs
was requested to deliver the first address
upon the subject. Mr. Jacobs said:
The question to be settled ls this: Is the
Sabbath-school a scriptural Institution ? There
are many things that are scriptural or un-,
scriptural that are neither expressly enjoined
nor forbidden: but lhat may be declaed by
?lala and regular reasoning lrom its teachings,
he Sabbath-school is one of these. Ia so
many words, the thing itself ls not mentioned.
As at present organized, with its various ac?
cessories, lt could not possibly have been
mentioned, no more than tbe telescope or
the telegraph. In all its beautiful develop?
ment lt ls an outgrowth of the Cnrist'an life
of these latter days; but that the heart and
core of the Sabbath-school was both known to
and approved by the sacred writers ls clearly
First, then, let us settle this point What ls
the grand central idea in the Sabbath-school ?
What ls that thing without which it would
cease to be ? Evidently the answer to this
question is-Bible Instruction, especially of
children. The Sabbath-school is not an insti?
tution for the purpose of thoroughly furnish?
ing its Dupils with a knowledge ot reading or
spelling. It Is emphatically a Bible school,
in It the Bible Is ita malo text-book, and
every question-book, catechism, or other vol?
ume of Instruction used In lt, elucidates the
sacred history. Every book In the library
bears upon the unfolding of Divine truth.
Every hymn sung, every blackboard exercise,
every paper subscribed for bears toward the
same grand ead. Its ticket?. Us walis, its
banners are all blazoned with Bible sentences.
The Sabbath-school is, therefore, beyond
question, a school for the study of the Dh
word, and mlghr, without doing violence,
stjled the preparatory department, to
Now, la the next place, we may come
the discussion ot the main question-is sue
school Jus-tided lu sacred scripture ?
First, then, does the Bible enjoin the st
of God's word upon His people ? From
Saviour's own ups we have the comma
8earch the Scriptures." Luke comme
the Bf-reans aa being more nobie than tho?,
Thetsalonica, because they searched the Sc
lure?. "Icnarge jon by tne Lord," s
Paul, " that this epistle be read unto all
holy brethren." Says Jeremiah, "Prodi
ull these words In i he cilles of Judeah, anc
the streets ol Jerusalem, eayiotr. hear ye
words of this coveoaut and do them." En
wu li the Divine appioval, "prepared his he
to seek the law ot the Lord and do it. and
leach in Israel statuies and judgments." I
is the bare reading ol' the Bible enough tot
lsfy the Divine requirements. The quest
that Phillip put to the treasurer of Queen C
dace,"Undersiandest thou what thou reade?
ls the all-important question In Bible stn
For this purpose was the Cnristtau minis
founded-that they "might teacn the peo]
knowledge;" they being "thoroughly 1
nished," irom having given " much ai temi
to reading," to tne overseeing ol the flock.
The second question is: "May the Bible
appropriately studied and taught upon t
Sdonath. Here again we have the authorl
of His own examp.e. It was on the babba
day that he entered into the synagogue, ai
taking the book ol i he prophets, unrolled
read it, and expounded lt lo ibe people. T
apostles, who, like Apollos, were "mighty
the Scriptures," imitated our Saviour iu th
irom Sabbath to Sabbath "expounded and t<
lided the kingdom of God, persuading th?
concerning*Jesus, both out of the law ot Mos
and out of the prophets." In P9rga, we a
told that "on the Sabbath day came aime
the whole city together to hear the word
God." At Thessalonlca. "Paul, as his manu
was, weut in unto them, and three Sabba
days reasoned with to em out of the Seri
turee." In Corinth "he reasoned In the syn
gogue every Sabbath and persuaded tl
ureeks and the Jews." But it ls needless
multiply examples, since the Sabbath Itse
was instituted tor the very purpose of brin
lng us nearer lo God by premeditation and li
st ruction In the Divine word.
Proved then that the Bible ls to be studied
to be studied on Ihe Sabbath. Query li
third, should lt be taught to children? Sim
children are as much human beings as wi
Methuselah, and ure as deeply interested I
the death of Jesus us was Peter, such u quot
would BL pear entirely needless, but, to muk
assurance doubly Mire. let us hear M
ses. Speaking of God's dealings wli
Israel, he fays, "but leach them, th
sen and thy son's sous." Having give
them * the commandments, lie say i
"Thou shalt teach foem diligently unto ita
children, and thou shalt talk of them whe
tnou sittest lu thine bouse, and when tho
walkest b." the way, and when ihou liei
dowu, and when thou rlsest up." Again
"Gather the people together, men and wome
aud children, tnat they may hear, and tbt
they may learn, and fear the Lord your Go ?
and observe to do all the words of this law.
Proved, then, tu the third place, that not ont
ls toe Bible lo be taught ou' the Sabbath daj
but that lt Is tobe taught also to cbltdrer
Here, I hen, we have all the warrant neede
to justify us in the prosecution of this nobl
work. Some seem to think that the religlou
instruction of youth on the Sabbath Is un ec
tirely new thing; but this ls not tru<. Malmoe
ides Informs us that in the ancient Jewisl
congregation religious instruction was fre
queuily given to children, while lt ls a lac
lamili ur to all HUI den ts of early c li uro i histor;
that the young were catechised frequently
and thus prepared tor union with the vlslbl
church. With such explicit authority fur ou
work, and with the example of the anclen
church, let us go forward with zeal. The timi
bas gone by when priests thought that ever;
effort io teach Jesus, outside of the officia
ministry, was an infringement of their pre
rogatlve. "Let him thai hear<-th. say, come 1
Tne very children In the temple shouted "Ho
sanna to the son of David." We cannot have tot
many workers, BO long as they are workiot
(or Jesus. God has Bet the seal o? his ap
proval upon the Sabbath school. It ls tlx
church, like ihe mothers who brought theil
little unes to Jesus, folding her lambs in hei
arm*, and asking her L rd's benediction. It ii
the church inviting herjBunices and har Lolses
ber serving Mannas aud ber loving Miry.*, in
caring for these, her Lord's precious littk
ones to care aiso for Him, aud they who lor
bid the work will hear our Lord Jesus pay in:
to them, as he did to some of old, "Suffer tin
little children to come unt?me; forbid then
not, lor of such ls the kingdom of heaven."
Bev. Dr. Thomas Smythe was next invited
to address the convention upon the same sub
Ject. Dr. Smyth"?, as many ol our readers will
remember, was visited some lime ago with
a severe paralytic stroke, and he has hardly
yet recovered the use of his lo wer limbs or the
lull strength of lils voice. In consideration ol
these infirmities he was invited to a seat upon
the platlorra, and he retained his seat during
the delivery of his address, which was listened
to with marked interest by the convention.
He said that it was important to be assured of
the Di vi ne authori zulo a ol' the Sunday-school,
Inasmuch as all must feel that if they were
engaged in a work which was commanded
by the Great Head of tne Christian Church
that it was their duty to work with all their
hearts, full ot that love and energy which
would enable them to cow the good seed un?
tiringly, even without the Immediate manifes?
tation of its results, well knowing that He
who gave the seed would make lt fruitful in
His own good time. He claimed as beyond a
doubt that the establishment of the Sunday
school was a divine ordinance of Christ. He
said that, without quoting the many texts of
Scripture which teuded incidentally lo corrob?
orate this view, he would go at once to the
great commission given by Christ to bis
apostles, the magna charter of every - denomi?
nation of professing Christians. This was
contained chiefly, he said, In the twenty
eighth chapter of St. Matthew, beginning at
the sixteenth verse, and in the sixteenth
chapter of St. Mark. Quoting from the
Gospel of St. Matthew, he showed that Jesus
had said, "Ail power is given unto Me in
Heaven and earth"-this was His warrant, His
authority for the command He was about to
give-and then He said, "Go ye, therefore,
and teach all nations, baptizing them in the
name of the Father and ot the Son and ot the
Holy Ghost; teaching them to observe all
things whatsoever I have commanded you,
and lo ! I am with yon alway, even unto the
end of the world." Quoting Irom St. Mark, he
said that the command was, "Go ye Into all
the world and preach the Gospel to every
creature." He went on to show that In the
original Hebrew there were no less than
five words each expressive of the idea ol
teaching or preaching, that there were but
faint lines of distinction between the respec?
tive meanings of those words, and that they
were, In the King James translation of the
Bible, used almost Interchangably, and he de?
duced the argument that if they were to stop
at preaching they would leave out one half ol
the Divine commission to the Christian Church.
The argument was sustained with great skill,
and evinced an intimate acquaintance with
the structure oi the Hebrew tongue and with
the difficulties of its exact trans?a' lon into the
English language, which was frequently defi?
cient in the exact equivalents of Hebrew
words, and the conclusion of the chain of rea?
soning pointed to the inevitable conclusion
that the Christian teacher in the Sunday
school was as directly commissioned and or?
dained by the Almighty as were the clergy?
men, the elders, or any of the other workers
in the Church of Christ.
The next subject announced for discussion
was, "The moral and intellectual fitness ol'
children to receive religious impressions and
training," and on this subject the Bev. A. J.
Stokes read a carefully prepared essay, in
which he claimed that no period of a child's
life, after the moral perceptions bad begun to
dawn, was too early to lDstil into its mind the
outlines of the story of the cross and the great
lesson of human redemption and ultimate
bliss which ii conveys. The human mind, he
said, was peculiarly receptive in the period of
childhood, receptive alike and perhaps in
equal strength to the teachings of the good,
the beautiful, ihe true, as to those olher les
sons of evil for which there are so many chan?
nels always open to the understanding of the
young; aud lt was by engaging the budding in?
telligence in the contemplation of virtue-not
clothed in robes of dismal and repulsive aus?
terity, but clad in her own appropriate gar?
ments of light and happiness and virtue-that
tbe moral contamination of the evil was to be
precluded, and tbe intent heart-tender, duc?
tile, ready to receive impressions, and thirst?
ing for information upon every subject-was
to be occupied a9 a castle by such bright In?
fluences and agencies of good as should be po?
tent forever after to repel the advances of
Mr. Stokes was followed by the Bev. E. J.
Meynardie, D. D., who narrated with much
feeling and with evident effect various in?
stances connected with his ministry in
Charleston and Charlotte, where children of
tender years, who had been trained in the
family and the Sunday-school had come for?
ward in the church and given evidence of a
happy conversion lo Christ, verifyiog their
professions by future lives of consistent devo?
tion to the teachings of His gospel.
The convention then took a recess until
The convention reassembled at 8 P. M.,
with the Bev. Mr. Peters presiding. After the
Binging of the hymn "Rock of Ages," and a
prayer by Rev. Mr. Peters, the first subject of
discussion was announced as "The history and
progress of Sunday-schools," and Colonel De
Pass, of Camden, was introduced os the first
speaker. Colonel DePass first alluded to the
difficulty ot his subject, the danger on the one
side of saying too much for the limited time
of the couvention, and on the olher hand of
saying too lillie to do justice to ihe dignity
and importance of the subject. There were
many, he said, in that assembly at whose feet
he might sit like Paul at the feet of Gamaliel,
and learn of them of the subject of the rise
and pr ogress of the Sunday-school, but hav?
ing been assigned to make an address, and
having accepted the duly, he had prepared a
brief review. He then lu a most eloquent and
impressive manner reviewed the advent of
Christianity in Ihe world, ihe life of the Sa?
viour, the work of His apostles, and the
advance and progress of His church
in all the reformations that the
world had witnessed, bringing promi?
nently forward the fact that humble In?
struments had been almost Invariably select?
ed in the wisdom ol the Almighty to execute
His will. Thus the Siviour had selected a com?
pany of followers composed of poor fisher?
men and peasants, and In the establishment
ol the Sunday-school, which had now become
HO great a power in the church, an humble cit?
izen was the first to make the effort. This
was a poor man, the editor of a small country
paper In Gloucester, England, who one Sun?
day seeing a company ol' rude and ragged
children spending the day In boisterous and
unseemly Iplay, be started to reclaim these
children, and prevent their desecration of ihe
Sabbath, and at first employed a woman
who, during the week, taught an humble
day school, to teach these children on the
Sabbath, and he induced luem to attend
by paying ihem one shilling a day to go and
bc instructed. This was In 1781, and Ihe name
of the humble philanthropist was Robert
Baikos. In 1783 a Sunday-school society was
organized, and this was a great step. lu 1786
there were two hundred and fifty children in
Sunday-schools In England, and at about this
tim? ihe system of gratuitous I ns; ruction was
Introduced, the teachers having before that
buen paid for their labors, in 1803 a Sunday
school union was formed in London, the flr.-t
that was organized '.n the world. In 182G
there were eight thousand Sunday-schools in
England connected with the Established
Church. The Sunday-school was established
in 1787 lu Edinburgh, Scotland, and its history
In that country from that lime has
been a continuous record of progress.
In the United States tho first ef?
fort toward the establishment of Sunday
schools was made by the Methodists In New
7ork in 1790. Soon alter this a Sunday-school
society was organized at Philadelphia, with
Bishop White as president. At first ihe teach?
ers in this country were paid as they had been
in England, but this afterward gave way, as lt
had done in the mother country, to the system
of gratuitous Instruction, the teachers devot?
ing themselves to their work with the object
of advancing the cause of Christ, and with the
hope of the salvation of souls as their reward.
Colonel DePass continued with a clear and
succinct review of the gradual rise and exten?
sive progress of the Sunday-school movement
lu this country, and concluded wkh an elo?
quent appeal for the support of the work, and
the assisting Influence of ail who had any part
or voice In the control ol affairs in the nation
or the community.
After the sloging of an'appropriate hymn,
the convention was addressed by the Rev. E.
J. Meynardie, D. D., who took for his text the
subject of the history of nations In the light of
God's law. He laid down the principle that
while nations and individuals were equally
responsible to the law of God, ihe punish?
ment of nations, unlike that of Individuals,
came upon them wholly In this world; and he
attempted to show, by various citations lhat
displayed his general knowledge ol ihe history
of nations, both ancient and modern, that any
flagrant and general denial of the exist?
ence or supremacy of God had been
visited with condign punishment upon the
nation so offending, .oiler this he reverted to
the subject In hand, and enforced the impor?
tance of a religious education ol' the coming
generalion, so that they might grasp with
pious hands the reigns of government when
lt came their lum to administer the affairs of
This was followed by a hymn and an able
and eloquent address by John F. Picken, Esq.,
of this city, alter which the convention ad?
journed, with ihe doxology and a benediction,
until nine o'clock this morning.
NBW YORK, May 15.
The cabinetmakers, plumbers, granite cut?
ters, journeymen tailors aud other trades, are
organizing with a view of striking If their de
mauds are noe acceded to. An attempt has
been made to destrov ihe machinery of
Thompson & Co.'s and Gregory & Co.'s Steel
Works, In Jersey City. Their employees
struck last week, and it ls supposed that they
have attempted to ruin the works in order to
prevent other men taking their places.
CAMPAIGN NEWS BY TELEGRAPH.
ELMYIU, N. Y., May 15.
The Stale Republican Convention met here
to day. Among the resolutions were declara?
tions in iavor of the reDeal of all taxes ex?
cepting tobacco and liquor, and endorsing the
administration of Grant.
ROCHESTER, May 15.
The Democratic Slate Convention met here
to-day. The attendance is very large and en
thuMistic. Hon. Thomas Rinsella, editor ol
the Brooklyn Eagle, was elected permanent
president. A resolution was adopted that a
committee be appointed to select delegates to
the Baltimore Convention.
NEW HAVEN, May 15.
United States 8enator Ferry was to-day re?
elected. He received the entire Democratic
vote and tbatot seventeen Republican?.:
ATLANTA. May 15.
The Stale Democratic Executive Committee
met here to-day, and called a State conven?
tion to meet in Atlanta June 2Gtb, to elect del?
egates to the Baltimore Convention. They
adopted resolutions urging organization in
counties and districts preparatory to sending
delegations to the Stale convention. An ad?
visory address will be issued by the chairman
of the committee In a few days.
GREENSBORO', (N. C..) May 15.
The Republican Congressional Convention,
for the Fifth District, was held here to-day,
Hon. Thomas Settle was nominated lor Con?
gress by acclamation. General S. A. Douglass
was unanimously nominated tor district Presi?
dential elector. Thomas B. Keogh and Jas. E.
Boyd were elected delegates to the Philadel?
phia Convention, and J. Martin and G. M. Ar?
NEW YORK, May 15. .
The Liberal Republican State committee
have resolved to bold a monster ratification
meeting at aa early day.
A SIGNIFICANT ARTICLE FROM THE
A Better Time Comino;-A ( hange in
th? Ad m in Ut ration Policy Certain In
The New York Herald, of Mosday, concludes
a long article on ihe pollileal prospect as
Should the Ballimore Democratic Conven?
tion decide to support the Cincinnati nomi?
nees, or, what would amount to much the
same thing, not to make any nomination, anti
there shoti.d bc n good understanding be?
tween IheLloerul Republicans and Democrats
with regard lo Hie policy hm) patronage ol
the government, General Grunt might be de?
feated anda new admlnlsiration bu' Inaugura?
ted next March. lu that case lhere would
be, no doubt, a radical change ol' nollcy.
That ls the object of the L beral Repub?
licans. It ls declared In their plutiorm,
and wc know tho views of the leaders.
Besides, Hm Democrats who would con?
tribute so largely io the success of Hie Cincin?
nati nominees would necessarily have In?
fluence willi thc new government. It seems
certain, therefore, thut with the eleciion ol
auy cundldate opposed to General Grant by
this combination we should have a fresh de?
parture both lu our home aud foreign
policy. The opposition may drive General
Gram into that, and he muy tide Into power
again on their platform. lu any event we
think lhere will be a change. When the bur?
ly burly of the election shall be over and pub?
lic sentiment be expressed the new govern?
ment, whoever may be tu the head of it, will
act undoubtedly lu accordance willi the will
ol the people. We must be patient, then, till
November, not doubling that a better state of
things will lol,ow the eleciion.
OPINIONS IN WASHINGTON.
The Cincinnati Nominations Growing
In Favor Among the Germans-Who
Will be Nominated at Philadelphia?
WASHINOTQ;!, May 12.
Senator Schurz thinks that Hie Cincinnati
nominations are considerably stronger among
his German friends ihaa they were a week
ago. He has no fear that his countrymen,
who were BO unanimously commuted to the
Liberal movement before the convention met,
will return to the support of Grant, but thinks
that in some localities ic may be difficult to
bring them out to vote In great numbera.
When they don't like a candidate, he says,
they have a great propensity lo slay at home.
By hard work, however, the senator tniuks
tney may be brought to a very general support
of the Cincinnati ticket.
Some ot tne shrewdest Liberal Republican
politicians in Washington believe thut Grant
is now the strongest candidate the ad in I nisi ra?
ll?n can nominate at Philadelphia. As long
as there was a chance of reconciliation In the
party, stronger men might have been found;
but now, to ubaodon Unuit would be to con?
fess so mach weakness lhat it would.be Im
fiossible to rally the party under any other
ender. There is no longer any danger thut
Grant will withdraw his name irom 'he contest
before the assembling of Hie Philadelphia
Convention, and talk seeming to indicate u
disposition on the part of the administration
malingers io get Ulm off the Presidential
track nas now entirely Ceased. General But?
ler is understood to have given lt as his
opinion that Grunt will, on the first ballot in
Hie Philadelphia Convention, receive three
quarters of ull ihe votes, A promiuent North?
western administration memoer of Congress
thinks Generul Butler's estimule rather nigh,
though he has no doubt thut Grant is perfectly
sure of ihe nomination, lt ls thought, how?
ever, that niter the nomination, if tho pros?
pects should not look entirely favorable, he
may be Induced to write a letter withdrawing
irom the contest.
It Is now reported, on the very best authori?
ty, that Wilson, of Iowa, is no longer ihe Ad?
ministration candidate for the Vice-Presiden?
cy, but that the friends of General Gran t will
unite on the renomination of Mr. Colfax. The
explanation of this, it ts believed, may be
found In the fact ibat Colfax hos been men?
tioned as a candidate for Hie first pluce on the
ticket, and lo the desire to dispose of the man
who might possibly be the strongest candidate
agalnbt o ran t.
SOUND SENSE FROM THE BAY STATE.
Hake the Best of the Situation.
[From the Springfield Republican.]
Some of the gentlemen who were earliest
and most zealous In ihe Liberal movement
find its flt st irults very bitter and impala, able.
They believe in the doctrlue of iree trude with
an utmost religious fervor. Tney went to
Cincinnati to found a party with this doctrine
tor its cornet-stone. They thought Hie times
were ripe for Ihe advent of such a party in
American politics. The most moderate of
them looked confidently forward to an em?
phatic declaration fur revenue reform in the
platform and to candidates whose economic
orthodoxy should be above suspicion. To
these gentlemen the nomination of Mr. Gree?
ley uai been not only a sui prise but a hard?
ship. True, the hardship ls rather sentimental
than practical, but who does not know that
sentimental hardships ure the hardest of all
to bear ? Our lrce trade friends have a dreary
sense of political homelessness. They are un?
represented in the canvass. They asked lor
bread, and behold pig iron l Their chagrin
ls perfectly natural and excusable. Yet
they should mix reason and common sense
With lt. Tiley must flee now that they have
largely themselves to blame for what has hap?
pened. Their zeal and confidence blinded
ihem. They mistook the temper of the con?
vention, and their unwise Insistence and per
ilnaclt-y at Hie oiiistart contributed not a little
lo their tlual dlscomlliure. This they probably
see now with the tardy vision of repentance.
They ought to see a good deal more than ihls.
The comparative Indifference of the Western
and Southern delegates to their hobby ought to
have curried a useful lesson with lt. The fact
ls, that our Iree trade lrlends were not beaten
at Cincinnati by either the Pennsylvania mo?
nopolists or the New Yurk politicians. Where
they had looked for a decorous reform move?
ment, they found apolitical revoluilou. The
well-oehavcd rill had become a swollen tor?
rent, and the banks which they hod kindly
provided for lt were far too small. They are
stupefied at this result. So was the incautious
person in the Arabian fable who, innocently
uncorking a bottle, found upon his hands the
fierce, tall Afrite. But Atriles, although un?
pleasant beings to have about, can. be very
serviceable to those who know how to use
aod control them. Our advice to the Justly
disappointed and disgruntled reformers ls sim
ply to accept the situation aud make the best of j
lr. They wanted certain specillc reforms. But
the people are In no mood at present to listen
to them. The people are intent upon a
weightier business; tbey want to cut loose
from the politics of the past, lo bundle the
antiquated party furniture ont of doors, to
make a clean sweep of all the rubbish and lit?
ter of "dead issues," and take a fresh start.
It ls revolution that they are alter just now.
rather than this or that reform. We have
called the nomination of Horace Greeley an
accident, and so lt was. But there may have
been an Instinct at the bottom of theacol
dent. As the candidate of a Revenue Reform
party, he would be grotesquely out of place; as
the candidate of a popular revolution against
effete parties and ideas, lt may b- doubted
wbeiber a stronger could have been fouud.
If what the people wanted was a bull In the
political china-shop, their choice has not fal?
len unwisely. The smashing ot crockery has
already begun. The work of destruction once
well over, reconstruction will be the next
thing In order, and there our Reformers can
bear a hand, and make themselves felt, lt
they only exercise a Utile wisdom and
patience in the meantime. Chagrin apart,
they are no worse off than they were before,
and they have no reason to despond or lose
courage. It ls not the President, after uli,
who passes tariff bills, and Mr. Greeley ls
bound both by the platform on which
he stands and by his own voluntary and sol?
emn engagements not lo oppose his will in
this matter to that of the representatives of |
the people. As he ls an honest man, and can
be trusted to keep his word, he will be really
a less dangerous enemy to Free Trade in tne
White Hojse than in ihe Tribune office. Be?
side, if there ls any noticeable fact In history lt j
ls that reformers thrive best and make great?
est headway under the shadow and often by J
the hands ot those who do not favor them.
Let our friends be patient then, and of good
courage. In ibe first flush and heat of vexa?
tion they naturally Bald things which had bet?
ter been left unsaid. Borne ol them we are
glad to see, have already come to a better and
calmer mind; notably those of Onlo. We do
not bear so much about another Liberal Con?
vention aud ticket as we did. We look to
hear less of lt in future. As time and the
canvass go on the Reformers will spe more
and more clearly lhat all tins popular upheaval
ls in their Interest; thal this torrent ls bound
to bring gritt, sooner or l iter, lo their mill; j
that the revolution gathers up and carries
along with it al! the single reforms.
SPJItZT OF THE STATE PE ESS.
The Work of the Convention.
[From the Marlon Crescent.]
We have this much lo say, that unless Ihe
political condition changes materially before
ihe meeting on the 9th ot July, we are utterly
opposed lo any nomination whosoever-that
we believe tiie whole work of the Democratic
Convention should begin and end by endors?
ing Greeley and Brown.
Nominate Greeley and Brown.
[From the Marion star.h
If the Democralic National Convention,
which meets in Baltimore on the 9ih cf July,
act wisely, they will endorse the nomination
ot ihe Cincinnati Convention, and do no more.
Tbe Som h Maat Help lue ir.
[From t' e Klngstreo Star.]
The Northern Democrats want aid from the
Routh to atslst them to supremacy and power.
The Southern Democrats want aid from Hie
North to free Hiern from the yoke of tyranny
and Ignorance, hate, ruin, and everything that
a devilish and malignant spirit can Invent or
suggest. This is our conception of the Issues
presented to the people. The South must do
In the future as lt. has been compelled to do In
ihe post, take care of Itseif.
N'o Democratic Ticket.
[From ihe Rock Hill (3. C.) Lantern.]
Just at the present juncture tho policy of the
Democrats ol the South ls clear; lo stand off.
and await funner developments. There IB
plenty of time yet for our action. There ls no
411-01 inn whatever as to our ernin* lo the !
event of a dual contest betweeu (riant and
Greeley; Tor there we have radicalism on ihe
one aide, and reform on the other. lu that
event ihe South would go en masse for Gree?
ley. We trust that no Democralic ticket will
be put In the field. It would endanger the
salvation of the country from the malignant
partisan rule of the RaoJcals.
WASHINGTON, May 15.
The Senate concurred iu the conference re?
port on the deficiency appropriation bill, and
discussed at length the Baltimore and Poto- j
mac depot site bill. Recess lill evening.
The House ordered a conference committee
on the consular and diplomatic bill. A reso?
lution that boih houses adjourn from the29ih
Instant until the last Wednesday In Novemoer,
was introduced, but subsequently withdrawn,
the mover giving nolicc lhat he would offer lt
The tariff was then considered. Dawes
withdrew his pending substitute for the second
section, which now stands as follows: It re?
duces the existing duties on the following ar?
ticles ten per cent, : All manufactures of cot
ion, all wools, hair ol the alpaca goat and
other animals, and all manufacturers thereof;
all Iron, and nil manufactures of Iron; all
metal not herein otherwise provided for, and
nil manufactures of metal, except waldies,
Jewelry, and other articles of ornament; all
printing paper, all manufactures of India
rubber, gutta percha, or straw and oil cloths
ot a l descriptions, provided lhat the duty on
umbrellas, ?c., sholl not be lees than on goods
of the name material and quality as the cover?
ings thereof. All steel and manufactures of |
steel, wire, rope, and wire strand made ol iron
wire or of steel wire, are to pay the same duty
as Iron wire or steel wire.
The conference report on the deficiency bill
was submitted and agreed to. The paragraph
in regard lo cotton claims, which was the
chief poiat of disagreement, is modified so
that the secretary ot the treasury is author?
ized and directed to pay to the lawful owners,
or their legal representatives, ot all the cot?
ton seized after the 30th June, 18G5, by
ihe agents of the government, unlawful y and
in violation ol their instruction, the net pro?
ceeds, without Interest, of the sales of such
colton actually paid imo treasury; the receipts
thereof to be in full satisfaction ot all such
claims, and not to apply to any cause now
pending before the court of claims or to any
cause not flied In the treasury department
within six months after the passage of this
THE WEATHER THIS DAT.
WASHINGTON. Moy 16.
The area of cloudy weuther and rain will
-tend eastward over the Middle and South?
ern New England Slates to-nighr. Cloudy
and threatening weather, with areas of rain,
will prevail over ihe Sonih Atlantic States on
Thursday, with easterly to southerly winds;
and part;y cloudy weather over the Gull
States, with som nerty winds. Easterly to
southerly winds will continue north and west
of Tennessee, with genet al:y cloudy weather
and occasional areas of rain. Dangerous
winds ure not anticipated.
Yesterday's Weather Reparti of the
Signal Service, U. S. A.-4.47 P. M.,
THE POLICY FOR THE SOUTH
A STRONG LETTER FROM THE HON.
A. P. ALDRICH.
How a Staunch, Old-Line, States-Rights
Democrat Vie wa the Political Situa?
tion-Let the Democracy Support
Greeley and Brown.
The following letter from Hon. A. P. Al?
drich, who ranks among the most uncompro?
mising Democrats of our State, will be regard?
ed wherever he ls known as an utterance of
deep Interest and significance :
BARNWELL, 8. G., Hay 14, 1872.
John P. C. Whitehead, Esq., 8t. Louis, Mo.:
UT DEAR ?IR-Yours ot the 8 LU Instant was
received last, night. In lt you ask me, How Is
the Democratic party of your State on the
Cincinnati nominees ?
I have also been asked the following ques?
What ls your opinion of ihe policy of Mr.
Stephens, as expressed In his paper?
What ls ibe duty of the Stat-j ?
I propose to answer them itt as few words
First. I cannot answer for the Democratic
party, there has been no meeting of thc party
In convection; the only expression of opinion
ls lu tne newspaper*, these generally acqui?
esce. For myself. I am very clear that the
platform and the nomination should not only
be ratified, but that lt is bad policy to have a
meeting ot the Democratic Convention; it can
do no good, and "may do much harm. I fear
dissension and a spilt. As the Executive com?
mittee have, however, determined to call the
conventional think the wisest course to be
pursued ls to accept tue platform and adjourn
without reference to the nomination. In my
opinion, a much better policy fur us of the
South is to send up no delegates. But I sup?
pose this is hardly possible.
The great mistake made by the Democratic
leaders of the North and West, who clamor
again-.t the nomination, Is to suppose that the
next Presidential eleciion will be a party con
tet-t. It ls an uprising o? the people In laver
of honest government. It wll. be a siruggle
ot the honest men to get rid ol tue spoliators,
prevent a central dei-putlsm, and return to a
a constitutional government In a constitution?
al way. It cannot be denied that there exists
as great necessity for relorm in the Democra?
tic parly as in the Republican party. Toe cor?
ruption of Tammany is only surpassed by the
corruption of Washington, yo desperate Is our
condition In this State that reform is an abso?
lute necessity, politically or socially, and,
come from what quarter lt may, will he as
Gratefully accepted as it is eames-ly desired,
u a word, corruption has run riot in South
Carolina, and every honest man feels that he
owes a duty to the State, to his lamliy and to
himself to exert all his influence to promote
the success tf that nomination which will
most likely secure relorm and restore local
governments to the ht ates. I really think the
wisest course for these Southern States to
pursue is lo make the meeting of. the conven?
tion unnecessary by ratilylng ihe nominations
and udi'ptiug ihe p.ai form In ina?s meetings
.in advance, aud to decline to send delegates to
Baltimore. Tn ls will place such a responsibili?
ty on the dissaiL-?ed Democrats of the North
and West that I would doubt If they will as?
sume lt. A bolt before ls much belter lhan
aller hot blood 1B engendered.
Second, AB to Mr. Stephena's article. I
have such a high respect tor the virtue, patri?
otism and wisdom of the man, that any delib?
erate opinion expressed by him commends it?
self so fuvorably io my mind,i hut when I differ
from him I am incl med to doubt the correct?
ness of my own judgment. But I have
earnestly considered these questions, and I
cannot see what possible good can come to
the country by trying to keep alive dead
Issues. Mr. Stephens is perfectly right from
his standpoint; he adheres to the party, and,
lt seems io me, Ignores the present. Now, I
am juett as stt ong a States rights Democrat as he
ls, but I verily bellevo'ii Mr. Calhoun was now
alive he would see things as they are, and try
to shape the policy ot the country to meei
and correct me present evils. The new
amend meni n aro )>,OL aa numil ft pori nf th??
const I ti ii ion as the first article. They have
received legislative sanction, executive sup?
port, Judicial construction, and are acquiesced
in by the people. Tho obvious policy then, iL
seems to me, ls to so shape the legislation of
the Congress as lo counteract and prevent the
evils) whlcn we believe will arise from their
adoption. The local' authority of ihe State?
must be restored, the supremacy of the civil
over the - military mu-t be respected, the
courts must be unfettered, honesty In ihe
collection and disbursement of the taxes must
be enforced. lu tine, thc broom of reform
must make u cl-an sweep. Mr. Ste?
phens living lu Georgia, with his 20,000
while majority, can afford to cut loose
irom Federal politics and devote himself en?
tirely to the giury and prosperity of his great
and noble Slate. But how ls lt with us, who
have a 20 000 black majority to contend
against ? Unless we get help from abroad our
case ls perfect y hopeless. We cannot afford
to cling lo dead theories, and are forced to
discuss living Issues. That these amendments
were passed In violation of the constitution
and forced on us by the bayonet, I admit; but
they are nevertheless parts of the consliin
tlon, and any attempt to disturb them now
must bring defeat. Defeat to us ls absolute
ruin. Of course, we could not affiliate with
the carpet-bag thieves who have been robbing
us since the war, because that would have
sanctioned iheir rascality, and given them a
certain degree of respectability. But the mo?
ment the honest men ot their own party cry
out against them and invite ns to heip relorm
the government, lt will be suicidal to refuse
the invitation, and Quixotic lo oppose the
movement. Because we have differed m the
past tn certain political theories, settled
against us by legislation we could not pre?
vent and canuot now repeal, is no good rea?
son for refusing the olive brauch wnen lt is
Third. From what I have said you will per?
ceive that I have answered the laut question.
In my opinion lc ls not only the pialn duty ot
the State, but of the South, to support the
platform and rattly the nomination by accla?
mation. I tul uk a meeting ot the Democratic
Conveution such a dangerous experiment that
I earnestly advise these down-trodden South?
ern people to keep out of lr. Our experience
lu New York, four years ago, ls iresh in my
Trusting, my dear slr, that your move to
Missouri hos been a fortunate one, and feeling
pleased that you have not forgotten our pleas?
ant association in Georgia, I hope you will,
meet with all the success that I desire for you.
Very truly yours, A. P. ALDRICH,
THE ALABAMA CLAIMS.
WASHINGTON, May 15.
Negotiations are about to be resumed in
favor of bringing the consequential damxgeB
belore the Geneva tribunal, und It is thought
that they will be retalntd in the case but not
LONDON, May 15-3 P. M.
The message of President Grant to the
United States Senate submitting the proposed
additional clause to the Washington Treaty
relative to indirect claims, serves to reassure
the public that the differences between Ibe
two nations will be honorably settled.
The publication of the message has bad an
effect upon the market lor American seem 1
lies, which are now firmer than at ibe opening.
ERIE RAILROAD AFFAIRS.
N.EW YORK, May 15.
The nine A. IL express iraln on the Erle
Railroad had a narrow escape from complete
destruction near Port Jervis yesterday. The
axle ot the palace car Pacific burned complete?
ly off while the train was at a high rate of
speed and running along an embankment
one hundred feet high, fha car was Baved
from being thrown djwnthe embankment by
Ihe strong shackling and by the fact that it
was on six wheel trucks.
Attorney-General Barlow has dlscontined
the Butt against Jay Gould and Frederick A.
Lane on the request of Mr. Swuno, the agent
of the British shareholders, at whose Instance
ihe suit was begun, for the reason that the
persons Swann represents have made arrange?
ments with other stockholders which Insure
tho protection ot their rights.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
-The stakes have been deposited for the
Mace-O'Baldwin fight, which ls to come off
-Dr. George R. Giles has been arrested in
New York on a charge of fatal abortion.
OUR REPOSTS FROM COLUMBIA.
The Great Cash Conundrum - T. J.
Mac key's Harangue in Yorfcviile-The
New City of Colombia Bonds-Murder?
ers Sentenced, dee?
. .' ? ;, .
[3PSCIAL TELEGRAM TO THU NXWS.]
COLUMBIA, Wedneeday Night, May 15.
I am told that the county treasurers are not
able lo pay any money Into the trreaf ury, tor
ibe reason that all the fonds haye been used in
the several connues to pay off certificates Is?
sued by the Legislature and endorsed by the
The political pot begins to boil pretty brisk?
ly. T. J. Mackey (the judge,) harangued a
large assemblage of whites and blacks Ia *
Torkville on Saturday night His theme was
.Reform," and he made a savage onslaught
on the corrupt practices o? various State offi?
The sale of the $260.000 of City o? Columbia
bonds to-day resulted In their withdrawal.
One bid was made of twenty-five cents; Mayor
Alexander bid seventy-five cents, and then
the bonds were taken off the market. .There
were parties on the ground willing to bid six?
ty cents, and the citizens are Inclined to be?
lieve that there was some foul play in the
William Lucas, convicted o? murderlrg
[ John Simpson, of this city, and Edward Har?
ris and B. Johnson^ convicted of murdering
Patrick Murphy, ten mlle? below the city, on
the line of the South Carolina Railroad, were
sentenced to-day to be hang on the' 16th Au?
gust. _2_ SALUDA.
IVE WS FBOM THE OLD WORLD. f? *.
PARTS, May 16.
Marshal Bazaine, though placed under ar- _
rest. Is allowed to remain at home, but guards '
have been placed In the grounds surrounding
bis residence to prevent outside parties from
communicating with him. f >~TT>
MADRID, May 16.
The force of Carlista, which entered Spain
from Portugal, was met near the frontier by a
body of government troops and driven back
into Portuguese territory.
PARIS, May 16. .
An official decree appears to-day announc?
ing the following appointments of French
ministers: Duke De NoviHes, at Washington;
Jules Ferry, at Athens; M. Gabrlac, at The
Hague; M. Gadlmean, at Stockholm:
THE METHODIST GENERAL CONFER?
NEW YORK, May 16.
In the Methodist General Conference,to?
day a motion w,as made and carried to appoint
In each State and Terril ory one eminent law?
yer to act for the church. A collection was
taken op to complete tne amount necessary
for the erection of a monument to the late
Bishop Klngsby in Syria, and for the benefit
ot the family ol' the deceased bishop.
A SHIP CANAL FROM THE WEST TO
WASHINGTON, May 15.
To-day a delegation of Georgian?, consisilng
of Judge Hoi', o? Mac?n, Henry Kngh?m, of
Savannah, State Senator Gresham. Colonels
Edward C. Anderson, and H. D. Capers, Ma vor
Huff, ol Macon, Mayor James of Atlanta, Col.'
Probell, and other prominent gentlemen, sent'
hither In the interests of the Western Ooeanio '
Canal project to unite the Mississippi River
with the Atlantic Ocean, called on ike Presi?
dent, They were accompanied by thu entire
Georgia delegation in the House of Represen- ~
elves, and were introduced to the President
by General Young.
momento' du ration1. Called fnOMtrattonWlES
President to this matter, which he said was
not only Important to tho people of Georgia,
but to every portion of our common country.
The delegation was here to offer to the Presi?
dent, and through bim to the country, just
such a highway as would be safe in wai, com?
modious in peace, unobstructed by ice, the .
cheapest known to the commercial world and
ample for the country that needs IL Colonel
Frobell explained the route which will open,
navigation to the Atlantic ocean, the cost of
which would not exceed twenty miLiODBV
while its benefit would reach the whole coun?
try. The delegation was here to a?k, in view
of this being a great national work,; that the
President would give lt his favorable consider?
the President In response said that he bal
seen a map ot the route and that it looked, to, -
bim eminently praciioal; and that he was con?
vinced of Its Importance and that but for the
lateness ot the present session he would make
lt the subject ot a special communication to
Congress. He suggested that it would be ad?
visable that the friends of the measure In Con
1 cress obtain she introduction and relerence of
a bill as preliminary to the subsequent action
of the Executive. He did not know whether
Congress would be disposed to guaran tee the
bonds ol the company or would prefer to give
a direct subsidy la public lands. He regarded
the measure as deserving national aid. ?
The delegation will to-morrow represent
the Importance ol this contemplated work to
the vice-President, the speaker of the House
and the committees on commerce of each -
JAMISON-WEL'*.-In Colombia, S. C.. AprU
129, 1872. by toe Rev. 1). Derrick. Mr. JOHN P.
JAMISON, or Charleston, s. C., to Miss Munni C.
WELLS, or Comm Ola, S.O. .
inn er al IS onces.
. THE RELATIVES, FBIBNDS Al?,
Acquaintances of Mr. Michael McEvoy and Mrs.
Ann McEvoy, and of Mr. James Carey, are re
I spectrally invite i to attend the Funeral of Mrs.
ANN Mc ? vor. from her late residence, No. 24
Held street, THIS AFTERNOON, at 3 o'clock,
??-THE LATEST AND BEST THING
ont, the DOLLAR REWARD SOAP.
Ba WIE, MuISE A DAVIS,
_Agent?, Charleston, 8. C.
Bark CHRISTIANA, M es-eil, Master, from cardiff*^-,
has THIS DAT, lfith Instant, been entered at the
Cu-tom house under the Five Day Act. All goods
not Permitted at the expiration of that time will
be sent to the Public stores.
HENRY CARD, Agent,
mayl6-6 Accommodatlor. Wharf.
gECOND ANNUAL TOURNAMENT
CHARLESTON FIRE DEPARTMENT,
UNDER THE AUSPICES OF THE
ON MONDAT, MAY 20TH, 1872.
Companies n 111 assemble at the Citadel Square,
at half past 8 o'clock, A. M., where the line wa
be formed by the Clerk, as - ls ted by the Committee
of Arrangements, on the completion or which
the Department will ba turned over to Otief En?
gineer M. H. Nathan, and Assistants, passing
through Calhoun, down King, through Hasel,
dewn Meeting, through Market, down East Bay
t hron i h Broad, (in review before His Honor, the
Mayor and Aldermen,) countermarching at Lo
gan street, when the exercises will commence, as
arranged in programme.
Secretaries of Companies can receive their
quota of Cards and Regulations from the Clerk.
T. s. DENNISON- Chairman.
H. ROLDEN PIOKINPACK, Clerk.