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VCLUME IX.-NUMBER 1967
CHARLESTON WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 1, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
HONEST OLD HORACE !
THE LIBERAL CAMP-FIRES DOTTING
TUE WHOLE COUNTBT.
The Democracy of tb? Great Empire
State Endone tue Cincinnati Move?
The roar of ratification follows promptly
upon the promulgation of the work of the Cin?
cinnati Convention, and lrom Kentucky, Vir?
ginia and all over New York, with echoes
lrom yet more distant localities, come words
of endorsement for the nominees of the Libe?
ral party. At Petersburg, the largest Con
servative meeting since the war was held
Tuesday night to ratify th? nomination of
Greeley and Brown. At Buffalo, the previous
evening, a tremendous outpouring of citizens
gave expression to the same sentiment. And
so of a hundred different localities, North,
South, Bast and West. But the Interest ot
minor demonstrations ls dwarfed just now by
the attitude of
New York State.
The action of the New York State Conven?
tion of the Democratic party Is not yet fully
appreciated the political moles who, bur?
rowing along under the ground, are taking
the utmost pains to keep themselves out of
the light of day. The Rochester correspond
entof the World admits that "the mass of
delegates from everywhere were Greeley
men by select ic J." We can add a little to
thia Information. The president of the con?
vention was Mr. Kinsella, the editor of the
Brooklyn Eagle, wblch, as our readers hav*
seen, bas been a Greeley paper from the
moment of his nomination. Mr. Kinsella
did not walt to hear lrom Mr. Belmont, nor
from the would-be leader, the World, but took
the lead himself. lu his paper of la'st week,
Theodore Tllton said be would not be at all
surprised If before the presidential campaign
* was over Mr. Kinsella should gravitate Into
the practical leadership of the Democratic
party of the S'ate of New York. The predio
tlon ls already fulfilled. The convention met
last Wednesday, and Mr. Kinsella was made Its
president. He had approved himself a leader,
and bia proper position In the line was duly
recognised. At the same time a rebuke was
administered to the Belmont organ.
Tone of the Speeches.
In presenting the name of Thomas Kinsella
for the chairmanship of the convention, Hon.
Bamuel J. Tilden made an earnest speech as
to the course of the Democracy and his own
course In connection with them. He bedeved
that the great Democratic party. In their coun?
cils with one another at the Baltimore Con
ventlon .and afterward, would go right and | '
unitedly, and where they went they would }
cartv victory. Their piala course was to use 11
all rae means In their power to put down cen- | a
trallsm and corruption-'-those twin evils
wblch had threatened and which continued to [
threaten everything that was holy, everything t
that was dear In our beloved land." Mr. Kinsella c
said be knew he had been selected lor the post- ?
tion beca- iso ne was among the first to advo- g
catea union o? the liberal men of the country, r.
a anion destined to restore honesty in the ad- J?
ministration of the government against mill- 'c
tary rings and military sway. Patriotic men t
nave been overborne Ia their own political a
organization, and having Invoked the assist- p
ance of the Democracy in a good cause, they c
should not invoke In vain. The party ia power D
had taken a great part la history, but to secure c
what bad been achieved, venality must rule at
Washington, and one section of the country
be given over to plunder, desolation and mili?
tary force. His peroration was aa eloquent
prediction of the success that awaited the j 1;
party with their old principles and new allies.
Th? Platform '
adopted reads as follows: 0
The Democratic party of the State of New t
York, assembled la regular convention to *
select delegates to a national convention to be Q
held at Baltimore, to nominate candidates for c
President and Vice-President, declare and a
That we recognise the ch an jes In the nature a
and constitution of the ' government which t
have taken place, aod without reopening the t
questions ot the past, are ready now to co-op- g
eraj? with those, whatever their previous 1
party affiliations, who favor limited aud loca - c
lzed governments, who seek to restrain tue s
exercise by Congress of aosolute aud general d
powers; to prevent Ita entering on general t
private legislation; to restrain the growth of s
vast corporations, and to work a permanent l
civil service reform. And be it inn her a
Mssolvea\ That the recent declaralloo of poll- t
tlcal principles by the Convention of Gael u- r
natl is evidence ot the progress of pabilo opio- C
ion toward sonn,' und wn olesomj views of ti
government ; that we believe ail patrio ic ci ti t
zens may unite upon that platform for the ti
purpose of restoring the honest administr?t lon s
of national affairs, and euforclog tne obliga- i
tlons ol the constitution ; aud our delezate* lo t
Baltimore afe Instructed to take the course t
best calculated to secure the triumph of these t
principles, and the eleciloa of any candidate a
representing them who shall meet the ap- t
proval ol the Democracy la National Conven- i
tloa assembled. s
The resolutions were adopted. 1
Of the delegates chosen to represent New
York at the Baltimore convention, the well (
posted correspondent of the New York Sun *
The list comprises manv able mea, aod, as a t
whole, ls a safe delegation. It reflects the
average opinion of the State convention. It
will act asainnltat Ballimore, and make the'
Influence of New York felt at the right mo?
ment and la the right way. The delegation
will carefully watch the drift of the tide, and
act accordingly. I think I am dose to the
mark when I say that li the Liberal Re?
publicans want the delegation to take the .
initiative at Ballimore la favor of Dr. i
Greeley, they mn-t swell the Liberal c
movement to formidable dimensions. The 1
Democrats who have been selected to repre- '
sent this State ia the National Convention '
have oo Intent ion cf taking stock in a l&slng, }
or even a doubt lui enterprise. If they are 1
going to be beaten, they prefer defeat under
their own flag. I know the temper of the New
York Democracy, as exhibited by its leaders
bere, and I do not misjudge when I say that, ?
while they are wilting to take Greeley and j
Brown, li lt appears to them that in that way. ,
aod ID that way a'oue, they caa overthrow ,
Graat, they are wholly disinclined to try any <
~ doubtful experiments la ?batdlrectlou. There- j
fore, let Dr. Greeley aud his irlends govern |
themselves accordingly, aod make a satisfac- ?
tory exhibit of their strength, If they waut ,
the help of the New York delegatloa at the ,
Democratic National Convention. ,
Organizing for the Canvass, I
WASHINGTON, May 19. <
Tba Greeley and Brown headquarters are
established at the St. Marc Hotel, Washington,
until the Congressional organization for the
campaign ls projected. All communications
maybe addressed.to John D. Defrees, at tne !
above place. Lists of names favorable to the
cause are requested. Document, speeches, <
?c., will be furnished lrom these headquarters J
to all parts of the country. |
The Political Outlook. ]
. The Brooklyn (N. Y.) Eagle, In commenting 1
on the recent meeting of the National Demo- J
eratic committee In Nev York, says: t
The members of ?he committee were unani?
mously of oplnloa that they had no authority l
for deciding or dlscasslng the question of the i
propriety of calling a convention of repre- i
seniaiives of their party. This duty ls en
jomed upon them. Their power ls exhausted
in deciding when and where the convention
Bimi I be held. If it were otherwise, we should
not bull wi ai auy satisfaction the determina
tlon of the quesion ol whether or not the De?
mocracy shall support the nominees of the
Cincinnati Convention by twenty Ave or thirty
Democratic representatives not selected tor
SUCH a purpose. The settlement of the ques?
tion 01' the duty of the Democracy at Ibis
time, by a score of politicians, would seem
too much liken job. aud would carry no weisin
with it. The Giuclnnall mu vern ..ru ls strongest
with the masses of tue people, and we
desire mat the will of the Democracy shall be
declared thrungli representatives elected in
view of Hie cnange lu the political cit nation,
brought about oy the revolt of all thut ls best
and most liberal tn the Republican party,
against venal, iv, Incompetency and centraliza?
tion. We have entire confidence that un
agreement can be efT-cted between the
ina-sos cf both patties ou this platform, de?
spite all the machinations of politicians, who
can conceive of no higher purpose in pol?tica*
organiza'lons than a struggle for the spoils of
office. So far as the teuip-r ot the Nut.onal
Democrat lc com m ft tee cun be inferred irom
lu-? act ion, it ls not decidive either way. For
some mouths past, lt appeared to be conceded
that the convention should be held In a
Western city, and St, Louis was believed
to be the first caolce of the party leader?.
Now, lu sel-ctlng the place lor bolting
the convention, those memoers o? the
committee wno favored the endorsement
ul the Cincinnati nominees would natu?
rally preter St. Louis, for the Liberal
movement had its inception in that city, and
the surroundings of a convention held lu Sf.
Louis would be m favor ot Its assured success
-and Its assured success will be lu the hands
of the representatives ol the Democratic party.
The decimation ot st. Louis as the place
would have beeu accepted largely as settling
tne que.?tloti, but the c mimi iee mid not the
power, aud did not undertake to seule ir, und
Ballimore was n-itned as the place for the
assembUge o? the repr?sentai Ives of the party.
There ls a warning In the very name of that
city. Twelve years ago the Democratic party
held the destiny o? tne country In Its hands.
After faldug to agree on a c md Mate at
Charleston, the Deimern lc Convention ad?
journed to meet at Baltimore, lt was possible
mere and men to have nominated a statesman
for president, with a certainty of bis election.
Devotion to the lnter<jsi, of party leaders stood
In the way of this, and the division lu the ranks
af the CouFervatlve party o? the country he?
ralded an attempt to disrupt the Un>ou, and l?d
to lour years ct fratricidal eli lie. The troubles
jf tue republic can be brought to a close on
the very spot on which they hud tbel:
Drigln. At Baltimore the political revolution
>egaa. lt eau be terminated there, but not by
i ollnd devotion to party leaders, not by the
tssumpiion that auy candidate endorsed us
'regular1' must ot necessity command the
'Otes ot the masses of tte party; but by cou?
ll ila'ion, by a large-hearted appreciation ot the
iecessltie8 ot the whole country, and a deter
nlnailon to sink all division-* ol' tue past to
escue lt from the perils which now surround
bose principles of government whose over
brow republicanism itself cannot survive.
Wolle the place named for holding the con?
tention may be accepted os squinting toward
i dlsiloct Democratic nomination, the date
tamed lor holding the convention ls almost
lecislve against lt. If the Democracy intend to
un a separate candidate he should be placed
n the field as early as the middle of June
.nd a month earlier than is now possible.
The effect on the country of the nomination
aade in Philadelphia on the 5th June wtil nave
teen ascertained within a week or two lrom
hat date at furthest. Nay, lt has been dis
ounted already. Il ls weil knowa that Grunt
an command tue nominal lon, and the po. Ul?
ai adviser who doubts his determination to do
o cannot see beyond his nose. A candidate
lominated on the 9th of July could not fairly
ie placed before the country before the l-t of
lepiemoer. It ls impossible to organize and
onducta presidential campaign wlihln the
wo months intervening between taut date
nd tbe day of election. The issue ls narrowed
own between Grant and Greeley. It Is lm
'Osslble to change it. Tue people have nc*
-pt.id it. Poillloianr. may hold yul?? Inridr, 1
nt the result ls inevitable now. The federal ?
freeholders who will meet at Philadelphia
mist obey the orders of their master at Wash- '
rigton. Tbe pressure of tue people who de?
land a change in the admiui.-trailon will com- I
iel the Democratic Convention to Insure lt, ,
nd there ts but one way to do it.
The WorH, in tr> lng to force from Mr. GreeJ 1
ey the declaration thai he wi 1 run as a can
lldate of the Cincinnati Convention, irre- j
pectlve of ihe action of the Demcciais, Is ,
'lind to public sentiment. It knows nothing
f the feeling if the pirtyfor which lt pre- <
ends to apeak. We hay now emphatically- (
nd we" believe we expre?* the feeling ol a (
Teat Conservative c^ustItuency-ihat Mr.
keeley and his friends cannot, help the Demo- 1
laue party, if they were inclined to do so- ?
nd the bair e makes no such demand of them |
-by keeping the Cincinnati ticket bel ire the
?opie la the event ot the Democrats making 1
, distinct nominati m. lu such a contingency, f
hoae who desire the success of a airalgtu i
Icket would have a stronger Interest in
;eitlng Mr. Greeley out ol the contest than
n keeping him In lt. The so-called leaders 1
if the Democracy cannot held their party |
oltdly against Mr. Greeley it lie tn a eau
lldate. If the editor of the World will seek
o ascenain Democratic sentiment ia the ?
trongholdi of tbe Democracy, rai her than i
a Mr. Belmont's parlors, tie will ascertain, ,
s we have, ilia', one-half the Democracy ot
hese cities will voie for Mr. Greeley, and It ls
tot possible to prevent them from doing so.
keeley, as aa Independent candidate, wilt get ,
s<<re Democratic ih&u Republican votes In
bis county. Wah him before the country as
,n Independent cauaidate, Grant will be
ironger, as against a Democratic nominee, i
han he would be If Mr. Gree ev were n t in i
he field at all. We do uot affect to regret
hlf>. We ?ooibt a union with men who love
heir country better than theydopany. We '
ire In f.ivor of adhering ti lt. for me path of ,
moor is the path to victory. The paramount
ssue of me times ls io .-?cure tranquillity, luw '
md good government for the South, through <
ne election of a President whose hope and ue- i
lire will be to live in the affection of all his
New Torte speaks In advance of the National
Convention. Her voice will be potential and
lecloive. If the ^-mocracy of the State will
ie fairly represent. i the convention to be
leid In Rochester next week, the result will
ie virtually decided there.
THE VOICE OF THE PRESS.
The Democratic Organization.
[From the Colombia Carolinian. ]
To organize the Democratic party of this
Jtatewlih me view ot engaglug ina pari y
lauvasB is not contemplated. Actiou at Billi
nore ls contemplated, aud not party action at
mme. Inasmuch as the Bdutnore Conven
lon ls to be held, we deem it a matter ol
rreaiefit Importance to exert upon lt all the
nfluence we can ia shaping tts destinies.
Let the Sontli Rise as Cue Dian.
[From the Lane.inter Ledger ]
The duty of the whole South, Just at this
lme, is to throw their Influence against a
Democratic nomination. We think the south?
ern people should nae as one man and make
in earnest protest against any effort to defeat
3rant with a Democratic ticket. If the
Northern Democracy appreciate the deplora
jl? condition vt the .-outbern Stales, andar?
sincere in their expressed sympathy for us,
hey will lay aside, for the present at least,
aersnnal preferences and labor upon the Lib?
eral piatform, which in all essential particu
ats is not objeciionable, to remedy existing
WEAT CONGRESS IS DOING.
WASHINGTON, May is.
Tho Senate reconsidered hs resolution to
idjourn May 29m. Several appropriation bills
In the House, tbe appropriations for awards
)f the Southern Claim* Commission parsed,
imountiog In the aggregate to $349,391.
whereol Waddy Thnmp-ou gets $05.000, the
Heirs of Margaret E. Lee $13,000, and Ba-il
Sall nearly 311,000. No allowance was made
[br the loss or desi ruction, or occupai ion of
property, or fir lucldeut&l or consequenM-tl
lainages. J. Milton Best, of Paducah, Ken?
tucky, gets $25.000.
The bill making but one minister for the
Central American Republic passed, and goes
to the President. Many private bills passed,
ind the conference reports were adopted.
THE SUNDAY-SCHOOL ARMY
CONCLUDING EXERCISES OF THE CON?
Annual County Convention? Recom?
mended-A Vote or Th an ks for Charles?
ton's Hospitality- Children's Mass
Meeting In the Open Air.
The State Sunday-School Convention reas?
sembled on Saturday morning, in the Trinity
M. E. Church, president Jas. H. Carlisle in
the cbalr. Before the opening services, Rev.
W. C. Power, of Georgeiown, S. C., one of
the secretaries, addressed the convention upon
his personal impressions of the great good ac?
complished by this body, and congratulating
the delegar.es upon the successful character of
their labors, and then, stating that he wa*
compelled to leave the city, he asked leave ot
absence, which, on motion of Col. W. L. De
Pass, waB granted, with a vote of thanks ex?
pressive of the high appreciation lu which the
convention held his efficient discbarge of the
arduous and difficult duties of the office of
The session was then opened with devo
tlona' exercises conducted by Bev. I. S. E.
Legare, assisi ed by Rev* Messrs. W. H. Adams
and R. C. Oliver, and the minutes of the two
last sessions were read and confirmed.
The lollowing resolutions offered by Colonel
W. L. De Pass were unanimously adopted:
Resolved, That this convention recognizes
In the American Suoday-Scnool Union a socie?
ty whore oroad catholic spirit recommends it
to the prayerful consideration of all canst hms.
Resolved. Thai we commend its agent, the
Rev. T. ti. Legare, to the sympathies of every
ii lend to the Sunday-school cause throughout
Mr. W. Wallace presented the following
Whereas, We regard the Sunday-school a
great anxl.iary lo the church, and essential to
ibo religious education of the young; and,
wiiereas, we feel lt our dmy tb encourage
every practical effort to Increase Us Interest
and build up this Institution throughout the
Sta-e and country; therefore, be lt
Resolved. Taut mis convention recommend
au annual Sunday-school convention In each
ot thc counties of this Slate, to beheld at
such lime and place as may be m03t condu?
cive to tho interest of. tue sunday-scnool
This resolution was strongly advocated by
Mr. Wallace, itev. A. J. Stokes and Colonel
DePasj, and Rev. C. E. Chichester moved the
following resolutions to be taken in connec?
tion with Mr. Wallace's:
Resolved, That the State Convention of
South Carolina be called together by the ex?
ecutive committee ut such time and place lu
Hie spring ol' tho year 1875. us will enable lt.
to complete ii J sessions prior to the time ol
Ihe meeting of the National Convention.
Resolved,' Teat at Bald State Convention del?
egates oe appointed to represent Sjuth Caro?
lina in the National Convention.
Tnese resolutions, in connection with that
3( Mr. Wallace, were adopted.
Mr. Parrot!, of Darlington, called up his
notion of Fi iday to refer the reports from conn?
ies to a committee of six, BO as to have the
"eports put Into the minuten of the conven
On motion of A.. A. Gilbert, Esq., lt was
inanlmously resolved lo print the minutes of
Mr. Gilbert also moved that the roll of conn?
ies bc called, and that the delegates be re?
tested to contribute on behalf ol their re
ipootiro tui mo uuruusc ut iisigiug
noney to print the minutes of this session.
The roll was called, and the sum of two
mndred and fifty dollars was pledged for ihat
ju rp ose, several counties, however, not being
On motion of A. A. Gilbert, Esq., lt was
'arther resolved that the amounts pledged be
br warded to the executive committee of tnls
?onventlon, addressed to J. A. Euslow at
Charleston, within thirty days, and that the
:ommlttee do not begin printing the minutes
intll the funds are in hand. Further, that
Mr. Kay, one of the secretaries, be requested
io solicit contributions by corresponding with
jrominent representatives of the Buniay
ichool cause in the counties not represented
It appearing that Mr. DePass was not a mern?
ie: of the executive committee, on motion
ils name was added thereto.
Tho discussion of the question, "How can
Sunday-Schools encourage the Christian activ?
?es of Hie pupils," was next opened by an
?ssay irom the pen of General Lewis M. Ayer,
which was read by Rev. W. H. Adams.
The next regular subject was then announc?
ed, "The highest end of the Sunday-School is
he conversion of the children to Christ."
rills was opened by an essay from Rev. H A.
3. Waiker, which was read by John P. Flcken,
This essay brought out several speakers,
rh? R.*v. W. H. Adams and Rev. Dr. Smythe
spoke feelingly on this point. Messrs. Kay,
Rollins, Johnson, Stein and Haskell (oliowed la
L'arne-t exhortation as to the Importance ol
the religious training of children.
The question box was then opened, but
before the reading of the questions, Rev. W.
P. Jacobs submitted tba lollowing resolution,
which was unanimously adopted by a rising
Resolved, That to the families of this city,
Into wnose homes and around whose bounu
ful tables we have been so cordially welcomed,
the heur felt thanks ot tuts convention are
most grateiully tendered. They have received
us because we came to do our Master's work.
May they receive a disciple's reward, and the
satisfaction of knowing that iu giving plea?
sure to us, they have also given lt io our
Rev. W. P. Jacobs also presented tho follow?
ing resolution, which was likewise adopted by
a rising vote:
Resolved, That to the executive committee,
whose earnest aud unremitting labors have
brought Inls convention to a happy issue, our
heany thanks are due. They have labored
faitutully, arduously and weil, and have made
SUCH arrangements for the comfort ot the
whole body and Us Individual members as to
deserve more ihaa mere formal thanks. May
they receive the approbutiou of Him who hatb
said: "Mine eye shall be upon the falthtul ol
the land," and may our convention ever have
such an earnest-minded and laborious com?
The following resolutions, abo offered by
Rev. W. P. Jacobs, were unanimously
Resolved) That this convention tenders Its
thanks and acknowledgments to Prof. J. H.
Carlisle, who nus presided with such courtesy
and ability overlie proceedings; that lt con?
gratulates itself upon the choice of such a
president, through whose Influence BO much
of Ute and vigor has been thrown Imo Its
exercises. It is the prayer ol this convention
thut urace, mercy and peace from the All
wise Father aud his Son Jesus Christ may ever
be bis portion.
Resolved, That our thanks are also tendered
to our secretaries, who have had so much of
the hard work ot this body upon their hands,
lor their taiinfti! and arduous io i.s. Also that
this couvention tenders Us thanks to the
American Sunday-school Union, the Ameri?
can Tract S'iciety, the publishers of the Sun?
day-school Times and of the Church at Work,
who have so liberally supplied the convention
with copies of their pu bl. cations.
Resolved, Tbat the thanks of this conven?
tion are also tendered to the trustees of Trial
ty Church for the use o? their building, and
also io the other churches of the eli y that
have opened their doora to the convention.
Resolved, That the lhanfcs of this conven?
tion are due, and are hereby offered, to the
various railroads in om State that have kindly
accommodated its members by conveying
them to and from thel: place ol meeline ior
The convention also unanimously adopted
the following preamble&nd resolutions:
Whereas, It was the mournful privilege
the members of thia convention to attend
during its session, the Uneral services of
beloved wife of Samuel x. Nelson, Esq., chair
man ot the general cunmltiee of arrange
ments; therefore, be it
Resolved, That we henby express sympathy
wlih our es eemed brothr In the poignancy
ot his grief, at the death of his pious wife
and tnat we Invoke lu as behall the support
and comfort o? Almighty God, under whose
sanotifled chastening ne has become a child
of sorrow, but "'n^t wlbout hope."
. Resolved. That the Picretary be Instructed
to send a copy of this pteamble and resolution
to the bereaved iami.y.
The queries taken norn the question box
were next read to the convention, and various
and Instructive answers elicited.
President Carlisle theo an non need that the
convention would stand di-solved afier the
Binging of tbe lons mura doxology aud the
pronouncing Ol the benediction by Rev. Or.
T hos. Smythe.
At hali-past four P. H., promptly and almul
taneously in the new German Church, the
Citadel Square Baptist ind the Second Presby
terian, began tho interesting exercises an
nounced for the afternoon, in which the chll
dren of ail the Charleston Sunday-scbot
represented in tbe convention took part. These
exercises consisted o? sloging by the children
and addresses made to them by members
the Slate Sunday-school Convention.
In the Citadel Square BapliBt Church tbe
proceedings were condusted by the Rev. J. W
Kelly. An eloquent address to tbe large au
dlence o? Sunday-school pupils and teachers
was delivered by J. M. Jihnson, E-q , of Ma?
rlon. He spoke In most hippy style, and fixed
the close attention o? the children during his
able address. Alter tbe floging of a beautiful
hymn by the schools, Rev. I. S. K. Legare waa
Introduced. With his peculiar fitness for such
occasions, Mr. Legare was enabled to make
most eloquent and effective appeal to bis at
tenlive audience. Another hymn was sung
and tho Rev. A. R. Kennedy wa3 announeed
as the next speaker. He spoke earnestly and
with great force, and succeeded in making
deep impression upon bis youthlul hearers.
The children then marched oat whilst Biog
lng the last hymn, and flied their way to the
green In front, of the Second Presbyterian
In the new German Church on King street
tbe exercises were of a mosl Interesting na
lure. Rev. C. E. Chichester presided, and ol
oqitent addresses were delivered by Professor
James H. Carlisle, J. Ad ger Smythe, Esq.
Rev. L. Muller (in German) and W. L De Pass
In the Second Presbyterian Church, a large
gathering ot children and teachers also took
place. The- services were conductod by Rev
F. H. Legare, and most appropriate addresses
were delivered by Rev. W. P. Jacobs, Rev. G
W. Hicks, Rev. I. H. G. McKinney and Rev
W. D. Kirkland.
At six o'clock precisely, the two long lines
ci children and teachers took up their march
towards the Second Presbyterian Church-the
One n??ulncr anrnn tho.nit?1*1 **iecu ii um mc
new German Church, the other up Meeting
street from the Citadel Square Baptist Church
Oa the arrival of the two bodiej on the mall
In front of the cnurch, they Joined the schools
lhere gathered,and the hymn "Coronation'
was sung with fine effect by the entire multi?
Professor J. H. Carine, as president of the
convention, then made a few appropriate re?
marks, and stated that, at the close of these
exercises, the South Carolina Sunday-School
Convention would stand dissolved.
The whole audience then Joined in Binging
"Shall we Gather at the River," and, on the
conclusion of tbe singh g, a final benediction
was pronounced by Rev. Dr. 8rayihe, after
whlcn the vast assemblage dispersed.
OUR REPORTS FROM COLUMBIA.
Arrest of? Desperado- The S Ix-Dollars
a-Day Alen-The Fairfield Arrests.
[SPECIAL TB I. KO SAM TO TOR NEWS.]
COLUMBIA, Sunday Night, May 10.
James Beatty, who killed Hough, an over?
seer, ID 1868, and who has been engaged in
horse-BleslIng ever since, has been arrested.
T- A. Davis and Lloyd, of Charleston Coun?
ty, and W. D. Wilkes, or Anderson, are among
the signera for the proposed six dollars per
day extra session.
All the parties arrested in Fairfield, except?
ing the colored man, have been discharged. It
was a case of regular persecution. No prool
of anything was produced, yet the victims
were detained a wee*k from their crops, which
were suffering In consequence. SALUDA.
THE WEATHER THIS DAI.
WASUtNOTON. May 19.
Generally clear and pleasant weal ber will
continue over ibe Si millern and Middle States
on Monday, and will extend over New Eng?
land, with westerly winds. Dangerous wluds
are not anticipated,
yesterday's Weather Reports of the
Signal Service, U. S. A.-*.47 P. M.,
2M . 70
NOTB.-The weather report dateu 7.47 o'clock
this morning, will be posted In the rooina of the
Chamber or Commerce at 10 o'clock A. M., and,
together with tue weather chan, may (by the
courtesy or the Chamber) be examined .by ship?
masters at any time during the day.
-It is estimated that 600 000 sewing
machines are annually sold In this country,
the yearly sales amounting to between twen?
ty and thirty million dollars. Of actual me?
chanics, directly employed lu making sewing
machines, irrespective of those whose liveli?
hood ls gained in producing the materials
which enier into their structure, there are at
least ten thousand whose wages, at a low es?
timate, amount io $25,000 per day, or seven
and one-half millions yearly. Aud these are
but a portion of the men employed. The com?
petition between different makers has caused
advertising to become a most Important Item,
trom $75.000 to $100,000 being spent annually
in this manner by each of the leading makers.
THE MOUTH OF HELL.
GRAPHIC ACCOUNT OF THE RECENT
ERUPTION OF TES tl riUS.
Early Stages of the Disturbance-The
Third Night-Destruction of Life
Scenes Among the Neapolitans-The
The fellowing letter from the Hon. B. 0 Jell
Duncan, of Newberry, now United States
consul at Naples, giving bis impressions of the
recent eruption at Vesuvius, will be read with
UNITED STATES CONSULATE, I
NAPLES, April 28, 18.2. J
TO THE EDITOR Ol? THE NEWS.
I send you a paper with some account of
the terribie eruption of Vesuvius, of which
j ou will have heard so much before you re?
ceive this. I would write you soma account
ol lt, only I am too busy just now, ann know
you will see notice enough of its horrors
in the papers. Ic will taite rank as one ot
the most violent eruptions tor centuries. Tbe
damage done ls tremendous, and when we
consider that the greatest violence did not
last more than eighteen or twenty hours, we
are horrified ac wUut would have oeen the de?
struction had lt continued as is usual, two,
three or four days. The scene during Friday
and Friday nignt, 26th instant, was grand
horrible beyond conception, much less de?
scription. Think of a mountain over four
thousand feet high, like one sold mass of
lava-ot the Immense volumes ol smoke torced
up In a direct line tb more than five times the
height of the mountain, o? linmem-e red-hot
clones, large enough to be distinctly visible
lrom our wlndowtt, twelve and fifteen miles
I dlsianr. thrown io the height or one to two
thousand feet; ol a continuous roar like that
of heavy thunder; and you may form a faint
I idea of what was tne grandeur of the scene.
Wubin the brief space of eighteen hours the
lava rau further ihau at any eruption mis cen?
tury, or than any probably since 1631. There
has probably been no eruption more suoden
or Violent in Its first outbreak, and never was
the lava kuown to fl JW so rapidly. We could
watch Its movement dlstlnci ly from our house
The cause of the great loss of life was thai
the mountain had been very brilliant
the nlitbt of the 24th, thous h not al inn?
ing, und this had attracted hundreds up the
mountain in the expectation of seeing from
nearer a similar show the nliiht of me 25 h.
Towards 4 o'clock in Hie morning the terrible
explosion tonk place, without a moment's
warning. Eye-wliuesses say the whole side ot
the cone seemed to open, and many were
overwhelmed with the moss of stones and red
hot lava, or scalded to death with (he boiling
water thrown out. The number- ot the dea-t
cannot yet be kuown. Many are missing who
may probably yet return. I think not over
thirty are knowH to be dead. I think no
American has been lost, fora wonder, as there
were many up the mountain early that night.
B. 0. DUNCAN.
A correspondent of the London Telegraph,
writing from Naples on the 26th of April,
Our volcanic neighbor baa not only been un?
usually boisterous this time, but lt has excelled
i'Self In treachery. The overwhelming ot
Herculaneum, If net a myth, may have been
sensational in Its day, but lu tragic horror lt
must have fallen behind some of the heart
reading scenes which we have boen obliged
to witness during the past week. Before the
storm there was a calm-an exquisite calm
for which the destroyer decked himself in his
most trauscendant beauty. For several nights
before the new craters burst, the mountain
wan so enchant! nu In Its robe of flame that. Na?
ples could n<>t tnh.k ol going to bed. Hour
alter hour HOI ll tne return of daylight one and
all of us llo?ered la the streets, or by tbe
shore of the bar, drinking in the glory of
A VE8DVIAN TRANSFIGURATION'.
ness fell on the night of rae 23d, the great
cone seemed suddenly to festoon Itself with
wreaths o? fire. Fromlts sn intuit three orators
were playing simultaneously. Continuous
clouds of iumloloiis smoke ascended la the
starlit sky. On their winns they bore solid
masses ot scoritB, which, alter ribing to a con?
siderable distance, either fell back Into the
crater or wero thrown over the side of the
cone imo me streams of lava winch were
flowing down the mountain. The moon, as li
Jealous of its terrestrial rival, shone with such
ur.iliancy as only southern heavens are favor?
ed with. The turee craters emulated it In the
steadiness of their tllttmluaiion. From honr
io hour the scene maintained an unchunitlag
grandeur, until toward sunrise, when it effaced
Itself almost as abruptly as lc hud appeared. Il
was oast three o'clock before I could turn my
baci on Vesuvius, and wend my way home?
ward, thinking a Is tr us fully of the probable
sequel. Next uighi the cone did not fulfil our
eaiter antlcipailuns. Two of the turee craters
failed to take pin lo the salamandrino spec?
tacle, but tbe third belched and flashed and
smoked wlih a trip e energy. The scoritc
which lt ejected were pe culiarly Interesting
and varied In shape. Some looked like stones
of vast size; others were star-shaped, and
others, as tiley ascended, exploded Into mil?
lions of fiery fragments. Tne Discharge of
lava, which on the ll -st night bad been hardly
noticeable, now assumed a promlncut part In
the drama. It was vomited forih with such
energy as to carry it above the Hps of the cone
and tnrow lc some di-tauce down me slope.
There lt quickly divided Itself Into two
streams, and made Its way in one direction
toward the Ooservatory, and In another into
tne old Atrlo del Cavallo, which, by aid of the
reinforcement, resumed Its menuciog course
THE THIRD NIGHT.
On thc third night the snectacle had further
diminished in bril.lance, but those who were
not absorbed In spectacular enjoyment could
discern Indications of increased volcanic en?
ergy. The Immense tongues of flame, though
they had lost some ol their dazzllug bright?
ness, shot higher up than before. The lava
and sconse were al JO carried to a greater
height. The former was ejected In larger
volume, which ultimately showed Its Increase
la the accelerated flow of the lava-streams.
The subterranean thunder, which early In the
week bad made Itself heard but dimly, like
the sound of heavy artillery at many mile?'
distance, now grew more audible, and ap?
peared to be approaching nearer the city. Ail
through this l.l-futed night the premonitions of
a catastrophe followed hard upon each other.
Yet of what did happen no one could have
the sitgl.i est warning. Ic was an incident un?
precedented In the treacherous, capricious his?
tory ot Vesuvius. Tue sympathetic sky was
full of omens. Its cn sr al c earness had de?
parted, und la place bf lt fleecy clouds were
driving ncro.-s the heavens. From a thousand
tinted effulgence they declined into dullness,
then i ul o a heavy, threatening darkness. Moon
and stars paled their lights ere they were
veiled by the hazi which overspread the sky.
But the surface of Ihe bay coin inned smooth
und giassy, unruffled by even a summer breeze.
As me shadows of smoke and flame cost upon
lt from the mountain became more sombre, lt
partook of their reflected gloom. Otherwise,
lc was apparently unconscious of the Titanic
struggle which was rending the bowels of the
earth beneuth and around lt.
As day was dawning, a fearful horror oc?
curred on tbe side ot the inoumuiu next the
city. Of late ye*rs, access io Veauvlis has
been greatly facilitai ed by the short railway
which skirts"ihe buy und connects Naples willi
Castelamare, a town at the opposite corner.
This laces tiie mountain througnout liswhol*
distance, and la Its vicinity will be found most
of Ute villages whose names always obtrude
themselves during the progress ot an erup?
tion. One of these, Resina, ls a favorite point
for making the accent lrom. It ls nou far from
Professor Palmleri's Observatory, and it enjoys
tne more exciting distinction ol lying in the
line of a great current of lava. Thousands ol
visitors have ascended the hiil nightly from
Resina, driving up as far as to t he ob-ervutorv,
and then walking to the bed ot last year's
lava. On Friday morning, many such excur?
sion parties were assembled airectly under
the cone. They had begun lo disperse with
the first Indications of sunrise, but. hundreds
still lingered on tb? spot. Without a pingie
movement to warn them, the eaitn opened
under loot, and the dead lava which they
hau been treading upon as a curiosity turned
again to molten tire. Those who were not
engulfed In the chasm as lt. burst forth at?
tempted to flee for their lives. Happily, tbe
DESTRUCTION OF LIFE.
; fleet and sure of foot were many. Tbey
reached safely; but woe to whoever 'fell by
tbe way 1 Tbe earth they fell on waa already
at furnace heat, and fresh wares of lava over?
took them ere they could lise again. A few
were miraculously delivered by the noble ef?
forts on the part 'of i he strone nerved men in
the company. Dragging them in haste toward
the observatory, their deliverers placed them
on the carriages which were walling there,
aDd accommodation was provided for them at
Resina. I have been told by a friend, who
was at the very edge of the chasm when lt
burst open, that the eflVot on the imagination
waa as though the whole mountain hail begnn
to move from ILS basis. As he fled he felt as If
the mountain was io lowing him, and not until
he bail recovered his senses at Resina could
he convince himself that what he bad seen
was only a partial eruption ot the crust which
overlies the hidden fires of Vesuvius.
An account which hus been furnished to a
Neanolltau journal affirms that there were two
simultaneous openings, and that flameo, burl?
ing out from both, enveloped In a chele ol fire
ali who were within reach. A carriage which
happened to be inside this circle was burnt up
In an instant, as if lt had been pplrited away.
Shortly before the eruption a ladv was seen in
lt. but of her nothing whatever has been heard
?.ince. Hie burna Inflicted were of a peculiar?
ly painful character, even when they looked
tl gnt. The pal leo ts, on reaching the hospitals,
were lmmealately enveloped lu wool. Not?
withstanding the care TV-ii tn which they have
been dressed, and the skill with which they
are nursed, tbey cannot move without endur?
ing agony which compels them to scream.
SCENES IK NAPLES.
Throughout Friday consternation reigned In
Naples. The first touch of peril had prepared
all minds to expect the worst. Vesuvius gave,
in various ways, sufficient occasion for in?
creased alarm. The booming and the rumb?
ling of the underground artillery Bounded aa
clo-e as if lt were beneath our feet The flow
ol lava had Increased, and two enormous
streams were rolling toward the sea. as If they
would sweep away halt a dozen villages in
their course. Windows rattled, and the strong?
est houses trembled to-their foundations. The
smoke rising from the crater was now mingled
with volumes of sulphurous vapor, and black?
ened by the ashes lt carried in its furious
ascent. There was far more danger In the
scot lae than lo the lava, for they were]conflned
to no cnannel. Scattering themselves wbere
ever tne prevailing wluda carried them
which was, huppllv, not In the direction of
Naples-tney became firebrands for the des
truciloo of houses, vineyards, forests, and
every form of combustible property.
On Friday night Naples was a degree lower
in its descent toward abject, terror. The Bourse
bad been closed all day. No one attempted to
i hm kui anj thing but the awful noises under
foot and the conflagration which was spread
lng among the vidages h I ny at the mercy of
the volcano. Poor San Sebastiano was nearly
reduced to nahes, and Ita twelve hundred In?
habitants bad to seek refuge nearer the coast,
whither lava and the ashes were fast fol?
lowing them. After nightfall, when the vol?
canic and the artificial tires got mingled to?
gether in a Plutonian landscape, lt was thought
In Naples that all the towns bordering on ihn
bay, Porticl. Resina, Torre del Ureco, and
Torre del rAnnunclata, were in flames to?
gether. The apprehension was fortunately
overdrawn. Wuat deceived us was tne glare
ot no lena than nine craters, all smoking sim?
A BRIEF ALARM.
This morning we had our last .and worst
alarm, but lt was of short duration. A change
of wind brought the clouds of smoke and
ashes drifting across the city. Alter a few
hours' anxious experience, In which we had
presentiments orme fate of Pompeii, the wind
mercifully cn op pea round to Its former direc?
tion and the salamandrina foe passed on to
seaward. While I have been writing a further
Improvement has occurred. The sky ls now
comparatively clear, for Vesuvius has begun
to consume his own smoke-at least, he has
rolled himself up in lt, and his mighty head is
for the moment Invisible. Tne current ol lava
has also checked Itself,- and there is a partial
subsidence of the devil's tattoo which has been
entne on below.
OUR WASHINGTON LETTER.
Aspects of tlie Canvass.
[I-ROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
WASHINGTON, May 17.
The first practical result of the dlacharge of
ordnance by Mr. Dan Vuorhees in the House,
the other day, was a coalition of the Liberal
RepubllcauBand Democrats in the Connecticut
Leg'alature by which Mr. Ferry, a Conserva?
tive Republican and anil Grant advocate, was
re-elected to the United Slates Senate. No
better Indication could be given of the strength
of the Cincinnati Keform movement, and no
more significant illustration of the folly .of any
ai tempt by Democrats of the ultra-hunker
school to control the tide of reform which,
commencing at Cincinnati, has rolled onward
until the sentiment of the honest people of the
whole country ins been aroused, and the
reasoning, thinking, taxpaying portion of the
great American community have evinced, In a
most unmistakable manner, Unir deterrx'na
ilou to rua uo longer lu the rut ol tue poli?
Tue tact is, that the sentiment of the coun?
try, which ts to determine the uext Presiden?
tial election, was formed lu forty-eight hours
aller the result of the Cincinnati Convention
was announced to the people. Tne South
struck the kev-note; the West is rapidly Jail?
ing into line, amt wise Democratic politicians
here regard the effort of Mr. Voorhees to in?
augurate discord ia the manner he has done
us the ravings of a malcontent, which are
more likely to damage himself than auybody
else. Prominent administration officials here
regard the Cincinnati nosiness with Increasing
fear for the consequences to Grant. Leading
Northern Radicals express the opinion that
New Tork bus gone by the board, and that it
ls) folly to attempt to carry that State lor the
silent Ulysses, while In Pennsylvania Came?
ron has cooked Gram's fish effectually by his
attempt to be his own successor In ibe Senate.
In thin effort he has managed to make sucn
divisions in ihe various Congreesloual districts
that even Forney begias to despair ot the pros?
pect of reconciling tue enmities and jealousies
engendered ny the Cameron tactics.
Another thing that mllliaies against peace
for the Radicals m Pennsylvania Is the personal
unpoptlarltv ol their guoernaional and other
State caudldates, and Tom McClure on the
other side to widen ihe breach. Altogether it
looks bad for Grant In these two States. The
administration senators who have hitherto
carried Grant on their shoulders are heartily
sick of him, and there Is no Joke In the an?
nouncement that a strong effort will be made
at Philadelphia to Induce Grant to stand aside,
lu order that the Radical party may hedge
with Blaine and Wilson. But Grant will never
give way unless induced by something more
potent than the mere argument of unavail?
ability; and this tact seems to be well under?
stood among the faithful, one thousand of
whom have, lt is stated, agreed to put up one
thousand doiUrs each to give him ipi present,
lu exchange for ihe Philadelphia nomination.
It may be safely asserted '.hat nothing short of
such a reason will be likely to prevail with the
It is almost impossible for people who have
not observed the course cf the present admin?
istration on all the most Important maners
wlih which it has had to deal, to Imagine the
widespread di-content that prevails even
among leading politicians who 6tipport Grani s
pretensions tor u second teim. His Kau Do?
mingo project wu? so bald a speculation as to
excite the private ridicule or the ^men who
were most acilve In their efforts to log-roll the
treaty through the Senate. The vacillating
policy which has temporized with Spain and
deluded the struggling Cuban patriots is
another and very fruitful subject of disc ntent
in Radical circles. The Quaker gun business
on the frontier la a most aggravating and dis?
astrous affair. Mr. Lo, having fooled ihe Peace
Comralaalouers to the top of their bent at
every point, and ihe hardy fi on tl er.-men who
lie down at nigut with rifle at side tor the pro?
tection of i heir scalps trom the pets of Mr.
Vincent Colver, are not lu a mood to slue
eplihaiaraiums In praise of ihe man whose lear
of the Eu-Kiux bugbear in the couth has de?
prived tne Western border ol me military
assistance which alone can make their rude
homes cafe at night from the tomahawk. Add
to these the universal vote of the great Amer?
ican nation of a want of statesmanship In the
Alabama claims business, and wise men will
I say that even Horace Greeley might h ve done
Bea Butler got foiled to-dav, moat unex?
pectedly to himself. He begun yesterday by
lotroduclog a r?solution providing for a recess
of Coogress from the 29tn Instant until some
late day In November next. To day he Called
up bis resolution aod had the poorsatrsraction
of seeing a substitute passed for ad J u urn m-nt
on the 29th. The astute Ben han evidently
been pat up to the Job of a raes-? In-order to
prevent trie expiring of the Ku-Klux law until
af. er tbe Presidential election, so as to give,
the administration fud military control
throughout the South, with a chance to coerce
the tall election with baronets. The schema
failed miserably, as lt should have done, and
the House ls committed by a heavy majority
to final adjournment on the 29th instant. N. .
THE DISORDERS TB SP JUS.
PARIS, May 18.
It is reported that the government troops
were defeated heavily at BU boa.
. MADRID, May 18.
Don Carlos has certainly escaped lrom Spain.
His whereabouts ls not known.
HA1LE-GIBBS.-On the 16th Mas at, tho
re?ideiice ot ihe brlde'a fa her. bj tue Rev. c. 0.
Pincfcney. JOHN HAILI, B*q" of Florida, to AUK
LIA y; eldeat danghier or James S. Gibbes. Esa
I or this city. >
-inrurai Cf mure.
*. THE RELATIVES ANDFBIEND8
of Ur. and Urs. PA?L JOSES, and of Mrs. Bey
moor, are respectfully Invited to attend tl.a Fune?
ral services of tba former, at their residence,
George s reet, THUS MORM.NO, at 9 o'clock. '
J AGAR-Died, on Sunday, the 19 h Instant,
EDWAUD MARION, iufan; sou of A. J. and Jolla
Jagar. "of such Is the a ngdom of heaven."
PW THE RELATIVES, FRIENDS AND
acquaintances are invited to attend the Fanerai
se. v ces at their residence, Rb.' 74 Smith street,
THIS AFTERNOON, at hair-past 4 o'clock, msjtto* 1
Clothing, Oailormjg, tot.
SPRING AND SUMMER, 1872.
MENKE & MULLER,
NO. 323 KIND STREET,
THREE DOORS BELOW UBIETY STREET, "
Invite attention to their large and splenaK
stock or CLOTHS, CASSIM ERES, COATINOS,
snitin ? Cheviots, Linens, Ac, and the handsoia
est selection or Pants and Vest Patterns, which
wilt be made to order under the supervision or a
most skill al and fashionable cotter.
FOR MEN, TOUTS, BOYS AND CHILDREN, of
every style and quality, and at very low
AND A COMPLETE STOCK OF GENTS .
Which embraces the celebrated STAR SHIRTS
and the choicest novelties in NECK WEAR.'
All ordsra promptly executed and satisfaction
THE NEW "HYMNAL" AT TWENTY
We have received a large supply or the varian s
editions of the NEV? HYMNAL. The new 32 mo.
edition at 20 cents, SVeanui and 40 ono; 18 mo.
coition at 40 centa, eo cents, $i and upwards.
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pm* 1HERE IS GOOD AUTHORITY
for stating that in this country one adult one of
every six dies of consumption, and. Indeed, M
prevalent and fatal h as th la disease bec ome, that
lt ls dreaded as the greatest scourge of the race;
and yet, in the formative fatages all .pulmonary
complaints may be readily controlled by resort?
ing promptly to the EXPECTORANT or Dr. Jayne,
wu leia Boothes and strengthens the bronchial
tunes, allaying Inflammation, and cleansing
them and the lnngs of all' imparities, lt la t>
certain remedy for coughs and colds, wblch,
wheo left tc themselves, frequently bring on pul?
monary complaints; and lc cores bronchitis ef?
fectually, if taken in time and tne directions
strictly roltowed. lt has maintained its rrpnta*
lion as a curative for over a quarter of a cen-orj
and li those who are threatened with lung di?
seases, or any of the symptoms of bronchitis or
asthma, will at once give thia standard rem?flf ?
trial, they will never regret it. sold etWgg.
Wholesale by P. YOEMAN*