Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME IX.-NUMBER 1988.
CHARLESTON, SATURDAY MORNING, MAY 25, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS. A YEAR.
.t NEW AND IMPORTANT ENTERPRISE
Immenu Growth of Track Farming
Since tn? .War-The Harket ? or tb
North Dependant upon Charleston
The Area of L?n<i Employed-Impor?
tant Resal?s In Former Years.
It is probable that but few persons are
aware of the immense proportions that have
been attained by the business of truck farm
lng in the vicinity of Charleston-a branch
productive industry that may be said to have
grown up since. the war, and which is now
a source of great and constant revenue
Charleston, and tbe means of supplying the
markets of the North with the choice products
o? this Southern climate at such an early
period in the season as to command the best
of prices and to nil an important gap in those
markets which formerly existed between the
arrivals of vegetables from Bermuda, Florida
and the lar Sooth, and those of Wilmington
and Norfolk. In the way of natural advan
tage?, every circumstance of soil and climate
in thu vicinity contributes in a marked de?
gree to the success of this enterprise. In no
portion of the world, perhaps, and cer
talnly in no section of this country which
is accessible to the markets or Ballimore
Philadelphia and New York, ls found a soil
which ls better suited to market gardening
than on Charleston Neck] and the islands
which surround our harbor. The texture of
th? soil ia perfect, being a light, sandy loam
bot possessing the valuable peculiarity of
being amply retentive of moisture. The
climate too ls singularly lavorabie. The tem
perature of Charleston and Ks vicinity in win?
ter ls much more mild than its actual latitude
would Indicate, and there are two or three
good reasons which contribute to this result.
In the first place its proximity to the ocean
gives lt the benefit of the salt sea air, which
always moderates the temperature, either In
sommer or winter; and, besides this, the in
fluence or the Gulf Stream, that carious river
of tepid water which cleaves Its way through
the trackless Atlantic, and which here sweeps
very near the Carolina coast, ls added to temper
the severity of winter. The experience of
every resident of Charleston who has hadan
opportunity of comparing Its winter tem?
perature with that of interior localities
in nearly the same latitudes, will con?
firm the statement that for all the purposes
o? early vegetation Charleston may be relied
upon to be weeks in advance ol the interior
points, and quite np to many localities that
are much further South. Very moderate pro?
tect on ls needed In winter for the most ten?
der plants. The atmosphere ls moist and the
soil requires but little irrigation. The topo?
graphical peculiarities of the land render
drainage easy, and the most obstinate patches
can be readily cleared of superabundant
moisture by the simplest- devices. Labor ls
cheap and abundant. The laborers, of course,
a -e mostly colored people, and the system o?
dally cash payments 19 generally adopted.
There are no contracts, no credit systems, no
confusion and no quarrels. The Individual
negro comento work in the morning or nor,
as he pleases, and if he come and work ho is
sure of getting his pay in ready cash at e un?
do wn. This system appears to suit his dis?
position better than entering into a contract.
It is somewhat erratic, and so is his disposi?
tion. He ls his own master, and can work or
not as he pleases. If he desires a
holiday all that he has to do Is
to take lt, and at the same time
he readily discovers that the only way io pro?
vide the necessary sustenance for himself and
family ls to give his labor In exchange there
for. The demand and supply are nearly
equal, and the system r?gal?tes itself. The
principal expense of the larmer In preparing
his crop ls, of coarse, for fertilizers, which In
this neighborhood are very freely applied.
Market gsxdenlng is, of all branches of agri?
culture, an artificial process. The soil is work?
ed remorselessly, everything is pushed to the
utmost to secure a lull and early drop, and of
coarse the productive ability ot the soil must
constantly be replenished. All that the farm?
er can ask of nature is that she shall supply
him with the requisite texture of soil and the
necessary salubrity of climate, and after that
he must i?y the price ot wringing i rom the
earth the utmost limit of Its produc?
tions by supplying afterward the chemical ?
elements which have been wrenched from lt,
la order to demand of it another season of I
prolificness. The fertilizers that are used con- j
sist mostly of stable compost, fish scrap or |
pomlce and a small proportion ot South Caro?
lina phosphates. These are liberally applied,
and are found to pay liberally, but, with all ]
this, the expense o? cultivation per acre ls
very much less than In many other places de- j
voted to this, branch of agriculture. Thus in [
New Jersey and Long island the truck farm?
ers usually estimate their expenses at about
three hundred dollars per acre, while In this
vicinity the expenses range from one hun-1
dred dollars to one hundred and twenty-five
dollars, and rarely if ever exceed one hun?
dred and fifty dollars per acre*.
One great advantage of market gardening
lo the neighborhood of Charleston la, that
there is absolutely no competition worth men?
tioning. The crops from the 'far South which
find their way to the Northern markets con- j
slBts principally o? potatoes, tomatoes and on?
ions ?r?m Bermuda and Florida, and these are
exhausted by the time that Charleston enters j
the field. North of this place, Wilmington
and^orfolk are considerable producers, but
their crops are always anticipated here by
many weeks, and the result ls that for about
one month Charleston holds the undisputed
control of the Northern markets in the way of j
vegetables. The consumers will have their j
early vegetables, and the dealers must look
to Charleston tor their supply during the in?
terval between the supplies of Bermuda and
Virginia, and long before Delaware, New Jer?
sey and Long Island get Into the market: and
hence the farmers of Charleston and its vi-1
cinlty have the game in their own hands, and
are not backward In reaping the full benefit j
The principal crops that are raised include
peas, potatoes, beans, cucumbers, tomatoes,.
cabbage and melona, with small patches of
okra and tanler. These are named in about
the order that they come to market, the green
pea leading alt The varieties of peas moat
extensively planted are the Philadelphia and
the Canada Extra Early. The season fer the
sale of Charleston peas in the Northern mar?
kets extends from about the 23d of March
until the middle of April, and the prices last I
year ranged from eight dollars per bushel for
the earliest arrivals down to tour dollars, three
dollars and two dollars for late or damaged
lots. The yield of peas to the acre averages
about fifty bushels.
?Next come potatoes, o? which the favorite
artetieB here are the Early BoBejand the Gar
net Chill. These both have n red skin, i
white skinned potatoes do not seem to ihr
well here. The Early R09e is a particule
fine vegetable, and ls splendid eating; bul
Garnet Chill ls the most prolific bearer. I
the latter variety that ls exported excluBlv
from Bermuda. Potatoes yield from thirty
one hundred barrels per acre, occupy i
market from the last ot April to the middle
June, and last year commanded irom five d
lars and a half to tea dollars per barrel.
Ot beans the principal varieties cultivai
here are the Valentine and Refugee, wh!
generally yield filty bushels lo the acre, li
during the month of May, and sell in Ni
York at from two dollars to five dollars p
Cucumbers have a run of about iour wee
beginning in the first week ol May. T
white splae variety ls the only kind cultiv?t
for market, aud the yield Is variable, rangli
from one hundred ant! fifty to five hnndr
bushels according to the care In c.iltivatic
They sold last year at irom two dollars
eight dollars per crate of one bushel. Bqnas
es come in at about the same time, and coi
mand about the same price.
Tomatoes are a later and somewhat prec
rlous crop. The round smooth variety
principally cultivated, and of these from 01
hundred to three hundred bushels are ralsi
to the acre. They last from the last week
Hay to the first week In July, and Bell at fro
one dollar and fifty cents to seven dollars ai
fifty cents per crate.
These are the principal vegetables raised f
export. Large numbers of cabbages are ali
raised, which are principally sold for local ai
interior markets. The large Yorks, from fo
elgn seed, are found to succeed best. Tbei
require some attention, but with proper cai
they are a very certain crop, averaging t weh
hundred heads to the acre, and more moue
can be made per acre on cabbages than on a
most any other vegetables. Melons ar6 ita
largely raised for home consumption, jot
water and musk melons. Of the latter tit
green citron and nutmeg varieties are the oui
ones worth cultl vating. These are gu the re
from the middle ol June to the middle of J ul j
and meet with ready sale. Ol watermelon
the Augusta melon appears to succeed bette
than any of the fancy varieties that have bee
Introduced. These are cultivated with grea
facitity and Bell rapidly, the demand in th
City of Charleston for watermelons appearlnj
to be almost unlimited.
The farms on Charleston Neck are as fo
1. On the Ashley River at the foot of Nuna
street Mr. John Nunan has a place of abon
five acres, devoted to his great specialty c
strawberries and especially of the Nunai
ssedllng, wbloh has become so iamou
during the past year or two, and for the Intro
ductlon of which Mr. Nunan is certainly enll
tied to great praise. This ls a very large ant
early berry, of very firm texture, fino flavo
and admirably adapted for shipping. It ha
been brought to its present pertectlon by i
careful and patient process of selection, ant
Its fame ls now so well established that I
affords a very satisfactory profit to its enter
2. Mr. T. A. Johnson bas a place of abott
ten acres with about the variety of crop
enumerated.abav???* *'-? ? ???? " i1 ;
of strawberries. Mr. Johnson makes a sped
alty of the Kalmia berry, which ls a ver;
large, drm fruit, admirably adapted to thii
climate and very prolific.
3. Mr. Benjamin Rhett, sixty acres, wit h i
similar variety of vegetable crops.
' 4. Mr. T. L. Bicot. ten acres, similar variety
5. Dr. A. B. Rose, on the Ashley River, ai
the foot of Grove street. Dr. Rose has aboui
twenty-five acres under cultivation here, and
ls. one of the most judicious, BcieotlQc and
successful of our gentlemen farmers. He bas
had the satisfaction very often of leading al
his neighbors In the appearance of his crops,
and last year landed twenty-four barrels ol
early Rose potatoes In the New York market
on April 21, ahead of all competitors, ant
commanding ten dollars per barrel.
6. Mr. John H. Devereux, the enterprising
architect and builder, finds time, with all hie
accumulation of business, to direct the man?
agement of his fine farm, "Sans Souci," ol
7. Dr. David Gaiger, twenty acres.
8. Mr. R. W. Disher, abouc.sixty acres.
9. Mr. William E. Simons, ten- acres.
10. Mr. Kinsman, of the shipping house of
Kinsman ? Howell, the largest house in this
city devoted particularly to the handling of
farm truck, about thirty acne.
11. Mr. Brown, formerly the keeper of the
Potters' Field, has a small farm .just above the
Atlantic Phosphate Works.
12. The old Heyward place ls now being
successfully worked by a party of Northern
This concludes the list of farms on the west?
ern side of ? ) Neck. Coming down on Coop?
er River side, there are:
13. Dr. Henry Ho lbeck, seventy-five acres.
14. Mr. William Runt, a merchant of Charles?
ton, has a fine farm, and bas proved a most
Intelligent and successful cultivator.
15. Mr. James Price, thirty acres.
16. Mr. A. Atkinson, twenty aeres.
17. Mr. Keaerty has two or three flourish?
ing farms, embracing about seventy-five
16. Hr. Henry Williams, thirty acres.
19. Mr. Moore ls working the Belvidere
Farm of about ten acres.
20. Hr. Darcy] has a fine farm Just below
21. Mr. E. Lu Roche, twenty acres, adjoining
the parade ground.
22. Hr. Arnold has a small farm within the
23. Hr. Jones cultivates a small place which
la about the last farm on the Cooper River.
On the King-street Road, the following
farms are located:
24. The Blake farm, ten acres.
25. Mr. UGerhardt, five to ten acres.
26. Hr. Whelan, five to ten acres.
27. Hr. Noisette, lorty acres.
28. Hr. Stryker, five acres,
Besides these, there are a number of flour?
ishing farms on Ja raes Island and Christ Church
Parish, which will materially Increase this
statement of the area devoted to this branch
The prospects for a large crop this season
are not BO encouraging as they might be. The
early spring was unfavorable, In consequence
of the excessive rains. The seed 1B all sown
during the last of February and the first of
March, and the heavy rains during the month
of Harch proved a serious Injury to the stand
of all the crops. The rest of the season has
been quite fair, but lt is certain that there will
be not much more than two-thirds ol' a crop
of potatoes. The other crops, however, promise
to average very well with other seasons. Peas
have all been harvested, and have done very
well. A full crop of beans has also been
made, and cucumbers, melons, and tomatoes
promise to be nearly, li not quite, up to the
The mode of handling and the means or
transportation of this produce have proved
ample and satisfactory. The farmers, gene?
rally, ship their produce to the North through
the well known commission houses of Messrs.
Kinsman & Howell, Messrs. Paul, Welch ?
Brandes, Messrs. John P. O'Neill & Son, and
Messrs. Kanapaux & Gonzalez, and from the
time- that lt leaves their farms they have no
further care as to Its disposition. These
bouses receive it on board the rail road car or
steamer, send it to the most promising mar?
ket, effect its sale, pay the freight and wharf?
age, and turn over the proceeds (less ten per
cent, commission, which ls divided equally
between the Charleston house and their
Northern correspondents) to tbe larmer.
They also make frequent advances to the
farmers, sometimes in seed and fertilizers,
and sometimes In money, and thus both par?
ties have a reciprocal interest in the success
of the crops.
The transport?t' .a ia either by the North?
eastern Railroad, or by the steamers of the
Iron Line to New Yerk, Philadelphia and Bal?
timore, and those of Adger's Line to New
York. These afford prompt and ample facili?
ties, and all land the produce at the several
markets In excellent order, though the rail?
road ls generally preferred by the Bhlppers In
this respect. The tariff by steamer to Balti?
more is twenty-five cents per crate and fifty
cents per barrel, and to Philadelphia and New
York lt ls thirty cents per crate and sixty
cents per barrel; and to this must be added
three cents upon each package for wharfage,
ny rail the charge to Baltimore and New York
is filly cenU per crate and seventy-five cents
per barrel, and to Philadelphia sixty cents per
crate and seventy-five cents per barrel.
The quantity of produce lorwarded last sea?
son lo the Northern markets was as follows:
To New York, 17,425 barrels of potatoes, 35.786
crates of email Vegetables; to Baltimore, 1693
barrels of potatoes, 11,239 crate s of vegetables;
to Philadelphia, 877 barrels of potatoes, 6425
crates of vegetables; total, 19.995 barrels of
potatoes and 53,450 crates of vegetables, or a
grand aggregate of say 133,430 bushels of pro?
duce. Wilmington furnishes to the same mar?
kets about half this quantity, and Norlolk
sends about the same amount as Charleston.
THE STATE CONVENTION.
A Hearty Endorsement of the Call.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE NEWS.
STATESBURG, May 20.
The recognition on the part of your journal
of the expediency of sending delegates Irom
this State to the "National Democratic Con?
vention," aad Its hearty endorsement of such
policy, give unequivocal satlslacllon to many
in this section of the State. Our fixed opposi?
tion to what might possibly be, In a paroxysm
of fatuity, the action of that body-a Demo?
cratic nomination-must be sharp, deter?
mined and pronounced; and that by antago?
nism presented on the floor of said convention.
Our settled resistance to a procedure so disas?
trous and pregnant with future miscarriage
and calamity to these Southern States must
not be left to inferences from certain or
nnrarlaln miDirjoLulAno /mnaloiin.r ni mn/ii
Ings and vague utterances herc. Wo do not
think it probable that a course BO Imbecile
(criminal In the present position of parties)
will be taken. But the actlou ol large politi?
cal assemblies is often In the last degree
unsteady, capricious and perilous, and we can
afford to risk nothing.
Th? conviction, we think, Is very universal
and very profound, through this Slate at least,
t^.at there ls no escape irom preaent thr.il
iiotn^ and, perhaps, future ruin, save through
the Instrumentalities furnished by the Cincin?
For even the Northern Democracy, sound
statesmanship admonishes acquiescence in u
modified and honest Repnollcan administra?
tion of the government for the next term; but
for some of the leaders of the party there, the
anomalous aspect of the field (In some regards
apparently favorable) may prove too seductive.
For ?B the question ls one of no ordinary
political Rlgni?cance. lt transcends all party
Issues, affinities and antagonisms-lt Involves
for us, apart from such, society, morals, In a
The plank offered at Cincinnati is all we can
lay hold on In such a sea as this, and lt will be
sulfide m ; with that platform, and the success
of the nomination, we have every hope of
tiding over an epoch as stormy and disintegra?
ting as any offered In political history.
If thia be admitted, then our first, and for
the present our only duty Is clear and patent,
and that ls to express la the most effectual
manner any attempt on the part of the "Balti?
more Convention" to imperil a future which,
for ns, begins to wear some of the features of
hope and promise. We feel satisfied that the
most effectual course to meet such a move?
ment would be an antagonism, uncompromis?
ing and Incisive, presented in conveutlon by
delegates instructed to do this, and nothing
And now, one word more, and that, as re?
gards those who may be elected lo hear to
Ballimore the behests of the State Demo?
cratic Convention. The signs of this day, we
think, admonish us that we are about entering
upon an era of reform and readjustment; the
tending to this ls deep in the noll leal tboughl
ot the times. We have heard enough of ine
expediency of forgetting "a dead past," and
ot leaving ''burled Issues" to a dusty slumber;
let us prod il m to the world that these are ac?
complished facts." In view ot doing so, might
lt not be wisdom when we send men beyond
our borders to select for such purpose Indi?
viduals os Utile connected with that pa9t and
those Issues as ls possible ? Let a iresh ami
younger element come to the' front, men
abreast with the new era, and maintaining to?
wards it a vital, healthy and natural connec?
TUE WEATHER THIS DAV.
WASHINGTON, May 24.
The lowest barometer north ol the lower
lakes will continue moving northeastwardly.
Clear and pleasant weather will prevail on
Saturday over the New England and Middle
States with westerly winds. Clear and partly
cloudy weather will prevail from the South
Atlantic coast to the Ohio Valley, and thence
northward to the upper lakes. Dangerous
winds are not anticipated.
Yesterday'* Weather Reports of tbe
Signal Service, V. S. A.-4.47 P. M.,
NOTE.-The weather report dated 7.47 o'clock
this morning, will bc posted In the rooms of the
Chamber or Commerce at 10 o'clock A. M., and,
together with the weather chart, may (by the
courtesy of the Chamber) be examined by ship?
masters at any tune during the day.
THE IRISH FESTIVAL
A SPLENDID SUCCESS ANTICIPATED.
Arrangement! ror the Parade-Addi*
tlonal Prize?-Thc Drill Last Night.
The grand Irish Festival at the Schutzen
platz, next Monday and Tuesday, promises to
be one ol' the most important events or lhe
season, both as to magnitude and enjoyability.
It Is called an Irish festival because it has been
projected by the Irish Rifle Club, and ?ill be
carried out under Hs auspices; but it will be In
reality a grand union parade and festival ol
all the rifle clubs lu the city, and a gigantic
picnic participated in by half the people of |
Cbarleston. A very prominent feature of the
opening day will be the Btreet parade, In
which will be Included, for the first time, all
ol the eleven rifle clubs in the city. There
will be three bands of music, and the United
States color?, presented by the Delaware Fire- !
men to the Charleston Steam Fire Department,
will be carried in the centre of the line. The
parade will be commanded by General James
Conner, president of the Hibernian Society,
with Major Barker, Captain Moffett, Captain
Holmes, Lieutenant Erwin and Lieutenant
Magrath as assistant marsha's. The order of j
the procession will be as follow?:
- Charleston Social Mounted Club.
United States Post Band.
German Bille Club.
Carolina Rifle Club.
Charleston Riflemen Clnb.
Washington Artillery Rifle Club.
Sumter Guard Rifle Club.
St. Patrick's Band.
Colors and Color Guard.
Palmetto Guard Rifle Club.
Washington Light Infantry Rifle Club.
Wagener Artillery Rifle Club.
Irish Volunteer Rifle Club.
Irlati Bille Club.
The procession will form on Meeting street,
at seven A. M., the right resting on Hudson
street, and march down Meeting to Broad,
through Broad lo King, and up King to the
South Carolina Railroad depot, where a spe?
cial trula will take Hie excursionists up to the
Schuizeripluiz. There an address of welcome
Is expected to bu delivered by Judge Magrath,
who ls an ex-president of the Hibernian Socie?
ty, and a collation will be provided, alter
which the festivities of the day will com?
mence. These are lo Include an almost In?
duite variety of amusements, such as dancing
In i he great hall, prize rifle ehoollng, tilting
by the Charleston Social Mounted Club at the
head aud ring, Irish national games, and
every variety of comical diversions that the
ingenuity of the amusement committee can
suggest. The prizes which have been offered
for the rifle contest are numerous and beauti?
ful. Every one of the rifle clubs have con
tributed gifts of considerable value, and,I
others have come pouring in from all classes
of citizens. lu addition lo those already de?
scribed in Tun NEWS, there was on exhibition
at the establishment of Messrs. Walker, Evans
& Cogswell, yesterday morning, the present
which has Just been bought by the Carolina
Rifle Club. It consists of a handsome tea set,
with waiter complete, coaling seventy-live
dollars. The prize ls a handsome one, and
well worthy of both donors and repiplp.nta .
. .nu... MU? ?rueIrish Rifle Club ls
a gold medal of beautiful design. .The medal
ls octagonal in lorm, with a broad circle of
gold running around and enclosing the re?
entering angles of the octagon. The outer
points of the octagon are formed of sprigs of
shamrock, and within the circle of gold is en?
closed the symbolic harp. The medal is hung ?
by two gold chains to a pin, upon which Is In?
scribed "Irish Rifle Club." Tho medal ls one
of ihe handsomest of prizes.
Another prize is a heavy gold jewel In the
shape of a shield, bearing thc- Inscription,
"Presented by the Irish Volunteer Rifle Club
to the Irish R tie Club, Charleston, S. C., May
27th, 1872." The shield Is beautifully worked
on the border, and ls suspended by two gold j
eli ima to a handsome cross pin, bearing the
motto ''Erin go Bragh," enclosed in a wreath
of Shamrock. The present is a handsome and
appropriate testimonial from one Irish club to
another^whose members are of the same line?
age, and both equally proud of the emblematic
shamrock, the undying motto of Green Erin.
Both of these Jewels were designed and fash?
ioned by Mr. A. W. Lewin, and can be seen to?
day at his establishment on Meeting street, op?
posite the Board of Trade rooms.
To day there will be displayed at Mr. A. H.
Hayden's jewelry store a Bet of prizes con?
tributed and selected by the Irish Rifle Club to
be shot for by the visiting clubs. They con?
sist of a sliver wal'er, pitcher, pair of goblets
and Blop bowl, for the first prize; silver coffee
urn for the second prize, and ? silver pitcher
and pair of goblets for the third prize.
The following additional prizes have also
been received: From J. C. H. Cmiisseu, Mar?
ket street steam bakery, handsome steeple
cake; Mrs. C. Dunn, a twenty-flve-pouud tur?
key gobbler; W. Ufferhardt, corner King and
Market streets, valuable lace handkerchief.
Lost evening the Irish Rifle Club assembled
at Archer'd Hall in full uniform and marched
down to the Hibernian Hall, where the irish
Volunteer Rifle Club bod also assembled in
unltorm to Join in battalion drill. As soon as
they had formed in the lower hall Captain
James Armstrong, Jr., slood forward, and in a
brief and pointed speech presented, In behalf
of his club, a valuable silver goblet to the j
irish Volunteer Rifle Club. The handsome
present was received by President O'Neill, ol
the latter club, wlih appropriate remarks.
As aoon as this was done; vice-President A.
G. Magrath, Jr., presented President W. A.
Courtenay, of the Washington Light Infantry
Rifle Club, with a beautiful gold mounted cane,
as a slight testimonial of the esteem In which
he was held by the Irish Rifle Club. President
Courtenay received the gilt with titling terms
of acknowledgment, and which were received
The two ciub3 then formed and marched
down Meeting street to White Point Garden,
where they spent a couple of hours In a pre?
paratory drill, enlivened by the spirited airs
of the St. Patrick's Brass Band. Later lu the
evening they returned to the Hibernian Hall
and Joined In the yet more agreeable drill of
discussing the contents of a huge punch bowl.
Toasts and sentiments, with fitting responses,
and songs and speeches followed, and whiled
the time away most pleasantly until a late
THE METHODIST CONFERENCE.
Consecration of the New Bishops.
NEW YOIIK, May 24.
In the Methodist General Conlerence to-day
the committee on episcopacy reported a reso- j
lutlon that one new bishop take bis residence
at or near each of the iollowiug places: Bos?
ton, Cincinnati, 81. Louis. Chicano, Allanta,
San Francisco, Omaha. Council Bluff and Si.
Paul. Aller considerable discussion the report
was adopted. The new bishops were conse?
SCOTT'S BROKEN FLEDGE.
No .Moue j lfor the Asylum-The Inmates
will be Carea For-Leslie on the
Stamp-A Pardoned Convict-The
Candidates for Annapolis.
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM Td THE NEWS.]
COLUMBIA, Hay 24.
The aid to the Lunatic Asylum promised by
Governor Scott, and heralded about the coun?
try, has come to naught. The superintendent
to-day, on his own responsibility, borrowed
enough money to carry the institution along.
It is important that lt be known that the In?
mates will not sailer, many letters of inquiry
A large number of delegates to the Phila?
delphia Conventlou are here, en route. Leslie
opens his campaign at Blackville to-morrow.
Nash and Jamison endorse him.
The notorious horse thief, Bob Thompson,
colored, was pardoned out of the peniten?
tiary, lt ls discovered, on forged papers.
There ls some fault-finding because the
Supreme Court haa under consideration, with?
out decision, the case of Terry vs. the Com?
mercial Bank of this city, involving fifty-six
thousand dollars in bills of that bank..
A negro was killed on the track of the Wil?
mington, Columbia and Augusta Railroad, just
below the city.
W. B. Cash, of Chesterfield; L. F. Beatty, of
Marlon, and E. H. Rlcker, of Sumter, have
been examined for appointment to the United
States Naval Academy. They are ail white.
_ _ _SALUDA.
TEE BAILING OF MR. DAVIS.
Th? Facts In Regard to Mr. Greeley's
The following letter from the Hon. Charles
O'Conor ls published In (he World, in reply to
an Inquiry as to the Justino of certain reflec
llons appearing In that paper,. In which Hr.
Greeley's visit to Richmond lo appear as the
bondsman ol Mr. Davis was spuken or aa ofll
cloua and superfluous:
NEW YoriK, Hay 14, 1872.
My Dear Sir-Fi um his capture until the
hour he was ballad, Mr. Jefferson Davis was
ia military custody. He wai then confined as
a prisoner of war for about two years. From
the very commencement ol inls term his
counsel directed their efforts to procuring his
delivery Into civil custody to the end that he
might have his trial at once or obtain libera?
tion upou ball until the government should
think flt to bring on the trial. The counsel lor
Mr. Davis, having first solicited and obtained
the consent ot Hr. Greeley, Mr. Gerrit Smith
and Commodore Vanderbilt offered to give
ball in any sum that might be required, and to
procure mose three gentlemen lo unite In the
ball bond. This offer was never formally ac?
cepted; but, under the belief that it was satis?
factory, the counsel of Mr. Davis obtained a
writ ol habeas corpus, and brought Mr. Davis
before the court at Richmond. Hr. Evans at?
tended by appointment, and, on the part of
the government, he acquiesced ia balling Ur.
Davis In $100,000. Conceiving himself bound
so to do, the counsel of Mr. Davis requested
the attendance of the gentlemen -in question.
Commodore Vanderbilt's, attoruey acted
for bim; tne other two gentlemen appeared
and signed the bond lu person. They had
every reason to understand and believe that
their attendance was absolutely necessary to
the release of Mr. Davis. The counsel ol Hr.
Davis supposed it to be so, [and he bas now
_rjp reason _to th Ink otherwise. I am not aware
Inlhls business, and never supposed that he
did anything beyond what he considered es?
sential to the liberation ot Mr. Davis.
I am, dear sir, yours truly.
. [From the G reenvl le Enterprise.]
Rev.W.H. Wliiisltr, recently elected Pro?
fessor In the Southern Baptist Theological
Seminary at this place, will be remembered
by many of our citizens as having some years
ago been a student at the seminary, and ire
quently preaching in several or our churches.
.Hu ls a native of Tenneseee, and a graduate ol
Union University in that State. During the
war, he ?as chaplain to a Confederate cavalry
regiment. After attending the University of
Virginia for some time, he speut two j ears at
the seminary here in Greenville, and after?
wards two years in Germany. He is a mao
of remarkable ability and thorough and ex?
tensive scholarship, and a very Interesting
and impressive preacher, and, with his pre?
possessing appearance and agreeable manner,
will form, In every way, a valuable accession
to our community.
TBE LAST DAYS OF CONGRESS.
ALIberal Land Bill -The Condition of
the Tax and Tarin* Billa-A Reduction
of the Duty on Bagging.
WASHINGTON, Hay 21.
Senator West appeared io-doy' before the
Committee on Finance and contended fora
reduction of the duty upon cotton bagging.
The committee agreed to report a reduction of
twenty-five per cent.
General Young succeeded in getting through
the House, to day, an appropriation or one
hundred thousand dollars ror public buildings
In the Senate, the conference report on the
postofflce appropilation was adopted, and a
new committee of conference was appointed
on ihe mall service, between the United States
and Brazil. There was an executive session
on the supplemental treaty.
In the House, Hr. Kerr called up the Senate
bill providing lor the redemption and sale or
lands held by the United States under the sev?
eral acts to levy direct tuxes, and moved a
Bubstlttite for such bill providing that all the
lands now owned or held by the United States
by virtue ot proceedings under the act or June
7, 1862, and other acts for the collection of di?
rect taxes In the Insurrectionary States, may
be redeemed aud restored lo thu original
owners, or their representatives, witmn two
years, on payment of the tax and coste, with
interest thereon. The applicants are also to pay
the value of the permauenl improvements mat
may have been made by oilier perBons aller
tne acquisition of thu property by the United
Slates. Property not claimed within two
years ls to be sold at public auction. Toe act
ls not to apply to property used in whole cr
any part lor national cemeteries or other pub
Ile purposes. Purchasers of property from the
United States who have lost lt, througn in
abllitT to establish title, are to be reimbursed
tv the government. The substitute was
agreed to and the bill passed.
The Senate committee on finance has consoli?
dated the tax on distilled spirits from Sixty
five to seventy cents, but have made a reduc?
tion In other respects so as to muke lt about
the r-ame aggregate as proposed by the House,
and have nuttier amended the un lil and tax
bill by making Hie uulform tax on all tobacco
twenty-four centa uer pound instead ol twen?
ty. They have stricken out the section pro?
viding thal one-third ot the dntleaou Imports
may oe paid lu currency. The bill will come
up la ihe Senate lo-morruw.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
-The Presbyterian General Assembly dis?
solved on Thursday night to meet on the third
Thursday In Hay next, at Little Rock, Ark.
-The Freedmen's Bureau gets seventy-four
thousand dollars tro m Congress and clodes on
the 30th June. Its unfinished business is
transferred to the war department.
-The brig Joahane Rudolph reports the
season lo be very sickly ai Peruambuco,
whence she was bound lor Uontevideo when
B^!rbe high bridge over Fall Creek, at Ithaca,
New York,Dgave way yesierday with an en?
glue which was playing on a fire. Fllteen per?
sons were seriously injured.
-George W. Murdock, who was convicted
in Baltimore of a violation or section two ol'
tbe enrorcement act, and fined five hundred
dollars and three hundred dollars coat, has
appealed to the Supreme Court.
THE POLITICAL WOKLD.
STRIPPING POR THE COMING CON?
Th: Vvorkingincn'n Convention Nomi?
nate? Grant and Wilson.
NEW TOBE, May 24.
The National Wbrklngmea'a Convention to
nominate a President, and vice-President ol
the United States met yesterday in accordance
with the call of the Worklngmen's Central
Union of the State ol New York. The conven?
tion was permanently organized by the elec?
tion of Colonel Gibbons, of New York, as
chairman. Colonel Gibbons on taking the
cbalr eulogized Grant's recent action in re?
nard to the eight hour law, reviewed his poli?
cy, and aald he was tue only man wno could
be trusted by the working classes. A series
ot reBolutlons were reported embodying the
following principles: Reduction of the national
debt; unconditional settlement of the Alabama
claims; enforcement of the eight hour law;
low rate of Interest as a common national
law: encouragement of ship building: giving
tne United 8tates malls exclusively to American
built ships, and sympathy with the nations
struggling under oppression. F. M. McOree,
of New York, recommended President Grant
for renomination. Ihe Missouri delegation
recommended Horace Greeley. On toking the
ballot Grant received two hundred and four
votes, and Greeley five voles. The nomina?
tion of Grani was Iben made unanimous. Sen?
ator Henry Wilson was then nominated for
vice-President, by the following ballot: Wil?
son, one hundred and sixty; Edwin D. Mor?
gan, twent)-live; Colfax, twenty-four. Grant
and Wilson were then notified by telegraph ot
their nomination. A committee was ihen ap?
pointed for the purpose of addressing, the
workingmen ol the Uulted States. A molioo
was adopted to hold a ratification meeting at
the Cooper Institute. Tne evening session
was occupied in discussing questions relative,
A Massachusetts Convention Declares
SPUING .-[ELD, May 24.
The Tenth District Democratic Convention
ratified tbe cincinnati platform. Greeley
men elected to Ballimore.
The Labor lleformers In Pennsylvania.
PHILADELPHIA, May 24.
Wm. P. Schell has accepted the nomination
lor governur made by the Laoor Reform Con?
vention at WIlllameporL.
A Liberal Victory In Virginia.
NORFOLK, May 24.
The Conservatives have carried this elly and
Portsmouth In the municipal elections.
THE SURRENDER AT SEDAN.
A Letter from the Emperor-The Spa n
Ish Crisis-John Ball In a Jolly Frame
PARIS, May 23.
The Gaulois publishes a latter from Sedan,
dated Ctilaelhursr, May the 12tb, and addressed
to the general and commandants of the
French army. In this communication the Em
peror makes the following acknowledgment:
"I am responsible for Sedan. The army
fought heroically with an army double its
strength. Alter lour thousand had been killed
or wounded, I saw the contest was merely
one ol desperation. The army's honor having
been saved. I exercised my sovereign right
and unfurled the flog of truce. It was impos
albie that the Immolation of sixty thousand
men could save France. I obeyed a cruel and
Inexorable necessity. My heart was broken,
but my conscience was tranquil. .
PARIS, May 24.
It ls understood that the party of the Le?i
, in the Assembly will, after the close of the
the Impeachment of the members of the last"
ministry under the Empire. Toe Paris Jour?
nals of to-day generally agree In the express-,
lon of the opinion that the debate in. the as?
sembly on Tuesday and Wednesday Inflicted
a crushing blow upon the hopes of the friends
of the Empire. The Journal des D?bats says:
..The result of the discussion ls a parliamen?
LONDON-, May 24.
The interest in tbe action of the United
Stales Senate upon the proposed additional
article to the Treaty ot Washington is undi?
Leaded editorial articles o( all the London
morning Journals to-day are devoted lo the
subjoet, aud Joy ls expressed over the proba?
bility that the proposlton submitted' by Earl
Granville will be favorably received.
M ABU i o, May 23.
There ls no change in the situation, and tbe
members of the present Cabinet Insist upon
their resignation. Senor Scabala has declin?
ed to lot ra a new ministry owing to Ul health,
and Marshal serrano has undertaken the task.
THE WRECK OF THE BALTIMORE.
Some Hope of Saving the Vessel.
LON ri ON', May 24.
It has been ascertained that the vessel
which was la collision with the steamship
Baltimore off Hastings the night before last
was the Spanish ecrew steamship Lorenzo
Z rnprum. She received no Injuries. The
luggage ot the passengers of the Baltimore
and the cargo in the after compartments will
be saved, but the forward compartment ls
filled with water. When the crew of the Bal?
timore attempted to lower her boats Juat after
the collision the gearing used for that pur?
pose would not work, and lt was Impossible to
float them. The passengers were seized with
consternation, but their tears of a watery
grave were soon allayed by the promptness
with which the coast guard at Hastings came
to their assistance. Toe Ballimore will proba?
bly be a total wreck. A later dispatch from
Hastings says that the force of government
workmen sent from the Admiralty bave ar?
rived and are In hopes of saving the vessel.
GLIMPSES OF GOTHAM.
NEW YORK, May 24.
Seven dead bodies, fron an emigrant ship,
were sent to the morgue to day. The Inquest
will, lt ls said, develop the fact that the deaths
were caused by diarrhoea, superinduced by In?
Tne Stokes's case was postponed until the
third Monday In June, io give time for sending
a commissioner to London - ihe motion for
which was granted.
MEYER-KINGDON. - Un the 16.ti of May,
1872. ar. the residence of the bride's mother, by
the Re?. L. Muller, Mr. H. C. My s UK. son or the
late J. c. Me) er. R-?i- to Miss HART E., eldest
dang .ter ol the late Thomas R. Kingdon, Esq.,
bom ot this elly. No cards.
KS" Columbia papers win please copy. *
H?DG1NS-WANNAMAKER.-At Allendale, Bo.
Ca, ou Thursday morning. 23d instant, hy tbe
Rev T. E. Waonamaker, Mr. Gao. E. IIUDQIKS.
of elia-leaton, to Misa ROSA G., second daugh'er
of tne former. *
BARNWELL-MARSHALL.-In Colleton Coen
ty, on the evening or the ism Instant, hy the Rev.
E. E. Bell nger, G. H. BARNWELL to LIZZIE, young?
est daughter of the late John T. Marshall, E*q-,
of thiB city._
The Undersigned are CASH BUYERS or
ROCK PHOSPHATE OF LIME
Of Good Quality, delivered in Liverpool.
Unexceptionable references given on prospect
of business. Apply to
GEORGE HADFIELD & CO.,
MANURE CHEMICAL MANUFACIORERS,
Llghtbody Street, Liverpool, England.
JJENDEBS0NV1LLB, N. C.
toe undersigned has opened the RIPLEY.
HOTEL, in this place, for the summer, and cati
accommodate persons wishing to sp eua tua sum?
mer at reasonable rates. T. A. ALLEN,
I may20-imo Proprietor.
in rural ffottctt.
WAGNER.-D' parted thia life on Friday, May
24, 1872, SIMCXL j. WAGNKB, in the e;ghty-nrth
year of ats age.
pf HIS BELAT?YE8, FEIENDS AND
AcquftlnU?cea are respectfully Invited to attend
his Funeral Services, Tn ia AFTKBNOON, at S
o'cioct, at Trinity Church, Hasel street.
pf THE FRIENDS AND ACQUAINT?
ANCES or Mr. and Mrs, GEORGE ASTLE and
family, are respectfully invited to attend the Fa?
nerai Services of tbe Former, from the residence
of hi i son, T. 0. Aa tie, No. 04 Calhoun street, TO?
MORROW MORNING, at 9 o'clock, without farther
pf A LECTUEE BY BT. 'BEY. P. N.
LYNCH, D.D., In St. Joseph's Ch arch, Anson
street, SDITOAY, May 36th, at 8 o'clock P. M.
Subject-THE TEMPORAL POWER OF THE
Tickets or admission 60 cents, they can be pro?
cured at the Church door on Sunday,
CHURCH.-There will be service In this Church.
TO-MORROW MORN TNG, at the asnal hoar, and In
the EVBNIKO, at 8 o'clock. Frenching In the .
MORNING by Rev. 0. B. BHACKETT. At NIGHT
by ono of the Ministers of the General Lutheran '
Syeol. The public generally, and strangers es?
pecially, are cordially invited to attend. - ?
pf UNITARIAN CHURCH.-DIVINE
Service will be held in this Church TO-MORROW
MORNING, at half-past 10 o'clock, the Rev. R. P. '
CUTLER officiating. All strangers are cordially
Invited to attend. may 25 '
^DIVINE S EE Vi CE WILL BE OON
DOOTEO la tho Orphans' Chapel on SABBATH
AFTERNOON, at 6 o'clock, by the Rev. 0. & VED
EOOBATION OF THE
GRAVES OF THE ONION DEAD.
The Annual Decoration of the Graves of the
Calen soldiers interred at Magnolia Cemetery
will take place on THURSDAY next, May 80th, at
4 P.M. The exercises will be as follows:
. . Prayer.
Ode by Choir.
D?coration of Graves by children.
The Military au<l ario Societies of this city ar?
respectfully Invited to attend.
The assistance of Ladles ia respectfully asked
in the preparation or wreathe and. other Decora?
tions. All who wish to assist in- this labor of
grateful remembrance will please report at the
ri s Iden ce sooth west corner ef Boll and Smith
streets, on Monday, May 27, at 3 o'clock P. M.
Persons wishing to Contribute Flowers will
olease leave them ai the above-named puce, be?
fore 3 A. M., May 30.
MRS. M. A. MCLAUGHLIN, President,
Union Ladles' Memorial Association.
MRS.THERESA B. HOFFMAN, Secretary..
may25-sffto3 _ ? ;
JBISH FESTIVAL ~
Wiu ne held at SchntzeoplAtzon2ftuandssth
instant, under tho patronage of the Irish Rice
club. Trains will run at Intervals of thirty min?
utes, leaving Ano street Depot of South Carotins- -
Railroad, and for farther convenience the steam*'
era of the Sullivan's Island and Mount Pleasant
Perry company will make fr?quent trips to tne
Plats, leaving Atlantic wharves. -
Garda of invitation may be had from the mem?
bers ot the Committee, or at the stores of
a LiTSCHGI, East Bay.
F. VON SANTE s, King street Bazaar.
G. W. AI MA Bj King and Tan d er hors t streets.
D. FITZ GIBBON, Klag and Cannon streets.
F. L. O'NEILL, King street Grocery.
GEO. H. LiNDSTEDf, corner King and Calhoun
E. SCOTT, Meeting street, one door above Mar?
D. O'NEILL, No. 858 King street.
P. WALSH, No. 64 Market street,
ny Positively no sale of Tickets at the gate.
JAMES J. GRACE,
may 13-9 Chairman committee. '
Q.BAND I BI SH FESTIVAL,
MAY 27TH AND 28TK, 1872.
The FESTIVAL will be inaugurated by a salute
of fourteen guns, to be fired at citadel Green ats -
The Clubs'will assemble at 6 o'clock at their re?
spective rendezvous, and be thence escorted" by
detachments from irish Rifle Crab to the master
ground in Meet lng street, between Calhoun and
General JAMBS CONNER will Marshal the Pro?
cession, assisted by Major T. G. BARKER, of the
Carolina; Captain G. H. MOFFETT, of the Sum?
ter, and C?ptala 0. R. HOLMES, of the Palmetto
Guard Kine Club.
vice-President A. O MAGRATH? Jr., of the Irish
Rifle dub, and Vice-Preaident D. W. ERWIN, or
the Irisa Volunteer Rifle Olnb, will act as Almr.
The runts will be down Meeting to Broad street,
through Broad streu to King, ap King to the'
Ann street Depot or the South Carolina Rail?
road, where the Riflemen will embark on a special,
train bound te the Scbutzeaplatz.
First train leaves Ann street Depot at 8.45 -
The approach to the grounds will be announced
by an artillery salute.
Hon. A. G. MAGRATH win pronounce the ad?
dress of welcome.
A collation will then be partaken of, after Which
che Riflemen and visitors will address thnnuelves
to the several sports provided for.their entertain?
Centre-shooting and Target Practice ror all vlsT
tora and Riflemen will begin at 10 o'clock A. M.,
and terminate at 4o'clock P. M.
The Festival will close for the first day at T
The Riflemen will assemble on the Platz at 9
o'clock A. M.
Centre Shooting and Target Practice will begin
at io o'clock A. M. and cease at 8 o'clock P. M.
The 'Target of Honor" will be shot at from 1
to 2 o'clock, (for both days.) .
Tuting for Head and Biog will be conducted by
Charleston Social Mounted Club, from 4 to .
o'clock P. M.
The Award or Prizes, with appropriate c?r??
monie s, ls fixed ror 6 o'clock P. M. on thia day.
There will be dancing and a diversity or Dish
National and Manly Games, regulatea by special
committees, on both days, and only such amuse?
ment or this character as ls prescribed will be
The Festival will cl"te at 7 o'clock.
JAMES J. GRACE,
D. O'NEILL, A. u. IQ j. u RATH, JE?
JAS. F. WALSH, T. O'BRIEN,
-D. F. GLEASON, JAP. F. GREENE,
T. J. EENSEDY, J. J. KENNY,
M. MOGOTJRISH, JKO. O'KKW-*. (
n? ay i i-sm wi ?