Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME IX.-NUMBER 1991.
CHARLESTON, WEDNESDAY MORNING. MAY 29, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE CITY FATHERS.
THE WRANGLE OVER THE ENTER?
The Subject Tornrd Over to the Board
Of Health anti all Ltgal Proceedings
to be Suspended In the Meantime.
A regular meeting ol Council was held yes?
terday afternoon at the usual hour. Pre- j
eent-the Mayor; Aldermen O'Neill, Bowen,
Smith, Gage, Voigt, Kenny. Michaels, Swee
gan, Glover, Johnston, Moran and Pelzer.
Before confirming the minutes of last meet?
ing, as read, Alderman O'Neill hoped that his
vote against the motion ol Alderman Yolut, to
retain eminent counsel at a cost of two thous?
and dollars, be recorded.
Alderman Brown hoped his vote on the
same side would also be recorded.
Alderman Sweegan objected. The vote bad
been taken two weeks ago, and the proposed
proceeding was unparliamentary.
Alderman Gage thought lt was but courtesy
to allow the request. As he had voted agatast
the motion he would like to have his vote re?
corded also. The question being put the
minutes were confirmed as they stood.
Of the ves'-j and wardens of St. Philip's
Church for the remission ol certain penalties
and taxes. Referred to the committee on re?
trenchment and relief:-J
The following petition was then read.
OFFICE CHARLESTON CITT RAILWAY COMT'Y, j
No. 2 BROAD STREET, May 27, 1872. ?
To the Honorable Mayor and Aldermen :
GENTLEMEN-The underslgued, In behalf of
the board of directors and stockholders of the
City Ballway Company, begs leave respectfully
to lay before your honorable body a ?m?meUL
of facts, which it ls hoped will Induce you to
reconsider the bill now belote ycu, which pro?
poses to impose a license iee of one hundred
dollars on each of the cars run by this com?
Tour petitioner begs leave to eay that this
road was built soon after the war, under cir?
cumstances of great difficulty. Money was
Bcarce, and high rates of interest were then
demanded, ano the cost of all materials requi?
site to complete lt correspondingly high. The
most prudent and sagacious friends advised
against the attempt as likely to prove a fail?
ure, but the necessity ror some sale aod cheap
means of transportation and the belief that it
would be a great convenience to our fellow
Citizens, caused us to persevere and risk the
failure so much predicted and dreaded.
At that time such was the conviction of its
necessity that any reasonable exemption from
taxes would have been granted tn order io
encourage the building of the road, nothing,
however, but a reasonably liberal charier and
the privilege of such thoroughfares aa seemed
to afford tne largest accommodation to the !
citizens and remunerative to* the projectors
Your petitioner may say, without' fear o?
contradiction, that lt has proved a great pub-1
ile coorie olen ce, that it has increased the value
of property along Its routes, and that the ben?
efits received by the city and the citizens have
been equivalent If not more than the profits of
the stockholders. Independent of these Inci?
dental benefits derived by the city, this com
Say bas paid In city. State and United Stat ea
vernment taxes, since lt commenced opera?
tions, $32,662, being an average of $3782 mr
the first two years, and $8365 per annum for j
the remainder of the time to the first day of
May, 1872, nine per cent. of Its gross receipts.
The continually increasing taxation has pre?
vented the company i rom extending its line
of road, and from affording greater accommo?
dations io the public; and the additional
license tax now proposed must have a ten?
dency to curtail the number or Its ears, in?
stead of increasing them, thereby lessening
the public 'acuities and throwing out ot em?
ployment all those persons required as con?
ductors and drivers ot such cars.
An erroneous impression seems to pre?
vail, and lt may be shared by members ol
your honorable body, that this company is,
the property ol a lew capitalists, when the
fact ls that three-lourths ol the stock
ls held by persons owning from twenty shares
down to one-trust etsi ates, widows, and per?
sona ol small means generally, who find lt
convenient to Invest their little saviBgs ina]
stock which pays a regular and fair interest.
Capitalists can do better with their money
in various other ways, and are usually too
shrewd to invest in a company subject io
excessive taxation. If, therefore, the false
Impressions of its wealth, its. entire owner?
ship in the hand8 of a lew, ns unbounded s?r?
cese, and other like rumors are made the
standard by which to increase its taxation and
license fees, then there ls no body of stock?
holders in any corporation tn the city to whom
the loss would bear harder or be more distress?
Another Impression, equally mistaken, ls
entertained that the profits of the company
are very large, and that over and above the
dividends paid a large surplus fund bas accu?
mutated. While quite satisfied with our buss?
ness, and receiving .a generous patronage
?rom the public, our expenses are buch. In
order to operate the road siiccessliiliy, to pre?
clude any great accumulation. Salaries of
officers, wases of fllty-four em plo \ ees, forage
for seventy (70) horses aud the dal iy other ex?
penses Incident to the working of the road,
wear and tear all combined, actually leaves
our surplus Insufficient to renew our cars,
now long In use. and to provide for unfore?
seen accidents always liable to occur.
In view ol these lacis, which can be sub?
stantiated by the records ot the company,
your petitioners would respectfully beg your
honorable body not to pass the bill imposing
a license tax ot one hundred dollars on eaca
car of this company, believing the true policy
of the city iles in festering and encouragtn?
all enterprises which give employment and
support, and render a convenience to ail
citizen?, instead of overwhelming them with
taxes, and rendering Impossible a reasonable
profit, without which no business can prosper.
And no enterprise, it undertaken hereafter,
will derive any encouragement in the lace ol
the impression likely to prevail-If lt does not
already-that if success be attained, taxation
and license fees will surety and effectually ren
I der lt unprofitable as an Investment.
JOHN 8. RIGGS.
President Charleston City Railway Company.
On motion of Alderman Pelzer, the petition
was received as information.
Of George T. Alford-, to tap the pipe- in
Meeting street to get artesian water for the
Pavilion Hotel. Referred to the committee on
Artesian well, with power to act.
Of W. H. Prloleau, to erect two frame build?
ings on his lot at the west end of Broad street.
Of Elviras. Slplet, to have her cart and
horse employed by the city, she being a help?
less woman and having a large family to sup?
port. Referred to the Mayor.
Of a number of citizens in Mill street, call,
.ng attention to the bad condition of the street
and asking Its early repair. Referred to ihe
committee on streets.
Of Mrs. B. R. Attender, for permission to
erect a small two story building on her lot in
Rutledge street. Granted.
Of Steedman Yeadon, keeper of the Powder
Magazine, for a committee to examine the
Powder Magazine for the purpose of ordering
necessary repairs, and for a furlough ol thirty
days. Referred to the committee on public
institutions and grounds, and furlough granted
provided petitioner supplies his place with
another keeper during his absence.
In the matter of the Enterprise Railroad the
Mayor read the communication of Messrs.
Simons and O'Connor, in reference to their
being retained by Council, already published
In THE NEWS, and said be had addressed a
note to the city attorney to ask whether Coun?
cil had a right to appropriate money for re?
taining legal counsel. The city attorney re
plieefrthat he had not the slightest objection to
this action, but would give all assistance to
tbe Council In his power, and gave It as
opinion that Council did have the right to i
propriate money for this purpose. The rep
lastly alluded to the ordinance against d'ggi
io the street., ?n June, and suggested that t
matter be referred to the board ol health.
Alderman Gage moved io refer the matt
of the Enterprise Railroad to the board
Alderman Moran said that the morning aft
the last meeting of Council he had met Tl
Hurley on the street, who said Council In
employed lawyers, but he could bny up eve
lawyer Council could get. He also staled th
he had already bought up half of the Ci
Council. That bis words almost took awi
the speaker's breath. A lew days afterwar
that a letter had been received from tho leg
gentlemen whom they all looked upon .
above reproach. '
Alderman Yo gt said he was here to prote
the rights ol the citizen, as he had sworn upc
taking office. Toe legal gentlemen, in propo
lng a reconsid?rai ion of the vote, had terme
tbe act of the Enterprise Road an invasion i
the rights of our charter, and the reference t
the hoard of health would be a virtual adml
alon of the claims of the Enterprise Road. Tr
papers which bad questioned our right to a]
pruprlate this money had all been enthusiast:
about spending six or seven thousand dollar
for keeping Pillsbury und his Council out o
the last injunction. Alderman Voigt tbe
read from a slip cut from THE NEWS a dec
sion of the Supreme Court of the United Stale
maintaining the Inviolability of aclty chartei
Alderman Sweegan said be had considere
the matter maturely since the last meeting
He did not intend to be turned away irom hi
duty by any newspaper squibs. He had nc
heard of any application made to the Cit
Council by the Enterprise Railroad before tha
meeting, but sine- then he had called at th
office of the road and lound that a communl
cation bad been sent to Council in January
1871. He had attended all Council meetings
and had heard no report on this communica
tlon irom any committee. He had evidence
that this raliway had injured our commerce
It had broken our streets and entailed ai
enormous expense on Council to repair Itu
same. He would vote now as at last meet
lng, and If the pitiful sum of two thousant
dollars was not enough, he would vote lot
more to see if the citizens had any right:
Alderman Si monds stated that hens chair
man of the committee on railroads had an
swered Hurley's communication, but hac
received no official reply.
The Mayor said the reference to the board
of health was made because no proceeding!
could now save the BI ree ts, and this was thc
most advisable mode of bringing up the ques
Alderman Smith moved to amend Alderman
Gage's motion by adding "and that all furtbei
legal proceedings be suspended for the time.'
Alderman Voigt moved to lay the motion
and amendment on the table, and the yeas
and nays were called, resulting yeas six, nays
nine, as follows:
Teas-Kenny, Voigt, Sweegan, Glover, Mo?
Nays-Messrs. O'Neill, Bowen, Smith, Mi?
chaels, Gage, Johnston, Simonds, Sigwald and
So the motion to lay on the table was not
Alderman Sweegan said that on the 27th of
April nine aldermen had pledged themselves,
by a vote, to employ counsel lo test this ques?
tion. Only six of these bad sustained their
pledge, and, as one of them, he now moved
that the motion to employ counsel be re?
Tnls being ruled out of order, the previous
question was called, and the vote was taken
by yeas and nays, upon Alderman Smith's
amendment, resulting as follows: Yeas nine;
nays six. So the amendment was agreed to.
The question recurring on the amended mo?
tion of Alderman Gage, which was as follows:
"That the matter of the Enterprise Railroad
be referred to the board of neal tb, and thut all
legal pruceedlugs be far.the present ex?
The yeas and nays being called for, resulted,
yeas nine, nays five, as follows:
Teas-Messrs. O'Neill, Brown, Michaels,
8ml h., Gage, Johnston, Simonds, Sigwald and
the Ma} or-nine.
Na} B-Messrs. Kenny, Voigt, Sweegan.
Glover and Pelzer-five.
So the motion, as amended, prevailed.
Alderman Moran declared that it was all a
mockery, and refused to vote, order or no
Alderman Voigt protested against the ac?
tion of Council la this case being recorded.
Alderman Sweegan asked what answer was
to be made to the counsel who had been cm
The Mayor replied tbat he thought the vote
would be a sufficient answer.
A communication was received from the
city recorder giving bis opinion as to the right
of Council to assess and collect taxes by exe?
cution and Bale. Received as information.
REPORTS OF COMMITTEES.
The committee on retrenchment and relief
reported favorably on the petition of Archibald
McLeish for tbe remission of the penalty upon
bis taxes for 1870. Adopted.
The same committee reported unfavorably
OD the petition of the Rev. A. Toomer Porter
to have a lot and building next the Church of
the Holy Communion exempted from taxation.
The committee recommended the remission of
the penally. The report of the committee
The committee on public Institutions, build?
ings and grounds made a report recommend?
ing repairs to the Almshouse as suggested In
detail In the report of the eli y engineer,
which was read. Report agreed to.
The same committee, on a communication
of the Board ot Trade In reference to supply?
ing the city with water, recommended that the
same be received as information, to be acted
on when opportunity presents. They offered,
BB an acknowledgment ot the courtesy of the
Board of Trade, a series of resolutions relative
to the appointment of a commtttee to confer
with the board upon the subject. Report and
The same committee recommended that the
committee on contracts advertise for esti?
mates to convert the court-room of the City
Hall Into officers' apartments. Report adopted
and referred to the committee on contracts.
The committee on steam engines reported
favorably on the petition of David Rlker to
erect an engine on Gadsden creek, near the
head of Fludd street. Adopted.
The committee on streets reported that cer?
tain obstacles to the project of widening
Friend street had been removed, and tbat tbe
lot at the corner of that street afH Broad was
purchased for one thousand dollars, which
sum had been refused at first. Tbey moved
that the purchase be confirmed.
Alderman Moran wanted to know what the
other lets would cost, as he now, like some
others, wanted to be careful how t^e city
money waa voted away.
Alderman O'Neill Bald the old Connell had
appropriated two thousand dollars for this
purpose, and the committee hoped to buy the
right of way lor that amount.
Alderman Voigt Bald he for one would op?
pose this and all improvements on streets
until ibo matter of the Enterprise Railroad
The report was confirmed.
The committee on the Fire Department re?
ported the Hope Engine-house in a dilapidated
condition, and recommended that tbe repairs
be done by the city Inspector, under the di?
rection <)f the Major. Report agreed to.
Alderman Voigt read a resolution passed at
a previous meeting which had been referred
to a jul nt committee composed of the commit?
tee on ways and means and the committee on
the fire loan bonds to report as to the proprie?
ty of issuing certain city bills to aid in rebuild?
ing the burnt district; said bills to be received
for all dues to the city. He stated that he
bad communicated with Mr. F. A. Sawyer, in
Washington, who replied that after conferring
with the proper authorities he had lound that,
by act of Congress, all banking institutions
bad to pay len percent, per annum on their
bills, but tbat the act would not affect the
city should the proposed bills be Issued, no
tax being laid on them unless they were paid
out by banks The matter was referred back
to the same joint committee lo report further.
Council then adjourned.
MORTUARY REPORT FOR TBE WEEK.
The following ls the official return of deaths
for the City ol Charleston, for the week end?
ing May 25, 1872 : _
BLICKS OR COL
ron vu l-l? in s....
Drop y, Car?
ii i on a: la.
el 8 2
Whites fi, Blacks and Colored ti-total 23. And
7 still births.
Under l year or age.
Between land 5 years of age....
Between loand 20 y esra of age...,
Between 20and 3?years of uge...
Between so and 40 year* or age....
Between40 and 60years ol age...,
Between f'U and 60 years of age...,
Between 60 and 70 years of age...,
Between 70 aud 8? > ears of. age
Between 80 and 00 years of ag?...,
GEO. 8. PELZSR, M. D., City Registrar.
THE NEW YOKE FRUIT MARKET.-The Dally
Bulletin of Monday, May 27, says:
Apples are only moderately active and un?
chained. A few cherries came in yesterday
and sold At 16a20c per pound. Strawberries
fairly active. We q'toie strawberries 6a20o
per quart. Apples-Russett's Roxbury $5a
5 60, Russett's gol too $ tai 50.
PAINFUL ACCIDENT.-Yesterday evening aa
Roundsman James Harrington, of the police
forcp, was stepping into a car in front of the
avenue of the Bchutzenplatz, the train being
In motion, he slipped, and, falling between the
cars, one ot the wheels passed over his foot
before be could extricate himself. He was
quickly assisted Dom his position and brought
to the olly, where his wound received medical
attention. The loot ls badly crushed, and am?
putation will probably be necessary.
ACADEMY OF Music-The admirers of tbe
burnt cork opera had another treat last even?
ing at the Academy, In the second perform
ance ol Skiff A Gaylord's fine troupe of Ethi?
opian minstrels. As a whole the troupe ls one
of the best of the kind which has been seen In
Charleston for many a day. The Binging, es?
pecially the choruses, was really good, and
many of the scenes and dialogues in the short
piece.? were comical and amusing in the ex?
treme. Messrs. Whiting and Goodyear were
especial favorites,.and elicited unbounded ap?
plause by their gracelul dancing and comical
au inn des. The troupe will give another per?
formance this evening, with a change of pro?
COTTINO AFFRAY.-On Monday afternoon,
Captain J. C. Clawson, the colored keeper ol
the Jail, was severely and painfully cut in the
leg, at the Four-Mile House, by one Augustus
Greene. It appears that Greene, who was In
liquor, insulted Captain Clawson, who knock?
ed him down. While on the ground, Greene
drew a large dirk knlle and gave his assailant
a deep gash In the leg, (rom which the blood
flowed freely, ac artery lt ls supposed having
been severed. Captain Clawson was taken to
the Three-Mlle House. Mr. Heitman, the
keeper, dressed the wound, and advised a
hasty return to the city where medloal atten?
dance could be had.
Hotel Arrivals-Slay ?8.
T. R. Gaines, S. C.; Edward F. Gallagher,
wife, daughter and servant. Augusta; James
W. Grace and family, Francis G. Glover, Col
leton; W. M. Keith, Graham's; W. W. Rawls,
Rldgevllle; A. Knox, W. li. Wheelock, Mount
Pleasant; J. Mlms, T. Graham, S. C.
J. Ackley, H. Cleveland, W. A. Plpingathorn,
New York; A. W. Church, wife and twr? chil?
dren, Chicago; Miss A. Croon, Florida; S. H.
Miller, Joseph J. Mitchell, Alabama; V. Bmitb,
New York; G. Morgan, Sumter; Simeon Smltb,
U. S. A.; B. F. Brown, Aiken; John H. Lynch,
John D. Thomas, B. Simon, Philadelphia; A.
M. Gunn, Macon; George P. Cobler, Tennes?
see; Warren Adams, Richland; J. W. Patrick,
Orangeburg; A. C. Whitney, Boston; A. Das
M?lln, Frank T. Peck, New York; George
Woodruff, Joseph F. Barry, Florida; J. H.
Burckhalter, Wllliston; J. W. Buckmaster,
THE IRISH FESTIVAL.
COMPLETE SUCCESS OF THE GRAND
A Day of Mirth and Jollity nt the
Schntzenplaiz-Awards ot Prizes.
The second day of the grand Irish Festival
under the auspices of the Irish Blfle Club was
as complete a success as the opening day, and
ihe festival will live as a grateful remembrance
In the minds of the thousands who attended
lt. The grounds were thronged all day with
crowds or visitors, the atiendance belngabout
equal to lhat OD the opening day, and the re?
ceipts at the gate were sufficiently- heavy to
leave no doubt as to the financial success of
the festival. Tne amusements, as on the pre?
vious day, were in full blast, and attracted
crowds of Interested spectators. The shooting
at the hundred jard targets was con?
tinued with great spirit, and some fine
scores of centres were made. The palm was J
carried oil, as might have been expected, by
the German Blfle Club with their unerring I
Hapsburg rifles and globe sights, and the
member cf the German club who most espe-1
dally distinguished himself was Hr. J. H. j
Happoldt, who hit the bull's eye no less than
one hundred and seventy-nine limes. Toward
the close ol the day's lestivlUes the successful
marksmen and a large ponton of the visitors
collected around the music stand to witness
the award of the handsome and valuable
prizes that had been contributed for the occas
lon. Captain Armstrong, of the Irish Rifle
Club, prelaoed the distribution of prizes with a
few graceful remarks, expressing the thanks
of his club lor the very liberal
support that had been extended to their
first festival, congratulating them upon
the absence of any disorderly act or of any
circumstance which might have marred the
pleasure of the occasion, and expressed the
hopo that the festival might be accounted a
success In bringing together the riflemen of I
all the clubs In Charleston, uniting them mord
closely In fraternal ties, and in affording pleas?
ure and recreation to the people of the city I
who had visited the grounds.
The successful contestants for prizes were
then called up and the gilts awarded as fol
PRIZES FOR MARKSMANSHIP.
First prize, mawive sliver walter, pilcher,
goblets and slop bowl,' valued at seventy-five
dollars, won by J. H. Happoldl, ol the German
Rifle Club, 179 centres.
German R'fle Club, 492 centres; flrat prize,
sliver coffee urn, won by J. H. Happoldt, 179
centres. Presented by Colonel E. Mc Grady,
Jr.; second prize, embroidered table cover,
won by A. Gellfus, 159 centres. Presented by
General James Conner. j
Carolina Rifle Club, 211 centres; first prize,
gold-beaded Malacca cane, won by J. W.
Lewis, 98 centre?. Presented by Captain
Armstrong. Second prize, ohromo, won by E. I
A. Smythe, 73 centres. Presented by Mr. T. I
W. Bacot. j
Wagener Artillery Rifle Club, 105 centres;
first prize, silver pilcher and pair of goblets,
won by C. F. Stelnmeyer, 103 centres. Pre-1
seated by Lieutenant John A. Moroso. The I
aecond prize, a rubber coat, gtjea to the club,
there being a tie.
Charleston Riflemen Club, 92 centres; first
prize, silver castor, won by Lieutenant John I
A. Moroao, 60 centres. Presented by Llenten
an t Ly uah, of the Sumter Rifle Club. Second
prize, silver pitcher, won by Henry Mabus, 19
centres. Presented by Dr. Lynab.
Washington Light Infantry R ile Club, silver
walch, won by N. H. Porter, 12 centres. Pre-1
sented by Mr. J. B. Coben. The second prize,
a tllver pitcher and dish, goes to the club on J
account of a tie. |
Washington Rifle Club, 34 centres; first I
ptize, silver goblet, won by H. J. McCormick, I
22 centres. Second prize, barre! of McGiynn'a
.whiskey, won by C. Schwing, 12 centres. Pre
sented by Major G. Lamb Buist.
Palmetto Guard R fie Club, 25 centres; first I
prize, portable gas stand, woo by N. W. Lord, I
12 centres. Presented by Lieutenant Ten?
nent. Second prize, chromo, won by S. A.
Hamlin, 7 centres. 1
Irish Volunteer Rifle Club, 19 centres; first
prize, pair of window shades, won by John
Kressel, Jr., 19 centres. Presented by Captain j
Sumter Blfle Club, 13 centres; first prize,
gold pencil case, woa by C. P. Sanders, 4
IrlBh R ile Club, 9 centres; first prize, silver J
card stand, won by Lieutenant J. O'Neill, 9
centres. Presented by Lieutenant C. R. Miles,
of tho Carolina Rifle Club. i
LAOISS' PRIZES. I
The prizes offered to the ladles for the best I
shoeing with an air gun, lu the gallery de?
voted to their use, were won as follows:
First prize, wreath, Mrs. Moseman.
Second prize,lace handkerchief, Mrs. Ansel.
Third prize, two iufant robes, Mrs. KresBel.
Fourth prize, box of croquet, Mre. Sharlon.
PRIZES FOR OAKES. j
The prizes for the athletic sports were won
as follows: I
For the foot-race, "White Mountain" trunk
and pair of boots, James McDougall. j
For the jump, lava smoking stand, Edward
For hop, leap and Jump, one piece "Grena?
dine" cloth, Edward Power.
For the three jumps, smoking stand, Ed?
For the sledge, case flue brandy, P. Walsh.
For putting the stone, one ham, Wm.
j For the auger target, turkey gobbler, John
For the barrow race, walnut table stand, E.
For the quoit pitching, sliver salvers,
I The prize offered to the Chatleston Social
Mounted Club for tilting at the head and ring
consisted of a silver-mounted bridle and bit,
and was won by Sergeant Pelper, the pre?
sentation be'ng made by Lieutenant A. G.
Magrath, Jr., of the Irish Rifle Club.
This concluded the fostlvllles or the day,
and as the shades of evening began to fall the
thousands of visitor? repaired lo the boat, the
stages and the cars, and returned to their
homes well pleased with the whole arrange?
ments of the first grand IrlBh festival, and de?
termined the next one, if the club should leel
encouraged by their present success, to give a
In the list ol the assistant marshals in the
parade on Monday, the name of Lieutenant
F. W. Pelper, of the Wagener Artillery Rifle
Club, was accidentally omitted.
The visitors to the festival, who returned
home on the last trip of the steamer, had a
very enjoyable sall on the river in the cool
evening breeze. The arrangements for going
to and from the festival were ample and ad
mlrable. Mr. F. O'Ronrke, the conductor on
the special train on the South Carolina Ball
road, was especially courteous and obliging.
On one trip some of his lady passengers
happening to drop their hats out of the win?
dow, Mr. O'Bourke, with infinite good humor
and patience, stopper! and backed his train
three times to recover tbe lost treasures. His
condnct is in marked contrast with the surly
incivility ot the drivers ot Oates's Une ol
stages, wbo, after Inveigling passengers Into
their vehicles by promising to carry tbem to
the gates ot the fe'chutzeBplatz, unceremoni?
ously stopped ai tbe railroad crossing, a quar?
ter of a mlle away, and left them to tramp
through tbe dust and lament tbeir folly in not
taking the train, while the stages rattled back
to pick up a fresh load of unloitunates.
WA L TERR ORO' AS II IS.
Tb? Town-The Mr r chants- Ci opt-S ut -
tess of the Small Farmers-Politics
Among the Blacks.
[FROM OUR TRAVELLING CORRESPONDENT ]
I , WALTERBORO', S. C., May 26.
A five hours' ride lo a rough and ilckety
ambulance-like stage, over eighteen miles of
unbroken pine forest, and a road diversified
by alternate miles of mud and sand, behind a
pair of horses whose every movement seems
an expiring effort, takes you Irom the Savan?
nah and Charleston Ballroad lo Walterboro',
the court seat of Colleton County. On a low
sandy hill stands this venerable town, girded
on every side by a towering wall ot stately
pines. It was originally a summer reeo.t of
the rice planters In the neighborhood, but ls
now the permanent abode of the majority cl
lis Inhabitants. Tne davs are hor, but the
nights, in charming contrast, are delightfully
There are very few Btorps In ihn plac*.
The prioctpal ones are kept by J. J. K>ln, J.
W. Burbidge, J. F. Warner. Jasper R ce, W.
C. P. Bellinger and - Wlckman. Wulur
boro' is surrounded by a community of whir?*
farmers, cultivating tracts of land varying In
extent from two to tenaores, and raising own,
brigs and poultry In s ?cn ll numbers. This class
ls said to have made money since the u ar,
while failures among the larger planters have
been the rule. The negroes, loo, appear lo
have acquired some property.
Repon.i irom the crops are usually favor?
able. The weather lias been very propitious
no far. Colton, corn and potatoes are growing
The political feeling among the negroes ls
Ptrongly opposed to Hie Scott administration.
They openly denounce ii, on all sides, and de?
clare that their Intenilon ls to voie lu future
only for honest candidates. They held a cau?
cus on last Monday, from which all white men,
without regird io principien, were carefully?
excluoed. The exclusion of whites, however,
was only a subterfuge, an the caucus w?s In.
reality controlled by several wbiie Republi?
cans of the lioerul order, prominent among
whom may be named the present auditor ot
Co let?n. M i]or J. W. Burbidge. A nrgro
named Driffle ls announced as a candidate for
sheriff of Colleton. His chances for flection
are good. SPRITE.
THE GROWING CROPS.
Reports from Oar Correspondents.
Our correspondent J. W. W., writing irom
Society Hill, on the 25th, says:
1. The area in cotton in this section ls about
the sumo as last year.
2. Owing to tue lale spring and very dry
weather In April and part of May, the B und Is
bad, ID tuet a great deal not up at this date,
especially tu low stiff lands.
3. There ls not quito us mueh area In corn
as last year, and the prospect Is not nearly as
good. More small grain ls p anted, and ap?
pears nearly fitly per cer t, better than last
year. Have seen no appearance of rust as
4. Do not expect, lo make enough grain to
supply the section until next crop; but not at
much corn will be bought as lost year.
5. The quantity ot commercial fertilizers
used this year has been about one-quarter
more than last ye ir, or, In other words, equal
io trie quamby used In 1870.
6. It a luir crop of cotton ls made, I think
the cost of production will be a traction le-s
than last year. Labor In thin Immediate sec?
tion ls doing very well.
Our correspondent, C. W. D., writing from
Ben net ts vii le, says:
1. The area In cotton In our county ls about
the same as In 1871.
2. The stand ls not so good as last year; the
dry weather has preveuu-d much of it ?rom
coming up. Tne eaily planting is doing well
3. The grain crops, in area an1 condition,
are about lbw same as lust \ ear. Rather more
attention ls given them than formerly, and
they ar-- growlug In Importance.
4. We do not i-xpeet io make enough grain
to supply our section until the next crop.
5. i ire Peruvian and Guanaue luve been
bought extensively; the omer kinds ure nut
very pipular. Commercial fertilizers are very
generally used in tins county.
C Labor ls more scarce aod, In some In?
stances, higher In price than formerly. The
prices of provisions aro favorable, and will
?really relieve the cost uf production.
Our correspondent, H. W. K., writing from
Walhalla on the 25th, says:
1. The cultivation ot cotton continues quite
limited in ibis grain-growing county, yet fully
us much bae been plumed us in 1871.
2. The stand as yet is not good, toe drought
and cold nights checking gei mi nation. I have
noiiced some this morning coming up quito
3. Fully as much corn has been planted as
last year; the plant looks healthy. Wheat and
oats win prove a partial lailure.
4. We expect lo make more corn than will
be required for our county.
6. fertilizers are not applied lo any extent,
bm I learn that the gales exceed muse of last
C. Both cotton and grain can be raised on
terms equal to those of 1871.
- Aithougn we had a good rain last week, the
uplands stand much In need of mol.-ture.
Op?rations on the Air Line Road are carried
on energetically. ThO:c on tue Blue Ridge
Road are discontinued.
Our correspondents, Messrs. .Haselton &
Chafee, writing from Lancaster Courthouse,
OD Ihe 24th, says :
1. There ls about ten per cent, increase in
the area of cotton planted lu tula county over
that of last year.
2. Until the last lew days the Bland was bad,
bul Ihe recent rains have brought the cotton
up. It ls at least (our weeks later getting a
stand man lust year. The prospects ot a yield
depend entirely ou tbe Beacon (rum now out,
but tne prospect just now ls nut go id.
3. About len per cent, mire grain has been
planted than was planted lu 1871, and li gene?
rally looks us Well as last year.
4. We do noi expect io ma?e enough grain
.to ouppiy our sect iou until iho next crup.
6. rue quantity of c mmerclal fertilizers
used ibis y?-ar is largely lu excess ot ihe con?
sumption of last year-at least three limes us
6. The cost of Ihe cotton crop promises to be
less than in any previous year since tue war.
Labor costs about tbe same, but pruvlslons
cost much less, and with a lair season the ter
tLizers will pay a handsome per cent.
Our correspondent J. O. W., writing Irom
Marlon Courthouse, on the 25th, says :
L In answer to your first question, I am of
opinion that the area planted thia year lu cot?
ton exceeds thai planted In 1871, but this ex?
cess is not very cousiderab e.
2. The stand Is not by auy means promising.
Plant?is aie irom twu to tbree weeks bebino,
(this backwardness bel?g ihe result tl' the un?
favorable spring,) and a good many have not
yet "chopped out." Of course before this is
done one can oniy estimate Irom the amount
' of cotton which la up what the stand will be.
Estimates of the yield are premature, as this
will depend upon the fall season as much as
on trie growth of the plant in the next few
weeks. Cotton appears to be growing finely
Mnce the rain!*, but a* lt ls at least two weeks
behind the Beacon, it will require a fall season
correspondingly late to make a lull crop.
3 ami 4. The grain crop (oat*, Ac.,) corres?
ponds very nearly in area with last year's crop:
but the yield will not begoud. I doubt If it will
be sufficient for planters until new coro can
ba used. Corn is piauted to about the same
extent, as In 1871. and we trust the yield will
?be sufficient tor our needs. It is also rather
lit*', but Is now doing very well.
6. Commercial lertliizers hav* been largply,
perhaps extravagantly, used, and probably
exceeds the quantity used last year about a
6 The Increase of the turpentining biiPiness
has seriously iutertered with the labnr of the
coutitv. i do not know that this affects the
..co-t"of labor on farms, though lt has with?
drawn from the planting interest many ol the
best and most needed workmen.
WHAT CONGRESS IS DOING.
The House Iterases to Extend the Sas
pension of tne Habeas Corpus and
Kills the New Civil Rights Bill.
WASHINGTON, May 28.
The Se??te has adopted the House resolu?
tion for adjournment oo June 3d. Tbe tariff
question, lt ls thought, 'uowever, will prolong
In the House, Poland moved to suspend the
rules and pass the Senate bill extending the
Ku-lCiux bill till the end of the next regular
session of Congress, 'Rejected, jean 94, nays
108. Some twenty-three Republicans voted
with all the Democrats against the bill. Hay
fard moved to suspend the rules and pass the
Senate supplementary civil rights bill. Re?
jected, yeas 113, na\B 83-less than the re?
quired two-thirds voling In the affirmative.
This was a strict party vote.
SPARKS FROM THE WIEES.
-It ls estimated that forty thousand men
are engaged lu the New York "st rikes.
-Further developments regarding the
Methodist Book Concern Indicate thal lt was a
huge swindle In all ita depaitments.
-Tne cable reporta the death yesterday at
Vienna from typhoid fever of the Archduchess
sophia, the mother of the Emperor ot Austria.
-A terrible tornado ?wept over aouihweat
Missouri on Saturday, wrecking houses, barns
and ?verything movable, and destroying
-A terrible calamity in the iceberg region,
involving the loss of forty ships and several
thousand men engaged lu the Newfoundland
seal fl-herles, was reported yesterday from
New York; but later telegrams from Boston
say that the catastrophe has been feariully
THE WEATHER THIS DAV.
WASHINGTON, May 29.
On Wednesday clear weather wl,l continue
very generally over the Guli and South Atlantic
Staies, with light to lresh winds.
Yesterday's Weather Reports of the
Signal Service, U. S. A.-4.47 P. AL,
. Place or
Mt. Waa lngton.
30 J 1
NOTE.-Tho weather report .dated 7.47 o'olock
this morning, win be posted In tne rooms of the
I chamber or commerce at io o'clock A. M., and.
together with the weather cnaa, may (by the
courtesy of the Chamber) be exunlned by . ship?
masters at any timed nnng the day. 1
THE HEALTH DEPARTMENT. ]
The following directory of the Health De?
partment has been prepared by Dr. George S.
Pelzer. the City Registrar, and ls published
for the information of the public:
om ce or Board or Health and city Registrar at
riOARD OF HEALTH.
Hon. Jo' n A. Wakener, residence No. 64 St.
Philip street, Mayor, Onalrman.
ueneral W. G. Des tonsure, Ward No. 1, r?si?
dence No 27 Fast Battery.
George H. Monett, Ward Ko. 2, residence No. 10
Thomas M. Han ck cl, Ward No. 3, residence No.
17 Ha-el street.
Captain Jacob Small, Ward No. 4, residence No.
4 Bun street.
Timm-is D. Dotterer. Ward No. C. residence
northeast corner Henrietta and Meeting streets.
H. B. olney, Waru No. o, residence No. Ito Oom*
Thomas D. Rason, Ward No. 7, residence No. 78
William L. W bb, Ward No. 8, residence No. 37
George s. Pelzer, M. D., Olty Registrar, resi?
dence No. 48 Cannon street
Bd Geddings, M. D., residence No. 16 Geerge
J. P. Ctnza1, M. D., residence No. 6 Wentworth
On Hospitals and Dispensaries-Dre. Pelzer,
Geddings and Obazal.
On Low Lots, Drainage and Nuisances-The
Mai or. Dr. Pelzer and Messrs. H ann kel, Suiall
On B-irt tl Grounda, Sextons and Hearnes-Dr.
Chazai, General D?saua*ure and Mr. Mullet t.
Ou Pub,lo Institutions-Dr. Geddings and
M ssrs. Bason, Doiterer and c.ney.
On Epidemics, Pub ic Hygiene and Quarantine
-Dre. Gedding?, chazai a'M Pelzer.
On Accounts-Dre. Pelzer, Geddings and Cha
are open at the upper and lower wards Guard
nooses, and citizens are requested to report all
nuisances prejudicial to the public health aa
prompt y aa possible, at either ol the above named
Mazy ck st eet, above Queeo street. Sorg on in
charge, J. s. emst. M. D. Residence and office,
NO. 205 Meelina street.
Marine Depa'iment. City Hospital, Mazyck
street. Sorgeon In charge, J. 8. Buist, M. D.
HEALTH DISTRICT NO. 1.
Bonnded on the norrb by centre of Oalhonn
street, on the east by Cooper River, on the s nth
by Nouth Battery, aud oa the west by centre of
Pnvsictan In charge. Dr. Manning Simons.
Offlre and res'dence, church street, above Broad,
next to tne charles on Library banding. '
HEALTH DISTRICT KO. 2.
Wes'ern Division, Shir ras' Dispensary- Bounded
on the north hy centre or calhoun street, on the
eaat by centre or Meeting street, on the sooth by
south Ba t?ry and Ashley River, and on the west,
by AB' ley River. . _ M
Fhyslclau in charge, Dr. Joseph Yates. Office
at Snirra's Dlai-ensary, Society street, between
King ami Meei lng streets, neaidence No. 14 Lib?
Toe physician in charge or thia district la re?
quired to attend at the Lower Wards Guardhouse
wh.n called upon.
HEALTH DISTRICT NO. 3.
Bounded on the north by City Boundary, on the
east by Cooper River, on the sou tu by centre or
Calnoun street, and on the west by centre of
Ph* MC au In charge. Dr. J. L. Ancrum. Office
and resldenco No. 10 Mary street, opposite Et.za
The physician In charge of this district; ls re?
quired to attend at the Almshouse when cabed
HEALTH DISTRICT NO 4.
Bounded on the north by City Boundary, on the
east by centre or Smitn street to Candoo street,
then by centre of Caunun to Kutlejge avenue,
tben oy centre ol J utledge avenue to George
street, and theo by a hue running n the same di?
rection through to Olty Boundary, on the south
by centre of calhoun street, and on the west by
Physician In charge, Dr. T. Gringa simon?.
Office No. 18 Ashley street, opposite United states
Arsenal Residence No. 21 Rutledge ?Tenne, op?
posite Radcliffe street. " ? r
The pfiy-klan in charge of thia district ls re?
quired to attend at the Old Polka' Home wnen
HEALTH DIBTBICT KO, 6,
Bonnded on the north by city Boundary, on th?
east by centre or Meeting street, on the s >cth by
centre of Calhoun street, and. on the we?t by .cen?
tre of Smith street to cannon street, tnen by cen -
tre of Cannon street to Rutledge avenue, the? by
centre of Kntiedge avenue to Grove street, then .
by a line run u in g in the same direction to city
Rh? meian In charge, nr. liaao W. AngeL Of.'
Dee and residence, st. Phillp street, opposite the
The physician In charge of this district 1?. re?
quired to atrend at the Upper Wards Guardhouse
when called upon.
Prom 8 to 9 morning; from 2 to 8 afternoon.'
All dlipensary patient* who are able shall be
required to au? nd at the office of tue heal: h du j
Met in wh ch tbev may reside during the above
.pectfled office hours. The p 'V-dclans la a'tend?
ance will afford medical and snivleal re 1er and
medicines gratuitously to all des'f ute sick poor
perxoos, residents of thtlr respeclve dlscilots
applying for treatm nt, wno mar, in their opin?
ion, be entitled to dispensary relief.
. It ls recommended that office patients attend .
punctually at the beginning of the office hours.
Calls may be 1er t on tne slate at any time duri ? g
the dav at tbe respective offices, and at night at ,
the residences or the physicians in charge. Th?
number and street, most be carefully given In all
applications for attendance at home.
THE RELATIVES, FRIENDS AND
acquaintances of Mr. and Mrs. M. J. SIMONDS are
respectf nlly invited to attend the Pan cr al oft ha
for ner, from his late residence, No. 9 Wentworth '
street, THIS MORNING, at half-past 7 o'clock. '>
may29 . _
KS* THE OFFICERS AND MEMBERS
or Hayden Lodge, No. 2, A. T. M., and the irater
nlty in general, are Invited to attend the Fanerai
or onr deceased brother and late worabiprtv Mas?
ter, M. J. SIMONDS, THIS MORNING, at half past 7
o'clock, from bli late residence. No. 9 Went worth \
By order.' JAS. H. FORDHAM, '
may29 _ _Secietary. .
?WTEE MEMBERS OF THE BR0TH
FRLT Asaoclatlon are hereby invited to attend -
the Fanerai of oar late treasurer, M. J. SIMONDS,
from bis residence, No. 9 Wentworth street, mia ,
MORNING. 29.n instant, at7 o'clock. .
may29-? s. R. cox. Secretary.
THE FRIENDS AND ACQ?AIST?
ANGES or Mrs. ANN GASKIN, and her son, Mr; -
and Mrs. reter Ward, also Mr. and Mrs. Edward -
Gaskin, are Invited to attend the Fanerai of Ute
former THIS AFTERNOON, at 4 o'clock, at Emanuel
Church, Calhoun street. may29-?
HENRT CLEWS & 00.,
... it . .... .. i ?j Aff?gg
NO. 82 WALL STREET, N. Y.
. , . ? t . hf
circuiar Notes and Letters of Credit for Travel?
lers, also Commercial Credits Issued, available
throughout the world.
Bills of Exchange on the Imserlai Bank or Lon-'
don, National Baak of Scotland, Provincial Bank
or Ireland, and all their branches.
Telegraphic Transfers of Money on Europe, San
Francisco and the West Indies.
Deposit Accounts received m tither currency or
Coln, sabject to check at sight, which pass
through the Clearing House as if drawn opon any
city bank., Interest allowed on dally b dances.
Certificates of Deposit Issued bearing interest at .
current rate. Notes and Drafts collected.
State, City and Railroad Loans negotiated. '
CLEWS, HA BICH r A 00.,
may 23-x No. ll Old Broad street, London.
JAY COOKE, MCCULLOCH * co.,
No. 41 LOMBARD STREET, LONDON. ;
. "- -
FOR TRAVELLERS, AVAILABLE IN ALL PARTS
OF i ii E WORLD.
JAY COOKE k CO.,
NO. 20 WALL STREET.
may23-x_. ? ? ?
Di tro JD ED ii cai io ns.
We have received a large supply of the varions !
ediuousoftaeSE?' Ht MS AU. The new 32 mo.
edition at 2u omi ts, 3) cen'* and 40 ont?; U mo.
edition ai 40 cents, co canes, fi and upward*.
FOQARTIE'S BOOK DEPOSITORY. .
H KW CATALOG Cd, NO. 27.
NOTTTIA ?OOHAdl&TlOA. a Commentary, Ex .
planatory, Doctrinal and Historical on the order
tor ihe A ministration ot the Lord's supper or
Holy Cumraum n, according to the use of tne
Church of England, wita an appendix on the
outee for the com m an lon of the sick, by W. E.
scudamore, M. A , 10 couta.
Christ tn Mocera Lite, Sermons preached, in
st. James's cnapel, by Rev. Stafford A. Brooke,
The Reformation of the Church of England, Ita
history, principes and results, (1614-1617,) by
Rev. John Beary Blunt, $6.
The Conservative Reformation and Its Theology,
as represented lu the Augoburg Confession and in
tne History aud Ll erntnre of the evangelical
Lutheran Church, by Kran .a, $6.
Student's Heurew and chaidee Lexicon to the
Old Testament, by Benj.Davis, Ph.D., Ac., ta.
Hamiiencs and Pastoral Theology, by Wm. G.
T. >hedd. I). I)., ehjhtn edition. $3 60.
The Office and Work of the Christian Ministry,
by Jamen M. Uappln, Tale College, $3 60.
A History of Pulloaopby from Thales to tho
Present Timi, by Dr. Ubeiw g, VOL l, History ot
the Ancient ano Medieval Philus pby, S3 60.
?The speaker's C .mruentary," tne Holy Bible
according io the authorized version (A. D. iou)
witn au explanato y and crlir-ai cummenary
and a revision o( tue irauBiatlot by Btsuops and
other clergy of the Anglican church, euiied by
F C. COOK. M. A.. Canon of luce ter, vuL 1, part i,
cystematlo Theology, by Charles Hodge, D. D ,
vois. 1 and 2, each $4 ?o.
Mauutoo'd hccleniasttcal Dictionary, $4.
Hagenbaoh's ulstory of the winnrch In the 13th
aud toto. Centurion, 2 vois., $6.
Macon's Lu* of Milton, with the History of hil
Times, vo. 2.1618-'40, $4 60.
Tne agreement ol sc.euee and Revelation, by
Rev. J os. H. ?vj tue, M. D., $176.
The Life of jonn J. Crittenden, with selections
from his correspondence and speeches, edited by
his daughter, Mrs. chapman Coleman, voL l,
The Science of Wealth, a Manual or Poll-leal
Economy, embracing the laws of trade, currency
and n..au(.e, for pupn ar reading and use a? a
text boon, by Amasa walter, L.L. D.. $160.
What to Do, and Way. and Ho? to Educate
each Man for his proper Work, by Nelson hirer,
Taree Centuries of English Literature, by Chas.
Duke Yonge, ot Queen's college, Belfast, $2.
'j he Life and limes of henry Lora brougham. -
written oy tuinseif, now complete in 8 vola., ta.
%. mnui raper and envelopes, In boxea,
Freuen, English and American, a variety of styles,
a unusually low prices.
NE iv NOVELS AND LIGHT LITERATURE RE
CE1V?B BY STEAMER EVfcRY WEER,
jaar Persons residing In tue country will please
bear in mlud that by. ending their oraers to us for
any BOOKS po unshed In Amer ca, they will ba
charged only the pdoe of tne Book. We pay for
the pontage or express Address
FOQARTIE'S BOOK DEPOSITORY.
.No. 280 King street, (in thc F?oA)
aprtS-tntha_Charleston. S. O'
?sarrTO CLEAN GREASE SPOTS FROM
your garments, use the DOLLAR REWARD
BOWIE, MOISE, * DATIVAgen?,
Charleston, s, o,