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VOLUME IX.-NUMBER 2020.
CHARLESTON, TUL SD AY MORNING, JULY 2, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLAV : YEAR"
THE LOW COUNTRY.
THE PROCESS OF RECOVERY AT THE
A Carolina Rice Plantation-An Ela?
borate and Complex System of Cul?
ture-The Low Country Pt-ver- Inter?
esting Facts and Figures.
[Correspondence or the Nation.]
CHARLESTON. 8. C., May, 1872.
I have just returned from a visit to the
largest rice plantation in this State, If not In
the entire South, and a description of what I
saw may help to give your readers some Idea
of the struggle with hard lortune in which
many of the old planters are now engaged.
Leaving Charleston on one of the mornings
cf the past ween, I was terned across the Ash?
ley River by a steamboat which, since the war,
has served to connect the terminus of the Sa?
vannah and Charleston Railroad with Charles?
ton proper. A ride of thirty nine miles by rail
to the station, and six miles further by car?
riage loto the heart ot the forest, brought me
to the end of my journey-to the bouse of Mr.
B., built on a ''pine-barren" elevation in thc
midst of a tract ot rich alluvial bottoms. This I
ls the general character of that portion ot I
s om h Carolina known as the '-Low Country" I
district, and In which rice is grown as the chief I
praauct. The finer grades of cotton have a
limited space for cultivation allotted them, but
rice ls the stapie production, and bundi eus of I
thousands ol bushels yearly are exported to ali
parts of the worid.
The entire South cannot show a tran o?
land more richly endowed by nat ure than this
same "low country" region. I doubt whether
any portion o? the United Mates can surpass I
lt. The luxuriant loliuge ol the foret?)s ls dm-1
?>ly grand. Great numbers of live oaks, with I
ong streamers of the gi ay moss peculiar to a
damp, salt atmosphere, and waving gracefully
to and fro in the breeze, form a striking con- I
trast with the bright green of numberless va- I
rietles of trees. These forests stretch for
miles upon miles over a wide extent of terri
tory, only broken at long intervals by clear-1
ings around some wretched negro hut. built I
of rough logs and chinked with clay. Along
the banks of rivets and creeks, where the
land ?les sutil teni,y low to be flooded at high
tide, the swamps have been made to produce
some of the finest rice in the market. FtBh of
tine quality, and In great abundance, dispute I
with the alligators for possession of the
streams, while game of every description, I
irom bear and deer down a iODg list, not I
only exist, but are found] In the great?
est abundance. Under the old regime,
these lands were counted among the rich
est possessions of the wealthiest plant-1
era in the State, and the titles of their owners
could be traced back to royal grant. Here
almost pri u eely style was kept up by the plant-1
era, and they probably enjoyed as many ol the
comforts ana luxuries ot life as ordinarily tail
to the lot of mor?ais. Now, however, no por- j
Hon ol tbe South, with perhaps the exception
ot the Une o? Sherman's march lo the tea,
shows more plainly the desolating Influences of
war. wit h but a dogie exception, not one of I
ihe fine old residences-many ol them erected I
In colonial times-no building ot any kind or I
description, unless the negro huts can be called I
such, remained standing at ihe close of the
war in this whole district ; and a very consid?
erable portion ol lt ls still in statu quo. It
may seem strange, perhaps, that with such
natural advantages there should be no greater
progress made during these seven yenrs. But j
1*3 can scarcely Oe wondered at when the
difficulties In the way are properly appre?
For a considerable time after the close of
the war, there was not a single white man in
the whole- district now supposed to be repre-1
senteri in Congress by R. C. Del arge, and lt
was p. matter of lile and-death lor one to make I
his appearance, so excited bad the negroes
become under the lutlueuce ot their leagues, j
Mr. B. was the first while man to venture I
among them, and lime and again his Hie has I
hung upon he slightest thread. On one occa-1
sion, be was shot at as he stood In bis yard at I
' night, and, by the mistake of the a?easdn, one I
. ot Lis negro loremen standing beside him was I
killed in his stead. Nor have capitalists felt
disposed to place money where ihe principal
could only lie idle or the Interest be eaten up I
by tax?e. But more than this, the deadly
lever lurking in the shades of ibis wonderfully
luxuriant vegetation during the warm months
has ever been a serious drawback lo the full
development of this portion of the State, and
lt now deters not only strangers, but even the
oldest inhabitant Irom attempting to luaugii
rate a new order ot things. Wherever there I
ls rice cultivation, these malarial influences j
are attendant. It is- true Uiat the plant I
ers resided OD their plantations in the
winter, but the first or tenth of May found
I hem raptly moviug away to other portions ol
the Stale, or to watering places at the North,
lhere to remain uni il a heavy frost Assured I
their safe return. This low country lever, fur
merl y supposed to be fatal, can now be
broken in its loree by proper medical lreut> I
menl when applied in time; but the poison re
mains lu the syHem to such an extent that I
nothing short of an absence ot a year or more I
will suffice to eradicate the seeds of disease.
The danger of contracting the lever ls limited
tile time the dew remains upon the ground, I
d BO, by having summer houses in the
higher and more healthier spots known as I
"plue barrens," by remaining within doors I
norn the time the dew commences lo fall until I
lt has wholly disappeared under the heat of
the morning sun, and by a plentiful use ot
quinine, the while overseers manage to get
through ibe time "between irosis"-a period
ot lour or five months. A siugle violation o? j
such precautions may bring ihe penally. With
"considerable truth ihey may say wiih the I
Psalmist, "In the midst of lite we are in death."
But it often happens that these "plu? bar-1
renn" ate by no means within reasonable
or convenient distances, and overseer.-- are
forced to .-pend avery considerable portion of I
each day upon hors- back In going to and fro
between their homes and the p ant ai ion.
Mr. B 's overseers, six In' number, ride irom
fourteen to twenty miles every morning alter
the sun is up, and back again the same dis
tance io theevenlBg beiore ihe sun goes down.
But the most curious part ot the thing* is ihat I
wbai ls destruction to the white man bas not I
the sllgbest effec: upon the negro. A case oi l
fever among ihe low-country n-groes is never
known. How it would affect mose irom the
up-country has never yet, I believe, been lull; I
ascertained, although ihe better opinion seems
to be that while not po-sessing an entire lm-1
munlty, they still would not be so severely af?
fected by it as ihe white mao. The causes for
this strange exemption from di-ease so disas
trous in its consequences lo those belonging j
to the Caucasian race, and some means ut
communicating this very desirable virtue to
the latter, may yet prove worthy the successful
attention of a second Jencsr. Notwithsiand-1
lng all the difficulties in lue way of rice cull 1-1
vision, a number have tried lt since the war. I
and, among them, several Northern men; but
the ob.-tacles In the way, especia ly ibe very
formidable one of labor, have, In many cases,
proved too much to be overcome. It mut-t be
remembered, also, that aside from all the
difficulties incident to the general development
ot ag ri cu !'. ut al resources at the South in the I
culture of cotton, corn, ?cc there are some
peculiar to rice planting. Cotton or corn I
Heids suffer little,' or perhaps even grain, from !
an entire sbandonment. Not so with a rice I
field. The mere disuse of the land tor a single
season entails positive loBS, and the longer
the lime the greater the leis.
It is hard to realize this without previously
under?landing how great is the labor and care
necessary to make a successful crop. Rice
lands, as I have said, are original swamps re
claimed from the water. They must be banked
in and divided into trunks and sections, so
that they may be flooded or drained as the ne?
cessities of the crops demand. The water
must now be put on and again drawn off, and I
often. In the case of fields lying side by side,
one must be under water and another be per?
fectly dry. The exact times when these alter-1
nate conditions must be complied with require
the exercise o? the greatest care and nicest I
discrimination. The whole system of oanks,
trunks, ditches and floodgates ls exceedingly
expensive as well as complex. An insignifi?
cant break in a bank or leak in a fioodgaie
may In a single night cause the loss ol a year's
pal lent industry, and so important is it that I
such accidents should be guarded against, that
"trunk-minders" are appointed, whose sole
duty it Is to watcbaDlIght and day alongside the
banks and floodgates. Especial care, too, j
must be taken lest the fields be flooded with
snit water. Ia limes of prolonged drought the
salt of the ocean impregnates the river waler
at distances irom ibe s-a which seem almost
iDcredime, and one application ot such water
will suffice ID d?sir- y tue crop.
From what I have said, it may be readily
seeu now disastrous must be such entire neglect
of these lauds as occurred Just previous to
and Immediately following upon the close ot
the war. Mr. B. assured me that he always
calculated upon losing the crops o? the first
two years upon these landB while In the pro?
cess of regeneration. He pointed out one
flood-gate Just completed which had cost one
thousand dollars. And lhere are dozens-I
might say hundreds-such scattered over his
land, fifi y thousand acres In ex lem. Just con?
sider tnis. The land which he thus controls
either In his own right or by lease was for?
merly divided Into nine plantations. The
negroes living on these p'autatlons and now
dependent upon Mr. B. for their dally bread
are over two thousand in number. He em?
ploys six woite overseers, and under the latter
are thirty or forty negro foremeo. His mules
are reckoned by hundreds. His expenses, at a
rough but moderate estimate, are in the neigh?
borhood of $125.000 yearly- $20.000 alone go
to pay the rental of some of his laud wnlch he
bas leased for terms of three or Ave years.
While I was with bim be was having a little
"meadow lol" of one thousand acres fenced
in as a cattle-range. And yet the war left him
literally without a cent in the world, and
nothing but a combination of courage, tact,
energy and perseverance could have given
bim bis present success. All that he has done
bas been accomplished so.ely by the aid of
borrowed capital, upon a portion of which he
paid thirty-six per cent, interest, and lrom
that down to twelve. And after all this his
first three crops were lal : ure?, and a debt of a
hundred thousand dollars a natural result.
But he has struggled and fought his *Y?y unill
ic-d-ty-seven years from tbe comme i.vment
of his efJons-he is in a fair way lo 1 allze a
-V, - ? .
THE COLLEGE OF NEW JERSEY.
The one hundred and twenty-fifth annual
commencement of Princeton College bas Just
taken place. Between four and five thousand
dollars were distributed in fellowships and
prizes, and a trustees' medal, twenty-five dol?
lars, was awarded to Mr. J. P. Kennedy Bryan,
of South Carolina, a son of Judge Bryan.
The chief prize ot all ls to be awarded in
September, at the opening of the n-xt term.
This Is tbe Slinnecke scholarship of five hun?
dred dollars a year, for three year?, (fifteen
hundred dollars in all,) for the one who passes
the best examination In Latin and Greek, for
the sophomore class. This prize is open to
competition both to the freshmen of the last
year and to new comers from without, and
will doubtless draw a large crowd ot compet?
itors. Old graduates ot Princeton, who have
noi visited it of late years, would hardly know
the college under lis new dress. Besides the
old North, West and East Colleges, we have
now Reunion Hall, a hoer building than either,
the observatory, the gymnasium, Dickinson
Hall, (erected for lecture and recitation rooms,
and coaling one hundred thousand dollars)
lite new Horary, now almost completed, a d
costing one hundred and twenty thousand dol?
lars, with a fund ot ono hundred thousand dol?
lars for the purchase of books and for addi?
tional buildings, aud, lastly, two hundred
thousand dollars Just given for building and
endowing a scientific school, and one hundred
thousand dollars lor other purposes.
THE BOSTON CARNIVAL.
Arrival of the Irish Band.
BOSTON, June 30.
The Irian Band arrived this morning, and
proceeded direct to the quarters prepared for
tbem at the Everett House. To-m?rrow morn?
ing a public reception will be given the band
by the Irish societies of Boston and the vi?
THE TREATY OF WASHINGTON.
Progress of the Arbitration and the
San Joan Question.
GENEVA, July L
The Alabama claims arbitration trlbuual^ln
dealing with the direct claims ot the American
Government, wl.l con-Uler separately the
the character of the Confederate cruiser and
award damages according to its findings. The
arbitration OD the San Juan boundary ques?
tion wi l now proceed. Bl?marck ls about to
appoint Internai Ional Juries to examine the
papers submitted by tbe Eagllsh and Ameri?
can Governments and report to the Emperor.
THE HEATED TERM.
Scorching Weather In the North.
NEW YORK, July 1.
The weather last night and to-day was In?
tensely hot, the thermometer continuing at
about ninety degrees. A number of fatal cases
of sunstroke took place. Reports lrom the
Eastern Slates represent the beat as being
very great yesterday. In Boston to-day was
tb? holtest of the season.
THE COMMUNISTS IN TROUBLE.
NEW YORK. July 1.
The Federal Council ot the Internat tonals
held a meeting yesterday! The International
Congress will be held In Philadelphia next
week, and will seek tbe establishment of re?
union among all the discordant elements of
the association. The Genet al Council of Lon?
don has suspended all the English speaking
sections of the United States.
THE STRIKES IN THE NORTH.
NEW YORK, July L
The Wllllamsport mill and boom men. who
struck for ten hours, met lo t he market square,
this morning, and were addressed by several
speakers, and there was great enthusiasm.
At eleven o'clock, some two thousand tunned
lu procession and marched down town to a
lew mills that were in operation, and per?
suaded the men to Join ihe si ri k e. This after?
noon they marched io other mills up town.
Yery few mills are running. No disturbance
Tbe mayor Issued a proclamation this morn?
ing ordering tbe places where liquor ls sold
to olose until alter the lout th of Jul v.
THE NATIONAL FINANCES.
WASHINGTON, July 1.
The public debt was reduced last month
$2,031,035. Coln In tbe treasury $88,149.108;
currency, $15,321,689. Cola certif?cales, $32,
ARRIVAL OF COTTON SHIPS.
LIVERPOOL, July E
Arrived bbips Robert Lee, New York, 612
bales of cotton; J. Webb, New York, 1492 bales;
Roadee, New York, 466 bales, and Gallatln, of
Mobile, 3646 bales.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
-Jacob Dodil's pork establishment at Buf?
falo is burned. Loss seventy-five thousand
dollars. The hogs In the upper stories were
-The reported killing of General McKenzie*,
and others, by the Indians, as recenily stated,
is discredited by telegrams since received by
the war department.
THE WEATHER THIS DAY.
WASHINGTON, July 1.
The area or highest temperature will move
northeastward, followed by cooler weather
south and west of New York. Partially cloudy
and close weather will prevail on the South
Atlantic and Golf coasts. The area efrain will
move eastward Into Northern Canada, and
light local raln9 will prevail at a few places
from Louisville to Cape Hatteras.
THE WORLD SURRENDERS.
ONLY TWO CANDIDATES WILL BE IN
The Nomination of Greeley a Foregone
Conclusion-should Democrats Vote
for Him or Stay at Home-The Duty
of the Wicked World Is not yet Plain.
NEW YORK, July L
The World, to-day, says: "Greeley's nomina?
tion at Baltimore ls a foregone conclusion,
and there ls no Indications of a formidable re?
volt." It adds: "There will be but two candi?
dates. For our part we shall advise nobody
to vote for Grant, and, as between the remain?
ing alternative of voting for Greeley or stay?
ing at borne, we nave no counsel to offer. Our
duty may more clearly appear alter the can?
vass has made some progress."
The Labor Reformers in a Fix-Gover?
nor Parker Follows Judge Davie and
Declines ihe Nomination for vice
BOSTON, July 1.
The Labor party has decided on a confer?
ence at Gt-rmania Hall Assembly Booms. New
York, ou Tuesday afternoon, July 30; Judge
Davis and Governor Parker having declined
their nomination. Govereor Parker, In his
letter of declination, says: "I have always
been a member of the Democratic party. For
nearly thirty Ave years I have shared its
triumphs and defeats; adhering to Us fortunes
because I considered its success essential to
good government and to the elevation
of the laboring classes. Having been
placed in the important public posi?
tion as the nominee ot lhat party, I am
bound in honor, as well as by inclination,
lo siand by Its organization, and abide by the
decision of its National Convention. To be
the candidate of one party, while supporting
the nominee of another, although the two
may agree substantially in principle, would be
inconsistent. I therefore respectfully decline
the nomination tendered me by the conven?
tion whlcb you represent.
THE STOKES-FISK TBIAL.
NEW YORK, July 1.
. The Stokes trial was resumed this morling.
Large crowds were present, and hundreds
were turned away. H. D. Carley, the parlor
man at the hotel, testified that ihe pistol
which was handed him by Miss Hall was a sil?
ver plated, white handled six shooter. The
pistol produced by Coroner Young, which had
a brown wooden handle, and only four cham?
bers, was handed witness, and he was posi?
tive lt was not the one handed him by Miss
Hal'. Considerable interest was manifested
when the witness stated the pistol produced
by Coroner Young was not the pistol given
him by the woman at the hotel. Witness said
the ladies gathered around him, and one said
."you bod better say nothing. Heory. lt. mlgbt
endanger your position." He said that Stokes
did noi go Into the front part or where ihe
lady found the white handled pistol. Miss
Grace Hall testified to finding a pistol in the
parlor. There WOB no one near ihe lounge.
The pistol said lo belong to StokeB was shown
her, and she failed to identity lt, but was posi?
tive that ibe one she found did not have a
What It's A . Coming To.
[From Scribner's for July.]
I suppose lt will come to this-attached to
cards ot invitation sent out a week or two in
"Guests living on the East Side will order
heir carriages at ll P. M. on account of rain
at 11.30 P. M. Aa there will be only a slight
shower on the West Side, carriages from that
Side at convenience of guests."'
And this lo advertisements of concerts and
the like :
"Performances will conclude at 10 P. M.,
allowing ample time for audience to reach
home before the storm."
No more anxious watchings at windows, In
those days-no more surprises, ecamperlngs,
huddiings together as at picnics, in the sweet
old shrieking fashion. Nobody who reads the
newspaper will ever get caught in the rain.
Then, ot course, when Mr. Leakln succeeds
in securing general recognition for his Law of
Periodicity, nothing will ever "happen" at all.
The word-"accident." will oe marked obsolete
In the dictionary, as so many oilier good words
have been already marked. Things will lake
place, I suppose, in their regular sequence, as
foreordained and foretold. Lile will be a
Morphy-Paulsen game of chess; except ibai
we shall keep on pushing the men uround In a
night-mareish sort of way, after "checkmate
in seventeen moves'' has been announced.
li's all of a piece-weather probabilities;
I." .kin's Law; composition back-logs; cast
iron tree stumps; sprlng-fasteniogB io keep
children from klcklug oil bed-clothes; canned
vegetables; steam yachts on the Sea of Gali?
lee; parlor skates; protoplasm.
Tomatoes in winter are as much out of plsce
assunllghi in a theatre. (Ii you were at the
Nilsson maiiuee at Wallace's the oilier Satur?
day, when ttie shutters would fly open, every
now and then, you know how ghastly that ls !)
Things must be lu keeping. Tomatoes musi
be flanked by radishes, ann freBh peas and let?
tuce-with a scent of summer In the air. And
besides tomatoes must be tomatoes, not a tan?
talizing sem oi ance-a mixture of cur pe trage,
vinegar and bullets, Just racy enough ol ine
genuine dish to take off the keen edge of one's
delight wheo, in due lime, the first toothsome
taste of the vegetable comes to you with the
twitter ot biros, and tbe touch ol ihe cool
warm air upon your brow.
Well, there is another side to all this.
The beauty of lt is that spring is spring, no
matter how U comes at last, or where-lu the
city, heralded by email boys calling "fans" be?
tween thu acts of the opera; in the country by
birds and flowers and flavor of garlic lathe
butter. Spring is spring, and will have its
And as to parlor skates, when I come to
think ol it ! The professor made me go with
him to the rink one night last winter. He
wei.t down, he said, every evening, after
Greek, lor a half-hour's "fun." And the pro?
fessor's pretty daughter, she was going for the
"tun." too-seemed to be really excited about
lt. One might have thought, to look ai ber
cheeks, it was to be a moonlight frolic on a
frozen mill-pond. I didn't want io go al all;
lt seemed to me a sacrilege, sliding around on
rollers over pine boards, and calling ID skaUng.
It's bad enough to skate with real skates, un?
der a corrugated roof ar. J by gaslight; but this
mockery I No, I protested, I shall be true to
the rai ners and bonfires of my boyhood !
But I went. I didn't go so fur as to put the
rollers on; I merely stood and looked.
Shade of Winthrop I Instead of the ring
and scrape of steel upon ihe ice, there was a
hollow rumble as of machinery, und over in
one corner the Champion cutting chalk eagles
on the floor !
It they had gone about lt sadly and solemnly,
like mourners at a funeral, lt would not have
been half so bad. It was their cheerfulness
that was so pathetic. It seemed as lt this
great procession of you$s and middle-aged
that swayed and swung past me where I stood
were under the influence of a horrible en?
In a moment, I said to myself, the little man
in black, leaning over the balcony railing
yonder, will drop his cane upon the floor
below, tbe music will cease, the lights will go
down, and, suddenly awaking from their
dream, the skaters will shrink Into the street,
and back to their bornes in terror.
But even parlor skaies do sometimes get
loose, and one must kneel to fasten them
while the other geully resls ber hand on lils
shoulder for support. And nere, too, the girls
have to be taught ; and rollers, like runners,
are treacherous and will slip-if he does not
hold so tight-so light!
0 this great-hearted, blessed humanity of
ours, how lt lakes to Itself, at Inst, every arti?
ficial cusiom and contrivance brought within
Its domain-Just a9 nature resumes, with ivy
and lichen and rust, every piece of human
handiwork planted in ber deep woods!
1 shouldn't wonder li there were times
when Old Probabilities himself forgets his
umbrella. And maybe he isn't so very old
alter all. Maybe to somebody-lar off-the
summer rain is dearer because Old Probabili?
ties, in that formal scientific way ol his, said
that it was coming.
TUE RADICAL S TA TE CONTENTION.
A Late Day for the Meeting-The Last
Ko-Klux Outrage-The Suits Against
the Ring Stand Still.
[ Sr E CI AL TELEGRAM TO TUS NEWS ]
COLOMBIA, B. C., July L
The Republican State executive committee
met here on Saturday, and determined to call
the State nominating convention for the 21st
August, The lateness of the day Axed upon
ls somewhat remarkable.
The officials seem disposed to make much
ado about the hooting of Professors Cummings
and Roberts, by two or three o? the graduates
at the University, after the exercises on Sat?
urday. They are hard up for an outrage.
The legal proceedings against Parker, and
likewise those against the Blue Ridge Railroad
Company, remain in statu quo. Qui VITE.
CAROLINA MUTUAL INSURANCE COM?
The annual meeting of this company was
held yesterday at the German Engine House
In Chalmers street. The reports of the vari?
ous officers for the last year were read, inclu?
ding that of the president, General John A.
Wagener, which showed that the prosperity of
the company had both continued and in?
creased. This report made the whole contribu?
tions for tweniy-one years only 1255 per cent,
out of 200; being a saving of 845 per cent.1
equal to $185,900, upon the calculation of the
present premium account. The assessment
for fires during the past year was 10 per cent,
besides the usual ten per cent..per annum.
The losses by Are during the year were
$2000. The total receipts amounted to
$12,647 92, and the total expenses, including the
Are losses, were $9176 89, leaving a balance in
the treasury of $2171 03. The assets ol the
company, real value, amount to $24,445 08.
The comparative general account aleo shows a
large Increase in the membership and in the
amount of premiums, insured capital, limit of
assessments, reserve accounts, Ac , and the
estimate of income ior 1872-3 Is $3800. The re?
port recommended that, In view o? the pros?
perous condition of I heir affairs, a resolution
was passed at the last meeting to advise a do?
nation to the German Church ol their bopd ol
$800, and that it was only a proper contribu?
tion to their Christian allegiance to cancel
and return the bond. The report was adopt?
ed, and the bond ordered to be cancelled. An
election was then held iqr officers, which re?
sulted as' follows: John A. Wagener, presi?
dent; Wm. Brunjes, treasurer; H. Klatte, sec?
tary. Directors-Ward 1, E. J. H. Fischer;
Ward 2, J. P. Merkhardt; Ward 3, E. H. Stell?
ing; Ward 4, P. C. Schroder; Wards 5 and 7
D. Biilwlnkle; Wards 6 and 8, J. F. Slreck
TBE AUGUSTA FLOUR MILLS.
A Flourishing Southern Enterprise.
The possibility ol successfully conducting a
purely Southern manufacturing enterprise,
and profitably converting the natural products
of our own climate into the finished article of
commerce at home, instead of sending lt
away and giving the profit of the manufacture
to Northern and foreign houses, ls strikingly
exemplified In the recent history of the Au?
gusta Flour Mills, located on the corner ol
McKinnle and Fenwick strot-tn, Augusta, Ga.,
and owned and operated by Messrs. John M.
Clark & Co. These mills were built In 1848,
but lt has been since the war that they have
achieved the most marked success. They
were purchased five or six years ago by the
present owners, and have been steadily grow?
ing in lavor ever since. The bullings are of
brick, with a frontage of between seventy and
ninety leet, and a depth o? about two hutadred
The motive power ls water, a plentiful supply
being obtained from the Augusta canal, which
runs at tho foot of the Boutn wall. r?he south
end of the building ls used as a granary and
storehouse ior barrels and sacks. The grain
is received on the first floor of this end,
whence lt is carried by elevators lo the north
side of the fifth story. There lt Is received
into and passes through a series of "fans and
screens" and a large first-class "smuiter,''
which first relieves lt of all lui purl ties,and then
starts lt on a voyage of discovery back to the
north Bide ol the first floor, where the whirring
stones stand ready to convert lt Into flour or
meal, according to Its kind. These stones are
of the finest French burr, and are five in num?
ber -two for corn and three for wheat. After
passing through the milts the flour is carried
In elevators to the fourth floor, where a num
oer ol "bolls" receive and separate lt into the
different brands, for which the mills are justly
distinguished. The finest brand ls the celebra?
ted "Gilt Edge," well known for its superior
quality throughout this State and Georgia.
The other brands are "O. IT,.," "Tip-Top,"
"Extra," and "A No. 1." The mills also pro?
duce white bolted cornmeal of superior qual?
ity, Ukewl-te an abundance of the usual vari?
eties of "mill ieed"-bran, fine feed, middlings,
oats and corn feed, ?r.e. Two hundred and
filly lo three hundred barrels of flour and
meal ls the average product per day, and the
granary has capacity for storing fifty thous?
and bushels o? grain. Like all enterprlslog
firms, Messrs. Clark & Co. keep their own
teams, and deliver goods throughout the city
and at the various railroad depots without
charge for drayage. The two younger mem?
bers of the firm are native South Carolinians,
and served through the entire war in defence
of their native Slate. The office of the Au?
gusta Flour Mills is at No. 288 Broad street,
Augusta, Ga. Merchants and others wishing
to get a reliable article in their line will do
well lo give them a trial.
-There never was a eily that su tiered as
Chicago has done that "phoenixed" so fast.
The Hid lire was not so much a destroyer as a
purifier, and men who on tue nights of ihe
ft-anul conflagration could not see where a
hundred dollars were io ne saved wlil live io
bless their seeming etiastener. New Chicago
is as different from the old us the London ol
to-day ls unlike the mediaeval built city ol' ibe
seventeenth century. Toe structures on the
south side are more elegant and substantial
by far than those that a year ago
occupied their places, while vast tracie
ihat were covered with miserable old
sheds and wooden tenements before
the tire swept through to cleanse the Augean
mass, now support beautiful buildings, orna?
ments to any elly. On the west side property
Is worth Irom ten to twenty-five per cent,
more than before the fire, and on certain
streets even fifty per cern. more. Some busi?
ness men wno lust fine brown-stone iront
bouses now say they are more than compen?
sated by Hie rise in their sites. The north
side, occupied by the old families, ls building
up In good style, as it is ihe quarter nearest to
business. Ali inls is based on u confidence ol
fu ; ure greatness as a centre of commerce,
which in their darkest moments has never de?
serted the Chicagoans, and promises to be
their inspiration lu advancing to a history of
-Japanese Tommy, who attained a certain
sort of notoriety here in 1860, when ihe
"Japs" first came, ls now described as a "Hue,
In tel Igen t young gentleman, who speaks good
English." He ls one ol the secretarles o? the
Japanese embassy now in this country.
GLIMPSES OF GOTHAM.
BEGINNING OF THE STOKES TRIAL.
The Prospecta of Conviction-Killing
no Mu rd er tn New York-Preparations
for the Glori?os Fourth-New Yorkers
Going to the Baltimore Convention
The Great Race at Long Branch
Ulysses Returning In Haste.
[FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
NEW YORE, June 28.
Twelve men who have not read the news?
papers much, and have lormed no Impression
as to whether Fisk was shot by Stokes, have
been sifted out ol several hundred New York?
ers, and now the trial has begun. There ls
nothing that bas taken place since the world
was created that ls more certain than that Ed?
ward B. Stokes premeditated the murder of
James Fisk, lay In wait for him at the Grand
Central Hotel, and eliot him twice from the
head of the ladles' staircase, as he was ascend?
ing. And yet there ls a doubt li Stokes will
be convicted, and if he is, there ls almost a
certainty that he will not be punished. This
shows bow terribly detective are our criminal
The struggle over Stokes's neck bas really
only begun. His counsel will fight the prose?
cution step by step. No doubt the most extra?
ordinary "cooked up" evidence will De pro?
duced for the defence. And li someone of
tue "Intelligent" Jury ls not bribed so as to
bring about a disagreement, lt ls probable that
the twelve will have reached such a maudlin
condition by the time Mr. McKeon makes his
closing appeal that they will see ia the prison?
er at me bar only the persecuted victim of a
great and ruthless corporation. But if a con?
viction in the lesser degrees 1B reached, the
case will have to go through a seemingly In?
terminable course of review and appeal, and
if perchance by a miracle this rich young man
reaches the foot of ihe gallows, there will be
a lender-hearted Governor who cannot resist
the tears of relatives, and the Importunities of
his own ..personal and political friends to In?
terpose the saving hand.
Thus it ls thar, in New York State murder
goes unpunished, and men with mon-y or in?
fluence at i heir backs strike at the hearts of
their victims without fear of the consequen?
ces. Tue sneer ot the aristocrat thai the
'.masses are asses," would seem to find a
Just ideal lon in ibis particular. When any
oody is murdered the community is wild wlih
Indignation airalnst the stayer, and crazy to
lyncu him. When the murderer Is about to
die, the same community ia la tears, sud be?
seeching for his release. It ls strange that
public opinion should be so unsound and
fickle on i his side of the North Uiver and so
sieady and correct on the other side. Over la
New Jersey they actually punish their crimi?
nals, and hang them too, If necessary. They
average a banging every two months, and the
S.ate ls only a ri fi h the Size ot New York.
But then Jersey, they say, ls "so peculiar,"
and li. is "out of the Union," too, which pos?
sibly may account for it.
Tue annual patriotic Bang comes along next
week, and our citizens who caa spare the
travelling money are fleeing In all direc?
tions, buperlnteudent Kelso has Issued bis
uBual proclamation against "snakes, chasers,
double-headers and Union and Young America
torpedoes," which, as usual, will not be
heeded. Everything will happen again Justas
it bas on pasi Independence days, timah boys,
assisted by idiotic adults, will explode gun?
powder for thirty-six hours; twenty thousand
people will get fighting drunk; the theatres
will give matinees und evening performances
-to tightly wedged and perspiring multitudes;
and Tammany will have her own particular
glorification. And on Friday morning the
papers will coniuln a column of fingers blowa
off, a half column of eyes, arms and legs
destroyed lrom one or two dozen barroom
murders, and at least four blocks of brown?
stone buildings burnt down. It may be salo
to add loo ihai the inevitable account will also
appear ot "Three mea killed by the explosion
of a cannon while firing a patriotic salute," at
Podunk or Squaotum, or somewhere In the
A week later comes the other great event,
the meeting of the Baltimore Convention.
Hall fare tickets will be sold from New York
to Baltimore, and several thousand New
Yorkers will go ou. Among the local politi?
cal organizations which will go In force, with
music und banners, will be the Brennan Club.
Advices lrom Ballimore say that every nook
and cranny ia towa where lodgers are taken
In has been engaged. The hoiel rooms ure lo
De tilled ten deep, (nice iliac mis weather.)
The crowd overflows to Washington and the
Chesapeake shore, or anywhere within a lew
hours railroad reach where people can be led
and slept. Four oilier conventions meet at
the same lime: ihe Reunion and Reform,
which adjourned over from Cincinnati, the
Flanders-Van Allen concern, which ls lo in?
augurate a boll, the Straluht-out Democratic
German, (Daenzer, Morwitz & Co.,) and the
Greeley Democratic German. The liveliest
kind of a time all round ls expected. It ls
said ihe Btralgbtout outsiders, being satisfied
that Mr. Grot-?beck will not Bland, will nomi?
na'- Judge Jeremiah ?. Black, of Pennsylva?
nia, for President.
Afier Greeley ls nominated by the regular
convention there will be a tremendous railfl
catlon meeting at Monumental Square. It ls
certain lhat there will be a great neal of en?
thusiasm generated by the exe i tem en i.
speeches, crowd and beat at Ballimore, and
that the "while hat," "white coal" and other
artlclea of wearing apparel belonging lo the
Chappaqua sage will have a good send off. *
Sporting circles are la a fever of excitement
over the forthcoming great races at Loog
Branch between Longfellow and Harry Bus
Beit. Tney have never been matched before,
but have conquered all the world besides each
other. Toe belting is going on furiously ali
over town, Bassen being a trifle the favorite.
The Pi esl lent, with his suite, passed through
ihe city lrom Boston yesterday en rome tor
the Branch. It wouid not do for him to mies
the races._ _ _ NTI?.
THE HEALTH DEPARTMENT.
The following directory of the Health De?
partment hus been prepared by Dr. George S.
Pelzer, the City Registrar, and is published
lor the Information of the public:
Office of Board of Health and city Registrar at
BOARD OP HEALTH.
non. John A. Wasener, residence No. 64 St.
Philip street, Mavor, cualrman.
umL-rai w. 0. DeSaussure, Ward No. 1, resi?
dence No. 27 East Battery.
George H. Mullett, Ward No. 2, residence No. 10
Thomas M. Hanckel, Ward No. 3, residence No.
47 ila-ei street.
Captain Jacob Small, Ward No. 4, residence No.
4 Bnll street.
Thomas O. Dottercr, Ward No. 6, residence
northeast corner Henrietta and Meeting streets.
li. B. olney, Ward No.' 6, residence No. 14u Curu?
i nomas D. Eason, Ward No. 7, residence No. 78
William U Webb, Ward No. 8, residence No. 87
George S Pelzer, M. D., city Registrar, resi?
dence .NO. 48 Cannon street
Ed Geddings, M. D., residence No. 16 George
J. P. Chaza'. M. D., residence No. 6 Wentworth
On Hospitals and Dispensaries-Drs. Pelzer,
Geddings and Chazal.
Cn Low Lots, Drainage and Nuisances-The
Mayor. Or. Pelzer and Messrs. Ilanckel, Small
On Burl il Oronnds, Sextons and Hearses-Dr.
Chazal, General DeSaussure aud Mr. Mullett.
Oil Public Institutions-Dr. Geddings and
M ssrs. Eason, Dotterer aud Ciney.
On Epidemics, Pub ic Hygiene and Quarantine
-Drs. Ueddings, Chazal ano Pelzer.
On Accounts-Ors. Pelzer, Geddings and Cha?
are open at the upper and lower wards Guard?
houses, aud citizens aro requested to report all
nuisances prejudicial to the public health as
prompt y as possible, at either of the above named
Mazy ck st cet, above Queen street. Surgeon In
charge, J. S. ou?s t, M. D. Residence and office,
No. 205 Meeting street.
Marine Department, City Hospital, Mazyck
street. Surgeon In charg", J. S. BULK, M. D.
HEALTH DISTRICT NO. 1.
Bounded on the north by centre of Calhoun
street, on the east by Cooper River, on the south
I by South Battery, and on the weat by centre or
Physician in charge. Dr. Manning Simons.
Office and residence, Church street above Broad,
next to the Charlea ?on Library building.
HEALTH DISTRICT MO. 2.
Wes'ern Division, Shlrras'Dispensary. Bounded
on the north by centre of Calhoun street, on the
east by centre or Meeting street, on the south by
South Ba' tery and Ashley River, and on the west
by Ashley River.
Physician In charge. Dr. Joseph Tates. Office
at snirra's Dispensary, Society street, between
King and Mee;lng streets, residence No. 14 Lib?
The physician in charge of this district la re?
quired to atteBd at the Lower Wards Guardhouse
when called npon.
HEALTH DISTRICT KO. 3.
Bounded on the north by City Boundary, on the
east by Cooper River, on the sontnby centre of
Calhoun street, and on the west bj centre of
PhjMc.an In charge. Dr. J. L. Ancrum. Office
and residence .No. 10 Mary street, opposite El.za
The physician in charge of this district ls re?
quired to attend at the Almshouse when called
HEALTH DISTRICT NO 4.
Bounded on the north by City Boundary, on the
east by centre of Smlt? street to Cannon street,
then by ceutre of Cannon to Rutledge avenue,
then oy centre or hutledge avenue to George
street, and tneu by a line running in the same di?
rection through to City Boundary, on the south
by centre or calhoun street, and on the west by
Physician in charge, Dr. T. Orange Simons.
Office No. 18 Ashley street, opposite Dnlted States
Arsenal. Residence No. 21 Rutledge avenne^on
poslte Radoilffe stree'.
The phy-telan in charge of this district ls re?
quired to attend at the Old Folles' Home when
HEALTH DISTRICT NO. 6.
Bounded on the north by City Boundary, on the
east by centre or Meeting street, on the south by
centre or calhoun street, and on the west by cen?
tre or Smith Btreet to cannon street, then by cen?
tre of Gannon street to Rutledge avenue, then by
centre or Rutledge avenue to Grove street, then
by a line running in the same direction to City
Pbjsiclan In charge, Dr. Isaac W. Angel. Of
flee and residence, st. Phillp street, opposite the
The physician la charge or this district la re?
quired to attend at the Upper Wards Guardhouse
when called upon.
From 8 to o morning; from 2 to 3 afternoon.
All dispensary patients who are able shall be
required to at tm d at the office or the health dis
rict in wh ch they may reside during the above
specified office hours. The pnyslctans in attend
ance will afford medical and surgical relier aud
medicine* gratuitously to all destitute stoic poor
persons, residents of their respective districts
apply In g for treatra- n t, wno mar, in their opin?
ion, be entitled to dispensary relier.
It ls recommended that office patients attend
pnnctnally at thu beginning ot the office hours.
Calla may be lett on me slate at any time daring
tue dav at the respective offices, and at night at
the residences or the physicians in charge. The
number and street must be carefully given in all
applications for atteudance at home.
TBE CHARLESTON NEWS-187?'.
The Chi upcit und Beat Newspaper In
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CHARLESTON NEWS has received from the peo?
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RATES TO CLUBS FOR 1872.
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One copy, per year.$8 00
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ordered together,) each. 7 00
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addressed to each subscriber, at $3 50
each. 17 60
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THE WEEKLY NEWS will contain all the im?
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has a large and able corps of regular corre?
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During the year 1872 we shall employ a still
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ROBERT TOOMER, THIS AFTERNOON, at 6 o'c
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By order of the President -
Joiy2* j. v. 1ZARD, Secretary.
pm* NIAGARA FI HE ENGINE COMPA?
NY, No. 8 -Toa are hereby anni nooned to ai tend
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By order or the President.
JQiya_J. M. HOLLOWAY, Secretary.
p ERMA? FRI??J?IDSOHAFT?B^ND^
UT The Regular Monthly Meeting ol this Asso?
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J ti ly 1 J. M PE TE h si KN. Secretary.
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