Newspaper Page Text
VCLUME IX.-NUMBER 1967
CHARLESTON WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 1, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE RAILROAD CASE.
END OF THE EVIDENCE IN THE
G RE A! BANKRUPTCY CASE.
The Testimony of Expevts as to the
Value of t>c Grenville Road-Capi?
talists Heady to Lease lt for Ninety
Tears and Guarantee Its Whole Debt.
The bankruptcy proceedings upon the pe
titlon o? Daniel ?. Scannel, ot New York:, in
re. the Greenville and Columbia Railroad
Company, were continued yesterday morning
in the United Slates District Court before
Judge Bryan; Messrs. D. T. Corbin and Geo.
D. Bryan appearing for the petitioner, Messrs.
A. G. Magrath and C. D. Melton and John T.
Rhett, of Columbia, lor the railroad company,
and Messrs. Porter & Conner, Slmonton &
Barker and John D. Pope, ot Columbia, for
The first witness called was Mr. Wm. A
Courtenay, wno, In reply to questions by
Judge Magrath, testified that he was a direc?
tor of the Greenville Road for two years, In
1868 and 1869. Believed the road worth more
than Its legal bonded debt. Was familiar with
the property of the company. Since he had
left the direction bad understood that large
Issues of bonds bad been made Improperly
The road would easily carry a debt ol $2,500,
OOO. The business ot the road ls entirely local
In Its character, derived from the country
through which lt passes. With the returning
prosperity ofthat country Its business lr son
stantly and steadily Increasing. In 1869 that
Increase amounted to $70,000. The sources of
Ita business will-be constantly developing
more and more. The new roads now pro?
jected may be made tributary to the prosperity
of the Greenville and Columbia road ? under Its
proper management. He considered the
value of the Greenville and Colombia Road
was an increasing value. The Air Line Rall
road In some features may be made tributary,
to the Greenville and Columbia road, and lt Is
possible that at one or more lesser points lt
might draw freights In small amount away
from it; but, surveying the whole situation,
the Air Line would, be thought, fled large
lines of freight offering to and from depots in
South Carolina, via the Greenville and Coluro
bia Road, and its construction would be a gain.
CroeT-examlned by Mr. Corbin: WaB a di
rector of the South Carolina Railroad Com
pany. Approved ol the purchase of the Oreen
ville road because he ?nought lt a good pur
chase. The cost of running a road was
generally fifty to Blxty per ceci, of Its earn
logs. He had known roads where the Income
was entirely absorbed. Vhe cost on the South
Carolina Railroad waa about Blxty per cent
The Interest on its debt was unpaid by the
Greenville and Columbia Railroad Company
from 1866 to 1868. Thought that since 1866
the Interest had been punctually paid until
stripped by the ring.
Mr. George A. Trenholm was next called by
tlye defence. He testified that he waa a di-11
rector of the South Carolina Railroad Cern- i
pany. In May, 1871,'be had bad occasion to c
examine carefully the affairs of the Greenville t
and Columbia Railroad Company. Believed \
its property to be worth fully $2,500,000. Be- a
lleved it would be very cheap at that. There t
are two ways of estimating the value of a t
road. One is by Its cost. The road ls 164 r
miles long, and lt could not have been laid 1
for less than $2.200,000, and the rolling stock t
must have cost $300,000 or $400,000. That v
would make it worth fully $2.500,000. Look?
ing at lt In another aspect, the minimum In- t
come of the road should be $450,000. He be- p
lleved lt would soon exceed $500,000. Allow- c
lng 60 per cent, of this to go for expenses, f
which ls a liberal estimate, there would still l
be enough left to pay a good Interest on t
$2,500,000. He owned a large amount of g
the stock of the company and had recently had
a chance to sell lt at $2 50 per share. Had t
refused the offer because he still thought the t
stock good property. Believed tbe^oad bad 1
been grossly mismanaged, but should be pro- t
mable. Had always regarded the business ol j
the Greenville road as being different from
that of other roads In this State. The others
are links in great chains o? transportation and
depend, critically, upon the combinations of
other roads. . The business ol the Greenville
road, on the contrary, ls local, domestic and
agricultural.- It ls dependent upon domestic I
business and stimulated by the prosperity of
the country through which lt passed. Believed i j
its prospects were then better than they had | E
ever been before. He had never considered
that the non-payment o? dividends by the J
Greenville and Columbia Railroad Company p
was a loss to the stockholders or v,
to the State. They had not been much Inter- d
ested In getting dividends, and the State ant G
at all. If (the road being honestly managed) n
there was no surplus to divide, after the pay- a
ment of the ordinary expenses, lt showed *
that the transportation had been done for the c
mere cost of doing it, and that was the ob- b
Jectof the road. If the Sjate got dividends, ?
the money which thus came into the treasury
would simply be taken out o? the pockets of a
the people of the State. The people cared *
less for dividends tban for economical trans- q
portatlon. The road cost $3,100,000, or $3,200, o
000. Of that the people of the counties 11
through which It passed did not contribute jj
more than $500,000. Therefore, by doing a
without dividends on their half million, they t<
avoided paying dividends on the remaining J
two and a half millions. He did not think that ?
was by any means a c:'terlon of what could BI
be made out'ot the load. Roads running j?
parallel to the Atlantic could never compete c,
successfully for carrying freights from the h
South to New York with roads running direct- ?J
ly from the interior to the seacoast, because
at sea they get three miles ot transportation I lc
lor the cost of one mlle on land. He did not | B
think lhat the proposed Air Line Railroad
conld Interfere with the Greenville Road. J ?
The latter road depended upon the counties |e
through which lt passed, and they are now In
a prosperous condition. The $2 50 per ?hare ?
that he was offered for his stock represented fi
ihe market value of the road over and above 1
all liabilities. Another circumstance affecting d
the value of the road, is the fact that iron had t
risen during the past twelve months one hun- C
dred per cent, in price. Tne road could not 8
then be built for twice the money that lt orlgl- i
nally cost. He would say without hesitation
that the Greenville and Columbia Railroad ^
Company could easily carry a debt of $2,500,- (.
Cross-eiamined by Mr. Corbin: The ele- ?
menta that would enter Into an estimate ot
the value of a railroad put up at auction
would be the paine as In the case of a house.
He would first see how much lt would take to
put lt In perfect order, and second whether
the assured income of the property was suffi?
cient to pay a reasonable Interest on the whole o
Investment He did not know that the rall- J
r#ad bad ever paid any dividends, and Its j
market value, therefore, depended upon the ?
strong conviction that everybody had ol its ii
Intrinsic value. Money in ibis State, since the
war, had been worth about twelve per cent.,
but there were many Investments which had
been much sought after that did not pay any?
thing like that. He had been a stockholder
for many years. Had taken some or the origi?
nal stock, and had bought some ginee.
He thought the prospecte of the road
in the luture were very good, If lt
were let alone. Owned no bonds ol
the road. Thought its first mortgage bonds
worth about fifty-two or fifty-three. Before
the State interfered they were worth seven?
ty-two. Then the State endorsed the second
mortgage bonds and gave them precedence
over the other, and they all fell together to
the level ol the State bonds, which were then
worth about fifty cents. The value of a rail?
road was not what it would bring In the mar?
ket. As, for Instance, the parties In New York
who recently bought bonds of the road at
twenty-five cents on the dollar (If that sale
were valid) could afford to offer more for the
road than those who would have to ray cash.
He did not think that if the road should be
put up at auc'.lon. in an assignee's sale in bank?
ruptcy it would bring anything like its full
value. The stockholders would not be Did?
iers at all because they do not know how
much the debt is. No one could enter Into
competition with the second mortgagees, and
if they were allowed to bid there would be no
Colonel C. H. Slmonton was next called as
i witness for the defence, and testified that
ie attended a meeting of bondholders of the
greenville and Columbia Railroad Company,
which was held at Columbia last month, and
it which Dr. J. L. Neagle offered lo take a
ease of ihe road lor ninety-nine years, put
lin thorough repair and guarantee to pay
:he Interest on the whole debt of the road,
ilsputed and undisputed. This offer was
guaranteed by Mr. Branch, of Augusta, whom
;he witness knew very well, whose credit
stood very high, and whose guarantee would
be taken for a very large amount of money.
He was of the firm ot Branch, Sons & Co., a
House which had very large transactions in
Richmond, Petersburg and Augusta. Another
gentleman lu Columbia had told him that the
Wilmington, Columbia and Augusta Railroad
company stood ready to cover that offer at
The defence here rested and tho peti Honers
recalled Colonel J. C. Low, the chief engineer
)f the Blue Ridge Railroad Company, who
.estlfied that the average cost of running the
'allroads In the United Sutes was about sev?
enty per cent, ci their earnings. Southern
-allroads could be opemed cheaper than
.Vorthern roads because of the decreased
imountof fuel required and the absence of
ie vere frost and heavy storms. Thought sixty
)er cent, was a fair estimate for the Green
Mile and Columbia road. Did not agree with
dr. Magrath that it could be run for fifty per
This closed the testimony on both sides, and
Jr. George D. Bryan proceeded to the argu
nent for the petitioners. He denied that he
tr his colleague, Mr. Corbin, was acting lu
he Interests of any combination of parties
vho wanted to get the possession of tie road,
tad said they were ?Imply there to represent
heir clients, the petitioners. He then argued
hat the United States District Court had the
lght of jurisdiction In the case, notwithstand
ag the position ot the pending litigation In
he State Courts; that the railroad company
rae a commercial or business corporation,
flthln the meaning of the bankruptcy act;
hat the coupons for Interest on Its bonds,
layment of which had been suspended, were
ommerclal paper; that the road was, there
ore, Insolvent, and that, since the fact of
nsolvency, the company had made payments
o certain of Its creditors with the effect of
[Ivlng them a preference over other?.
This argument accupled the remainder of
be session ol the court, and, at Its conclusion,
he case was adjourned until Tuesday morn
ng. at which time Judge Magrath is expected
o make his argument on behalf of t he com
inny. _ __
THE LATE GENERAL EASLEY.
Tribute of Respect to hi? Memory.
At a meeting of the Greenville bar, held on
be ! ctn, for the purpose or paying a tribute
0 the memory ol General Easley:
On motion of James Birnie, Esq., Governor
t. F. Perry was called to the chair and James
'. Moore, Esq., requested to act as secretary.
The chairman, in a few touching remarks,
tated the object of the meeting, wnen T. Q.
donaldson, Esq., introduced the following
reamble and resolutions, In a speech replete
rlth an eloquent tribute to the memory ol the
It bas pleased the Almighty to take from us
leneral William K. Easley, a distinguished
?ember of this bar, In the prime of his life,
nd is the midst of his usefulnsss to society
nd his country. Appreciating the deceased
s we do for bis talents and noble traits of
baracter, lt Is proper and becoming the mem
ers of the Greenville Bar that some public
zpresslon of their great bereavement should
General Easley was endeared to all of us as
1 friend, a companion and a brother lawyer.
Ie was a gentleman of honor aud patriotism.
Hs talents were ot a blgh order, and his elo
uence thrilling and captivating. He was not
hly learned lu his profession, but well read
i history, the sciences, and polite literature
enerally. He was kind, benevolent and
ubllc-splrlted. He was true to his clients,
nd true to his friends and country. His loss
i his family and to the public ls irreparable.
Hth his brilliant talents, ability and purity of
haracter, he could have filled any position
rlth honor and distinction. Few men pos?
sesed lu so eminent a degree as he did ihe
ower of attracting lrlendi to him, and his
?lends looked forward to the time when they
ould plao bim in a position which would give
Im a national reputation, and a field for tue
leplay of those great qualities whlcn he pos
But we, the members of this bar, mourn his
iss as a companion, a friend and brother,
[ls clients wilt regret bim as a lawyer, and
ie community as a public-spirited and pure
llndcd gentleman. As a testimonial ot our
espect tor bim whilst living, and our rever
nce for his memory now that be ls dead, be It
Resolved, That we wear the usual badge of
nourning for one month, and that a copy of
he proceedings of this meeting bo sent his
imlly, and published In the newspapers of
Resolved, That the chairman of this meeting
o present these resolutions to his Honor, ac
he next term of the court for Greenville
?ounty, with the request that tne same be
pread upon the mlnuies of the court.
The resolutions were seconded by James
Appropriate remarks were then made bv
ames Birnie, Esq., Colonel E. P. Jonen, John
7. Stokes?, Esq.. Captain W. E. Earle. Captain
1. G. Wells, Walmer Symmes, Esq., A.
Myth*, Esq., I. Walter Gray, Esq., aud Colonel
f. F. Townes.
The preamble and resolutions were u~arii
On motion, the meeting adjourned.
AN ACCIDENT, OF COURSE.
ROCHESTER, July 19.
A collision occurred on the Auburn brauch
f the Central Railroad to-day. Tna following
rere killed and wounded: Mri. Miles Curt
ag. of Railroad Mills, and E. B. Smith, of De
rolt, killed; J. Hawley and T. H. Harris, of
anandagua, fatally wounded. Several others
OMENS OF VICTORY.
GRANT HUCKSTERING WITH FORNEY.
Charles Sumner Declares that Grant
will Carry Only Pour States-Schurz
and Fenton Arming for the Fray.
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
WASHINGTON, Friday, July 19.
The details of the visit of Grant to Forney
on Tuesday show that he attempted to huck?
ster with that editor on behalf ol his own ad?
ministration, and was seconded by three mem?
bers ot his own Cabinet, and by several
seDators and others. Very shortly after open?
ing the conference, lt appeared that Forney
and his friends would .not be bought up so
loDg as the present Radical State ticket re?
mains in the Held In Pennsylvania, and so lt
transpired that no compromise could be made.
The President and his advisers, however, ex?
pressed the belief that, should the State ticket
be defeated in October, lt could be saved to
the administration in November, at which be?
lief the old politicians here smile audibly.
Carl Schurz ls prepared for an active cam?
paign in Missouri. Senator Fenton has already
commenced operations in New York, and ls
warmly supported by ex-Senator Harris and
other prominent old Republicans.
Greeley sensibly refuses to ask bis (rienda to
contribute money lor a campaign paper In
Sumner will presently endorse Greeley In an
ardross he ls preparing to colored voters.
He affirms that Grant toill only carry Vermont,
Massachusetts, Iowa and South Carolina.
Many and indignant complaints from the
merchants ol New York, Philadelphia and
other leading Northern cilles ut Boulwell's
leaving the treasury to engage Ia stump
speaking, to the neglect of the public business
which seriously affects their Interests. The
matter Is the subject ol unfavorable editorial
comment In the leading business papers. N.
THE POLITICAL FIELD.
Complete Conversion of Congressman
TKRBB HAUTE, July 19.
Voorhees, addressing his constituents upon
accepting the Congressional nomination, gave
his hearty adhesion to the action ol the Balti?
NEW YORK, Jtily 19.
Tammany ratifies Greeley and Brown.
CRACKS FROM GREELEY RIFLES.
-Ex-Speaker Galusha A. Grow will soon
take the rtump In Texas for the Liberal ticket.
Mr. Grow ls president of a railroad dowu there.
-The St. Louis Republican (Gre 'ey) de?
clares that the anti-Grant movement has now
passed beyond the control of those who guve
lt a beginning.
-The New Orleans Picayune, which could
not abide Greeley, and suggested Mr. Bryan
for the Presidency, has gone at last with the
tide for Greeley and Brown.
-The Oxford (Ala.) Chronicle (Greeley)
says the "bush in the Radical party at this time
ls ominous-it dreams of no defeat in Novem?
ber." The lact ls the Radical party seems to
have wrapped its martial doab: about lt and ,
laid itself down to pleasant dreams.
-A correspondent gives the following rea?
sons why he supports Horace Greeley for the
Presidency: 1. Because he ls an honest man;
2. Because he ls a man of intellect; 3. Because
be is a pure patriot; 4. Because he ts a maa of
unflinching ateadlastnexs. to principle.
-Allen Warden, of Darlington, Wis., who
was a Lincoln P?evidential elector in 1864, and
a Grant Presidential elector In 1868, in au ora
tlou at Argyle, Wis., on the Fourth ot July,
severed hlmaeli from the administration party
and announced himself a supporter ol Horace
-Whoever wants to know where Forney's
heart really is In this campaign, let bim read
the editorial pages of the Philadelphia Press. 1
Not a harsh word ol his brother journalist has
appeared there since he was nominated at
Cincinnati. Th9 Press was never backward
before In pouring vitriol on Its opponents' can?
didate lor President.
-Gerrit Smith declares "that the Demo?
cratic party ls dead." Taree million voters
ought to make a pretty lively corpse. Again',
if the Democratic party be dead, what ls the
u?e ol ibe Republican papers continually de- i
daring that the present Issue is between tho
Republican and the old Democratic party >.
-During the recent Democratic invasion of (
Cbapp iqtla, lt ls related that George N. San- i
ders, peerl?g cautiously around, asked Far- i
mer Greeley If there were "any snakes about
here'?" "There are.a few copperheads just
now," responded the old farmer, "but tney
are perfectly tame." This impromptu witti?
cism created a roar ot laughter, In which the ,
Democrats Joined most heartily.
-A Washington special dispatch says Ills i
reported there that while In New York recent- i
ly SenbUT Schurz had frequent conversations i
with Mr. Greeley, and that the speech which i
the former has "prepared for delivery at St.
Louis was read tn the latter, receiving the i
highest approval. It ls also Btated on the high- i
est authority that Mr. Schurz will Include In his i
Bpeech a letter from Mr. Greeley recently writ- i
ten on the subject of civil service reform and i
other critical questions, and that the letter was i
written to Mr Sohurz himself. i
-A Boston colored man, of Southern birth, I
writes to the Post: "at last the blacks of this <
broad land have a man to vole tor, whose j
record as their friend und the friend of labor :
ls unimpeachable. God bless the day when j
the great Democratic party nominated the i
man who dared be just and true to all-blacks ?
and white alike-In spite ot opposition. Every i
man of color who values hts manhood will i
vote for Horace Greeley. At all events the i
world may bet Its life that I will."
A GREAT SCH?TZENFEST. j
The New York and New Jersey Germans j
Enjoying Themselves Together.
The festival ol the United S3htttzen Associa- i
lion of New York and New Jersey began on ;
Monday, at. the society's new park at Union 1
Hill, New Jersey. The festival will continue 1
for five days, and le one ot the most Important
ol its kind. Among those present are delega?
tions irom Wilmington, Baltimore, Washing?
ton, Philadelphia, Boston, New Haven, Hart?
ford, Lancaster, Patterson, Camden, Trenton,
Troy and Charleston.
The Sohutzen Park ls the property of the
United Schulzen Association. The estate com?
prises about thirty-four acreB. Its recent pro- I
prletor, Mr. Wright, lately a wealthy cotton 1
broker ol' New York and New Orleans, had <
laid out the grounds with the most exquisite .
taste. Shrubbery and luxuriant shade trees <
abound on every side. The gravelled walks <
are fringed with green hedges, rustic fences '
and stone walli-. The park ls hilly and rolling, i
Here and there a green lawn, as smooth as a t
carpet, breaks upou the view. All that ls most t
picturesque in landscape gardening arrested I
attention at every turn. Tne most consplcu- 1
otis object, on the ground ls the massive stone 1
bnlldltig formerly occupied us a residence by 1
Mr. Wright, It ls built like a Norman castle, I
with squ> re towers, and turrets aud embattle- i
ments. ?he outer walls are almost hidden by <
a clustering mantle of Ivy. The Interior o? I
this antique building is finished In the most I
superb style. The vestibules, ceilings and I
walls are Btudded with costly mouldings. The |
Ho ors are laid with marble, and the panels are <
all of the rarest woods. The late propr' tor t
sold the castle and the grounds for one, un
dred and fifty thousaDd dollars, and had re?
turned to reside in England, hta native land, i
The Sch?tzen Association has, with Unie labor, :
turned the properly into a magnificent pleas- I
ure park. An Immense dancing platform, with 1
a handsome root, has been built. Settees and 1
tables have been distributed promiscuously l
about the grounds. Several refreshment l
stands have also been bullr, and a more Invlt- t
lng retreat is not to be lound In the country. |
The shooting range ls two hundred yards in *
length, and there are twenty-two targets.
THE ORATOR OF THE 1>AT.
A Glowing Trtbnte to the Eloquent M
The New York Irish World, In its last issue,
prints The portrait of the Hon. M. P. O'Con?
nor, and accompanies lt with the following
ringing leading article:
The Hon. M. P. O'Connor, of Charleston, S.
C., whose portrait ls given oa the first page,
was the orator of the day at. the Baltimore
Convention. The delegates by one universal
acclaim yielded the palm to him ; and
the press reporters present-whose duty It
was to chronicle facts-flashed his triumph
to all sections of the country. His was the
only name that appeared in the New York
Herald's bulletin given over the proceed?
ings of the convention. He rose at the most
critical juncture of the convention. He
appeared on the platform to reply to the
Bpeecb of Hon. Mr. Bayard. United States
senator from Delaware, and the head of the
reactionary element in the convention. The
effusion of the mere rhetorician ls but the
shimmering of a glass-a flash without force;
but the outpouring of the true orator ls a
flash and a hit. O'Connor's reply, writes the
New York Tribune correspondent, was as
remarkable for Its effectiveness as for its elo?
quence. It was Indeed. His speech was a
very torrent ol eloquence; and cheer after
cheer went up as his word;, like a tempest of
shot and shell discharged from along the
whole line of his deience, Bent the enemy reel?
ing In dismay, and swept all opposition before
him. While deallnz out such herculean blows
-while rioine the Democratic party's work (or
rather tho nation's work) so magnificently
this gallant young chieftain paused in his
course, but only to apologize lor his tax upon
the delegates' time. "Go on! go on!" was the
response from all sides. And then in a whirl?
wind of passionate sentences he caught
up his entranced audience, and, soaring on
eagle's wings, ascended with them high up
above the region of local politics-high bp
above the party Issues of the hour-up, up.
VP above everything small and unmanly-un?
til from thiB sublime altitude he directed their
gaze out upon the great Republic-of which
they were all citizens-from ocean to ocean
ana from the Lakes to the Gulf- until the em?
pyrean rung with cheers, and the murmurings
of ^querulousness far down below were lost In
the ringing echoes. "Here," said the orator,
'.here ls the great Democrailc party to-day,
wllh her glorious associations clinging to her
name and ner cnaracter, here with the whole
uatlon beyond and outside of her appeal?
ing to her to lay upon the altar of a com?
mon country all past antagonisms. We
have nut come here to organize a move?
ment for a single State or a Bingle section,
but to organize a movement for tho salvation
of the whole country." Those who know
O'Connor knew he would make his Influence
felt did he but get a chance. But the ques?
tion was-where mero were some eight hun?
dred tongues all loosed and ready to ring,
and where, besides, the time was so limited
would he get a chance 2 Other men went to
Baltimore, old In thu ways of politics, and
with followers at their back to applaud their
sentences and to second their resolutions;
O'Connor is yet a young man, 1B no politician,
and was attended by no chums, or cliques, or
rings. He stood upon his own legs-lie spoke
from out of the fullness of his own soul-des?
pising all made-to-order applause, and dis?
daining the dictation of all officious prompters.
His success was therefore the grander, as the
fame ot his rising reputation promises to be?
come wider and more enduring.
We heartily congratulate Mr. O'Connor on
his brilliant victory; we congratulate the
Democratic party against whose disintegra?
tion he fought so strenuously and so effect?
ively; we congratulate Mr. Greeley, who had
IQ Mr. O'Connor so single-hearted, BO pure,
BO ardent and so chivalrous a champion; and,
lastly, we congratulate our own people for
having in the person of our orator so genu?
ine a representative of a race which gave to
the world a Curran and a Grattan, an O'Con?
nell and a Burke-not oncer bot often-a race
whose mighty tolls and sterling worth of
mind challenge recognition-a race In whose
veins courses the rea, warm blood that la to
reinvigorate th? nation, give perpetuity to
Democratic Institutions, and length of days
to the Republic. .
GREELEY AS A JOURNEYMAN.
The While-Headed Lanky Boy who Stt
Type tor mr. Redfield.
The following letter appears In the New
York Democrat :
From 1831 to 1831 1 was carrying on the
business ot stereotyping ot 21C William street,
and most of the time was employing a great
many compositors, not a few ol whom have
since earned a large share of fame in the
world. From the dayl of Franklin even to
those of Greeley tho composing room has
graduated Its lull quot a of t he men who have
distinguished themselves In the history of the I
country. Why shouldn't the Institution be 1
Incorporated, nave a fuculty, and the authority
to confer degrees '>. Why snonldn'c lt make
LL.D.'s as well as Old Harvard r
It was In 1832 or 1833,1 think, that being at
one time much in need of more compositors, 1
iBked those In the office to let the fact be known
at t'-ieir respective boarding houses. Among
athers who applied for work In response to <
this call was a queer-looking chap brought in I
by on? ot the hands in the office. He waa of <
rather more than medium height; his hair was 1
ilmost white, lils face quite BO and entirely 1
beardless, and lie walked with a shuffling and i
uncertain gait. He wore a very old white hat t
ind fustian pantaloons which did not come t
iown to his boots, and these completed a per- I
jonallty which I had never before met with in :
% compositor, and turning to Seymour, who t
Drought him In, I inquired lt that fellow was a
compositor. He replied, "He's a queer-look- i
ing fellow, but they Bay he's a good workman." 1
Being too much In want of help to bo very i
particular about the personal appearance of a t
compositor, I gave bim a case and copy, and i
you may Judge of my surprise when I tell you (
.hat his weekly bills exceeded by from thirty <
to fifty per cent, those of the other compost- I
[ors by his side who were on thu same work, t
and what was equally remarkable, no matter t
how rapidly he picked up the type with his An?
tere, the stream of talk that rolled from his <
tongue was never interrupted. He talked in- 1
cessant ly. When he made out his first bill I I
learned, that lils name was Horace Greeley. I
In those days be was a compositor, aud be
was a good one. He bet type rapidly and I
made a clean proof. When he was a young '
man be did his work well, and now that he ls <
in old one, and there ls a big "take" ahead to
jive out, I propose that we give lt to him.
J. fl. REDFIELD.
NEW YORK, July 10.1872.
THE CENTRAL FARE MUSEUM.
A New Collection of Fostila. 1
_ . 1
[From the New York Tribune.]
Professor F. S. Holmes, of Charleston, S. C., |
s arranging a large and valuuble collection of j
fossils and specimens at the American Museum i
jf Natural History, in tho Central Park. ?
Among the ' Interesting specimens already on ?
exhibition are the fossil remains of a mao,
which were found in 1541, near Charleston. |
rhese remains consist of the tibia, the femur j
ind the lower jawbone. A foasll resembling \
i bunch of ostrich feathers; shark's teeth, six <
ind one.quarier Inches lu length and weigh- -
ng two pounds each; a mammoth's tootb, i
neighing sixteen and one-baif pounds; a
lzard's lower jawbone, two aud one-half feet
oug, und u fossil oyater, twenty-two luches
ong, ure among the curiosities of the collec?
tion. There are also oue hundred glasB jars,
containing specimens preserved lu alcohol. .
Due of i hese ls a mammoth spider, whose
Dite ls equally as poisonous as that of the ;
rattlesnake. This specimen was lound at In?
?leside, Professor Holmes's plantation, near
Dharleston. The shells ol the Southern coast
ire well represented.
The Professor had proposed to send the col
lection to England, but lt ls boped that lt may ?
ultimately be retained In the museum in the '
Park. The board of park commissioners and
;be trustees of the Museum of Natural History
have made arrangements to erect new build?
ings In the Central Park, between Sevent.y
Qlnth and Eighty-tourtb streets, near Fifth 1
ivemie. PlanB have been prepared, and the
construction ol the buildings will soon be be- 1
5un. The Verreaux collection, which was
bought In Paris before the Franco-Germanic i
war, bas been received in perfect order. i
THE COTTON PROSPECT.
REPOST OF THE AGRICULTURAL DE?
The Crops In Better Condition than In
any Joly Since 1868.
WASHINGTON, July 19.
Toe following is a summary of the July cot?
ton crop report of the statisticians of the
Department of Agriculture:
The paet month has been generally favora?
ble to cotton. Slight areas have been affected
by drought, but rains were quite general dur?
ing the latter part ol June. On the Atlantic
coast showers have been so frequent and
heavy since July 20 as to delay cultivation,
and promote the growth of weeds and grass.
Before that date a season of comparative
d rough t of seven or eight weeks had been suf?
fered in a portion o? thia district, while other
counties represent the weather as having
been uniformly favorable. The variation In
rainfall dnrlng the past month has been con*
Biderable. In the Atlantic States lt ranged as
follows at the stations reported: From 2
Inches to 4.95 In virginia; from 4.69 to 6.49 In
North Carolina; from 1.4 to 3.95 In South Car?
olina; from 1.25 to 4.96 in Georgia; from 4 to
6 in Florida, and from 1.55 to 4.89 In Alabama.
In the States on the Mississippi the rainfall
has been abundant. The lowest records in
the several States being from 2 to 4 iocnep,
and the highest from 4 to ll. In Tennessee
the range ls from 2.64 inches to 10.63; lo
Louisiana lrom 4 to ll; in Texas from 2 to 6;
in Arkansas from 4.3 to 8.2, making an aver?
age lower than 100.
The standard of good crop condition are Vir?
ginia, North Carolina and South Carolina, In
which the average rainfall In May and June
was light, and in Arkansas where injury han
resulted from heavy and unseasonable rains
In all the other States the averages are above
100. The figures representing condition are
as follows : Virginia 96, North Carolina 94,
South Carolina 97, Georgia 91, Florida 102,
Alabama 1C6, Mississippi 109, Louisiana 103,
Texas 105, Arkansas 96, Tennessee 104. Tak?
ing into consideration the relative importance
of the States In production, the general aver?
age of the condition of the crop would be about
103. As a whole the Jul; return of the present
rear ls a higher average of a condition than
those of any previous report except 1868.
Cotton Movement for the Week.
NEW YORK, July 19.
The tollowlng table shows the cotton move?
ment for the week ending to-day:
Receipts at all ports for the
weeK. 234 10.8-8
Total for the year.2,692,878 3,762,554
(exports for tue weelt.. 6,706 18.063
Total exports for the year... 1,026,994 3,017,92.
StocK ac all pons In tne Uni?
ted Slates. 124,724 186.774
Stock at Interior towns. 9,718 16,208
Stock In Liverpool. 979,000 810,000
American cotton afloat for
Great Britain. 360,000 so.ooo
The Crops In Alabma.
The Selma Times says:
From all accounts the crops along the Une
of the Alabama Central Railroad, the richest
portion ot the State, look remarkably well,
but the knowing ones Bay that the superabun?
dance of rain has developed the weedB to a
preternatural extent, and a close inspection
develops the fact that-theeettoa le too loug
lointedand not well Ailed; In fact, then 1B too
much weed, which makes all the show, and
too little square and joint. So let us uot be
deceived by appearances.
COMING HOME TO ROOST.
Prosecntlen of Radical Rowdies Under
the Kn-Klux Law. .
RALEIGH, N. C., July 19.
The trial ol Shaddock Jones, (colored,)
charged with the Intimidation of Simon Gra?
ven, (colored) a Liberal Republican, came off
before the United States commissioner, Best,
to day. Six witnesses were examined, and
much Interest 1B exhibited by both political
parties. The counsel closed his argument to?
night. The commissioner reserved his opin?
ion lill the opening of the court to-merrow.
Four arrests were made In the conspiracy
against the colored man Cross, and the case
commences ut ten o'clock to-morrow. It ls
generally believed that the negroes will be
commuted under the enforcement ac).
THE SARATOGA RACES.
Bassett Again Victorious.
SARATOGA, July 19.
The first race was a sweepstakes ot fifty
lollara each, aod one thousand dollars added
JV the association lor lillies foaled In 1869,
me mile and an eighth. It was won by
Woodbine, Woodbine beating Merni by a nose.
Lovely aud Ryder were fourth, but were
jlaced respectively second and third, Merni
>eing ruled out on account of crossing from
,he extreme outside and Impeding Wood?
line on the stretch at the start. Time 2.064.
Woodbine was backed at iwo to one against
The second race was for a puree of one
housand dollars for all ages three miles.
3assett led for two and a half miles, with
Littleton lapping him for most of the (Us?
ance, when he escaped two clear lengths as
hey passed the half mile post, whlcu Littleton
ilosed up again In the last lum aud challenge
id Bassett lor the lead as they came up to the
lome stretch, Bassett answering gallantly,
md winning by a couple ot lengths. Time
Tne third race was for a purse o? six hun
Ired dollars for all ages one mlle and a qnar?
ie r. Tubman won, beating Gayplane four
englbs. with Foodsade as third, one length
jehiud. Time 2.17*.
John Harper says lhat should Longfellow
inly recover and be flt to race again, he
would not let him start another race lt he was
certain of winning ten thousand dollars.
THE MEHRT S1FISS BOTS.
GENEVA, July 19.
Great precautions are being taken by those
:onnected with the Board of Arbitration to
secure absolute secrecy. With thia view the
andre party ot English representatives refuse
to go Into any secrecy. A number of Influen?
tial gentlemen of Italy have united In an ad?
ir?es to Count SclopiB, the president ol' the
board, congratulating him upon the part he
Has taken In the proceedings of that body, ex?
pressing meir gratification that the dispute
between Great Britain and America has been
submitted lo the decision of a peaceful ITIJU
There was no session of the boird of arbl
iratlon yesterday. To-day's session lasted
from one until lour o'clock. All the members
were present. To-day was devoted to the
nutation of the responsibility of England,
which Tenterden denies. The court adjourned
RAISING THE WIND.
WASHINGTON, July 19.
Probabilities: A local etorm o? some severity
s apparently moving noribward io Louisiana
ind Alabama. Cloudy weather, with numer
sus local storms, ls probable for Saturday
throughout, the Southern and Gulf States.
Light winds, and cool, pleasant weather will
prevail nor:h and east of Ohio, and falling
Darometer, and Increased southerly winds,
will prevail north of Indiana and the Missouri
SPARKS FROM THE WIR1?S.
-It ls reported that the British parliament
will be prorogued on August 10.
-A party ot English settlera ape about to
lorm a colony In Minnesota.
-The steamship Clyde, which was ashore,
jot off at high-tide, yesterday, aryd went Into
ATTEMPTED ASSASSINATION OF THE
KINO AND QUEEN OF SPAIN.
A Scene ot Excitement-The Royal Pair
MADRID, July 19.
At midnight last night fae carriage of the
King and Queen waa fired apoo by a party ot
assassins. The King and Queen, who were
the only occupants of the (?rriage, escaped
uninjured. One of the assassins was killed by
an attendant, and two were captured. The
J royal family are now at the palace receiving j
the congratulations ot the populace upon their
narrow escape. The tranquility ot the city
ls undisturbed, although when the accounts ol
the affair began to be generally circulated
there was much excitement. Crowds gathered
in the neighborhood where the attack had
been made, and by four o'clock ia the morn
lng almost the entire population of Madrid
' was bastenlng through the streets. Their
Majesties remained self-possessed during the
scene of excitement which followed the at?
tack] and the brief conflict with the assassins.
When quiet had been in a measure restored
they proceeded to the palace where they now
are, receiving the members of the mi a ls try,
the olvll and military authorities of the city
and deputations from the Pope. All -classes
are enthusiastic in the rejoicing over the
failure of the murderers' attack*
TOOMBS AND COFFEE FOR TWO.
The Heady Reply of the Bellicose
ATLANTA, GA., July 17, 1872.
Editors Constitution: As General Toomba
has thought proper to appear again in print
before the public, while a personal Issue was
pending between him and me, I have a very
simply reply for him. In his card, dated the
Il tb instant, and published on the 16th, be re?
fers to me as resorting to the usual dodge of i
Tale man, having been branded by me as an
unscrupulous Uar, fancied, perhaps, that he
had sufficient courage to defend his personal
honor, or, perhaps, he thought be could safely
play the rolo of a bully. Accepting, there
lore, the position of the Injured party, and
feeling no little concern about my church re?
lations, he sent a friend to meto inquire Iff
held myself amenable to the code ot honor.
I replied a? follows:
Colonel J. C. Nicholls entered my office, on ?
the morning of the Oth instant, and said,
desire to see you a moment privately," when
the following conversation occurred:
Nicholls. "I have come lo behalf of Gene?
ro l Toomba to malte an inquiry of you."
Brown. "Well, slr, I will hear you."
Nicholls. "On account of your ch uren rela?
tions, General Toomba does not know whether
you hold yourself amenable to the code, and
while I admit this is an irregular proceedlug
in behalf ot General Toomba, I make the In?
Brown. "It seems to me tbls coarse ls ex?
traordinary. General Toomba bas notblng to
do with my church relations. If he desires to
send me a communication, I am ready to re-1
celve it at any moment. I bave conferred
with a friend who does not reside In Atlanta,
but I will telegraph bim at once and respond
to a communication If made, after referring it
to him, without unreasonable delay. Are you
General-Toombs's friend in this matter?"
Nicholls. "I am not in that sense. I expect
to bave nothing whatever to do with the mat?
ter. I only come to make this Inquiry, at
General Toombs's suggestion. He may desire
I a little time, aa he will bave to get a friend
who resides out ol the State, for ne does not1
[ wish to complicate his friends In the State."
. Brown. - - I shall not. trouble persons out of |
the State. I have a friend lu the State who
will serve me."
Nicholls. "I would like to know whether
you bold yourself bound by the code ?
Brown. "Say to General Toomba distinctly
that I am ready to receive any communication
that he desires to send, and lt I don't respond
properly, he knows his remedy."
Nicholls. "What I have done in this in- j
stance ls simply an act of friendship to Gene?
ral Toombs, because be requested it. I expect
to take no part In any unpleasant affair
between you and bim."
Brown. "Say to General Toomba I bold my?
self ready to give him any satisfaction which
may be due him. or to which he ls entitled asa
This language Is In General Toombs's posses
session In writing over my own signature.
To be certain that he received lt as uttered,
it was sent to him on the 10th, alter he lett
Atlanta, by the first express to his home at
This code-of-honor gentleman left Atlanta
on the day after this language was uttered.
He responds in the newspapers. I leave the
public io Judge who ls the poltroon, and
whether General Toombs preferred newspaper
artillery to heavier metal.
JOSEPH E. BROWN.
Why Toomba did not Challenge Brown.
ATLANTA, July 18.
Governor Brown's card has produced much
excitement, and it ls reported that Colonel
Nicholls will publish a note charging Brown
with having misstated his language. It ls
also reported that Nicholls 1B Impressed with
the belief that Brown wanted Toombs to chal?
lenge him tor the purpose of bringing upon
bim the penalties of the law agalast duelling.
This Is the reason that Toombs did not chal?
lenge him. Brown's friends deny such an In- j
tentlon. Apprehensions are expressed thal lt
would lead to trouble between Nicholls and
Alston. The latter, with James Gardner, of |
Augusta, are representing Brown. Inquiry
has failed to ascertain the truth of the report,
2ut doubtless the difficulty between Brown
nd Toombs has assumed a grave aspect, and
political circles are much excited over the
probably hostile meeting.
THE KU-KLUX WAR.
Arrest of Edgefleld Men.
The Columbia Phoenix says: "United States
Commissioner Boozer had before bim on
Thursday the following citizens of Edgefleld,
arrested nuder the BO-called Ku-Klux act:
Thomas W. Blease, Dr. W. B. King, George
Turner, William Terry, J. O. Hamilton, B. S.
Towles, J. L. Terry, James P. Merchanr, Mack
Smith? Sumter Turner, Jesse Biddle, D. A. J.
Beel, Wm. Wheeler. The prisoners were rep?
resented by Major James M. Baxter, ot New?
berry. Waiving an examination, they were
balled in the sum of three thousand
dollars each, to appear at the special
term of the Uolted *t&iez Court, which
convenes in Columbia on the first Monday in
August. They were confined In the Jail at j
Newberry on Wedoesday night. This was par?
ticularly'galling to at least one ol' them, who
was for four years a Conledeiate soldier, and
?ad never seen the inside of a guardhouse.
The charge against them ls a violation of the
onforc-unet act, on the 31st of December, 1870
-nearly two years ago-the actual crime, as
let asserted ; being the riding on a rall of a dis?
orderly colored man. Commissioner Boozer,
n e are assured, acted promptly and consist?
ently lu the matter. The prisoners are under
obligations to Mr. C. B. Franklin for courte?
sies. It is understood that Judge Rives will
occupy the bench with Judge Bryan during
the pending trials."
The Last Prisoner In York ville.
The Torkvllle Enquirer says: "On Friday
last, P. S. WeDber, ot Union County, who had
been In jail for several weeks, was released
on ball. He was the last alleged Ku-Klux
under confinement, and with the exception of
IC. B. Sepaugb, the jail is now empty of mili?
tary prisoners. Sepaugb ls under conviction,
Mut was remanded to che Jail of this county,
pending the proceedings in bis case, he hav?
ing prayed an arrest of judgment."
A Ku-Klux Prisoner Dies In Jail.
The Torkvllle Enquirer says: "Through a
letter received by a gentleman of thia place
lrom the assistant-superintendent, we learn
that Hezekiah Porter died In the hospital of the
Albany Penitentiary on Thursday last, 11th Inst.
Gorier was one ol the persons sentenced to the
peoiiarvtrom this county on the charge of
ISu Kluxlng, and died from spinal meningitis.
In the letter referred to, the superintendent
mentions that all the other prisoners from
South Carolina are in good health."
THE BOGUS ?1CBJJE5.
A LAME INVENTION OF THE ENEMY.
Pickett'? Trumped-up Chariten Against
Jeff. Davii sad Judah Benjamin.
WABBINOTON, Joly 19.
A person signing hlnioelf "J. T. Picker .
Confederate States diplomatic agent near tn*.
Government of Mexico," publishes a long let?
ter In explanation of his connection witta the
transaction whereby the United States paid
seventy-five thousand dollars.
Pickett claims to have acted merely as an
attorney. He says: "The documenta constat
o? the entire archives of the Department of
Btate of the Confederate States; nothing more
nor less, without the abstraction o? a single
piece. The Beeret service vouchers by Which
many persons, ot little note, however, on thlsr
slde of the line, might have been compromis?
ed, did not leave h lc h mond with loose more
public papers, but were laithfully and honora?
bly destroyed by Hr. Benjamin on tho
day of the evacuation. Had aoy such
Sapere come into my possession, I should
ave been burned at th? stake sooner than
deliver them even to the common govern?
ment. Thus I do not perceive that a ny body
ls hurt, and there ls but one paper, the peru?
sal of which gave no one palo, viz., the Bon.
Jacob Thompson's report of the operations orr
the frontier, Ac, the existence of wnloh waa
unknown to me until the officer witta whom I
lately went to Canada found lt. as be would
testify, If .called upon. It was too late theil to
recede; nor could I have been Induced to fill-'
alfy history by destroying lt;" and here follows
a curious episode: "Knowing that the docu?
ments exhlblied the fact that Mr. Thompson
had avery large amount ol Confederate Slates
gold lb his possession atibe time of the col?
lapse, which gold has gone where the "wood?
bine twineth," I wt-nt on a lqngjournay, last
summer, to see bim, and, out of abundant
kindness, told bim of the fact that snob papers
were still extant. He would noibe convinced,
saylog that Mr. Benjamin bad told him that
everything of the kiud had been destroyed,
and I dare' say he was BO Informed and
believed; this being manifestly the
cue of that wiley Hebrew, In order
to share In the plunder aforesaid. Now, inas?
much as the Con ie de rate Government was in*
debted to toe writer In the amount ot at least
fifty thousand dollars of that gold on liquida?
ted accounts, he (the writer) felt virtually in?
dignant that Messrs. Thompsou and Benjamin
should have gobbled lc all. By Mr. Tnomp
son's permission I afterwards addressed him
on the subject, in toe hope that he would
make an effort to' secure the entire mass' of
documents, but he treated my letter with of?
fensive silence. Now the publication of bis
report will, doubtless, cause him, with Jeffer?
son Davis and J. P. Benjamin, to feel uncom?
fortable for a little while; but, as I expect to
goto neltner of them when I die, my sympa?
thy ls not ol a heartrending character, es?
pecially as they have all three treated me
badly enough in my time. Thus I am, albeit
unintentionally, the instrument of me execu?
tion of a sort of poetic justice upon them.'.'. .
The letter does no credit to the author, tba.
Federal Government or the mysterious par?
ties who owned the documents, and there are
parties here who question the truthfulness of
some o? the details.
WEARY OF WAR.
MATAKOBA?, Joly 18.
The military operations are unimportant,
owing to a tacit understanding between the
forces at Monterey and General Trevino at
Monalava, to await the result ot the negotia?
tions at the City of Mexico. These-negotia?
tions look to pacifying the country without
further hostilities. General Dachas reviewed
the government forces 'at Monterey, eight
thousand strong, and ls expected here with an
escort to arrange to supply his army from this
point. It ls stated that telegraphic communi?
cation will shortly be opened to the City of
Mexico, lhere being no obstruoUoo. Tho line
la being built.
A QUEEN OF THE DANCE.
[From the Loadon Bche.] ?
"I never refused jewels," said Mme. Tag
llonl, yesterday; they were . never offered
me by private individuals, but I have received
cosMy presents lrom royal personages." And
well did this unconscious eulogluin become
the ex-Queen of the dance -the incomparable
artist wno earned a world wide reputation for
grace, flexibility and modesty. By tnls last
and best ornament of womanhood she suc?
ceeded In elevating the dance to a position
among the arts it had never previously at?
tained, and to the laying asslde of the ?*Tag
llonl style" must be attributed the decline ot
the modern ballet. For In the main, people
admire the beautiful, and soon discover tnat
true beauty cannot exist without refinement
and delicacy, lt ls not, perhaps, too muer to
hope that tue return of Mme. Tagllonl io Lon?
don, when, so far as the stage ls concerned,
her dancing days are over, will promote a re?
turn to a style of dancing which pleases with?
out demoralizing, and brings a smile instead
of a blush to the face of beauty. In the Ave
and twenty yeu.s which have passed since her
retirement, stage dancing bas fallen greatly.
The competition ls now one of Indelicate dis?
play rather than ol artistic grace. It ls a re?
proach to our time to turn back the pages of
Punch, and to refer t j the years when that
genial master of the ceremonies wrote pf Mme.
Tagllonl's then active and glorious-career upon
the stage; and no less is the decorous cos?
tume in which Mr. Punch represents her a
reproof to the arttata of to-day, who seem not
more Inferior to ber lo powers of performance
than they are In personal conduct.
"Yours must be a curious history," I said;
"you have known so many remarkable per?
sons." "So Count d'Orsay used to say," she re?
plied; "he said he would give 100,000 francs to
be allowed to publish my papers: but I never
desired that kind of notoriety. lloved daor
lng for its own sake, and began tc learn ai
nine years old, my lather, an Itali,-.i dancer,
being my teacher. I practiced six hourn a day,
dil I was ??teen, when I made my d?but la
Vienna In a piece en il tied,'La Reception d'une
Nymphe au Temple de Terpsichore.' At first I
was rapturously applauded, and at my third
performance I was called forty-two times be?
fore the curtain, till, becoming exhausted. I
was carried off the stage. I waa extremely
active and elender In those days, and people
used to say I lived lo the air, and never*, touch?
ed the earth. . 1 did' touch lt, however, ir?ais
bien, rarement, pendant." she added, laughing.
"I scarcely ihougbt ot tbe audience. I know .
my lather was Watchlug me. I both lovel
end feared him, and danced for him atoi,o.
He was a severe teacher, but when my success
was assured, he said. 'Had I told you at first
you had talent, your progress would have
Seen stopped. ?elf-oouceit would have pri?
vent dd effort, therefore I blamed rather maa
This e tr I ct but judicious master died last
year at the advanced age bf ninety-four. His
daughter baa always enjoyed <-xce lent health,
and as she says, "I would never know I was
not young if I had not so muoh lo remember."
She insisted lhat study le always required; no
matter how well we. know anything, we never
know lt well enougb. Though I was consider?
ed the best dancer in the world, I continued
to learn and practice two hours a day while I
remained on the stage, and I always perform?
ed in the morning the dances Intended for the
evening. I constantly invented new steps
and movements, and seemed to leam some?
thing every day; but when I left the theatre,
I felt I bad etlll much to learn." Like all those
who have attained excellence In any art, she
seems to believe less In genius than in diligent
and unremitting labor, and her conversation
ls characterized by a singular modesty when
we remember bow, In ber youth, she waa feted
and caressed. She alluded gravely, but not
sadly, to her loss of fortune during tne -late
war, but ls hopeful for ;ne future; lor, aiurher
long retirement, she ls able to teach dancing
as well as In her youth, though her flying dava
are over. "But flying," aa ?be obs?rv. d,' ls
onlv wanted'for the profession, and I no longer
teach for the stage, out only f >r the drawing
room." Mme. Tagllonl ls the widow o? a
French nobleman, the Comte Gilbert de
Volslns, but she is best known by ber malden
name of Marie Tagllonl. She la very active,
bricht and charming in manner, la extremely
spirituelle, and speaks aeveral languages. Ia
tact, she shows buw ai traci ive a lady of mid
die age can be wnen ?he unites the ease and -
dignity or year- with habitual grace and affa?
bility. Mme. Tagllonl 1B now established la
London, and occupies herself in giving to
young ladles lessons in dancing and deport*