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VCLUME IX.-NUMBER 1967
CHARLESTON WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 1, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE RAILROAD CASE.
CONCLUSION OF THE ARGUMENT FOR
The Arguments and Authorities for an
Adjudication In Bankruptcy-Final
Adjournment of the Court for the
The bankruptcy proceedings upon the p?ti?
tion of Dcanlel E. Scanne), of New York:, In re.
the Greenville and Columbia Railroad Com?
pany, were concluded yesterday In the United
States District Court before Judge Bryan;
Messrs. D. T. Corbin and George D. Bryan ap?
pearing for the petitioner; Messrs. A. G.
Magrath and C. D. Melton and John T. Rhett,
of Columbia, for the railroad company, and
Messrs. Portera:Conner, Simonton & Barker
and Jos. D. Pope, of Columbia, for various
Mr. Corbin resumed his argument by citing
the case of Sanson, assignee of Clark, vs. Bur?
ton, claiming tbat the court bad jurisdiction
notwithstanding the fact that the State Court
at Colombia had taken possession of the prop?
erty of (he road with a view to administer Its
affairs, and proceeded to answer the objection
that even if this should be granted no good
wou^d follow. He claimed the same position
as occupied by the parties In the case quoted,
and held that If the road were Insolvent the
creditors o." the road had a right to have its
property distributed according to the bank?
rupt law. from that case the court would
perceive that lt possessed powers In the prem?
ises. If the order of bankruptcy were granted
all the property that was rot tben In the actual
possession of the court wo sid be taken posses?
sion of at once, and an Inquiry be made
as to the condition of those suits institu?
ted in the State Courts, and whether
they did not tend to hinder and delay
the operations of the bankrupt act. He would,
perhaps, point out some feature, some suspi?
cious aspect, of those suits, and prosecute all
the right which the bankrupt had in that case,
and do lt not in the Interest of any one cred?
itor like the South Carolina Railroad, that
seemed to be present in all its power, but in
the Interest of all the creditors. It was the
right of these creditors, If the road were insol?
vent, to have a man there who was disinter?
ested, to take care of their interests; and If it
were to be found that any agreement had been
made resulting in a preference, the court
wonld immediately enjoin any Buch agreement
and 3ay lt was all done in fraud of the bank?
rupt act.- The position be next took was that
the Greenville and Columbia Railroad was a
commercial corporation, and, as authority
for that position, he cited the case of Swett vs.
the Boston, Hartford and Erle Railroad Com?
pany, to be found in the Law Times, vol.
4, p. 174, and also the case reported In the
American Law Review, January, 1871, p.
376. In explanation of the powers of a bu si ne.-a j
corporation, be said that lt was created for the
specific purpose of transacting business, and ?
that* business comprehended anything that ,
anybody might be engaged in for the purpose ,
of a livelihood or gain. In the same connec?
tion he called the attention of the court to the <
Fifth* Bankrupt Register, p. 97, referring to (
the case of the Alabama and Chattanooga
Railroad Company vs. Jones, in which the de- c
cisi?n of Judge Shipley was sustained. The \
result of that decision was that while lt was r.
held that the railroad corporation was a'buel- (
ness corporation, lt was not put into bank- c
ruptcy on the petition, but subsequently i
went Into bankruptcy; the allegations ]
were defective, and lt was dismissed on that j
ground. The next posilion taken was that the
interest coupons severed from the bonds of
the Greenville and Columbia Railroad were
commercial paper, and that the non-pay ment
thereof within fourteen days after maturity i
was an act of bankruptcy. In support of this' i
he quoted from Bump, page 39. He held that I
the coupons were the same as promissory <
notes, payable to bearer: that they come
strictly within the law ot commercial paper,
and under the law of thiB State any one
holding thar, pape-vouid bring an action and 1
recover without reference to the bonds. He
cited the case of In re. Nicodemus, 3d Bankrupt
Register, page 55; Law Times, vol. 2, page
168; Bankrupt Register, vol. 3, page 82, and
/ others in support of this position. In pursuing
his argument Mr. Corbin came to the question '
whether that corporation was bankrupt
and insolvent at the time it commit- 1
ted certain acts of bankruptcy, holding
that ii a corporation issued paper of a com- |
merdai character and failed to meet lt at ,
maturity, lt was legally bankrupt. He pro- (
posed to show that the company was insol- ]
vent at the time lt made certain payments to (
ita creditors in full, and thereby gave those
creditors the preference. He endeavored to
show that the company was insolvent because <
lt bad not sufficient assets to meet its llablll- <
ties, referring to tbe report of the president of <
May 2, 1872, and to the testimony of Mr. ,
Magrath and Coloael Low, and also to the re- i
port of Superintendent Dodamead. Io the i
matter ol' the bonds in the bands of the Ware- ,
house Company, he said that they had legally 1
passed thereto through the financial agent of
the road, Mr. Klmpton, In New York; that
when they did pass, It was for the pur- 1
pose of raising fonds for ; the use of '
the company at a time that their 1
legality was not questioned, and regarded as 1
good In every particular. The difficulty was 1
that they bad lost confidence in Mr. Klmpton, 1
and that he had cheated them In some way. (
On the allegation of having given preference 1
to certain creditors by paying them their *
claims in full, he said that the road now de- 1
nied that they Intended to make any prefer
encejrbut the act itself established the Inten- j
tlon in law, and he cited Bump, page 143, and t
Hardy vs. Clark, Third Bankrupt Register, j
page 100, in support. The proceedings in the ,
State Court for foreclosure of mortgage were j
reviewed and commented upon at length. (
During the course of Mr. Corbin's argument
he cited numerous authorities In support of ?
his positions, and argued that the road bad E
committed an act of bankruptcy In ?'.lowing ]
its paper, which be considered as of a com?
mercial character, to pass by unpaid at its =
maturity, or within the time prescribed by law.
He argued against the proposition that if the
road were sold it wonld pass into the hands of c
allens and prove detrimental io the interests J
of the State. Railroads were always operated 1
with a view to profit, as an investment, and c
in the Interest of those living along their i
lines. As to the Imputation that the North- t
eac-tern Road was operated exclusively for the e
benefit of a foreign ring and not lor the local i
welfare he deemed untrue, and as far as rings i
were concerned, it always took a ring of t
capitalists to operate a railroad. Tbe hour of s
adjournment having arrived, the court asked s
that If there was to be any more argument it s
should be deferred until he would be better ii
able to hear it, but the counsel replied that, tl
aahie was compelled to argue a case In Colum- tl
bia on Friday, he would bring his argument J 1<
[to a close by referring to thu court the
question ol the sale of the franchise of the
road, and the power of his Honor to make a
transfer, to the tweniy-flrst rule of the Su?
Judge Bryan -then took the papers in the
case, reserving his decision, and the court ad?
journed for the term.
COURT OF COMMON PLEAS.
A Complicated Cotton Case-Important
Argument by Jadgre Magrath.
Judge Graham has been occupied for seve?
ral days in hearing the case of William A. and
Jeremiah Beall, of Augusta, Ga., against James
Robb and C. T. Lowndes, trustees ol John
Fraser & Co. This is an action brought to re?
cover the proceeds of over five thousand bales
of cotton Bhlpped by thc Messrs. Beall to Fra?
ser, Trenholm & Co., Liverpool, through John
Fraser & Co., Charleston. The amount In?
volved is $184,850, with Interest from the 18th
of December, 1867. The Messrs. Beall are re
presented by the Hon. J. B. Campbell, Colonel
Thomas Y. Simons, and Messrs. Buist & Buist;
on the other side are Judge Dunkin ann Messrs.
Magrath and Lowndes.
The first two days, Tuesday and Wednesday,
were occupied in reading thc evidence, which
Is very voluminous. Yesterday morning the
argument was opened by the Hon. A. G.
Magrath for the plaintiffs. Mr. Magrath
argued, first, that Fraser, Treoholm & Co., ol
Liverpool, and John Fraser & Co., of Charles -
ton, were separate and distinct firms, either
firm being in no way liable for the obliga?
tions of the other, and even if they were not
distinct firms there was no proof in this case
to fix the liabilities of the former upo.' the
latter; second, lt they were but one firm
the discharge In bankruptcy in England
of Fraser, Trenholm & Co. likewise
discharged John Fraser &, Co. from their
obligations In this country; third, that the
Bealla not having sigued the agreement
which transferred the property ol John Fra?
ser <fc Co. Into the hands of James Robb and
C. T. Lowndes, for the benefit ot the creditors
of the firm, they were in no way entitled to the
benefits ot said agreement. His argument
occupied about two hours and a half. He was
followed by the Hon. Henry Buist, who de?
voted bis remarks to the contraverslon of
those points. Colonel Simons will continue
the argument this morning.
THE LIBERAL REPUBLICAN CLUB.
The Central Liberal Republican Greeley and
Brown Club met at their hall last evening &ud
transacted the usual business Incidental to a
thorough organization. A resolution was
adopted fixing Thursday ot each week for the
regular weekly meetings of the club; also one
under whlcb a committee of three was ap?
pointed to arrange for. speaking upon the
political questions of the day at the meetings.
There was much feeling expressed In re?
gard to the Liberal movement throughout the
:cunty, and much encouragement given the
A letter from Colonel S. A. Pearce, of the
?xecullve committee of the State, was read,
ind afforded much satisfaction to the members.
The meeting was harmonious aod a degree
ti confidence felt and expressed by the mern?
ie rs as to tho Increasing strength and the
iltimate success of the Liberal cause In South
jarollna, and the hope expressed that all good
iitlzens would join with the Liberal Repub
Icans of the State in their endeavors to get an
io nest and substantial government. The next
neeting of the club will be on Thursday next
THE HEAT YESTERDAY.
The range of the thermometer yesterday, at
the drug store of Mr. Joseph Blackman, on
the south side ot Broad street, was as follows:
3 A.M., 87; 10 A. M., 92; 12 M., 92; 2 P. M., 92;
1 P. M., 94; 6 P. M., 90; 8 P. M., 87.
CLUBS AND STARS.
Calendar of Yesterday's Arrests and
William Burley, drunk; discharged. Eliza?
beth Aiken, disorderly and fighting; two dol?
lars or twenty days. Joseph Givens, disorderly;
discharged. Patrick O'Mara, drunk; one dol?
lar. John G. Mackey and E. Baynard Sea?
brook, fighting; two dollars each.
THE FIRST SEA ISLAND COTTON.-The first
soil of loog staple cotton of the season was
sent to THE NEWS office yesterday from Christ
church Parish. It was grown by a colored
man named Isaac Smith, who has a few acres
)f colton near Mount Pleasant.
SCHOOL EXERCISES.-The closing exercises
)f the parochial Behool attached to the Church
it the Holy Communion will take place In the
church this morning. There will be a full
choral service, beginning at half-past ten
o'clock, after which there will be an address
by the Bight Reverend Bishop Howe, and the
distribution of prizes by the rector, Rev. A.
OUR PRICES CURRED.-We especially Invite
the attention of our merchants to THE NEWS
Prices current, issued this morning: Made
ip with the utmost care, and handsomely
printed with entirely new type, lt forms, with
;he business card of the house forwarding it,
;he most attractive and welcome weekly
commercial circular that can be used. Price,
or ten copies or more, with business cards,
wo and a half cents per copy; Bingle copies
MINOR CRIMES AND CRIMINALS.-Peter Dan
els, charged with stealing a watch and chain,
ogether with seventy dollars in currency,
rom J. F. Bachus, Market street, was com
nitted to Jail yesterday by Trial Justice Lovett
or trial at the next term of the Criminal
Benjamin Brown and William Lawton were
Ikewlse committed for trial, on charge of
itealing clothing and other articles from Mr.
). "Vogt, King street.
John Dozier, for stealing three hams, was
tent to Jail for thirty days.
STAMP TAXES-The Internal Revenue Re
lord, ol the 20th Inst, says: "By the act of
rune 6,1872, all stamp taxes on instruments In
vritlng are repealed from October 1, 1872, ex
?pt the two cent stamp on checks. It ls pro?
dded, further, that In the meantime the
lolder of any Instrument of writing of whate?
ver kind and description, which has been
nade or Issued without being duly stamped,
nay make application to any collector ol'in
eroal revenue, who shall thereupon affix the
tamp provided oy such holder upon such ia
trumentof writing as is required by law,
ubject to the provision of section 158 of the
sternal revenue laws. It is Important that
he holders of such instruments should avail
nemselves of this opportunity to render them
?gal and valid."
THE CHAMPION OF PEACE.
HORACE GREELEY TO THE NATIONAL
He Accepts the Nomination apon a Plat?
form "Incontestably Republican and
The following 1B Mr. Greeley's letter, accept?
ing the Ballimore nomination, in reply to the
letter of the committee appointed to notify
him thereof :
NEW YORK, July 18.
Gentlemen-Upon mature deliberation lt
seems flt that I Bhould give to your letter of
the 10th instant some further and fuller re?
sponse than the hasty, unpremeditated words
in which I acknowledged and accepted your
nomination at our meeting on the 12th instant.
That your convention saw flt to accord Ita
highest honor to one who had been promi?
nently and pointedly opposed to your parly
in the earnest and sometimes angry contro?
versies ol the last forty years ls essentially
noteworthy. That many of you would
have preferred that the Liberal Re?
publicans should present another candidate
for President and would more rapidly have
united with us 'n the support of Adams or
Trumbull, Davis or Brown, ls well known. I
owe my adoption at Baltimore wholly to the
lact that I had already been nominated at
Cincinnati, an : that a concentration ol forces
upon any new man had been proved imprac?
Gratified as I am at your concurrence in the
Cincinnati nomination, and certain as I am
that you would not have thus concurred had
you not deemed me upright and capable, I
found nothing In the circumstance calculated
to inflame vanity or nourish self-conceit. But
that your convention saw flt to reaffirm the
Cincinnati platform is to me a source ut the
profoundest satisfaction. That body was con?
strained to take this step by no party necessi?
ty, real or supposed. It might have accepted
the candidates of the Liberal Republicans
upon grounds entirely Its own, or lt might
have presented them as the first Whig con?
vention did Harrison and Tyler, without
adopting any platform whatever.
That lt chose to plant Itself deliberately, by
a vote nearly unanimous, upon the fullest and
clearest enunciation of principles which are at
once incontestably Republican and emphati?
cally Democratic, gives trustworthy assurance
that a new and more auspicious era is dawn?
ing upon our long distracted country. Borne
of the best years and best efforts of my Hie
were devoted to a struggle against chattel
slavery, a struggle none the less earnest and
arduous because respect for constitutional ob?
jections constrained me to act tor the most
part on the defensive in resistance to the
diffusion, rather than In direct efforts for the
extinction of human bondage.
Throughout most of these years my vision
was uncheered, my exertions were rarely ani?
mated by even so much as a hopo that I
Bhould live to see my country peopled by free?
men alone. The affirmance by your conven?
tion of the Cincinnati platform lt* a most con?
clusive proof that not merely Is elavery
abolished, but that V i spirit 1B extinct; that
despite the protests of a respectable, but
Isolated, few, there remains among us no
party and no formidable interest which regrets
the overthrow or desires the re-establishment
of human bondage, whether In letter or in
Bplrlr. I am thereby Justified In my hope and
trust that the first century of American Inde?
pendence will not close before the grand ele?
mental truths on which Its rightfulness was
based by Jefferson and the Continental Con?
gress of 1776 will no longer be regarded as
glittering generalities, but will have become
the universally accepted and honored founda?
tions of our political fabric. I demand the
prompt application of those principles to our
existing co nd l HOD.
Having done what I could for the complete
emancipation of the blacks, I now insist on
the full enfranchisement of all my white
countrymen. Let none say that the ban has
just been removed from all but a few hundred
elderly gentlemen, lo whom eligibility to
office can' be of little consequence. My view
contemplates not the hundreds pro?
scribed, but the millions who are denied
the right to be ruled and represented by men
of their own unfettered choice. Proscription
were absurd if these did not wish to elect the
very men whom they are forbidden to
I have a profound regard for the people of ]
that part of New England wherein I was born,
lu whose common schools I was taught. I
rank no people above them lu Intelligence,
capacity and moral worth; but while they do
many things well, and some admirably, there
ls one thing they cannot safely or wisely un?
dertake, aud that ls the selection for States
remote from and unlike their own, of the per?
sons by whom these States shall bei represent?
ed In Congress. If they could do this to good
purpose, then republican institutions are unfit ?
and aristocracy the only true political system.
Yet, what have we recently witnessed ? Z. B.
Yance, the unquestioned choice of a large ma?
jority of the present Legislature ot North Car?
olina, a majority backed by a majority ot the
people who voted at its election, refused the
seat In the Federal Senate to which he was
ohosen, and the Legislature thus constrained
to choose another in bis place or leave the
State unrepresented for years.
The votes of New England thus deprived
North Carolina of the senator of her choice,
and compelled her to send another in her
stead-another who in our late contest was,
?Ike Vance, a rebel, and a fighting rebel, but
had not served In Congress oefore the war as
Vance had, though the latter remained faith?
ful to the Union till after the close of his term.
I protest against the disfranchisement of a
State, presumptively of a number of States, on
ground BO narrow and technical as this. The
fact that the same Senate which refused his
seat proceeded to remove his disabilities after
that seat had been filled by another, only
serres to place in a stronger light the Indigni?
ty to North Carolina, and the arbitrary, capri?
cious tyranny which dictated lt.
I thank you, gentlemen, that my name ls to
be conspicuously associated with yours in a
determined effort to render amnesty com?
plete and universal in spirit as well as in let?
ter. Even defeat In euch a cause would leave
no sting, while triumph would rank with
(hose victories which no blood reddens, and
which evoke no tears but those of gratitude
Gentlemen, your platform, which is also
mine, assures rae that Democracy is not hence?
forth to stand for one thing and Republican?
ism for another; but these terms are to mean
in politics, as they have always meant In the
dictionary, substantially one and the same
thing, namely, equal rights, regardless of]
creed, or clime, or color. I hall this as a genu ?
ine new departure from outworn [feuds and
meaningless contentions In the direction ? f
progress and reform.
Whether I shall be found worthy to bear the
standard of the great Liberal movement which
the American people have inaugurated ls to be
determined not by words, bat deeds-with me,
If I steadily advance; over me If I falter. Hs
grand array moves on to achieve for our coun?
try her glorious beneficent destiny.
I remain, gentlemen, yon?,
To Hon. James R. Doolittle, chairman of the
Convention, and Messrs. P. W. Sykes, John
C. Maccabee, and others, committee.
DEATH OF PRESIDENT JUAREZ.
MATAMORAS, July 26.
Two dispatches from General Bocha report
the death ot Juarez from apoplexy. Lerdo de
LARGE FIRES IN NEW TORE.
The Erl? Workshops and a Catholic
NEW YORK, July 25.
The shops of the Erle Railroad in Jersey
City were burned last night. Loss $1,500,000_
moally Insured. The Erle building covered
about six acres. No such fire has ever before
been witnessed In Jersey City. Besides Engi?
neer McCarthy, of the fire department, who
met a horrid death from falling walls and fire,
Charles Nagle, Btoker, of the same engine,
was al?o crushed, but escaped with broken
legs. One man, a machinist, entered the
buildings for tools, and lt ls feared he perish?
ed. The fire lasted two hours, A significant
fact connected with the fire Is that at the late
sirlke all the Jersey City men were notified
that they would not be again employed. TDIS
threat was carried out. Tne employees were
all from New York.
The flames illuminated the shipping In the
river, and the light extended to the New
York side for a great distance. The scene
around the fire was one of excitement and be?
wilderment. The mechanics and their wives
were rushing to and fro, giving expressions ol
regret at the loss of their tools and prospec?
tive business. Upwards of eleven hundred
hands were employed in the shops. There ls
no instance on record of a destruction so sud?
den and complete. The machinery can only
be sold for old Iron.
The loss by the burniag of the Catholic
Female Protectory, at Westchester, this morn
iDg, is about $150,000. It was an educational
house for vagrant and criminal Catholic chil?
dren, presided over by the Sisters of Charity,
and its destruction leaves some Ave hundred
children homeless. All the children were
rescued without accident.
OLD WORLD DOTS OS.
Catacazy Squelched-Communists Shot
-Popularity of Amadeus.
ST. PETERSB?RO, Jaly 26.
An official clauEo has been published dis?
missing Catacazy from the Russian diplomatic
service. His pamphlet was published without
the knowledge or consent of the Imperial Gov?
PARIS, July 26.
Three Communists, convicted of participa?
tion In the massacre of the hostages In Jue
Rue Haxo, were shot at Satory to-day. One
i of tbe condemned when brought to the place
of execution shouted, *'A bas, la Commune;"
the other two cried, ,lYlve la Commune," in
their last moments.
MADRID, July 25.
Amadeus was enthusiastically received at
Sr. Andrew. The town was gally decorated.
The King visits other towns.
THE CATHOLIC PAROCHIAL SCHOOL.
Closing Exercises and Distribution ot
A large number of ladles and gentlemen
assembled last evening at the hall of the Cath?
olic Institute to attend the distribution of pre?
miums. The proceedings were opened with
music on tbe plano by Prof. Muller, organist of
the Cathedral. The Rev. D. J. Qulgley then
made some remarks on the gratifying conduct
and proficiency of the pupils, after which be
Introduced E. F. Sweegan, Esq., who delivered
aa address upon the condition, prospects and
objects of the Parochial School, closing with
aa appeal for the co-operation of all Catholics
io its aid. A little pupil, Master Barlow, fol?
lowed In a well-delivered poetic greeting to
the audience. The premiums were then dlsr
trlbuted, Mr. W. H. Gannon, the superintend?
ent, reading out the names ot tbe fortunate
pupils, and Mr. Sweegan presenting the pre?
miums. The distribution was varied by occa?
sional choruses and addresses by the children.
The following were the principal awards :
A silver medal, the honor of the school, was
awarded to the following pupils, viz: Henry
Corbett, Frank Barlow, John Sharkey, John
Halsenmeyer and M. Powers, respectively of
the first, second, third, fourth and fifth classes.
In natural philosophy, algebra and Latin
premiums were awarded to J. Slattery, T.
Gannon and H. Duffy.
In Christian doctrine, H. Corbett of the first
c?as?, Jno. B res m han of the second, ono. Shar?
key of the third, Jerry Harrington of the
lourth, Josie Murray of the fifth, received the
In arithmetic premiums were awarded to J.
Slattery of tbe first dais, Jno. Bresloban or
the second, Robert Collins of tue third, Jno.
Halsenmeyer of the fourth, Wm. Bresinhan of
the fifth, and Edward Higgins of the sixth.
In penmanship, H. Corbett of the first class,
Jno. Bresnlbaa of the second, M. McMahon of
the third, Jno. Quash of the fourth, Philip Ba?
ker of tbe fifth, and Josie Bran wick of the
sixth, were awarded premiums.
Ia history, Jno. Slattery of tbe first class,
E. F. McManns of the second, and Jas. Ciearey
of the third, received premiums.
In the primary department, C. Scanlon of
the fourth class, Josie McDonald of the filth,
and Dan Monauan of the sixth, received pre?
miums for spelling.
In geography, o.emlumswere awarded to
Jno. Slattery, F. Barton, Jas. Cunningham,
Wm. Frain and Jas. Cameron, of the first, sec?
ond, third, fourth and fifth classes respect?
For reading and spelling, Thos. Gannon, F.
Barton, W. Sullivan, Jas. Finnegan, Jno. X.
Kennedy and Patrick Carroll, or the first, sec?
ond, third, fourth, fifth and sixth classes, re?
SOUTH CAROLINA DENTAL ASSOCIATION.
This body is holding Its annual session in Co?
lumbia, and, yesterday, passed resolutions ol
respect to the memory of Dr. Wm. Reynolds,
of Columbia, and Dr. B. A. Rodrigues, ol
Charleston, and elected the following officers
for the ensuing term: Dr. T. T. Moore, of Co?
lumbia, president; Dr. R. S. Whaley, of New.
berry, first vice-president; Dr. D. L. Boozer,
of Columbia, second vice-president; Dr. Isaac
H. Alexander, of Camden, corresponding sec?
retary; Dr. J.*. Thompson, ot Abbeville, re?
cording secretary; Dr. W. L. Reynolds, ol
Hotel A rr i villa-July 35.
W. 8- Andrews, Wilmington; J. M. Clarke,
St. Jphn's; Mrs. Scott, Boston.
S. G. Garner, South Carolina; F. Schoufield,
Thos. Spencer, Cincinnati; J. F. Thompson, C.
S. Barrett, St. Louis; A. Bacharlas, Jackson
ville; D. Cox, Savannah; J. W. Vordermark
A STARTLING CONTRAST.
REVERDY,TOHNSON COMPARES GRANT \
A Review of Grant'? Administration-j
Ita Failures-Superiority of Greeley
Hts Devotion to Country, and Unchal.
Ia response to a request of Congressman
James Brooks, of New York, for an expression
of hlB political views, the Hon. Beverdy John?
son has written a long letter, exhaustively dis?
cussing the present issueB, lu which he says:
BALTIMOUE, July 16,1872.
The question with the people now Is, Walch
of the two will they have for their next Presi?
dent, U. 9. Grant or Horace Greeley ? The
former, during the past three years, in the
j Judgment ol all Impartial men, has proved nie
utter unfitness for the office; the latter, during j
a period ol more lhan thirty years, as the
editor of a leading Journal, has proved bim- |
I self, In the Judgment of all impartial and com?
petent men, to be a man of extraordinary
ability, perfect patriotism and Incorruptible
Integrity. Has not General Grant demonstrated
his unfitness for the Presidency ? His whole
career as President has been full of blunders,
to use no milder term. A few Instances will
establish this statement:
1. His s?lection of his first Cabloet was
made without consultation with any honest
and experienced friend, and without regard
to merit. He nominated as the head of the
treasury a highly respectable merchant of
New York, In Ignorance of the fact tbat by
the flin section or the act of the 22d of Sep-1
tomber, 1789, such an appointment is express?
ly prohibited, and this* upon grounds of the
clearest policy-the provision being that no
person concerned In trade. Ul reci ly or Indi?
rectly, is eligible to any office created by that
acr, and alter finding his error, he foolishly
requested congress to modify the provision
so as to enable him to make the appointment.
2. His selection of his relatives lor high and
Important trusiB, at home and abroad, obvi?
ously without ascertaining whether they
were fit, and bia reluaal to remove many ot
them, siter their unfitness bad been palntuily
3. His negotiations for the annexation of the
Dominican republic, through no minister se?
lected with the approval of the Senate, and bis
undignified lobbying with Benatora to procure
IIB rat inca: lon; and his Impertinent and in?
sulting message to Congress, after the treaty
was rejected, in which he designated the
rejection as an act of "folly." His usurpa?
tions of the war power In threatening Haul,
having the mean? at hand of making good bis
threat, If they continued their hostilities
against Dominica, and doing this not only
while the treaty was under consideration by
tbe Senate, but after they bad rejected lt.
A. His open and shameless use of his power
ot patronage to support bis personal adminis?
tration and to secure a re-election.
6. His compelling Secretary Cox, a gentle?
man of ability, who faithfully served his coun?
try during me war as a general officer, and
wno was administering the Interior department
to the 8atlstaotlon ol the country, to resign,
because he had refused to tolerate the assess?
ment upon the salaries of hts clerks for party
purposes, thereby countenancing the legality
and propriety of such assessments. . No
greater violation of duty could be perpetrated.
6. His not permitting, but virtually ordering,
the members of his Cabinet and bureau offi?
cers to canvass the States where elections I
have been or may be depending lu his behalf j
-thus sei lously Interfering with the public bu?
siness which tbey alone were appointed to
attend to, and far which alone they are paid.
7. In not only disapproving of the acts of I
Congress, Known as the Enforcement acts of |
1870 and 1871, but In recklessly carrying them
out by means ol the military.
By bis utter disregard of the rights of the
States and of the people. By holding the lat?
ter still as enemies, und under this pretence
continuing the military occupation ot some ol
the States, and not interfering in any degree
with the unconstitutional, reckless and corrupt
governments which from the first to the present
time have plundered those States, Involving
them in almost hopeless bankruptcy.
9. HIB management of our loreign relations.
His management ol the Alabama Claims under
the Washington Treaty. It is unlortunately
but too true that his conduct In this respect
from the moment that the difficulty presented
Itself to the period when it was removed in
the manner just stated, has but served to Im?
pair our character abroad and mortify us at
borne in making the worij, at one lime, be?
lieve that we were a nation of sharpers, and
at another, a nation ot blockheads.
10. His conduct, and the conduct ol the
party iu Congress and out of if, by whom be
ls supported. In extending the powers of the
general government beyond those delegated,
In direct antagonism to rights and powers
not only inherent lu tbe States and the peo?
ple of tne States, but expressly reserved to
them by the constitution Itself.
In this enumeration ot the objections to ihe
election of President Grant, I do not desire to
Impugn his motives. I am wllllnz to concede
that they are good, and rna', he believes them
to be patrotlc; but my conviction ls, and. il I
am capable of judgment, tbe facts which I
have stated demonstrate Ita soundness, that,
conceding bis motives to be good, he does not
know what the constitution ls, and 1B entirely
Ignorant ol the principles which should gov?
ern a republic like ours.
MR. GREELEY'S QUALIFICATIONS.
I proceed now to submit to you some ooser
vatlons lu relation to Mr. Greeley. In the
first place, his love ot country cannot be
doubted. His ability displayed in the ardu?
ous position of an editor ol a leading Journal
for very maDy years, the thousands and hun?
dreds ol thousands who have been his constant
readers will readily admit. That' he has, at
times. Inculcated doctrines which many good
and able men have thought unsound, ls, no
doubt, true. But what statesman has not.
His opinion on the doctrine of protection 1B
now contested by many men ot ability and
patriotism. Whether his policy ls eound or
noe ls a point upon wnlcn even able men
differ. But this ls certain, that when Mr.
Greeley adopted lt he had the support ot some
of the ablest of our statesmen, having at their
head Henry Clay, a name never mentioned lu
the hearing of Americans without admiration
and gratitude. If Mr. Greeley has erred, lt
should be held to be some extenuation that, he
erred ia such company. That his opinion ls
honestly entertained, and bas been maintain?
ed with great ability, must be conceded. But
does General Grant hold the opposite opinion?
or has he any opinion on this nica problem ot
political economy' Il he has oue (I've DO Idea
he has, his studies-never having run on that
line,) he certainly never has expressed lt, and
from his enforced reticence, ii he was to do BO,
would not be able to give bis reasons. But
why should Mr. Greeley's opinion on this
point be any objection to his election? He bas
accepted the nomination he received at Cin?
cinnati, and with an engagement to act upon
the principles therein announced. One of
them la, I quote lt. that "recognizing that
ther* ls In our midst honest but Irreconcilable
differences of opinion with regard to the re?
spective systems of protection and free trade,
we remit toe discussion of the subject to tbe
people lo their Congress districts, and to the
decision of Congress thereon, wholly free of
Executive Interference or dictation."
This gives to the friends of Free Trade an
opportunity of satisfying the people that their
doctrine ls the correct one, and that If Con?
gress shall so decide their decision will not be
disapproved of by Mr. Greeley. Whether
Free Trade or Protection ls to receive the
sanction of Congress will not depend upon the
opinion of the President, even if he has one,
I'and ls disposed to act upon lt. He can effect
nothing except as he may be able to Influence
Congress by lils patronage, aud this no man
fit for the office would attempt, because to do
so would be a palpable effort to corrupt that
department. That Mr. Greeley would not
take such a step ls certain, because he ls hon?
est, and because the platform upon which he
agrees to stand prohib?, s lt.
PATRIOTIC TREATMENT OF THE SOUTH.
Before the war, and occasionally during Ita
continuance, his treatment of the South was
believed by many to have been unnecessarily
harsh. But In this no one seriously question?
ed his motives. They were In no respect per?
sonal or other than patriotic. The war over,
what bas been his course ? From the first
moment to the present hour he has earnestly
desired, and has done all in his power to effect
lt, to restore peace and prosperity to th?
1 South. A constant and ardent friend of gen
eral amnesty and of universal suffrage,
ne cannot but have commended himself
to tho good opinion of the white and color?
ed citizens of that region. The latter
perhaps, are more Indebted to him
and the Hon. Charles Sumner for the rights
now secured to them than to any other two
men in the country. His generosity and kind
regard for Southern men was strongly illus?
trated by bis becoming one of the ball o? Mr.
Jefferson Davis, which terminated his cruelly
protracted Imprisonment. For this step he
was denounced by the Hadlee's of his party,
and particularly by such of them as belODg to
the Union League of New York. They pro?
posed his expulsion; and who can forget, who
has ever read lt, the proud letter of defiance
which he addressed to the League on the 23d
ol May, 1867 ? In that letter he quoted ex?
tracts from the Tribune to show how decided
his opinion was that those who had been en?
gaged in the insurrection should be enfran?
chised, and their estates exempted from con?
fiscation. He Justified having become security
for Mr. Davis, and in his letter, among other
things, said: "Your attempt to base a grear,
enduring party on the hate and wrath neces?
sarily engendered by a bloody civil war, is as
though yon should plant a colony on an ice?
berg which had somehow drifted into a tropi?
cal ocean. I tell you here that, out ot a life
earnestly devoted to the good of human kind,
your children will select my going to Bich
mond and signing that bail-bond as the wisest
act, and will feel that lt did mere for freedom
and humanity than all of you were competent
to do, though you bad lived to the age of
BENEFICENT RESULTS OF GREELEY'S ADMINIS?
You will have thus seen what I think of the
present political condition ot the country.
Uoless I sm greatly mistaken, it must give to
every unprejudiced, intelligent and patriotic
man much anxiety and alarm. How is this
anxiety and alarm to be removed ? By re?
moving the cause of lt. By reluslng a re?
election to General Grant, to whom, in a great
measure, it not exclusively, it is owing, and
by placing In the Presidential office Mr. Gree?
ley, whose entire life bas exhibited bis gener?
ous qualities, his great ability, his brave pa?
triotism and his unsuspected integrity. To be
rich, he will accept no presents, but would
scornfully reject them If offered. He has not
scores ol' relatives to provide lor out of the
public funds by placing them lu offices for
which they are grossly Incompetent, and, if he
bad, be would n it so place them. He will not
exert bis patronage to Influence State elections
or to secure a re-election for himself. He will
not permit the public funds, by means of a tax
upon the salaries ef bis officials, to be
used for party purposes. He will not suf?
fer his secretaries or their subordinates
to abandon their poets of duty and their
attention to the public business to traverse
State alter State on electioneering visits, so
aa to bring the Influence of office In conflict
with freedom of elections. He will see that
our foreign relations are so managed as to
give honor and not disgrace to the nation.
He will not tolerate the use of the military tor
the control of the elective franchise. He will.
not trample upon the rights of the States or
tbe people by declaring States to be in rebel?
lion when they are not. And my hope ls to.
live to see the day when these vital changes
will be made; when all solicitude about the
rate- of our country will be quieted; wben
peace and prosperity will be secured to tbe
the entire nation; when the guaranteed rights
Of the citizen will be protected, the legitimate
powers of the States maintained, and the au?
thority of the General Government exerted
only under the restrictions of tie constitution.
In a word, when the constitution bequeathed
to us by our rathers shall in all things be ob?
served, and when we will have a President
intelligent and patriotic enough to keep bis
official oath to "preserve, protect and defend
When all these things shall occur, and not
until then, will our prosperity and power be
renewed, and our country become, as it was
in former days, the wonder and admiration ot
the world. REVEKDT JOHNSON.
PATING TBE PIPEE.
England Settling l p tor the Work or
the Confederate Navy.
The World has a dispatch from Londo n re?
porting that the tribunal of arbitration, at
Geneva, has dismissed the claims for deprecia?
tions committed by the Boston, tbe Sallie, tbe
Jeff Davis, the Joy and the Music-all claims
of minor Importance. The English demurrer,
praying that the tribunal will exclude the
oases of the Tallahassee, Chickamauga, Sum?
ter, Nashville and Retribution, has been over?
The case ot the Florida has been concluded.
It ls believed that tba arbitrators have award?
ed the sum of two million six hundred thous?
and dollars ($2,600,000) for depredatloos on
American merchant vessels committed by
this English-built privateer The discussion
In the case of tbe Alabama began on Monday.
The following ls a list of American vessels
which were destroyed by the privateer Flori?
da between the dates of Sunday, August 24,
1861-the day on which Captain Semmee's
flag was hoisted on the Alabama-to the
period of the close of the war for the Union,
Vessel. Where from. Date of
Aldebaran, sehr.New York.... March 18, 1863
Anglo Saxon, ship....Liverpool....Aug, 21.1863
Arabella, brig.Aap nwali....Jan. 12.1863
B. F. Hoxie snip.Mazatlan....June ia, 1863
Clarence, brig.Bahia.- -,1863
Common weall h,ahlp New York-April 17.1863
Corns Ann.brlg.Philadelphia.Jan. 22, 1868
?avid Lapaley, bark..Sombrero....- -
Electric ?spark, Btr.... New York.... July 10,1864
Estella, brig.Manzanilla...Jan. 17,1868
F. B Cutting, ship_Liverpool-Aug. 6.1863
Geo. Lau mer, sehr.... Baltimore. ? ..May 18,
Gen. Berry, bark.New York.... July io.
Golconda, bark.Taicahnana..Jnly 8.1864
Greenland, bark.Pnliadelobla.Jnly 0,1864
Harriet Stevens, bark.Portland.- --
Jacoo Ben, Bhlp.Foochow.Feb. 12,1863
Kate Stewart, scar.. .Philadelphia Jane -, 1863
Lapwing, bark.Borton.March 27,1803
Mary Alvina, brig_Boston.June -, 1863
M. A. Schmier, sehr. .Port Boyal...June 12.1863
Marg. Y. Davis, sehr.Port Boyal...July o, 1864
M. J. Colcord, barre..New York....March 30, 1868
Mondamin, baric.Mo Janeiro...Sept. -, 1864
Bed Gauntlet, ship'..Buena Vista..May 20. 1863
Klenzl. sehr.Provlncetown July 7,1863
Souih'rn Rlgtits.shlp.Rangoon.Aug. 22 1863
Southern Cross.Boston.June 6,1863
sr ar or Peace, ship .Calcutta.March 6,1863
Sunrise, ship.New York....July -. 1883
Tacony, bark.Port Royal.. .Jane 12,1863
Var. H. Hill, seor_Provlncetown Jane 27.1862
Wm. B. Nish, brig. ..New York....July 8,1863
Wm. C. Clars, brig..Machias, Me..Jone 17,
Windward, brig.Matanzas.Jan. 22.186?
Zealand, bark.New Orleans..Jane io, 1864
THE EVER-FAITHFUL ISLE.
HA VASA, July 26.
General RIguelme telegraphs a report of an
engagement of government troops with nine?
teen remaining members of the Fannie expe?
dition. Ten of the filibusters were killed and
lour captured, who were subsequently execu?
ted. The five who escaped are likely to die
of hunger. Several stands of arms and flags
Importations ot Chinamen coastwise take
place, and two vessels arrived last week.
Captain Alian has captured Augustine Au
gero, the revolutionary postmaster-general.
Governor Zabalza returns to Spain on the
The Diario condemns the London Times1
article recommending the sale ol Cuba.
THE WEATHER THIS DAY.
WASHINGTON, July 26.
The areas of rain and cloud will extend,
with southerly to easterly winds, falling bar?
ometer and Increased temperature, from th?
lower lakes southward to the Ohio Valley and
thence eastward over the Middle States bj
Friday. Partly cloudy weather, with souther
ly winds, on the South Atlantic and Gul
-A rocking-chair tan bas been invented
which, during tbe bot season, will be particu
larly grateful. &n elastic curved arm ls fae
tened to the back of the chair, and bends at i
convenient distance over tb? head of the sit
ter. To the ead of this is attached a swing
lng fan, which, on the slightest movemeni
swings too and fro, acting as a fan, wlthou
any exertion on the part ot the sitter.
INTEREST IN THE NO RIB CAROLINA
The Three National Committees Kttab
llahed in New fork-Speed of th*
Greeley Movement In the Interior ot
the State-Air. Greeley as the Tribune's*
"Arithmetic Man"- Th? Millionaire
Stewart's Desertion of Grant.
[PROH otra OWN CCRBISPOKDKHT.I
NEW YORK, Joly 23.
Carl Schurz's great speech at fit. Louis last
night occupied from nice to eleven columns
In all the great dailies except the limes,
which systematically suppresses unfavorable
campaign literature. No one familiar with
Schurz's speeches will' fall to recognize this
one as the ablest of his lue. Its eflVot is ex?
pected to be most poweriul among the Ger?
man voters, many of whom have been baiting
between abstaining from voting altogether
and going over to Greeley. Ic -will be Imme?
diately translated lato the German language
and issued as a campaign document by the
Liberal Be publican national committee.
The Interest bas Increased h<-re la the North
Carolina canvass since Boutweil's curious con?
fession bas been made public. The secretary
said during bis recent visit to the Old North
?tate that if the Radicals carried the Stats the
remainder of the national campaign would be
a mere canter to them, but li lt went against
them they would have great difficulty to re?
elect Granr. Both sides are boasting of com?
ing victory, but it must be oonfeesed that the
Radicals are boasting the loudest and most
confidently. The World's artice this morning
on North Carolina would seem to indicate
that the Democratic leaders here bav? premo?
nitions of coming defeat, for the explanations
volunteered by the editor really look like
attempts to break our fall. If a fair as well
as full vote could be polled, there would be no
doubt ol the election of the Democratic Slate
ticket; but the trouble ls that the Radical Gov?
ernor bas the power to appoint registers and
officers ot the pells, (and he will not hesitate
to take every advantage of lt,) and that thous?
ands of negroes can be run over the line from
Virginia, Tennessee and South Carolina, and
voted ad libitum, bou t h Garollolaos living on
the northern border might assist our cause by
devoting the day of the North Carolina elec?
tion, Thursday, August 1, to patrolling the
lines and detecting the attempts of the Radi?
cals to colonize voters la North Carolina; - '-'
The effect of a Democratic- and Liberal Re?
publican victory In North Carolina .on Thurs?
day of next week would undoubtedly be to de?
moralize the Grant party. If wi h their vast
expenditure of money and other means ina
State which- lias heretofore been naturally
Radical, they cannot cany it, the outlook la
very bad for them. Their defeat would be
followed by a stampede all over the conni ry
to Greeley of that great floating class ot voters
who are always anxious to be on the probably
winning side, and of those prominent Repub?
licans like Backs and Farnsworth, who are on
the fence waiting to Bee whloh aide is the saf?
est to Jump. Tu corrow Boutweil's language,
"Tne Greeley party will have au easy canter
over tbe rest of tue field li North Carolina
elects the Democratic and Liberal Republican
Statetlokeu" ... ?
The three national committees have estab?
lished their headquarters In this city, and are
now busily at work. The Demoorui lo Nation?
al Committee have taken rooms at the Sping
1er House, on Union Square; the Radicals are
located at the Fifth avenue Hotel, and the
Liberal Bepubllcans at the denham House.
For three months to come these sporn wlil.be
the centre o? political basile and manage?
ment. The Liberals h?>ve the advantage In
point of time, for they have been working
like beavers for six weeks past, while the
other committees have been doing nothing.
Cart-loads of campaign documents, have been,
sent off to the postoffice from the Glenearn
House for distribution throughout the' coun?
try, tiumner's speech against Grant being the .
staple article. There ls another Liberal Re?
publican committee also engaged actively,
though lt does uot make so much noise. It le
tiie State committee, headed by John Coch?
rane, with headquarters at the Astor House.
This committee bus the assisi ance of Senator
Fenton, who is generally supposed to be the
meat adroit political manager this State hu
owned since Aaron Burr's light went out.
The detection from the regular Bepuoiican
organization in the interior of the 8<aie con?
tinues to-be very considerable. We hear of
tens, twenties and hundreds In townships, and
thousands in counties, who have heretofore
acted with the Radicals who bave pronounced
lor Greeley. Already six members of the Re?
publican State Committee have abandoned
?he committee for the purpose of supporting
tu e Liberal ticket, Republ.oan leaders all over
tbe State are oomlng out dally tor Greeley, lt
ls eavv to predict the result in New Yoik. In
the heaviest vote polled by either party in the
State, wMch was In 1868, tbe Democrats had
10,000 majority. If the lu i Demoorailo vote lt
out in November, (and undoubtedly lt- will be,
for the Brick Pomeroy malcon.'ei"* d0. P?P
amount to a row o? pine,) and iher J a??e'a
to lt ten per cent, of the Republican voJ> ,n8
state win go for Greeley by one hundred thou"
This, I understand, ls exactly the majority
Mr. Greeley himself claims fur the L boral
ticket in the State. There ts no better judge
of political figures than the ex-edltorol the
Tribune. Away back, In old Whig times,
back to the days ot Harrison and Van Buren,
he WSB a student of votes, gains and majori?
ties. On every election night, tor thirty years,
he has been in the Tribune office to receive
the returns. His acquaintance with thia
feature of politics and bis recollection of past
votes is marvellous. He seems to know how
every town, village and precinct in the Em?
pire State has gone lor the past decade. I re?
member wandering Into the Tribune office
several years ago on the night ot a hotly con?
tested State election. There was a great
crowd there and Mr. Greeley was behind the
oounter opening the returns as they came
lc. From whatever point the returns came,
he was always aoie to tell how muon gain or
loss there was to the Republicans, compared
with last year. I recollect it was announced
that some town In the backwoods of Owego
County bad given two Democratic majority.
"How does that compare with last year, Mr.
Greeley?" sang out an excited bystander.
''Sandy Creek," promptly responded the arith?
metic sage of the Tribune, "gave forty-two
Republican maj orlty last year. If we don't do
better than this we will lose the county."
Caesar, lt ls said, knew the name of every sol?
dier in his army. Mr. Greeley evidently knows
the Democratic and Republican vote ot every
town tn the State. It ls for that reason that!
put great faith in bis estimate of a hundred
thousand majority for Greeley In New York in
Among the influential nabobs, whose sop
port Grant has.lost, ls Alexander T. Stewart.
It ls reported that ne has given the Liberal
committee $30,000 for campaign purposes. He
was very thick with Grant four years ago and
subscribed largely to the gilt fuud, but sloee
the President's attempt and failure to make
him secretary of the treasury there has not
been the best feeling between them. Some
time ago Mr. Stewart desired that his own
personal lawyer, Judge Hilton, should be
made collector of the port ol New York.
Graut was keeping the place for bis boon
companion, Tom Murphy, and Mr. Stewart
was snubbed. The President's organ thia
morning sneers savagely at the position Mr.
Stewart has seen flt to take in relation to tbe
Presidential candidates. Tbe artiole will
probably have the effect of drawing another
$30,000 out of the Indignant millionaire's
pocket for the Greeley cause. 1ST*.
SPARKS FROH THE WIRES.
-Ia New York, yesterday, the government
sold one million of gold at 14 4.3-100*14 46-100.
-In Philadelphia yesterday, -the Fiench
Band was received by the French and several
-The Iniiiana Democrats, yesterday, nomi?
nated Cravens, of Madison, a Liberal Bepuoii?
can, for governor. ? . ,
-Allison & Co's, car works, of West Phlla
deiphta. were partially barned yesterday.
Loss ivo hundred thousand dollars.
-Tne New York Tribune publishes a notice
thetas the Times oasxa reporter who con?
ceals his calling In' order to make notes of
private conversations of Mr. Greeley with Sat?
urday visitors at C?appaqua, Mr. Greeley will
not entertain after this week.