Newspaper Page Text
VCLUME IX.-NUMBER 1967
CHARLESTON WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 1, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
HOW THE MONEY WENT.
SOME INTERESTING FIGURES FOR
THE TAXPAYERS TO READ.
Mr. Treasurer Parker's Affidavit Con?
cerning the Cash Transactions of the
The affidavit of Mr. Treasurer Parker, In the
case o? Gibson, which was objected to by the
counsel for Gibson as Inexplicit, and which he
has been ordered to supplement with more
specific statements as to receipts and expendi?
tures, reads as follows:
Personally appears Niles G. Parker, who,
being sworn, says:
1. Tn at be entered upon the duties of the
office ot'State treasurer on the '2 Gi h dav o?
2. That during his term of office he bas
heretofore made to the comptroller-general of
the State, as by law requited, monthly reports
of the ooah transactions ot the treasury, in the
form and after the manner which appears to
have been uniformly followed in the treasury
office ot this State-in which were stated ac?
curately all sums of money received and paid
away In behalf of the State, showing where,
from whom, and on what account the same
were received and for what purposes paid.
3. That the aforesaid monthly reports are,
he presumes, to be found on file in the said
office of the comptroller-general; and that
condensed statements of the transactions of
eack month to the close of the fiscal year
which ended October 31,1871, have been pub?
lished by the comptroller-general and may be
found In his annual reports to the General
4. That from the aforesaid monthly reports,
or from the published statements thereof, will
be ascertain ed the amounts o? receipts and
disbu.-sert.-nts of each fiscal year, and from
said monthly reports filed since the 31st ol
October, 1871, will be found the amounts re
celved and disbursed from that date..
5. That during the present fiscal year there
has been received Into the treasury, to the
date of the 15th of (June, the sum of $1,091,
708 86; and he furnishes herewith a statement
showing the different sources from wblc'a the
same was received.
6. That during the present fiscal year there
has been paid out from the treasury the sum
of $1,089,333 83, and he refers to the aforesaid
monthly reports to the comptroller-general
for information as to the manner in which the
same has been disbursed.
7. That the amounts paid for legislative ex?
penses, as to which special nformatlon ls
asked, during the present fiscal year, are as
Legislative expenses, 1870, 1871... .$ 30.800 00
Legislative expenses, 1871, 1872_ 441,866 65
These payments include not alone "pay cer?
tificates" or members and attaches, but also
puyments on account o? incidental expenses of
the General Assembly; and the amount of each !
particular payment, lor what special purpose,
and to whom paid, can only be ascertained
by an examination of thc vouchers which evi?
dence tbe same. The amounts paid for the I
like purposes during the preceding fiscal
years of this deponent's term of o nice can be
ascertained by reference to the aforesaid
monthly reports. ?
8. That the amounts paid forpublicprinting,
as to which special information ls asked, dur
lng the present fiscal year are as follows:
Advertising acts ci* Assembly.$ 38,292 91
Permanent printing. 15.886 07
Current printing General Assembly. 58,695 64
Publication decisions ol Supreme
Court. 500 00
The amounts paid for the like purposes dur?
ing the preceding fiscal years may be ascer?
tained from the monthly reports hereinbefore ?
9. That the notes issued for money borrow
. ed to pay the certificates ot the members of j
. the General Assembly and subordinates, un?
der the joint resolution of 12th March, 1872,
as to wnlch special Information ls asked,
amount to the sum of $399,312 72.
10. That this deponent cannot undertake to
give, as requested, ''in every instance the au?
thority under which each payment was made
from the treasury. So to do, would make
necessary a detailed statement ot each par?
ticular transaction in the treasury, however
small lu amount," for which he has neither
the time nor the requisite clerical force. He
must, therefore, refer to the acts of the Gene?
ral Assembly and resolutions for the Informa?
tion as to the amounts and purposes of the ap
propr.atlons nuder wblch payments were
made, and to the Aforesaid monthly reports
for information as to amounts paid on account
of each appropriation.
11. This deponent cannot state, as request?
ed, "the number of pay certificates paid br
him, to whom they were made payable, tb
whom paid, in what amounts paid and when
paid." To undertake to comply with the par?
ticulars oft his request would Involve the exam?
ination of each certi?eate which has been paid
during the term of now nearly four years, and
would require an amount of time and of clerl- j
cal force which the deponent has not at com?
12. He further states that moneys have been
paid out by county treasurers "on warrants
drawn upon the treasury and endorsed by this
deponent to be so paid, but be cannot say to
what amount or In whose favor said warrants
were drawn, as he kept no registry ot the same.
By the tenor of the endorsements the county
treasurers were authorized to pay such war?
ra its and to return them to the treasury as
each. The practice of so endorsing warrants
was some time ago discontinued;' and this
deponent believes that nearly ll net all of those
so endorsed have already been returned to ihe
Receipts from November 1,1S71, to .runt
Balance on hand November 1st,
1871. $24,207 23
Sources of revenue Blnce :
On account taxes 1868. 7,586 00,
On account taxes 1869. 19,481 33
On account taxes 1870. 67,559 11
On account taxes 1871. 950,613 07
On account licenses. 34,782 39
Saluda turnpike. 352 50
General Interest account public
debt. 1,185 00
School commissioner Abbeville
refund..-. 86 73
South Carolina Phosphate and
Mining Company. 500 00
. Land commissioners. 3,785 00
Fees secretary of State. 1,000 00
J. M. Wilder, ex-sheriff, balance
account. . . 4,757 50
Columbia Artificial Stone and Ce?
ment Company. 20 00
Total to June 15th, 1872... $1,115,916 09
Statement of Expenditures since No?
Sadies.$ 103,566 26
Contingent fund Governor. 4,087 28
Contingent fo jd librarian. 35 00
Contingent tb nd comptroller. 26 68
Contingent fund treasurer. 563 15
Expenses Supreme Court. 601 89
Fund auditor. Ill 50
Civil contingent fund. 7,302 15
B. Vam ph Ul, treasurer Marion_ 1,693 52
B. W. Bell, treasurer Oconee, re
lund taxes. "54 97
T. McNally, treasurer Union, re?
fund taxes. 53 72
Rebate to Pendleton Manufactu?
ring Company. 350 00
W. A. Lesly, treasurer Picken?,
refund taxes. 127 12
D. Hemphlll, treasurer Chester,
refund taxes. 883 79
J. W. Denny, treasurer Richland,
refund taxes. 158 84
Orphan Asylum. 6,500 84
Free schools. 117,671 8?
Armed force. 82,723 3:
Advertising acts General Assem?
bly.... 38.292 91
Permanent printing. 15,886 0"
Claims passed. 15,807 3-1
Mileage State board education.... 703 32
Expenses loan payment interest
publlodebt. ?- 1,082 7
General interest account public
debt. 3,354 ll
Current printing General Assem?
bly.$ 58,695 01
Repairs Lunatic Asylum. 10,500 0C
Transient sick poor. . 126 ti
J-Support South Carolina University 816 0(
" Support Lunatic Asylum. 30,800 4C
Legislative exoenees 1870-1871.. -. 69,097 0(
Legislative expenses 1871-1872_ 441,880 65
Quarantine coast South Carolina... 890 00
Purchase booka Supreme Court li?
brary. 125 00
Catawba Indiana. 200 00
Keeper Lazaretto, Morris Island.. 266 67
Furnishing Asylum. 5,000 00
Heating Asylum. 1,000 00
Deaf, Dumb and Blind Asylum_ 4,622 02
Purchase books library University 5e 00
Publication decisions ef Supreme
Court. 500 00
Penitentiary. 6,666 00
Vault doors treasury. 1,500 CO
H. H. KImpton. 25,966 43
Contingent fund attorney-general. 37 45
Free schools deficiency. 9,655 04
Deficiency payment commission?
ers and managers ol election.... 342 75
Transportation and clothing dis?
charged convicts. 89 20
Contingent lund secretary ol
State. 500 00
Militia account. 237 40
Bills payable. 17,21013
Bills receivable. 232 00
THE HIGHWAYS AND BRIDGES TAX.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE NEW,"?.
Without needlessly prolonging the argument
oe the question as to whether that part of the
act of 1871 which authorizes a highway tax be
repealed or not, the remarks made by you
upon the subject, at the toot of my former
article, call for a few words of reply.
. You say : "Our correspondent apparently
overlook: tho fact that the act of March, 1872,
in abolishing the office of highway surveyors
confers the duties of the same upon the county
commissioners. One of the duties of the high?
way surveyors was to assess a tax of eighteen
cents on every hundred dollars, for the pur?
pose of keeping In repair ^he highways and
bridges. This assessment must now be made
by the county commissioners.''
I did, in the argument, overlook the fact that
the office of highway surveyor was abolished,
and the duties of that office conterred upon
the county commissioners, because I did not
consider that fact as having any bearing upon
the question under consideration; for the ques?
tion was not whether it was the highway sur?
veyors or the county commissioners that had
the power ot assessing the tax, but whether
either of them had such a Bower, the act being
repealed. But I am surprised at the error you
make, with the act belore you, in saying it was
one of the duties of the highway surveyors to
make the assessment, ano that this d-ity now
devolves upon the county commisioners.
The act ot 1871 makes it the d>uy oi
the county commissioners to make the
assessment, and, having done so, then
to make out and deliver to each surveyor
a tax bill containing the amount of the tax to
be laid out In his district, accompanied by a
warrant signed by the chairman of the board
authorizing bim to collect such tax. It ls true
that the second section of the act of 1872 abol?
ishes the office ol highway surveyor and con?
fers the duties thereof upon the-county com?
missioners, but this fact does not touch the
question at Issue, for the highway surveyors
had no such duties or powers as required or
authorized them to make an assessment. So ,
the qnestlon still remains, Is section 4 of the
act of 1871 repealed by section 1 of the act of
1872, or ls the latter to be added to the former,
and both to stand together ' A plain common
sense view of the matter would seem tr result
in the conclusion that section 1 of the act of
1872 must be taken as a substitute tor section
2 ot the act o? 1871. If any other result had
been aimed at it would seem that the Legisla
ture, though not distinguished for choice phra?
seology, would have said : "The following
words shell be added to section 2;" or, If pre?
ferring to say "to read as iollows," then sec?
tion 2 ought to bare been Incorporated In the
But you say that the proviso at the end ol
section 2 of the act of 1872 shows that lt le
still expected that this tax Bball be levied and
collected. In tbls opinion I may agree with
you, but It ls equally clear that lt, of Itself,
has no potency to give authority for such a
tax if section 2 be repealed. It roust be based
upon this or some other law, or else it will be
nugatory. The act of 1871 having fixed the
time when this tax was collectible, and having
required lt collected by the highway survey?
ors, and the act of 1872 having abolished the
office of the latter, and conferred their duties
upon the county commissioners, the only ob?
ject-or rather the only legal effect-ol this
proviso was to provide, first, that the tax
should be collected at tbe same time as the
g?n?ral taxes, and secondly, that lt should be
collected by the county treasurers. It Is true
the Insertion ot this proviso In tbe act war?
rants the conclusion that the draftsman did
not Intend to abolish section 2, but the real
question is not what wus intended to be done,
but what bas been done; and if the proper
construction of section 1 of the act ot 1872 re?
sults In the repeal, abolition, substitu? lon or
striking our of section 2 ot the act of 1871, the
proviso under consideration would be lound to
possess no vital force within itself, and hence
the legal result would be the same as If it had
been entirely omitted from the act.
Klngstree, S. C., July 25, 1872.
THE DISGUSTED BONDHOLDERS.
What They Think of the New York
IN. Y. Correspondence or the Columbia Union.]
There has been considerable manoeuvring
here In regard to South Carolina bonds. Seve?
ral of the bondholders have met three or lour
times to take steps in regard to the bonds now
upon the market. These meetings are re?
garded by nrany as nothing but stock-Jobbing
operations, gotten up In the Interest of one E.
K. Willard, a banker IQ this city, who, It ls
said, holds a large number ol' South Carolina
bonds. It is also sa.d by others that there is
political significance attachlog lo the move?
ment and that lt is al In the interest of Judge
Willard lu South Cai olina, who, it is Bald, ls a
candidate for Qo vet nor. It ls expected that
the moneyed interests of the one Willard are
to be used to secure the election of the other
Willard-a kind of family arrangement, which,
lt Is supposed, would prove highly beneficial,
in a pecuniary point of view, to both parties.
Bondholders here are ata ?ORBto understand
bow it ls that a man who sought sud obtained
office at the hands ot so corrupt i. body as he
now charges the Legislature v.'tb being,
could escape a portion of the rt jponsiblllty
himself. If he knew all this rascality was
going on, why did he not raia? his voice
?galnst it long age? Why did ha walt until
alter this "corrupt Legislature" had placed
him in a good position for four years more ?
People are sick and tired o? the gabble o? euch
"reformers." They want reform, and will
lift VG lt
If the Republican party, now in such a
powerlul majority, does not effect this much
needed reform, the people will do lt regardless
of leaders. When one man tries to build up
his political reputation by pulllag down that ot
Borne other mao, he ls not worthy oi being
trusted with any office at all.
KEY WE9T, July 27.
A large steamer Is reported ashore eighty
miles to northward, supposed to be the Bien?
ville. It ls understood that the steamer Kan?
sas bas gone io her assistance.
THE DISPUTE AT GENEVA.
(.'SNEVA. July 27.
The recent interruption ot the sittings of the
board o? arbitration occurred through the
necessary re-examination of English law on
questions regarding the construction of pri?
vate sea vessels lu British ports, and also for
investigation as to whether the British Ad?
miralty used sufficient diligence In presenting
these vessels from eolnu lo sea. Of four cases
advanced England repudiates three, and in
the fourth Bhe contends that the Admiralty
acted promptly, although the police hesitated
to take proper steps to prevent her departure.
The court ls aleo considering the question of
allowing interest on amounts awarded. It ls
stated that a majority of the board are un?
favorable to such allowance. It ls regarded
as probable that after carelul investigation ol
each case, the tribunal will fix the amount ol
Indemnity to be raid by England as the gross
sum. Cnarles Francis Adams preserves a firm
attitude in maintaining the claims of the
THE SECRETS OF THE WAR.
THE REVEL At IONS FOR WHICH
GRANT PAID $75,000.
Jacob Thompson's Report to Judah P.
Benjamin-The Plots to Barn North?
ern Cities and Release Confederate
Prisoners-Attempt to Captare a War
Vessel-The Sons of Liberty.
The sensation of the hour at the North, Just
now, ls a letter of Jacob Thompson to J. P.
Benjamin, secretary of State of the Southern
Confederacy, found among the Confederate
archives which have recently been purcliased
by the United States Government from one
Pickett, for the 6um of seventy-five thousand
dollars. The letter bears date, Toronto, C.
W., December 3d, 1865, and the endorsement
said to be in J. P. Benjamin's hand-writing,
"Received 13th February, 1865, J. P. B." In
his letter Thompson saya he had no difficulty
In obtaining all the necessary information
la regard to the organization known
as the "Sons of Liberty," which
organization was essentially military,
having its commanders of divisions, brigades,
regiments, ? c., and whose object was to secure
the Independence of the Confederacy. In
June, 1867, he Bays: "The belief was enter?
tained and freely expressed that by a bold,
rigorous and concerted movement the three
great Northwestern Stales of Illinois, Indiana
and Ohio could be seized and held. This
oelng done, the States of Kentucky and Mis?
souri could easily be lifted from their prostrate
condition and placed on their feet, and this in
sixty days would end the war." The 16th of
August was fixed upon for a general uprising
throughout the North and West, but Just pre?
vious, says Thompson, "a large lot of arma
were purchased and Bent to Indianapolis,
which was discovered, and some ot the lead?
ing men were charged with the design to arm
the members of the order for treasonable pur?
poses. Treachery showed Itself at Louisville.
Judge Bullltt and Dr. Kalfus were arrested
and sent to Memphis." This project, lt seems,
would have beeu carried out had lt not
been for Mr. McDonald, Democratic candidate
for Governor of Indiana, who believed it would
mar his prospects for election, and threatened
to expose the plot If the leaders did not desist.
Soon after, the "Sons" became demoralized by
the surveillance exercised by the government!
and virtually disbanded as an organization.
Thompson next tells the story of the attempt
made to capture the United States steamer
"Michigan and the reasons of Its failure, and
tells how the Island Queen was sunk near
Johnson's Island. The capture of the Michi?
gan was lo be followed by a shot through the
officers' quarters at Johnson's Island as a sig?
nal for the release of the Confederate prison?
ers. Thompso" next gave his attention to the
Federal currency. The remainder of his let?
ter, touching upon this last and other topics, ls
so interesting that we print lt in full:
BULLING THE GOLO MARKET.
In obedience to your suggestion, as far as It
was practicable, soon after my arrival here I
urged the people in the North to convert their
paper money Into gold and withdraw lt from
the market. I am satisfied this policy was
adopted and carried Into effect to some ex?
tent, but how extensively I am unable to
state. What efleet i1 had on the gold market
lt ls impossible to estimate, but certain it ls
that cold continued to appreciate until lt went
to 290. The high price may have tempted
many to change their policy, because after?
ward gold fell in the market to 150. When ll
was about 180, and exportation ot' go d was BO
small tbat there appeared to be lil tie or no de?
mand for lt, Mr. John Porterfleld, formerly a
banker of Nushville, but now a resident ol
Montreal, was furnished with $100,000, and In?
structed io proceed to New York to carry out
a financial policy of his own conception,
which consisted In the purchase of gold, and
exporting the same, selling lt for sterling bills
of exchange, t?nd then again converting his
exchange Into gold. This process involved a
certain loss, the cost of transhipment.
He was instructed by Mr. Clay and mysell
to co on with bis policy until ha had expend?
ed $25,000, with which he supposed he would
ship directly $5,000,000, and luduce others to
ship much more; and ihen, lithe effect upon
the gold market was not very perceptible, lie
was to desist and return to Canada and restore
the money unexpended. By his last report
he had caused the shipment of more than
$2,000,000, at an expense of less than $10,000;
but lt seems that a Mr. Lyons, who had been a
former partner ot Mr. Porterfleld, was arrest?
ed by General Buler on the ground that he
was exporting gold, and although Mr. Lyons
bad no connection with Mr. Portertleld In his
transactions, yet he thought lt prudent to re?
turn to Canada, and while he retains the un?
expended balance Of the $25,000 to carry out
bis Instructions, he has restored $75,000. I
must confess that the first shipment had a
marked effect on the market. I am Inclined
to the opinion this theory will work great
damage and distrust In the Federal finances if
vigorously followed up, and if no untoward
circumstance should Interfere with the opera?
BURNING MISSISSIPPI STEAMBOATS.
Soon after I reached Canada a Mr. Minor
Major visited me, and represented himself as
an accredited agent from the Confederate
Stales to destroy steamboats on the Mississippi
River, and that bis operations were suspended
for want ol means. I advanced to him $200
In Federal currency, and soon alter several
boats were burned In St. Louis, iuvolvlng an
Immense loss of properly to the enemy. He
became suspected, as be represented to me,
ol bel?g the author of this burning, and from
that time both he and his men have been
hiding, and consequently hare done nothing.
Money has been advanced lo Mr. Churchill, of
Cincinnati, to organize a corps for the pur?
pose or incendiarism in that city. I consider
him a true man, and although as yet he has
effected but little. I am la constant expecta?
tion of hearing of effective work In that quar?
NO HOPE OF RELEASING PRISONERS.
Previous to the arrival of Lieutenant-Colo?
nel Martin, Lieutenant Headly brought an un?
signed letter from you. All the different
places where our prisoners are-Camp Dou?
glas and Elmira-had been thoroughly exam?
ined and ihe conclusion was forced upon us
that all efforts to release them without an out?
side co-operation would brlDg disaster upon
the prisoners and result In no good. All pro?
jects of that sort were abandoned, except that
at Camp Douglas, where Captain Hines still
believed be could effect their release. We
yielded to his firmness, zeal and persistence,
and his plans were plausible; but treachery
defeated Bim before his well-laid schemes
THE ATTEMPT TO BURN NEW YORK CITY.
Having nothing- else on hand, Colonel Mar?
tin expressed a wish to organize a corps to
burn New York city. He wa9 allowed to do
so, and a most daring attempt has been made
to fire that city; but their reliance on the
Greek fire has proved a misfortune. It can?
not be depended on as an agent in such work.
I have no faith whatever In it, and no at?
tempt shall hereafter me made under my
general directions with any such materials.
THE RAID ON ST. ALBANS.
I knew nothing whatever ot the raid on Sf.
Alban's uniil after lt transpired. Desiring to
have a boat on whose captain and crew reli?
ance could be placed, and on board ot which
arms could be sent to convenient points for
arming such vessels as could be seized for
operations on the lakes, I aided Dr. James r.
Bates, ol Kentucky, an old steamboat captain,
in the purchase of the steamer GeorglaD. She
had scarcely been transferred when the story
went abroad tht.i she had been purchased and
armed for the purpose of sinking the Michi?
gan, releasing the prisoners on Johnson's Isl?
and, and destroying the shipping on the lakes,
and the cities on their margin. The wildest
consternation prevailed In all ihe border cities.
At Buffalo two tuga had cannon placed on
board, five regiments of soldiers were sent
there, two of ttnm represented to have been
drawn from the army of Virginia. Bells were
rung at Detroit, and churches broken up on
Sunday. Th? whole lake shore was a scene
of wild excitement. Boats were sent out
which boarded the Georgian and found noth?
ing contraband on board, but still the people
were credulous. The bane and curse of carry?
ing out anything In this country is the surveil?
lance under which we act. Detectives or those
ready to give information stand at every street
corner. Two or three cannot interchange
ideas without a reporter.
A VAK WHO WANTED $20,000 IN GOLD.
Dr. K. J. Stewart, of Virginia, has reached
this place, and very mysterloasly Informs me
that he has a plan for the execution of some?
thing which has received the sanction of the
President. He is In want of money, and
states to me that you gave him a draft on me
for $20,000 In gold, which has been lost on the
way. He bas sent back to Richmond for a re?
newal. He has rented a large house and
moved his family Into lt. I cannot doubt bis
wordB, but. of course, I do not feel authorized
to advance him money without "your authority
or that of the President. I have, ho ivever,
been constrained to advance bim $500 In gold
on his written statement that unless the
money was placed in his bands, the lives and
liberties ol high Confederate officers would be
A FINANCIAL STATEMENT.
Owing to the ill health of Mr. Clay, we sepa
' rated at Halifax, and since then we have not
lived together, though we have been in con
' suiting distance. As the money was all In my
I name, which I supposed to be controlled by us
i Jointly, and as he desired to have a sum
placed in bis hands and at all times subject to
his personal control, I tranalerred to him
$93,614, for which I hold his receipt, and for
which he promises to account to the proper
authorities al home. Including the money
turned over to Mr. Clay, all ol which he has
not yet expended, the entire expenditure at
yet on all accounts Is. about $300,000. I still
bold three dralts for $100,000 each, which have
not been collected. Should you think lt best
for me to return, I would be glad to know In
what way you think I bad beat return wlih the
funds remaining on band. I imer from your
"personal" In the New York News that lt is
your wish I should remain here for the pres?
ent, and I shall obey your orders. Indeed, I
have so many papers in my possession which,
In the hands of the enemy, would utterly ruin
and destroy very many of the prominent men
of tbe North, that a due sense of my obligation
to them will loree on me tbe extremest caution
in my movements.
NO DEPENDENCE ON NORTHERN" ALLIES.
For the future, discarding all dependence
on the organizations in the Northern States,
our efforts, In my Judgment, should be directed
to Inducing those who are conscripted In the
North, and who utterly refuse io (oin the
army to fight against the Confederate States,
to make their way South to Join our service.
It ls believed by many that at least a number
sufficient to make up a division may be se?
cured In this way for onr service before
spring, especially if our army opens upa road
to the Ohio. Some are now on their way to
Corinth, which at present is the point of
rendezvous. Also, to operate on their rail?
roads and loree the enemy to keep up a guard
on all their roads, which will require a large
standing army at home; and to burn, wherever
ic is practicable, and thus make the men of
property feel their Insecurity and tire them
out with the war.
The attempt on New York has produced a
great panic which will not subside at their
This letter, tbougb long, does not, I am
aware, report many things of minor impor?
tance which have occurred during my sojourn
In Canada, but I shall omit them at present.
Very respectfully your obedient servant,
(Signed) J. THOMPSON.
SCHURZ AND GRANT.
A Clincher-The President Reminded
of His "Inarraracy or Recollection."
In his St. Louis speech,1 Senator Schurz
charged Grant with having offered him,
through a third party, official patronage, as a
bribe for his support of the Santo Domingo
scheme. The charge was so damaging that
Grant, through the newspapers, publicly de'
nled lt. Hereupon, Senator Schurz produces
the following letter from General Alfred
Pieasanton, late commissioner of Internal
NEW YORK, July 25.
Dear General-Of course I have no objection
to your giving my name io the public in ex?
planation of the facts. I wouid Bay that, be?
ing a friend ol the President, as well as your?
self, I desired you should be on good terms,
and you should understand that there was no
personal feellug in the way of relations mutu?
ally satisfactory. Your statement ls correct
that the President wanted your support for
his San Domingo scheme, and that you could
have had the patronage ol the government for
That was the distinct Impression the Presi?
dent's conversation made upon my mind, and
I communicated it to you at the time. Il the
President positively denies having had any
such conversation, I regret lt. I may console
myself with the reflection that this is the first
time that any statement of-mine has been
questioned, while the President bas had occa?
sion before this to distrust the accuracy of bis
THE WEATHER THIS DAT.
WASHINGTON, July 28.
Threatening weather will probably prevail,
with rain and southerly and easterly wind, on
the south Atlantic coast and, at Virginia, and
cloudy weather, with southerly winds, In the
MORE ESCAPES FROM JAIL.
Rr i ii ark able Tight-Hope Performance?
at Mir ri ft* Mackcy's Hotel.
Two white sailors, Wm. Garvey and Thomas
Stark, confined in jail under sentence for lar?
ceny, made their escape on Friday night last.
They were locked in a room on the second
floor at the southeast angle of the building,
together with two United States soldiers.
When the jailor made his round at ten o'clock
on that night, they were both In the room, ap?
parently asleep. Some time between that
hour and daylight, on Saturday morning, they
climbed to the roof through the chimney,
which was not closed with a grating,
and crossed over to ihe north iront
of the Jail on Magazine street. Here
they attached a rope about sixty feet long to
one of the cornices that ornament the parapet
of the jail, and let themselves down to the
street below. This rope was made of the
blankets, with which they had been furnished,
cut Into narrow strips and plaited, three strips
together. The end nearest the ground was
furnished with two loops for the hands, with a
view to enable them to throw themselves
aero?s the brick pavement Into the eolt sand
in the middle of the street. It reached the
street about three feet to the right oi the jail
entrance. So quietly had they made their
exit that even tbe soldiers confined
in the same room did not know
they had escaped until the next morning.
The first evidence was discovered by ihe jail?
or, who, on making his round at 5 A. M. Sat?
urday, noticed that the men were not In their
room, and cn examination lound, by the Boot
and a bundle of sooted garments lying in the
fireplace, that they had made their egress In
that direction. Garvey ls an old jail bird, and
ls said to have been imprisoned and made hie
escape at every port he has visited. The re?
maining prisoners, heretofore confined on the
second floor, have all been removed to the
third floor, which has no chimneys.
THE AERIGAN EXPLORER.
HIS LETTER OF THANHS TO YOUNG
JAMES GORDON BENNETT.
Doctor Livingstone's Narrative-Saved
from Death-Recognition or the New
York Herald's Enterprise-A Flrat
It seems after all tbat Or. Livingstone says
that he wa3 very glad to be fonnd by Mr.
Stanley. He bas written a long letter thank?
ing Mr. James Gordon Bennett, Jr., saying
that never having seen him, he feels
very much as il he was addressing "an
abstract Idea," but admitting that the
presence of Mr. Stanley makes him
"quite at borne." He then explains the "for?
lorn condition" in which he was found, and
says tbat he had "good reason to use very
stroDg expressions, of gratitude." When Dr.
Livingstone had get to the "lowest verge,"
rumors of Mr. Stanley's approach came. Then
came Mr. Stanley himself, and the explorer
(though, according to his own account, be ls
"as cold and undemonstrative as we Islanders
are usually reported to be,") says "your kind?
ness made my frame thrill. It was, indeed,
overwhelming, and I said in my soul, -let the
richest blessings descend from the Highest on
you and yours ! ' " The letter comes by cable
from London, and if lt Is genuine, we can
only say that Dr. Livingstone ought to be at
once engaged as African correspondent to the
Herald. His use of English and the general
style of the letter give the best possible rea?
sons for believing that the writer, whoever he
ls, must fell "very much at home" with Mr.
Stanley. We print the letter In full:
CJIJI, ON* TAXOANTIFCA, I
EAST AFRICA, November, 1871. j
James Gordon Bennett, Jr., Esq.:
Mr DEAR SIR-It ls In general somewhat
difficult to write to one we have never seen
lt feels BO much like addressing an abstract
idea-but the presence of your representative,
Mr. H. Stanley, In this distant region takes
away the strangeness I should otherwiss have
felt, and In writing to thank you for the ex-,
treme kindness tbat prompted you to send
him, I feel quite at home.
Hrs CONDITION AFTER A ETVE'HtrNDRED-MILE
If I explain the forlorn condition In whlcb
he found me, you will easily perceive that I
have good reason to use very strone expres?
sions of gratitude. I came to UJiJl off a tramp
of between four hundred and five hundred
miles, beneath a blazing vertical BUD, having
been baffled, worried, defeated and forced to
return, when almost in sight of the end of the
geographical part of my mission, by a number
or half-caste Moslem slaves sent to me from
Zanzibar, instead of men. The sore heart
made still sorer by the woful sights I had seen
ot man's inhumanity to man reached and told
on the bodily frame and depressed lt beyond
measure. I thought that I was dying on my
feet. It Is not too much to say that almost
every step of the weary, sultry way was In
pain, and I reached U|ijt a mere "ruckle" of
WHAT HE FOOND AT DJIJI.
There I lound that some Ave hundred
pounds sterling worth o? goods wbicb I had
ordered from Zanzibar bad unaccountably
been entrusted to a drunken half-caste Mos?
lem tailor, who, alter squandering them for
sixteen months on the way to Ujljl, finished
up by selling off air thar, remained for slaves
and Ivory for himself. He had "divined" on
the Koran and found that I was dead- He
had also written to the governor of Uyanyem
be, that he had sent slaves after me to
Manyema who returned and reported my
decease, and begged permission to sell ch*
the lew gooda that his drunken appetite had
He, however, knew perfectly well, from
men who bad seen me, that I was alive, and
walting for the goods and men; but as lor
morality, be ls evidently an Idiot, and there
being no law here except that of the dagger
or musket, I had to sit down in great weak?
ness, destitute of everything save a few bar?
ter cloths and beads, which I had taken tbe
precaution to leave here in case of extreme
AN EARTHLY EXTREMIS.
The near prospect of beggary among UJIJI
ans made me miserable.
I could not despair, because I laughed so
much at a friend wbo, on reaohlng the mouth
of the Z unbeze, said that he was'templed to
despair on breaking the photograph of his
wile. We could have no success arter that.
Afterward the Idea of despair had to me such
a strong smack of the ludicrous tbat lt was out
of the question.
FIRST WORDS OF HOPE.
Well, when I had got to about the lowest
verge, vague rumors o? an Encliab visitor
reached me. I thought of myself as the man
who went down from Jerusalem to Jericho;
but neltber priest, Levlte nor Samaritan, could
possibly pass my way. Yet the good Samari?
tan was close at band, and one of my people
rushed up at the top of his speed, and, in
great excitement, gasped out : "An English?
man coming; I see him !" and off he darted to
THE AMERICAN F LAO THE HARBINOER OF EN?
LIGHTENMENT AND CIVILIZATION.
An American flag, the first ever seen in
these parts, at tbe head of a caravan, told me
the nationality of the stranger.
I am as cold and non-demonstrative as we
Islanders are usually reputed to be; but your
kindness made my frame thrill. It was, In?
deed, overwhelming, and I said In my soul,
"Let the richest blessings descend from the
Highest on you and yours !"
STANLET'S NEWS FROM THE OUTER WORLD AND
The Dews Mr. Stanley bad to tell was thril?
ling. The mighty political changea on th?
Continent; the success of the Atlantic cables
the election of General Grant and many othei
topics riveted my attention for days together,
and had an immediate and beneficial effect on
my health. I bad been without news iron
home for years, save what I could glean from
a few S a tu rrJ ay Reviews and Punch o? 1868.
The appetite revived, and In a week I begat
to leel strong again.
AN ENGLISH DISPATCH FROM AN OLD FRIEND.
Mr. Stanley breughta most kind and encour
aglug dispatch from Lord Clarendon, whose
loss I sincerely deplore, the first I have re
celved from the Foreign Office sloce 1866, anc
Information that the British Government bac
kindly sent a thousand pounds sterling to rn]
aid. Up to his arrival I was not aware o:
any pecuniary aid. I came unsalaried, bul
this want ls now happily repaired,' and I an
anxious tbat you and all my friends sb onie
know that, though uncheered by letter, I havt
stuck to the task which my friend. Slr Bode
rick Murchison, set me with "John Bullish'
tenacity, believing that all would come righi
* GEOGRAPHICAL FACTS IN AID OF SCIKKCB.
I The watershed of South Central Africa it
over seven hundred miles in length. The
fountains thereon are almost innumerable
ihat is, lt would take a man's lifetime to conni
them. From the watershed they converge
into four large rivers, and these again In?
two mighty streams in the great Nile Valley
which begins In ten degrees to twelve degree!
south latitude. It waa long ere light dawnec
on the ancient problem, and gave me a cleai
Idea of the drainage. I had to feel my way
and every step of the way, and waH generali:
groping in the dark, for who cared where tnt
rivers ran ? We drank our lill and let tb?
rest run by.
The Portuguese who visited Cazembe asket
lor slaves and Ivory and beard o? noibtng else
I asked about the waters, questioned am
cross-questioned, until I was almost afraid o
being set down as afflicted wlih hydrocepha
MT LAST WORK,
In which I have been greatly hindered fron
want of suitable attendante, was following th'
' central line of drainage down through th
country of the cannibals, called Manyuema, oi
shortly, Manyema. This line of drainage ba
four large lakes In lt. The fourth I was nea
when obliged to turo. It ls from one to tbre
miles broad, and never can be reached at an
point or at any time of the year. Two western
drains, tbe Lupira or Bartle Freres Elver flow
Into ic at Lake Eamolondo. Then tbe great
river Lomaine flows through Lake Lincoln
into lt too and seems to form tbe western arm
of the Nile, on which Petherick traded.
Now, I know about six hundred miles oi the
watershed, and unfortunately the seventh hun?
dred Is the most interesting ot the whole; for
In lt, If I am not mistaken, lour fountains
arise from an earthen mound, and the last ot
the four becomes, at no great distance off, a
Two of these run north to Egypt, Lopera
and Louralne, and two run south Into Ethio?
pia, as tbe Llambaf, or Zambesi, and the Kaf
These are not the sources of the Nile men?
tioned by the secretary of Minerva, In the City
of Sals, to Herodotus.
HE MUST REMAIN.
I have heard of them so often, and at great
distances off, that I cannot doubt their exist?
ence, and in spite of the sore longing for
home that seizes me every time I think of my
family, I wish to finish up by their rediscovery.
Five hundred pounds sterling worth of
goods have again unaccountably been entrust?
ed to slaves, and have been over a year on the
way, Instead ol four months. I must go where
they lie at your expense, ere I-can put the nat?
ural completion to my work.
HOPES FOR AFRICAN CTVTLIZATTON.
And if my disclosures regarding the terrible
UJlJlan slavery- should lead to tbe suppression
ol the east-coast slave trade, I shall regard
that as a greater matter by far than the dis?
covery of ail the Nile sources together. Now
that you have done with domestic slavery for?
ever, lend us your powerful aid toward this
great object. This floe country ls blighted, as
with a curse from above, in order that the
slavery privileges of the petty Sultan of Zan?
zibar may not be Infringed; and the rights of
the Grown of Portugal, which are mythical,
should be kept In abeyance till some future
time when Africa will become another India
to Portuguese slave traders.
I conclude by again thanking you most cor?
dially for your great generosity, and am
THE GROWING COTTON CROP.
The Fall In Price.
In the first two months the price of the sta?
ple bas undergone the unusual decline of Ave
cenls and over per ponnd In the American
market, the article having been quoted early
In June at 27jc. In New York, and 25?c. here.
At Liverpool the rate was U?d. These figures
have since receded to 22c. In New York, and
somewhat nominally here to 19}al9ic, with
Liverpool momentarily down to 9jd. for mid?
dling grades. While prices were no doubt as?
sisted up to an extreme figure by speculation
on the fact of a falling off In the last crop of
1,300,000 bales, are they not declining too rap?
idly under the prospect of 4,000,000 bales?
The means used to bear the market appear of
the most extreme character, some statements
naming 5,000,000 as the possible crop, and ex?
aggerated accounts are put forth In all dlrec
tlons In reference to lt.
During June and July the growth has, as a
general thing, undoubtedly looked well, but
appearances equally as fine have failed before;
and colton le a very uncertain crop until late j
In tba fall. The accounts for the last week or
two have been less favorable, and we have
still the trying month of August to pass
through. The following, from the New York
Dally Bulletin of Saturday last, ls somewhat
too favorable In reference -to the appearance
of the plant:
We present a report ol the condition of the
growing colton crop of Georgia, South Caro?
lina, Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi and
Texas, as compiled Oom our excangee at the
latest dates. It will be seen that the accounts
from some of the States are a little less favor?
able than have been heretofore received, but
not sufficiently so to excite any serious alarms
as yet. The caterpillar has appeared in Mis?
sissippi, but is chiefly confined to the bottom
?ands. The pest has also appeared in Georgia
and some of the other States, but not to any
great extent as yet. Much will depend on
ihe condition of the weather during the next
few weeks. But the reports of the worm
are not as bad as usually appear at this
Beacon even In the best cotton years. Alter
making all due allowance for the exaggera?
tions that appear to be inevitable on this
subject, there Is a9 yet a very gratifying ab?
sence of reports of any extensive or disastrous
losses. The worst accounts - come from Ala?
bama, where tbe excessive rains caused con?
siderable damage-estimated at several mil?
lions of dollars. In Texas the crop ls splendid,
will be larger than ever before, and ls happily
so far advanced as to be out of danger from
the cotton worm, which bas appeared In
certain localities. From South Carolina the
reports are satisfactory.
A letter of July 12, from Manchester, Eng?
land, says: "The report has been received ot
the first bale at Galveston. Four million as a
minimum and so on is the style et things we
get every morning from disinterested parties
on your side.
* SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
-James Sussex, a Kansas City murderer,
was yesterday taken out of the jail by a vigi?
lance committee and bung.
-Last Saturday evening's train from New
Orleans to Jackson was thrown off the track
near Magnolia. Kllburne, the baggage mas?
ter, and a Mrs. Baker, of Texas, were serious?
ly hurt, and several others were severely in?
-The government will buy two millions ol
bonds on the first and third wednesdays, and
one million on the second and fourth Wednes?
days of August, and sell one million of gold on
the first, third and fifth Thursdays, and two
millions on the second and fourth Thursdays.
Calendar of Saturday's Arrests and
C. W. Wollen, drunk and disorderly; two
dollars and peace bond or twenty days House
of Correction. Samuel Brown and Philip Ber?
nard, disorderly; one dollar each. Hectoi
Gadsden, robbing hen roosts; escaped. Caro?
line Morris, disorderly; one dollar or ten days.
A cow and a horse, estray; one dollar each.
Hotel Arrivals-July 20 and 27.
S. V. Bemtlng, Wilmington; Chas. E. Bart?
lett, Sumter; C. Y. Boss, New York; R. Wal
ton, Augusta; W. S. Benson, M. B. Gerry, Mrs
C. S. Parker, Macon; E. L. Townsend, Net
York; H. J. Loyal, Savannah; H. Camps, Nev,
York; T. E. Wilder, Beaufort; E. A. Marshall
Philadelphia; W. L. Smith, Savannah anc
Charleston Railroad; A. B. H. En agar, Y. W
Parker, Kalamazoo; Wm. Gorman, J. D
Budds, 8. A. Pearce, Columbia; Robert Wayne
W. Bren, Savannah; W. N. Little. Jr., Nev
York; James H. Gregg, Jr., Hartford; C. A
Natosb, Pennsylvania; D. Lyle and wife, Ham
burg; Mles Newell, John E. Poole, New York
J. Gorham, New York; A. B. Leib, Washing
ton; W. H. Hargrave, John W. Pearce, A. M
Prather, B.C. McManus, Augusta; Thomas An
gell, New York; E. F. Foster, B. C. Kerr, At
bevllle; Miss K. Heering, Georgia; L. R. Mc
Aboy, North Carolina; Mrs. Meyer and twi
children, Fannie Wright, Pittsburgh; Geo. H
Pratt, wife and child, Macon; B. W. Norrie
Alabama; Geo. A. Ross, Newark; E. H. Collins
James P. Chase, Florence; M. L. Jones, Gra
ham's Cross Roads.
THE PROSPECTS OP THE EIGHT AT
THE PRESENT M?SLOH.
Leading Democrat? sanguine af Sac
ccig-carl Schurz to Enter the Can
van-Grand Han Meeting to be Held
CHARLOTTE, N. C., July 28.
Extensive preparations are making and the '
greatest enthusiasm Is manifested by both
whites and blacks for the great mass meeting
to-morrow. Senator Carl Schnrz ls here, and
in a conversation to-day he said: "Theelec?
tion of the Conservative ticket In North Caro?
lina Insures beyond a doubt the election of
Horace Greeley. All the States have their
eyes fixed now on North Carolina.*' Colonel
A. K. McClure, of Pennsylvania, says: "Horace
Greeley will be elected by a msjorlty of two
hundred electoral votes." Colonel McClure
recently received a dispatch from ex-Governor
Curtin, ot Pennsylvania, dated at St. Peters?
burg, and saying that he was coming home to
stump tbe State of Pennsylvania for Greeley.
Senator Sumner, upon being told of it, said:
"That settles the question in Pennsylvania; it
goes for Greeley, sure."
THE RESULT OF THE STRUGGLE.
The Baals on which che Hopea of tho
Liberals are Founded.
A Raleigh correspondent, writing on the
24th instant, says :
Judge Merrimon, in a recent letter to Mr.
Barringer, expressed lt as his conviction that
tbe Conservative majority In the State will
not tall much ebert o? eighteen thousand.
Govornor Yance, also, ls very sanguine, but
expresses lt as his belief that tbe negro vete
will be cast almost solid fur Grant. The
whites in the western counties, according to
all reports by letters and travellers, are united
In solid phalanx for Greeley; but, on tbe other
hand, the negroes lu these same localities are
solid for Grant. The feeling among the
whites and blacks in some of these coun?
ties is very bitter, which, to some extent,
accounts for the very decided stand taken
by tbe races. In the middle of the State
the prospect as regards the colored voters
ls better, and it now looks as lt quite a
number of them will join the Liberal Republi?
can ranks. I have reliable information from
the middle counties that augurs well for the
election of Leach over Settle, with' a majority
of from elgbt hundred to one thousand, while
the election of Bogers over Smith ls also cer?
tain. Merrimon will run ahead of onr candi?
dates for Congress in both of these districts.
In the vicinity of this city many colored men
have declared openly for Greeley, especially
since the dasi ardly assault upon Gross, the col?
One thing ls certain, that Intimidation will
be made nae of by the Radicals during the ap?
proaching election to an extent that was never
dreamt ot before. Every marshal and deputy
has been armed with warrants, signed in blank,
to serve promiscuously-on charges o? Ku
EUuxism-upon all who vote what they are
?leased to call and consider "the wrong way."
hat negroes will be imported to swell the
votes In the western and northern counties,
there can be no doubt.
Colonel Wm. Johnston, president of the
Charlotte Railroad, was interviewed in New
York on Friday last by a reporter of the New
York Herald. The Colonel said:
"I was quite surprised upon my arrival in
New York to find such a general impression
existing that Grant- would carry our State.
My experience of affairs there ls drawn from
Intercourse with people of all class?e, devoid
entirely of the excitement of political discus?
sion, and embraces their quiet expression of
belief or opinion. I feel perfectly assured that
the Liberal ticket will be successful. On
Thursday of next week they will carry both
branches of the Legislature by a very decided
majority, and that Merrlmon's majority lor the
Governorship over Caldwell will reach fully
eight thousand. And my reasons for believing
as I do are these: There has not existed any?
thing like a perfect unanimity until now be?
tween the old line Whigs and the Democrats on
any ticket, but now they are singularly united
and jointly vigorous. In 1870 Sblpp was elected
by a clear majority of four thousand five hun?
dred. Since then a large proportion of the
colored population has gone into South Caroli?
na, Georgia and others of the more southerly
states, aud they are a clear IOBS to the Radical
vote. Then, again, in that election o? 1870
there were fully twenty-five thousand white
voters who took no part in that election by
reason of the terrorism that prevailed. These
were mostly business men, and the State was
so full of administrative officials, such as rev?
enue Inspectors, marshals and detective offi?
cers who played a second part as spies, that
these business men found their very means of
living imperilled, and avoided the polls."
"Do you think they will come to the front in
the present election ?"
"I think we snail get out fully one half,
perhaps two-thirds ot that dormant vote on
the 1st of August," continued the Colonel.
"Estimating, therefore, this gain and the loss
In the colored vote, and combining their pro?
bable results with the the majority given for
Shi pp in 1870, 1 think eight thousand ls not an
exaggerated estimate of the coming Liberal
majority. And most certainly the carrying of
the State for Merrimon will insure the State
majority for Greeley in November."
THE OUTLOOK FROM WASHINGTON
The North Carolina Campaign- For?
ward lng Ka-Klux Warrants - The
WASHINGTON, July 26.
Senator Schurz left here at eleven o'clock
last night, on his way to North Carolina,
where he will speak In the campaign at Char?
lotte and Raleigh. Estimates received here.
to-day from both parties of the probable re?
sult do not vary much from those heretofore
submitted. Judge Merrimon, the Conserva?
tive candidate for governor, anticipates his
majority at eight thousand. Senator Pool, on
behalf of the Republicans, claims twelve thou?
It 1B asserted that no less than a thousand
printed blank warrants were sent from here
last night to the United States marshal of
North Carolina to be filled for the arrest of
numerous parlies In various portions ot the
State, under allegations found under the Ku
Elux law. Il this prove true, lt is evident that
the administration bas resorted to Intimida?
tion to secure political results next Thursday.
Although the campaign has been conducted
with great vigor and bitterness, Senator Wil?
son says there ls no reason to anticipate
Since the sale of the Confederate archives to
the government, officials here have received
numerous offers to sell other secret and
alleged valuable documents. The Congres?
sional Republican committee, who have Just
issued the Thompson letter, will soon put
forth another one from some one ot the ex
Confederate officials, which ls said to be more
Important and startling. It will thus be
noticed that the statement recently made that
these documents are not intended for political
effect, falls to the ground, for they are made
public at government expense by the political
committee representing the administration.
GREELEY ON EQUAL RIGMTS.
A Broad Platform.
NEW YORK, July 27.
Among callers upon Greeley yesterday were
John Harris, o? Texas, a colored man. Harris
safflhecameln behalf of Ms people, and de?
sired some expression of sentiment from G.ee
ley as to the negro question, whereupon the
following letter was wrllten:
John iBarris, Texas: Sra-Believing that
equal rights for all men, no matter of what
color, is the true Interest of every class and
section, and the only basis of true nationality
and lasting peace, I am, truly yours,