Newspaper Page Text
VCLUME IX.-NUMBER 1967
CHARLESTON WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 1, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE OLD NORTH STATE.
THE CHANCES OE TH?, CONTEST
FIGURING THE RESULT.
A Liberal Victory ny Bight to' Ten
Thousand Majority Expected.
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
CHARLOTTE, N. C., July 31.
To-day is the last day of Joly, and the last
also of thia brilliant canvass-a canvass mem?
orable on the Conservative side, at least, for
ita magnificent demonstrations of popular
enthusiasm, and for a series of campaign
speeches, which, as a whole, can scarcely be
parallelled. AB the critical day of the election
has approached the high spirit and confidence
among the rank and file of the Conservatives
have increased, and we may readily believe
that on the closing of the polls to?
morrow the largest Conservative vote
since the war will have been polled.
The leaders of the Liberal Conservatives
are earnestly confident of a decisive victory, a
majority of at least eight thousand, and this
confidence ls based upon no slight or Inade?
quate grounds. In the first place, Intelligence
has been from time to time received from
nearly all the doubtful counties, and the un?
equivocal promise ls given of a majority in
each, besides it Is certain with respect to the
whole State that the allied parlies can regis?
ter a majority of more than twenty thousand.
As lt Ja confidently expected that in
this emergency nearly every voter has
registered and will cast his vote,
the case seems very plain. It ls true
that the North Carolina vote ls liable to heavy
fluctuations, but the Issues of the present con?
test are too broad and distinct to admit of
desertions or any mixing of parties upon one
side or the other. It la a struggle of the Con?
servative taxpaying communities for the
preservation of their rights of property and
person from total annihilation from the
fate of Sooth Carolina.
The negroes, the office-holders and the very
lowest purchasable material among the
whites, so far as they have been bought up,
will vote the Radical ticket, and none but
them, for in this contest there are co minor
Issues of men ur measures as heretofore to
attract a single Conservative vote to their
Radical side. The Legislature ls certain for
the Conservatives, and unless a large number
of illegal votes get in, the State is safe to go
Conservative by from eight to ten thousand
TUE HOTTEST CA.JUT* AT G If OF THE
What Judge merri mon, the Iliberal
Candidate for Governor, Thinks orthe
[Correspondence orthe Richmond Dispatch.!
CHARLOTTE, N. C., July 29.
On the train from Greensboro' to Charlotte,
last night, your correspondent met Judge
?Merrimon, the Conservative candidate for
governor of North Carolina. The Judge was
, as radiant as a May morning, and literally
slept on his arms In confidence of victory. As l
the opinion of the Conservative Btsndard- 1
bearer in this close contest must have some E
weight and be of Interest at this stage of the i
canvass, when any fair estimate ot me result
ls eagerly received, we had a short conversa- t
tlou with the judge on the subject. I give In (
brief the result in reply to questions: Judge
Merrimon stated that he had been two montns t
and a half in the field, speaking on t
an average three hours dally, and had visited i
personally every county in the State. Oh
Wednesday evening the hottest campaign ever a
known in the South will be brought to a close, t
and lt will remain with tfle people to do their t
duty. Of the result he had no doubt whatever; i
indeed, I thought him almost too confident.
Tho western counties, about which there has ^
been so much apprehension, are, In his opin- ]
lon, safe. To them he has devoted special at- j
tendon, and he thinks he knows the senti- c
ment and Intention ot the people well enough l
to predict that the Conservatives will carry
nearly every county lu the west, except j
Rutherford, Polk and Cleveland, where the i
United Staten deputy marshals have en- i
deavored to Intimidate the young men by the ?
terrorism of indictment under the Ku-Klux i
laws; but, said the judge, our young men can?
not be driven Into voting the Radical ticket.
We will cot lose more than a hundred votes
in each OL' these counties, and the young men
who would have polled them have fled their
homes to escape Federal persecution. ,
I asked: '"Has there been much of this Eon ,
ci intimidation in the State ?" ?
"Yes," was the reply, "I think there ha9 (
b/en. They are using every means to carry
the election, including Intimidation, bribery
"Caldwell, the Radical candidate for Gov?
ernor, ls frightened, and as the election
approaches they are becoming desperate. I
have been told there will be numerous arrests (
made on the day preceding the election of i
men who are charged with sympathy with the ]
Ku-Klux, but whose real offence ls that they i
refuse to vote the Radical ticket or stay away j
from the polls. We may thus lose a good <
many voles, but not enough to affect the re?
sult. We will carry tho State in spite of
I then asl 3d, "What do you think your ma- <
Jorlty will be r "Our majority in the State," <
said Judge Merrimon, "will, beyond a ques?
tion, ber5,000or 15,000. I cannot believe!,
will be any 1 us. Our vote will be largely In?
creased in the east and in tho middle ot the
State, and In the weet the Radical white vote
will not be increased In the slightest degree.
They will not efe? noll lue convention vote of J
last year. I don't think the negro vote will 1
be as large as at any election before."
Yonr correspondent then intimated that the J
Republicans also were sanguine. "Yes," was
the reply; "but the majorities are so ridlcu- j
lonely large that they cannot mean what they 1
say. Senator Pool says they will carry (
the Sta's by twenty thousand and the Legisla- <
ture by thirty thousand on joint ballot. Now 1
that ls all gas. Pool, through his spies, has
every doubtful man reported to him Then
they stuff him with documents, and% that falls
they ply bim with money, and threats or
fraud ls brought into requisition. But it ls no
use; we will elect six or seven ot the eight 1
Congressmen. In the fifth district the vote ]
WHTDe close,but we will elect Leach over \
Judge Seule, who was president of the Phila?
delphia Convention. We will carry tbe Legis- ?
lature by thirty, and we may have two-thirds i
on Joint ballot. In fact, the prospects are as i
bright as possible."
Here our interview closed, as the judge got
off at Lexington to fill an appointment In tnat
vicinity. He was exceedingly affable. I
could not but imbibe some of his enthusiasm,
but candor compels me to temper bte predlc
dictions with the statement that roany promi?
nent Conservatives are not so hopeful ot '.he
Thev are all sure of victory, but will be con?
tented with a majority of from five thousand
to ten thousand in the State. All, however;
claim a majority in the Legislature sufficient
io place Governor Vance ia the United States
Senate, and six out ol eight Congressmen.
THE OUTLOOK FROM RALEIGH.
Confidence of the Democratic State Com?
mittee-Extravagant Estimates on
Both Sides-From Ten Thousand to
Thfa-ty Thousand Majority Claimed
hy the Radicals.
The Raleigh (N. C.) correspondent of the
Washington Patriot, writing on the 26th In?
The pollilCAl situation, as Judged from let?
ters received by the Democratic executive
?ftommlttee, ls at present about as follows: In
Carteret County our prospects are brighten?
ing with every -hoar, and nowhere in the
State is the party organlzatloa more compact
and united. Mr. Jennlogs Pigott, a promi?
nent Republican in tbat county, bas recently
declared In favor of Greeley and Brown. He
ls a very able, popular man, and ls a great ac?
quisition to the Reform party.
Excellent news has also been received from
Moore County, and likewise from Cumber?
land, Cawthorn and Warren, the homes of the
three colored Radical members of the last
Legislature, (Leary, Cawthorn and Reavls,)
who have come out for Greeley, and are now
getting recruits among their constituents
every day. From Robeson the news is also
good; but Montgomery ls doubtful, and so is
Columbus, while cheering news le received
from Duplln. Good news was received to?
day from Stokes, Forsyths, Randolph, Rock?
ingham and Alamance Counties; but Sladen is
very doubtful. From Montgomery, Anson,
Stanly and Tinton, Intelligence has been
received of a cheering character. These
are the counties lateet heard irom at Demo?
cratic headquarters, and this information may
be considered as reliable. Looking over the
field by districts, the prospect thus presents
itself: The First District will be close, wi in,
probably, a small Radical majority. The Sec?
ond District is intensely Radical, and will give
Caldwell a majority of from six to eight thous?
and, perhaps more. In the Third District the
vote, also, will be very close, but here the
chances are In favor of Merrlmon. In the
Fourth District, Thomas, the Radical candi?
date, seems to have the iaslde track; but still
the result will be very close. In the Filth a
llvelv contest Is anticipated between the
friends ot Leach and those ot the notorious
Judge Settle, with the chances decidedly in
favor of Leach, who ls very popular, although
Setile also has numerous friends. Leach will
probably carry the day by about eight hundred
or one thousand majority. In the Sixth Dis?
trict a large Democratic majority, probably as
high as two thou-aud five hundred, may bo
con ?dent:y looked for. The Seventh District
will also show a handsome Democratic ma?
jority, and the Eighth, and last, will probably
do better than any ol the rest. It ls in these
three districts, which comprise the weBtcrn
section of the State, that we must expect the
needed majorities to carry the election. They
have the power ol coming out strong, and if |
they will only do lt, will serve as an offset to
the eventual Radical majorities In the First,
Second, and Fourth Districts. They comprise
the Quaker, or so-called Moravian, element,
and it ls among them that Borne ot our best
men have been so assiduously at work, aod,as
I hope, not lu vain. Upon them, and their ap?
pearance at the polls, everything will depend.
To Judge from the accounts from those ?arts,
they seem to have become thoroughly aroTfced,
and determined to shake off the lethargy to
which, as regards political affairs, they seem,
since the war, to have be.n subjected.
ECHOS OF SUMNER'S THUNDER.
Brant's Defeat More than Ever a Fore?
MONTGOMERY, Ala., July 31.
Sumner's letter fell like a bombshell among
the colored people here. They say they will
not be surprised lt Grant next declares for
WASHINGTON, Joly 31.
Mr. Sumner's letter creates Intense excite-1
meet in all circles, and some dismay among
ihe Radicals. While it ls claimed that this
letter winnot enable the Southern negroes io
t>reak from their leagues and the despotism
Di the carpet-baggers, supported by ruffians of
their own race, lia effect among the more en?
lightened and free negroes ol the North will
De swamping, and that, however lt may effect j
toe State'elections in the Sooth, it ls admitted 1
;hat lt makes Grant's defeat for (he Presiden-1
Political Flashes of Lightning.
Wilson has gone to take the stump In In
President Grant ls at Utica, and will answer
n a lew days the Invitation to visit Chatta- ]
?ooga. . .
The Liberal and Democratic Convention at
iellast, Maine, unanimously nominated F. A.
'ike tor Congress from the Fifth District.
J. BowleB, surveyor of the port of Savannah,
tas tendered his resignation and will support
The Georgia Senate passed an act yesterday
o allow colored men excluded from jury liars
o appeal to Judges of the Superior Courts,
[he Senate ls largely Democratic.
The Labor Relorm conference had a stormv
ind Inharmonious session In New York yes
erday, without other action than authorizing
he executive committee to call a convention
In the Ohio Liberal Republican State Con?
tention yesterday the committee to select
President lal elect ors have chosen General T.
Srvlng on behalf ol the Democrats, and Au
ruBt T. H eira on behalf of the Liberal Repub- ?
Horace Greeley has reconsidered his pur
Dose ol making a stay on Long Island, and
las now determined, in company with bis
amlly, to visit his old home lu New Hamp
ihlre, where be will remain a month or
THE GENTLE ABORIGINES.
N BROWNSVILLE, July 31.
Ano! her Indian raid near Laredo, Texas, is
reported. Seventeen persons were killed,
nany ranches and Blores plundered, and much
stock driven off. The ringleaders were Ricka-1
poos from Mexico.
RUINOUS RAVAGES OF BOLL WORMS.
MONTGOMERY, ALA., J m'y.31.
The boll and army worm have entered the
;rops. One plantation, wblch three days ago
was expected to make one hundred bales, will
now make only fifty. Great depression ls felt
Dy the planters, who consider themselves ru?
ined, and one-half million bales ls now the
Dutalde estimate of the crop.
SAVANNAH, GA., July 30.
The first bales ot new cotton was received
1?re to-day-one from Florida, by Saunders,
Goodwin & Miller, and one from Bainbridge,
3a., by W. H. Woods <fc Co.
CROPS IK GEORGIA. .
rt-'rom the Augusta Constitutionalist, July 31.]
From a letter from Burke County we learn
.hat cotton ls looking well as regards size, but
a.poorly fruited. This IB owing io the late ex
:essive rains and hot sun which has followed,
which caused the cotton to shed nearly all ol
ts fruit except the larger bolls. A field of cot?
on that some lime since promised to yield a
Dale to an acre and a half, will not uow pro
luce more than a bale to three acres. The
:oiton crop generally In Burke Couuty will be
nucb shorter than was anticipated.
THE ARMY WORM IN ALABAMA.
[From the Montgomery Advertiser, July 80.]
A quinine botll? full or the elmon pure army I
worm was sent us yesterday by Mr. Bryan, of |
Lowndes County, together with a letter from
which we take the following extract:
Three days ago, Mr. C. H. Quinn, who is this
rear cultivating Colonel Hoicombe's planta?
tion, had the finest crop of cotton that I had
seen in the county. To-day his crop is utterly
destroyed ! I have never seen such destruc?
tion In so short a time. Other plantations on
Big Swamp are suffering the same fate and the
prospects so flattering three weeks ago are
now sad and gloomy indeed.
We now begin to think that cotton will be
worth twenty-five cents next February. The
crop, so promising a few weeks ago, may now
be considered lost.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
-A storm In Evansville, Ind., yesterday,
prostrated the German Methodist Church and
four buildings. Several persons were Injured.
-The semi-annual session of the Hebrew
Order of B'nal B'rlth was held in New York
yesterday, representatives being present from
different parts of the country.
-The American fleet which has been for
some weeks at Portsmouth, is going to Cowes,
where lt will be inspected by the Prince and
Princess of Wales and Queen Victoria.
- Senor Mariscal, recently minister of for?
eign affairs In Mexico under President Juarez,
and now charged for the second time to repre?
sent Mexico at Washington, arrived in that
-There ls authority for the statement that
there ls complete harmony in the Geneva
board ol arbitration upon the Alabama claims
and that a speedy seulement ot all questions
before the tribunal ls expected within a few
THE OLD WHITE HAT.
HOW GREELEY WILL SWEEP THE
A Shrewd Senator'? Views-The Popu?
lar Resolve to "Clasp Hands across
the Bloody Chasm" -A Political
Eirthqaiike-So Use in Attempting
lo Resist the People's Will-Brlgh
Prospects of the Liberal Ticket in the
Senator Stockton, of New Jersey, waa inter?
viewed by a reporter of the New York Herald
at Long Branch, on Friday last, in regard
the forthcoming Presidential election, and ex?
pressed himself aa follows :
I cave never felt more certain ot any result
in politics than that Greeley will be elected by
an overwhelming majority. The very slogu
larity ot the situation-the ?act that Greeley,
leading protectionist, bas captured the free
trade convention at Cincinnati; that Mr. Gree?
ley, a life-long opponent of th? Democratic
party, has captured by an almost unanimous
vote on the first ballot the De moe rai ic Con
ventlon at Baltimore-satisfies me that he will
capture Grant and all hts cohorts. The admin?
istration politicians are very much out ot the
reckoning in saying that this was a movemen
of the leaders, that every one In the Demo
oratio party acquainted w'ltb the facts knows
that the South stampeded and the Northern
Dem?crata ran over their leaders; that there
must b? some great principle to create RUC h
an extraordinary chantre, and the very fact
which the Grant men failed to understand
that they were in the midst of an earthquake
-all this ls the best evidence that they are
simply blind or whistling to keep up their
courage. What ls the principle which has
ROUSED THE WHOLE AMERICAN PEOPLE *
It is the principle condensed by Mr. Sumner
In the expression that this parly was tbe party
of reconciliation; lt 19 me principle so weil
stated In the expression, "We will clasp hands
over the blondy chasm." It Is more than all
perhaps, that the imbecility of the present ad
ministration, so far from giving us that peace
which was promised, has permitted selfish
politicians, lor selfish and parly purposes, for
four years to keep open ihe bleeding wounds
which would have healed in a few months by
natural causes. Mr. Boutwell well says to the
people of North Carolina, HpeaKing for the ad
ministration and from the Presiden!, that they
do not want to "clasp hands over the Moody
chasm." They want to lill lt up again with
loreign matter-not to draw the broken limb
quietly together with kind hands on either
aide, so that lt gently meeta by the course of
nature and becomes stronger and firmer than
before, but to pour In lt fur four more years
turpentine and benzine, and all other Inflam
matory substances, In order to have peace and
a healthy TJulon. Mr. Boutwed may pile Pelion
on Ossa; General Grant may use all the powers
of the government to fill up the chasm-lt can
never be filled up. It wer?; as wise to attemp
to drain that great ocean yonder. But while
all the power the government bas exercised
heaping Into this chasm bayonet laws and Ku
Klux laws, and wild and fabulous Eu-Ktux
stories, only amounts to a declaration by Cou
gres*, alter four years of Gram's ad ministra?
THE COUNTRT 13 STILL IN A STATE OP OIVTL
two gentle hands clasped together over this
bloody chasm can draw lt BO gently and kind?
ly together, can knit it so firmly that none
will again doubt whether the law of gentle
tleoesB, of mildness and forgiveness toward a
helpless and conquered people ls wiser as well
as mor 3 Christian than to attempt to enslave
them and govern them by the bayonet. This
great movement which has resulted in the
nomination of Greeley proves to me that the
problem, whether a man la capable of self
government, as lt has been under solution In
this country, will be solved in favor of the
proposition; for lt Is the people themselves
who aro cjivlug themselves from Uto '-diie
evils and Innumerable woes," to prevent
which no politicians have been wise enough
to devise a remedy. They have already saved
themselves by their great uprising from dis?
union; they mean now io preserve local self
government, and save themselves from the
apprehended dangers of military despotism,
necessary to cover up years of Inconceivable
THE NORTH CAROLINA ELECTION.
To my question, what the senator thought
would be ihe result of the election in North
Carolina, be replied:
"Il I should Judge from my own experience
during the short lime I was in North Carolina,
I should unhesitatingly say, we shall carry the
whole State ticket aa well as the Legislature.
It ls trie that a desperate fight ls being made
by desperate men on the omer side. Stories
are rile of large Bums of money wbich have
been sent to that State to corrupt the ignorant
colored vote by buying their leaders. Ku
Klux outrages are sala to be perpetrated by
the administration party on any colored man
who dares to speak contrary lo the will of his
political owner; but ihe universal feeling and
interest manifested by all those with whom I
came In contact, with the luformatlou they
conveyed to me, satisfied me that the means
used, even lt true, would prove Ineffectual.
The negroes, as a class, know nothing of
Sumner, nothing of Greeley ; to them
President Grant is no more than the
Mikado ol Japan. They only know the
one fortunate, favored knave who
owns them and makes himself rich by selling
their votes. Are they to be kept in this
condition purposely and perpetually to carry
out the same schemes which induced the In?
troduction of this element Into the voting
population suddenly, without preparation
against State laws and constitutions-against
the solemn pledges of the Republican plat?
form wbich nominated Grant, and to which
he was pledged ? Or ls Mr. Greeley and the
Conservative element, without danger of its
missionaries being martyred, to awaken this
poor people to the fact that they are now gov?
ernors ol a great aud free people, and not still
slaves-slaves, not only physically as former?
ly, but slaves In the very exercise ot the
rights end powers of freemen aud governors ?
Tuey will learn the truth; lt ls mighty and
will prevail, and although money In large
quantities, from unknown sourcee, may flood
me State; although $200,000 are said to have
already been used; although lt appears that
THE TREASURY DEPARTMENT ITSELF NOW HAS
MOVED TO NORTH CAROLINA,
yet the power of truth and the love of peace
will, in my Judgment, conquer at last."
In answer to an inquiry as to the general re?
sult the senator said :
"New York will certainly go In fivor of
Greeley by a majority of al least flfiy thousand.
Missouri, ihe cradle ot the Liberal movement,
can be relied upon as being altogether for
Greeley. Pennsylvania Is good lor Greeley.
Forney, himself, has given lc up on the State
election, and no politician claims it tor ihe
general election. Indiana we shall also carry.
The cordial harmony which prevailed In that
State at the time of the nomination of
Hendricks did more for the nomination of
Greeley than anything since the cradling ol
the movement In Missouri. In Virginia we
shall have a majority ot ai least twenty thou?
sand. I Judge so irom information I have re?
ceived on the spot. Kentucky will certainly
vote for. Greeley. Maryland ls equally certain
for us. New Jeraey will go In favor of Greeley.
The ol:-fashloned Democrats are wheeling
into line and Greeley will receive nine to ten
The movement cannot be arrested. The
other Northern States, without stopping to
count the Southern States, almost as a unit
will vote for Greeley, and nuder these circum?
stances lt is difficult to conceive where Gene?
ral Grant is to look for his election.
LONGSTREET FOR GREELEY.
He ls Bitter Against Grant and Pre?
dicts his Defeat-The Colored Vote
Lost to Grant-The South as a Unit
for "Thc Old White Hat."
[From the New York Herald.]
One of the most serious defections thal has
yet taken place from the Grant party ls that
of the celebrated Conlederate officer, General
Longstreet. He was one of the first after the
close of the war to accept the new regime and
acknowledge the altered state of affairs. In
1867 he was appointed to office in New Or?
leans by General Grant, and until within a
few weeks has continued in the service of th?
government. On the 28th ot] Maj a letter ap?
peared with his signature, announcing his re?
signation of the position of turveyor of cus?
toms tn New Orleans. He detailed at length
his reasons for taking the step, but Bald no
word of breaking with General Grant. Since
then, however, to the astonishment of many
of his friends, and to the consternation of the
administration party, he has tome out strong?
ly for Greeley and renounced all allegiance to
Grant. J *
On his arrival In New Tort a few days ago,
General Longstreet was. fatervlewed by a
Herald reporter, and, in anarer to a question
concerning his declaration for Grant a few
months since, said:
"I was approached by twi prominent sup?
porters of Grant's, and my oifolon waa asked
relative to his re-electl on. lexpressed myself
favorable to it, -ind my narie was used as a
supporter of the administration; but I did not
give any very cordial adhesion to lt as I waa
anxiously awaiting the result of the Cincin?
nati Convention, which I Cordially favored.
? The result entirely satisfied ne, and I had no
hesitation in declaring for Mr. Greeley, be
canse I believed lt to be my duty and my
right," , .
"Did he meet your views is a candidate !"
"He did, and he was the oplv mau brought
before the' Cincinnati Coiventlon whom I
would be willing to support. If any other can?
didate had been put np I would have remain?
ed silent, but Mr. Greeley poBsesr-es all the
qualities which are necessary to insure suc?
cess. He ls amiable and.forgiving, and his
popularity with the Southern people ls very
great. The entire 8outh, ;with the exception
ol one, or perhaps, two States, will go for him,
and give him stronger majorities than any
other candidate for President has received
"Do you think he will .carry your own
"Think! I am sure h?'wlll carry lt. I
know Louisiana throughout and the dlspoei
tlon of its people, and I am confident there ls
a spirit aroused that lt will be Impossible to
contend with. The Greeley movement is
strong and ls Increasing In strength every
day, while Grant ls more certainly losing,
and by the time November cimes there will
be no chance for the latter. The spirit of the
Sooth ls completely aroused, .and the Liberal
movement has taken a stronk hold upon the
hearts of the people. It 1B thi result or hon?
esty and Independence against nepotism, cor?
ruption and military despotism, and it cannot
fall ro be successful."
"But the negro vote will be against you."
"There you are mistaken. . Pinchback ls on
our side; and let me tell you that be possesses
the coolest brains and the shrewdest faculties
of any public man In the State. I consider
him one of the ablest politicians I have ever
met, and I know that tho men ot his own
color will flock to the standard he raises.
Warmotb and he are acting In thorough ac?
cord, and their united Influence lt will be Im ?
possible to overthrow. It' I know anything of
public affairs I can say that Louisiana is cer?
tainly loat to Grant, and all the other States,
except South Carolina, ami probably Arkan?
Here a gentleman present in the room broke
In and said, "Ob, Arkansas is all right, Gene?
ral. I have been over every foot of It within
the past few weeks, and I find the power of
Clayton and hts creatures utterly broken.
The people are enraged at bis conduct, and at
the earliest opportunity will holst the carpet?
bagger and i ne administration that has sup?
General Longstreet says that If his health
permits him he will take an aotlve part In the
campaign; but be has been poorly lately, and
Is afraid to expose himself too much. He will
remain In New Tork nntll the early part of
next week, and will then return to New Or?
LAST SPEECH OF HONEST HORACE.
The Final Reception at Chappaqna
iou. hing Address of the Farmer
On SaturdayDr7Gf??ie> the last public
reception on his Chappaqua farm, previous to
his lnstallallon in the While House. A party
of ladles and gentlemen went up from New
York City, and were welcomed at tho depot
by Mr. Greeley and his friends who had as"
sembled from the neighboring villages. After
viewing the farm and partaking of a sumptu?
ous repast lu Mr. Gfteley'a favorite grove, a
meetlog was organized. Several gentlemen
delivered pleasant speeches, and then Dr.
Greeley was loudly called for. After some
hesitation*be stepped forward and said:
DR. GREELEY'S SPEECH.
Ladies and Gentlemen-It was once said by
one Irish orator to another that he "never
opened lils mouth but what he put his foot In
it." One of the Ideas 'of a candidate lor the
Presidency Is that he always commits a mis?
take ol the same nature. Their friends always
advise them not to talk, although they might
talk U they did not say aoythlug. Without
referring to politics, 1t hali speak aoout the
meetings to this grove, as this will be the last
oue. For twenty years, my friends and neigh?
bors, lt haB been my chief delight to spend
one day at least In the week among you. I
have enjoyed myself In your society, and I
ha?e had the recreation which unphysical
nature required In working on my farm.
This spring a new series of circumstances ar?
ranged themselves about me. Quite unexpect?
edly to me, I was named as a candidate tor the
Presidency by my most Intimate friends. Then
my circle grew lrom six or eight to fifty and a
hundred. We met in this grove, and so much
of my time was demanded by them that I was
compelled to give up my exercise. These re?
unions were very gratifying to me, but the
critical slate of my wife's health, and the ill
natured, and, I must say, impertinent re?
marks and criticisms of certain Journals have
rendered them sources ol uneasiness and dis?
comfort to those who united with us. I never
doubted that persons wno assented as I do to
become candidates tor publto offices are fair
subjects for criticism. But I cannot see why
ladies should have their names criticised in
newspapers, and drifted across the continent
by electricity. I don't think such commenta?
ries, such Impertinent revelations are consis?
tent with reputable Journalism; nor with that
courtesy and good feeling which seems to me
to cu presumed whenever one man meets
with another. It Is, therefore, deemed ex?
pedient, by our friends to ask all who could
to come here to-day to Bay that after this our
meetlugs will be intermitted. I trust they
have been to most ol us pleasant occasions,
long to be remembered. Whatever tbe future
may have, the past ls not to be forgotten.*
Friendships of the wurmest kind have been
made In theBe gatherings, and If we could
have been secluded from theBe Insolent intru?
sions, which were deliberately intended to be
unkind and disparaging, we should have con?
tinued our reunions.
THE NfcXT MEETING AT THE WHITE HOUSE.
But since we cannot be secured againt gos?
sip and tale-bearers, we will discontinue them
here and meet elsewhere. [A voice-"At the
White House." Cheers ] After a while lr,
will be nobody's particular Interest and profit
to misrepresent what ls done here. The ob?
jection ma.de to the speeches of candidates
for the Presidency ls not what they shall say
as improper or indiscreet, but what they shall
say that is liable to misrepresentation. I was
plunged neck and crop the other evening into
a gathering, asocial dinner of college gradu?
ates. It would have been easy to make ex
cusesagalnst going there. But I "went. I
was entreated to speak, and did sneak for
three minutes on the subject of educatlou. It
was at once reported around the country that
I proposed to give the government the entire
control of the educ uiou ol the American peo?
ple. The Impression was sent abroad that I
favored putting within the sphere of the Fed?
eral government all malters of this kind.
You will therelore cease your visits for the
next few months; then, in November the
elections will be over, andi irust that we
shall, after that, have occasion to meet in this
grove and renew our aspirations of friendly
regards toward each other, and hope and
pray for each other's long life aud prosperity.
ROBBERIES.-The house of Mr. Wm. Ravenel,
on East Bay, was entered by thieves on Mon?
day night last and robbed of a gold watch and
chain, and several other articles of Jewelry.
On Tuesday night the sloop H. E. Thomp?
son, lying at Vanderhorat's wharf, was robbed
of a pair of boots and several articles of
OUR POSTAL FACILITIES.
WHY CHARLESTON DOES NOT HAVE
THE FREE DELIVERY SYSTEM.
Tnt Autocrat of the Postofflce Depart?
ment and His Partiality for Cam
brldgeport and Erie.
It haB long been a matter of wonder why
the City of Charleston, with Its large popula?
tion and Us Immense business, shonld not have
the advantages of the free delivery system
which was Inaugurated some years ago by the
United Slates poslofflce department, and
whlch?has been extended in the Northern
States to almost every city which could make
any show of a population of 20,000 and up?
wards, and to very many Northern cities
whose population and mall business does not
begin to approach that of Charleston. The
lollowlng table gives some statistics of
the fifty-one cities ia the United
States which have the free delivery
system and will show with what justice the
claims of Charleston to share in the benefits
of this system are urged. In the table, the
first column of figures gives the population of
each city according to the census of 1870, the
second column shows the number of letters
received at the postofflce per month, and the
third column gives the number of letter car?
riers employed In each of the cities that have
the free-delivery Bystem, in collecting the
malla from the lamp-post letter boxes, which
form a part of the system, and in delivering
the letters and papers of the citizens at their
residences or places ot business free ot charge:
St. L ula.
MU * a us?e..
Ch ai lea to wn ...
Trenton . .
Lao oas ter.
It will be seen that of the fifty-one cities In
the country which have the free delivery sys?
tem twenty-six ot them, or more than one.
hall, have a smaller number of inhabitants
than Charleston, and thirty-seven, or about
three-fourths of ihe whole number, handle^ a
lesa amount ofmall matter per month. These
figures would certainly seem to indicate a
spirit of favoritism in the postofflce depart?
ment, operating against the interests ol
Charleston, and when the terms of the law
under which the operations of this system
have been distributed are taken into con?
sideration, the presumption is by no means
weakened. The law provides that cities
which have a population of 60,000 Inhabitant'
or upward, according to the latest United
States census, shall be entitled to the free
delivery system as a matter of right,
and that the benefits ot the system
may ba extended to other cities, at the discre?
tion of the postmaster-general. Il is under
this latter provision that all of ihe twenty-six
cities In the above table below New Haven
have had the system extended to them; but
FWlth what degree ol Impartiality this distribu?
tion has been made may be seen by the fact
that Charleston, which haB always been ex?
cluded, is the very next city in point of size
to New Haven, and should therefore have
been the very first city In the United States to
have received the benefit of the discretionary
power of the postmaster general, Nor has lt
been for want of urgent applications on the
part of her citizens and her postmaster
that Charleston has been neglected. Mr.
Stanley O. Trott, the courteous and efflcent
postmaster of this city, last winter made
an urgent and personal appeal to the post?
offlce department, seconded by Senator Saw?
yer, but the request was refused, and the only
satisfaction that the postmaster and senate
could get was lhat a bill had been prepared
by the department, and was expected to be
passed t>y the Congress then In session,
which would extend the free delivery system
to all cities having twenty thousand Inhabi?
tants, and that thus Charleston would at last
be Included. The bill, however, did noi
pass through Congress, and thus Charleston
ls lelt wlihout any immediate prospect of Te?
ilet, until the passage of the bill, which maj
happen next winter, or until the softening ol
the heart of Mr. Creswell towards this city,
which may never happen.
FREAKS OF THE FIRE FIEND.
A Scene of Awful Beauty-Thc East
River on Fin-Othtr Serious Confla?
NEW YORK, July 31.
The loss by the fire at Hunter's Point is esti?
mated at $1,500,000. Last evening immense
crowds of spectators visited the scene of the
conflagration. The fire continued to burn all
last night, aud the epectacle presented upon
the river was singularly beautiful. All thf
surrounding section was brilliantly lighted up
It ia very probable that the fire will continu*
to-day li the supply oi oil holds out. No Art
of this magnitude was ever before witnessed
on the East River.
A fire on Forty-seventh Btreet and Firsi
avenue last night, ou the premises of Mr
Eisner, originating in a stable, burned abou
seventy heifers and some two or three huu
dred sheep. The building itself was als?
consumed with an adjoining tenement house
in which Mary Donahue, a two year old child
was burned to death. The loss is over om
hundred thousand dollars.
ST. LOUIS, July 31:
The white lead and color works of Bouche <!
Walkewltz were totally destroyed Dy fire tc
JEFFERSON, TEXAS, July 31.
A supposed incendiary Are destroyed tw<
blocks, including the St. Charles Hotel am
seventy buslnes houses. LOBS one hundrei
and fifty thousand dollars.
A LANDLORDS' PROTECTIVE ASSOCI?
Property Owners Co-operating against
Shiftless and! Disuenest Tenants.
An important movement has jost been Inau?
gurated in t nj s city, having for Its object the
protection o? landlords from the seriouB losses
by Improvident or dishonest tenants, which lt
ls said they now suffer. The laws of the State,
'as enacted and administered under the pres?
ent dispensation, appear to afford but little
protection to capital and property, and on ac?
count of thia loefficlency ol the legal safe?
guards which have hitherto been relied upon,
lt is said that lt Is now absolutely necessary
tor the landlords to co-operate and protect
themselves. In pursuance of this deBlgu a
meeting was held yesterday noon at the office
of Mr. Wm. H. Dawson, No. 66 Broad sueet,
Which, bavlngbeen insufficiently advertised,
was bnt slimly' attended, but at which a plan
of operation was adopted, and the nucleus of
an Important organization waa obtained. An
association yit?i formed with the name of the
Landlords' and Agents' Protective Association,
and it was resolved to open a registry of the
names of all delinquent tenants as they be?
came known to the members, It ls proposed
that lo every case where a tenant leaves a
residence In debt to the landlord that the lat?
ter shall fill up and send to the secretary of
the association a notice In the following form :
CHARLESTON,.., 187 .
Secretary Landlords' and Agents' Protective
Mr..has left hon*e No. .., _street,
., Landlord, (or Agent)
To enable landlords to obtain Information of
the antecedents of persons applying to rent
their tenements the following blank will be
Cn?lLKSTON lbT .
Secretary Landlords and Agents' Protective
Does tbe register contain any Information
of Mr., of No. ......... street.
., Landlord, (or Agent.) .,
This inquiry will be answered by the secre?
tary upon tbe following blank, If the tenant ls
found upon the "black Hat" of the association:
CHARLESTON,., 187 .
Mr..left house No...,.street,
on., 187 , owing.months rent
Secretan L. and A. P. Association.
This plan was agreed to by all present at the
meetlog yesterday, and they all sighed their
names as members of the association. It was
also resolved "that all landlords and agents of
real estate be requested to come forward Im?
mediately and connect themselves with th?
association, without regard to class or color,"
and books for this purpose will be kept open
at Mr. Dawson's office until the next meeting,
due notice of which will be given in THE
An Inspection of the Lazaretto Build?
In accordance with the instructions ot Dr
Pelzer, made lo the Board of Health on th?
24th of July, the quarantine committee of th<
City Council, together with the Mayor and t
committee of the board, will visit Morris Isl
and some day next week for the purpose c
inspecting the Lazaretto. Tb ls step was ic
daceo, as were arno rue suggestions-or vi
Pelzer advising tbe same, by representation
of reliable gentlemen to the effect that Morrl
Island ls rapidly washing away. If these re
presentations are true, the Lazaretto may b
rendered useless at an early day.
The Draymen Moving.
A deputation of seven dray owners, headet
by Mr. Patrick Brady, called upon the Mayo
yesterday, and requested him to have tb
crossings repaired lo the streets, damaged b
the Enterprise Railroad Company, as serlou
and repeated Injuries resulted lo their animal
from the present condition of the same. Tin
Mayor said that under the existing relation
between tho City Council and the Enterprisi
Railroad Company be was powerless to taki
any steps towards granting their request bu
that he would endeavor to satisfy all partie
as soon as the Injonction was removed.
The Board of Health.
The regular meeting of the board was hell
at the office of the city registrar yesterday
The health of the city was reported as good a
ever. Mr. Dotterer said that som? drains ii
Elizabeth street, reported as being In a bad
condition, bad been put In proper order
There being no further business, the boan
THE COURTS YESTERDAY.
The State Court.
Judge Graham yesterday dismissed the mo
tlonjor an Injunction against A. M. Macke;
and other trial Justices, restraining them fror
Interfering with the Charleston Joint Stocl
Company. The judge took the ground the
the case was of a criminal nature, and there
fore did not properly come under his J ur lt
United States Circuit Court.
Io the case of Caroline Carson against Ales
ander Robertson, bill In equity, the complain
ant was allowed to file, ts a record of the cast
a copy of a mortgage of Elias N. Ball to Alei
ander Robertson and John F. Blacklock, ea
ecu tors of Dean Hall plantation.
United States District Court.
Judgments on bonds were decreed agaton
the following parties : Wm. J. Clarke, $436 IC
Jos. M. Gayle, $600; Barnard Leonard, 336 41
and Mitchell Jacobs, $336 41.
The proceedings upon the petition to mak
M. L. Jones a bankrupt were ordered to b
stayed, he having made satisfactory arrange
ments for the payment of his debts.
I. S. K. Bennett was ordered to show can?
on the 8th of October next why he should no
be declared a bankrupt upon the petition c
the Union Bank of South Carolina. He wa
also enjoined from disposing ol any propert
until the making of the return. A copy of th
enjoinder was ordered to be served on Sheri
CLUBS AND STARS.
Calendar of Yesterday's Arrests an
H. M. Griffith, taking possession of the kej
of the Cathedral Cnapel, Queen street, arid si
licltlog orders for goods without a licenst
discharged. Jesse Norris and William Wa
lng, disorderly and breaking a glass on Mee
lng street; repair damage or twenty daj
each In House of Correction. Julia Rober tao
and Kate Smith, disorderly; one dollar or te
days eaoh. Djtly Gardener, disorderly; di
charged. Samuel Robinson, drunk; one do
lar. Richard Thompson, drunk and dlaorde
ly; to trial justice. W. B. Gough, drunk; OD
dollar. JameB Klhany, W. Montague, F. Ne
son and Henry Wilson applied forlodglngi
discharged, except Wilson, held for examlni
tlon. A bull roaming the street; one dollar.
?THE SAVAMAH TROUBLE.
A REVIEW OF THE DISTURBANCES
LIST OF CASUALTIES.
Latest Rot?? from the Forest City.
* -?. . .
From tbe Savannah papera, of yesterday,
we take tbe following additional particulars ot
the riot of Monday:
A LMTjOF THE WOUNDED.
The Advertiser says: A diligent Inquiry Into
.the ?eau li s of the contest ano wa that the fol?
lowing wounded aro under treatment: Banty
Sherman, colored, shot in tace; Gordon B.ack,
colored, shot In breast: Prince Coleman, color- -
ed, shot in breast}? Dick Lawson, colored, shot
in bead; Samuel Green, colored, shot In bead,"
and an unknown negro burned In the eye with
powder. Joe Fielding, colored, shot In right
arm; Abram Jones, coioreri, shot In the back;
Dan Muller, colored; badly beaten; Henry
Hicks, colored, out with a knife very serious?
ly. It was rumored that several had been kill?
ed, but we were not able to discover the troth
of the rumor.
Officers Morgan and Endres, who were bad?
ly wounded on Monday night, while endeavor
lug to d?charge their duties aa county officers,
in tbe Radical meeting at ht. Anorew's Hall,
were doing as.' wM. as could be expected on
Tuesday afternoon. Officer Morgan was badly
wounded la the-head and back, having receiv?
ed plsf^^fjtelirboth.those places, and officer
Endres waa severely cue In several places on
the head-and arm.
TH! VtCTTH9 OF NEGRO MAUQKTTT.
The News says :' We visited the residence*
of Mr?. Orson .BarpOftand Mrs. J. B. Cohen
yesterday alternoon tb inquire after their con?
dition. The uoiortunate lady waa wounded la -
four places. Both hands and her head were
bandaged: she also received a shot In the left .*
breast, inflicting a painful wound. These were
all small shot, and were picked out. Her
handB are very much swollen and extremely
sore, rendering their use impossible for the
present. The wound In the head ls slight.
We were lnformeoTby Mrs. Ward that she was
standing in the doorway, and Mrs. Conan, her
husband and sister were seated upon the .bench
on tue portico, aa was also her little daughter,
aged about twelve years, when the devilish
miscreants fired upon them. The shots were
fired from the big oak creek on tbe northwest
corner of Anderson and Bull streets," diago?
nally across lrom her house, a dlsuscce of "
probably thirty yards. They were so shocked:
by the unexpected shower of shot that they
wera unable to notice In what direction the
villains retreated."- Mrs. Cohen and her hus- ,
band and slater were struck about the lace '. -
and shoulders, but only.slightly wounded.
Mrs. Ward aud her little daughter were the
worse injured'of the party. The latter was
struck in the face and right shoulder and arm. ?
We were shown Into the room where the poor -
little child lay, suffering with a high fever,
produced by the wounds. She was utterly un?
able to move her arm. on account of its stn?- .
ness and soreness. The shot, fortunately, did
not enter the flesh to any great dejpih and
were easily extracted. They are all doing '
very well, and lt ie to be hoped may soon' re?
cover, although the condition of the little girl, -
owing to the setting in of fever, ia seri?os.
We examined the door and froni ot tho house,
and found the place riddled with ?hot. From
one of the door-posts two large slugs bad been
out, which were buried to the depth of an inch
or more. Mrs. Ward was leaning against this
post when the assasslBS tired, and the balla
struck within a few inches ot the head. Tue
escape from instant death was remarkable. *
Notwithstanding* the palo and distress caused
by this foul deed, Mrs. Ward seemed quite
cheerful, and ls in hopes that the perpetrators
will be apprehended and made to suffer, itt
. which hope lt ls scarcely necessary to say .the
'1 entire respectable portion of the community
*|Join. . . .
ANOTHER BRUTAL OUTRAGE.
f l The Advertiser .^ays: Another outrageous
affair occurredHh*-W?rlngsvllle on Monday
*n- w ht r fr tba. ai I fa nf a. npJZTf? aajMfJ
IGeorge Stewart was the Intended victim.
About eight o'clock a party of ihe riot oui
negroes passing along through Waringsvule,
in the extreme southern portion of the elly,
noticed a female sliting on-the stoop of a
dwelling house there, and thinking the house
was occupied by white persons, levelled their
pieces and fired. Fortunately no Injury waa
sustained by the woman who was sltilugon the ~
stoop. She made a sudden rush imo the house
and escaped a . second s a ot that might
have been .fired at her. The bouse was not
(occupied by white persons, but by a peaceable,
quiet negro man, named George Stewart, a
gardener, who residesout there and raises veg?
etables for market. This ls another evidence
of the suppositions that the negroes were all
summoned from the .county to attend the
Grant and Wilson ratification meeting, and
31 they were instructed to bring their- arms
loaded, prepared for fighting. Hearing of the
riotous proceedings in the city they evidently
concluded that every white person killed by
them was an additional scalp, and would con?
tribute to the glory of tbe victory they ex?
peoted to gain in the affair.
PROCEEDINGS TN COURT. 4
William O Godfrey, Cecil Beloon and H. F.
S^gur were taken before Commissioner
Wayne, on Tuesday, charged with violating
the Civil rights bill. The c?e was continued
? I to yesterday.
\ I A visit to St. Andrew's Hail reveals the fiact
1 that pistols were used Indiscriminately, and
numerous bullet-holes are visible In the walls
around the building.
Filly car tickets were distributed among the
negroes, who were-to use them for the pur?
pose of testing the matter fully.
Savannah, on Tuesday morning, was tba'
scene of numerous crowds of persons gather?
er ed at the corners, discussing the events of the
previous evening. They were deprecated on
ail sides. Tbe sentiment ol condemnation pr??
le vailed everywhere. .
it The conductors of the street cars faced the
The acting mayor has offered a reward of
Ave bundreu dollars for the arrest of the par?
ties who fired into the residence on Boll
street, wounding several ladles sad children.
The negro gossips were exceedingly Jool
lant on Tuesday ovorareport that their breth?
ren of Beaufort and Charleston were going
over to assist them In '-regulating" matters
to suit themselves lu this city In reference
to the recent troubles.
All Quite ou the Savannah.
SAVANNAH, July 31.
The street car. troubles have entirely cease?
'* I and the city ls ai quite as usual. George
'* I Washington Wilson, white, the leader of the
Ogeechee wing oi Republicans, was arrested
by United States authority to-day for dls
e I turblng the Republican meeting Monday night.
e I The commissioner continued the case until to
B THE WEATHER THIS BAY.
LF WASHINGTON, July 31.
pn Thursday clearing and clear weather will
prevail on the South Atlantic and Gulf.
I .. K0t<-1 A rr iva It-July 31.
J. D. Brown, Wllliston; A. P. Postell, Savan?
nah; A. W.Loyns, Florence; B. E. MbManns,
Columbia; B. Williams, Leesville; 0. H. wil?
liamson, Darlington; S. E. Ingram, Clarendon;
John J. Mnldrow, Klngsiree; A. M. Williams,
rs I St. Stephens.
James DePass, wile and two children, Flori-,
r- da; H. G. Bobinson and son, Sc Helena; A?
t- yah Gilbert, St. Augustine; E. Cuppeu, Mrs.
s A. H. Cuppen, J. H. Jones, New York; P. Cop- .
n pen, St. Helena; F. Scbonfleld, Thomas Speme
n Cincinnati; A. Von Behmer, Beaufort; E. L...
B- King, wife and servant, Waldo, Fla.; Thomas
1- P. Stovall, W. C. Barber, wife aod child, Au?
gusta; W. W. Caner, Marloo F. Hoilock, Hies
e Marla C. Hollock, Mrs. Branson and child, Mrs.
1. John Henderson, Savannah; L. C. Blake, M.
?; Hesenthal, New York ; R. M. Chatterton, Felix
i. Govin and wife, Baltimore; L. Whurt, Troy;
F. L. Childs, Steamer Champion.