Newspaper Page Text
VCLUME IX.-NUMBER 1967
CHARLESTON WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 1, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE DECISIVE BATTLE.
LATEST RETURNS FROM THE OLD
A Candid and Careful Statement of the
Proportions of tue Vickory.
[SPECIAL TELEURAM TO THE NEW?. ]
WILMINGTON, August 5.
The returns irom the remote countiep,
especially those on the Virginia border and
those in the extreme western portion of the
State, continue to come In very slowly, and it
is still difficult to estimate with any degree of
accuracy the size of the Conservative
majority in the whole State. Sixty
counties have been heard from officially, and
they give anet Conservative majorl'.y ol 1252.
Of the remaining thirty-two counties, tweniy
four are Conservative and eight Republican,
and those thirty-two counties gave in 1870 a
net Democratic majority of 3874, which, added
to that of the sixty counties heard
from, makes a net Conservative majority
In the State of 5126. It is reported, however,
that the Republicans have trained heavily in
the First Congressional District, which, in
1870, gave a Democratic majority of 455, and
how far these gains may reduce the above es?
timate it ls Impossible to say. It is still con?
sidered certain that Judge Merrlmon and the
whole Conservative State ticket are elected,
and'the Legislature is certainly overwhelm?
ingly Conservative. The Conservatives have
certainly elected four out of the eight Con?
gressmen, and, In all probability, Ave. In
the First District Clinton L. Cobb (Republican)
ls elected over D. M. Carter (Conservative) by
a majority of a few hundred. In the Second
District, which ls the Republican stronghold,
the figures are in for all but two counties, and
Charles R. Thomas (Republican!) has a majority
of about 7584 over W. H. Kitchen (Conserva?
tive.) In the Third District, A. M. Waddell
(Conservative) is elected over Nell McKay,
Jr., (Republican) by 847 majority-an Improve?
ment of 236 over the net. ' Democratic majority ,
In the same counties in 1870. Tnc Fourth
District, in which William A. Smith (Repub?
lican) is running against Sion H. Rogers,
(Conservative,) the result ls still doubtful.
One county remains to be heard from, but the
rest give Smith a majority of 6. In the Fifth
District, James M. Leach (Conservative) has
defeated Thomas Settle by about 719
majority. The Sixth District Is all
heard from but one county, and gives
Thomas S. Ashe (Conservative) a majority
of 2801 over oliver H. Dockery, Repub?
lican. In the Seventh District the returns are
in lor only hali the counties, but they give W.
M. Robbins, Conservative, a majority of 1408
over David M. Furcbes, Republican, and the
remaining co. m ties are strongly Democratic.
The returns from the Eighth District are also
meagre, but no doubt is entertained of the
election in that district of Z. B. Vance, Con?
servative, over W. G. Chandler, Republican,
by 3000 majority.
VIEWS OF THE NEW YORK PRESS.
NKW YORK, August 5.
A special irom Raleigh to the Herald says
that seventy-seven counties have been heard
from and Merrlmon ls now over 1100 ahead.
The remaining counties will probably be heard
from to-day. .
A special from R?jejghjo the "Times says
that Caldwell hasl434 maJorliy in seventy-four
counties, and the returns from the remaining
counties may probably reduce the majority to
300, but the official count only will determine
The Tribune, World and Sun still claim that
the State has gone Democratic.
NEWS FROM THE OLD WORLD.
Election Trouble:a In Ireland-The Cath?
olic Clergy Implicated.
LONDON, August 5.
The English government will prosecute
twenty-two persons for interference with the
Galway eleu Lions, including the Roman Catho?
lic bis-top of Clonfert, Captain Nolan, his
brother, Mr. Sebastian Nolan, and nineteen
Roman Catholic priests.
MADRID, August 5.
King Amadeua has arrived at San Sebastian
and met with a warm reception. He was
visited by the prefect of the French depart?
ment of the Base of the Pyrenees, who deliv?
ered a letter Irom President Thiers to the
Kto<* congratulating him on his recent escape
PARIS, August 5.
President Thiers will leave Paris to-day for
Tronvllle, a seaside resort, In the department
THINGS IN SUMTER.
The Crop Prospects-All Quiet Pol Ul.
emily-The Whites for Greeley-Relic;,
lons Mer lings.
[FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
BlSHOPTILLE, AUgUSt 1.
The season continues most favorable. It
rained oe an average of every other day dur?
ing the month of July. The corn crop ls safe
beyond peradventure, and the anxiety of the
planter on that score is relieved. Those who
planted wita the expectation of making
enough-which includes nearly everybody
here-will have a sufficiency of "the staff of
life." The pea crop, which was almost a total.
failure last year, ls looking very promislog
ina word, the appearance of the crops In the
provision line betokens a plentiful yield.
With regard to cotton, the general prospect
continues good. Ou light Bandy and low,
flat lands lt has sustained some injury from
an excess of rain. There are serious appre?
hensions of rust, lt having already put in au
appearance on a few farms. It ls too long to
make any confidential statement or prediction
respecting the probable yield. The plant ls
still BUbJect to many contingencies; August is
the most important month for the fruiting.
The only noteworthy drawback to be seen at
this time ls the large percentage of late colton
which, according to the most reliable authori?
ty, amounts to very nearly one-chlrd of the
cjop. While the early stands havn matured
the bottom and middle crops, the late plant?
ing bas very lew. If any, grown bolls-though
lt ls all about equal lu point of size-a circum?
stance well calculated io deceive those who
look at the weed.
There ls a pertect dearth of political newp.
This community is remarkably quiet and con?
servative. Tnere ls no agitation of politics at
all, even among the freedmen, who have giv?
en us no trouble, so far, by deserting the crop
for political gatberings. Though not enthusi?
astic, the whites, with but two or three exi
ceptiens, prefer Greeley to Grant. The blacks
will, of course, not hesitate to obey the be?
hests ot their Radical leaders, and will go in
mass for Grant.
A camp meeting of the Methodist denomi?
nation commencer) at Providence to-day. It
lethe first that nasbeeu held lui his county
since the war, and will likely be largely at?
tended. On the 3d Instant a protracted
meeting wil begin in the Baptist Church of
this neighborhood, Rev. j. K. Durham, pas?
tor. Among other officiating minisieis the
Bev.J. K. Men."'-miall, an able revivalist of
the Baptist denomination, will be in attend?
ance. The gathering promises to be one of
much interest. The meeting will probably con?
tinue the greater part of next week. The week
alter a series of religious services will begin
In the Methodist Church here, which ls under
the pastoral care of Rev. S. A. Weber.
The weather ls extremely hot and sultry
even the nights are oppressively warm. Thc
uniform heat is so relaxing to the system and
has such an enervating effect as to render
one almost good for nothing-almost incapa?
ble of exertion. H< A J.
SUMNER ON THE WAR PATH.
Speaker Blaine Provokes (he Classic
Senator to Strong Limgnnge- \ Scathe
lng Indictment of Grant and his
Apologists-/V Document for Colored
' Olen to Read and Ponder.
WASHINGTON, August 5.
Senator Sumner has addreBBed the follow
.iug reply to Speaker Blaine's letter, dated at
Augusta, Maine, July 31st, accusing him of
treachery to Republicanism in his support ol
Greeley, and ot "turning his back on the mil?
lions to whom in past years he had stood us a
shield and bulwark o? defence :"
WASHINGTON, D. C., August 5, 1872.
Beai' Sir-I have seeu the letter addressed
to me by you through the public prints, and I
notice especially that while animadverting
upon my support of Horace Greeley, you say
not one word'ln vindication ol that compound
ol pretension known us Grantism, in con?
tradistinction to Republicanism, which you
would ins ?ill anew lu the government.
You are greatly concerned about the company
I keep. To quiet your solicitude, I beg leave
to sny that in Joining the Republicans, who
brought forward aa original Abolitionist. I
hud rm sell and so many others devoted to the
cause I have served alwajs, that 1 had not
missed you until you hastened to report ab
sence, nor had I taken account ol the "South
ern Secessionists" who, as you aver, are now
co-operating with me In support of this orlgl
nal Abolitionist, except to rejoice that If
among former associates some like yourself
hesitate, their places are supplied in un unex?
pected quarter. You entirely misunderstood
me when you introduce au incident ol Hie
past and build on it an argument why "
should not support Horace Greeley. What
has Preston Brooks to do with t he Presiden
liai election ? Never while a sufferer did any
body hear me speak of him In unkindness
and now after tue lapse ot more than halt
generation I will not unite with you in drag
ging him trom the grave where be Bleep* ic
aggravate the posaions ol a political conflict
and arrest the longing lor concord. And here
ls the essential diff?rence between you and
me. At thlB Juncture I Beize the opportunity
to make the equal rights of all secure
through peace and r?conciliation, but this
infinite boon yon would postpone
Seven years have passed since we laid
aside our arms, but. unhappily during all this
period lhere bas been a hostile spirit towards
each oil er, while i he rights of colored fellow
citizen? have been in perpetual question
Seven years mark a natural period ot human
life; should not the spirit be ctianged with the
body ? Can we not, after seven years, com
menee a ccw lite, especially when those once
our foes repeat ihe saying, "Thy people shall
be my people; thy God shall be my God ?" I
declare my preference for an original Aboli
tionist as President, and you seem to create,
diversion by crying out mat i^mocrats will
Bupport him, to which I repi.7 so much the
better; their support ls Un assurance
that the cause ne bas BO constantly
guarded, whether of equal rights
reconciliation, is accepted by Democrats
and this ls the pledge of a true union beyond
anything in our history. It ls a victory of
Ideas, without which all other victories must
fall. To Intensify your allegations, you insist
that I am ranged whh Jefferson Davis and
Robert Toomba. But, pardon me; nobody
knows how the lormer wilt votp, while
Robert Toomba is boisterous against Horace
Greeley, and with him are Stephen?, Wise
and Mosby. This Is all very poor, aud I men
lion lt only to exhibit the character of your
attempt. In the same spirit yqu seek to avoid
I the real issue by holding up tbe possibility of
what you call a Democratic administration
and you have the courage to assert as within
my knowledge thar, with the election of
Horace Greeley, Congress will be handed over
to the control of the party who have positive
ly denied the rights ot the black men. You
flay that I know this. Mr. Speaker,
I know no such thing, and you should oe suf?
ficiently thoughtful not to assert lt. 1 am en?
tirely satisfied that a canvass like the present,
where ihe principies doctored at Cincinnati
are openly accepted on on? alan and not con?
tested on ihe other, must result in a larger
number of Congressional representatives stn
cerely devoted to the rlghls of the colored citi?
zens lhan ever before. The Democrats will be
pledged, as never before, to the ruling prlncl
pie that all men are equal before the law, and
ulso to the three couotliulloual amendments,
with the clause In each empowering Congress
to enforce the same by appropriate legislation
but, besides Democrats, there will be
Liberal Republicans pledged likewise, and
also your associates, who, I trusr, will
not betray the cause. Senators and re
presentat ives, calling themselves Repub?
licans, have been latterly lu large ma
Jority in both houses, but the dual measure of
civil rights, to which you refer, though urged
by me almost daily, has failed lo become
law-less. I lear, from Democratic opposition
thau from Republican lukewarmness and ihe
want of support in the Presidential office
The great issue which the people are called to
decide in November ls on ihe President, and
nobodv knows better than yourself lhat the
House'ot Representatives, chosen at the ??me
j time, will naturally harmonize with bim. So
lt has been In our history. Now, harmony
.wit a peace freely Involves whal I most desire,
i With Buch a President, Congress will be
changed, and, for the first time since the war,
the equal rights ol all will have a declared
representative at the head of the gov?
ernment, whose presence there will
be of higher significance than that of any vic
tor In war, being not only a testimony but a
constant motive power. In this great cause,
oppression, whether open hostility or mere
subtle treachery, will yield to the steady infill
ence ol such a representative. Therefore, In
looking to the President, I look also to Con?
gress, which will take Its character in a large
measure lrom him. In choosing Horace
Greeley, we do Ihe best we can tor the whole
government, not only In the executive but la
the legislative branch, while we decline to
support nepotism, repayment of personal
gilts by official patronage, seizure of the war
power-, Indignities to the black Republicans,
and ihe various incapacities now exhibited by
ihe President and the Rings by which he gov?
erns, none ot which you can delend. You
know well lhat the Rings are already con?
demned by ihe American people. For myself, I
say plainly and without hesitation that I prefer
Horace Greeley with any Congress that la possi?
ble on the Cincinnati platform to President
Grant with his pretensions and his Rings,
a vote for whom Involves the support of all
his pretensions with prolonged power in all
.the Rings. There must be another Influence
and another example. The administration ia
all ita paris is Impressed by the President.
Let his soul be enlarged with the sentiment
ot Justice awakened by Industry, and not
only the two houses of Congress, but the
whole country will ieel the Irresistible au?
thority over-spreading, prevailing, permeat?
ing everywhere. Therelore, in proportion as
you are earnest tor the rights of colored citi?
zens and place them above all partisan
triumph, you will be glad to support the
candidate whose heart has always thsobbed for
humanity. T V country needs such a motive
power in the White House. It needs a generous
fountain lhere. In one word, it needs some?
body different from the present incumbent,
and nobody knows this belter than Speaker
Blaine. The personal chargea vou make upon
me I repel with the indignation of an honest
man. I was a faithful s?pporter ol' the Presi?
dent until somewhat tardily awakened by bis
painlul conduct on the Island of San Domingo,
involving the seizure of war power In viola?
tion ol instructions, and an indignity to a
Black Republic in violation of International
law, and, when I remonstrated against these
intolerable outrages, I was set upon by those
acting in his behalf. Such is the origin of my
oppoBlllou. I could not have doneTesB with?
out failure in that duty which ls wilh me the
rule of my ute, nor can I doubt that, when
partisan sentiments are less active, you
will regret the wrong you have done
rae. Meanwhile, I appeal confidently to the
candid judgment of those who amidst all
present differences of opinion unite in the
great objects, far above party or President, to
which my life ls devoted.
I am slr, your obedient servant,
m .u rr ? CHARLES SOMSER.
To the Honorable Bpeaker Blaine.
THE WEATHER THIS DAT.
, . . ",.. _ WASHINGTON, August 5.
Probabilities : Variable northeast and south?
westerly winds in the South Atlantic and Gull
States, with continued rain fall, but clearing
weather In the lormer on Tuesday
BAD FOR THE BONIFACES.
TE E FASHIONABLE SUMMER RESORTS
INA SAD PLIGHT.
A Recoil. Against the High-Price Sys?
tem-Too Much of a Grand Thing
Killing the Goose with the Golden j
A Saratoga correspondent of the New York
Tribune discourses as follows on the effects of I
the present style ot keeplug hotels at popular [
places of resort, especially In the North:
At last the vengeance so long predicted by
Indignant and outraged touriste has overtaken
the hotel-keepers. A reaction against sum*
mer travel In ihls country has sec In, which
threatens to involve in ruin many enterpris?
ing landlords, and to work a complete revolu?
tion in the hotel Bystem at our fashionable re?
sorts. The present season is the poorest ever
known to the hotel-keepers, lt is now the
lust week of Joly, and lt is safe to say that
fashionable Bummer hotels are not half lull,
and that In many Instances uot more than a
quarter of the rooms are occupied. Hotels ol
wide celebrity-hotels whose advertisements
read so attractively that it seems aa if
they must be overcrowded, are not paying
their running expenses. There is even, with
but a few guests, an absolute necessity for
keeping up the standard of the table.
WHAT IT COSTS.
Armies of servants have been engaged for
the season, and must be paid and led. Rent
must be provided for, and altogether, unless
August changes the whole aspect of affair?,
many of our best rural hotels will change
hands after this season. During the war and
for the Ave years following the hotel-keepers
revelled in money. Everybody went to the
most expensive resorts, and paid the moat ex?
travagant prices with only a feeble murmur.
The hotel-keepers, like Jesurun of old, waxed
lat and kicked. They saw the public seized
by a maola, anti they look advantage ot it.
When their rooms were full, and often when
they were not, they put up cots In the parlors,
and crowded their guests as in barracks,
charging for this uncomfortable and Insuffi?
cient accommodation the same rates they
nominally asked lor separate rooms. Four to
six dollars a day were paid for sleeping on a
cot and lor a chance to fee the wailers at th?
dialog-table; and on the public-the most
egregious and gregarious of the asinine kind
struggled for a chance to add its contributions
lo the Pactolian stream flowing Into the capa?
cious pockets of the all-absorblog Bonifaces.
Ol'course, the everybody was specially at?
tracted lo the houses which were known to
be the most over-crowded.
Landlords strutted and hotel clerks ruled
travellers with a rod ot iron. It was proposed
still further to Increase the rates of board.
Seven dollars a day were talked of ss a rea?
sonable figure In the early future of the first
class hotels. The masters were triumphant,
the paying slaves (the public) were humble,
silent and crushed. Suddenly the "corner" in
hotels broke. The first symptom of weakness
showed itself early last season. The papers
were filled with the complaints ot grumbling
"constant readers." European trips became
more popular than ever, and the patronage of
our summer hotels fell off. There were several
bad failures, and among them those of three
of the most prominent hotel men in the coun?
try. The Idea of Increasing the price of I
board was then at once abandoned, and a de- [
crease was decreed, being an average, how?
ever, of only fitly cents a day. The seven
dollar chimera vanished, and opulent land?
lords sighed for the golden days which had
passed away. The present season was entered
upon with fear and trembling, especially as
the number of hotels had greatly Increased ot
late, and several new and very attractive re?
ports had been just opened. But repentance
came loo late, ff the b. oae which laid the
golden eggs was not killed, ehe certainly was
seriously wounded and had become exceed?
ingly Bby and Um id. ' The primary cause of all
tills trouble lay in tue men rates pr board.
The secondary In the incivility ot landlords,
or rallier their subordinates, wi th whom the
travelling public hid been brought into con?
The mere nominal price of board was always
much enhanced by extraneous charges-Dy
the tees to walters, bootblacks and porter?,
and by the prices of carriage hire, ?fcc. Anoth?
er Hem was the absurd rate of omnibus fare.
For len ceuts. a mao may ride In a New York
omnibus Irom lh<i Battery.CO Fortieth street.
For going a quarter-one-eighth-of that dis?
tance, lrom tne steamboat lauding or tbe rail?
road depot to the fashionable hotel he-would
be charged half a dollar, and this, too, in
places where h ./ses and their teed were much
cheaper than in the city. This item, perhaps,
looks rather too trilling to deserve mention,
but, when Mr. Smith was on his summer tour
with Mrs. Smith and the two Misses Smith, and
and Master Smith, and Mrs. Smith's unmarried
sister, it counted up rapidly. Then the nomi?
nal ooard price only Included sleeping accom?
modations, and Hie price of a prtvaje silting,
room was always made disproportionately
TUE MODEL CLERK.
A goodly part, not by any means the largest,
but still a noteworthy portion of the patronage
of the summer hotels, comes l rom gentlemen
travelling alone, or In parties of two and three.
The indignities heaped upon this class of the
community form a fearful record, and this
brings Into prominence that wonderful being,
the hotel clerk of the period. Young, han??
some and supercilious, with his hair dressed
In the most killing style, with plump red
cheeks, with elegant garments ot the moBt
fashionable out, with a diamond pin, with a J
large-linked "waich-puard, with superb cuff
buttons, with an indifferent haughtiness of de?
meanor wonderful to behold, with a sovereign
contempt tor the sovereign people, with all
the attributes of power, with all Ibe overbear?
ing qualities which come from irresponslb e
sway-ibis is that marvellous and magnificent
mixture of Jove and Apollo. And inls ls what
he did with the gentlemen travelling alone or
In parties of iwo or titree: He would delibe?
rately banish them to the hot rooms lu Hie
attic, or to the interior apartments looking |
upon dismal court-yards, or exposed to the
odors of the kitchen. He would calmly tell
them lhat all the good rooms on the lrom
were occupied. He would know this to be
false, and his victims would know lt, too, but
be was omnipotent and they were helpless.
This was the general practice in al) fashionable
hotels. Now the occupant of the poorest rooms
has to pay precisely the same price as he who,
by favoritism and a personal acquaintance
with the dork, has the best one.
He must also be careful to see, In his bills,
that there is not an extra charge for some
meal dating Just anterior to hiB arrival, or
some omnibus ride he did not take. Here
lhere is to be noter* a phenomenon. I have
travelled much for many summer/*, In this
and other lands, usually frequenting the best
hotels, and ol'the very many "er. ors" found
In my oills I have observed that they have
been Invariably In lavor Cf the landlord. I
have never once lound the extra ball-dollar,
or the shilling, or the franc, or the thaler, or
the rouble put down lo my credit. I draw no
Inference, but simply state ihe fact as a curi?
ous phenomenon in hotel mathematics.
TOURISI3 DBI VEN' ABBOAD.
The growing dlslavor which our hotel sys?
tem is gaining lias driven many of our sum?
mer travellers to Europe. Never before have [
the outgoing steamers been as numerous and
as crowded as this season. Experience has
proved lhat a foreign trip can be made at no
greater, and often at lees, expense than a tour
among our lavorite wateriBg-places, or even
than a comlortable residence at one of Ibem.
This tendency to vist Europe will Increase with
increasing lacllltles, ano as everybody who
has been lhere once wants lo go again, the
American hotel-keepers will find they have
raised a rival which, like the ghost of Banquo,
"will not down."
Tne European system introduced into some
ot our hotels-lhat is, ihe system of only pay
lug for what yon eat-is a concession to the
spirit ol disaffection in regari to our preva?
lent hotel arrangements, but is too often a
delusion and a snare. The prices for articles
of tood are placed so high as to be equally an
Insult to the undemanding and to the pocket.
This, too, will be remedied in time.
The other aay I asked a summer hotel
keeper, ol gentlemanly instincts and long ex?
perience, his opinion ol the polniB alluded to
in this letter. He acknowledged lhat Euro
pean travel was liavlg thia season a disas?
trous effect upon the vatering-piace patron?
age, but maintained Ut every season brought
out a fresh supply of munger home tourists
young men just begining to travel, young
bridal, couples; and le nouveaux riches who
would fill the vacan eic He declared that the
high rates of board vere made necessary,
chiefly by the expenseof help, by the army of
waiters who had to bovell paid and who ate
so much. He did no deny that fashionable
hotel-keepers general' (until the last season
dr two) had been m a ki g large lortunes, nor
did he seem to deprede the system of feeing
He mentioned an ?nance of a fashionable
Saratoga Hotel whee the newly arrived
guests could llterallyget nothing to eat UH
they feed both the hea-walter and the sable
attendant at their parc ular table, and when
they complained atthefBeeihe landlord cool?
ly told them that be "kd nothing to do with
the dining-room arragementa, which were
entirely In the handsof Mr. Moses." 'And
where ls Mr. Moses ?" "Mr. Moses ? Au, that
is he-the head-walter there !" This, my In?
formant seemed to this, was, perhaps, carry?
ing the thing a little ta far. lt is but fair to
Bay that Saratoga and Long Branch are full
even this season, but tere are special reasons
in these cases. The prccimlty of Long Branch
to New York insures umeroua visitors. At
Saratoga the waters, tb races, and the celeb?
rity of the place lu tb South and among
travellers from Europe, account for the large
number ot visitors tfere. To see the other
side of the story vlsi the Catskill, Sharon,
Niagara, Cape May, Vest Point, the White
Mountains, Lake Georg, and other recogniz?
ed and really attractve places of resort.
Hotel-keepers and othrs Interested In the
success cf theee places nay hide the facts ol
the case, but ihe tr th ls that the elegant
hotels at these points, eren at this advanced
stage of the season, areiialf empty.
A HUNDRED OUNi POR CtREELEY.
N:w YORK, August 5.
A dispatch from Bristd says that on the re?
turn of Horace Greeley D day to that place he
will be given the honor M a sa'nte of one hun?
dred guns and a inti nc! pal reception. Last
evening Chief Justice Ciase met Mr. Greeley
at the house of the foroer's son-in-law, Sena?
tor Sprague, at Narragansett Pier.
A CHAPTER MT DRINKS.
iliivr pinny Gallons of them we Con?
sume-What they Cost-The Profit on
The New York Evening Post has been ex?
amining the statistics o: drinks, and submits
them In a form that would make a taking tract
for the temperance people. Ol courae there
ls another side of the drinking question, but
this one is suggestive :
In addition to' the 62,314,627 gallons ol
home-made spirits, and 7,159,740 barrels of
fermented liquors on which taxes were paid
In 1871, we imported of ?lue 9,788,983 gallons,
and 431,562 dozen bottiss; of spirits 2,629,326
gallons, and 123.667 dozen bottles, and of
malt liquors 832,431 gallons. Four millions
out of me nine ol wine cost only 29 cents per
gallon, and 3,000,000 of them 32 cents per
gallon; the small remainder varied In price,
from wine at 64 cents aaoVrum at 77 cents to
brandy at $1 64 per gallon. The home-made
articles averaged perhaps 60 cents per gallon
for spirits, and 30 cents for beer, as these
are the prices of our exports of the same ar?
ticle?. Tnecoat of the foreign importation
was (12,438,980. If to thia we add $38,000.000
oPexclse duty and the first cost of tue home?
made articles, at the above pi ices, our total
outlay for one year's stock of drinks will ex?
ceed 1162,000,000. Four thousand five hun?
dred and twenty-four.
out of the 8192 registered were employed In
the production of the home contingent ot these
drinks, and 153,522 llcena^*-""*"4-;;-"V""
.Tin.tr? "i.V..j- --unters, brandy smashes,
mint juleps, gin slings and cocktails; and, of
course, we paid lor them 5, io, 25 and 50 cents
a glass, for that which cost only from a tenth
to a twentieth part of these- amounts, thus
putting iulo the pucket* of the dealers the Bum
of mere than $500,000,000. Those thus licensed
to sell liquors make one In 250 of the popula?
tion, und they have, on an average, one or
two assistants, making one In every 100 lo one
In every 130 of the citizens engaged in drlok
selllng. Leaving out ihe women and youths
not yet arrived at the drinking age. and
making some allowance for teetotallers, those
who support those drinking establishments
are less than twelve millions In number, so
(fiat on un average every
EIOHTY DRINKERS SUPPORT A DRINKING ESTAB?
and consume 460 gallons of spirits, 80 gal?
lons of wine and 2000 gallons of beer 'an?
nually. This would be utterly incredible
were il not for the iwo lac ts that the census
gives 38,000,000 as ihe population, and that
the Internal revenue department, In their
report lor 1871, pms down $3.051.484 as re?
ceived and accounted for from persons taking
out licenses at $25 a year each, and il they'
had all taken a lull year's license it would
have required 146.05'J In number to have
made up this sum; but as some of them Dald
less Uiau a full year's license lhere must have
been more than this number licensed. In the
same way I he department accounts for the re?
ceipt ot $746,696 from those who pay $100 a
year for license; and as some of them would
pay for less than a year, lhere must have been
more than 7,466 of them. These two numbers
added together make at least the number li?
censed as above given, The eighty Individu?
als who supporta drinking store will require
to pay Ks expenses-say, on an average, $15
for rent, $5 to $10 for wages paid to servants,
and $10 as profit to the proprietor-In all $45,
or nearly $60 each.
OP THESE STORES THERE ARE NEARLY ONE HUN?
DRED AND FIFTY-THREE THOUSAND,
and their total expenses will therefore amount
to six hundred' and seventy-seven millions of
dollars, or about the same as the est?male ar?
rived at above by a different process, in which
the profits to ihe licensed dealers were put at
five hundred millions, and the first cost of the
liquors at one hundred and sixty-two millions.
The state of New York has 23,846 licensed
sellers, or one for every one hundred and
eighty of the population, while one In sixty to
one in ninety of its people are engaged ia
these liquor stores.
The City of New York has 71R3 licensed Bal?
ers of drink, or 1 lor every 140 or the popu
ailon, while 1 in 50 to 1 in 70 of Rs people are
engaged In drink-selling. Massachusetts, ia
1871, had 8622 of its people licensed to sell,
and 1 In every 85 engaged In selling drink.
Pennsylvania had 14.431 licensed, or 1 lo every
240. Ohio bad 12.377, or 1 in every 210. Illi?
nois bad 9569 licensed, or 1 In 260. Maine had
1053. or 1 in 600. Other Stales range between
1 lo 200 and 1 in 600; so lhat, on un average,
every 80 families in me land support a drink?
ing store, willi Us two or three drink at?
These iwo or three attendants make up an
army of 300,000 to 400,000 persons, who, li
Ihey were not thus employed, might be earn?
ing on an average $500 to $1000 a year each.
Thus withheld from remunerative work, the
nailon loses lhereby from $200,000.000 to
$400,000.000, which, added to the other out?
lays already given, make a total of
EIGHT HUNDRED TO A THOUSAND MILLIONS OF
as the cost to Hie nation ol the drinks in
which our people indulge. Nor is this all. If
we could calculate the amount by which the
effects ol drink increases our judicial and
prison expenses, lhere would be another large
Item tn add to this enormous amount. Tnese
are net imaginative figures, os loo many such
estimates are, but the sober realities of the
Internal reveuue reports, so far as the number
of licenses ls concerned; and it anyone should
think two to three mure than ihe average
number employed in each store, or $4500 loo
much lor reel, wages, Income and other ex
I penses ot the stores, let him lake lils own
estimate ol these item3, and he will find mat
by no possible "scrimping" can the cost, of our
drinks to the nation be reduced to less man
seven or eight hundred millions, of dollars
annually, or from eighty lo one hundred dol?
lars for each family. "
-The Israelites from Alsace and Lorraine,
who are about founding a congregation in
New York, held a meeting In lhat city las)
evening and subscribed twelve thousand dol?
lars towards that purpose.
THE DIRECT TAX SALES.
HOW THE OWNERS MAT RECOVER
Important R?gulations of the Internal
Revenue O Mire, Governing the Process
The following aro the regulations for re?
deeming and restoring lands owned or held
by the United States under the provisions of
the direct tax acts, and for ca rrj i og out the
provisions ol an act for the relief of the pur?
chasers of such lands:
TREASURY DEPARTMENT, )
INTERNAL'REVENUE OFFICE, y
WASHINGTON, D. C., July 29, 1872. J
All lands now owned or held by the United
Stales by virtue of proceedings under an act
entitled "An act for'the collection of direct
tuxes in insurrectionary tlistrlcts within ifte
United States, and for' other purposes," ap?
proved June 7,1862, and under acts supple?
mentary thereto, or upon the same subject
matter, except such lands ns are excepted by
thc 7th and 8th sections ot the act of Congress
approved June "8, 1872, viz: Lands, farms,
plantations or lots which are now in whole or
in part used or occupied by the .United States
for national cemeteries, or for the burial of
the dead, or other public purposes, or wbioh,
under instructions of the President ot the
United Slates, have been reserved for military
or naval purposes, or such ipt of land on Hunt?
ing Island, South Carolina, as may be neces?
sary as a site for the erection of a llgnthouse;
also block one hundred and twenty-three,
Beaufort, South Carolina, now occupied as a
courthouse for the County of Beaufort, may be
redeemed and restored to the original owner,
heirs-ai-law, or devisees or grantees, upon an
application therefor lo the secretary of treas?
ury through tho commissioner of Internal
revenue, made in compliance with theso regu?
lations and the provisions of the law in rela?
I. The application must be made within two
years from June 8, 1872.
II. Satlsiactory evidence 'must be furnished
in each case that t he applicant was, at the date
of sale, th 3 legal owner, or ls the heir-at-law,
devisee, on grantee in good faith, and for val?
uable consideration, ot such legal owner.
III. The amount of tax charged against the
lands described In Ihe application for redemp?
tion, together with the coat ot advertising, and
of the sale of said lands, and all other proper
charges against the same, together with Inter?
est at ten per centum per annum upon the tax
from the date ol its assessment, and upon the
costs and other legal charges from the time
they accrued and were payable, must be paid
Into the treasury of the United States bet?re
redemption Is awarded and title restored.
IV. The amouDt of lax and oiber legal
charges will be ascertained lu cachease by the
commissioner of Internal revenue, subject to
the approval of the secretary of the treasury.
V. If any person other than the applicant,
shall, in any case, lu good faith and under
color ol legal title, have made valuable and
permanent improvements on the lands owned
or held as hereinbefore mentioned, alter ac?
quisition of the tille by the United States, and
oefore June 8,1872, lc will be ihe duty of ihe
applicant for redemption to pay to such person
or persons the reasonable value of such per?
manent improvements at the time of actual
VI. if tue applicant and the party claiming
compensation for Improvements fall to agree
and to settle the matter, then notice of that
fact may be flied with ibe secretary, of the
treasury, who will thereupon inform the
United Stales district judge ol the district
where the lands are situated, tnai a claim for
such compensation ls pending. Upon receipt
of Buch Information said Judge will appoint
three disinterested Ireehoiders, residents of.
ihe county or parish lu which such lands are
situated, who shall assess and report me value
of the same lo the secretary ot the treasury,,
Tne report of said freeholders must set forth
the nature of the Improvements, when they
were marte, by wu o m madeyaoei the reasonable
value i hereof, us aforesaid, and ail other faciB
that may be, In their judgment, material to a
fair and just determination of tim rights of the
VII. They must make their report in dupli?
cate; must send one copy ol it to ihe secretary
of the treasury, and Hie Hie other In ihe office of
the clerk of ihe highest court ot record of ihe
Stale In the county or parish where such lands
VIII. The expenses of such freeholders In
the discharge of the duties herein mentioned
are to be borne and paid equally by the parties
lo the controversy.
IX. Wnen the lands have been redeemed
under the provisions of the act of Congress
approved June 8, 1872, the commissioner of
internal revenue will make out certificates of
release In duplicate and present the same lo
the secretary of the treasury for his approval.
If approved by him they will be returned to
ihe commissioner ol internal revenue, who
will deliver the original lo the party redeem?
ing, and retain the duplicate on the file in his
office. Such certificate shall be In substance
UNITED SI'ATE S OF AMERICA-CE UTI PICATE OF RE?
Whereas, on the - day of-, A. D. 180-. the
rollowlog dosorlbed trace, lot or parcel or laod,
situated lu the couuty or-. In me ?state or
-, aud particularly described aa toKuwj,
viz:-, sold for ho unpaid tax charged
thereon, under an act entitled -An act for ihe
collection or direct taxei In insurrectionary dis
trici s witmn the United states, und for other pur?
poses," approved June 7,1802; and whereas --
-has produced satisfactory evl ;eoco thar, be
is legally eutltled to redeem the above ?leam Hied
property, and that he has paid Into tho Treasury
of-the ?ulted Sta>es thc amount or tax. penalty,
costs and Interest required by au act entitled
"An act to provide for the redemption aud Hale of
lands held by the United states under the several
acts levying direct taxis and for other purposes,'"
approved June 8,1812, amounting to the sum of
- doilarsi aud-cents, the receipt whereof, la
ra 1. ls henil y acknowledge t and coures -?ed:
Now, therefore, this I?, to certliy that tne proper?
ty herelnbeforexdejcrlbed ls hereby hen-M'jrth
discharged from all Hen, charge or claim by rea?
son or said Wx, penalties, intense and c st.
Approved by me. this - day of -, 1872.
-, Secretary of the Treasury.
X. Purchasers of lands in South Carolina
under "army and navy sales," which were not
paid for lu tull June 8, 1872, will be allowed to
redeem the. same at any time prior lo Decem?
ber 9,1872, and applications for redemption
made by them prior to the last-named dale
will take precedence of all other.
XI. In all cSees in which the claims arc foi
the refunding of the purchase money paid ai
a United States direct tax sale lor lands ol
which ihe purchaser has been dispossessed by
judgment ol a Uulted atates coori, the claim?
ant will be required to surrender to the treas?
ury department the tux sale certificate Issued
on account of said sale, where it Is possible lo
do so. Il fur anv reason thlscaunot be done,
affidavits must be furnished by the claimant,
setting forth a satisfactory reason why said
certificate cannot be surrendered.
XII. A cerillled copy of the records of the
proceedings of the court by which thc pur?
chaser was dispossessed ol the lands purchased
by him must be fur nibbed in each mise.
XIII. The purchase money paid by one whe
has been evicted from or turned out of pos
session o? lands purchased by him, by th*
decision of a United States court, rendered
prior to June 8, 1872, will be refunded to him
upon his application therefor, supported bj
evidence ol his purchase, lils eviction, and o
the payment of the money claimed by him
but the land itself will remain charged will
the amount ct tux, penalty, Interest ano"
costs. B. J. SWEET,
Acting Commissioner Internal Revenue.
Approved by me, this 29th day ol'Jnly, 1872
WM. A. RICHARDSON.
Acting Secretary ol' the Treasury.
CONFLAGRATIONS ON SEA AND
CHICAGO, August 5.
The Iowa elevators, willi is,OOO bushels o
grain, were destroyed by fire lo-day.
M. Burne's saddlery warehouse, Compton ?
Garret t's grocery store, and Lareman & Co.'i
and Olwen & Brot?ers' dry goods stores, oi
Market street, were burned thia morning. Th?
stocks were nearly all destroyed, and the losi
' will reach $75,000.
NEW TORE, August 6.
Casey's turpentine lactory was burned to
day. Loss $20,000.
i COLLINGWOOD, August 5.
; The propeller Robertson, bound hithe
> from Chicago, with over 16,000 bushels o
wheat, has been burned. No lives were lost
GREELEY IN GREENVILLE.
A Rousing Ratification ot the Liberal
Ticket in the mountains.
[SPfiOIAL TE LEU KA li TO THE NEWS]
GREENVILLE, 8. C., August 6.
The largest, most respectable and most en?
thusiastic meeting held in Greenville Count;
for many years was held here to-day to ratify
the nomination of Greeley and Brown. The
entire Conservative strength of the county
turned out te swell the demonstration. A
series of resolutions, endorsing and applaud?
ing the action of the Cine!;,natl and Baltimore
Conventions, were unanimously adopted, and
ringing and eloquent speeches were made by
Governor Perry, General Butler and others.
The addresses were applauded to the echo,
and the utmost enthusiasm and unanimity
prevailed. The people ot Greenville County
see in this movement "the beginning of the
end," and are more hopeful of the political
future than at any previous time since the
THE SAVANNAH STREET CARS.
?int cr Condition or Affairs-Two Sets of
Cars-An Expedient that Doesn't
[From tho Savannah News, August 6.]
On Sataday Messrs. Melia? ? Co., in accord
with Commissioner Wajne's decision In the
case of Messrs. Godfrey, Segur and Beulen,
pat on an extra car, wltb each wblte car, es?
pecially lor colored people. Though all of the
cars are the same, some of the negroes do nor
like to ride separate from the whiles, though
they have the front car. Three negroes got
on the white car at Anderson street during
tue day, and when Informed that the other
car was for their accommodation refused to
ride in lt, and walked down town. A num?
ber of the more respectable and sensible col?
ored people I lave, ho tve ver, accepted the addi?
tional cars as an evidence ot the desire of the
lessees to meet their wishes under the law,
and by thus availing themselves ot the accom?
modations tendered at great expense by the
management, show their appreciation and
gratitude as well as their politeness.
Now that the colored people have as many
and as good cars as the whites, all running on
the same time, what more should they reason?
ably ask ? He must be a captions and bad
spirited person who would expect more,
much less express a desire for it. However,
by the spirit in which ure new arrangement ls
met, the good citizens of every color may
judge whether the motive for the recent
attempts of some colored people to ero wa in
with the "white trash" originated in absence
of necessary accommodations or in a desi re to
ferment a disturbance between the races.
The lessees very justly complain lhat the in?
creased expense ol running iwo cars each trip
will be a pecuniary loss to them. We would
Buggest lhat the two cars be coupled together,
thus doing away with one horse, a conductor
and a driver. We think this plan ls possible,
as there are no gradea to overcome.
United States Commissioner Wayne has ren?
dered his decision in the case of the United
States, on complaint ot Avery Smith, colored,
against Wm.p. Godfrey, white, for conspiracy
to deprive the complainant ot his rights by
ejecting him from a street car on the 28lh ul to.
The commissioner carefully reviews the law
and facts lu the case, and Bays:
"So far, theh, as the court has been able to
sift the evidence and bring it to the lest ol the
law, the complainant had no right, privilege
or Immunity under the constitution or laws of
Congress to be abridged. But, on the contra?
ry, he stands before this court a delib?rale
violator of a legal regulation of the street car
company, and, pro tanto; a disturber ol' the
public uunquiluuv.. Hulaing moreover,-? po?
sition of trust and emolument under the Unit?
ed Slates Government, he should have been
the last to foment disturbance ol (he public
peace; and a comparativa stranger to ihls
community besides, should have come among
us bearing the olive branch of peace, and nut
the firebrand of social discord. . Ic was by
such men as himself that the riots of the even?
ing at the 29ih of July, in this city, were
originated. Aod, Justice to the truth of the
Inquest, compels the court to add, though with
regret, that me management of the road, by
Its timid course, must lake Its share of the re?
sponsibility for them. t
"in conclusion, lt is a matter of gratifica?
tion to the court to observe ibat none ol our
respectable colored citizens appear to have
been mixed np in the scenes that marred ihe
fair tame of our peaceful city on the 28th and
20Hi (if July last, but lhat ihoso disgraceful
act? appear lo have been conceived, promo?
ted aud executed by bad men from other parts
ot the country, backed, however, lt ls true,
unfortunately, by a few native rumana; loi
lhere are rurUans among ihe colored people as
well as among the whites, no race or color
being exempt from the curse of ruffianism.
"Tne charge against the prisoner not having
been sustained, the marshal will discharge
him from his custody."
HOW GRANT TRAVELLED TO UTICA.
Taking t lie Kr le Route Became he has
to Pay on the Central.
[From the Syracuse Courier, July 31.1
U. ??. Grant, President of the United States,
arrived In Utica yesterday. He came by the
Erle Ballway to Binghamton, and thence by
ihe Delaware, Lackawanna aud Western Rail?
road to rjtloa. Our readers will wonder why
the President prelerred to hazard his life on
the Erle Raliway, inasmuch as be ls accus?
to m ed to ride In palace cars over first-clasE
roads like the New York Central. The reason
is as follows: Grant was dead headed ovei
the Erie. He has to pay tare over the Central
and Hudson River Road, and Ulysses isn'i
in the habit ot paying anything when he cai
Ic wilt be remembered that Grant attended
the funeral of the late General Thomas ai
Troy, April 8, 1870. He returned to New Yort
ina special car via the Hudson River Rail?
road. Shortly before the train arrived ai
Poughkeepsie, the conductor went into the
car for the purpose of collecting lare from th?
President and party. He was met at the dooi
by the Dent, wno gruffly asked him "what hi
wanted." The conductor replied that be want
ed the fare of the party. Dent declared thal
the President was Insulted by such a request
as he was not In ibe habit ot paying fares ot
railroads. He declared that the Presiden
and parly were Insulted by the conductor, ant
that they would not pay one cent. Then, re
piled the conductor. I Bball cut your car off a
PougbkeeDsle and leave it on the branch
Dene saw" the conductor was in earnest, ?ne
proposed to compromise mattera by telegraph
lng to Commodore Vanderbilt. The con
dudor assented to this proposition. In a few
moments ihe answer returned: "Collect far?
lrom the whole party." Dent payed, and swon
the President should never travel a mlle ove:
the Hudson River aod New York Central
Shortly arter this Bom well ordered a tax o
Mut).ooo to be collected lrom the Central. Tin
was simply a mean revenge. The money ha
not yet been paid, and may never be. So nov
Grant came to Utica ou a couple of railroad
on which he could get a pass. Commodor
Vanderbilt probably feels very bad about lr, a
be hus such a high opinion of Grant. It ma
be Interesting to learn that ihe commodor
and his whole family will vore against Grant
and will give iheir immense influence to Hoi
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
-Simeon Leland, an old hotel proprietor <
New York city and Saratoga, Is dead.
-Sheridan and Grant went fishingSaturdaj
but they got to swearing over the result i
North Carolina and caught no fish.
-Trevino, ihe defeated Insurgent leadei
scorns the offer of amnesty made by the Mex
-The New York Internationalists have pr<
mulgated their loDg-threatened address to th
people of the United States.
-A special dispatch to the New York Heral
, says that. Dr. Wieners and Colonel Mosby hav
( gone to Bladensburg to settle their little di
j terence of opinion at ten paces.
THE COLORED CADET.:
PRESIDENT OR ANT AS THE BETRAY?
ER OF THE BLACK RACE.
Astounding Revelation*- Young Fired* '.'
Grant's Conspiracy Against the Col-*
oreo Cadet-The President Packs a -
Court.Martial to Secare hie Expul
Blon-wny the Plot Failed - Some-'
thing for Colored Republicans to -
Every one remembers the case of Cadet
Smith, the colored boy, who, more than a
year ago. was sent to the Military Academy at
West Point, and everybody, we Imagine, waa
content that the temporary excitement over
the matter hadpretty much settled Itself and
passed ont ot mind. Not a little credit waa
claimed for the persistency with which the
lad's rights were maintained ''irrespective of
race and color?" most br lt, of course, failing
to the share of the Pr?sident, the secre?
tary ot war, and that immaculate Chris?
tian soldier, General Howard. The dismal
truth ls now coming out. A state ot things is
revealed, which, in meanness, shabbiness and
unworthy conduct, certainly has no parallel
lo the misdoings of this administration, and
the-wltnesstoproveitls the stout Connecti?
cut Republican who has been this boy** steady
friend from first to last, and who, we have a
right to Inler, down to the time when the
scandal 'to which/we refer was discovered,
was a steady Mend of the President and his
I administration. He la Ur. David Claru, ot
Hartford, and from his lett?r, Just published
In the New York Tribune, we glean these
salient faotsv MY. Clark Was thia boy's friend
and patrorrrand 'the recipient of his confi?
dence, when he told his tale of real or fictitious
woe. In his despair he begged to resigo, sod
would have been allowed to do so, buuhe Pres?
ident, on one of his gyrations through Connec?
ticut, being consulted by Ur. Clark, earnestly
deprecated lt "Let him remain there," said
the President, "and I will do all I can io
protect him in his right?, and BO EV. U* the offl-.
eera of the Academy, for I understand ho
passed the best examination of any of the .ap?
pointments this year." These were ' brave
words, and, cemlng from a soldier's lips, made
their impression, and Ur. Clark, an lie says,
reluctantly acquiesced. Toen came the court
martial, of which Howard, as a mark ol great
favor to the race, was president the acquittai
of Smith on two charges, the con-sic Hon on
the minor one of a row at a "water-tank; and
the reversal, totally unexpected by anyone, of
the finding ot acquittai by the War Depart- :
ment. 'The secrety of war," says Ur. Clark, :
1 . was evidently disappointed that Smith waa not
expelled." The rest of thls^dlsmal'story we '
preter giving in the witnesses'own words, not.
being willing even to seem to overstate thia
"General Howard visited me during the
month of December following, and, in con?
versation with regard to the court-martial, *
aald there was Kreut disappointment at Wash
lugton that sufficient cause was not found by -
the court to expel Cadet Smith. I inquired of
bim, 'Who were disappointed V and he replied, -
.Both the President and secretary of war.' 1 '
then Inquired, 'Why are they disappointed V
General Soward replied,. 'In conversation ?:
with the secretary of war, be Informed me
that President Grant had called upon hipa
prior td ihe appointments of the courts-mar- -
Hal and said: . _ .' '
'"I Biippoae, Ur. Secretary, rta*,yon rajwr
about to appolut a court-martial lor the trial
of ihe colored Cadet Smith, at West Point I .
have received two or three letters from: my
son Fred., who Informs me that the cadet is
very objectionable there; (hat lhere are strong
prejudices existing against him, ic. Now, an
this trial is to come off. Ur. Secretary, I trust '
that you will so make up the court aa to cause :
"There can be no doubt that the secretary .
of war, acilog upon the suggestion Ct Presi?
dent Grant, did constitute the court, Including
the judge advocate, of whom I have spoken, ;
with a special vow to secure the dismissal of
Cadet Smith; and General Howard was placed ".'
at the bead, so lhat In case a majority of the
court should meet the expectations ot the
President, his name might add weight to the
verdict before the people of the country. But "
the record of the cadet was so good, the testi?
mony of bis accusers so flimsy, that the court
could not find even an excuse tor ordering, his
expulsion; and because of this fact the verdict.
as found was disapproved by the secretary oT
war, as it answered In no way to serve the
plot to disgrace the persecuted colored boy." .
Well may Ur. Clark add : - v
"From that moment np to the present time
I have never believed that General Grant bas ?
been lu sympathy with the colored people.
Bul I am convinced that all his professions of
friendship for them have been for the sake of ;
his own personal or political advancement."
Having said, and now repeating^ that facts
like these if proved.(and they are not con?
tradicted) ought to arouse the sensibilities of "
the negro race more Xhan hil the letters and
essay8 on human equality that were .ever .
written, we dismiss the matter la that aspect,
and ask, with emphasis, what can be thought
ot the degradation ot the public, and especial?
ly of the military service, when, at the in?
stance of his own son, and he a party, inter?
ested, the President of the United States, com?
mander-in-chief of the army and navy, per?
sonally directs the secretary of war (who as?
sents) to pack a court-martial, Judge advocate '
and all, In order to convict and punish a mili?
tary student, black or white, who happens to
be obnoxious to a member ot his own family ? ,
ROUGH WOOING OF DEATH.
NEW. YORK, August 5.
Fred. Tilitzke last night shot Uary Sneezer,
because she refused to marry him, and then
rushed to the East. River and jumped over?
board. Tllftzk'e was rescued by police and
conveyed to a station-house. It ls thought
that Miss Speezer will recover.
-A report recently made lo the French As?
sembly shows that if the Communiste had
been lees ot an undisciplined and ignorant
mob their defeat would have been more doubt
lui. om of seven hundred and twenty-six
cannon with which they were provided, they
used only ?three, hundred and twenty-one.
Ammunition was wasted In the most reckless
manner; and order and system there was
none. A blind, fury, a temporary matinees,
eave the insurrection ali its strength, and
when that was exhausted, from the pure Ina?
bility ot human nature to sustain the violent
strain put upon both mind and body, the col?
lapse came swift and sudden. It ls sad to
read of the children, over six hundred in num?
ber, who took au active part with the Com?
munists, and whose ages ranged from fifteen
down to seven years. One thousand women
were arrested ofter the entry of the troops
into Paris. That fifty-seven of these gave
their occupation as washer-women Is not sur?
prising; but lhat dressmakers, milliners and
teachers should lake part In such horrible
scenes from free choice is most extraordinary.
And theBe women were among ihe worst or
-A circular has been issued by the t reasury
department calling attention of mariners to
^dangerous character rf^W.?
Brazilian coast, o^emn^aMtx
point of the Province of Pernambuco. Four
l-irce American ?hips have be?m wrecked lu
that latliude. wltnln the last lour years. These
eblps stranded upon a reef which do., not ap?
pear to be put down in the charts.
-Eight lines of railroad are now under con
structlou lo Nonhern Texas. Many ot these
are extensions of eastern lines, and three are
?IDks ia the transcontinental system.