Newspaper Page Text
VCLUME IX.-NUMBER 1967
CHARLESTON WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 1, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
WAITING FOR THE VERDICT
A'OT SO MUCH OF A SHOWER AFTER
Seven Count teg Yee to Hear fromHtThe
Official Count Most Decide the Elec?
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
WILMINGTON, N. C., August 7 Midnight.
It ls Impossible to give any definite opinion
as to the gubernatorial election. The con?
test ls very close, and the official vote alone
will tell the result. Caldwell, the Radical can?
didate, has run four hundred votes ahead of
the Democratic vote In 1870; but there are
seven counties to hear from, viz: Cherokee,
Macon, ABhe, Jackson, Allegbany, Graham
and Swain. These counties in 1870, when .the
Democrats carried the State by 499,> majority,
gave a Democratic majority of 2299, and the
same counties last year, when the Radicals
carried the State, gave a Democratic majority
of 1127. There should not, therefore, be any
doubt of M?rrimo n's election.
WHAT IS Kif OWN IN CHARLOTTE.
The majority for Merri mon Expected to
bt One Thousand, tn Spite of the Ad
' ministration Pre?ar?.
CHARLOTTE, N. C., Auguste.
All the returns are in, except from nine
western connues, which gave a Conservative
majority ia 1870 except two, and, ar the re?
turns now stand, if those counties show no
decrease In the Conservative majority on
Shipp's vote, the majority for Merri mon will
be 1000. Five Conservative members of
Congress out of eight tire elected, and the
Legislature ls two-thirds Conservative on joint
If the western counties prove true to Shipp's
vote the election of Merrimon is certain, and
we have good reason for believing they will
give an Increased Conservative majority, not?
withstanding the immense amount of the
funds of the government which were^ued in
that portion of the State. Ii the sfle goes
Conservative It ls against- the vast nSercnlnery
of the government, including the- treasury,
fraudulent voting and bribery.
WHAT IS KNOWN IN RALEIGH.
Na Decided Change In the Returns
Eleven Counties Yet to Hear From
The Conservatives Hopeful.
RALEIGH, N. C., TUESDAY, August G.
Official returns to-day from the counties al?
ready heard from change but little the aggre?
gate estimate heretofore given. The Demo?
crats still hold the same "six hundred and fifty
majority on Shipp's Democratic majority of
1ST0. - Eleven counties are yet to hear from,
which conoties, lt Is conceded, will hold the
vote of 1870. The Republicans are despondent
tooday and the Democrats hopeful. Roth par?
ties are figuring witu approxlmatujHesults.
Information from the weat this evening will
doubtless decide the matter, with the chances
at present In favor o? Merrimon.
WILMINGTON, August 7.
The following are official maJoriUes: New
Hanover, (revised,) 13C2 for CaldweUjp Bruns?
wick, SO for Caldwell; Onslow, 400 for Merri?
mon. We can get the official vote ol but few
counties here, 08 they are all sent to Raleigh.
Conservatives here are very hopeful, relying
on the western counties to elect Merrimon.
Many leading Republicans concede Merrlmon's
election by a small majority. The Star and
the Journal both claim Merrlmon's election by
about 800 majority. jt
Later News-Cheerful Cuiiflilem of
Both Sides. *
RALEIGH, August C-9 P. M.
All the counties are heard from except len
-western counties. Caldwell has gotten even
with the Suipp majority of 1870, and, In the
remaining counties, each candidate stands an
even chance. Eight of the counties to hear
from are In the Eighth District, and the eleven
coonUes already heard from In that district
gave Merrimon a net gain of over one hun?
dred each. Everything turns upon Ulis, and
the Democrats are hopeful of maintaining the
gain. The Republicans are quite confident,
and claim Caldwell's election. The excite?
ment is subsiding, as the people have become
NORTHERN BISE A TCHES.
What- New York Knew About lt on
Nsw TORE., Tuesday Morning, August 6.
The Tri on ne of this morning estimates Mer?
rlmon's majority Irom its dispatches, which
nearly cover the whole of North Carolina, at
1311. The World's Raleigh dispatches say
the election will be very close, and that, lt
Caldwell obtains the same ra?o of gain la the
connues to be heard lrom he will be elected
by a very small vote. Onslow County gives
Merrimon a gain of four hundred, which
makes his cha?es more lavorable.
The Herald's Raleigh dispatch says lt will
take the official vote to decide. The Democra?
tic and Republican gains come io alternately,
causing excitement and suspense. H-ind?
well ls declared elected, Merrimon willdon
test. An estimate made by Phillips, the
chairman of ihe Republican State central
committee, giving the State to Caldwell by
uoo majority ls generally discredited. No
confidence ls to be placed In the reports of
majorities on one side or the other.
Cobb's, (Republican,) majority in the First
District ls over 1000. Thomas's. (Republican,)
in the Secood Dlstriot is probably 1000 majori?
ty. Smith, (Republican,) Fourth District, 800
majority. Waddell, (Democrat,) Ttilru Dis?
trict, has 700 majority. Leach, (Democrat,)
Filth District, has 600 majority. Ashe, (Demo?
crat.) Seventh District, and Vance. (Demo?
crat,) Eighth District, are elected by large ma?
FROM THE NATIONAL CAPITAL.
Opinions and Effect or the News i>^n
North Carolina-What Slr. Boutwell
Did for bis Country-The Voluntary
Contribution Plan-Effect or Sum?
The Washington correspondent of the Balti?
more Sun writes on Sunday night in regard to
the news from North Carolina:
As far as the administration Is concerned,
the majority amounts to nothing. They all ex?
pected to carry the State, and are only sur?
prised that the money expended there did not
bave more effect. The officials did not want
io hear anything from North Carolina; even a
. email majority would net satisfy or please
them. They wanted to produce an effect, and
to do that they felt that ihe State must go
largely for the Radicals, otherwise all labor
was In vain. They have Been the effect, and
cannot hide their disappointment. Some ot
them now attempt to bolster up their confi?
dence by saying that the unlooked-for result
In North Carolina will only make the adminis?
tration party more energetic In other States,
and that the lesson of the election of August
1st will not be lost upon them.
The Grant papers have taken pains to circu?
late a report which was first stated by an ad?
ministration organ in this city, that every
merrberof the colored delegation addressed
fcy Mr. 8umner in his letter ls now an avowed
Grant "man. The contrary is the fact. The
Republican, an admitted Grant organ, threw
out a challenge the other day, and der anded
the production of the names ol eleven col?
ored men of this city who opposed General
Grant, and who agi ' -??th the sentiments of
Mr. Sumner's letter. j.?e eleven names were
promptly forthcoming, and among them were
Dr. A. T. Augusta and others who had ad?
dressed the letter to Mr. Sumner. Other
names will be forthcoming, from time to time,
and lhere ls no risk in the assertion that the
majority of the influential colored men here
agree with Mr. Sumner, who they still recog?
nize as their great champion.
The administration make loud professions
of civil service reform, and among other
things lt professes to discountenance the de
demand of money for campaign purposes.
Nevertheless the clerks are asked to make
voluntary contributions, but all understand
that if their voluntary contributions are not
forthcoming their tenure of office will be very
A private letter received here from North
Carolina says that Secretary Boutwelrs
speeches did more to defeat (he Radicals and
to swell the Democratic majority than the
speeches of Democrats could possibly have
done. Boutwell was so Irjtenseiy bitter that
he only excited disgust, and turned many of
the Republicans to vole tor the Democratic
A RELUCTANT PATRIOT.
Why President Grant Consents to be
NEW YORK, August C.
A dispatch from the Thousand Islands, from
an interviewer, makes President Grant say
he does not care personally lora second term,
but accepted the nomination to test the sen?
timents of his fellow-citizens In his behalt.
DEMOCRATIC VICTORY IN'MONTANA,
HELENA, MONTANA, August 6.
The returns Indicate the election of a Demo?
cratic delegate to Congress. [Last year the
Republican majority was 413.]
HOW PRESIDENTS ARE MADE.
Wide Difference Between the Popular
and Klee tomi Votes.
All the powers of sovereignty in the United
States rest with the sovereign people, and yet
they do not elect their President or vice
President. They think they do; but the near?
est approach the people can make under the
constitution to an election of these officers ls
In the election, Slate by State, of the agents
by whom said officers are elected; and, taking
the will of the majority of the people of the
United States as the test which would deter?
mine the choice of their President and vice
President, we see that it ls only in the chapter
of accidents that these officers are in reality
the choice of the people-that a man may by
the electoral colleges be elected President
with a heavy majority of the popular vote cl
the Union against him, and that, worse yet, a
man may be constitutionally chosen President
by the electors for whom not one solitary vote
has been cast by the people.
The national constitution provides, In the
election of President and vice-President:
First, that each State, as the Legislature may
direct, shall appointa number of electors
equal to the whole number of senators and re?
presentatives to which such Slate is entitled
In Congress; second, that these electors shall
meet In their respective Stales (the electoral
colleges,) and vote by ballot for President and
vice-President; third, that they shall make
distinct lists of the persona voted lor and of
the number of votes for each, and transmit
said lists, sinned and certified, to the presi?
dent of the United States Senate; fourth, that
this presiding officer. IQ the presence ol both
houses ol' Congress, shall open these certifi?
cates, and that the electoral votes ot
the several States tor President shall be
counted then and there, and the person having
the largest number ol votes, If a majority ol ail
the votes cast, shall be President. Otherwise
.from the three highest persons voted for by
the electoral colleges the House ol' Represen?
tatives, by ballot, Bhall elect the President,
each State in these elections being limited to
one vote.. A quorum for this purpose Bhall
consist of a member or members from two
thirds of the Stales, and a majority ol all the
Slates Bhall be necessary lo a oiiolce. Finally,
when such election shall devolve upon the
House, and it shall fali to make an election In
tho interval to the 4th ol March next follow?
ing, (and under existing arrangements there
elections come before the Hou?e about the
12th of February,) then the vice-President
shall act as President, as In the case of death
or other constitutional disability of the Presi?
In the next place the person from the elec?
toral colleges having the largest number of
votes for vice-President shall be vice-Presi?
dent, If bis vote be a majority of the whole
vote for this officer cast by the electoral col?
leges. Otherwise lrom the two highest per?
sons on the Hst from said colleges the Senate
shall choose the vice-President. A quorum
for this purpose shall consist of two-thirds of
the whole number ol senators, and a majority
ol' the whole number shall be necessary to a
' Under this system of electing Presidential
electors by the popular vote on a general
ticket wo have had some strange results from
time to time since 1820. In the election ot
1824, generally known as our Presidential
scrub race-betwef n Jackson, Adams, Craw
lord and Clay-the electoral vote ol the
Union was thus divided upon these men-for
Jackson 99, for Adams 84, lor Crawford 41,
.tnd for Clay 37. There belBg no election by
tue electors, tbe three highest persons voted
for-Jackson, Adams and Crawford-went be?
fore the Home foran election. The House by
States, one vote lor each State on the first
ballot elected Adams, who secure'. 13 States,
against 7 for Jackson and 4 tor Crawford.
According to the voice of the people Jack?
son should have been elected, for he bad a
popular majority over Adam s of 50,000. The
choice of Adams, however, was a fair election
by the House comoared with what may be
done in un election ol President by that body.
For Instance, let us suppose that three candi?
dates, as In 1824, are before the House for an
election of one ot them. Jones bas one hun?
dred and Atty electoral votes, Smith one hun?
dred and twenty-five, and Brown forty.
Smith and Jones are beyond the reach ol a
compromise, but Brown, of Delaware, with a
half-dozen of the little States to back him, is
acceptable as a last resort to the lrlends of
Jones and Smith, o? other email Stales, and
so, with the votes of Rhode Island, Delaware,
Florida and so on, till we make up the nine?
teen smallest States In population, Brown is
elected, though the States electing him may
represent less than one-third of the sovereigu
people of the United States.
ATLANTIC AND GULP RAILROAD]
The Macon Telegraph has been furnished
with a report of the 8late commissioners
Hons. Iverson L. Harris, Wm. B. Fleming, J.
R. Alexander, W. R. Bennett and B. F. Bruton,
appointed to represent the million dollars ol
?Jock held by the State in the Atlantic and
Gulf Ballroad Company. The oommlttft
make a strong argument in favor of carrvln^
ont the original design of this road, and
placing lt la connection with the Gull at Pen?
sacola, Mobile and New Orleans, which can
now be done by the construction ol one hun?
dred and sixty-five miles of railroad from Bain?
bridge lo Pollard,in Alabama, where It will con?
nect with finished llnesiof railway to all these
places. They say such is the poverty ol the
soil which this road traverses, that Hs local
traffic can never return the investment The
whole taxable property of the region-leaving
out Chatham and Dougherty Counties-does
not exceed fifteen millions, and the whole i
amount or cotton derived from 150 mites or
the distance in 1871 was only 2236 bales They
nay if the gap between Bainbridge and ?of
lard were filled np, they would have concoc?
tion between Savannah and Mobile in a dis
tance of 476 miles, and to New Orleans In 610
miles-while ihe distance via Macon aud
Montgomery would be 705 miles. The com?
missioners do not propose any specific meas?
ure to the Legislature.
THE GROWING COTTON.
ANOTHER REPORT FROM. THE NEW
ORLEANS COTTON EXCHANGE.
Heavy Raina Throughout the South,
and their Effect.
NEW ORLEANS, August 1, 1872.
To the Resident and Board of Directors of the
Mw Orleans Colton Exchange :
GENTLEMEN-We respectfully submit tho
following information condensed lrom letters
received by us lrom the States herein named,
concerning the growing crop of cotton.
For the dates at which we put the commeno
ment of picking, Ac, Ac, we take the aver?
age of estimates and statements sent to us.
Our letters are mostly dated about the 16th
The weather since the 15th June ls reported
to us as having treen warm with frequent
showers, and much more favorable than dur?
ing same period last year. Our correspond?
ents have seen or heard of army worms In
twenty counties, and boll worme In sixteen,
but generally only a lew of these Insects bave
appeared in each county. The plant, with
very lew exceptions, is represented as being
well formed and bolled. Laborers continue
to work well. Picking commenced last year
about 1st September, and will probably begin
this year in early planting about 20, h August,
and in late not belore iota September.
The weather nas been lu some places toa
dry, but generally warm with lrequent show?
ers. Latterly too much rain has fallen in
some parishes, particularly in those adjacent
to the Mississippi River. The earlier part of
the crop is weil formed and bolled. The later
ls generally doing very well, but it ls said not
to be "fruiting" well in some parishes, es- J
pedal ly those on the Mississippi River, already j
mentioned as having bad an excess of wet
weather. Scarcely any complaint Is made of
labor. Average of estimates in relation to
commencement of picking place lt last year
at about 3ist August; this year, In early plant?
ing, at about 16th August, and in late at about.
\0ih September. The army worm ls reported
as having appeared in twenty, and the boll
worm In eighteen, parishes.
The weather since 15th June has been very
favorable, much more so than last year. The
plant ls in ?ne condition, well formed and
bolled. No complaint Is made of the labor. I
In some of the lower counties, picking bas
already commenced, but, laking the average
of our reports for the whole state, we find
that it will begin In the early planting about I
13th August, and In the late (avery small por-1
Hon of the crop) about 1st September, lr Is I
said to have been general last year about 22d
August. A few army worms have been re-1
oorted In ten, and boil worms in seven, coun
The weather since 15th June has, in some
parts of the State, been seasonable; in others
too dry, and' In others too wet; on the whole
not favorable. Throughout the Stale, aver-1
aging the reports sent us, it cannot be said to I
have been either decidedly more, or decidedly
less, favorable than during the same period I
last year. In some counties thc plant ls Bald
to be well formed- and bolled, butas a general
thing lt ls not so. We have some complaint I
of labor being interrupted by political excite
ment, but '.he bulk of laborers are doing well.
Picking began last year about 5th September, I
and ls expected to commence about same
time or a trifle later this year in early cotton, I
and about 22d September in late.
The weather since ihe 15tb June has been,
very favorable to the growing crop generally,
more so than last year. A few only of our I
latest letters speak ot' heavy rains. The pia UL
is reported as very thrifty, being better "lorm
ed" and "boilea" than usual. Neither army
nor boll worm Is reported. Labor ls aatlslac
tory. Picking la said to have been general
last yearby l&iu September, and thia year will
probably be ?o In early colton by 7th Septem-1 '
ber, and lo late by 25th September.
The weather from 16th June until early in
July was favorable, but bas been since very I
unlavorable. Heavy rains have fallen, caus?
ing overflow of bottom lands, on which very
many entire cropB have been destroyed. Il 1B j
estimated by some of our correspondents that
the damage done to the crop throughout the
State by rains, storms and overflow, during
the month ot July, will amount to a reduction
of fully forty per cent, from what, at the end of
June, lt promised to yield. Until the begin?
ning ol July the weather was more favorable
than last year. The plant ls said to be well
loaned and bolled. Laborers are working
well. We have reports of army worms having
appeared lu fourteen named cou DI les. One
correspondent reports them in ten counties, I
whice ne does not name, and which may per
haps be included in the fourteen already men?
tioned. Boll worms are reported In only a
few counties. Picking began Ia9t year about li
27th August, and ls expected to commence I
thlajyear in early cotton about AuguBt 17th,
and in late about 7th September.
NORTH CAROLINA AND SOOTH VIRGINIA.
The weather has been generally wet since
15th June, and not more favorable than last
year. The bulk of the crop is not well
"formed" and "bolled." Laborers are not
willing as well In North Carolina as In other
Slates, a considerable portion of their lime
being devoted to attendance upon political
meetings. Army and boll worms are report-1,
ed in only one or two counties. Picking last
year began about 6th September, and this year
will beglti In early colton about 10th Septem
ber, and in late about the 25th September. .
SOUTH CAROLINA. I
The weather since 15th June has been
showery, the ralos having become excessive I
in some counties In July. On the whole, it
has been mote favorable than last year. Ta
king favorable and unfavorable reports to
?ether, which are about equal In number, the
crop seems to be only moderately well "form
ed" and "bolled." A few army worms are re
ported In only one county, and boll worms (in
small numbers) In three. Picking com-1
menced last year about 24ih August, and will
probaoly begin this year In early cotton about I
2l8t August, and in late about 13th Septem
ber. Laborers continue to work well.
The weather from 15th ' June to about 1st
July was quite favorable, but since the latter
date lt has been too wet. On the whole, bow
ever, more favorable than la?t year. Tue
crop is well "formed," and the early planting
well "bolled." Laborers continue io work
well. Caterpillars are reported to have been
seen or heard of by our correspondents in
sixteen counties-boll worm in only a lew.
Average of statements put the beginning of
picking last year at about 26th August. Pick
lng ls expected to begin this year In early I'
planting, about 22d Aug-tr, uDd in late cotton
about 14th September.
Our reports from this State are meagre.
The weather since 15th June ls represented as
generally lavorable, (warm with frequent I
showers,) aud as more favorable than during
same period last year. Cotton ls said to be
well formed and bolled, and labor good. Pick
ing commenced last year about 20lh August; I
this year, in early cotton, will begin a little
earlier, and In late cotton about 2d Septem
ber. Army worm ls reported io three coun-1
ties-boll worm only in one county, (Jackson,)
but in considerable numbers.
PERRY NUGENT, Cotton Factor.
3. DBG IS, Cotton Buyer.
HARRISON WATTS, Cotton Broker.
RICHARD FLOWER, Colton Factor.
Ol the Committee on Information and Sta-1
NEWS ABOUT THE CROPS.
Extracts from Letters of Well-informed
South Carolina Planters.
BLACKVILLE, (S. C.,) July 31.
Crops are falling very last on account of
drought and rust. Some are almost ruined;
others will not make more lhan half what they
promised to do two weeks ano, and the pros?
pect ls very gloomy with us ali. It I can "et
rain In a few days the loss may not be over
one-third. I hear complaints lrom all parts of
this county and Orangebug, and I greatly
fear farmers will make a f?lhre.
ORANGEBUBO, (I. c.,) August 3.
The excessive dry and mt weatner has
caused much shedding of forms and fruit.
Early cotton has made all lt can make this
year; late cotton has not sufflred as much, yet
I do not believe lt will be asproductlve as the
The Worm In St. Foal's Parish.
Trustworthy advices received from St,
Paul's Parish, Colleton County, report the ap?
pearance of the caterpillar anon two planta?
tions In that parish. On the White Point plan?
tation, of Colonel James Legtre, several speci?
mens have been discovered, and also upon a
plantation of Mr. James Kiar near by.
The Overflown Planting Districts of
The Mobile Register of Wednesday has a let?
ter from one of the sufferers, which says the
best crop since the war bas been swept away
not a hill of lt lefr. The condtlon of the peo?
ple ls terrible. They worein debt on last
year's operations, and they aie now positively
without resources of any kind, and fifteen or
sixteen months must elapsebefore relief can
come from another crop. He says thousands
ot them are without bread and must starve if
they cannot get help.
The Caterpillar In Louisiana.
'The New Orleans Picayune, of Wednesday,
has nearlv a column of ext nets from its coun?
try exchanges regarding crop prospects and
especially with reference to the appearance of
the caterpillar. The Vermllllonvllle Advocate,
ot the 27ih nit., notes their arrival, and so
does the St. Joseph's Journal of the same date.
The West Baton Bouge Sugar Planter, ol'same
date, says their ravages continue in that parish,
and many farmers predict they will sweep the
fields by the middle of this month. The Mad?
ison Parish Journal tells the same story, as do
Lhe Couchatta.Times and Coucbatta Citizen,
which last named paper Bays lt may bs safely
calculated that the colton fields will be laid
bare by the drat of September.
The Heat la Georgia.
. The Macon Telegraph, of Monday, . says :
;,The heat of the euu for the last week or two
In Middle Georgia bas been very severe.
Coder lt, all vegetation has been more or less
blighted. Many of the trees have shed their
leaves-grass and shrubbery has been blasted,
and blade fodder in the field scorched out of
half ita value lnto.a dull, reddish brown color.
It .has also done a' great deal ol damage to
cotton-forcing lt to drop leaf and fruit toa
very considerable extent. The shower of
Friday In Macon gave.us considerable relief,
but by Saturday evening the sun was hot as
Appearance of the Wo: m.
The Macon Telegraph says: "We were in?
formed yesterday by a gentleman who plants
in Mitchell County, and whose statement can
be implicitly relied upon, that the caterpillar
was to be-found thinly scattered over almost
every field of cotton that he had Been or beard
from in Mitchell and Dougherty counties, and
one or two others adjacent thereto. He says
there are not any five acres on his place from
which fifty or more could not be picked, and
they are steadily webbing up. His opinion ls
that bv the latier part ot August they will be
under full headway, and will prove terribly
destructive to the crop."
HOT WORK TN BARNWELL.
Tho Panting Times-A Flock of Sheep
Lightning Strack-Thc Effect apon
t life Crops.
~ . -;iii n: I ..
[FBOU OUB OWN C0BBB8P0NDBNT.]
BLACKVILLE; August G.
Since I wrote yon last we have had some
intensely warm weather. I have seen the
dog barrow himself In the dirt under the
house, the butterfly to seek the shade and lan
Itself; I have seen the fig and oak trees wear
their autumnal livery. The fowls would pant
for breath, aua ali nature'seemed to he under?
going the process ol suffocation. The conse?
quence is that both corn and cotton bave suf?
fered seriously. For two days I rode from
home and examined thu crops, and I lind the In?
jury general. I think, Judging from ruy own
cotton, that one-halt, at least, will be lost, t o UP.
The disappointment is very serious, and will
be no to trade generally In Charleston.
OQ last Friday we bad a thunder storm.
About ten o'clock A M. the rain poured like a
flood: flashes of lightning and horrid peals of
thunder came In rapid succession. I am In?
formed that a gentleman, not far from Barn?
well, had his whole flock of sheep struck by
lightning-thirty-two In Dumber. The storm
has brought with lt a cool atmosphere; the half
blighted cotton begins ro revive; and, making
a virtue of necessity, we are more comfortable
in body If not In mind. GIUPOO.
THE FIRST BALE IN ALABAMA.
M ONTGOMERV, AUgUSt 6.
The first bale of Alni? ima cotton was receiv?
ed by A. & H. Strassburger, of Montgomery,
and brought sixty cents, and was shipped
lo A. Proskaner <Ss Co., of Mobile, at once.
THE WEATHER THIS DAT.
WASHINGTON, August G.
Partly cloudy weather, with occasional
rains and southeast winds, are probable on the
Bouth Atlantic; and northerly to easterly
winda and partly cloudy weather on the Gulf.
THE DIRECT-TAX BALES.
WASHINGTON, August G.
The claims to be made under the direct-tax
regulations (printed In THE NEWS ol yester?
day) come chiefly from the Carolinas, Virginia
and Florida, and will be over one thousand in
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
-Two Pennsylvanians were smothered In a
-The Iowa elevator ls destroyed by fire.
Loss one hundred and twenty-five thousand
-Judge Chase is gone to the White Moun?
tains, and ls very ill with Bright's disease of
-There was a riot in Quebec yesterday be?
tween the French and English population.
Several persons were killed and many
-President Grant returns thanks for the in?
vitation to visit Chattanooga, and would like
to go, but don't know whether he will or can.
North Carolina is another Chlckamauga for
A PENNSYLVANIA PORTENT.
HARRISBURG, August G.
A tornado and hall storm a mlle wide, at
ten o'clock last night, carried off the rools of
the Slate Capital Hotel, Brant's Hall, and
many private buildings, and the gable end of
lhe German Reformed Church. Hundreds of
tiles were blown down and thousands ol'
panes of glass were broken. The telegraph
wires were prostrated, and communication
wusonly restored this morning.
JOTTINGS ABOUT THE STATE.
-Columbia and vicinity were blessed with
refreshing ruins dnrine Sunday Dight and Mon?
day. The advantage to thc crops will be im?
-A colored man by the name of Elbert
Woodruff, In the employ of Mr.' Hemy Easter
ling, ol Barnwell, was lound drowned in Tur?
key Creek, at Barnwell, on Saturday morn ng
-The unknown colored man, who was run
over by the Charlotte, Columbia and Augsuia
Railroad train, proved to be Peter Montague,
a resident ol Columbia. He was quite deaa
when discovered-lhe head bel?g severed
from the body.
-.The statement that Nauphletand Johnson,
two of the Harmon murderers, from Lex i n g ton
County, were the parties who escaped from
the penitentiary by swimming the Congaree a
few days since, appears to be an error. There
were two men wno dla escape in a nude con?
dition, however, one of whom has been recap?
tured, and the other is reported to beata
house In Lexington County, severely wound?
ed by the Are of the guard while they were
swimming the river.
A ROW UN" THE WIGWAi
STORMY MEETING OF THE C
The Appointment or a City Auditor
considered-The Comet Star Eng
Company Seeking- Admission to
Steam Department - Bllscellane
A regular meeting o? the City Council
held at rive o'clock, yesterday altern?
Present : Mayor Wagener and Alden
O'Neill,Voigt, Gage, Garrett, Kenny, Mlcbi
Sweegan, Johnston, Glover, Brown and
The minutes of the last meeting being n
Alderman Voigt objected to the confirma
o? that portion- of the proceedings of
meeting which related to the appointmec
a city auditor at a salary of fifteen hund
dollars per annum. The minutes, howe'
were confirmed, and (he subject of the ;
posed offlce ol city auditor was brought u?
the Introduction by Mr. Voigt of the follow
Whereas, all city offices have been cres
by ordinances, and those ordinances h
always designated and defined the du
of Buch offlce- ; and whereas, Council at
last regular meeting created the offlce of i
auditor by resolution, whose duties shall bi
"audit all accounts" and do "such otber
Iles as the Mayor may assign him," thereby
Its vagueness not designating and deflo
the duties of that offlce so created, t
placing too vast a power In the hands of
Mayor and the said auditor, and actually
per sed lng the committee on accounts ol (
Council which ls established bylaws and ru
and similar committees of other city boat
who are In fact the auditing committee of th
bodies; therefore be it -
Resolved, That City Council, for reasi
above named, hereby abolishes the offlce
cltv auditor, created by resolution on the
ol July, 1872.
Alderman Sweegan seconded the resolull
He said he had, at the former meeting, bi
la favor of the proposed office, but be foi
Hint doubts bad arisen as to the necessity <
city auditor and as to the dulles of that offi
and he could not then see the deslrabl!
Alderman O'Neill said that be had sustali
the resolution authorizing the appointment
a city auditor, because he had considered I
necessity forced upon them because of I
absence from the city of all the members
the Council committee on accounts, exe?
the Maydr, and the impossibility ol his p
forming all the duties for want of time,
supposed the power proposed to be conieri
upon the Mayor would not be abused, but
would have no objection to have his appol
ment of the city auditor approved by I
Alderman Voigt said that the city offli
ought to be created by ordinance, and the (
lies of their incumbents clearly defined by ?
dinances. He bad lound that the citizens wt
opposed lo the creation of Buch an office,
the score of economy; and he was opposed
it both on that account and because i : was p
posed to abridge the rights of certain aid
men. If there was to be a new officer to au
all accounts, there would then be no need
their committee on accounts. He object
also to the payment o? ?1500 per annum for t
auditing of accounts, and believed lt conld
be done for two hundred dollars a year,
was airange that Charleston bad got along,
a city, for nearly one hundred years, and h
never, until just then, discovered the necea
ty of a city auditor. The gentleman (Aid?
man O'Neill) bad said that some ot the aid?
men on the committee ol' accounts were a
sent from the etty, but that was all the mo
reason why their powers should not
taken from them, because lt won
be riding over them In their absenc
It would be far better to lill the vacancies upi
that committee lrom the remaining membe
of the Council until their return. The clllzei
who had elected the City Council had h:
confidence In their abilities lo fulfil the duff
of their positions, and lt was not necesaary
go outside of the Council to get the duties
the absent members attended to. In regal
to the Almshouse board and Orphanhoui
board, he asked If lt were Intended to Inclue
the audltlog ol' their accounts among the d
ties of the new auditor. If BO, he thougl
that was wrong. The Council in electlc
those gentlemen had shown that they hs
confidence In them, and If an officer were l
be elected to supervise their accounts lt woul
be a reflection on them which they would fe
hard about, Just as he felt hard about the pr?
position to supersede the powers of the aide
? Alderman Sweegan asked, for lnformatloi
il the Mayor could not at any time make aj
pbintments to fill vacancies in the standin
committees, and the Mayor replied that h
had that power.
Alderman Sweegan Bald be would certalnl
not have voted for the appointment of a cit
auditor lt he had known the supposed necei
slty arose lrom the absence from the city c
two members of the committee. Those va
candes could be filled from the Council ltseli
and to go outside would be as much as t
say that the remaining members of the Cour
ell were unable to audit accounts.
Alderman Gage remarked that legislativ
bodies were very apt to create offices, bu
much less in the habit ol' abolishing them. 1
a temporary auditor was to be appointed th
time lor the continuance of the office shouli
be specified In the resolution.
Adlerman Voigt said that be had that even
lng gone, in his official capacity, to Mr. Sim
ous, the clerk of the Council, and asked bio
how much additional compensation he wonk
require to audit the city accounts, and be bat
replied that he would do it for $100 or a inti?
more. Alderman O'Neill had said that by the
appointment ol an auditor thousands ol dol
lars would be saved; but he.could not possibly
see how. He could, however, see bow $1501
a year could be saved by not having such ar
Alderman O'Neill said that he did not lutenc
that the city auditor should supersede or ig?
nore the committee on accounts. He would
simply precede them and facilitate their la?
bors by making a preliminary examination ol
Alderman Garrett said that he had voted
for the creation of the new office, because he
had understood it was a necessity; but he had
since found that it was not at all so. They had
already cut oil' some offices and established a
principle of economy with which the present
action would be inconsistent.
Alderman Brown said be did. not believe
that the committee on accounts did correctly
audit the bills. They were men who had
large private business to altend to, and when
they looked over the accounts tneir heads
were full of their own affairs. Even the
Mayor, he believed, could not examine the
accounts fully and carefully.
Alderman Voigt said he was sorry to bear
such language from any Alderman whom the
I people had elected. If the gentlemen of that
committee were not able to do their dalles,
let them resiga. But to hear an Alderman
come forward and say that he was not to do
his duty to the people because of his private
business, was something that he had never
expected to hear. Should they acknowledge
that they were incompetent to db the duties
for which they were chosen ? He also asked
if the accounts were after all to go to the com?
mittee on accounts, why should there be an
Mayor Wagener said there was hardly a city
bf twenty thousand inhabitants that did nojj
bave a city auditor, whose duties were not
only to examine bills, bat to enter them under
appropriate heads, to report when appropria?
tions are exhausted, Arc.
Alderman 8weegan Inquired it lt were not
the treasurer's duty to keep the accounts of
appropriations and ezpeuditnres and report
thereon to the City Council, and the Mayor re?
plied that lt waa.
Alderman O'Neill called for the ayes and
noes on the question of Mr. Volgt's resolu?
tion, and Mr. Voigt seconded the call. The
vote being taken, Aldermen Voigt, Gage Gar?
rett, Kenny, Sweegan and Slgwald voted for
the resolution, and Aldermen O'Neill, Mi?
chaels, Johnston, Brown and Glover and
Mayor Wagener voted , against lt. Six ayes
and six noes.
The Mayor announced that] there being a
tie, the resolution was lost.
Alderman Gage said he thought the presid?
ing officer only had a vote In the case of
Alderman Voigt said that he had always
understood that lt was only when there was
a tie that the presiding officer bad a right to
vote, and he claimed lhat his resolution had
The Mayor said that If the alderman desired
to appeal from the decision of the chair he
could do so.-.- Alderman Gage moved, how?
ever, to suspend the whole subject for the
present, and this motion being agreed to
the maller was dropped, and the Mayor
called for the reading of petit lons.
, The first petition presented was from Bruce
Howard, asking for the remission of the penal
Ty?pon certain past drre taxes. Referred to
the committee on retrenchment and relief.
A petition was received from Charles L.
Dubois, asking for an appointment as a olty
gauger, and accompanied by recommenda?
tions from various merchants. On motion of
Alderman Voigt, the petition was granted.
: The monthly return ot the city sheriff and
of the Cily Hospital were read, the latter
being a very encouraging report of the con?
dition of that Institution, and showing that Its
cost lo the city during the month had been
only a little over one hundred dollars.
The committee on buildings reported favor?
ably upon the application- of Ann C. Curtis
for permission to repair the roof of the house
No. 48 King street, and unfavorably upon an
application for permission to erect a wooden
building on the west Bide of Church street.
Both recommendations were concurred lo. -
The committee on accounts reported bills to
the amount of $6430 85, which were ordered
to be paid.
The committee on public grounds and
buildings called up their report upon tho pro?
posed alterations at the City Hospital, which
had been submitted al a previous meeting
and ordered lo be printed.
Alderman Gage moved that the matter be
referred back to the medical commlltee of the
boord of heal Lb, with Instructions to have a
further consultation with the trustees of the
Boper Hospital, to see if any arrangement
could be made with them to promote- the In?
terests ol the olly and those'needing hospital
accommodations. The motion was agreed to.
; The committee on quarantine reported that
they had arranged for a visit of inspection
next Saturday to the Lazaretto buildings In ihe
harbor, which the State proposed to turn over
to the city. This report was agreed to with
the proviso that the expenses of the trip
should not exceed one hundred .and fifty dol?
Alderman Garrelt introduced and read for
the first time a bill entitled "A bill to repeal
an ordinance of March 6th, 1872," which pro?
vides that on and after the passage of the bil),
the Comet Star Fire Engine Company shall
become a-part of the Steam Fire Department
of the City of Charleston, and shall be paid at
at the rate of eighteen hundred dollars per
year, payable monthly, and that the number
of steamers Bhall not thereafter be increased
beyond thirteen. The bill received Its first
reading, and was ordered to be printed, and
the Council then adjourned.
LIFE Iii WALL STREET.
The Ups and Down? ot Two Celebrated
A New York letter says: I met not long
since two celebrated operators, viz: Leonard
W. Jerome and John M. Tobin. The former
of these gentlemen, who reigned with such
splendor in the palmy greenback era, Is now
somewhat out of health, and ls leading a very
quiet life, rarely being Been In the stock mar?
ket. His wealth, which was once counted by
the millions, ls now considerably reduced.
"How much ls Jerome worth ?" inquired I,
lately, ol J. M. E., that well known though
now retired stock operator of Boston antece?
dents. "Well, not much," was the reply,
"about three-quarters of a million." This
illustrates the Wall street idea of a fortuue,
A man who bas a hundred thousand ls gene?
rally Bpoken of as having "a little money;" a
half millioner ls said to be "pretty well off;" a
mlllloner ls called "well off;" while the pos?
session of from live to ten millions gives a
man the title ol "rich," or perhaps "money
king," if he uses his money skilfully in -the
John M. Tobin was looking wan and worn;
his opal eye not as lustrous as In those famous
campaigns of 1863- 64, when it blazed over the
crowd like a meieor, as he snapped up million
after million of gold and stocks. He, too, In
the zenith of his power, was worth $4,800,000,
made In less than three years from the time
he entered the sireet, obscure and penniless,
und now, with half a million remaining out of
his splendid fortune, he wanders about the
street complaining of his poverty, and amus?
ing himseit with trifling flyers of five hundred
share lots. These mun are comparatively
fortunate examples of the proverb, BO often
illustrated in Wall street, "It ls a long road
which bas no turning."
The possession of a million won across that
great gaming table, the stock market, is more
apt to turn the head and lead to loss and ruin.
.If Leonard W. Jerome and John M. Tobin
have survived the shocks of chance and still
possess a competency, a score of others like
Anthony W. Morse and W. H. Woodward see
.their millions melt into "thin air" and them?
selves stranded high upon the beach of specu?
lation, without a wave to rock their hulls or
a breeze lo fan their Balls.
CEiEAJP, IF TRUE!
MADRID, August 6.
Detailed accounts o? the operations of the
Spanish troops in Cuba show that 13,600 re?
bels were killed and 70,000 submitted; iO,oou
horses, 60,000 arms and 3000 swords were cap?
THE NEW GOLCONDA.
A MYSTERIOUS MINE OF WEALTH.
The Wonderful Field* or Precious
Stones an Ute Pacific Slope-,
The New York Tribune a ta tea Liai Ihe pub?
lication of the dispatches from San Francisco
announcing the Incorporation of the San Fran
cisco and New York Mining Company wi th a
capital of ten million dollars, to develop*the
new diamond fields near the headquarters of
the Bip- Colorado Chiquito, bas attracted con-.
Blderable attention, es joally as capitalists In'
New York have faith Jn the new undertaking..
The controllers of the mine still refuse ' to give
any details of 'its exact location: or ita prodno
lions, but affirm that it Is the richest diamond
mine that has ever been discovered. Small
boxes full of gravel, which fairly glistens with
preci?os stones, have been brought to New -
York for exhibition. " ./ ; - -
Upon Inquiring at the establishment of
Messrs. Tiffany & Co., In reference to the gems .
which have been cut In this city, a Tribune
reporter was referred to the chief of th? dio-,
mond department, who answered all ques
tlons, except snell as,in his opinion, Involved
the secrets of the company, A large number
of diamonds from the recently discovered
fields-bo? many he declined to state-and a
few rubies*!) ad been received by Tiffany dr Gov,
for the parp?se o? having their value jested:..
A. few ot these had been cut r No stone of . a ,
greater value than four hundred dollars or
five hundred dollars bad been cut by them,
but some which would be probably worth cot
less than five thousand dollars each had been |
cat sufficiently ta show their quality. The
diamonds were pronounced by him fully equal1
io those irom Sout'i America, and far superior
to those from.the Sooth African fields. No
stones from Arizona, have been .placed upon.
the market, the cutting having been' done''
solely with a view to estimate the quality and
value of the gems. The rubles examined by t
Mr. Gook? wer?* not so good In quality as
others la the market.
Even If diamonas prove to be as abundant'
in the new fields as the reports indicate, the
effect upon the market value of the brilliant
si one will scarcely be appreciable. Before
passing Into the bands of the dealer, the dia?
mond must be cut, and toe number of persons-'
capable of performing this delicate operation .
ls small. Ia Amsterdam, where.tile business ls
more largely carried on than in any other part' '
I ofthe world, the diamond-cotters have re?
cen tly raised their price,. and entered. Into a
1 contract not to receive apprentices or give Hn
[structionto others, pot even'tb their own
I sons, for three years. Diamond cutting ls
also done In London and by two nooses lo .thia -
country. Messrs. Tiffany ? Go. and a Boston .
house employ about a dozen men in this work. '
The diamond-cutters have been overwhelmed
with work for a longtime, and the largest In?
crease In the sap ply ot the rough stones wlM .'
not cause, therefore, a mach greater number
of diamonds, to be thrown upon the marker.
The discovery of diamonds In North Amer?
ica, without regard to Indian traditions, ls. by
no means unprecedented, and geologists have
been led by the formation of. the soil to look
for precious stones In the region where they
have been discovered recently. Twenty years
ago a diamond now worn by a prominent poli?
tician was found In Virginia, and for.a long
time its value was unknown, as there were no -
diamond cutters in America then, and Yew
persons were capable of determining the val ne
of the stone In its rough state. The . stone
would be worth five thousand dollars If'per?
fect, but ls said to have slight flaws; Other
valuable diamonds have been found In Ken?
tucky. ;, j> j j ., . .
THE REDUCTION IN DUTIES:
A Rash at the New Torie Customhouse^'
OverThre? Millions IQ Daile? R*c?4v
ed In Two Days.
The New York Herald, referring to toe COO* \
tlnued heavy business at the custom house in
that city under the effect of' tue ten per cent,
reduction, says : '
All through the business hours of Friday ibo
rush ot merchants, brokers, ageste,' 'clerks
and messengers continued In the warehouse .
a ep art ment and naval office ot the. custom?
house, consequent upon the ten percent, re?
duction of duties on Imports authorized by act
of Congress approved June 6. The pressure
of clerical business was tully as great aa that of
Wednesday, toe first day pf toe operation ol,,
the new law, though the receipts ' for '
duties fell considerably below the "re?
ceipts of the preceding day. . The reasons v
of this. apparently anomalous result axe that
the withdrawal permits granted on Wednes?
day embraced the lists of the heaviest lmpor- ?
ere ia the city, among them being A. T. Stew?
ard, H. B. Clafiln, Phelps, Dodge ? Co.. and
other gigantic concerns. Friday the smaller
Importers had almost the entire withdrawal
business to themselves. The clerical labor In -:
the rou tine of Issuing a permit for the with?
drawal of a $5000 invoice of soods would be
the same as for a $500,000 invoice. On Wed?
nesday there was received about two million
three nu nd red and eighteen thousand dollars, -
the largest amount by probably one-ball ever
received here in a single day. On Friday the
receipts fell off to$900,000, makings total re?
ceipt ol two days ol $3,218,000. To use the ox- .
pression of a gentleman la toe warehouse de- .
partaient yesterday afternoon,'; "Keep that np.
a little wini* and we shall soon pay off the na?
tional debt,-' " ' 'r .
Bat, leaving aside the consid?ration of tba.
elerie al labor at the customhouse. st ?. as inter- .
esting to note the perfect (nror that prevailed
at the bonded warehouses. There are shoat
one hundred o? these warehouses-la'New
York sad Brooklyn. At nearly sll of these :
establishments there were demands present- ,
ed for the withdrawal of goods, while at some
the rust) was something tremendous. A very '
large proportion ot the orders granted wera
for heavy goods la hogsheads and cases and ;<
for heavy metal Invoices. Of course every "
importer was desirous of obtaining his goods
at the earliest possible moment, and ihe
amount of physical labor performed at these
warehouses in the past two days, consequent
upon the handling of the goods, cannot be esti?
Collector Arthur states that the present re- .
ductlon in duties ls not likely to prove of.
much benefit to the masses of the people,
although that was the undoubted object
sought by the passage ot the law. He found
lt very difficult to explain toe reasons .why
such a state of affairs should ensue, but Cited
the law abolishing the duty on tea and coffee
to sustain bis opinion. The general lmpres-1
sien bad been that as soon as the duties on .
these articles were abated there would.be a '
considerable reduction In their retail'cost,
whereas, in point ot face, there had been a
1 slight advance. He could only attribute such
a result to the operations of monopolies in the '
trade, who In a spirit of speculation held large
quantities of stock, so aa to create- astringen-1
cy in the market, and thoa enhance the value.
The rush, la all probability, will now terml
? nate at the customhouse, though It IB proba?
ble that the warehouses will be pressed to an
unusual extent for a week to come. '
NOT MUCH OF A DUEL AFTER ALL.
WARBENTON, VA.. August 6.
There bas been no meeting between Colonel '
Mosby and Dr. Withers, and a duel is not ex?
pected. It ls exceedingly annoying to both
gentlemen, as it ls to their friends, that Irri?
tating sensational rumors have oeen pub
I llehed concerning them. Colonel Mosby has
gone to Jordan's Springs, and Dr. Withers; la
I attending to his business in Warrenlon..
[From the Phoenix or Tnesdsy.J
A Uolted States'sergeant and three soldiers
arrived in Columbia lastjrigfc bringing with
them twelve citizens ot Edgefleld, (with their
friends,) on a charge of violation o? the^n
forcement act-riding on a rall John C. Hsr
ris a trial justice, andan ludivlduslof doubt
lul'cbaracter, who has eluce beeu Imprisoned
rna charge of perjury. "Let us have1 peaced
The following is s list of the prisoners: Wade
Taylor, F. B. Cooper. John Lewis,-EJia?.Ats
way. John Blatlng, William Url?Jih,iJdmund
Martin, Lafayette ' Adams,' James Culbtvtn,
Oliver Haltlwaogfer, George Horne, Hamp.
Christian, colored; Silas Morris, colored; Mack
Smith, colored. , . ...