Newspaper Page Text
VCLUME IX.-NUMBER 1967
CHARLESTON WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 1, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE BOGUS CONVERSIONS.
CARDOZO MAKES A CLEAN BREAST
The First Doubt-An Appeal for Ad?
vice-The Great Seal Goes to New
York-Six Million State Bends Fraud?
Secretary o? State Caraozo has addressed the
following letter to bis counsel, Messrs. Melton
SECBKTARY OF STATE'S OFFICE, I
COLUMBIA, 8. C., August 6, 1872. J
Messrs. C. I>. Jfetton and D. T. Corbin, Attor?
neys and Counsellors-at-Law:
GENTLEMEN-Having been able to retain
your valuable services to show cause why a
peremptory mandamus should not be issued
by hts Honor Judge S. W. Melton on Wednes?
day next, August 7, to compel me to seal con?
version bonds, I desire to submit a few reasons
why I think such a mandamus should not be
IQ November, 1870, 1 began to suspect that
the conversion bonds that had been sealed by
me were not being used for the purpose lor
which they were intended, viz: In exchange
for any of the other various bonds that had
been las,.ed, or certlflc?tes ot stock, which
were to be cancelled as soon as exchanged,
and kept In the treasury as evidence of the
conversion bonds issued in their stead.
I ?lsn endeavored to learn from the treas?
urer the purposes lor which so many conver?
sion bonds were declared to be needed. He
replied that the finances of the State were
under tbe control ot a financial board, con?
sisting of the Governor, treasurer and attor?
ney-general, and that it was not my province
or right to know their action, except so tar as
leonid learn them from the public reports
they might make through the treasurer and
financial agent, and that he thought lt was
simply my auty to Beal as many bonds as they
1 then communicated with the attorney
general, requesting from him a written opin?
ion as to whether I had the power to require
from the financial board-a knowledge ot their
transactions bet?re I should take the responsi?
bility of Bealing any more bonds. The saor
ney-general gave the opinion that my duty
was simply ministerial; that I had no right to
know the transactions ot" the financial board;'
and that lt was my duty to seal es many bonds
as the treasurer, instructed by the financial
board, requested; that the financial board had
the absolute and exclusive control of the
issue and sale or hypothecation ol bonds, and
the disbursement ol" the proceeds of such sales
Though I believe ibis opinion to be accord?
ing to the letter of the law, lt did not entirely
satisfy me or convince me that I had no re?
sponsibility in the matter, and I therefore de?
termined to use my utmost exertions to learu
whether my suspicions, as to what I deemed
to be the misapplication of conversion bonds,
were correct br nor.
During the legislative session of 1870-71, a
law was enacted to create what ls known ns
the "sterling funded debt" of South Carolina,
and a board of five officers, called the "Ster?
ling Fund Board," was authorized to manage
the negotiation of these bonds, which board
consisted of the financial board referred to,
viz: the Governor, attorney-general and
treasurer, with the addition ot the comptroller
general and myself". I then felt In a belter
position to remove or confirm my suspicions
with regard to the use being made of the con- ?
version bonds, and determined to use my op?
portunity to the utmost This loan, as those
whoXire acquainted with the law are aware,
was to consist of $6,000,000 ot bonds, which
were to be negotiated lo London, and tue
proceeds of the Bale used In the purchase of
other bonds at a lower price In New York,
and thus prove a great saving to the State.
This was one ot the reasons given to the
Legislature to secure the passage of the bill.
In accordance with this Jaw, 1 sealed $3.500.
- OOO of these bonds during the summer of 1871.
I then refused to seal any more ot these bonds,
asl Inferred from a conversation with the
treasurer that au effort would be made to
execute this law contrary to what I conceived
to be the true purpose and intent of the law.
The treasurer informed me that they, the
"Sterling Fund Board," had the authority to use
the proceeds oi the sale of these oonda to pay
any existing public debt of the State. I further
learned that the existing public debt would
probably be very large,. perhaps the entire
amount of the loan, $6,000 000. This state?
ment astonished me bejond measure. I Im?
mediately Informed the treasurer that nothing
should be done with the sterling loan bonds
except at a full meeting cal,ed by the presi?
dent of the board through me, the secretary.
I was determined to prevent, if possible, what
I conceived to be a diversion of the bonds to a
purpose entirely different lrom what was In?
tended by the law.
On inquiry from the treasurer, by what
method lt was Intended to apply the sterling
loan bonds to such a purpose, I was told by
him that he proposed Issuing sufficient con?
version bonds to cover not only all other
bonds and stocks that had ever been issued,
but also the.''sterling loan bonds," and then
simply place them In the treasury, and report
that they bad been converted by the holders;
The conversion bonds could . then be
hypothecated for loans by the financial board,
Independently of the sterling fund board, as
they (the financial board) claimed that they
had a nght to do, under the law permitting
them to bypothecatv. any bonds, in the treas?
ury, orin the bauds of the financial agent
where these bonds were, and the moneys
thus obtained used to pay off all debts
hitherto authorized by law. And thus
Instead of the sterling loan bonds being sold
in London at a higher price than they could
bring In New York, and the proceeds of i he
sale applied to the purchase of our othjer
bonds here, they would have been simply"ex?
changed lor conversion bonds, which conver?
sion bonds would have been hypothecated for
loans, and then forfeited and sold, and the
moneys thus obtained applied to the payment
of all debts hitherto authorized by law, and
they (the sterUng loan bonds) would thus
have oeen au addition to an alleged debt of
between $15,000,000 and $16,000,000.
It perhaps would not be amiss here lo state
that the treasurer, or financial board, who had
possession of the sterling loan bouda, amount?
ing to $6,000,000, meant to hypothecate these
bonds even as late as last March, without the
knowledge ot the sterling fund board, as such,
for/loans, and was only prevented from so
doing by the timely repeal of the act and cac
/ellatlon of the bonds by authority of the
/ From November, 1870, to this period, (Au?
gust, 1871,) I sealed, under the advice given 1
by the attorney-genoral, sufficient conversion
bonds for converting the one million of seven
per cent relief of tbe treasury bonds, and
$700,000 of the land commission bonds, as the
treasurer positively Informed me that be de?
sired them .for tAis purpose only.
I was cooUy Informed by the treasurer, last
September, that these same "reliel of the
treasury bonds" and "land commlssou bonds,"
for which .1 bad sealed conversion bonds for
the purpose ol exchange, and which were so
. excha?ged, liad never been cancelled, but had
been reissued from the treasury, and are now
either hypothecated for loans or forfeited and
The Governor also informed me that these
were facts within his own certain knowledge,
especially with regard to the "relief ot the
treasury bonds."" .:
During tac month of October, 1871, the
treasurer requested me to seal a small
amount of bonds, lor the express purpose, as
be said, of saving a loan of between three and
lour millions ot bonds, which had been hy?
pothecated, and would certainly'besold ala
sacrifice if more collaterals were not put up to
save them. I at first refused io do so, re?
minding the treasurer that tho same reason
was alleged several times before, und that I
did not feel satisfied of the correctness of his
statement Ke then requested me to accom?
pany him and the Governor to New York, and
satisfy myself, by conferring with the financial
agent of Ibe necessity that existed for the
selling of these bonds for the purpose of pre?
venting a sacrifice of those hypothecated.
The treasurer requested me to take my
seal along with me, so that no time be lost. 1
had previously consulted with the attorney
general on the lawfulness of taking my seal to
New York, and the Governor on lhe propriety
and necessity ot so doing. The attorney-gen?
eral assured me it was perfectly legal, and the
Governor, that lt was necessary. I took- the
seal with me very reluctantly, believing I
wimld be In a better position io insist upon
knowing the truth of what I had so long sus?
pected. The treasurer also informed methat
the sterling fund board, of which I was a
UilOJlS?-tlxUH . Ua?C 1
1 member and secretary, would meet in New
York and take some definite action in regard
to the negotiation or the sterling lund bonds.
This last statement determined me to pro?
ceed to New York. I went, and, upon the
representation there made, sealed $250,000 of
bonds. You may Imagine my surprise wben I
saw this amount of bonds, the sealing of which
had been performed by me upon the urgent
representation that they were absolutely essen?
tial, as additional collaterals, to prevent the
sacrifice of several millions, handed back to the
treasurer by the financial agent, after they
were sealed, as being unnecessary for that
purpose; and then the Governor Informing the
treasurer that he might use them in any man?
ner he pleased ! I soon afterward informed
the treasurer that I would not seal
another bond, unless compelled by the
courts of the State, where be would
b" required to make an exhibit of
what nad been done with the con?
version bonds; that I considered tjhe
hypothecation ot conversion bonds by the
financial board, which I strongly suspected, as
positively illegal; that they were simply for
the puposo of exchange, as Indicated in their
title, and the bonds exchanged, cancelled
and flied in the treasury, as vouchers for the
conversion bonds. This was in October, 1871.
I have not sealed a single bond since, though
repeatedly requested to do so both before and
alter the passage of the validating act, which
contains an especial clause requiring me to
seal for purposes of conversion only, thereby
implyicg that the previous use of the conver?
sion bonds, lu hypothecating them for loans,
was Illegal, and which the Validating act was
supposed to legalize.
The treasurer made an exhibit in November
lasl, which showed thai all my suspicions with
regard to the use being made of the conver?
sion bonds were correct. Since that exhibit I
have positively refused to seal a single bond,
telling the treasurer that I had now positive
knowledge from his published report that be
bad used more than $6,000,000 of conversion
bonds for purposes ot hypothecation, and
which I believe to be forfeited and sold; that I
considered this whole amount, which had
been sealed by me under the most positive as?
surance that they were being used solely tor
the purpose of conversion, misapplied.
The treasurer now assures me that he de?
sires conversion bonds for the purpose ot
exchange only, but I have received similar
assurances several times before, and they
have not been verified by subsequent facts;
and I have ns authority to insist upon seeing
the bonds cancelled that are taken In the
treasury in lieu of the conversion bonds
issued. The treasurer resents this as ques
Honing his veracity and integrity.
The treasurer has also Informed me thr.t thia
$182.000 of bonds ls only the first instalment
ol $1,700,000 that he desires sealed. If ibis
manaamue, therefor.,,' ls granted, I will be
compelled to seal that amount at least, per?
haps an indefinite amount more.
I hold that I have already sealed sufficient
conversion bonds for all legitimate purposes,
viz : In exchange for other bonds. I believe
their hypothecation to be Illegal, and that if
the treasurer or financial board hypothecated
them, be or they are personally responsible
for the amount so misapplied; and that lt is
certainly not my duty to seal anymore, with
the DOBltlve tacts in my possession which the
treasurer's report of last November shows.
It will be seen from that report to the Legis?
lature, page 4G9 of the reports and resolutions
1871-72, that the public bonded debt ls stated
as $15.851,327 35. Of this amount there are
$7.191,700 ol conversion bonds. ONLY $1,034,
302 35 OF THIS AMOUNT HAVE BEEN USED FOB
THE LEGITIMATE PURPOSES OP 7HE AOT, VIZ :
CONVERSION. As will be seen, by reference to
page 471, the enormous balance o? $6,151,
397 75 have been, I claim, FRAUDULENTLY AND
The relators In this application for manda
mus to compel me to Beal, who claim to suffer
great pecuniary loss by my relusal to seal, and
who threaten to hold me personally responsi?
ble lor damages, should hold the treasurer or
financial board responsible. I have already
sealed conversion bonds for the purpose of
converting the bonds which they now desire
to convert, and whioh have been certainly
once before converted, and perhaps two or
If the construction placed upon ' this act by
the financial board be correct, viz : that they
had a right to issue conversion bonds without
exchanging them for the olh?r bonds, as they
have done to the extent ot more than $6,000,
000, and thus increase the debt of the State
by se much, the act 1B unconstitutional.
The Constitution (Art. IX. Sec. 7) requires
three distinct condition? in the passage of all
laws contracting public debts, viz: First, that
lt be passed by the vote of two-thirds of the
members of each branch of the General As?
sembly; second, that these votes be recorded
by yeas and nays on the journals of each house
respectively, and, third, that every euch law
shall levy a tax annually sufficient to pay the
annual interest ot such debt.
It will be Been, by reference to the journals,
that the act was not passed by the required
two-thirds vote, nor have the yeas and nays
been called and recorded upon the journals;
and it will be seen, by reference to the act
Itself, that it has no sect lon requiring the an?
nual levy of a tax sufficient to pay the In?
terest. - ,
I repeat,; therefore, that THE ACT IS UNCON?
STITUTIONAL, lt the construction placed upon
lt by the financial board is correct. But I hold
that that construction ls not correct. THE ACT
SIMPLY PROVIDES FOR CONVERSION OR EXCHANGE
OP BONDS, AS ITS TITLE INDICATES. The fact
that lt was not passed by the General Assem?
bly in accordance with the constitutional re?
quirements referred to above, which they were
very careful to observe In the passage of every
other contracting a public debt, proves that
they never meant it to; increase the public
The act has also Internal evidence to show
that lt cannot bear the construction placed
upon lt by the financial board. Section 3 re?
quires that the treasurer shall receive one dol?
lar fee for all bonds or stocks exchanged, and
Ul ty cents lor every Want used in the transac?
tion, thereby plainly showing that the conver?
sion bonds, though signed, countersigned and
sealed, were regarded as so many blanks, until
they were issued from the treasury, and other
bond** received in their stead, and, of course,
cancelled and flied as vouchers or evidences ol
the conversion bonds Issued in lieu thereof.
I know, from repeated conversation with
the treasurer, that the construction now placed
I upon the 'xor version act" by the financial
board ls an ajter thought, a pure invention, de?
vised to extricate themselves from a difficult
and perilous position.
The rumor has been Industriously circulated
that I have never ; kept a registry ot any or all
th? bonds I have sealed. This statement is
not correct. I have kept a careful registry of
all the bonds sealed, except the conversion
bonds. I have never supposed for a moment
that those conversion bonds would have been
used for any other purpose, except in ex?
change for the pther bonds I had sealed and
kept a registry of. But, as soon as I suspected
that they were being used for othe&purposes,
I did keep a very -careful registry.
I have the honor to be, very respectfully,
UN F. Lu CARDOZO,
Secretary State South Carolina.
A. THORN IN THEIR SIDE.
Secretary Cardozo Plumply Refuses to
Sign Conversion Bonds, and Declares
th? Conversion Law and Validating
Law Null and Void.
The following ls the return of Secretary of
State Cardozo to the note recently served on
him, requesting him tb sign and seal a batch
of conversion bunds:
STATE OP SOUTH CAROLINA-RICHLAND COUNTY.
To nis Honor the Honorable Samuel W. Mel
?Ilhe Court of Common Pleas
of the Filth Circuit of said State
?,?i?Btl?a?,n8been served upon this re?
sponden! F. L. Cardozo, secretary of State
lor said Stale, to show cause why a perempto?
ry writ of mandamus should not Issue against
him, commanding him, without delay, as re
qu i-Md1byAtbe?ct,or1lhe General Assembly,
Ifi l'^ ?P^110* 10 tbe b0Dds of the
State ol South Carolina," to affix the seal of
the State to certain bonds Blgned by tha Gov
la? countersigned by the treasurer,
which have been presented to him as secre?
tary of State to be thus sealed, In order that
the said bonds, when perfected, may be Me
llvered to the petitioners, in exchange for cer?
tain other bonds of the Slate by them held
on the application of Levi p. Morton Ge->m?
BUBS, George 8. Bowdoin, partners, doing
business In New York city, in the State of New
York, under the style of Morton, Bliss & Co
claiming to hold certain bonds ol the State of
, Now comtiB the Bald P. L. Cardozo, secretary
of State, In response lo said order, and for
cause shows -
1. That bis Honor the Honorable Samuel W.
Melton, Judge ol the Court of Common Pleas
for the Fifth Circuit, bas no power or au?
thority, at chambers, to issue a writ of man?
damus; that the Coure of Common Pleas for
Bichland County only, under the provisions of
section 15, article 5, of the constitution, bas
power to issue writs of mandamus. This
respondent therefore, prays to be hence dis?
missed, with his reasonable costs in this be?
half, wrongfully sustained.
2. This respondent further shows, that under
the provisions of section 8 of the act approved
March 13,1872, entitled "An act relating to the
bonds of the State of South Carolina," this
respondent is not authorized or required to
affix the seal of the State to any bondB, except
lor the conversion of bonds or stocks already
Issued pursuant to law. That upon Informa?
tion and belief, this i espondeo t says that the
pretended bonds of the petitioners, for the !
conversion of which bonds of the State are now
sought to be sealed, are not bonds Issued pur?
suant to law.
3. This respondent further shows, that un?
der the pro vlsi ons of Section 9 of the act ap?
proved March 13, 1872, entitled "An act relat?
ing to the bondB of the State of South Caro?
lina." this respondent ls not authorized to seal
bonds for the conversion .of any bonds of the
State, "other than those named in the report
made by the State treasurer, as specified lo
Section 3 of said act, and such as had been
authorized under previous laws of the State."
That this respondent, upon information and
belief, says that the bonds held by the petl
ners, for which bonds of the Slate of South
roltna are now Bought to be sealed for the
purpose of conversion, are not such bonds as
have been authorized under previous laws of
4. This respondent, ou Information and be?
lief, says that the pretended bonds of the peti?
tioners have already been once converted in to
other bonds of the State, under the provisions
of an act entitled "An act to provide for the
conversion of State securities," approved
March 23,1869: that this respondent has once,
to wit: on or about the 1st day of June, A. D.
1871, sealed bonds of the State for this pur?
pose, and this respondent is informed and be?
lieves that the same were duly Issued therefor
by the treasurer of the State.
5. This respondent further shows that the
aol entitled "An act relating to the bonds of
the State of South Carolina," approved Maroh
13, 1872, and the act entitled "AU act lo pro?
vide for ihe conversion ot State securities,"
approved March 23,1869, are contrary to the
const Hut io ti, and null and void. ? v. !
6. Tbat the pcditloners are not authorized
by law to maintain this action and demand,
and nave this respondent seal bonds of the
State for the purpose of conversion fsr olber
bonds or stocks ot the State. That under the
pretended law of the State, to wit: the act
entitled "An act to provide for the conver?
sion of Stale securities," approved March 23,
1869, the Slate treasurer is authorized, only
on application of any person holding coupon
bonds of the Stale of South Carolina, lo take
up the same and Issue In lien thereof stock or
bonds of said Stale, and the said State treas?
urer only can demand and have this respondent
seal bonds for the said purpose.
Having fully answered said rule, this re?
spondent prays to be hence dismissed, with
his reasonable costs. CORBIN & MELTON,
Attorneys for Respondent.
NOT THE MAN FOR GALWAY.
A Lively Debate apon the Election De?
LONDON, August 9.
The House of Commons, last night, resumed
the debato on the motion for the removal of
Justice Keogh from the bench for bis decision
in the Galway election case, unseating Cap?
tain Nolan on the ground of undue Influence,
in his election, by the priesthood. Most of
the prominent Irish members strongly de?
nounced the course ot Justice Keogh, which
was approved of by the. government. The
debate wes excited, and did not conclude
until four o'clock this morning, when a divis?
ion of the House was taken, and ibe govern?
ment was sustained by one hundred majority.
THE LONG BRANCH RACES.
A Successful Close to Ihe Season, v
LONG BRANCH, August 9.
This ls the last and most nuccesslul day of
the August meeting of the Monmouth Park
Association. The weather was delight lu I, and
there ls an Immense attendance.
The first race was a steeple-chase, handicap,
all ages, three miles, for a purse ol one thous?
and dollars. The following are the entries:
Donohue'.- Blind Tom, Banaullne's Du fly, Tul
lls's Vesuvius, Shea's Astronomer and Cham
berlln's Impecunious. The race was well con?
tested, and the jumps were taken in splendid
style. Blind Tom refused the water Jump,
and, though puulshed severely, could not be
induced to take it. Astronomer threw his
rider. Duffy won the race by a neck, with
Vesuvius second. Time 7.55.
The following was the belting on the second
race: Kingfisher 650, Susan Ann 400, Littleton
250, Milesian 220. The race was fur a purse ot
$1500. for ill ages, four miles; first horne $1200,
second f .00, third $100. It was won by Susan
Ann, Littleton second and Milesian third.
Time 7.40}. The si art was effected at the first
attempt, ihe horses getting away.In a bunch,
Littleton leading on passing ihe stand. At th?
second mlle Susan Ann was in the lead, closely
attended by Littleton and Milesian. King?
fisher broke down at the two mlle and a hall
post. The race was very close for the remain?
der o I the distance between the other three.
The finish was very exciting, and lt was
thought at first that Ltitleton would win, but
close to the string Susan Ann clapped on
steam and won by about a neck.
A Plucky Defiance.
NEW YORK, August 9.
The owner of Jena, who won ibe 2.34 purse
at Buffalo, issues a challenge for two races,
mlle heats and two mile heats, each for
$25,000 a side. _ .-i ( i
-.- t ?
THE WEATHER THIS DA Y.
WASHINGTON, August 9.
Partly cloudy weather and southeasterly to
southwesterly winds in the Middle and East?
ern States. Southeasterly to northeasterly
wluds, with threatening weather and rain, In
the South Atlantic and Gulf Slates.
KILLED BY LIGHTNING
A Terrific Storm at Society Hill.
[From the Darlington Southerner.]
On Thursday night, the 1st ot August, the
house of Mr. J. T. Rogers, a few miles below
Society Hill, was struck by lightning and con?
siderably shivered. Providentially, it waa
just then unoccupied, the two brothers hav?
ing left in the afternoon to spend the night
with their elder brother, at the house of his
father-in-law. Tc ls believed, they wonld cer?
tainly have been killed bad they been in the
house. The kitchen was alee.struck. Ju the
absence ot the occupants of'the house, Mr.
Bachelor, bis wlie and a married daughter,
who was on a visit to her parents, who are la?
borers on the place, were temporarily lodging
in the kitchen io protect the place. The
daughter was killed; the mother so seri?
ously injured that her recovery .is doubtful.
The father escaped escaped with a severe
shock. A colored man, not far off, whose
cabin was in the track of the storm, gave his
Impression of its terrific character by saying
he thought judgment had come.
JOTTINGS ABOUT THE STATE.
V- The National Bank 'of' Greenville' has a
paid up capital of $100,000. - _
-Thirty-eight shares ol Charlotte, Columbia
and Augusta Railroad stock sold at $18 15al9.
-A rattlesnake with seven rattles and one'
button was killed in Greenville last month.
His snakeshlp was lour feet two inches long.
-The schools in the eastern section of
Greenville are reported to be in good condi?
-Elbert Woodruff, a colored man, was
found drowned in Turkey Creek, near Barn?
well, on Saturday last. Elbert was Bubject to
fits, and It is supposed while lu convulsions
fell in the water und drowned.
-The Camden Journal is informed by relia?
ble persons that the number ol deaths occur?
ring lately, are in great excess of the general
list of mon ali ty throughout, the section. Every
variety of disease seems to prove more fatal
THE BALL IN MOTION.
PLAUDITS FOR THE RIVAL CHIEF?
The Enthusiasm for Greeley-North
Carolina Worth Shoaling and Firing
For-A Crowd Following Grant.
WASHINGTON, D. C., August 9.
Dlspalcb.es Indicate that Greeley's progress
through New England is a continued ovation.
Thousands of throats and hundreds of cannon
roar a welcome wherever be comes.
The Republicana are firing guns in nearly
every city over the North Carolina elections.
The Democrats reply to the taunts about
their premature shouting by saying that a
Conservative Legislature and a Democratic
senator are worth firing and shouting over.
Grant, as be moves lrom place to place, Is
received by shouting crowds. , ,
Four harmless pistol-shots were fired Into a
Conservative torchlight procession last night.
THE NORTH CAROLINA' ELECTION.
Caldwell Expected to Hare Twelve Hun?
dred Majority - Murderous Attack
upon a Democratic Editor.
RA LR io H, N. C., August 9.
The city is quiet at last. Caldwell's majori?
ty will be some twelve or .fifteen hundred.
AU the official returns are not yet in. The
D?mocrate demand that the matter be con?
tested before the Legislature, in consequence
of the alleged frauds in many sections.
The residence of Isaiah Turner, Jr., of the
Raleigh Sentinel, at Hillsboro1, was fired into
last night, a ball passing through the window
ot his wife's chamber. The perpetrator ls not
known. Fortunately no one is hurt.
He Talks to the Colored People-Their
Rights can Never be Taken Away-A
Side Lick at Grant.
WASHINGTON, August 9.
Senator Sumner was serenaded to-night at
his home io Lafayette Sqnare by the colored
people. There was an Immense audience and
unbounded enthusiasm. Sumner talked alto?
gether to the colored people. He Bald he
never thought of them except as friends,
among whom he bad lived more than twenty
years. During that period great changes had
taken place affecting their interests. Then
they were slaves; now they are citizens
with all the rights enjoyed by their
neighbors. Then they were degraded and
deprived of schools and the ballot-box;
now they are all open to them, never
again to close. Re vol it Hons never go back?
ward, and they are secure forevermore in the
rights they now enjoy. These rights all
political parties now concede and acknowl?
edge, and have placed In their platforms; and
he doubted not that ere loDg a law would be
passed fully redeeming those pledges. He
advised them never to cast a vole f jr a man
who is not true to them; to lett tho allegiance
of political candidates to them be the measure
of their support at the pol lc He closed by
assuring the colored people he would ever be
their true friend, and would never be pushed,
tempted or bent lrom that position and from
their support._ ?
THE RADICAL TICKET IS FLORIDA.
TALLAHASSEE, FLA, August 9.
The Republican Convention has nominated
O. B. Hart for governor, Major Stearns for
lieutenant-governor, J. T. Walls and W. J.
Partner for Congressmen.
CRACKS FROM CAMPAIGN RIFLES.
-Io a political, row In Missouri, Captain
John Stevens was assailed by six men. He
knocked one of them down, but the others
kicked him to death.
-Governor Chamberlain, of Maine, says
that his name was attached, without authority,
to a CM 11 for a soldiers' and sailors' conven?
tion at Pittsburg.
THE GENEVA BOARD.
Present Aspect of the Negotiations.
GENEVA, AugUBt 9.
Mr. Kvari s goes to Paris to-day, but will re?
turn before the reassembling ot the court of
uroli ration on next Wednesday. Caleb Cu sit?
ing and Mr. Waite will visit Chamounlx dur?
ing the adjournment of the court. It is sup?
posed that the American representatives have
completed their case, and the English agent
and counsel are employing themselves during
the recess in preparing' their reply thereto.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
-Oswald Caveman, of Caveman ?? Co.,
bankers, of New York, died yesterday.
-The Hon. Joseph Mayo, of Richmond, Va.,
for fifteen years mayor ol' the city, died yester?
-No more of the new United States loan
will be negotiated until after the Presidential
-The Cuban privateer Pioneer bas been dis?
mantled and removed tu New York where she
lies under the Jurisdiction of the Federal Court.
-General Sherman, Nellie Grant and ex
Secretary Borle and family leave Liverpool on
September 16th for home.
COMPARATIVE COTTON STATEMENT.
NEW YORK, August 9.
The following is the cotton statement for the
week ending to-day:
Receipts at au porta for tbe
weeK. ?.470 B.390
Total for the year....2,"00,073 3,784,253
Fxports for the week. 9,o4i 9,287
Total exports for the year... 1,847^818 3,039,012
Stock at all ports In the UU
ted States. 83,ooo 101,202
Stook'at Interior towns. 6,820 14,73e
Stockin Liverpool......;.... 930,0.10 643,(100
American cotton afloat for
Ureat. Britain. 10.000 Si,000
COMPENDIUM OF TARIFF LAws.-The impor?
tant acts of the Forty-second Congress of May
1 and June G, 1872, repealing the duty on tea
and coffee and reducing the duties on imports,
have so materially modified the previous laws
upoa the subjects of imports and Internal
revenue, and the latter have now become so
numerous and con meting, that a compact
volume containing these various acts, with
the amendments Inserted in the proper
places, with convenient alphabetical tables Cf
the tariff and.revenue taxes and with copioua
indices, will now be found extremely useful
to all persons engaged in business either as
manufacturers, Importers or dealers in any
articles of merchandise which are Imported qr
manufd? ured. Such a band-book has now
been published by Messrs. Harper & Brothere,
and ls for eale in Charleston at Fogartie's
Book Depository, No. 260 King street. It is a
neatly printed and bound volume of one hun?
dred and twenty pages, containing Just what
is needed in the most systematic and easily
understood form, and must prove cf great
value and interest to all business men.
THE COURTS YESTERDAY.
Court of Common Flea*.
A motion waa made before Judge Graham
yesterday tor a new trial In the case of John?
son against the City Council. The judge re?
served h Ls decision.
The readers ot THE NEWS may recollect that
an old man named Johnson fell through a cel?
lar door on Queen street sometime during the
summer of 1871 and died from injuries so re?
ceived. His widow brought a suit for dam?
ages against Connell, whloh came up at the
last regular term of the Court ot Common
Pleas, and resulted in a finding for her of
twenty-five hundred dollars.
This ends the litigation for the term. The
court will be kept open until the first of Octo?
ber for the Issuing and signing of orders.
The United ut ates Commissioner's
James Pearson, of St. Stephen's Depot,
Northeastern Railroad, was up before Com?
missioner PorteouB, yesterday, charged with
selling tobacco without a license. He pro?
duced a license, taken out after the warrane
against him bad been Issued. He was bound
over to appear at the next term of United
Mr. Porteous had a conference yesterday
morning with United States Attorney Corbin,
on the application of the enforcement act to
the election riots of the night previous. Hr.
Corbin decided that the election, not belog for
officers of the United States government, did
not come under the provisions of the act.
The municipal Court.
S. D. Dawson, disorderly; one dollar. -
Sander?, drunk and disorderly; two dollars
and peace bond, or twenty days. Elisabeth
Haskell, disorderly; trial Jostice.
Trial Jastice Courts.
Charles Benton, Daniel First, Boston Fow?
ler, J. J. Toung, Robert Mahers, Samuel Ma?
hers, Samuel Simons and Mike Terry were
taken before Trial Justice Sobroder yesterday
charged with participating in the riots ol
Thursday evening. They were all bound over
to appear ior examination.
Robert Smith, who stabbed Josiah Fraser
on Thursday, was released 17 Trial Justice
John G. Mackey, yesterday, on two hundred
dollars bail, a certificate from Dr. E. H. Kel?
lers that Fraser was doing well having been
produced. F. C. Bremmer was convicted of
assault and battery by the same trial justice
and sentenced to pay ten dollars and coats.
THE HEW YORK VEGETABLE AND
The Tribune ol Wednesday, August 7, says:
Some poor potatoes will not bring Quota?
tions. A lew barrels Maryland sweet potatoes
have been received. Tney sell at $4 50i5.1
Cucumbers are unsalable. Onions have a lair
inquiry. Watermelons ' continue abundant.
Quotations: Cabbages, per 100, $4a8; corn,
sweet, $lal 25; Cucumbers, Long Island, per
bbl, $1; onions, 100 strings, $3*3 50; onions,
red, per bbl, $3a3 50; onions, yellow, per bbl,
$3 50a4; potatoes, rose, bbl, $2a2 50; squasher,
marrow, bbl, $lal 25; tomatoes, Long Inland,
bushel, 75ca$l; watermelons, Georgia, per 100,
$30a40; watermelons, North Carolina, No 1,
$20a28; watermelons, North Carolina, No 2,
$10al8; clironmelon, New Jersey, per bbl,
$2 50d3 50; Russia turnips, per bbl, $1 75.
The Tribune of Wednesday, August 7, says:
~ Another car California Bartlett pears la due
to-morrow. Some crates of good virginia and
Delaware Bartletts sell at 5a7c. Common
pears are very plenty. Apples are a glut, and
very Irregular In price, but the common rate
il al 75 per barrel. Some poor lots have been
Bold at 50c, and some would not sell at all.
With such a crop of good iruitand low prices,
it is lollv to pay irelght aud commission on
poor fruit. Sweet boughs sell al about $1 50,
choice red astrachau $2, and occasionally
$2 50, with Orange or Nyack pippins at $1 75.
In lots. There were about forty-five oars Del?
aware and about twenty (cars Jersey peaches
to-day, some of them late io. Some choice
Hales went at $2 60 per crate, with fancy
Troths at $4; but the common price ot fair
Delaware lrult are $2a2 60. Common Jersey
baskets sold to peddler boys at 30a50c. A few
plums are on sale, but lhere ls no regular
price, nor much sale as yet. Apricots are not
eelllng. Some South Carolina Catawba grapes
arrived In rather poor order. No price ls es?
tablished. Ives and Hartford prolldo, from
Norlb Carolina and Virginia, sell at 10al4c.
Quotations: Apples, poor, per bbl., 60a76c;
apples, fair to good, $1 60al 75; apples, fine,
$2; peaches, Delaware, per crate, $2a3; peach?
es, Delaware, per basket! ?lal 26; peaches,
Jersey, per basket, 50c.a$l; pears, common,
per bbl., $2 50a3; pears, bell, $3 60a5; pears,
Bartlett, per crate, $4a7.
The Daily Bulletin of Thursday, August 8,
Early BORO potatoes have again been re?
duced a trifle, and holders now offer ut $150a2,
and Early Goodrich and Jackson Whites at
$1 25al60 in bulk; in shipping order 60c per
bbl ls added. In vegetables, seed onions are
more plenty and easier. Cabbages continue
hlgb. Other articles without decided change.
We quote: Green corn $lal 25 per 100. Red
onions, per bbl, $2 50a3; do Connecticut $2 50a3
per 100 strings. Cucumbers, Long Island, 25c
per 100. Squash, marrowfat, Der obi, $lal 60.
New turnips $1 al 50 per bbl. Cabbages $8al4
per 100. Beets, Jersey, $1 60. Tomatoes, Jer?
sey, 87ca$l per crate, aud Long Island $1 25
al 37 per basket Egg plant $2 60 per dozen.
Becelved to-day another car load (about 400
boxes; of Bartlett pears from California, all
In good order, and are offering them at $6a6
per box. The supply ol peaches is liberal from
New Jersey, but Delaware stock not very
plenty to-day. Choice fruit would command
good prices, but very little of such quality has
arrived as yat Watermelons are very
plenty. Some seven vessels arrived last
nleht at Vesey street pier with full cargoes
ot- melons. Blackberries scarce, and good
Staten Island brought IGaISc per quart to?
day. Other fruits and berries without es?
sential change. We quote as follows: New ap?
ples $la4 60 per bbl, 26a60c per crate. Water?
melons $30a35 per 100 for Georgia, and $12a20
per 100 for Virginia, Delaware and Jersey.
Jersey whortleberries $2a2 50 per bushel and
SalOc per quart. Nutmeg melons $2a3 per
bbl. Pears, common $2 50a3; do Bell $5a6;
do Bartletts, per crate, $3a6. Peaches, Dela?
ware $1 50a2 SO per crate, 75ca$l 60 for bas?
kets, and Jersey 40ca$l 25 per basket.
Hotel Arrivals-Auguat 9.
PAVILION HOTEL. ...
D. II. Howell, Gadsden; J. P. Buckabie,
Abbeville; J. Graham, Savannah; Gorge P.
Cotcbett, Soutpens Express Company; A. P.
Postell, Savannah; J. P. Blaslngame, Macon,
H. Johnson, Unionvllle; J. Egan, J. A.
Pope, Wilmington; W. E. Towne, Beaufort;
E. W. Carroll, Barnwell; G. C. Kresse, Vicks?
burg; R. S. Agnew and wile, Aiken; E. T.
Moore, Edgefleld: W. W. Kirkland, Savannah;
W. M. Mahone, Savannah; H. B. Bults, F.
Warren, Atlanta; E. H. Sylla, New York; J.
P. Feller, Iowa; F. B. Strour, Atlanta; George
Gage, wife*and twochlidrcn, Beaufort;D.Cox,
THE CROPS.-A letter received yesterday by
a prominent firm ol Charleston fi,-?tors reports
the appearance of the cotton caterpillar upon
the plantation of Dr. Royal,. In Christ Church
Parish, about six miles irom Mount Pleasant.
A trustworthy planter who arrived -in
Charleston Thursday evening from Edisto
Island reports an abundance of rain there
during the early part of the week. The cotton
upon the high lands had been considerably
retarded in growth by the drought, but that In
the low lands had not been materially injured.
REDUCTION OF TEA
TBA. I .
A LARGE INVOICE OF , , . ;
... y jEi:;
FINE TEA?, ITBA.
fi . TRi . -
WHICH WK AHB i :.,lDA*.: . .
SELLING VERY LOW.
WHICH WE BJC FORME ULY SOLD AT
80 CENTS, NOW SELL AT SIXTY CENTS, TEA.
: rum <r. .1 sui
$1 00.NOW SELLINO AT.8O OINT8.
. .. ?ft i?!-*j . TBA.
NOW SELLING AT . . ...SI OO.
THAT AT ' - ? .
TEA. ' "
: mp " '*' ?
.; f T: iST**..- waa
. : ci
!" . j ffj&J fi? . i!.' .'.
SI 60.NOW SELLING AT.ll 40.
SI 40.NOW SELLINO AT . -.SI 29. t^'lf
- ~ 1 TEA.' #5
. titi .
TEA' . '
, ? . " I'-i '- ...| iii- .. !>r. .. *i- K'trvj
THAT AT J" .
?I 75.NOW 8ELLINO AT.:.....~-*TTJO- TBA. - .- .;;<.
TBA. . .
f "?'.OS *-:'.: . ? ::l.......7 i;t.?f|iV
.TBA., v fi
WHICH IS THE BEST TEA TO BE HAD &?i, "
IN THE CITY AT ANY PRICE. ; TBI :'
YOU CAN GET A BETTER ARTICLE wiLSOJU?.
FOR LESS ?v. ON EY ? HERE THAN AT WILSONS'.
THIS IS THE PLACE FOR YOU TO BUY
ANY OTHER STORE.
i- .1,. ?...-. w^i^?t,
. ? ; 1?.;. i ??;?,t1 wi! ,? >?i?:i'>>i
;.."? i... . WiLSONS*.
Z2?? ?;'.. i- :. brtl WILSONS*.
WE WISH ONE AND ALL TO GIVE US
A TRIAL AND PROVE THE FACT FOR
' . uaai .>?; 5J?IT? :. -: * .tim !
S. H. WILSON & BRO.,
NO. 306 KmOr STKEET,
CEC ABLESTON, S. C?
- WILSONS*. -
SAMPLES MAILED FfiiEE, soe KINO ST,'