Newspaper Page Text
VCLUME IX.-NUMBER 1967
CHARLESTON WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 1, 1872.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
CUTTING THE KNOT.
GRANT TAKES A HAND IN THE LIT- j
TLB GAME AT COLUMBIA.
The Straggle Between Moses and Cham?
berlain-Senator sawyer Bringa tne
Mandate) from Washington-"There
Mast be no Bolt, and Chamberlain
Blast be the Xumlnct"-Mo?ts to be
Bought . Off - The Mat key-Bo we n
Fight, and Ita Probable Result-A j
Lively Time Ahead.
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NB ?VS 1
COLOMBIA, August 20.
Toe signs all tend to confirm the impres?
sions already expressed in these dispatches,
and lt becomes every hour more certain that
the only parties ol any importance in the con?
vention will be those beaded respectively by |
Chamberlain and by Moses. Up to a very re?
cent moment there has been a movement
supported by Corbin et al, in favor of Reuben
Tomllnson for Governor, the plan being to
let the Chamberlain and Moses contest pro?
ceed for a day or two in the convention until
both sides should be worn out with wrang?
ling, when Tomllnson was to be sprung upon
the convention as a harmonizer and slip in
between. This scheme is now believed to
have fallen through. Its supporters having
bee?t captured by Chamberlain.
Chamberlain ls to make showing before the
convention of his non-complicity with the
bond frauds, and, from what I have gathered
as to' bis line ot defence, lt will be very spe?
cious and Ingenious. For Instance, aa to the
fraudulent reissue of old bonds which had
been once retired by Issuing conversion bonds
therefor, which ls the strongest point made by
Cardozo In his attacks, Chamberlain expects
to show that he was Innocent of any knowl?
edge or responsibility for any such transac?
tion, because the conversion act (see law ot
1868) did not put that matter In the hands of
the financial board. This fact had not been
generally known or remembered, and ls ex?
pected to make a great change of feeling In
Chamberlain's favor. As to the land commis?
sion and other frauds, bis defence ls equally
Ingenious. Severaljnfluentlal Radicals, hith?
erto either wavering or openly crying for re?
form, have been converted to-day by a dress
rehearsal by Chamberlain of this argument, as?
sisted, perhaps, by collateral consid?rations.
All this la, of course, strengthening Chamber?
lain in important quarters.
Moses, however, ls still very confident, and
still claims a large numerical majority In dele?
gates, while admitting the greater weight ot'
money and patronage to be on the other side.
Moses bas T. J. Mackey for his injlemau, and,
lt ls said, Patterson for his banker; although
Patterson denies this. Mackey entertains
chance auditors with Orientalisms about the
pecadllloes of Moses being to the enormities
ot Scott as rippling rivulets to the floods of
Mississippi, and announces as the Moses plat?
form, "minority repr?sentation, the scaling
of the public debt, and the extinction ol car
pdf-bag is m." Moses claims to expect the
nomination in the regular convention, but
threatens to bolt If disappointed. It is not so
certain, however, that if Chamberlain ls nom?
inated Moses will bolt, as it is that ll Moses
is nominated Chamberlain will bolt. Ia the
former contingency, the bolt would be a weak
one, while in the latter case it would be very
powerful. But there is a strong probability
that there will be no boll at all.
, A curious proposition was rumored this
afternoon. There are already contesting delega?
tions from Charleston and Beaufort. The prop?
osition is that if Things should be found going
all one way In the regular convention, that
the opposite party shall order other elections
in all the oountles, and lorm another full con?
vention out of the contesting delegations thus
elected. Some color is given to this rumor by
the fact of another election having been
ordered in Orangeburg. Some say confidently
that there will be two conventions; bul lt is
more than doubtful. There will, doubtless, be
an acrimonious fight in the convention lor a
day pr two, but the quarrel will be somehow
adjusted before the convention takes final
The convention meets at noon in the Senate
chamber, and will be called to order by Ban?
aler as chairman ot tbe.'Republlcan State ex?
ecutive committee. Then the fight will at
once begin, first, on (he temporary chairman.
The candidates lor this position are: S. J.
Lw, Elliott and Whitemore-all understood
to be friendly to Moses-and Orr, who, what?
ever else he is, is doubtless aati-Moses. Next,
on the permanent chairman, for which the
candidates are Elliott and Orr. It ls extreme?
ly difficult to estimate the cnances of success
between the Mackey and Bowen.delegatlons.
Both are confident of admission, and botb bal?
ancing on the same fence-that ia, Industri?
ously negotiating with both parties. The
chances now seem to be that the Bowen dele?
gation will be captured by Chamberlain, and
LATER.-The secret of Chamberlain's Increas?
ing strength has leaked ont. Senator Sawyer
bas arrived here from Washington with orders
from the Grant national committee that a
spilt most be averted at any coat, and that
Chamberlain must be the nominee. It ls said,
therefore, that Moses ls to be bought off, and
some parties proteas to give the details of the
bargain with minuteness. My Informants
allege that the pretence of a-b ft ter contest is
to be kept up for two days, and then Moses is
to retire, apparently beaten In a fair right. Of
course Moses says that all this ls an infernal,
malicious He, and that he will be a candidate
till the last ballot 1B counted on election day.
_ _ PICKET.
V GOSSIP EBOM GENET A.
GENEVA, August 20.
The board ot arbitrators had a five hour's
session yesterday. Sir Boondvll Palmer wss
not present. The speeches of counsel had
been printed. It was expected that the Impor?
tant proceedings of the board would soon be
furnished to the press.
EARLY CAROLINA RICE.
NEW TORS. August 20.
The first Invoice of n*w Souih Carolina rice
was received here yesterday from Charleston,
being the earliest consignment ever received
A TROUBLESOME WIDOW.
SAN FRANCISCO, August 20.
Matilda Heron Byrne Stoepel has upplied
lor recognition as the widow of Henry Byrne,
deceased, and asked the Probate Court to
allow her two hundred dollars per month from
the est lt?? pending the final settlement ol the
case. She was In court yesterday, and vehe?
mently denied ever having been divorced
from Byrne, claiming that she left him on ac?
count of her religion, and married Stoepel
under the Impression that Byrne had obtained
a divorce Irom her. Mr. Carpenter, an execu?
tor under the will, denies that phe was ihe
legal wife of the deceased, ann claims that the
debts due will absorb nearly the entire estate.
THE BOPER HOSPITAL SCHEMA.
Hf sal t of the Proposed Conference Be?
tween the Medical Committee or the
Board of Health and ihe Trastees of
the Roper Hospital.
Tba following resolution was passed at the
meeting of Connell held on tbe 6th of AuguBt:
Besolved, That the report on hoapltr1
proveniente be releired back: to the mea.cal
committee of the Board of Health, with in- i
etructlons to hold further consultation, If
deemed expedient, with the tiustees of the
Boper Hospital, to see if any arrangements
co x be made with them to promote the in?
terests of the city, and of those needing hos?
In accordance with this resolut'on, Dr.
Pelzer addressed the following communica?
tion to Dr. J. Ford Priolean, chairman of the
board ol trustees:
CHARLESTON, August 8.
Dear Sir-Under the subjoined resolution of
the City Council, adopted at their last meet?
ing, tbe medical committee ot' the Board of
Health will! meet your committee for another
conference on Monday next, the 12th Instant,
at twelve o'clock M., at the city registrar's
office, City Hall.
Dr. F. M. Robertson, chairman of the com?
mittee of conference on the part of the trus?
tees, replied the next day lo Dr. Pelzer's note
as follows: ,""
Cu AU LE sro.v, August 9, 1872.
Dear Sir_Your note ot the 8th lnataot to
Dr. J. Ford Priolean, chairman ot the board of |
trustees of tho Roper Hospital, was Handed
me this lnornlne. Our committee In Joint
meeting with the medical committee of the.
Board ol Health, some time since, alter a free
and candid statement, submitted conditions
under which the City Connell could again
avail itself of the nse of the Roper Hospital
tor the care and treatment of the sick poor of j
the city. ,We have casually learned through [
tbe dally papera tbat your committee advised
against the acceptance ot our propositions.
Under these circumstances, lt will be proper
for your committee to advise ue of the nature
of the propotnl which you desire to make
under tbe resolution of Council, alluded to In
your note. Upon the reception ol Buch a com?
munication, I will at once call the committee
together to consider the matter, and give you
a prompt and den" n 1 te reply.
The report of the medical committee, made
to the City Council In relation lo the above
correspondence, alter reviewing the circum?
stances which called forth the same, continues
As the design of a proposal, such as alluded
to In Dr. Robertson's letter, did not originate
and never had been entertained by the medi?
cal committee of this board, the committee j
having honestly and carefully canvassed tbe
dalma of the Hoper Hospital, In conjunction
with the demands of the city lor an impartial
decision lu the premises, are fully persuaded
that the recommendation coniaiued In their
report to the Board of Health, covering this
matter, ls both just and proper, under exist?
ing circumstances. The committee, there?
for)*, ask to be relieved Irom any further con?
sideration of the subject.
(Signed) GEORGE H. PELZER, M. D.,
E. GEDDINGS, M. D.,
J. P. CH AZ AL, M. D.,
Medical Committee of the Boara of Health.
MORTUARY REPORT FOR THE WEBE,
The following L the official return of deaths
for the City ol Charleston, for the week end?
ing August 17, 1872 :
Adults. I Child'n
BLACKS OR COL?
C >nvalstous ...
con vul s I o n s.
Debt Hy, Gen?
M en I n gt tis.
Paral j als.
Sorten lng oi
Whites 13, Blacks and Colored 27-total 40; and
Under 1 year o. age., 2
Between 1 and ? years ot age_^3
Between 10 and 20years or age.... 1
Between 20 and So years or age.... 1
Between 30 and 40 years or aire.... 1
Between 40 a.d 50 years or age. ...1 3
Between 60 aad 70 years or age....| 2
Between 70 and so yeirs of ase_
Between so and 93 yearaof age....
Between 90 and loo yeara of age_
GEO. S. PELZER, M. D., City Registrar.
Abram Wig fall, drunk and disorderly; two
dollars or twenty days. Isaac Wise, larceny
of chickens; twenty days. John M. Smith,
applied for lodgings; discharged. Samuel
Hanahan, drunk and disorderly; two dollars
or twenty days. John Williams, drunk and
resisting the police; one dollar or ten days.
Two cows, roaming the streets; one dollar
Trial Jail ice Courts.
Owing to the absence in Columbia of maoy
trial Justices but little was done in their circles
yesterday. The only case of importance was
that of Saul Cuthbert, highway robbery per?
petrated on Thomas Nolan In Elliott street
Saturday night last, which was investigated
by Trial Juslice Caulfield. The evidence was
so strong against Saul that he owned up, and
was committed for irial at the next term of
the Criminal Court.
THE WEATHER THIS DAY.
WASHINGTON, August 20.
Sontheastprly to southwesterly winds and
generally clear weather will prevail on Wed?
nesday over the New England and Middle
Slates. Easterly to s utherlv v.inds from
Georgia to North Carolina, with generally
clear weather over the Gull StateB, ;tnd proba?
bly areas of rain along the coast.
"SMS IN THE HEATENS."
IS TBE SUN REALLY BURNING UP ?
Lightning and the Anrora Borealis
Death by the Bolt-Tropical Tem?
pests In the Temperate Zone-Unpa?
ralleled Storms-Are the Elements
...Heitlng with Fervent Heat V
Th" extraordinary meteorological manifes?
tations of the last fortnight may well lead
many to imagine that the globe which we In?
habit is undergoing some unknown or myste?
rious change, or that we are under the influ?
ence o? some planetary revolution, perhaps
that of the Bun itself-the source of r light
and heat-which, according to Tact ..inI, the
Italian astronomer, ls Just now over?
charged by a superabundance of mag?
nesium, causing an unusual Intensity of
heat. It ls true that the London Spectator
consoles us with the reflection that "ter?
restrial causes are quite sufficient to ex?
plain the recent unusual heats-although few
seem to understand these causes-but, unfor?
tunately, it reminds us Immediately after?
wards that Buns before now have been known
to flicker for a while and then go out alto?
gether, like farthing rushlights, or to have
"suddenly blazed out for a while with a lustre
exceeding a hundred fold that which they for?
merly possessed." However thia may be, cer?
tain lt ls that there are thousands who, in de?
fault ot any other mode of inlormatlon, will
attach considerable faith to Tacchlnl's magne?
sium theory, and hope, under our present cir?
cumstances at least, that the sun will be able
to consume his present supply of magnesium
without bscorning "fifty-fold botter," as we
are also Informed he ls sometimes capable
of being. But If this theory can satisfy
the mind as to where this Intolerable beat
may come Irom, how ls lt going to ex?
plain the accompanying phenomena ol
such thunder-storms and boreallc lights as
have been witnessed in the last fortnight?
The grand aurora borealis which illuminated
the beavens a week ago, so far from bringing
the refreshing coolness which usually accom?
panies euch displays, was immediately fol?
lowed by days of almost unendurable heat, In
which the thermometer ran high among ihe
nineties. This unusual beat, too, bas been
accompanied by storms which In vividness of
lightning, Intensity of thunder and violence
of rain have never been surpassed, perhaps,
even among the hurricanes of the tropics.
WHAT'S WRONG WITH THE SUN?
Remarkable Disturbance in the Solar
Vapor of Magnesium?-A Change In
Light-Suppose that the San Should
Go Oat or Become Fifty-fold Brighter
[From tho London Spectator, August 3.]
When we eonslder the intense heat which
has prevailed In Europe during July, and the
circumstance that in America also the heat
has been excessive, Inasmuch that In New
Turk the number of deatha during the week
ending Joly 6 was three times greater than
the average, we are naturally led to the con?
clusion that the sun himself lsglvlng out more
heat than usual. Though not indorsing such
an opinion, which, Indeed, ls not warranted
by the facts, since terrestrial cauaes ure quite
sufficient to explain the recent unusual heata,
we cannot retrain from noting, ai the lt-ast
a curious coincidence, that at the very time
when the beat has been so grear, the great
central lumioary of the solar system has beeu
TUE SCENE OF A VERT REMARKABLE DISTURB?
an event, In fact, altogether unlike any which
astronomers have hitherto observed. It will
not be unknown to our readers (in these days,
when every one knows every ming about the
suo) that astronomers no longer contine their
attention to the actual aspect of the solar orb.
By a contrivance which need not here be de?
scribed, the astronomer can tell what ls going
on lu a certalo gaseous envelope surrounding
the sun, which to ordinary telescopio research
ls altogether Invisible, except during eclipses.
This envelope some Tour thousand or Ave
thousand miles deep, is called the chromos?
phere (by purists, the chroma1 o-p Mere.) aud
consists lu the main of glowing hydrogen, but
In the lower strata contains the glowing
vapors of sodium, magn?sium and many other
elemeuts. Those, however, are ordinarily so
low down that they can scarcely be recogniz?
ed under the ordinary conditions of
THE NEW METHOD OF OBSERVATION,
?xcept here and there round the sun's disc,
lt is as t hough our earth were examined by
some highly Ingenious astronomers lu Venus
)r Mercury, who could recognize at limes the
capor of water In our air, wnere lt rose pretty
[reely and to u considerable height above
jceans, but not over the continents, because
less vapor there arose Into the air. Ouly In
.he sun's case the vapors are nor, like the
rapor of water on earth, at a cool and plea?
int temperature, but are such vapors as rise
ibove tbe molten surface of metal lu our fur?
naces. They are nt so high a temperature that
i wind of such vapor, blowing, as such winds
lo, over the surface of the sun. would be com?
petent lo reduce our earth in a few seconds to
rapor likewise. Now certain Italian spectre
icoplats-Respighi, Secchi, Tacchinl, and
zithers-have set themselves the task of keep?
i CONTINUAL WATCH UPON TUE SOLAR CHROMA
They draw pictures of it, and of the mighty
colored prominences which are from time to
time upreared out of, or through, the chro
matospheric envelope. They note the vapors
wnlch are present, as well as what can be
learned of the heat at which these vapors
exist, their pressure, their rate of moiion, and
other like circumstances, lt was while en?
gaged in some of the more difficult and deli?
cate of these tasks that Tacculul noticed the
strange occurrence now to be described. "I
have observed a phenomenon," he says,
"which ls altogether new in the whole series
of my observations. Since May G I had lound
certain regions in the sun remarkable for the
presence of magnesium." Some of these ex?
tended half way round the sun. This slate of
thinga continued, ihe extension of these mag?
nesium regions gradually growing greater,
until at length, "on June 18," sa\ B Tacchinl,
lkI was able to recognize the presence of
MAGNESIUM QUITE ROUND THE SUN,
that Is to say, the chromatosphere was com
letely Invaded by the vapor ot this metal,
bis ebullition waa accompanied by an ab?
sence of ihe colored prominence, while, on
the contrary, the flames ot the chromatos?
phere were very markpd and brllliaut. It
seemed to me as though I could see the sur?
face of our great source of light renewlnc It?
self." While this was .going "on Taeobiiitno?
ticed (as had frequently happened before iu
his experience,) that the bright streaks on
the sun which are called laculaj were partic?
ularly brilliant close to those parts of the
edge of the disc where the flamea of the clirc
matosphere were most splendid and charac?
teristic. The granulations also, which the
astronomer can recognize all over the sun
when a large telescope ls employed, were
unusually distinct. Tacchinl concludes (and
the Inference seems josi) that there had not
A NUMBER OF LOCAL ERUPTI0N8
of magnesium vapor, but complete expul?
sions. Only we would venture to substitute
for ihe word "expulslou" the expression
"outflow" or "uprising," since lt may well oe
that these vapors rise oy a quiet process re?
sembling evaporation, and not by any action
so violent that it could properly be regarded
as expuiBlve. In whatever way, however,
the glowing vapor of magnesium thus stream?
ed into the envelope of tbe sun, lt would
Beem that the aspect of our luminary was
modified by the process-not Indeed in a very
striking manner, or our observers In Eng?
land would have noticed the chang??, yet ap?
preciably. "More than one person," says
Tacchinl, "has told me that the light of ihe
sun has not at present Its ordinary aspect; and
at the observatory we bave Jadged that we
might make the same remarte.. Th? change
mast be attributed to magnesium." It Is Im?
possible to cooslder attentively
THE REMARKABLE OCCURRENCE
recorded by Tacchinl without being Btruck by
the evidence which lt affords ot'solar mutabili?
ty. We know that riurlog thousands ol years
our sim has poured form his light and heat
upon the worlds which circle around bim, and
that there has been no marked intermittence
ot the Bupply. We hear, Indeed, ot occasions
when the sun has been darkened for a while;
and we have abundant reasons for believing
that be has at times been so spot-covered thai
there has been a notable diminution of the
supply of light and heat for several days
together. Yet we have had no reasons tor
anticipating that our sun ml?ht permanently,
lose so much of his heac and lustre that the
Inhabitants of earth would suffer. Taccblul's
observation reminds us, however, that pro?
cesses are at work upon the sun which admit
of being checked or increased, Interrupted al?
together or exaggerated so violent 1 v .as lt were,
that the whole aspect ot the sun, his condition
TUE FIRE AND LAMP
ot t he planetary erstem, may be f e rio us ly affect?
ed. If we onlv remember that our sun is one ot
the stars, not in any way dlsUnvuIsbed, unless
perhaps by relative Insignificance, from the
great bulk of the stars which Illuminate our
SRles at night or are revealed by the telescope,
we shall learn to recognize the possibility tnar,
he may undergo marked changes. These are
stars which, after shining1 with apparent
steadiness for thousands of years (possibly for
millions of years before ; astronomy was
thought ol,) have become suddenly much re?
duced In brightness, or after a few flickers (as
it were; have gone out altogether. There are
others which have shone with equal steadiness
and have then suddenly blazed out lor a while
with a lustre exceeding a hundred-fold that
which they formerly possessed. It would, be
equally unpleasant tor ourselves whether the
sun suddenly lost- the best part ot bis llgbt
and presently went outr altogether, or wnetker
he suddenly grew
FIFTT-FOLD BRIGHTER ANO HOTTER
tban he now ls. Yet In the present position
of sidereal astronomy, lt is quite l m poss lo le to
assert confidently that one ?ventor ibe other
might not take place at any lime. Fortunately
we may view this matter (Jost as. astronomers
have learned to view the prospect of mischiev?
ous collisions with comets,) as a question ol
probabilities. Among so many thousands of
stars there have been so many sudden out?
bursts of light and fire, so many sunder de?
falcations of splendor. Our sun is one of those
thousand?, and solar as we know takes his
chance with the rest. . Precisely, then, aa we
derive confidence from the law ot probabilities,
that since so many only out of so many mil?
lions perish by light nlog or any other specified
lorm of injury, any Individual person Is unlike?
ly lo perish In that particular way; so we may.
reason about our sun-that since only a small
proportion of bis lellow Buns undergo
he ls unlikely to be one of the unfortunate?.
It may be that one of these days, wben we
obtain clearer ideas of the structure of the sid?
ereal universe than we at present possess, we
may obtain more satisfactory reasons lor con?
fidence. The-analysis of stars with the spec?
troscope, the recently proposed processes of
si ar gauging, lite application of new methods
of determining star motions, these and other
reteaches may show what are the conditions
which render a sun's lenore ot office precar?
ious. Let lt be hoped that when this has been
accomplished, a large majority of the condi?
tions In question will be Lund, In the case of
our own sun, to be favorable to the perma?
nence of his oosltlon as fire, light, and lite of
the planetary sj stem.
THE STORK IN TEE NORTH.
Awful Effects of tb? Lightning tn Mas?
sachusetts-Great Damage lu Boston,
[Prom the Boston Traveller.] !
We have In our office men who have sailed
on every sea and have been In all the light?
ning placea of ma earthy und they declare tbat
they uever witnessed aoyUnere such scenes
us enveloped this vicinity about mldn'ght. j
Uni li the heavens shall pass away like a scroll,
the elements shall mell with fervent heat, and
the wurld itseii be burned up, we do not ex?
pect to witness such another scene. During
ins first storm, and at about half-past six P.
M., the Munni Pleasant Unitarian Cintren, at
me Highland?, was ntruck by lightning and
set ou fire, but the flames were extinguished
without an alarm. The building was not
guarded with ilghtulng-rods. At Sta?
tion 9 the brass work on the tele?
graphic Instrument was melted by the electric
il nid, aud Sergeaul Wood, who was reading a
paper some teu feel from the machine, was
olruck and rendered insensible lor a time. At
eight o'clock tue storm abated, but at mid?
night the skies were agaiu darkened, the rain
began to fall in sheets, and Hie whole firmu
nent wa? lil up with the sudden and almost
blinding flashes of the lightning. One pecu?
liarity ol this storm was lite long continuance
of the flashes. Towards the lauer pari of lis
duration ihe flashes would lollow each other
so rapidly thai me beavens were Illuminated
lor ?everai seconds, when the intense light
would be succeeded by Egypttun darkness,
while the heavens were constantly reverbe?
rating willi ibe terrific reports ot Hie thunder,
some of them short und quick, like the crack
ol a rifle, others deep aud of lung continu?
ance, like the distant roar of artillery. Those
wno were compelled to remain upon Ute
streets were almost struck dumb willi
fear ut ibe near approach of the elec?
tric fluid, and the terrific detonations which
followed. For nearly au hour Hie storm
raged, the elements combining lo make
one ol the most grand and appalling scenes
ever witnessed In this city. The air was com?
pletely full of electricity, und tne fluid passed
along the wires over the houses, driving the
night operators away from their instruments,
and compelling all to seek cover. The scene
down the harbor was sublime; the sudden
flashes of lightning caused the shipping io
stand for an instant in bold relief, when, as lt
appeared, a cloud of Inky blackness instanta?
neously covered the scene. Tne waters were
lashed Into fury, and the hoarse cries ot the
sailors as they moved about on the alert to
avoid the threatened disasters only served to
heighten the effect. Many ot the citizens who
had retired for the night, were compelled io
rise for fear that the fluid would ignite the
buildings, If the descending bolts did not
sinke them. In the suburban towns, the storm
seems io have been as furious as In the etty.
From douih Boston, Chelsea, Cambridge, Mal?
den and other places, reports of Its terrific
nature have beeu received.
Thr Worst Storm fiver Known-Tele?
graph Wires Melted by the Electric
[From the Troy limes.]
The muttering thunder in the distance told
that it was coming, and the intensely black
clouds assured nil mat they contained the ma?
terial for a first-class shower. No ?.-ne, how?
ever, suspected such a frlghtiul storm, or
lhere would have been more appreheuslon
and less desire fur it. Il was curious, loo, to
watch the ctiaugeB In the clouds just previous
lo the descent ot the rain. It seemed as lt
lhere was a whirlwind In the heavens, und
the effect of tue clouds tumbling and rolling
about, biown hither and thither with great
velocity, mingling aud iuiermlngilug willi
one another, was bot ti unusual and indee
cribub:e. Presenlly the rain descended, the
lightnings began to play and the thunder
to roar. This was about, two o'clock. In
a very lew minutes Hie storm was at
Us height, and taged with a fury suf?
ficient to appal Hie stoutest hearts. The atmos?
phere was entirely surcharged with electrici?
ty, and each flush of Hie Huid was almost
blinding. Iis effect upon Hie police and fire
telegraph lu our office wus rather alarming
the current, coming In upon ihe wires and
playing about the instrument, in a sort of de?
mon's dunce. The ground wire is affixed to
the gas burner, and this shot out balls of fire
with the repon of a good sized pistol. This
storm passed away utter about an hour's du?
ration. It. was followed by another equally
severe, bul with the additional phenomenon
ol a clap ot thunder, from a clear sky. The
storm seemed io have exhausted i t.-eli, the
sun was chlniug brightly over the city, when
suddenly there Cam? Hw most appalling clap
ol thunder we ever heard. It seemed lo
botst everywhere with equal distinctness. Ii
was a perfect, surprise to everybody. It was
sharp, like Hie crack of a rifle, and loud as
the discbarge of a two-hundred-pottnd Pur
rott. It was the death throe of the sturm,
and wilh lt passed away tor the time the con?
tending forces of nature.
SUMMER AT THE SPRINGS.
A LIVELY SKETCH OE LIFE AT SARA?
The l(n?li or Many Water?-How the
Congreis Spring waa Discovered and
Named-Tn? Grab Game-Seven-Dol?
lar Caravanserais-The Political Sit?
nation-A Prime Iladical Roorback.
[FROH OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
SARATOGA SPRINGS, N. Y., August 16.
For anj one Reeking health or pleasure, this
summer resort cannot be surpassed by -an;
other in the United States. Long Branch is'
an excellent sea-side resort, and a? such per?
haps it is unrivalled by any place In the States
except-Newport. But In many respects ibis
place surpasses all others which I have seen,
and the experience of many olher perBons
wilh whom I have conversed coroborates my
assertion. To begin wltb some ot the advan?
tages. First la the Hat la the excellent waters
obtained from the various springs here, which,
for their medicinal virtues, cannot be excelled
by any other. There are so many of them
partaking ot so many different chemical con?
stituents that there is scarcely a disease to
which man ls subject for which bountiful na?
ture has not provided a remedy in the bosom
of these hills. Ihe next advantage ls the
superior hotel accommodations, which far.
exceed anything I have ever aeen. The next
ls the bracing mountain breezes, and next,
and finally, (tnough I might enumerate more);
la the great collection or the wealthy and dis?
tinguished lrom all parts of the Union who'
are here seeking pleasure. .
Of the springs the most distinguished and
popular are the Congress, the Empire, the
Washington, the Geyser, the Haiboru, the
Excelsior and the Columbian. The Congress
la the oldest, and bas so far the best reputa?
tion, but lt has great rivals In the Hathorn
and Geyser, both ol which possess very near?
ly the same chemical combinations, but in a
more puwerlul degree, and they are growing
rapidly Into public favor. The Congress waa
discovered aa early as 1792. while the Geyser
was discovered as late as 1870, and the Ha1 horn
In 1868. There is apiece ol history connected
with the discovery and the naming of the
Congress which muy not be generally known,
and hence lt may interest some of your read?
ers. It was discovered in 1792, as stated, by
a party of gentlemen who were engaged in
hunting in the vicinity. One of thes* was
John Taylor Gilman, un ex-member of Con?
gress from New Hampshire. Their attention
was attracted to a small stream of water issu?
ing from the rooky bank of the creek along,
wnlch they were strolling, and which, upon
being tasted, was found to be a mineral water
of agreeable taste and remarkable strength.
Toe importance ot the discovery seems to
have been at once apprehended, and ont ot
compliment to the leading personage ol the
company, and as a token of their high opinion
of Us value, tne name ot the Conj ress Spring
was then and lhere beatowi d upon lt. At
first, the water could not be ootalned In small
quoin Hie?, owing to the position ot the rock
and the nature of the aperture from which lt
flowed; and this, with lia increasing populari?
ty, soon being fonod to be lusufflclent, efforts
Were made to. render lt more accessible, and
at tbe same time to Increase the supply.
.These efforts resulted In a temporary obstruc?
tion of the waler. In 1804, Gideon Putnam,
who was one of the founders of what they
call here the Village of Saratoga, but what we
in South Carolina would call a city, observing
bubbles rising to the surface of the. brook, a
few feet (rom the spot at which the water was
first observed to flow, conceived the Idea that
the principal point of discharge was In the
bed of the brook, and that oy turning the
Btream aside through an artificial channel
this Invaluable spring might be secured per?
manently. In carrying out this design be
was entirely successful, a copious supply of
the mineral water belnu found to flow from
the point Indicated. After thus reaching the
sprint:, he caused the earth to be carefully re?
moved some feet below the bed of Ihe brook,
and by proper tubing so effectually protected
lt that au apparently unlimited supply was
secured, without the necessity of any further
excavation or tubing, for about forty years.
This spring aud toe Columbian, which are
near together in a beautiful park, are
now owned by a company which have been
Incorporated by act of ihe Assembly. For the
two springs and the park they would not take,
but could easily get, one million dollar.-. They
buttle up the water from the Congress and
Empire springs and send them off lor sale to
all parts of tue world. They have Immense
houses here for bottling, packing, <kc. ; they
also manufacture their own bottles here.
The Columbian and Washington, which Is u
great lavorlte, will not bear bottling on ac?
count ol the Iron lo them which Bellies lo the
bottom. It ls a remarkable fact that these
waters are Inexhaustible. There are of per?
manent Inhabitants about ten thousand peo?
ple here, and of visitors not leas than fifteen
thousand. Supposing ihat each person drinks
four tumblers a day, (aud a great many drink
ten times that amount, but averaging mern at
that figure,) and supposing that these four
gla-ses make a quart, (hen mere are sixty-two
Hundred and tiffy gallons ot water consumed
daily, and yet no diminution In the supply can
be observed. Bet-ides this constant dully use,
the bottling process ls going on every day
with a loree of about fifty hands at each
spring, and yet no effect Is produced upon
these wonderful springs. In the muming, at.
daylight, ihe drinking at the spring-; com?
mences, and there is a perfect jam Mil about
ten o'clock. Grab ls the game, and lt ls really
amusing to a Southern mau to see these
Northmen grab the g ass of water away from
a lady when her hanns are al most upon it. No
courtesies are shown; every man, woman and
child makes his or ber own grab.
As I Bald In tbe beginning, the hotel accom?
modations are magnificent! Nothing can ex?
ceed the first-class of them. These are the
Grand Union, the Congress Hall, the Grand
Central and the Clarendon. The Grand Union
costin lis construction 1500,000, and lathe
property ot A. T. Stewart, of New York City.
He leases lt thia year to the present proprie?
tors for $50,000, and they expect to make a
clear profit of $75.000, though they run it bnt
four months out of the twelve. Some Idea
of Its size may be formed from these facts:
Its piazzas, when strung together, make one
mlle; its halls two miles; Its doora number
1474; Its windows, 1891; its carpeting would
cover twelve acres; the dining-room la 250
feet by 53 feet, aod twenty feet high, and will
accommodate at one sitting 1200 people. At?
tached to lt are ?. great many cottages and
extra rooms, which afford ihe proprietors the
means of accommodating al one time from
three to four thousand people. Board by the
day ls $7, though better terms may be made
for any lengtn of Um? over a week. This
house and the Congress Hal; face each other,
and are great rivals, and lt ls difficult to de?
cide which enjoys the greater amount of pub?
lic favor, though I Incline to think ihe Grand
Union has ihe preference.
There are said to be more people here this
year than at any former period. The wealthy
lrom all paris of the Uulted States, and even
lrom Cuba, are here. They seem io be actually
bloated with greenbacks, and try io see how
much money tney can spend Just for the Inn
oflt. Tne women are as fine looking as any
man would wish to see. and dress to death.
They drees in the finest the immense dry
goods store ot Stewart in New York can sup?
ply, and have a new dress lor nearly every
hour in Hie day. It ls surprising to me the
dear creatures do nor. get tired of dressing;
but. they do not. They uever appear the Hec
ond time in the same dress, ann li a lady's sup?
ply becomes exhausted, she leaves Immediate?
ly for some other place, where herold dresses
will pass as if new.
The town ls rapidly improving. I was here
in 1868, and, on arriving i.ere on this ttlp, I
hardly knew the place. There are a great
many flue residences going up at this time,
and they say the principal building is done In
the winter. Morriapey's Club House Is a mag?
nificent building. I do not know its cost, but
do not Biippose it could have been less than
two' hundred thousand dollars. AH the Inside
wood-work, including doors, are of black wal?
nut. Mantlepieces ot the most beautiful white
maible, carpets of the finest, texture, and
everything else to correspond in the grandest
endmost gorgeous style. Asa mere mai ter
of curiosity, I spent an hour there a few eve?
nings ago with some friends, and I saw money
lott and won at a fearful rate. No law seems
to Interfere. Policeman seem to guard the
f>remi?es by marching ap aa.1 down the street
a front of tbe door.
Aa to the political situation lt Is difficult for
[a stranger Just passing through; a country by
rall or even sojourning at a watering place for
a short while to gather moch data on which to
found a conclusion', aod hence I am at a loss
to give a definite opinion. '/ his county, I under
stand, has always gone Republican, and tbere
are two daily papers here-the Daily Sarato
gian, wblch ls strong for Grant, and the Sara?
toga Sun, which ls tor Greeley and Brown. A
bad Impression is being made by tbe stories
wblch dally come out In the New York Times
I and other papers ot that hind, to the effect that
Greeley has bad an understanding with tbe
Democrats, and particularly with those of the
South, to restore the constitution of 1860, re?
pudiate the amendments and burst up the car?
pet-bag governments in the South. How any
man lu his senses could believe such extrava?
gant absurdities I cannot Imagine, but it ls
nevertheless true there are a great many'peo?
ple here who say they can't go Greeley for
that reason. Ooo of these absurdities is
printed In the New York Times of the 10th
Inst., and professes to have been extracted
from the Weekly Caucasian, published at
Lexington, Ky., which files the names of
Greeley and Brown at its maatbead, and Is as
"State sovereignty; white supremacy and
repudiation. This ls liberty. Our motto:
Never despair of the E-tpubilc. Our plat?
form: The Constitution of 18G0 and tbe rights
or the States. Our doctrines: This Is a white
man's government, made' by white men for
white men and their posterity forever. Down
with the fifteenth amendment. Total repu?
diation of the monstrous Yankee war debt.
Down with bondholders and taxation. Down
witb ibe satraps. Equal taxation and Ute
rightful representation of all the States, or
ANOTHER REBELLION," ?tc.
! Whether lt be true or not '.bat the Cauca?
sian ever conceived any such extravagant
notions or not, lt ls quite certain old honest
Horace Greeley will never commit himself to
any such platform, nor do we cf the South want
him to do so. We are willing to admit, and
have over and over again admitted, ihe "situ?
ation." and all we ask Is an honest and. eco?
nomical administration ot the government
under the present fundamental status of af?
In connection with ihe fact ol Greeley being
the nominee of tbe Democratic party for Pres?
ident, a good story ls told of Livingstone, who
has been burled Irom tho affairs or the west?
ern part of the world in the wilds of Africa for
the past six or seven years: When Stanley
went lo see him, after the usual salutations
and courtesies had been finished, he told bim
of the collapse of the Southern Confederacy,
the assassination of Lincoln, tbe administra?
tion and attempted Impeachment of Johnson,
the election of Grunt in 1869, the renomina?
tion of Grant In 1872, and the nomination or
Horace Greeley by the D?mocratie party, when
he put on an air ol the most perfect Increduli?
ty, and said: "That the Southern Confederacy
has been defeated, that my old friend Lincoln
has been murdered by the bands of an assas?
sin, thnr Johnson succeeded to bis office, that
General Grant was elected President In 1868,
and that be bas been renominated In 1872,1
can believe; but though I am not given io
usiner bad language, yet when yon tell me that
Horace Greeley has been nominated for Presi?
dent of the United Srates by the Democratic
party, I will be d-d if I believe one word of
lt !" _ _ 3. A. M.
THE GREAT POUNDING MATCH.
PHILADELPHIA, August 20.
O'Baldwiu Is here und Mace is expected. It
ls rumored that the tight will take place in
I Canada, near Niagara,within lorty-elgbt boors.
DEATH OF AN EMINENT DIVINE.
BALTIMORE, August 20.
The Rev. Dr. Thomas E. Bond, a distin?
guished aud eloquent divine of the Methodist
Episcopal Church South, and a long time con?
nected with tbe "Baltimore Episcopal Metho?
dist," published In this city, and recently edi?
torial writer for tbe St. Louis Christian Advo?
cate, died yesterday at bis residence, Harford
County, Maryland, aged fifty nine.
A CORNER IN tFUEAT.
CHICAGO, Au just 20.
The greatest excitement, prevailed this af?
ternoon in the wheal market, c duse J by the
apparent or real collapse of a corner lu that
cereal. Wheat opened on Change this morn?
ing ut $1 5Gi, and before the close of the day,
uuder the pressure of ihe panic, declined to
$1 28. Opinions differ whelber ihe corner
ls really brokeu or not. To-morrow morn?
ing's market ls anxiously awaited.
-Ex-Presldent Fillmore ls announced as
favoring the election ot Greeley and Brown
-There are eight thousand colored voten*
members ol Greeley and Brown clubs In the
Sute ol Maryland.
-The lading Grant men ia Virginia are
Governor Wise, Colonel Mosby, and General
-Mr. Ely, the Republican mayor of Nor?
walk, and Mr. Coffin, Republican mayor ol
Middletown, ccm/i., are both out tor Greeley.
-The chairman and all the members of the
Republican town committee ot Palmer, Mass.,
repudiate Grant and ure out for Greeley.
- West Virginia advices Buys ibe contest Is
growing very exciting us the election draws
near. -Tne majority will De less lhan two
thousand either way.
-Says a Grant paper: "Our parly Is the
pany of intelligence." Thai's so, fur there
were more people who can't read or write who
vote J tor tne Gram ticket lu North Carolina j
than there are in the whole Slate ot Ne w Yurk.
-A vote on the Presidency ivas taken on
lite New York Conon Exchange last week,
and resulted in a ballot of torty-fuur lor Cr?e?
le v, and thirty-six for Grant. Mr. Greeley
from this would appear to be as popular In
business circles as elsewhere.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
-Greeley is to deliver three agricultural
addresses during the coming few weeks.
-Rio Janeiro advices state that tears of a
war between Brazil and the Argentine Con?
federation were being dissipated.
-The German turner festival closed at
Jones's Wood, New York, yesteiduy morning,
alter keeping up tbe festivities all night.
-Tbe recent rain storms and tornadoes
have done great damage to crops, fences and
bridges lu Sullivan, Montgomery, Delaware
and Chemung counties ot New York.
-The weather In New York continues ex?
tremely hot and sultry, notwithstanding heavy
rains. Tnere were seventeen sunstrokes tbere
-Tne Grand Lodge of Odd Fellows of New
York Stale yesterday elected G. W. Lacy as
grand muster, aud C. W. Clark grand secre?
-A telegram to the navy department an?
nounces the death, on the 8th lust., of Cap?
tain H. K. Davenport, ol the United Etales
steamer Congress, al Carlsbad, Germany.
-Cuban agents are at work in Montreal en?
deavoring to enlist men to serve lo the Cuban
army. Tne government have been apprised
of the fact, and will issue a proclamation warn?
ing her Majesty's subjects against enlistment.
- The balances In me United Slates treasury
at the close of business yesterday were as |
follows: Coin, seventy-two million dollars, in?
cluding ihlriy and a quarter million dollars In
coln certificates: currency, six and a half mil?
-The Texas cattle fever has appeared
among some of the herds at Sangamon and
Morgan County, Illinois, and although as yet
the disease does not appear to spread, the cir?
cumstance has caused quite a panic among tbe
Hotel Arrivals-August 20.
Ellis C. Green, John Wooley, South Caro?
lina; William A. Hofmeesler, New York; B. E.
McManus, Augusta; A. D. McNeill, Lynchburg;
T. M. Cresaey. Northeastern Railroad; J. S.
W. H. Lake, North Carolina; C. H. Manson,
Columbia; Paul Cuppen, wife and child, St.
Helena; H. Crunston, Augusta; W. W. Wall,
C. L. Frievllle, Florida; A. B. Vensome. Quit
man ; A. C. Laughlin, New York; A. B. Knowl?
ton, orsngebiirg; Thomas Brtdgelow, Sulli?
van's Island; S. A. Woods, Darlington; G. M.
Ma?tln, Macon; George Habbell, Memphis; W.
H. Gleason, Florida.
BAYONETS FOR BELFAST.
THE CITY VIRTUALLY UXDSB MAR?
TIAL LAW. 3
Outrageous Plundering of the Rioter*-?
Stringent Heaaures of ttl? Military
Authoritles-The Disorders to bo Put
Down with the Strong Arni.
LONDON-, AU gu st 20. ?.
The rioting In Belfast continued without
abatement yesterday despite a warning pro?
clamation of the Mayor and m agi et rat es. 'The
fighting was kept up by parties of rioters lu
varions quarters with stones, bludgeons and
firearms. The magistrates began yesterday
to swear In constables to assist Ju suppressing
the disturbances. A proclamation wa? Issued
by the Mayor authorizing fh& troops holding
tbe streets to fire upon all riotous assem?
blages offering resistance. All the stores
were closed and business -.was .entirely sus?
pended. Additional troops were sent for, and
are expected to reach Belfast to-day. ^
LATER-The mob yesterday attacked three
large warehouses and made a complete wreck
ol the loterior of the buildings, carrying off
every portable ?rdele and demolishing other
merchandise. The magistrates becoming 'con?
vinced of their inability to restore order, sur?
rendered control of tbe city Into the hands of
the military, thus practically establishing mar
tlal law. The commanding officer ot the
troops issued a proclamation warning all
quietly disposed citizens, to. remain In their
houses, and staling that every person found on
the streets would oe looked upon as a rioter
and treated accordingly. All public booses
received orders to close their doora and not
to reopen them- until permitted by the au?
thorities. .. ?'
LON'DOV, Augnst20-5 P. M.
A dispatch from Belfast thia afternoon says
that the objecto! the rioters In renewing the
di-orders lu that city to-day was plunder. Re?
inforcements l'or tbe troops now In Belfast
continue to arrive, bot the raliway facilities
are insufficient to promptly convey, all destin?
ed for the olty. It is the intention ot the mili?
tary authorities to suppress the disorders.
BURGLARIES ASH BOBBERIES.
The cigar store of air. B. Schur, on Meeting
street, opposite Coalmen, was entered on
Monday night, and robbed of cigars, tobacco
and pipes to the value of about one hundred
dollars. Also, of all the cash In the money
drawer, amounting to two or three do ll ara.
The money drawer was carried off and lett in
the City Park, where lt was found by the de?
tectives yesterday morning containing a nam- -
ber ol Mr. fichu r's receipts and memoranda.
The entrance was effected, by breaking the
lock of the front'door. The burglar must
have been frightened off before he could pack
np a larger supply of smoking material.
On the same night an attempt was made to
enter the cigar.store of "Mri jf.'ifc'B&r^bSif^ ?
directly opposite, which, for some' unknown
reason, did not succeed. A hole, large enough
to admit the band and arm of a man, was bro?
ken in the front door near, the lock, probably
with a view to forcing the sam?l
A lady residing in Ashley street had a sliver
watch and several other articles of eil ver a tolen
from her a few nights ago.
Some persons have been stealing bricks
from the corner of East Bay ind Guignard
Btreets, recently purchased by the city for tbe
purpose of widening the latter street. A large
quantity of bricks have been cleaned and plied
upon it by the city.
Isaac Wise, a small colored boy, slept by
permission at the upper Guardhouse on Mon?
day night. Yesterday morning he was Off at
an early hour, and proceeded to rob the hen
roost of Rebecca Gordon In Morris street He
was caught in the act, however, and carried
before the Mayor, who sentenced him tb
twenty days in the House of Correction.
-Postmaster Trott has requested the chief
of police to prevent auction sales in future
from Oie steps of the Post office. -, . ?
-The Post Band went on an excursion to
Sullivan's Island yesterday afternoon; and en?
livened the passage to and fro with delightful
-James Mahoney, wbowas injured In an
altercation with Thomas Bembert, last Satur?
day night, claims that he was not stock by a
nail, but with a knife.
-We were too last in mentioning Mr. H. W
Schroder among the trial justices who betook
themselves to Columbia yesterday morning.
That functionary, we hear, did not begin his
pilgrimage to the Bing City until last eve?
-A remarkable degree ol peace and quiet
reigned around the Courthouse yesterday, In
consequence of the recent hegira to Colom?
bia or trial Justices and the hangers-on ot their
offices. May their absence be prolonged in?
-An old lady, on entering a store the other
day, said: "Why, lt can't be that you keep
this store yet I I thought you bad gone ont of
business. I ain't seen your name or anything
about yonr store In the paper for over a year,
and everybody In our neighborhood thinks
you have gone out of business."
-The chief of police requests all persona
who were present at the brlckbattlog of a
policeman, by a mob of colored boys on San
day afternoon last, near the west end of Bread
street, to call at the main Guardhouse as soon
as convenient, and give testimony In the case,
which bas been carried up on appeal from a
trial justice's court
-There was no meeting of Council yester?
day afternoon, only seven aldermen being
present-three less than a quorum. Those
present were Messrs. Johnson, O'Neill, Brown,
Voigt, Michaels, Garrett and Sweegan. Sev?
eral other alderman arrived a few minutes '
after the expiration of the time allowed for
-A large Bnsslan blood-ho?nd was brought
to this city yesterday from New York, by Cap?
tain N. L. Coate. It ls said to be only nine
months old, yet when standing will reach to
the hips of an ordinarily tall man, and will
measure abont seven feet from tip of nose to
tip of tall. Its color la black, flecked with
bluish whit? spots. Though very savage-look?
ing, lt ls gentle and affectionate to the_ per?
sons who have lt In charge. It belongs to Mr.
John Wright, of Edlsto.
MOONLIGHT EXCURSION.-The Irish Bide
Club, Captain James Armstrong, had a moon?
light excursion around the harbor laatevenlng,
In the steamer Pocosln. The steamer left
Market wharf at half-past eight o'clock with
the members of the club, in citizen's dress, a
number of invited guests of both sexes, and
the Chlcora Band on board. Tully, also, waa
along to minister to the excursionista. After
steaming around the harbor, for an hour cr
more, the steamer touched at Mount Pleasant,
and the whole party proceeded to the hall, at
the head of the wharf, and there engaged In
the dance uotil the night was far spent. They
returned to the city about two o'clock thia
morning. f Ii r.