Newspaper Page Text
VOT.TTMF. TX.-NUMBER 2071.
CHARLESTON, WEDNESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 4, i872.
EIGHT DOLLAKS A YEABU
KIND WORDS FOR THE NEWS
WHAT OUR CONTEMPORARIES SAT
ABOUT OUR NEW BUILDING.
"The Handsomest Newspaper Estab?
lishment Ever Seen in Charlea ton."
[From the Charleston Republican.]
THE CHARLESTON NEWS IS now permanently
established In Its new quarters, at No. 19
Broad street, and flies the American colors
over its establishment to-day in token of occu?
pation. The Bepublican was the first paper
to notice the purchase b'y our enterprising
contemporary of this valuable property, and
we take pleasure in again alluding to this in?
dication o? i:s growing prosperity. The new
office of THE NEWS is claimed to be the finest
In the cotton States, and is certainly the hand?
somest and best arranged newspaper estab?
lishment In Charleston. The whole establish?
ment ls connected by stairways, hoisting ap?
paratus and speaking tubes, and the whole
arrangements ?or the transaction of business
are admirable. The property and Its i inprove
menta have cost about $20,000, which is con?
sidered, In vleW of the rapidly returning pros?
perity of Charleston, a decided bargain.
..A Graceful Ornament to the City."
[From the Columbia PH oe nix.]
We are glad to note signs of prosperity
where prosperity 1B SO well merited as it ls by
onr highly esteemed contemporary, THE
CHARLESTON NEWS. Yesterday's paper came
to us, the first issued from its handsome build?
ing on Broad street, Imo which lt has just
moved. From the description ot tho stately
structure, we have no doubt that the office ol
THE NEWS ls now, as THE NEWS Itself long
has- bean, a gracelul ornament to the noble
old city, whose Interests it so faithfully advo?
cates, and in whose prosperity it has such un?
shaken, confidence. THE NEWS may justly be
proud of its success, and Charleston of THE
"AI Complete a Newspaper Office as
there ls In the South."
[From the Columbia South Carolinian ]
Our contemporary. THE CHARLESTON* NEWS,
stoved Into KB new and elegant quarters on
Broad street, on Saturday, from whence Hs
Monday paper was issued. This ls enter?
prise, and shows that TUB NEWS IS abreast
. with the energetic spirit of the age. The ap?
pointments of the office, as we gather from
.the minute description In yesterday's NEWS,
shows lt to be as complete a newspaper office
-as there is In the South.
-'An Evidence that the State ls Not
tillite Ruined Yet."
[From the Columbia Union.]
TEE CHARLESTON NEWS took possession on
Ute 1st instant of its new and elegant esta?
blishment, at No. 19 Broad street. The prop?
erty extends from Broad to Elliott streets,
and ls one hundred and sixty-eight feet deep
by thirty-five feet wide. The main building ls
of granite, and is the one formerly known as
the Southwestern Railroad Bank building.
The oroperty cost THE NEWS about twenty
thousand dollars, and ls considered cheap at
that . Thia Is an evidence that the Democrats
do cot consider the State quite ruined yet,
and la aa indication of thrift on the part of an
enterprising contemporary, and we taite
pleasure for both of those reasons in chroni?
cling the event
"A Terror to Corruptlonlsts."
-._D^rjirrithn T.rrnr.-rw R--" '
Tho. enterprising proprietors of THE
CHARLESTON NEWS have removed from their
former place ot business on East Bay, to No.
19 Broad street, the busied portion ot the
.city. Success to THE NEWS and Its proprie?
tors. It Is one among the livest, if not the
livest paper, IQ the Stale.. Outspoken in Its
sentiments, an Intrepid worker in tho cause of
right, THE NEWS ls a terror to all corniptlon
ista, while its proprietors spare no pains or
expense in furnishing the latest news of the
Success to The News.
. .' -?. [From ike Charleston Zeitung.]
THE NEWS .was Issued yesterday for the luvt
time from Its new and elegant quarters, No. 19
Broad street. V7e wish THE NEWS success.
A Warm Greeting.
[From the Charleston Courier.]
Oar contemporary, THE NEWS, Issues from
1 its new quarters, late the Southwestern Rail?
road Bank Building, Broad street, to-day.
.Alterations and repairs have been made to
the building conveniently adapting lt to t!;e
.cew^b?slness to which lt is devoted. Ia its1
mew location we wish lt all the prosperity it
N : : POLITICAL GOSSIP.
The "Louisville Convention-Political
K?ret xYom North Carolina, Maine, ?ie.
WASHINGTON, September I.
The "prominent tonio of conversation among
the politicians here ls the Blanton Duncan
business and the close Identification of the
Grant administration therewith. The accusa?
tion trat $50,000 has been placed to Duncan's
credit In a bank here, to be used by him in
carrying ont his straight-out convention
.scheme, has not been denied, and seems not
likely to be, and may therefore be set down as
A prominent lawyer writing to this city
ifrom Greensboro', N.C., says: "I ihlnk the
Juli str?ngt h of the Radical party in Him State j
varas brought out lo the last election. We are
aioiiudent (even admitting the fifteen hundred
jtoa^rltf of Caldwell to tie an honest return o?
lft<r ?rote) that we can carry North Carolina by
ac least .five thousand for Mr. Greeley In No?
vember; for two reasons : First-Many Repub?
licans who vo.ted tor Caldwell will vote lor Mr.
Greeloy, while the entire Conservative vote
(save a few insignificant exceptions) will be
cast also lor Mr. Greeley. Second-lt will be
impossible for Ute Radicals io brim; the same
influence, monetary and otherwise, to bear in
this $iate in November wblch were used by
them In Hie recent election; the Presidential
election being general, other ?tates will re
- quire consideration at their hands, which win
relieve us to the extent pf a civil liberty vic?
tory In this State." ?
- Notwithstanding the olten repeated asser?
tions in administrationclrcleaand elsewhere
>that Per?am, the Republican .candidate for
; re-el'2cilou to the gubernatorial chair in Maine
will carry the Slate by au overwhelming ma
ttorJty,"lt appears that Governor Pernam him
. -?don't think lt w1U-.be such au easy job.
n ^itjicday a letter was received in this city
by a prominent official, in which he
SSL' oficial to be eure and have all the
SnS^NM who are employed lu the pul*
i? SrrmHn *? to he sent home to vote. Bimi
K??rsTav? ??5? irom the Kep.ib.
leave ol absence.
. TILTRSTING FOR BLOOD.
Disgusting Finale io a Savage Fight.
NEW YORK, September 3.
James Frame blt off the thumb and flncers
of Herman Llpkln In a tight laj-t night. Llp
kla threw a glass tumbler at Frame-, fractur?
ing his BEuli. Both were arrested. Frame
will die. When taken to the station, Frame,
who was crazy, was found drlnkiog the blood
wfcich was copiously flowing irom his fractur
CANTERBURY CATHEDRAL ON FIRE.
TUrtatcntil Destruction or the Whole
Build Ing-tVo Serious Harm Done.
LONDON, September 3.
Dispatches from Canterbury say that the
magnificent Cathedral has taken fire by the
accidental upsetting ot a charcoal furnace,
which was In use by the workmen repairing
the roof. Water was hard to get. and by eleven
o'clock the flames had a Arra hold upon the
eastern end or the roof, over tho altar and
Bhrine of SC Thomas-a-Becket. At this time
lt waa teared that the whole edifice would be
destroyed, and great excitement prevailed In
the town. The firemen now obtained a lull
supply of water, and, assisted by the entire
garrison, went vigorously to work. Shortly
before noon the firemen had the flames under |
control, and soon suppressed them. About
one hundred and fifty feet of the roof was
burned up. Everything that could bo moved
was taken out of the Cathedral before the fire?
men began to play upon the flames.
LONDON*, September 3-9 P. li.
The latest dispatches report that the fire in
Canterbury Cathedral is completely extin?
guished. The shrine of Thomas a-Becket
has not been Injured. Tho Mosaic pavement
ot the Cathedral ls covered with melted lead.
The altar waa deluged with water, and the In?
terior of the edifice is filled with smoke. It]
has been the habit for the past three hundred
years to bold religious services in the Cathe?
dral daily. Thia custom was not broken by
the fire, as the services were held after the
suppression ot the flames.
MISERIES OF A MADHOUSE.
The Experience of an Amateur Lunatic
at the Bingi> a mp ton Asylum.
For several months the management ol the
Bloomingdale Lunatic Asylum bas been under
fire, the last attack being ol a novel kind.
Certain stories of abuse and cruelly told by
discharged patients and attendants were
eagerly caught up and paraded in the news?
papers, to the great discredit of the asylum.
Those concerned in ita government maintain?
ed that Its history and affairs would bear the
most searching investigation, that all proper j
precautions were taken to prevent the use ol j
the asylum for any other than legitimate and
humane purposes, and that the reports to its
prejudice were prompted by delusion or
by malice. Stimulated by the excitement of
these irresponsible revelations, the managers
of the New York Tribune sent their own de?
tective to work up a case against the Bloom
The method was substantially that adopted
by Mr. Greenwood, of London, the "Amateur
Casual," to ascertain the condition of theEo<i
llsh workhouses. A reporter was directed by
written instructions to lelgn insanity, and, if
possible, get himself commuted io the asylum
lor treatment. The purpose waa, first, to teat j
the medical and sclentihe knowledge ot i usan-1
Ity possessed by regular physicians und ex?
perta at Ute asylum; second, to test the nature I
ot the law ol commitment and the manner of |
its execution, and then to make personal ex?
amination of the condition ol the asylum and
the method of treating patterns. To acorra-1
pllsh these ends, elaborate los ?ructions were
given the amateur lunatic, which appear to J
nave been followed with remarkable fidelity.
Having learned bia lesson aud perfected lils
urrangcmenta he went to the Central Grand
Hotel on the evening of the 12th Instant, regis?
tered bis true nmueifuawTO-wrrtgireaiu aroota. '
Tmmermteiy be began showing symptoms ot
queerness and aberration of mind. Trie hal
boys and, wailers soon suspected that he was
not righi:. A friend called upon him, by ar
rangement, whom be refused to recognise,
The servants intimated that the man waa
crazy. The friend, after a consultation at the
office, hunted up a physician, who, from a de?
scription of the circumstances., thought the
man must be drunk or drugged.. He visited
ulm, and prescribed brandy aod peppermint,
which the patient threw out ol the window.
He then took the patient to his office for
irrealer security, and afterwards to his house,
treating him with constant attention and kind
ossa, in spite ol his lunatic freaks and disguises
Meantime the friend and an uncle, also In the
conspiracy, consulted another physician, who
refused to consult with the first on the ground
that he was an irregular practitioner. The
irregular was at once discharged, and the
patient brought to Dr. LOCK row's office. The
doctor studied the case tor an hour or
more, the patient all the time playing bis part
with energy, and came to the conclusion that
it was some species of cranial disorder, and
advised that lie be taken to the- La Pierre
House and put lu charge of a professional
male nurse for the night, lt he became worse
.the doctor Bald it would be advisable to place
him temporarily in Bloomingdale A-.yium.
The patieui's unce consented to this, if after
consultation with a competent Burgeon lt
sh oula appear that he was really Insane. It
waa four o'clock in the afternoon when the
patient, urrived at the hotel; a nurse was ob?
tained, who, with the physician, had charge of
the man during the night. Soon after the
physician left, the patient became violent, the
nurse was frightened, the guests of tha
hotel were alarmed, and until morning
ills conduct was such that nobody lu
the house doubted that the --poor young
"man" was mad. When morning came the
physician heard the nurse's story, watched the
patient still further, called In another consult'
lng physlcan. and at last Informed the friends
that bia mind waa ?.'unsettled,1' and that lt
would be better TO take him to Bloomingdale
or elsewhere. The friends, with the two doc
tere, went to the Jefferson Market police
court, where the physicians subscribed to an
affidavit that the man waa insane, the pa?
tient's uncle said he wished to have him com?
mitted to Bloomingdale Asylum, and Police
Justice Cox, without making Inquiries of these
parlies, all of whom were strangers to him,
gave his clerk directions to make out the
commitment, which he signed, without seeing
the patient at all. It 1& one of the regulations
of the asylu/n that no patient shall be received
without a permit trom one of the asylum cum
mittens, lu the morning ol the day wheo
Justice Cox issued his order of commitment
the uncle of the patient called on a mern
ber of the committee, who said he should
require satisfaction on two points: first,
payment of board for thirteen weeks in
advance ac twenty dollars a week, and
secondly in regard to the patient's con?
dition. He did not care to see bim, but
would like to converse with his physician.
Dy Bklliul management on the part of the
patient aod his -'friends," he contrived to get
admission without compliance with tbe strict
rules of the asylum. And this 1B the end of
the story, so far as it is yet told by the re
porter. The editors say the reporter was con?
fined four days In the ward for violent
patients, when, showing signs of improve
ment, according to instructions, he was re?
moved to another. Last Saturday application
for a habeas corpus lu his behalt was made lo
one ot the judges of tbe Supreme Court by a
member of the bar. The reporter had been
informed that thia would be done, but bad
been instructed to refuse a discharge. The
habeas corpus was made returnable Monday.
But the authorities of the asylum hearing of
lt tho reporter was examined by the superin?
tendent, whose experience enabled him to
detect quickly that the patient was sane, and
on Monday, at the solicitation of the physician
and the legal adviser of the asylum, consent
was given that he should be released without
further legal proceedings.
The scheme was a conspiracy on the part of
the reporter and his employers to impose
"-?on the management of the asylum In order
r.o"etbC"11d Information that could be used
against them. The testimony of a witness
under euch circumstances Deeds to be corrob?
orated to be admlssable. Taking the report?
er's story as It atands, it shows that medical
men not specially practiced lu the treatment
of insanity are not entirely competent to
swear awn.y a man's wits, and certainly
thar, New York police justices have a fro* and
easy way o? consigning people on insufficient
evidence to tbe madhouse.
THE SCIENCE OF GAMBLING.
HOW TO CALCULATE TOE CHANCES.
Something of the Law of Odds.
Now-a-clays, that pretty nearly everything
under the sun hts been reduced by somebody
or other lo a science, lt will not excite much
surprise to see the capricious rules of chance
in general, and ol "i-quare" gambling in par?
ticular, scientifically treated. In fact, the
gambling fraternity has long aero, even when
playing honestly, looked upon the turn of the
wheel of fortune as governed by something
more than mere luck. Every gambler of
note has his -'system," and upon that he
works, and by that Is to a great extent gov?
erned. If he wins, it 1B a triumph for that
.?system;" if he loses.lt Is but another sacri?
fice to insure ultimate success. Even when
ho is --flat broke," he continues firm In the
belief that bad he had more money to sacrifice
he could bave bound fortune to his side forev?
er. A writer in the Cornhill goes into this by
no means uninteresting subject, quietly, but
quite forcibly, basing most ot his arguments
and deductions upon the "(jaming Table," by
LEGITIMATE CHANCE V3. LUCK.
Every game of chance, say's this Teutonic
authority, presents "two kinds ol chances,
which are very distinct: Those relatlog to the
person interested, that is the player; and
those inherent ia the combinations of the
game." That is, we are ta distinguish be?
tween the chances proper ta the game, and
those depending on the luck of the player.
Proeeedlugto consider the chance proper to
the game ii sell, our friendly cheat sums them
all up ia two rules. First: "Though chance
can Diing into tbe game all possible combina?
tions, there are, nevertheless, certain limns ut
wblcti lt seems to stop. Such, lor Instance, aa
a certain number turning ten tl mes in succes?
sion at roulette: this is possible, but it has
never happened." Secondly: "lu ii game of
chance the oftener the same combination has
occurred In succession, the nearer we
are to the certainty that lt will not
recur at the next cast or turo up. This ls
the most elementary of the theories on prob?
abilities; il 1 s termed ''the maturity ol the
chances" (and be might have added that me
belief In ibis elementary theory had ruined
thousands.) "Hence," he proceeds, "a player
must come to the table not only 'lo luck,' but i
he must not risk his money except at the
Instant prescribed by ibe rules ot the maturity
of ihe chances." The philosophical gambler,
In continuing his general logic, advises rou?
lette as the game to be preferred, because lt
presents several ways of slaking money.
Whatever the ambitious aspirant for gambling
glory goea after, however, he ls admonished
to k?ep cool and calm It he gists Into a pas?
sion lt ls all over not oply wit-b, prudence, bur
also wlih good luck. Every player ?ho duds
a pleasure in playing, also, IB ?niormed lhat lie
stands a bigger chance of losing than other?
wise. A prudent player, lurthermore, should I
bf lore undertaking anything, put himself to
the test to see \( he is 'Un vein" or in luck. In
all doubt, he should abstain. The ideas of Stein- ;
mens, though presented as ihe experience o?
the lifd ot one gambler, ure lo a urealer or
lets extent shared by uiost of the fraternity.
They may be Bummed up into, first, his bedel
In bis own luck, and, secondly, his faith li: the 1
turn of luck. When he is considering his own '
fortune, he does not tics' tate to believe tbat,
on the whole, the futea will favor him, though 1
this belief implies ia reaiiiy the persistence of 1
favorable conditions. Oa the contrary, when '
he ls considering the fortunes ol'others who !
are successful In their play against him, he 1
does not doubt that their good luck will j
presently desert them, that li, he believes In 1
ihe non-persistence of favorable conditions In ]
their catt. Taken altogether, the thoughts
may be simmered down Into ihe supers)lilon 1
that there are limits beyond which pure 1
JUauua ii.?h UO jiu 17c. ff lauuJuuujj uvciaw.: '
A REMARKABLE WAGER. j
Among the instances cited by Steinmetz la I
lhat of a bet made by Mr. Ogden, In 1813, of <
jim thous md guineas to one Unit the Beven i
?pot would not be thrown by a pair of dice ten j
Limes in succession. The wager, though egre- i
piously unfair, ws3 accepted, aiM stranger tq i
my "seven" was thrown nido times running, i
li this point Ogden offered four hundred and I
seventy guineas to be "off" the bet, but the
jffer, though beyond the real value of the
chance, was refuged. The thrower (.ried his.
chances for the tenth time, and throwing '
-nine" lost his guinea. Here, ihe original
net was an unfair one, and the refusal ot the
party ot the second part io accept the four y
tiundred and seventy guineas a refusal un- '
warranted by all laws oi chance and mathe- |
matlcs. With a pair ol dice mere are ililrty
slx possible throw.4, and six of t h ese give J
''seven" as the total. Thus the chance of
throwing "seven" ls one-sixib, and ihe chance 1
if throwing "deven'' ten times running ls ob- '
lalned by multiplying six into Iiaeji '
Len times, and placing the resulting
number under the unity, lo represent the
minute fractional chance required. It will be .
round lhat the number thus attained ls GO,
165.1761 and Instead of 1000 guinea?, fairness
required that <J0,4GG.17? guineas Bliould have
Seen wagered against one guinea, BO euorm
3us are the chances against the occurrence qi
Len successive throws of "seven." Evext
igalost ulne successive throws the lair odds ;
would have been 10,U77,59G to one, or about
10,000 guineas to a farlhlug. But when the
olne throws ol "seven" had been made, the
chance of a tenth throw of "seven" was stair j
ply one-sixth as at the Qrst trial. If ibero were :
any truth in the theory ol the "maturity of
the chances," the chance of such a throw ;
would of course be greatly diminished. But .
even taking the mathematical value ol the .
chance, Mr. Ogden ueed In fairnea* only have
offered a oixiii part of 1001 guldens (Hie
amount of the stakes,) or 166 guineas, 17a. 6d.
to be ofl the wager. So thai lila oppouent ac?
cepted In the first Instance an utterly unfair
offer, and refused in ihe second instance a ,
sum exceeding by more than 300 guineas the
real value of iilsobanoe,
TUE MATURITT OP TUE CHANCES.
Closely connected with the theory of the
range ol possibility lo the matter of chance
combinations, ls ihe theory of the maturity of
the chances-"the most elementary of toe the?
ories on probabilities." It might safely be
termed the most mischievous of gambling
superstitions. As an illustration of ine aopii
catlon of ttilB theory, may be cited the case of
an Englishman, once well known at foreign
gambling tables, who had based a system of a
generalization of this theory. lu point of tact
ibe theory asserts lhat wheo there has been a
run lu lavor of any particular eve:;t ihe
chances io favor of that event ure reduced,
and therefore, necessarily, the chances in
favor of otner events are increased. Mow our
Englishman watched the play at the roulette
taolefor iwo full hours, carefully noting the
numbers which came up during that
unie. Then, eschewing those numbera
which bad come up oftenest, he
staked hta money on those which
had come up very seldom or not at a l. Here
wai au Infallible system accordlug io "the
most elementary of the tboories of probabili?
ty." The tendency ot chauce resulta to right
themselves, so that events equally likely lu the
firat instance will occur an equal number of
limes ia the long run, was called Into action
to enrich our gambler and to ruin the un?
lucky bankers. Bu lt noted In passing that
events do thus right themselves, though thia
circumstance does qot operate quite us the
gambler supposed, and cannot be trusted to
put a penny Into any one's pocket. Tue sys?
tem was irle.d, however, and lustead of rea?
soning respeciing its soundness, we may con?
tent ourselves wi ih recording ihe result. On
the first day our Englishman won more than
seven hundred pounds in a single hour. His
exultation was boundless, He thought he
had really discovered the "philosopher's
stone." Off he went to his banker's und
transmitted ihe greater part ol his earnings io
London. The next day lie played und ' lost
fifty pounds; and ihe following day he achiev?
ed the same result, and In a week he had lost
all lils original winnings, except fifty sover?
eigns that be bad wisely preserved to go
ABOUT THE ONLY CERTAIN THING
about chance is the absolute certainty that lu
the long run results will right themselves,
while at the same time experience teaches
that lt ls utterly useless for the gambler to
truet to this circumstance. That the first
statement is true, will perhaps not be ques?
tioned. The reusonlng on which it ls based ls
quite obtuse, but lt hus been experimentally
verified over and over again. Thus, if a coln
bc tossed many thousands of times, and the
numbers of resulting --heads" and --tails" bc
noted, lt is found, not necessarily that these
numbers differ from each other by a very
small quantity, but that their difference ls
small compared with either. In mathemati?
cal phrase, the two numbers are nearly in
a ratio of equality. Again, If B die be tossed,
say, six million limes, then, although there
win not probably have been exaoily a million
Of throws of each face, yet the number of |
throws of each face will differ from a million
by a quantity very small indeed oompared
with the total number of throws,
THE LAWS OP ODDS.
Where the odds of the game, be they howso?
ever small, are against oue, it must be fatal to
continue to play with any nope of victory.
For Instance, let it be assumed for a moment
that the assertion of the foreign g.tmlng bank?
ers Is true, and that the Chancen are but one
and a quarter to two and a half per cent in
their favor. Yet in the lon? run the percent?
age must manifest Its effects. Where a few
hundreds have been wagered the bunk "may
not win one and a quarter or two ant) a half j
on each, or may lose connlderably; but where
thousands of hundreds are wagered, the bank
will certainly win about their percentage, and
the players will therefore lose to a corresponds
lng extent. This Is Inevitable, so only that !
the play continue long enough. Now lt ls
sometimes forgotten that to Insure such gain
to tue bank, lt ls by no means necessary
that the players should come prepared to
strike so many hundreds of pounds. Those
who sit down to play may tot have a tithe ot
the sum necessary. If only wagered once, to
insure the success of the bank. But every
florin the players bring with them may be, and
commonly is, wagered over and over again.
There is repeated gain and loss, and loss and
gain: inasmuch that the player who finally
loses a hundred pounds may have wagered la
the course of the Bitting a thousand, or even
many thousand pounds. Those fortunate
beings who 'torenk the hank" from time to.
time may even have accomplished the feat of |
wagering millions during the process which
ends In the final loss of the few thousands
they may have begun with.
WHY IS THIS THUS ?
Why ls it. Iben, it will be asked, that this
inexorable ? kitv ls not to be trusted ? Simply
because tho mode cf Us' operation Is altogeth?
er uncertain. Ii. la a thousand trials, tnere
has been ? remarkable preponderance' of any
particular' class' of events, li ls not a whit
more probable that the preponderance will be
compensated by a corresponding deficiency In
the next thousand trials trian ptiat if will be
repealed In that set also. The mose probable
result of the second thousand trials Is precise?
ly that rea ul t which. was most probable for |
tue first thousand-that is, that there will be.
no marked preponderance elmer way. But
therp may bi- such a pr?pond?rance, and lt
may lie either way. It ls the Same with the
next thousand, and the nexr, and for eveiy
such set. They are In no way affected by pre?
ceding eyents. In the nature of things, how
can they ber But-'the whirligig of time bringa
In Its reVenges"ln Its own way. The balance
ls restored Just as chance direct?. It may be
in the next thousand trials, it may be not be?
t?re many thousands of trials. We ar? uiter
iy unable to guess wbeq or.how it wm be
ANSWER TO A NEW CONUNDRUM.
What, then, are we to 6 iy of those who
have won money by following a luckv player.
?Imply because they knew him to ba such )
Let tis go back to the mathematics. Suppose
that lt ls knowu by the betting set of a cor
laln county that somebody had -'tossed head"
twelve times In succession. Furc'ier, suppose
this to happen ta every county in thc land.
Mow, these persons are not more likely to
loss a thirteenth head than to los?. About
lialf will succeed In tats thirteenth effort, and
ibout half will fail! Thus, about hall their
tiaukers will win, and about half will lose.
But the success ot the winners will be widely
announced, while the mischances of the losers
-Ul bo ?M?ad?l Thi;. fumoon_lt no
torloiislydoes happen-for-oVv, reasons. First,
?amblers pay lilli* attention to the misfortunes
A their fellows; the professed gambler ls ut
t?rly selfish, and moreover he hates the sight |
if misfortune, because it unpleasantly re?
ntada Mm of his risk. Secondly, losing
?ramblers do not like their losses to bo noised
ibr'oad; they object to having their luckin
?peeled by others, and they are eveu disposed
io bllud themselves to their own Ill-fortune as
Tar as possible.
THE BANKS WIN.
Whatever, however, may be the luck of In
ilvldual ?layers In the Jong run, the bank
.vina. Granting, first, odds such us the
'banks" have in their lavbrj secondly, a suf
Uclent capital to prevent premature collapse,
ind thirdly, a sufficient; number ot customers,
success ls ab80li|iely certain in, thp long run.
The capital of the gambling public doubtless,
exceeds collectively ih? capital of the gamb?
ling banks; but lt Is not used collectively; the
fortunes ol the gambling public are devoured
successively: the sticks wnich would be irre?
sistible as a laggot are broken one by one.
TAKIKQ TUE FIELD.
It ls also easy to understand why in the bet?
ting on horse racing lu this country and
J the rs success ordinarily attends the proles
ilonul b.'tter, rather than ihe amateur, or, in
,he slang of the subject, why "Hm ring," g?is
the advautage of "the gentlemen ?" Apart
"rom his access to socret sources of Informar
tiou the professional better nearly always
"lays ihe odds," lhat ls, beta ?against Individ?
ual horses; while the amateur "takes the
odds," or backs the horse he fancies. Now
Li the odds represented the strict value of the
horse's chance it would be sate lu the long run
to "take" as to "i$y" the oddt. But no pro?
fessional better lavs fair odds, save by mis?
take. Nor is lt difficult to get the amateur to
lake unfair odds. For "backlog* Ia seeming?
ly a safe oouree. The "backer" risks a small
sum lo gain a large one, and if the fair large
sum is u little reduced he still conceives Hut,
he is not risking much.
Such ure a lew of the whys and wherefores
that really unter Into the eihlca ot gambling.
The really scientific gambler ought to know
more or less about allot them ; at ul l events
If lie ever expects to meet mun who have
mude the questionable profession ihe study of
a life. If he knows and calculates all the
time Just what he ls doing, lt may be well lor
him-If he only keeps at it long enough.
Otherwise it will be well lor ihe other lellowa.
. TUE FEE MOST ELECTIONS.
Cheering Partial Return-j.
BORLINOTON, September 3.
Excitement about the election absorbs all
business. It is believed that the Republicans
will carry the Slate by a reduced majority.
A close canvass ol 6ome seventy towns
shows a Liberal strengih ol about 50C0, with
a lew looses hom Democrats who will vote
with the Republicans rather than endorse
Greeley. 'J he polls opened al ten A. M.
RUTLAND, September 3-10 P. M.
The Democrats gain 500 in this town.
MONTPELIER, September 3.
Ten towns which la 1870 gave 1870 Republi?
can majority now give 1002.
Seventy-six towns elect seventy-one Repub?
licans, four Democrats, and one Greolcylte for
the Legislature. The vote for governor In
fifty-seven towns is 15,337 for Converse and
C?24 for Gardner. The straight Republican
tfekets are apparently all elected.
TUE NEW YORK DEMOCRATIC CON?
SYRACUSE, September 3.
Augustus Schell ls growing In strength be?
fore the convention.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
-8enator Sumner sailed irom New York in
-Tue City of Selma has subscribed $100,000
foran iron bridge over the Alabama River.
-A male child, six months old. supposed to
be one of the victims of the Metis disaster,
floated ashore at Providence.
THE STEAIGHT-OtTT CHEAT.
MEETING AND ORGANIZATION OF
THE LOUISVILLE CONVENTION
charles O'Conor's Disquisition on Gov
ment and the Evils of Borrowing
Money-Twenty-four States Nlsreprc.
se nt cet-nie Convention Adjourns In
Confaslon to this Morning.
LOUISVILLE, September 3.
The "3lralgut-out" Convention met to-day
In the Common Pleas Court-room, at the
courthouse. Previous to and during the as?
sembling of the delegates, the Second Regi- j
meni'a Nallonal Band, of Philadelphia, played
At about one o'clock, Colonel Duncan called
the convention to order. The Rev. Dr. Platt |
addressed the Throne of Grace In a prayer for |
concord and peace, and freedom from sec?
tional jealousies throughout the land. Colonel
Duncan then spoke as follows:
Gentlemen of the Convention-It is my duty
tp call this assemblage to order. Iis objects
aro well known, and require no explanations.
We have been derisively characterized as bolt?
ers, mercenaries, Ac, by editors and politici?
ans who have souaht an a liauce with a fac
llon of the Rid leal party, and who have aban?
doned all the principles whicn have hitherto
characterized our organization. It is not my
province to cast reflectioua upon the motives
ut' these leaders, in whose wisdom and judg?
ment we un?oriunuiery confided. Their action
is Invalid and void. IL bas not a bindiup effect I
upon other ludlvldual members of the party,
aud it has already been* repudiated by
hundreds of thousands. No spirit of
presumption or forwardness induced the
geuilemen who acted with me to
appeal to the American Democrats against
tue flagrant violation ol party faith, and uiter
negation of principles Involved io the nomi?
nation ol Greeley. We did lt with higher and
nobler motives. We did lt to vindicate truth,
and to protest against the offered reward for
political treason to one who had occupied
life-time, In the bitterest animadversion of
mose whose support he now bas sought. Ii
our call bud been a lallure our d my would
have been nono the less performed; but there
waa a sympathetic chord in the American
heart which responded In enthusiastic and
harmonious tones to the musician's touch.
There ls an honesty, a veneration for princi?
ple, a deep-rooted desire lor ref- rm In the
hearts of the American people, and the as?
semblage that I see before me to-day evinces,
their earnest Intention to uphold th tut banner
which had fallen from nerveless and Incompe?
tent hands, and to prove that iheold organiza?
tion IB not dead, but only sleeping. [Applause.] j
It has not died of Its corruption, as the latter
day saints proclaim, wno are so eager for lie
destruction. li will not hold out a hope of re?
ward for party treason nor bribes lo secure
generals (romtho enemj's cum p. [Applause.]
The eyes of ihe whole country are directed to
ibis convention, and mauy auxlous hopes are
to be verified or blasted according as wisdom
or its negulive shall be the controlling apiri
ol our deliberations. We can make tuts body
fanons IU history, as the source from, which
ice future policy and destiny ol the country ls
to be shaped, or [hake lt equally JnslgnlQoarit
and destitute ot Influence. We want no hydra
headed plaiform which can be construed ac?
cording to the wishes ofthe reader* (or we have
clear and undoubted theories which have but
one lu io i pre tat; on, whether expounded lu the
North or in the South. We' can have no In?
tent to re-open the questions ot ibe: past
which the sword bas so bloodily decided.
[Great applause.] We will give no encour?
agement to aught lhat looks towards revolu?
tion; nor cai; we, whilst submitting to Lite
Inevitable, and powerless to reverse what had
been accomplished, sattsiy ourselves by com?
mendation tit the acts performed lu violation
ot Uie constitution. [Great appluuse.] We
must seek our alliance upon principle. We
must, If we can, Impress upon the minds of j
v^t'maTJrlLy flfflfifc WmmSkf^m ii'.?
conviction of our booeuty and oar tin
ceriiy, \a behalt of the .measure* tending j
to benefit them. We should prove our \
trlendsnlp by actions which may appease con?
flicts between capital aod labor, through wise
compromises acceptable io both, and whilst
capital has rights which we Mould seek not io
lulrlnge, labor ls entitled to earnest considera?
tion, for lt ls the parent ot wealth, lt Is ihe bone
and sinew bl the laud. [Great applause.'] It
ls a laborious work to at'em pt the reorganiza?
tion of a party, and to create Ita necessary
machinery, far two months every thought,
ol my brilia bas been monopolized,, avery
energy ot my' mind and body directed to the
accomplishment ol that object. The Sincerity
of my motive should avert criticism. If there
have been errora ot omission or commission,
they Bliquld be overlooked, for the spring of I
my action has been the intent to do right, and
aid In the preservation of ihe party, uud ibe
perpetuation ol its principles as the sole hope
for the future of the country. [Great ap-1
plauso.] And now, gentlemen, weary as I j
am in mind aod body, lhere la an absolute
sensation of relief that I can terminate
my sell-imposed duties and abdicate my lunc
itons. [Great applause.]
At the close of the speech Duncan intro-1
duced Levi S. Chatfield, of New York, as tem?
porary, chairman. [Cheers] Tnen followed
Ibree cheers lor Duucan. Chatfield was unani?
mously chosen. Spaulding, of New York,
James Lyons, of Virginia, and Wheaton, of j
Michigan, were appointed a committee to con?
duct Chatfield to ibe chair. Chatfield, on
reaching the platform, said :
Genifcman of the Convention-It ls my first
duty, as Ills my sincere pleasure, io lender
you my hearty thauks for this compliment of
mv selection. The circumstances calling us f
together is me crisis of the Democratic party,
whicn Is stricken down in the home ot its
friends. This calls tur our careful considera-1
Hon, and tue application of such remedies
as are In our po iver. I learned my polltl-1
cal creed lu the school ol Jackson, Madison
and Jefferson, and have never seen the lime
when I desired to abandon lc lor any hear?
say. As loug as the Demoorailc party was
i ru ti io Us principles the people of the
United Bluies were true lo the party. [Ap?
plause.] It only lost Its power wneu
their tendency io centralization got control.
I have no doubt that ll the party had not been
sold out and cloven dowu at the Baltimore
Convention ihe Democratic party would nave
surely triumphed in the approacnlug content.
Their assumed representatives sold out the
party to an old white hat and coat, for, let me
teil yon, that ls all. lhere ia of him. [Ap?
plause.] Tue speaker denied that ihe dele?
gates had any right to transfer lum or his
hearers io Ihe Republican party or Greeley,
[applause,] and said "we are here to see If we
can't correct that ir?.neaciion. We owe ihanks
to Colonel Duncan, PL?ndera, and others, who
were preeeut at that ecene and protested
against the sale and trausfer then and there
attempted. Ue wa? a Democrat; born one,
and would always be oue, aod lt he was Hie
last remaining man here be would wrap the
old fing around and lay bim down to die
ColonelDunoan moved tliatW. M.Terry, of
Michigan, be appolued temporary stcretury.
Carried. Spaulding, ol New York, presented
a sealed letter from Cnarlea O'Conor, and
rousing cheers were given and repeated lor
O'Conor. Spaulding handed Hie letter to Ihe
chairman, who read lt us follows:
NEW YORK, August 31.
To the Democratic National Convention, ap?
pointed lo assemble at .Louisville Septem?
ber 3, 1872:
GENTLEMEN-A representative Democracy
must necessarily degenerate in practice and
become at last unutterably mischievous it Its
official corps be allowed to wield, without ei
feciuai restraint, mose powers correcily de?
nominated legal by which, from the very be?
ginning, and In every clime, civil society al?
most invariably hitherto has been made the
prey of its rulers. When founding our Inst i
inf.cn the lathers were Impressed with
this belief, und, In order lo crush
the tendency of power to aggrandize it
seit,they Introduced regulations of unexampled
complexity. Rejecting two fundamental
bases of the pre-existing system, they yet
adopted tbe English policy ot checks and
balanoes. However useful lt may be in the
land uf three estates, kings, lords and com?
mons, experience has shown that ibis policy
is Inadequate to the maintenance of public
order, where absolute equality ls recognized.
With us it bas proven exceedingly misc!
ou?. Byles enormous multiplying ol ol
alone lt affords no permanently effectua
stralnt upon power. To the Inquiry, bow
a restraint can be imposed lu our com
politicians have responded, "By the
tue and Intelligence of th? people."
this Is a delusive shape. Laborious al
Hon, constant watchfulness and comb
action are necessary to Dractlcable resi
and are unattainable. If our people v
placed upon a sterile soil their perpetual ti
to hand conflict for subsistence with nig<
nature might qualify them for reslstanc
the official plunder. Their poverty woult
mluiBh this temptation and invigorate t
defence; but in a great and prosperous ct
try, such popular guardianship cannot be 1
and the only efficient protection against offi
misrule ls In totally prohibiting those pon
which cannot be effectually regulated by 1
This fact was asserted In the public conn
which gave birth to our constitution, but
recognition was prevented by a want of p
human experience under just systems
government. History furnished no prei
parallels, and consequently the patriot
which saw and appreciated the rlj
was unable lo prove IIB statement or mt
tala an argument by convincing illus,
tiona. Falling to engraft upon tne writ
law the limitations deemed neces>ary,
Democratic bolters Bought a practical est
lUhment of them by advocating strict c
simaloo. This dooirlne was never thorou
ly enforced by any party, and is now tote
disregarded. Hence our present political c
dillon. Far-reaching changes are needed
obviate its evils, and lt ls only by euell chani
that we can successfully Inaugurate the s
ond stage in that grand social reform wh
was Intended by tne fathers. A free and <
lightened people, with capacities matui
under the benign influence of their experlen
we can now delect aud remedy those defe
in their glorious though unfinished wc
which experleuce has developed. Tney li
the foundation. Upon us is devolved ihe di
of completing ihe superstructure. Theoffic
malversation In ibis city and State which w
brought to light during ihe last year Invli
g?qd men to action, The dlsooveries mu
afforded an opportunity of stirring the penei
mind to persistent efforts for reform. The<
ponunlty was Improved, aud, except so far
disturbed oy the Inopportune recurrence o?
Presidential canvass, the current ot popul
sentiment has ever since moved steadily
ihe right direction. Tho desire has been e
tenslveiy entertained that this movemei
originating In the natlqn's metropolis, aboii
be permitted to run Its natural course, dr?
into harmony willi lt sell the honest mase
throughout our country, and thereby lead
the establishment of efficient, self-sustaloli
and permanent barriers against t
prevalent evils. The facts, however, wu
rant an apprehension that .the pendil
conflict lor the control of the Federal pow
has broken In upon the tendency to retort
and may completely reverse Its government
Intermeddling with these concerns of socle
which tinder'judicious laws might beben
Sciai. Iii? real evil actually developed in hi
system by this eminence la assigned lo lt b
cauBe it ls the lruuful parent ot all others e:
isling, und because the measures required i
correct It are precisely those which would e:
ilrpate the uurestralnable powers now mi
cbievously exercised by our officials. If, li
stead ol prohibiting or diminishing this vlcloi
prnoUoe, our people should Impart to lt ne
sanctions and greater vitality, reform mui
become Impossible. Now,- of thia practice
above all omer living Americans, Greeley ls tb
recognized champion,and no body ot organize
oppjneuiB tb lt has ever existed in th
country .except the Democratic party, Yt
by ihe decree of a convention assuming t
represent that party, Greeley has been gase)
Uti aa Ita standard-bearer. Opposition to tbs
proceeding has In my mind a.far deep?
source than A mere attachment to party, a
least I am not unduly influenced by ibateei
liment .as may appear by the measure
adopted against the recent Iv detected munlcl
pal defaulters. lu organising the forces in
employers had equal opportunities for purgln
themselves lor complicity with political pat
ties of every class. Thus innocence has bee
shielded from the discredit of evil assoclatlo;
inadvertently lormed. Official villany stand
iugTu'?gm8ht7 i?t?tt0aii,r/6r??Bi,'fflyh'\?s Um ^refl
cuy aud Stale are united aa a broihernooi
lor the common defence. Aside, then, fror
party sentiment, my views of public In
tereat and existing publlq necessitlei
cumpol me to repudiate tue Baltimore nomi
option of Greeley. Whenever speaking o
writing ou the subject, I have unilormty oou
demoed lt and deulated my readiness io sup
porta Democratic candidate. This clrcum
stance has led io a supposai in some quarter
that I had aspirations to office, and lt, has beet
suggested that my name might be offered ti
your acceptance as a candidate. The objec
ot ibis letter ld tu avoid misapprehension ot
those points. If compelled to decide betweei
Graut and Greeley as candidates for the Pres!
dency, the Democratic elector musi rely ver;
much upon mere conjecture. Those lnciiulni
to the latter as the cuolce of evils suggest tba
a mitigation of the oppressions at me So tul
would result irom hts success. There may
however, be equal ground to hope for that goo
result lu either Issue of ihls rivalry. Once bl
second term shall have been secured
General Grant's only motive for inflictlui
misery on that portion of his countrymen wil
cease. An effort to secure a third term o
establish a dictators nip cannot reasonably bi
apprehended, and consequently ihe oom arl
sou of probabilities offers us merely a blanl
olympiad ou one haud or four years of inde
failguble activity on the other. That wis?
people, whose usages we have generally fol
lowed, bad occaslou to pass tnrough a transl
tory period, somewnut tlmllar to that no?
afflicting Southern interests In meir aciiui
at tue lime, we oould find safe precedents foi
a course bf policy which would promptly rein
state Southern prosperity; but ll lhere be ont
among Hie muster spirits of Ihe. age who,
even if incliued, could not adopt that pollcj
lt ls Gn-eley. The success of General Gram
might Involve no important cons?quences
out that of Greeley would consecrate tin
practices reierred io, which, in my judgment
are aosolutely incompatible with the perma
'nf nee Ol lie publican i ns tl tu Ho na. In say Inf
this, lt is not simply to pronounce for ann
Protectionist ideas. That:qnestlon ls left un
touched. If the support of home industry
against foreign competition ls regarded ast
? sound policy, lt can be effected os far as need
j lui oy much simpler and less expensive ant
I far less demoralizing processes than our over
grown customs establishment. The true poli?
cy ls nallonal regeneration. It ls lar more
comprehensive than mere lree irade. Its aim
ls to break the sceptre or the trading poli?
tician and emancipate the masses. Four
ilfius of ihe governmental intervention now
practiced in carrying on the affairs ol
society should be elspensed wlih. Th?
existing Indebtedness should, Indeed, be
held sacred, aud to the last end be lallhfully
redeemed, but the power of borrowing money
on public credit, eliher by paper issues or
otherwise, should be absolutely unnulled.
Neither the Federal government or any other,
down to the smallest civil dividion of a state,
snouid posj-ess it. It ls Inconsistent wlih the
perpetuity of free Republican institutions. It
is the very lite-blood^f aristocratic rule. For
its fellow, labor, as the bond-slave of capital
in modern limes lt furnishes a limitation In?
dispensable to war. Without that the most
snooting of all national crimes and calamities
would be impossible. Such comprehensive
advances in civilization as are here suggested
may be as yet impracticable' In the old
world. If so the* fact only proves that
ours is the high and holy mission of, first,
making them separate by a wide ocean from
any poweriul nation, mighty in numbers and
intelligence or people, and through their
deep and abiding interest In the country's wel?
fare no external enemy dare assail us. In?
deed lt is manliest to the unperverted reason
that the adoption of efficient curbs upon offi?
cial power ls alone needed to renner ibis great
continent the abode of peace and of human
happiness on a scale of surpassing magnitude,
Even li defensive wars be necessary, the evils
of the power of borrowing money should not
be conceded on lhat account. It must be ad?
mitted that they cannot be carried on without
vast outlays, but money ls not more necessary
than meu. As ihe generation which wages
war must furnish the warrior, why can lt not
also furnish money to feed, clothe and
arm him ? It ls compelled to furnish all the
labor connected with his maintenance and
his belligerent operations. PoBteiity cannot
?ght our battles, nor ls there any necessliy
mat posterity should pay the cost ot ihem.
Our own young men munt do the fighting, ii
ls eouaily In tue power of our old men to do
the bavin". Pay as you go is a maxim not
less sound in political economy thau In prl
vate affairs. If adopted peculation mast . i
cease to pervert the government, and war
could no longer lend a legal sanction to cruel-.,
ty and oppression; and, il as some'"
contend, war ls the normal condi?
tion or" mankind, posterity wl!? -nave '
Its own wars to sustain, and It Is, therefore,-:
unreasonable to burden posterity with debt
tor the cost of oura. Deeply Interested In sup- ?
pressing these ideas, the rulers of the people "
will of course treat them with derision. Bail
lt most suffice for the present thus to submit '
them nakedly on their own merita ann with?
out detailed vindication, alihomth ihelr prin?
ciple is already accepted in subatance by nome
Western Stat ea In their recent cons iltu tiona.
Their advocacy must in the main be deterred'
until the facts and fables of the pending can?
vass shall have ceased to engross attention.
A few brief suggestions will, nevertbe-__
leas, be offered. The power to borrow
money Ia mischievous. Just In proper
lion as the government ls liberal In
form, and as the nation Is prosperous,
Che very constitution of human natunapre- '
oiudes any effectual regulation of Itv lu a *
monarchy there may be some supervision,
but in republics the tendency to abuse le atwo
luiely Incorrigible. No human cfcUl can-ae^"
vise, or human diligence put In force, ade?
quate checks upon Its existence. If allowed
to existai ai; lc must Inevitably be-abused,
md the abuse must progress to an extent ab?
solutely lnto'erable. The mere burden of tax?. -
uion Induced by lt ls the least evil among its
oui progeny. Fraud aud corruption become '
rlnuea under Hs Influence. Statutes to oe Bet
ip as objects of popular reverence and similar
aonors uave. been proposed for Ita cultivators,
iud If lt be nor extirpated wl'l hereafter ce
lecreed to them. A government restraintd
ivilhln the limits of absolnte necessity may .'
De supported by moderate taxation. Still'tne'
nature and amount of taxes Imposed should
ii ways be potent. They should oe plain, vial- ' 1
ile and palpable. De ce i tf al, fraud ul--nt mein- <
Dds, which have been dr vised, draw money
rom the pockets of people without their con?
ciousness ol the imposition, should be abai- ':
shed. Duties and excises for revenue belong
0 this class. Such furtive m?thode.of obtain- fo .
ng money should be known through proa-/..
>cnilonB agalnat criminals. The asserted '
1 illicitly in sustaining toe 'government Under "
sucn a system la unreal The publlo exnen-ea..:
need not be great, and the necessity of raising
ill revenue by taxation at the moment ef ex?
penditure or beiore it. Is susceptible to be
utilized and made the source of great public :*
benefit. Ho we ver tr ut h lui lt may be, in acer- >
tain view ot ihe matter, that air taxes are
ultimately borne by the laboring class, they .
are nevertheless In the first instance col'ected- .
Irom those who possess property, and ir by
uplform usages every dollar required ipr the "
expenses of the government should'be at"
ane? exacted from the taxpayers, a powerful
:laea would-: be enlisted ? in, riuiy^uardlcg
igalnst the official extravagance of Ute gov
?rnment. Mortgages upon labor', .' th?'
nost fate and desirable of Investmente,
s-ould cease, and In their place affrighted . t
ispltallsta could contemplate the onlj - , :
ipproachlng tax-gatherers. In self-defence ".. '?
ibey would then perform a public duty hilbert6,r'
leglected. Leglalatlve corruption would "be
?ffectively opposed. Under tom keen ecruilay_
no map, whese record waa tainted could pass
he ordeal of ?lection. Long, patient Intidy- : '.
)aa convinced me that on ihe practlcabili y of '???>,
establishing precisely this popularaurvelllanco
wig the last hope of our republic. Paternal
ra vern ment is not necessarily mischievous In
i monarchy; but In a republic based upon on!- -
*eraal suffrage it cannot fall to foster innamer
ibie evils, and it ls, In fact, the sum of ali. vii-.,
an les. A government which devotes some of
is powers to putting money in men's -':
Dockets must employ others in . tue
.-x tor? on policy., lt Involves ? COE tin- ,
ions career ol rapine and favoritism. My ,
jeep aversion to ail those things has lo du ced '
neto encourage the movement - which you .. '
-epresent, and doubtless my name will- ba ,
presented for yonr consideration fora nomi-. ' -
patton.. In that event I beg leave respect?
fully to withdraw lt. The strength and em- - -
phasls which have marked the language em?
ployed by some gentlemen in address ina. nra.
on the subject must be my exouse for Baying li ' '
what follows. Success should of-coors** be .
Ibe object. In the present condition or affairs v
jP'uriHrt/f??'llr "???Affe#,,veu.ho*f ?ature ii nm T" . .
roany equally reliable as reformers, probably "
inore capable ct poolta office and yet leta "
ikely io combine formidable elements J>l.v.i
appobltlon. I could ?:ot ccneeat to- sub- ..
scribe to a platform containingelth'er? proies
lion Of tal th or a recantation' vf errors and a o?
promise of amendment. The exist? ne-: prac- -.
Lice-requires thia, and- .that .practice may n?u?
be abruptly set aside. Lore of that absolute
Independency which can hardly be maintained3
in pu ol to office, adestr? to promote 'your SOQ
cets instead of Impeding it, and a belief that I .<?.
can there best .perform tbe Individual citl-.. .
zens quota ol puoilo service, have created la -l
my mind an unalterable resolve to remain in - ?
private station. Yours truly, -
O'C?ner'a letter was referred to the' commit- :
tee on platform. The committee on criden- .'?
tials was - as follows : New .York, Van Alien;
South Carolina, Stokes; Pennsylvania, Jacobe; .-,
Maryland, Backet ts; Delaware, Brown; Chlo, .
High; Michigan, Wheaton; Georgia, Ramsey; '
Illinois, Hanley; luciana, Brannan; Kansas, '
Brooks; Wl?conalo, Sennen; Iowa, Seaierf-...
Missouri, Williams; Kentucky, Gerger; Ten-'".:
nessee, Parish; North Cirolina, Trout; Weat 1
Virginia, Vaoce; Colorado,' Bryant; J?ew Jer?
sey, Power; Mississippi; Price; Virginia,.Bej*
Ilinne; Nebraska, Brook; Alubima. N'-smith,
No other State responded. Conmslon, which,
the chair waa unable to check, made1 tc impoa
8ible to hear The proceedings. When Calliornia
waa called, Bayard, ot New Jersey, read bia .
authority irom the Democratic committee of
that 8iate to represent lt. Upon motton;-Biy?""
ard waa allowed to reposent the State. Fen-it i
ding th- call of Slates, VaUaudlgbani, of,Ken-,.. .
tuckv. moved ibat the convenu DO adjourn tb
the 20ih ol November. [Cries, "Put Ulm mt," 1
'.put bim out."] Vailandlgham's friends .7
claimed his motion was a practical .
Joke. The committee on permanent pr
.ganlzatlon, one irom each State,' was. ?
ordered, and twenty-four Slates, respondedr
Bayard, of New Jersey,, represents Caltlornia -
on this committee. Alter a recess the con* ,
ventiou met, and a lrlend apologised for Val
landigbam, who therefore waa excused and '
resumed bis seat. The committee on oreden?^r:
liais asked time, which was granted. The
chairman of ibe credential committee made
an informa! report ihac there waa entire har- "
moby in the body; whereupon the band played. ! ?
Nooody conteated a Bingle seat. Ferry,, of (?jj
Michigan, reported from me committee on per?
manent organization: President, James Lyons,
ot Virginia; vice, Blohards, of lHtaoiBv*'and?::*
one irom every Stale . represented. ? ; Mc.
Bayard, of New Jersey, who also representa
California, moved that Blanton Duncan be
first vice-president. Adopted. Lyons, of Vir?
ginia, when conducted to the chbir. ridiculed;- r
the Greeley party as the '"Dolly Varden ,
party." A committee on resolutions waa ap?
pointed. A motion to add the labor delegate .
from New York to the committee on r?solu- f
ilona caused great confusion. The charmian
refused to entertain any motion, and open ..
motion the convention adjourned to nine to?
JAY COOKE, MCCULLOCH ? co.
No. 41 LOMBARD STREET, LONDON.
COMMERCIAL CREDITS, } f. v (
FOR TRAVELLERS, AVAILABLE IN ALL PASTS
OF THE WORLD.
JAY COOKE A CO.,
NO. 20 WALL srREBT.
TiOWLES BROTHERS & CO.,
I LONDON, PARIS AND BOSTON
HO. 19 WILLIAM STREET,
CIRCULAR CREDITS for Travellers, available
throughout the world. Bills ct Exchange and
Telegraphic x'r ana ie ra on anspart of Europe tn
annis vo out, may?-*_
:-..' ag '..'.; : . . . 'i:,^