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VOLUME IX.-_NUMBER 2070 CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 2, 18^2._EIGHT DOLL4HS A YEAR.
TETRKISH LIFE REVEALED.
AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF A TURKISH
WOMAN OF HIGH BANK.
Tile Wonderful Woman, ot Melek
Hannm, the Wire ot Heliemet
In a volume J usc issued by Harper & Broth?
ers, entitled ''Thirty Tears In the Harem; or,
the Autobiography of Melek-Hanum, Wile Of I
H. H. Klbrlzll-Meheinet-Pasha," we have' a |
true story of Oriental Ute, replete with Incl,
dents and adventures as strange as anythlDgj
In the "Arabian Nights." The book reads like j
an extravagant romano?, and yet the charac
. tera to whom lt Introduces us are, many of I
them, personages of historical celebrity, while [
some of the events described In Its pages lorm
the foundation of one of the most extraordi?
nary lawsuits on record, a case which is now
pending In the couria.
The authoress, wbo in this book tells the
story ofa most eventful life, was born In Con?
stantinople. Her mother was a Turkish wo?
man of Georgian ancestry; ber father wast
French merchant, who, at the lime of his mar?
riage, was engaged in business In Constanti?
nople^- Melek-Hanum, the brilliant and gifted
lady, who has taken the world into her confi?
dence by tbe publication of this autobiogra?
phy, at the early age ol thirteen was Inveigled
Into matrimony by an English doctor attached
to the household of the Sultan, a man twenty
yean older thaa herself, and an Inveterate
miser. For five years she was a slave to the
caprices of this Individual, after which, at
his suggestion, she was Induced to make a
Journey to Borne, in order to enjoy the lellclty
o? forming the acquaintance of her mother-in
law. The results ot her meeting with her |
mother-in-law were numerous domestic mis?
understandings, resulting In a dlvcrce. The
mother-in-law succeeded In retaining the con?
trol ol Melek-Hanum's two children, a son
and daughter. Melek-Hanum, after ber di?
vorce, departed tor France, being escorted to I
the ?ronlier by tbe sbirri, at the instigation of J
When Melek-Hanum arrived in Paris, Fety
Paaha was ambassador for Turkey at the court
of Louis Philippe. She was presented to Ms
Excellency by a relative. At the Bame time
abo made the acquaintance ot Klbrlzll-Mehe
met-Paeha, wbo was then military attache to
tbe legation. At the first interview between
the lady and Kibrlzll-Mehemet, the Turkish
official fell <t willing victim to the charms of
bis countrywoman, and, as she testifies, show?
ed himself lull of attentions and regar? for
her. These advances were soon followed by
an offer of marriage, which she was well dis?
posed to accept. Both Bhortly ai ter ward re?
turned to Constantinople, where the marriage
of the lovers was celebrated. Among the
Turks tbe nuptial ceremony Is very simple in
the case of those wbo bave been married be
lorev The lady draws near to the door of the
barem, the bridegroom and the imam or priest
are on the other side. The latter asks each of
the parties three times whether he or she, re?
spectively, wUl take the other In marriage; on
receiving a response In the affirmative, thrice
repeated, he recites a few prayers, and retiree j
after taking a glass of sherbet. The witnesses i
-th?n-fro*-?> **ym+r l^fmi th,a h"?K?nH onion tho [
barem, offers his band to his bride, and re?
mains alone with her.
Soon after this wedding Mebemet-Pasha
was promoted to be Governor of Jerusalem,
which opened & field suited to the ambitions ?
designs of bia Wife. It appears that the prac?
tice of present-taking had prevailed to so
great an extent in Jerusalem under previous
administration s as to have caused some scan?
dal even In Constantinople, where the civil,
service ls notoriously corrupt In theijatrem e.
On thlasubject the authoress mye:?*T
Before we left Constantinople, Re s li id-Pa
ana, my husband's patron, whose sentiments
he Bhared, had spoken to me In the following
terms: "You are going to Arabia; do not, X
beseech you, accept any present. We have
promised noon oath tnat nothing more shall
be received by the governors and other offi?
cials on the part of their subordinates. I
trust, therefore, that you will give no cause of
complaint on that score."
"t?urely not," I replied ;" my husband shall
not receive any present, since you have for?
bidden bim; bnt you cannot oblige meto re?
?ase what tbe ladles may choose to offer me;
that bas nothing to do with - politics or with
*g8f conree not," he rejoined, with a smile.
Mehemet-Pasha, iberelore, refused all the
presenta that were offered to bim, and when J
this toas ascertained they were always sent \
Mebemet-Pasha having been fairly Installed
as governor ol Jerusalem, his wire began to
Improve the opportunities afforded for Increas?
ing the family property to the best of her
ability. The candor with which she explains
N tbe manner in which the habit of present
taking was practiced, and that of preaent
" giving was encouraged nuder her adroit man?
agement, ls really refreshing. For Instance, to
quote ber own language :
There were three principal convents in Jeru?
salem at that period-the Franciscan, the
Greek and the Armenian. No repalra nor any
change could be tffeoted In either of them
without the permission o? the Pasha; and he,
having pledged himself to accept no presents,
waa never in a burry to accede to their de?
mands; so the good fathers adopted the expe?
dient of applyiog to me, and endeavoring to
secure my favor lu their interest. One or
other of these bodies would send me, some?
times a beautiful watch, sometimes a diamond
- pin or pearl necklace: in fact, they seemed to
- oe rivalling each other In their mania for
Again she says with charming frankness :
The'Jews, as natural, remained at the tall o?
the presents-offering multitude. The steward
of our household, a man who knew the secret
ot extracting money from people's pockets,
came one day to Bay that, if he pleased, he
wouMrflnd the means of getting me tar more
from the Jews than I had obtained from all the
others. "Do whatever you think flt," I re?
He went, upon this, and told the rabbis that
be warned them, In their own Interest, the
governor Intended to make them take away
an enormous heap of rubbish that Impeded
the traffic in the neighboring streets, and had
been accumulating, for probably forty years,
at the back of one of their synagogues. "I
fear," added the crafty steward, "that you will
only be allowed one day to effect its removal." j
At tbls news the Jews were thrown into
"Alas !n they cried. "It ls impossible to re?
move snob a mass In less than several months'
labor, and without great expense; but, my
iriend," said they to ute Informant, "there ls
surely some means of appeasing your mas?
"No," he replied, "he Is Inaccessible to
every Influence; but If you will listen to a j
friend, I will tell yon that the bet-1 Intercessor |
witb the Pasha hybla wile."
"Ahl what good advice you Riva, us,''they
exclaimed; "we know now hov*-to escape
from tbe latal difficulty which, no doubt, some j
enemy ot ours bas suggested to the gov?
On the morrow they sent me a beautiful
casket, containing several pearl necklaces,
and ten thousand francs in gold, lt need
not be said that they never heard anglhing \
more about the nuisance or its removal.
In the absence of the Pasha, Melek-Hanum
was accustomed to take the exercise of authori?
ty into her own bands, and when occasion re?
quired she acted with promptitude and vigor.
j For Instance, finding her palace besieged I
furious crowd ot Arabs, she half covered
face with her shawl, and presenting herBel
the head of the staircase fearlessly addres
the howling mob:
"What la the matter, my friends, that ;
raise such an outcry ? Tell me what you wi
and although the Pasha is absent, I will
what I can io oblige you."
"The matter ?" said one of them, who
Seared to be one of the ringleaders. "Tl
ave lately established, at the gales ot
city, a duty upon all the merchandise we br
in, In such a manner that we are obligee
pay before we have sold anything; moreot
the license to collect this tax bas been c
ferred upon a Frenchman; so that we are I
lng to enriob an Infidel. We wish the dut]
"I am on your side," I answered; UI I
pledged the Pasha not to Impose thia tax, l
an order lrom the Sultan compelled him to
so, and he was torced to obey; the French rr
of whom you complain is not responslt
Moreover, we have written to Constantino
lo ask for the suppression of this levy; in t
or three days we shall receive a repiy; tb<
is every reason to believe that the Padlahi
who ls a father to bis subjects, will grant l
abolition which we have solicited."
At these words they all cried out, UG
bless the wife of our Governor ! Allah prot<
our Pasha ! Long live our Sultan ! Ami
"In praying tor your maBter, you do wei
I replied; "tuways continue to act thus, a
you will obtain whatever ls Just. Bemm
your homes, and as soon as the answer arrlv
it shall be proclaimed."
They withdrew, satisfied at the result
their proceeding. As for me, I was belt
pleased to aee them depart than I cared
show. I relumed to my apartments attend
by their clamorous blessings.
The next mornlug I summoned the Cavs
baschl, and asked bim the names ot the prl
cl pal autbora of the disturbances ot the d
belora. He named fifteen. I Immediate
dlreoted him, as usual in such cases, to sel
them-an order which was executed belo
they left their homes. They were lorthwl
sent Into exile, and were not permitted to i
turu until their spirit had been complete
subdued. It may be that some among the
were innocent, but in such affairs lt teems pr
fer able lo run the rtekol Inflicting some sllg
suffering boib on the Innocent and the guilt
rainer than to excite popular passions by pr
ceeding In the regular course of Justice I
order to apportion the blame attaching
each. In th: East these nice dictincttons a
not attended to; guilty and innocent are arres
ed, and chastisement Inflicted upon them.
After a time Mehemet-Pasha was recalle
from Jerusalem and appointed Governor i
Belgrod, and, while there, Melek-Hanum gav
birth to a son, whom his father named Must!
In the year 1848 Mehemet-Pasha was a]
pointed ambassador to the English Cour
partly, Melek-Hanum says, In consequence <
her personal influence with the Grand Vlzlei
AB religious customs and prejudices forbl
Mussulman wives to accompany their hui
bands Into a Christian country, the Pasha lei
his wife at Constantinople on bis departut
for the Court ot St. James, establishing her 1
a luxurious residence, with slaves and domei
tics In abundance at her command. His leav<
taking was most affectionate, and the sorrow
lng wife at that time little thought that thos
adieus were the last that were ever to be ei
changed between them. Mehemet-Pasha ha
not been long In England when an event o(
curred which led to the most serious cons<
quences. The only son of the Pasha, Djehac
Bey, was naturally of a sickly and feeb!
constitution, and be was attacked b;
an Illness which threatened to terminate fatal
\T ?n rr-- -a-e Agaa dan ,r> ?Kg.,?nd j?
last the physicians lost all hops of his recove
ry. This caused the mother frightful anxiety
not only on account ot her love tor her child
but also lrom more selfish consideration!
Mehemet-Psjha was devotedly attached to bl
son, whom he regarded aa hla future heir, am
Melek-Hanum dreaded lest her husband sbouli
take a second wile In case the boy should die
and her own influence over bim be lost. Thi
feverish excitability which this apprehensioi
inspired could not be concealed from the eyei
of the household, and a woman named Fat
mah, to whom the Pasha had Intrusted the
management ot the harem and the supervision
ot the slaves, succeeded In learning the canst
ot ber uneasiness. At the suggestion ot thle
woman, Melek-Hanum waa Induced to pro?
cure lrom a needy woman a boy child to re?
place the dying heir, and In due time Mehem?
et-Pasha had the Intelligence conveyed to bim
that be was the lather of another soo.
And now the troubles of Melek-Hanum began
In earnest. The deception praotlcod on her
bnsband had been entirely unnecessary, as
the real heir recovered, and ls still alive. But
Fatmah and a eunuch named BeBblr, who
knew all the circumstances ot the fraud, elated
by the power they had acquired over their
mistress, assumed all at once the aira of mas?
ters, and ruled the whole household, Melek
Hanum Included, with unbounded insolence.
At last they came to quarreUIng between
themselves and the situation of affairs became
Insupportable. So Fatmah was bribed to take
her departure, which she did, leaving the
eunuch sole tyrant In the house. A; month
alter Fatmah'a departure, on ihe occaBlcn of a
reception whloh brought many guests to the
palace, the treacherous woman unexpectedly
made her appearance, and with the assistance
of a confederate succeeded lu murdering her
late rival, the eunuch Beahlr. This occurence
was used by the enemies ot Melek-Hanum to
work ber destruction. She was accused of
the murder ol the eunuch, and arrested by the
police. Her money and jewelry were taken
from her, and at a latter day banded over
to her husband. Mehemet-Pasha was sum?
moned from London, and to appease the
clamors of his enemies he repudiated his wife
by procuring a divorce, soon aller which be
married another woman. Melek-Hanum, after
remaining in prison some months, was ban?
ished to Asia Minor. Of course, the facts In
relation to the spurious heir came to light
while these events were transpiring, and the
suspicion was aroused that there might be
some doubt in regard to the birth of Musta
pha-DJehad-Bey. The Minister Of Police
thought lt necessary to question Melek
Hanum on ibis point, and she, indignant at
her husband for repudiating her, undertook to
revenge herself by refusing to give any satis?
factory explanation on the subject. Her con?
duct produced the desired result. Mehemet
Pasha, having beenlntormed that bis divorced
wife had refused to proclaim distinctly the
legitimacy of his son, DJehad, found himself
constrained to separate from bim.
For nearly twenty years Melefc-Hanum re?
mained in Turkey after her divorce, during all
of which time she was engaged io combating
the intrigues of the enemies who continued to
persecute her. Her adventures during this
period ol her life were as stiange and inter?
esting as those which have been briefly de?
scribed In this article. In 1866 Melek-Hanum,
overpowered by the number and vindictive?
ness ol ber influential enemies, her husband
In the meantime having been advanced to the
Important post of the Grand Vizier, deter?
mined to flee to Europe, and, with her daugh?
ter, she finally succeeded In escaping.
Here Melek-Hanum's wonderful story some?
what abruptly ends. Fortunately we are ena?
bled to add a little Information of a most
Interesting character to her uncompleted his?
Mustapha-DJehad-Bey, the son of Mehemet
Pasha and Melek-Hanum, who was discarded
by his father, as already described, and who is
now a young man of twenty-five, bas passed
through eoenes of as varied and eventful a
character as those which checkered his.
mother's life. Left to his own resources when
be grew up, he went wandering around the
world, experiencing extraordinary vicissitudes
in the different countries. At one time he
was a domestic servant In Ejrypl; at another
he was a lay inmate of a couvent in Venice;
afterwards he served as a soldier with the
Papal Zouaves. Finally be made his way to
England, where he met his mother, who told
him the true story of his birth, and explained
her reasons for refusing to atteBt his legitima?
cy. DJebad has entered suit to compel the
recognition of bis claims as lawful son of
the late Mehemet-Pasha, and the legitimate
heir to all lils vast estates. The ault ls to be
tried In Constantinople, but DJehad bas en?
gaged English solicitors to prosecute his claim,
and as his mother ls ready to testify in sup?
port of his pretensions, lt is the impression in
English legal circles that very likely he may
gain his suit.
This spicy book is for sale at Fogartle's,
King street. _
A WAIL FROM WILLIAMSBURG.
The Antics of the lt ail leal Convention
No Change for the Better In tbe Ticket
-The Br ca kl rt g Up of Frost-What
[FROM O DR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
KINQSTRBE, september 30.
The Moses Convention for the nomination
of county officers was held in the Coin thouse,
in Kings; ree, on Saturday last. The meeting
commenced at ten o'clock in the morning.
Swalls was elected temporary and afterwards
permanent chairman. It was really funny to
sit off In a corner and watch the motlona and
manouvres of certain low white scalawags
and carpet-baggers who tried to monopolize
and wire-pull everything to suit themselves.
The poor, Ignorant and Inexperienced negroes
were thrown completely in the shade, and,
when some of them were Baml-oocuslonully
recognized to have the floor, and made a mo?
tion, the result was almost invariably lo have
toe motion declared out of order by the par?
tisan chairman, wbo lt was manliest had cer?
tain pet schemes to carry out, and certain pet
candidates to have nominated.
The convention sat, with open doors, till
about twelve o'clock at night, when lt fiulshed
its laborous work and adjourned sine die. The
only changes made were one new man in the
House ol Representatives, who ls as black as
the ace of spades and entirely illiterate; a new
school commissioner, a colored man, with
only such a sight smell at education as he bas
been able lo obtain since his emancipation, In
the place of a very competent white man; and
a white illiterate scalawag In the place of ano?
ther ot tbe same stripe on the board of county
commissioners. With these exceptions, the
whole ol the present Incumbents were renomi?
The principal fight was over the reno ul na?
tion ot F. H. Frost, a copper-colored mulatto
from Charleston, who has served thia county
one term In ihe House of Representatives.
Wnat right he baa to represent this county Is
more than I can understand, for he was born
In Charleston, and resides in Charleston yet.
He comes up here and pays us a vlBit about
election time, but the most of his lime, when
not lo Columbia, be lives In Charleston, and I
aaw him yesterday morning alter the adjourn?
ment ot the convention on bis way to ihe de?
pot to lake the cars for Charleston.
8wu.Ua bad to give up the chair to a vice
president, and, taking ihe Bland, bellowed
forth Ihe past achievements and noble qualtfl
cations of his friend with all his tnlgm and
main till he made himself hoarse. Frost
himself took the eland, and said, by way of
giving the tl Dishing stroke to what Swalls had
said, that he did not ask any Democrat for his
praises or his plaudits, and that he did not
tbank them for either plaudits or votes, and
he hoped they would hereafter mid their own
business and let him alone. This speech bad
the desired effect, and he waa renominated,
though with some difficulty.
The result of the convention gives no
promise of any Improvement upon the char?
acter ot the officers with whom we have here?
tofore been affilcted. All the Radical lnflu-'
ence ls for MoseB and his ticket
If the W!">IM State la in the condition we are
lo Williamsburg; I would conclude, with all
the reverence and deep, heartfelt humility and
earnestness I can command, "May God, In His
infinite goodness and power, bave mercy upon
the people of South Carolina." A DEMOCRAT.
"ONE MORE UNFORTUNATE."
Distressing Suicide of an American Girl
The Pall Mall Gazette, of September 10,
gives some touching particulars of the suicide
at Waterloo Bridge of the youmg American
woman who a day or two previously had
drowned herself. The Gazette says:
Her name was Ailee Blanche Oswald, and
she was within a few days of completing her
twentieth year. At the Inquest Ihe following
letter was put in and read:
173 H iou STREET, SHADWELL, LONDON, f
September 3, 1872. j
The crime that I am about to commit, and
what I must suffer hereafter, is nothing com?
pared to my present misery. Alone in London,
not a penny or a friend to advise or lend a
helping hand, tired and weary with looking
for something to do, falUng In every way,
footsore and heartweary, I prefer death to
the dawning of another wretched morning.
I have only been in Britain nine weeks. I
came as nursery-governess with a lady from
America to Wick, in Scotland, where she dis?
charged me, refusing to pay my passage back,
giving me ru v wages, ?3 10s. After my ex?
penses to London I found myself In this great
elly with only 6s. What waa! todo? I sold my
watch. The paltry sum I obtained for that soon
went in paying for my board and in looking
for a situation. Now I am destitute, every
day Is a misery to me. No friend, no hope,
no money; what 1B lett I Oh, God of Heaven,
have mercy on a poor, helpless sinner; Thou
k no west how I have striven against this, but
fate ls against me. I cannot tread the path ot
sin, for my dead mother will be watching me.
Fatherless, motherless, home I have none.
Oh, for the charity of Christian hearts. I am
now mad; for days I have foreseen that ibis
would be the end. May all who hear ot my
death forgive me, and may God Almighty do
BO, before whose bar I must soon appear.
Farewell to all, to thia beautiful and yet
ALICE BLANCHE OVWALD.
I am twenty years of age tba lath of this
The Jury returned a verdiot of suicide while
in a state of temporary insanity.
THE VALIDITY OF THE CODE.
The following ls an abstract from the
opinion of Chief Justice Moses, in ihe case of
ex parte Theodore DeHay:
Held-TJnlesB the time when a Statute ls to
take effect is fixed by some constitu? Ional or
legislative requirement, lt has validity lrom
the moment of its passage. A statute can only
be repealed by implication to the extent ot Hs
repugnancy, or BO far os the provisions of the
old statute are Incompatible with the new, and
ls never held repealed unless the repugnancy
ls plain and unavoidable, or unless the latter
act takes some notice ol the former, plainly
Indicating an Intention lo abrogate lt. The
proposition that the general statutes of South
Carolina are Inoperative, because section 2
of chapter 146 declares that they "shall take
effect and go into operation from and after
the-day of-," the blanks having never
been filled, cannot apply to the positive enact?
ment of March 9, 1872, as to the sitting of the
court for Fairfield; for its terms In reference
thereto are direct, positive and mandatory.
Besides, the lille ol the act shows that the
code of procedure, In the contemplation of the
Legislature, remained of force.
The prisoner having been transferred, with?
out a trial by a competent jurisdiction, from
the custody of the sheriff to the penitentiary,
he Is out ot the custody of the sheriff without
warrant of law, and should be remanded to
WORKINGMEN IN ENGLAND.
STRIKES AND THE EXORBITANT
PRICES IN PROVISIONS.
In the Mines and Worluhopi of Britain
-How tbe Laborers ar? Treated
Struggling for an Kxlstence.
[Correspondence of tbe New York SOD.]
LONDON, September 10.
Editors and other guardians ot tbe public
weal are loud In denunciations ol strikes.
Much sympathy is expressed for persons of
fixed incomes, who can afford only a certain
amount for a certain tblng, and when prices
rise they have to make shift with less in pro?
portion. Those with ?1000 a year, we are (old,
cannot live as well now and occupy so respect?
able a position In society as they oould a few
years ago on ?800 a year. They have to stint to
keep up appearance, and curtail lu all direc?
tions. The universal demand ot tbe laboring
population for shorter hours and more pay
opens tbe sorry prospect of Increasing hard?
ship. These large-hearted sympathizers and
denouncers lose sight of the corollary that
the poor man cannot make ten shillings go
as far now as eight shillings a lew years ago,
and that his stinting implies absolute depri?
vation of the necessaries of lite. The tact that
high prices have In every instance preceded
the rise In wages, and that where advances
have been obtained tbey are out of all propor?
tion to tbe advance In prices, is altogether
The coal miners are held responsible for the
present exorbiiant prices of coal; they are too
lazy to work, and they want more money. Io
some districts they have hardly recovered
from the reductions that were made as late as
two years ago, and they were made on the
plea that tbe stock on hand waa unsalable at
the old rates. Since the; revival of trade,
however, ail the old stock produced at the
lowest wages has been disposed of at the
highest prices, and the recent advance of
wages does In no case exceed t? j a ton, or 2s a
week to the miner, while within i he last two
mouths coal has rlBen 5? a ton at the plt'a
mouth, and 10s a lon In the London marker.
The prices set down by the coal owners of the
North for the month ot August are more than
double the prices during the Bame month lost
year. The Strafford Main Colliery, near
Barnsley, in South Yorkshire, has lsued tbe
price list for the current month as follows:
Best coal, per ton, 20s; wallsends, 18s; hards,
16s; outs. 15?; cobbles, 12s, and slack, 8*. Last
year the best realized little more than 9a a
ton, cobbles brought from Si 61 to 4s, and
slack was Bold for 2s a ton.
What the miner gets as his share In this
wonderlul prosperity is just two and one-half
pence a ton more than be had last year. Bul
the miners are determined not to produce any
dead slock agalu if they can help it, to have
the little advance taken off aa soon as the
present extraordinary demand subsides. They
are bent upon working only eight hours a day.
and tho coal owners must accede to their de?
mand. Not long ago tba Staffordshire coal
owners consented to the eight hours1 working
day, and now they are quarrelling whether
thu meu shall be lu the pit at six lu the morn?
ing or only at ibe mouth ready to descend.
The men are as obstinate as their mantera.
The masters demand that the men shall de?
scend and ascend In meir own time. The
men want to split the difference. They
have no objection to come up In their
own lime in tbe afternoon, but (hey
strongly object to going down In their
own time In the morning. A conference be?
tween a hundred coal owners and six dele?
gates of the miners lasted; three boura, but
neither party could persuado the olher. Mass
meetings were held after Ibu conference, aud
resolutions passed not to give In.. The.house
coal colliers in the Bhonda Valley of Wale?
had an advanoe of 2d. a ton on the first of
July, and they ara now In hopes of gelling
another 2d. It Is on the Btrenglh of such ad?
vances that a Midland coal owner proclaims
lu the Times that the requirements of the
miners' lamllles are so much below their
present wages that numbers are found the
day after pay day lying about the roads and
fields In a state of intoxication, and that all
the leisure they have gained Is spent In pot
THE IRON WORKERS.
The iron trade is lu the same position as to
prices as the coal trade, and lt 1? the demand
of the iron trade for coal, holli at home and
abroad, Lbat has made? coal so cosily. For
twenty years the average price of bar iron did
not exceed ?6 a ton. Two years ago ll rose to
?8; lt ls now above ?14, older kinds ot iron in
proportion, and the nine-hour movement ls
responsible lor that. The Increase uf th?
wages of the iron workers bears the same re?
lation to the selling price of iron as tha in?
crease ol the colliers' wages bears to the sell?
ing price of coal. The Iron masters are reluc?
tant to book orders even at the present high
prices; they want more. However, there ls no
alarm among the editors about the price of
Iron, because lt does not enter so Immediately
Into every day life. We do Hot bny pots, ket?
tles and pana every day, but we like to put
them on the fire every day with something io
them, and the costlier these articles are the
less we procure. The workingmen strike and
the moment they do so they are reproached
with causing the Increase In price ol every?
thing. It must be remembered, says au aris?
tocratic print, that wages and prices go to?
gether, and that If the collier wants higher
wages the town operative must pay more tor
his ooal, and that wlih an Increase in the
wages of the agricultural laborer, meat and
other provisions must become more expen?
sive. Were cost of production the limit of
the selling price such arguments would be
luoontrovertlole, but then, per contra, low
wages would make cheap goods. However
(rue it may be that no article can be produced
for any length of time, the selling price of
which does not exceed ihe cost of production,
there ls nothing in the existing order of
things to prevent high prices and low wages
truing together for very long periods of time.
Were lt not tor unions and strikes the colliers
and Iron workers would uot have obtained the
paltry advances they have, and coal and iron
would be as dear as they are.
No amount of credulous stupidity will In?
duce a person io believe lhat me collier's ad?
vance of Gd. a ton for the gelling of the coal ls
the cause why best coals cost 36s. a ton in
London, Instead of from 24s. to 26s. a ton, the
ordinary price tor the last twenty years; but lt
lakes very little persuasion to convince one
that the prospect of enormouB profita hus In?
duced coal and Iron masters to concede the
advance of wages with so Hule trouble as
many have done, and they will not be slow in
taking lt off again at the first Blgn of falling
prices, long before they get down again to i he
old average. Only last year, when the Non h
of England Iron workers belonging to the
Darlington board of arbitration demanded a
ten per cent, advance of wages, and showed
good reasons lbat the prospect of the trade
warranted such a demand, the iron masters
actually Insisted on a five per cent, reduction
ot wages, notwithstanding that the upward
tendency which has resulted In the present
extraordinary high prices was already manlfeat
in every direction.
WAGES AND THE COST OP UVIXG.
The high price of provisions IB not the re?
sult ot Increased or high wages. In all that
belongs to the production of lood, wages have
remained stationary during more than a quar?
ter of a century, while prices have constantly
advanced. In 1850 the retail prices of butch?
ers' meat in the London shops were from 6d
to Td a pound lor prime Joints; the lowest
price for beef and mutton now is lOd a pound.
Dalry produce bas advanced In proportion,
and yet during the whole period not a far?
thing advaoce of wages has been given lo the
agricultural laborer, the producer of the pro?
visions. He had to drudge on at the old rates,
getting from bad to worse; driiting to the
verge of absolute destitution lo the midst of
Hie plenty of his own creation, of which he re?
ceived less for hlB own use lo proportion as
the landlord, the farmer and the dealer be?
came more prosperous..
By a combination of favora?4e circumstances
the down-trodden clodhopper has at last been
able to show his teeth and combine for self
protection. The town laborers, who applaud
and assist him, are coolly told, '-Il you want
the agricultural laborer better paid, you must
be prepared to pay more for your meal, your
cheese aod your butter."
Supposing the low wages of 1850 had been
in J net proportion to thu market prices of agri?
cultural produce, who has pocketed the labor?
ers' Bhare for twenty-two years? The land?
lord, the farmer and the town dealer. Be?
tween them they have robbed the laborer so
long of the jost reward o? bis labor that they
have worked themselves Into a state of mind
which precludes them from entertaining the
Idea that lt ls themselves who will have to go
short of whatever advance the laborers may
succeed In enforcing. They would no doubt
relish being put on a level with the coal and
iron masters, as iar as an advance of wages
is concerned, that ls to get a pound for every
shilling they advance, iud the wish 1B father
to the assertion that higher wages will mean
higher prices of food. At the lowest compu?
tation, the landlords1 share In the rising prices
since 1850 ls something like ?20,000,000 a year
more rent for the mero trouble ot appropria?
ting lt. Until the discrepancy between that
and tbe starving cond tlon of the laborers Is
adjusted, there ls no i ?ar that higher wages
will make higher price 3. H. S.
IMPORTANT REVENUE CRANGES.
The Mod l lied Law to Take Bff ?ct To-Day
WASHINGTON, September 30.
The actlog commlsxtoner of internal reve?
nue decides that on and after October 1st, 1872,
no stamps will be required opon checks,
drafts and orders, except such as are drawn at
Bight or on demand upon banks, bankers or
trust companies. He abo decides tbat on and
after that date no Btampa are necessary upon
foreign bills ot exchange. The acting com?
missioner ot Internal revenue, In view of the
ambiguity of a portion of section 13, of the act of
June 6 th, 1872, Imposing special taxes on deal?
ers In malt liquors, and tn view ot the supposed
Intentlou of Congress, decided that wholesale
and retail liquor dealers may continue lo sell
malt liquors under their special tax receipts
as such, without being assessed as malt liquor
dealers, and that the collection of taxes as?
sessed contrary to that construction shall be
suspended until the question can be brought
before Congress. Persons who sell only malt
liquors ate liable only to the special taxes of
twenty or atty dollars, as they are. wholesale
or retail dealers In malt liquors.
SPARKS FROM IRE WIRES.
-The fnneral services of the lalo Rev. Dr.
Vlnton takes place In Trinity Church, New
Tork, next Wednesday, at 3 P. M.
-At a Anal meeting of oil producers at Ti
tusvllle, Penn., lt was resolved to stop pump?
ing for thirty days. All the districts were rep?
resented, and the feeling waa unanimous.
-The first through train on the new road
from Louisville to Montgomery reached the
latter city yesterday. Through trains will
now run regularly over Ihe road.
-Io reply to a letter from the president of
the Toung Men's Liberal Republican associa?
tion, AuguBt Belmont has written a letter de?
clining to allow the use of his name for mayor
of New York City.
THE HEALTH DEPARTMENT.
The following directory of the Health De?
partment bas been prepared by Dr. George S.
Pelzer, the City Registrar, and is published
for the information of the public:
Offloe of Board of Health and city Registrar at
BOARS OF HEALTH.
Hon. John A. Wagener, residence No. 64 st.
Phillp street. Mayor, Chairman.
General W. Q. DeSausaure, Ward No. 1, resi?
dence No. Tl East Battery.
George H. Monett, Ward No. 2, residence No. io
Thomas M. Hanckel, Ward No. 3, residence No.
47 Basel street.
Captain Jacob Small, Ward No. 4, residence No.
4 Bull street.
Thomas 1). Dotterer, Ward No. 6, residence,
northeast corner Henrietta and Meeting streets.
Dr. B. A. Muckenfuss, ?nice King street, oppo?
site citadel Green.
Thomas l). Eason, Ward No. 7, residence No. 78
A mc ri cd str6Ct
William Lu Webb, Ward No. 8, residence No. 87
Ku tl edge avenue.
George s. Pelzer, M. D., City Registrar, resi?
dence Na 48 Cannon street.
Eil Gedding?, M. D., residence No. 16 George
J. p." Chasal, M. u., residence No. 6 Wentworth
On Hospitals and Dispensaries-Dre. Pelzer
Geddings and OhazaL
Ou Low Lots, Drainage and Nuisances-The
Mayor. Dr. Pelzer and Messrs. Hanckel, Small
On Burial Grounds, Sextons and Hearses-Dr.
Ohazal, General DeSaussuro and Mr. Mullett.
On Pabilo Institutions-Dr. Geddings and
M ssrs. Eason, Dotterer and Olney.
On Epidemics:, Public Hygiene and Quarantine
-Drs. Geddings, Chazal auu Pelser.
On Accounts-Dra. Pelzer, Geddings and Oha
are open at the upper and lower wards Guard
houses, and citizens are requested to report all
nuisances prejudicial to the public health aa
promptly as possible, at either ot the above named
Mazyck st set, above Queen street. Surgeon in
charge, J. s. bnlst, M. D- Residence and office,
No. 206 Meeting street.
Matine Department, eur Hospital, Mazyck
street. Surgeon In charge, J. S. Buist, M. L?.
HEALTH DIBTBICT NO. L
Bonnded on the north by centre of calhoun
street, on tho eaat by Cooper River, on the south
by South Battery, and on the west by centre of
Physician In charge, Dr. Manning Simons.
Office and reiiidtmce, Church street, above Broad,
next to the Chai lesion Library building.
3B.LLTH Dil TitlCT NO. 3.
Wes-em Division, Shlrras' Dispensary. Bounded
on the north hy centre of Calhoun street, on the
east, by centre of Meeting street, on the south by
South Battery and Ashley River, and on the west
by Ashley River.
Physieiau In charge, Dr. Joseph Tates. Office
at Snirra's Dispensary, society street, between
King and Meeting street), residence No. 14 Lib?
The physician in charge or this district ls re?
quired to attend at the Lower Wards Guardhouse
when called apon.
HEALTH DlfrTRIOT NO. 8.
Bounded oa the north by City Boundary, on the
east by Cooper River, on the south by centre of
O&lhoan street, and on the west by centre of
Physician In chaw, Dr. J. h. Ancrum. Office
and residence No. io Mc ry street, opposite Eliza?
Thc physician in charge or this district ls re?
quired to attend at the Almshouse whoo called
HEALTH DI 3TBI0T NO 4.
Founded on tba north by city Bonndary, on the
eau by centre of Smltb street to Cannon street,
then by. centre of Cannon to Rutledge avenue,
then by centre or hui ledge avenue to George
street, and then by a Une running in the same di?
rection tbrongh to City Boundary, on the south
by centre of calhoun street, and on the west by
Physician In charge, Dr. T. Grange Simons.
Office No. 18 Asniey sweat, opposite United States
Arsenal. Residence Nc. 21 Rutledge aven ne, op?
posite Radcliffe street.
The physician In cht.rge of this district ls re?
quired to attend at the Old Folks' Home when
HEALTH DISTRICT NO. 6.
Bounded on the north by city Bonndary, on the
east by centre of Meeting street, on the snnth by
centre of Calhoun street, and on the west by cen?
tre of Smith Btreer, to Csnnon street, then by cen?
tre of Oannon street to Rutledge avenue, then by
centre or Rutledge avenue to Grove street, then
by a line running In tho same direction to City
Physician In charge, T?r. Isaac W. Angel. Of?
fice and residence, at. Phillp street, opposite th2
The physician ia chsrge or thia district ls re?
quired to attend at the Upper Wards Guardhouse
when called upon.
Prom 8 to o morning; from 2 to 8 afternoon.
All dispensary patients who are able shall be
required to at tr ml at the office of the health dis
trtct in which they may reside during the above
specified office hours. The pnyslctans tn attend
ance will afford medicEl and sorsical relief and
medicines gratuitously to all destil?te sick poor
persons, residents of their respective districts
applying for treatment, who mav, in their oput
o n, be entitled to dispensary relief.
lt ls recommended that office patients attend
punctually at t.he begining of the office hours.
Calls may be loft on tnt slateat any time during
the day at the respective offices, and at night nt
the residences of the physicians In charge. The
number and street mutt be carefully given In all
applications for attend ince at home I
SOME AMIABLE SAVAGES.
DAMON AND PYTHIAS REHEARSED
B Y REDSKINS.
Trouble Among th o Wild Warda of th?
Salton-Two Chlefj Held as Hostages
a nd Pro ft ?*ln g Penitence.
ST. LOOTS, September SO.
Salama, chief of the Klawa Indians, and Big
Tree, another notable ebie! ot (he same tribe,
who have been temporarily released from the
Texas prison, arrived hore to-day in enstody,
and were taken to the Everett House, where
the other Indians were stopping. During the
day a council of war was held, and the meet?
ing of Satanta and Big Tree was one of the
moat affecting Boenee In Indian history. Their
ordinary stoicism gave way entirely, and they
hugged and kissed each other and cried like
children. Satanta made a speech, In which he
said that he felt like one rbien from the dead.
He referred to the talk he had had with Gov?
ernor Davis, ot Texas, who told him he muet
work baid for peace and Influence his people,
and it he did this he should be released. He
wanted bis people and all other Indiana to he
at peace with the whites-io let Texas alone,
and not to go on the war path. It ls not In?
tended to take Satanta and Big Tree io Wash?
ington, but they will probably be placed In the
custody of the United States marshal to-mor?
row and held subject to orders from Washing?
ton. There ls a stroHg desire on the part of
the Indians that Satanta be pardoned, and If
he ls, it is probable that almest any de?
sired terms can be made with them. . - -.-> .
OUR TRANSATLANTIC NEIGHBORS.
"Tbe nan who Laughs" Nominated
for the Assembly.
PARU, September 30.
Victor Hugo bas been nominated by the
Republicans of Algiers for a member of the
A Threatened Irruption or Hnggage
. LONDON, September 30.
A masR meeting of railroad serran?a was
held In Hyde Park, yesterday afternoon, to
take Into consideration measures for further?
ing a movement which has been inaugurated
for the emigration c f large numbers of this
class of employees to Canada and the United
Shipwrecks in the Irlab Sea*
LONDON, September 30.
The ship Nazarlne was wrecked off Formby,
Lancaster Couuty, during the heavy gales in
the latter part ol last week, and .all ou board
were drowned. Many reporta of other disas?
ters, of a less severe character than that of
(he Nazarlne, have been received.
LACRA FAIR ACQUITTED.
SAN FRANCISCO. September 30.
The Jury in ibe case of Mrs. Laura D. Fair,
upon her second trial, for tbe murder of Colo?
nel Crittenden, returned Into court this morn?
ing, after being ont since Friday afternoon,
and rendered a verdict of not guilty.
A NEW FAIR IN THE NORTH STATE.
QOLDSBOBO', N. C., September 30.
The first grand annual fair ot the Farmers'
and Mechanics' Association, of North Caro?
lina, opens to the public on Tuesday, October
22, at Goldsboro', N. C., and will continue five
days. Grand preparations have been made,
and the grounds and buildings are in splendid
order. An invitation is extended to the world.
The premium list amounis to ten thousand
dollars. Hon. Horace Greeley, ot New York,
will be present on Wednesday and Thursday,
October 23 and 24. Governor Walker, of Vir?
ginia, delivers the address on Thursday, 24th.
THE WRATH BB THIS DAT.
WASHINGTON, September 30.
For the South Atlantic States northerly to
westerly winds and generally clear weather.
Shirts ano -famish,ino, ?OOPS.
S O O T T'S
THE ONLT EXCLUSIVE
I GENTS' FURNISHING ST?RE,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
S sssss ssssssssssssssss ssssss sssss s sss
ssssss ssas ss
aSSS STAR t>SSS
sss CU IDT sss
ssas On In I ssss
SSSSSSSSS DEPOT. S^SSSSSSS
The Proprietor of the above Establishment has
lust returned from New York with a tew and
well selected Stock of the Celeoratrd
STAR SHIRTS AND COLLARS,
ALSO, A FINK ASSORTMENT OV
OK\ rLE.1IE.V3 FURNISHING CtOODS,
Shaker Flannel. Wool and Merino, Cotton Flan?
nel, Shirts and Drawers, all grades and aU sizes.
English Merino and Cotton Half Hose.
Also, a full selection or the latest Novelties in
Entrllsh Windsor Scarfs, Marqaise Scarfe,
Lord Stanley Scar.a, Llvlugatrm cr.ivata,
Chancellor Scarfs, Bovrs and Ties.
Gray's PAPfcK COLLARS of all descriptions.
Walking Canes and Umbrellas.
MEETING STREET, OPPOSITF, MARKET HAIL.
MEDICINAL TORPEDOES, IN THE
shape of tierce cathartics, are falling into
Ta-rrant's Effervescent Seltzer Aperient
ls driving them cut of use. lt ls the mildest and
most genial ol ali laxatives. Instead of weaken?
ing the stomach andbowels.lt glvea them tone
and vigor, oiher purgative* leava the excretory
passages la an unatural condition, and new con
cretlonB gather there, often more difficult io re?
move than those that have been violently expell?
ed The SEL'1 ZErt APfcRIENT, on the contrary,
es-'abllshea a regular habit of body. As an appe?
tizer and exilarant, it ls far aupperlor >o W
'.Bitters," and Its purifying Influence on he vio?
lated an mal fluids excels that of any blood de
?nrent m ?lie Materia Medica. Ai.d then, how
delicious: Sold by aU druggists. sep26-ia
ii RD-MORRISON.-At Savannah, Qa., on tue
evecing of September set h. by the Ber. Br. Coley,
at i he residence of the bride's mother, Mr. JOHN
I P. BIRD, of this city, to Misa KATI L., eldest
I danghtar or C?ptala J. J. Morrison, of Savannah,
?Ga. Nocsrds. . ;
_ tantra! flem**. '
pa THE BKLAT?TES, FRIENDS AND
Acqoaln anees of Mr. and Mit, George B.
Graber, and of their sons, George w. and Nor?
man P. Graber, also the members of Spring Street?
Bethel and Trinity Churches, are resp? trolly in?
vited to attend the Funeral Services of. Mr.
GEORGE H. GRUBER, At Spring Street Church,
! Tn is AFHRMOON, at half-past 8 o'clock, octi-*
GERMAN FRIENDLY SOCIETY.
I The Officers and Members of this Society are re?
quested to attend the Funeral Services of their
late Brother Member, GEORGE H. GRUBBR, at
Spring Street Church, at half-past 3 o'elock, Tms
AFTBRNOON. J. SCHIRME R.
oca Secretary pro tem.
THE RELATIVES, FRIENDS AND
I Acquaintances of Mr. PATRICK SULLIVAN are
re? peet ran y invited to attend hi? Fanei al Ser?
vices, at hts late residence, No. S3 Vernon street,
at half-past 8 o'c.ock, Trna AFTERNOON.
pa OFFICE SAVANNAH AND
CHARLESTON RAILROAD COMP ANT, OCTO?
BER 1,1872.-Soupons Of the BIGHT PER CENT.
BONDS Of the SAVANNAH ANO CHARLESTON
RAILROAD COMPANY, doe THIS DAT, win bs
paid on presentation at the First National Bank,
Charleston. a \V. FISHER, ? -,; ??
oct 1-8 Tr eas a.'er. ;
^CONSIGNEES PER STEAMSHIP
ALBEMARLE, Trow Nuw long ?&m u?tlft
that shela THIS DAY discharging cargo at Pier No.
1, Union Whams. All Gooda remaining on the
dock at sunset win be stored at owners' rlak and
expense. WM. A. COURTENAY, - t
pa NCTICE.-ALL PERSONS j ARE
hereby cautioned not to trust any of the crew of
the French Bark BENGALI, -, Master, as no
debts of their contrao lng will be pale by the
Master or Consignee. HENRY CARD, 1 '*
sepso-a y. ?? ' t \ ???nt;
BURNHAM AROMATIC DENTI?
FRICE, for cleaning, Beaatlfylng and Preserving
the Teeth, and Imparting a refreshing taste to the
month. Prepared by
EDW. 9. BURNHAM,
Gradaste of Pharmacy,
No. 421 Bing street, Charleston, 8." 0.
Recommended by the following Dentists: Br?
J. B. PATRICK, Dr. B. A. MUOF.ENF?Sa:: : ' 1 '
pa TREASURY DEPARTMENT, ?F
FICE OF COMPTROLLER OF TBE CUBRES'CY
WASHINGTON, SEPTEMBER 10, 1872 -Whereas,
by satisfactory evidence presented to'the under
signed, lt has been made to appear that the Bank
or Charleston National Banting Association, In
the City of Charleston, tn the County of Charles'
toa and State of Sooth Carolina, bas basa daly
organized under and acoon"ng. to the require?
ment* of i he Aet of Congress, entitled "An Act ta
provide * Natic nal Curren oy, seemed bj a pledge
of United gutes Bonds, ana to provide for the,
circulation and redemption thereof,'', approved
June a, 1364, and baa compiled with ali the pron
slons or said Act, required to be complied wita
before commencing the business of W4nir|ng un?
der said Act.
Now, therefore, I, JOHN a LANGWOBTRY
Acting Comptroller of the Currency, do hereby
certify tnat the Bank or Charle*ton National BankJ
lng Association, in the City or Ooarlestoa, in tee
County of Charleston and State of South Caranna,
ls authorized to commence the boa loess of Bank,
mg under the Act aforesaid.
In testimony whereof, witness my hand and,
Seal of office, this 10th day or September, 1871 . .
J. a LANG WORTHY, '
Acting Comptroller or Currency.
pa DR. T?TTS HAIR DIE HAS
been anal] zed by the beat chemists In Europe
and America, and ita harmlessness certified to. .
sep26-o - g? . (
HALL'S VEGETABLE SICILIAN
BAIR BENEWER removes scarf and au impuri?
ties from the scalp. sep28-*tuth8n?w
MULTITUDES OF PEOPLE RE?
QUIRE an alterailve to restore the healthy action
or their ay st: ms and correct the d?rangements
that creep Into lt. Sarsaparillas were used and
valued, until several Impositions were palmed off
upon the public nuder this name. AVER'S SAR?
SAPARILLA ls no Imposition.
pa BATCHELORS HAIR DYE.-THIS
superb Hair Dye ls the beat bi the world. Per?
fectly harmless, reliable and Instantaneous. No
disappointment. No ridiculous tints, or unpleas?
ant odor. The genuine W. A. Batchelor's Haff
Dye produces immediately a splendid black or
natural brown. Does not stain the skin, bot
leaves the hair clean, soft and beautiful. Th?
only safe and perfect Dye. Sold by all druggist?
Factory 16 Bond street, New York,
BELL SCHNAPPS, DISTILLED
by the Proprietors at Schiedam, in Holland. An
invigorating Tonio and Medicinal Beverage.
Warranted perfectly pare, and free from al
deleterious substance!. It la distilled Trom Bar?
ley of the finest quain y, and the aromatic Juniper
Berry of italy, and designed expressly for cases
or Dyspepsia or Indigestion. Dropsy, Gout, Rheu?
matism, General Debility, Oartarrh or the Blad?
der, Palas In the Back and Stomach, and aU
diseases ol the Urinary Organs. It gives relier
in Asthma, Gravel and Calcali in the Bladder,
strengthens and Invigorates tbe system, and la
a certalu preventative and cure or that dreadful
scourge, Fever and Ague.
CAUTION l-A8k for '.HUDSON G. WOLFE'S
For aale by au respectable Grocers and Apothe?
HUDSON G. WOLFE ACO., Sole Importers.
Office, No. 18 South winiam street, New York.
pa SOOTH CAROLINA LOAN AND
TRUST COMPANY-SAVINGS DEPARTMENT.
Depositors are requested to leave their booka to
be Credited with Quarter 'a Interest doe 1st Oc?
AU Deposits made on or before 20th october,
will bear Interest from lat october.
interest Six Per Cent, compounded quarterly.
F. A. MITCHELL,
JAUNDICE.-THE LIVER 18 ONE
or the most important organs of the body; and
when lt becomes deranged, and ralla In ita healthy
action, the bile ls crowded back into the Wood,
poisoning its life, ir there ls a different secretion
from the liver, lt becomes swollen and enlarged
and engorged, and inflammation ia set up. SIM
MONS' BE PATIO COMPOUND has a direct and
po werf ? i action upon the LIVER, and win, with
great certainty, relieve Torpidity and Congestion
of this important- organ. It ls already prepared
n Large Bottles, and for ?ale by
BOWIE, MOISE A DAVIS,
sep27-fmw8 Wholesale Agents for S. a