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VOLUME IX.-_NUMBER 2070 CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 2, 18^2._EIGHT DOLL4HS A YEAR.
THE BLLTE RIDGE SCRIP.
HUMORED DECISION BT JUDGE MEL?
TON DENYING IIS VALIDITY.
Th? Case to be Brougrht Before the Su?
preme Court-Gossip of the Capital.
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
COLUMBIA, November 19.
There are well accredited rumors to the
effect that Judge Mei toi,, who heard the ar?
guments In the Blue Ridge scrip case, will
decide against Its validity. The case will
then be taken to the Supreme Court, and, as
Judge Willard will not be competent to sit as
a member of that court In a case in which he
will he compelled to review bis own decision,
a temporary Judge will have to be appointed
by the Governor. There ls considerable spec?
ulation as to whom the Governor will ap-1
point. It ls believed In well-informed circles
that it will be Major C. D. Helton, but this of |
course is not yet definitely known.
A general alarm of fire was caused this
evening by the igniting of a gas machine in Gen?
eral Stolbrand's residence. The celling was
burned^but the fire was extinguished by the
inmates of the house without much damage.
The senatorial contest waxes warmer every
day. Numbera of newly elected county offi?
cials are here to-day getting their bonds ap?
proved and receiving their commissions.
THE TAX LEVY INJUNCTION.
Record ot the Proceedings We Tore Judge
Mellon and the Order of the,Conrt.
The following ls the full text of the petition
for an injunction to restrain the collection ot
the State tax levied by Comptroller-General
Neagle, as reported In Our special dispatches
from Columbia yesterday morning:
The State of South Carolina, ex relacione the
attorney-general,.plaintiffs, VB. -, as
county auditor of-county, and others
as county auditors, and -, as county
treasurer of - county, and, oChers as
county treasurers, defendants.
The State of Sooth Carolina, by the at tor-1
ney-general, complaining o? the above named
L That the Constitution of the State ib
?. Article IX and Section III provides as follows:
"Tte Qeneral Assembly shall provide tor an
annual tax sufficient to defray the estimated
. expenses of the State for each year; and when?
ever lt shall happen that such ordinary ex?
penses ot the state for any year shall exceed
the Income of the State for such year, the
General .Assembly shall provide for levying a
tax for the ensuing year sufficient, with other
sources of Income, to pay the deficiency of the
preoedjpjr year, together with the estimated
expenses o? the ensuing year."
n. That by the act of the General Assem?
bly passed March 23, 1869, entitled "'An act to
make appropriations and raise supplies for
the year commenslag in October, 1868," the
auditor of State waa authorized to levy a tax
sufficient to defray the estimated expenses of
the State for the year commencing October,
That by tho joint resolution of the General
Assembly, passed December 22, 1869, the
State auditor was authorized to levy a tax to
meet appropriations for the fiscal year com?
mencing November 1, 1869.
That by the Joint resolution of the General
Assembly; passed December 19, 1870, the
State auditor was authorized to levy a tax to
meet appropriations for the year commencing
November 1, 1870.
* That by the Joint resolution of the General
Assembly, passed March 7, 1871, the State
auditor was authorized to levy a tax to meet
appropriations for the fiscal year commencing
ILT. That the several levies authorized In
said mentioned act and Joint resolutions have
each been made, and the taxes thereunder
have been duly levied and in great part collect?
ed, and that the part of said taxes not hereto?
fore collected ls now due, and the collections
thereof enforceable by the tax officers of the
IV. "sThat the provision of the Constitution of |
the State, before recited, Is an express author?
ization of one annual tax to meet the estimated
expenses of each year, and bence ls an Implied
restraint and prohibition to the General As?
sembly from levying more than one annual
tax to meet the estimated expenses of each
Y. That notwithstanding the Bald provision
on he constitution, and notwithstanding the
said Joint resolution ot March 7, 1171, author?
izing a Levy ol taxes to meet the estimated ex-1
penses of the fiscal year commencing Novem?
ber 1,1871, which said Joint resolution has al?
ready been carried into effect, and the said
tax levied and collected, the General Assem- j
biy, by a Joint resolution passed March 13,
1*72, did assume to authorize a second levy of J
taxes to meet appropriations for the fiscal year [
commencing November, 1871, which said se?
cond levy is In violation of the Constitution of I
the State, and ls a usurpation of ant. 'ority by [
the General Assembly, and an ir J ry and
wrong to the taxpayers o! the said State.
VI. That under the authority of the said
Joint resolution or March 13, 1872, the Hon.
J. L. Neagle, the comptroller-general ol the
said State, who is now charged by law with
the duties formerly devolved upon the State
auditor, has proceeded to cause the said levy
of taxes authorized by eaid joint resolution lo
be m?fie; and has by a certain circular letter
addressed to each ot the county auditors In
this State, (a copy of which circular letter is
hereunto appended and marked "A") author?
ized and directed the aald county auditors,
each and all, to levy the said taxes authorized
by the said Joint resolution of March 13, 1872.
VII. That the said action ol the comptroller
general Is in violation of the constitution of
the State, and wholly unwarranted by law,
and will werk an Injury and injustice to all
the citizens of the Slate.
YUL That the several county auditors of j
the State, defendants above named, are now
proceeding to make the Bald levy as directed
by the comptroller-general, and the several
connty treasurers of the State, defendants
above named, will, unless restrained there?
from, proceed on the twentieth day of the
present month to collect the taxes under the
And further complaining of above named
defendants, the plaintiff, by the attorney-gen?
L That the said comptroller-general, by and
In the circular letter heretofore referred to.
has authorized the said county auditors, de*
fendants above named, to levy a lax of lour
<4) milis on a dollar for payment ol interest
%n certain bonds and.stocks of Eaid State.
[ II. That la the said act and joint r?solu ti
Of the General Assembly, hereinbefore re
to, authorizing the levy of taxes for tbe ile
years of 1868, 1869 and 1870, authority s
given to levy taxes to meet the approp:
tiona made by law for said years respective
that in the several appropriation acts for s
years, an appropriation was made of a spec
sum of money io pay the Interest on the p
ile debt of the State, meaning thereby I
bonds and stocks issued by the Slate; that
an act passed March 13,1872, entitled "An
to make appropriations and raise supplies
the fiscal year, commencing November
1871, " appropriations were made for varie
expenses of the State, but no appropri?t!
was made for tbe interest on the public di
of the State.
m. That if the joint resolution of March
1872, heretofore referred to, were a lawlul i
thorlty to the said comptroller-general to le
the taxes therein mentioned, lt would not i
thorize the levying of any tax to meet the
te re st on the public debt of the State, beear
no appropriation has been made for such c
Ject, and the said Joint resolution only pi
ports to authorize the levy of taxes to rn?
appropriations for the year commenciao; ??
17. That no authority has ever been co
ferred by law upon the comptroller-generi
or any other officer or person, to levy a tax
pay Interest on the public debt, since the pt
sage of the Joint resolution cf December 1
1870, hereinbefore referred to, and that t!
levy authorized by said joint resolution of JJ
cern ber 19, 1870, has long since been made.
Y. That the plaintiff ls Informed and bellev
that the comptroller-general construes the se
eral acts of the General Assembly authorlzh
the Issue of the bonds and stocks of the Stat
as well as the act of March 13,1872, entltli
"An aot relating to the bonds of the State
South Carolina," as conferring upon him tl
authority to levy the said tax (or payment
Interest on the public debt, as set forth la ai
by said circular letter, hereinbefore referred t
YI. That it is true that the Bald acts la
mentioned do provide for an annual tax to 1
levied, to pay the annual interest on the bom
and stocks of the State therein named, but ti
said acts' confer nb authority upon the com;
troller general, or upon any other officer t
make any levy of taxes for said purpose; thi
the omission by the General Assembly l
charge aoy officer with the duty ot levyin
the lax provided ? or. by the several acts autno
lzlng the issue ot bonds and stocks, and b
the ads ot March 13,1872, last referred K
cannot be supplied by construction or Intel
lineal, aud hence neither the comptrollc
general nor any other officer ls authorized b
law to levy any tax for the payment of Intel
est OB the public debt.
VII. That the comptroller general ls nc
where by law invested witt, any general pov<
er?, either as comptroller general or as audi
tor of State, which authorize bim to levy an
tax except such taxes as are specifically prc
vided for and named in the several acts am
joint resolutions hereinbefore recited o
VIII. That as to that portion of the publii
debt which was Incurred by the State prior ti
the year 1868, no provision of law any when
exists authorizing the comptroller general, o
any other officer, to levy a tax to pay Interes
thereon, and that the said levy of taxes au?
thorized and directed by the comptroller gen
eral as before set forth, to pay Interest on thc
public debt, ls wholly unauthorized by law.
and illegal, and Injurious to the citizens anc
taxpayers of the State.
Wherefore, the plaintiff demands judgment
I. That the said Joint resolution of Maret
13, 1872, hereinbefore referred to, may be ad?
judged unconstitutional and void, and that the
said defendants, the coun'y auditors bereit
bumed, may be restrained and enjoined from
further proceeding to make any levy of tax?e
as directed In and by the said circular letter ol
the Comptroller General, or under authority
of the Joint resolution of March 13, 1872, here
lnbefore referred to.
If. That the said defendants, the county
treasurers herein named, may be restrained
and enjoined from collecting any taxes under
the levy directed by the circular letter Of the
comptroller general hereinbefore referred to,
under authority ol the said Joint resolution ol
March 13, 1872, hereinbefore referred to.
III. And further, that the said defendants,
the oounty auditors herein named, may be re?
strained and enjoined from further proceed?
ing to make any levy ot taxes as directed in
and by the said circular letter of the comp?
troller-general, hereinbefore referred to, for
the payment ol Interest on the bonds or
stocks of the State, or any portion thereof.
IV. That the said defendants, the county
treasurers herein named, may be restrained
and enjoined from collecting any taxes under
the levy directed by the circular letter of the
comptroller-general hereinbefore referred to.
for the payment ot the interest on the bonds
and stocks of the State, or any portion there?
of, or under authority of any of the several
acts of the General Assembly authorizing the
issue of said bonds or stocke, or under author?
ity of the act of March 13, 1872, entitled "An
act relating to the bonds ol the State of South
V. That such other and further relief may
be granted to the plaintiff herein as may be
just, together with the costs of this action.
Upon this petition the following order was
made by Judge Melton :
On reading the complaint in the above enti?
tled cause, and on motion of the attorney
general, with whom are Melton <fc Clark, of
counsel for the plaintiff, lt is
Ordered, That the defendants named in said
complaint as tbe county auditors of the sev?
eral counties of the State, do show cause be?
fore me, at the courthouse In Columbia, on the
23d day of November, instant, at eleven
o'clock A.M., why the said defendants, the
county auditors of the several counties of the
State, their agents, deputies and attorneys,
and every one of them, should not be enjoined
and restrained, until further order In this
cause to be made, (rom levying or causing to be
levied the taxeB, or any parttbereol,authorized
and directed to be levied by Hon. J. L. Neagle,
the comptroller-general of the State, lo and by
a certain circular letter, dated November 13,
1872, addressed to the defendants as county
auditors of the several counties ot the State,
and from levying or causing to be levied any
taxes under the authority of the Joint resolu?
tion of March 13, 1872, entitled "Joint resolu?
tion authorizing and directing the State audi?
tor and county commissioners to levy certain
taxes," and from levying or causing to be
levied any tax to pay the Interest on the
bonds and stocks of the State, or any portion
And lt is further ordered, That the defend?
ants named in said complaint as the county
treasurers of the several counties of the State,
do show cause before me, at the aforemen?
tioned time and place, why the said defend
ants, the county treasurers of the several
different counties ot' this State, their agents,
deputies and attorneys,and each and every one
of them, should not be restrained and enjoined
from collecting, or causing to be collected,
any taxes levied, or to be levied, by the coun?
ty auditors of their respective counties, under
the authority of a certain circular letter, Issued
by the comptroller-general ol the State, here.
Inbefore referred to, dated November 13,1872,
and from collecting, or causing to be collect?
ed, any taxes levied, or to be levied, under
authority of the joint resolution of March 13,
1872, hereinbefore referred to, and from col?
lecting, or causing to be collected, any taxes
levied or purporting to be levied, to pay In?
terest on the bonds and stocks of the State,
or any portion thereof.
And it is further ordered, That the said de
fendants, their agents, deputies and attor?
neys, and.each and every one of them, be in the
meantime strictly enjoyed and restrained
from doing, or causing or suffering to be done,
any ot the said acts, until further ordered in
the cause to be made.
(Signed) SAMUEL W. MELTON.
November 18, 1872.
A NORTHERN MAN AT THE CAPITAL.
What an Outsider thinks of the Po?
litical situation, and of the Climate
and Prospects of Colombia.
[FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, S. C., November 18.
I arrived in the city of Columbia yesterday,
after a safe and pleasant journey from the
Quaker City. I And much progress being
made by the South Carolinians. New build?
ing are going up in Columbia like magic, and
the material Interests of the entire State seem
to be progressive.
The political world ls all agog here over the
senatorial contest. There are numerous can?
didates In the held, and I was surprised to
hear that Governor Scott was amonest the
number. He must be a man of wonderful
cheek, or he would not attempt to place him?
self In the Senate of the United States. Chief
Justice Moses, I learn, will not be a candi?
date, he having withdrawn In favor of Con?
gressman Elliott, who seems to be far
ahead in the race. It ls regarded here as a
fight of money against brains, and as Elliott
ls Bald to be a man of a very high order of
talents, and hts opponents being only "busi?
ness" men, we may look to see a colored rep?
resentative man In the Senate of the United
States. I am highly pleased with your cli?
mate, and Invalids affected with pulmonary
diseases are said to find instant relief as soon
as they reach this State. I enjoyed a ride be?
hind a fine span of grays this morning before
breakfast, and the horse disease seems on the
Your paner seems to be In great demand.
Last night at my hotel every one was Inquir?
ing for THE NEWS. I may vialt yoflr city be?
fore nay rei um. PHILADELPHIA.
THE MANSARD DEFENDED.
The New York Tribune does not agree with
the general denunciation of the luckless Man?
sard roof, whioh is charged with being the
principal vehicle of Boston's late disaster, and
The indiscriminating outcry against the
Mansard root, not because ill-bullt, but, merely
as a roof (tbe editor writes. ) is not lo be won?
dered at, though lt is quite Irrational. * * *
The toot IB not at all at (ault. The fault is In
the municipal law of Boston (as well aa New
York and alt other American cities,) which
permits any roof. Mansard or other, to be
superposed upon a frame work, and bossed
with filagree ornaments ot kinkuna wood.
The Mansard roof 1B handsome; lt lends grace
and adornment to our thoroughfares. It
liberalizes and adoros the pinched and rec?
tangular architecture of our cities. It ampli?
fies and renders more commodious the struc?
ture which lt shelter.?. It has everything
sstbellc and useful in ila favor, and there ls
no valid argument against lt. Let it be built
solely of materials that won't burn, and lt be?
comes a helmet of protection worn gallantly
and gracefully upon the brow which lt protects
and deoorates, Instead of an uoklndled torch,
ready to spring into plumea of fire at a touch.
FIRE PROOF BUILDINGS.
A Novel Suggestion by the American I
Can a totally fire-proof building be made?
To believe that this ls impossible would be j
greatly to depreciate the mechanical and
scientific resources of the age. Nothing can
burn till heated to the temperature at which it
combines with oxygen; the problem of fire?
proofing will then be solved when we discover
the means by wbicb the temperature ot com?
bustibles can be kept from reaching the tem?
perature ol' combustion. We can apply ihe
most Intense heat to steam-boilers without
burning them. Why? Because each atom ol
water they contain ls a swift vehicle to seize
upon and carry away heat. Let us make up
the partition of walls of buildings in a, manner
analogous to sectional steam-boilers, and no
fire would be communicated from one building
to another. A thing BO evident should have
attracted the attention of architects long be?
fore this. In this way, iron, which by Itself ls
not a fire-proofing material, can, by the most
economical use ot water, be made to withstand
the Beverest ordeal.
The Iron-inclosed water-spaces need not be
more than one Inch in thickness, and need
never be subjected to a hydraulic pressure of
more than three or tour feet head. These
walls can, therefore, be made of thin metal.
They can be supplied with water from the com?
mon water-service, or from tanks placed at
the tops of buildings. In case ol fire, the turn?
ing of a Bingle cock would supply them with
water, and the temperature of the partitions
could never rise above 212 deg. Fahrenheit, till
the water had all boiled away. lu this way,
not a tithe of the water now vainly used to ex?
tinguish suoh fires as those of Chicago and
Boston would be needed to preserve a whole
' We feel certain that no solid material known
to the arts IB capable ot withstanding the heat
generated in these great fires. We must find
something that beat will not melt, or warp, or
crack, and otherwise so Impervious to air that
fire cannot communicate with combustibles
stored in buildings, or we must expend the
force ol the heat on something we can afford
to waste economically. This something IB
water, and we think we have pointed out the
way lo use lt.
THE FIRE RECORD.
NEW YORK, November 19.
The warehouse of Meesrs. Woodruff &
Robinson, at Brooklyn, has been burned. The
grain destroyed was worth four hundred thou?
sand dollars. The total loss, including the
building, IB eight hundred thousand dollars.
The report which ls current here and may
have been telegraphed elsewhere that St.
Louis is in flames is untrue.
JACKSONVILLE, ILLINOIS, November 19.
The Female College belonging to the Meth?
odist Church Is burned. Loss fifty thousand
dollars; Insurance thirty-five thousand dollars.
Sixty girls escaped with fhelr wardrobes.
This IB the second time the college has been
burned within nine years.
ST. LOUIS, November 19.
John J. Roe & Co., a pork packing home, is
burned. The loss ls roughly stated at $100,000
BOSTON, November 19.
A tire occurred In State street to-day. LO?S
$100,000 or $200,000. It is thought that lt was
caused by wares brought from the burned dis?
A COLLISION AT SEA.
NEW YORK, November 19.
The schooners Bell? R. Hull, from Virginia,
and John R. Mypr<>, hence for Richmond, col?
lided near Barnegat. The Mvers was sunk,
but the crew were saved. The Hull's forward
works were badly damazed. The Myers bad
one hundred and twenty-five tons of railroad
A GLOWING EICTUEB Ot CAMDEN AND
An Historical, Agricultural and Topo?
graphical Enumeration or Hs Beau?
ties und Adjyantafcs.
[Correspondeno or the South.]
CAMDEN, 3 C., Ootober 28, 1872.
Reader, would you revel, with me, In a
scene o? beauty ? Andthen-as lt ls the order
of the day to which [ desire to conform
turn to the practical mingling, "utile cum
It ls a bright Octobe.evening, and the gio.
rlous sun sinks to his nat brighter in his part?
ing rays. Stand will me-facing from the
east-on Paint Hill, he loftiest point of the
highlands of Pine Tr? Creek, in Kershaw
County, South Carolina Back of us, east and
southeast, for twenty miles, off to Lynelle's
Creek and Black River, spreads a high table
laud, mostly unbrokenforest, dotted here and
there with snug farms,a country with beauty,
health, wealth and ctarms, but with which,
Just now, we hare no cmcera.
We turn to the w?st, north, northeast
and southwest, the laut breaks off, almost in
a precipice; and not a north of a mlle distant,
but au hundred ieet bebw us, this noble and
beau tl lui stream humes on to theWateree.
Northwest and south tbs view is unbroken far
as the eye can reach, Brve away off yonder to
the north. As the klrg of day spreads his
gorgeous, varying hms over every fleeoy
cloud, profane not tie scene by talking of
Italian skies ! As you raze on the valleys of
the Wateree and Its tlbui aries, and see the
peaceful, bright home), blessed with such a
soil, Btich a climate end such products, talk
not of life in Andalusia!
I know you cannot love this land as I do I
My past, present and ftture on earth are all
here-memory and bom, ali of life, blend here
for me There, to the ?oath weat on the first
elevation from the rber bottoms, see those
noble oaks, with the glXterlog marble spark?
ling here and there. 'Tis the old "Quaker
Burying Ground I" Bb: generations of my
people sleep there.
in ail those old homet you see, peeping from
among the trees and evergreens, in that old
Town of Camden, and ou the slopes of Hob?
kirk and Kirkwood, cluster memories that are
still my Joys. Here, towards the northeast,
whence flows along its bright valleys this
beautiful stream, I hare fished In alt its wa?
ters, and chased the deer in all Its thlckeis and
bavs with iriend*, molt of whom have gone
before-some broken bj disease,many stricken
down in the. charge. Ab I there, the superb,
noble Dickinson, "near the flashing ot the
gun?," at Cherubusco; the pure young Canley,
at Chapultepec; the light-hearted McWIUle, at
Manassas; the bright McCaa, at Murfreesboro'.
Tr?ese are tearful memories, but not BO sad as
to dwell upon the hard'struggles yet borne by
many noble friends of that day, as high and
noble as those "dead upon the field."
There are sweet memurles of a guy and hap?
py lime, too, clustering aruuud these scenes,
when the silver sheen of a summer moon cov?
ered these views, now gorgeous with sunlight:
when the soft, sweet voice of woman attuned
Itself In sweet accord with the surroundings.
I must think of these, bul may not tell of
Reader! you cannot love these scenes as I
do, but I think I eau Interest you in their pres?
ent beauties, uses and wealth.
Look upon the rich October hues of the
changing hickory, gum, beech, maple, dog?
wood, walnut and elm; the deep green of rh?
oak, bay, cedar, cypress, Juniper, pine, Ac,
of the beau tu ul valleys at jour feet; the
bright, dancing, gushing stream, just below
you, trending away off from the northeast,
and bathing the confines of the ol i town of
Camden on Us entire east and south, fee
seven magnificent mill sites within six miles
of this spot, four of them Just around the
town and near the railroad, with a delivery,
each, per minute, of ex thousand cubic feet of
water-each a fall of irom sixteen to eighteen
feet-with flue tanning lands In abundance, a
most salubrious climate, und stores of choicest
limber. The stream, flowing from perennial
springs, ls unvarying, uninfluenced by drought
or ireabet, and a stranaer to the lucKS and
bolts ot Ice; lt dances on to old ocean free,
paying no tribute to mao, save to grind
grain lor his food, and paw the lumber
lor his dwelling. If this stream at
our feet were all our view unfolded,
there would be wealth to build up a city at the
command ol capital aud energy; out it is only
one small feature on nature's tace before us;
there to the north, twenty-five miles away,
the heigh!a of Hanging Rook bound the view,
celebrated for Its heallh-givtDg waters, for 1rs
freaks of nature, with nicely poised impend?
ing rocks, for fertile fields, and as the scene of
Sumter's triumph over the British in cur old
revolution, Tne waters of tote stream go
eastward to Lynche's Creek; a little weet of
Hanging Rock, lhere yon see the headlands of
Beaver Creek, which empties Into our own
Wateree. Oa those beautiful hills where, for
near a hundred years delightful homes baye
been occupied by prosperous, sucoessinl, ener?
getic, advancing Presbyterian Irish and their
descendants, you can have the bracing climate
of the mountains and the sweet south winds
of the tropics. Tne Quest granite In the world
abounds, and the staple of Its cotton ls famed
throughout the, South. Railroads and labor
are wanting lhere, n rv rt those lands, recently
BO highly prized, productive and healthful,
Beek owners at one-third their ante-bellum
That vallev-next south-shows Whiteoak
Creek, parallel to Beaver Creek, -its snug
farms and rich plantations telling the same
story of depression.
Just there, at another interval of five miles
south, this side, that long belt of Intervening
pines, are spread out the rich valley and slopes
of Granny's Quarter Creek. Nearer to Cam?
den and the railroad, the depressing Influences
of recent events are somewhat less than
There, on Granny's Quarter, on, the middle
road to lancaster and Charlotte, ls the site cf
Rugelev's defeat, where Colonel Wm. Wash?
ington made a big pine log play "heavy artil?
Again the heavy pine forest Intervenes, and
there you see, seven miles away, the streams,
Gum Swamp and Sander's Creek, where our
Southern summer's sun withered the Sarato?
ga laurels of Gates In that olden time that
used to be our great war, and there our heroic
stranger knight, the generous De Kalb, iel I,
pierced by eleven wounds, all in front.
Again an unbroken pine forest Intervenes
until within three miles of this point rise the
heights ot Hobkirk and Kirkwood-how t hose
bright villas sparkle In the fading sunlight.
There, around these now peaceful bright
homes, Greene, though driven at length irom
the field, commenced that series of battles,
which at But aw forever shattered the British
Bceptre in South Carolina.
The heights of Hobkirk and Kirkwood are
now included within the corporate limits ol
Camden, but the old town, rich and dear from
its traditions of a hundred and a score of
years, lies on the gentle slopes ano lu the
valley. Each spire toere has lia sweet memo?
ries and historic traditions. Wide streets, the
rich foliage ot large groves, public tquaren. '
regularly laid off streets, mails, pavements.
Ac, and the extended size of the town, all
indicate a greater past than present; while
gaping wounds that war and the torch of
fiends made, yet unhealed, prove that we
have not yet recovered. The town proper ls
old und faded, but the same blood Is there
which, in the past, cave soldiers to ev. rv
field, from Bunker Hill to Appomattox. lb
1776. lu 1812: In 1836, In Florida; In 1846 aDd
1847, In Mexico; and in all the late war that
old tawn had '-a place io the picture." In thia
last unhappy struggle s'x natives of that little
town were general officers: Kershaw, Cbes
nut, Villepigue, Canley, Deas and Kennedy.
That old town has given Governors to States.
Judges to supreme State courts, senators to
the United States; and the blood of all those
noble men Is there in thal brave old nursery,
training In the school of adversity tor a higher
and nobler life.
Bul, dear aa the old town le, lovely BB are
Its ourroundlngs, I call upon you to dwell on
these. Look, beyond ! south and west. Four
miles off, this Pine Tre* Creek, crossing
hence through that, rich valley, empties irselt
Into the Wateree: thence, glance northward,
along the valley of ihe Waeree. There, a
sweet valley, seven or eight miles long, bi
three in width, where the old Quakers settled
in 1750. These fertile valley ianda produce,
in rich prolusion, corn, wheat, oats, peas,
pumpkins, rice and cotton, without manure
fifty bushels of corn to the adre, alxiy of rice,
and one thousand pounds of colton to the
acre on lands without fertilisers. And t he up?
lands oo these beautiful slopes, too, are rich
In their harvests, and thoivgl*. net equal lor
grain are superior tor conon. Within the
view, fJiiy snug Utile two and three horse
faros within the past three years have been
cut off those large plantations. There, near
by you, are two snug Utile homes, two horse
farms, carved from the forest, within three
years, now well Improved, and making, this
year, besides providions, twenty bales of cot?
ton to the horse-(about eight bales to the la?
borer)-cultivation easy and light, health per?
fect, and all within sight ol the church spire,
the school-house, railroad, telegraph office,
Beyond Pine Tree, south to Swift Creek, on
the southern confines of the county, for ten
miles below Camden, stretch the finest bodies
of lands, forming recently large plantations,
with their Bummer retreats and huge forests.
Bight on the railroad, the process ol' subdivis?
ion into small farms ls coln ; on year by year,
but as yet this la dependent on our own popu?
lation. Our beat young pee pie are occupying
them, and establish!nz the basis of fortunes.
But the process h alow. Prom this hill top I
could select farms for a thousand Immigrants,
and we appeal to the Northern people to come
lu BUd settle them. Capitalist! come and take
these glorious water powers. Farmers! come
j and be our neighbors in delightful hornee.
Laborers! come, and, with jour wages for a
year or two, you can be Independen ily Beti led
for life. ' Gentlemen of ease and taste! come
and buy these splendid mansions, whose own?
ers want more contracted homes. Come and
build elegant villas on these crowning heights
that cover this lovely scene.
Within flfiy yearB from the Invention of the
cottou gin tais little count/- has grown from
a wilderness to a population ot fifteen thou?
sand, owning immense agricultural wealih,
huge plantation?, rich farms and noble man?
sions-a railroad, manufactur?e, two banks,
Ac, and had also built, up, by emigration,
whole count le? in the southwest.
Much of ul! this beau tu ul land that lien
?picad out before you was once occupied by
small farmers, who drifted down from Penn?
sylvania. Virginia and North Carolina-whose
descendants have given tone and character to
a society as good as any In the south-many ol
them Presbyterian Irish, and many ot the old
Virginia cavaliers. The spreading demands
of the old plantation style cf huge Held?, and
the Invading waveofcottor culture, absorbed
these farmers, who nought now homes In
Georgia, Alabama, Ml-sie-UJpl. Louisiana,
Texas, Arkansas and Florida. War and its
desolating results have noted out forever
these?nld plantations; they would at once natu?
rally revert to their normal condition of small
farms, nut our population In too sparse. The
work offers high reward, but it is a work re
ulrlng brain, nerve, aspiration and muscle,
he white man has them all; ihn negro only
muscle as yet-and politics for him will, en?
gross ali the other ingredients until too late
for the opportunity.
Friends of the North and West, come Into
this goodly land and posses* lt ! These BM the
fairest and best of all the f elds of the South,
where often, again and a.ain, in a lifetime,
have our old citizens dug out 01 the ground u
half million of dollars from ema'lor beginnings
than these little iwc-horsn farms, leaving,
alter well Bpent lives, tites J lame estates for
distribution among educated, cultivated de?
I know lour little two-norso furas this
season that have produced each, bcsldeB pro
visions, forly baleo of cotton, the crop on each
reaching gross results ol four thousand ($4000)
dollars, produced by two (?) horses, and at a
cost (including everyihlnii-labor, fertilizers,
?c..) of fifteen buudred ($1500) dollars only.
1 hese Instances are rattier exceptional, lt is
true, but the exception results lrom what
should be the rule, I. e., energy and strict at?
tention to business.
Fortune, here, ts within the reach of every
Industrious and saving farm laborer. Th? lar?
mer who eau command a capital of one thou?
sand ($1000) dollars to equip his little larm has
already taken a lone stride to the rapid attain?
ment of that fortune.
Truly yours. &c.
WILLIAM M. SHANNON.
O?7J? 80VTH ATLANTIC NEIGHBORS.
Jottings in Georgia.
- Atlanta yearns for a colton factory.
-The synod of Georgia mel at Albany last
-On account of the epizooty the Savannah
street oars ooly run every hali hour.
-r-The local ot the Fi?rt Valley Mirror In?
quires if lt "ain't time for possums to get
-In laudable emulation of Charleston a
double-headed snake has recently been hunted
up lu Colqulu County.
-The gin-house ol Mr, Wm. West, of Car?
roll Couuiy, was destroyed by Ure recently,
together with twenty bales of cotton.
-The dwelling house of Mr. J. O. Bombary,
In Dougherty County, was destroyed by an In?
cendiary fire last Friday night.
-The Appllng County mystery having sub-'
Bided, Allanta ls now exercised over a singing
-Mr. James Branon, of tJowetaCounty, bad
bis arm caught In a water-gin and fright?
fully mangled recently.
-The Savannah SchulisengesellBOhaft are
arranging for a grand Murdt-Gras carnival,
similar io those annually .riven in New Or?
leans and Mobile.
-A negro named Elias Winfrey has been
lodged in j ul In Macon lor outraging a Utile
girl aged twelve years. The Telegraph eaya
it ls slated mai lhere la every prout necessary
to convict the wretch.
-Tue sturgeon season is at Its height ulong
the Kl nc baroon ee. The poor creatures dislo?
cate their Jaws in trying to name their resi?
dence, and fall an easy prey to the fisherman.
- l ue city council ol' Ans usu are discussing
an ordinance offering a commission of three
per cent, to parties Inducing Investment of
capital In m mufaciurlng lntereHla lu that city.
-The Atlanta Constitu?! ni of last Satuiday
says: "We learn tnat on Thursday lust a ries?
parate and sanguinary rencontre took place
at Dulce's old mill, lu Gwlnnett couuiy, near
the line of DeKalb and Gwluuett counties, be?
tween Mr. Robert Womrnack and Mr. 1 liornas
Ware. Womrnack shot Mr. Ware, Inflicting,
lt ls supposed, a mortal wound. Mr. Ware
then made a lunge at Mr. Womrnack with a
kuile, almost disemboweling him willi one
stroke, Air. Wommuck died Immediately, and
Mr. Ware, ills thought, will die. We did not
learn Hie origin of ibe dlifioulty. Mr. Ware
was wouuded lu the abdomen,"
Notes from North Carolina.
-The first ice of the seaton was reported al
Raleigh lost Friday.
-Rev. Jamea Reed, a prominent Methodist
minister, died at Greensboro, laat Friday.
-The ep-l-zo-ot-lc la raging ferociously at
-Rateiiih boastfully claims to be erecting
ona hundred and fifty new buildings. This
must Include hen houses aod such.
-Iron sand has been lound on Pamlico
Souna, Beaufort county, and arrangements are
making for the working and shipping of the
new treasure to Liverpool.
-The down mail and pas^enzer train, on
the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad ran off
ihe track near Magnolia hua Wednesday night,
and seven cars siuush-d i p, making a com?
plete wreck. Travel was cut off till Friday
noou when a track was completed around Hie
wreck. Three or lour perno us were serously
Injured, and many dreadfully Beared.
JOTTINGS ABOUT TUESTATE.
-The Columbia Board ol Trade are rilpcuss
ing the esiabliahmeui of a colton warehouse.
-There will be twenty-eight old inetnbere
In the new House of Representatives and
fifteen in the Senate.
-Mr. Bobert Hayne Peiry, son of ex-Gov?
ernor B. F. Perry, died at Aiken last Monday
-Mr. W. G. Hubbard, au agent of the "Peace
Association ol'Friends," ls lecturing at Colum?
-The Governor has appointed I. H. Cole?
man, ot'Richland, and. J. W. Dargan, of Sum?
ter, notaries public. R. H. Kirk, trial justice
-Mr. Roland Rhett, formerly Confederate
quartermaster ut Columbia, has received tue
appointment ot general agent of the South
Carolina Railroad Company at Columbia, vice
John G. Marley, deceased.
-The dwelling hnuBe o:'John Dice, with all
Its content?, situated near Martin's Depot,
Laurena couuty, was totally de^tr^yed by fire
sunday about eleven o'clock. Filieen balee of
conon were also burned. The fire is supposed
to have caught from a defective chimney. .
THE ABBEVILLE FIRE.
! A FULL ACCOUNT OF TBE CONFLAGRA?
It? Origin, Progress and Incidents
Tue Loss-s and Insurances.
An extra edition of the Abbeville Medium,
which, with characteristic enterprise, was Is?
sued on tbe very day of the fire, brings us a
full and graphic description of the terrible
conflagration, which last Sunday morning laid
tho finest business portion oftbat thriving
little town in ashes, all the important facts
connected with the disaster have already been
reported by telegraph by our attentive Abbe?
ville correspondent and published in THE
NEWS of Monday and Tuesday mornings, bnt
as a matter ol general interest we give in ad?
dition the description of the fire as furnished
by the extra Medium:
Again has a terrible calamity visited our
town and an Immense amount of property
been destroyed. The bells at one o'clock this
morning rang out weird-like peals, the fierce
flame? (?hot athwart the bright blue sky, dense
columns ot smoke obscured the face of the
moon which Badly looked upon the swift work
of d es tr nc ; lon Abbeville never Baw a bright?
er, fairer and mere sorrowinl Sabbath than
that of to-day. Property and wealth which
had been accumulating for years has suddenly
been swept away; fine wot ks of art which
once delighted the eve of the artist now He In
ashes; the cosily and stately buildings which
composed the Granite Range are crumbling
heaps, or, charred and blackened, rear their
naked walls heavenward-a gaping, ghastly
i he scene of the conflagration was sublime;
anxious property-holders looked wild with ex?
citement; women and children fled for their
lives; the flames crackling, hissing and roar?
ing poured their burning passion lortb, and
without mercy clasped their red hands lu glee
at the weak efforts made to stop their pro?
gress. Men worked amid the scorching heat
ol the burning mase, and the blinding, suffo?
cating clouds of smoke with the courage ot
Spartana, but-all in vain. The flames spread,
the overheated walla cracked and trembled,
and many of them fell wltn thunderoua
rumble. The night was very calm,, and a
kind Providence kept the wind In abeyance.
It ls suppered tbar. the fire originated in tbe
kitchen ef Mr. A. M. EUI, but lt was far be?
yond control before lt waa discovered. Mr.
Hill was awakened by his wife about one
o'clock, and. on opening his chamber door to
ascertain what waa the matter, was met by a
blinding cloud ot smoke and heat. Mrs. Hill,
sick In bed, waa, with the greatest difficulty,
saved. One of his children, pursued by the
flames, leaped Irom the second story ol the
oui rung aud sought safety in flight. Mr.
Hill's losses are very great and severe. He
lost four hundred dollars in money and suc?
ceeded in saving nothing whatever-clothlog,
furniture, bedding and everything was de?
stroyed, and notbiog was covered by insur?
Barnwell A Co. had their, store burned, and
succeeded in saving nothing. Their books
and about four hundred dollars m money were
losr. Tne losses of this ti rm are partially cov?
ered by Insurance; they were Insured for
The store of A. M. Hill & Co. wa?? gutted by
the devouring element. A part of their stock
was caved, aud they were insured for $2600 in
the. Continental. Their warehouse waa dre?
proof, and the groceries, cotton, Ac, which
were stored In lt, suffered nu injury.
The furniture store of J. D.Chblmers & Co.
next fell a prey to the flames. A part ol their
stock WAS saved, and they were insured for
$1000 -$800 in the London,' Liverpool and
Globe, and $800 in the Georgia Home. The
clerk's, sheriff's and county commissioner's
offices were totally consumed, with all their
books, papera aud records. The loss of these
papera to the county cannot be estimated.
These offices met with heavy losses at our fire
I in January la-r, and now nothing ls left. The
destruction ol'tne books, papers and records in
these offices wlil cause great embarrassment
In our financial and business circles. It seems
that Abbeville, between robbery, wrong and
Ure, la destined to be destroyed.
Tue drug store of Lee & Parker ended the
progress of the fire in a southerly direction.
This store was Ulled with drugs, which added
fuel to the flames. A part of the stock was
saved, and insurance to tho amount of two
thousand dollars held lu the London, Liver?
pool and Globe.
Il was thought at one time that the whole of
the western Bide of our public square would
be burned; but the fire-proof wall of Lawson's
Hall and the almost superhuman efforts of a
portion ot our citizens stopped its further pro?
gress. On the wall ot Lawson's Hall a few
men gallantly taught the flamea. Colored
men and white men stood breast to breast,
cheered each other and worked like horses.
H. H. Billson, colored member of the Legisla?
ture, forgetful of the dignity of position, work?
ed for the good of his fe li o w-cl ti zen 3. On the
ground lawyers, merchants, mechanics and
ministers, mingling la one common crowd,
did efficient service.
While in the conduct ol a number of our peo?
ple lhere waa much to oommend, we have
nothlug of praise or commendation to give to
the greater, class-that class which stood
aside, unmoved bv the losses which their
neighbors were suffering, and grimly smiled.
Many would nut m ?ve an Inch until they were
promised a reward. The hook and ladder
company wat not out in full loree. The pro?
gress of the Are in a northerly direction was
decked by tne flreprool wall of Wardlaw ?
Edwards'? Blore. .
Many losses of minor Importance to those
enumerated above were occasioned by the
tire, and the calamity which has befallen us Is
most grievous. The business interesta of our
town have been paralyzed, a portion ot our
best and most beautiful range of buildings de?
stroyed, the legal documents ut our county are
in ashes. It will he years before the injuries
occasioned by the fire will be overcome.
In order that so great misfortune and misery
may never agalo visit us, let there be a fire
company fully organized and equipped.
TBE STATE LEGISLATURES.
The Muddle in Alabama-A House Di?
vided Against Itself.
MOBILE, ALA., November 19.
The Conservative delegation from Marengo
County who were arrested by a United StateB
marshal while on their way to Montgomery,
upon an alleged violation ot the enforcement
act arrived here this morning, and were car?
ried before United Stales Commissioner Gil
lete, who released them upon their giving
buuds In the sum of $3000 each lor appearance
at the next term ot the United States Court.
They leave for Montgomery to-day.
MONTGOMERY, ALA., November 19.
Four other Conservative members arrived
and enrolled their names at the capitol to-day,
and one Republican, making Any, which la
one less than a quorum. In the Senate nine?
teen eenators were present, miking two less
than a quorum. The three Conservatives of
Marengo County, who were arrested by a Uni?
ted Stales depuiy marshal and taken to Mo?
bile, gave bond In that city and will arrive
here to-night and be in their seats to-morrow.
This wlil give the Conservative branch, which
meets in the legislative rooms at the capitol, a
quorum In each house. The Republicana met
intheUulted 8taies court-room and elected
officers, having enrolled a number of mem?
bers from various counties without certificates
of election. There were no new developments
to-day, but to-morrow will probably fo recast
The Kxtra Session of the Massachusetts
BOSTON, November 19.
The extra session ot toe Legislature con?
vened to-day. The Governor's message hopes
that legislation will be confined to the malters
growing out of the recent calamity, and sug?
gests as topics for consid?ration the proposed
loan of the credit of the city to parties wishing
io rebuild; the rechartering of insurance com?
panies; ihe amendment to the betterment act,
und the building laws.
The Louisiana Election Quarrel.
NEW ORLEANS, November 19.
An injunction was Issued to-day resi raining
Longstreet, Lynch, Herron and Jacobs from
acting as members ol the election return
boarua, and upon an affidavit by Governor
Warraouth the same partte.a were to-day ar?
rested for violation of the State election laws.
They were balled In the sum of ten thousand
WASHINGTON, November 19.,
Jay Cooke, H. C. Fan nea tock and Governor
H. D. Cooke had a long consultation with Se?
cretary Bontwell to-day. ..-.-;>
Samuel F. Phillipa, the new solicitor-gen?
eral, .has arrived. ? >:
To morrow the report of Major McFarland,
engineer in charge of the service for a canal
rome to connect the Tennessee Elver with the
Atlantic Ocean, at or near Savannah, Ga., will'
be transmitted to Congress alongwlth the re?
port of the Secretary of War. The report ia
exhaustive, and fatly establishes the feasibil?
ity o? the project.
Ibe collector of the first Georgia district bas
been ordered to make a new investigation of
the case against: the Georgia Railroad and
Banking Company ot Augusta.
ACROSS THE ATLANTIC.
Serions Disaffection an tbe London Po?
ll ce Brigade.
LONDON-, November 19.
The dismissal of eighty members of the po?
lice force for Insulting Insubordination yester?
day caused dissatisfaction among their fel?
lows, who made strong manifestations. Two
hundred more were suspended this afternoon.
Insubordination has now spread throughout
the entire force, and further suspensions ar?
looked for. There ls great excitement In, the
city over the prospect of the streets being left
uoguarded. At eleven o'clock this morning
not a policeman was to be seen cn the Strand.
Th Ie ra and thc French, ? iitmbl jr
PARIS,. November 19, .
In the Assembly yesterday a motion was
made censuring Gambetta for his Inflammatory
epeches, and complaining of the laxity of the
government In dealing with the Increasingly
audacious Badlcals. Theirs defended the gov?
ernment, and Intimated that he might appeal
to tbe country. He admitted that Gambetta'g
speeches were offensive, but claimed that the
government was not responsible. Thiers put
lt to a vote, and the result was: Teas 267;
nays 117*. Maoy deputies abstained from
voting. ... ? uh
It ls probable that in consequence of tba
(.mall majority and the large abstention from
voting Thiers will demanda second vote of
confidence in bis administration. M
A Royal Convalescent. .
MADRID, November 19. R
King Amedens continues to Improve In
health. - '
THE WE Al HER THIS DAY. '
WASHINGTON, November 19?.i
In the South Atlantic States, southwesterly
winds, veering to morrow to northwesterly,
with partially cloudy weather. " S ..
SPARKS PROBT THE WIRES. . >
-Counterfeit Union Pacific Railroad bonds
are In circulation.
-Grant's majority in Maine ls 31,000. The :
vote was the smallest since 1820. >
-George Wood, an alleged gift-concert
swindler, bas been arrested at New York.
-The norse malady has reached Memphis.'
Tenn., aud Is Increasing in the coal regions of
Pennsylvania. . ,
-Buck Shunz, a noted colored desperada,
has been arrested at Pottsville for kicking a
Mrs. 8Iat*r to death.
-The steamship Colombia, of the New York:
and Havana Hoe, bas been confiscated in .tbs
United States ; District Court, on a charge of
smuggling cigars. ' ' -;
-The new trial of Edward 8. Stokes,, for
the killing of James Fisk, Jr., will commence,
on the second dav of the December term of
the Oyer and Terminer Court of New York.
inntrai a oner?.
.?Sr- THE FRIENDS AND A(3QUAJ5T-', .
ANCES of Mrs. CATHE ft INS ANDERSON" sre rev
I spectrally 1 vf ed to attend her funeral services
I at st. Mam's Church THIS MORNING, at 10 o'clock.
nov20-?_'_' " .
^CONSIGNEES PEE COMMERCIAL
Line schooner E. S. G1LDEB8LEEVE, from New
York, are not lied that she is Tms DAV discharg?
ing cargo at Central Wharf. Ail Goods on the
wharf at sunset wdl be stored at owner's risk and
expense. No claims allowed after goods' leav
the wt) arr. E. F. S WE EGAN, Agent.
??~DEi TUTT'S HAIE DYE IS SUPER?
SEDING another Bair colorings. Ic ls exten?
sively used both in Europe and America.
f?f BELL SCHNAPPS, DISTHJIED;
, by the Proprietors at Schiedam, m Holland. An
Invigorating Tonic and Medicinal Beverage.
Warranted perfectly pure, and free from ai.'
deleterious substances. It ls distilled from Bar-'
ley of the finest quality, and the aromatto Juniper
Berry ol Italy, and designed expressly fer cases
ol Dyspepsia or Indigestion, Dropsy, Goat, ftheu
matlsm, General Debility, Oartarrh of tbe Blad?
der, Pains In the Bactc and stomach, and aU
diseases of the Urinary Organs. It gives relief
tn Asthma, Gravel and oatoull in the Bladder,
[ strengthens and Invigorates the system, and ts
I a certain preventative and cure or that dreadful
! scourge, Fever and Ague.
CAUTION t-A8k for "HUDSON G. WOLFE'S
For sale by all respectable Grocers and Apothe?
HUDSON G. WOLFE A GO., Solo Importe*!).
Office, No. 18 South William street, New. York. .
BUBNHAM'S AROMATIC DENTI
Fri ICE, for Cleaning, Beautifying and Preserving
the Teeth, and imparting a refreshing taste to th?
mouth. Prepared by
EDW. S. BURNHAM, ; .
Graduate of Pharmacy,
No. 421 King street, Charleston, a, C.
Recommended by the following Dentists:' Br '
' J. B. PATRICK, Dr. B. A MUOKBNFUSS.
gOUTH CAROLINA RAILROAD.
CHARLESTON, S. O,, September 27, 1872.
On ana alter SUNDAY, Septemoer 29, the Pas?
sen ger Trains on the South Carolina Railroad win
run as follows :
Leave Charleston.9.80 A x
Arrive at columbia.s.20 r ic.
Leave Charleston. 9 80 A x
Arrive at Augusta.6.40 r x
Leave Columbia. 9 00 A K:
Arrive at Charleston.4.80 r v.
Leave Angurta.-. 9 oj A it
Arrive at Charleston. 4.80 r lt'
COLUMBIA Nie ET RXPilRaS.
Leave Charleston.......... r.io r ic
Arrive at columbia. e.so A X
Leave Columbia.?.7.M r x
Arrive at Charleston.6 40 A x:
AUGUSTA NIGHT XXFRR8S.
Leave Charleston..' 8 80 i? x
Arrive at Augusta.7.8ft A K
Leave Augusta._.6.16 r x
Arrive at Charleston.6.10 A X
H OCHSE VIL LB TRAHf.
Leave Summerville at.'.26 A X
Arrive at Charleston.8.40 A X
Leave Charleston.-.8.U6 r x
Arrive at summerville. 4.40 r x
CAM DEN TRAIN.
Leave Camden.-.'.20 A X
Arrive at Colombia.Iks* A X
Leave columbia.2.10 r u
Arrive at Camden.6.66 r x
Day and Night Trains connect at Augusta with'
Macon and Angnata Railroad, Central Kallroad
and Georgia Railroad. This ls the quickest and
moat direct rente and as comfortable and cheap aa
any other route to Louisville, Cincinnati, Chicago,
st. Louis and all other point? West and Northwest.
Colombia Nignt Tram connects with Greenville1
and columbia Railroad ; aud Day and Night TraUUi
connect with Charlotte R- ad.
Through tickets on sale via this tonie to all
Camden Tram connects at Ringville dali j (ox.
cept SnndayB) with Day Passenger Train, and
rons through to Columbia. -
_ A. L. TYLER, Vice-President.
ti. B. PIOKENB, G. T. A sep27