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VOLUME IX.-_NUMBER 2070 CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 2, 18^2._EIGHT DOLL4HS A YEAR.
THE NEW GOVERNOR.
HIS INAUGURAL ADDRESS, AS IT WILL
BB SPOKEN TO-DAT.
He Pledges Himself Anew to an Honest
and Impariiai Administration tit the
Interest of the Whole People.
(SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO TH S NEWS.]
COLUMBIA, Monday, Dec. 2, midnight.
I have succeeded In obtaining a copy of the
Inaugural of the Governor eleot, F. J. Moses,
Jr., wMchJs now In type. The address is ex?
pected tobe delivered at two P. M. to-morrow,
the hour fixed for the Inauguration, andas
the readers of THE NEWS will be anxious to
Hear what their new Executive bas to say at
the threshold of his administration, I send lt
to you in lull :
FdloxD-OUixms of the Senate and House of
. You nave entered upon the sixth session ot
the General Assembly since the establishment
of free government In the State of South
-. Ifcfbould be with us a source of profound
gratitude to Divine Providence that you m ;et
under auspices that betoken brighter and bet?
ter days for the whole people of the State,
whose sworn representatives you are. The
earth bas rewarded the labors of our husband*
men with abundant fruits, while all the varied
forms and arts of Industry are being prose?
cuted with hopeful energy amid apparently
universal peace and order, nnder our happy
system of government, which guarantees and
maintains liberty regulated by law.
We have been mercifully exempt from the
great and disastrous fires whlob, during the
past year, have swept over BO many portions
of our common country, consuming to ashes
the garnered wealth of years, and reducing
the rich and the poor to the same level of In?
Let us endeavor, fellow eli Izaos, to deserve
these signal blessings by a faithful and con?
scientious discharge of all the important
trusta reposed in us by the people. ?/\Ajf\
Ia entering upon the duties of the DlgVofllce
with which I have been vested by the gener?
?os favor of my fellow-citizens, my deep
aesse of gratitude to them for the honor con
erred by their free suffrages ls associated
with a painful conviction of the grave re
ipanslbllity which has been imposed upon me
by their choice.
I will endeavor to discharge my whole duty
to the whole people of the State. To this end
I invoke the considerate Judgment and active
cooperation of every member of the General
Assembly, whatever may be his party creed,
and the opea aid and assistance of every good
citizen ia the Commonwealth of South Giro
Wjme I shall not forget that, as a candidate,
I represented in my person the Union Repub?
lican party, whose beneficent principles are
expressed in the doctrine of equal rights and
exact justice to all men, now Incorporated In
the fundamental law of the State and nation;
and while under any and all circumstances my
dutyof devotion and fidelity to my party shall i
be ever present to my mind, I trust that I
may always remember that, as the Chief Mag- .
1 strate of the State, I represent all the people
of South Carolina, and that the lines which
limit--my zeal for their interests must, in
honor, be co-extensive with her boundaries.
Standing here to-day lu the august presence
of the assembled law-makers of the State, and
of this large multitude, with the oath o? office
In all its adema sanctity lresh upon my lips,
I pledge my best efforts to Insure that during
my administration "the Commonwealth shall
suffer no detriment."
- Gentlemen of the Senate and House of Repr??
sentatives, let us re-dedicate ourselves to the
great work and duty of the hour. Let us
prove to the world, by the enactment ol just
laws and their impartial administration, that
the nighest private liberty here 1B consonant
with the greatest public good.
. Oar people are happy in the possession of a
bountiful soil and a genial climate. Here the
varied products of temperate and tropic zones
. grow side by Bide, while our streams are flash?
ing in the sunlight of a perpetual spring. The
im;3tjrlal plant, whose fleecy fibres enter into
the raiment ot civilized man throughout the
; globe, and whose production presses heavily
upon the very balance wheels of the commer?
cial exchanges of the world, has here Its na?
tive home and most luxuriant growth. Yet
the iaoe of the emigrant is turned away from
our State, and capital, whloh sets labor in mo?
tion and creates the manufactures whloh con?
tribute to the comfort and the ?l?vation or
man, shrinks back from us, as If the Beals of
pestilence were broken, and its vials emptied
out-upon this beautiful land of ours. Hence,
nearly - three-fourths ot our vast territorial
area, embracing not less th au thirty-six thous?
and square miles, ile fallow to-day.
This disastrous result ls largely due to the
fell spirit ot political Intolerance, which has
been manifested during the past five years,
by the former governing class ia South Caro?
lina, who Stil), ia great part, represent the
educated intelligence and landed property of
S the SUte.
That Intolerance, which was at first suc?
cessfully directed to destroy the financial
credit of the State- Government, both at home
and abroad, also proscribed every native and
adopted citizen who openly declared himself
la accord with the. political sentiments whIch
were entertained by the vast majority of the
people ot the United States, who have, by the
resafe of the recent national campaign, fur
nished a most memorable proof of their firm
determination that only those who are known
to reflect and maintain those political senti?
ments shall role ia this republic of ours.
Individual proscription r.od habitual de?
nunciation of the government, both State and
Federal, werf soon followed by armed organ?
izations in various sections of the State,
whlob, led by bold, bad and designing men,
overawed, by their numbers and daring, the
law-abiding majority, and scourged and slew
many of their fellow-citizens beoause of their
political opinions and party affiliation.
These barbarous acts ot a minority of the
minor party la the State continued, with
varying intensity, for a long and dark period
ot more tban three years. The government
of the State having made Ineffectual attempts
to check them, both by earnest appeals to the
reason and humanity of those who were re?
garded as the political leaders and exponents
of the desperate men engaged In them, and
by Its available constabulary for oe, finally ap?
pealed to the national authority for protection
to American citizens from lawless violence
within the limits of the State.
That appeal, after long delay Incident to
procuring the necessary legislation by the
Congress of the United States, was effectually
responded to, through the Federal courts,'sus
tallied bj the military arm of the governmen
Aa the result or that Intervention, lor whit
our most profound gratitude ls due to tr
Government of the United States, many hui
d-eds of the persons engaged in those lawlei
undertakings, so abhorrent to our free inst
tutions and to the civilization of the age, nav
been arrested and Imprisoned, under sentenci
while many more charged with having bee
engaged in them have, through a sense of fee
or guilt, fled beyond the borders ol our Stat?
Taming away from the recollection of thoa
scenes which were so utterly revolting to a
trne lovers of liberty, I am happy to ann o une
that peace and good order now prevail every
where within the State, which seem to be ac
companied by a returning aense of Justice, an
by a broader spirit ot toleration in the hlthert
ruling classes, which famish a better gu?rante
tor their continuance than the mere tempe
rary presence of the sword or bayonet ca:
ever give among a free people.
The grand Juries of several counties in th
upper part of the Stale, which were the ohle
scenes of the armed violence aimed at th
vested rights of American citizens, have re
cently expressed a becoming contrition, am
apparently sincere regret and sorrow, tba
this violence should have been permlttei
to manifest Itself, unchecked by the local au
thoritles in their several counties, and sol
emnly pledge those citizens who have here
tolore been presumed to have given a qules
cent sanction to these atrocities, that hence
forth they will actively exert themselves tc
main tal u law and order, and will protect, bj
foroe ot arms, if necessary, any cltizei
whose political rights and personal prlvllegei
may be assailed.
Aa Governor of this State, and as the pol?tica
ally and personal friend of many of those
who have been stricken down by this armed
violence, and whose memories I wear within
my heart of hearts, I welcome this pledge tc
which I have referred, and earnestly trust
that lt will be speedily and constantly ratified
by the conduct of those In whose behalf lt bat
The grand Juries have accompanied these
gratifying assurances by the Indictment of a
large number of persons, chargeable with
having been actors in these unholy and crimi?
nal combinations. I have been informed by
members of your respective houses, who
have lived lo the disturbed portions of South
Carolina, that this happy change, in the sec?
tion referred to, is to some extent due to the
fearless action of the Judge of the Sixth Cir?
cuit, For this he deserves, and should re?
ceive, tbe thanks of our people.
Let us indulge the not altogether unwar?
ranted hope that the dawn ot a brighter foture
baa broken upsn South Carolina, and that the
passions which have so long vexed her people
with Internecine strife, and the batet which
sprung from domestic war, have spent their
last red ripples within ber borders. While
the exhibition and indulgence of such pas?
sions and hates might sometimes enable a
political party to win, by them the people of
the State mast always lose.
I therefore appeal to the men of my own
race, in South Carolina, in the common Inter?
est of her whole people, to place themselves
abreast with the advancing civilization of the
age, and cultivate a nobler spirit of toleration,
worthy of the anolent renown of theiBtatej.
Earner up-ir yon choose-all that you may
istly deem honorable in the mouldering tra?
itions of our people, and walk with reveren?
tial tread near the graves of the brave and de?
voted men who, however mistaken they may
have been, died willingly la defence of
what they believed to be right. But deal
more Justly and kindly with onr dark foster
brothers of the State. They are your fellow
oltlzens, by the constitution and laws ot our
common country, and your destiny is bound
up with theirs-lor good or evil-in all coming
time. Bise above that spirit of sectionalism,
which has so long been the dark alain on the
escutcheon of oar most distinguished states?
men, and which marred tho noble character
and narrowed the Intellectual rauge ot the
great Virginia senator, ot whom Whittler, the
great "Poet of Liberty," has Bald, with kindly
"Too honest or too proud to feign,
A love he never cherished,
Beyond Virginia's border Uno
Mts patriot lam perished
While others balled In distant skies
Our ^eagle's dusky pinion,
Be only saw our mountain bird .
Stoop o'er the Old Dominion."
Let the American citizen feel that wherever
may have been the place of his birth, when
he enters within our boundaries he will find
withins a safa home and hospitable welcome.
Thus will oar brethren from the great States
of the North be encouraged to dwell among
?B. The men whose skilled industry and ex
hanatless eaergles have bonded mighty cities
in the remote wilderness will level our forests
and replace them with blooming harvest
fields, and cover the spots n$w marked by the
sad ruins of disastrous war with the enduring
monuments of their peaceful and civilizing
arts. The magnificent and unfailing water
power of our State, which ls now rnnnlngto
waste, will then be rapidly utilized, to put in
motion thousands of busy spindles and looms,
in full view of the fields that are whitened by
the plant that supplies the material for the
fabric they weave. The hardy yeomanry of
Europe-who Beek abroad the liberty and
prosperity denied them at home-will also be
woad to our shores, and will swell the volume
of oar Industrial wealth.
I would also appeal to those people of the
State, who were formerly the ml lng class, to
cultivate and cherish a loyal and devoted sen?
timent to the great government of which we
form a part, and to revere and worship the
flag which represents lt-a government whose
mighty arm ls ready to be uplifted la your de?
fence, at home and abroad, on land and sea
a flag which you cw no longer call the ensign
of a power hostile to you. The illustrious
soldier who ls now the Chief Magistrate of onr
great Republic, and whose magnanimity In
peace should make the brave men who op?
posed him feel that he deserved to triumph
in war, desires to Bee all citizens of our State
dwell together lu harmony-In obedience to
Just laws ot their own enactment-and he
stands prepared to foster by generous en
courgement a loyal sentiment ot devotion to
our country, wherever lt may make Itself
To those of my fellow-clllzena with whom I
am affiliated In political sentiment, and who
were pleased to designate me as the candi?
date of their choice, and to accord me their
suffrages in. the recent election, I desire to
say that in all matters of public policy, so far
as any effort of mine may avail, I will regard1
the platform which was framed by the repre?
sentative body that placed me in nomination
as an authoritative exposition of my official
dnty, which demands, and shall ever receive,
my highest respect.
I shall avail myself of the earliest opportu?
nity to communicate with yon as to the re?
forms and amendments in our system of State
Government which I think are contemplated
by the spirit and Intention of this platform,
by which I hope we will be governed.
To those who deemed lt proper to assail me
during the canvass with unparalleled acerbity,
I would say, In kindly spirit, that the obloquy
of their aaaaolta has been met and answered
at the ballot-box, and I do not desire to re?
vive the recollection of their defeat, save by
proving in my public conduct that their re?
proaches were undeserved.
I trust that lt will not be deemed inappro?
priate for me to refer, on an occasion like the
I present, to an event which, following rapidly
I the official announcement of the election o?
the Republican candidates in the State and
nation, bas thrown a cloud upon even that
splendid triumph. I allude to the death of
the Hon. Horace Greeley, which occurred on
the evening of the 29th ultimo, and which
may be considered as a national calamity.
History is but the record ot the lives and
deeds of the few men who have been either
the benefactors or the scourges of their race.
This man was in his sphere illustrious above
all his compeers in the service rendered by
him to the cause of human rights, during the
past quarter of a century. Standing at the
head of a great journal, whose pages were
disseminated as widely as the English language
itself, he did more than any of his contempo?
raries to mould the opinions of the represen?
tative men of bis generation, and to estab?
lish and vindicate the beneficent system ol
free government now incorporated. Into the
organic law of this nation.
Springing from the tolling millions of the
people, he never forgot bis origin, but waa
always, amid his well deserved wealth and
eminence, the outspoken champion of the
poor and the oppressed, and of the rights of
labor. No man was more uncharitable in
speech than he, and never was man more
charitable In deed. Possessed of a hardy and
rugged honesty which the breath of slander
dared not assail, even ia the fierce heat ot a
political canvass distinguished for Its bitter
and malign personalities, he never, where
principle (as he saw lt) was involved, sacri?
ficed the right to the expedient, but always
preferred, in maintaining his conv.ctions,
rather to break than to bend.
His fame will be national property, and will
continue for many generations .to reflect lus?
tre upon his country, while the colored race
whom he aided so much to relieve from
chattel and civic bondage, will, in gratefully
cherishing the memory of his noble service,
forget his one grievous fault.
Ia conclusion, fellow-citizens, I would do
injustice to the Impulses of my) heart should
I fall, on each an occasion as the present, to
recognize and gratefully acknowledge the
services rendered to the cause of free gov?
ernment In South Carolina by my distinguish?
ed predecessor. First entering the State as a
prisoner ot war, whose command was de?
feated without dishonor, he was duly
exchaog9d, after long confinement in
a military prison, and at the close bf
hostilities la* the field returned, with
promotion to the rank of major-general of the
United States Army, to administer the affairs
of an Important burean of the government of
our State. In that capacity he organized the
labor system on a free baals, protecting alike
the rights of the employer and the laborer.
Hts administration as Governor of South Car?
olina ls before the country, and *>y the coun?
try lt will be Judged. Whatever that judg?
ment may be, I but express the opinion of
those who know him best, when I say that he
has endeavored lo dlacharge the duties of
his high office In the Interest of the party that
elected him and for the welfare of the people
of the Slate.
With a solemn appreciation of the grave
responsibility imposed upon me in the per?
formance of my duties, and in the earnest
hope that the Important matters involved in
the situation before' us may bring about the
utmost concert and unanimity of action, I
commend your deliberations to the merciful
superintendence of that Almighty Power
which presides over States and nations.
Governor Scott's valedictory mersage was
read in the General Assembly to-day. Ita
salient points were fully given in the sketch
already published in THE NEWS. SPRITE.
THE LEGISLATURE YESTERDAY.
An Avalanche of Bills-Rowley's Ur?
form Bill Squelched-The Senatorial
Squabble- v New Candidate.
[SPECIi L TELEGRAM TO TUK NEWS 1
COLUMBIA, Monday, December 2.
Both houses reassembled at noon to-day,
and in each of them a perfect shoal of new
legislative measures was brought forward. In
tbej Senate the following notloes of the intro?
duction of bills was given : Ry Cain, a bill au?
thorizing probate judges to perform all the
ddtles heretofore performed by commissioners
In equity ; by Dunn, a bill to amend an act for
the protection of policy holders. Hayne in?
troduced a bill lo repeal the license law.
/Whlttemore Introduced a bill to ex?
tend the time for the collection of taxes.
Dunn Introduced a bill to abolish the office of
county auditors and devolve their duties upon
the sheriffs. A resolution was adopted calling
for a report from the comptroller-general, in
accordance with the settlement bill.
The Governor's message was read in both
houses. A joint committee of arrangements
was appointed for the inauguration of the new
Governor, which takes place to-morrow at
tffo P. M. The Senate adjourned In respect
to the memory of Senator Wlmbusb.
In the House of Representatives Bryan gave
notice ol a bill to repeal the general license
law. Artaon gave notice of a bill to encourage
the rebuilding of the burnt district of Charles?
ton. M. S. Miller gave notice of a bill to pro?
hibit county commissioners being Interested
in contracts given out by them. He also gave
notice of a bill to reduce the Balarles of
county school commissioners. Bowley In?
troduced a bill ordering a tax levy ot
blank mills for appropriations for the
fiscal year commencing November 1, 1872;
blank mills to support ihe public schools;
blank mills to pay the deficiency of the year
commencing November, 1871, and blank mills
for county expenses. Relerred to the com?
mittee on ways and means. Crittendon gave
notice of a bill to give the election of county
treasurers to the people. McCullough gave
notice of a bill to abolish the office of county
auditors and devolve the duties upon the
county treasurers. Crews gave notice cf a
bill to repeal all fence laws. Wolle of a bill to
amend the general fence law. Meyer of a bill
to provide for the redemption of delinquent
lands. Grant introduced a resolution to ap?
point a Joint commiitee'of five to invest?gate,
In connection with four citizens, one from
eeah Congressional District, into the financial
condition of the Stale.
'ihe committees were announced as already
published in THE NEWS. Hurley declined to
serve as chairman of the committee on com?
merce, and was excused. A long discussion
took place over Bowie) 'a resolution about at?
taches, which was published ia last Friday's
NEWS. The resolution was flaally laid upon
The senatorial contest waxes hot and fierce.
Gary ls out lu a bitter circular to be distribu?
ted in the Assembly to-morrow, makiDg an
open charge that Scott bribed the Legislature
last winter to defeat the Impeachment move?
ment, and charging similar crimes against
Patterson. This movement ls understood to
be In the Interest o? Sawyer.
Another candidate forsenatorlal honors will
be announced to-morrow io the person of
Samuel T. Polder, chief supervisor of elec?
tions. Ile la put forward as the young men's
candidate, and bas received the hearty en?
dorsement of the local press and ol many
members of the Assembly.
The contest for the judgeship o? this circuit ls
becoming active and Interesting. If Chamber?
lain is a cand idate, 11 ls thought he will undoubt?
edly be successful. But It Is said he will not run.
The oilier prominent candidates are You mans,
R. B. Carpenter, and J. M. Monteith. You mans
ls almost unanimously supported by the bar of |
this county and circuit, and seem? to have the
ben chance of success if Chamberlain does
not come forward. Carpenter has some ex?
cellent testimonials from certain lawyers of ]
Charleston, and may prove a formidable can?
didate. Monteith ls conducting au active
campaign and has many friends, but does not
appear to have as good ? chance as either of |
his rivals._ _ PIOKET.
Concert ot the marlon Fire Company.
The grand promenade gift concert o? the
Marloo Steam Fire Company to assist in pay?
ing for their new eugine will take place thlB
evening at the Aoademy of Music. Muller's
Band has been engaged, and a musical treat
may be expected. Refreshments will be fur
nlBhed at the bar adjoining tbe vestibule. The
whole number of tickets issued ls thirteen
hundred, at one dollar each. One thous- j
and of these are already sold, and
lt ls calculated that the remaining
three hundred tickets will be Bold be?
fore the distribution of prizes begins. The
prizes couBlst of seventy-seven magnificent
gifts ot gold and silverware. The distribu?
tion will commence at 8 o'clock. It will take
place on th? stage, and' the reporters ol the
dally papers have been requested to lospeot
the drawing. The praiseworthy object of the
concert should commend lt to the whole com?
munity, and enable the Marions to easily dis?
pose of the unsold tickets. Tickets will be
sold at the door of the Academy.
Ball of the Irish Clnb.
The presentation ball of the Irish Rifle Club,
which took place at the Hibernian Hall last
evening, was In every respect a brilliant affair
and magnificent success. The walls were de?
corated with the flags.oi the various fire com?
panies, as well as the holiday bunting and
signal flags of the steamship Charleston,
the latter having been kindly loaned by Cap?
tain Berry, The chandeliers were adorned
with wreaths ot evergreen. Beneath the
large chandelier, In the centre of the hall,
stood a glass case containing the prizes pre?
sented to the club at Its festival lu May last.
In the centre of the Btage stood a large pal?
metto tree obtained by the indomitable Mur?
phy, whose icy exploit was detailed in THE
NEWS of yesterday. Over tbs top of the pal?
metto was a peculiarly handsome gas jet j
of oval form enclosing the Initials
*L R. C.," in letters of genuine
flame. Ou either side ot the tree
was a stack of-tlfles with fixed bayonets. Out?
side the rifles a stack ot colors, composed of
the various rifle club flags. The hall was lite?
rally Jammed with ladles and gentlemen. At
nine o'clock the club formed In the banquet
hall and marched to ihe dancing ball on the
floor above, followed by a large number ol
prominent gentlemen, who had been invited
to act as vlce-prejldents of the presentation.
The vice-president* ascended tbe stage, and
the club formed before lt. Governor Magrath
bad been requested to make the presentation.
He received the colors, and' feelingly alluded
to the emotions which the occasion called
forth within bim; paid a glowing tribute to
Irish character, advancing Bishop England as
a type ot lt; very highly complimented Captain
James Armstrong, the president ot the ciub,
and concluded by reminding the club of Its
duty In the future.
In thc unavoidable absence of Captain Arm?
strong, the colors were received by V.ce-Pres
deut Grace, who in Atting terms returned the
tbankBofthe club to Governor Migratb and
the ladles who had made the donation. The
-colors consisted of a banner and two markers.
J The banner was made of heavy silk, green on
one side and white on the other. The white
side presented a palmetto tree, above which
was the word "Charleston?"across the trunk
the initials "I. R. C.," and beneath the roots,
Organized Anno Domini 1871." On the
green Bide was a gold harp twined
with shamrock. Above the harp, in
gold letters, was the name ol the club, and
beneath it the motto ot the same, "Q'iae reglo
In terris nostrl nou plena laoorls." The ban?
ner ls bordered with a fringe of gold, and
iurtber ornamented by a golden cord with
tasselB. The staff was of genuine Irish oak,
terminating in a golden ball and spear head,
the latter made of palmetto. The music was
rendered by Dauer'a, Beck's and St. Patrick's
bands combined. The dancing was kept up
until near morning, having been Interrupted
only by an excellent supper served up by
LO VAL LACONICS.
-The city hands were paid off yesterday at
the City Hall. The occasion attracted a large
crowd to the vicinity.
-The unknown Insane colored woman
brought to the City Hospital on the 26tb Inst.,
by order of the county commissioners, died
on Sun Jay night.
-Richard Rivers, colored, was carried to
the upper Guardhouse yesterday afternoon,
charged with stealing an article of clothing
from the store ot J. Murphy, on King street.
-Six negro women indulged In a free fight
In Rutledge avenue yesterday afternoon, and
succeeded in getting themselves locked up In
the upper Guardhouse.
-The German Hussar Tilting Club have ac?
cepted an invitation to Join in the parade ot
the Charleston Light Dragoon Sabre Club on
the 16th Inst., provided their uniforms and
accoutrements can be made ready by that
-The new method of doing the scavenger
work of the city, in accordance with a reso?
lution passed at the last meeting of the City
Council, went Into effect yesterday. Hereto?
fore the city inspectors appointed a scavenge*
contractor for each ward. Hereafter the
scavenger work will be done under the per?
sonal supervision of the inspectors and their
THE PBESID?NrS MESSAGE.
CONGRESS IX SESSION-SIGNS OF A
A Sentible Move from' Sumner- \ Fit?
ting Tribute to Horace Greeley
Healthy Tone of the Message.
WASHINGTON, Monday, December 2.
Congress met at noon, Colfax and Blaine
presiding in the Senate and House, respect
In the Senate, Sumner introduced a bill to
strike from tbe United Slates flags and from
tbe Army Register all mention of battles with
Both houses unanimously adopted the fol?
lowing concurrent resolution:
Resolved by the Senate and House of Repre?
sentatives, in view of the recent death of
Horace Greeley, for whom at the late election
more than three million ol votes were cast for
President, That a record be made In the Jour?
nals of Congress of: the appreciation fur the
eminent services and personal purity and
worth ot the deceased, and of the sad Impres?
sion created by his death following a keen
After a brief address,
THE! PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE
was announced, and read as follows:
To the Senate and Rouse of Representatives:
lu transmitting to you this, my fourth an?
nual message, lt ls wi'.h thankfulness to the
Giver of all Good thar, as a nation, we have
been blessed for the past year with peace at
home, peace abroad, and a general prosperity
vouchsafed to but few peoples, wi LU the
exception of the recent devastating fire,
vrnich swept trom the earth with a breath, as
lt were, millions of accumulated wealth In the
City of Boston, there has been no overshadow?
ing calamity within the year to record. It Is
gratifying to note how, like their fellow-citi?
zens of the City of Chicago under similar cir?
cumstances a year earlier, the citizens of B ?sion
are rallying under their misfortunes, and the
prospect that their energy and perseverance
will overcome ali obstacles, and show ihe
same prosperity soon thur they would had no
disaster befallen them. CK h rr wi-e. we have
been free from pestilence, war and the cala?
mities which often overtake nations, and, as
tar as the human Judgment can penetrate the
future, no cause seems to exist to threaten
our present peace.
When Congress adjourned ia June last, a
question bad ueen raised by Great Britain, and
was i hen pending, widen fora time seriously
Imperilled (heseulement by friendly arbitra?
tion of the grave differences between this
government and that ol her Drlianulc Mn] s
ty, which, by the Treaty of Washington, had
beea referred to tne tribunal of arbitration
which had met ut Geneva, In Swl zerland.
Tne arbitrators, however, disposed ot the
question which had Jeopardized the whole of
toe treaty, and threat* ned to Involve me two
nations In most unhappy relations towards
each other.ln a manner entirely satisfactory to
this government, and in accordance with the
views and the policy which lt had maintained.
The tribunal, which had convened at Geneva
in December, concluded Its laborious session
on the 5th of September last, on
which day, having availed Itself of
the discretionary power given to it by the
treaty to award a sum In groes, lt made Its de?
cision, whereby lc awarded the sum of fifteen
millions five hundred thousand do,lars in guld
as the Indemnity to be paid by Great Britain
to tho United States, lor the satisfaction ot all
the claims referred to its consideration. This
decision happily disposed ot a long standing
difference between the two governments, and
In connection with another award made
by the German Emperor, under a reference
to him by the same treaty, leaves these two
governments without a shadow upou the
friendly relations which, lt ls my sincere hope,
may lorever remain equally unclouded. The
report of the agent of the United'States ap?
pointed to the amended Geneva irlouoal, ac?
companied by the protocols of tne pro?
ceedings of the arbitrators, the arguments
of the counsel of both governments, the
award of the tribunal and the opinion given
by the several arbitrators, ls transmitted here?
with. I have caused to be communicated to the
heads of ihe three lrlendly powers who com?
plied with the Joint request made them under
the treaty the thanks or this government for
the appointment ot arbitrators made by them,
and also my than!:s to the eminent person?
ages named by them, and my appreciation of
the dignity, pittance, impartiality and great
ability with which they discharged their ar?
duous and high functions. Her Majesty's
Government has communicated to me the ap?
preciation by her Majesty of the "ability and
indefatigable Industry displayed by Mr.
Adams, the arbitrator named oa the part ol
thia government, during ihe protracted in?
quiries and discussions ot the tribunal. I
cordially unite with her Majesty lo this appre?
ciation. Ii Is due to the agent of the United
Stales before the tribunal to record
my high appreciation cf the marked
ability, unwearied patience and the pru?
dence and discretion with which he
bas conducted ihe very responsible and
delicate duties committed to him. as lt is also
dtie to the learned and eminent counsel who
attended the tribunal on the part of this gov?
ernment, to express my praise of tbe talents
and wisdom which lliey brought to bear in
the attainment of the result so happily
reached. It will be the province ol Congress
to provide for the distribution, among those
who may be entitled ir, of their respective
shares of the money io be paid, although ihe
sum awarded ls not payable uniil a year irom
the dale of the award. It ls deemed advisa?
ble ihat no lime be lost in making a proper
examination of the several cases In which in
demulfl.atlou maybe due, and I consequently
recommend ihe creation ol a board of com?
missioners lor the purpofie.
THE S.O JOAN BOUNDARY.
By the thirty-fourth article of the Treaty of
Washington, the respective claims ut the
United Stales ami of Great Britain, in their
construction of the treaty of thu 15LII of June,
1846, defining the boundary line between their
respective territories, were submitted to the
arbitration and award ot his Majesty, the fm
peror of Germany, to decide wnicti of those
claims ls most In accordance with the due in?
terrelation with ihe ireaties of 1846. His
Majesty, the Emperor of Germany, having
beea pleased to undertake the arbitration, be
has the earnest thanks of this government
and of the people of the Uoited States for tho
labor, pains and eire which he has devoted tu
the consideration of this long pending differ?
ence. I have caused an expression of my
thanks to be communicated to his Majesty.
Mr. Bancroft, the representative of this
government at Berlin, conducted the Oise
and prepared ile statement on the part
of the United States with the ability that his
past services Justified the public lu expecting
at his hands. As a member of the Cabinet at
the dale >oi the treaty which has given rise
to the discussion between the two govern?
ments, as the minister to Great Britain when
the construction now'pronounced unfounded
was first advanced, and as ihe agent and re?
presentative of the government to present the
case and to receive the award, he haB been
associated with the question lu all of IIB
phase?, and in every ?tage luis manilesied a
patriotic zeal and earnestness In the mainte?
nance of the claim of Lhe Uuited States. He
is entitled io much credit for thesucceBs which
has attended the submission, aller a patient
Investigation, ot the case and of the statement
of eacn party. His M?Jeaty, the Emperor,
oa the 2lst day of October last, signed
his award ia writing, decreeing that the
claim of the Government of the Uuited States
that the bouodaiy line between the territo?
ries of her Brlttajlc Majesty and the United
States should be drawn through the Haro
Channel ls most In accordance with the true
interpretation ol the treaty concluded on the
15th ot June, 1841. between the Governments
of her Bril an nie Majesty and of the United
States. Copies of the case presented on be?
half of each government, and of the state?
ment In reply of fach, and a translation of the
award, are tr?nen ?tied herewith. This award
confirma the Uni .ed States in their claim to
tue arcbipeligo of islands iylng between the
Continent and Vancouver's Island, which for
more than twenty-six years, ever since the
ratification ot the treaty, Great Britain has
contested, and leaves us, tor the first time in
the history of the Uoited States as a nation,
without a question of disputed boundary be?
tween our territory and the possessions of
Great Britain on i his Continent, It is mygrate
lol duty to acknowledge the prompt and apon
(anemia action of her Majesty V Governs
in giving effect to the award. In anticipai
ot any request from this government, and
fore the reception in the United States of
award signed by the Emperor, her Maj<
had given Instructions for the removal of
troops which had been stationed there, i
Tor the cessation of all exercise or claim ol
rlsdlctioo, BO as to leave the United State
the exclusive possession of the lateiy dlspu
territory. I am gratified to be able to
nounce that the orders lor the removal of
troops have been executed, and that milit
Joint occupation of San Juan has ceased. '
islands are now in tbe exclusive possessio!
the United States. It now becomes neceas
to complete the survey and determination
that portion of the boundary line through
Haro Channel, upon which the commissi
ers which determined the remiii.log part
the line were uoable to agree I recommt
the appointment of a commissioner to
Jointly with one which may be named by 1
Majesty for thar, purpose. Experience ot i
difficulties attending the determination
our admitted line of boundary after rhe
cupatlon of the territory and its settlement
thowe owing allegiance to the respective g<
ernments, points to the Importance of
iHollshine. by natural objects or other moi
ments, the actual line between the terrlfc
acquired by purchase from Russia and tbe t
Joining possessions of her Britannic Hajes
It Is now so sparsely occupied that no ci
il leting interesis ot Individual Jurisdiction E
likely to Interfere. But delay will embarn
the actual locailon of the line If <
ferred until population shall enter and occu
the territory, when trivial contest of neig
hors may again array the two governtnei
in antagonism. I therefore recommend t
appointment of a commission to act J ol ai
with one that may be appointed on the part
Great Britain to determine the line betwe
our Territory of Alaska and the possessions
In my last annual message I recommend
the l?gislation necessary on the part ot tl
United States to bring Into operation tl
articles of the Treaty of Washington ot Mi
8,1871, relaliog to the fisheries and to otb
matters touching the relations of the Unit*
States toward British North America. Posse
?lons become operative so soon aa the prop
legislation should be had on the part of Gre
Britain and Ita possessions; that legislation <
the part of Great Britain and tts possess loi
had not been had, and during the session
Congres? a question wan raised, which for tl
lime raised a doubt whether anv action I
Congre SH In the direction lndloited would b
come important. This question has Bin
been disposed of. and I have received noli
that the Imperial Parliament and the L>gl?l
ture of the Provincial Government na'
passed laws to curry the provisions ot the tree
on the matters ivffrtvd Into operation,
therefore commen ; jour early adoption of tl
legislation ia the same direction necessary c
the part of this government. Tne Joint comm!
sion for detcruiiulng tue boundary betwee
the Quited States aud the British possession
between the Lake of the Woods and it
Rocky Mountain;*, hus organized and cuter?
upon ita work. IL IS desirable that the fort
be increased In order that the completion
the survey and determination of the Iii
may be tue sooner attained. To this eud
recommend that a sufficient appropriation I
With France, our earliest ally, Russia, tl
constant and steady friend or the Unite
States, Germany, with whose government at
people we have so maoy causes of frlendshl
and so many common sympathies, and tl
other powers of Europe, our relations ai
maintained of the most friendly terms.
Since my last annual message the exebaof
has been made ol the ratification of a treal
with the German Empire respecting conan
and trade marka; alao of a treaty with S we
den and Norway, relating to naturalization, s
of which treaties have been duly proclalme
Congress at Its last session having made s
appropriation to defray the expenses of coo
rniBciona on the part of thu Untied States l
the International Statistical Congress at 8
Petersburg, the persons appointed lu tb
character prooeeded lo their de?iknalloa? an
attended tbe sessions of the Coogress. Toe
report shall, In due season; be laid before yo
This Congress meets at Intervals of abo
three years, and has held Its session in sev
ral of the countries of Europe. I submit
your consideration the propriety of extend??
an Invitation to the Congress to bold Its ne.
meeting in the United Suites. The centenn)
celebration to be held in 1873 would afford u
appropriate occasion for such meeting.
Preparations are making for the iaterni
tionul Exposition, to be held during the ne.
year in Vienna, on a scald of very great maj
nitude. The tendency of these expositions
in the direction of advanced civilization, an
ol the elevation of industry and of labor, nn
of the Increase or human Happiness as well s
ot greater Intercourse and good-will betwee
Obtlons. As that Exposition ls to be the fin
which will have been held In Eastern Europt
it ls believed that American inventors an
manufacturers will oe ready to avail then
Belves of the opportunity for the presentatlo
of their productions, lt encouraged by prope
aid aud protection. At the last session c
Congress authority was given for the appoint
ment of one or more agents to represent thi
government at the Exposition. The autborlt
thus given has been exercised, but in the at
sence ot any appropriation there is daoger thu
the Important benefit which the occasion offer
will, in a,large degree, be lost to citizens o
the (Jolted Slates. I commend the subjec
strongly to your consideration, and recom
mend that au adequate appropriation be madi
for the purpose to further aid American ex
ti i bi tors at the Vienna Exposition. I woul<
recommend, lu addition tu an appropriate
of money, that the secretary of the navy bi
authorized to fit up two naval vessels to trans
port between our Atlantic coast and Trieste
or the most convenient port to Vienna ant
baok, their articles for exhibition.
Since your last session the President of tin
Mexican Republic, distinguished by hts hlizl
character and by his services to his country
has fulfilled his temporary succession, ant
has now been elected with great unanimity bi
the people, a proof of confidence on tbeli
part lu his patriot ism aod wisdom, which lt li
believed will be confirmed by the results o
his administration. It ls particularly deslra
ble that nothing should be left undone
by the Government of their Republic
lo strengthen their relations as neighbors and
friends. It Is much to be regretted that man j
lawless acts continue to disturb the quiet oi
the settlements on the border between out
territory and that ol Mexico, and complainte
of wrougs to Americas citizens In various
parts of the country are made. The revolu?
tionary condition in which the neighboring
Republic baa BO long been involved has In
some degree contributed to this disturbance.
It la io be hoped that with a more settled rule
of order throughout the Republic, which may
be expected from the present government,
the acts of which Just complaints are made
will cease. The proceedings of the commis?
sion under the convention with Mexico of the
.f m of July, 1868, on the subject of claims,
have unfortunately been checked by
an obstacle for the removal of
which measures Lave been taken by the
two governments, which lt is believed will
prove successful. The commissions appointed
pursuant to the Joint resolution of Congress of
the 7th of May lust to inquire Into the depre?
dations on tbe Texan frontier have diligently
made InveBllcatlons In that quarter. Their
researches were necessarily Incomplete, partly
ou account o? the limited appropriation made
by Congress. Mexico, on the part of that
government, has appointed a search commis?
sion er to investigate these outrages. It ls
not announced onlclally, but the press of that
couniry stale that the lullest investigation le
desired, and that the co-operation ol all par?
ties concerned ls Invited io secure that end.
I therefore recommend that a special appro?
priation be made at the earliest practicable
moment to enable the commisioners on the
part of the United States to return to their la?
bore without delay.
lt Is with regret that I have again to an?
nounce a continuance of the disturbance of
the Island of Cuba. No advance toward the
pacification of the discontented part of the
population has been made, while the insur?
rection has gained no advantage and exhibits
no more or the elements or power or of the
prospects of ultimate success than were ex?
hibited a year ago. bpaln, on the other
hand, has not succeeded In its repression, and
the parties stand apparently In the same rela?
tive attitude which they have occupied for a
long time past. This contest has laatod now
for more than four years. Were it Been at a
distance from our neighborhood, we might be
indifferent as to Its results, although humani?
ty could not but be moved by many of Its Inci?
dents wherever they mi? nt occur. It la, how
ever, at our door. I cannot doubt that tl
continued maintenance o? slavery in .Cuba
among the strongest Inducements' for tt
continuance of the ?trifft. A terrible wror
ls tbe natural cause of a terrible evi
The abolition of slavery and the ln<rodn
lion of other reforms In the admlnletratlo
of government In Cuba could not fall I
advance the restoration of peace and ordei
It Is greatly to be boped that the present Ubi
ral government of Spain will voluntar!]
adopt this view. The law of emanclpatlo
which was passed more than two yearn alec
bas remained unexecuted in the absence c
regulations for Its enforcement. It was but i
feeble step toward emancipation; bat' lt wa
the r?cognition of right, and was bailed a
such, and exhibited Spain In harmony will
sentiments o? humanity and of Justice, and ii
sympathy with the other powers of tb
Christian aod civilized world. Within th
past few weeds the regulation* for carry mi
out the law of emancipation bave been an
nouueed, giving evidence of the sincerity o
Intentions of the present government to carr;
into effect the law of 1870. I have not fallei
to urge the consideration of the wisdom o
the polioy, and the Justice of a more effective
ayUem for the abolition ol tbe great
evil which oppresses a racp, ant
continues a bloody and desiraetta
contest, close to oar borders, as well as tb<
expediency and the justice of conceding re
torms, of which the propriety is not question?
ed. Deeply impressed with the conviction
that the continuance of slavery is. one of. the
most active causes of the continuance cf the
unhappy condition In Cuba, l regret to believe
that citizens of the United Slates, or those
claiming to be such, are large holders In Cuba
of what ls there claimed aa property, bot
what ls forbidden and denounced by the lawi
of the United States. They are thur, la defi?
ance ot the spirit of our own laws, contribu?
ting to the continuance of this distressing and
sickening contest. lu my last annual mes?
sage I referred to this subject, and I again re?
commend suco- leglrlatlou aa may bu proper
to denounce, and, if not prevent, at least to
discourage american citizens from holding or
dealing lu slaves.
It ls grail ly lng to announce that the ratifi?
cations ot the convention conducted under
the auspices of this government between
Spain on the one part, and the Allied Repub
Iles of the Pacific on the other, providing tor
an armistice, have been exchanged. A copy
01 the instrument ls herewith Buomitted. It la
hoped that thia may be followed ty a perma?
nent peace between the same parties. The
differences which at one time threatened the
maintenance of peace between Brazil and the
Argentine Republics, lt is boped, are. io the
way of sat! si ac tory adjustment. With these
Slates, ss with the Republics of Central and of
South America, we continue to maintain ihe
most friendly relation* It le with regret,
however, that I announce that th* 'Govern?
ment of Venezuela bas made no further pay?
ments on account nf- the awards wier 'HA
convention of the 25th of April, 1866. That
Republic is understood to be uuw aiinoei, if
uot quite, tranquilized. It is hoped mat lc
will loee no Hine lu providing for the unpaid
balance ot lis debt lo the Untied cit?tes,
which, having originated in lujuries to. our
Cilizeus by the Veuezuelan auiuorllteg, and
having been acknowledged pursuant tn a
treaty in the most solemn form known among
nation-, would seem to deserve a preference
over debts of a different origin contracted In a
different manner. This eubject ls agam're?
commended to the atteo'lon of Oonoiess for
such action as may be deemed proper..
Our treaty relations with Japan remain un?
changed. An Imposing embassy frem that lu?
te resting and progressive nation visited this
country during the year that Is passing, but
being unprovided with powers for the signing
ot a convention in ibis country, no conclusion
Inihat direction was reached. It.ls hoped,
however, that the Interchange of opinions
which toole place during their stay lu ibis
country has led to a- mutual appreciation? of
the Interests which may be promoted when the
revision of the existing treaty shall be under?
taken. In this connection I renew ray recom?
mendation of one year ago, that to gi ve impor?
tance and to add to the efficiency ot our diplo?
matic relations with Japan and Cn I na. and to
turther aid lu retaining the good opinion of
those people and to secure to the United States
Its share of the commeroe destined to flow be
tween those nations and the balance of tba
commercial world, an appropriation be made
io support at least four American youths lo
each of those countries, to tents aa a part of
the officiai family ot our ministers there...Our
representatives would not even then be placed
upon an equality with the representatives of
Great Britain and.of some other powers. As
now situated, our representatives in Japan
and China have to depend for Interpreters aod
translators upon natives of those countries
who know our language perfectly, or procure
for the occasion the services of employees ia
foreign business houses or the interpreters to
other loreign ministers.
I renew the recommendation made on a
previous oocaalon of tbe transfer to the de?
partment of the interior, to which they seem
more appropriately lo belong, of ail' the
powers aod duties In relation lo the Territo?
ries wiih which the department of.State ls
now charged by law or by custom.
Congress, from the beginning of the gov?
ernment, has wisely made provision for the
relief of distressed seamen in foreign 0000
trles. No sanitary providion, however, has
hitherto been made for the relief of cit liens in
distress abroad other than seamen. It -la un?
derstood to be customary with other govern?
ments to authorize consuls to extend such re?
lief to tbelr citizens or subjects in certain
cases. A similar authority, and an appropria?
tion to carry lt into effect, are recommended
in the case of citizens of the United States,
desiituie or sick. Under such circumstances
lt is well koowa that each citizens .resort to
foreign countries in great numbera." Though
most of them are able to bear.the expenses in?
cident to locomotion lhere are some, who,
through accident or otherwise, become penni?
less and have no lriends at home able to suc?
cor them. Persons in this situation'-?Met
either perish, cast themselves upon- the
.charity ot foreigners, or be . relieved at
the private charge of our own officers, who
usually, even with the most benevolent dispo
.tlon, have nothing to spare' for such persons.
Should the authority and appropriation asked
for be granted, care will be taken so to carry
the beneficence of Congress Into effect, that lt
shall not be unnecessarily or unworthily be?
The moneys received aad conveyed into
the treasury during the fiscal year ending
June 30, 1872, were: Prom customs. $216.
370,286 77; trom sales ot public lauds, $2,576,
7U19; from internal revenue, $130,612.177 72;
from tax on national banks, 16,623.396 39;
from Pacific Railway Companies, $749,861 87;
from customs, fines, ?c., $1.136.442 34; from
fees, circular, patent, land, Ac, 92.284,095 92;
from miscellaneous sources, $4,412,254 71;
total ordinary receipts, $364,694 229 91; from
premium on sales of coln, $9.412,637 66; total
net receipts, $374.106,86766; balance in treasu?
ry June 30, 1871. $109,935,705 59; total
available cash, $464.042,673 15. 'ihe net
expenditures during the same period wera:
For civil expenses, $16.187,059 20; for
foreign intercourse, $1,839,369 14: for Ia
diann, $7,061,728 82; lor pensiona, $28,633,
402 76, tor military establishment, including
fortifications, river and harbor Improvements
and arsenalB, $35.372,157 20; tor naval estab?
lishment, including vessels and machinery
and Improvements .at navy yards, $31,249,
809 99; for miscellaneous civil expenses, In?
cluding public buildings, lighthouses and col?
lecting the revenue. $42,953.329 08; .for inter?
est on the publio debt. $117,357,839 72; total,
exclusive of principal and premium on the
publio debt, $270,559,695 91; for premium on
bonds purchased, $6,?58,266 76; tor redemp?
tion of ihe public aeot, $99,960,253 61; total,
$106.918,520 30; total net disbursements, $377,
478,216 IT; balance la treasury June '30, 1872,
$106,664,356 94; total, $484,042,573 15.' From
the foregoing statement lt appears that the
net reduction of the' principal of the debt
during Lhe fiscal year ending June 80, 1872,
was $99,460,253 54.
The statements show a reduction of the pub?
lic debt irom the 1st ot March, 1869, to the
present lime as follows: From March let,
1869, to March 1st, 1970, $87,134.782 84; from
March 1st, 1870, to March 1st, 1871, $117,618, -
630 25; from March 1st, 1871 lo March lat, 1873?
$94,895,218 04; trom March 1st, 1872, to No?
vember 1st, 1872. eight months, $54,i42?37 84;
total $363,696,999 87. With the great reduc?
tion of taxation by tbe acts of Congress at Its
last sesstou. the expenditure ci. tbe govern?
ment in collecting tire revenue will be much
reduced for the next fiscal year. It la Very
- *'?' l/-"-!--..!.! ?
J Concluded:oft Fonjtti Page.