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VOLUME IX.-_NUMBER 2070 CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 2, 18^2._EIGHT DOLL4HS A YEAR.
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY.
THE NEW TAX BILL PASSED BT THE J
? Xteath Blow to the Blue Ridge Scrip
. A Atong Recete for the Holidays, ?Ce.
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
COLUMBIA. S. C., Thursday, Dec. 12.
In the S?pate, to-day, Jeter, of Spartanburg,
introduced a bill to charter the Spartanburg and
Asheville Railroad. Lee, colored, introduced a j
till to repeal sections es and es, chapter 120, of j
the General statutes; also, a bill to amend an ac1
for the p rot ec lon or poll oy-holders. Gaillard,
colored, introduced a bill to renew the charter of |
the Charleston Dry Dook Company. Nash, col?
ored, introduced a bill to charter the Joint Stock
Auxiliary Company. The bill to repeal sections
6, S and 7 of chapter 83 of the General statutes
was passed to a third reading. The following
passed: A bill ceding the National Cemetery
lands, in Darlington, to '.be United States; a bill j
to define the ncmbcr or trial jastices for Aiken j
County; a joint resolution antborlzing the levy
of an additional tax or two mills in Abbeville
County. The bill to repeal the license law was re?
committed to the judiciary committee. The J Ant
resolution prohibiting the publication of the laws
of the General Assemb'y was defeated.
tn trie HouBo the Judicial y commit ee reported
favora5ry"on the r?solution to authorize the em?
ployment of solicitors by the attorney-general, on
the bill to amend Section 27, Chapter 45 or the Gen?
eral statuta?, on the bill to fix the time for holding
the April term of the Supreme Court, and on the |
bill to empower the Supreme Court to name Is?
sues. The committee reported unfavorably on
tbe following bilis: The bill to authorize judges
to assign pal i counsel to derona indigent pris?
oners; the bill to amend Section 3, Chapter 61,
aad Section 2, Chapter 45 or the General Statutes;
y the bin to ena le coroners to detect criminals;
the bul to regulara sales of lands by order or
court. The committee on incorporations report?
ed favorably on the bill to change the title or the
Comet star Fire Company to the Comet
Steam Fire Company. The committee ou
commerce reported favorably on the bill
to Incorporate the Charleston Coastwise j
Transportation Company. Hurley introduced
a bul to cut all the time for the shooting of gams.
Brennan introduced a bill to fix the salarle) of
solicitors at one thousand dollars. Grant, color?
ed, gave notice of a bill to apportion ont the
Congressional representation. The House adopt?
ed a resolution to take a recess from December
20 to January 10. Boaemon, colored, Introduced
a bul to regulate the Inspection of lnmber m
Charleston. Auden gave notice of a bli to ea.
taollsh aseparate Court of General Sets ons for
Charleston County. Young, colored, gave notice
of a bill to authorize county treasurers to retain
funds for schools. The House adopted a resolu?
tion to appoint a committee, to investigate the
matter of, the pay certificates. Bowley, colored,
Introduce i a bill to exempt certain manufactur?
ing Interests from taxation for ten years.
Hamilton, the colored member from Beaufort
who was one of tte heroes of the fracas of yes
terday. was allowed to resume his seat, having
begged tte pardon of the H. use.
The tax bill was taken np, and section three,
levying a tax or five mills for deficient le?, was I
passed, under ?he operation or the previous ques?
tion, bya.vote of sixty-three yeas to forty turee
nay& w. B. Myers, of Beaufort, proposed an ad
. dltional section to provide for a levy or three
mills for the redemption of the Blue *ldge scrip
which was rejected by a vote of four ye is to one
hundred and three nays. Hurley propose i sn
amendment to the tax bili, provid'ng that taxes
etea tte pay able only In com, greenbacks or bins
receivable of the Orr administration. This was
agreed to, and the bill, as amended, passed i> a
Fortune Giles, the colored member from wil?
liamsburg, was to-day bound over in the sum of
?ea thousand dollars for his appearance for trial
At the Court of General Sessions, on the charge or
receiving a bribe from Worthington to vote for
Patterson for senator. PICKST.
WEDNESDAY'S WORK Tit THE GENE?
RAL ASSEMBLY. .
Tb? Joint Assembly to Announce the
Senatorial Election-Important De?
bate om th? Tax Levy- Parket's Exhi?
bit of Receipts and Expenditures.
[FROM OUS OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, 8. C., December ll.
Both houses of the General Assembly met
an hoar earlier than usual thia morning to clear
tte decks for the Joint assembly at noon to go
through with the formality of announcing the re?
sult of yesterday's ballot for a United States
senator, and declaring th? election ot Ho nest John
j-aitcson. The regular proceedings of the Sen?
ate ware marked by no event or partloular signi?
ficance; but things were rather more lively in the
House, and included, m addition to an earnest
and significant fl?tate upon the pending proposl
non to levy a fifteen mills tax, no less a sensat ion
than s rough and tumble set-to upon the floor of I
tbe House between two or che honorable mem?
bers of that body.
In tbejsenate this morning the following busi?
ness wa? transacted"!
Senator Cain, colored, of Edgefle'd, gave notloe
of a bul for the better protection of religious
worship In the State of Sooth ca-ol na.
Senator Jervey, colored, or Charleston, pre
- sented a petltl n and bili (tallar to t hos s already
described in the proceedings or the House lor the j
renewal of the charter or the Charlescon Floating
Dry Dock and Matine Ballway company.
Senator Whittemore, or Donington, introduced
his bli!, previously noticed, t > ox the lime for
holding the April term or the Supreme Conn, which
provl >es that that term shall commence on the
third Tuesday of April In each year. He ?Iso
gave notice or a bill to make the rent or lands tte
first lien "upon annual crops.
Thia comprised all the new measures Intro?
duced, and >he Senate then proceeded to the con?
sideration of lt* calendar business, which was j
disposed or as follows:
The bill by Senator Gaillard, colored, or Charles ?
' ton, to Incorporate the Draymen's Benevolent As?
sociation, of charleston, was referred to the com?
mittee cn lncorporaticns
The bill by Senator Swalls, colored, of Williams,
burg, to amend an act entitled an act to amend
sundry sections of the code of procedure relating
to the circuit courts, was referred to the Judiciary
" The bin by Senator Keith, Conservative, of
OooneC which proposes to confine the pay or
county treasurers to a commission or four per
cent, upon the amount of taxes col'eoted up to
$20.000, and one per cent, upon the excess of that
Bum, was referred to the committee on finance.
The till ioauthorize probate judges to perform
a'l the duties perrormed by the late commission
era lu equity, which had been unfavorably re
. ported noon by. the judiciary committee, was laid
npon the table, which may be taken as equivalent
SO its rejection by the >enate.
The bill to renew the charter or Ravenel's
Bridge, In Oconee County, and the t)U to amend
an act entitled "An act to vest in the Chmeston
Land Company the charter or a terry from Ham?
lin's wh?Vi to points on the Wando River, to wit:
ScanlonvUle, Bernie?'s Point, Tennlng's Landing
and Daniel's Island Landing," received their eec
- ond reading, and were ordered to be engrossed
tor a third.
The bill to amend the charter of the Charleston,
Georgetown and Conwayboro' Railroad, which
contemplates Its consolidation with other corpo?
rations In adjoining States to form a link in a
great seaboard narrow gauge ronco along the
south Atlantic coast, provoked a long debate, and
was finally referred back to tue committee on
In the House this morning the Judiciary com?
mittee reported substitutes for trie bill to amend
section 12, chapter 88, of the General Statutes,
and the bill to set apart a Jury ana State witness
fund, and reported favorably upon the r?solu-1
tion to provide for the redemption of certain de?
linquent lands in Darlington cor. nt j.
The committee on privileges ana eleotlons re?
ported favorably upon the till which proposes to
make the hours of election in Incorporated towns
and etti' a fi om six A. M. to tlx P. M.. instead of j
from seven A. M. to five P. M.
The committee on public bo tidings reported un?
favorably upon the petition from the grand Jury
of Lex In a ton County for the bonding of a uew
jail lo that county, and the petition was laid upon
The concurrent resolution from the Senate,
providing that defeated contestants for seats in
the General Assembly shall receive no pay and
mileage, was received from the senate and con
Represent ave Ellison, colored, Abbeville, intro?
duced a bill to remedy and supply the loss of pub?
lic records, and to perpetuate testimony relative
to Wills, deeds. Ac, destroyed b/ the recent fire
at Abbeville Courthouse. The bill provides mat
by glvuw twenty days' notice td the clerk ol the
cor? the parties Interested may substitute their
own records of these transactions.
Representative Nix, colored, or Barnwell, gave
notice of a bill to regulate the number of trial Jus?
ticie in Barn weil County.
Representative Snmpter, colored, or Barnwell,
gave notice or a bill to repeal the labor act or
I Repr?sentative Bosemon, colored, or Charles?
ton, ga ve notice or a bili to regulate the 1 asp te
tlon and measurement of lamber In the City or
Representative Tamer, colored, of Charleston,
gave notice or a bili to incorporate the ?.ate Pal?
metto Rifle Club ot Char eiton.
Representative no mes, colored, or Colinton,
gave notice or a bill to repeat an act relating to
toe financial agent or lhe State or Sooth Carolina
In the City or Mew Torte, more commonly known
as the settlement act, and of a bill to repeal the
charter or Rantowle's Bridge.
Represente ttve Smalls, colored, or Colleton,
gave notice of a bill to authorize county treasu?
rers to a:c pt school claims and jury certificates
ta payment or taxes.
Representative Crittenden, Conservative, or
Greenville, in fro doced a concurrent resolution to
instruct the clerics 'of the House and Senate to
have no bil a. resolutions or reports printed with?
out the order of tc.ose respective bodies, which
was laid over unde<- the rules.
Representative Meetze, conservative, or Lex?
ington, introduced a bill similar to the one Intro
doced In the Senate tc- lay to lix the time for
holding the April term of the Supreme court, and
a bill, which ls also a copy of a bill already de?
scribed tn the Seoato proceedings, to authorize
the Supreme Court to send Issues or race to the
Cn cul t Courts for trial.
Representative R. M. Smith, Conservati i ; of
Sparenburg, gave notice or a bill to repeal the
act in relation to the bonds or the State or Sooth
Carolina, passed last winter, and generally known
as the va ldatlng set.
Repr?sentai Ive Wallace, Conservative, of Colon,
introduced a bbl to amend the act to secare ad?
vances for agricultural purposes, which provides
that whenever lam? s shall be let or rented for
agricultural purposes the person so letting or
renting shall have a prior lien upon the crop for
the rent, the contract for rent to be in writing
Represe tatlve Ratchrord, colored, or Tork,
intro <oced a . Ul to Incorporate the Cheater and
Lenoir Railroad Company, which namea Messrs
A. H. Da vega, J. J. McClure. George W. Melton,
J. L. Agnes, W. a. M. Cooper, B. T. Wheeler, B.
G. Yocon, J. D. Witherspoon and J. L. watson as
Incorporai ors, w.th authority to construct and
malatam a railroad from Chester, through Tork
ville to some point on the line dividing North
and SoBth Carolina In tue direction ol Dallas, N.
C., and with au'hon ty to consolidate with the
Carolina Narrow Gauge Railway Company.
Representative Myers, colored, or Beaufort, In?
troduced a bill to create a new Judicial and elec?
tion c lUnty to be known as tho county or Lin?
coln, oat or portions or Besaron and Barnwell
Connues. The boundaries ortho proposed new
county are defined as follows: Commencing at
Sisters' Ferry on the Savannah River, thence la a
straight Une to the bend or the Savannah and
Chane.-to u Railroad next south of Coosawhatchle.
thence along the line of toe Bald road to the
saikehato de River, thence up the Salkeaatcbls
River to Buford's Bridge, thence In a southwest?
erly direction along the public road running
north of Allendale through Erwin ton to the sa
van ah River, and to the Initial point at Sisters'
Ferry. Toe blU also appointa s. B. Myers, J. B.
Bascombe. J. D. Robertson and H. C. Marsh, of
whom the three first named are members or the
Legislature, as commissioners to set ont the boun?
daries ?nd to provide suitable bandings tor the
oonrtnouse, Jail, AC , or the new county.
Repr?sentative Bowley, colored, or Georgetown,
introduced a bill to amend section 328, title 0.
chspter 2 or the act to abridge and simplify the
forms, roles and practice in the Circuit Coarta ol
the Mate and gave notice or a bili to encoorago
manufactures and internal Improvements He
also presented the protestor Allen tlutson against
the seating of wi di.a m Blacs a< a member of the
Hou>e from Lancaster County.
Representa'Ive Rice, Conserva'ive, of Union, in?
troduced the following important resolution,
which was Immediately, considered, under a sus?
pension of the rales, ann adopted:
Resolved. That the attorney-general be Instruct?
ed to search close y and Inquire ir any moneya
have been r il?ed upon the credit of the Mate
without law and due authority; If any moneva
have been expended or embezzled by persons lo
authority, and ir so, by whom; aud ir he shall
Und pro Dr against any person or persons, he shall
have him arrested and prosecuted to couvlotlon
If possible. To this end he shall have power to
send ror persons and papers.
These proceedings were Interrupted at noon by
the entrance ol the Senate, and the formai lon or
the Joint Assembly to hear declared the remit of
the election for United States senator. The
senate having been seated at the trout row or
desRp, the joint Assembly was called to order by
Lleateoam-Governor Cleaves, wno briefly an?
nounced the object of the meeting, and re .d toe
aot ot congress under which lt wae held. The
portion ol the journals relating to the eloctlon waa
then read by the clerks or the rtspectlve houses,
and the Lieutenant Governor announced that
John J. Patterson having rec -ive-1 a majority cf
all the votes cast he bad bsen daly elected aa a
United Mates senator, to serve for six years from
the 4th day of March, 187A, The Joint Assembly
was thereupon dissolved, and the Senate returned
to its own chamber.
The House next prrcoeded to the cons deration
of t"e bill to authorize the levy or a tax ror the
expenses of the carrent riscal year and the del
elendes of the past, and the report or the ways
and means committee recommending a State and
county tax of ten milis ror carient pur pos-s, and
ave mills ror deficiencies, sections 1, 2 and 3 of
the bill, which provide ror a tax or five mills ror
general purposes aod two mil s ror support or
the public scuools, had already paa-ed the House
without or>po8ltlou. and the debate or to day was*
accordlogl. upon the proposition to levy a tax or
Ave milla for tue deficiencies of the year ending
Oe; ober si, 187/, and this waa 8'Tenuously .op
po -ed by tue Conservative members, led by Gene?
ral Wallace, of Union, Colonel Crittenden, of
Greenville, and Hr. Meetze, ot Lexington. Eaoh
or the.-c- peot.ernen made e-aaest and forcible
speech' s, taking the ground that before the pro?
posed tax or five mills, amounting to nearly a
minion of dollars should be demanded from the
people, a fuller exposition should be given of.the
disposition which has been made of the millions
ot dollars which have already been taken io tho
laxes of the past few years, and or the causes
and nature rf the alleged deficiencies.
The debate npon this bill, whloh has now been
pending more than a week, has had the effect or
producing from the late -tate officials some of the
Important statistics concerning their financial
administration which abould have been furnished
before this time lu the shape of their an uai re?
ports, which, according to law, should have been
made to the General Assembly upon the first day
of 'lie session. Among the-most Important of
the-o statistics are the following statements fur?
nished at the demand or the ways and meaos
commutes from the books of the late State treas?
urer, and snowing, In gross amounts, the receipts
and expenditures of bis office during the past
Balance on band October ji. 1871 - $ 24,207 23
Received on account iaxe? 1367,1868,
' 1869. 1870, 1871. 1,160.907 07
Received oo account license tax_ 62.670 65
Received from phosphate companies. 80,767 49
Received from Columbia Stoue Co... 20 oo
Received rees sec ?etc ry O' State. 2,645 88
Received rees State trcasarer. 1,218 00
Received Indexing records surveyor
general's office. 3JI OO
Lease Saluda Turnpike. 362 50
H. E. Hayne, land commissioner_ 710 00
Secretary of state.land commissioner
department. 6,818 92
W. H G?lten, treasurer sinking rand. 28 loo oo
Sales fo-felted lands. 1,875 00
General liierest account public debt. 2,&os oo
Charleston Joint- stock Company.... 2,000 oo
J. M. Wilder, ex sheriff sumter Co... 4,757 60
School commissioner Abbeville (re?
fund). 88 73
H. H. Klmpt.cn, financial ageat. 303,000 oo
Salaries.$ 118,665 42
Refunds to county treasurers. 6,689 84
Contingent muds. 8,883 88
Orphan Asylum. 8,600 00
Schuols. 118,787 89
armed loree. B3,6n3 oi
Advertising acts. 49,696 60
Permanent printing General Assem?
bly. 83,724 42
Carr, nt printing General Assembly.. 81,208 7s
Claims. 15,976 14
Mileage State board education. 754 16
Catawba Indians..... 200 00
Expenses of loan In payment of in?
terest on public debt. 6,892 73
General Interest, account of public
?dSOt. 8,774 11
Repairs to Lunatic Asylum. 10,600 00
Transient sick poor. 126 50
Support of South Carolina Univer?
sity . 816 00
Famishing and heating Asylum .... e coo oo
Legislative expenses forl870anai87i 69)097 oo
Legislative expenses for 1871 and \872 472,170 ia
Lunatic Asylum. 88,392 99
Maintaining quarantine. 925 00
Free Behool deflclency. 9,655 04
Keeper of Lazaretto. 2es 07
Dear, dumb and blind. 4,622 02
looks lor University library. 35 00
Publication or decision or Supreme
Court. 600 00
State Capital bonds, 1853. 203,000 00
Penitentiary. 14,684 ci
Deficiency in payment for elections.. 342 76
Vault doora ror treasury. 1.600 0]
H. H. Rlmpton. financial agent.. 47,201 43
Civil contingent rand. 7,802 15
BOORS ror -uprerae Court library.... 126 00
Clothing ror discharged convicts. 246 90
mi's receivable.. 281 00
Militia account. 237 40
Bills payable for legislative expenses 170,982 27
Interest, on billa payable. 640 30
School records.?. 26 00
Expenses lor general election or 1872. 42 40
An important report has also been received
from i he State suped ? tendea: of education re?
garding the deficiencies In the appropriations for
trie support of free common schools, in which ls
stated tue amounts of money expended in the
various enmities for thia parp?se daring the year
ending October SI, 1872. These amounts Tange
from $3883 in Horry county up to $85.792 m
Charleston uounty. and aggregate $838,042. Ur.
Jlllson. in this report, goes on to say: "The fore?
going statement probably does not give the whole
amount of money expended tor the support of
free common Bchoois or the fiscal year ending
October si, 1872. Toe reports of county school
commissioners only extend np to June 3 >, 1872.
No returns have been ma *e to this office concern?
ing school expenditures for the month of October,
1872. I am satisfied that the amount or money
expended, or contracted to be expended for free
common school pnrposeB for the fiscal year end?
ing October 31.1872, can safely be stated at $400,
ooo. The amount of money realized from the
poll-tax and from local or Behool district taxes
will hard.y amount to $ 100,0so. The dell c. ency In
the free common sctieol funds of tne State for the
fiscal year ending October 81,1872, ought to be
estimated aa Mluws:
State appropriation, 1871.;_.$300,000
De?cieucy appropriation, 1870. 76 ooo
In view or all these facts, and the startling de?
ficiencies which are reported on every side, it ls
or course impossible to predict the rate or the five
mills proposition. The debate upon this snbjeot
was interrupt, d to-day by the little pugilistic e i
counter between Representatives Thomas and
Hamilton, or which a sufficient report has already
keen telegraphed; but lt will oe resumed to-mor?
row, and I?- ls expected that some decisive acion
will then be taken, which will either defeat the
measure or seen. e Its past- age. PICK arr.
Thc Row in tao Honse.
[From the Columbia Union]
Du: lng the debate upon the tax bill on Wed?
nesday irre proceedings wera soddenly Interrupt
ed by the sound of blows, which brought mem?
bers to their feet to look in the direction from
which the sounds proceeda<*. lt proved to be an
encounter between Rev. W. M.Thomas, a member
from Colleton, also a member of the last General
Assembly, and Thomas Hamilton, a member
from Beaufort County. The assault, as viewed
1 rom the speaker'* stand, wnere several persons
were standing, was characterized as very das?
tardly. Mr. Thomas bled profusely, but after
having received several ulows, managed to get
out of his seat and defend himself. Frie .di of the
parties rushed in, and for the space of three or
four mlnntea the scene was one or confesi?n.
Comparative quiet having been restored, Mr.
Thomas arose to a qaesiloa or privilege, during
whl h he characterized his assailant as a brute
and a coward, and asked the House to decide the
question between them, incidentally stating that
as gentlemen ten paces and lead was a prompt
remedy, other members gave their views npon
the sanject, and the assaulting member begged
the pardon or the House ror having committed
ttiG ftflflftolc t?icrc
Daring Mr. Thomas's remarks he Intimated that
he had said something about the vote of Hamil
ton on the previous day. ano being astted by him
said, ?'He meant what he had said." Tuen came
the blows. The matter was pending when the
The Brlberry Bailntti.
[From the Colombia Phoenix.]
On Wednesdav morning Colonel John J. Patter?
son. United states senator elect, with nls coonso ,
(Messrs. D. H. chamneriala and 0. D. Melton) and
accompanied by General H. Q. Worthington, ao
peared before Trial Jostice Kirk to answer to
the warrants Issued charging hin with bribery.
Arter reading the a (ll da vi ts, the court (Trial
Justice Kirk being assisted by Solicitor Battzas
a friend and adviser) held Colonel Patterson to
ball In four cases-two of $10,000 each, one or
$6000 and one or $60.). General worthington
was also held In two eas33 ror $5080. The case or
Foi tnne Cites, a member or the Legislature, was
poa:poned natu Tuursday morning at ten o'cl- ck.
Counsel for Colonel Patterson protested again t
the large amount required aa natl-declaring lt
unjust and nacless. The cases will go before the
Court or General Sessions. .
The State Senate, on Wednesday, confirmed
Abbeville county-Jury commissioner, h. ?.
Ritchie; trial justice, A. M. Agnew.
Mpartanbnrg County-Aadltor, Alfred Tolllson.
Alkea County-Trial Justices, J. D. Allen, John
M. r.all and Cloner Iloij&nri. - -
Plckens County-Trial jus'.koj, E. H. Benton
and Jame? E. Hargood.
Charleston County-Trial justices, Thomas W.
Eaaterby and Q. tl. Leland.
A ClRD FROM THE REV. WHUEFOORD
SPARTANAB0RO, 8. G., December 7,1872.
TO THE EDITORS OF THE NEWS.
Gentlemen-It ls not my custom to appear
In the public papers, especially la reference to
anything personal. But the very kind manner
.n which the papera or my native city have no
ticed m 7 removal, and the many expressions or
regret privately mads to me un the eve or my de?
parture, may plead my excuse ror a word of ex?
planation, whlon might otherwise bj deemed
eg' UBI lc .1.
My connection with Trinity church during the
past j ear seems not to have been correctly under?
stood. For nearly sixteen years I have been con?
nected with woirord college as professor of Eng
<!sti liceiatare. sino the close of our late war
the Institution has been mach em arriase 1 in
consequence of the rallare or the banu In which
Its endowmeut roods were Invested. The salari?e
or the faculty, WM ich wero very moderate, could
not be paid, and I may be allowed to say for my
colleagues at least, that they have made tne
nobl rsi sacrifices in the cause or Christian ?duca?
tion. Aa unusually large proportion or our stu?
dents are beneficiaries, and the raculty In a quiet
and un ostentatious way have been on'r.buting
largely to the tnorea>e and diffusion of educ*
tiouiof the highest grade, founded upon princi?
ples of virtue and religion. 1 reel persuaded mat
if all the facts connected with the history of this
1 istltutlon were known to the people or tula
land, there would be found mea of noble and
generous hearts who would, by the endowment or
professorships, and by ?ther liberal contrlhu'lons,
come promptly to Its aid and place lt once more
upon a firm basis ot success an 1 enlarged nsefui
Aa effort of this kind ls now making, and Major
Benj. F. Evans ls acting as the agent of the col?
lege tn the city or Charleston. At the last session
or the South Carolina Conference, my health
being better than lt hid been lor some years, a
suggestion was made, and approved by tho pre?
siding bishop, that I should lake the appointment
or a pastoral charge ror one year, while the da* lea
of my professorship would oe performed in my
absence by my colleagu's. It waa nut contem?
plated that my connection with the co lege should
be dissolved, but I was expeced to return at the
close ol the year. This will explain the whole
matter of my present removal from the city.
I have only to add that ir I ha<i the strength of
forty years ago wnen I entered upon the work ol
tte ministry, lt would be my greatest pleasure to
devote all my p iwera to the service ot tne ch ure n
in the pastoral relation. But being physically
incapable or auch service, I am happy in doing
that work to which my strength la now adapted'.
In conclusion, 1 beg to convey to my many
kind and warm friend-*, to who- e courteiy and
att eu; ians 1 have been so often and so largely In
de -'-M the as-ur.iuce Ot affect,onct-> remem?
brance sud t r unceasing prayers for their pros
pi rlty and salvation.
1 have the honor to be, gentlemen, very re?
spectfully yours, WHITEFOORD SMITH.
A TRAGEDIAN'S TRAGIC END.
PHILADELPHIA, December 12.
Edwin Forest, the tragedian, fell dead
whil-? dressing this morning at his residence here.
Mr. Forest's servants repaired to his room before
tenjo'clock this morning, an lt was later than hui
usual nour for coming down. They found him
lying on his bed apparently suffering from apo
plexy. He had ceen exercising with dumb be.ls,
and had evidently nearly compleel dressing,
having been adjusting his necktie when overpow?
ered. He died in about.m half hoar arter being
discovered.. Hs his no immediate relatives, his
only sister having died several years ago.
WA S HING TON NOTES.
. WASHINGTON, December 12.
The attorney-general, with the approval ol
the;President, ria* submitted apian or compromise
ror the existing difficulties in the Alabama Legls
The s ? cretary ol the treasury bas telegraphed
the collector of customs at Port Townsend to ?s?
enme jurisdiction over San Juan and enforce the
The headquarters or the military division or the
Atlantic has been transferred u New YorK.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
-Clear and cold weather is predicted for the
South Atlantic States to-day.
-The Commercial Convention met yesterday in
St. Louis. Thirteen states were represented.
-l he heaviest rall or enow known tor years
four inch B-r u at Augusta, Ga., yesterday.
-In New York yesterday the motion to quash
the indictment against W. M. Tweed waa denied
by Judge Ingraham.
-The gales In Paris last week were fearful.
Veraalllea was also visited by the hurricane. The
damage to property is very great. Several per?
sona were killed in both cities.
SURVIVORS Di COUNCIL.
ORATION OF GENERAT. HOOD AND
ADDRESS OF BISHOP QUINTARD.
An Interesting Gathering of the Men
Who Wore the Gray.
The annual convention of the State Survi?
vors' Association assembled at Hibernian Hall
yesterday. The convention was called to order
by General J. li. Kershaw, senior vice-president,
at hair-psBt twelve o'clock. Fourteen districts
were represented, as follows: Abbeville, J. M.
Jordan; Barnwell, Judge A.P. Aldrich; Beaufort,
Msjor^Wm. Elliott; Charleston, General James
Conner, Colonel B. H. Rutledge, Captain J. S.
Fairly, Captain A. G. Magrath, Jr., Captain F. E.
Buger; alternates, Colonel Zimmerman Davis,
Major Hu ts on Lee, Captain]*'. Aiken Kelly, T. P.
Lowndes, E. A. Smythe; Cheater, Colonel E. 0.
McClure; Darlington, Major J. J. Lucas; George*
town, Julius Pringle; Kershaw, Dr. A. A. Moore;
Lancaster, Bart Witherspoon; Orangebarg, Mor*
timer Glover, Captain J. F. Islar, James H.
Fowles; Richland, Dr. Jo in T. Darby, W. c.
Fit lt er, s. L. Leaphart, W. P. His, John A. Craw?
ford, Major John Preston, Jr.; s partan borg,
Donald Fleming; Sumter, Captain Gulgnard Rich?
ardson, J. M. Blending; Tori, Colonel A. Coward.
Major T. G. Barker, Junior vice-president, Co o a el
A. 0. Haskell, sec re ta ry, j and Oolonel Edward
McOrady and Colonel 0. Irvine Walker, of the ex?
ecutive board, were also pmient. A quorum was
announced and the buslnesi proceeded.
Letters from General Wade Hampton, the presi?
dent of the association, and from General John S.
Preston, expr?s leg regret at not being able to at?
tend, were read and received as Information:
The following preamble sud resolutions, pre?
sented ty captain F. K. Hnger and Msjor J. J.
Lucas, were unanimously adopted:
CHARLESTON, S. C.. December 12,1372,
Whereas, tne spirit of the age ls manifestly ad?
verse to the preservation of the Important events
connected with the glori?os past of oar people,
from i860 to 1865, tending ratner to destroy than
to preserve them;
and whereas, we recognise tr. a sacred duty to
protect, and a proud privilege to revere, the mem?
ory of our heroic dead. Ther>rore, be lt
Resolved, That we, the "Garvtvora* Association,
of the State of Sooth Carotina," In convention
assembled, do hereby pledge* ourselves collective?
ly and Individually to advocate vigorous y the In
aagora'lon of district assoclatl-jna throughout
the State, as the only sure means or collating sta
tlstics and preserving tho records of the past,
and thereby furnishing material for the prepara?
tion of the history of our people In which, at
least, justice may be done the dead, and the living J
tauBht to know their deedi or valor and to revere |
Se it further resolved, That the chair appoint
I one su vivor in each district who shall be charged
with the duty if organlz ng, In connection with
this association, dis riot as-oolatlons, aud, where
dis 11 ic : associations already exist, with the duty of |
using his influence to promote its Bnc.ess.
Colonel B. H. Rutledge presented the fellowing |
resolanos, which was adopted: '
Resolved, That ead district association be, and
ls hereby, assessed, and the members present are
personally pledged to use tiielr best efforts to pro?
cure the payment to the treasurer or this associa?
tion, beiore tne flrst or January, 1873. the som or
arty dollars for each dun na, and tust lt be made
the duty of the secretary io commanloate with
the persons In each district, and report those who
fal! to respond to the executive committee.
A resolution, introduced by Major Barker, com?
mendatory or Mr. Querry 'a port: alts of General
Lee, and thanking the artist and the authorities
of Greenville and Spartanburg for exhibiting
them in Charleston, was adopted.
The officers of the psst year were re-elected,
with the exception of a ct ange lu the executive j
board, caused by the withdrawal or the chair?
man, Oolonel Edward McOrady. The following
ar - the officers:)
President-General Wada Bampton.
Vice Presidents-General ta H. Anderson, Gen?
eral J. B. Kershaw, General S. McGowan, Major
T. Q. Barker.
Secretary-Colonel A. 0. Haskell.
Treasurer-Captain w. K. Bachman.
Fxecuiive Board-Oolonel J. H. Rion, General
Ellison Capers, General James Conner, Colonel J.
uoCutchen, Colonel W. H. Wallace, Oolonel A.
Coward, colonel c. Irvine Walker.
The following resolution was offered by Captain
I John S. Palrly, and was unanimously adopted:
Resolved, That the thanks of this association
are due, and are hereby tendered to Colonel
McCradv, on his retirement from the position ef j
chairman of the executive committee, for tne un
t ring zeal, energy and Judgment with which be
has discharged the duties or that office under
j many discouragements aud difficulties, and tnat
they express their regret that his private engage
meats should have made his resignation neoes
On mo-1 JU or Colonel E. 0. Meda e, the place I
or holding the convention was chingi d from Co-1
lumbla to Charlestcn, and the time was appoint
j ed for the Thursday following the second Tuesday
On motion of Gen irai James Conner, the com?
mittees appointed at the last meeting were con?
tinued in office until the next meeting, with leave
Captain John S. Fairly, chairman of the com?
mittee on design, submitted the following report,
which was read and adopted:
Report or the committee on design for certificate
or membership of the survivors' Association of
the--cate o South Oh-ollna. appointed for 1871:
Your committee, appointed at (ne last masting
of this association, t> tnqalre and - reh?n as to
the best manner of reproducing the design-for a
certificate or membership, od ?pied at that meet?
ing, and tue probable cost of the same, have the 1
honor to rep >rt that after doe lnqalry they would
recommend an engraving on sieel as the most
permanent and elegant style of ex?cution.
The estimated cost of engraving the plate in
the best style of art ls one thosand to twele hun?
dred dollars. The printing will nrobablv cost
one dollar ($1) per copy, maxlag the aggregate
cost of plate and printing, three hundred (300)
copie-?, say thirteen (S13) to fifteen ($10) hundred
The committee believe that the copies will sell,
when executed as above Indicated, readily to
members at five (16) dollars each, and tha at
least one hundred copies will be taken in
Charleston D strie, leavl igonly two hundred for
the other dis trie . s, being an average of about six
(8) copies o eacn district, ir subscriptions for
this number can be obtained the cost of the first
edition will be covered, and all that cm bs sold
afterwnrds will be a source of revenue to the as?
v ur committee, therefore, recommend that
?hey be authorized, as soon as they can procure
the requisite number of subscriptions, to order
the plate to be engraved and prlnttng done, and
sell to members of this and the district associa?
tions as many copies as possible, and that the
president and secretary be requested to sign ct r
tlficates as soon as presented to them by the
committee. AU or which ls respectfolly submit?
ted. JOHN S. FAIRLY,
ObaLman, for Committee.
Thc convention then adjourned.
The Evening Session.
The convention reassembled at seven o'clock in
the evening to hear the annual address delivered
by General J. B. Hood. The Intense cold of the
weather prevented as foll an attendance ol citi?
zens as t.e interest or the occisi?n warranted.
The hall was, however, very well filled. At a
quart r-past seven o'clock the acting president or
the convention, General J.-.B. Kershaw, Intro
doced the Rev. John Johnson, who opened the
proceedings with a pr.iyer for the prosperity of
the association and the furtherance of Its objects.
General Kershaw next Introduced the Right Rev.
0. T. Quintard, Bishop of Tennes ee, who made a
brief and stirring address, expressive of his com?
plete sympathy with the association and with the
sad and sacred recollections which lt cherished.
Heenforc d the Idea that, as with individuals, so
with peoples, the bitter cup of suffering
strengthens and purines? Nations had risen
through revolution and bloodshed to a loftier
national life; and so might we, if we are only
true to ourselves and to our record. Ours was
an honest struggle, and the day would come
when men would confess lt.
We cannot, said the Bishop, forget the past,
even ir we would. Animosities may die out; bit?
terness mav give way; but yon cannot so Inter
the past below the dust or ages but what some
part or portion clings above. The very finger
posts that point the onward asea are skeleton
arms, and blood upon our thresholds will take
voice and tell a thousand sorrows. God grant
that me memory or departed days may grow
more sacred stllL And be lt oura to perpetuate
the herolo deeds and lofty valor of our sons and
sires, not alone m brass and ever during stone,
bat with the pen or history. Let ns take a harp
or Bong and sweep a mighty music down the
string?, till the age snail vibrate with lt, i
eanh snail bo d her ear to listen to the stoi
And yon, gentlemen, ol this association,
scarred with sorrows, still stand erect in t
to the last Doty, and yield von: sonia, sec
chastened purified by Life's baitle, Into H?
who doeth all things well.
At the conclusion, or Bishop Quintar?'a a
General Kershaw Introduced tte orator or
easton, General J. B. Hood, asking ror him
ulne son th Carolina welcome, which waa t
ed m a round or hearty and prolonged ap
General Hood spoke as folio ss:
Afr. president, Ladies and Gentlemer,
Comrades in Arms-I shall make no apolc
my shortcomings as an orator: you well
public speaking has never been with!
pro via ce. 1 must rely upon mo good will o
wi h whom I have shared so m m y trials lr
and battle to bear with me whilst I assail
difficult yet pleasing task ot addressing th
am not unmindful that there are those am
chosen assemblage who have been, I rai
nurtured npon rr.at rare eloquence whit
been the girt of so many sons of thelrjastly
and noble State.
I will, however, In my ow a simple mi
state In' brief what I conceive to be the prl
causes of failure In the revolution of 1861, n
the same time to the difference In metho
practice of the two sections lc utilizing t
sources at their disposal lor the prosecut
the war, and conclu ie with what I regal
trne philosophy which should govern those
who are lett aa monitors or the past, whose
sion should be to guio e and t esc t the young t
the future io achieve greatneta as a peopl
passing that of our day, and thereby adi
greater renown to onr mnch loved country
South; coupling the whole wita such ra cu
furnishing copies or such records BS may
Interest to you as gatherers or material fi
I assume that the war waa unavoidable o
part; that aaide from all questions which di
moot continue to anse with a people occu]
so vast a territory aa that or the United stat
territory possessing a soil and climate more v
than that of any united dominion on the i
Its mineral re>ources, although as yet bn
tlally developed, excelling those of tne cid Vt
tho hills and valleys giving lorthlfiduese
in great abundance, fruits, vegetables, ce:
and almost every product to be fonnd fror
tropics to the rrtsfd zone; thoa giving na
activity and energy to her na er chan ts on lam
water; arousing all the Jealousies to be ron
the busy world or commerce, and causing
seotlon to stand wita outstretched arms, i
and anxious to reap advantages not en|oy<
the other-I say, regardless or all <
causes ot difference, slavery, for whlol
are not accountable, was tne secret rn
I the mainspring or i he war. The people o
, North, thoroughly Imbued wi h the teachln
New and old England, determined to torc
Issue, and to arms I wss sounded from the si
of Haine io the Rio Grande. In their strugg
bring freedom to the bondman, they enslave*
white man; and from that hour passed away
liberty, "whose influence ls more benign
zephyrs, covers the rugged rock with soil,
clothes the Drown heath In v rdure, dressei
laborer's face with amllea. and makes him be
his Increasing family with delight aud ex
non;" that liberty winch ono brought t
these blessings, bat which dwolls no longer li
The North began its crusado agalast the 9
with all that energy and tenacity or par
whlcn have ever been characteristic or that
[ lion In all Its undertakings. At an early pc
the Federal Government was invested with ac
traordlnary power, almost equal to that ol
czar ot Kassia. It was supporte I by a cong
eager to make every appropriation, andtoei
every law necessary to snstilathe policy ol
Administration. G vernon or different st
vied with one another as to who wt
prove moat cooperative, and supply
greatest number or mau and the tar
amount or money. With defeat after del
again and again ihey hastened to Washing to
learn what more they enotdd do to crush
mighty rebellion. Deserters lound ntrsecurlt
home, and fled to Canada to escape arrest by
civil Officers of State, to siy nothing of
military. Vol?mes were searched for Informa
as to the best roles to be obset ved lu the prac
of war; office a wero dispatch jd to foreign ct
iri:B to examine and report npoa the lmpr
meats In the arr. Drill and discipline, the rc
dation or well organized arm~.es, were atrlotiv
hered to, and from these,joncentrated efl*
united with oar.blindness arid neglect, reaul
at the olose of the war, not on y success, bat r
raw recruits and mobs had arisen wcll-eqnlp
and disciplined armies.
And now. my comrade s and countrymen, le
turu from this well built stiiioture homeward
wlil first venture the assertion that, if vouv
so unfortunate aa to be forced into r?volution
morrow, yon would at once secare the servie
all officers who knew so-new nat of the o-gtn
tlon and drill of companies and regiments;
yon would secare men who bad passed thro
the Ust war. lo te id or those wno were tot
Inexperienced and unlit fo- the great enso
atroggle. Yon would requite the machinery
an army; ia other words lieutenants. o?p:?
and colonels or prac leal knowledge to lostt
the yoong soldier. All well regula'ed mllit
schools furnish inch orficers. It is true they
not necessarily produce generals; as a pi
thereof we have bat to look back npoa oar a
history, or to glance at the Old World, and m
the re w instances ur success amid the manyi
ares or kingB and emperors, with every adv
tige or a military education to prove themsel
competen i toco i maud a gre it army. Genia'
a divine gift, and ls not to be taught, bat exp
ded by cultivation and experience. Yon wot
however, if thrown in to the held secure beside
veteran soldier the yoong man who had recel'
military instruction, la order to assist in i
work of organization.
Out la 1861 and 1862 some or our political le
era, back-d by dally and weekly journa s. p
claim id that we wanted nc sue it aid, bot mer
to know where the enemy i e, that we might
tone and destroy. With the banghty pride
the old Florentines, they, too, would hi
marched to tao sound of tbeir "Hartlaella," a
hive rung lt day and night no give due warnl
of their c ming. Some-even men of large Int
lect-took the ground that the army of a great
public shonld be as easy to get our, of as to i
Into; 1. e., we should have the right to go to o
homes at pleasure, and return to the ranks at t
approach of the enemy. And so st ongiy at o
time were these views upheld that 1 almost :
gretted I had been educated a soldier, soc
bowrver, the bullets beran .to whistle, and> i
! politicians exchauged their swords and muske
lor seats within the halls or Congress-an asset
bly upon which your eyes were orten fixed wi
pain and mortification-an assembly whose i
cord will show so much of evil and so little
good,[In which passion ral et I la Ilea ot sober Jud
ment-aa assam bl v conti oil 3d by men whose ti
ents had beeu used more to destroy than bul d i
governments. Its leaders, supported by a fe
penny-a-liners within and without Richmond, a
pl ed their wholo ene giestoward throttling mc
in authority, seemingly devoid of all idea or th
co-operation BO essential in time or war. On tl
other hand, lt should be remembered, there wi
hardly a soldier In the Arm ? or Northern Virgin
who did not know an i reel that our only hope <
success was In sustaining the governmoa
that to wrangle lu Congress was to crlpp
onr efforts; that a change in the chief magi!-tr
cy, at such au hoar, mean" loten >r revoiutloi
and with lt certain defeat. Ye - snob chmge w
boid iy attempted. Among th- members tnereo
however, wera noble excepmons: me i who wei
equal Ito every sacrifice, who would have dm
honor to the s oman Senate In Ita pron ton day
of wisdom and patriotism. But as a national ai
sembly no historian canore rea t?mate the grav
misfortune lt proved to the Uou'hern Confederacy
irom this > ongiess the poison of dis-ensto
and demoralization, whlcn ls so er elly dl-trlbt
ted, soon round Its way to every quarter or oa
beaatirol land. Governor.!. In some instance;
staoboralv refused to co-operate with the admix
tstration, thus gnawing at onr very vitals. Karel
did they visit Richmond save for the parp?se c
fault-finding, and compla?t mg that they had bee:
required to furnish more men or money thai
another State. Deserte s were bat seldom ri
turned to the ranks; they had but little to fea
from civil officers of State, and could there
ror', without much finical ty, evade th
military aatnorlties Many planters ant
farmers became lukewarm, and began t
dream or tue flesh pots they had once eojoy
ed. ihey were led to believe that tr the wa
should cease, they would he left in pep cc rai poe
-esslon ot their slaves; thr.t the worst tnat coull
berall them would bs gradual emanclparion
They were so shortsighted as to be totally lnsen
?dole to the almost naive "sal experience or na
Moos, that the conqueror never fails to exaot aP
ir not more, than he has fought ror. The Nort!
had given bat ne for the rn ed om ol the negro, am
tho independence or the soataern Confederacy wa
the only means to avoid the immediate aboiltloi
of si very, aod at the saine time a long day am
night or degradation.
Bat we were sednced bf false ideas, and wen
led to expect onceas ora which human natur
has rarely had ihe virtue to grant, we slumber
ed beneath the soothing effect or these del a si ms
and, because or the grast lng love or the moue:
Invested In the slave, ralle l to replenish oar dec!
mated ranks by the negrr, and awaxened only a
tue surrender to bt-hold cur country's shame ant
disaster. Never dtd the lllustno s Lee utter i
greater truth than when he said, "Our peopl
have non-- to blame save themsel ves-they do no
seem wining to make the necessary sacrifice."
Ko people ever had more to tight ror
and nene ever - loa; more. No peopli
ever had better material to HU the ranks of a
army, AS slave-owners ve possessed an Individ
unity of character and a devll-me-care lndepena
ence which pecal ar y flited LS for war. And l
we rearen the annals or lils ory we shalt not fine
m< re fearless and self-reliant troops than thosi
which formed the grand old army that stood li
front or the heights or Gnrtyeburg. Is- there om
of ns, my comrades, who feels not a just pride it
the record of the Con fe t?rate soldier, and wbc
blushes not when he seen in print, at this day, ex
pressions or regret at the long continuance o
tho straggle, and that after two years we <
?nike overtures for peace at any sa
Peace! Peace at any sacrifice two yean
oar boast tbat one southron was equal to
tho eoemy I Peace se soon, when we wool
foi felted tne respect or oar own people, In
the contempt of oar foes, and hare been ret
by the civilized world as Indeed nnworthy
dependence: Away, away forever wit
thought. Thanks, a thousand times thank
wo were saved from this disgrace and hi
tion by the ability, firmness and patriot
-uthough the lives of many brave and f
mon would have been spared h
ea -lier c ose of the war, better '
shon'd Ile beneatli the rod, than that
children and their generations shon'd be r-1
ed forever In dishonor, AS it ls, I am tnt
tho lilah regard held for the Confederate thi
out civilization, and pro-id of the length o
we continued the struggle. Moreover, I fee
success shon d have been ours. We would
had everr right to expect it. bad we but
true to ourse ves, to our principles, to our
try. Hannibal, lt ls spld, after numerous a]
to Carthage for additional means to prix
th? war, during his celebrated campaign In
and her refusal to comply folly wita his dem
laughed at his countrymen when tney were
by the Romans to empcy their treasures, an<
atvely gazs npnn their nufolfloent fleet bu
tho wai er's edge. Unlike ibis great warrie
should deeply sympathize with our people
pity the blindness to which. In so great mes
ls to te attributed the rallare of their cause,
should not retard Missives as conquered. . I
the misfortune of the South, as i have ali
stated, to be strangely insensible to Ita ra
ueving tho North would prove magnanimoai
just In Its deal ngs.
We failed to make proper use of nearly
millions or slaves; whilst we had a ]
lation or about ten millions, there
on y seven hundred and elghty-flve rettln
and battalions, or a little over six
dri'd thousand men enrolled. The North. *
population, at the beginning of tbe war, of tn
mintons, brought Into the Held over two mil
eight hundred thousand men; showing the g
tlc number of more than two millions of m
excess of the Confederates We must not
pone the North had gr< a1 ly theadvautage thr
irs fac? lues to enlist foreign troops; the v,
number of such reinforcements did not am
to above one hundred thousand.
I feel con>lnoed that if we had brought int
field ali tbe able bodied slave*, the anal r
woild have been far different, we ct-uti
emancipating tbe negro have need bim
greater ellie ency even than the enemy, ?a
naturally subordinate, and we better enders
bli characteristics and tne manner to co
him. Ic ls erroneous to sur pose tnat he w
have deserted our ranks, or proved tralto
the hour of battle; freedom having a'ready
granted him, he would have had nothing co i
and perhars much to lose. General Ant
Jackson found him a good soldier on the plsi
cn sim.'tte. one of the largest subsorloeis ti
dcl'enoe of New Orl?ans la 1882 was a c 1
freedman, and a regiment or more of volant
of that class proffers i t-ieir services aboni
same time. Had we adop ed the plan of n>
enlistments even so lace aa tne erl tic ii period
belove i chief appealed for sach r-inforcemc
we would never have been so narrowed dow
territory, and so desata e of all necessary
piles ns we found ourselves at the close ol
Faint whispers now oome to us of the des
which pervaded the councils of the enemy at
tain? pocus or the war, when. notwlttnt?n<
I our sma l numbers aud ihe manifold dlfflcu:
we had to encounter, ind?pendance was alu
within our grasp. I, tne rei ore, reaffirm ena
sh judd bS7e been ours. ' Oar soldiers were si
nor to those of the North; in evid?
thereof, let us glance at the numbers enga
in thepilnciptl b .tiles, ai obtained from om
I reports and other re lanie sources. Is a fen
aUnces tns numbers given are from neoesi
orny an proximate At first Bull Rna or fl st si
n'sas, tne Con federa ti s were thirty thousand i
ooo,) against sixty thousand (8o,ooo) federals ;
I the seven days battl- around Richmond, fi
I 0 linea's at Us to Malvern Ul-l, inclusive, elg
tu onsand (80,00 -,) against one hundred and elg
I thousand (iso,ooo;) second Bull Raa or second
I mesas 3ftv thousand (50,000.) against one nnnd
I and thirty-eight thousand (138.000;) at Sharpsb
I oir Antietam, the hardest conte iced rje.dof t ie vt
I thin y thousand (80,000,) agalast elgtuy-se
I thousand (87.000;) at Frederlcksburg. 0fty-el
thousand (68,ooo,) against o >e hundred t nous,
I (loo.oon;) at chancellorsville, forty-five thous
I (-16,000.) agaloBt one hundred and forty thous
I () io,oo J;) at Gettyaborg, tne scene or the gram
battle of the revointtou, sixty thousand (eo.t
against ninety-five thousand (95,000;) from
battle of toe Wilderness to the sarrenier at Pet
I barg less than forty five thousand (46,000.) ?ga
I one hundred sad forty thousand (lio.ooo;) ac :
I loh forty thousand three hundred and fife v fl ve.
I 8)5.) against Blxty thousand (80,000;) atPerry;
I tuneen thousand fire hund ed (16 ito.) agai
I forty thousand '(40,ooo;i at Murfreesboro' th
I thousand six hun ired and forty-three (30,6
I against seventy thousand (to.ooo;) at Caloamai
I nitty-dix thousand seven hundred and (> >rr,y-<
I (?16,741,) against sixty-five thousand (6J,000;l
I Missionary Kidge thirty-five thousand two hi
I dred and twenty Ave (36,226.) against eightv th
I aaa I (80,000;) *t the beginning of the siege of
J lunts forty eight thuusand ?even hundred s
I fifty (18,760.) against one hundred and twei
I thousand ( 120,000;) at Fnnklla twenty-six th
I sand (26.000,) agatasc thirty thousand (3o,ooo-j
I Nashville eighteen thoasaud (18,000,) against 8
I ty thoasaun (00.000 ) Tho disparity between c
I numbers of che conflicting armies 1?, lt wiU
I Men, about as great in che West as lt was
I This collation of numbera clear ly proves that
I time of bat'Ie one confederate soldier waseqi
I from two 11 three of the foe. Uar generals likew
I as a body w rs superior, and two of them mi
I runs with the most illustrious or the world. Lee
I M call the immortal heror? of Greece, made ramil
I through poetlo song; the noble sons of Rome,
j grand m council, soemlaent in war;0narlemas
I and Napoleon, of once glorious France; Fre
I nick the Great of now proud Prussia; Voa Mold
I the anchor and executor of the grandest ca
I pal gu on record: Marlborough and Weill n gu
I the pride of Old England:)Washington, the fatr
I of our republic; and .tn no Instance do we fl
y Barpassed the military genius nor Its rare com
I nation with Christian virtue, which distinguish
I Robert E. Lee
Ic 1B almost aa difficult co adduce a parall
I when I coatemp ate che exalted character and t
I heroic deeds <.( Stonewall Jatcson. He was
no..i lu conception, and as unflinching lu what 1
I conceived to be right, as his nob e commande
I li; ls bnt Jns'loe to assume, from his brilliant op
I rations lu the Valley of Virginia, with a comps
I silvery small though separate command, that h
I impresa would have been still more distinct ai
I his campaigns till more signal at the head of
I large army. He made extraordinarily rap
I marches, executing successfully the mo
I difficult movements lu war; passed repeated
I to tne rear of the enemy, and causing con stem
I t on amid his ranks, acnleved marvellous resulu
I He was pre-eminent in this respect, that he-be
I ter uoderetoo Kl tha wonderful power of endu
ance of the Confederate soldier; his ability to flgl
I t irei days and nights on scanty radons, aa
I finally at the moment of root, to pursue and rea
the fruits as well as the honor of victory.
I was one of his distinctive characteristics as
I soldier to posh forward after a access, and pei
I form the easy, most important and yet seldot
I accomplished task during the war, of capturing
lin addition to piUouers, allene material of th
I Men of different profes'Ions In life generali
I recognize superior talent wn?-n brougnt inco con
I tace WICH lt; and If not openly, they secretly ac
I Know) dge lc Now it ls more easily discerned li
tbs career of arms than in any 0 her ; the trial
and teats are BO severe therein as to make lt mor
manlfesr. Yon who have served as colonels 0
I regiments, generals or brigades or dlvl
I stons, have orten, especia ly when de
I tachert and burdened, wich grave respororri
I billetes, experienced thai indescnble lmnnls
I onring the perlions and trying honr or ba- tie, ti
I turn and appeil to some one; out have wisely re
I loamed -lient and acted for the best, knowla)
I that 10 hesitare or waver ?as likely to cause yoi
I to err and suffer co sequent disaster, Ko com
I mander can ever escape at sn h moments tues
I flashes through the brain. Lee and Jacksoi
I were farth -r removed from do bc, m time 0
I llercest conflict, enan any generals wita whom
I nave bad the honor to serve. They possess ec
I thst Intuition of the true warri T, which make
I him bo d in strategy and determined In battle
I Three y pars of service lo Virginia, and one yea
I lu the West, tangnt me that a general can ac
I quire sufficient caution by receiving hard blows
I bat none can acquire boldness: lt is a gift fron
I Heaven. Were Mccl llan to live through fort
I jeneratlons he would, In waging war. build i
I orldge and heel aie to cross lc wbilst Lee am
I Jack-on would seize lt. march over and cap'un
I his army. Tntir strategy was often to the over
I cautious ana timid mind reckless, whereas sud
I seeming recklessness formed part of their plan3
I and made complete the strategic movement
I which prodno-d such grand results, and awaken
I ed the admiration of all men.
So import nt did they regard lt to strike wbei
I their ranks were best fl lei that, in their endeavo
I to destroy or at lea-t paralyze the enemy, tne.
I would fell forests, sid hew ont their roads turoagt
I the wilderness. They knew that for pitched bat
I tie, or for the protection of so large a territory ar
I the Confederate states, twenty-five taonsann soi
I dlers, made veterans by offensive war, wereeqaai
I to fifty thousand kept consranrly on the deren
I sive. Whea necessary to retreac-they marcoec
with flying colors to some designated lino In the
I rear, leaving behind a small force to observe and
cheslie advance or tbe enemy
. were refreshed and made read y a galn for 1battle.
They knew that to remain lu ?'MMerj- ?ven ior a
' ?hnrr rim? was to damp the ardor or the bravest
i and never did they seek such protection save as
t a dernier rason. Bold and desperate were the
efforts of Lee to destroy Grant beiore the lat
' ter could reach Pete sburg; he was we'd aware,
i and I am lnrormed, so expressed himself, that
, io case of a siege, the hading of the capital be
- ( carno only a question of time. Lee and Jackson
r I knew not how to retreat day after day la the face
o? nie enemy, ming moro in Bimajgiore u-m ?a.
killed and wounded, nor how to demoralise tbetr
armies by toro wi ne ap breastworks by nay, to bo
given op la tbe stillness or night, sod trias ands
their men for battle save within well mruned
lines. They Knew that all troops thoa handled
inner, sooner or later, end by surrendering almost
without a blow, as the .'french army- M sedan.
Tbey appreciated tbe supreme necessity of main
talcing sDleodent and spotless the morale of an
army which, sensitive as the tenderest plant, lato
be guarded like tbe virtue of woman: with ono
breath of evil 'tis sullied forever, the soldier so
customed to retreat comprehends not tba feeling
t hat pervades such troops as those commanded
by these two great genera's: be cannot coDceire
or appreciate that Axed falta In victory so uni?
versal und so necessary, from the lowest'
to the highest In rank, resulting from
ih?t strategy united with boldness and tempered
with sufficient oaatlon, which has uidalltbly in- '
scribed npon the memory of all cations, for ail
time, the names of Lee and Jackson.
The more I contemplate their wonderful opera?
tions, the more deeply am I Impressed; and tbs
farther I am removed, by time and Its events from
their noble presence, the bolder the rel! f In
which stand forth their immortal characters. I
feel, my countrymen, as one no more to be
aroused by the sound nf tbe bogle; with no desire ". -
to take aught from one to give unto another; I seek
only to do justice, to ruifll my allotted dalles in
lire, and nuke ready tor the float summons.
Therefore, whilst I would render just monro to
the merits and deeds or other distinguished offi?
cers of tne Confederate army, 1 believe that ir,
by ary device, all the military ge a ins of the revo?
lution could be concentrated into two men, there
woo ld not be produced a Robert E. Lee and a
Bat those days that gave birth to such'
nndytng fa rn? and glory are no more.
We mast, my comrades, tarn rrom the past, anal
meet with co J rage the mighty lasara sf the pre-'
sent and the future. The southern people have
proclaimed their acquiescence in the aboil-lon of'
??lavery forever whilst railing their voice in earn?
est protest against negro supremacy; they have
expressed their willingness, notwirhsrandlugtha
great wrongs which have been Inflicted upon
them through the mistaken and un oriana's pol?
icy ad.pted by the general goveromenr, io bring
back the ship or state to ita ancient moorings. U
ls evident to the unbiased mind, that lr the coun?
try is noe restored to harmony a ad prosperity, lt
will not tie the fault or the South. It is, however,
to be feared that such restoration cannot be con?
summated. Whilst prominent leads -a oe Ute
North ra ny strive raltnfuliy fortbisend, t he peo?
ple nf New Kngland, governed more by bitterness
of feeling toward the former master man by love
for the negro, will stand as the stumbling block .
With a majority or Americans ra vonna- pesoo
and good-will to all, there will be a strong ml- ,
norlty constant lt probing the wound and arous?
ing old enmities. Let us, nevertheless, we come
reconciliation upon a fair oasts ror the nts of'
humanity and au that ls dear to us, bat ram sin
ste.idrast to prinotple. Let ns cherish Lee the
soldier, and Lee, the citizen, as an ex? m pie wor?
thy of noblest emalttlon; engrave Within our
hearts and minds the word Duty, so closely wald
ed Inro tbe Hie and character or the great Vlrji
nlan; obev the law, and make as good cit Hens as
we proved soldiers; be on willing to sserinosself
respenc or stoop to dishonor; frown upon ali snob,
organlzatloos-if they ludo-d exi-t-ss that of
Ko-Kiux; encourage the education of the black
man, wean him from those who weald instil into
his mind <iMn st and resentment and mate him
our friend-ror he bas became an element ?i pow?
er, and we caa Ul an* rd to foster auch sn enemy
in onr midst-and the freedman, if properly man
hgpd, will become mord valuable even than whan
a slave. Let ns raise our manu ac to rles npon
every stream, an t oar scnooi-noaaes npoa every
Let as te ich the children of tbe brave men who
four rr, and fell .la defence of their homes wbst
their fathers did; reach them thst tnrongh mis- '
tate we occupy our present posltioo, that we ar*
not conquere I; teach them ail this for the asks of,
truth- manhood and the future, and that socs '
m av arise worthy or their sires.'
And you.' men of sooth carolina, desert not,
ror more peaeerai and prosperous homes, your
native State, In this her hour or supreme trial and
agony ; stand by her, and protect the widow, sad
the orphan o( your brother soldier. Remember
that, c mst rained by poverty, tney cannot always,
seek reruge elsewhere. A brighter day will break
ere long i th South will but remain unload tad -
patiently, wo* koot ita own redemption;, our be?
lo ved land, now so sparsely inhabited and so
woefully devas-at ed, will quicken unto new Hf?,
grow unto greater power than In the past, sud
attract, by the beanty of ita hills and the richness '
oMts vail ys, the enterprising from wry cUsae.
The great questions ot race ano labor will adjust
themselves, howsoever orneare jhd perplejrtnr
they may seem at present to our human under?
History, "the footprints of Ood upon earth." is,
not the work purely orman. The Almighty Kine
or Kin ?IB controls and shapes the destinies or na?
tions ; and if, as a people, we seek to roiiuw His
word sod troth, tememb'rtng that "the end or
man ls an action and not a thought," that- "win
ls ti.e measure or power," He will blest our effort a
with prosperity, and bring unto os, once more,
Hope, Joy and Peace.
At the conclusion of General Hood's address, .
which was frequently In terra pted by bursts eX -
applause, tbe assemblage retired snd th? mem?
bers or the aseocl it ion adjourned to the banquet
han, where the celebration ot the day wss closed
in convivial enjoyment.
THE LODGE OF SORROW.
Interfiling Ceremonies at the 5T?.ionic
Temple This Evening-The Pro*
gramme. >' ? .
A Lodge of 8orrow will be held this even?
ing in the Orand Lodge room of the Masonic
Temple nader tho direction of Union Kilwinning
Lodge, No. 4, A. F, M., in honor of tbe memory
t he following deceased Masons: Bros. Charles
M. Forman, P. M. and P. G. M.; Richard Yeadon,
P.M.; John Scholerle, James Moultrie. James Rose,
A. w. Leland, Wm. C. Horlbeok, Adam E. Gibson,
Francis J. Porcher, Jamas R. Pringle, Jr., Hugh,
The room will ba appropriately draped in
monrnlng, and an imposing catafalque sap parting
a magnificent coffin wai be erected.. The ccffiln
wiU be hang round with shields of bright metal,
bearing the names of the deceased, in black let
tors. The doon will be opened at six o'clock,
and the ceremonies wm begin at seven. ? com?
mittee will be In attendance at the door to pro
vide se ns for the ladles. .
The ceremonies will take place la the following
l. Opening exercises by the master snd war -
Hens; 2. Prayer; S. Hymn by the choir; i. Ad?
dress by tbe wor-hipfnl master; 6. Hymu; 8. in
terval or profound silence, daring wheh the
tapers will be extinguished and the lights lo wared;
7. Player; 8 Procession around trie catafalque
and depositing of flowers and wreaths by master
and wardens; 0. Reading of scripture by tbs
chaplain; io. nabing or lights and relighting of
tapers; ll. Anthem on the organ; 12. address by
tne worship mi master; 18. Hymn; lt Kutoglea
on tho deceased delivered by Bro. R. S. Brana, P.
M. and u. W. G. M., Bro. J. Somers Buist, p. M..
Bro. Wilmot G. DeSaussure, P. M., Bro. Alfred
Raoul, P. M. Bro. B. H Rutledge, Bro. Augustine
T. Smythe, P. M., Bro. J. Ford Prtoleau, Fro. Louis
D. i saussure. Bro. B. G. Wilkins. Bro. Wm. P.
DeSau-anrn and Bro. Geo. H. Walter, P. M.; XS.
Hymn; is Closing exercises by master and war?
dens; 17. Prayer.
The street cars of both, lines will be in attend?
ance to convey the audience heme at theolose ot -
GRANT SUSTAINS F1NCBZBAOK
NEW OftXhANB, December 13.
The following telegram bas been received:
WASHtKSTOK, December 12. .
To Acting Governor PincTiback, New Orleans:
Let lt bo nuder-1 sod . ha you are recognised by
the President as the lawful Executive of Louisiana,
and the body assembled at the Mechanics' insti?
tute as the lawful Legislature, snd that you make
proclamation to that effect, and the necessary*
assistance will be given to yon and tbe Legisla?
ture herein rec ignised._, .
Signed) H. WILLIAMS, Attorney-General,
jvemor Pinooback has m ?aartfa?Jf?*
the above laBued his proclamation commanding
all illegal bodies to disperse.
CONGRESS, IS BRIEF.
WASHINGTON-, December 13.
The following condrmatlons took place:
1 James L. Orr, of South Carolina, as minister
to the Argentine Republic; Rich ?rd Beardsley,
consul at Alexandria, vice Bailer; Mrs. Graham,
postmaster at eneraw, and whlitemore, at
-uniter, sooth Carolina; Ward Hunt, associate
j ust ice or the Supreme Court; Samuel B. PU mps,
sullcl or general
In the House the committee on claims postponed
the consideration or the report on tbs Southern
claims comm! sion nat II siter tbs holidays. Tbs
judiciary . ommi tee were ordered to report on
the p wera or Congress to regulate trade be tween
the states, and to prevent oppressive discrimina?
nous on the part or common carriers. Toa
French snoiistion bill was postponed te Jsaoiiy
2 L THC Judiciary appro r>rianon nfU was passed.
In the Senate the disebllltles of Lamar, or Mis?
sissippi, were removed, unanimously, sumner's
supplementary civil rights bul went over, under
ob ecrtlon from Mr. Morrill, or Maine. CJongrsss
adjourns on the 2oth to January 3.