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VOLUME IX.-_NUMBER 2070 CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 2, 18^2._EIGHT DOLL4HS A YEAR.
THE LICENSE LAW.
AN INTERESTING MEETING OF THE
The Fire Department-Alderman Gage
Thinks the Steam Companies Very
Deflolem.-Mayor Wagener and the
License Law-Its Amendment and Fi?
An extra meeting of the Cit; Connon nae
held at seven o'clock: yesterday evening. The
Mayor and thirteen Aldermen were.preeent.
Toe minutes of the last meeting were read,
fe. and Alderman Horan said Le detected an error
In the record ot Connell upon the bids for re?
pairing the City Hospital, and moved that the
warda "awarded to the lowest bidder" be in?
serted, which was done.
On the call for petitions and memorials the
following were presented :
Of Mariana Porcher, for the remission of j
- penalties on the bouse No. 28 South Bay.
Ol James Gibbes, for the remission of penal?
ties for 1873.
Of certain citizens, asking for the passage
of the license bill; received as Information, to
be considered In connection with the bill.
Alderman Voigt asked to see the last
named petition. It having been shown to j
him, he sud ne bada copy of lt in his pocket,
and that it came from Mr. Lucas, the Inspec?
tor of thejiower ward?, and that most of tbe
signatures were those of street laborers. ,
The Major read the report of A. C. Welton,
keeper of the artesian well, showing that the
receipts of the past six months bad been j
$831 21, and the expenditures $321 33; balance j
$609 88. He also called attention to the fact I
that since the removal of the trough much
water had been dally wasted. The trough now ?
requires about 13,000 gallons per day, or one
? nail the product of the welL The com m un i
. cation was received as Information.
The Mayor read the following communica?
tion (rom Recorder -Pringle, which was re*
; eel ved as lnlormalion.
OFFICE OF THE CITY RECORDER, I
CHARLESTON, December 30, 1872. j
To the Honorable John A. Wagener. Mayor of \
Sra-Circumstances entirely beyond my
control have prevented me until this mornlog
from receiving the copy of the following pre?
amble and resolution or the City Council,
which the clerk of Council has sent me :
" Whereas, lt seems that questions of law
are made by citizens In regard to the legality
ot the license bill now before Council lori
adoption; and whereas the cause of objection
may seem to others as lt does to some mem?
bers of this Connoii, to be for the ultimate ex?
emption of the richer at the sacrifice of the
^ Hesolvfd, That the legality of the bill In
all Its parts be referred to- the city recorder for 1
his opinion as soon as practicable."
I ' egret that time will not permit me, before
tnr meeting o? Cotrncll to night, to'give such
an opinion upon tne parts of the license bill
DOW bet?re Council which the Importance ol
the matter demands. I cannot do more than
state certain general principles which e-eem
to be regarded as established. These are,
that license laws are of two kinds: First.
Those which require the payment ol a license
fee, by way of raising a revenue, and are
therefore, the exercise of the power of taxa?
tion.- Sjfinnd. TboBe which are police regula
- tiona, ano? Which require the payment of eueb
license fee as will cover the expense of the li?
cense and oi eu fore I ng't he regulation.
The imposition of a license tax as a oolice
regulation, I am ol opinion, is clearly within |
the power And authority of the City Council.
All those matters of general order, public i
-safety-And good morals, which need the regu?
lation and supervision of the police fore, may |
be subject, to the imposition of a license. Nor
does lt seem that the courts will examine very
closely into tba expense of a license with a
view to adjudge ita tax when lt does not ap?
pear to be unreasonable In amount, In view ot
its purpose as A regulation. Bul whether the
Qty Council has tbe right, under the provi?
sions of the constitution of 1868, to Impose a
license lee by way of raising a revenue is a
matter ot more difficult solution.
The question whether tbe State has such a
power is now pendlog before the Supreme
Court, and will be argued and determined at
the next term of the court in April.
The-i.t?Ki-1 ature, by an act approved first
March, 1870, authorised the City Council ot |
Charleston to require the payment ot Bitch
sams of money, not exceeding five hundred
dollars for license, or licenses, as in their
Judgment be just and wise, by any person, or
Sruons, engaged, or Intending to be engaged,
any calling, business or profession, In whole
or la part, within the limits of the City of
Charleston, except those engaged ID the can?
ing or profession of teachers ot public or pri?
vat? schools, and ministers of the gosoel.
Provided, That no distinction shall be made
on account of race or color. To what extent
this act ls constitutional, can only be conclu?
sively determined by the principles whloh will
be adjudged In the case now pending before
the Supreme Court. And lt i's a matter for
tbe legllatlve wisdom of the Council to de?
cide tolvhat extent they should be controlled
by any anticipation of the Judgment of the
woram Court. I regret, as I have already
said, that I am unable, from want of time, to
go more Into the details of the bill now be?
fore Council, but lt will not be difficult for
the Council, as the polnts-of the bill come up j
for discussion, to make application as seems
best to them ol what I have written.
W. ALSTON PRINGLE,
The committee of ways and means submit?
ted a report on the petition of merchants lor
the removal ot licenses from agents of manu-1
facturer* and commission merchants Belling
only by the package.
Alderman Gage, of the committee on con?
tracte, said he had received two additional
bids lor repaire to the City Hospital, aud ask-1
ed If they shonid be considered. Council de-'j
cided In the negative.
Alderman Sweegan offered a bill autho?
rizing the landing and storing of naval stores
at any wharf In the city, which received its |
first reading. The present ordinance con-'
fines the landing and storage of nayal stores
to the wharves above Laurens street.
The bill to regulate the pay ot the Fire De?
partment was taken up for its second reading,
and read by sections.
Alderman Gage thought the Fire Depart?
ment (^Charleston was very deficient and'
badly Organized. There was scarcely al
steam company in it that could count upon
more than forty per cent, of its membership
turning out In case of a fire. Most of such
companies were Bmall, while their steamers:
were all heavy, and the attendance during
fires was seldom sufficient to drag the steam?
ers to the fire. Much of the efficiency of an; j
engine depended on Its ability to reach the:
fire quickly. This was what very few of the
steamers In the present department could do.
Six steam companies, with a membership of
seventy to eighty eac i, paid at the rate ot
$2000 per annum each,would be more effective
than the tw?lve steam companies which are
now paid at the rate of $1800. He had re?
cently talked with several company directors
who represented their companies as cot strong
enough. The city was multiplying engine
h ouse?, and thns glvlDg club rooms to young
men who doubtless were perfectly willing to
do their duty, but who Joined the department
simply as a social organization.
Alderman Sweegan was surprised that, not?
withstanding the efficiency of the Ure de?
partments In Northern cities?, great fires
should occur in them. He would vote against
soy change of the volunteer system.
^?Illderman Gage said be was not advocating
the change to a pay department ; he i
wanted to mase tbe present departmer.
efficient a? possible.
After tbe reading of the fl rsi section ol
bill, Alderman O'Neill asked if the approi
tloa ot thirty thousand dollars per annum
vlded for therein was meant to lnolude
amount to be expended in repairing old
glne-honses and erecting new ones, and ll
how much would the bill save to the city.
Alderman Bweegan announced tbatit
intended that tte appropriation should cc
everything, and that the annual saving to
city would be one thousand four hundred i
i Alderman Voigt could not see any econc
In the bill.
The six first sections passed without alu
Alderman Sweegan offered the follow
amendment to the seventh section, which t
SEC. 7. That in the event of a vessel or v
sels entering our port on fire, or vessel
vessels taking fire In the stream after hav!
hauled ont from the wharf or wharves, i
chief or acting chief may be empowered
negotiate for the services of the fire depe
ment In extinguishing such fires, and all si
sums so obtained shall he appropriated
such manner as may be determined on by I
boa d of ti rem as terr.
Alderman Garrett next oalled up for
second reading theirtU to admit the Con
Star Steam Fire J?ogine Company into t
Steam Fire Department.
Alderman Sweegan wanted to know If t
admission of that company bad not been :
ferred to the board of flremasterB.
Such seemed to be the general nnderstar
ing. Alderman Gage had no objection to i
milting.the Comet Star Company if it cot
Introduce one hundred effective men Into t
department on Its roll. Alderman O'Ne
thought it wonld be better to defer prese
action on the subject.
Alderman Gage said that the city was LC
about to spend four thousand dollars for ll
company lu providing lt with a new bom
and that lt would, therefore, be absurd not i
Alderman Garrett thought that the obje
tlon lay on the ground of color. Council ba
repealed the ordinance which limited tb
Steam Fire Department for tbe sake of ac
muting two white companies; surely lt cou
do the same thing again for tbe Comet -Stai
wblchwas well known tobe one of the moi
efficient steam companies in the city.
Aldermen Voigt was sorry that the quesllo
of color had been brought up. There was o
necessity for lt. The company was already
part ot the Fire Department; what lt no
wanted was admission into the Steam Fir
Department. If the company was so efficteni
let lt comply with the rules and regulation
laid down lor the admission of steamers. Lc
lt prove to the board of flremasters tbat lt 1
aa efficient steam company, and he bad n
doubt the board would admit lt, and thei
Council could not object.
Alderman Brown knew tbe company"
an efficient one. When the canvass for mt
la#t municipal election began, the colore*
people had been promised equal representa
tlon. The colored people had h?retofort
asked for very little. The admission of tali
company was the most important thlog the]
bad asked for, and he thought lt should b<
Alderman Volgt-aaw no dangora af tho a am
pany not being admitted. The matter was re
terreel to the board ot flremasters, wblct
contained a greater proportion of colored mei
than the Council did. Tho colored men wen
likely to take care of their Interests. Coun
eil had done a great deal tor tbis company, !i
erecting a new house lor ir, at an expense o:
four thousand dollars.
Alderman Sweegan said that the two whit?
companies bad been virtually admitted bj
the Pillsbury administration. He defied the
colored people io Bhow anythlug more that
that administration had done for them than
bad been done by tbe present one.
Alderman Bowen said that the question oi
color did not enter his mind, but lhat simply
on the ground of preventing tbe steam de?
partment irom growlug any larger than at
present, he would move that the considera?
tion of the bill to admit the Comet Star be in?
definitely postponed. The motion waa
The license bill was next brought up.
Alderman Pelz er explained that the bill bad
been drafted with a view to relieve tbe bur?
den on real estate, by making an equitable
distribution of the taxes.
Alderman Voigt thought that action should
be deterred until a further opinion could be
obtained from tbe olly recorder. He had seen
In the hands of D. T. Corbin, E-q., a written
opinion of the recorder previously given, lhat
the city had not the right to pass a license
law. A petition, alleged to have been signed
by a number of citizens, had been presented
to Council earlier in the evening which cast
reflections upon him a9 an opponent of the
bill. The petition read tbat the bill was
opposed by certain persons from Inter?
ested motives of an unworthy nature. This
petition, he said, bad been drawn up by a
public officer, who bad Induced the street
laborers to sign lt, and yet it was alleged to
have been Blgned by property-hoIderB. His
opposition to ihe bill Was Induced by the de?
sire to belp the enterprising citizens
of the community. A drayman owning
one mule and dray, worih $100, was
compelled by ihe bill to pay a fifteen
per cent, tax, while a gentleman
who sported an elegant watch and chain
worth fully as much, and more, paid only
two per cent. An additional tax of one-fourth
per cent, on the real estate In Charleston
would yield a larger revenue than all the pro?
visions of the bill. He held that lt was un
lawlul for the city to impose a license for any
elher than police purposes. He desired to be
excused from voting on the bill.
Alderman Pelzer thought that the draying
business was a profitable one, and as Ihe
drays certainly tore up the streets very badly,
and thus entailed a large annual outlay upon
the city to keep the streets in order, the
draymen should ba made to pay their share.
The Mayor thougbt the discussion premature.
Alderman O'Neill agreed with him. The
bill had been Iramed io reach rich men. The
Mayor read the following communication:
Gentlemen of ihe Council: I shall not be per?
mitted io participate in the debate on the
license bill ibis evening, excepting upon di?
rect question, and I have, therefore, deemed
it prooer to submit my vlewB in writing, ao
that I might avoid misrepresentation, and
prevent systematical erroneous reports which
have beeu and continue lo be detrimental to
the public welfare. Without fear or favor I
desire my views and opinions known, equally
to my enemies and friends; but I desire not lo
be judged by Ill-advised reports that are
oftener biased by Inclination tban by facts. I
am sure I bave the honest intention to sub?
serve ibe irue interests ot Charleston, and of
all classes ot its people; ano I think I may be
permitted lo say that I try to act and chose
justly and kindly, and always with a view to
the common good. I am sorry of the resolu?
tion on the subject of our license, passed at
the last meeting, deeming lt both imprude
and derogatory of the public interests, 1
cause under existing circumstances our 1 leer
system 1B an imperative necessity, and a
doubts of its constitutionality are iii advla
and badly timed. Our licenses have beeu pe
without proiest in 1809, 1870, 1871, 1872. W
should we apprehend that our people arele
patriotic or more litigant tban in form
Tam very sorry that the action of the coi
mlttee of ways and means should have bei
so spileiully misinterpreted. Surely, th
committee was not in any manner officious
their action; on the contrary, lt was sir lei
their proper (unction, and the time had e
rived when further delay In the pr?parant
for the new year's Income would have be<
reprehensible. The bill Itself was not the
inception, but simply a continuation of tl
system ot taxation, to relieve the overbtt
dened real estate, and had been In existent
for years, with much relief to the treasur
The licenses came In before the general taxi
are due, and enable the city to go on in 1
payments without borrowing at high rates
interest. The committee merely improve
the bill by submitting a rate-a method i
equalization, and relieving some ot the poo
er and more burdened interests, and Incl m
lng and rating larger and more prontab
trades. It ls curious, but exceedingly hono
able, thal one member ot tbat committee li
creased his own license by the Improved ev
tem ol ratio toan amount exceeding $700 will
out one word of remonstrance. If there be an
doubts of tbe consi ltutlonai applicability of tb
law, the question has not yet been decide;
and the system may be retained by the goo
sense and wise patriotism of the commun!n
unlil more prosperous days shall have arri!
ed. We all know ibat for the support ot goo
government a certain amount of Income ls ri
quired. If we abolish the licenses, we bav
to increase the taxes. But our lands an
houses are now unproductive. I desire t
lower the rate of our taxes, but lt cannot b
done without the licenses, unless we reduc
our expenditures. This might be done b
discharging halt our police, and more tba
half ol our street force, and by reducing on
public Institutions, hospitals, orphan asylum;
almshouses, dec. and by refusing ono dolla
to improvements of any kind, lt would be
pity, it would be sinful to stop now ihe marc
of our progress, wben the beams of a bleasei
morning are gladdening our broken slum
bers. I trust In our oltlzeRS. - Let Ihe bill b
strictly equalized, but let us consider it i
neceaelty which we cannot avoid. Il gentle
men will approve and advocate a measure on
year, and adopt a totally different course th
next, their reasons may be sufficient to ihem
aelves, bul lo ihe well meaning and thinking
part ot the community they may appear iaex
pllcable. We must have an Income Iron
licenses or from loe'reased taxes, or else w<
must curtail our expenses lo such a degrei
that our government will almost cease t<
progress. In my opinion, onr taxes requin
to be lowered, to induoe confidence and pro
greaaive energy, rebuilding of our wasu
places, and advancing rates of property val
uee. This haB been my aim and effort, and 1
think I am not mistaken. Iocreased laxattot
or au abandonment of our munlolpal progresi
ls equally ruinous.
We may very well modify our licenses, re
duce some lhat are now deemed oppressive
and endeavor to approximate a standard ol
general equalization; btu ibe system should
be adherea to until our debt is sufficiently re<
doced, and our properly enough Increased and
remunerative to bear the burdens with wbicb
lt ls now threatened. Respectfully,
JOHN A. WAOESER, Mayor.
Alderman Voigt moved Hie postponement
of the bill, which motion was lost.
The bill was then taken up and read by
sections. A number of amendments were
proposed and adopted. When the section re?
garding itinerant salesmen was reached Alder?
man Pelzar moved to adopt the report of the
committee on ways and means on the petition
ot merchants for the abolition of licenses on
agents ol manufacturers or commission mer?
chants selling by the package only. The re?
port included an amendment to the petition
wMsVtaifwS a Say- o?. -oua pac "?nr noon
the sales of all merchandise, except liquors,
effected ty such agents, and amounting to
$1000; over $1000 and under $10,000 bair per
cent., and over $10,000 one-fourth per cent.
On liquor sales one hundred per cent, addi?
tional. Alderman Voigt offered as an amend?
ment that such agents be licensed according
to the schedule for resident merchants en?
gaged in tbe same branches of trade, and that
no license be Issued for leas than three
months, which waa adopted.
The remaining sections were passed without
alteration, and the bin wa?, on motion of Al?
derman Moran, passed a third time and or?
dered to be engrossed and enrolled among
the city ordinances. A motion to change the
hour lor the meeting of Council from five
o'clock P. M. to seven, WSB made and re?
ferred to the next meeting; whereupon Coun?
The following Is the license bill as passed,
with the amendments :
Artists, ambrotvplstB, photographists. Da
gust reaus, for each member or the firm....$ 25
Wholesale apothecaries, wno-e annual sales
do not. exceed fifty thonsand dollars. 100
ll exceeding fifty thousand do lara, for every
addition il thousand In excess of hf cy thous?
and dollars. 1
Retail apothecaries, whose annual sales do
not exceed ten thousand dollars. 25
Those whose au'iual sales are over ten thons?
and under thirty thousand dollars. 60
Those whose annual sales are over thirty
thonsand dollars and auder sixty thousand
If exceeding sixty thousand dollars, for every
additional thousand exceeding sixty thous?
and dollars. 1
Agencies, carted oa by other than regalar
licensed merci ants, each. 60
Steamship agencies, other than ferry boats,
for each agency.loo
Sailing vessels agencies, other than ferry
boats, for each agency. 25
Steam ferry boat co upantes or agencie*. 60
Perry boat companies and ?geseles, oiher
than steam. 25
Commercial agencies. 1U0
Collectors and real estate age m a. 26
Raak ag eut-i. 100
Banks, for every one hundred thousand dol?
lars of capital. 75.
Builders and master med?anles, or ali and
every trade, Including barbers, having in
their employ from two to four mechanics.. 10
Those employing more than four meciiancli.. 25
Billiard tables, public or private, lor each
Bowling alleys, pub lo or private, for eacn
Sailor boarding house?. 25
Boarding nooses, other than sailor, having
more than tea boarders. 10
Commercial or produce merchants other
than factors or storekeeprs, whose purcha?
ses or sales do not exceed fifty thonsand
If exceeding fifty thonsand dollars, for every
additional thonsand dollars exceeding fifty
thousand dollars. soo
Commercial or producs brokers, other than
factors or storekeepers, whsse purchases
do not exceed one huudred thousand dol?
lars . 25
If exceeding one hundred thousand do lan,
for every additional thonsand exceeding
one hundred thousand dollars.2-c
Mon- y brokers, or dealers in exchange. 1C0
Stuck brokers.-.. 25
Real estate brokers. 26
Cattle brokers, and dealers in horses and
mule*, who keep no sale stable for the sale
of the same, provided that this does not
refer to trader* bringing ueat cattle for sale
alrectly from the conniry. 100
Butchers, for each stall. 6
Contractors, other than builders. 26
Coal yards. 60
Steam cotlou presses.400
Hand cotton piesses.25
Cotton plckery. 60
Colton gins, for each gin. 25
Telegraph cornpaules. ?04
Express companies. 400
Oas o jmpanles. ooo
Street ratlway companies, for each passen?
ger car. 100
Street railway companies, for each freight
Clrcusei. per day. 60
Theatre and concert companies, per day. 6
opera companies per day. lo
Carts, draya, wagons, one horse. 10
Cans, drays, wagons, haoks, two bo ses. 20
Omnibuses, coaches, trucks, two or more
Dentists, whose professional receipt* do not
exceed $1000.4. 10
For every additional $1000.,. 6
Retail dealers in goods, wares and cerchan
dise, excluding distilled spirits, ?bose an?
nual sales do not exceed ten thoniand dol?
Those whose annnal sales are over len thou
f aaa. and ander thirty thouaisd dollars.... so
Those whose annual sales are ovar thirty
thousand, and under sixty thousand dollars. 100
If exceeding sixty thousand dollars, for every
additional thousand exceeding stxty thou?
sand dollars..,. 1
Wholesale dealers in goods, wares and mer?
chandise, exe uding distilled spirits, whose
annnal sales do not exceed My thousand
K exceeding fifty thousand doilirs, for every
additional thousand exceeditg arty thou?
sand dollars.J.. 1
Wholesale liquor dealers, whosaannual eales
do not exceed ten thousand 1 dollars. 100
If exceeding ten thousand dollars, for every
additional thousacd In excessof ten thou?
sand dollars.J.. 1
Wholesale liquor dealers, who take out a Bep?
arate iliense for merchandise in the same
I (Every pers.m, firm or corporation, whose bu?
siness lt ls to sell distilled splits, ferment?
ed liquors, or wines of any kl id, in quanti
ties of nve gallons or over, nilli be regard?
ed as a wholesale dealer.)
Retail liquor dealers or bar-roorts. 76
Retail 1 qnordealers,Who have-to taie octa
separate license for merchandise in the same
(Every person, firm or corporation, whose bu?
siness lt is to sell dist lied spirits, ferment?
ed liquors, or wines of any kind, in less
quin ti ties than five galions,) shall be re?
garded as a retail dealer.)
Society or club bar-rooms.... .J. 76
Does, Kept in the olty, lnotullng price of
>ash and blind factories.1.. 60
Soap and candle factories.ii. 60
Pounder les.?. 60
Cotton factors, selling one thoisand boles or
le .a.;. 60
If exceeding one thousand balee, for every
additional thousand bales, or, ponton cr a
thousand over one thousand. 1. 26
Rice fdciors, selling two thousand tierces or
less.-.j.,. 60 I
If exceeding two thousand titr?es, for every
additional thousand tierces, or portion Of
a thousand over two thousand. 16
Naval store-, factors, whose sales do n<t ex?
ceed fifty thousand dollars..;... 60
If exceeding fifty thousand dollars, for every
additional thousand exceeding fifty thou?
sand dollars..1. 1
Oas fitters.,. ia
Brauch ice house*..,. 26
Insurance companies or agencies the same
for each an ? every agency)) whose pre?
miums do not exceed one thousand dollars.. 100
If exceeding one thousand dollars, for every
additional thousand donara, or portion of a
thousand. In exc?s* of one thousand dollars... fi. I
Intelligence offices, <>r ahlpplnr masters.. 60
Wholesale lunk shops.200
Retail Junk shops. 60
Savings banks or Institutions. loo
building and loan associ?t lona. 60
steam engines for hoisting ?nd other pur?
poses not already licensed. 76
Lawyers., who 0 professional receipts do not
exceed $1000. 10
For every additional $1000. fc
Lumber yards.j 100
Lamber ponds, not connectid with lumber
commission merchants, other than factors or
storekeepers, who-e sales do not exceed
fifty thousand dollars.:. 60 j
If exceeding atty thousand dolar?, for every
additional thousand exceeding fifty thous?
Commission mercuann, 01 net than facto-s or
storekeepers, whose purchase* do not ex?
ceed oue hdudre 1 thousand dollars. 60
If exceeding one hundred thousan 1 do lars,
for every additional th uiand exceeding
one nundrcd thousand donara. 60c
Flour mills.;. 60
Grist mills.J. 35
ria ii Inp mills.?.loo
Rice mills.j.' 200
Menageries, per day..*. s
Hand organs, per month.-. 6
Dally papers.,. 60
u eekly papers, that issue no dilly. 16
Job printing ornees... 26
Physicians, whose professional receipts do
exceed $1000. io
For every additional $1000.'.. 6
Local peddlers, per month. 6 J
Rame-, dr .wings, or prue -?wards or uay
Kino, tr ora permanent character, or au?
thorized by the State authority.600
Panoramas, paintings, works of art or mech?
anism, and every other kind of publlo en ti r
talnment. of a like natura, not herein speci?
fied, per day. 10
Public, or livery stables. 60
Sale atables. 60
Pool table*. 160
Manufacturers and bott era of soda wat* r ... 60
Manufacturer* of toda water, selling from
fount. 26 i
Soda water, other than manufacturers selling
from fount. io I
stevedore <-(The contractor for load ng or
discharging any vessel, or the foreman em?
ployed by the owner or c immander of any
vessel, for loading or di charging of the
same, Is a stevedore). 10
Warehouse.-, where storage ls charged, each.. 60
Woodsawyers, by machinery. 26
Public halls, per night. 6
Fairs or promenade concerts, or parties, per
day or night. 6
Fairs or promenade concerts, or parties for
enemy purpose*, the Mayor ?hall have dis?
cretionary power t J rite or remit licenses,
and for purposes not above specially rated
the Mayor shan Impose such Ucease as to
him teems p oper. All exemptions must be
Issued by the Mayor.
IRE ICE GORGE.
Seven Men Drowned at Randolph.
MEMPHIS, December 30.
The rain during last night softened the lee,
causing large quantities to sink and greatly
lessening the danger to boats. The river Is
rising and the floating Ice diminishing. A
steamer which arrived this morning rescued
a man named Harvey, with hts wife and child,
from a dredge boat at the mouth ot the st.
Francis river. The ferry boat Excelsior, val?
ued at $76,000, is sinking, and will prove a
total loss. At Randolph, yesterday, the Ice
gorge was thirty feet high. A flat-boat was
crushed and seven men drowned.
The weather In New York yesterday was
clear and pleasant. The East and North riv?
ers were badly blocked by ice.
In Boston yesterday the extreme cold con?
At While river. Vt., yesterday, the ther?
mometer stood at twenty-four degrees below
THE LOUISIANA TYRANNY.
An Expected Adverse Decision by the
NEW YORK, December 30.
The Louisiana committee, lu a long letter
published this morning, deny the statement
made by Senator Kellogg In his bill of com?
plaint In the United States Circuit Court, and
say that Kellogg's object was to get posses?
sion of the election returns, and by manipu?
lating them elect himself Governor of
WASHINGTON, December 30. .
Aitomey-General Williams has received a
dispatch saying that the Supreme Court ol
Louisiana will render a direct decision on the
13th upon the legality of the Warmouth elec?
toral returning board. The oourt has Inci?
dentally given an opinion adverse to War
mouth by reluslng to recognize Mr. Adger as
the attorney-general of the Stale, he having
been declared elected by the Warmouth
board. The special messenger, bearing the
vote of the Electoral College ol Louisiana, bas
arrived. He ls one of the electors at large.
JOITINGS ABOUT THE STATE.
-A new store is to be erected at Bound O
Cross Road?, Centerville.
-Dr. H. JoneB has been appointed quaran?
tine officer at Beaufort.
-Court will commence at Aiken on the
second Monday in January.
-The citizens of Centerville complain of the
Inconvenience of getting their malls, and de?
sire a brauch postoffice at the cross roads.
-A new colored Methodist camp ground
was opened in Round O lust week, and was
very largely attended. Not less than twenty
live conversions took place, and sixteen new
members were added to tbe church. A large
number of clergymen were i ti attendance.
The meeting continued six days, and was a
great success. The camp ground ls very neat
|v titted out with all necessary accommoda?
tion. A goodly number of white people were
present to witness the opening ceremonies.
CHRISTMASS NEW YORK.
THE FIRE OTOLE-TBE FIRE-PROOF
Bitter Weatker-Tbe North Wrapped
In Snow and ict-Xew Bootu- and
Serial Kio rich-Hubenstein'? Hil om -
[FROR OCR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
NEW TORE, December 26,
Christmas was celebrated with spirit lo tbe
parks, the streets, the churches, the theatre?,
and the homes of the New Yorkers. T ie day
was clear and cold, but the skaling-poni's and
places nf public amusement were thronged,
and at all the churches lo which music made
tbe principal feature of the festal service,
there was h ard ly. s tandie g room left Ate min?
utes after the doors opened..
This was notably the case at Trinity, Christ
Church and St. Stephen's, (Catholic,) where
there were immense congregations, and the
best choir singers In the city. At "rinity
Church the old, unfamiliar mass ot Hummers
was given with great success. The ohurcbes
were all beautifully decorated with Christmas
greens, weaved into emblems appropriate to
tbe occasion. As an instance of the generous
patronage bestowed upon the theatres during
the holidays it may be mentioned that tbe
Christmas receipts at Nlblo's, where the spec?
tacle of Leo and Lotos is being perlormed,
were seven thousand dollars.
The dre department celebrated the day by
running to fires.* We seem lo be encircled
with conflagrations. The alarm bell rings
throughout the night, and we open me morn?
ing papers tremblingly, at breakfast, to see
what, has been swep. away. The latest con?
spicuous disasters were tbs burning of Bar?
num's new mus?um, Crace Chapel, and the
huge machine .'hop and factory, In Centre
street, ia which seven more yonng girls were
roasted to death.
Is lt not remarkable that In this age when
the inventive powers of man are working
seeming miracles the absolutely fire-proof
building has not been achieved ? Granite,
brick and Iron melt like wax In great confla?
grations like those of Chicago and Boston,
and so-called fire-proof buildings everywhere
are going down like card houses to the con?
tusion and consternation of the architects.
We are beginning lo discover, too, that out
buildings are full ni faults ot construction. At
the Fifth Avenue Hotel the elevator passage
served as aa Immense flue. In Centre street
there was but one mode of egress, wbioh was
cut off by the fl unca, and the Ure escape out?
side was In bad order. At Barnum's and tbe
Brooklyn Tabernacle hlt-hly combustible wood
work supported the .. .JOP corrugated
Iron roofs, whloh shrivelled upon the ap?
proach of the flames like parchment. Ia
Boston the wooden Mansard roofs Invited the
fire lo every direction. What the age wants
is a building that will stand like a Salamander
among the flames. Surely a generation which
has given to Ihe world the magnetic tele?
graph and the ?ewing machine should be
equal to the problem.
' We are lee ling the effects here at this lime
of the "cold wave" wbtch we beard ihe other
day was'sweeplng down (rom the frozen North?
west. Last night the mercury In the thermom?
eters hereabouts stood at zero. We learn of
frightful excesses of the weather further
north of us, a New Hampshire telegram tell?
ing even of dliy degrees oelow zero in that
State yesterday. Thia ls undoubtedly the
most bitterly cold soap we have had fur many
While I write there isa blinding snow-storm
raging without. The air ls so lull of minute
fl ikes that I can scarcely distinguish objects on
the opposite side ot tbe street, Tne sidewalks
are almost, deserted. Occasionally an indi?
vidual muffled to the nosetlps may be seen
plunging frantically tbrough tbe drifts, and,
at long Intervals, n horse-car labors slowly
along the tracks, the horses smoking and the
driver pounding himself and dancing the
breakdown to keep his blood lu cir?
culation. Business has virtually ceased
all over the city-In striking contrast to the
bustle and crowding ol'day before yesterday.
Ab ! this wretched New York climate. We
see ihe beautiful snow falling and piling up In
huge cloud heaps, and know that to-morrow
the thaw will come, and the shu will shine,
and all nature will be In a melting mood, and
the streets will be ankle deep wich miserable
"slush" and mud. Out ci town, anywhere to
to the north of us, the people get some amuse?
ment out of the snow. They have several weeks
ot sleighing at least. But lt is seldom (bat our
snow lasts long enough lor a day's enjoyment,
and sleighing, therefore, being such a rarity,
private stables do not keep sleighs, and livery
stables charge from five dollars io ten dollars
an hour tor the use of them.
The best new book of the season ls "George
Eliot's" (Mrs Lewes's) novel "Middle March."
It is having a large sale, notwithstanding its
bulk and cost. The Harpers are the publish?
ers, and as they are not respecters ol tbe rights
of English authors who have their works re?
printed by lotber American houses, probably
some rival Boston house will cut under with
a cheaper edition. Everybody reads Charles
Beade, either serially or In the completed
form. His new story in one ol tbe weekly
pictorial papers, to ruo a year, or longer,
opens brilliantly, and promises to be as good
as Ms best. It ls called "ihe Wauderlog
Heir," and Reade has attempted to conciliate
bis old loes, tbe prurient prudes, by an?
nouncing that it shalt be highly moral.
Bubenotein bas returned to New Tork to
give his farewell concerts. He bas done only
moderately well In the provinces, and will
return lo Europe In the spring. Edwin
Booth bas rushed lo to fill up ihe gap occa?
sioned by the failure and withdrawal of Ihe
.'great American play" at bis theatre. He
appears next Monday as Riobard IK. It had
not been bis purpose to play in New York
this season. Lester Wallack also avoids bis
own boards this year, and is making a tour of
the outside cities. The latest theatrical on dit
ls that Mrs. Lewis J. Jennings, wile of the
editor of tbe New York Times, ls to return to
the stage next month. NTM.
CASUALTIES AUB CBIME.
Loss of a Schooner off Hatteras-A nan?
away Steamer - SI ystcrlous Disap?
pearance of an Opulent Official.
Naw TORE, December 30,
The steamship Regulator, from Wilmington,
bas on board the captain and crew or the
schooner Hannah Little, of Philadelphia, who
were rescued at sea on the 27 iii. Tbe Ll Hie
was a complete wreck, and the crew had
been lashed in the rigging for twenty-six
hours. She sailed from Wilmington Decem?
ber 26th, and struck on. Hatteras shoal, when
she became water-logged.
SEOWHBGAN, ME., Dsoember 30.
The hotel at thia place ls burned. Loss
$50,000. The reservoirs were frozen.
NEW CASTLE, DEL., December 30.
The steamer Pioneer drifted away In tbe
Ice, and a tug bas bi en sent to her assistance.
NEW TORE, December 30.
The German steamer Thnringia, during her
recent voyage, had ber first boatswain killed
in a fearful gale.
The oollecior of Pensacola has disappeared
from his hotel at Jersey City, and, as he had
a large amount of money with him, foul play
is suspected. _ _
TBE SOUTH CAROLINA RAILROAD.
[From the Savannah Advertiser,]
Th South Carolina Railroad Company an?
nounces th it it ls about te retire its non-mon
gage bonds ana other temporary obligations
through the proceeds of second mortgage
bonds, the amount of ihe issue of which will
be $3,000,000. The price of these, so the
treasurer gives notloe, will, after the 31st day
of December instan t, be seventy-five per cent,
sud accrued Interest, The bonds thus offered
bear date October 1, and have allached cou?
pons for seven per cent, petr annum interest,
payable In April and October, In the City of
New Tort. The drat mortgage upon the
company's valuable property, whick ls fully
equipped and In excellent condition, amounis
to only $3,000,000, or about $12,500 per mlle.
For the new bonds payment will be accepted
as iollows, viz: Two-thirds ol the purchase
money will be received la the seven per cent,
non-mortgage bonds of the company at
seventy-five per cent., and the balance in
OUR ARCTIC CHRISTMAS.
[PROM 00 ii j'fN C0RR2SP0HDSNT.]
BCMTKR, December 27.
The weather contlnnea to become colder.
! The sleet ls now frozen, and with the parti?les
of ice dropping from the trees daring the
day, looks like rock crystal. The son ls ont
stoning brightly, and the landscape ls superb !
In the memory ol the oldest Inhabitant no
suoh Intensely cold weather has been known
here. My thermometer fell lour degrees be
tween ten A. M. and three P. M. At the lat?
ter hour lt stood at twenty-six degrees. Dur?
ing a portion of the morning a sharp north
wind added to the bitterness of the atmos?
phere. It ls now Billi, but the cold seems to
j be Increasing. ' Jc.vica.
OUR SOUTH ATLANTIC NEIGHBORS.
-The Savannah Fslr opened yesterday.
-The merchants of Columbus are opposed
to lolling the bridges that lead into the city.
-Hiss Ella Sutton, of Dahlonega, was bad?
ly burned on Christmas day.
-Extensive preparations are being made
In Savannah for the celebration of General
Lee's birthday, on the 19th of January.
-The cotton manufactories Sn Columbus
pay out In wages to their employees, $21,000
-It ls reported in Macon that the children
of J. Clarke Swayze have fallen heirs to a for?
tune of $3,000,000.
-It ls estimated tbat the recent nooda have
damaged Polk County over two hundred
thousand dollars. Bridges, mills, fences and
dams have al! been washedaway.
-Savannah ls to have a grand carnival on
? January 13; a grand street procession ol mas?
queraders in the day and a hal masque at the
theatre In the evening.
-The freedmen in the country around Co?
lumbus are freely making coutraots for an?
other year, and tne general plan ls to farm on
-A fire occurred on Christmas night at
Adulrsvllle, a little town on the Georgia ?tate
Road, entailing a loos of $10,000.- The Ma?
sonic fraternity lost their Jewels and lodge
-The Savannah Advertiser says that the pub- j
Ho mind ls Impressed io the belief that the j
killing of policeman MoBlllgott by policeman
Strong was accidental. A ohantable, and,
probaoly, just view ol the affair. * -
-A Savannah lady, of a highly respectable
family, bad an attack of kleptomania In a shoe
store in that elly ou Christmas live, which re?
sulted in her getting a pair of shoes without
paylog tor the same.
-Traine on the Selma, Rome and Dalton
Railroad have ceased running beoanse the I
em ploy eeo have not been paid for months [
past. A motion Is to be beard on January
13th to put the road Into bankruptcy.
-The train on the Western and Atlantic
Railroad, that lei t Atlanta on Christmas morn?
ing, was thrown from the track near Moon's
station. No one was at all inlured except the
baggage-master, Mr. James Northern, and he
-Jacksonville rejoices In the possession of
a hog wblob wei gi is nearly eight hundred
pounds, and ls six feet eleven Inches In girth.
The big hog ls going to the Savanoah fair.
-Some ef the Florida people wish to emi?
grate because Hart ls governor, whilst others
ure treating him to serenades and torchlight
THE OLD WORLD.
Do vr niall or Thier?-Germ any and Pope
Pla?- Health ot the Czarevitch.
PAULS, December 30.
M. Thiers (ell and bruised his elbow. The
French minister has left Borne.
BERLIN, December 30.
The Journals of K?nigsberg and Posen have
been threatened with immediate confiscation
If they publish the insulting references to Ger?
many In the recent Papal allocution. Toe
German ?barge- dE?afcls? w\? probiby h? in?
structed not to attend the Pope's New Tear's
ST. PKTERSBORO, December 30.
The Czirewich slept six hours.last night,
and hts fever has abated.
SHORT OE HOSE.
A meeting of investigation In regard to the
recent fire Tn Wilmington was held on the
27th instant, at the City Hall, which resulted,
according to the Journal, in the general opinion
that the mismanagement was to be ascribed
to an insufficient amount ot hose. C?ptala
Buatwrlght stated that he had made applica?
tion for Alteen hundred leet additional hose,
for the use ot the entire department, but that
lie had been refused by the board. He also
stated that be knew of instances where others
hadjaaked for some things absolutely necessary
and had been refused by the beard, without
even a reference to committee. There were
now but twenty-one hundred feet of hose with
whiob to supply the four engines on ibis side
ol the river._
. SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
-The Mexican frontier commissioner re?
turns to Washington on the 7th.
-The Mobile races began on Monday, and
last lour days.
-The negotiations for completing the Macon
and Brunswick Bal ?road are auld by Judge
Lochrane to be progressing favorably.
-Sister Mary Louise, (Williamson,) a non
ot the Visitation, died In Blchmond, Ta., yes?
-A hundred prisoners from the workhouse
were at work on the ruins ol the Centre street
fire, in New York, yesterday.
BLOODY WORK IN CUBA.
HAVANA, December 30.
The Insurgents attacked Mayre, searched
several houses, and escaped with their
wounded. They were driven out by. th? ma?
rines from the Spanish steamer Huloca, and
twenty Spaniards were killed. The Insur?
gents also attacked Holqulnes and captured
Furt Pezrequee. A Spanish lleotenant-oolonel
and major were killed, and tbO Spanlab loss
In the two engagements is put down at sixty.
A WHIRLWIND OE EIRE IN ENGLAND.
[From the Liverpool Mercury, Deo. e.]
On Saturday a most remarkable phenome?
non occurred at King Sutton, near Bambury,
by whiob a man had a narrow escape. No
less than seventeen trees were torn up by the
roots, thirty-six more or lesa Injured, and 116.
[ yards of stone wall thrown down. About 1
o'clock In the day the people In the neighbor?
hood saw something In the shape of a hay?
cock, ot great size, revolving through the air.
It was accompanied by fire and a great deal of
smoke, and sometimes was seen high in the
air, and at others near the ground. It made
a great noise, something like a railway train
travelllng,and progressed with great rapidity.
It passed over the estates of Col. North, M. P.,
Slr William Brown, Bart., and Mr. Leslie Mel?
ville Cartwright, sixty-one yards of whose
park wall at one place had ?icen thrown down
trcm the foundation. It Wis up one of the
largest beech trees on sir William Brown's
estate, and about twelve to fifteen tens ol
earth with lt, and the branches were carried
about In all directions. A man named Adams,
who was breaking stones on the road, says be
heard a great noise aa If a railway train were
coming up. There was a dense smoke, and a
tree that he bad been standing- under a min?
ute before was torn up. There was a heavy
rain at the time, and a few minutes before *
vivid flash of lightning. For a mlle and ? <??"
there are traces of the destruction cosed or
the phenomenon, which seems to J"476 l5, ?
led almost In a straight line f?t?M
north. It wan tallowed by * whirlwind that
swept everything before lt, ?nf a pond it
passed was dried up, ?^'Enflia&^Si
offortv farda, and railings knocked aown.
Prlffhtined cattle ran ?"out the fields, many
ire? struct The people were greatly
a armed-some of them say the noise was
terrific-nod they thought the earth was about
o open and swallow everything up. After
i travelling tar about two miles the fire meteor
I seems to have expended Itself.
THE DRIFT OF POLTTTCS. -
PMB?LDBNITAL INTERFERENCE AT
A Timely a Md Thoughtful Article.
[Frort the Nation.] a
We presume people are not generally satis?
fied with the condition of the Sooth, and there
are mimerons signe that the most ardent
ft lends of- the enforce ment act begin to doubt
its value very seriously. . Passing sn ch an act'
for the purpose of suppressing Ku-Klux oaV
rages they begin to see^eomewhnt resembled
the am pu tail o n of a limb in order to get rid of
a boil. The Ea-Kloxery, if that te the proper
term, has benn suppressed; but the indirect
effects of the measure, which tire the ones
which lt is most difficult to gel; an average
politician to bestow any thought npon, now
begin to show themselves. Ono of the very
first was, of course, to arm the Federal
Government with enormous power over tbe
State Government-power snob ail lt had newer
possessed before. As we . po rated ?Ht in
these columns at the time of lti passage, lt
declared "that to be 'a rebe!?lou against the
United States' which was nothing: mora than
violence to Individuals, and permitted the
writ of habeas corpus to be suspended in lime
of peace; lt authorized the President to em?
ploy the military forces in suppressing oppo-.
sltlon to the state law, without an application,
from the State authorities; lt tjxtended the
prohibit lona of the fourteenth amendment to
cases et private wrong; and clothed the na?
tional courts with Jurisdiction ever ordinary
crimes and with the /unction ol ordinary po^
lice repression." When we said ail this, lt
was mere theory or prediction; we now see it
verified In practice.' The act ha? actually con?
verted the general government Into a su?
preme arbiter of state affaira at the South, and
has taught the factions which lo nearly every
Southern Slate are contending for the posses?
sion ol the treasury to disregard" the local
public opinion and the Staie constitution and
laws, and look to Washington lor the meant,
of overcoming their opponents. Tho worst
of this- ts, too, that tba geo eral govern
ment does not Inter lern under tom?
clearly defined code oi procedure, but In the
exercise of a vast seml-mllitairy discretion,
which makes all things seem ponible to the*
adventurers by whom the South ls plundered.
The condition of politics in that region at ibis,
moment bears a close and striking resem?
blance to that cit ihe Spanish - American repub?
lics Inasmuch cs ?n both two se s ol adventu?
rers are constantly striving for-tite mastery,
and in their striving totally disregard the local
opinion and the taws, in South America,
however, they speedily take iirms and end
their quarrels by civil war; things do not reach
uns pass in our Southern States solely because
the President stands ready ta interfere, te*
soon as the parties prepare to nome to blows;
bat if there were a power south ot tbe Bio
Grande which would prevent the politicians
of that region from killing each other, publi?
life in that region would cl one! j resemble pub?
lic life in onr own States lately in rebellion. - ;
Tn is readiness of the President to. Inter?
fere, however, eo far from moderating (be
rage of tue contestants, and turning their
attention to the peaceful arts, stimulates their
zeal and Increases their Indifference to tha
regular and lawful modes of getting and
keeping power. There Is llttlo hope or tbelr
soendlng their time in persoiidiog their iel
low-cltitens into support of them, or coming
to terms with their enemies, when thoy feel,
that a visit to Washington, or success io-get
ilng"lhe cosiombonse party" on their side,
may give ih?m all they want ia the twinkling .
ol an eye. There ls a quarrel In Alabarca
about the election- or ihe State Legislature-^
lhat Is, the lawfulness of the count ls dlspoV
ed; and' two bodies, -ach calling ilse lt the
jtate Legislature, meet, in the capital, each
hurling defiance at the other, South Ameri?
can fashion. If sach a thing occurred at ihe
? sonnv"ino 'seulement weald he sought
through the State courts, or (more prooabij )
the politicians engaged In the conflict would
know so well the effect their perform?
ances would have on the pabilo mind; that
one set would give way, or some ether .moder
of adjusting the difference be lound.. In Ala?
bama, however, neither tho State courts nor
tbe local opinion count lor anything in the
matter; the whole difference ls laid before the*
United States Attorney-Ge ie ral, and he sup?
plies a modus vivendi, in an opinion which Is
accepted as law, because lt itt known that it
may be backed, ll the President gets his
blood np, by Federal bayonets. So also io
Louisiana there is a dispute about the election
ot Governor and Legislature between two'
sets of rascally adventurers, who carry lt on
with reckless disregard ot local public opinion,
and it ls again In due course carried before a
Federal judge, who actually restrains by an
Injunction the State board of canvassers from
counting tbe voles, and be foi a the President,
who, without any formal Inquiry into the
facts, promptly recognizes ail the real State
government tbe party most; friendly to 'the
Administration, and promise? lt, through the
Attorney-General, that lt will be, if
necessary, supported with military force
ibis, too, being the party which contains1
General Grant's brother-in-law. Casey, as one
of its ohlef men; and this Casey being ?
United Stales official, wbo last year asea a
United States revenue cuttei for twelve days
In carrying members of the Legislature oat of
reach of the lawful pursuit of the sergeant al?
arms. It ls to be observed also that the sec?
tion from which Judge Darell professes to
have derived bis authority to Interfere simply
gives any person who may have been denied
the right to vote or hold office on account of
race, color, or previous condition ot servitude,
the power of bringing "ar: appropriate snit er
proceeding to recover possession of the
office," and gives the United States courts
Jurisdiction of all offences committed against
the provisions of the act. On this we see
within one short year a subordinate Judge
builds up the right to control a State election,
and he Issues his Injunction against the State
government with as little ceremony as if it
were a mero ..board" of supervisors' or of
charities and correction.
There is one o?er point to which we wish
to cali the earnest attention of our readers.
Thero can hardly devolve on the executive
branch of the United Eta tea Government a
graver or more delicate task than that of de?
ciding which ol two bodies claiming to be the
government of a State is the lawful one. It 1s
a task which the President lu sometimes forced
to perform, but which he ought to avoid per?
forming as long as he can, so that the people
ot tbe state may have every possible chance
of perlormlng lt tor themselves, for lt-is em?
phatically their concern. He ought not, how?
ever, under any circumstances, to undertake
lt lightly or hastily, or without making, for
hiB own Justification and tor the information
ot* the public, a lull statement of the reasons
which nave governed him in his decision, and
of the sources from which ha has derived his
knowledge of the facts. In tbe Louisiana
affair, however, Presiden t Grant has acted
hastily, appears to have made no proper In?
quiry, and nae offered no public Justification
of his course. Moreover, a body of highly
respectable citizens of the State, who do
represent Its real people and ila real interests,
have since visited bim ut Washington and
begged bim to make a formal investigation of
the tacts, Instead ot (thdy might have ?aid,
and probably wished to say) wlyiogonthe
telegrams of one of the laotlons ?t ?? Or*
leans. He informed them very euro j that lie
would do nothing of the wnd; that be had no
funds for the purpos*. ?nd, at all events, had
made his declsi""! 60(1 would not now re
VCThe efW ol all this on abe 8outh will, we
fear \* to accelerate the nodal and political
inorganisation, and assimilate the other
"tates more and more to South Carolina, In
which there are distinct signs thal the intelli?
gent and respectable blass have lost heart and
hope with regard to political reform, and are
adopting what ls so often the resource even of
good men in bad times, the pursuit ot their
share ol the plunder, or, in other words are
trying to secure what they can of material
wealth from the general wreek of moral and
social Interests. The probable effect on the
Government of the United States we hope we
do not need to peint out. Such phenomena
as those on which we have been commenting,
and as the issue ot paper money on his own
responsibility by the assistant secretary of the
treasury, however, are signs of progress on a
path ol which everybody can see the issue if
he likes to examine it.