Newspaper Page Text
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VOLUME X.-NUMBER 2179. ' CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 9, 1873. EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR7
A SENSIBLE MOVE.
TUE LEGISLA TUBE TO ADJOURN ON
THE ?6TH INSTANT.
Vbe Proceedingsof Yesterday.
[SPECIAL TXLIORAK TO THK h'EWS.]
COLOMBIA, Wednesday, February 19.
In the Senate, to-day, tbe following bills re?
ceived their final reading, were passed, and
ordered to be sent to the House:
Bill to abrogate all tbat portion ot the
State debt, incurred In aiding the late re?
Bill to incorporate tbe Newberry Cotton
^BUl to Incorporate tbe Moultrleville Rall.
Bill to make an appropriai lon to pay the
claim of the Central National Bank of Colum?
bia, on account of the interest on certain ac?
Bill to fix the salary of certain officers.
-Bill to amend toe act io-incorporate the Til?
lage of Marloo.
Bill to permit tbe Sui.ivan's Island Ferry
Company to erect a whart and building lu the
cove at Moult i levine.
The following bills were paseed by tbe Sen?
ate, and having already been passed by tbe
House were ordered to be enrolled tor ratifi?
Bill to recharter Ashford's Ferry.
Bill to Incorporate the Garrison Light In?
fantry, of CbarleBton.
Bill to Incorporate the Wadmalaw Riflemen,
and the Edisto Ri Hem en, also the Sumner
Lieht Dragoons, all of Charleston County.
Bill to Incorporate the Bryan Light Infantry,
of Charleston County.
Bill to Incorporate the Ford Riflemen, of j
Bill to Incorporate the Scott United Blues,
Bill to amend section 17, chapter 45, ot the
General Statutes, regarding the persons liable
to work on tbe public highways.
The bill to charter the Anderson, Aiken and
Port Boyal Railroad received its final reading,
was passed and ordered to be sent to the
House for concurrence in the Senate amend
The bill to charter the Charleston Water
and Canal Company was debated until ad?
In the House, J. F. Greene offered a concur?
rent resolution to adjourn sine die on the 26th
Ok* February, which was adopted almost
unanimously by both houses.
The report of the committee on claims cf j
the Keowee Courier and R. H. Cain was
The following were read a second time and
ordered to be engrossed for a third reading :
Bill to amend section 4, chapter 50, of tbe
General Statute!}, (relating to lenceB).
Bill'to provide tor granting certain Char?
Joint resolution authorizing the county
commissioners of Beaufort County to levy a
Bill to incorp?rate the town of Nichols.
Bill to prevent State and county officers
from holding more than one office.
Bill to Incorporate the Newberry and Chester
Ral road company.
Bill lo Incorporate the Ebenezer Baptist
church of Georgetown County.
Bill to provide for tbe establishment of a
hana of refuge, and industrial school In the
cities of Charleston and Columbia.
Bill to regulate the Ieee of c?nala officers.
Joint resolution to authorize the county
commissioners of Abbeville County, for 1872,
to draw extra pay.
The following were passed by (he House,
and, having already been passed by the Sen?
ate, were ordered to be enrolled for ratifica?
Joint resolution to provide an appropria?
tion for the final payment tor lands purchased
by the State In Danlugton County.
Bill to provide lov the purchasers of lands
st sales made lor non-payment of taxes being
pat into possession of the same.
Bill to amend Section 6, Chapter 62. ol the
Ger.eral Statutes, (relating to insurance com
Bill to provide lor the establishment of a
l?ense o? refuge and Industrial school in the
cities of Charleston and Columbia.
The lollowlng received their final reading,
??ere passed and ordered to be bent to the
Bul to establish a steam ferry company be?
tween Charleston, and John's, James, Wadma?
law and Edisto Islands.
Bill to encourage the rebuilding of the
bnrnt district in the City of Charleston, and
lor other purposes.
Bill to regulate the pay of county treas?
B1U to prevent State and county officers
from holding more than one office.
Bill to punish persons lor the removal or
secretion ol personal property levied on by
the sheriff or other officers.
Bill to abrogate all that porti JD of the Slate
debt incurred In the late rebellion.
Bill to repeal an act authorizing trustees to
Invest funds In tbe State bonds.
BUI to amend certain sections of tbe Gene?
ral Btatutts, relating to jurors.
Bill to Incorporate the People's Building
and Loan Association of Chariest on.
BUL to repeal an act relating to tbe State
Bill to amend an act to renew t oe charter of
tbe Town of Chester.
Bill to revive and extend the charter of the
Savings, Building and Loan Association.
Bill te incorporate the Farmers' and Plant?
ers' Savings and Loan Association of Ham?
Bill to establish a public road in Colleton
County. _ _PICKET.
JOTTINGS ABOUT TBE STATE.
-The Son? of Temperance open a festival
In Columbia early in April.
-Court has been In session in Marion ?ince
lasf Monday, Judge Townsend presiding, and
business ls being rapidly dispatched.
-There are now seven prisoners in tbe
Marlon jail, their crimes ranging from larceny
to ru uro er.
, -The Augusta, papers give a repert that a
negro named Isaac Haywood was shot near
Horse Cieek, South Carolina, last Sunday
-Marlon has paid, for State and county
taxes, $53,786 21; tor school district tax.
>$13G0 66; and lor ber poll tax, $1983, making a
total or $867,129 87 paid In lor tuxes up to me
_-A singular disease, that affects the jaw
bone on each side of the face, and each
shoulder, ls prevalent in Coiumblo. It is sup-1
posed io be caused from colds, and gives those
-attacked severe pain.
i, i tm II
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
_The government bought one million of
bonds yesterday at 113 65-100 to H3 85 100.
-A box containing $10,000 worth ol North
Carolina bonds was stolen from a store in
Broome 6treet, New York, yesterday.
- -A steamer has arrived at Puma Arenas
with six hundred and auy-four Chinamen on
-board. Thirty-one died during the passage.
-A milk train ran into a rassenger train,
Tuesday, near Harlem, New York, killing one
person and injuring many.
-A terrible colliery explosion occurred
near Hanley, Staffordshire, England, on
Tuesday. Thirty miners are reported killed,
und a number Injured.
-The steamer J. D. Foley has left Fortress
Monroe for Baltimore, having . lu tow the
steamer Lucille, from Wilmington, for that
port, she having lont her rudder.
-A petition 1B circulai lt g in Boston which
&&ka the Massacbuset ts Legislature lo expunge
ila rote of censure against Senator Sumuer
' for bis action regr.rolr g battle flags.
-General Thomas nicken, superintendent
Ol the Western Union Telegraph Company,
sailed Irom New York for Liverpool yester?
day morning, on a two months' trip. He was
escorted to the steamer by many of his tele?
-The Democratic rttate Convention of Con?
necticut met at Hartford yesterday, with Colo?
nel Dwight O. Morris, formerly a Republican,
presiding, first as temporary and Anally as
permanent chairman. Chas. I. Ingersoll was
nominated for Governor, and George G. Lile,
Liberal Republican, for Llentenant-Governor.
What the New York Papers say of the
Credit Mobilier Report.
NEW YORK, February 19.
The New York World, commenting upon
the Credit Mobilier report, preseoted to Con?
gress yesterday, sais: "l?e report recom?
mends the expulsion of Ames, not lor offering
bribes to members ol Congress, but for put?
ting them to open shame; aud Brooks, not for
holding stock which he bad no right to hold,
bul tor being a Democrat." lt lurther says
that the committee had one standard of right j
and wrong lor Democrats, and another lor
Republicans, and asks: " What are the
offences of Ames and Brooks, compared wltb
those of Garfield, Kelly, Dawes, Patterson,
Wilson and Colfax ?"
Tbe Herald, In commenting upon the report j
of the Poland committee, Bays : " li may be
that the committee's conclusions have Deen
arrived at honestly, and that they may have
been able lo And dl-ninctions between briber
and bribed, which the people will lall to dis?
cover; bul their acHnn will be regarded with
suspicion, and it will be difficult lo remove
from the public mind the impression that they
have acted in the interesis of ihe majorities
in Congress, and while offering Ames aod
I Brooks as sacrifices, have sought to shield
others equally deserving of punishment."
Tne Times thinks that those expecting a
whitewashing report will be disappointed," as
the report is strictly non-partisan; and for
dignity, clearness, and comprehensiveness,
deserves ihe highest praise. The Judgment
passed on Brooks and Ames, lt considers fully
deserved. Regarding Kelly and Garfield, it
thinks they present a most distressing figure
before the country, and the only comment
neeessary on their oaae ls (hut, had they taken
(he right course, and refused to have anything
to do with ihe Credit Mobilier, no contradic?
tion would have been necessary.
The Tribune thinks the resolutions Illus?
trate at once the feebleneeB ot the Inquiry
and ihe tremendous force ot the political Or?
ganization that controlled and directed it.
It bas but one object, name! \ : lo comple?
ment the Presidential camp alga with tbe en?
dorsement of the methods by which it was
carried. It Insults the honesty and Intel!!- j
ge.nce of Congress. Partisanship never j
stooped so low before. We cannot believe
the resolutions will pass."
The Sun says: '-The committee io recom?
mending the expulsion of Ames and Brooks,
and then whitewashing their accomplices,
commuted a grave offence against official
pnriiy, orderly government, public morals
aud common decency, which every member
ot the committee will live long enough to
bitterly regret. All right-minded persons of J
whatever political party will iudignantly re?
sist the pardal, unwise, unjust and illogical
conclusion io which the committee have ar?
rived, and be sure to attribute ihe strange
result of their deliberations to something
quite aside from the firm purpose io perform
au imperative duly without lear or favor."
THE CLUBS OF NEW YOBK.
Their Characteristics, Organization
A New York letter says:
The moet noticeable clubs ot the city are the
Union League, the Manhattan, tbe Americus
und Blossom Club, the Lotos Club, the Arca?
dian and the Pale lie Club. Tne Union League,
as ls well known, was established during"the
war, and is an outgrowth of the healed pas- j
siou developed in that time of elriie. The
resident membership ol this club ls restricted
io 1000, but the non-resident membership is
unlimited and may be multiplied ad infinitum,
in e privilege, however, being not taken ad
vantage ol lo an undue extent, as the whole
membership does not exceed a near approach
to 1400 names. The dues of the Union
League Club are $60 per annum, the Initia- ]
Hon fee $100, while non-residents pay
but half rates. Elections for the admis?
sion of new members are held at the month
ly meetings, one ballot In ten excluding.
The executive committee consists ol fifteen
members, Uv j ol whom are elected annually,
no one being eligible for a longer time tban
one successive term. Carnes for money are
not permitted, aod the entire building Is
closed by midnight. The beautiful building
erected by Jerome tor the Jockey Club hiB
been leased by this association tor a number
of years, und lt ls most elegant throughout,
the framework and finishing of black walnut,
the carpeting rich and soft, the lumUure cor?
respondingly handsome and luxurious. The
income of the club is $95,000 per annum, ex?
clusive of that derived lrom the restaurant I
aod oiher sources, but the expenses are bare- |
lr paid. The president, at this time, ie Mr.
Wm. J. Heppln.
Aa a direct offset to the Union League,
which 13 thoroughly Republican, the Manhat?
tan Club was projected tn the year following,
1864, and or ibis Manion Marble, ot the World,
baa been the permanent Beeret ary. Its head?
quarters are exceedingly elegant, being the
superb Tension on Filth Avenue and Flu?enih
street, Just one block above Delmonlco's. The
membership here la limited to one thousand,
and though as loteoEely Democratic as the
Union Leugne ls Republican, its organiza?
tion is oligarchical, as the power ls vested
in a board of twenty-live, who retain their
position during life, unless IQ case ot resig?
nation. The Initiation fee ls $150 and ihe
yearly ones $50. Augustus Selie u 1B the pres?
ident. Ol the ring Democrats who have fol?
lowed the lead of Tweed A Co , the Americus
Club Is the chosen organization, but like Its
president, is now under tiie weather This
has been a summer club more particularly,
and Its annual "camps" at Indian Harbor, Con?
necticut, have been weil known. ?Now that its
president. Tweed, ls In disgrace, the club, of |
of which he was the malo spring, is of course
lu a dub ous stale of prosperity, and may give
up the ghost. The Blossom Club ls an off?
shoot of the Americus, und Bbares its adverse
lortunes, having been In reality a sort of win?
ter resort for the Americus, which flourished
most In summer.
The Lotos club. No. 2 Irving place, next to
the Academy of Music, was tue first club, dis?
tinctively Inclusive of the press, which bas
attained a permanency, and waa first set on
foot in 1870 by several Journalists, with the
provision ibat two-thirds of the members
tbould be professionals, this proposition be?
ing afterwards reduced io one-half, wbloh
consequently gave rise to such dissatisfac?
tion tuatihe business element, headed by Col.
Stebbenp, withdrew and formed themselves
into the Arcadian club Thia secession, how?
ever, has in no wise affected the prosperity of |
ihe Lotos club, which, from a greater unan?
imity ol sentiment, has gained la strength
consequent upon, increased harmony, mat
which lt lost for tne lime being in mere mem?
bers. It is governed by a directory of twelve,
elected annually, of whom Whitelaw Read ls
now the president. The entrance fee for
honorary members ls $250; for active members
$50, and thc annual dues are $40. The Arca?
dian also seems io prosper, an I ls governed
by a connell of twenty-one, who ure cboeeo
lor five years. The members are limited to
three hundred, the entrance fees being $50
and $100, the annual dues $40. The Palette
Cub is also ot somewhat recent erigin, but is
quite popular-including six hunareu mem?
bers. This is particularly an arl club, but In?
cludes those pursuing industrial ans as well
as engineers, A distinctive feature of this
club are the low f-es, being bnt$15 for en?
trance and $12 annually. There are other
clubs of special aims, such as the Army and
Navy Club, the Jocky Club aud the Yacht
Club, headed by Mr. Bennett.
CONSTERNATION XV UTAH.
The Tribulation of thc Mormon Saints.
SALT LAKE. February 16.
The tribulation amoug the Mormon leaders,
in view ol Hie probability ol decisive Con
grf 8sional action against their Institution, Is
becoming daily more manifest. Already a
removal from Utah is discussed. One ol their
organs to-dav says that the strougarmol
power is io be! invoked to make them move
on, but where shall they go F Where is it de?
sired that they shall next pitch their tents?
The priesthood ls understood to be seriously
contemplating the possible necessity of
naothtr pioneer expedition, but lt ls not gen?
erally believed the saints as a body can ever
be Induced to abandon their present homes.
There ls no doubt that Brigham Young and
his advisers are endeavoring to secure a new
country for a kingdom, and it is intimated
that negotiations have been renewed for the
exclusive possession*! one ol the Sandwich
-William Cullen Bryant, the venerable poet
editor of the New York Post, was in Savannah
CONGRESS IN BRIEF.
WASHINGTON, February 19.
President Grant und Secretaries Fish und
Boutwell vlslied the Senate to day. Sperker
Blaine and Mr. Garfield were called in to the
President's presence. Garfield ls chairman
of the committee on appropriations, and it is
thought that there ls money lo the matter.
In ihe Senate the House bill removing dis?
abilities from ex-Governor Smith, of Virginia,
Sherman, from the. committee on finance,
reported without amendment the House bill
providing that upsn all Importations of sugar,
molasses, pig and railroad Iron the amount of
bond required shall only be In a penal sum of
double me amount, ot duty on such articles,
and tbat upon all other Importations lt shall
be ina penal sum equal to the Invoice value
of the merchandise imported with the dulles
Wilson Introduced a bill authorizing the
President to appoint Ihree commissioners to
revise the bankrupt law and to reporl amend?
ments thereto. This waB referred to the com?
mittee on the Judiciary.
Stewart, ft oin the committee on the Pacific
Railroad, reported, with amendments, the bill
supplementary to an act incorporating the
Texas and Pacific Railroad Company. It au?
thorizes the said railroad to consolidate witb
or lease any road in Texas or California con?
necting with Its main line, on such conditions
os may be prescribed by tbe laws of those
states, and also to construct branches from
its main line north to points In Utah and Col?
orado, or lo the State line ot Nevada, and
south to the Mexican boundary; one branch
north, and one south, te be so constructed
iro.n the main line In each of tbe Territories
ot New Mexico and Arizona.
In the Bouse, in the appropriation bill, the
Potomac River gets $15,000, and beacons, com?
mencing at the llfirbthou?e midway between
Cape Henry and Body Island, $50,000. The
Joint resolution giving the print mir of the de
oates to W. J. Murtagh, ot the Washington
Republican, was passed. Military matters cc
cupled the balance of ihn day. A bill was
passed, reciting that no one should be pro?
moted who ls abdicted to the lntemoerate use
either of liquors or drugs.
BEYOND THE BRINE.
PARIS, February 19.
The French Cabinet met yesterday und re?
solved to stand by the amendment on the con?
stitutional project recently proposed by Du
laire before the commission of thirty.
The Bourse was greatly animated yester?
day on the reception of a report that the
balance ot the Indemnity fund due lo Ger?
many would be commuted about the end of
LOKliUN, February 19.
It has been officially announced that only
seven thousand Russian troon* compose the
expeditionary loree agalnst^Ehlva. General
Von Kauffman commands the expedition.
THE WEATHER THIS DAY.
WASHINGTON, February 19.
Probabilities: Rising barometer and pleas?
ant Weather for ThurBday will prevail over the
Middle and Western States. For tbe South
AtlaolloT?taies, partly cloudy and clear
weather. Light winds and pleasant weather
In the Guli bluies, and thence over the lakes
falling barometer and rising temperature from
the Mis ouri River to the upper lakes.
[OPfi SOUTH ATLANTIC NEIGHBORS.
-The Most Rev. Archbishop Bayley, of Bal?
timore, is in St. Augustine.
-Tbe ladies of tho St. Augustine Catholic
Church are holding a fair in aid of the hospital
Tor the sick.
-What a woman can do, who has a mind to
do, is seen in the following which we take from
the Ojala Banner: A lady in Orange County
has twenty guava bushes from which sh o bas
shipped twelve bushels of bruit, receiving tour
dollars tor each bushel; abe has mide up one
hundred tumblers of jelly which she sells for
four dollars per dozeu; abe has also made up
one hundred tumblers of marmelade which she
Bells for the same price, and ber crop is but
-The Marianna Courier Bays the farmers
of that section are making preparations for
planting, and are further advanced in their
arrangements than they have been since the
war. Tbere is no scarcity of labor, and while
lhere is a great scarcity of money und some
Inconvenience in consequence, lhere Is no
want of good cheer and a 'general indulgence
ot hope tor a iarge crop. The probability ls
great that a larger crop of cotton will be
planted thia year than was attempted to be
grown dui lng the last, und the general neglect
io plant com aud raise meat ls learliii to con?
sider. Tbe quantity ot fertilizers expected to
be used will exceed tbat of last year.
-Matrimony is epidtmio in Albany.
-Mrs Dowe, wile of Rev. Caleb Dowe, rec?
tor of St. George's Church, in Griffin, is dead
-Misa Patterson gave readings in Atlanta
on Tuesday evening.
-Griffin bas fewer idle negroes now than at
any time since tbe war.
-Forsyth, besides rebuilding ber burnt dis?
trict, will oroct another handsome brick struc?
ture opposite Greer's hotel.
-Two small frame houses on Bryan street,
Savannah, ono occupied by Mrs. Anderson os a
store, and the other by Moses Scarlett asa
dwelling, were burned on Wednesday morning.
-Tbe passenger train on the Georgia Rail?
road, leaving Atlanta on Sunday night for
Augusta ran of the track uear Alcova River in
consequence of the misplacing of a switch.
Fortunately no one was hurt.
-The number of acres of land returned in
tie State iu 1871, was 31.130 104: in 1872, 33.
555 907-a decrease of 564 219. Aggregate
vature of land in 1871, $96,857 512; in 1872, $96 .
313 539; average value in 1871, $2 84; in 1872,
-A man named Dennis Lysaugbt (an em?
ployee of the Georgia Railroad, ) while walking
on tbe top of a train ot oars in motion on tho
Central Railroad track in Augusta, on Sunday
afternoon, fell between tho track and was
seriously injured by the truck, oue leg being
broken and tho other cut.
-A sbellroad is to be const meted In Wil?
mington, lrom the city to Wrlghtsvble sound.
.-Wilmington inieuds having waterworks
similar to those ol Savannah.
-The grocery ol Messrs. Blalter & Bremer,
lu Wilmington, was burned ou Mooday nfeht.
-General Wade Bampton lectures ou "Gen?
eral Lee" ir. Wilmington Boon, uuder the aus?
pices ut lh? Young Men's Chrisilun Associa?
-Belween Washington and Greensboro',
last week, the dead body ot Mr. W. A. Alex?
ander, oi White County, was found, with his
throat cut and a knife In his hand. This
causes the supposition that be committed
suicide, but most binguluny his money was
-We have until lately lost sight ot the en
teiprising Mr. Cook and his numerous tours.
He seemed to alight on our shores. Issue a
tempting programme, ard Immediately disap?
pear. He wuB a veritable olrd of passage.
For all we know lils liberal offers have mel
with no response ia cosmopolitan New York,
intellectual Boston, epicurean Baltimore, or
even among the wicked ol Chicago. From
Philadelphia we never expected auy reply to
come. Unless Mr. Cook could have provided
separate ooats for every tlx persons lt was ob?
vious from the first that the Phlladelpbluns
would respectfully decline. We have
looked for Mr. Cook iu these cliies,
aud behold, like Harlequin In the paulo
mime, he suddenly is present in an unex?
pected place. Lebanon, Tennessee, has the
honor ot beginuing trw organizulon of the
first excursion party, to depart from New
York on the 11th of June. The company ls to
consist of twenty or thirty Southern ladies
and gentlemen. The length ul the trip ls to be
about four months. The necessary expenses
wlil be six hundred and seventy four dollars
for each person. This amount Includes steam
era, railwavp, hotels, porterage, omnibuses,
guides, fees for sight-seeing and servants;
also carriages to Pompeii, Melrose, Abbots?
ford, to the Louvre Gallery and Jardin des
Plantes, in Paris; Royal Gallery lo Munich,
and three days lu Rome, under the guidance
of a competent arel se logical lecturer; ponies
lor Vesuvius, or.d railway up the Rnlgi. Tra?
velling and hotel accommodations ure first
class everywhere. Professor Starr, ot Corona
Institute, Lebanon, ls the chief promoter of
tbis scheme. I
THE CITY GOVERNMENT.
ANNUAL REPORT OF SIS HONOR,
Gratifying Exhibit of the Operations
of the Varions Departments of the
COUNCIL CHAMBER, February 18,1873.
Council met Ibis day at Are P. M.
Present-Hon. John A. Wagener, Major;
Aldermen O'Neill, Bowen, Smith, Gage, Gar?
rett, Voigt, Sweegan, Glover, Johnston, Moram
Slmonds, Pelzer, and Sigwald.
The minutes of the last meeting were read
Of L. F. Campbell lor relief from tax execu?
tions. Referred to committee on retrench?
ment and relief.
Of residents ot Ht. Phillp street for drain.
Referred io committee on tidal drains.
Of vestry and wardens of St. Michael's
Church for appropriation for repairs to steeple.
Referred to committee ?>n public institutions,
buildings and grounds.
Ol Comet Star Fire Company to have engine
house, Hued, and three additional windows
CUL Lining ordered to ba done, and applica?
tion for windows received as information.
Of cillzena to have Shepherd street opened
from King lo Meeting street. Referred to
joint committees of streets and railroads.
Of Simon Yans for remission of penalties,
Ac. Referred lo committee on retrenchment
Of John Ancrum to roof the building in
course of erection on south side of West Btreet
with shingles. Not granted.
Of Jas. McElroy, Jno. C. Mallonee, and
others, for o?anle road lu Mary street, be?
tween Meeting and King streets. Refei 4 lo
commluee on streets.
Of J. H. 8teffens & Co. to erect steam m.
northwest corner ol Coming and Cannot
Of residents of Rutledge avenue for plank
road from Calhoun io Line street. Considera?
tion postponed for the present.
Tho Mayor's Annual Report.
CHARLESTON, January l, 1873.
Gentlemen of the Citv Coutcil :
Une j ear ago, 1 made you a report of city
affairs aa they had been cmnnctcd by cur prede
ce-so B" excepting of ?ht brief term of iwo
months for wu ch we ha : dec me responsible.
The transactions of the year 1872 have been en?
tirely our own work, and vhatever good or evil
hus resulted belongs entire'? to onr own admin?
istration. If our people 1: ive reaaon to be sail
Oed. we may rejoice and find encouragement in
the continued lalthful performance or onr sol?
emn doti-a; if, o > the contrary, our constituents
have discovered Jus- cause of c m dal nt, we
should en-er the new year wUb <he Ann resolve
to spare no > xe ilona tor the public good, and to
coiree.t any errors ve nay have coran med.
However, I think wc have a right to claim that,
if we have en o ?, we have only been wa nt in jr in
Judgment, not in honesty of intention and mo?
tive. Man's views of public gnvernm-bt wi 1
am must differ, bot lit Te liam, will ever result
from tne measures of thme thar are earnestly
striving for that which they deem right and Just,
and (hat are earnest and firm In their devon- n
to public trusts. Ihe danger to the commoL>
weal emanates generally f> om those only who,
for personal or pom leal aim?, or for par y par
poses, contemn the principle that ihe noblest aim
of honorable men ahou d te the greatest good of
ihe greatest number; strict and Impartial Jnatlce
to all clares and condition?; a fair and Judicious
encourage i ent of all worthy In eres s for a
mutually beneficial purp'se, and a pure and
pr iud abstinence from all selfish and dl-houest
intents and means. If evey one of UB can be
convinced that he has acied upon these princi?
pes, he n- ed not fear the animadversions of thc
wicked or the ro illari for I verily believe thal the
very great majority of our feilow-citlzeas will
Judge us libera it and fairy.
I h ive deemed lt proper to make you a some?
what comparative statement, in order to show
that we have done at least at well as the preced
Ing admlnut'atlena, alttnaglj we have not quite
accomplished all ihat wc could have d<sired.
The discouraging legacy of ileum, of demoralized
public institutions, or dilapidate-! public build?
ings, of ruined streets and pavements, of miles
upon miles or drains choked vi th the accumulat?
ed tilth or nearly twenty yeirs, our Inherit nee
from onr predecessors, bed'es a disunited popu?
lation that met us at the vtr? threshold of our
term, added to which the encounter of a conten?
tions Interference in oar puhic Improvements bv
an irr, rponMble corporation, and the unfriendly
attitude ol the public press, and or a great num?
ber or our o*u former sup otters, have prevent?
ed such r ipld developments ts I had ho ed for.
But those lhat shall succeed UH will Had > ur
publie, institutions in perfect Wi rklng order, with
excellent aud trustworthy commtssiom-rs, and
with economy and i.oneaty upon their banner,
the public bulli-mgs In thorough condition and
repair, our debt considerably reduced, and Inter?
est promptly dim harged, a lively progreas sur?
rounding us ou au sides, and with the dawning
of a reasonable an i developing prosperity. Let
our c.tlzens have firm raith In oar destiny. God
li good to us. Cha leatou ab all and must suc?
lt may not be d-riled, Uiat some of onr city
departmnts might yet be viatly Improved, lt
has been to me a source of continued and unre?
mitting anxle y. and 1 have cp ired n > effort to
insure to the city a full ami fair equivalent for
every outlay, and to prevent any waste or im?
prudent extravagance In the public expenditures.
If I have not rally succeeded, lt must be attrib?
uted lo our peculiar con diam, and to ihe imper?
te tion or all human supervisi?n. It would be
lmpo-Eib o to sum up all Me evils we have en?
countered, and which tho most persistent
seventy i as not yet entirely eradicated. Human
effort la too often autject to Influence* that carino
be suiilciemly controlled with the utmost exer?
tions of ihe floe t minds to avoid mistakes. Man
is prone to over estimate vhat he could hloise f
do. and to undet value what another per orm-.
Thus we misjudge ourselves and others, instead
of extending each other friendly and kindly
encouragement, which la the nob est in?
centive to perseverance In i ubi c spirited
endtavors. cur departments are not per?
fect, by any means, but there ta not one of
them, with all our ladings, that ts not at leas
fully equal to its predect-RBor, as well In point oj
efficiency aa In econon y and responsibility. 7 his'
their special reports, to wnich 1 shall call atten?
tion lu their proper order, will Tilly demonstrate.
11 bink I can truthfully a sert that the publ c ar
Taits of the city during last year have beeu con?
ducted with as much care, economy and fidelity
aa any well managed private corporation. And
a better stat'.dard of management oar taxp lyera
could not reasonably expect. The pubilo health
has been unp irrailt 1'd, pabilo o der has been
maintained, our employees have been punctually
paid, contractors have never b-en delayed tor a
day, and ir we hate not nade giant m rides lu
public Improvementa aa aumubr cur slater dites
profeta to have, we have not ratall? lncrea-ed our
pub lc debt but have done that which we have
done by ihe expenditure . f no more than our cur?
rent income. Ai d even o' uiai no tuconsiderable
portion has been applied for the payment of ar?
rears ur thc last i dinlutitration, of a large
amouut or accumulai MI I terest, and In the pur?
chase or property for public purposes.
In thc nnnual ?talement i-f thc treasurer, the
previous custom or that deaartmeni hus been
somewhat modified, inasmuch as now an omi?
nar/ credit and debit account ls r?ndete i. com?
mencing with thc balance on hand int January,
1872, and condining willi Die balline; remain.n.
1st January, 1873. arter a coraparaiiv? statement
or receipts and payin nts during the ye ir. It ap?
pears that the cash balante ht January, 1872, lu
eluding cuy b li?, WAS $70,019 4->, and the cash
i a ance 1st January, 187a, including elly bills, ls
$07.b47 76. Of i his, by order or Council. $51.114 10
In eily hilts, have been dest.o, ed. h has been
the practice ot oar treason to report the actual
pajments roreach department ul ihecttyupto
Hie llrar. or January in each year, leaving audi
accounts as had not then been paid to bc intTu-ied
In t.ie next, year'a appropriation as unpaid billa,
and likewise io cicdlt each department onlywlih
MUCH lecelpta os had been actually turned into
the city treasury up to the end or the year. Tah
might be otherwise if lie trea-ury would include
m its transactions for the y< ar all un ettled
cains or the same, yet asa continuous andes
tub lshed KV stem lt answers all our purposes of
InfrrmailorJ ' ua comparison.
Taking thc treasurer's atatemcut, first Janu?
ary, 1873, or paymeots or 1872 as a basis of com
pansoii with tiieexpendluresofl8;i, we rind thc
following uifferences, viz:
Almshouse, i8:i, $20,851 42; against 1972, $10,
Board of Health, 1871, $27,313 78; against 1872,
City ottlccra, 1871, $27,934 93; against 1372, $20,
City Guard. 1871, $75,918 22; against 1872, $70,
Gaslights, 1871, $30,260 02; against 1872, $28,
Firemasters, 1871, $32,518 67; against 1872, 29,
Orphanhouse. 1871, $28,680 80; against 1872, $22.
Street Improvements and drains, 1571, $94,909 06;
against 187-z. $84,160 81.
Commissioners Public Lands, 1871, $8.995 12;
against 1872, $7,630 23.
. It will be seen that In all of the above regular
accoants we are below our predecessors. But wo
are much beyond them in others, which of neces?
sity we had to discharge, U9 follows:
In 1871 the Interest paid was.$307,990 66
In 1872 interest and arrears of interest. 868,649 631
In 187t for real estate for Improve?
ments. 2 67
In 1872 for real estate for improve* '
m nts. i4 fo
In is:i on acconnt of pnillo debt.
In 1872on ac.-onnt of public debt. 4\??
This was partly for borrowed money for l
and In part for cv y stock lo execution, ant
damages incurred before our time. Besides
own expenses our treasure has bren chat
with the county < xpensps for plantcroads, he
tala and almshouses, which lt it exp etea tc
rei urned to us In the course of mis year,
with the State expenses for quarantine, wi
have al i ea" y been refunded, bu must b ; cred
to 1878. The ' treasurer has also had the co:
tton of the school tax, and has promptly paid
proper drafts. Be adds ibh year to his gen
re; ort a statement nf such accounts vs are du
to become due In 1873. including thc luteresi
city atocle due lat July, 1873, of $96 690 46; i
tbe balance due toe genera Bleking land, $03
88. and the whole array of city stock dun aud
coming due in 1873, amounting to $506,538
which pta'ements present trie startling agf
gare or $720,663 83. This seems to have a s-rt
aspect, but lt is nothing more than tue usual
gregate of our dimcuitie-t. ?nd not near as bad
our situation this time last year. Weenie
1872 with large arrears of Interests which
have now discharged; for the baloneedue
sinking fund we had more than the cash on lu
on ihe 1-t Janunry, 1873. but Wd have Btnce
B'Toyed th* city bil s; yet oar arrears of taxei
1872 iS80,682 oi) win be more than an equivale
Uar only tronb.'e ls the past due city stock,
which I had already referred In my Drat ann
report. I thi n urged oar citizens to come to i
rescue by the exchango of ?sue ti s-ocic ror non - ti
able coupons bonds, for ibo Issue of which
ord In. nee was passed. Thin appeal has not bc
responded to, but I am happy io say that bate
or two holders have pressed their claims, am
have yet every contldenoe that we shill be
fairly and llb rally dealt by th s year. Ic wot
bi well, howeve>-,ooth for the holdeis and the c
that anangements should be agreed upon.
Tilt SINKING FUND.
Prom'he special reports lt will appear that
considerable change lo ihe assets or this fu
has been effected, in January. 187?, a railro
ring had been formed, and an offer was road?
our lamen ed Alderman 'taylor, the men cha
man of our ways and means committee, of 30 ;
cent for onr Nashville and Chattanooga stoc
'ihe commissioners or the sinking fund did r
" ."om i his a sufficient Inducement, hut after nt
?re consideration concluded mat if the hlgne
. rket rate of our city stock could be got
w. 'd be a good and piudent transaction. Aft
ma anxious nrgotihtlons we anally obtain
an <. r ol 66 f er cent.. Hie h?hest c irren t qc
tatton ur onr stock. There was a serions dou
on me minds or the comm s-doners whether tm
would have the puwer ro conclude i be sale wit
ont the special action of council, hut, lt w?s lie)
to make the matter thus puidlc would d rent t
main oi J-ct-the retirement of an. equal amoui
of city si oak-ana furthermore, lt was held, th
the duties of <he cominillo ers prescribed i
ordinance of is 7. conferred upon them by 1
terence the nece-i-siry power, eut ab vo all
was deemed that their power was sufUcIe it u
der the following resolutions, which bod nev
been repealed, viz: *
(Maren 27, 1867.) ''Resolved, That, the city trea
u er, by end with ih colene or his Honor, tl
Mayor, oe and ts hen by authorised io exchani
any aecmltlca now In thc possession of ihe ri
for city s'ock. provided the same can be niece
at the par value or ?adi
(AUiust2i, Ic66.) 'Resolved, That the maye
and city treasurer be, and they are hereby ai
thorlzed and dire .ted lo sell and transfer froi
time to time, as tho committee of ways an
means may prescribe In wriiiig, any bondi
stocks, or other seenrh les, b. longing to the cl ]
for the purpose of paying demands against tl
citv ordered to De paid by council."
In all theso consultations the committee c
ways and means participated, and filially lt wu
resolved that lt wat ucce-eary for the publl
Interest that we should take the re-poasibiim
Ttie fo l .wing are the attested minutes of th
committee and commissioners:
CHARLESTON, February 2t. 1872.
At a meeting of me committee of ways an
means, ht ld at the mayor's (nico thia daj
Present, Messrs. Pelzer, O'Neill, Smith, Swergoi
the mayor and city treasurer, P. J. 0< ogan.
lt was recomm-mied that $638,4C6 76-100. coe
talned In 21.686?X-25 shares i i the Nanhvll'e am
chattanooga Railroad co npany, be sold at n
less tuan 66 per cent. That luoo share* in th
stock or the South Carolina railroad company b
purchased at not over 40 per cent., balance to b
used towards retirement or onr city stock.
FRANCIS J PSLZBK, (Jhalrman.
Attest: E. F. ? WKEOAN, .-ecrctary.
Upon i ti H , Mr. Alderman si mo mts, president o
the First National Bank, w.ts requested to pr.
ceo i to New Turk and arrange the transfer am
payments. At his return hs reported his succesi
ny Mic following letter, viz:
FIRST NATIONAL RANX OP CHARI.KSTON, I
CHARLESTON. March 20, 1872. j
Hon. John A. Wagener, Mayor:
us AK MK-I beg io teport that I conclude!
negotla-lons i-i New York for sale N. and O. Kail
roa i aiocR, on basts or Sloo.ooo cash, balancea
three, six ana nine mon itu, as Instructed ny th?
sluklng fund and ways anl means committees.
Many difficult questions arose by reason o
pu: chasers'unwillingness to leave collaterals lr
the control of the city, ai d for other reasons; bu
finally on my guaran tr, the details were sailafac
tori ty arranged. The note-i and collateral-) wen
placed In me hands or Mr. Calhoun, presiden
Fourth Nation il Bank, and I have no hesitaron
In Baying that me payments will he met, and the
wno e matter concluded to your satisfaction.
I have the oonor to he yours, very respectfully
ANDBBW MJ?ONDS. Al.lerm n Ward 6.
The stock has been transferred, the paym nt
received, and, upon the whole, the transaction
may be deemed completely successful, and very
much to the advan taue of the city. And then, tc
put. the whole matter Into such a shape thal
when the time bad come to render sn account,
trie people should thoroughly compreh-nd is
character, the city treasurer was requested tc
keep a-?pur?t- register of it onder the tame and
ute ' Hoking Fund No. 2," nm au examination
ot his repon ? w ill [show Mi t charleston has ie
celved a fair equivalent for her souscription. A
concurrence ol favorable circumstances has en?
abled ns toaccompl sh so desirablo a transaction,
bot without egoi ism we may claim the merit of
having had thi nei va and patriotism to take the
responFlbl.lty and the good sense to embrace the
opportunity. The geo" a: market quotation o?
thiB stoc ; waa forty per cent, at the time we ob
tatm d fifty ave per cent. This advance over the
quotatloa was owing io the fact that the railroad
ring cou'd nowhere else obtain such a 1 rge and
control ing amount or stock In one transaction,
which was necessary for their operations.
Our sinking fund has realized for the
above mentioned stool: tn cash.$206,128 71
Of this amount we have paid for $327,
866 29 etty stock. 184,670 61
For 1U00 shares bomb carolina Kali
rjBd. 40,000 00
For expenses of negotiation. 110 60
We have received tn Interest ror pur?
chase i city stock. 6.100 63
Leaving a balance In cash. 76 431 23
This balit.ee will b increased by the January
Interest on the amount of otty s'ock redeemed
and if oar parchases or city stack should demand
no higher ngure than heretofore, our subsolp
tloa wld have bern returned to m m ire tnan doi
lar for dollar.
'fe sinking fund contains now, Including some
pat chases In the c urne of last month, overlive
thousand dolors In city stock, i would respect?
fully recommend that these be forever retired,
which wll ensble us to reduce our appropria?
tions for Interest by over thirty thousand dol?
lars 1 would a so recommend that the re?
spective amounts for old and new city bills be
abolished, tte last redemption, $61,114 io, htvlug
been destroyed by the commissioners of tbe slak?
ing fund. 'Ihns om- el'y deot will be $4.724.201,
In place of $5,604,074 41, os reported last year,
and our inteie-t per annum about $274.000. after
all arrears have been ulscliarged. In 1800 our
debt was $4.672.66199; ue are therefore only
$61,(4112bryon I t e obligations of mat yo ir,
when we de med ourselves rich and powerful
unto me Independence af a nation, lt ls true
our real estate was lin n vamed at i.early twenty
six million, but we have now fully as greit a
population, anl we hav.i a trade and c m
meroe exceeding that of I860 by nearly thirty
p r coat. Wnere can be the cause ol our despond?
ency? Why did we at ali redu.e our real values?
Why do we dcslr ? to reduce them Bil fui their
Because we have no faith In ourselves; because
we are misjudging our rc ources; b eau e we are
confined In our views, au t the cry of misfortune
han become fashionable. We aie la r alny richer
now mau we ever have beea, and the day ls noi
far ' ff when fortunes wl.l be reallz d ot specula?
tions in leal estate. However. 1 trust tout the
Council and ourcitlzms will approve of what na?
deen . one, Inasmuch as the result has been really
ravorablc. and i h at every motive aud inicut ha*
be n for the tnteiest of the community, and f <r
nothing else wha ever But In this connection. I
m iy bu a l iwei to express my re rei tha< a bill ls
now t>?ron.- tue Legislature, aud has beea reported
favorably by a commut?e, to cstab Ish a sinking
fund commission for our edy. Charleston tus
already bee.i too much Interfered with by parid
for-lg n to our Interest, aid I trust tho-e of our
delegation that have already sho *n by their action
that Hie welfare or this c mmunhy ls ready their
? cs ire, wi 1 take care that the u.. called la Inter?
ference meets with no tuccess.
The premises have been beautified, and the es?
tablishment has been repaired and much lui
p oved, and yet the annual expenses are below
the cost of the preceding year. Tue commission
ers have done well, not only In their efforts of
economy, but in the personal sacrifices that
some or them have made for this avorlte Institu?
tion of our city. 1 take much pleasure In recom?
mending a careful perusal o. their annual re?
THE CATHOLIC ORPHAN IN.- TTTOTIONS.
The Right Rev. Bishop Lynch has again hon?
ored me with a comprehensive annual report,
which assures us thu the b unty of onr olty has
been well applied. I deem lt just and right, be
sides that r consider lt truly economical to
nosily remember in our appropriations the
phan Asylum of the good Sisters. The numbe
01 phans in their cate during the last Tear i
one hundred and nine, of whom seveniy-t
were girls and thMyflve boys. I append
letter or the Bishop for a better reference.
OCR rTELIC SCHOOLS.
..The City of ( harleston haa reason to be pro
that, besides having been abie to advance
?state ber coa't quarantine expenses, and
c unty the cost or a piankroad to oar Hm s s
ner Hospital and Poorhouse charge*, there I
never been a day during the year, that our put
schools and teachers have been retarded for i
want or the necessary funds. And th s la
much the more creditable as a contrast, with
rest of the towna and counties or the Sta
where the schools had to be closed for the wi
or means. Our citizens have promptly paid tn
school tar. and the city treasury bas kept a j
account ihereof, and has never delayed the dra
of the school authorities for a moment. Whl
this ls no more than its ordinary routine rf do
lt is nevertheless a creditable example tn thi
daya of corruption and spoliation of ihe advt
taires ora Just and respu sible adminlatratk
?mr scholastic population numbers 12 727-wan
6873. and colored 8854. Of this large numner
ch.idren only 2431 whites and 1436 colon
In all 3970 ch'ldren. embrace rhe advantae
of tree school edncation. 7herefore. 8737 chlldr
were el her educated In private schools or not
all. Making a liberal allowance of 76 p<r cent,
these for our private schools, there would rema
as growing up In ignorance 21P4 children, w
are either kept in a bondage worse than slave
by their patents or who roam our streets and t
piacea BS vagrants In ibe yet moredepio-at
bondage ot vice ann Iplnpln. Hnw inp rhiagre
and pmrul eviroe remeaieuTTime aftertnue
have hud ihe<e poor outcas s before me, and
could not help them. We have no comrulso
school sy-tem. which would be a real blessing
the State, lodo Borne little good I have bad i
act passed this session of the Legislature empo'
ei lng the City Council to ?stablish a Housi
Refuge and Industrial school, which ir proper
managed may, in some measure, ave t onr da
ger or a population of vagrancy and vicious ha
Ita. our representative, Ur Boseraon, haa hi
special cha>?o o' th a matter, and our cltlzei
owe h m a debt of gratitude for his willing ac
success ul efforts. By many of the taxpayera
has been misapprehended that the city treaaui
had to add their school tax to their general eil
taxes. Formerly the entire school tsz was co
lected by the county, now U ls the duty of tl
city treasurer to collect for the city free school
Thia Institution baa dispensed a better charil
than their predecessors. Md, withal, at a nu c
reduced expenditure. The commis loners mm
be commended for their prudent and dlalotereM
td management, and their honest and efflclet
? Hirers d' serve the well-done or the publia. Ttl
number or regular inmates i u:lnr the year l-l
have been 65 males. 86 remates and is children
in all, 164. Of these 71 were natives of .-o n Lt UH
ulina, 65 of Ireland. 8 of england, 7 of German1
3 or Pennsylvania, 2 each of Louisiana. Uossi
: h us ot ts and HOI.via, andi eat h of Scotian
Italy, Arnei. Frame, dn.da, Maryland, Gen!
ula. switzerland. New York, Belgium and Vii
gm.a. The regu ar ou'- oor pensioners numb i
pd S3; whiles ano 498 colored and the temporar
aut-door pensioners 41. Alinough a ? almshous
ia not an exemplary Institution, it has keen, nu
continues io be, my earnest ?eslre to purchaa
fur lt a healthy farm on the c utaklns or our citj
and to convert the present ebtab lshment agal
tu lt 5 original latents and uses, that'fae ti o
factory, which wonld give employ meut to hat
dieds of our luJusinous Sud deserving poor. J
sver there wa-> a Hmo for the effectuation of s
nene ll ci al a project it ls now, if we can a ceo rc
pish oupproposed canal, and thereby render tn
Seek completely taiubrlous.
THE ASH LB Y R1VBR ASYLUM.
In tho beglni lng of our administration 1 Iceni
red the mistrust and disapprobation of a larg
ponton of ihe public by my recommendation
?nd efforts to convert i be House of Correction
Public Cemetery and Old Folks' Hume, Into on
institution, nuder a regu.arly organized board o
?ommissloners. 1 am now proud of the result
From nie report of the "commissioners of pnbili
landa," lt will ap petr that not only a very gr. a
Improvement In the management has been reall
otnal .ed, but lhat a considerable saving of ex
penses has been effected! and a greater reuuctloi
may yet be expeoied la tha current year. Man]
necessary Improvements, which add greatly t
the value of the instil unon, nave bt en Inc lode*
In their last year's accounts, and thereby awelle<
their ligures, which would otherwise have beei
much leas. Betlues, they have a good amount t
cash ou hand The thanks of ihe commnolt1
should be award) d io ths commissioners for thei
prudent, valuable and disinterested management
And I will not neglect thia opportunity to lnvlt
auch of nur people that take au interest in pro
press to pav a visit o the a-y lum, which will cer
taluly provo Interesting sud agreeable.
TftS HEALTH DEPARTMENT.
7ho annexed report of the city registrar wll
demonstrate to our people that their oily ha
er j iy ed a better health during 1872 than ac an>
ano rar peiiod during lia existence. Whlia
graiefdliy ackuowle 'ging ihe blessings of a kim
and beneficent Providence, and humbly lnvokioj
Bls continued favors, we may without preanmp
Hon claim the agreoaole satisfaction thu w<
have become the chosen and wil lng instrument!
In His ha os In auch happy results. Oar board o
heal'h have s,tared no aiten'ion or t(Torts act!
encouragements; our medical committee have
been m.returning In their watchful supervision,
and oar regis rar has been fully equal to hie
great and honorable responsibility, cur polia
and street departments have been made auxiliary
to fully carry out oar sanitary tegnlatious, and
there need ne no fear thai wita similar attention
and precautions old Chariest n shat henceforth
ever be otlierwl*e man one of ihe healthiest cities
ou the American continent. From the report ol
Dr. Buist, the energetic and efflrlent surgeon of thc
Hospital, wo learn the gratifying probability that
in a few years more of prudent maaagement thai
institution may become almost self-sustaining.
Tho medical committee are now com ole tin g ar?
rangements with the trustees of the Boper Hos
pitaiTor a 1 ng lease of that capacious building,
which will make our accommodations ample foi
all requirements. There ls Borne uneasiness of
tue small-pox, bot we are now enlarging our
i est House, and in lesa than a week's Hmo will
be provided fur all emergencies. In the mean?
while the city vacclnator ia actively engaged in
extending that protection to all classes of our in?
habitants, whilst on the subject, of the public
beal h, l would beg leave to rei.erate to our g od
citizens generally my recommendations oi 1 st
year, to plant shade trees in our streets, r very
at'ea in a southern city should be an avenue of
THE STREET DEPARTMENT.
There has been much complotai of this de?
partment of oar cl.y administration, and yet as
mnch care, anxiety and energy bave been
evinced du? lng the year by ita .officers and force
as in the most favored branch of our government.
Unfortunately, ad observe the wants, none tl e
obviations. All can find what has not been done,
noone seems to ot serve what has bren done.
He mar. curses over muddy streets, Imagines not
that we have cleaned nearly 26,000 reel of o rains,
and constru ted nearly ao.coo feet of new drains.
Wh i that hewars our broken sidewalks bere and
tnere, would ever give us c edit that we have
repaired 44,760 yards, and new curbed 82.021 feet
ol old sidewalks, and have. I esldea, constructed
long lines of new. The tidal drains, also, have
been lu charge of the street department, the
shellrodd and the Battery at. tl publ c parks have
been Included in its accounts, and since Novem?
ber the Bcavengerlng haa been a part ol ita opera?
tions, which latter, 1 am sure, our eliIzena will
agree is now much more thoroughly done. To
judge me inspectors (ai ly, toe puniio should re?
member that O-arleston ls an old city,
i aa about eighty miles or streeis and road*,
n-arly double thu extent of sidewalks,
and aboni twenty miles o? drains. 1,
should not be forgotten that during the war
hardly anything could be done to our streets,
pavements and drains, and that the succeslve ct y
i?din nisi allons alter ihe war were prevented by
our noven y from doing more than to patch up and
rena lr, with occasionally a small effort at Improve?
ment. Atter the annexed comprehensive reports
of our city Inspectors shall have been published,
let our taxpayers call for them, and caiefnlly
read ?hem. and lin y win iheu apprei-lare the work
tnai has been accomplished. I must comets that
I am QB strongly lor improvements aa any citizen
can desire to be. but we mm*, beware how we
rush into them extravagautly. A city debt is eas?
ily cun'rived, but uneasily borne by those that
are piedgrd to redeem lt. I am not so sure that
we havj not been more llb ral than prudent as it
la. withal we need a betterment law, so that
important public Improvements may ba in part
aa eased upou ihe property that shall be most
bcneUied. i his ls really the old law nf i harles?
ton. and may be revived with advantage to aid
In Hrs speedy regeneration of oar thoroughtares
that are no longer adequate to cur fast-increas?
ing li ade. I have endeavored to obtain the ?ld
oi our citizens in the matter of improved pave?
ments, but without BU'-cess. in regard to our
woken atieets, our community should runner
bearlnralud that our cotton irade has nea ly
doubled slnco the war, mar. our trude In naval
stores ls already very larg-, mat our lumber and
timber trade ls dally expanding, and thal
our trade in phosphates ls no fmall Item,
all or which Imposs such wear and tear on
our str.ets. that there can be no compar
lsou be ween the past and the present. 1
have already recommended to Connell what Im?
provements are Immediately demanded, and
shall at some lu turc day refer to others, a i occa?
sion may suggest.
THE WATER AMD CANAL CH ALTER.
I have the assurance of the majority of the
Charie top delegate n in the General AS embiy
lhat the act o Incorporation will be paseal. The
country membera could not have any earthly ob?
jection to this imnortant project, which le of such
vital consequence to cur city. The only opposi?
tion can be In the corporators of a company, of
which Mr. Hurley ls the head, but whose contin?
gent and very doubtful Interest ahonld not be
allowed to conflict with the welfs/e of a lirra
community. Whe- ever tbe franchise a ti all be
obtained, the city wlU Und no cirnculty in obtain?
ing the n- ce sary means to rea ize the project
n on reasonable term?, such as we o tn well af?
ford, and i has Charleston will at last have a libe?
ral supply of pure water, rot only fur her house -
ho d purposes, bot ror the scouring of - onr Seven
and drains and fur the needs of me Fire Depart?
ment, Besides, oar tidal drains will, in that
event, revert to their original In: entions and asea.
The city anould b grateful totnote of her chil?
dren who, for tong years, have striven for thia
grand object against discouragement and diffi?
culties of every kind, and have never lost hope
until ihe fruition seems now to be dawnlrjg. &at
the water supply is not the only good that
Charleston will realize from this charter, in un?
explored region of vast resources will be
opened to our market by means of the
canal, and add minions to oar trade,
besides opening a valuable held for industrie?
or every kind, and affording encouragement
rt^n,Bn?n8^1,. lB?lut of ener?* and enteprise
from all parts of our own country and foreign
sections lt would be criminal In oar Legislature
to refuse us this charter unabridged, aaa IP case
of oar failure the public voice would assuredly so
denouLce lt. Bur, we win not fall, l am glad to
t Ink that there ls suffi teat or honesty and
public spirit tn oar delegates to tasare suco.sa.
OUR STRUT LIGHTS.
In January, 1872, we had only sss city lamps In
use at a cost ol $ ,6 per > ear each. The prompt
and public-spirited liberality of President Ba?e
nel, or the Charleston Gas company, has enabled
na to 1 .crease our street lights to 1017, at the re?
duced cost of $27 per lamp. We have, betides,
48 wharr i-gb-s and io market centre l?taos, lor
WiMchwe pay, becau?e of their larger capacity of
addT^reatly t?'guod o?det''?udTfle^uftl^lfJtafl'?
will ULUDC, and I aar, therefore, not only very
mach gratified tr.ac we have accomplished so
much, but am very ?entrona of having all af onr
an it-war lamps relighted, for wh.cb 1 would now
very respectfully ask the consent or Connell. I
have made arrangements tbat the ga* consumed
by the various city institutions be charged to
their several appropriations, and this with a
view to a greater economy, wblcn ls tbe natani
consequence, where all are honorably contending
tor r. doced expenditures, i trnstoar g?od citi?
zens, that have so otten complained of our want
of success, wm give us cr?ait ior th s improve
ment. ? *
THE NKOK CANAL.
The report of the city eugtaeer ls accompanied
by a Une topographical map. which elucidates the
survey of th? line nadersianuingly. He makes
two estimates, the one of a out to ave feet below
(he lowest tide water.$41,118 75
The other to the l:vei of tide water
mark. 28,832 60
The or-tt would yield in retara io J,737
loads of earth and sand for niling no
and stto-t improvements, whloa at SO
cents per load wooli be. 60,868-60
A clear profit over cost of. 9,247,76
The ?econ? would yield In return the %
same quantity of earth and sand, and
would therefore y leid ns a clear p ont
Of.-.?. 21,486 CO
'. he additional expenses weald be ror bridges,
$23to, ana for tie right of way, which we have
been unable to dc: et mine, but which we conn
den tiy hope may bo utile or nothing, inasmuch
ns the adjoining property will be Immensely
b ?ne n ted. The nanks of the canal will becomo
sf cs ror Industries of all kind?, specially BOGUS*
are conn quent or the lumber and Umber trade
and the management of snip Btores The;eis no
doubt that ibis large aud deep cut wm intlaenoa
a comp ete drainage for a half mlle each side,
and thai reader every sera of oar upper warda
as salubrious as any par- of the lower city. Fins
suburban residences will spring up, and the
beauty ot tne surrouudirg*, joined .to .oar
delightful climate," may be inducements to
g en,.cm ea nf taara and means to locate
in our midst. Under any circumstance,
tim project, which can be accomplished,
without any great expenditure, In fact, which
will aim' st at once pay itself, should be deter?
mined upon without delay, <o prevent tu failure .
la case of the ret?reme > t of this administration.
1 won id respi c tinily recommend thar, the sum'of
Ave thousand collara be appropriated, to be ex?
pended in excavations or the neck e au ai, the ?and
and earth to be asedjn niling our low streets and
marshy city lo s. .
TUE FIRS DBPABTMSST.
There ia not another city of Arty thousand in?
habitants that has so large a Ora department aa
Charleston, it la folly sufficient for our protec?
tion, and it would ne i Hy to increase lt. item
braces twenty-one companies, viz: twelve steam?
ers, seven h ?nd engines, and two book aud lad?
der. Ihe City Council, by a late ordinance, con?
nues tbe department to the ordinary expense of
thirty thousand dol?ais, and npoa this Mtffl the
time honored and noble association rn^y securely
exist. I would, however, recommend the par
chase or about six or Babcock's extinguishers, to
oe kept at our police stations, and to be/promptly.
applied, at the flrot alarm, by a detail of police,
thoroughly drilled and instructed. Thia may
avert many a conflagration. I would ask- cooa*
eil to grant rae in ix authority. The coat will be
for t ? -fl ve dollars each. The ore losses dorins: the
y-ar 1872 have been very small, about ons-tweo
I let h o those or fc^ annan, which m ay be owia*
to the efficiency of the department, the aseen of
the police, and to the absence of criminal and
vicious machinations or oar people: nur very
strict and systematic examlualLns Ino tko.
causes of ares may be another reason for our se?
THE POLICE DEPARTMENT.
The regular force consists or one chief, two as?
sistant th ie rp, one lieutenant of detectives, four
second lieutenants, two orderii'8, one derk, atx
detectives,.Jilly elte guar e, BIX door sentinels,
six steeplemen, twa hostlers, and three faUgne
The night guards consist or root sergeants, foor
c rporals, and eighty-two privates. The whole
loree, therefore, numbers now one boa red ?nd
seventy-three, against ninety-eight of the pre?
ceding administration. How ?ell this lyfiient
has worked the public may Judge by comparing
UB with our predecessors. In forwarding the
voluminous report of the chief 1 am sorry to nod
mat he continues to differ wuk me on the subject
or the present organization of the force, ibis
has been a sore matter to me during the whole
term of our administration, and I had hoped lt
would rave b.tn suffered to rest until onr suc?
cessors might Initiate a grander and more liberal
pone?. Cur city is nut now lu condl lon to afford
a more expensive police, and I am decidedly op?
posed to luci ease the burden of oar taxpsyen.
A Southern sister city bsa a force of mon than
double the cost or bon, and yet we have not bad, .
wim a much larger populauon any such mur?
derous nota as she, nor suca continued depreda?
tions, nor as many cases of ores. The organisa?
tion recommended ta the report of the chief
would coat the city one hundred thousand dol?
lars ter year, and j et afford employment, to fifty
men less m?n we now patron ae, besides re
doting by ina: many of our guards, innis report
the chief admits -'that a m. Juray of the night
ron e have discharged their duties fait hf illy and
are stilt doing so wfh a degree or credit to teem--?.
selves that 1 am gratified io acknowledge.? And
further he says: "In thas criticising and compar?
ing me two systems I would not have yon sop
pose that 1 regard their combined working daring
tne psst year by any means a failure," AC Th*
chi? f r et ms to d Isprove bis own premises in i tts
following: "In reviewing tue podce records for
ihe past year, acd comparing the piesent condi?
tio?, of the i^rce and or me city generally wltk
what lt -.7 a s at the time your honor was placed at
the head or the government, I think I may gota?
grat?late you upon the vast change everywhere
to be noticed tar the better." la accepting- tue
testimony thus tendered, I mink we may safely
let well enough alone for the present, and 1 re?
peat, I am dec ld eu ly opposed to increase the
burden of oar taxpayers. Once we deemed our?
selves rich, and tbonght we could do with no lesa
than an a my of One police, fiity horsemen and a
battalion of infantry Now we must or necessity
reirenon; we cannot be fauclfal ai,d pattern our?
selves after the sreat cn lc? of the world until we
nave arm y re-esiabiis ed oar prosperity. 1 am
aware how uopooular these opinions are ta this
community, a d espec'.r. ly with the memoen of
our police and their fr?en ls. But I cannot help
lt. The city can only succeed by a c nttoned
system of a wise er-on my. red need expenditures,
but promptitude of payments. Whenever we can
afford tobe more gi no, ou-, 1 shall be one of the
first to recommend it. With the chl-f's annual
rep"? will be found a special report or toe
ChrUtma? occurrence*, which our papen Incon?
siderately. If not with a more repreaejuibie in?
tent, had magnified info a riot, to the damage or
our reputailun or law and order. It ls due to the
police trat lt should be read and considered by
tninee?d?t?otlvo force under Lieutenant Heidt
have worked I Pl Mendy and well, and deserve the
cumxendailou or the citizens for meir respecta
nil ty and trustworthiness. This is so much
more to be appreciated, as their branch of tbs
police organ iz ail ca is looked upon w th no favora?
ble impressions. I Wonld also call spec al atten?
tion to the nport of their cr era' lons. .
THE POWDER MAGAZINES.
These have now become an es ablUbed city In?
stitution, and th - tax pay en will be gniloed to
learn that.it already yields a liberal return for cor
inve-tmeur. I mu-t bear grateful testimony to
thc efficiency of the experienced keeper, C'lonel
Yeadon, and I congratulate myself that thad a
part in the acquirement of the valuable property.
The net receipts for storage paid Into me city
treasury during ihe year amount to $fc82 ox
more than ten per ceut. on the invested coital.
Much and nore fleeting opposition bas been en?
gineered against our I cente law, gMWWgf
damage or our public Income. ftU ?gj"*
wniisi lt ls a distressing sign or a,gnat
consideration iu a ponton of D?rja??Wiat*?gaas
p. opie, mat we Bhonld have J^gSgi
acense law until me ver, ti ne *"ff J"
Continued on FooxtH Pavge.