Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME X.-NUMBER 2226.
CHARLESTON, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MARCH 5, 1873.
EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE CITY FATHERS.
PRESIDENT GRANT TO BE WELCOMED
AB THE GUEST OF THE CITY.
Tke Extension of the South Carolina
Railroad to the Water-The Proposed
Now Fire Alarms-Important Action
tn Regard to the Kinking Pond, Sic.
A regular meeting of Council waa held yes?
terday afternoon, at which the Mayor and fif?
teen Aldermen were present.
A number of petitions for the reduction of
assessments, remission of penalties, ?fee, a pe?
lion for a plank road through Ann and Eliza?
beth streets, tbe return of tbe city sheriff for
February, with the treasurer's receipt for
$UU il attached, and tbe City Hospital re?
port for February, were presented and re?
ferred to appropriate committees.
A petition ol James M. Eaaon lor remission
ol penalties was granted.
The followlog petition was granted:
Tv tilt Honorable the City Council of Charleston:
Th? petition of the undersigned, resideuts of
Pitt street, respectfully Bhow that they notice in
tue proceedings of the City Connell, as reported
In the charleston Courier and DAILY NEWS. mat.
the committee on contracts stated that they had
received estimates for building a drain In ( Itt
street, but would not recommend as the chair?
man of the como li tee, Alderman Gage (the
spokesman,) had looked Into the petition, and
euere was but one resident (as one paper says,
and thr e as the other says,) who really desire
Your petitioners respectfully show unto your
honorable body that thia ls a mistake; a drain is,
In the opinion of all i f the undersigned, a neces?
sity to tbe health and the comfort or the resi?
dents of the street aud also to tbo?e who are
compelled to pass thron eh the saids-ree:. a<? at
certain nea-ous of the * ear the athene- of drain
aze produces unhealthy and nauseous smells,
and an accumulation of filth In the said street.
Your petitioners therefore prsy that a drain
may be built through the said street at as early a
day as possible.
And your petitioners will ever pray, Ac.
Signed: Theo. G. B >ag, John Y. Stock. Ceo. H.
Walter, Wm. J. Mccormack, E. R walter, Wm.
Y. Leitch, S. G Horsey, James Blackman, M. F.
Schmerle James Boyd, B. Mantoue, T. c. Kggens,
Martin W. Wlp g. M. a! ca ride, O E. Miller, Chas.
Miller, Joseph smi h. B. c. Miller. H. K. Eckel. T.
& Thomson, M IL, Misses Scott, Albert Len gn lek,
Mrs. E. Lengnick.
Four est?males for doing the work asked for
In the petition, which bad been laid over un?
owned at the lust meeting ol Council, were
ordered to be opened and the contract award?
ed on the lowest, which proved to be one by
Ur. Walter Cade at $1 23 per running foot.
The following communication from the chief
of the Tire Depart men t was read and referred
to the committee on the Fire Department:
OFFICE CHIEF FIBB DEPARTMENT, )
CHARLESTON. Keoruary 14, 1873. J
Hon. j, A. Wagener, Mayer:
MY DRAB SIB-At the last meeting of the board
of fl rem asters I was Instructed to brlog to your
notice, and ihrotgb yon to the city Council, the
matter or a better alarm In case or Urra. I have
BO citen referred to this Important subject m my
annual reports that i i. ar lt may oe infer? ed that
I am troublesome, but if you will give lt your se?
rious consid?ration I am satt fled you will at once
come to the conclusion thai our alarm for fires ls
Inaufflcle t and ? hat a- least 'tuoe one thousand
pound bells are necessar. -one lu the north?
eastern, ooe In the western and onIn the i
southern portion of the city. At tue late fire tn
Beaufain ?tr^et the entire roof of the building
waa on Ure''afore any general <>larm was h JIM,
and firemen lu that immediate vicinity never
heard of the fire. The first ten minutes of R fire
ls tbe most important time, and hence the ne
cessiry for a ?peedy and prompt signal. The !
former administration voted to have three bells
cast, and after-I bad*received estimates from
duTerent parts of the court try for the purchase of
three bells or above weight tb? contract wa?
awarded to our townsmen, Mea-ra. J F. t aylor A 1
Co., to cast, them bore M forty-seven cents r er
pound, the same price as then charged by Meenly
A Co., of Troy, New York, Messrs. Taylor A Co. 1
guaranteeing the bella We would then be saving :
the freight and expenses or transportation
Whether they will perform the work now at the
same pi ice 1 cannot Bay. but the Importance cl a
quiet alarm for fires la obvtou*. and l and the en?
tire department feel lt BO. for ir a fire houid get
ahead of us at any time from the want o alarm
we do not desire that blame should be attached io
US. Knowing, slr, the deep Intens . you take lu
all matters Appertaining to the general welfare ot
our cliy, I leave the matter in your hands, with
the I ( quest that you will bring lt to ibo notice of
the City Council for their serions consideration.
Yery respectfully, yoar obedient servant,
M. H. NATHAN,
v Chief Fire Department.
Alderman Pelzer submitted the following
report, which was adopted:
Annual Statement of the Slnktt g Fund, January
on Gas MOCK.$ 2,076 00
Interest on Six per cent.
Stock. 16,616 41
interest on Bond of J. A
B. Lucas. 113 66
Interest on Northeastern
Batlroad Certificate of
Indebtedness. 234 46
Railroad Bonds. 367 oo
Bents-Received or sundry persons.... 909 16
Bond Account-Balance J. A B. Lucas's
Bond:. 76 oo
Real Estate- Received on acocunt of
sales....... 860 00
Stock Account-Received lu
correction of error. 83 21
Received for sale of Nash?
ville and chattanooea
Railroad Stock. 296,128 71
- 296,166 92
Amount funded by city for
Note paid to People's
National Bank. 30,000 00
And Interest on same.- ?so oo
- 30 960 00
Stock Account-For pur
coate of Six per cent.
tttocfc, 8327.666 29, cost..$134,712 72
For p .- r ch ase of 1000 share i
South Carolina Railroad
Stock ; cost. 40.000 00
Expenses in negotiating
sale, of Nashville and
stock..... 110 50
-8224 623 22
Billa Payable-Paid Note to People's
National Bank. so.oco co
on Note to People's Na?
tional Bank. 960 oo
SUte Tax. 127 60
Recording Mortgage. 3 oo
*>'. - 1.090 60
Balance. 93,245 es
Examined and found correct, February 0,1873.
FBANCIS J. PELZER,
Chairman Committee Wats and Means.
JOHN A WAOENBR, Mayor.
P. J. Cooa AN, City Treasurer.
Favorable reports were made and agreed
to on several petitions for the reduction of as?
The annual report of receipts and expend-1
ltures, and the subsidiary report of the city
treasurer, were read. The former was re?
ceived as Information, and the latter was re- j
ferred to the committee of ways and means.
Both will be published In the official proceed-1
ingr of Council.
On the petition of the vestry of St. Michael's
Church for an appropriation to delray a por?
tion of the expenses of repairing the steeple
ol that church, a favorable report was ren?
dered, which recommended that $1500 be ap?
propriated for the purpose. Adopted.
On the petition of the South Carolina Rail?
road Company for leave to extend its traek
through the streets of the city to Smith's
wharf, on Cooper River, the following report
was rendered :
The Joint committee on railroads and streets
recommend that the petition of W. J. Magra* h,
-presiden', of the south carolina Railroad, be
-granted, ?ad that U b - referre i to i be committee
on streets tolndicite tbe roaie to be taseu. the
whole to be under such regulations as connell
mar direct. ANDREW MHONDS.
C. X. SIG WALD,
Aldermans O'Neill presented the following
D-Joorlty report on the same subject:
As one or,the minority of the Joint committee j
. - . . ii.-.
of railroads and streets I bog to state my ransons
for declining to report favorably on the petition
of the South Carolina Railr. ad askinc permission
to reach Accommodation wharf. Tue petition
was silent as i ?gards the power to be used,
whether steam or horse; t-s al oas to the streets
lt purpose t'a--erMng. Its pre-ident. Mr. Ma?
grath, by reqiieat. was pr? sent at our last meet
! log, and stated that, if he had ttiecbolce, he pre?
ferred the ste i m power, and the route via Mary
aiid America streets, remarking thar- lt was lu
contemplation to build a road at no distant day
to run parttllel with the Northeastern Railroad.
Having o-.tamed this Information relative to the
petl l n. I deemed it premature to report favor?
ably until our cit zens were cognizant or the pur?
port of the petition, and MgnlOei their approval
or lsapproval. 1 sh ou d remarte that Mr. Ma?
grath declare-f hi? perfect wilfulness to abide by
and comply with any obligations or restrictions
that Conned mittat require or impose.
Alderman Gage felt no fears that the South
Carolina Railroad Company would not com?
ply In every respect with the r?quisitions of j
the city, and urged that the extension of the
track to Cooper River was vitally Important,
and moved to adopt Alderman Simonds's re?
Alderman Sweegan moved to amend by
postponing action on the report until the
next meeting; but, tbe vote being taken, the
amendment was lost and the original motion
to adopt the report was carried.
The bill to make approoriatlons for the fiscal
year and the bill to raise oupplles were ratified.
Alderman Gage asked and obtained permis?
sion to read tbe following paper in explana?
tion of bis opposition to the appropriation for I
the Catholic Orphan Asylum, and to have lt
incorporated in the minutes of tbe meeting:
As an Alderman or the City or Charleston, I beg
leave to have spread upon the minutes or Coun?
cil my protest against appropriating six thou?
sand dollars to the Sisters of Mercy.
AS an Individual I hold myself ready to assist
this noble order or women, and I yield to no one
In sincere admiration of the very worthy ladles
who have the disposal of this donation. But as
one of the guardians of the public treasury, I
must record my vote against an aj proprlatlon
socar?an In Its character. m
First, because this Connell ls pledged to re?
trenchment and reform in Us expenditures. One
tnlrd or the mouey appropriated to the starers
would. If added to the appropriation for the City
Orphanboose, which ls open to all, maintain all
the orphans care I for by them by means of this
donation. But tbiB is not the chief objection. By
such legislation ls established a very dangero is
precedent, wnlch, tr persisted In. will be ratal to
the liberties orihepeope and destructive to the
principles of oar government. And, furthermore,
I cannot regard lt lu any other light tuan illegal,
and very unjust to all taxpayers belonging to
other religious denominations In tue city.
T ie principles carrie i ont would destroy that
bulwark of our Republican government-our
much-prized free schools.
For the above, and many other cogent reasons
which I conld offer, a sense of duty compels me
to oppose the appropriation.
A favorable report was made and agreed to
on the petition to extend Shepherd street trom
King to Meeting, and the city engineer was
ordered to make the necessary surveys.
Alderman Sweegan offered the following
resolution, which was adopted:
Resolved, That the Mayor be authorized to pur?
chase five or the patent fire extinguishers, and to
arrange a detail ot police at eac.i post for tbelr j
management in case of alarms or Are.
Three estimates for printing the Mayor's
annual report, with others, In pamphlet lorm,
were reported as follows : Courier at $2 per
page; Edward Perry at $1 90 per page; H. P.
Cooke & Co. at fl 80 per page. Tbe matter
was referred back to tbe committee on print?
ing to award the contract to the lowest
Alderman Simonds offered the following
resolution, which was unanimously adopted :
Whereas, his Excellency General u. s. Grant,
President or the United tt ito?, will, la all like?
lihood, during hm contemplated tour throngh the
Sou-hern State* visit the City or Charleston;
And whereas, lt ls proper that all the honor and
respect due thts distinguished citizen and Chi'I
Magistrate or the nitlon shonld be paid to him
by me Mayor and Aldermen or Charleston, re.ore
ae-'lne the citizens geni-ra ly. Belt
Resolved. That bl- Honor the Mayor extend an
Invitation to bis Fxcellenoy General Grant, Presl- "
d-nt ol the Unfed Mare?, to Visit Charle-ron 8
during his contemplated Southern tour, and that C
he be rece've? as me guest or the city, and enter- c
talned aa such daring bis sojourn. r
Resolved, That Ave aldermen ?nd twenty-one c
citizens be nominated and appointed by his Honor r
the Mayor, who shall actas a committee to make (
all the necessary arrangements for tho proper re- .
ceprlon and enter alnment of the Chief Magia- J
trate of the country. J
Alderman Sweegan Introduced a bill to [
allow coal dealers to weigh coal upon their r.
private scales, and to affix penalties for selling t
by false weights. The bill, at the request of
the Alderman introducing lt, received Its first t
reading and was ordered to be printed. <
Alderman Pelzer offered the following reso- j
lutloo. which was adopted: j
Resolved, That the amount of live hundred i
thousand dollars of city stnes belonging to the
general sinking fund be and the same are hereby
forever retired, and that the Mayor ann city
Treasurer do forthwith cancel i he samp, and re?
port a registry thereof for record lu Coi nell
Alderman Simonds offered a resolution to
empower tbe city recorder to commence milt
against the Enterprise Railroad Company for
the recovery of damages for the Injury done
by lt to the streets. The resolution was
Alderman Bowen made a motion to em?
power the Mayor to import one hundred tons
of flagstone, to be used In paving the side,
walks where the citizens could be induced to
defray a portion of the expense. Adopted.
Council then adjourned.
JOTTLS'OS ABOUT TBE STATE.
-At Bronson's Station last week, two | i
houses were overturned by the wind.
-Two residents of the Beaufort Poorhouse
died during the past month.
-Postmaster C. M. Wilder has resigned his
seat in the City Council ot Columbia.
-There is a very large exodus of colored
laborers trom Laurens, Union and Newberry
Counties towards the West.
-The people of Beaufort were pleased last
Saturday to witness the digging out, by the
aid of a dredge, of the phosphates with which
the bottom or ibo river near the town is cov?
-A petition ls being extensively signed In
Beaufort County, for tbe removal of Rev.
Benjamin Brisbane as school trustee. The
people complain tbat the duties of the office
-Thirty emigrants are said to be on their
way from New Turk to Columbia, under au
engement to work in the stave and shingle
lactory of Messrs. Monteith, McMuBter ? Co.,
n the fork.
-Trains are now running upon the Air Line
Railroad Irom Charlotte to thirteen miles west
of ?partanburg. The road is nearly all graded,
and as soon as the bridges eau be built the
track will be laid from several points at the
same time, viz : From Spartanburg west, from
Greenville east and west, from the Blue Ridge
Railroad east and west, and Irom Gainesville,
Qa., this way. It ls expected that the road
will be completed lo June.
-The passenger train which left Columbia
at eleven o'clock Saturday nlgbt, on the Char?
lotte, Colombia and Augusta Railroad, met
with a serious accident near Blacketock Sta?
tion. The disaster was caused by a broken
rall, which threw the train from the track,
two cars goincr down an embankment ten
feet, and turning completely over. Fortunate?
ly the first-class car remained right side up.
Conductor Hyde was slightly Injured. Strange
to say. there were no other casualties to life
-The following real estate sales took place
In Columbia on Monday: Tbree lots belong?
ing to the Bofll estate, each containing one
half acre, sold on ao average of eighty-five
dollars each. One tract of land containing
ibree hundred and flrty-tbree acres sold lor
eight dollars per acre. One hundred and fifty
six acres, against which a mortgage was held
to the amount of twelve hundred dollars, WBB
bid off at four dollars per acre. One cottage
and lot, oorner ol Henderson and Sumter
streets, was sold lor thirteen hundred and
eighty dollars, one-hall cash, balance In twelve
monthB\time, secured in the usual|way.
A BLAZE OF GLOBY FOR THE NEW
Gorgeous En thalia.! m at tho Capitol
-The Farad?, the Address and the
WASHINGTON, March i.
The inauguration ceremonies, parade and
ball have passed off, without accident, and
with nothing to mar the magnificence of the
display. The procession this morning is pro?
nounced ihe grandest Bight that has been wit?
nessed in Washington since Ihe grand review
af the Federal armies In 1865. The crowd on
Pennsylvania Avenue was Immense, and every
building along the route was profusely deco?
rated wlih mottoes and bunting. The great?
est enthusiasm was displayed by the specta?
tors as the President passed, and the proces?
sion was Bwelled by thousands of citizens
[ailing into line and following In the rear.
THE INAUGURAL ADDRESS.
A vast throng surrounded the east part ol
the Capitol during the delivery of President
Gram's Inaugural address, which was as fol?
Fellow-Citizens-Vader Providence, I have
been called a second time to act as Executive
over this great nation. It has been my en?
deavor in the past to maintain all the laws,
and, as far aa lay in my power, to act for the
best ?ulere?is of the whole people. My best
snorts will be given In the same direction in
When my 3rst term In the office of Cblel
Executive began, the country bad not recov?
ered from the effects of a creal International
revolution. Three of the former SiateB of the
Union bad not been restored io their*federal
relations, and it seemed lo me that no new
luesllous should be raised so long as ti-,at coa?
lition of affairs existed. Therefore, the past
'our years, so far as I cou d control evenis,
lave been consumed lo the effort to restore
larmony, the public credit, commerce, and all
.be arts ol peace and progress. It is my firm
Irra conviction that the civilized world
s tending towards Republicanism, or gov
srnment by the people through tbelr
ihosen representatives, and that our own
jreat Republic ls destined to be the guiding
itar to ail others. Coder our Republic we
lupport an army less than tbat ol any Buro
>ean power of any Blending, and a navy lees
han at least Ove of them. There could be no
txtenslon of territory on this Continent which
vould call lor an increase of this loree, but
alher might such extension enable UB to
limlnlsb lt. The theory of government
: ? an ces with general progress. Now tbat the
elegraph Is made available for communlcat
ng thought, together with rapid transit by
team, aa parts ol a continent ure made con
iguous for all purposes ef government, and
ommunlcailon between the extreme limits
if the country ls made easier iban lt was
hrougbout the old thirteen States al the be?
aning of our national existence.
The effects of the late civil war have been to
ree the slave and make him a citizen; und yet
ie is not possessed of those rights which elli
enshlp should carry with lt. ThlB is wrong
ind should be corrected; and to inls correo
ion I stand committed, BO far os executive In
luenco can avail. Social equality ls not a sub?
set for legislation, nor shall I ask that any
hlng be done to advance the social condition
f the colored man, except to give bim a fair
fiance lo develop any good lhat is In him.
live him access lo schools, and when he
ravels let bim feel assured that his conduct
rill decide the treatment be shall receive.
The Bluies lately at war with the general
overnment are now happily rehabilitated,
nd no executive control ls exercised lo any
ne of them that would not be exercised in
ny other state under like circumstances.
Ia the first year of the past administration
he proposition came up for tho admission of
ian Domingo as a territory of the Union. It
rae not a question of my seeking, but a pro
losltion from the people of Sau Domingo,
md which I entertained. I believe now, as I
lld then, that such a course would have been
>s ra.ich to the Interest ct lbe people of this
lountry as lo those ol San Domingo and all
soncerned, aud that tue proposition should be
Weired favorably. It was, however, rejected
iuoBlllutlonally, and therefore the subject was
lever brought up again. In future, while I
told my present office, the subject of tba ac
[iilsltion of territory must have the support or
ne people bet?re I will recommend any pro?
position looking to suet', acquisitions. I say
1?re, however, that I do not share in the ap?
rehensi?n of many as to the uuncer ol the
rovernmeot becoming weakened and destroy?
ed by reosen ot extension of territory, com
nerce, education and rapid trau sit ol thought
ind matter by telegraph and steam have
manged all this. Ruiner do I believe that our
great Maker ls preparing, the world In ms
iwn good time to become one nation, speak?
ing one language, aud when armies and
navies shall be no longer required.
My efforts, In the future, will be directed to
the restoration ot good feeling between ihe
il Here nt sections ol our common country; tba
restoration ot our currency to a Qxed value as
compared lo the world's standard ol values,
ind, If possible, to a par with lt; ihe construc?
tion of cheap routes of trans.t throughout the
laud, to the end that the produce ut all sec
Lions may Und a martel, and leave a living
remuneration to the producer; the mainte?
nance ol friendly relations with distant na?
tions; the re-establishment of our commerce
with a Bbare In the carrying trade upon ihe
scean; the encouragement of such manufac?
turing industries as may be economically pur
tued in this country, lo ihe end that the ex?
ports of home products and industries may
pay for our Imports, the only sure method of
returning to and permanently maintaining a
specie basis; Ihe elevation of labor, and by a
Humane course to bring ihe aborigines of the
jouufry under the benign Influences of edu?
ction and civilization; either this or a war of
sxtir ral nation engaged In by people pursu?
ing commerce and all the industrial pur?
suits, which course ls expensive, even
when directed against the weakest people,
ind also demoralizing and wicked. Our su
serlorlty ot strength and advantages of civil
zallon should make us lenient towards the
Indian; the wrong already Inflicted upon
ulm should be taken imo consideration,
ind the balance placed to bis credit. The
moral Hy of ihe question should be con?
sidered, and the question asked : Cannot the
indian be made a useful and productive rae ro?
ser ot society by proper leaching and treat?
ment? Il the effort ls made In good faith, we will
stand belter both before the civilized cations
sf ibe earth and In our own consciences for
naving made lt. All these things are not to be
iccompllsned by one Individual, but they will
receive mv suppjrt, and such recommenda?
tions to Congress as will, to my Judgment,
pest serve lo carry them Into effect. I beg
your support and encouragement.
It has been and ls my earneat desire lo
correct ihe abuses that have sprung up In the
civilized portions ot the country. To secure
this relormation, rules regulating toe
methods of appointment and promotion were
established and have been tried. My efforts
at sucri reformation shall be continued to the
best ol' my judgment. The spirit of the ruleB
adopled will be maintained.
I acknowledge before this assemblage, re?
presenting as lt does, every teciion of our
country, the obligation I am under to my
countrymen for Hie great honor they have
conierred upon me by returning me to the
highest office within their gift, and the further
obligation resting upon me to render lo them
th? beBt x services within my power. This I
promise,looking forward with the greatest anx?
iety to the day when I shall be released from
responsibilities wblcb, at times, are almost
overwhelming, and from which I have scarce?
ly bad a respite since the eventful firing upon
Fort Sumter, In April, 1861, lo the present
day. My services were then tendered and
accepted under the first call for troops, grow?
ing out of lhal event, I did not ask lor place
or position, and was entirely without both
personal influence and the acquaintance ol'
persons of Influence, but was resolved to per?
form my part In a struggle threatening the
very existence of the nation. I performed a
conscientious duly without asking either for
promotion or command, and without a re?
vengeful feeling towards any seciion or Indi?
vidual. Notwithstanding this, throughout Ihe
war and, from my candidacy lor my present
Office In 1868 to the close of the last Presiden?
tial campaign, I have been the subject oi abuse
and slander scarcely ever equalled In DO! il leal
history, which, however, I feel that I can to
day disregard In view of yonr verdict, which
I gratefully accept as my vindication.
The grand display culminated this evening
In a blaze ol pyrotechnics from all parts of the
city, which illuminated the sky like tbe glare
of a great conflagration.
The ball is a brilliant success, and the
scene on tbe floor of the Improvised ball
building Is a gorgeous one. At the northern
end of the ball there is a raised platform or
dals, one hundred feet long and thirty leet
wide for the President and bis family, the
vice-President and the most prominent of
the invited guests. Back of this the
whole wall is a blaze of glory from
the dals to the roof. An enormous rising
sun represents the morning, and contains in
glittering gas Jets, the Initials "U. 8." Prom
the sun a series of brilliant rays diverge until
the noon Is reached, and here a semi-circle
bears the legend "Grant and Wilson," also in
gas Jets. Beyond, the rays, made brighter by
golden rods, culminate In tbe blue sky of
evening, studded wltb stars, and from this
arch of blue the colors of the nation follow
the Hues of the sun's rays until a stone arch
the outer arch of all, representing strength
19 reached. In the centre of tbe ravB com?
posed of the national colors, the word "Union''
in gas Jets Is see a. In the stone arch the word
"Washington" is spelled, with stars alter?
nating with each letter. At the top ol the
arch Is the shield ol the United Stales. Direct?
ly opposite this, at tbe south end of the hall,
ls the entrance-door for the President, vice
President and invited guests, and the recep?
tion, dressing and supper rooms for them.
The wall Inclosing these rooms seen Irom the
ball room has draperies, and '-Peace" and
"Grant and Wlleon" In gas Jets.
The decorations of the sides of the hall com?
prise a dazzling combination of national col?
ors, State coats of arms aud gas brackets in
various designs. The festivities win probably
be prolonged until long after midnight.
The Herald*? Salutatory.
Nsw YORE, March 4.
Thc Herald this morning bas an editorial on
the beginning of President Grant's second
term and the close of the Forty-second Con?
gress. It says: The people of the United
Slates wi Hoe glad not only that the govern?
ment passes again into Grant's hands lor
another four years, but also that the curtain
falls on Credit Mobilier and the present Con?
gress. There ls a general hope that at the
close ot the President's first term, he will
shake from him all advisers who have not
added to the honor and credit of bis past ad?
ministration. The people have confidence
be will rise above faction lu his new career,
and that the end of hts second term will leave
his lame equal to that of Washington or Lin?
coln. Popular sentiment points to a remodel?
ling of the Cabloet tbat should relieve bim of
the present secretaries of S ate aod treasury.
His Opinions About Father Hyacinthe,
Napoleon and Bismarck.
From a long report lu the New York Herald
of a recent Interview with the veteran French
statesman Guizot, we lake the following In?
"I confess," sahl M. Guizot, "thal lt does not
6eem as ll Father Hyacinthe would meet with
any great success In France. I regard him as
a thoroughly honest man, and lu bis new
work intensely earnest. But the French mind
craved logic. Frenchmen know well that
there ls no baiting place, no middle ground,
between Atheism and Catholicism. I mean
thal a mau must be a whole Catholic or none
at ali. O.ie cannot be a ball Catholic
"This ls the position of Father Hyacinthe.
Added to this, lhere ls a prejudice In the
minds of Frenchmen against the marriage of
the clergy, and the marriage of Father Hya?
cinthe has offended public opinion greatly. It
may In.erest you to know, perhaps, that be?
t?re he married be sent to consult me upon
the advisability ol an act which, among other
tilings, would separate him forever from the
Church of Rome. I auswered that he should
think a long time before doing athlng so rad?
ically opposed to his career, and calculated to
emoarrass his position as a relormer In the
Church. Furthermore, I said that before
marrying he must make up his mind to go all
lengths in opposition to Rome, and io feel as?
sured that he was really In earnest and pre?
pared lor all the contingencies of his new sit?
uation. My daughter went to bear Father
Hyacinthe preach (he oiher Sunday at the
Oraiory. Hhe tells me she was more Impress?
ed with his eloquence thuu by any special
depth or originality In his sermons."
i'onr correspondeni. alluding to the sudden
death of the Emperor and the Interest which
mankind would leel In the criticism of such a
character by a man like Guizot, asked the
venerable statesman what he thought of Na?
poleon III. "The prominent trait lu his char?
acter," said M. Guizot, "and lt was an uncer?
tain, devious, contradictory character, was
indecision. It was extraordinary-his Inabil?
ity to arrive at a conclusion or really make up
his mind. He toyed with politics. He would
turn a question around and around, look at lt
from ali sides and under every aspect, and
brood over lt for a long lime, and yet be in?
capable ot arriving at a decision wheo lt was
necessary to act.
"It almost always happened that he took
the least decided course. Agalo, like people
who lack genuine decision ot character, on
some points he was obstinate, and on occas?
ions bold. We Baw that under certain cir?
cumstances. At Boulogne and Strasbourg,
(or instance, he could oe rash. I cannot re?
gard hlB mlud as flr.-t-ciass. It ran into com?
monplace expressions, and he never seemed
to regard them as commonplace. He waa a
gentleman; I mean a gentleman In the En?
glish and American aer.se.
"Napoleon III never willingly gave pain to
any humao being. To those about bim, who
served him, he was always kind and consid?
erate. lu some respects he was even gener?
ous to his adversaries. lathis and In other
respects the Emperor stood.apart from his
party. His party otien committed acts which
be did not approve, aud which grieved him
exceedingly when thai' caine lo bl? knowledge.
In his way-a way I do not upprove-he loved
France with sincerity."
"You made an ullusion. Monsieur," said
your correspondent, "to Prince Bismarck
when speaking ol Napoleon and Cavour as
conspirators. May I ask If you applied that
criticism to Prince Bismarck also ?"
"By no means," was the response; "I do not
call Bismarck a conspirator in the eense I
would oall Napoleon. He Impresses me as the
exact opposite of a conspirator.
"As a diplomatist he has his schemes and
plots and stratagems. Bul In the main be
seems to have been distinguished by a certain
brutal frankness. It was this startling and
unusual quality which deceived men like Na
poleon III-men who, never meaning what
they said, were qulie overpowered aud amazed
to find that Bismarck did mean what be said.
It ls because the German chancellor has not
been a conspirator that, dealing willi con?
spirators, he has gained bis astonishing suc?
LABOR VS. CAPITAL.
NEW YORE, March 4.
The Tribune ls authority lor the statement
that another series of labor strikes similar lo
those of last year will shortly be Inaugurated.
The battle wl'i he renewed l?telo April or early
In May. The trade organizations are now mak?
ing extraordinary efforts to gain recruits so
as to move wlih solid front when the signal
tor revolt ls elven. Employers, however, are
prepared. They have avoided larne contracts
and will co operate for general defence. The
Trades Unions are now much excited over the
comlug struggle. The Tribune deprecates
a renewal or last year's strikes, and points to
the failures and losses to both the capital and
labor Interests and to. the whole community
as reasons why they Bhould not recur.
PROSPECTS OF THE APPROACHING
The Choien Site and it? Advantages
General View of ita Promise.
As, willi the approach of the period when
the great Vienna Exposition is lo be opened
with all the stare and ceremony which can be
imparted to lt, its plans become developed In
detail and its scope comes more definitely into
view, the magnitude and breadth of the de?
sign becomes gradually clear te ihe apprehen?
sion. It is evident that the Emperor Francis
Joseph and his counsellors propose not to
emulate but lo surpass the splendors of the
Paris Exposition ol 1867; and Ihe prospect is
that Vienna will really present the noblest
World's Fair which has ever been witnessed.
The enthusiasm with which the Austrian
Government has entered Into the project, and
the hearty manner In which ihe Emperor's
subjects, whether Teuton, Czech, Slave, Croat
or Magyar, have s?conded Its efforts, give
promise of a show which will not be less
creditable than of high substantial use to the
Empire. It can hardly fall, if the present
prognostications of Its success are realized, lo
do much io bring about that cordial unity of
the Austrian races which it has been the chief
end of her statesmen for years lo realize.
No one who has been to Vienna can fail to
recognize the advantages that brilliant capi?
tal presents for the stupendous gathering,
animate and inanimate, which 1B to be assem
Bembled lhere in the coming early summer.
Its every-day fascinations of pleasure, luxury
and a m usc men t, i ta pict uref que n ess ot'sltuatloo
and popular traits, Its historio monumento, its
gay and cheerful air, its music and drama,
are only Inferior-If Indeed they are Inferior
to the ail raclions of the "siren city" Paris it?
self. The broad and "beautilul blue" Danube
tortuously winds from Its main channel
Just by the town, and soon a new marvel of
engineering skill will be added to such
triumphs as the Mont Cents Tunnel and the
Suez Canal, by ihe Bkllful deviation of the
main channel so that Itself will flow nearer to
Vienna, and give lt a river port. Between the
city proper and ihn river iles the broad and
handsome park cal1 M. the Prater, northeast?
ward; and In tbe uiper part of this park, on a
broad, flat, open si' tee well-fitted for the pur?
pose, the main edifice of the exposition build?
ing ls being erected. Of course lhere are
large spaces lett In lis vicinity for the exte?
rior buildings and shops wblch are to be
erected lhere. Many acres will be enclosed
lor the purposes of the fair, which ls to In?
clude numerous features that did not exist
either at Paris or at London. Besides th?
main edifice, wblch ls really to be a magnifi?
cent high-domed palace, much more imposing
than the round "bee-blve"ot the Paris Expo?
sition, because more stately In shape, more
rich In architectural decoration and more
symmetrical In proportions, lhere ls to be an?
other great building, almost as large, devoted
tt tbe exhibition ol every Imaginable kind and
use of machinery. These two buildings are
to aland parallel with each other, ana the
smaller edifices will be grouped between and
on either side of them, with what harmony, in
so miscellaneous a variety as will exist, can be
attained. Already the exterior of the principal
fialace 1B reared and apparently complete; and
t rises majestically between the Danube and
tbe capital, rather surprising by hs extent and
beauly, than disappointing, as a first glimpse
or me Exposition on the Champ de Mars did.
It ls comprised of a central circular building,
surrounded by a Pantheon-llke dome, and two
flanking wlogB, the whole length between ihe
extremes of ihe wings being something like
three thousand feel. Each wing has a long
aisle, very wide, parallel with the direction of
the wing Itself; and lu each are constructed
eight crosswise aisles at right angles io the
building. The enclosed spaces blocked off
by the parallel and rectangular aisles, are
io be apportioned between the many national?
ities which will be represented at the exhibi?
tion; and ihe plan adopted for this appor?
tionment ls a singularly wise and suggestive
one. The nations are to succeed each other
geographical.y ; that ls, the edifice will
e made, as far as possible, a practical
map, and each nation will find Its place as lt
ls situated on the school maps with wblch we
are familiar. Thus America will be at tbe ex?
treme west, and Japan at the far eastern
wing; between, in order, will oome England,
France and Spain, Scandinavia, Germany,
Switzerland and Italy, Russia und Turkey,
and so on. The spectator will have a guide
thereby te find without difficulty Just Ihe spot
be wishes to reach. The climax of this bright
design ls, that the dome and circular centre
are to be reserved for the concentration of
ibe highest material achievements of all the
natlous, grouped together In one dazzling
gslaxy. Here will be the culminating glory
of the whole affair, and a commission has
been carefully selected to make this crowning
display worthy of the brilliant thought which
suggested lt. The deme Itself ls a wooderlul
triumph ot architectural genius. It has a span
of nearly Ibree hundred and fifty feet, and its
roof Is cone-like, wilb Hie apex cut ( ff hori?
zontally so as io admit ol a smaller superior
Corlnthlan-llke dome, this In turn being sur?
mounted by a beautifully adorned lower
which, from ihe distance, resembles the
lamons Temple of Vesta. This is In turn
capped by an architectural design intended to
represent the Imperial diadem of the Hans
burgs. To English skill the A jstrlans are in?
debted for this really noble inuo.ph of art; Its
designer ls Scott Russell, who was already
famous for previous successes in a similar,
direction. The whole dome, with Us various
additions and superstruclure, ls so strongly
bulli that the purpose ls io keep it permanent?
ly on Ibe ground. It is buttressed and flanked,
and ribbed with girders and beams and com?
pression rings. The wings on either side,
while less stoutly built, and designed only lo
serve a temporary purpose, are adorned wlih
handsome Iron columns which sustain ihe
roof, ihese columns being so colored and
decorated as to represent ornamental stone
pillars. The machinery exhibition building ls
smaller in size and much less elaborate lu Its
structure; having three parallel aisles, and no
cross aisles, and being about twenty-five
thousand leet In length, with a breadth of one
hundred and sixty feet. The Idea of making
of ibis building eventually a railway station,
has caused Iis construction lo be of a solid
and substantial ord-r. It is IO be supplied
with every laciilty lor displaying the machin?
ery which many na'lons will contribute, io the
best ttdvantuii? ; und ?111 contain ample mo?
llys power wini ahulUngs on iron iran?es,
heavy engines, The machinery to be Dis?
played In ibis building will be mainly the
latest and best inventions fur use la Ibe me?
chanic arts, while a umailer receptacle for sim?
ply agricultural implements ls to be erected
separately, ' t ihn present moment at
least live ihousuud men are employed
in consiruciiug the main building and
ila dependencies, and the work has
been going on steadily all winter. Consider?
ing the relative time, the exhibition is much
more forward than the Paris Exposlllon, and
will, uccldenls excepted, be finished In lull
lime for ihe designated period (June) ol the
grand opening. Meanwhile lt Is becomlog
evident that lhere will be a dazzling muster?
ing of Ihe princes and potentates of Ihe earth;
and on the exhibition ground there are indi?
cations lhat ihe great people take a keen In?
terest In Hs progress. Toe emissaries ol the
Emperor William are already erecting an edi?
fice which ls lo be exclusively devoted to
illustrating the famous Prussian educational
system, which produced the "thinking
bayoneis" ot ihe recent war; those Oriental
grandees, the Sultan of Turkey and the Khe?
dive of Egypt, will be represented by minia?
ture pinnacled palaces near the banks ot ihe
Danube. Like Napoleon III, the Aus?
trian Emperor will be provided wlih a
bijou of a pavilion for his special behoof
and use. while representatives of many
of Ihe Oriental peopleB wlli rear char?
acteristic edlncep, such as mosques and
klOBKB, Buddhist and Thibet temples, and
Chinese bell towers. While all the arte, me?
chanical, useful, and ornamental, will be dis?
played without regard to space or expense,
Ibe pleasures and refreshment of tbe multl
tuaes- ircm every corner of the earth, whom
the Viennese confidently expect to arrive, will
be cared lor by ample preparation. The ad?
mirable feature which, more than anything
else made the Paris Exposition a success,
wlll be repeated at Vienna; lhere will be res?
taurants of all nations on the ground, whither
the cuesta may resort, either for familiar borne
di?hee. or to seek those which have become
famous as the culinary specialties of other
nations. These will be luxuriously flited up,
and provided with everything to charm the
eye, titllate the nostrils, and please the palate.
The Emperor looks confidently forward to
acting the part ot host to the greatest of bis
brother sovereigns. Already lt Is known tbat
tbe Emperors of Russia and Germany, the
Kings of Italy, Saxony. Wurtemburg, Belgium
and Holland, the Grand Turk ano the Kne
dive, the Shah of Persia, and not Improba?
bly the Mikado of Japan, and very possibly
the yotiDg Emperor of China, will lend the
distinction and state ot their presence, while
lt ls In the region of likelihood that President
Thiers and the Prince of Wales, the Emperor
ot Brazil and the President o? Spain, (who?
ever be may be) will be added to the list ol
the august guests ot the House of Hapsburg.
Tbe whole cost ol the erection ot the exhibi?
tion buildings ano purchase of land will, as
estimated, reach not. iar Iront five millions of
dollars in gold, although the Austrian Gov?
ernment has so far appropriated only some
two millions and a hair. But lt is by no means
a baseless calculation to reckon tbe return
which the expenditure of the swarms of visi?
tors will make In Vienna, strenuous efforts
are belog made by the commissioners
to provide accommodations so ample
that but a trifling rise in prices will take
place; but the experience ol Vienna will
probably be that of Paris repeated. The city
will surely be crammed to Us utmost capacity;
and i hose who wish to see the exhibition In
anything like comlort, had best secure lodg?
ings at the earliest practicable period.
AN UNS A TLB JP A CI OB. Y "MILL. "
A Bloody Row at a Prize Fight.
COLLIERS, W. VA., March 4.
Barney Campbell and Harry Hickman fought
thirty-six rounds. They fought one hour and
ten minutes, when a most unsatisfactory ter?
mination tonk place. Zeddons and tbe noto?
rious Ned O'Baldwln got into a quarrel, and
In a few moments hundreds of pistols were
drawn, and after a promiscuous fight. In which
all present Indulged, lt was discovered tbat
the Irish giant bad been severely bandied.
The ring was pitched at balf-past eight o'clock
In tbe morning, and wben Zeddons, the refe?
ree, and O'Baldwln, the spcoud, got Into the
flgnt the principals skedaddled. There being
no decision the fight will again take place two
MEDICAL COLLEGE OF GEORGIA.
The commencement exercises ol this Insti?
tution took place at Mar onie Hall, Augusta, on
Saturday last. The Bev. Dr. J. E. Evans de?
livered the annual address, and Dr. W. W.
Battey, of the graduating class, delivered the
valedictory. Among those receiving diplo?
mas we notice toe following from this State:
Edgar Sheppard Adams, Pierce M. Butler,
Hugh W. ?haw, of Ed ge de ld County, and
George W. Duvull, of Liurena County.
The commencement exercises ol the Savan?
nah Medical College took place last Saturday.
The following are the graduates: Messrs. A. F.
Barnard, A. Atkinson, J. S. L. Miller and
Thomas B. Lanler.
What it Has Done for Physics, Chemis?
try and Astronomy.
By "spectrum" ls not understood in physics
a spectre or ghostly apparition, as the verbal
Interpretation of the word might well lead one
to suppose, but that beautiful Image, brilliant
with all the colors of the rainbow, which ls
obtained when the light ol tbe sun or any
other brilliant objeot ls allowed to pass
through a triangular piece of glass-a prism.
The unassisted eye eau perceive no differ?
ence lu the light from the heavenly bodies
and tbat from various artificial sources, be?
yond a variation In color and brilliancy, but
ll is quite otherwise when the light ls viewed
through a prism. There are then formed very
beautiful colored Images or spectra, tbe con?
stitution and appearance of which depend
upon tbe nature of the substance emitting tbe
light. The different appearances presented
by these colored Images are so entirely char?
acteristic that lo every substance, when lumi?
nous In a gaseous form, (lhere corresponds
a peculla- spectrum, which belongs only to
that peculiar substance.
It follows, therefore, that when the spectra
of different substances have been determined
once for all, by previous researches, and have
been recorded In maps or Impressed upon the
memory, lt Is easy, lo any future Investiga?
tion, to recognize at once from the lor m of the
spectrum, which a body of unknown constitu?
tion presents, the Individual substance ol
which lt Is composed.
This statement presents In general terms tbe
nature of spectrum analysis. It analyzes
bodies Into their constituent parts, not as the
chemist, with alembics aud retorts, with re?
agents and precipitates, but by means of the
spectra which these substances give when In
a state ol Intense luminosity.
Spectrum analysis lo no way supplants the
methods of chemical analysis hitherto in use;
lor Hs lund lon ls neither io decompose nor to
combine bodies, but rather lo reconnoitre an
unknown territory, and to stand sentinel and
to signalize to the physicist, the chemist and
the astronomer tbe presence of any sub?
stance brought beneath Its scrutiny.
With what acuteness, with what delicacy
does spectrum analysis accomplish this task I
Wnen the balance, the microscope, and every
other means of research at the command
of the physicist and chemist utterly fall, one
look lo the spectroscope ls sufficient In most
cases to reveal the presence o! a substance.
If a pound ot common salt be divided Into
600,000 equal parts, tbe weight of one of these
portions is called a milligramme. The chemist
ls able, by the use ot tbe most delicate scales
and tue application of special skill, to de?
termine the weight of such a particle; but, In
doing so, be comes close upon the limits of
his power of detecting by chemical means the
presence of sodium, the chief element In
common salt. But ll tbat small milligramme
be subdivided into ibree .million parts, we ar?
rive at so minute a particle that all power of
discerning it falls, and yet even this exc?s
Bively small quantity ls sufficient to be recog?
nized with certainty in a spectroscope, we
bave but to strike together the pages of an
old dusty book In order to perceive Imme?
diately m the spectroscope placed at some
distance, tbat the flash ot a line of yellow
light which we shall presently learn ls an un?
failing sign of the presence of sodium
It was to be expected that so seoBllive a
means of investigation, from which no known
s o hs i ance can escape, would very Boon lead to
the tracking out and discovery ot new ele?
ments which, lill then, had remained un?
known, either because they are scattered
very sparingly In nature, or stand out with BO
' little that ls characteristic from some other
substances, tbat the Imperfect chemical
methods hitherto In use have not been able to
This expectation was brilliantly realized
even by the first steps taken In this direction.
Toe two Heidelberg professors, Bunsen and
Kirchoff, to whom we are indebted for the
discovery of spectral analysis and its applica?
tion to practical science, very soon discovered
with their new Instrument Uro new metals,
caesium and rubidium, to which two others,
thallium and Indium, have been since added.
But all the brilliant and astounding results
which spectrum analysis bas furnished in the
provinces of physics and chemistry have been
tar surpassed by Its performances lu that ol
It ls posclble. by means of a prism to decom?
pose Into its component paris the light of the
sun, the planets, the fixed siars, comets, neb?
ulas and thus obtain their spectra in the same
way as that ot earthly luminous substances.
By a careful comparison ol the spectra ol the
stars wlih the well-known spectra ol terres?
trial subsionces lt can be determined, from
tbelr complete agreement or disagreement,
with a certainty almost amounting to mathe?
matical precision, whether these substances
do or do not exist In these remote heavenly
bodies. The foregoing statements present In
general terms the essence and scope of
Bpeclrum analysis. Its starting point ls the
spectrum of each Individual substance, and In
order io obtain this lt ls requisite that the sub
stance sbouid not only be luminous, but should
emit a sufficient quantity of light. Dark
bodies are not avallaole for spectrum analysis.
If they are to be submitted to Its scrutiny they
must first be brought Into a state of vivid lu?
minosity.- From Spectrum Analyst* Ex?
plained, *y Schellen.
THE OLD WORLD'S NEW$
THE WEALTHY VICTIMS OF " THE
GREAT FRAUDS IN LONDON.
The Civil War in Spain.
LONDON, March 4.
It is reported that the frauds on the Bank of
England amount to two million dollars, and
that o? thia amount three hundred and fifty
thousand was drawn upon Jay Cooke, Mc?
culloch ? Co., two hundred thousand upon
the Rothschilde, and a large amount, the exact
figures of which are unknown, upon the
the Baring Brothers. Some of these houses
are said lo be making strenuous efforts to sup?
press the details ol the transaction. It ls
stated, upon what appears to be good au?
thority, tbat one of the Rothschild firm went
?o Newgate to-day and had an interview with
Noves, the alleged accomplice of the swind?
lers, and startling revelations concerning their
operations were made, the nature of which ls
kept secret for the present.
Viscount Enfield, the under secretary for
the loreign department of England, In reply
to an Inquiry irom Mr. Whitwell, stated lt as
being the unanimous opinion of the Cabinet
that no government admitting of a r?cogni?
tion bad been established In Spain.
Theirs bas Issued rigorous orders respecting
the Introduction of arms into Spain through
The Paris Figaro reports two bands of Carr
ists as having entered the Pro vi nee ot Madrid.
The case of the Memphis and El Paso' Rail?
road bonds was tried in Paris yesterday. Fre?
mont and six others were arraigned for the
fraudulent sale of worthless bonds to the
amount of fix millions. Fremont bas been
subpetned, but cannot answer in time.
News received at Bayonne irom the north?
ern and northeast provinces of Spain, mostly
Irom Carlist sources, show the insurrection
to be growing stronger every day. The sit?
uation at Pompelana ls critical. A rising of
the Federalists ls expected there. The Nat?
ional Guards, on Saturday? withdrew into the
citadel, and the commander threatened lo
bombar l the town Ii the Federalists revolted.
The Carlista chiefs were within three miles of
the walls. The garrison numbers thirty-five
hundred men. Some reinforcements sent by
General Pava deserted on the march.
A boat belonging to the Italian man-of-war,
escorting Amadeus, capsized drowning eleven
MADRID, March 4.
Tbe Carlista under Ceballo recently defeat?
ed tbet government force near To?era. The
latter iost several officers and twenty privates,
and fell baok lo Barcelona. Tbe insurgents
are rapidly organizing tbelr increasing forces
In the Provinces or Navarre, Catalonia, Valen?
cia and Arragon. Tue army at victoria, for?
merly commanded by General Morriones, bas
been reduced, by desertion, from twelve
thousand to seven thousand men. It ls report?
ed that a Carlist band has penetrated Into tbe
neighborhood of Arangues, distant twenty
eight miles, southeast, from (his elly. In the
Assembly lo-day a bill was presented by Senor
Casielar for the re-establishment of tbe
Spanish legation at Berne. The Imperiale
says ibal a body of troops, while pursuing the
Carlista In Sereda, suddenly mutinied ann re?
fused to proceed further.
HO, FOR VIENNA ?
New YORK, March 4.
The United States steamer Supply, which
has been detailed io carry goods to me Viens?
Exposition, has not yet sailed as previously
reported. She will probably leave the navy
yard, Brooklyn, this afternoon. All prepara?
tions were completed last Saturday, and the
stowing of cargo will be completed this after?
noon. The commissioners of the Exposition
will leave by steamer, and meet the Supply
at Trieste, where an arrangement is made lor
rorwaraiog goods to Vienna immediately.!
THE WEATHER THIS DAY.
WASHINGTON, March 4.
Probabilities: For tbe Gulf States, there
will be winds veering to northeast, with rising
temperature and increasing cloudiness, and
poss ID ly raia and southeast winds un tho
Texas coast. For the Middle and South At?
lantic States, rising barometer and tempera?
ture, clear weather and diminishing winda.
HEAT AND LIFE
Tbl Relation of the Diet to Work. -
[i rom the Popular Scionce Monthly.]
We bave said that the haat-prodnoinir pawer
of aliments will be the more considerable in
proportion as tbey contain a greater quantity
of elements that need a large aunply of oxygen
for their combustion. Tnerefore, meat and fat
repair the losses of the system much more
speedily than vegetable substances. The
latter are suitable for the inhabitants of warm
countries wbo do hot require to produce heit,
which the atmosphere supplies them wit-h
abundantly. The inhabitants of cold regions,
on the contrary, whoso accessions of heat
ought to be as continual as energetic, ?TC urved
by inst 11,ct to use meats and fats, wbiob throw
ont green heat in their combustion. For in?
stance, it is a physiological necessity that the
L^pps should feed on the oil of cet?cea; ?s lt
is a necessity for men of the tropics to con?
sume only very light food. The activity, .of
respiratory combustion and the kind of airmen
tation thus vary with ch mate, so that there-is
always a certain proportion maintained
between the th ci mic state of the Burro un ding
medium and that of the animal furnace. In
like manner, in the same climate, persons who
perform great mechanical labor must eat
more man those who put forth but little move?
ment. This fact, long ago observed, has re?
ceived of late the cleared and sorest d?mon?
stration. Yet, p reaps, it is not kept suffi?
ciently in view m the management of publia
alimentation. Many examples prove the bene?
fit that industry wonldderive from increasing,
in all possible ways, the amount of meat used
in laborers' meals. Quitegreoently, at a manu?
facturing establishment or the Tarn, M. lala?
bot has improved the strength and sanitary
condition of hie workmen by giving them meet
in abundance. Under the influence of a diet
almost woolly vesetable each laborer leeton an
average fifteen days' work a year through
tn tig ne or sickness. As soon as the'nae-of
nie a was adopted the average loss for each
man per year was not over three days.- Often
enough, it must be owned, alcohol is only . tba
workman's means of remedying the want of
beat-producing elements in bis food -a deceit?
ful remedy, which buoys up the system for a
time, only to sap it afterwards with alarming
subtlety. One of the beet preventives of the
abuse of alcohol would certainly be the lessen?
ing of the oust of meat.
HOTEL ARRIVALS-MARCH4. .
Miss Abbie 8 Howell, New York; 0 Bcrnetr.
Kentucky; J Chamberlain, New York; WP Apple?
by, D 0 Appleby, KeevesvUie; W S Monteith, Co?
lombia; A Bennett, J H Hannett, A P Spiro, Fran?
cie T Walker, Miss Fannie Walker, Mrs Dyer,
Herbert Marena, 0 B Newcomb9, New York; Geo
P Weller, Louisville; Wm G Reed end lady, Bos?
ton; Hrs A G Jones, Savannah; J P He ward, New
York: C L Livermore, savannah; Henry H F?lle,
south Carolina. rrt
W Arr.so, Cain Hoy; J F Brookinton, Son-h Car?
olina; J H B Wlney, KeevesvUie; M Q BrocUnton,
J D Browne, w lilis ton; P G Promlnton, Washing?
ton Connty, s 0; P E Hill, Master Hill, the Misses
Stone, W B Whites and lady, J u coonta, Pros?
perity, S C; W M Teagle. Newburgh; WSJ Reid,
Oheraw; J T Mickle. Camden; J R Taylor, Beau?
fort; LP Rssr, Fort Motte; G E Prltchett; Claren?
don; J R Lam sen, Ashley, Northeastern Railroad;
B A Evans, White Plains; W H Silber, Jefferson;
H ll?rly, Williamsburg; j S Bamberg, Bam?
berg; F P Beard, Camden; M WUlams. H Co
j lins, Leas' file; H P fehlrk. New York; 0 R Ander
son and lady, Georgetown; T L Wnltney, Bull
River; captain Fegoaon, Mount Plesssnt; George
; Wells, Ball River; *. S Murrell. PhUadelphls.
-There are at present twenty seven per
I sons In Beaufort receiving outdoor relief, at a
i cost to ihe county per month ol one honored
I and fourteen dollars.