Search America's historic newspapers pages from - or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities external link and the Library of Congress. Learn more
title: 'The Charleston daily news. (Charleston, S.C.) 1865-1873, March 06, 1873, Image 1',
meta: 'News about Chronicling America - RSS Feed',
Image provided by: University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC
All ways to connect
Inspector General |
External Link Disclaimer |
W&t ?j)?ilt?t0m Jails jfefeg,
VOLUME X.-NUMBER 2179. ' CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 9, 1873. EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR7
HONEST JOHN PATTERSON.
TUE STORY OF BIS ELECTION TO TBE
A Sign lucent Picture of Palmetto Poll.
tles-Tho Rise ?nd Progresa of an En
. terprlslng Adven t iixor.
The pretensions of "Honest" John Patter?
son to a seat in the United States Senate are
Jost now attracting a large degree of atten?
tion la Washington circles and lo the press of
the whole country, and lt muy not be unin?
teresting at this time to briefly recapitulate
the story of his election at tne last session of
toe South Carolina Legislature, the devices
that were notoriously employed by him to se?
cure that election, the exposure that followed
close upon the heels of bia supposed success,
and the wily stratagems that have been since
resorted lo, to prevent bis arraignment In the
criminal courts to answer his aocusers.
Tbe beginning of the scheme to elevate this
enterprising adventurer to the dignity of a
United Slates senator ls hardly known. The
plan, however, first took a definite shape just
alter the success of the Moses party in the
State campaign, and Its first public manifesta?
tions waa tba openlcg by Mr. Patterson ol an
extensive "Headquarter^" in the Capitol
saloon building on Main street, Columbia, a
building devoted to the alluring bucking ol
the sp?culative tiger and the study of tbe doc?
trine of chances as applied to a laro lay-out.
These surrounding? appeared congenial lo the
political gamester from Pc n n s y 1 van ia, a D d here
he rented a suite ol hall a dozen rooms, which
vere speedily fitted up as the Patterson Head?
quarters. The furnishing of these rooms
showed much care and forethought. They
were of varions degrees ot elegance according
. to -the various tastes ol' the members whose
votes lt was desirable to obtain. In some the
floors were richly carpeted with noiseless vel?
vet, tbe walls were thickly buog with alter?
nating mirrors and oil paintings, the liquid
hospitality of the host sparkled In cut-glass
decanters upon rosewood buffets, and over all
a mellow light was thrown lrom gilded chan?
deliers. This waa ior those of the incoming
members ol tbe Legislature who bad scruples,
and who would have been shocked if a bribe
had been called a bribe, or a spade a spade.
Other apartments there were, however, for
those dusky "honorables" whose previous
views of nature bad been from the vantage
ground of the rice field or the corn patcb, and
who would have been lil at ease in the midst
of magnificence. With native delicacy Mr.
Patterson provided for them a place wMcu
was quite In keeping with their untutored
taste, and with their previous education. This
was a large square room, with walis that
were not only innocent of decoration, but de?
void of the small advantages of lath and plast?
er. The-floor was thickly strewn wlih saw?
dust, and the only attention which lt received
during the wbole campaign consisted ot' the
addition of more sawdust. A row of benches
occupied each Bide of the room, and a lew
strong chairs were scattered about, while, lo
the centre of tbe room, stood a table, resem?
bling io Its general architectural design a i
carpenter's beuch, but surmounted with the
crowning glory of the apartment-a jug of ,
oom whiskey. Here tbe rural members were I
entertained after their own heart, and when j
the eventful time of voting for a United States '
senator; arrived, they testified their gratitude
by shouting Patterson.
Meantime the other candidates for the een
atorshlp had also hung their banners on the
outer walls, and established their respective
headquarters. Congressman R. B. Elliott hav?
ing taken a few rooms In a corner house on
Main street juBt opposite the Statehouse, and
Governor Scott having rented a neat little
pottage on a 6lde street. These, however,
were modest and humble as compared with
the magnificent and varied hospitality of the
Pattersonlans,and their attempts at bribery, If
they-made any, were as far outdone by the
princely liberality of the Pennsylvanian as
were their attempts at entertaining members
with food and drink.
Tba election took place on Tuesday, Decem?
ber lQin. The result waa announced at the
tune In the telegraphic columns of THE NEWS.'
COLUMBIA, 8. C., Tuesday, December 10.
The election of a Culled States senator, in
the place of Senator Sawyer, whose term ex?
pire? on Marou 4, 1873, look place to-day. and
resulted In aa overwhelming victory for John
J. Patterson, the bead-centre ot the Blue
Ridge Railroad Bing. According to law, the
vote was taken lu tbe Senate and in the
House as distinct and Independent bodies, aud
if no candidate had received a majority vote
in both' houses, a joint session would have
been held -to-day, when tne candidate who
received a majority on Joint ballot would have
been elected. The wires ot Patterson, how?
ever, bad been so skilfully laid that he was
elected on tbe second ballot in the Senate,
and on the first ballot in tue House, his oppo?
nents tailing to make even a respectable show
of opposition. .
Tbe announcement was followed by a scene
ct the wildest confusion. Among tbe Patter
aonlans the excitement was intense, and the
cheering: made tbe walls of tbe Statehouse
groan. Tbe victory ls now In course of cele?
bration at the bar-room where Patterson's
headquarters have been during the canvaas,
and champagne and whiskey are flowing like
Before the Bon had set upon this triumph,
however, the corrupt devices which had pe
cured lt recoiled upon their author. A few of
the members of the House of BepreseatativeB
had refused the bribes offered by Patterson or
hiB agents, and they had, further, in the inter
*ests of pnbllo Justice, gone before Trial Jus?
tice B. H. Kirk and made the following Bifida
vita to tbe facts of tbe attempted bribery:
AFFIDAVIT 07 M. B. HILLEK.
South Carolina, County of Richland.
Personally appeared before me, R. H. Kirk,
trial justice in and tor said county and Stale,
M. 8. Miller, of Fairfield County, member ot
the .Sooth Carolina Legislature, who, upon
oath, deposeth and saya:
That at Columbia, S. C., on three different
occasions in tbe month of November, 1872,
one Job n J. Patterson, of said county and
State, did offer and deliver to me money,
amounting In tbe aggregate to sixty-five dol?
lars, tor wblcb he now bolds a due bill signed
by me, and which rooney ls now In possession
ot Trial Justice R. H. Kirk, of said county and
Deponent further states that the money was
given In part payment, and In consideration
of deponent's casting his vote tor the said Jno.
J. Patterson, on Tuesday next, at the election
by tbe Legislature, of which the deponent Is a
member, the said Patterson being a candidate
for the United Stales Senate.
The deponent further Btates that said John
J. Patterson told him that li he should BO cast
his vote, the said due bill would be returned
to bim, and regarded aB a cancellation ot a ?id
claim. M. 8. MILLER.
8worn to and subscribed before me at Co?
lumbia, 8. C., this 11th day '? December, 1872.
R. H. KIRK,
Trial Jostice, Richland County, S. C.
AFFIDAVIT OP H. H. ELLISON.
Slate of South Carolina, Richland County:
Personally appeared belore me, R. H. Kirk,
Ulai Justice in and for said county and State,
H. H. Ellison, a member to the 8outh farollna
Legislature, from Abbeville County, S. C.,
Who, upon oath deposeth and says, that one
John J. Patterson, of the county and State
aforesaid, did, on ihe 27th day ot November.
1872, in the City of Columbia, S. C., offer and
promise io give the deponent any eui
money between Ave hundred dollars and
thousand dollars. If the deponent wou'd
lor him, (.he said Patterson,) for the Ut
Stales Senate at the election on Tuesday E
the 10th December, 1872.
Said Patterson stated to deponent that i
' half of the amount agreed on would be
In advance, and the balance Immediately t
said election. H. H. ELLISO
I Sttorn to and subscribed belore me. this
day of December, 1872. R. H KIRK,
Trial Justice, Richland County, 8.1
AFFIDAVIT OF M. 8. MILLES.
State of South Carolina, County ofRichla
Personally appeared before me, R. H. K
a trial Justice la and for said county and St
M. S. Miller, a member to the South Caro
Legislature from the County of Fairfield, I
upon oath deposetb and says that on or ab
last Wednesday evening, December the '
1372, in the City of Columbia, 8. C., la c
pany with James Batteas, o? Falrd?ld Coui
He?ry G. Worthington, sometimes ca
Harry G. Worthington, called to me, say
"that he wished tb see me." He toole
asiue from said Batteas, am.? .old me that
was authorized to offer me lour hundred <
lars as a consideration tor my casting my v
for John J. Patterson at the election
United States Senator on Tuesday next. I
mediately remarked to said Batteas t?at E
terson was offering me, through said Wot
Ington, one hundred dollars more lor my v
than Patterson did a few days ago.
M. 8. MILLEU
Sworn to and subscribed belore me* at <
lumbla, 6. C., this seventh day of Docemb
eighteen hundred and seventy-two.
R. H. EIRE,
Trial Justice, Richland County, S. C
Upon these and other similar affidavits, I
trial Justice did not hesitate to Issue a w
rant lor Patterson's arrest, and the evei
which followed were related as follows in T
NEWS of the 11th :
COLOMBIA, December 10-6 P. M,
John J. Patterson, the senator elect, w
arrested at four o'clock this evening in l
First National Bank by James A. Beatty
United States deputy marshal, deputized at
constable lor this occasion. The arrest w
made upon a warrant issued by Trial Jusii
B. H. Kirk, upon the affidavit ol M. 8. Mille
a member of the House of RepreseBilves fro
Fairfield, charging Patterson with brlbii
bim to vote for Patterson for senator.
Patterson was taken to Kirk's office, whei
a crowd ot bis friends gathered, and creati
adsmrbunce In the office which came net
resulting In a riot. Patterson Indulged i
most abusive language toward Kirk, and, it
said, attempted to get a pistol from Hurle
with the avowed intention of shooting Kiri
Minion, a colored adherent ol Patterson'
aiso drew a pistol on Beatty, and attempte
to get possession of the warrant and d<
elroy lt. IQ the confusion Patterson walke
Kirk has since, It is said, issued anotbc
warrant for the arrest of Patterson, which hi
been placed in the hands of Hendricks an
Hernandez, and which is to be executed tc
COLUMBIA, December 10-9.30 P. M.
Patterson was re arrested this evening upo
anoiher warrant from Kirk, by special con
stables Hendricks and Hernandez, who als
had In their possession a commitment to lb
county jail for twelve hours, lor his allege
contempt of court this afternoon. Worthlnc
ton was also arrested upon a warrant and all
davit charging bribery. Both were taken t
Kirk's office, which was found closed. Hen
drlcks then took Patterson, accompanied by
large concourse, ot lriends and spectators, t
the county J ill, where he waa turned ove
lo the sheriff of Richland. Hardly had th)
been done, however, when special constabl
Canton appeared on the scene, with a writ c
habeas corpus, Issued by Judge Mackey a
chambers in lbs Columbia Hotel, and return
able at len o'clock this evening, before Judg
Mackey, at Improvised chamoers over tbi
Carolina National Bank. Patterson waa
tbereiore, released, and a forge crowd ls no?
assembled over the room of the Carolina Bani
awaking the proceedings upon the return t<
the habeas corpus. Among the crowd an
Patterson. Worthington, Moses, Gurney
Bowen, Ed. Mackey, Chamberlain, Wbltte
more, and a host of other Radical leaders am
friends of the prisoner.
COLOMBIA, December 10-10.30 P. M.
Judge Mackey sent notice to Kirk that tb'
return to the habeas corpus would be bean
at ten o'clock to-night, so that he might at
tend to show cause why the petitioner sboult
not be released. Kirk sent word back lha
be wouldn't come lor all the Mackeys lo th<
country. Judge Mackey then proceeded tc
try the contempt r^?e. Hurley, Patterson
and a colored man ?-mlfled, all agreeing thal
no disrespectful language wu used until aftei
Kirk bad adjourned his court. Patterson wat
therefore released from the commitment foi
contempt, and was carried out of the impro?
vised courtroom on the shoulders ot hit
Irlands, sloging, "When Johnny comes march?
ing home again.'' The action ol Judge Mackej
has no reference to the charges ol' bribery,
under which Patterson was originally arrest?
ed. O her warran IB are out i'or bia arrest,
which may or may not be served to-morrow,
Tne next day the senator elect, who bad
doubtless been advised that it would not do to
disregard all the forms of law, surrendered
himself to the (rial jus lice, and was held lo
ball in the aggregate sum of $25,500, lo ap?
pear before the Court of General Sessions for
the County of Richland at the February term
and answer the charges of bribery that bad
been made against him. Patterson now began
to find himself getting deeply entangled in
the toils, and he had recourse to a desperate
remedy. The services of one A. C. Rlohmond,
who was then a trial justice In Columbia,
were obtained, and a sort of examination of
the charges was had belore him on Tuesday,
the 17th ol December. The Idea ol the case
of a defendant who had just been held
to ball by one trial Justice being carried
before another trial Justice lor review and
reversal was of course exquisitely absurd,
and it ls not pretended now by Patterson's
friends that the proceedings before Richmond
have any bearing whatever on the status of
the case. A BO-called examination was had
by Richmond, and that official took lt upon
himself to discharge the d?tendant from ball.
This fact was then telegraphed all over the
country with the evidect Intention of causing
the Impression that the charges against Pat?
terson had been finally tried and dleproven,
and the object of these proceedings belore
Richmond was thereby accomplished. At
about this same time Trial Justice Kirk was
deposed from office by the same Senate that
had elected Patterson, and Captain H. W.
Hendricks, who had arrested Patterson on the
night of December 10th, was removed from
his position as a deputy United Slates marshal.
In the meantime, Trial Justice Kirk bad
taken care that the papers and testimony In
his possession, and upon which he had held
Patterson In ball for trial, Bhould be preserved
and be In readiness for the next term of the
criminal court. To secure their safe-keeping,
he deposited them In the office of lhe secre?
tary of Slate, taking that officer's receipt
therefor, and he deposited that receipt In the
Central National Bank ol Columbia, and ob?
talned the receipt of -that Institution for the
The next move appears to have been the
removal of the then Jury commissioner of
Richland County, and the appointment of a
colored man in bis place, who, from 6ome
convenient Ignorance, or perhaps from
eagerness to go to work, drew the grand
Jury for the year some three weeks be?
fore the time In which the law dictated
that the Jury should be drawn. This
Irregularity appears to have been remarked
In legal circles In Columbia at the lime, but
no particular significance was attached to it
until the Felruary term of the Court of Gene?
ral Sessions came to be opened. This was on
Monday, the 3d of February. Judge Carpen?
ter, who bad Just been elected by the same
body tbat bad elected Patterson, was on I
bench; nearly the whole number of the gra
and petit Jurors were in attendance, and J
torney-General Melton and Solicitor Bunl
were present to represent the people in t
prosecution of John J. Patterson and the otb
alleged criminals. Before any business cot
be commenced, however, the late Attorns
General D. H. Chamberlain arose, and, wltl
perfectly serious lace, announced tb
he appeared as the counsel of Bobe
Cooper, and that he desired to ma!
a motion. The case ot Bobert Cooper prov?
to be one in which the defendant, a brig
mulatto, who nins a well kno wn gara bili
saloon In Columbia, bad fleeced a soldier
the Eighteenth Infantry out o' some tblr
dollars, and bad been held to bail therefor,
was as trivial a case perhaps as could hai
been found upon the docket, but still it was
case, and the distinguished ex-attorney-ge
eral, as counsel for "Robert Cooper," bad
right to make his motion. This proved to I
a motion to quash the whole array of Juror
on the ground that the law requires a Jury l
be drawn not less than seven nor more tba
fifteen days before the opening of the cour
while these Jurors were drawn on the 10th <
January, twenty-three days before the opel
lng. This caused an adjournment of th
court for one day, and, on the next day, tb
arguments fdr and agalast the motion wer
beard. It was strange, then, to see the arra
of eminent counsel who had been relalne
by "Bobert Cooper" to argue thlB motlot
An ezhanstlve address was first made b
Mr. Chamberlain. He was followed by Mr. C
Davis Melton, and a half dozen other distil
gulsbed lawyers followed on behalf of "Rober
Cooper." The motion was opposed by Attoi
ney-General Mellon and Mr. Leroy F. You
mans, and after an all-day argument the conr
was adjourned until the next moral Dg,at whlcl
time Judge Carpenter decided, the Jury wai
Illegally drawn, and that there was no Cour
Df General Sessions. The effect of this decls
ion IR to prevent the possibility of any Cour
31 General Sessions being held In Blchlant
County until February, 1874, as the law de
?lares that the grand jury sha!i be drawn bu
once a year, and during a certain sp?cifi?e
period In the month of January. TQUB thc
whole course ot criminal justice In one of th<
most, important counties of the State is to b<
3bBtructed for a year In order to HI ave off thc
prosecution of Honest John Patterson.
This 1B a record of this case so far as It hat
progressed here. The question of the admis
Jlblllty of Patterson to a seat In the United
States Senate after these conclusive evidence!
sf the intrigues by whiob he secured his elec
Lion thereto, remains with that body tc
The record of this would-be senator before
his Inauspicious advent In ibis state should
be best known by the people of that section
of Pennsylvania whence he came, and aB s
sample of their appreciation ofthat record we
append two articles from recent Pennsylvania
exchanges upon this subject.
The first Is from the Belief on te (Pa) Watch?
man, and is as follows:
John J. Patterson, Esq., formerly of Ju ni als
County, Pennsylvania, but for the last three
jr four years one of a gang of carpet-baggere
who have been robbing the State ct South
Carolina, bas been elected United Slates
Senator lrom that mate by the mongrel Legis?
lature. Wnile figuring tn politics here. Patter?
son was one ot the most unscrupulous rasca1 a
In the Slate, and, lt ihe truth were known, lt
would be seen that he "left bia country for his
Having been a resident of thia senatorial
district, our people can appreciate and under?
stand the deep disgrace that bas fallen upon
the Stale of South Carolina io his election to
tbe Benate ot tbe United States. In the bor?
ough In which Patterson lived while In this
State, he could not have been elected to the
most menial office, nor could be have succeed?
ed in securing any position from the people
either lo his county, or bis congressional,
senatorial <tf representative districts. In 1862
by ihe most villanous frauds In a conference
meeting he obtained a nomination tor Con?
gress in a elsi rici that usually gives about two
thousand Badlcal majority, and such was ihe
disgust for the man ihat his Democratic com?
petitor, General William H. Miller, was elect?
ed by an overwhelming majority. His next
effort to secure a position waa a little more
successlul, and by some means or other he
had himself appointed provost marshal of the
Fourteenth District. In ibis position he
proved the estimate the people ot his district
had placed upon him when a candid ile for
Congress, corrupt beyond any question, for a
more corrupt, Incompetent, bare-faced, viiian
ous official never disgraced any position. How
often he and members of his board were locked
up in a private room In the State Capitol Hotel,
at Harrisburg, to keep from being arrested
for fraudulent transactions In office, lt woul i
be hard lo say. For weeks at a time we have
known them to be hld away, while oiber
members ol their ring were in Washington
tiling "maners up." How much he swindled
the government, how much he robbed those
unlucky enough to fall into his c.menes, Is
known only to himself and his associates.
This, however, ls known, that Patterson was
poor when be became provost marshal, and
when he was kicked out ot that office, after
having squandered thousands upon thousands
of dollars on lewd women, at gambling sa?
loons, and In riotous living, he was compara?
It was this same John J. Patterson, now
Uulted Btates Senator from South Carolina,
who acknowledged lo a prominent citizen of
this Slate, shortly after the Investigation ot
of the charges against Cameron, by Mr. Boyer,
of Clearfield, that be had attempted to bribe
members of the Legislature to vote for bim
for United "States senator-that had be (Pat?
terson) sworn the truth, Cameron would have
fone to the penitentiary. Il was this same
alterson who laid about Harrisburg during
the winier ot 1868, hiring witnesses to per?
juro themselves, when giving testimony In
the contested election case of Shugert vs.
Robinson, and who, when he succeeded in
thia-the most Infamous of all political tricks
In giving the seat to a man who had been re?
jected by the people, admitted openly that lt
the Democrats had paid him ten thousand
dollars, he would have Booinson withdraw
from the contest and acknowledge he was
fairly beaten at the election.
In this Slate we have never heard him
spoken of by any one, trend or foe, but as a
low, scrubby, vlllanous trickster, a common
political thiel, who never attempted anything
but In a manner honorable men would despise.
And we suppose the same disgraceful efforts
be made here he has followed In South Caro?
lina, and with a great deal better success. In
Pennsylvania be never could have risen above
his natural level, because he was too well
known; but down la the crushed and bleeding
Palmetto State, among ihe niggers und scala?
wags, he passed off his tinsel and varnish for
pure gold. By means of his money, of which
he had plenty, he succeeded in manipulating
the darky legislators In accordance with his
desires, and the result is seen In his election
to a position that waa formerly considered as
honorable as any under the American Consti?
We do not desire lo say anything harsh or
unkind of Mr. Patterson, bul when he lived
over here In Juniata Couuty we have a distinct
recollection that he was considered low-down
and played out. Morally and politically he
was a wreck, and like Morton, of Indiana, the
sins of his past life were revenging themselves
upon bis body. And this Is the man whom the
mongrel Legislature of the proud old Slate
bas chosen to represent her in the United
States Senate. A Pennsylvania outcast,, who
has been In the South scarcely four years 1 Is
It any wonder that the country is going to the
The second certificate of character from Mr.
Patterson's recent neighbors, comes In the
following shape from the Centre Beporter,
published at Centre Hail, Pennsylvania
John J. Patterson, whom every one here?
about knows, and who very recently packed
bia unwashed shirts Into his carpet sack and
went to Soutb Carolina, has Just been elected
a United States senator from that State, as
will be seen by the proceedings ot Its Legis?
lature in another column. John J. Patterson
is notorious as one of the greatest Radical
corruptlonlsts ot Pennsylvania, whose
trade lt was to debauch the Legislature
ot our own Commonwealth. He did
not forget his practices by going to South
Carolina, as his transactions there have al?
ready shown. They have a negro Legislature
there since tbe Radicals reconstructed the
Palmetto State, and John went down and
bought up the Africans of the 8enate and
House, and had tl.em do some railroad legi?
latlou ior bim which gave bim and a few oth?
ers the ownership ol one o? the most impor?
tant roads In that Stale, and by ii John Came?
ron & Co. made a big thing-the affair amount?
ed lo a virtual stealing of a railroad. This
was some two years ago. By this infamous
game John got three hundred thousand dol?
lars into bis purse, after having leitJunlata
County a complete bankrupt, both lo purse,
morals and standing in the community, and
tbe present Legislature of that State being
again composed nearly entirely ol darks, he
used a large portion of lt to boy up the sable
members and thus bad himself elevated to
the United Stales Senatorshlp the other day 1
Mauy readers of the Beporter will recollect
the speech made by Charley Shrelner at the
M?lheim meeting, Bhor?a iefore the October
election. Charley CoId'tBsre how he had met
Patterson In Washington, driving a magnifi?
cent ris; bow he told him (8hreiner) how he
bad made bis money down In South Carolina,
by buying ihe 4,d-d nigger legislature"
Patterson's own language-to do tbe needed
railroad legislation; how he made $300,000 by
ir,*and that he would take $260.000 of that
next (iblB) winter to buy the nigger legisla?
ture again, and have himself elected to tbe
United States Senate. And be did so, just as
he told Shrelner, and Just as Sbrelner told lt
in his M?lheim speech, which has come true,
word for word.
Now, honest men, look at that. This ulcer,
Patterson, going from Pennsylvania down to
South Carolina, and after assisting to rob and
plunder her, impoverished as she was, he now
turns np as her United States senator ! Shades
ol Calhoun I
A SKETCH OF SALT LAKE CITY.
Ita Magnificent Distances-Its Other
Pecullarltici-Street? and Garden*
Modern Improvement?-Bigotry of tne
Sermons-The Invasion of Fashion-A
Remedy for Polygamy - Brigham's
SA.LT LAKE CrrY, UTAH. February 6.
Topographically this city of tbe "latter-day
saints" 16 something like Washington, one of i
magnificent distances, and ts scattered and
lengthened out to ouch a degree that it has the
appearance of having undergone the "spread?
ing influence" of some immense roller. As to
city limits, they are limitless except in the
direction of tho lake, that stops the city from
going that way, and the government reserva?
tion ?tops it ia another, but iu any other way
it extends as far aa Brigham Young has build?
ing lots. The streets axe wide and regularly
laid out, with streams of water running down
each side, though in winter time they general?
ly lake to tbe middle ol the street. The city is
beautifully laii out in squares of a large size,
and except in tbe business portion of the city,
most of tbe squares are only partially built
upon, the remainder being converted into gar?
dens, apple and peach orohaids, which, when
in full bloom in tho spring, give to the city a
most beautiful appearance, and one can hardly
tell wea her bo is ia a country dod city or a citi?
fied country. In winter it ia Ihe muddiest,
dreariest placo west of tba Mlsaonri, and one
can say of it, aa Tom Moore said of Ireland,
"It's a beautiful place to live ont of."
Since the arrival of the' (ientiiea Salt Lake
City has trraduully improved io its buildings,
and has received many ef the ''modern im?
provements," such as gas works, steam fire
engines, /street car rairwny, theatres and ro
spectablo hotels-in tact changing itself
thoroughly, yet alowly, so that now aa tho city
Stands it consists of palaces and buts placed
promiscuously side ny side, and one can pass
from the sandstone pavement of an ''iron
front" to the clayey waik of an adobio brick
shanty, walking down the principal street of
Much has been said about the Mormons
during tbe last few years, so I shall say but
liitle of them. In their religious duties they
aro aa bigoted as they are careless, and all that
their leaders ask of them is a strict payment
ot their tithing, and a dislike of anything anti
Mormon. Their cbnroh service ts very like
that of the Methodist. Their place of worship
is what is called the Tabernacle, the largest
boilding in the country, which will hold four?
teen thousand people bitting. Here they wor?
ship and here they listen to sermons which
are nothing but political harangues, or else
speeches to arouse a feeling against the gov?
ernment aud the "'Gentiles."
As I said, the oomine of the "Gentiles" has
improved tbe city wonderfully, but the change
caused by tbem did not ooase here; with them
came fashion, and that made the greatest, and
to the husband of ten or fifteen wives, the sad?
dest change. Before his chief expense was in
buying gingham to make bis wives bonnets.
Alas! now the envious wives won't wear ging?
ham bonnnets while their Gentile neighbor oan
wear "those loves of things" made up of velvet,
flowers. &c. Ncr would they wear unpanniered
cali :o whilo lheir more mo .ern neighbor bus?
tled about in silks and poplins. So had the
green cotton "umbril" to give way to tbe silk
parasol, acd thus tbe change oame. If the au?
thorities at Washington will only let polygamy
alone, fashion will kill it quicker than any thing
that they can do. for what man oan stand the
requisitions of several fashionable wives?
Let me say that Eastern people endeavor to
make Brigham Youhg, "the prophet, seer and
sage" of Mormonism, more miserable than he
is; instead of sixty some odd wives, be has only
nineteen, and matead of some two or three
h ur. dre d caldron, he has only fifty or sixty;
still he has enough to make it quite an outlay
to furnish them all wltb Christmas present?.
There is a garrison of United States troops
stationed"near the city. I have not been up
there yet but I can seo from here that they
have a vory commanding position ovor the city.
ANDERSON AND POET ROYAL BAIL
I From the Columbia ?don.]
This railroad, which was chartered at the
recent session of tbe Legislature Is, we are
reliably Informed, likely to be built very soon.
Parties possessing the means are ready to
take hold of ihe enterprise, and assist the
people In building the road. Besides this, lt
ls slated tbat large numbers of people In the
counties through which the road passes are
ready to subscribe to the stock of the road.
The road runs through Andetson to Abbeville
Courthouse, Edgefleld Courthouse, Aiken and
so on to Port Royal and thence to Charleston
Parties weli posted, Buy that $100,000 worth of
stock would be at once subscribed lu Abbeville
County alone, If the books were opened. The
charter of tala road is a liberal one. It runs
through one of the richest cotton growing
acd most salubrious portions of ihe State, and
would Boon build up a local trade ot great
value, besides being an Important link ia the
network of roads now building or soon to be
constructed. The building or this road will
give employment to thousands of men, de?
velop the resources of the section through
which lt passes, add millions ol dollars to the
value ot lands along the route, and Increase
the business, wealth and power ot tbe State.
THE IRISH GIANT IN JAIL.
STEUBENYIIXE, OHIO, March 5.
Ned O'BaldwIo, me Irish giant, and a party
of rougns arrived here last night lrom Wept
Virginia, where a prize fight had been going
on. Alter visiting the drinking saloons they
attacked an Irishman, who caused tbe giant's
arrest. His tines amount to fltiy-tour dollars,
and he will remain in the calaboose ten days
at the expense of ihe county.
THE WEATHER THIS DAY.
WASHDJQTON, March 6.
Probabilities: For Wednesday, m New Eng?
land, the winds will bick to Boutbwest and
south with rising temperature; for ihe Middle
Stales southerly winds and lalllng barometer,
with increasing cloudiness; for ihe South At?
lantic and Gulf States southeasterly winds and
clondy weather, with rain on the Western
Gulf and possibly on the 8ouib Allautlc coast;
from the Ohio Valley northward over the Lake
region falling barometer, Increasing southerly
winds, cloudy and threatening weather.
AJ? EVKXIX0 WITH TBS GRSAT POST.
Lecture by Professor J. xv. Milei on
"The Clowns of Shakespeare."
The first ot the series of lectures which Pro?
fessor J. W. Hiles has consented to deliver at
the Confederate Home was given last evening,
and proved a source of unusual pleasure to
the large and refined andlenoe that had been
attracted by Its announcement. The speciflo
subject of last evening's lecture was "The
Clowns of Shakespeare," but the lecturer took
occasion In the outset to present an analysis
of tbe genius ol Shakespeare, with a sketch
of the literary characteristics of the age In
whioh he lived, and a comparison of his artistic
and constructive skill with that of the other
great poets of ancient and modern times, BB a
general Introduction to the lectures which are
to follow, and which will treat principally of the
dramatlo works of Shakespeare. ThlB Intro?
duction was almost a panegyric, the warmth of
the lecturer's admiration being tempered only
bi tbe sorupulous_care jylth_whlch the cause
for admiration In each case was pointed otu
and Illustrated. The various schools of Shakes?
pearian students and .critics were described,
and the credit of the most accurate and genu?
ine criticism was awarded to Coleridge and
Schlegel. The flippant criticism that lt was
the development of literary advantages and
opportunities In the Elizabethan age that had
produced a Shakespeare, was combated as
a scarcely respectable sophism; the genius
of Shakespeare was Innate and was not the
product ol the age. It was admitted that
wlthont the advancement of the history of
the world Bp to that age the writings of
Shakespeare would have been an impossibili?
ty lor lack of the abundant material which
lay under his hand, but lt was shown that as
Chaucer had been the greatest ol English
poets In the days of King Edward III, sur.
passing all predecessors and contemporaries to
that time, BO Shakespeare In his age, had
seized, compacted and crystalized in his verse
all of the progress of the world up to the age In
which he lived. The charm ot the Shakes?
pearian diction was shown to have been pro?
duced not by a copiousness of vocabulary, but
by consummate skill In selection and arrange?
ment; for while in the whole writings of
Shakespeare lhere were but fifteen thousand
words employed, the works of Hooker and
other coBtemporaneons writers contained
twice or thrice that number, and lt was prob?
able that the authorized vocabulary of that
day would Include some fifty thousand words.
In the effort to compare the works of Shakes?
peare with that ot other poets, the leotnrer
bad fonnd but few with whom comparison
was possible, and of these he camed, among
the ancients, Sophocles, and among the mod?
ern writers Schiller Ind Goethe. He cited
tbe remark of a distinguished critic that
Shakespeare had delighted in portraying In
different works the contrasted action of hu?
man pa=-1 )QB In different hu man beings, as, for
example, he bad illustrated in Othello the tragic
side of Jealousy, and In the Kerry Wives of
Windsor Its comlo features; but he combated
this suggestion and believed that each sepa?
rate work was the separate, spontaneous em?
anation of bis teeming brain, and that the
simple reason why the contrasts were ex?
hibited In the several werks was that the
contrasts existed In nature and were caught,
fixed and presented as they existed.
The lecturer then arrived at the specific
subject of the evening'? lecture, and illustra?
ted the versatility of the author's genius by
analysis ol the characterization displayed In
the various clowns to be met with In his
dramas. Of these there were fourteen or
Alteen, and while no two were alike-no two
could be taken for the same character under
diverse circumstances-they were capable of
arrangement Into classes, of which the more
prominent were, first, the merry and simple
hearted fools, whose wits were not
unsettled; second, the cunning vagrants,
with acute but unsettled mind, and
third, the poor good-for-naughts ol
low intellect, confused and muddled, but not
crazy. These different phases of more or
less nebulous Intellect were amusingly illus?
trated by the lecturer by readings from the
texts ol several comedies, the extracts being
most happily selected to Illustrate the particu?
lar species of clown Intended, and the readings
being accompanied by a lasclnatlDg strain of
running oomment. The first illustration
given was the scllloqny of Launce In "The Two
Gentlemen of Verona," (act. 2, scene 3,) in
which that Incorrigible scatter brain is berat?
ing his dog Crab for bis hard-headed stoicism
upon the departure of his master, like the
"prodigious sm ' Next, Bottom was present?
ed with blB lunr.frerabla but irresistible ego?
tism In the arrsgements for the play, In which
he was ambitious to perform the lion's part,
and would "roar you as gently as auy sucking
dove." Touchstone, In "As You Like It,"
was presented as a gentlemanly foo), and
his brusque love making with Audrey and
his transcendent Impudence to all comers,
Including the exiled duke, to whom he ex?
plained the niceties of the code duello from
the retort courteous to the lie direct, were
read to the manifest delight of the audience.
The clown In "All's Well Tb at Ends Weil'?
was described as an official fool, and depicted
In bis conversation with the Countess of
Bouslllon, where he offers his phrase "0
Lord, Slr," as an apt answer to all possible
questions. The clown in "Twelfth Night"!
wes presented In the scene In which, lo the
assumed character o? Slr Topas, he ls made j
an humble Instrument of torture to the Ill
fated lover, Malvollo. A troop ol other
merry creatures ot the dramatist's fancy were
exhibited In their most striking light, and the
series closed with the imperturbable Dog?
berry, with his matter ot faot pomposity In
the charge to the night-watch, In "Much Ado
Altogether, the evening was one of the
highest enjoyment to the brilliant audience
assembled, and the next lecture, of which
the subject Is lo be "Hamlet," will be Im?
AFFAIRS IN SUMMERVILLE.
Almost Another Fire.
On Tuesday morning the kitchen of B. J.
Magill, Eeq., In Summerville, was discovered
to be on fire. The chimney was built inside
the klichen, and there were some Inches
space between lt and the weather-boarding.
This space the rats had filled with rags and
other rubbish, and the heft got the rata' nest
on fire. The fire had burned through the
weather-boarding and one or two upright
posts belore lt was discovered. The well
oeing near, the people in the yard were able
to put out the fire In a few moments. If the
accident had occurred at night, the kitchen
certainly, and the dwelling-house probably,
would have been destroyed.
THE CATHOLIC ORPHAN ASYLUM.
A Catholic's Reply to the Protest of
: Alderman Gage.
Tbe protest ol Alerman Gage before tbe
City Council egalost the appropriation for
tbe Catholic orphans in charge el the Sisters
of Mercy, wbloh appeared in your paper ot
yesterday, seems to be the product ol a mind
laboring under some strange hallucination.
The matter was argued irom the economical
point of view, under the administration of
Major Pillsbury, and admitted to be a Just
claim. Tne present Mayor and Council, for
tbe past two years, with the Bingle exception
of Alderman Gage, have viewed the matter in
the same light, and Catholics were beginning
to believe that an era of Justice and fair-deal?
ing bad dawned upon tbem. By what pro?
cess of ratiocination bas the gentleman per?
suaded himself that one hundred and ten or?
phans could be supported ior one-third of Ibis
wicked appropriation-two thousand dollars ?
We are ready to show bim and the communi?
ty that the arguments which Induced the City
Council to grant lt still hold good, and can
be made even more convincing to any reas
"""H? rntnA w? wont nothlne doneln a
corner, but everything Tn mie Americarf
style, in the broad light of day. Les ne hear
his reasons for his opinions. But really the
economical view ls, to his mind, scarcely
worth arguing, because, I presume, he must
know that he cannot argue lt without suffer?
ing the humiliation of defeat. But the troth
ls that the liberties of the people and the
principles of their government are endan?
gered by .this appropriation of six thousand
dollars, or, at least, by the principle upon
which it Is granted, although tbat principle ls
admitted to be Just. We most emphatically
deny this assertion of Alderman Gage, and
call upon him as a gentleman either to prove
lt or to withdraw lt. The Catholics cf this
community have proved themselves In the
past to have been law-abiding citizens, and
firm, conscientlouB upholders of the princi?
ples of government that gnlde the legislators
of inls country, and they will not suffer any
man, whether he be a native Southron or an
Immigrant from the Icy regions of the North,
t) falsify their record by reckless assertion.
The appropriation ls not unjust; on the con?
trary, its Justloe has been proved and ad?
mitted even by the silence of Mr. Gage him?
self for over two years, and consequently lt
cannot be Illegal. But the alderman must get a
hearing somewhere, and In order to obtain
it be knocks at the doors of the public schools.
We have the gravest objection to the system
ofpublio schools as now established In this
country, wbloh are not of Southern origin,
but an exotic transplanted into our land from
New England, whence many other evils have
come to us. History attests that the Catholic
Church by ber sobools of every grade has
civilized the world; how can the principles
which she Inculcates endanger true liberty ?
We ask that Alderman Gage will condescend
to enlighten us. The many other cogent
reasons which he bolds in the secret of bis
own bosom he bad also better bring forth, If
be wishes to prove to others that his convic?
tions rest upon a solid basis. But you are
sectarian, says the alderman. We assert that,
even In the sense In which be uses the term,
we are not more so than the public Orphan
bouse, In whosa favor he ls willing to exhaust
his energies; and, moreover, we have good
reason to believe that there ls not another
alderman lo tho City Council to whom this
truth can be more easily brought home than
to Mr. Gage himself.
Messrs. Editors, the Catholics of this com?
munity are not at all desirous to disturb Its
peace by the agitation of religious controversy;
yet, they will have lt clearly understood by all
tbat they have no thought of shrinking from
lt, lt lt be lo reed upon them. They are con?
vinced that they can make their claims good
to even-handed Justice in all matters tbat con?
cern tbe community in which they live; they
ask no more, and they will never be satisfied
with less.- A CATHOLIC.
HOTEL ARRIVALS-MARCH S.
O Smith, H Williams, New York; E T Jaques,
Philadelphia; W O Uughart, Pittsburg; Max
Furchgott, City; T Byrne, Jonesbor o', Qa; J D
Willis and lady, H A Willis, Toeodore P Willis,
Brooklyn; James P Low, Edwin F Gary, (Jalum*
bia; Mrs s Hooper, Miss Hooper, Miss Oreen,
Washington City; T O stanly, Mrs Joae?,E K
Gaanawny, savannah; H L Hobart, New Tork; N
Seeley and lady, Miss F B Thumpsou, New York;
J M Hustle*, K P Bostlok, Sonth carolina; Frank?
lin Fraser, Jacksonville; S A Durham, Sonth
Carolina; Mr and Mrs R Q Uno, Miss Bradford,
New York; Mrs F Titus. Mrs T T Rodenbough. J
s Rodenbough. lady and child, Easton, Pa; W E
Ohoroh, New York; w Wallace, O J DunUp, O B
Dunlap, South Carolina; Mrs A Laand, A JU
Farge, New York; O K Prloleau, lady, child and
servant, London; Mrs Morrow, Miss Davis, Hall'
rax; Mrs Jones, Miss Jones, New York; W II
Alden, Jr, and lady, st Helena.
Captain F W Milne, Bun Hiver; Mrs W E Spald?
ing, Washington; C Gooch, China; J F Stroebel,
Orangebnrg; R E Holcombe, Plckens; L, R Mc Airy,
North Ca;ollna; Dr S Lewis, Q Hollow, WV Bl
Lewis, New loris; J D Pickett, St Matthew's; J B
Sardy, city: J E Tagln, Camden; E F Kittos, Oak
Point, Mass; J J Muldrotv, alngstree; W 8 Hut
Bon, Master Hatson, Lynchburg; B O Pierson,
Cades; S W Maurice and lady, Hlogstree; H L
McMillan, Bamberg; T H Lyerly, Williamsburg; M
Rickenbacker, Sonth Carolina; W S Harley Wal
terboro'; A Partridge, New York; J L Oarreit, M
BEY OND^HE BRINE "*
Tho Bank of England Swindle-Thc
Germans in Franc?-Agitation for a
LONDON, March 6.
The circumstances of the fraud on tbe Bank
of England remain a mystery. Noyes, the
forgers' confederate, now under arrest, Is a
native of the United Slates. Although be de?
clares bis Innocence, he probably knows more
ot the operations than he Is wilting lo tell at
present. Astonishment is expressed that the
exient of the transactions did not rouse Ihe
suspicion of the bank officers; but lt seems
that tbe operators represented themselves as
being Interested in tbe introduction of Ameri?
can palace cars on British railways, and ar?
ranging ior their manufacture on a scale re?
quiring the employment ot a large amount of
"iba Times has a special from Berlin stating
that the ability of the French Government, to
clve financial guarantees sufficient to secure
the early evacuation of French territory by
the German troops was considered doubtful
In that city. _ ?,
The son of the late ex-Emperor Napoleon
paid a visit to Queen Victoria yesterday.
A movement ls on foot among the Irish
population to bring about a large meeting on
the 16.h instaut. In Hyde Park, io favor ot
amnesty lor Fenians now held io British
prisons. Dr. Isaao Butt, member of Parlia?
ment from Limerick, will probably preside.
-The managers of the Florida Winter
Home Association are energetically at work
improving -Arlington Heights," the sight
selected ior their enterprise. Three hundred
lots, averaging one hundred and fifty feet
square, have already been laid out, and will
soon be offered tor sale.
THE GRAFT CABINET. !
EXCITEMENT OF TBE WASHINGTON
So Changes Whatever to bo Xa?o at
WASHINGTON, March 6.
There ls mocil ?ipeca! a ti on relative to the
Cabinet, founded on the mere report that
recently the member? of lt navel
dered their resignations, thoa ni
new nominations to me Senate,
was, however, settled last fall, soon i
re-election of President Grant. At .
meeting, all the members belog presen
iaformed the President that, wishing
nothing whatever to embarrass him taJbUAd?
ministration, they would tender their resigna?
tions, to Ufte effect on the 4th of March ensu?
ing. The President expressed his thanks lor
their friendly feelings and informed them that
he bad no desire for any one of them to with?
draw lrom their present positions, bot pre?
ferred they should all remain.
Nothing bas since occurred to change the
position ot affairs as lt existed at that time,
ihe only immediate change will be in the
secretaryship of the treasury, should the
President need not renominate the prisent
members of the Cabinet for confirmation by
;he Senate, ls strengthened by the tact that
all of them were at their resoectlve depart?
ments to-day, attending to their official du?
ties, and, lt ls said by gentlemen in executive
positions, that no such renominations will be
Vows and Gotiip.
Levi B. Lucky succeeds Colonel Douglass
as the Presto en t's private secretary. C. 0.
sniffer ls appointed assistant private secre?
tary, y nd 0. L. Pru den executive clerk.
Senator Edmunds, yesterday, received a
dispatch lrom the citizen's committee, al Hew
Orleans, calling upon the Senate to take Im?
mediate action upon the credentials of Hon.
W. H. McMlllen.
Upon the motlonioi Mr. Yoorhees the House
voted Its thanks to Speaker Blaine.
The "Ecce Homo" Inscription In the Inau?
guration building was pat ap by the- artist,
and ordered down by the committee.
Most ot i be new senators were seal id yes?
terday. Spencer, of Alabama, was called oat
did not put In an appearance. Begaralng his
belog assigned a sear, lt ls said that had lt
been donn objections would have been made*
Neither McMiilen or Plncbback was called.
David C. Smith bas been confirmed as'In?
spector-general ot steamboats. ni
The department of State ls In recelrt of In?
formation that no fines on American vessel!
lo Cuba are to be. enforced until approached
by the Intendente.
?LIMPSES OE GOTHAM.
-- j i
The New Tock Press on tho President's
Nsw YOBS, March?,
All the morning papers comment on tbe In?
augural address. The Herald says: "It the
address ot the President cannot be character?
ized as a great fe tate paper it certainly makes
up lo honesty and sincerity lor all lt lacks, la
diplomatic tact and finished rhetoric. Enter?
taining tbe views he expresses regarding Ee
publlcanlsm, lt Is not possible to understand
bow he can retrain from adopting warmly the
cause ot the Cuban Republic. He seemBrather
inclined to apply the word annexation to oar
own than te the foimatloo of other republics.
He adheres lo bis annexation policy regarding
San Domingo." The Berald, bowever, believes
lt ls the wisest policy to foster the establish?
ing of independent republics la all outlylDg
territory where the peone are prepared /or
the change, and bad hoped that the advocacy
of mis cause hy the President, might have
helped to establish the Independence of Cuba,
. and advance the prospects of a Canadian re?
public Concerning home Affairs, it thinks wa
bave a right to expeot lrom bim such a change
of policy towards tbe South as will restore
good ieellng. It Instances ihe case of Louisi?
ana, and says : M The address affords a hope
that the South will be no longer subjected
to oppression, but we are inclined to the be?
lief that the President must have forgotten
! The Tribune styles the address brief, and
striking y characteristic ol the President;lt ls
clear and pronounced on the subject of civil
rtgbtc; regarding annexation, bis delerence to
the will ol tbe people is manliest.
The Times thinks the address Isa blunt,out?
spoken, practical document, bearing ihe
stamp of ihe President's Individuality; he ls
too outspoken to conceal bis belief that the
National Government ought to do sundry
things usually committed to individual enter?
prise; while lt ls certain he has too keen a
sense of bis responsibility to urge snob details
of policy beyond the limits which the people
aud their representatives would approve. '
News and Gossip.
The chemical works of Jacob Ellas have
been burned. Loss $80,000.
The weather la clear and cold, the gale
having somewhat subsided.
Foster received bis reprieve last night amid
great rejoicing. His friends hope for a oom
mutation of his sentence to Imprisonment-for
.lay Cooke Sc Co. have received no advices
cr ; .cernlng their reported loss of a quarter of
a million by the irauds on the Bank ot Eng?
A woman died yesterday with symptoms of
Tne agent of Explorer Stanley bas abscond?
ed witt ISM.
A REVOLT IN ALGESIA. ' SJ
Imminent Danger of the Duke de Char?
PARIS, March 6.
The government is in receipt of dispatches
from the Fveoch governor ot Algeria to the
effect that a terrible revolt has again broken
ont In that province. The native Algerians
have banded together with the other tribes in
the province against the French rule, and a
determined and probably successful effort ls
about to be made to overlbrow lt. Upwards
of ten thousand Algerians, all fully armed and
desperate, have surrounded a body ot French
troops, seven hundred strong, under the com?
mand ol the Duke de Chartres. An attack by
the rebels ls probable at any moment. The
French troops, are determined to make'he
beet possible defence, but In view ot the over?
whelming numbers of the Algerians a bloody
massacre appears inevitable should they be
attacked. The news of the crIUcal situation
ol tbe Duke de Chartres's command causes
much anxiety to the government bera, and a
sufficient Icrce will in all probability be or?
dered to bis relier at once. Tbe Kaoyls are
beading the revolt, and mao* ot the most
prominent are those who through tbe leniency
of the government escaped punishment for
participation in the rising ot last year. -
SPARES EEOM TBE WISES.
-The Blverslde Hotel at Paterson, N. J.,
'8-Theeddecieion In the Campbell-Hicken
prize fight at Pittsburgh, Pa., ls lo favor Of
-Allan 0. Jones, a bookkeeper o? the
Som hem Bank of Georgia, at Savannah, ran
away yesterday, after robbing the bank of
-By special application of Hon. W. A.
Handly, the President will pardon B. 8. Gray,
Eu-Elux prisoner, confined at Albany Jail.
Gray ls a citizen ol Randolph County, Ala.
-The Democrats at Saratoga have elected
the board of supervisors. List year the
board consisted of fourteen Republicans and
six Democrats. The Democrats also carry
Ducbeses County, Kentucky.
-The failure of the Anti-Scott Alt Line
Ballroad bill ia the New Jersey Legislature
on Tuesday created great indignation, and it
was feared that some of the senators woola
-There ls some talk oflormlnganew State,
to be called "Allegheny,* opt _?*3ggg
North Carolina, Eastern Tennessee and South?
western Virginia, with the ?pl|?* Se?
ville or Chattanooga. The territory thus de?
scribed consists almost wholly of mountain
land, and the new Slate would be the Swit?
zerland of America. It would also be Im
meHsely rich In mineral deposito.