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VOLUME X.-NUMBER 2179. ' CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 9, 1873. EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR7
THE SO. CA. RAILROAD.
ADDRESS OF THE DIRECTORS TO THE j
What the Road has Ramed and How
the Earnings Have Been Spent-The
Dividend Quest iou-A Gratifying Re.
view of the Past and Encouraging
Prospects for the Future.
To (he Stockholders of the South Carolina
The Subscribers, a committee appointed by
the Board of Directors to address a circular
letterrto the stockholders, respectfully ask
your attention lo the following communica?
For several years past rumors have con?
stantly prevailed of plans being on loot to ob?
tain control of the South Garolloa Railroad,
and to make lt subservient to the policy and
to the success o? other and rival roads
and communities. There may have been but
little foundation for these rumors; we have
been assured by gentlemen whose names
were freely made nae of as participants in the
s?beme that they bad no connection with it
whatever. These assurances we regard as
entitled to Implicit confidence; yet the con- j
?tant agitation of the subject bad the effect
last year of persuading the Georgia Railroad
to undertake the completion of the Port Boyal
Railroad as a measure of defence.
We have it on the highest anihority that j
nothing but the conviction forced upon them
that the South Carolina Railroad was about
tc pass ont of your bands Induced the Georgia |
Railroad to adopt this momentous resolu?
Similar movements are again in agitation.
In a circular published in the dally papers j
you are requested to send your proxies to a j
stockholder residing In another State; and
who, however well Informed in other re?
specta, la evidently not correctly lnlormed
apon the affairs of the road. He proposes to
elect "a board of directors who hold large
amounts of stock, and who will ron the road , ]
lo tbfL Interest of the stockholders." "The
present directors," it ls added, "hold but lit- (
lie stock." To this lt may be answered: ]
First, that excluding three or four (
gentlemen who have bought of late, ^
and avowedly on speculation, largely
of the abares o? the road, there are no other
fifteen stockholders who hold in the aggre?
gate aa many shores aa tba fifteen directors. 1j
Second, that the utmost scrutiny into the
management o? yonr affairs will not reveal one
single instance In which we have made the In- j ]
tereala or the stockholders of secondary con?
sideration to any other interests whatsoever,
After the termination of the war the road
waa restored to the directors on the 19th of
Jane, 1865. At Columbia all shop.?, depots
and buildings of every description, all the val?
uable tools and other appliances of a large
first-class workshop, were entirely destroyed, ?
together with a large and valuable stock of L
On the Colombia branch of the road the en?
tire line above Orangeburg, and on the Ham- j t
burg division, all above the ?dlsto Biver, was 1(
completely des .toyed. All the wooden strnc-1 (.
tures, cross-ties, culverts, stationhonses and
water tanka were destroyed. The rails were
burnt, twisted and bent into shapes baffling .
all efforts-at restoration. O? the passenger j
and freidat cars 117 only were In possession; ?
136 were on the Charlotte Road, entirely cut (
oft* by the destruction of the .Columbia branch.
These loases, namely, In property in the
road, In negroes, and In cars, locomotives and
machinery, amounted to $1,629,114 64. That
la to say, it required about that sum te rebatid
and rehabilitate the road.$1,629,114 64
On the ether hand the
debts of the compa?
ny amounted to_$3,686,000
Of thia amount there was due in
For arrear of Interests 495,799
For past due domestic
For sterling bonds first
lat Jan., 1866, in
gold. 2,000,000- 2,729,799 00
To which must be added the out?
standing bills ol the Southwest?
ern R. R. Bank, for which tbe 8.
C. R. R. was responsible,'and of
wale'; we finally redeemed the
sam 0?.;. 574,628 46
Ia these circumstances it will be readily
.understood that dividends bad co place in the
?houghta of the president or directors. The
.ole Idea waa to avert the total loss of the
capital Three Important measures were es?
sential to success:
L The renewal, of the first mortgage debt,
and funding of the arrears of interest, and ot
the overdue domestic bonds.
2. The Immediate reconstruction and r??
habilitation of the road.
. s. The funding of the bills of the South
Western Railroad Bank, for which suit waa
'.inmediately commenced by the holders.
The difficulties.Incident to the accomplish?
ment of measures pi auch magnitude and im?
portance, in the crippled condition of the
road, and the merit implied in their success?
ful accomplishment, we will not dwell upon.
K ls enough to say that they were successfully
achieved, and by that means that the stock
holders were saved from the total loss o? their
The gross income for the five years from the I j
lat of January, 1867, to the 3 ist ef December, '
1871, ia............. .'.$6,766,273 56
Being on average of $1,353,25471
The operating expenses are..'. 4,002,117 ll
Being about 60 per cent, o? the
The net earnings are.$2,764,156 44
Add incidental income. 66,650 31
Sterling and domestic interest
'jeld; expenses paying oterllng
v-upons 1870 and 1871, and ex?
changing sterling bonds, and
discount in exchanging bonds,
4C.v. 1,514,699 71
Deduct dividends declared and
paid. 174,582 00
Toto! amount received from in?
come In five years.$1,131,625 04
Increase of debt in same period, viz :
In bonds, notes paya?
n?le, 40..$1,316,990 05
Deduct amount ap?
plied Ia redemp
tian of South Weet?
ara Railroad Bank
Io the adjust?
and lo ex
5^?"f26T,6?7 27 842,325 73 474,664 32
Total amount remaining to be ac?
counted for arising from In?
come and from Increased in
debtedness combined.$1,606,189 36
Disposition ol above amount :
Restoration ol road prop?
erty .$552,634 Ol
Cars and locomotives. 310,248 41 $862,882 42
Water front on Coop
River, and other
lands, being addi?
of property.$123,877 06
Macon and Augusta
shares. 286,260 00
New York, Balli?
more and Phlladel
p h i a steamship
shares. 269,333 33
Greenville and Co?
mortgage bonds. 69,350 00 $748,820 39
The establishment of steamship lines to
New York, Philadelphia and Ballimore was as
essential in restoring and confirming the value
of your property as th? rebuilding of the
road. And the constant danger and almost
dally menace, for several years, that tbe
Greenville Railroad was about to pass Into
hands that would dlreot all of its business
over the Wilmington and Manchester Road,
rendered a close alliance with the Macon
and Augusta Road almost as Important
to us as the steamboat lines. In these views
the stockholders unanimously concurred,
aa will be seen by the reports and resolu?
tions adopted in the several annual conven?
tions from 1866 lo 1872, both Inclusive:
It has been said in another place that
tbe increase ol Indebtedness since 1866
But ll Is not to be Inferred that the company
ls that much worse off now than lt was then.
Prom the total debt of the company has
ilways been deducted the assets in band In
the form of stocks, bonds, <?c , so as to ex?
hibit the balance of indebtedness.
This balance on the 1st Jan
lary, 1867, was.$3,459,690 49
But there was subsequently added
is part of the debt then existing
5230,000 premium on a large
imouat of tho sterling debt, for
which settlement in United Slates
surrency was demanded and had
o be made. 280,000 00
Correct balance ni Indebtedness
1st January, 1867.$3,739,590 49
Balance ot ludebtedness 1st
Tanuary, 1872, after deducting
xonds, stocks, ?c., la band*, as
ibove described. 3,680,579 34
Toar property ls now entirely restored,
ind ia more efficient condition than at any
ime In the whole period of Its history; your
natured and pressing debts have been to a
arge extent arranged for and funded In new
ssueB of bonds at long dates.
Tour business bas largely augmented, and
he promise of the future ls more encouraging
han at any time. The acquisition of the
Ireenville Railroad bas exceeded In the re
alts our most sanguine expectations.
The loc?me of that road for 1871
'ue operating expenses. 300,000
ind now that the litigation ia which lt was
nvolved is at an end, we look confidently to
i most proa table return from this lnvest
The question of dividends, as far as
he past ls concerned, seems to be plain and
ilmple. Had lt beeu financially possible to
lave declared and paid even tour per cent.
>er annum during the last five years, the
lebt of the company to-day would have been
1,000,000 more than lt ls now. What would
he shares lo such a case be worth 1*
But the payment of dividends during that
lerlod was impossible; the postponement ol
red Hors pressing for Judgment against the
oad, or holding an overdue first mortgage,
or the purpose of distributing the earuings
.moog the stockholders, would have caused
ce loss of our entire property. We could
tot be unmindful oi the fate of the Charles
on and Savannah Railroad, the Wilmington
nd Manchester, LaurenB, Spar tan burg and
Inion, the Blue Ridge Road, and we may add
he Greenville and Colombia Railroad also.
As to the future, we can only say that there
re no stockholders more deeply interested or
lore earnestly desirous ol receiving dlvl
ends iban the directors themselves.
The report for the past year will show what
lay be possible in that respect, and we re
pectfully urge upon the stockholders the
luty and advantage of a punctual and general
ttendance at the approaching convention, to
ecelve and consider the report to be made ol
he operations of the year 1872.
Respect fully, G. A. TREN HOLM,
GEO. W. WILLIAMS,
L. D. DESACSSORK.
THE OLD WORLD'S SEWS.
L Liberal Appropriation for the German
Navy-The Carllat movement Album?
ins; New Importance.
LONDON, March 10.
Cardinal Cullen in a pastoral letter strongly
leaounces the Irish University bill.
There are strong indications that the Btrlke
n the Welch mines ls about over.
A special from Berlin lo the Times says that
be Germans are refusing to evacuate Bellort
inttl the payment of the war Indemnity by
france ls completed. The German govern
nent appropriates $80,000,000 lor the consunc?
i?n of ships and BL 'p yards.
PARIS, March 10.
A dispatch from Bayonne says that the Car
lets ia the Spanish province of Gulpuzzoa
jave cut the railroad and burned several sta
.lons between San SebuMlan and Ima. Travel
jetweeu those towns Is entirely suspended.
1. band of insurgents Is threatening Irun, and
t ls feared the iowa will fail into their hands.
BARCELONA, March 10.
A Federal Republic has been proclaimed in
his city. The greatest excitement and entbu
* METHODIST MINISTER DEPOSED.
BALTIMORE, March 10,
Thia morning in the annual conference of
he Methodist Eslecopal Church, South, the
iommiltee appointed for the trial of the Rev.
r. F. Clark, of White Sulphur Springs. West
Hrglnla, of which committee the Rev. N.
?ead is chairman, reported the charges of
inmorality sustained, and Clark was expelled
rom the cburcb. The committee in the case
if the Rev. Dr. Houston are taking testimony.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
-Commodore Edmund M. Henry is dead.
-In answer to certain propositions, the
'rlbune announces editorially that it will net
ell itself or Its opinions.
-AdviceB lrom the Beat ot war report that
laptaln Jack has yielded, and the Modoc war
-The meeting ot the Journeymen shoe
lakers In New York, to organize a strike, was
ut slimly attended, and tbe project ls ooosld
red a failure.
THE CHARLESTON COLLEGE.
A SKETCH OF ITS HISTORY, CONDI?
TION AND PROSPECTS.
Its Advantages for the Education of
Charlestonlans-Improvements In the
The College of Charleston ls now about to
close Its winter term, the commencement ex?
ercises being expected to take place on
Tuesday, the 25th instant. A brief recess will
then be taken, and the exercises of the Col?
lege will be resumed on Tuesday, ihe 8lh of
April. Candidates for admission to the Col?
lege will be examined on Monday, the 24tb
Instant, and alBO on the first day of the new
term, the 8th proximo. It ls expected that
the commencement exercises will take place
as usual at the Academy of Music, but the de.
tails of the exhibition have not yet been de?
THE HISTORY OF THE CO LC EU E.
This venerable institution was first organ?
ized In 1785. A number ot legacies had at
that time been left by certain public spirited
citizens to be devoted to "the first college in
South Carolina," and an application was made
to the General Assembly ot that year lor a
charter lor the College ot Charleston. It hap?
pened, however, that some other movements
had been set on foot for the establishment ot
certain other educational Institutions in the
upper part of the State, and tbe same aot ol
the General Assembly, approved March 19,
1785, which incorporated the College ol
Charleston, also contained charters for a col?
lege at the Village of Wlnusboro.and another In
lue vicinity of Ninety-Six. The Institution at
Wlnnsboro' was Boon after established, and,
we believe, ls still In existence, but J
lt has never couierred degrees nor ex
arclsed any ol the distinctive functions t* |
i college, and the one at Niuety-Slx was
never began. The legacies, however, were
ilstrlbuted equally among the three Institu?
tions, and the one which Is now the College
sf Charleston was soon aller opened by Bish?
op Smith, who was IIB first principal. The
property then comprised the same ground
that is now held by the Collage, being the
square bounded by George, Green, St Phillp
md College streets; and the school, lor lt was
it first no more than a grammar school, was
neld In a long building running from George
to Green streets, which bad been occupied
taring the Revolutionary war as a barrack for 11
the British troops. Ihe second principal ot ?<
the school was Dr. Buist, father ol the Hon.
Seorge Buist, the present probate Judge ol 11
Charleston County, and its first graduate was j
.he Right Rev. Nathaniel Bowen, the third
Episcopal bishop of the diocese of South Car?
inna. In 1824 the institution was
ORGANIZED AS A COLLEGE
)y the union of three o( the principal grara
nar schools In the city, thea kept respectlve
y by Mr. John Dixon, Mr. Wm. Balley and
ir. Gilbert. The most advanced pupils ol all
hese schools formed the first freshman class
if the new college, and a large grammar
chool was organized la connection with the
?liege, and received the other boys from the
bree schools. A year or two after this foun
iatlon of the college the present extensive
lulldlng, which ironts on Green street, and
ixtendairom College to St. Philip street, was
irected, and the Rev. Jasper Adams waa
sleeted president of the college. This con
Inned until 1835, when the exercises of ihe
iollege were Interrupted until 1838. In thal j
rear the property of the college was trans
erred to the city, and the city undertook the
mpport ol the institution. The college was j
eopened In 1?.38 with Dr. Wm. J. Brantley as
>reeldent, and it has been In successful opera
ion ever Blnce, wlih the exception of the year J
865, when the distracted condition of the elly I
caused a temporary suspension ol the exer
lises. Dr. Brantley was succeeded In the
iffice of president by Professor Wm. Perropeau
"joley, now ol Aiken, who retired In 1858,
vben Dr. N. Russell Middleton, the present
?resident of the college, was elected.
THE FACULTY OF THE COLLEGE
a now composed of the following gentlemen
I. Russell Middleton, LL. D., President and
'rofessor ol the Evidences of Christianity,
ind Horry Prolessor of Moral, Intellectual
nd Political Philosophy; Lewis R. Gibbes, M.
)., Professor of Astronomy, Physics and
3 hem is try; Frederick A. Porcher, A. M., Pro
esaor of History and Belles Lettres, Instruct
ir In French; Francis W. Capers, A. M., Pro
essor of Mathematics; Henry M. Bruns, L.L
>., Professor of the Latin and Greek Lan?
gages and Literature, and Instructor in Ger
aan; L. A. Frampton, A. M., Librarian; John
loCrady, A. M., Curator of the Museum.
The course of studies pursued in the college
j Blmilar to that of the best Institutions of the
;lnd in other sections of the country, and lt ls
lalmed that Us mathematical course, In par
Icular, ls more complete and thorough than
hat of any other college In the United States.
3he number of students In attendance during
he past year was thirty-four, and ll this ap-j
.ears small It must be borne In mind that its
luplls have been drawn entirely from the City
if Charleston, and a comparison with other
ol leges which depend for their students upon
he population ol the respective cities In
rhlcb they are located Bhows very favorably
or the College of Charleston. The Columbia
Allege, for Instance, In the City of New Tork,
lad last year one hundred and twenty Bta?
lents, drawn from a white population of
iver nine hundred thousand, while the College I
if Charleston, with a while population of |
ess than twenty-three thousand, bad thlrty
our students. In other words, the pet insti?
ll Hon of the City of New York had; about one | J
itudent lor every seven thousand inhabitants,
vhile the College ol Charleston had about one
itudent for every seven hundred.
There ls uo reason, however, why the preB
mt number of students In this excellent in
itltutlon Bhouid not be largely increased. The
juli dings are ample for the accommodation o? I
nuch larger class, B than are now bad, ihe [
?ndowment of the college supplies it a liberal
lupport, Its advantages are at least equal to
.hat of any other purely collegiate Institution
n the country, and its charges for tuition are
jxceedingly low, being but forty dollars per
rear, or ten dollars per quarter, with no fees
whatever for lectures, matriculation or grad
lation. The college buildings are now being i
mt In thorough repair, and by the openlDg
)f the summer term they will be In first
?ate order. The grounds are also being Un?
loved and beautified, and a complete and
mbstantlal gymnastic apparatus ls bel na con
tructed for the use of the students.
Attached to thia college is the finest mu?
era of natural history to be found in the
Southern States, including many rare sped
nens and preparations which cannot be dupli?
cated in the world.
THE TALE OE A RHO,
A Trae Story with an Obvlots Moral.
Tbe utility of email advertlsenenis ia a
paper of large circulation was aptly illustrated
In THE NEWS of yesterday. It happened that
OD Saturday a valuable diamond ri og was lost
somewhere on East Bay, Harket or King
streets, and that, a few hours later, the ring
was lound on King street. Th? loser was
naturally desirous of recovering the gem, and
the finder was equally anxious to restore lt to
Its owner. Both being sensible persons, they
each Inserted a little advertisement In the
next issue of THE NEWS, and the natural con?
sequence resulted yesterday In tbe owner re?
covering the lost treasure, and the Ander re?
ceiving the gratification ol agood deed grace?
THE CITY AND THE ORPHANS.
A Reply to Alderman Gage's Protest in
the City Connell.
TO THE EDITORS OF TUB SEWS.
The protest presented by Alderman Gage at
the last regular meeting and ordered to be
spread on the minutes was unexpected, as
the reception which greeted his motion on
the same subject at the previous meeting of
Council it was to be supposed would have
satisfied him that such sentiments were un?
congenial to our conservative Council.
I propose briefly to examine In detail bis
several objections. The first reason, be
alleges, for depriving the Sisters of their ap?
propriation, which, on being granted, was
made perpetual, Is beoause their institution
Is sectarian. Hy reply ls, lt is not more so !
than the oiber. The one objects not to re- '
celve children, under certain restrictions, of !
all denominations. Neither does the other.
The one declines to invite the Protestant !
minister; the other, the Catholic. In the one
tbe Protestant religion ls exclusively Inculca
ted; lc the other the Catholic. Is it not clear,
theo, that the withholding of the Sisters* ap- 1
propriatlon would involve the non-appropria- ?
ting ef the other, and that the granting of the
one necessarily Implies the granting of all '
auch appropriations as can come as well re?
commended as was the Sisters'-three thou?
sand citizens, representing two-thirds of the
Laxes, having signed their petition. Another
reason he alleges, economy. As the ministers
ot retrenchment and retorm, he Bays we 1
should economize, and illustrates by making (
Lbe preposterous assertion that for one-third ,
3f $6000-Bay $2000-one hundred and ten .
ihildren could be maintained In the publlo <
3rphanhouse. This* I pass by as unworthy t
in y reply-lt bears loo unmistakably its own ,
refutation on Its blank face.
Our worthy Mayor's report proves that the
appropriation of $6,000 has proven a most
iconomlc measure. The lacie are corrobora?
ted by figures, In the archives of the treasury, i
that about double the sum was appropriated '
tor the public Orphanbouse, when the fiist
ippropt tallon was made to the Sisters, and at I
.bat time, as since, a great reduction bad been ,
affected. Now, the minimum figure of $20,000
nae been reached. The public Insulation bas 1
resides an Income of $7,000- or nearly-lo I
round figures $27,000 to maintain 230 children. t
Now, in Justice, half that sum should'be
iwarded the Sisters, as they maintain half
that number nearly, and their nnmbers are <
noreaalng whilst the others are decreasing, y
Dr. reverse lbe euee, and say that $6,000 Is
sufficient for the Sisters, then twice that sum
?honld be ample for the other, viz : $12,000
rem which deduct $7,000 private fund-and i
.he appropriation ibis year 9bould bave been ,
55.000 nol $20,000. I might here add that the
listers are not blessed with a palatial home, 1
>r appurtenances. That they popsess not the <
lower of steam, are uot furnished with phy- i
ilclan or medicines, and innumerable valuable ?
iddenda. Viewing these lacis, unprejudl
iially, no future member ol Council can I
nake a moiioc. In the Interests of our city, to |
ibohsh this appropriation. Another reason ,
he alderman avers influeuces him-lt would
irove pe. llous to our Republican institutlons. 1
.-low lbe exercise of charity In educating and '
raining our destitute youth, and seeing that (
.hey are properly apprenticed, and following ,
.hem with wise precepts and vigilant guarn?- ?
inshlp to maturity, cxa have other than a be- <
alga influence-none but a prejudiced and in- i
nierant mind can conceive, and ls unworthy .
Uiiber re tere t ce. Besides, he says lt would
nteifere wllh our public schools, the bulwark, '
kc. My reply is, that Republicanism ls fully '
is strongly anchored In our elster city Of Sa
rannah as here, and lhere a special appropri
itlon is made and yearly paid for the Catholic
ichools; where permission ls granted In Ibis <
ree country that the text booka of their own
selection may be read and the teachers ap?
proved by their clergy may educate the Catt?
I have now, seriatim, answered the alder
nan's several objections and may be excused
rom replying to the many cogent reasonB
which yet remain locked up in his capacious
losom. A discerning public need not be re
nlnded thal this discussion has been unpro?
voked. It has been lorced upon our commu?
nty: first, by a moiton that no roan in Council
would second; again by a communication to
which no one replied; followed by a protest,
illowedtogo on record. This is my reply,
ind whilst I deplore sectarian discussion, and ,
shall ever be slow to engage In lt, when the
ssue ls forced upon me I shall be ever ready
.0 defend tho right and maintain the dignity
)f the citizen, free and independent. Ci vis.
A Question of Arithmetic.
TO THK EDITORS OF TBE NEWS.
I/, as Alderman Gage states, $49 96 be suffi?
cient lo maintain one orphan for one year,
ben 230 Inmates of the City Orpbanhouse !
would coal $11,260 80. Now. the amount ap?
propriated by Council ls $20,000, to which
Boat be added $7,000-the private lund of the
nstlluilon, and the difference between that
imount, $27,000, und that which he states
lufficlent for lbe maintenance ot the children
-$11,260 80-leaves a balance of $15,739 20, ,
which, one Interested may ask, what dlsposl
.lon Bhall be made of lt ? TAXPAYER.
A BLACK MAIL PLOT.
Vindication of Mr. Peter Pup in and an
Exposure of his Traducers.
TO THE EDITORS OF THK NEWS.
From Information received from seemingly
-esponslble parties In New York, concerning
the character and business ol Peter Papln, '
Esq., lt waa deemed advisable to warn our 1
Mlzens against hts schemes of emigration, ?fcc, 1
mill reliable Information could be obtained
rom the New York officials on the subject. '
accordingly, I telegraphed the chief of police 1
ll that city" staling Hie charges against Mr. ,
Papln, and requeBtlug an Investigation of the ,
;ase, to which (he lollowlne reply has been
eceived, and ls now, at the request ol Mr.
Papln, reierred to the papers ol ibis elly in
ustice Io himself and for the Information oi
ill concerned. JOHN C. MINOTT,
Chief of Police. '
Charleston, S. C., March 10. j
OFFICE SUPERINTENDENT OP POLICE, ) !
NEW YORK, Match 5,1873. [ 1
rohn C. Ninon ESL, Chief of Police, Charleston, 1
SIR-Yours of the 25th ultimo received, and
jontents noted. Below please find transcript I
if report made lo Captain Irving by the offl- 1
:er who WBB directed to make an Investiga- 1
Ion In the Papin casp. ?
Yours respectfully, I
JAMES J. KELSO, Superintendent. j
Captain James Irving-I have Investigated
,he enclosed, and from what I can learn Mr.
Peter Papln IB o gentleman, and the parties
iccupying the basement No. 109, Fourth
iveuue, and who wrote to Charleston about
lim, are sawdust swindlers, and their object i
n writing Is lo black mall him. .
GEO. H. DUES, Detective.
DAMAGE BY THE GALE, j
PHILADELPHIA. March 10. !
An extensive ship house, ut Wood & Co.'s i
ihip yard, at Kalghnes Point, N. J., was i
ilown down this morning In a gale of wind, i
t was two hundred and fifty feet long, eighty i
feet wide, and about eighty feet high, lhere i
vere twenty-five men employed on a vessel i
n the lower part ol the house, but the wind I
:arrled tbe wreck away from the vessel and I
io one was Injured. i
THE RAEROAD TAX CASES.
FINAL DECISION ST THE UNITED
STATES SUFREME COURT.
The South Carolina and Northeastern
Railroads Peclared Liable to Taxa?
tion, and the Chura iv and Darlington
A dispatch was received In this city last eve?
ning announcing that the United States Su?
preme Court had yesterday rendered a decis?
ion in the cases involving the question of the
liability of the South Carolina, Northeastern,
and Cheraw and Darlington Railroad Compa?
nies to State and city taxation. The dispatch
was received by ex-City Attorney Corbin, who
represented the City of Charleston In these
cases, (rom Mr. D. H. Chamberlain, who rep?
resented the State, and was as follows :
In the case of Humphreys vs. Pegues, (Che?
raw and Darlington Railroad case,) the decis?
ion ol the Circuit Court that the property of
the road ls not taxable bas been sustained. In
the cases of Tomlinson vs. Jessup, (North?
eastern Railroad case,) and of Charleston vs.
Branch, (South Carolina Railroad case,) the
decisions of the Circuit Court, similar to the
above, were reversed.
The following dispatch from the Associated
Press Indicates tbe grounds of the decision In
the case of the Cheraw and Darlington Rail?
WASHINGTON, March 10.
The Supreme Court to-day, In the case of
Humphrey et al, vs. Pegues, irom the United
States Circuit Court ot South Carolina, de?
cided that the Cheraw and Darlington Railroad
In South Carolina ls, by the laws of the State,
exempt from taxation, and that the law ol
1808, enacted to repeal this exemption, ls
fold. The opinion of tha court says: "It is
too late to raise the question whether a State
bas the power to bina itself against imposing
-axes, for lt bas been beld In thia court that a
3tate has the power to bind itself lo relin?
quishing the taxing power, and such a pro vis?
on of exemption ls a contract which the
State may not subsequently Impair."
A Confirmation via Sumter.
[SPECIAL TKLKQKAM TO THE NEWE ]
SOUTER, MARCH 10.
A dispatch has just been received from
(Washington, by Governor Moses, to tbe effect
bat the case of the Sute vs. the Cheraw and
Darlington Railroad has been decided in favor
)f the company and the cases ol the State vs.
.he Sooth Carolina and Northeastern Railroads
n favor of the Slate.
A TOUCHING APPEAL.
To his Honor the Mayor and Board of Health:
We have watched with much interest the
Illing up of the pond opposite Rutledge ave
ine. Dead cate, dogs, Ac, have contributed
such to the deposits. So muob so that we
leered at one time lt would become a nuls
ince to the whole neighborhood. But we
?vere glad to see these covered up speedily
ind securely by good earth, so that when the
ivork was completed these putrid animal r?
nains would beoome Inert.
The work for some reason or other has been
mspended Just before lt has reached the
causeway, and If lt be allowed to rest there
;he stench must necessarily ooze out and be?
come Insupportable to the neighborhood, and
f sickness does not follow, lt will bo because
iad smells cannot produce lt. But with many
persons, part'cularly ladies, bad smells will
produce often serious results, such as fainting,
;nUre loss of appetite, and all the evils that
result from constant nervous Irritation and
want of food. We hope, therefore, as the
:hlef municipal officer, that n&twithstAndlug
rour other labors for the good and prosperity
ol the city, which you have carried out with
the zeal and perseverance of one who has the
real good of the city at heart, and as chairman
of the Board of Health, you will have this
work completed, and prevent the evil which
will certainly follow ll lt ls allowed to remain
In Its present condition until the bot weather
develops the smell.
With great respect,
Charleston, S. C., March 10,1873.
THE SEASON AT PENDLETON.
Unprecedented Severity of the Weather
-Its Effect on the Crops-The Stock
[PROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
PENDLETON, March 5.
When I last wrote you about the unprece?
dented severity ol onr ?Inter I did hope we
should have no iurther cause to complain, but
throughout the month of February, with a
very few days exception, we had but little
agreeable weather, lt being either too wet or
too cold, so tbut the larmer could do but little
towards preparing for a crop. Scarcely any
ploughing has been done, even spring oats hav?
ing been sown but by few, and there has been a
most backward preparation for cotton or any
other crop. Oats and late sown fall wheat
have been very much killed out, and there ls
not haifa stand In many Instances within my
Knowledge. I walked two bundred yards to?
day through a lot ol wheat sown on my own
farm and saw but two plants standing, and
the eland ls very light on lbs earlier sown
Held. There is not half a stand ol oats sown
Marob set In with snow on the first day,
wblcb, with sleet, continued through the
night, ending with rain on the second. The
third day cleared with the thermometer at
twenty-eight degrees. On the fourth day ll
was down to sixteen degrees, and to-day (the
ruth) lt is at fourteen degrees. The monn
lalns In Bight are covered with snow, and,
although lt 1B clear here, lt ls one of the most
disagreeable days we have bad this winter on
account of the high and culling west and
northwest winds. No gardening bas been
done, and there ls not a sign of a bloom on a
peach tree up to dale.
We have a remarkable coincidence In the
weather the present and last year. There
having been snow on the first and a heavy
sleet and snow at night on the 2d of March
last year. We have had lesB snow thia winter
than lhere was last winter, but that season
cannot be compared with this for the Intense
:ol? and disagreeable weather. Indeed, your
correspondent has lived to see seventy-five
winters, and has no recollection of any one to
compare with this. Il is said lhat good crops
follow hard winters, but our present pros?
pects are truly discouraging io the larmer
Many in our county regret the failure of the
passage in our Legislature of the stock law,
a lt would require much less fencing to se
jure our stock than crops. Our timber ls be?
coming scarce In many sections, and to con?
done to cut dows what is left will reader our
leasons much more unreliable than hereto?
fore. _ S.
THE WEATHER THIS DAT.
WASHINGTON. March 10.
Probabilities: On Tuesday the areas of
owest barometer will move eastward, over
the lakes and the Ohio Valley. Southeast
?vlnds, cloudy and threatening weather will
prevail from the Middle Statea and the lower
lakes to Tenneseee. Southerly winds, wlih
threatening weather will prevail in the Gulf
States. Falling barometer, Increasing south
arly winds and cloudiness will prevail on the
the South Atlantic coast. Southeast winds,
veering to southwest, with rising tempera?
ture, cloudy and threatening weather, will
extend over the Middle States by Tuesday
alght. Partly cloudy weather, with rising
temperature, will prevail In New England.
Brisk northerly winds will extend lrom Mls
lourl to Texas by Tuesday alternoon.
TBE FEDERAL CAPITAL.
Congratulations of the Diplomatie
Corps to President Grunt-Tho Pre i I- :
dent's Little Speech.
WASHINGTON, March 10.
The Diplomatic corps, in lull court costume,
called on the President to-day, to congratu?
late him on bis re-Inauguration. Many o?
them were accompanied by the ladies of their
families, several ladles of the Cabinet officers'
households were also present, and nearly all
the members of the Cabinet were In attend?
ance. After the usual formalities between
the President and the foreign representatives,
Blacqne Bey, the Turkish Minister, who Is, by
vlrtne of seniority, the.dean of the corps, made
the folio wing address :
Mr. President-1 have the honor to offer yon
the congratulations of the diplomatic corps
upon this the occasion of your rein augur?t lon.
I ieel both pleased and flattered that the duty
bas devolved upon me to express lo yon the
sincere wishes of my colleagues and myself
for lbe preservation of your Hie and the con?
sequent success of your administration.
To this the President replied :
ifr. Sean-I receive with sensibility the
congratulations which you offer on behalt of J
your colleagues accredited to this govern?
ment. My intercourse with you all baa hub?
erto been agreeable, and I trust may- so con?
tinue. It ls my wish and shall be my pur?
pose in the future, as In the past, to keep up
with the countries which you represent these-]
clal and friendly relations which are essential
to general prosperity and. happiness.
Nominations and ConAnnatlon.
The following nominations were sent to the j
Senate to-day: v
Jno. T. C>ark, postmaster, Savannah, Ga.; j
Jas. L. Dunning, postmaster, Atlanta, Ga.; R.
S. Taylor, postmaster, Athens, Ga.; W. W.
Holden, postmaster, Raleigh, N. C.; Elizabeth
Van Lew, postmistress, Richmond, Ya.; Ed?
ward Belcher, postmaster, Macon, Qa.; Wm.
L. Scruggs, Jr., mlolster to Columbia.
The following nominations were confirmed:
Nelson Platt, collector. Corpus Christi;
Nicholas Y. Beard, postmaster, Marshall,
Texas; Hughes, attorney, Middle District ot
Tennessee; Wm. H. Smyth, marshal for Geor?
gia; Colonel Parker, surveyor ol customs, New
Orleans; Goes, collector of customs, St. Augus?
The Caldwell case was discussed In the
Senate but without any final- action being
A Senatorial Caucus.
The Republican Senators met In caucus
after the adjournment ot the Senate this af?
ternoon to conslde; the demand of the Demo?
crats 1er inoreased minority representation on
the committees, and after some discussion tbe
matter was referred to a sub-committee of
five for report at an adjourned meeting to?
morrow. The sub-committee consists of j
Stewart, Conkllng, Scott, Wright and West.
The caucus reconsidered Saturday's vote re
gardlL? the case of Patterson, and decided not
to take the case up for consideration In the
Senate, no action being possible for the reason
t hat Patterson ls no longer a member o? the
The Freedmen's Bank Case.
The comptroller of the correnoy io the
statements which have Just been sent out has
abbreviated to a considerable extent the
schedules which accompany the reports and
required the banks to report the average
daily reserve for the preceding thirty days,
and the highest rate of interest on dally
balances. The report to the comptroller of I
the currency ot the national bank examiner [
upon the condition of the Freedmen's Savings
and Trust Company, of this city, was intended
to furnish Congress informally ' In regard to
the technical violation of the law under
wnlch the Institution was organized. The
seourlty upon which the loans were made ls
considered by tbe comptroller and the exami?
ner, with a lew exceptions, as good for the
amount loaned. There ls nothing In the re?
ports which convey the Impression that the
bank cannot respond to the demands of de?
The Examiner states that tbe executive offi?
cers are, in bis opluloo, men of the most un- J
doubted integrity ot character, devoted to the
best interests ot the institution, who have
educated themselves to a practical knowledge
ot ihe business ol the Institution, which prom- j
i sea a prosperous future tor the Institution.
The comptroller of the currency states thal
the bank will be able to correct the mistakes
already made, and oontlnue a business of
great usefulness to the class ol depositors for |
whose benefit the Institution waa organized.
A Shabby Slander.
Late information from Laurens County. 8.
C., proves that the reported Eu-Klux outrages
there were base fabrications by certain Radi?
cal officials. The only foundation there was
tor the report was a row between two drunken
General Dent, who bas been for the past
four vcars lo charge ot the reception rooms at J
the White Bouse, noa been ordered to his regi?
ment. W. H. Crook succeeds Dent
Sawyer for the Cabinet.
The Southern Republican Press Association,
L. Cass Carpenter president, ls in the city,
with the view ol urging lbe President lo place
In bis Cabinet a representative man from the
South. Thursday evening ibis association held
a caucus for tbe purpose of determining
whom they should recommend to the Presi?
dent for this Important place. Resolutions
were drawn lavoring both ex-Senalor Pool
j and Settle, of North Carolina, but both
were voted down, and lt was Anally devel?
oped that ex-Senalor Sawyer, of Soulh Caro- j
lina, was the choice of the majority. Later
the same evening Mr. Carpenter called on the
President and expressed a desire that be
would grant the association an interview on
the subject the following forenoon, which was
accorded. Yesterday the associai lon had the
promised interview, and the Piesldent was
formally requested not to forget the South in
any change ne might make, and a careful con?
sideration of the mailer was assured by the
JOTTINGS ABOUT THE STATE.
-Five hundred taxpayers in Fairfield are
yet loth to settle up with the State.
-The eldest son of Mr. B. Gladoey, at
Monticello, died recently irom meningitis.
-The masked bali at Graham's, on the 28th
ultimo, was a success.
/-A drunken affray occurred on the night of
the 1st Instant, between two negroes named
Nelson Stephens and Marlin Lawton, at Major
W. W. Hullo's place near Blackville, In which
the former was fatally slabbed. I/iwton es?
-H. Middleton, who has been confined In
Jail at York ville since last November, charged
with complicity In the Roundiree murder, was
admitted to ball by Commissioner T. M. Wilkes
on Tuesday last, In a bond of five thousand
-Governor Moses has appointed Walter
steele, of Charleston, a notary public; 0. A.
Darling, county auditor of EdgeAeld, vloe F.
A. Ballinger removed; Warren R. Marshall,
trial justice of Fairfield, vice Howell Edmunds
-The Columbia Phoenix says: "Two of onr
German fellow-citizens are nreparlng lo re?
turn to fatherland-neighbor Gottlieb Eilbardt,
who has been a resident of Columbia for more
than thirty years, and Mr. Jacob Hussung and
-A train loaded with Iron, on the South
Carolina Railroad, collided with a train ai
Doko, nineteen miles from Columbia, at nine
o'clock Tuesday morning. Six cars were
wrecked, but no lives lost. Passengers north?
ward bound were detained an hour, when the
wreck waa cleared away.
-The Marlon Star says : "We are officially
Informed by ihe clerk of tbe board of couniy
commissioners, lhat the debt of the county,
contracted by ihe predecessors ol the present
board and billi unpaid, amounis to eighteen
thousand and forty-two dollars and twenty
five cents. The debts contracted by ihe pre?
sent board are being promptly paM.
-In Winnsboro' on sales-day 1272 acres be?
longing to the estate ot C. D. Ford, deceased,
brought an av?ra e of $1.90 per acre; 600 acres
of Asaph Hill, $2000; 48 acres belonging io Eli
Harrison's estate $106; 120 acres belonging to
estate or James Cathcart, $200; two town lote
belonging to same estate, $430; 555 acres be?
longing to estate Wm. Broom, $2075.75.
-Saturday, tbe 1st instant, was a gala day
at St. Augustine. The main event of the day
waa a yacht race, In which the winning yacht's
and prizes werona follows: Oceola $80, Dex?
ter $20, Eagle $15. Then there were tub races,
pig chasing, sack racing, pole climbing, band
playing and general Jollity.
THE REDRESS OF A NATIONAL GRIEV?
ANCE PROMISED AT LAST.
Mr. Gladstone's S?llente for Irian Uni?
[Correspondence of tbe Kew Tork Wt rid.]
LONDON, February 16.
Tbe night of Thursday, the 13th of February,
1673, should be a date long remembered, in
the annals of British political history. On
tbat night bills for two of the most Important
reforms of the age were Introduced In Par?
liament-one in tbe Lords and tbe other la
the Commons. In the Lords, In a speech ot
wonderful lucidity, the new Lord Chancel?
lor-he who was Sir Bonndell Palmer and
now ls Lord Selbourne-brought forward his
measure for the complete reconstruction of
the judicial system of England and the aboli?
tion ot the right of appeal to the House of
Lords. In another letter I have explained the
features of this projected reform, and I nava
only to say of it here that If Lord Selbourne
succeeds In the great task he has undertaken,
he will win victory where a long Hst ol Illus?
trious Lord Chancellors, from Brougham down
to Hatberly, have failed. In the Commons,
on this memorablo nlgbr, Hr. Gladstone intro?
duced bis long-expected measure for univer?
sity education in Ireland-the measnre which
is to crown the work commenced by the dis?
establishment of the Irish Church, and ad?
vanced by the Irish land bill, the measnre
which ls to remove the last reasonable causa '
lor Irish discontent, the measnre which la to
lop off the last branch and out op the last root
of the Upas tree which Mr. Gladstone, five
years ago, declared poisoned everything bs
neath lie fatal shade.
The secret of th?) government bad been so
perfectly well kept that no one outside the
cabinet knew whit the measure waa to be.
The anxiety concerning lt was universal, the
House was crowded and the galleries were
paoked, and although Mr. Gladstone's speech
was exactly three hours long, and much of lt
was made up of dry details ot figures, he held
his audience so closely that when he sat down
the benches were as full aa when he com?
menced. I saw the corpse-like lace or Arch?
bishop Manning In the speaker's gallery-and
I hear that he ls tolerably well satisfied with
the proposed measures. The Irish members,
at the conclusion of Mr. Gladstone's speech,
were also generally well Ba tl siled; bnt I am
told to-day that as they examine the details of
the measure they find lt less satisfactory than
they supposed. Bnt what la ll?
It ls a measure to remove what the Roman
Cai holies of Ireland-four-fliths of the whole
population-regard as a great grievance. This
grievance ls that the religious education
which they desire and deem necessary for
their children cannot be obtained along with
university training. They bave a great thirst
for learning; but they believe tbat learning
without religion ls pernicious, and by religion
they mean their religion. Protestants In
Ireland do not have thia grievance. The great
Trinity College, Dublin, which Mr. Gladstone
described as "the wealthiest college In the
world;" the university which this college?, In a
truly Irish reversal of rules, controls, and the
Queen's Colleges at Galwav, Belfast and
Cork, all institutions chartered by tbe State
and supported by public money, are all Pro?
testant institutions, and the Irish Protestante
have a supply of university education far
greater than the demand. The Catholics
some years ago lou oded a college of their own
In Dublin, aud endowed lt out of their own
slender resources; bul the government refused
to charter it, and lt consequently could grant
no degrees. Ia a word, no Irish Caihollo
could receive a university degree without
doing violence to bis conscience and dlsobey
log me rules ol his religion. Mr. Gladstone's
measure for removing ibis grievance may be :
thus briefly described: Dublin University fs to
be severed from Trinity College and made Into
a national university lor Ireland, with a gov?
erning body consisting of twenty-eight mem?
bers, chosen in the first instance Dy Parlia?
ment, and composed of men ol all parties and
religious opinions. It ls not to come Into act?
ual existence until the 1st January, 1876, and
lt will not reach tbe full developmeat of Its In?
dependence until 1885. The chancellor lt to
be the lord-lieutenant, and ihe vice-chancellor '
Is to be chosen by the governing body. Ont
of the revenues of Trinity College, ? li, OOO
a year ls to be taken towards tbe main?
tenance of the new university; ?10,000 more
will come out of tbe consolidated fond, and If
more ls required lt will be taken from th?
surplus property of the disestablished church.
Trinity College Is to be secularized. Ail tests
are to be abolished, and the theological faculty
Is to be removed outside the college and put
under the direction ot the governing body of
the disestablished churcb. Then Trinity Col?
lege, thus secularised, the Queen's colleges
(except that at Galway, which le to be wound
up,) the Roman Catholic University, and the
Magee College, at Belfast, are to be affiliated
to the new university, together with euoh
other colleges as may be determined in the
first Instance by Parliament, and subseqnently
by the governing body. But In tbe new na?
tional university there will not only be no
chair of theology, bul neither moral philoso?
phy nor modern history will be taught;
nor will any student be examined In
these two latter subjects against bis
will, nor can there be any examina?
tions upon them in the case of students com?
peting for emoluments. The expenses of the
new university will be ?60,000, via: ?26,000 for
the encouragement of learning, thus divided
-ten fellowships ananally of ?200 a year, ten?
able for five years; twenty-five exhibitions an?
nually of ?50 a year, and one hundred bursa?
ries annually of ?26 a year, tenable lor four
years; ?20,000 a year for the staff ot profes?
sors, and ?5000 a year for examinations, build?
ings, and general expenses. This ls more than
liberal-lt is almost lavish; and If the govern?
ing body of the new university ls composed of
men satisfactory to tbe Catholics, and If they
do not find an Insurmountable objection In
toe exclusion of the three prohibited subjects,
lt seems probable that the scheme will work.
The Catholics can send their boys to the Cath?
olic college as now; there they can receive la
perfect education In all branches; when they
go up to pass their examinations for degrees,
tor honors, and lor emoluments, they simply
will not be examined In three of the branches
in which they have studied. That will be all M
-and I think this will do. PICCADILLY ,
COLOR AT THE SIG BALL. '
Society at th? National Capital-The
Colored Belles at thc Inaufroratlam
[New York World Correspondence.]
No one who bad anything to do with the
management of the ball could be mad? to
believe that the colored population would
not appear at the ball. Of course the colored
population have. They ara here In gorgeous
array, with glares of defiance in their faces or
expressions of excessive patronage. They
dely us to put them out. It may suit ibo car?
pet-baggers very well. No one else here, Re?
publican or Democrat, ls pleased. Senator
opencer, of Alabama, speaks lu toity fashion
about its not hurting anybody for the dark
colors to be in. Perhaps lt does not. It de?
Dends entirely upon what one ls accustomed
to. One trio called forth special Indignation.
A perfectly white man was sandwiched be?
tween two colored women. This caused gen?
eral remark and irritation; but the latter was
somewhat soothed when lt was lound that the
maniwas a Java merchant ana the two women
were women ot rank. Among those present
at the bail were J. W. L. Bornee, with the two
daughters of George Downing, the caterer:
Mr. Cardoso, the colored secretary of State or
South Carolina, and lady; Congressman El?
liott, ot South Carolina, and lady; Barber and
lady; the Wile Of the H ay tie u minister; ex
Vice-msident Colfax, with ladles; Senator
and Mrs. Corbett; the Chinese commissioner
of education and his wife, a Chinese princess,
in her native costume.
THE CRUISER CHICK AM A UGA.
NKW Yo BX, March 10.
The ex-prlvateer Chickamauga, recently
purchased by the 8panlsh government, clear?
ed on 8aturday for Havana. Thei crew ofthe
vessel will work under orders of the American
offloers now In charge, until ?*J"**2T"
vana, wheu Spanish officers willirtecbam.
The Ohtckamaug* ls heavily laden wllhprovl
slons and ammuultlonB of war, and carries
two one hundred pound perrott guns.