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VOLUME X.-NUMBER 2179. ' CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 9, 1873. EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR7
WHAT IS SAID IN ENGLAND.
OUBSELVES AS OTHERS SEE VS.
A Liberal Englinh Journal on tho Credit
Mobilier Disclosures-Tue Corruption
of American Congressmen Serving in
Europe as an Argument in Favor of
[From tlie London Spectator, February 22.]
Nothing can be more disheartening io Radi
cala, or indeed to any men who believe in
^* self-government, than the revelations o? cor?
ruption recently reported from the United
States, and yet we appear to discern among
them one gleam of light. A belier lo the cor?
ruptibility of American pol'.!?clans has ol late
years been very widely spread in Europe, per?
haps unduly spread, but until this month lt
was corrected by an impression that the Sen?
ate, ai all events, was pure. That body was
not elected by a Democracy, but by the ?lite of
the people, the State legislatures; lt was tined
by men of a different stamp from the repre?
sentatives, and lt had a long tradition ol
honor. Its members might "Job" as British
ministers have Jobbed, but the snort tenure ol
American office might account for i bat, aud
after all some one must recommend for locul
appointments; but there was a belief that
they would not betray their truBTfor money.
The revelations tn the American Credit Mo?
bilier case and the Pomeroy case show, how?
ever, that this belief was Ill-founded; that the
position ol senator, the h'ghest In the Union
next to the President's, la sometimes bought
and sold; that the Legislatures which elect
the Senate may be corrupted; and tbat lu the
Senate Itself there exist men whose votes can
be regularly purchased for a moderate sum
of money. Without going Into unproved
scandals, there seems to be no doubt what?
ever that certain managers of the Pacific
Billroad formed a Ring; that under the title
of the Credit Mobilier they sold tc them selves
concessions made by Congress to the Pacific
Railroad; that they resold the?e concessions
at enormous profit-witnesses talk ot divi?
dends ot 1500 per cent; that tney were ar?
raigned In Congress, and that they gave
shares-that ls, money-In amounts nt about
* ?1000 to senators tor protection. How many
senators are Implicated lt ls Impossible to
say. but it Is certain that three at least are j
held by opinion to be guilty. Including Mr.
Schuyler Colfax, the vice-President, who
avers that he can make a lull defence, but
wbo has only escaped impeachment by three
votes. It is certain also that "lobbying," i.e.,
THS PRACTICE OF CARRYING BILLS BT BRIBERY,
bas reached the Senate, that several men
have grown rieb lhere without cause, and
that one man. Mr. Pomeroy, of Kansas, has
been convicted of buying his seal, In order,
as every one admits, io sell its powers. The
revelations are of the most frank character,
and though ibey do not cover a majority of |
the Senate, or any thine like lr, ikey do cover
names heretofore generally respected.
Anything more disheartening could scarcely
be conceived. If ademooracy itself uncorrupi
cannot find or does not care to find repr?sen?
tatives who, after a double winnowing are
commonly "law honest," will abs'ain from
actual bribes or actual plundering of the State
lill, Democracy Is dead before it has well been
born. No Slate can loug survive pecuniary
corruption in Its rulers. They may urge,
as we believe Americans do urge, that,
they do not sell their countrymen;
that an anti-natlooal vote cannot be
bought; that they only receive gratideations
for votes on indifferent matters, or lhat at
worst they only traffic In concessions, bm all
that Is delusive. The men who sell conces?
sions wilt sell . contracts, and in our modern
civil (tulon the very life ol. a nation may de?
pend upon contraer? being honestly perl orin?
ec?, upon ship rivets, and soldiers* boole, and
the quality of powder; and the step from fur- j
nianing boots of paper to betraying an expe?
dition io very* abort Indeed-how short we
may discover from any Hie of the first Duke-]
of Marlborough. When once such a practice
becomes general, the work ol legislation I?
sure io fall to men who make a trade ol' it; |
who, profiting by their work, attend lo lt and
make a monopoly of lt; and the control ol' a |
great country mav be abandoned, as the con?
trol of the great City of New Tork was aban?
doned to a regular Ring, whose almost avow-1
ed object is the plunder of ihe people. The
Ring did not govern New Tork well, but bad?
ly, its ultimate Interest being not only h lc h
prices, but scamped work; und a Ring, lt il
obtained control ol the Union, would not
govern well either, but as badly as Frauce
was governed in the later years or Napoleon.
We do not hesitate lo say that, immensely
powerful as the Union 19, and splendid fight?
ers as the Americans are, It her resources iel i
into the bands ot men like the New York
Bing, she would in her next campaign be de?
feated by Bea and land, If only through cor?
ruption amoog her contractors. The vice ls
fatal, and if lt spreads only a lillie more, we
.ball yet see
TBE TALL OT THE MIGHTY AMERICAN REPUBLIC,
and of the brightest hopes of the race now
covering'he globe. There ls uo conceivable
reason why Australians should swindle less
than Americans, or why Englishmen under
the same conditions should be belter than
either, and ali good or far-sighted men weld
give np the Democratic cause as a hopeless J
However, as we said, with the intelligence
comes also a gleam of light. The real difficulty
In 8indying this problem ot corruption IB to
understand why the people bear it, to decide
whether the electors acquiesce In their sale
by their representatives. If they do, the
struggle ls over; but if they do not, all may be
redeemed. A nation may fail Inti; the hands
o?a corrupt class as into the nandi of a cor?
rupt king, and yet remain Itself uncorrupted.
That certainly happened in England under
- Charles II, when klog, courtiers and states?
men alike accepted bribes which the electo?
rate would have rejected with contemptuous
scorn; and under walpole, when peers apolo?
gized for rejecting bribes which tailors would
have thrown in the laces ot those who offered
them. We see some taint reason io believe
that this Is the case alBo In America, a jd t hat
the ultimate cause of the popular toleration
for corruption ls. popular ignorance. The
electors do not believe their representatives
corrupt. The moment that by any accident
the evidence comes before the people in a
war they trust, there ls an end of the
bribe taker. In this very Pomeroy affair, the
moment Colonel Tork had produced Indisput?
able prools the contest was at an end. The
members ol the Santas houses dared uot face
thftr constituents indignation, and with
Pomeroy'a money In many ol their pockets,
unanimously voted bis dismissal, the election
of bis adversary, and his own arrest on a
criminal Information. In the United States
House of Commons there has been no h?sita?
tion to investigate, no refusal loexpel-Mr.
Ames, 'or instance, belog expelled-except
by the cumbrous method of Impeachment,
and DO Idea that any convicted member will
There ls much lenity about punishment, as
there used to be In England, and indeed still
ls about buying Beats In the House of Com-1
mons; but lt ls evidently felt that tho della
quent? are politically dead, that the electors)
do not intend votes to be sold, and that al?
though they may choose men no better than
those expelled, they will not knowingly
choose the agents ot the "lobbying" Rings.
Wtille they think them merely extravagant
they will bear with them, partly because they
are loo comfortable to care-remember the
debt ls being reduced by ?25,000,000 a year
and partly from that . Horror ot pecuniary
"meanness" which among certain classes in
America, as among the whole lower classes In
England, hos made of thrift an artificial vice
but corruption they decidedly dislike.
This ls so far satisfactory, but we cannot
deny that each of theBe r?v?lations, necessary
as they are it there ls ever to be reform, ls
A SEVERE BLOW STRUCK AGAINST DEMOCRACY.
Grant the electorate Innocent, and we must I
still concede that lt is excessively stupid, it
looks as li average, half-educated working,
men, such as make up the constituency of
Kansas, while ihey can be trusted to fight for
their country, and even to see that slavery is
an evil, cannot be trusted to discern tbe char?
acter of their representatives. They select in
ordinary limes a "bad lot," and when select
ed do not look alter them with anything like
adeqnate keenness and Intelligence. It they
remain poor, that is no credit to them, and If j
they become rich, that ls no cause of suspi?
cion, for they may bave been speculating In
steaks. We do not like the outlook-for En?
glishmen and Americans are essentially ihe
same-any more than we ?Ike the deduction
we are forced to draw-that I he reverence for
muk acts as an antiseptic on the reverence for
We never feel sure, as we read these stories
In American papers, and French pipers, and
German papero, that the Eng lah cuaraniee
[ ag dost a repeiiiiou of them ia this country
is not caste pride, the strongest argument lor
aristocracy IQ some sense or other it would
be possible to suggest. It Is a disheartening
thought from our point of view, but we never
den Y a (act, ac ri lhere the fact is that any man
who" offered ?1200 or ?12,000 lo any Ecgllsh
pe- r or county member for his vote would be
summarily ejected from the room. There are
lobbyers among us, too, but they refrain from
punir-? temptation Into that crude form, and
they are powerless against the caste.
OUR SOUTH ATLANTIC NEIGHBORS.
-"Bill Arp" ls to wile a new book, and
have lt Illustrated by a Georgia artist.
-The Eagle and Phoenix Factory of Col um
bus has more orders than it can fill, and the
orders come from all parts of the Union
-A wealthy manufacturer now visiting Co?
lumbus Intends selling out bis interests In
Massachusetts, and building new mills there.
-A man was 6hot lo death In his own house
and In the presence of his lamily, in Gordon
County, on Saturday night last, by a drunken
-The family of Colonel R. A. Alston, of
Atlanta, has entirely recovered from the re
cent serions illness that visited every mern
-?x-Muyor Screven, of Savannah, was pre?
sented, on Tuesday, with a set of eight parlor
pieces of ormulu work, by the city police
. -The Brunswick Appeal says : "A steam
yacht, containing a party of excursionists
from New York, floated Into our bay this
week, tarried a dav, and then proceeded to
-An old gentleman ol sixty years, resident
near Keppard's Mills on the Atlantic and Gulf
Railroad, and familiarly known as "Old Nab,"
was run over by a passing train on Sunday
evening last, and crushed to death. It is
thought he was Intoxicated.
-The steamer Nick King, recently sunk
near Darien, has been sold tor eight hundred
dollars. Her purchasers have abandoned the
Idea of raising her, but wl'l take out her
machinery and remove the hulk from the
-Mr. Joseph Alexander, of Savannah, while
out hunting with a companion, Mr. Joseph
Smallwood, was accidentally shot by Ibe prem?
ature discharge of his gun. Tne deceased was
thirty-two years of age, and leaves a wife and
-Atlanta ls to have another new bank,
with a capital of two hundred thousand dol?
lars. It will make the ninth in the cilv. It
will be called the Bank of the Slate of Geor?
gia. Mr. Cofer, late cf Amerlcus, and a man
of great wealth, will be president.
-The Cc'umttuB colton mills have manufac?
tured about iZy* bales ol cotton this Beason.
This cotton, if sold irom warehouses, would
have brought, at eighteen cents per pound,
$i65.000. Sent oat as yarns and cloth from
our manufactories, the' value has been In?
creased to at least $1.200,000 In round num?
bers-a gain of $835,000-and besides all the
money remains In ibe Souih. Would lt not
be a grand thing if the bouth worked up all
ber cotton In yarns and cloth ?
-Of the celebrated watering place known
as ibe Warm Spring?, in Merri wether County,
the Columbus Sun says: "There Is a current
report that several Northern gentlemen have
offered Colonel J. L. Mustian, of Columbus,
the proprietor, $75,000 tor thia property. It is
slated that if (hey purchase they will con?
struct a tramway to the North and South
Railroad. Dine miles distant; and by erecting
suitable bulldlogs und Improvements, make
the Springs both a winter and Bummer re?
-OD Tuesday, the 4th Instant, fire was dip
covered in one ol the barns of the magnifi?
cent Butler enlate on Bailer's Island, opposite
the Town of Darien. The flames rapidly leap?
ed from hulloing to bulldiug, destroying Ute
barns, engines, steam saw mill, stables, farm?
ing implements, together with a lot ol choice
seed rice. The loss will not tall short ot
twenty-five thousand dollars, and la covered
only by a policy of five thousand dollars. The
estai-- ls amply able to and will promptly fur?
nish the means for the reconstruction oi the
buildings, &c. The origin of the fire is un?
-Miscegenation is on the Increase In Jack?
-Governor Hart ls appointing Conserva?
tives to office In the second Judicial circuit.
-The boat races and other amusements in
St. Augustine, on the first, created conside?
-Amos J. Cummings, managing editor of
the New York SUD, IB still recreating in
-The managers of the Florida Winier Home
Association have changed the name ot the
tine stream formerly known ad Pottsburg
Creek to Arlington River.
-The revenue secured to the United 8tates
Government by the Key West Customhouse
footed up for the past current year something
-Tne moss trade still continues brisk. The
business at Ihe present lime brines to Gaines?
ville $1000 to $1200 per week. Mr. Reed, from
Jacksonville, ls the nrlnclpt'i deuler.
-Tue Key West DiBpatch says: "From a
careful examination among our cigar manu
factories, we ure enabled to state that the
weekly supply ol cigars made In this city
amounis to the modest number ot 472,000,
worth at the factories $35,400."
-The crops in this county, says the Florid)
an, are well advanced the present season
Everybody ls through planting corn, and, on
many farms, the crop ls np and a good stand
obtained. Preparations are rapidly making
now for pulling in cotton.
-The regular trips of tbn steamer Clifton
to Arlington Bluff, the of the Florida
Winter Home, together with the daily excur
slons upsn the Bu John's and Arlington
Rivers, supplies a want greatly felt by busi?
ness men, iuvalids and pleasure-seekers.
-The St. James Episcopal Cnnrch at Jack?
sonville will be an elegant building. Sub?
scriptions for building the church amount to
$17,000, ot which $2000 have been secured by
Mr. A. F. Maison, a BO] aimer, principally
lrom guests at the St. James Hotel.
-At Lake City on Monday night, the 5th
instant, the residences of Judge Holt, Sheriff
Keene, Clerk o? Circuit Court Waldron and
Dr. Luther, one o? the county commissioners,
were fired into some twenty-five times euch
bv parlies outside. Strange to say no one
was injured. It is ihe Impression that this
Inhuman and savage rascality ls the work oi
-A mest cold-blooded and heartless murder
was committed in Manatee County on the 16th
ult., In the vicinity of Fort Ogden. The vic?
tim was an Irishman known as "Fred," em
ployed as a boat hand, the perpetrator being
one Marlon Allen. Fred was shot while asleep
in the the preseoce o? eye-wilnesses. The
murderer at once fled, but the citizens of the
county were at ooce aroused, and he was
taken a few dave after and sent on his way to
the Jail at Key Wear.
-A bloody rencontre occurred off Fernan?
dina, on Monday last, between a lol of whales
from filty to 6lxty feet In length, and a smaller
species o? the same animal known BS black?
fish. The latter lor a time sustained the un
equal contest, but the superior size and power
of their adversaries drove them to take refuge
In ihe shallow waler ol the harbor, where the
whales were unable to follow. Many of the
blackfish, io their headlong flight, ran on the
shoals, and the receding tide left them strand?
ed hi^b and dry. Twenty six blackfish, one
ol them twenty-three leet In length, were
placed hors du combat. The fishermen turned
out and secured a quantity cf blubber.
-Sunset Cox was to have lectured in Wil?
mington, last evening, on "National Humor."
-Mr. Richard D. Morris, of Wilmington,
died suddenly, on Tuesday morning last, from
an overdose ol laudanum.
-A. J. Morrison, Esq., of Lincoln County,
has tendered his resignation to the Governor
as a member of the State House ol' Represen?
-General ColBton, ol the Cape Fear Acad?
emy, was precented by the cadets of that lo
,otl TueBday last, with a handsome
JMSL^?SSI ca8.e of Olcott vs. Wilkes,
Sft??0,1^^ "He to the
Sigh hhoal8 Miulng Company's Drorjertv has
been decided In favor o? the defaffis S
the United States Supreme Couru
NOTES FROM NEW YORK.
MURDER JOTTINGS IN THE GREAT
Insanity Itnus-Voit. on Reprieves anti
Pardons-Sympathy for Foster-Train
and Other Lunatics-The Martyrs
Woodhull and Claflln-Beecher and
his Vagaries-Successor tho Graphic
Modesty of the Author of London. Ag
[FROM ODB OWN CO H RESPOND EST.]
NEW YORK, Maren 10.
The prospect ol gelling our murderers
hanged IB very poor indeed. Just aller the
Slokes trial and the affirmation of Foster's
sentence by the Court ol Appeals-which
eveniB came together-lt did look as ir Justice
was going to have a show; but the situation
changed very speedily. Stokes got a stay and
Fosler a respite. Now Ihe trial of Scanoell
has ended with Ihe disagreement ol Ibe Jury.
It is difficult to convict a murderer, and If be
is convicted, it ls still more difficult lo land
bim at the foot ol the gallows.
The deleDce in the Scanneil case was insan?
ity. Wo wonder what lt will be In the ca?e of |
King and in ibat of Simmons, both of which
are now to be tried-sell-defence or mono?
mania ? If Ingenious counsel should attempt
lo rrove an alibi for Simmons, who hacked
his victim almost to pieces willi his knife, on
the sidewalk of Pine street, In the presence ol
a ere .7d of people, I dare sey a part of ibe
Jury would believe bim.
Desperate efforts will be made to get Sim?
mons clear. He has a powerful moneyed influ?
ence at his back. Illa brothers are engaged
in the lottery business and are very wealthy.
They almost succeeded lu clearing him In the
preliminary examination, by tampering with
the coroner and packing the Jury of It-quest.
A mllllou of dollars will doubtless be used, ll
necessary, to save the "honor'' of the Sim?
mons family. Money goes a great way In this-1
world of New York.
Speaking of Insanity in murderers reminds
one of Scannell's demonstra! ion In open court
on Friday, while his adroit and eloquent law?
yer, Mr. Beach, was haranguing ibe Jury.
The prisoner went into a hysterical tit and
broke for ihe doors shrieking, "Let me go,"
?:. A great many people are uncharitable
enough to assert their nelief tnat Scanneil
was acting Insane. Eight of the Jury, lt
seems, were Dot convinced of his Insanity IQ
consequence of lt.
The pressure brought lo bear on Gover?
nor Dix lor the commutation of Fosters
sentence to imprisonment for life IB tre?
mendous. I doubt if any machinery like
lt was ever put in operation in New York
before. The appeal for mercy is made
by ministers, Judges, lawyers and prom?
inent citizens, by a majority o? the Jury which
convicted the prisoner, aud by Mrs. Putnam,
Lae widow of ibe murdered man. Backing
this are the most vigorous editorials, day
liter day, of leading newspapers, notably
those of the Sun. So distinguished a lawyer
IB William H. Evarts has written an opinion
that ihe crime commited by Foster was not
tnurder. Most ol these petitions, affidavits
ind expressions o? opinion, though filling
several columns, have been printed in ibe
newspapers, showing that Foster has some
wealthy sympathizers who can afford lo pay
tor exoensive advertising. Public opinion lu
'avor bf the murderer has been manufactured
?apldly, and you will even hear bin cause
stunt ly maintained wherever New Yorkers
isserable on the cars or ferry boats.
Governor Dix has the reputation o? posses
ling backbone. H-- resisted uti appeals male
n behalf ot poor Beale of the Confederate
irmy, who waa hanged, or rather murdered,
ty the United Suites authorities on Governor's
slam), during the war. Bul he will probably
five way In ihe case of Foster. Yon may hear
>r the oonmulalton by telegraph ere Kiln up
jears in TOE NEWS. It Is a curious tun v?*ry
tlgnidcant tact that an investigation has
?ho wn Unit the awi agu years ol Incarceration
ot persons sentenced for Hie. lu ibis country
ue four and a hall. The chances of a min?
ierer ure decidedly belter than those ol a
ourglar or pickpocket. The taller are sure of
i rom len to twenty years.
Beturulnglo the subject of Insanity-there
?a a real lunatic cunuued lu the Tombs, t he
i reprensible Train, lie refuses to gire ball
ind slicks, contented with the honors ol
narlyrdom. He makes use of ihe Sun to v?n?
date his Imaginary wrongs. A visitor lo his
jell the oilier day said:
"Train, you are no fool; how ls it possible
pou could go around the country us you aid
asl summer telling peuple thai you would be
the next Pr?sident ot the United Stains ?''
"I earnestly believed ll," replied George
Francis, "and I tell yon, Bir, 1 shall yet be
lictalor ol America. Yes, sir, the people
trill rebol wilhln ninety days and place me in
The women, for whose bad cause Train got
Himself imo trouble, ure io be tried next
week before Judge Blatchlord. It Is ut der
jlood that they have employed eminent coun?
sel, and will do all they can lo nuke the trial
i great advetUsing card. They play the role
}f martyrs, or course; "the victims ol the
?ecret machinations of detected und frenzied
08eudo-respeclHi.il.ty lu Rrooklyu aud else?
where." They are to be crushi d, they say.
?iuce that congenial ras cal. Ben Butler, has
'spoused their oatiBe they feel correspondingly
jncouraged. Ben got his friend Oakes Ames
iff; why not Woodhull and Caitlin ?
lu ihe meanwhile Mr. Beecher goes on his
vay, lecturing on education anu preaching
igaiost immorality, and uilerlog not a word
n public in reply to Ihe shocking aspersions
in his character. It is useless to conceal Hie
act that many people believe him to beguilly,
ind many others think there is "?omelhing
rery strange aboul the affair." Ills Irlends say
ie proposes to "live lt down." Privately, he de
lies the charges. But since that melancholy
illp up of Schuyler's, lhere ls not so much
Hock taken in ihe asseverations of the saints
ts formerly. I hope Beecher will come out j
*ight In the end, for there ls much lo admire
n the man. Souihernets will not forget how
ie came forward In behalf of General Len's
inlverslly, when it upoealed for funds a lew
reara og ), aud the brave words he aald for our
?bier, lt was not popular to praise a "rebel"
ust then, but Beecher did lt.
He ls buck from his Western lecturing tour,
ind preached al Plymouth Church yesterday.
Voile be has been absent Brother Cnyler baa
teen pegging away at him unmercifully, be
lanse be look part in the farewell banquet
riven to Prolessor Tyndall. D:. Cuvier says
hat Tyndall ls an infidel, aud no Christian
ninister should rive him the slightest counte
lance. It does seem difficult to keep Mr.
beecher In the orthodox track. He came out
a support ot Andy Johnson ia 1865, and a
?owl went up from his church. Then he an
?ounced himself as a believer in free irade,
ind the wealihy nabobs of the North flew into 11
i rage. AgalD, he mai ried Richardson on his '
leath-bed to Mrs. McFarland, and ibe proprie
y of tlie newspaper editors was shocked. He | l
s always doing something that somebody
loes'ut approve ot. Il is rumored that his so
iiety propose to appoint a standing commit?
en to sit up with him and keep him straight. | j
The publishers ot ihe Graphic claim lhat Hie
lew paper has already achieved success. Thev
lave been printing Atty thousand copies dally,
ind have not been able }*et to supply any of J
he out of lown demand. The pictures lro
irove wlih each number. The literary matter
s unexceptionable. The report in newspaper
ilrclcs is that Frank Leslie ls so convinced, by
he Graphic experiment, of the feasibility of j
in Illustrated dally press, thal he is prepar
ng lo get oat a morning paper on the same
Edmund Yates returns to Europe this week.
Ie had a hearty send off on Saturday night
rom Ibe Lotus Club, ol which Whitelaw Reid,
>f the Tribune, ls president. Mr. Yates is
vldenlly delighted with ihis country. Hell
ays so pertinaciously. He has been greatly 11
ionized, and ls not averse to that sort of at
enflon. The Herald sends him over as its
pecial al the Vienna Exposition.
Bouclcault announces a piece fresh from
'his dramatic easel" for Booth's Theatre next
londay night. He calls lt "Daddy O'Dowd,"
nd says that lt IB another of those "truthful
tage portraitures of Irish life" which it has 11
een his "mission" to write until he hassuc
eeded In "obliterating the gross caricature"
( Irishmen which has hitherto held posses
Ion of ihe stage. Dion ls nothing If not i
?odest. The coming sensation at the Grand i
ipera House is Dal} 's translation and repro- 1
uction of Sardon's caricature upon American i
manners, entitled "L'Oncle 8am," which has
been prohibited i rom representation on the
French stage by the censor. Bardon studied
America In the pages of Frank Leslie's "Days
Doings," consequently he hus fashioned the
American man . and woman on the model ot
Jim Fisk and Josephine Mansfield. The play
would have exasperated us thirty years ugo.
Now we are a "great country," and eau afford
to emile at the Impertinences of the effete
THE GRANITE STATE.
Heavy Democratic ?atna in the New
CONCORD, March 12.
The returns from one hundred and forty
one towns show a net loss for ihn Republi?
cans ol about 900. There will probably be no
election of Governor by the people. The
Democratic candidates for Congress are un?
doubtedly elected from three districts-E. A.
Hibbard, from the flrst; Samuel N. Bell, from
the second, and H. W. Parker, from the third.
In the Legislature the Republicans will have
a strong majority, and also In the Senate and
LATER-The returns from one hundred and
forty dve towns give 8traw, Republican,
27.476; Weston, Democrat, 24,459; Blackmore,
8C4 and Mason 503 The Republican loss ls
1937. Tne remaining ninetv towns last year
gave Straw 7488, Weston 9058. This probably
defeats the choice by the people. Ia the city
election Kendall, Republican; was re-elected
A Princely Charity-An Insurance Case
BALTIMORE, March 12.
A : hort, time since John Hopkins, a well
knov u millionaire ot this city, deeded to the
trustees thirteen acres of land, bounded by
Wolle, Monument, Broadway and Jefferson
st reel s, for the erection ol a hospital for the re?
lief (f the indigent sick and orphans. Ata
meeting ol the board of trustees lost evening
they were notified by Mr. Hopkins that he had
further deeded two million dollars worth ol
properly tor tne support, and maintenance ot
tne hospital. The building will be on a mag?
nificent seule, and will be commenced In the
spring of 1874.
In the Superior Court of this city yesterday
the case of Eilzub-*th Gellerman, administra?
trix, against the Knickerbocker Lite Insur?
ance Company of New fork, to recover the
policy issued to ber deceased husband, came
up. Under a ruling of the oourt the plaintiff
submitted to a nol. pros., which concluded the
case. The policy contained a provision re?
citing that the insurance should be void lo
case the Insured shall become so far Intem?
perate as to Induce delirium tremens. During
the trial lt was In evidence that the insured
died of this complaint.
THE NEW ORLEANS STEAL.
NEW ORLEANS, March 12.
The postofflce defalcation is estimated at
eighty thsusand dollars and over There may
be some credits In Lowell's favor. Lowell's
official books are not to be lound, and have
been removed from the office. A search war?
rant, has been Issued and writs of arrest
against Charles W. Lowell, Thomas T. Mon?
roe, assistant postmaster, and John V. Doug?
RUN ON A SAVINGS BANK.
WASHINGTON, March 12.
There was a run on the Washington City
3avings Bank yesterday, groking, lt ls said,
mit ot the threat of the comptroller of the
Mirreney to withdraw its charter, on account
)f a violation of the law. The bank yester
lay paid three thousand depositors, and lt is
?veli lortiOed this morning. There U little or
io excitement about Ihe other banks. There
ire probably fifteen hundred -colored deposl
,ors in me Freedman's oavingd Bauk, but not
ne least excitement ls auparen!.
TUE WEATHER THIS DAY.
WASHINGTON, March 12.
Pohnbilit.es for Thursday: In the Middle
ind Elstern Stuios, rising barometer, wester?
ly winds und generally clear weather. For
Hie Gulf Siut.es, northerly wind* and some?
what low* r temperature. For the South At?
lantic Stares, northerly winds and clear
wea!her. For Ibe Luke Region, southwest
winds and r.sing temperature, preceding an
area nf low barometer. In the Northwest,
Ironi Iowa lo the Upper Lakes, brisk souther?
ly winds and cloudy and threatening weather.
The storm centre will pass lrora Central Da?
kota inio Wisconsin.
JOTTINGS ABOUT THE STATE.
-Columbia complains ol its defective
-Columbia grumbles nt the Incessant "toot?
ing" ol Us railway whistles.
-The ball ot the Columbia Mechanics' So
?lety, ou Monday night, was largely attended.
-The Conn of C urinion PleaB opens in
Marion on Monday.
-Marlon looks for a One supply of shad
from the Peedee next week.
-The Greenville Palmetto Fire Engine
Company paraded on Saturday last, making a
-The old Southern Hotel at Greeovlle ls
being repainted, and will soon opeu Its doors
xa the City notel.
-The supper to be given by the Hibernian
Society, ol Columbia, on the 17th, is io be a
-As the beautiful grove of stately pines In
the centre of Marion slowly disappears before
tho axe, the citizens vululy plead, ' O, wood?
man spare that tree."
-Mr. Jame? Canton arrived in Columbia on
Tuesday Irom the mountain districts of North
Carolina, having In custody Montgomery
Bishop, charged with the mulder of his uncle
n Spartanburg last tall.
Borna time since wo referred to Mr. Paul
ilorphy, the groat chess player, as a successful
a wy er of New Orleans. We did this upon the
inthority of an exchange. Sosequently a New
3tleans journal corrected us, and now a New
Drleans correspondent gives tne following ac?
count of Mr. Morphy after his triumphal jour
jeya through this country and Europe:
"But Moiphy returned to be disgusted with
ihoia. Ho has never played in public since,
fio is sick as with surfott of the very name. At
the time I met him, ht* could think with pa?
tience and Dleasure of everything save chess.
With his abdication, Captain McKenzie, of
New York, remains the best player in tho
"Mcrphy, upon his return, renounced at onco
il) his chesa-oonuectiona, and, nnder flattering
iuspice?, with sanguino faith in his success ou
the pin, of all who kuew him, and theorists
ivho did not, he began the study of law in tho
New Orleans Law School. What is the result?
He bas turned out no lawyer-not even a com?
mission merchant! Ho is at present doing
"Onco in a while tho solitary athlete can bo
ioducod to show that his power ia only in abey?
ance. I saw bim at a private seance.just before
[ left, beat simultaneously, in two hours and
tbree quarters, sixteen of the most accomplish
sd amateurs in New Orleans. His strength has
never been tully tested, and will probably
never be fully developed.
' Paul Morphy is poor. Uulike a Yankee, ho
Hods it impossible to live on his talent. Op?
portunities there are in abundance-rich offers
for public exhibitions of himself as delicate as
those grasped at by men who would pretend
to more honor. He steadfastly refuses them,
rle wau morbidly sensitive to misjudgment,
lest ho be taken for ono who "travels on his
xiuscle," and, on all his journeys, defrayed bis
)wn expenses, and always played in the pres
ince only of select companies, to which no
Doney could gain access. There seems to me
:o be a certain attraction in this fine delicacy,
?vhtch one would encounter not elsewhere
imong us than m the half-foreign society of I
New Orleans, amid wbicb Mr. Morphy was
reared. It ia dearer to bim than wealth or re
lown, or the strange gift by which he must get
lis daily bread or go without it. Some there
ire who do not live by bread alone."
FIELD-DAY Di PAKLIAMENT
THE EXCITING DEBATE UPON THE
IRISH UNIVERSITY BILL.
Defeat of the Minister?, and Resigna?
tion of Mr. Gladstone-The Author of
Lothair Invited to Form a New Cab?
inet-CarlUt Victory in Spain-Open?
ing of the German Parliament-Kai
**r Wilhelm Announce? an Early
Evacuation of France-A New Turk- |
LONDON, March 12.
The Irish University bili, Introduced by the
government in accordance with their pledges,
came np for a second reading in the House of |
Commons last night. The galleries were
crowded wlih distinguished personages, among
whom were the Prince of Wales and Prince
Chrlailan, and the Princess Louise. Forty
members took part In the debate.
At an early hour this morning a division
was ordered, and the second reading of the
bill was lost by a vote of 284 ayes to 287 noes;
a majority of three against the government.
Not a sing'e Conservative voted tor the bill,
and 170 Liberals, of whom 06 were Irish mem?
bers, voled against lt. John Bright and his
brother. Jacob Bright, and the Marquis of j
Lorne voted willi the government. Seven?
teen members of the House, Including Mr.
Isaac Bull, the member from Limerick, were
When the vote was announced, ihe Bcene in
the House was indescribable. Tho excitement
in the galleries and on the floor was intense,
while the opponents of the bill expressed
their delight in tumultuous cheering. Mr.
Gladstone arose as soon as the tumult gave
signs ol ceasing, and said: "The vote Just
given Is certainly ot a grave character, and as
the house never wishes to continue Hs delib?
erations when the existence of the govern?
ment ls In doubr, I move an adjournment
until Thursday." This motion was adopted.
This morning, Mr. Gladstone walled on
Queen Victoria, at Buckingham Palace, and
tendered his resignation, it ls probable that
Mr. Disraeli will be invited to iorm a new
In consequence ot the lateness or the hour
at which the debate closed, the comments ol
the London morning papers are meagre and
A Oarllst Victory In Spain.
MADRID, March 12.
It ls reported that a Bevere engagement
took place yesterday bet<veen the government
forces under General Neuvilles and a large
body ol Carliste, In which General Nouvllles
was defeated and compelled lo retreat upon
Parapeluna, with a heavy loss.
In the Assembly, yesterday, the bill intro?
duced by the government, suspending the
Bluings and convoking the Constituent Cortes
on the first of May, received a full sanction.
Signor Martos, president of the Assembly, and
Signor Lopez have resigned. Signor Martos,
In tendering bis resignation, made a state?
ment, reciting that the action was caused
Roluly by Ill-health. The debate on Ihe Porto
Rico abolition bill has been resumed In the
PARIS. March 12.
Letters Irom the frontier give the particu?
lars of an engagement on tue 7th Instant, ID
the north of Spain, between R hand of flarllsls
under Saronella, and a force of Spanish gov?
ernment troops. The insurgents, who were
entrenched, were attacked by the national
troops, resulting In the defeat of ihe govern?
ment forces, who were compelled lo retreat
with a loss of one hundred men. Saronella
(vas mortally wounded. The Spanish com?
mander, in his official report ol the engage?
ment, claimed that the Carlisls were defeated.
Thc Germans Soon to Evacuate France.
BK nus, March 12.
Th? German Parliament convened lo this
3lty t . ?IIB Majesty Emperor William
opened the cession In person. In bis speech
ne said that be believed tba', the negotiations
now In progress would result In the entire
?vacuation ol France by the German troops at
in earlier day than had been heretofore ex?
Trouble for Portugal.
LISBON, March 12.
Advices have been received by the govern?
ment, staling that an organized band of bri?
gands have appeared In the Portuguese India j
?olony settlements, and are murdering the in?
habitants and plundering iheir possessions.
A New Deal In Turkey.
CONSTANTINOPLE. March 12.
The following new Cabinet ls announced
.his morning: Mudhet Pasha, minister of Jus?
tice; Safreld Pasha, minister of loreign affairs;
Basheld Pasha, minister of public works.
THE UNMANAGEABLE MODO CM.
Captain Jack and his Braves give their
Captors the Slip.
WASHINGTON, March 12,
A dispatch from the scene ol the Modoc
troubles, dated Headquarters Peace Commis?
sion, Fairchild's Ranche, says: "The Modocs
appear to be playing with the peace commis?
sion. On Mondav tue wagons went to the ap?
pointed spot on Klamolh Lake to meet them,
and alter walling ull day, returned without
having seen a slrgie Indian. Ail klndB of
rumors are afloat, and Borne say the Indians
have shifted camp. Every preparation has
been made lor their reception, but the In-1
diane do not appear In a hurry to surrender."
The latest advices indicate that Captain Jack
has outgeneraled ihe peace commissioners by
managing to get Into a region where for hun-1
dreds of miles no cavalry could lollow. If he
escaoeB to ihe Pite River country, he will find
plenty ol callie. The whole management of
the Indians rests willi General Canby. The
peace commission ls a failure, aod everything
BOUTWELL ELECTED SENATOR.
BOSTON, March 12.
Ex-Secretary Boutwell was elected United
States senator, at noon to-day, on the first
ballot of the Legislature, In joint convention.
The lollowing ls Hie vote cast : G. S. Bout
well, 152; H. L. Dawes, 115; G. B. Lorlng, 2;
W. Whitlug, 2; Tarbox. 2; Charles G. Green, 2;
others, 2; whole number, 277; necessary for
SPARKS FROM THE WIR US.
-A farewell supper was given to Edmund
Yates on Tuesday evenlog, in New York, by
the Manhattan Club, previous to bis return lo
- The schooner "Alpine," irom Providence
for New York, collided with the schooner "E.
C. Bartol," lying at anchor at Dutch Island
harbor, Rhode leland, on Tuesday alternoon
last, the former sustaining damages to the ex?
tent ot two thousand dollars, and the taller io
the amount ol Olly thousand dollars.
-The Woodbern Wheel Factory at Indian?
apolis, the largest establishment of the kind
in ihe United States, was destroyed by fire
Tuesday night. By the tailing of a wall Chlet
Fire Englueer Glezer was killed, and several
injured. LOBB $100,000. Insured.
-A. G. Pui nam, In behalf of the blood rela?
tions of Avery J. Putnam, who was kided by
Foster, the car hook murderer, in a letter lu
ihe New York papers of yesterday, declares
that their feelings are decidedly against the
p?tillons favoring Foster, and hopes that Gov?
ernor Dix will be firm in the performance ot j
The Pu?t of Eather and the Festival of
The Festival of Purim is annually celebra?
ted on the Utb and 16th of the month ot Adar,
preceded by the Fast of Esther, which ls held
on the J3tb ol the same month. It Is called
Purim (Lots) on account, of the "lots" which
were cast by Haman and his associates, as
to the day when the slaughter of the Jews was
to have taken place. This year the Fast of
Either occurred on March 12. (yesterday,)
and was observed by divine service and the
reading o? the Book of Esther. To-day and
to-morrow will be devoted to the Joyous cele*
oration ot Purim. In connection with the ob?
servance ol "Merry Purim" among the des?
cendant ol the ancient Hebrews all over the
world, tho following extract Irom an article
I In the Jewish Messenger will be read with in?
Instituted to commemorate the deliverance
ol Israel irom the destruction prepared for
them, Purim bas become the occasion lor cor?
dial merry-making, kindly sentiments and ac?
tions, family reunions, thoughtful assistance
lo the needy, and a source of pride.and plea?
sure to the Hebrews throughout the world.
Queen Esther was a Jewess whom circum?
stances ennobled. Sh? became a heroine
the saviour of ber people. A beautiful girl,
raised lo queenly dignity because she found
grace in the eyes of the king, she employed
her elevation as a means lor the deliverance
of tvt fellow Israelites from the annihilation
pit. - ned by Haman. Obeying ber commands,
lor i.ie sil.l wields a sovereign sway over our
hearts, we devote Purim to joy and gladness,
we strive to bury dissensions,'to form and (os?
ier new friendships, to help and please one
another, and to succor the poor.
It ls strange that Purim alone o? all the fes?
tivals in the Jewish calendar has steadily
grown in Importance, and bas proved a check
io the progress of the destructive policy.
Purim receives the homage of all classes and
shades of opinion in Israel-lt exacts tbe re?
spect ot all non-Jewish citizens fort?nate
enough to participate in ibe festivities. In no
part o? the world la lt celebrated with greater
spirit than in our country, where the story lt
preserves In memory so well accords with the
air ol freedom ull the inhabitants of the land
enjoy without fear or favor. Here, too, it has
ceased to be observed exclusively by the de?
scendants of Mordecai's generation. The most
enjoyable festival of the year is Purim, and
thobe who observe it with the heartiest relish,
and who regard Its loss with the keenest dis?
appointment, are Ciirlslians, no less than
The mission of Purim has been eminently
happy. From time immemorial lt has been
customary for young and old to go in bands
Irom house to house, Indulging In Innocent
revelry, assuming absurd dlfgulses, carrying
mirth and Joyousness everywhere. This not
sufficing, they have ananged superb assem?
blies, sometimes on a magnificent scale as re
spects design and ex- cation, which have com?
manded uniform satisfaction, and have been
unique for their splendor, lun and unexcep?
tionable character. The moral effect o? ibis
Purim celebration cannot be overestimated.
It ls like the bread and salt of the Arabs -
having once participated In the generous
Jewish hospitality, who can still cherish a
prejudice against the Hebrew ? Having en?
joyed that beautiful spectacle of the entire
Israelite cemmuniiy, old and young, grave
and gay. patriarch and child, celebrating In
unison and with genial hilarity the festival of
Purim-bow can any one the nee lort ii preserve
an unkind opinion ol his Jewish townsmen ?
There Is a cloud, nevertheless, that obscures
at times the clear blue sky of freedom-there
are Israelites la Europe not yet redeemed
irom ihe cruel oppression ot Haman. There
are Jewish bornes enveloped In gloom, lor the
stern decrees ot Russian aud Romanian des?
pots demand the exile of father and son-for
ihem, there Is no "light, Joy, gladness and
honor"-lor them, the radiant hope, tbe bril?
liant prospect ot Purim is a delusion, a mock?
ery. Let us bestow at least a sympathelic
thought upon our unhappy brethren, who are
still deprived of the blessings of lreedom, who
still watch so earnestly the coming of the Mor?
decai to release them from the thraldom of
What the Forty-Second Congress Ha?
The Forty-second Congress, which closed ?ts
sessions on Tuesday hst, commenced its career
on the 4tb of March, 1871, and Las enactad
many important measures.
Daring tho first session tbe measure of lead?
ing interest and importance which was passed
was tho notorious enforcement not, placing it
in tbe power of the President to suppress, by
force if necessary, combinations formed to do
prive any citizens ot their constitutional rights.
This bill continues in fume, with the exoeption
of the fourth section, authorizing the Presi?
dent to suspend the writ of habeas corpus,
wbicb section expirod by limitation at the close
of the succeeding session of Congress, in Jane,
1872. An effort to renew it failed.
During the second session, which com?
menced at the usual time in December, the
approach of the presidential campaign gavo
rise to maoh debate intended more for politi?
cal effect than unmediato public interests, and
much time was consumed in this way. In the
spring of 1872 the Treaty of Washington was
ratified by the Senate. The measure of great?
est importance considered during the seoond
seseiou by both bouses was the amnesty act,
impeded a long time by the persistency of Mr.
Sumner in attempting to engraft upon it his
famous civil rights bill. It was finally passed
without Mr. Sumner's amendment, but still not
a complete amnesty act. It removed tbe dis?
abilities imposed nnder tbe fourteenth amend?
ment, except those of members of the thirty
sixth and thirty-seventh Congresses, officers of
the judicial, military or naval service, heads of
departments and foreign ministers who after?
wards took part with the South. These excep?
tions it was estimated embraced some three
hundred persons, many of whom have since
been relieved by special acts.
Tbe next moBt important acts were those re
pealing tn? duties on tea and coffee, the redac?
tion of the duties on salt 50 per cont., coal 40
per cent., lead 25 per cent., on many other
articles 10 per cont., admitting bides free, with
many other additions to the free list, principal?
ly drugs and chemicals. Most cf the internal
revenue duties except those on malt and spir?
ituous liquors and a few stamp duties, were
also repealed. The total redaction was about
$53,000,000. The reapportionment bill passed
at the same session increasing tbe number of
representatives to 292, various amen im ea ts to
the election laws were passed, and also the act
abolishing tho offices of assessors and assis?
tant assessors of the internal revenue, effec?
ting, it is claimed an annual saving ot $3.000.000. -
Daring the third session, which oommenoed
also in December, much time bas been expend?
ed in the notorious corruption investigations,
the fire in tbe whole flock resulting in tho
bringing down Lo censure two members of the
House. The act of most general importance
passsed at this session was that abolishing the
franking privilege, which was followed by tbe
increase ot the salaries of the President to $50 -
000. Vice-President, Speauer and Justices ot
the Supreme Court, and Cabinet offioers to $10,
000. Henators, Representatives and Delegates
$7500, Assistant Secretaries of the Treasury,
State and lu tenor $6000. Tbe increase or sal?
aries of the Congressmen waa sought to bs ex?
cused to some extent by the fact of the aboli?
tion of franks, but as the members had enjoyed
this privilege tbe whole session, the excuse
seems a poor one. Bills were also passed for
the construction of eight steam sloops of war.
It must also be recorded that Congress has di?
rected tho Secretary of the Treasury to with?
hold tho earnings of the Pacific railways, and
bas accorded to the companies the right to
bring the question before the courts whether
the payment of those earnings from the gov?
ernment ia legally due while the interest on
the bonds loaned by the country remains nu
Eaid. Congress bas also ordered snit to be
egun against these companies to recover tbe
proceeds of loans and lands from the United
States misappropriated tbrongb fraaduient
contracts or other illegal practices. Thia suit
will embrace not only shareholders in the com?
panies, but all who nave participsited in the
THE NEW ADMISTRATION.
JUDGE RICHARDSON TTTV PROBABLE
SUCCESSOR OF BOUT WELL.
Expansion of Legal Tenders-Nomina?
tions and Confirmations-Wilson's
Blunders and a Setae in the Senat r.
WASHINGTON, Marco 13.
Secretary Bout well received numerous con?
gratulation, both In person and by telegraph,
to-day oo bis election. He will tender hts
resignation to the President npon receiving
his credentials, which are already on the way
to him. Judge Richardson will assume charge
of the treasury to-morrow aa acting secretary.
It is almost universally believed that he will
succeed as secretary, but this cannot be said
on any official authority.
The legal tenders outstanding have been
temporarily increased one million dollars, to
meet the demands of the department, but the
expansion has no reference whatever to the
money market. The currency balance In the
treasury to-day Is very little over two millions,
and heavy drafts to pay, members of Congress
and others necessitated drawing upon the re?
The following confirmations Lave been
made : Whlttlesy at Houston, Texas; Holden
at Raleigh, N. C.; Decure at Iberia, La.; O'Con?
nor at Baton Rouge - all postmasters. Smyth,
as united Slates marshal for Georgia; Lind?
sey, collector of customs at Pearl River; Rice,
collector second district of Louisiana; Ander?
son, register of land office at Montgomery;
Finley, receiver ot public money ac Mont?
The following nominations were made :
John N. Stokes, register land office at Talla?
hassee; A. J. Murren, collector of customs at
Apalachicola; Robert Blair, postmaster at Tus?
caloosa; A. F. Wilson, postmaster at Mont?
gomery; R. H. Wood, postmaster at Natchez;
E. D. Fisbey, postmaster at Jackson, Miss.
In the Senate, the Caldwell case occupied
the day. When Senator Gordon, of Georgia,
was sworn In, yesterday, some amusement
was created by Yice-Presldent Wilson at first
inadvertently putting to bim' the iron-clad
oath Instead of the modified oath prescribed
for ex-Con federates. When Mr. Wilson read,
'.Yoi; solemnly swear that yon nave never
voluntarily borne arms against the United
States," a smile was visible on the faces , of
many, both on the floor and In the gallery.
GRANT AND COLFAX.
A Certificate of Character that Finishes
SOUTH BENT, INO., March 9.
President Grant has authorized the publica?
tion of the following letter:
ExKC?Tivt? MANSION, i
WASHINGTON. March 4, 1873. j
My Dear Mr. Colfax -Allow me to say that
I sympathize with you In the reoent congres?
sional Investigations; that I have watched
them closely, and I am as satisfied now as I
have ever been of your Integrity, patriotism
and freedom from the charges Imputed as Ii-1
knew of my own knowledge of your Inno?
cence. Our officiai relations bave been so
pleasant that I would like to keep up the per?
sonal relations through life.
Affectionately, yours, U. S. GRANT.
The Latest Scheme of Social "Progress"
Some of the leading EogllBb Journals are
gravely discussing the merits of u doctrine
avowed by a limited class of philosophers' In
Great Britain that suicide is sometimes a dary,
in such coses, lor Instance, as when a -person
Is suffering under a painful and Incurable
disease. A Mr. Lionel A. Tollcmacche ap?
pears to be the leading advocate of the prin?
ciple that a man has a right to die when he
chooses, and Mr. Tollemanche has lound an
earnest disciple In Professor Francis W. New?
man, who is writing letters to the press en?
thusiastically supporting the theory that men
are Ju ni tied In substituting an eaBy death, ac?
complished by their own means, for lingering
torments and final exilno lon from natural
causes. Professor Newman insists that this
idea ls somewhat widely spread among culti?
vated persons, but suppressed In consequence
of the odium attaching to the profession ot
such opinions. "? ' ' :
But the Eutbanaslanlsts, as tbey are called,
are not satisfied with limiting the advanta?
ges ot Euthanasia, or easy death, to those
who choose to avail themselves of the discov?
eries of sciences for prematurely ending their
own suffering In this vale of tears. They aiso
Intimate that under certain conditions lc
would be au excellent thing to give their
neighbors the benefit of a painless exit from
a world which they cannot enjoy and which
has no particular use for them. Proiessor
Newman specially objects lo the prejudice In
lavor of natural deaths whlcn so tl ten result
In causing serious injury to the health bf
young people tb rouen meir incessant watou
ing at a sick bed merely in order, as be says,
"that an old person may miserably lingera
few months longer." This view of the subject
ls not original, however. Some of tb?
Polynesian tribes of savages have been in the
habit of killing off their old and useless rela?
tions from time immemorial, although tbey
were not sufficiently advanced in civilization
lo adopt so prelty a name as Euthanasia Cor
the practice, and having no scientific knowl?
edge at their disposal io afford them painless
methods ot shortening life, they were not so
particular as to the means employed to effect
their object so long os they were effectual.
But the Polynesians practiced their methods
ot getting rid of old persons from selfish eco?
nomical motives, for they not only killed but
ate their superannuated relations, while the
British Eutbanaslanlsts profess to be governed
In their opinions only by the loftiest consider?
ations ol humanity.
It ls evldeut that If the unrestricted right of
a man to abruptly terminate his own exist?
ence or that of a neighbor, whose longer-so?
journ on earth he might deem undesirable,
should be generally admitted, the practice of
Euthanasia would be liable to abuse In the
bands of persons deficient In moral principle.
This tact ls tully recognized by the advocates
of easy death In Great Britain, who propose to
procure for the practice the sanction .ol tte
law under fixed conditions. Professor New?
man expresses himself freely on this subject,
suggesting the nature of the precautions
which should be taken to guard against ob?
jectionable use of Enthanaslastlc asenta, and
plainly says he cunnot see "bow any one can
lear abuse If death were legalzled under de?
liberately planned restrictions." -
Mr. Tollemache Is also aoxlous that his
views should not be misunderstood on this Im?
portant question, and In a letter to the flpoo
tator be assertB distinctly that he disapproves
of killing a dying man without the dying man's
express consent; but, this consent obtained,
he thinks the doctors should furnish the means
for securing ihe desired result. "It ls open to
me " he says, "to hold that If certain processes
were gone through-such as the formal exam?
ination of ihe sufferer by a publlo officer be?
fore witnesses, and an affidavit signed by them
to the effect that the dying man's consent wai
given, without external pressure-Euthanasia
would oe no more liable to abuse or lr&ud
(there certainly would not be a stronger mo?
tive) than in the case of a will, and no more
demoralizing than capital punishment Bntlt
may be quite consistently held that, where
these safeguards cannot be obtained the Buf?
ferer mtiBt be allowed to linger on. Half a
loar, says tbe proverb, ls better than no bread. '
Professor Newman, however, appears to
take a broader view on the subject, lor. al?
though he lavors legal restrictions regarding
the practice of Euthanasia, he seems to con?
sider the patient's consent only a desirable,
not an Indispensable formality. "BuV ne
says, "to fear to leave a human being to per?
ish alone, especially ot his command, when
else others will peneh often
seemed to me like the case, wWcb Terj ofl?
occurs in dekness, where tending the tfOK
ruins ihe health of "ose around ?J?
professor also expresses a J^^rtsK?
com missioners T&*&SSFMS?
their own summary extinction.", ,,^,, ...