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VOLUME X.-NUMBER 2179. ' CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 9, 1873. EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR7
SECOND LECTURE BY PROFESSOR
An Analysis of the Character ox' the
Melancholy Prince of Denmark.
The second of the course ol lectures by Pro?
fessor J. W. Miles on the dramas of Shakes?
peare was delivered last Saturday evening at
tbe Confederate Home, and attracted another
refined and appreciative audience. The sub
Jec. of the evening was Hamlet, and the lec?
turer began by remarking the rare versatility
of Shakespeare's genius as displayed In bis
leading characterizations, each of which was
distinct and dissimilar from ell the rest, but
was, at the same time, finished anti complete,
wltb every shade of taste and temperament
minutely portrayed, and every phase of the
character presented, although sometimes with
but a single touch. To the reader of
Shakespeare, who makes a study of one
of his leading characters, and becomes
aware of the strength and beauty of the por?
traiture, and then, turning to another and
totally different character, finds it portrayed
with equal power and delicacy, the effect ls
similar to thal that would bs produced upon
one who had been long familiar with the beau?
ty of his own country, and ignorant of the ex?
istence of any other, if he should afterwards
be Introduced to other lands and find, after
caret ul and perhaps sceptical exploration,
that each was as beautiful as the one he had
left, and which he had believed to constitute
the whole world. The lecturer also pointed
out a higher value In the dramas of Shake?
speare than their fund of pleasure and amuse?
ment. They were, be said, among those works
which constitute what bad been happily term?
ed Ibe "volumes paramount" of their tongue.
These were the works which, rising like
monuments above the other literature of the
language, illustrated the epoch of literary
progress, preserved the purity of the longue,
and reflected the character ot the nation,
whll* they discouraged vice and stimulated
virtue in all coming ne aerations. Of these
"volumes paramount," ihe English tongue
possessed Spencer, Chaucer, Shakespeare, Mil?
ton, and the English translation of the Scrip?
tures. There were, however, some Utile wise
fools, who contd understand nothing of all
this, and wno would say, if questioned as to
their opinion of the great lights which had
from time to time Illuminated ihe literary his?
tory of the world, "Oh, I cannot see why Ho?
mer should have got such a great reputation
as bebas, and Milton, for all that he wrote so
many thousand lines, he didn't prove any?
thing, and if Bacon did write ''Shakespeare"
I don't think lt is much to bis credit, it is of?
tentimes obscure, alwayB tedious, and, on the
whole, very ooaree and vulgar. As to the ob?
scurity of Shakespeare the lee lurer rep led, ]n
the language of C ??eridge, that we should first
be sure that we t?:e not ignorant of the au?
thor's understanding before we pretend to un?
derstand his Ignorance. As to the charge of
coarseness or vulgarity, lt was admitted that
Shakespeare had employed terms, current In
bis age, which were recognized as Indelicate
or indecent now, but he was never vicious
In his teachings, and, on the contrary, he
exalted virtue and made vice, by stripping
lt of Its tinsel, despicable and abhorrent.
Coming to tbe Immediate subject of the lec?
ture, he said that the character of Hamlet
.was chiefly notable tor the sublle psychologi?
cal analysis which lt exhibited. He described
the character as that of a high-minded, hon?
orable youth, never devoid of physical cour?
age, and not wanting In other attributes of a
gentleman, but with a strongly reflective or
Introspective cast of mind which, especially
und?r the pressure of a terribly difficult duty,
caused bim to be, In action, irresolute and
apparently weak. Taking up the play at the
scene where the ghost ol Hamlet's lather has
just related to bis son the horrible method of
his murder, he described the conflict
of emotions which agitated Hamlet in
the brief Interval between the dis?
appearance of the spectre and the
entrance of his friends. Horatio and Mar?
cellus. Horror at the "foul and most unnat?
ural murder," detestation of bis uncle who
bad committed lt, and filial and loyal love lor
bis murdered father, all urged him to the ful?
filment of his oaths of revenge by the most
speedy and effectual means; but there arose,
too, a lingering doubt of the authenticity of
the ghostly revelation, and bis rapid but be?
wildered thonght had brought him no larther
than the perception that, in the terrible task
be would be called OB to fulfil, he must re?
quire some dissimulation, when his friends re?
turned. Therefore, be pledges them never to
tell or hint of that night's visit from the olher
world, nor to pretend that they knew aught
ot him, "how strange or odd so'er I bear my?
self," and be even begins his dissimula?
tion then and there when he hears the
ghostly voioe commanding them to swear
and speak of the apparition as "this fellow in
the cellarage," "old mole," and "truepenny."
Coming to the heroine of the drama, the
lecturer described the pressure brought to
bear upon Ophelia by her worldly-wise brother
and father, Laertes and Polonlus, to compel
her to give up her love for Hamlet, and be
described the character of Polonlus as that of
a man In whom a too keen knowledge of the
world had blunted all knowledge of the heart,
and !ne courtier had consumed the man.
Ophelia having promised all her father wished,
and treachery having Intercepted all her lov?
er's missives, he suddenly appears belore her
and, perhaps In despair at her supposed faith?
lessness, perhaps in pursuance of a settled
plan, he has the manner ot a ma?man.
She, frightened, tells her father, and
thlB wise old fool finds out that Ham?
let 1B " mad for love," and rushes to
the king with his discovery. Then comes the
arllul plans devised to test his madness, Rosen
crantz, Gulldensiern, Polonlus and Ophelia
being sent to him as spies to draw him eut,
and ending by being mystified more iban ever,
Ophelia unhappily to madness herself. Next
were described the accidental arrival ol the
strolling players, the suggestion to Ham lei's
mind of a plan to confirm his suspicion ot his
uQcle'd crime, the terrible confirmation by
means of this plan, and the rest of the sad
story till the last catastrophe, when the king
and queen with Laertes, their willing tool, are
Involved In the death their treachery had
planned for Hamlet alone.
The story ol the drama was told by the
lecturer rather than read from the text, no
long quotations being Introduced except the
memorable soliloquy In the first scene of act
three, and the plot of the tragedy being point?
ed ont only as an aid to the elucidation of the
character. Altogether the lecture was a keen
analysis and a graphic word-picture of this
brilliant, sad, reflective prince, such as was
calculated to give the auditor SB clear a key to
this subtle character as could be presented by
the most finshed actor with every accessory of
the B&ge tor bis assistance.
HA YDS'S CREATION.
Tli, Oratorio to be Repeated for (he
It wit: b-i seen by the subjoined letters that
the ladies unr; gentlemen who performed the
Creation with so much success, last Wednes?
day evening, have generously consented to its
repetition for the benefit ot the Confed?rate
Widows' Home, an institution which, by its
obj eis and history, has a peculiarly strong
claim upon the people ol the city and State:
CHARLESTON, March 14, 1873.
Bear Madam-It having been suggested
to me that you might not be disinclined to
repeat your very successl'il "Oratorio" of the
12th Inst., for the benefit o? some charily of
our city, permit me, most respectfully, to pre?
sent the claims o? the "Confederate Home,"
as one that appeals directly to the hearts and
sympathies ol our people.
Should you kindly concur In this suggestion,
a committee icom our board will be most hap?
py to wult upon you to make all necessary
I have the honor to be, Madura,
With much regard,
Your obedient servant,
Chairman Executive Committee
Of the Auxiliary Association.
To Mrs. B. H. BARBOT.
CHARLESTON, March 15.
Bear Sir-In reply to your communication
of the 14th instant, I would respectfully slate
that, ou consulting with the ladles and gen?
tlemen, who so kindly assisted me In the ren?
dering of "the Oratorio" on the 12th Instant,
a cheerful and cordial response, in which I
heartily Join, has been made to your request
of a repetition of the same, for the benefit of J
the noble charily which you represent.
I would select Thursday, the 20Lh Instant,
for the performance, and would ask a com?
mittee ot your board to meet me as soon as
practicable to perfect the necessary arrange?
I remain, very respectfully, yours,
B. H. BARBOT.
To Mr. H. GOURDIN, Chairman Executive
Two More New Residences-A Hint to
the City Authorities.
Day by day thy number o? new building
projected or in process of erection throughout
the city Is augmented, and the energy and
visor of the onward march oi Improvement ls
thereby constantly Illustrated. The peaceful
serenity of the vacant lot on the south side of |
Wentworth street, next east of Smith street,
has been recently disturbed by piles ol lum?
ber, brick and mortar, and it will shortly be?
come the site of a neat two and a half story
wooden residence, with a street Iront forty
six feet long, double piazzas and a pitched
?late roof. It will be thirty-six leetdeep, and
will also have double piazzas on tbe rear. It
will have three square room?, with dressing
rooms and pantries on each ol the two first j
floors, and three attic rooms. A Kitchen will
be attached to the rear. The house ls building
by Mr. J. H. Houston for Mr. W. E. Buller,
and will be flulshed during the latter part of |
Tne same builder has Just completed a two
and a half story wooden residence for Mr. 0.
E. Johnson, ot the clothing firm of 0. E. <fc A
S. Johnson, at No. 27 Pitt street, west side,
near Wentworth. This bulldlDg Blands with a
gable twenty-six feet long, fronting ihe street,
and extends backwards seventy feet. It is
covered by a pitched lin roof, and has double
piazzas on the south front. Ii contains twelve
rooms, with dressing-rooms and pantries, and
bas a kitchen attached to the rear.
The wal s of the brick store on the east side
of East Bay street, next north of ibo south?
ernmost avenue to Boyce's wharves, which
was destroyed by fire several years ngo, have
been pulled down and the bricks cleaned and
piled. It ls probable that a new store will
soon rise upon this site.
On the south side of Wentworth street, op?
posite Glebe, Is an old wooden rookery, which
maintains a tumbling atilt ide, and doubtless
would have lallen long aj,o were lt not sup?
ported by a series ot prop.". The dangerous
condition of this building invites the action of
the city authorities to have ll Dulled down.
The Summerville down train was delayed
about two hours on Sunday morning by
slight accident that occurred at the Nineteen
Mile Turnout. The Columbia lrelghl train
No. 2 had Btopped at that place to put out
freight, and was a good deal behind lime.
The paymaster's train was going up behind it,
and the engineer not knowing of ihe delay,
and the morning being very fog*y, ran Into
the freight train Just at the turnout. The con?
ductor's car and one box car ot the Ireigbt
train were knocked to pieces and several box
cars slightly injured. The smoke-stuck of ihe
engine of ihe paymaster's train was knocked
off, and the cowcatcher somewhat battered,
but otherwise that train escaped Injury. The
Summerville train was stopped Just In lime lo
prevent an accident lo lt, and was obliged to
remain at ihe turnout until ihe debris of the
broken cars could be cleared from the track.
The down passenger train, between Augusta
and Branchville, was detained a few hours
last Saturday night by the blowing out of ihe
boiler plug of ihe locomotive.
A PLEASING INCIDENT.
Professor Cromwell's art entertainments
closed on Saturday evening. He expressed
his thanks to a crowded house for ihe gener?
ous patronage received here. During the
performance, one of the boys from the Orphan
house ascended Ihe stage and placed a square
box In the Professor's hands, on which lay a
note. Tne contents proved to be a handsome
silver cup, about four Inches high, and lined
with gold, with ihe bottom rim of iroBted sil?
ver an Inch deep, upon which was embossed
a representation ol herons stalking on the
Nile banks. The cup bore the following inscrip?
tion: "Professor G. B. Cromwell, lrom his |
lriends In the Orphanhouse, Charleston, S.
C., March, 1873." Tne Professor, twice during
h:3 engagement, extended an invitation to
the inmates ol ihe Orphanhouse to visit his
entertainments, and it was in gratitude for
these favors that the gift, mentioned above,
was offered, as the contents of the letter
which accompanied it will show:
CHARLESTON, March 15,1873.
The lillie ones of ibo Orphanhouse beg to
return their sincere thanks to Professor
Cromwell for his Kindness an i sympathy, and
their teachers-his and ihelr friends-request
the acceptance of the Utile memento en?
closed in the accompanying box.
Many other preeents have been given Pro?
fessor Cromwell, both here and abroad,
among ihem, one from a lady of this city tor his
wife, consisting of a costly camel's hair shawl,
embroidered in gold thread and crlrrson
floss. The Professor left last evenloe wah his
machinery on the Dictator for Savannah
where he will open to-night.
THE PRESIDENT'S POLICY.
HIS REASONS FOR POSTPONING HIS
SOUTHERN TRIP EXPLAINED.
No Cabinet Reconstruction-An Un?
changed Financial Policy-Coba to
Gain her Independence Within the
Present Year-The Santana Bay
Scheme to Bring About Annexation
Utah's Saints to Obey the Laws-Thc
Lioaisiana Muddle and the Indian
A correspondent ol the New York Herald
prolesses to bave hadan interview with Pres?
ident Granton the leading topics ot the day,
in which, according to his account, the Presi?
dent expressed himself satisfied that the pres?
ent Cabinet did not need reconstruclion,
nor would the withdrawal o? Mr. Boutwell |
change the financial policy of the country or
embarrass Its business. lu reply to a ques?
tion whether trouble might not be anticipated
with Spala, in connection with the Cuban re?
volt, the President said :
Oh, no, sir ! We hope for the success of the
Republic in Spain. As lar as consistent with
our general International dulles we wish to
encourage the Spanish Republic; but at the
same ttme we are not insensible io the claims
of the Cubans upon our sympathies, and I rom
the Internal embarrassment ol'Spalo, lt Is my
Impression that before the end ol the present
THE ISDEPKSDEXCE OF CUBA WILL BE ESTAB
I think so because lt appears that Spain can
no longer furnish the fresh supplies ol troops
necessAry to bold the insurgents within the
limits to which they have been confined lor
the laBt two or three years. Nor can I per?
ceive any possible advantage to the Spaulsh
Republic irom an ludeflnlte prolongation ot
this war against the Cubans under existing
Reporter. But do jon anticipate no trouble
on account of ibis St. Domingo, ISamana Bay
NO TROUBLE WITH THE BLACK REPUBLIC.
The President. None In the world. I sup?
pose the men of that company are practical
business men, and will not Needlessly get In?
volved in expensive difficulties. I expect, too,
in the course ol the next len or Alleen years,
that this company will have made such pro?
gress In developments ol the great resources
ol thal fine country that our government and
people will unuex it, us a bargain, at len or
fifteen millions of dollars, when we might
have secured lt a year ago for a million aud a [
half-I mean the Dominican Republic. In any
event, we desire peace, and expect no trouble
NO TRIP SOUTH,
Reporter. Coming nearer home, we regret j
the circumstances which have compelled you
to relinquish your contemplated Southern
tour of ooservatlon. It is the general opinion
that such an excursion wsuld do much to re?
concile all classes ol the Southern people to
the fixed results of the war. and lo harmonize
the North and the Soulh, and that lt would
not fall to strengthen your administration in
the reconstructed States. But I Bee from the
morning papers thal this trip is Indefinitely
The President. Yes, sir, and I regret il,
too. I had designed, willi some members of I
the cabinet, a trip ol four or live weeks' dura- f
lion, embracing all, or nearly all, the Southern
States, and, assured everywhere ol a gene?
rous welcome, I anticipated much pleasure
and good results from the Journey to all con?
cerned; but the pressure ol public business
and other things have compelled me to uive
lt up. My private affairs, too, need some little
attention, and for this purpose, with the first
opportunity, I shall make
A SHORT VISIT TO 9T. LOUIS,
Reporter, 'then I would urge you, Mr.
President, to continue your journey westward
to Sau Francisco; lor the wonders that have
been accomplished In ihe seulement and de?
velopment ot all that vast region from Nebras?
ka to California and Oregon, elnce you were
lhere eiiiliieen or twenty years aizo, are among
thu special wonders ol ihe world.
The President. That is true. Rut the same
reasons which cut me off in the South slop me
in the West.
Reporter. Why, sir, to see what these
Mormons have made of those deserts ot Uiab
is worth a king's ransom, although that relic
of barbarism, polygamy, is a fearful Ibiug.
THE SAINTS MUST OBEY THE LAWS.
The President. It is s t; and while as lo all
other people we are disposed not only to bo
Just, but generous, ihose people of Uiah must
obey the laws. I cannot recede on ihls point ;
they must obey the laws.
Reporter. 1 Buppose, however, that yon
expect no fumier trouble with tue Mormons ?
Tue President. Not ll they uct wisely; but
they must obey the laws.
Reporter. And wlih regard to Louisiana
Is that trouble, Mr. President, all over ?
POLICY TOWARDS LOUISIANA.
The Presiden'.. I hope so. My policy lhere,
too, has been simply the execution cf the laws
and the r?cognition of the judgment of the
courts. In the present situation I rio not ap?
prehend ar.y further trouble In that quarter.
Repuiler. And the Indiana? Peace, I be?
lieve, has been made with Captain Jack, and
our Indian wars are over. From soin-* obser?
vations out West lt appeared to me you were
getting along very well with our re^l brethren.
The President. All these things require a
little lime. The great difficulty in
a POLICY OF HUMANITY WITH TUE INDIANS
has been, aud is, the prevailing prejudices ol
our iront 1er whiles against these poor savages,
where the optnon prevails that the best ihlng
that can be done willi an Indian ls to kill him.
A humane policy meels with many obstruc?
tion*; but it ls succeeding so well as to en?
courage us in the belief that lt ls destined lo
be a complete success. I have great faith lu lt.
The reporter then retired. Tbe conclusions
from this conversation are that no immediate
change in the Cabinet beyond the secretary ol
the treasury ls contemplated; that the general
policy of the administration will not be
changed; that the President believes In the
success of ihe Cubans; that be Intends to hold
the Mormons lo a strict accouni; thal he be?
lieves the troubles in ihe South are over, and
that he expects nothing io occur requiring a
meeting ol Congress lill December next.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
-A New York medical expert pronounces
George Francis Train insane.
-The body of Rishop Mcllvaine, who died
at Florence, will be brought home.
-The epizooiy ia In San Francisco, and
stage contractors are nslng Indlun ponies.
-Ex-King Amadeus hus formally resumed
his nghi asan Italian citizen.
-Tue Alabama Legislature, a ReDubllcan
body, has rejected a civil rights bill similar to
-No strike Is anticipated by the New York
bricklayers or hod carriers. They are satis?
fied wlih their present wages aud hours.
-Colonel Ames, of the New York Custom?
house, will snccped General Jjnes, as post?
master at New York.
--The bank books of Henrv Menairer, the
sawdust or counterfeit greenback swlnder,
arrested lu New York on Friday, show that
he has doue business amountlog'to one thou?
sand dollars per week since January Isl.
-The Brliish ship John Parker, from New
Orleans lor Liverpool, wlih 3513 bales ol' cot?
ton, 6000 slaves, and 2000 sacks ol oil cake,
took fire in Southwest Pass, Louisiana, on
Friday, and was scuttled and sunk on the
-Arthur Chambers and George Seddon?,
two New York roughs, while arranging in that
city on Friday evening for a ?ghton May 21st
became engaged In a dispute, which, leading
finally to blows, resulted in Seddons retiring
with a bloody noiee and Chambers with his
forehead disfigured and a black eve.
-The Cincinnati Academy of Medicine bas
passed a resolution iorbidding those of Us
members, not regular Insurance physicians, ,
from Issuing certificates of ihe health of
patients except by the patient's consent, and
the payment of five dollars by the Insurance
- the standing committee ol the Protestant
Episcopal Church lu Cincinnati have inform?
ally resolved, !n behalf of the churohes of ihe
city, to offer their services In conducting the
luoeral of the late Bishop Mcllvaine, and to
bring the body home from Italy for Interment
The lamlly of the deceased have not yet re?
turned an answer to the proposition.
"MIDDLEMAR CU. ?
The Place Assigned to "George Eliot"
bj' a French Critic.
The Revue des Doux .Moa dc s of February 1,
1873, devof.es twenty-three pagos to a review of
George Eliot's new nove1, "Middlemarch, ' j
under the title "Le Roman de la Vie de Pro?
vince en Angletorre," Tho writer (Th. Bentzon)
gives a clever sketch of the book, with copious
extracts, and concludes with tho following
George Eliot is certainly not deficient in
scholarship, talent or brilliancy, ncr does she
lack fertility in invention. Few English wri?
ters equal her in power. In some poiuts she
fiila-as, for instance, in the signal misuse of j
medical and physiological terms.
Wo find in this interminable romance genre
pictures worthy of observation through a mag?
nify in? pl ass, even in tbe most highly wrought
scones. Her long narrations of electoral can?
vasses oven silence critioism, so strongly do
they recommend themselves to notice by their
keen aud delicato study of human ambitious
and weaknesses; above all by a judicious ming?
ling of philanthropy and prudent reserve when
political reform and social advancement are
undor discussion; but all these noble and sub?
stantial, delicato and visible qualities are not
enouch to redeem a flagrant contempt for the
essential rules of art.
'Middlemarch" is composad of disconnected
chapters thrown together apparently by chance,
producing unjustifiable incoherence. This
may in part be excused by t he fact that the
book wja published in parts, a method whose
least iuconvenience is wearioess to tbe reader.
The reader mnst be reconciled, too, to the
dullness of provincial lire in England, and
should remember this studv is only a back?
ground to an interesting and glowing picture
made still more so by contrast.
in order to merit a place among novelists of |
the first rank George Elliot must recognize the
trnth that the first condition of beauty is to
perfect tbe main part of the structure' before
elaborating its ornament; and that perfection
in detail will not supply deficiency in plan.
Moreover, that tho real is not annulled by alli?
ance with the ideal. It has often boen said,
but cannot too often be repeated, the ideal is
not above nature; it forms part of the truth;
it is indispensable to oil "superior work.
Gecge Eliot has not accepted this immortal
precept, but has deliberately put observation
above imagination, and subjected to unpitving
analysis all that belongs to passion, sensibility
and fancy. For this reason wo must withhold
from her in our opinion a place among the
world's greatest novolists.
BOTEL ARRIVALS-MARCS IS AND 16.
Y S Patton, Nashville; E D Adams and lady,
Mrs J M sta'esburg, kiss BdUMiaw, Philadel?
phia; I) L Pringle, Georget >wn; U U Knowlton^
F Benerker, J ? Wils m, Miss Wilson, K L Bates.
P McCarty, - Muller, A A Law.OM Vail and
lady, Mies Vail, J G Albert and la ly, F 0 Nor. h,
G C tlnadley, Miss R W Waite, F O'Neill, E Bend?
sall and lady, Mri J D Ru -.sell. New York; John
Letchwood, Philadelphia; U ? Gregory and lady,
Berlin, Conn; G H Fenno and i .dy, Mrs 0 R Lan?
caster, Miss E F Blair, Boston; R A Eichelberger,
South Carolina; J B Fzcll and lady, B J Boone, J L
Neagle, Columbia: 0 A Seymour, J Pass, li B
Ainsworth, Georgia; J W Brown, V rginla; E A
Loalls. E ? Prescott, Chicago; W F Johnson, Balti?
more; G Arm*. Chlcopee; F A 1 uttle, Colonel D 0
Carpenter, New Hiven; J Lightfoot lady and
child. Mrs s L G migues, Germantown ; A ? Raster
and lady, n B ICasto.i, Fall River; W w WilHon,
lady, 2 children and nurse, BOitoo;_Mrs Bagg,
Uilc.i;8 U ir J, Kontucky;T lidmondston, London;
Miss J F Russell, the Misses Bunting. New York;
U Keep and lady, Mrs C C Peck, chicago; lt it
Slaught, Jr, New York ; W L Pease, lady and child,
Elgin. Ill; 0 0 Smythe and lady, USA; AW an 1
W B L'ouglas, Lockport, N V; M S Anderson.
Aiken; Marshal Phillips, Philadelphia; A A Cl soy'
EdgeOeld; Geo Barrie, B Gorman, Thos D Malone
Philadelphia; W ? and E L Fearing, 0 A Mattock,
Jr, B Odendorf, W Alsop and 1 idy, W F Ball and
lady, Miss Fannie Hall, New York; 0 MPaallson
and lady, Passaic, N J; WC Blackwood, North
Carolina; ? P Benya, U s Engineer; BP Greene,
lady aud child. New Tort: T F Tilling )os:, Missis?
sippi^ B Grier, Pennsylvania; A I) Pow*.ll, Ver?
na mi ; Frank Rowell, Buxton; J F Donody, Darlen,
Ga; N W Becker, New York; W P Vamtess. USA;
A U IJ?S? ">nd lady, Mrs x Reed, Miss 0 Lancas?
ter, chicago; VJ ?I and servant, Colombia,
tl F Robinson, Memphis J A ant lady, B
Q D By on, South Carolina; Thomas A Tobin, S?S
Lymington, Jr, Kiss Lymington, 0 T Goadby,
New York; Kev F W Zabri9kle, Oonnecli.-nt; Miss
Bunter, Ma-.t r Hunter, New York; R B Dox, Ge?
neva, N Y; PD Brown, New York; W fl Manbey.
New Jersey; J 0 Rusted, Miss A J Russell, Mr
Lewis, Massachusetts, L Pauling, Brooklyn.
George W Bo wm m. New York; 8 W Brown,
West Troy, NY; J Craig, City; M S Sams, BS
Whaley, Charleston County; w J McKerall, Ma?
rton: K Grover. D M Taylor, Philadelphia; J W
Biles, New York; J W Watkins, Brooklyn; J w
Mose ey. South Carolina; s J Walton. W S Brand,
SK War on. Nnriheistem Railroad; Jerome P
Chase, Florence; Or L Mo-es, Savannah: W n
Ferguson, Detrol'; A s Tunned, Philadelphia;
George K Botched, Clarendon; General Q A Gil
moro and laJy. United States Army; Samuel
Giles, George A Pla", Qraulievllle; W ? Pecic,
Nev York; Mrs Or Bos<ard, Sumter; W U Mc?
Donald, Key West; A Knox. L B Wheelock.
Mount Pleasant; Li K Moody, Marlon;Himry Spar
nick, AKen; M Cantwell, south u.-.rolba; J Pani?
ng Brooklyn; Peter J Brown, New York; W H
Mawbey, Newark; T E Mciver, Wilmington.
JOTTINGS ABOUT THE STATE.
-The Georgetown fire department under?
went, last. Monday, a successful examination.
-Mr. V. Mc Bee Burgess, a brickmason of
Laurens, was killed recently by a fall irom a
Mr. Wm. Blakely, Esq., a most worthy citi?
zen of Laurens, died ou ihe 10th instant, aged
-Mr. J. V. Darlington announces his re?
tirement from the position of editor and pro?
prietor of the Marlboro' Times.
-Mr. Edwin McCrary, an old and valued
citizen ol Laurens, died on Ike 13th ult., aged
-The dwelling ol Mr. John Cbumbler, of |
Fiskens County, waB destroyed by Are on Sun?
day nluht las!, Mr. Chumbier losing every?
thing he possci-sed in ihe world.
-The dwelling of Dr. Donald, at Grove Sla
Ilon, on the Greenville and Columbia Rill
road, was consumed by au accidental fire a
lew days ago. A pottion ol the furniture was
-The Southern-bound local freight train on
the Wilmington, Columbia and AugiiBta Rail?
road collided with a special train going nonh
on the Columbia and Augusta Road, on the
morning of the 13tb, wrecking five cats and
tearing up the track. The only person in?
jured was the Qreman.
-At a meeting last Thursday evening o
the new fire engine company of Greenville,
ihe tallowing gentlemen were eleced: Rev.
Ellison Capers, presideui; W. P.Sudduth vice- |
president; Samuel Mauldln, secretary and
treasurer; J. L. Hawkins, F. B. McBee, John
Keenan and Manning Higgins, directors.
Rev. Mr. Capers, however, decllued the presi?
-Tue colton buyers at Newberry have held
a meeting for the purpose of resisting any
combination ol'moneyed men In New York,
whose object is to depress the price ol cotton.
Resolutions were adopted setilog forth the
fact that mucn. cotton had been nought by the
citiz-ns of ihe Slate for future delivery, an
amount in excess of the remainder ot the
crop now unsold, and thai the buyers have lt
in their power to advance the price within
the next sixty days; also appealing Jo the buy?
ers throughout the 8tate to organize and act
In conjunction with this movement, and help
defeat the New York combination.
-A fracas occurred In the capital building
at Atlanta last Thursday between Alfred L .
Doyal, a guard at the capital, and John Ken-1 i
drick, of Allanta. It appears that the latter
was intoxicated and boisterous, and Doyal in?
terfered to quiet him, after which they came
to blows, and finally to pistol practice. Ken?
drick fired twice and Doyal three times,
and both were blt once. Neither, of the
wounds are serious, however, and both are
now doing well.
THE CRISIS Di ENGLAND.
DISRAELI AND DERBY DECLINE TO
FORM THE NEW CABINET.
Granville to be Premier-An Appeal to
the Country Probable.
LONDON, March 14-11 P. M.
Mr. Disraeli ls still reluctant to assume the
responsibility of organizing a new govern?
It was positively asserted at the Carlton
Chit, this afternoon, that one thing la settled,
namely: If the Conservatives take office, Dis?
raeli will not be the premier, and that Mr.
Disraeli will Inform the Queen to-morrow
that it ls Impossible for bim to form a minis?
try, and will suggest that the task be entrust?
ed to Earl Derby, who bas the support of the
old Whigs. In the Reform Club, the belle! ls
lhat the chances for a return of the Conserva?
tives to power are Blnking, and that Glad?
stone, in a few days, will withdraw his resig?
nation. All parties are opposed to a dissolu?
tion of Parliament. At the cabinet councils
held on Wednesday and Thursday, Mr. Glad?
stone repeatedly expressed a wish to retire to
private life, and his colleagues used every
argument ia their power to dissuade him
(rom his purpose.
The Pall Mall Gazelle says tha\ Disraeli told
the Queen yesterday he was not prepared lo
lorni a Cabinet. The Gazette Is confident,
under the circumstances, that Gladstone will
be recalled to (he head of the government.
The Globe declares the latter assumption un?
warranted. Lords Derby and Calmes cannot
reach London until to-morrow, and meantime
nothing can be determined, and all talk on
the subject ol the future ministry must be
Conservative leaders object lo take office
while their parly is in a minority of ninety in
.he House of Commons. If Disraeli ultimately
inclines Ute task of creatlug a new Cabinet, I
lt is probable that un appeal-which both par-1
ties hesitate to Initiate-will be made to the I
jountry. Il is said that In Ihe event ol the
resolution ol Parliament, Hon. John Bright, I
Aili, In consequence ol his poor health, retire
il together from the House of Commons.
LONDON, March 14.
New York World Special: The Earl ol Derby
s trying lo lorm a cabinet, composed of him
tell' as premier; Disraeli, chancellor of the I
?xchtquer; Ward Hunt,horne secretary; North-1
:ote, secretary for India; Gathorne Hardy, for-1
ilgn secretary; ihe Marquis of Salisbury, pres
dent of the council, and C.Urne, lord chan-1
?ellor. Lord Derby's success Is doubtful. If I
ie falls Lord Granville's scratch cabinet will j
:ome in, and end wlih an appeal to the conn-1
LONDON, March 15-Noon.
Lord Derby bas arrived irom Paris, and has
lad a long conference wilh Dh rael!. It Isl
irobable that Disraeli will accept the office,
lnlsh the business ol the seBslon by June, and I
llseolve the Parliament. The Conservatives I
ill over the country are confident ol the result I
>f the election. j
LON DUN. March 15-3 P. M. ;
Disraeli waited on the Queen, giving ber I
.he reasons Impelling him lo decline the I
jfflce. Derby concurs with Disraeli that tbe
Conservatives cannot accept the responsi-1
jil i i y ol forming a government at this time, i
EVENING.- Derby and Disraeli have declined I
.be responsibility ol forming a new ministry. I
Nothing definite has transpired since inls an
?ouncement It ls rumored that Granville I
viii be premier, and Cardwell chancellor ol
he exchequer. Gladstone has gone to the I
?ountry lill Mondar. It ls expected that Par
lament will adjourn Irom Monday to Thurs
lay. _ _
Leading Measures of his Government
Tho Irish University Bill-Why the
Ministry was Defeated.
At a banquet given to a leading politician, j
>n the evening of March 5, Mr. Gladstone, in
he course of a speech, adverted lo ihe Irish I
?ducatlonal bill, and Intimated that the gov-1
;rnment would gladly accept all valuable I
imendments, and would even consent to I
nodi?cailons which would not better the bill I
n order to avoid the adoption of any worse I
neasure. In concluding bis remarks upon I
his subject, Mr. Gladstone said:
M When the hour for the dissolution ot tbe I
ninlsiry arrives, we will be ready lo retire, I
>ut we will not needlessly abandon our posts."
On Tuesday evening, In a very full house,
i though about one-fourth of ihe members
vere absent, the Irish education bill was I
irought lo a voto, resulting In 284 for the
neasure, and 237 against lt-a majority of
inly three against the government. But Mr. I
jladsione hits chOBen lo regard this adverse
.ote as indicating lhat "the hour for the dis-1
olutlon of Hie ministry" has arrived, and has I
tccordlngly presented ihe resignation of bim-1
leif and Ula colleagues io the Queen.
GLADSTONE'S ACCESSION TO POWER.
On the 25th of February, 1889, lb? lute Earl
Derby resigned the premiership into the
ianda ot Mr. Disraeli, who tort);with devoted I
ill lils energies to (be perfection ol the re-1
orm measures inaugurated under ihe leader-1
ihlp of his predecessor, by which ihe ConBer-1
rai Ives hoped io satisfy the clamors of the I
leople and maintain their hold on office. Mr.
Disraeli's skilful strategy carried bim Biiccess-1
inly through the ordeal; and ll was not until
he Liberal leader, Mr.Gladstone, Introduced, I
in March 30, 18G8, a resolution declaring I
..that ihe Ic i a ri Church, as an establishment,
ihould cease to exist," lhat the premier I
ound his hold upon ihe mojorlty of the
louee of Commons weakening. Mr. Glari
iione's resolution passed thc Commons on the
?Olh of April, by Hie decided majority of 65 I
?otes. As lt was evident lhat the House ol j
..ords would acquiesce lu such aradical meas- j
ire only kn answer to a very strong pressure I
rom the House of Commons, and Mr. Glad
tone desired time to mature his plans and
eel the temper of Ihe country, he did not I
irgH the Immediate resignation oi the Disraeli I
ninisiry, but contented hlmsell with the pas-1
ag* ol a bill restraining the ministry from
nuking BDy new appointments to Ali vacan-1
iles, and the building, rebuilding, or enlarg
og of any church edifices or property In Ire
and during the jear ending August, 1,18G9.
parliament was prorogued in July, and In I
lovember following a general elecllon for
aembers ol I he House ol Commons was held, I
esulting, after a most exciting canvass, in
be relurn of a Liberal majority of about one I
und red and twelve. Mr. Disraeli did not I
rait for the opening of Parliament, but re-1
igned on December 2, 1868, and a new mlnls
ry was formed on December 9, with Mr. Ol *d
tone as premier-a task ot extreme difficulty,
wing lo the fact that Parliament was not In I
ession, and Mr. Gladstone's following was
dade up of several (actions, the leaders of
rhlch differed widely on many of the vital
uestlons which were to be agitated.
HE DISESTABLISHMENT OP THE IRISH CHURCH
ras the first measure towards which Mr. Glad
tone turned his attention. A bill to this !
fleet was Introduced in the Commons on I
larch 1,1839, and passed a second reading,
tier a long and excited d?bete, on the 24th of
he same month, by a vote of 368 to 250, Bhow
ng a ministerial majority of 118. j
When the measure reached the House of
jords lt encountered bitter opposition, and
ras very essentially modified as to Its cardl
lal prlnc pies. Nearly all the amendments,
owever, were rejected by the Commons, to I
he great Indignation of the upper house, but
, compromise was finally effected, and the I
lill, only slightly modified, finally passed both I
bou?es, and received the Queen's assent on
the 26th ol July.
FURTHER IRISH REFORM MEASURES.
DuriDg 1870 Mr. Gladstone maintained his
poBiiion, although his large majority lo the
Commons was weakened. The measures In?
troduced and pressed to a passage by bim
during the year were numerous and impor?
tant, and bore principally upon the vexatious
Irish question. Among these were the Irish
peace preservation bill, a very stringent meas?
ure, and the Irish land reiorm bill, which was
assailed as incomplete and needlessly objec?
tionable. They were not passed without un?
dergoing material amendments, which in
some cases effected considerable changes In
their character, but they were finally passed
by a large majority In the House of Commons
and a small majority In the House ol Lords.
Other important measures of the Gladstone
ministry were the act for the promotion of
elementary education, passed In 1870; the
settlement of the Alabama question (which
was bitterly assailed by the opposition;) the
abolition ol the purchase system In the army
(effected by Boyal warrant;) and a new and
improved system of elections.
Meanwhile the ministry has had on Its
bands several vexatious loreign Issues. The
refusal ol France In 1871 to renew the com?
mercial treaty between the two governments
presented a difficulty which was only recent?
ly bridged over, and the course of Russia In
Central Asia bas led to complications which
are still unsettled. The policy pursued by the
government lo both these cases bas afforded a
titling commentary upon the great tailing off
In the foreign influence ot Great Britain, for
which the Gladstone Government bas been
held by Its antagonists as In great measure
THE IRISH UNIVERSITY BILL,
upon which the Gladstone ministry has finally
sustained defeat, was intended to remedy one
of the most grievous evils which ls sltll In?
flicted upon Ireland, and the ministry were
determined to press lt through Parliament If
possible. It had special reference to Trinity
College, Dublin, and by the tenth section lt
was "forbidden lo impose on any person for
any purpose any religions test or qualifica?
tion, ami to make Ibe taking of orders a condi?
tion ol holding any emolument." The eleventh
section provided l hat - ?n und after the first
day of January, 1875, the council shall have
power lo question, reprimand, or punish by
suspension, deprivation, or otherwise, any
professor, teacher, examiner, or other person
having authority lo the university, who, wnen
in dlschaigrt of his functions as a university
officer, muy, by word ol mouth, writing, or
otherwise, be held by them to have wlllully
given i Hence to th? religious convictions of
any member of the university." 1 his was the
most obj-cilonable clnuse In the measure, and
the one which ha" lcd to the fierce siruggle
resulting In Mr. Gladslone's defeat. The bill
encountered ihe opposition even of the Ca?
tholic bishops, and thus found favor only In
the ranks ot the Premier's staunchest adhe?
rents. The defeat which he sustained by the
small ma|orUy of three votes has brought bis
administration to an abrupt and unexpected
THE RETIRING MINISTRY.
The following Is a Hal of the Gladstone Min?
istry at the lime of bis defeat:
Premier and First Lord of the Treasury
Wil'iam F. Gladstone.
Lord High Chancellor-Lord Selborne (Slr
Lord President of the Connell-Marquis of
Lord Privy Seal-Viscount Halifax.
Chancellor of the Exchequer-Robert Lowe.
Home Secretary-Henry Austin Bruce.
Foreign cecrelary-Earl Granville.
Colonial Secretary-Earl Kimberly.
Secretary of War-Edward Cardwell.
Indian Secretary-Duke Argyll.
First Lord of the Admiralty-George
President, of the Board of Trade-Chichester
Chief Secretary lor Ireland-Marquis of Har?
President of the Poor-Law Board-James
Member of the Cabinet without a portfolio
William E. Foster.
NOTES FROX WASHINGTON.
Pardon of Carolina Kn-KInx.
WASHINGTON, March 16.
Pardons have been Issued by ihe President
to John C. Robinson, ol South Carolina, and
Wm. C. DuPrlest, of North Carolina. Both
were convicted of Ku-Kluxlsm and sentenced
to two years In the Albany penitentiary. The
former bad served six and the latter eighteen
Practical Assertions of Women's High ts.
In a recent examination lor promotions In
the internal revenue bureau, under the civil
service rules, one lady received a lonrth-class
clerkship-eighteen hundred dollars-another
a -ffilrd class-sixteen hundred-while of ten
other persons appulntedto second-class clerk?
ships, six are women.- . i??9.8eavy, who se?
cured the fourth-ciass clerkship, fias been
employed lo the office lor over ten years,
and for several years bas had exclusive
charge and direction of the copying division.
Fight for a Postmaster.
The fight Is renewed with fierceness over
the Chattanooga postmasterBblp. Captain A.
G. Sharp was on Thursday confirmed by the
Senate, in place of Hendrick, the Incumbent,
whose friends In force are now here. They
will endeavor lo luduce the Senate to recon
sider the vote by which Sharp was confirmed;
and li they fall In this, will preter charges
against bim to the President.
Commodore W. K. Latlmer ls dead.
Boutwell will continue as secretary three or
four days. Judge Richardson's friends are
not so confident.
The bondsmen of James P. Milner, collector
of the Filth Maryland District, wlthrew their
bonds, and Milner was Jailed on the charge ol
misappropriation ol public money.
The currency balance In the treasury ls now
one and a half millions-the figur?s being
lower than lor a great many years. The out?
standing legal tender notes are $357,165,600.
FOSTER'S FINAL DOOOL
NEW YORK, March 15.
The private secretary of Governor Dix has
announced to ibe sheriff lhat the governor
had wriuen a letter to Rev. Dr. Tyrg, saying
lhat the public safety and Justice demanded
the execution ol Fosier. Ihe car-book mur?
derer. The deputy sheriffs are now guarding
him In the Tombs. The first news ot the de?
cision ran irom lip io Up like wildfire. The
evening papers sent out extras with the brief
and faial announcement, and lt was the all
absorbing topic ol thu evening. The genera)
expreesiou of opinion is sympathy lor the cul?
prit, coupled with a belief that his death ls a
public necessity In order to make street ruf?
fianism dangerous to ruffians, as il now ls to
A DESPERATE SUICIDE.
PHILADELPHIA, March 15.
Thomas F. Anderson, cashier of Lamber?
tons Bank, at Franklin, Penn., one of the
oldest cashiers in the oil regions, yesterday
opened the bank as usual, wailed on several
customers, took all th i special deposits and
bills receivable out ol the vault and put Ihem
on ihe fire, ran home, drew a pistol In the
presence of his wife, told her he was going to
commit an awful act, rushed into the yard
and blew his brains out. It ls not known
what amount was destroyed in the fire, but
thirty-eight thousand dollars In United States
bonds was In ihe mass. Anderson had been
carrying a large amount of over drafts for the
accommodation ol his friends, and was crazed
by the dread of Impending exposure.
A GREAT CHICKEN DISPUTE.
During the past week quite a spirited chick?
en bailie has been wagea In Macon. Twenty
one cocks were shown, and nineteen matched.
Atlanta was represented by Pen Bedell;
Macon by Messrs. Jcbn Barclay and Black
Johnson. The belting was very heavy, At?
lanta's friends showing large margins, which
were covered by Macon's. Victory hung
wavering for a long time, until at last lt
awarded tbe meed to Atlanta, who scored
eleven ont ol nineteen, winning the main.
There was an Immense crowd In attendance
and a great deal of excitement manifested,
yet the utmoBt good order prevailed on the
ground. Considerable Bums of money changed
hauda In lavor ot Atlanta.
1ST. PATRICK'S DAY.
ITS HALLOWED INFLUENCES AUB AS?
The Observance of the Festival in
Tbe seventeenth of March 1B something
more tban tbe anniversary of a patron saint;
lt has assumed the grander signl?canoe of a
national festival, and ls the channel through
which pours the fondest hopes and noblest
aspirations of a people who love their na?
tive land with a passionate Idolatry which
finds no parallel elsewhere, ages o? oppres?
sion and humiliation, the treachery of Halse
friends, ihe vindictiveness of open enemies*
thd fiercest chastisement of the sword and
the torch, and all the awlnl agonies of an
unequal struggle against overwhelming odds,
have apparently only served to intensify
this love and intertwine it with the very
fibres ol national being. Revealing itself
more or less at all times and under all circum?
stances, lt yet seems to receive a fresh im?
petus on this day. The glories and the wrongs
of Ireland are then Invested with a stronger
power, and remembering the ODS and the
other, the sons and daughters ot the green It
land approach the altar of their country with
warmer devotion, and renew their vows of
eternal fidelity with more resolute purpose.
Recalling what Ireland has been, feeling what
Ireland Is, they dedicate themselves afresh to
her cause, and in spite of tbe disaster and
disappointment which have attended every
effort for redemption thus far, , they look for?
ward anxiously yet confidently to the hour
when the fetters of tyranny, the clogs of pre?
judice snail fall away, and Ireland take her
place among the nations o? the earth.
Enshrined, then, in religion and In patriot?
ism, 8t. Patrick's Day deserves to be held in
everlasting remembrance, and honored with
whatever ceremonial shall best express ita
How the festival will be observed in Charles?
ton the readers of THE NEWS have ?already
been informed. While many of dur friends are
reading these lines at their breakfast tablea,
the varions Irish organizations will be muster?
ing fer parade under the green banner at Hi?
bernian Hall, and the day, begun with reli?
gious solemnities, will be closed amid the
Joyous festivities of convivial gatherings.
The State Supreme Court.
E. M. Kirkpatrick vs. Atkinson. Appeal
dismissed. Opinion by Willard, A. J.
H. M. Kirkland, administrator, vs. T. E.
Cureton, executor. Appeal dismissed. Opin?
ion by Willard, A. J.
Alston vs. Alston. Motion dismissed. Opin?
ion by Moses, C. J.
United States Supreme Court.
In the proceedings of the United States
Supreme Court on Friday last we find the Tol?
No. 162. State ex rel. James Robb, Ac,
plaintiffs In error, vs. William Gurney, treas?
urer, & c. ; No. 163. State ex rel. Theodore D.
Wagner, plaintiffs in error, va. John K. Stell,
treasurer, <fec. The argument of thia mose
was continued by Mr. W. W. Boyce, of counsel '
for the plaintiffs lo error, by Mr. D. H. Cham
lain, for the defendants In error, and con?
eluded by Mr. B. B. Curtis for the plaintiff* in
Court of Common Pleas.
An extra term of the Court of 'Cetifltffc
Pleas, recently ordered by Judge Graham, "
will commence this morning. The 'cbjeot ct
this term ls to clear the docke ls of all unflnUh- * ?
ed business so that there wlil be no old cases
left for trial at the next regular terni: of UM
court. At the end o? the extra term the doc?
kets will be clear for the first time In twenty
years. The judge hopes by this measure to
obviate the necessity of holding a regular term
In June next. This being BU Patrick's Day,
the only business that will be transacted Will
be the organization of the Juries.
D. Keenan, for careless driving and break?
ing a buggy, was fined two dollars with the
costs ol the repairs. Wm. Bradley, for lying
drunk in the streets, was given thirty dayl in
tte House of Correction. Joseph Mitchell,
colored, for bring drunk and disorderly, was
given bis choice between ?-? ne of two dollars
and spending twenty days In Jail. James'
Cronin?, for the same offence, and also resist?
ing officer, was fined two dollars. Jeremiah
Crowley, for the same offence, was fined three
dollars. James Murphy, for being drunk and
unable to lake caro ot himself, waa fined one
dollar. S. W. Kingston, for being disorderly :
and disturbing the peace, was fined five dol- -
lars. Seabrook Mills, colored, for stealing
poultry, was given twenty days In the House
of Correction. The case of Thomas Grant, for
disposing Improperly of night soil, was refer?
red to the city registrar.
Trial Justices' Courts.
Ellas Webb, colored, was fined one dollar
and costs, on Saturday, by Trial Justice Dover?
for beating a colored boy.
John McCall, colored, was bound over on
Saturday, by Trial Justice Howard, for trial
before the Inferior Court on a charge of poll?
ing a revolver upon another colorea man.
Jerry Boyd, John Thayer, Clarence Bose and
William Flagg, colored, were bound over by
1 rial Justice Howard for trial on a charge of
breaking into the barber shop ot William
Stevens, colored, and stealing a lot of pic?
tures and other articles. The case against
Jerry Boyd was afterward nol.-proaied, that
be might , turn State's witness against tbs
Michael Nolan, for committing an assault
and battery, was also fined five dollars and
costs by the same trial Justice.
NEW YORK BANK STATEMENT.
NKW YORS, March 16.
' Specie shipments to day were over half a
million. The bank statement shows: Loane
decrease two and three-eights millions; legal
tenders three-quarter millions; deposits de?
crease three and bair millions; specie decrease
quarter ol a million.
THE GERMANS TO LEAVE FRANCK
PARIS, Maroh 16.
A treaty has bf en signed to tha effect that
France pay the last Instalment ol the war in?
demnity oa the 5th of September, when Ger?
many will evacuate the French territory, in?
THE WEATHER THIS DAT.
WASHINGTON, March 16.
Probabilities : For Monday, In the Eastern,
Gulf and Sonlh Atlantic States there will pre?
vail northerly winds with clear weather. Tor
the Middle States there will be northwest
winds and clear weather. For New Tork and
the New England States partly cloudy and
clear weather with northwest winds. Caution
ary signals continue on the Middle and Masc .
Allanitc coasts. *1
A BEKABKABLS INVENTION.-Dneofthe
most Important improvements everjttrtecua
lo musical Instruments has .
duced by Geo. Woods4 Co. l?UMteJggWg
Pa-lorOrgans. It consists of a P?^"?**
Ju she quality of tone which gj-ggg
quire tuning. The instrument wasaawry in.
[reduced at a musical soiree in Ballimore an*
received the cordial applause and endorse;
ment of the many eminent professionals pres?
ent.- Boston Journal,