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W&t ?j)?ilt?t0m Jails jfefeg,
VOLUME X.-NUMBER 2179. ' CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 9, 1873. EIGHT DOLLARS A YEAR7
A LIFE FOR A LIFE.
THE HASHING OE FOSTER FOR THE
MURDER OF PUTNAM.
The Story of Ute Crime and It? Penalty
-The Uw'i Rayente After tne Law's
Delays-Foster's Family Exiled by
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
Nsw TORT, Friday, March 21.
Tbe drama which was played out here to-day
% to its tragic end bas more than a local or tem?
porary significance. A3 tbe great metropolis
6 ta uti s in the estimation of the American people
as tbe representative city ot the country, so Its
example will have an Influence over the
length and breadth of tbe land. Red-handed
orlme everywhere will feel that society le
awakening to a sterner appreciation ot HB
duty to itself. To-day's act was the culmina?
tion of the struggle between lawlessness and
law, and though the former bas flourished un?
checked until good men were almost in de?
spair, Justice bas secured the final triumph.
The story of William Foster, the "car hook
murderer," ls as lol lows:
On the 27th day of April, 1871, the citizens
of New York were shocked lo learn from the
mernina papers that a gentleman, well known
In business circles. Mr. Avery D. Putnam,
floor merchant, at No. 69 Pearl street, and re?
siding at No. S Cottage Place, had been mor?
tally assaulted by a man named Willi tm Fos?
ter, the night, before, on a car of the Broadway
and Seventh avenue line. It appears that Mr
Putnam was an acquaintance of a Madame
Duval, a fashionable dressmaker at No. 762
Broadway, and on this evening had consented
to escort her and one of her daughters, a
young lady in her teens, to a ball In the upper
section of the city. The party entered
a car and took 6eats In the forward
part. On the front platform was a
man named William Foster, who had
been a conductor on this line, but who
was now riding as a passenger. He had been
drinking hard during the day, and at this
time was noisy and quarrelsome, alisa Du?
val, lt seems, was a pretty girl, and ber ball
costume being In rather showy colors ehe was
well calculated to attract the impertinent at?
tention of any one rendered brutal and reek
less by liquor. As soon as Foster noliced her
hs glued his face to ihe car window, and for
some minutes leered persistently. As she
showed ber annoyance by turning her back
he deliberately pushed open the car door and
continued his Insolent behavior. Mr. Putnam
ot once arose and quietly bul firmly closed the
door. Foster opened lt again, and this opera
Hon was repeated 'several times, Mr. Purnim
closing and Foster opening the door each
time. When the car reached Thirtieth street
FOSTER CAME INSIDE,
and with an oaih exclaimed, that he bad paid
bis fare and bad as good a right to a seat as
any one. He thrust himself Into a place next
to Miss Duval, and behaved In a brutish man?
ner, making a' kissing noise with bis lips and
pushing bis feet against ber. She got up and
changed places with Mr. Putnam, who was
thus brougbt beside the ruffian. Foster then
said to Mr. Putnam :
"Say, what'athe matter with you V .
"Nothing is the matter with anybody but
yourself," replied Mr. Putn-im; "it ls evident
yon bave loo much bad rum down you."
Foster took no notice at first of the reply.
Then he asked, suddenly :
"How lar are you going op ?"
This question was repeated several time?
but the patient and long suffering gentleman
apparently feeling how useless lt would be to
have a row with a drunken man lu a s'reet
car, declined to say anything further and
lurfied away. Finally, Foster arose and going
out to bis former place on the front platform,
<' Well, I am going as far as you go, and be
lore you leave this car I will give you bell."
He asked the driver for the car hook, which
ls a piece of Iron about two feet long and an
inch and a half in circumference, and ls used
for unhooking the horses from the car. He
said to the driver :
"I'll learn bim (meaning Putnam) bis bus!
ness when he gets off. Til learn bim to keep
Mr. Putnam pulled tbe strap at the corner
of Forty-Blzth street, and got out at thc . ear
platform, the ladles following. At the outne
Instant Foster seized the car book, telling ihe
driver, who tried to stop him, to "go to hell,"
Jumped off la front and ran around the outside
to the rear of tbe car. Mr. Pumam was in
the act of helping Mrs. Duval to alight.
THE FATAL BLOWS.
Foster struck bim twice on th? head with
the weapon in bil hand, and Iben disappeared
Mr. Putnam fell to the pavement insensible
Amidst the terrified cries of the ladlee, be was
borne to the nearest statlonhouse, wbere be
laid for several hours In a stupor. The police
Burgeons examined the wound, and pro
noir ed lt to be a latal lracture of tbe skull
Tne dying maa Was subsequently taken to St,
Luce's Hospital, and lingered until three
o'clock, on tbe morning of the 29th instant
He revived sufficiently to make au an te mor?
tem statement, In which he fully Inculpated
Foster as bis assailant. In his la?t mome?le, be
was attended by h's wife and his only eon,
aged thirteen years. Before the latter had
arrived, the dying man, who had not spoken
foAours, asked feebly, "Where ls Sydney ?"
The boy came Imo the room, and gblng to
the side of the bed took bis falber's hand and
kissed lt. Tbe attendants fearing that the scene
would overcome bim, advised bim to retire.
Hearing the request, the dying father, too tar
gone to speak, now raised his floger and
beckoned the boy to return. Hands were
clasped, and with a peaceful emile on his
face, Avery D. Putnam passed away.
The murdered man was a native ot Worces?
ter, Mass., and was forty-six years old when
he came to his untimely end. He had amassed
considerable wealth In his business, and was
regarded by his associates with esteem and
confidence. His wife was a Miss Ellen L
Smlth, of Providence, R. I.
TBE PURSUIT AND ARREST.
Wbea Foster fled he made his way to the
residence of his father, No. 302 East Twenty
fourth street. He was tracked there by the
police, who at first had some difficulty lo ob?
taining admission. By making the inmates
believe they were his associate conductors,
they got in. Mrs. Foster opened ibe door;
the officers passed in and went up stairs,
wbere toey found Foster sitting in a chair,
asleep. They awoke him, and telling him
that one of the drivers was In trouble, got him
to accompany them to the street, when they
told him what they wanted of him. He re?
marked, "Ton have got the wrong man. I
know who did lt, bat I would stand ten
years before I would squeal." He was taken
to the ttatlonhonse and locked up.
jf The stories about Foster's antecedents are
somewhat conflicting. Bev. Dr. Tyng, in hlB
appeal io the governor tor a commutation of
Foster's sentence, deecribed him as a young
man who had been familiarly known to him
from childhood. "He (trew up in ihe Sunday
school and congregation of my church here,
added Dr. Tyng;" he was always a qul9t, In- j
dustilous boy-he grew up an Industrious |
and well behaved young man-he has never
been a bad man or a drunkard." Mr. Jobn
Foster, the father of the murderer, wrote to
Governor Dix: "No act of my son's life gave
any Indication that under any circumstances
would be be led to commit an act of vio?
lence." These favorable accounts from Fos?
ter's Iriends, however, were contradicted by
the man's Intimate associates. They described
him as oce who had abandoned himself lo a
Hie of dissipation. His lather, who ls a per?
son Of means, bad made every tffort lo re?
form bim, and had several times started him
In business-once being In the livery busi?
ness. He had, however, become disgusted J
with him, and refused to have any more to |
do with him.
FOSTER'S LIST tPREE.
Foster got a situation on the Seventh
avenue and Broadway Line as conductor. On
the Monday night preceding tbe murder be
asked to be excused from duty, saying he was |
golDg to a ball. He was again at the office or |
the company on Tuesday, but was not allowed
to run his car because he was Intoxicated.
From tbut time until Wednesday night be was
continuously drunk. He bad a wife, who ap?
pears lo be an estimable woman, and four I
Hule children. His family was a very respec?
table one, and one of his uncles was a man of j
large wealth. Wm. Foster was the "black
sheep" tl the family, and like most human
"black sheep," comes to a shameful end.;
Tbe trial began on the 15th of May following j
the murder, in the Court of Oyer and Termi?
ner, before Judge Cardozo. Distrlot Attorney
Garvin appeared for the peoplp, and ex-Judge
Stuart and Mr. B irtlelt for tbe prisoner. Six
days were occupied in empanelling a Jury, the
theory under the New York law belog that no
citizen who has formed a previous opinion ot
the guilt ot the prisoner ls eligible lor Jury?
man. A crime so widely known as Foster's
rendered it difficult to procure twelve unpreju?
diced men. The case, however, opened on
the 23d instant, and tbe verdict of gullly, with
a recommendation to mercy, was rendered on
the 25th. The scene In court on tbe latter oe- j
easton was pnlnlnl. Mrs. Foster, who was
present, cobbed in a piteous manner. Foster j
did not manifest a great deal ot feeling. He j
showed some nervousness and hung his head
for a moment, aDd that was all.
On the next day, however, when Foster
was brought up for sentence, his demeanor
was diff?rent. He seemed to be Impressed
with tbe seriousness of his position. He was
very nervous, and his poor wile, who clung to
his side, sobbed throughout the proceedings.
When Judge Cardozo asked him what be bad
to say why sentence should not be pronounc?
ed, he said: "I had be?n drinking a good
deal that day and n'gbl; I had no Intention of
killing Mr. Putnam-." Here be broke
down, weeping bitterly, and then resumed:
"I did not know at the time wbal I was
doing." He was sentenced lo be banged on
UteJUih ol July. 1871.
Early In July the friends of Foster were \
Btirrlng, and an application for a commuta- j
tlon to imprisonment lor life was made to
Governor Hoffman. On the 6th Instant a writ
of error was filed and a stay of proceedings
grant? d by ihe Supreme Court. The case was
not reached (or eight months afterwards; Fos?
ter ljlnz in the Tombs in the meantime. On
the 21st of February tbe Judgment was
affirmed at the general term, and Foster re?
ceived bis second sentence lo death-the 22d
of March being the time fixed for execution.
Ing?nions counsel, however, succeeded In
procuring another stay ot proceedings on tbe
11th of March, and for ten months longer the
case was left In doubt. It was argued In Jan?
uary lost before the Court of Appeals, and
Judgment was again affirmed, and the 7ib of I
March appointed for the execution. Governor |
Dix granted a reprieve for iwo weeka, and
that time expired to-day.
TH H STRUGGLE TO SATE FOSTER'S KECK.
Ever since the commission of his crime,
Foster's friends have labored incessantly to
get him clear. When thar hope vanished,
ihey endeavored to procure a commutation of
bis punishment. The wealth of the lather,
and noi a lillie ot the means of ihe olher rela?
tiv? s, have been lavished to bave the family
from the disgrace wbich Impended. A power?
ful effort was begun about six weeks ago to
Influence Governor Dix, and the community
at large, in favor of a commutation. Affidavits
from a majority of the Jurors were presented,
declaring lhat some ot their number did not j
believe that Foster Intended to kill Putnam,
ap 1 that ihey would not have agreed to render
a verdict of murder In the first degree
If they had not been assured by one of their
associates, who professed to have a knowledge
of the law, thit such a verdict, accompanied
by a recommendation to mercy, would Insure
a commutation of Ihe sentence. Supplement- J
lng these affidavits were letters from Bev.
Dre. Tyng and Walker, testifying to the previ?
ous good character of the condemned, and
opinions from such eminent lawyers as Wil?
liam M. Evarts, Judge Davis, Judge Leonard
and Hon. Abraham B. Lawrence, to the effect
lhat Foster's crime was not murder In the
first degree. Many prominent citizens signed
a recommendation for mercy, the father of
the pt isoner made a pathetic appeal, and two
physicians testified that II was doubtful
whether Mr. Putnam's death was really occa?
sioned by the blow from the car book.
MRS. PUTNAM'S INTERCESSION.
The moBt effective of these paper?, however,
was a letter written by Mrs. Putnam, the
widow ol the murdered man, imploring mercy
for Foster. Probably no such enginery was
ever before brought to bear upon an execu?
tive officer in favor of a prisoner. What made
Governor Dix's position particularly distress?
ing was, that while he was debatlog this mat?
ter In his own mind, he received ihe news of
the death of a lavorite son in Europe. And
the lather ol William Foster etood before him
pleading for his sou's Hie. But the Governor
was a Boman. He decided to let the law take
Us course, and gave bis reasons therefor in an
admirable letter to Bev. Dr. Tyng, which met
wltb the commendation ol the great majority
or the people of New York. Tne papers, like
the Sun, which had espoused the cause of
Foster, kept up their fire upon ihe Governor
until the day ot execution; and there were
many sympathizers on ihe streets to-day who
angrily bestowed upon tbe Governor the title
ot "Hangman Dix."
THE LAST DATS OF EARTH.
From the moment ihe Governor's decision
became known, FoBter resigned himeelftohis
fate. He bad evidently been very hopeful of |
a commutation and waa terribly disappointed.
During the last few days he received visits
irom bis lather and his reverend friend, Dr.
Tyng. and would spend several hours In son-1
versaiion with them. His faithful wile, el
lu black, waa always with him, and twodepi
sheriffs wero near by to prevent him fri
doing any violence to himself. When not <
gaged In talking, be would sit behind ;
large stove in the prison corridor, with
head bowed and his arms resting on bis kne
ant thus bury himself lu reflection. *
Wednesday he bad his photograph taken. .
day yesterday bis wife and friend? were wi
bim, and during the day Dr. Tyng had a lo
Interview with the condemned man who f
npon the seat behind the a to ve In the corrld
with his bead bowed down and covered wi
his hands. His counsel made one more effi
to obtain a brief stay of execution by appe
lng to different Judges of the Supreme Coi
upon teohnical grounds, but this proved
failure. Sheriff Brennan visited Foster at fl
o'clock to ask li he bad any suggestions
make regarding ttn arrangements for t
morrow, but he only asked that as few peor
a9 possible might be allowed to witness 1
THE PARTING WITH HIS WIFE
at eight o'olock waa deeply affecting. Wb<
the deputy sheriff informed her that the Un
had cime she turned deathly pale, and aft
trying lu vain to control ber emoilon, she bur
Into tears and exclaimed, " Qood bye, darlln
This ls our last good bye." The next momcrj
while tbe two were clasped in each ethel
embrace, Mrs. Foster swooned and was es
ried away by her brother. Foster fell bat
upon his bed, burled bis face In his plilow ac
wept long and bitterly. He then sat alone I
his cell, absorbed in bitter meditatloi
until two o'olock this morning, whe
he went to sleep and slept . souni
ly until awakened by the keepei
at seven o'clock. Then he was quite unnen
ed, and il was evident that bis ptiyaici
strengtb was fast deserting bim. Rev. Dr
Tyng and Walker arrived at eight o'cloct
Foster was then sliting on the bed, weak an
trembling, dressed In a black frock coat, blac
pantaloons and a black vest buttoned up t
the throat. He refused all food at first, bi
took a cup of coffee, which, however, he In
mediately vomited up. The sheriff a?ke
him, "Are you 6lck ?'' and Foster replied
"No, but very nervous." When Dr. Tyng ai
rived be bad a private interview, durlD
wblcb Foster begged bim to watch over hi
wile and children, and Dr. Tyng, who wa
affected I J tears, promised that he would
Foster afterward asked for a Hille brand;
but lt was denied.
THE SCENE OF THE EXECUTION.
A few minutes before nine o'clock, a fore
of deputy sheriffs marched from ihe City Hal
to the Tombs, and took up their position li
the Jail yard. This ls a narrow courtyard
surrounded by the lofty walls of the mal
prison on ibe west, the female prison on th
south, and the Tombs Police Court build in;
on the east. Across this courtyard, at a dis
diaiaoce of about eighteen feellrom the pave
ment, is the "bridge of sighs," across wblct
prisoners are conveyed from the Police Cour
to the main prison. A strong cordon of polie
bad already been stretched across the yard
almost under this bridge, to keep bael
the spectators, of whom about one
hundred and filly bad been admit?
ted on black-edged tickets Issued bi
the sheriff. The scaffold, which baa been li
use at ibe Tombs for some years, and on whlcl
twelve murderers have already been banged
consists ol two upright beams, eleven iee
high, with a cross-beam about fourteen feet li
length, all painted a dark drab color. In itu
centre of the cross-beam ls a bole tbrougl
which the rope was passed, the free end lerml
nating in a small Iron ring, while Ihe otbe
end passed behind a temporary board fenct
which concealed ihe executioner and tbt
heavy weights which were attached to th*
rope, but upheld by a second rope until thi
signal should be given for tbe latter to be cu
by the keen hatchet which the executione:
held In his band.
1HB WALK TO TUE GALLOWS.
At nine o'clock the sheriff said, "William
the lime has come, and ibis hos got to be. Bf
a man and brave it out." Foster bowed bli
bead and said, "I will." His arms were thei
pinioned by cords passed around then
above ihe elbews and behind his back, leav
lng the fore arms and hands free; a blac?
silk cap was placed on his bead, but noldrawi
down so as to cover fie eyes, and the noose
was placed loosely around bis neck. The pro
cession then formed and marched loto thc
prison yard, the expectant crowd exclaiming,
"Here he cornea I" First came Foster, support
ed by Sheriff Brennan and Under Sheriff Joel 0,
Stevens; next, Rev. Drs. Tyng and Walker and
Rev. Mr. Schoonmaker, chaplain of the Sing
Sing prison, and then the deputy sheriffs, with
their batons and shields covered with crape.
These formed a line fronting the gallows, and
all hats were doffed. Foster was unshaven,
his hair was untrimmed, and bis face wore
a deathly pallor. The sheriff walked wllb bim
until tb' j came under tbe fatal beam, then he
placed ni n with his back to the prison and hie
face to the throng, and fell back. Dr. Tyng
and Dr. Walker then began the service for the
dying used in tbe Episcopal Church, Dr. Tyng
reading the service while Dr. Walker recited
the responses. Tnese prayet* occupied seven
minutes, which seemed us muny boura to the
spectators. Foster stood with his bead bowed,
and with his left he.nd shading his eyes, as
well as his pinioned arms would allow. He
trembled visibly, and at length his emotion
increased so greatly that the sheriff
FEARED HR WOULD FALL,
and stepping forward io Dr. Tyng, he said:
"Doctor, you must cut ibis short." Then
passing to Foster, he said: "FoBter, I tbougbt
you would stand this like a man." FoBter
bowed bis bead lower, but made no reply.
Inclosing his prayer, Dr. Tyng laid bis band
on Foster's shoulder, and Bald In. a deep
voice, "Amen " Ihen pressing bis hand, he
exclaimed, "God bless you, my brother," aod
all fell back. A depuiy sheriff then drew the
black cap over Foster's eyes, adjusted tbe
noose, and fastened the snap at tbe end of the
noose lo Ihe ring hanging from Ihe
rope. As the sbarp click of the steel
was heard a great shudder passed over
Foster'B frame, he trembled violently, and bis
body swayed io and fro as though be would
have fallen. At this Instant Under Sheriff
Stevens gave the prearranged signal to tbe
executioner by placing bis hand in his bosom.
There was a second's pause, Iben a dull thud
waa heard as the axe severed ibe rope which
held tbe weights, and Foster was suddenly
Jerked up into the air until his bead almost
touch'd the cross beam, and then dropped
like a lump of lead until his feet were about
three feet from the earth. His neck waa In?
stantly broken, but the feet moved spasmodi?
cally and tbe fingers clenched. After this
lhere was no struggle, and the body Bwayed
io the light wind, elowly turning lo and iro,
for nearly five minutes. Then a slight shud?
der was perceived, and
ALL WAS OVER.
The drop fell at eighteen minutes past nine,
at twenty-nine minutes past ure was extinct,
and at forty minutes past nine the corpse was
gently lowered from the gallows into a ma?
hogany casket bearing no plate or Inscription
whatever OD the lid. The lace'looked natural,
the eyes were tightly closed, and a few drops
or blood trickled from the mouth, but there
was no perceptible disfigurement. The sheriff
empanelled a Jury o? InqueBt, and a verdict of
deatb from asphyxia was rendered. The cof?
fin was afterwards removed (rom tbe Tombs
by Poster's relatives, the yard was cleared,
and the Immense mob which bad assembled
on Centre street gradually dispersed.
There Is much excitement In the city to?
day and great sympathy for Poster ls express?
ed. Newsboys are flying about with extras
containing the details of the hanging, and
selling them by thousands. During the exe?
cution the prisoners in u Murderers' Row " in
the Tombs were very quiet Stokes was
cheerful, and told the reporters that he was
sure of a new trial and an acquittal. George
Francis Train said : "The difference between
Dix and Foster ls tbat Foster, while drunk,
killed Putnam, and Dix, wolli sober, killed
Poster." Several papers oon?femn Dr. TyDg
lor holding so long a service at the gallows.
He promised that be would not be longer than
half a minute. During the services Foster
must have suffered the agony of a hundred
AN EXILED PAllILT.
Several ot Foster's relatives sall Tor Europe
to-morrow. It ls said that Mrs. Foster nnd
her three ohlldren will accompany them.
THE CHARLESTON AND SAVANNAH
The great success and unequalled popularity
which the superior steamships employed on
the New York and Charleston lines always
enjoyed placed them, we had supposed, so
high io the estimation oi the business and
travelling public that even the spirit of detrac?
tion arlBlng from a sharp competition would
refrain lrom an attempt to take away their
high character. With a record ol favorable
voyages unequalled by any but the lamons
Cunarders, they certainly m\y ba considered
as above any lasting Injury from misrepresen?
tation. These remarks are drawn forth by
the character of an article which appeared In
an obscure publication known as the Grocers'
Prices Current, and which was copied by a
Savannah Journal. It ls headed "A Hint to
Travellers," and represents that an English
gentleman, connected with one of (he Euro?
pean steam lines, entered a New Turk Insur?
ance office and said : "A party of 113 are going
to Florida, and we wlBh to take the salest and
best boat. Will you pleaae tell us, slr, the
comparative rating of the -Charleston and Sa?
vannah steamers ?" After the books bad been
consulted, lt ls said, he and his family "con?
cluded to take the Savannah boat, and did not
afterward regret their choice." The unavoid?
able conclusion of the uninformed public
would be tbat the Savannah steamships rated
higher than the Charleston boats, and were
consequently safer and belter vessels.
We can say, after some Inquiry, that this
conclusion bas DO basis In fact, as both lines,
on the books of the underwriters, run from
14 to 14, and are all considered safe and
This unfair attempt to lessen the high repu?
tation of the New Tork and Charleston
steamers cannot but recoil on the heads of the
Inventors, and gives reason to suppose that
tho cause which requires such measures for
Its support ls rapidly losing patronage. The
public may rest assured that the agents and
proprietors ol ihe New York and Charleston
steamships intend to keep iheir boats up to
the highest slate of efficiency.
Court of Common Pleas.
The conn, was occupied with the case of
Catherine brackley vs. the Anons Insurance
Company. The taking of the testimony was
concluded, and the arguments were com?
menced. The case will probably be decided
Trial Justices' Courts.
Cyrus and John Fraser, colored, were sen?
tenced yesterday, by Trial Justice McKinlay,
to thirty days in Jail, for beating Edward
White, colored, and cutting him OD the should?
er with a rock. John Fraser displayed much
reluctance lo go to Jail, and made several un
Buocesslul attempts to escape while being
John W. Bennett, for assaulting and resist?
ing a policeman, was bound over for trial be?
fore the Inferior Court.
Benjamin Campbell and Joe Gorden, col?
ored, for attempting to rescue a prisoner
from a policeman, were also bound over for
Romeo Smith, William Alston and James
Wood, for petty larceny and breaking win?
dows, were sent to the House of Correction
for ten days. Michael Buckle, lor lying drunk
in the street, and abusing the police, was
fined one dollar. The case of Slrus Fraser,
colored, charged with acting disorderly and
assaulting a companion, was referred to a
trial justice. James Brown and John Fraser,
colored, for disorderly conduct, were fined
two dollars. William Gadsden and Daniel
Scott, for lying asleep in the street?, were
sent to the Orphanhouse.
HOTEL ARRIVALS-MARCH 21.
D Tyler,-Bollendorf, New York; C A Laren
don, Oeo-gla; Mrs A M Kunkel, Mrs J J Kunkel,
child and nurse, Maryland; 0 Wll'lamB, Philadel?
phia; Mts T w DeForest, Kew Haven; Mrs l ucas,
two children and nurse, N Wltander, New Yon ;
J Q wilson, Mrs J F (.'ake, child and nurse, the
Mises Cake, J B Bagley. Jr, Washington city; Jas
Phelan, California; F W Mitchell, L Lillie, New
York; C P Fd ward?. New Jersey; K M Cay lor, Sa?
vannah: Maj :r-General McDowell, j H Jones, U S
A ; S D Doar, W N simons, sumter; Wm Beach,
J F Reynolds, Kew York; H Hale and lady, St
Paul; li A Bodlne, New York; R H Barnwell, Bean
fort; W Graham, Augusta; F La?joy and lady, J
H Brt?lin and lady, Miss B Breslln and mud,
Mise F Landon, M J (J'lurn, New York; T W
Leary, Baltimore; C L eovel, Springfield, L W
Gregory and lady, Berlin, Conn; Mrs 'j hum, Miss
T Yoormeselle, Philadelphia; J H McAllister and
lady, St Paul; C D Dickey, New Yerk; W H Lord,
J W Coburn, J ll Symonds, tost?n; j p Howard.
M M Graham, Lee's; B Greig, Monck'd Corner;
WN Jones, Bonneau'*; D Glandlng, Altimore;
JCBuier, south Carolina; ST Jenkins. Bamberg;
WHeins, Ridgeway; Mrs O H Walker, Augusta;
J F Brocklnton, sooth Carolina; J H Earle, sum?
ter; E Snowden, Baltimore; W W Cloud, Doko;C
Masaengale, Augusta; A Knox, Mount Pleasant; O
P Strohlcker, -; S P Matthew.', lady and
child, Klngstree; W S Parnell, J W Fohols, Phila.
delphla: J c. Lee, sm Uh ford ; L Pauling, Brooklyn;
CPiffany and lady, Bristol; S Frannell, lady and
three children, Miss Frannell, Ottawa.
ERIE'S LAST MISFORTUNE,
THE FERRY AND DEPOTS AT JERSEY
News and Gossip from New York
Another Probable Murder.
[PER SOUTHERN AND ATLANTIC TELEGRAPH.]
NEW TORE, March 21.
About noon to-day a fire broke out on Long
Dock, Jersey City, where the freight aud pas?
senger depots ot the Erie Ballway are
located. Tbe whole Ure department of Jersey
City was summoned, but the efforts of the
firemen were partly unnvallng on account o'
the scarcity of water, and Ihe fire soon spread
to the Pavonla Ferry House and Taylor's
saloon. The IOBS ls roughly estimated as
follow?: Passenger depot, $15,000; ferry
building, $12,000; ferry bridge, $10,i00; new
freight building, $20,000; colton, $40,000; old
freight depot, $15,000; lrelght, $50,000. The
loss on buildings and slips lalla on tue rail?
way company, and tbat on merchandise falls
on the shippers and consignees.
Erastus Lyman, at one time president of
the Knickerbocker Life Iosurance Compaoy,
haB been arrested at ihe suit ofthat company,
charged wlih me mnonttnn-tao ur ?tn -
twenty thousand dollars of Its funds. Judge
Faucher held Lyman to bail in fifteen thou?
Judge Faucher, of the Supreme Court, to?
day Issued an attachment against Austin Bid?
well alias F. A. Warren on affidavit in a suit
of the Bank of England against him, which
charges -.hat McDonald, who was arrested
yesterday, and Bidwell urn Implicated ia for?
geries whereby the Bank of Eoglaod lost lour
hundred and ninety-seven thousand dollars.
Chas. Goodrich, a wealthy real estai? dealer,
brother of Hon. W. W. Goodrich, waa lound
to-day In the basement of one of a row of new
brown atone houaea which be had Just erected
In D' graw street, near Fifth street, Brooklyn,
wltn a pistol bullet wound through his bead,
leaving little doubt that he bad been mur?
dered, ills watch and pocketbook were gone.
The Special Assembly committee, appointed
to Invest?gale the affairs ot the Erle Railway
Company, commenced Hs session here to-day
at tbe Filth avenue Hotel. The greaier part
ol the day was occupied lo examining Arch
dall O'Dougherly regarding ibe Er.e coup
d etat, former ISFUPB ot bonds, <kc.
Another Serious Fire.
BALTIMORE, March 21.
A fire broke out early this morning, in the
gentlemen's furnishing and shirt store ol
Sirauon &, Haffl :ke. No. 155 Weat Ballimore
street. Tue stock was nearly all destroyed.
The loss ls estimated at about ten thousand
dollars, and ls covered by Insurance.
DUSTY AND SANDY COTTONS.
We Invite the attention of our Irlends In the
oouotry to the following article from the New
Orleans Price Current. The excessive supply
of dusty, sandy and mixed colton Bent to ibis
market, the prosent season, has been the
cause of much complaint and serious annoy?
ance. Charleston, alike with New Orleanp,
Memphis, and other markets, has suffered
greatly from this evil :
One of the principal features nf the markel,
as Indicated by our cotton report, ls the ex?
cessive supply of these dusty and sandy cot?
tons. Moreover, lt la not New Orleans alone
thal suffers Irom ibis evil. Ii prevails ai
Memphis and other markets aa well, and baa
been caused no doubt part ly by Ihe dry and
dusty spell during ihe picking season, but main?
ly by carelessness in picking. Negro laborers,
working on shares, foolishly suppose t::at the
heavier ihe colton, Irom sand or dust, the
greater will be ihe returns, when ibe contrary
ls the case. Every dollar ot increase by
weight IR offset by two dollars In the
diminished market price. Of the 125,000
bales uow unsold In inls market, a con?
siderable portlou consists ot cotion which
cannot be disposed ot unless at a concession
of 2c. per pouod from ihe ruling rates for
clean cotton of Ihe same grade. In these
cases lhere la a net loss of 12} per cent, in
prices, or $9 per bale, against a gain In ad?
ditional weight equal to not over li per baie.
So lar as these considerations may Induce
more careful handling next season, they will
be of the mosi Importance when Ihe picking
season approaches, but lo ibe meaniime, lo
prevent disappointment, the maller should be
fully understood by planters and couniry mer?
chants. An Interior shipper, wno 18 confident
lhat bis cotton should class here as ordinary
or good ordinary, and from our market quota?
tions ls led to expect 15* il5jc. if the former,
or 18jal8ic. If the latter, ls dissatisfied with
returns ol I3i illc. in the one case, or 16$al7c.
in the other. And yel he constantly urges his
factor lo sell. The factor finds the cotton
dusty or sandy, and lo effect a aale ls
willing to make concessions of Ji.jj. per
pound, but can find no buyer wno will
give lt a moment's allen Hon at such fig?
ures. His constituent again advices bim to
realize, and he ls Iben willing to give way ja
lc. per lb. Still no one will loucb ll. Again
comes a letler more emphatically urging him
to sell, and from showing the table when bro?
kers visit bis cotton room, he buttonholes
them on the street and In tbe Exchange, offer?
ing bargains, but even when lie consents to a
reduction of 2c. per lb. lie finds very few who
are willing io louch lt. The constant, reply Is,
"we have cabled to Liverpool, offering to put
such cottons tree on board at 7d., and received
ihe prompt reply, 'not wanted.' We have
cabled to Havre wlih no more success." Oc?
casionally, tempted by ibe low price, a buyer
will come forward and take 50 or 100, or per
hap-i as much aa 200 balea, on a basis of He.
for what, if lt were cleao, would be ltic.
oolton, but tbe demand la lluilied, and lo force
Bales le simply Impracticable, unless al ruin?
ous ooncesaioos. Our friends In tbe country
musr. iheretorp, be prepared to receive very
unsatisfactory accounu-sales, but Ihey must
blame their own carelessness^ the negligence
or Intentional Iratid of their laborers. In ibe
meaniime ihe accumulation of such cottons
presents not only au intolerable load for fac?
tors lo carry, but drags down the entire mar?
ket. We have had serious thoughts of giving
two sets of quotations-one for clean cotions
and the oi her lof'dusty. In their efforts to
unload their excessive supplies of the lat ter,
deters endeavor to work ihem off gradually
lu mixed lists, but with very little success.
We have beard of colton losing 100 lbs per
bale and more, Irom dust or sand. Indepen?
dently, moreover, ol'ihe check to the move?
ment by nus!v aud aandy cottons, lt is also re
?t rielen by the exceselve supply of Ihe
lower grade?, Including low ordinary, ordina?
ry and good ordinary. Ail of these are neg?
lected und slow ol sale, and cannot be forced
off except ai. liberal concessions. f
THE WEAT DER THIS DAY.
WASHINGTON, March 21.
Probabilities tor Saturday : IniheWeBtern
Gull Slates there will be a rising tempera?
ture, southerly winds and cloudy weather.
IA the Elstern Gulf and Kouth Atlantic States
weeteilv winds and parity cloudy and clear
weal her. For the Ohio Valley and Middle At?
lantic coast general cloudy weather, clearing
during Saturday evening, with cold northwest
and easterly winds lor me lower lakes. For
New York and New England rising barometer
to-brisk westerly winda and cloudy weather.
For tbe upper lakps and the Northwest, fal?
ling barometer, followed by southerly winda,
wlih somewhat higher temperature
Cautionary signals continue at all stations
on the Middle and East Atlantic coast. They
will be displayed at the lake stations Irom and
after April let._
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
-The strike on the St. Louis, Kansas and
Northwestern Railroad la over.
_The government has prohibited the ex?
portation of war material to Spain.
-James MoBbeny, the wife murderer, was
haDged at Boston, yesterday.
-Bark Josephine, for Buenos Ayres from
Boston, with a cargo of wool and hides, has
gone to pieces.
-There has been a serious run on the Bait
Lake Cliy National Bank. All demands, how?
ever, are promptly met.
- The steamer Jane Lolson, from London
for Pniladelphia, ran ashore In Indian Biver
Inlet, D.laware. The captain's wile and
daughter, together with the first and second
mates, and two seamen, were lost.
"KEEP TO TBE RIGHT."
This rule of Ihe road, which ls aa old aa the
hills, and as necessary as the road Itself, does
not appear to be recognized in all its impor?
tance by the pedestrians who throng the side?
walks of our eily, and the result is sometimes
awkward. It 1B an axiom of physical science
that no two bodies can occupy the same space
at the same time, and lt was Jim Fisk who
chronicled the fact that "you can't run two
engines on the same track, If they're going
to meet." So with two persons approaching
each other on the sidewalk, though lhere
may be plenty of room for both, and each
may have the most amiable willingness to
let the other pass on either side he wishes
to, yet, as neither knows the exact intention
ot the other, they oftentimes have recourse
to an awkward chassez movement by way of
experiment, and skip wildly from side to side
for some seconds, to the diversion of the by?
standers but to their own unspeakable em?
barrassment. Al this Is to be avoided by the
very simple rule of the road above mentioned,
aad it Is obvlouB that If one always keep to
the right he must always be about right, and
T"m. ..... . mmm? llnM
tretemps that we have felt lt a duty lo write
BULWER AND HT? WIPE.
The Story of their Marriage aad their
Edward Bulwer Lytton, aeys Appleton's
Journal, seems lo have combined, In charac?
ter and good fortune, all that, as men are apt
to suppose, produces earthly happiness. Tet
Bulwer was far from being a happy man, even
In the giddy eminence of bis youth; and nts
old age was spent In morose seclusion, which
Indicated lhat permanent gloom had settled
down upon bte soul. Casting a glance back
along his remarkable and really romantic ca?
reer, but one cloud seems ever to have cast a
shadow upon it, and that was the cloud which
lay always between sunshine and home. Bul
wei's separation from his wife, and the open,
and public, and long-continued quarrel which
succeeded il, were certainly well calculated to
embitter the most flourishing worldly good
Hu appears lo have met the young lady
who became lils wile at ihe house of Hiss
Spence, an odd tittie malden lady, at whose
maim,OD, in Little Quebec street, Mayfair, a
select literary coterie was wont to assemble
weekly. Mies Spence had written, In con
Junction with ihe iuture Lady Bulwer, a novel
called '-Dame Rebecca Berry," and was noted
for her pleasant chitchat and for the high,
old-tasbloned turban she always wore. Bul
wer's appearance as a literary lion caused
Hiss Spence lo invite him to ber conversa?
ziones; and there be became familiar with
If, Indeed, be did not for the first time be
hold-"ihe beamllul and gifted Rosina
Wheeler." The Whartons say of this brilliant
young Irish lady: "To a perfect beauty of
lace, with her magnificent figure, she added
great wit, great liveliness and power of ap?
preciation." Bulwer himself, at this time,
was "a luir young man nf aristocratic ele?
gance, full of wit and laney." His annehmest
for Miss Wheeler soon became passionate,
and lt seemed as cordial a love match as Lon?
don society had seen for many a day. She
apparently worshipped his goulus, he her
beauly and wit.
They lived together for several years In ap?
parent tranquillity; bat, from what bas since
transpired, lt ls clear that very early in their
wedded existence domestic dissension arose,
and that their home life soon became positive?
ly unhappy. What the causes of disagreement
were ls not more definitely known lo the world
than thOBe ol toe Byron troubles; but the lady,
at least, spared no pains to lay her side of the
unhappy story before the public. A woman of
undoubted courage and spirit, as well os beau?
ly, Lady Bulwer did not shrink from making
lier quarrel willi the baronet a public one, bul
continued lor years to manliest, lo various
ways, her utter detestation of the husband
whom she declared Rhe had "loved deeply and
devotedly tor years."
As long ago as 1819, but a very lew years
after their dual separation, she began her pub?
lic assaults upon bim by the publication of ber
lamons novel of "Cbeveley; or the Man of
Honor," which was boldly issued under her
own name of Lidy Lyllou Bulwer. This de?
scription ot what was plainly Intended to be,
under the gulBe of flotlon, the picture of tbe
interior of a r-jal fashionable English home, Is
ample evidence of Lady Bulwer's literary
genius, and sufficiently refutes Lady Mor?
gan's "seml-wlt" insinuation. Its portrayal
of character, Its Intensity ol' feeling, Its force
of language, its descriptive power, mark ber
as a genius almost able io compete with ber
husband in the field of fashionable romance.
The authoress leaves us In not a shadow ot
doubt that Lord de Clifford is Bulwer, and
Lady de Clifford herself. The "straight, stiff,
obstinate brown hali" of the former; Dla nose,
which "was so aquiline that if lt bad appeared
on paper, Instead of on a human lace, lt
would have been pronounced a caricature;"
his "rag bag" of,mind; the description of him
as a "Caligula in bis clemency, and Draco In
bis displeasure," betray tne exaggerated like?
ness of the husband by ihe Indignant wile.
Nor were the charges made against the novel?
ist detailed less explicitly than the snape of
his nose or the stiffness of bis hauteur.
In effect, Lady Bulwer accused her lord of
having a violent temper, with personal bru?
tality, and of the far more serious crime of
conjugal infidelity. She virtually acknowl?
edges that a Just jealousy on ber part, fol?
lowed by retailatlou against that Jealousy on
his. was the real bottom of the whole diffi?
culty. The novel also gives Ihe evidence ol
the lady that the husband at one time ac?
knowledged his guilt, and begged to be for?
given; that he was so forgiven, only to trans?
gress worse than before; and that thereupon
she left him forever. "Cbeveley" did not
stop Bhort with presenting as repulsive and
luridly painted a picture ol Bulwer and ol
their domestic relations as ever was drawn.
Something might be held to be excusable, ll
not Justifiable, lo a wife who certainly thought
herself verv gravely lojured, In exposing lo a
gossiping West Ead world her story ol the
separation; nothing whatever could palliate
the literary castigation of the husband's rela?
tives and friends. More than one bitter
thrust ls dealt to Mrs. Lytton-Bulwer, the
novelist's mother, a lady who was revered
und honored by ail who knew her; and lt ls
hluted lhat she bad something to do with the
ill terms of the young couple. Lady Stepney,
an author of reputation, and a lady of spot?
less character, ls unmercifully satirized, and
Lord Melbourne ls treated with as short a
The sting of the book was in the unques?
tionable aolllty, and it waa long the talk of
the town and ihe club. Bulwer, with rare
good sense, refused io aoswer lt; nor ls lhere
a trace ol a caricature ol his wile lo be found
in any of his subsequeDt novels. But Lady
Bulwer did not rest ber case with "Ctieve
ley." For yearn after Its appearance she was
active lu denouncing ber husband; endeavor?
ing to casi ridicule upon his works, and to
defeat his political aspirations. Within the
memory of men not yet in their prime, she
appealed at the county town ot Herts on elec?
tion day, and did all that a handsome, spirited
and bright-wilted woman could do to put bim
at, the bottom of the poll, but the power of
Knebworth Park waB loo much for her.
Bulwer throughout bore these attacks with
the dignity of silence, and lt is but Just to say
that his lriends were all along convinced that
Lady Bulwer'? more serious charges were un?
founded, aud that the separation was brought
about by her own infirmities of temper. This
lll-a?soried union resulted in the births of a
son and daughter. The daughter, alter having
grown to a graceful and lovely maidenhood,
died, lo the intense grlel of both parents; the
son lives to bear bis lather's title and ancient
estate, and to prolong the literary lame of the
Lyttons by the production of Buch poems ae
"Lucille." For some ttme alter the separation
the children remained with the moiber; sub?
sequently-bow ls not publicly known
ihey were transferred to the lather's house?
-The blacksmith's shop on the plantation
of Mr. John S. Richardson, lour mlies lrom
Sumter, was burned on the 14th instant.
THE END OF TBE BRITISH CABINET
A Pleasure Trip for the Czarina-Four
New Bishops for America.
LONDON, March If.
Gladstone had formally relamed the reina
or ge ver o ment. In s> recent speech DUraell
closed with these words: "I regret that there
may possibly be some of my supporters io the ,
House who may be dissatisfied." [Load cries , "
of "No I Nol"]
McDonald, the alleged bank forger, has beea ~-.
resigned to the sheriff, who held civil process
against him. McDonald's plunder ls lu oas*
_ _ ST. PmRSBrjRO, March 31.
Tne Empress has gone, to Florence, ea .
route to Southern Italy, for her health. i
[PEU BJCTHBBN AND ATLANTIC TILKOBATH.]
" " , ROM?, March 2L
His Holiness, Pope Plus Ninth, to-day nomi* -
nated three American bishops to represent the
Catholic Church io tbe United Stales, to be
located as follows : Bishop Corrigan, at New?
ark, N, J., Bishop Oros?, at Savannah, Gs?,
and Bishop Lughars, at Vancouver's Island.
t- wi m ' tx i rta
Decision of the United States Supreme ;
Court as to the inability of the South
Carolina Railroad to Taxation.
The following is the text of the decision of :
the United States Supreme Court lo the case.
of the Clly Council vs. Branch, delivered Ult
The City Council of Charleston. Stephen
Thomas and George Addison, appellants, vs.
Thomas Branch, John P. Branch, Frederick ;
B. Scott and Thomas P. Branch, as Branch.
Sons & Co. Appeal from ihe Circuit Court ox
ihe United States lor the District or Booth '
Carolina. Mr. Justice Bradley delivered the 1
opinion of the court.
ThlB case ls precisely similar to the last,
ihe property lazed being situated In the city
ot Charleston, and ihe bill being filed to re- '
Btraln ibe city Irom collecting, and tbe oom*
pany from paying, the taxes levied on said
The principles laid down in the preceding
case muet be applied lo this. All parts ot the
road and property formerly belonging to Ute
South Carolina Canal and Railroad Company, ,
and all appendages and appurtenances thereof,
are liable to taxation ; whilst all property ac- 1
quired by the South Carolina Railroad Compa
uy directly under tts own charter, and tor .,
purposes connected wlih its original road, Is .
exempt from taxation. Prima lacie the rail?
road terminus and depot in Charleston, sod .
ibe oroperty accessory thereto, belong to the
South Carolina Canal and Railroad Company
portion of the Joint property. Bot If lt can
be fairly Bbown that any or the company's i
properly in Charleston, claimed to be taxable, ; ;
waa acquired by the South Carolina Railroad
Company lor tbe accommodation of the busi?
ness belonging to Its original roads, or for the ?
Joint accommodation of the entire system of
roads under Its control, such property will,
pro tanto,^nd In fair proportion, be exempt
Tbe decree must be reversed, and the record >
remitted io the Circuit Court with direoiions
io proceed in conformity with this opinion.
A STEP TOWARD SPECIE PAYMENT?.
Senator Fenton Wants a Currency Com? i
vertible Into Gold.
(FSB SOUTH BBS AND ATLANTIC TELEGRAPH.]
WASHINGTON, Maroh SI.
Io the Senate to-day Mr. Fenton offered the
following resolution, wblob he asked to bi
printed and laid over: 1
Resolved, That the committee on finance bit i
directed tu Inquire what measures can ba
adopted by the government which shall gi vu
io ibe country a currency convertible Tnt a
gold at the option of the bolder, thu?securlDr
greater stability In tbe exchanges of trade lu
the work ot production and Investment and
In the compensations ot labor, and to report
by bill or otherwise at the next session.
The outstanding legal-tenders were forth**
increased to-day by pavm*>ato from treasury
department tu tne amount ot upwards ol one
million two hundred and filly thousand dol?
lars drawn irom tbe reserve fund of the treas?
The nomination of James E. Muletead, as
collector of customs at Yorktown, was sent
to tbe Senate to-day. Miss Van Low was con?
firmed as poBtmlBtresa at Richmond.
The confirmation of Clark, postmaster ot
Savannah, was reconsidered to-day. This, lt
ls thought, will break the back of the Georgia
ultra ring. _ _ . .
COMPARATIVE COTTON STATEMENT.
? fl .4 ; ,
NEW YORK, March 21.
The following Is the comparative cotton
s tata ment lor the week enalng March 21, 1873 :
Receipts at all ports for week. 74,809 87,708 1
Receipts for ihe year to date...2,944,6*0 2,404.sta .
Exports for the week. 89 6X8 ?6 8M
Exports for the <year to date.. 1,744,006 1,479.8?
Stock at all U. a. p rta.. 642.19T 446,711
stock at interior town-, (leas
Uontg.mery). 101,318 7T.6M
Stock ut Liverpool. 007,000 079,000
American afloat for Oreat Bri?
tain. 270,000 303,000 ,
JOTTINGS ABOUT THE STATE.
-The new county auditor ot Lancaster, Mr.
Wm. McKenna, has filed his bond.
-Florence ls rapidly Improving, many
houses having been erected recently.
-Shade trees are being planted In the
streets of Anderson.
-Greenville ls still pegging away at that
-An election lor a new council comes off la
Darlington next mooth.
-The dwelling, barn and stables of Elijah
Robeson, of Darlington, were burned on the
16th Instant. Loss fitteen hundred dollars.
-The new county courthouse lor Richland,
which ls now constructing, will be a strik?
ingly handsome edifice.
-Mr. Carawel), tbe temperance lecturer, Ia,
figuratively speaking, taking the upper conn?
ues by Btorm.
-Mr. J. M. Watson, formerly of tbe Char?
lotte (N. C.) Observer, has taken charge of
ihe Bock HUI Lantern as publisher and tocal
-Mr. John Hugh Marsball, formerly of Ab?
beville, but lor several years past a resident
of GreenvlUe, died at the latter plane on Wed?
nesday of paralysis.
-Mr. James Jenkins, formerly of Raleigh,
N. C., but for tbe last fifteen years a resident
ol Darlington, died on Tuesday morning last
afier a short Illness.
-Judge T. J. Mackey bas purchased from
Colonel E. T. Atkinson the properly situated
on York street, In Chester, and known as the
Kennedy place, intending to make lt his fu?
-The Farmers' and Mechanics' Association
of Anderson met on ihe 16th Instant. Seventy
two shares oi stock were represented. Toe
election of officers was held wlih the following
result : B. F. Crayton, Esq., president. Dlrec
toH-E. G. Boberts, W. W. Humphreys, W. J.
Llgon, J, W. Norria and B. F. Whitney. Jas.
A. Hoyt, secretary and treasurer.
-lc ls reponed that Judge T. H. Cooke, of
the Eighth Judicial Circuit, ls closing op all
the bar rooms lo Anderson, Oconee and Green?
ville Counties, wbich do not conform to what
la known as ihe Tupper law. This is a law
which has remained on the Btatute books oi
the State for many years, but bas been practi?
cally a dead letter, for lt was nevar executed.
Ii provides tbat no one shall keep a bar ex?
cept be has a certain number ot beds and ac?
commodation for horses-tn short, unless be
keeps an Inn. Judge Cooke, lt ls said, Ignores
licenses Issued by town or olly corporation?,
and holds each vender io an account under
the Tupper law.
OUR SOUTH ATLANTIC NEIGHBORS.
-A cotton pool has been started at Co
lU? A monument to tbe Confederate dead of
Richmond County ls to be erected In St.
Jamee'a Churchyard, Augusta.
-Tbe augusta schuetzenpiatz ls being beau?
tified by ibe planting of shade trew ?nd .
erection or a dance hull, which Is to be finish?
ed about the first of May.