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Columbia phoenix. (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1865, March 21, 1865, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84027004/1865-03-21/ed-1/seq-1/

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Daily Paper $L0 a Montbr) .' "Let oar just centre v J Tri-Woekly $10 a MOD th.
' Payr.!:! J ?n Advance. j" ' Attend the .true event."-Sh?kspcare. ^ { Payable ia Advance.
BY J. A. SELBY COLUMBIA, S. C., JONDAY, APRIL IO, 1865. VOL. 1.-NO. IO.
THE COLOMBIA PHONIX
li WB?SHJCb
Every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday,
HY
JULI 4 N , A . S E L B Y.
Single copies $ . !No subscriptions received.
Advertisements inserted at ?5 per ??juara (ten
lines) for each insertion.
CAPTURE, SACK ?tod DESTEUGTIo'lT
OF THE
Oity of Coliiiiilaia
Jtlias pleased God, in that Providence which
Li so inscrutable to man, to visit our beautiful
?itv with the^noet cruel fate which can ever
beiall States OT ?ities. Lu has permitted the
cruel and maliguant e-neuiy to penetrate our
couutry ulaiost without impediment; to pollute
^ou^ homes with his preseuc-; to rob and ra?
vage o ur.dwellings, aud to commit tiiree-fiftiis
Of our city to the i'auie?. Eighty-four squares,
out ot oue bundled and twenty-four (?) which
thc eily contains, have been destroyed, with
scarcely the excep?ou of a singan o use. Thc
ancient capitol b;r.Bingof?heS'?ate^-lhat vene?
rable structure which, for seventy years, has
echoed with the eloquence" uud wisdom of the
inost famous statesineiit-^ifi laid in ashes; si>
. temples ol the Most llig-i God have shared th?
r\ sume fate; eleven banking establishments; th?
schools of lea^Sug, the shops of art and trade,
of inveiition/?^p iminafacturej ^shrines etpialh
. of^religion, benevolence.affdj^udustry; aro all
buried tubber in one/Cjji??joted ruin. UL
miliation ?preadahe!*&hesovy our homes anc
gar me ujg, an d the uu iv e rta 1 wreck exhibits on ty
oct common aspect of despair. It is for us, ai
succinctly but aa fully ts possible, ?nd ia tlu
simplest"language, to endeavor to make tin
melancholy record of our* wretchedness sc
that our sou may always remember, aa<> th?
whole Christian w*nid everywhere mm? read.
*
"When, by a crijn?? no less than blunder, Gee
Johnston was removed ti om the cunio;ai?d of I
our armies in Georgia, which he'hud conducted i
nvith such sigua) ability, lhere were not a-few
oi our citizens who felt tho impending danger,"
and trembled tit the disastrous consequences
? which tiiey partly foresaw. "The removal of a
General BO fully m the confidence of his troop*,
! who had so. long baffled the conquests, if he
could not arrest the marcUi of tlw? enemy, was
of 'itself a proceeding to startle ilie thoughtful
mind The czerny loudly declared hisTVatis
; faction at the event, and on repeated occasions
since lias expressed himself to the same effect.
Lile was emboldened by he change, ?nd almost
iustantly after, his successes became rapid and
of th? most decided character,
i Gen. Johnston was by nature, no less than
training and edueation, the very best of our
I generals to be opposed to Gen. Sherman. To
j ihe nervo sanguine temperament, eager and
I impetuous, ot' the latter, he opposed a moral
aud phvniturm'jlare-i-cahn, sedate, circumspee);
cool, vigilant and wary- always pntient and
watchful of his moment-nevier r?\sh or pre
I ci pt ta te, but ever firm and decisive-his Te
iourccs all regulated by a self-possessed will,
and a mind iu tull possession of that, military
coup ?'o ii Vhich, grasping, the remotest rela?
tions 'of the fiehl, is, proiihly, the very first
essential toa general having the control of a
large and various army.
The error which took Hood into the colder
r?gions ot Teuuessee, at the beginning of win?
ter.; was one which the Yankee General was
slow to imitate, especially as, in so moving,
Hood necessarily lett all the doors wide open
which conducted to thc seaboard, it required
no* effort .of genius-nay, did not need even
the suggestions of ordinary talent-to prompt
the former to take the pathways which were
thus laid open to him. 'Even bad be not already
conceived the propriety of forcing his way to
tbe'Atlantic coast, and to a junction with his
shipping, the policy of then doing so would
hive been foiced Opon him by the proceej?hig
of his riyal, and by the patent fact that (beru
were no': impediments lp such a progress. >VW
had neither anny nor general ready to impede
his mu).ch. lt sugg .-sled itself. Tue lacility ol
snell a progress was-clear encugn, and;'witt?
that quickness of decision' which Uisiiu.uuushe;
thc temperament el Sheratan, he at once rushed
into, t he o pen fAit!*w ay.
i The hasty levies o* rvguia* troops collecte.
by Hardee, and Vue c?ua<t 'ki scattered auHu?
1 ?
; gathered wiHi greafc ddtiiuiiy-Atid ?utai ie i LO
serjjice, - -jr ea?<f.i!ale<I Ao pruyoke his
j enterprise i to impede uk-naiv. ?; and, ttj
irig waste e wVut, after a series of small
and unimportant skirmishes, be made hi? way
to thc coast, made himseli masi.er of Savannah,
sud, from the banks of thot river, beheld,
opened before' him, a.I the avenues into aud
through SouthiGarolinn. lt .is miders too J that
Hardes had hi hand, to opuoftj ibis progress, *
something less than 10,00.? men, while the force
of Sherman was, in round numbers, soutelUh.g,
like 50,000, ol which So.UGO consisted of iutau
try-the rest of artillery and cavalry. .
? !: . ? ?( lil.
The destruction of Atlanta, the pillaging
aud^burniug of o^her to.vus of Georgia, and 1:10
snbtequent devastation along t!ie :j.-arou ?JJ the
enemy throurh Georgia, gave sufficient earnest
of the treatment to be anticipated by South
Carolina, should th.i samo commander oe per
nutted to make a like progress iri SaT15fcwtcrs
The Northern press furnished him with the
crt de guerre to ba sounded when he'should
cross our borders^. " Vie victisU'-wo to the
conquered!-woes, amuitigateda unqualified, re- ?
morsel ess-in tuevcase of a people w Iii ch had
been the first to sound the. bugles of resisiuuce
to the encroachniente of the ?ortb\?ru tyranny "i
and usurpation!; The howl of del ??bx (^ueu
was the kmguagt of the Northern press) seat
up by SbermanN legions, when t'.ey lookci
acrbss the Savau iah to the shores of Carotina,
was the sure nVerunuer of int lerriu.c tata
which threatened .our people, should tue de-, "? "
?nonie furies be once let loose upon our lands.
Our peoplt felt sil the danger. Tney felt t.iac
it required the :?r-1 abilities, the moat ?ireuu
ous exertions, t.e- most prompt uud efficient
reinforcements, tb prevent tue laureatenmg ca?
tastrophe &'
Souui Oaroly-.ft had, for a fong season, been
oade' A sort?of jiufsery lor s^ct geueru'w, and a
sou ot pasture' ?round -for incompetence and
imt?eciluy. ?i? i?ce, though ol acknowledged *
ability, and cojtWered able as the leader of a
curfs, was uut life niau lorrrasp the husmea* of j
a la ge anny. eyes ?oked t>> Gen. Joiiu- .
at*i as the oue han, u.-Mt to Lee, to whom Ihe .
dui % ?iii?ilfii be lontidcd ami the tr ust, lt was
eouhuenUy l?o;>??l aiid believed thu* he would
>e^ehtoreiito ji.'e cmimmu.i, und vttkl m. ..juate
rein totee&??<8 vould i>e- fiiruiaUe& io <:iaole ? ?
.iii'n. iiejbyiiy . () meet the ei.etny, ?ut to ink*
ii? l..Ulai*.* ii ^b-aliiig ?MU ?Vom tbc ground '
.* ? :-<f . . .
. j? X m -\v ' ? li* '.:?'.?.. *

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