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Wednesday Momfaft April 13,1868.
Sundry mistakes and ttj?-?tate"?eBt-f .having
been mada in respect to the destruction of
"Woodlanda," the plantation and.country seat
jof W. Gilmore Simms, a-fcrief account of the
real "facts may be proper- The particulars ire
gather from a letter written to the author, by
Mrs..H. Pinckney, a lady who; with her family?
a friend and two children, occupied the dwell?
ing during his absence; and partly from circum?
stantial detaila . furnished subsequently from
other and trustworthy sources. When the
enemy beached thc neighborhood, Mrs. P. ad?
dressed a letter te^?en. Blair, requesting* pro
( te ct ion for the dwelling and^brary, and. sug?
gesting the enormity jot the crime which contd
destroy .booka, especially such a collection-!
some ten thousand volumes-made with great,
care, during a period of forty? years, and con?
stituting, perhaps, th? moat valuable library, to.
a literary man, to be found in the Confederacy
Before an answer could be received to thia ap?
plication, bude bf stragglers had pen etta ted
the' bouse and begun the work of robbery. The
trunks and bareena were at once broken open.
In the midst of 4hia scene, the guard sent by
Gen. Blair made ita appearance, and relieved
the house of the plunderers. The General
himself, with Gen. -Howaid and other officers,
?visited the estate, and spent aomo time in the
- examination of the library. They took away
a collection of maps', including Mills' Atlas of
South .Carolina/ and perhaps a few other vo?
l?mes. They also carried, off a couple* of
double barrelled guns and a rifle; but nothing
besides of any. importance, and their deport?
ment waa courteous and becoming. They left
a sufficient guard behind them, and the build
ir g was env*ed while this guard remained o#the
premises. But, with their departure, frequent
attempts to bum the house at night were made,
and thc ladies, became so mach alarmed and
wiaried with night watching, that thgy fled,
ard nought refuge for themselves and family ?t
^ the neighborer hamlet of Midway. With
their dep?rtui .ne-felons succeeded in their
design. The house, a very extensive, newly
b i'iit one, and ohly partially finished, but with
six habitable rooms, besides the library, was
bred at four ?"several quarters, and wlien the.
flanjts were discovered by the servants, at day?
break, they had reached a*degree of height anV
intensity which made ail efforts impossible to
nave. The^Jibraryj-fn a separate wing, con?
nected, witt the 'main dwelling by a corridor,
was the first to burn. Not a volume was saved.
From the other wing, and the ^enUe-building,
the servants rescued some of the bedding and
furniture. *Bome idle stories have imputed the
destruction of the property to the slaves ol
Mr, Simms, and one of these, hia^-body servant,
who was the chief laborer and the most inde
fctignUlfidn his efforts io say? the property
who dtdT'in feet, save the meet of thoee thing*
which were rescued from the fire-waa arrest/
ed, ? tr -on.e vague conjectures, and actually
tried fer his life befoio a court of freeholders
He waa enaatmobfily-acquited Tb* ??avps
tjjjul ? j. "mil- III iV ! 1,1" II i
themselves, all testify that.the incendiarism waa
due to email squad? of white stragglers, follow
isg in th* wp?vc 01' tbe main army*-miserable
bauds of plunderers, who usually lurk behind
with this very object-creatures not brave
enough for fight, bur, eager enough to steal.
Successive banda of these came fra. hourly, for
severa"! days ofter the army had passed-the
jackals following' in the wak? of .the lion:
These ra?e?rawle m i so ry an ts have thus, for a few
hundred dollars' worth of portable phTnder,
destroyed the accumulations of .forty years,
and such a collection of literature as has rarely
been made in our ofeMntry, and such as is not
likely r.o be made again. The larger.and better
portions of the furniture had been previously
sent off to other places. The library shelves
were left full, and sixteen Targe boxea of choice
bo?>ks besides bari been packed away by^the .
kutWOrt, and weuld have been eent away, could
transportation have.bccn obtained. This was
found to be impossible. In addition lo the
dwelling, the incendiaries destroyed the kitchen,
the carriage house, gin house, threshing house,
stables.barns and varions other building?; car?
ried off four or five holies, and three oxen, with
wagons and buggy. They also carried off some
twenty-eight or thiity negroes, fliese rtarticu.
lars moy be all relied oh. Mr. Simms has no
reason to doubt that the work of incendiarism
was ^lolly done by straggling squads of the
enemy. He bas no reason lo suppose that the
negroes were criminal and the investigation
has so decided. Thej had no-motive for the"
crime. They knew-what the Yankees did
not-j-tbat, save the library and a very few
bulky articles of furniture, there was no
plunder to provoke their own or the" cupidity
of any other parties. Had the house oeep
"thrown open wide to the plunderers, it might
have been the wiser measure; and vet. in the
case of such profligates es we h?r*e had to deal
.with, the mere wantonness of mood which
moves men in the exercise of an unwonted pri?
vilege of license, and stimulates to mere excess
even in the absence of all considerations of
sport and profit, would have sufficed for mis
chief-^-cven as the wild colt, ia a sudden spasm
of exulting animal lifo, leaps and bounds and
rollicks, trampling down the fields upon whose
lush grasses be does not care.to browse.
."We had just penned the preceding, when we
received, through tho Augusta Ccnstiiuiionullsi,
a long narrative, contained in the New York
. Herald, giving a narrative bf the progress of
tue.Yankees from the Savannah to the Conga"
ree. From this, we extract the following ac.
count of*'Gen. Sherman's visit to Woodland*-:"
At Woodlands, about one mile South of Mid
way, is the residence of the great novelist, Mr.
Simms. It is an old-fashioned brick building,
wkh massive, ungainly porticoes. It' is a
strange castellated appearing affair, with some
\ thing of a weird look aboutit. Our skirmishers
: and foragers paid a hasty visit to Mr. Simms,
, and as he was not at home, they thought they
would do the honors of. the house themselvos,
and fell to helping themselves hb+rsily. Or.
bearing this, Maj. Gen. Frank Blair placed a
I guard over the place to protect the hoiise, hw
. iture and fine library. Mr. Simms isa tho
rough, m Md secessionist, full of Southe! u pio
judice, i od a fierce calumniator of Northern
' * hh>acter ana institutions.
Mr. Sbo?i*'.plantation is* good type of th?,
un bg?mmgS?????M i j -? .
low-land plantations of South Carolina. Siroco
we left Savannah.-th? *><>T-?i*y -wss ?.h<- vast
low land plain. Jn-front of M"r. Simms' house
are some venerable trees* beneath vi hieb the
Tine and cypress have Jormed fantastic bowel.?,
with their delicate foliage and garlands of
hanging moss. Not far from, tho resid? m c is n
dark, solemn swamp, formed by the expansion
of .the EdSsto -?"Ter tmVlow land*. This i* full
of fallen trees, Gothic arches of cypress and
vines interlacing their branches in strange
shapes, while the ever-pending mose waves its
funeral-looking, pall over the miasmic, poison?
ous air of swamp lands. -Here revel in secure .
enjoyment wild fowl, serpents and alligators.
Such dismal swamps are frequent in Caro?
lina, but chiefly abound along the sea const
from Savannah te Charleston. '
A loyal demonstration has been gotten up in
Charleston on the 21st ult. ..The committee
selected for this purpose, consisted of the fol?
lowing named parties, who may be very re
-m ark a ble and leading people in the gcod old
city, but we confess never to have beard of
them before, viz: .lohn Bonan,'A. Porter Far
ro w*, Joseph Quash, John Steedman, Ssw. Dick?
eon, Archibald Wriggs and "Peter Well.?. By
their resolutions, they thank the United States
authorises for saving them from conflagration
and -ill-treatment;, express their gratitude to.
General Hatch, Admiral Dahlgren and otters,
for yielding them more saving and some crea?
ture comforts; and the fourth 1001 ve-but we
.give that entire: . .-!
"4th. That to his Excellency Abraham Lin?
coln, .the President Of the United St nt es, we
return our sincere thanks and never-dying*"
gratitude, for the noble and patriotic manner
in which he promulgated- the doctrines of Re?
publicanism, and "foi the consisteLcy in noa
only promulgating, but invariably conforming
his action thereto, and we shall ever be pleased
to acknowledge and hail him aa the champion
of the rights of freemen."
This, in sooth, is very rare fooling Are liri
these people, Bonan,'Farrow, Quash, &c.? ne
groet? We ?"suppos? so. It Beems to be very
.like nigger talk, in Yankee English.
The Charleston Hotel has been opened under
the* management of Stetson, of New York, for?
merly peeper'of the Astor House. We are
told that, at the opening feast, "a number of
prewitt tn? citizens of Sooth Carolina" were
arning the loyal and exulting partakers! Who
The Yankees , have constructed splendid
wharves at Pori Beyal,' but the amount of
buaiueae is entirely confined to sutlers and
I"*. -!_?-.?LJi ^. -_1_Lilia
Departed this life, in this ciiv, February 20.
1865, of typhoid fevsf. WASHINGTON M.
pAXBERGOTTI; after an illness of m-atly ?mr
weeks, in the thirty-seventh year of hw ?e*;
leaving a large circle of relatives and friecds'lo
mourn his untimely cjitl.
~~ ~C?LCMB??, AVRIL ll, 186*.
At a meeting of the Joint Belief Commit?
tees,, held this doy, the following resolution wa?
pwBs?dr - \
Jtetolye*, That as a change will be_m*de tn
the plan of issuing rations, that four days' ia
t.ions be issued on to-nioj^ov, after which the
djstributing stores will be closed until*Wednes?
day, 19th; and that notice of the same be made
j public through the FJujtnix,