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Mona?y MoraiBff, April 11, 1S61.
ZS'''- ' Situationof Affair* :
Clothing very -%ert*rn upon the sTtuntion of
affaira within our precincts. We ara told of
'gun .beata, or boat ev lion g the Conga rec, aa far
up as Fort Hotte. The doubt is whether they
can get farth?'r.-or whether they will find it
profitable, to make tbs .attempt. There ia very
little plaoder left fer the Yankees, and perhaps
less forage, whether for man er beast, on any
nearer approach to Columbia. - We take for j
granted that the .Yankees seek nothing farther
than the appropriation of-hogs and oatt le and
contrabands from tlToae plantations along the
river which bare not been stripped. Some of j
the reports tell us that the gun boats have re?
tired-^gone homewards; but this is doubtful |
while any of their troops remain in the neigh
borhood of these. We learn nothing precisely. !
It is understood that the Government bucheen*
the-chief sufferer by the raid upon Sumter
atores and other property, including rolling
Stock of railroads, having Mien destroyed, tc
the estimated araouct of two millions of dollars.
We take for greeted that the citizens were
plundered of all their most portable valuables,
sad that watches have fulfilled the design-of
- the?rTn?nufacture, ?nd been found to ff. The
ladies have, no doubt* lost their ear ring?, the
children their eilvtr aupe, end the? triumph of
. Yankee patriotism bas been made complete, by
?anying off any quantity of ??Iver fork? and
.peons. The-force thTeating these achievement*,
and bearing off these spoils,*is estimated"~at
4,000 white and black troops-dedact one-half
from this estimate, ead yen probably havo the
real number of the enemy in the field. As
their transports are-all open boats, a force of a I
hundred sharp-shooters, properly distributed
along thc hanks, and af the proper mettle,
would probably have prevented their landing
at all. A few acere of railroad operatives, we
are told, effectually baffled sad drove off a
party, preventing their attempt to destroy the
rolling steck of the Sooth Carolina Railroad,
v> iiivL happened to he m seme inconvcnsvut
piopinqnity to the assailants-but where, we
need not mention. A little more pluck, good
kudership, andr enough gunpowder and bul?
lets, would suffice to arrest many of these
foi a} ing enterprises. While wc write, we hear
that our troops have encountered the enemy
n<ur Statesburg, ?nd that fighting was in sharp
pi ogress on Friday. Should, wc learn more in
sea fou, we shall append a posteript to thi*
summary. Since writing the preceding, we
karn, that, as ase anticipated, the virtuous
incmy, moved hy intense patriotism, did most
thoroughly plunder the town of Sumter, .ead
in their progr?s., one of their sable ruffians
nurOcrod Mr.?RobertBee, an old man of sixty
- pcp kihi y became he did not deliver his watch
cv ?tb sufficient promptness. ?
Adequate Forces at Proper Places, i
yur exchange? frequently . tell their read?
ers, v. hen they have to*report aa approaching'
' raid of the enemy, tbat we 'have "adequate
<??es**t.the proper,.pi acas, " Witb which lo
meet them. The assurance,'. howeveV^Wch,
couched in lao guage, has elmort ceae?Ho be
adequately comforting. It hopper^ too fte*
.quently, that when the force is.adecJuKte, it is*
apt to fail to be at the proper place in season;
and strother tim?? it happens, when the proper
place is reached, that the doroe do?s not prove
to be altogether adequate. If we could only
reconcile tho two requisitions of adequate farce
and proper.pises, wo should, no doubt, do much
better; but really to be told, after all the pre?
paration mad?, that oui forcea were compelled
Os* fall back; or did not get up in time, is asy
thinjffwut consolatory to a patriotic stomach
The how, the -when, the where, and the how
aiueh, are cesen ti al elementa-in all problema
which need per foi maree for due solution.* Thia
is especially tiuein military affairs.
STA RUN? CAUGHT STEALING.- The "Winnsboro
Nevis reports a self-styled Confederate soldier,
named Starling, who claims to represent this
poor old town, as stealing t pair of mules from
: Mr?. Woodward; but the Starling wararrested
, in his flight by the town marshal of Winnsboro,
j who seems to hear the appropriate name of
Smart. Kow, Starling himself, while stealing,
should have been swart. That he waa not,
proves him to be doubly criminal. However
moody he may be new, while jn prison, he is
certainly no longer mulish; he is accordingly
in pieper condition to ha wrought ?pon by the
moral agencies which shall moke bim stuart fdr
his luck of jtmarlnees ia' thc profession he has
so witlessly undertakes*. - i.
Tu? OATH.-Tho Augusta Constitutionalist
bas been furnished, by au exile from Savannah,
wills the following oath, which is rsquired of
the citizens of that plaet: f
I, ? , do solemnly swear, in thspresence
of Almighty Gol, that I will bear true and
fi riu allegiance to the Unittd States of America,
and will faithfully support th? Constitution and
laws thereof, and that in this behalf. I will, tc
the inmost of my power,oppose sud iliseonttte
nance alt sect a??cn, rebellion and divl?ysjjty,
und everything !<>. kiug to a (fisiuplion ol th?
national Union; that I utterly repudiate all
allogini.ee to ilie so-called Confederate States o:
America, tr tm}- '?iher power. Shite or so've
reignty whalevei; that 1 will not, ly woid 01
uct, sign, Utter or meseage, give aid "or comfoi
lo any person or persons hostile to the Unite?
Slates, nor hold any cowrnunica'ioti whatevei
with such person or persons,- except througl
and with the consent of the properly cousti
tuted authorities. ?
1 do further promise and aw eur that 1 wil
give lo thc n ernest commanding officer of th.
United States forces immediate notice of lin
presence o? near approach -of . any ?neroy, sp]
or disloyal person, and-of.all mutters that mai
at any time com? within, n.y knowledge, ii
'which the interest of the United Slates ar
All this I do most solemnly and sincere^
swear, without any hesitation, .mental reserva
tion or aacret evasion of purpose iii me ? hal
ever, pledging my' sacred honor,'my life uni
my property to the du? and full ?baerva&ee o
thia my solemn oath of allegiant'*.
Description of person appende d.
Engine, Boiler, ?Yo, at Friyaje Sale.
WILL be sold at private cale, a Fl YE-HORM
POWER ENGINE, a BO?LER. SO tee
long by 3 feet in diameter, and SMUKEPIPK
?c. is very good condition. Applv lo
AK R. PHILLIPS.
Aprill? fi* AtDr, Geiger's.
#* J^Q^^1 ^iF&:jc0jm'
Th? office of the Voli&tbia T?ctnix is on
Gate!* street, second*door from Plain.
The public -will bear in mind that a large
collection of very elogant household fut nitutc.
crockery and latches* utensil^ '?rill 1 * p?ld tliia
day, bj F. Lance, earner x>f Bridge and Liaeola
streets. _ _^Jl "?
Rscoans OF TBS Cavar OF EQUITY.-"?#e are
pleased to learn thnt, by the exertions of D. !>.
DeSanssnre, Commissioner of the Court of
Equity of this District, the records of that ?csrt
were saved from the fire, r It is to b? *egrotiid
that, by Ilia devotion^ this,' public ?h?ect, *lr.
D. incurred th? loss of -JA?S own-select prcfes-*
sio nal and private library. We regret to lorn
that the records of the Court of Appeals, with
the valuable library of that court,' as well for
Charlea ton as Columbia, were lest in eente
quence of a failure'to find transportation.
These volumes contained th? -loDg accumulated
legal decisions bf this State, and the loss is
irreparable. It .will .be BO small parteftthe
duty and difficulty ci the Legisle ture, at its
approaching session, to digest seme scheme
which ?ball secure the ovnei E of property in
their rights; to establish sonic rule by which
to adjust equitably the claims ol unfortunates,
thus-deprived of all their usual proofs ef right
Tfit BATTLE; OK FETBBSBUEG.--AB officer who
left Richmond at nine o'clock on Monday moi n
big last, ?rifo?ms ue that at the time tie left,
thc city was.in flames from Cary to Canal
streets. Thc Sbockoe warehouse and other
entrepots of supplies were burning: The
bridges also had been fired.
N.o mob or violence of any kind had occurred
up to the period when be left,?so that the re?
ports of a destructive mob on Sunday night are
untMie. -The enemy's cavalry entered the eity
as the train moved off thstbf. , came eut in.
Tire fetory of the mob, therefore,- we hope is
entirety erroneous. This officer describo^ tb?
I fighting un Sjiliuday tel vi tic beyond dr
scrip.tbn. TI.e enemy forced column after
column ou our works, ia-?pjng^our. lines on the
extreme right. They came nine columns deep,
light lines faltered and weie broitn by thc
obstinacy of cur defence*, but the ninth bl oke
over our forces like a whirlwind. He say? thc
I dchtiuction of the enemy was immense. Our
I rots, we think,-consistid mainly in thc tirbon
: eis taken by the- enemy. All the prisoner*
j whom we captured were drunk, having been
i prepared, according to Yankee tactics, for this
j dreadful ordeal. Cn Monday, Sheridan attack .
j ed Fitz Lee and was handsomely repfaked.
i Cit is tumored that Montgomery has been
i evacuated.. - ' . *
j " 1 "*> *j*^*\P^*^?m*mmmmmm' ?? in ? ? ?I
.' Tunera7. Invitation.
* TL? friends and acquaintances of Mi. ?m<<
Mrs. Junie* K. Kennedy, Mr. and Mi?. K.
Morrison, aud of Mr. and Mrs. J?nc pjihcarv,
are invited to attend the funeral .of tl/ KV
MU UK ii: O?s, eldest daughter ol the lot in ?c.
from the residence ot the. latter, TH fi* (Mt-;
day) AFTERNOON, at 4 o'clock.
For Sale or Bent
OO'ITA?? HOUb'? conta?iiijg five roua.?
aud necistary ont-building?-, willi sixtv
acieeof land atUcbtd, two niles and a he?
I roui tb? city, lao eire at this office.
April IV / '