Newspaper Page Text
Monday Morning-, May 1* 1865.
Rumors Of Peace.
Th? rumor of peace continues. Vc Lear of
ike disbandment of the a?rerai annie?. The
public mind appears to hare settled down into
tb*- conviction that peace is at hand. Upon
?what basis, no ene knows; but there are a thou
?and conjectures. It is no longer a matter ol
doubt or argument, however, whether wc shall,
er ought to be, satisfied with- the conditions
mada-whether these conditions imply oui
recognition or not-whether there arc to I?
any securities for property or State sovereignly *
-whether, in short, the States nre to hare un \
thing left to theml Such ?s the general demo?
ralisation, that a large number ecem disposer
to welcome peace on any terms.
There is no policy in ?eli daception. Wi
. uunot shut our eyes to the fact that our p?opl>
ara in the most melancholy state of exhaustion*
They have bee*h ?verhorne by numbera. Host
have prevailed against will, and courage, am
Oelt-sacrifice; and, as it would scorn, the gout)
antut bo recsncilfd to submit to an advers
destiny, at all events, until it eau recuperate.
The battle is ?ot always to tho strong. Even
the virtuous must suffer, at limes, iii their son
fiiet with great and evil odds. We have, un?
happily, not been virtuous. We have hot bee'
wise. We have bean terribly misgoverned*
Our resources have been wasted; our strengt I
frittered away purposelessly. Incompetents ?j.
all the departments, civil and military, hav.
dissipated equally our capital of physical ant
moral power: Wc w?n*c not prepared for war-I
la?k;R-5: all ita rounitions^-laeking work shops.)
'aundriea r.-.ul alm.tat every necessary agency'
It is evident to all thinking minds that a great
soeifil and moral revolution-a change ?qnallv
In economy and policy-*-iuuat prepare ps for a
proper nationality-f<ir self government an i
fha proper aggregation of powers, essential, ai
?00?, u detVlie? and ?elf development. Wli?;l
ever bc the re*51? of this present cont -st
whatever thc basis of peace-and we hnve
little hopes of any reconciliation as permanent
thftt does not ine'iid*. recognition-we ar;>. now
reOnlrod to address ourselves to such reforms
eJnli r?inv'igoi to ?-ir States and people, and
endeavor <>>i to ?strengten them as to make
them eqi'.ul ?.o the maintenance of that inde?
pendence \vtii sh we may hereafter ba disposed j
- Ii wit; nc ..).. mu* people to bring into play j
a" ' cit ufVK iiiergiea and wisdom, und to em- I
ploy i-. e mncils the L:?si hearts and the I
..ri.tifct iieft'ij. lt is no ionger possible, without
n.t .. <?.( ? iieiil'.', to fci-i?e With our vot?-s at. th<
. t-' .- Js;:t no long r?.* the people suffer
t". -, o bethought or beguiled hilo th.
a;.j...>V'tic:.. of wretched incompetents in legi?
: .' -n, j-.?- so loni* will they sufTor sacrifiuc :n
V: r hs nd. s o? these tncompeteuts ia tho hour ol
/ind life it'-tdf ii a long trial-a long war
ftir>- in v.'hieh a p-'ople'is never more insecm
then in the tim?s of seeming peace. jRFhatevr
tba1.) bm fa h, letti's all go to work vi.jnr??u<l
Cash in bi? several vocation, re*.r?t >!? t> J.? h .
>est and serve and save his country. Industry,
'?taina taking, humility in seeking, close obser?
vation, patient thinking on what we observe,
nod an energetic working out of our thoughts,
are the only processes for reaching the grand
results of wisdom; and wisdom is the great vir?
tu* of manhood-the essential of nil national
ta'ety, as of individua!; giving ns prosperity in
I seasons of peace, and strength to endure, and
Mie capacity to conquer, in the event of war.
For this wisdom we need a social revolution;
md perhaps it is for this that God has seen fit
0 prepare us through the calamities of a war
he issues of which are humiliation. Wc shall
? i: rv i ve this, if we accept with humility^ the
.onditions of God, io. th? recognition of his
Do Toa Naad Salt?
Eorroa EUOKOX: Some of your readers have
<?<?n or used creasotc-some of them may not
.now Greek enough to know that it is a "flesh
.reserver," and 83 such so called on its dis?
covery about 35 years ago. For this and other
it cresting facts connected with cr?asete and
imbed elements of chemical properties and
t'inities, I refer to any chemical or medico
hemical authorities or readers, inviting farther
Informationen a topic now of special interest
I only wis,h now to declare and assert most
.onfideotly, and to ask a trial for the assertion,
t ist fl--sh of fishes, or bird?, or beasts, flesh ri
ny ki(.d needed or desired for food of man
san bo pre?erCed safely and wholesomely ant
lealth fully without salt. It is still a questiot
with observant physicians, how much, if any
ult ia actually needed for health of man o
?east-t.nt no salt whatever is needed for pr?
?ervijig flesh,if we choose tu apply and employ
! i flesh preserving clement which can he tonne
inywhc-re in this our favored region. (Jreasoti
i-f the ?.liar j active principle in wood-smoke, an<
ii pyroltg?ieou3 ?cid. and thi* acid. c?n b
readily and cheaply inr.de wherever ?rood an?
?ny "dis?llin ; apparatus can be found. ?'Ies!
>f lisli'-s rr beasts can be saved and preserve
by me alone of pyroligenous nc-id Ott&$ithou
-alt, vi ega r or pep ?"ir, unies i these o^seH?er-irei
for tl i vor. Pyrolignepu? aid m?y eben ply l>
ai id-', an?! the prowess of making iL for netfLin
->tead of salt, should ba \ r?mptry undertake:
>>y any eit-izSu of competent enterprise ned de
I respectfully p'.-..po-?a that by appoinfmon
m 1 request from the ?tuz?is; generally, or fra?
tl- Coy Cou ,eil, or the Board of Relief ?
ether organization, a competent disti'riei* be ii
strueted ?a-l authorized io make and fifrn-is
l>yrolign>OH3 acid in timo and in quantities a
l.-ust eu?ft?'niit for a thorough" trial willi th
fishes that may be taken this ^.-.iP'in.
1 'i.>,}.' tint, tiiirt propr?i!.ion will mirani in
meili ito nilen ti .Yu and inquiry, arid l.-au to eft
1 cient measures for relieving a Want, und*
1 which o iv people have lou long sntiVred. I
? ?rid he disgraceful if wu longer surfer foi- ?ul
jar submit io any rates dem mded in bari ?l
when we aaa fiii>I a meat preserve!*, not ?ul
i (pia! to s ilt, but in tui"i?e ivspeeJS belter th i
s it, furiiisUs I at li md in our forests mid ;'i-ovn
W. B. C.
CENS. l.ztt /.KO GUAXT-t'ue. Constitution c
he Unite. 1 States provide*, that in ease of t!i
? it -if lbj President and Vice-President,-1 li
'?..nat?. shnll proceed' ot unco to e1?u( th-ir s c
.V wora. lt M said th it the election of Gar?. L?
> Hie one .i i l G.?n Granito di*other, is in-.-.
?cv--i lin thc Fe Jem! a- ny.
TBE ARJ?T8TICE-TE RM 3 Qt AORETEMKM', ETC.
. A Government officer has furnished ns thc
following particulars of tho armistice* and the
proposals for th? settlement of the difficulties
between the North an cf South, as ?greed upon
between Gen. Sherman and the officials of the
1. A reconstruction-of the Union and imme?
diate representation in United States Congress.
2. United States authorities to garrison all
forts and arsenals.
3. Troops of the various Southern States to
be marched to their separate State?, disbanded ,
and'their arms turned over to Stat? authorities.
4. 'A general amnesty to all.
It is slated that President Davin ratified thc
agreement, but Andy ?Johnson replied -'that he
would take occasion to remind Gen. Sherman
that he was simply a Major-General in the
United States army* and hereafter must confine
himself to the management of military affairs
in his department, and let the administration of
the Government alone." He is also reported to
have endorsed on th? agreement, "Submission,
emancipation, confiscation, or extermination.''
The Confederates were informed that the
truce would expire at 12 o'clock, on Wsdn??dey,
the 26th April. Th? truce was afterwards re?
newed for ten days.
SHERMAN, GRANT AND THU SOOTHER** SOLDIERS.
It is stated that Gens. Sherman and Grant
said that the Southern ssldiera ha'? made a gal?
I ?nt fight and deserved the most honorable
terms, and that if they were m>t granted such
terms, the war would b? interminable. Fur?
thermore, that a protracted war would involve
the United States in difficulties with foreign
Governments, which might complicate her seri?
ously; that it would benoch better to have thu
Southern soldiers to figiit for her than against,
ber; und that, if, honorable terms were not?
granted to Ue South, Sherman and Grant would
disband their armies and seed their mea home.
DEATH: or ANDY JOHNSON.
" VVe learn fron- soldier* who have just arrived
from Greensboro, that it was currently reportad
and believed thor? that Jtti3y Johnson had also
b*en assassinated. The asserted causes bei nv
his refusal to grant just terms to thu Cocfe.dc
ra'?s, and the declaration of Booth Mint, hs had
been instigated hy Johnson to murder L;i;cr,!n .
It is generally conceded by tho Federal troops
that President Lincoln ww in favor nf thc av.
rangement entered into between Gens. Joh? sl*a
GEN. JiHNSTOS's ARMY D'S'BAVDKD.
Wc have received inform uiou fr un a source
which diMiipatfS all doubt, that/ the trrOps in
0.1). Johnston's department--which riahme*?
lifo entire pelion of country East ot the Chat .
nhooch'-c River--tre to return to their St;,te
capital^ tum ov?r their artus to the authorities
arid he disband? I, after binding th -mn Ives not
'?> ?.?gag . in hostilities ?gainst th- ?.iit? 1 State?
iniJ.il rd'u?v.-i from live obliga; ?on. rVr.iir,?
v ? -.li tin . ?tey ire lu comply with thu ia*A;. o,
heir res,iv . .si-ii. s. The United Stuffs n<i
1 .uni.-- g*? i -??tuvdiig ;h .-mn gai int in ?!-?tati<> 3
Piotr ?:i. , .. i .e. ..11 their perso.i> I etfecu
*"e ' . . '?'-e ??give further PiriionJ?tfS