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title: 'Columbia phoenix. (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1865, May 02, 1865, Image 2',
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" i i ! ir i ir i rr nj_? ag
. ? - ? -
Tueaday Morning, May 2, 1866. j
Letter of Sherman.
"Wc give in another column a letter from Gen.
Sherman, which ie taken from a New York
paper. It it addressed to a lady, hy birth a
Booth Carolinian, and in reply te on? of hera,
which doea not appear in print, hire. Ann:.
Gilman Bowen ia a daughter of the Kev
Samuel Gilman, formerly pastor of the Unita?
rian Church ia Charleston, and of Mrs. El 17.?
Gilman, well known by her educational an
other writings. Dr. Gilman was also a we?
known and esteemed man of letter?, who hs
it ft Several interesting volumes of lirerar
remains. They were both from Mns>achuse+!
but bad become identified, through a long Iii.
with the South and its institutions. They lc
none bot daughters, and lall of these ar? high!
accomplished and intellectual. Caroline is
Well known and popular writer. Har "Verne
Grove" acquired for her eon si der aide repu ti
tioo among ItlUrhttora readers. She bas bc
twice married, ia still a resident of this Sim
and still, we believe, communes with thc Shi
though, psrhaps- io then* cruel times of st: u
-only with sad heart and in eeeret. Eliza
the lady to whom Sherman's letter ia. addressr
---married, a few yeara age, a geutlemn.
~*r=?icd Bowen, who had become somewhat ri
na ark u Ide aa a traveller, and, we ara told,
collector of works of ara. She, it appear?, no<
resides at Baltimore. The Gilman* owned
pleasant cottage on Sullivan's Irland, to wbioi
they aepaired in Bummer. Their chief re?'
dence was in Charleston. At the former place,
they became acquainted with Sherman ant:
. many other officers of the United Stat?? army,
end one of the fruits of thia intimacy ia thi*
letter of Sherman. It ie probable that Mr?.
Bowen wrote to bim, appealing to old friend
chipa, in behalf of humanity. Of hie reply f
the reader will form hie own judgment. Giv?
ing' bim dee credit for all his professions of
5 Mn ruthy and humanity, it is yet difficult to
reconcile these with his progresa tbr^"gbout the
South. But upon thia topic we need -not de
rennt. Iiis actione speak with an emphasis far
\-cyond Anything that he haa said, or oan say,'
ia wo r de. It is bis history and philosophy alene
which need tb ot we should utter a few'words
vf. orr own. Ba talla ns that whether in earth
or II nven, man must submit to soma arbiter.
V an good. But he would have the South tfub
r. it lc the tn i ted States aa the arbiter, ona of
?he partica lo tho iesae. He next coolly tells
Ki--igi ,ofcug ?me thirty yeara of abnae, provo
cation .-nu ioteiference with bur institutions,'
; i ct .. S??nth bad neither cans- nor pretext
fer l*?) i?'g *he Union-or, as be pbraaea it, for
..ilrowirg off her allegianoe; as if sba oould
' 1 we ailtgisnec to her ?quale. He a?de: H&he
; rnt? . d und t>ullied ot to the conflict." The
* rftli . heik-nged no aonflict-ehe bantered te
. ? I h.t.?; the entreated, and implored,and ap*
-veal&O io avoid battle or strife, and modest iv
.oatvK- t?r tight to tkeeaa her own Govern
ciefit iii '. vier te eaespe ?a h>|nr.< ?a ?owr-*.>
(ivs ?nd association* where ?he w~??perpetually
wronged1, denounaed and :br,lV.??-nrhtr? foi
y ear? ehe waa told, if you ?are io mire, we will
.irush you ey numbers-Sour 'twenty ju i Ilion?
against your "eight. Thia ie th? true history.
Let Geo. Sherman'put off the" soldier for asea
.>o?, and look behind-the-sceneo, to the history
.>f that 'monstrous" trickery which breed the
I South to drive the garrison ont Sf Fort Sumter*
i Ile will find in that history a type of a larg?
I ,'ortion of that which, perpetually feeding
[ he South, forced it finally ?ate its attitade of
j hostility. Tho truth is, it was one of the g>*eai
I uistakes of oar public .men, that feW of them
I olieved that there would be any war-thai
I here could be any pretext for war, eiroe.lv o?
! erting the universal American doctrine whiah
j ?corded to every people the right of deter
I dning th?ir own Government, Cen. Sherman
j T?O doubt R very good soldier, bot it is ver\
I ?nain thal he makes huta peor politician. Uh
I nowledge of th<*. history of his own country
uring the lust thirty years, is very limited
I ?vi his philosophy, platonic enough in ton'?-.
I Idressing the lady, is hardly entitled to th.
I V lulita eit her of Plato or Socrates,
j . We must not omit, by tbe way, to afld that
. s [Shaking of the passage in his letter whicl
1 ivs that "uian must submit to.-some arbiter,"
ne Kew York paper which publishes the letter
irging the common Northern doctrine, remind
un that the arbiter prescribed by the ($>nsti
itioa of the Urvited States is. the Svprem
.?iirt, and that the Abolitionists-the Repuh
icaa party-refused to submit tu its authority
What to Think or Say?
' Of course, our readers ?rc already familia
with thc reports of the situation of affair
made io yesterday's paper. It is idle to undei
take the grave analysis ef any mere rumo
nod the reports whick we have been forced t
make are grounded too unsubstantially to b
regarded as much better than sample gosaij
There ia, no doubt, some foundation of truth i
them-in fact, there must be. The A*?ow?.fae
leave us in little doubt that the war' for tl
present is at an end. The two opposing a rm i
are undergoing dispersion; aril the sooner th?
get ba?k to their respective homes-having i
more to do in the field of slaughter-the bett
for the peace of the highway And tho coram
of all pacific citizens who wish to proser
their temper and teams and cottle. Nothing
next to our independence-is more importa
1 to our people, than that they should be suffer
to escspe for awhile frc m the harseefcg aar
anxieties and legree incident to a condition
partial outlawry in th? country. The soot
oar poor boya can get back to their farms, a
attend to their crops, the better for themselv
their families, and Aa country at large. It
'-the policy of every citizen to help them f
ward to their homes. "We say nothing of I
Immunity and charity in giving sunk help
hi brave survivors of our hard, and long e
iinu*d. and hapless struggle, lodeed, we
-f ?pinion that the Stat* Governments eho
he prepared to furnish rations nt all placet
??-ctral character. Soldiers on their v
L'iri ra ?.V;?V*-J e. To? example, ought U'i
provided with OOJDO three days* re tierna, to
enable them to get Oeyond the range of cotrolry
io which tb? ravage? of the enemy have loft
Touching what is said of the situation, th?
armistice, the terms of agreement, and the
la eonie method proposed fey Mr. Andy Johnson*
we are unwilling to indulge in any ?emmenta
until all these things can be Teduaed ao some
certainty. "We do not approve of the occa?
sional editorial praotioe of onttiBg up a specu?
lative nine-pin, in-order to show ? how dex
tronsly he can bowl it down. It ie very certain,
i however, that the major-gin erais of tue army
have no authority, under the laws or Constitu?
tion of either _ Confederacy, to engage in a
treaty ol peace. That they de venture upon
the^ measure, only shows to whaL degree tho
war bas undermined the civil power in ho th
countries. The sharp ear*ru-m of Mr. Johnson,
addressed to Gen. "Sheratan, would be very
much misplaced, bad theVnited S'-atea Govern,
ment maintained ila integrity and dignity; but
i he Idajer-Senereil has'felt bis way, and it ia
rather bis inatiaOt tkan bia thought, that baa
..rompied him "to usurp the functions of tho
i'.resident. That the people will sustain tho
Ma jor Gaaaial ?a despite of his majesty, is
very evident; and Sheizuan and Grant, accord*
ag to th? report, have quietly sent their troops
to tba rightabout, and thua given their answer
o the President in Irish fashion-over tba left.
And from this proeeedure, we gather am?
>thor fact-or^ falsehood-trna story or idle
nmor-involving a new catastrophe. We ar? .
now told that President Johnson has met tho
??rae fate ef bia predecessor. IC, thia be true*
nea tba military power is likely te become
mara au dd??ly and completely in the necea?
da ni than wa bad baan disposed to think pro?
bable- If the tale he false, it showa that , ru?
mor ia feeble of invention. "We should have
had, ia disposing of President J oh naen, som*
li tile variation of the drama. He should have
b?ea made to ont his own threat, under a
paroxysm of remorse or-inspiration. Could the
d ?taila of tba transaction -have shown us tho
victim, drowned, bead for?mo*.t. by ap awk?
ward plunge into a barral of bald face--whea
he meditated aothing worse than a singlo
swallow--thea we admit tha^ there would be a
sufficient variation from the Lincoln tragedy to
relieve the drama from monotony. But w hat,
an awkward thing, in auch a Casualty, for any
jury, unless one of Dogberry's choosing, to de?
cide upen the event. Was^it j'elo de ?o, and so
punishable-or merely a fellt?edeteas-over%
which is .not considered a criminal mode of
doing away with one'a self, only un awkward
and unlucky one? Did President Johnson go
to the whiskey, or the whiskey to the Presi?
dent! Did he, of his own heud. Willfully
plunge in, or did the whiskey, with m^Ii^a
prepense, and moved by the dr\tl, or tl.?j Ma?
jor-Generals, plunge over bim and pull him
down! The case is well argu. d by tbs grave
digger it? Hamlet; and while Waifing fer far
ihwr particulars, the reader had beti-r refresj
himself with a revi*w of that highly fj.ec'.o
case of pleading, involvings much ?sw, log;