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title: 'Columbia phoenix. (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1865, May 03, 1865, Image 2',
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.fully ?rad fiutkfidly complied with. Th? Whig
will, therefor?, he issued hereafter as a Unies
paper. The sentiments of attachment to our
"whole country," which formerly characterized
it as a journal, will again find expression in ile
columns, and whatever influence it may have
tor thc r-*)toration of the national authority
will he exerted.
Tb? following ia copied from tho Richmond
Whig, of 6th April:
For a month past, the Confederates have
boen evacuating the. city witb all the speed ansi
means they could command; bot somehow tho
people refused to believe that the removal
meant evacuation, and.all declared that the
measures were only precautionary. Mutters
went on in this manner netti last 8us*iay-the
Coatfcderct.se hurrying away every speeics of
property, the people blindly refusing to believe
.that Ihe city was to be given np, and clinging
to their Confederate shin plasters cs if they
were things of worth.
Sunday morning, General Lee telegraphed to
Dav?, giving an account of the general attack
upon his lines, atating that the lines had been
pierced ic many places, and that unless he
could re-establish them, Richmond must be
given up that night. Bis tone was, for tis? ?
?rat time since the war, despondent. He seid
his men "were not coming up to their w< rk.
At ll o'cleek that morning, be telegraphed
that ail efforts to establish his lines had been
utterly unsuccessful. Immediately began among
the ofici?is in Richmond a scurry end passe
Still, the majority of the people'were in th?
dark, and rejuaisg to believe their eyes, *
remained, many of them, ("ll night? The gold
and B?lver~coin beler^ing tc the Louistans
banks, and recently appropriated by the Con
federate Congress, ?ana rna dows to* i ho Dan
ville train in hot haete. ?o also was thc specif
of the Richmond banka Thea the pro^rsunm
for the departure of tbeofic als was nt an^cd.
A number of trains were to leave during the
evening; still there wes not .roc ra far all who
thought it desirable to get away. Davis wa*
to depart at t o'clock in the evening. Breck
iniidge elected to go off on horseback* with the
last of the army, on Monday morning.
At the request oi the Mayer, a meeting of
the Council woe held en Sunday evening, at 4
o'clock, to consult as to what was best to be
done under thc circumstances. The Council,
after much discussion, passed a resolution ap?
pointing committees for each of the' three
wards, whe should, when the fact that the city
was about,tct be abondoaed should be ascer?
tained, proceed to d< ?troy all the alcoholic
liquors in their respective wards, giving the
Council's receipt for the same, to be paid for
hereafter. The object of this step is ofavioup
to prevent dko. de.- resulting from the intoxica?
tion ef the troop, of either army, sud of the
er il disposed ai. ?mg the citizens. The order of
the Connell was only partially executed, but
there is no doubt that moah evil was arrested.*,
After dark, the Counr il bald another confer?
ence, and this time being ar sered by the Secre?
tary of War that tba Confederarte pickets
woald be withdrawn from the Ricbmoad front
at 3 o'clock Monday earning, and that it was
calculated that the city would be evacuated
about night, it was determined that a commit?
tee of prominent citizens should attend the
Mayor with a flss* of trrcce to tbe intermediate
line of fortifications, and that there he might
hand over the city io the General commanding
'the At my of the James> .Judge Lyons, Judge
Meredith and several members of the Council
attended the Mays*.
INOVDBftTS OF WIE EVACUATION. V?
Sunday rr -ming, Ap. il 2, broke upon Rich?
mond calmly and pleasantly* sud withsnt any.
?hing i orteBtens in events immediMcry trans?
piring. There were rumers of evacuation, but
veiy few supposed that the i-vful va upon us
.md" at han?. The church bells rang ss m ?al,
with nothing ot alarm in their tone, and wor
)hijf-p?ra wave as prompt aad devout aa was
tlieir ?ml. Bm by ile hour of peer, nerren*
p??ple began to snuff danger io the."air, ?nd
one's eare T? ere filled -with the rc ost? terri ble
ramon. Then there.came an unusual Increase
io the na? ber of wagons on the streets; boxe?
and trunks were beiag hastily laden at tila de:
?Artmente and driven to tho Dunville Depot,
bose who had determined to evacuate with the
fugitive Government looked on with amaze?
ment; Government's example. Velrcles witb
tv? horses, one horse, or even no horse at all,
suddenly res? to e premium that was astound?
ing, anu len, fifteen and*cvon a hundred dollars
ia fold er Federal currency, was offered for a
conveyance. Suddenly, as if by magie, the
streets became filled with men walking as
.hough for a wager, and behind them excited,
negrees, toting trunks, bandies and luggage of
every description. All over the ??ty il waa the
same. Wagons, trunks, band-boxes and their
ou nero-a mass of hurrying fugitives, filling
tbe street?. The banka were all open, and de
positors were as busy as bees removing their
specie deposits, and the directors were equally
active in getting et their bullion. Hundreds
of thousands ef dollars of paper money wa?
destroyed, both Kate and Confederate. Night
came on, and with it came confusion worse
confounded. Tbere was ne sleep for human
eye* in Riehmond Sunday night. The rapid
tramp of men Upon the Mreets, the Tattle and
roar of wagons, the shouts of soldiers retreat
icg through the city to the Couth-side, went on
lb? whola leng, long, weary night.
Wednesday Morning, May 3, 1865.
Discipline of Troops.
We trust that the reports which have
reached as of the riotous conduct of ?ur troops
<n eur sister city of AugasU are either untrue
or great exnggeratioas. It is a terrible thing
to believe that the chosen defenders and chan*
piont of a people shall becesae, in a moment of
license, the worst enemies of the liberties and
securities, tue'peace and property of the citi?
zen, they were a pp? in ted to succor and pro?
tect. Still, we have toe SBUch reason to appre?
hend great evils, mischiefs, riot and outlawry,
frem the toe lax discipline which prevails in
our armies in general. We have seen too much
ourselves, and heard too much from the' very
best authority, not to believe and know that
the peaceful cities are now especially in danger
from the relaxation of the reins of discipline.
We do not wish te make complaints- We have
borne a great deal in silence? though with mis?
giving, and have foreborne te utter the lan?
guage of oomplftinrf lest we should weaken the
virtnea ?f ?ur cause, or impair ita publie credit.
But tve appeal to all officers sn command, fro&i
the corporal to the captain, ead from the aap
tain'to the general, not to forget what is due
lo himself, no less than to aooiety, in the pre?
servation of due discipline among their men,
and the maintenance of order in the country, j
Troops should be brought as rarely as possible
within the limits of a city. It is an old and
proper experience of great captains which ha?
made them usually encamp them beyond easy
reach ef the towns; and where the commissa?
ries and quartermasters do their duty as tbe\
should, such an arrangement is always ess} .
Here, in Columbia, where there are no provi
aioa supplies of any sort, and where society/ iV
almost stripped of.all resources, there cai >>?
so retaos for lie delay of troop? within the
precinct. If er>?ored?$7ie of mest posf?fe^ J aiaa
should be taken to entry them promptly
through the place. A Very serious responsi?
bility rests upon all officers in charge of troops
thua arriving, ?amping or departing, from
w hioh they can never be excused; and in th?
0 -vent of excess or crime, from the stern con?
demn ation of jastiee, the law and society, they
should never he allowed to escape. Something,
of course, is lo be conceded lo ?non .who, segre?
gated for long seasons from the moral and,
social restraints, and kept only under the rule
of military discipline, naturally feel like boy?
let jout of Behool, or colts upon a. common'
when tba rule of military discipline is relaxed.
But the boy out of school, while he steals our
ap pke, must not be allowed to tear dow* the
trees; nor should the colt be suffered, in his
rollicking, tp thrust his heels into tho nostrils
of people who do not nee their own heels in a
1 ike practice. The brave soldier who fights thc
b attles for a people, w^ll not eurely assume tho
r igbt,' because of-tnis service, to blow out tho
brain s of the people for whom he has fought so
well. It is eno"' gb. if jwe. add here, thst the
lives of women andf children were endangered
two days ago, ty the insane riding of troopers
through ouf streets and more than one person
had narrow escapes hem rifle bullets, dis?
charged recklessly about the precinct.
Immediate Way-side Home.
A correspondent wi iles us respectfully to
suggest to the ledy managers of the bazaar,
that what remains in their,hands, if anything,
of the unappropriated funds from that success?
ful experiment, should be st ouse patriotically
and charitably applied, for the relief of ?ur
disbanded and returning soldiers, now arriving
here daily and in numbers. They are s?dly
destitute, especially ?7 food, begging about our
streets, and compelled, sometimes, by force of
hunger, to appropriate, by the strong hand,
when they fail to receive from the bennteeus^
Our correspondent thinks that an extempore
way-a ide home might be improvised to mest
their necessities, and lessen their suffering?;
and iclieve the community of worse evil?,
w hieb nay be reasonably feared from a starv?
ing soldiery. It ia tb*ougbt that the proceeding,
to be usefpl, kbould be immediate. It is said
that a 'whole brigade muy be lenk?, y for to
arrive daily. The establ ! . :> ; con?
template anything more th ar. a object,
0 be continued only fora si. ?: limo. Hu?
manity ead gratitude equally demand it at our
hands. These poor fellows have seen hard
service, and may see more. They nre return?
ing to destitute families and. desolated hemes,
and it may be that they will be required to
shed blood and peril liff, though ii be in il c
, tx nns-Mississippi, on behalf of >) <ir bleeding
countiy. If any movement u to barnado, let
it be quickly. If thc ladies take up thc matter,
such, we have no doubt, will bo I lu ir ac'ion.
FRASER'S BATTERY.-'lwo members.of this ar?
tillery company bom ?Savannah reached here
yesterday. The command was with Gen. Lee's
?imy at the time ol itt. capitulation, but not
ptured The men buried the guts, threw the
? mu?iti- n into s creek, burotd th<* carriages
1 'i caissons and than escaped OD their herseii