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The Columbia daily phoenix. (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1865, May 15, 1865, Image 1

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Daily Paper $L0 a Montbr) .' "Let oar just centre v J Tri-Woekly $10 a MOD th.
' Payr.!:! J ?n Advance. j" ' Attend the .true event."-Sh?kspcare. ^ { Payable ia Advance.
BY J. A. SELBY COLUMBIA, S. C., JONDAY, APRIL IO, 1865. VOL. 1.-NO. IO.
PHOENIX,
A.Y. 5 r?id B ST.
Irnos.
?a
' - 1
|e .)oce '.und, 5 cte
?nb. - 3.1 cts
J Byron-Cant * 4?QO.
[Taking a N*w>:paper.
lids as much ii.k*-;
U.\?ti itu rh ps;
i fto phnAuliJgirt ?oiiM fi i? .
UljiiTereetv is tht?r huioiv-. ^
th? pajper, arul h.a we
f.- "bappu. than a kforgfa
I^?hildren al?fcouj? read an? writs,
I And talk ><i rjiuQ ano Lliintp.
'luso t her t- il? UfJ paper, a?nf
?While ?&dj?;g through tb wu<>d,
tree felld-rwii and broke t? ?r.vn.
And burl hit , as it should
d,h'?"oee? reading of trie ' 2V?
*j;hotn?vlke Brother J i rr?,. y~ ...
dev a ct^vi th ts accident
t?ad notiwt'??et? bim. TUNCH.
Xtjf? H JUT fSEPtjuc'iill^iyihe Em
^of tb* French b is jW issued o
Jir ti the queen sovtivigns of
fi respecting . the cortiition ann i
pfajt?s?u into decay lo |hich the
jjPprite Church of the, Holy Se
jifr??-ijas been filing f.r many
In this interest! ? Hocu
Jth> Boipress .fabe* ?i esraest j
rQR>Ie aupad ?O her sjjb?r no?*- j
Vi unite anr" repair ,t ? holy
t^ing how i, is that if Chris '
tfirs luye r?V h astern! to at- I
Ito, a state ti ta in ss s.oi}Sicf.h.'g !
faithful of a.l comm don *s. . {
jrropciitnui is not rrjh >lv to j
> ijAi.-ay iffy - ?c^m^?fi^?f Si MT
(e Church on an entirely*atti
so as toafiord abundant yvn
[e to tho pilgrims of every con -
of Christians fi om every clime
ta aisit ?nd worsbp tbeie.
J circular says: It would be ad
|, after having obtained the con
the Sublime -Porte, to entirely
the. Church of tb? Holy Se?
aton a new plan, and ona larger
.f that it inigbi afford sr rointno
tr all oom^pions. Thus, for
L there should^ be on one side
Land even .anave consecrated
Ve o? thp> Latins, aud on the
]ave and a chap??! reserved for
taf^?fc'e Greeks, 'fbe principal
acul4 be open to all, and the
tue faithful to the Holy Se?
at present *>o difficul , giving
j Loqneot disturbance, would be
.Ul Jiiu<i-;atices. Ti t majesty
Kjnev samtuary should as much
sb e equal tb at of the Sacred" asso?
is which are recalled by these
jriaces. For these reasons a
^on might be opened, in which
leets aid artists of all coun
[ild be invited to t;ke part,
Uernational jury might select
lng the designs ??nt by them
|h, in, a purely artistic point
(might be deemed the most
so great an idea. As to the
^e*isi?y for commencing and
fritiiout delay the New
the Holy Sepulchre, they
jurs iah cd by a universal sub
|at the head of whicb all the
Princesses would no doubt
act other iu inscribing thei
\.n> ^C?SF.-One of our
ibo cuntid: KI eves it ?e?
ra mai'to ?jH Cte occasion
ier tu know positively when
ibtf, ts;.ys that his maternal j
gli oi . of ti fondest of >
fcf* !.. '. t f t?-; iuallv I our i
|)< ; m tn;*V, said the
m's net (Li-.) my fault, no
foou kin lix it-because
faV lucy (l e) vealed nie
fis.' 1 hui? been dry,
e-f indeed ? lave.
[MbntgoTr.ery JJaii.
Important latter fx o m J. W. Booth.
We. ..ave just received, says the
PhiluJtiphia I'ref S April 19, the foi?
lowing 'letter, writ' in by John Wilkes
Booth, and placed by biro in the hands
of his brother in-kw, J. S. Clarke, io
a sealed envelope and addressed to
himself, in his ow a hand-writing. In
tiie same envelop') were some United
?.ates bonds ai.J oil stocks. This
letter waa "opened by Mr. Clarke fer?
tile first time on Monday last, and im
medrately bc id'-t! by him to Marshal
Millward, who has kindly placed it in
our hands. Most unmistakably it
proves that he must for many months
have contemplated seizing- the person
of the late President, lt is, however,
doubtful whether he imagined the
black deed which has plunged the
nation into tb? deepest gloom, and at
?he same lim* awakened it to just and
righteous indignation:
-, -,1804. ,
Mr DEAR S{R: YOU may use -this
as you thiiik best... But as some- mayrt
wish to know when, who and 'WV;/ j
and asl know, jiot how to ./direct, I
give it. (iii the words W you roaster:)
'To whom it may cot.Siern.'f
Right or wrong, God tpdflB nie,pct
nmi. For he my motive gHH1 or had,
ol- one thing I am sure/^H last.rig
condemnation of the > ort^B
I love peace more thanHfe. Have
loved tiie Union beyor^^Bxpres-ion.
For four years liavt \ > ??-*?'h ' oped
and prayed fur the ?j'jH c.' r*is to
break, nuil fhr a r-BVicn . f our
former atti ishine. 'JHB.-ai:. longer
would t-e a clime. .flBpe for peace
is dead.. M;< pr;\ye I He preved as .
fc'le as ?n v hopes. J^^H"''-- i e done.
1 go t'Msee and >h.-.H ? .?U-.K- end.
[ ii;?1'} ever 1;''H H 3onih were j
him Lincoln, 'our ye.fr ?...<>, ?q^s
plainly war - Wr.r npoa Sou': tiern rights
and institutions. Hi's election proved
it. 'Await an overt act.1 Yes. till
you are bound and plundered.^ What
folly! The South were wise. Who
thinks of argument ot patience when
the finger of his enemy presses on the
trigger? In a foreign war, I too could
say, 'Country, right ir .wrong.' But
in a struggle such as ours, (where the
brother trieB to piene the brother's
heart,) for God's s ike choose the
right. When a c JUD try like this
spurns justice from her side she for?
feits the allegiance of every honest
freeman, and sbou'd leave him, un
trammelled hy any fealty soever, to act |
as his conscience nay approve.
People of the North, to hate ty?
ranny, to love liberty and justice; t?
.?.trike at wiong?n?nd oppression, was
the.teachhig.of ovr fathers. The study
; t our history nil not let me lorget
it, and may it ne er.
This country wa? formed for the
white, not for tie Mack man. And,
looking upon AjHoan slavery from the J
same stand-pom, held by the noble
framers of our Constitution, I. for one,
have ever cons lered it one of the
greatest blessing;-both for themselves
and us-that Gtd ever bestowed upon
a favored nation. Witness heretofore
our wealth aw, power, witness their
elevation and enlightenment ablive
their race elsewhere. I have lived
amongst it mo? ", of my life, and have
seen less harsh iref-tnoebt bom master
to man than J have beheld in the
North from father to son. Yes,
heaven known, noone wobld be willing
to do more lo; .,Jis negro i?*c? than 1,
could 1 but rie? a war to still better
their conditio .. .
But Lince'n's policy is only prepar?
ing the way f?,r 'heir total annihila?
tion. The South are not, nor have
they been fi di't?rg for tho continuation
ot s;avery. The first hattie ol' Bull
Run did away with that idea. Their
carnes sine* for war have Leen ns noble
and grea?x: ;ar than thofo that urged
our fathers on. Kv? n should we allow
tb?y were wrong at the beginning of
this contest, cruelty and injustice have
made the wrong become the right and
they stand now, before lue wonder and
admiration ot the world, as a noble
baud of patriotic heroes. Hereafter,
gading cf their deeds, Thermopylae
will be .forgotten.
;^Syrb<>n I aided in the capture and
execution of John Brown-who was a
mutdcrer on our Western border, and
who ?as fairly tried and convicted,
before an impartial judge and jury, of
treason, and who, by the way, has
since been made a god-I was proud
of my little share tn*the transaction,
for I deemed it my duty, and that I
was helping our common country to
perform an act of justice. But what
was a crime in poor John Brown is
now considered, by themselves, as the
greatest and only virtue of the whole
Republican party. Strange transom
gration! Vice to become a virtue
simply because more indulge in it!
? thought then, as now, that the
Abolitionists were the only traitors in
the land, and tbat'the entire party-de?
served ?the same fate as poor old
Brown; not because they wish to
abolish slavery, but on account of the
means (ney have ever endeavored tri
use to effect that abolition. If Brown
were living, I doubt w hether he him?
self would set slavery against jue
Union. : Most,.or many tu the Nrjrth
do, and!openly, curse the Union if'the
.South a-e to return and retain a single
right, guaranteed.to'them by ever' tie
which ?e once revered as sacred. The
South can make uo choice. It is
either I'Xtermination <-r slavery tor
themselves, woVse than dealb, to draw
from. I know my choice.
I haye! ft?30 studied hard to discover
upon, what grounds the right of a State
to ?acede has been denied, when our
very name, United States, ar.J the De
\nw*?-M?./?f In-lcjpeu?'. '.7-' U-Ui. pr??
vido i'jr secession. Uni r'.x-re is oe
time fer words. I writ?: iii baste. . I
knowhow foolish I sir: il.be deemed
for undertaking such a Ktep as this
where, on the one side, I have man)
friends and everything to make rn?
happy, where my profession alone hal
gained nie an income ot more thar
twenty thousand dollars a year, ant
where my great personal ambition it
my profession has such a great fiele
for labor. On the other hand, tb?
South have never bestowed upon rn<
one kind word; a place now where
have no friends, excep. beneath tb
sod; a place where I must either be
come a private soldier or a beggar
To give up all the former for the latftr
besides my roYj^er and sisters, w'non
I love'so dearly, although they s<
widely d.fferwith me iu opinion,seem
insane; but God is my judge. I iov
justice mdre thau I clo a country th?
disowns it; moro 'ban fatu?? aru
wealth; more-Heaven pardon me i
wrong-more than a happy home,
have never been upon a battle field
brit oh', ray countrymen, could you bu
see the reality or efi?ets of this horn
war as I have seen them, in ever
State, save Virginia*- I know yo
would think like nie, ;.nd would pra
the Almighty to create in tie North
ern mind a sense of righi ani justice
even should it possess no seasoning c
mercy-and thatiia would dry up tili
sea of blood between us, which i
caily growing wide*. Ala;! poe
country, is she to meet her threatens
doom? ,
Four years ago 1 would have give
a thousand ?ives to see lier remata, ?
[ had always known lier, po werft
and unbroken." And even mw
wo.dd hold my life as naught ha se
her what shts was. Ol?! my friend,
if i.ie fearful scenes of th? past foi
yeais had never been enacted, or
\<b\h, has beeo had beeu but a i'rigl
cried dream, from which we could nc
awake, with what overflowing heat
could we bless God and pray ?' >r 1
cm tinted favor! How I haye* lev
t.ie ol? flag can never now be^tiow
A fev years since and the enii
world could boast of nene so purey<
stpolicss. But I have of late/o-}
seeing and loaring of the bloody
deeds of wliicf she has been laade the
emblem, and/would shudder io think
how Vcbange/i she had,grown. Oh!
how I have/ longed to see hfr break
from the p'dst of blood ano "death
that circler round ber fold?, smiling
ber beauty and tarnishing ber '?onor.
But no, ?ay by day has sh? been
dragged peeper and deeper :.nto cruelty
and oppression, tili now in rriy eyes,
ber once bright red /ri/es look like
bloody (gashes on the fare of beaven.
I lode now upon my early admi?
ration of her glories as a dream. My
love, ns things stand to-day, is for the
South alone. Nor do I deem it a dis?
honor in attempting to make for her a
prisoner of this man, to whom she
owes so mu?h of misery. If success
attjnd me I go penniless to her side.
They 6ay she has found that 'last
ditch' which the North have so long
derided and been endeavoring to force
her iu, forgetting they are our broth?
ers, and that it is impolitic to goad an
enemy to madness. Should I reach
her ra safety, and if true, I , will
proudly beg permission to triumph or
die in that same 'ditch' by her side.
A Confederate doing - duty on his
own responsibility.
J. WILKES BOOTH.
CIRCUMSTANCES UNDER WHICU THE
LETTER WAS RECEIVED DY CLARKE.
The Philadelphia Ledger, of April
19, states that J. Wilkes Booth, the
wretched assassin of President Lin?
coln, in January last left a letter io a
sealed envelope, directed to himself, at j
the house ofj Mr. J. S. Clarke, his
Brother-in-law, in this city, with the
statement that trey contained oil i
stocks and bonds. The;. remained at j
the ho*;se of Mr. Clarke until ; ftor the J
crin e of Fi .uv. night, when Mr. j
Ciar, <e opened tie-in HU?.! Lauded the:;;
over to the United, S:ates Mar-bal.
Tibia letter is undated, but it could
not have been written later than
Janua-*--, aBd was probably written in
November. It shows that if John
Wilkes Booth did not then contem?
plate killing tho President, he bad at
least resolved to aid tho rebelhou in
some striking and startling way. It
is probable that he was theo bound by
an oath to obey some secret ba:.d of
conspirators, and his object in address?
ing the letter tu himself was to insure
secrecy till he had taken some step
which would give the family reason
for opening it. So strong were his
sympathies for the rebel causo that he
would undoubtedly have joined the
rebel army at the beginning of the
war, if it had not been for the firm
opposition of his family-, and the grief
of his mother. His brothers, Edwin
and Junius, considered his declarations
that the rebellion was right, as merely
the wild talk of a reckless young man.
His opinions and feelings were so dif?
ferent from those of his family, that a
virtual separation became unavoidable
and he has visited neither his. brother
nor brother-in-law since January last.
Wben Br. Rush was a young man,
be was invited to dine in company with
Robert- Morris, a man celebrated fer
tho part be took io the American Re?
volution. It so happened that the
sordpany had waited sometime for Mr.
Morris. Who by bis appearance,
apologised for detaining them, by say
mg he had been engaged in reading a
sermon of a clergyman who had just
?oiie to England to receive orders.
Well, Mr. Morris, said the Boctor,
:iow did you like the sermon? I have
leard it highly extolled.
Why Doctor, said he, I did not like
t at all. It is too smooth and tame
br me. Mr. Morris, replied the Doctor,
ivhat sort of sermon do you like?
I like, sir, replied Mr. Moiris, that
iind of preaching which drive.? a man
.ito the corner of his pew, and makes
Lim tbink the d j-il 9 alter Lim.
?
It is a misfortune for a man to have
a crooked nose, for he bas to follow it.
FEMALE INFLUENCE AND ENERGT -
I hare noticed that a married mnn
falling into misfortune is more apt to
retrieve his situation tn the world finn
a single one, chiefly because bis soirifs
are soothe! and relieved bj domestic
endearments and sel'-resp^e*. ker t
alive by finding that, though abroad
may be darkness an J humiliation,}et
thero is still a little world of love at
home of which be is monarch. Where- -
as, H single man is apt to run to waste
and self-neglect; to fail to ruins like
somo deserted mansion, for want of ao.
inhabitant. I have often had occasion
to remark the fortitude with "which
women sustain the most overwhelm?
ing reverses of fortune. Those dis^
asters which break down the spirit
of man and prostrate bira in the dust,
seem to call forth all the energies of
the softer sex, and give such intre?
pidity and elevation to their characters,
that at times it approaches to eub
limity. .Nothing can be more touch?
ing than to'behold a soft and tender
female, who bad beon all weakness and
dependence, and r.live to every trivial
roughness, while treading tbe prosper?
ous path, suddenly rising in mental
force to be comforter and supporter of
her husband under misfortunes, abid?
ing with unshrinking firmness the bit?
terest blast of adversity. Aa the vine
which bas long twined its graceful
"oliage abou* the oak, and has been
ifted by him into sunshine, will, when
the hardy plant is riven by tbe thun?
derbolt, cling around with its caressing
tendrils, and bind up the shattered
brow, so. too, it is beautifully ordained
by Providence that woman, who is the
o'nament and dependent of ?nan, in his
happier hours, should be bis stay and
solace when smitten with dira and
certain calamities;, winding herself into
tl.e r-.sgged recess of his, nature and
bindiug up the broken heirt-Irving.
A FI.KA UNDER A MICROSCOPE.
Chambers' Journal furnishes the fol?
lowing very interesting paragraph
about a very small subject:
''When a flea i? made to appear ai
la-ge as an elephant, wa can see all
the wonderful parts of its formation,
and are astonished to find that it has
a ?oating of -armor much more com*
pl .?.te than ever a warrior wore, and
composed of strong polished plates,
fitiei over each other,eacb plate covered
like a tortoise shell, and where they
ratet, hundreds of strong quills pro?
jectlike tbo*e on the back ofthe-por
cunine or hedgehog.
"There are the arched neck, the
bright eyes, the transparent cases,
piercers to puncture the skin, a sucker
to draw away the blood, six jointed
legs, lour of which arc folded on the
breast, ready at any moment to be
thrown out ?vi th tremendous force for
tha: jump, which bothers one when
they want to catch him, and at tbe
Br.d of each leg hooked claws, to en ?
able bim to cling io whatever Le
alig'its upon. A flea can jump a HUT
dred times bis own length, which is
the .same as if a man jumped to tue
height of seven hundred feet; and be
:an draw a load two hundtei?' times
bis weight."
A ?SOSOLOGIST.-During the late
;anvass in Michigao, a. surge?r.?j
lentist was making an excellent
.peech in one of the interior towns.
A. low fellow, belonging to the O'hei
party, interrupted Lim with the ques?
tion, 'What do you' ask to pul! a
;ooth. doctor?* 'I will pull all your
;eeth for a shilling, and your ::c-f
gratis,' replied the speaker. *
f Galt .Reporter
Bieres ANT? TESTAMENTS.- Ts
hem there bibles?' asked a verdant
specimen, of thc clerk or the supreme
;ourt, fis he pointed to a pile of blank
lecords of wills. 'No,' ans were J
;lerk 'those are testaments.'
Ten thousand dollars is a large sum
but we Lave all spent a Bummer.

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