Newspaper Page Text
Monday Morning, May 15, 1865.
The negotiations oi Gen. Johnston with
Sherman, about which hangs so much
doubt, and whicli seem to leave us in
chains, were of a different T-haracteor in
their fi rat inception. ! We are enabled to
give ourneadera the first terms of treaty
between Johnston and. Sherman, which
?were afterwards repudiated by the prc;
s?nt incumbent of the Presidential thair
at Washington. These details may be
relied upon. We arc assured of their
sources, though not permitted to make
them public At present, thc relations <>f
the two powers aud peoples are simply
resolved into a militan* convention, which
merely arresta the war. It will depend
ripon the temper of -the Northeru people,
to say nothing of the President, whether
thia suspension of hostilities will effect u
permanent peace, and the restoration of
. ?ld relations, or not. If the Northern
Slates are wise, they will not, by their en?
actions arid exactions, drive lo the wall a
people who have resisted them for morts
than four 3*ears, and who need but tem?
porary recuperation, and the avoi Jnuce of
certain terrible military, civil and finan?
cial errors, to contend with them l'or twice
the number of 3-ears in future. TheSouth
is unsatisfied-its spirit is bumbled, but
not subdued. It has great power and
resources, though at present in abeyance.
Under a wise administration, it may still
?'rove itself powerful for harm, if not for
good. If goaded to extremities, it will be
easy to foresee thc war in the future-the
eternal strife, prolonged lor ages in blood,
and resulting, at last, in thc general dis?
memberment of States and the anarchy ot'
a whole people. Ila.' the ambition of our
rulers been less Napoleonic and more Fa?
bian, we should witness very different
results to day. As the matter stands, we
repeal that every thing will depend upon
the degree of magnanimity of which t.ie
North is capable. It is for the people a id
ihe Government of that section to show
itself as wise as poweiful, if ii would pre?
serve power and promote peace. A 1.li?
tigious, provocative temper-an insolent lo
lTiiuating spirit-the rvjectiou of all terns
which do not imply the utter humiliation
oi a bravo people-these will assuredly
bring haek citaos agaiu, renew the strife
of blood and bitterness, and give thc final
blow for the overthrow of the republic,
now exulting in conquest, which ao lat?ly
was n.ade to tremble, in ita high places,
for its own safety. But wc proceed to
our document?. The first is the memoran?
dum of basis:
Memorandum of basis of agreement
made this ISth day of April, A. 1>. 18J5,
near Durham's Station, in the State of
* North Carolina, by and hetween Gen. Jos,
E. Johnston, commanding the Confederate
army, ar.d Maj. Gen. Wm. T. Sherman,
commanding the army of the United Sirtes
ia Cortil Carolina, present:
1. Tho contending armies now in the
iic-hl to maintain the status <pi<> until no?
tice is given by the commanding .General
of an} ono lo its opponent, and reasona?
ble time, say forty-eight hours, allowed. .
2. The Confederate armies now in ex
i?t?-ue? to he disbanded, and conducted to
their several capitals, thereto deposit their
arms and public property in the Slate
arsenal; aud.each officer and man to ox??
ente and file an agreement too cease f.'otn
acta of war, and to abide the action of
both State and Federal authority. The
number of arms and munitions of war to
be reported to the Chief of Ordnance at
Washington city, subject to the future
action of the Congress of the United
States, and in the meantime to bc used
solely to maintain peace and order within
the borders of the States respectively. '
2. The recognition by the Executive of
the United States of the several State Go?
vernments, on their officers and Legisla?
tures taking the oaths prescribe* by the
Constitution of the United States; and
where conflicting State Governments have
resulted from the war, the legitimacy-of all
shall he submitted to the Supreme Court
of the United Skates.
4. The re-ertubl^shing of al! IbeFederal
courts in the aevernl States, with powers
ns defined by thc Constitution and laws of
5 The people and inhabitants of ah the
States to be guaranteed, so fm- as the Exe?
cutive can, their political rightsof persou
>'uo property, us defined by the Constitu?
tion of thc United States and of the States
0 ihe Executive authority of the Go?
vernment of the United States not to dis?
turb any of tho people by reason of the
tate war. so long as they liv? ia peace t\cd
quiet, abstain from acts of armed hostility,
and obey the laws in existence at thc place
ol their res.dui.ee.
7. lu general terms, the war to cense
a v-eneral amnesty, so far as the Executive
i of tfae United States can cunniana, OR
condition o! the disbandment of tlie Con
; fed?rale armies, tho distribution of the
. arru, and the reuuwption of peaceful pur?
suits by t he offieersVand men hitherto com-'
posing said armies. \
Kot being fully empowered by our re?
spective principa!? fulfill these terms,
we individually and crucially pledge our
sclve* to promptly obtain the necessary
authority, and to carryiout the above pro?
gramme. . \ i
(Signed.) W. T.1 SHERM IN,
Maj. G?n. Com. Armv #U. S. in N. C '
J. E. JOUNST0?, Gen. Com.
C. S army in 'N. C.
True copy: A. R. Cuiso^vr, A. 1). C.
Here follow the articles vt the Conven
tiuu, which were finally agSeed upon:
Tenas of a Military Convei 'ion entered
into this 26th day of April, 1S?5, ut Ben?
nett's House, near Durham StV?nu, N. C.,
between l?en, josiah E'Johi?-tofi, com
mandina tlio Confederate army, and Maj.
Gen. W. T. Sherman, cornmati.ling the
United Staten army in Kurth Carolina:
.1. All acts of war on the part of the
troop* under Gen. Johnston's command to
cens j lunn this date. V
2. Ail anns nnd public properly to be
deputed at Greensboro and delivered to
I an ordnance officer of the UnitedStates
3. Rolls of all the officers and n eu to be
made in duplicate, one cony to be retained
hy .tlie Confederate commander of the
troops and the other to be given to. an
aifieer to be designated by den. Sherman.
Each officer and man to ??re Iiis individ?
ual obligation in writing not to take lip
?rms against the Governnientof tlie truite '.
States until properly released from thu
*4 Thc side arms of ofliccts. and their
private horses mid baggage to be retained
5. This being done, all tlie officers and
men will be permitted to return to-theil
homes, not to be disturbed by th? Uuited
States-authorities so long as they observe
their obligation and tlie laws in force
where they may reside.
(Signed,) W. T. SHERMAN,
Maj. Gen. C.-m. U. S. Forces in N. C.
J. E. JOHNSTON', General
Com. C. S. Forces in N. C.
Official: A. R. Cuisour, A. D. C
Military Convention of April 26, 1SG5
1. The Confederate troops to retain
their field transportation.
'2. Each brigade or separate body t<
retain a number of arms cynal to one-bftl
of its effective total, winch, when tin
troopa reach tl cir homes, will be receive?
by the local authorities for police purposes
;>. Officers mid Dien to be released fron
the "obligation" at the same time will
those of i.hc army cf Virginia.
4. Artillery horses to be used in Mel?
transportation when necessary.
6. Tho horses und other private pc?
perty of officers and uren to be retaiue
l>. Troops from Arkansas and Texas t
be transported by wuter from Mobile o
New Orleans to their homes by the Unite
7. The "obligations" of private soldier
to be signed by their company command
5. Naval forces within limits of Ge
Johnston's command to have thc benet'
of the stipulations.
These were still pending when our ii
Thc armistice and convention were pr?
posed by Gen. Johnston. When And
Johnson rejected the terms, Sherman gai
notice of the resumption of hostilitie
Gen. Johnston then proposed a renewal
I the armistice for farther negotiatio
which resulted in the terms adopted.
THE Loss OF Tin; GEX. LVOV.-By lc
ters received in this city, it is render?
certain thnt the following residents
Columbia and vicinity were passengers!
board the ill-fated steamer Gen Lyo
1 Mr. and Mrs. Bews. Henry Hunt OJ
family, fl. Reckling and family, H. Shnit?
Henry and John Windhorn, Mr. and Mi
Died rich "Windhorn.
Ges. KERSHAW.-An extract from a p
I vate despatch received in this city yest?
! day, says: "Gen. Kershaw is in Fort De
j ware, but will soon be paroled and retu
j to his home."
According to the official report, Genei
j Lee surrendered to Gen. Grant i?'?.l
men, 15'J pieces of artillery, 71 stand
colors and 15,918 stand of small arr
The number of wagons, caissons, ?fcc,
estimated at 1,100, and of horses and mu
I COTTON SEIZUBE.-The United Sta
authorities, so we are informed,have sei:
all private cotton in Charleston, and
fered a reward of teri dollars per bale
the discovery of ali that ?snot forthec
Advices from Newbern state that a la
number ot, tho members ol' the No
Carolina Legislature arrived there on
19th ult., tor the purpose of ncgoti.it
with Gen. Sherman with a view to xcM
ing that State to thc Union.
The offiec of the^Co/iiin&ia PhpiUe SS
on G-ates street, second ?o^-r from r?ab".
GROWTH OK Tits PHOENIX.-Witru this
dny's paper, it will he seen that our PJuc
nix undergoes enlargement. Wc trust
before long that she will er>:ead a pair o?
wiDgs sufficiently large for her own fight
and for thc satisfaction of thc community.
We 6ball endeavor to satisfy oar publii of
our equal willingness and ability to nijke
the Columbia Phoenix not only worthyW
their favor, but of "the ancient capital of
South Carolina. Give us bu:, time, and
we trust to satisfy all expectation!.
LOCAL NEEDS AND APPETITE?.-Strtfwi
berries and cream seem at an end; but the
roses are fresh and blooming; and yester?
day we had a beautiful bouquet from the
hands of a fair lady,/or which she has our
bow and blessing. Green peas are to be
heard of in favorite situations, and, with
a shoulder of-mutton, are, we Rre told, to
be found on fortunate tables. We do not
envy Hiern, but could wish to see aorae
thing green of aspect occasionally on ours.
We oould even rolis.Ii a hearty mess pf
long collards, in the absence of caulh
flowers aud cambage. Alas! for the po?
verty of the editorial and press-gangs.
They are among the ^rriahs usually, and,
looking up \yith Alicawber, for a sudden
shower of quails and manna, they grow
stiff-necked in the midst of humility.
Gardens have not flourished, according t?^
.ur experience, during the present spring.
Thc drought has been fatal to the straw*
Verries. The nights are not uaphasantly
cn il; the days begin to grow unpleasant .ly
wirm; the boura are longer and weari
soive, and, with but two meal? a dar. and
wbvlly meal, our very moonugnta are me?
E3T" PERSONAL.-All aubscribeh" to the
Phcekix whose subscriptions ijcve ex?
pired, will please come forward and
renew, in specie or provisions; ?therWise
their pinera will be stoped. j
We wish it distinctly understood
that our terms are cash. No advertise?
ment-, wiil, therefore, be inserted unless
paid fur ir advance.
I We present the following schedule of
\ rates, in ibe e-?i-e <*?*tho m-vit .h^io>-? ?-?ye -
I modities. XSr one month's subscription
to the Phmnix, we will receive either of
the following, viz:
1 bushel corn, peas or potatoes.
4 pounds Imiter.
5 ' '. ltrd.
5 " htcon.
4 head of chickens.
8 dozen egg?. '
Wood, vegetables and provisions gene
rnlly received at fair market rates ap?
proaching the fpce.e stan lards.
AH AWFCT, C.'.LA?ir.Y.-We learn that
an awful calamity has befallen some eight
] citizens and thfee soldiers of Chester, S.
C. It seems tl/at there persons demanded
and received t'.ie keys belonging to the
Mftlical Purveyor's Department, and en?
tered the building iookflp for tine wines
! and liquors. In their search, they ?ame
across a ?ask of antimonial wine, and
each took ?. hearty drink, thereby causing
death to l* o or three in a few hours after?
wards. The others of the party aie not
ex ped pd lo live lt is feared that there
arv more ?xisona who drank of thia wine,
not knowing in deadly poison when taken
in large doses.
It i? stated that a similar affair occurred
in Newberry recently. It is dangerous to
meddle with doctors' staff.
GEV. SKCRMAN'S TERMS-REASONS KOR
DISAPPROVAL.-The Herald contains the
following, among other reasons, why Gen.
Sherman was balked:
I. ft was an exercise of authority not
vested hi Sherman,, and Johnston knew it
?. It rv as practical recognition.
V.. it undertook to establish the rebel
Government, ai:d placed munitions of war
in the hands of the rebels, which might he
used MS soon as the United States armies
were disbanded, to subdue the loyal
4. The re-establishment of slavery.
6. Ajr furnishing grounds for the pay?
rnent of ihe rebel dt bl, ?nil subjecting
loyal citizens of rebel States to the debt
consummated by their States.
6. As ignorirg the separate existence of
j Western Virginia.
Y. As abolishing the confiscation laws
and relieving rebels of every degree from
pains and pena'ties.
5. Aa giving terms refused by President
; Lincoln, and better than any ever a?ked.
p. As affording nt* basis for a histing
peace: but relieved rebels from the press?
ure of defeat, and in a condition to over
throw the Government when recap rated.
[Frovi tin Char^slon Courier.]
Free Later-A New Order.
HKXDQ'RS Nor.Tj. DIST., DE??VOF SOI rir,
Charlton, S. C., April?6.
To planters reaRiug ?u the North bank of j
the Ashley, Cooper and ando Rivers, !
and the Low;t Santee, Black, Pee Dee
and Waccsma? Rivers:
Numerous applications bas? been made
to me for information as to th? policy to
be adopted on ti:'subject of labor. j
All can Understand the importance of
milking a crop tie present season, and
foresee the miser j and suffering conse?
quent upon its failure.
tn the present unsettled state, of the
country, and in the alwonce of any recog?
nized State author;'its, I find i: my duty
to assume control of the plantations near
the military lines, and order as foilows:
I. The planters, efter Miking the oath
of allegiance, "will assemble the freedmen,
(lately theil slaves.) ?nd inform them that
j they ate free, and that henceforth they
must depend upen their own exertions fir
ii. Equitable contrasts in writing will
he mace by the owneri of the land with
tho freedmen for til? cultivation of the
land during the present year.
l'ayment will be mads in kind, and the
Allowance of one-half : he crop is recom?
mended as fair compensation for the
labor, the landlord furn diing subsistence
until the crop is g;.there!.
The contracts will be submitted to the
nearest military or naval commander for
When the above requirements are com?
plied with, protection will be granted ns
taras military necessity- will allow; bit
where no contract is made, thc crop wi!!
be considered forfeited for thc use of th?
laborers. Should the owners refuse to
cultivate it, they will b > considered P3
embrrrassing the Government, and the
lfbi<f wftl be used for colonies of freedmen
from tlnl ulterior. JOHN" k.,HATCH,
? V ^(?eiie: al < .rrlth-anding.
ClF.p.rtlA? 'f* D/.WF?skir I<T.WT>-On
Wfdnetdjbfait, says theSnv m nah Herald,
Capt. .'"'JMp . .Mickler, accompanied by
?ix'of hisBSrty, visited Daw foskie Island,
in this eoiVA . and at th? ole: farm of Mr<
John Stoci?R.i. rr.nidetv.l Jv er Dodge, a
freedman.^Hhis eohmd nut was veli
known in ?SRantiah. an<l for _ ears wa;- 1 <
a faithful s^ft-ant Mr. S < ld ard. H<
ni w-ay? .bnidBB fc-.?.".1 eharaetei or honesty
Peter bad 9R^4e family, am Mr Stod
'lard recomv^HLd that be ute the ob
farm aid "t'fl^B?' extending ??very air
to him in :i)j<vHft\ honest toi, .% suppor
for l i? irnil\H ? himself Ti? Govern
mein, doubl,^H?i ill lonf read
Mickler al:i ^Bflk:-n ' 1 '!t liav'
neted out |l R full uy-asute .
N/^S^JT DISASTER. nSilwauk -
w;.i sunk on tile 28ib mt. ? lie had taken
position to bombard Fort Spanish, but
a(t-:r firing five shots, it was found that
she had driften out of the channel, in
which tfeere is'sfour. fathoms, into shoal
water. Orderslwer? given lo hac k, and
she had moved several feet, when, striking
the torpedo, it kxploded, lifting the ship
out of the walerl and causing her to sink.
She settled in a iioal place, her turret re
mailling slightly! above the level of th?
bay. There beikg a ridge beneath ker
amidships, she his since broken rn two,
and cannot ba railed; but her machinery,
guns, etc., will beRaken out No o:;e on
hoard the Milwaukee was injured.
PICTORIALfHisTOiY OF TI?E WAT..-Th?
distinguished historian on 1 artist. Bea-on
J. bossing, has visited Ri.-hmonJ for the
purpose of collectitit documentary, pinto
rial un i other matcriils f,>i bis tortbeoni
ing '.History of th? Great. Civil War.'
The geueral plan of ins work, we b arn
^ ?11 be like that of \is "Pictorial Fiel?;
Hook of the Revolution," so well knowi
nad highly appreciate! in every part o
die country, lt will ?mtaitf^bout 2,?0C
engravings on wood uni steel.
Tin: RAILROADS TuBpuonoirr Tin: Cow
.ray.-Now that the w^r is over, and th
work of destruction has ceased, it woufi
be proper for the 2?ati?nal a:;d State G i
vermneiits to go to vork at ?neq ant
repair all the railroads throughout th?
country. We shall want them hil in Mu
new development of pverv interest i*.
every section which will be inaugurate?:
with the return of peace.
i/V?iu Yorls Ihr aid.
At a recent matinee at the New Tori
Academy of Music, two richly dresse,
ladies quarrelled abou?^ a seat. nnJ in
dulged in a fierce scrimmage, iu which om
of the termagants lind ner skirt wbolb
torn off. A gentleman therein interpose?
and stopped the disgraceful exhibi'.ion ty
placing one of the wonietmn his own seat
The Bank of England, ?in the 30th ult,
reduced its rate of discount to four pe
cent, at which there is a fair ?Jemand lo
money. This movement strengthen jd th
English fu.ids, and'consols were bu ovan
Condign punishment is tobe visited. b\
order of the Government, upon Piinc
Georges, diaries and St. Mary's. Count ?es
Maryland. They havwalwtys been hes
tile, and lately harbored BooUi.
Gen. Halleck is assigned to the nom
mand cf Virginia and North Carolina
G*n. G il! more remains in command of til
Department of tlie Soutli.
Erlanger, who married Mia* \Slit]?'i. i
one of the largest dealers ?D United S'a:
bondi at Frankfort, Gerir.nr.y He ba* RI
eye t? profit
natio-J '.t iuc.it>
Pur'i os uri
tioned us the
Mr. Stun tori, j
portfolio of wai
lira. Lin colite
death of her 3i
T?-n prominent ?<
Montre ul, Can ?Ja,?'
Ooh1, ic PW?iU?isffi
at 150. >? <j
Vas' quunti.La .
Maits and In 'j-?o^?rtU
b*?p<>j A -'"H
By A. R. Fl
TSrS (Moodal) M<.>HN 1 .'?
1 wilt Sell, a- he id;j
Geiger's fif?- BP^>^^^
.? frite 21 tl.Kit-, o-jout'|"w?:r n "s )
Cvtli broke al:?- h. good c-'-inl- on.
ii- iona S\fl.D'??l Ii- )'.'<, isoited s
! 1' :r?. y .VfiyTl
Ey J. Eugene 3}u?bsc.
Will be sot?ji'iil? DAV, it 1 ?<'c.>.
v my qi.'.', Aescmbiv s ?et.'.
Thc following art!..;...<, Vi-spl Ter*
Oil Lump, (Jl and Wie^s. '. Lice Sha
Well Kopi, V.'a'e Beti ons, L^pe, ??e<
Jewelry, etc Unlimited ? tti^-.-s ri o
up to .lirrT!^ t M ie. jf' may
IS.. 77 S,<'/~
?7 Jaceb CphetJ
WILL ffiiXo M ?Kin . Jj tr.tb
at 11 ~*r!fT<->-'?., netr comer of i'
Asserabtf st ree)* s, ; fl
.J? bnshfis of SALT, i? Jots, t^il
i chasers, j . ? 1
j '25 Ib?SPERM CANBLr'.S.jia j
packages. ?errn*ca-ih in co'c.-i
I may H -. 1
: 20 Wrapping Pf.pt iv.
OLD ST-flVSPAPEXS for sie
ofi; e -Prie; 20 and 40 eui *J
l\ The state cf South CarAlij
"r^ ' ' *'" "' ''""^[''^'.''ift
EXEC i Tl VE DEPARTS
Coi.t Mr.iA. M;y lt?. 1
7 ill'.jlEAS information ha*b*'
YT io me of a murdor commit I
the ! ody of I . Vv. I'OWELL; bj
tann ti a aped \/\AJ>E. the property
?tobit Uipiian\ who has nade his
? ow, therefore, for t ie ap
\nd arrest of the eiaid n-gro ni
Wa! r.> of&r m rewan' of T
!)ILi:?) OOLLA-RS. TJie said
Wadu is nVrtd 19 or 20 yej
built, eottip?eajoii slightly
bumpy, part.ieblafly ;?O\? am|
fm.'!.i ad prominent, and
large scar nt iv. edge of the ha*
by th if kiel; cf a hor-e.
In witnets v hVreof, 1 have sot or.
[L. s j and s i.:, this twelfth da*
... ti hundred nu ! sisY
By tiie Gov mor: A. 6. MAGH
Official; C. i\ JA.'?KT.V, >} vtirfc
, littra Fine Gr sen Tt>\
;,-'-.= ... 1 OK sal . in ? mall
j vv ?Apply at Mrs. >. G El
'tenter street, nea. Lum?
: : m?
Orphan ? -
at all lieui
miiv ? ri
Ter ms, ?v
her at hi
: ? is office a d
. street, opposit*
. iutrt, where 4n' nj
. j ii less prof es; i
. W. SllAND p
HOOL for chi I
, ', on MONDA"
:.i-.?le known o
?st Mast to resiu
Gonrt of Apvi Ii
d KT OF APpV J
?cti?bia. S. G." . n 1'. Ij
;r.t. l'urties n !j
t-il ves accord ir" I
ri.f B. Ti. DUN I
ESAOSSTJKE, Clerk Gil
sf Ar. Camden. N
|) ipers piesse co;
e round in1 the sf
buildings, it thc L\
lt v.. 1 1