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The Columbia daily phoenix. (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1865, May 17, 1865, Image 1

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$1 a Month, in Advance. ''Let our just Censure attend the tmo Even*."-Shaksprare. Single Copies Five Cents
By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
TERi?3-lly ADVANCE. .
Six months, - - - "-. J5
One month, - - * - . 'Al
One square, (ten linea,.) one time,'60 ?ts
Subsequent insert iowa, - 35 cts
Thin"* Thrice. -
Go forth at .morning1 a birth, ,
Yv'han-Wakes ilus Ui-y-earth; I
Tti'eft'theerful hie; amidst thy kind
Tky >t|ai?y- work to-do, thy harvest sheavsa
v 'fabled. !
Go forth nt noontide hour,
. -IrVfap.jiaid day sun's In power, j
Ohl-treary uot, though dies the ro3e.
Tbyz-Etrength 8urbcieut iv, thy labor? soon
; will close. ?
Go-forth at eventide, j
"When life-like aouuds, have dutd, **
' Think of thc sp; ri ts' dapth,- and learn
That God ii love, though you may uot His
. aims discern.
Act in the morn; at noon
fdr'ulfill thy t-?!?k, for soou : .
J*ac!i pilgrim's ,-Jaily journey ttfcd.
At eventide he rests, to think of Heaven
and God DAt?Y DALL.
?'? President Johnson's Policy.
Delegations Irotn the States of Now
York and Maine, to Washington, re?
ceived the following reply from Presi
. dent Johnson:
ii*,.! need not say, gentlem<->n, how j
-afteeply grateful I ara io you and the
?influen?al and eminent citizens whom,
you represent, tor the words of en?
couragement and confidence which,
you have spoken. Such -a manifesta
, Liorj of xt^^d-woiijji^at any time be ,
Acceptable, but at trie present time it j
jif-dsio ijiy heart, the, VT .ir m est response.
jy^ix y?'m not expec- of mo, under ex- I
' isiinr^crrcumstauoert, nny extended de-1
. claratton of my pjblic affairs. My \
past lift- must be the guarantee of my
future course. And if on the princi
pies which have heretofore guided my.?
action as a public man, there is not
found .a sufficient _ earnest of those
?which, with the blessing of-God, will
; direct my course in dealing with the
gloat public qojjstjons which are ndw
Coming up Lr-uietermination, no pro?
fession th-Lt ft should now make, t?o
declarations o/'polrey. that I should .
lay down, would comm.lnd your re?
spect or insure your coiJuience. Yet
thero are some points which stand out
so r.roimDenpJ" that none cnn hesitate
io yield a ready-assent to their force
and truth. Our great and good Presi?
dent has been stricken down by the
j banu1 of an assassin. Every one will
. ag.?ee that ar^on ia a crime, and must be
pe rushed. Noone will deny that mur
. d?? is a crime and must meet its just?
. pt ?alty. All will concur in awarding
:0:tbe assassin the punishment df his
crime. But if the assassin of the Presi
. dflr.t is nat to escape deserved punish
f trent, wh:it shall be done to those who
h?ve attempted the assassination of the
republic?.'-who have compassed the
Hie of the mdion? The lessons must
De tsti</ht beyond the possibility of
?Ver berng unlearned that treason is a
crirae-jthe greatest ot" human crimes.
Ye?ini*??)#ising the high prerogative
wbjcb ??Beyblvee upon Hie, 1 sha!), if I
koftr ' Jnypelf. t?roper justice with
i4<tfcj<. \ Inhalt not tbra[et, however, I
trr?t^l&?t.fihir? the exercise of mercy
jsjeaaSjr and pleasant, mercy to the in
. ?i*k'ijnal is often a source of the great?
est taisery to the mass of the people.
fi E^efy : question, as it ?rises*, most, be-1
' dupo&ed of according" to the circttm
etta-ces v.'hich "ahall.s Hrri'uiid it at the
Vta>. The qr^jet-ajic^orderlj/mannekr
? it 'which the Watu.3 'create(1 by the
/ ?e.l?t of the Chief Magistrate of the
. aaSfion. so suddenly, and by to terrible
W/jt?roke, ha?, been closed up in the
nttrcfu! working ot* ,'te. Constitution,
t>NjB sure guarantee that tho strength
?3d wied<*fto of the peopjp acd of their
Government will .bo found equal lo*
I every emergency that may arise.
Had any one, four years ago, under?
taken to.predict the wonderful events
which have happened during the great
.struggle through which we have
passed, his utterance would have been
classed with tbe stories of the 'Arabian
Nights,' ar.d the talo of tho 'Won?
derful Lamp.' So? while it ?3 not for
us to anticipate what may recur in the
future, we are sustained by an abiding
faith in the D.rine Being, and by a
sure confidence that the great princi?
ples of government .and ..freedom,
which b&vo been vindicated by onr
success hitherto will be secured and
perpetuated in the midst ->f all the vi?
cissitudes through which, it may be
our forune yet to pass. .? thank you,
gentlemen, again, for your kind ex
pressions of confidence. Certain I
am, ?hat while the responsibilities
which devolve upon rae might have
fallen upon many possessed of far
roore ability to meet and fulfil them,
yet no one cnn approach them pith ii
mora sincere desire, or a mora honest
determination, to discharge them with
a v'.ew solely- to 'he welfare ot" the
people and the j ?e and prosperity
ot the nation.
Ou motion of one of the gentlemen
the report was unanimously adopted.
The Ohio (?el ega tion received an
answer, winch, together with a speed
in reply to the delegation of th<
Christum commission, follows below:
RESPECTED Sm: I might, adopt al
that you have said on this* occasion
atv! presant it as mine. I responc
most cordially, and endorse .every sen
liment you have uttered; and I injgh
thus conclude what I have to-aay in i
^ii^jch beater manr^/tihjft ^can other
j wise express it, adopting?yo?x remark
i as my. reply to yourself. Hie'sad ca
lamity, trie afflicting ?ocurire*nce*'of th<
I ?ass?,j*sina?ian uf the President of thi
United Slates, is not more deeply fe!
by any orre thnn myself; and especial!;
so while I occupy the position I dc
being thrown into'it by that sad event
And in entering.upon thc discharge o
the duties- that are imposed on rae ii
the office t^us conferred, I feel am
know the responsibility,'and have ot
various occasions felt as it wire over
whelmed; and I stand before you tc
day embarrassed exceedingly aa I
how the' responsibility shall be ful
filled. Hence the importance. ant
value of the encouragement, that yo
give hero to-day. The countenanc
tendered me, and the support )Tou prc
pose in an uudertuki; g so fearless
and responsible as the one in which
enter, is duly appreciated, for in th
midst of this embarrassment-in th
midst of this great national calamity
in starting upon the career I mus
pursue-the confidence, the t counh.
nance, the encouragement and tli
promise that you will aid the instr,
ment that has been thrown where h
is, in the discharge of his duties, ;
worth a great deal to any one, and e.
pecially to myself. As ?remarke
but a short time since, lack of suppoi
? may paralyze the aiost courageou
i hut the eneooragcrcent, countenaDc
and support of an intelligent people i
calculated to rqako even a cowar
courageous, and to win merit in tb
discharge of his duties. I repeat, thi
I most fuliy respoad to all that yo
have said, and concur most fully, e
pecially in tho ide;? that this Coven
ment has been sent on a mission, ac
that the missioi, has not been fulfifle
and that tuo: history of this count!
shall demonstrate that this nation, j
it moves along down the stream
time, is to bc paririanent as the sun.
I start, sir-though it may b? co
tidered by some as a kind of wild e
thnsiaem or superstition-with the id?
that this Gor?/E neut, was founded t
our fathers upon a great princif le
r;ght-that it was founded upon tl
principles of free government propi
1 with toe essene al and leading prim
? .? ... --M-g--ii g ii i_ mrmmm
plea, running through it. It was sent
here upon a great mission, which has
not yet been fulfilled; but in its on
ward and upward course it will carry
oat its mission, and establish the great
principle of free government not on?y
here but throughout tl^e civilized
world,'I believe, in the'midst of my
superstition, if- it may be called such,
or, in other words, I have a reliance
end abiding failli, that there is a great
principle of'riglj,t which lies at the
loundation of all filings. I believe
that time will come, when tliis natkin,
instead of being the recipient, as it has"
been for a considerable length of time,
oi arts, or sciences and of religion from
the other quarters of the globe, and of j
emigrants of every kind and of every
complexion, wi.l become jhe radiating
point, the centre fr?)m which will pro?
ceed arts, science and religion to ORT
brothers throughout the civilized world.
\v e have beeu sent on a great mission
and that, mission must be fulfilled. We
look at this -jigantic rebelliou, and see
that the Government )i.is struggled
with it and carried it along; and just
at the time that we believe,' arni sub?
stantially know, that the rebellion was
about to be ended, and the nation was
rejoicing, With its banners unfurled and
jts artillery thundering through every
{own aud hamlet throughout the leugtb
and breadth of* the confederacy; then,
in the midst, of jubilant feelings and
the exultation of a free people, th?
chief magistrate is struck, like a star
from its sphere, in death. Here we
receive an intimation of the eternal
principle th?t sent forth this Govern?
ment-the (Jovernment rejoicing on
the one hand at. rebellion crushed, and
on the other mourning at its chiot
-slain; and though presidents may give
way in regular succcjgion, still this Go
?""vl?mment wiTT ccWve o'ri,"and'in the end
j carry out its mission, among the nations.
I I cannot huf say, and ip saying so
it is a mere repetition of what has
been expressed before, that the time
I lias came with this Government when
crime shall he understood. We are
taught in all the Slates, and even in
the courts of the United States, that
the commission of various offences
are0 crimes. Arson is a crime, bun
I elnry is' a crime, murder is a crime.
Who time bits como when the people
shall be educated and taught to under?
stand that treason, is a crime. And
not only a crime, but the highest oj
crimes. We look upon the assassi?
nation of the President*-this diaboli?
cal and fiendish act which hps been
recently committed-as the highest
crime; and the mind cannot conceive
the penalty commensurate with it. It
is a deed for which the human mind
cannot invent a penalty severe enough.
To assassinate the President. The
assassins, in the garb and shape ol
treason, have lifted their impious arms
I against tho Government under wbjeb
they live. I will say, in this connec?
tion in referer.ee, as you have just, re?
marked, ns ta my future policy, that
! if my past con -e upon various public
j Questions that h.ive come up, and es?
pecially since this rebellion com
menced, is any indication or evidence
to you of what my future will be, an\
professions now must be 'unnecessarj
So far as regards my action in the dis?
position or winding up of this great
drama, my past life must be taken a?
some indication of my future. Tn th?
progress of this question, in bringing
it to a cloue, when justice is meted out
-and it becomes necessary to exorcist
mercy and leuience, we shall be sun
to discriminate and ascertain what i
mercy, because sometimes mercy, mis
conceived and exercised improperly
'results in ruin of States ?md men.
If *it is right and proper to tak
away the life of one individuar for de
stroying that of another, what sha!
be done with those who destroy tii
Jife of the nation? Tfeason must h
j punished as the highest crime know
to the law. Some have copi mitte
I treason, technically speaking. Thot
sands and thousands have been taken
.from tlf?ir* homes upou ui,e cause or
other; sometimes by conscription,
sometimes by force of public opinion,
sometimes misled bv leaders. I would
say, tn the exercise of mercy, try to
make the proper discrimination; visa?
ing the 'penalties of treason on. the
conscious, intelligent, misleading trai?
tor, and extending ^leniency to the
great mass of thc deceived. Gentle?
men, all I can say, and ail I can fno
mise you after referring to my past,
that in ascertaining what ni)7 future
will be in tito discharge of my duties
in the administration of the Govern?
ment, all will be done in a proper
spirit. I think, and in accordance with
my best ability. There may be some
who would perform "those duties with*
more signal ability than I can; but
there is one thing, sir, of which I
assure you aud this audience, that
whatever be the evidence of my^ast
life, or though I may not bring to the
administration of this Government
that signal ability that some might, 1
have an honest will and impulse sin?
cere., I have labored the most of my
life-yes, the vigor and strength ol
my life have been expended in those
directions which have been calculate!
to bring about the greatest good to th?
greatest number. 1 have labored in?
cessantly to ?maintain and carry oui
the great idea that government wat
made for man, ayjd net man for th?
Government. 'The Sabbath was mad?
fer raan,*hnd not man for the Sabbath.
I toiled to establish and make tba
great idea permanent; and I trust ant
hope that it is permanent, or will b<
as pe/manent as this Governm?nt. '.
have labored to establish this idea. .
shall ?bot desist from that. I have la
bored to advance and ameliorate th<
condition of the great mass of men
at|d, God willing, your, help, as far a
in me lies, in thc administration o
this Government, it shall be* my fa tur
object. Tuen, gentlemen, and you
sir, please accept my acknowledg
ments, my sincere tbarrks, ?for th
countenance and encouragement, rec
derel rae on this occasion, and m;
reiteration, that though I may not dh
charge my duties as some might, ye
will 1 do so honestly and sincerely,
thank yon for the kind attention yo
have paid me.
Directly after the delegations ha
retired the President received a larg
uuiuber. of delegates of the Christin
Commission, tempor?r:!/ residing i
Washington. The Rev. Mr. Bordet
of Albany, delivered a brief bu
eloquent and impressive address, saj
ing that they recognized him ascallei
io the Providence of God, to hav
rule over the nation; that in tho pa<
public services of the President the
had their foundation cf hope foi th
future; and uov.% as they looked o
tho face of his illustrious predecesso
whose death had moved the countr
to tears, they believed that God ,ha
sent him, as Moses, to lead the peop
and*1 his successor, as Joshua, to git
thom a iand of promise; that in tl
administration of jus*icc mercy wbul
follow the success of .our arra?; the
prayer was for an enduring peace ac
all the' blessings of free governraer
Tho President replied that sm
were his feelings. In cons?quence
tho late afflicting evetts he cuuld n
respond in appropriate terms, fl
however, acknowledged his thanks f
kind sentiments*expressed. Altbou?
he might fail, he would promise th
he would undertake to perform t
grave and responsible duties devolvii
upon him with-all the zeal of)
honest heart. Ile had knowledge
and appreciated the offices of t
Christian Commission. Ile alwa
had a% abiding faith in Vue peopic, ai
looked on the Government aa b:i~
upou the principles of huraf.n righ
The nation's mission is not yet co;
pleted. It is in our haada. Wh
wc look at the country's corditiou i,
gives a complete contradiction in ibo
assumption cf our enemies. In li.o
rnid?t of treason und rebellion we fi-n'J
j that "we will tri um pb at lust. Although
I we have bad a civil war which ha?,
covered the land with gloom, anti
whihi tho entire cou:.try was rejoicing
over the triumph of the struggle, theta
has been an assassination :be rro3r,
atrocious and diabolical the world
has ever witnessed.
"While the nation was j a bike t the
Chief -.Magistrate was stricken dowe
like a'*t!\r from "ita sphere. An inter?
regnum a hiatus, was erected in the
Government. In France, for i?j<tance,
under Similar circunj^tanre?, there
would have been scenes of anarchy.
But not so here, where the loveru
tnent is founded on justice a.;d ri?ht.
We have developed the great truth
that it is strong enough to preserve its
existence while suppressing all public
disorders within our widely extended
limits. Government is made for thy
people, and not the people fer tb?
Government. He was not sectarian;
he claimed a charity co-extensive with
the human family. He believed, ii?
I the language of another, that religion
t is an arch of promise, spanning hu
I inanity, with its ends re-sting on the
I horizon. Religion is seen in ks r.ot
j more than its profession, and epod
deeds never fail t-> receive recognition
ne then repeated his sentiments
I regarding his future political course
? similar to those addressed to the II
iinois delegation, saying the time hue
1 come when intelligent men like thos?
1 before him should e::ert their mora
influence in electing a standard tr
I which everybody should ba taught, u
I believe that treason is the highes
I crime known to the law, aud that th?
j perpetrator should be visited with th
? punishment which he deserve?.
Important intelligence regaidin
Maximilian's Mexican Empire is cou
taiaed in oar late' Parts md "B^rli
despatches. It is said tin t Muximi
lian's Minister ia London lias resigns
his position; declaring that no coe
sideration sufficiently weighty to ic
duce him to retain the position cool
be offered, a^ he is satisfied that* th
Mexican Empire is collapsing, and tba
Maximilian will soon abd ioni o an
return to Austria/he having b e.; com
pletely disappointed in his two mo;
important expectations-the reeo?
nition of the United Stat:?, um' tb
support of thc Pope and Mexico
clergy. As confirmatory of the reno
that Maximilian contemplates soc
abandoning Mexico forever, we hat
the positive announcement that he h;
ordered his representatives at ti
various European courfs to give of
cial notification that he retracts tl
renunciation of his family rights
the throne of Austria, which he mai
just previous to "leaving Europe.
[iV&ta York Herald.
-The Vermont Record tolls a sierr?
an innocent ord lacy, who never befo
had "rid on a railroad," who was a pi
senger at tho time of a recent coliisic
when a freight t.ain collided with
passengar train, snasbing ono oft:
cars, killing several passengers a?d a
setting things generally. As soon
he could recover his- scattered sens*
the conductor w:nt in search cof t
venerable' cajne, whom he found s
ting solitary and alono in the cms, (t
other passengers having: sought ter
/irma.) with a very placid countenan
notwithstanding she had made
complete summersault over the seat
front ?nd her bandbox and bundle h
gone unceremoniously down the pa
ageway. "Are you hurt?" ?DCUI?I
the conductor. '"Hurtl why?" said t
oh! ly dy. "V?v. have just '*b?eu ?
into by 0 freight traio, two <jr ti
passengers have been killed, a
rev- ral others severely injured." 'I
n I dido'i know but that "wa; t
y . VDU always stoppen!"

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