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The Columbia daily phoenix. (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1865, May 19, 1865, Image 1

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$1 a Month, in Advance. ''Let our just Censure attend the tmo Even*."-Shaksprare. Single Copies Five Cents
By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
15 Y JULI A N A. SE LB Y. '
isix months,, $5 1
One month,. .... 1
One square, (ten lines,)oi:etime, /IO eta
'Subs?quent insertions, - 35 cts
What time 1 wasted youthful hours,
One of the shining winged powers
Showed ra-, vast' cliffs, willi crowns of i
As towards that gracious light I bowed.
They seemed high palaces jind proud,
Hid now and then'with sliding cloud.
Ile said, "The labor is not sinai";
-Yet winds ihe pathway free to ail;
Take care thou dost not fear to fal!';"
INDIAN LEGEND.-The following !
Indian legend, relativo to the spirit- j
home of Washington, is extracted
from Morgan's Lfagueof the Iroquois, j
It is curious, as showing; the estimation
in which 'the Father of his Cc;mtry'
was held by this singular people:
'Among- the .modern beliefs engraft?
ed upon tho . undent faith of the
Iroquois, there is oue which is worthy
of particular notice. It relates to i
"Washington. According to their pre?
sent belief no whitj man ever reached
the Indian heaven. Not having been
created hy the Great Spirit, no pro?
vision w,tM made for him in their
schemes of theology. . He- was ex?
cluded both from Heaven' and the j
place bf punishment. But an e.vcep- i
lion was made in favor of Washing? ?
ton. Because of his justice and be- j
nevolencs t-- "tfie "Lidiun, KS sV->i !
pie eminent above ul! nther whiteman.
When, in the year 1783, the Indians I
were abandoned uv the British alli?-=,
mri lett to make their own terms with
the American Government, the Iro?
quois were inure exposed to severe
measures than the other tribes in their
alliance-. At this critical moment j
Washington interfered in their behalf,
as the protector of Indian rights, and j
thc? advocate of a pohc.v toward therrfj
of the most enliglitened justice and
'After his death he wa' mourned hy j
the lru<)iijic3 as a benefactor of their !
race, aud his me-tnory was cheriabed j
with reverence an.i affection. A belier ?
was spread among them that' the j
Great Spirit had received, in- a celes?
tial residence, upon the plains of
Heaven, the only white man whose |
deeds had entitled bini to the heavenly
favor. J ust by the entrance of Heaven
;s a wall enclosed, the ample grounds
of which are laid with avenues and
shaded walks. Within is a spacious
mansion, constructed in the fashion of
fort. Every object that cou! 1 please J
a cultivated taste has been gathered in
this blooming Ed?-?: to?render it a
happy dwelling-place for the immortal ?
'Washington. The faithful Indian, ns
lie enters Heaven, passes the enclosure.
He sees the illustrious inmate as he
wa'ks to and fro in quiet meditation.
But no word passes his lips. Dressed
i:i bis uniform, and in a perfect state
ff felicity, he is destined to remain
through eternity in the solitary enjoy?
ment of the celestial residence pro?
paved for him by tho Great Spirit.'
'Ye who write LT a btrsy age,' says
a late author, 'speak quick, use short
seuteuces, never stop the .reader with a
ioug or ambiguous word, but let the
stream of-thougbt How rigid, and men
will driuk it l:ke water.' 'A tremen?
dous thought may be packed into a
smal; compass-made as solid as a
canuon ball, and, like that'projectile,
cut down all befoie it. Back your
thoughts close together.'
Carlyle say? that every battle is a
bloody conjugation: lI kill, thou kill
??t, he kills, we kW. von ki!', they
President Johnson on Slavery.
On the 14th of January last, An?
drew Johnson, then Military Go'ver nor
of Tennessee, made an address before
the delegates to the State Convention
which abolished slavery iu that Stale:
Wo reprint the following extracts from
tim important address. It shows the
thoroughly anti-shivery character cf
President Johnson:
'GENTLEMEN: I congratulate you in
the sincerity of my heart on the suc?
cessful conclusion of your labors. It
is the greatest work of the age. In
the great r?volution which is going
forward, you have performed your
j part, nobly. This I say without flat?
tery; your work has been well. done.
In this momentous struggle in the de?
velopment of the groat principles of
human liberty, you have discharged
your duty manfully. Who would
have- thought three or four years ago
that Termesseeans would have b<>-jn
permitted to assemble ir) this capitol
lor Such a'purpose without being ?no
lested or driven from its halls? The
I ntigl'tj* principles of human rights and
I liberty have been pitted against mo
I nopoly and slavery. Yesterday you
broke the tyrant's rod, and set the
captive free. (Loud applause.) Yes,
gentlemen, on yesterday, you sounded
the death-knell of pe^ro aristocracy,
and performed the funeral obsequia* of
that thing called slavery. You have
opened the grave and let the carcass
down, and all that remains id for yon
to seal the pit on thc 22d of Feb
rtfiry, the*anniversary of the day
which gave hirth to the Father bf his
Country. Consecrate your work on
that dn\\
I . lea!-a .hyirkVfc?t gratitude that I
?have lived ?o ?sea it dunc-, ?rid that I
have been permitted to. perforai tpy
little part in this great drama. The
blow has been struck, and'slavery lies
prostrate. At) insolent, insincere, ig?
norant, unfeeling, hypocritical, nefa?
rious, diabolical slave aristocracy has
been tumbled to the ground. They
who never learned that
"Worth makes-the man, and want of it the
who lived on tho real or imaginary
honors ol a buried ancestry, have at,
least learned that an ignorant, corrupt
aristocracy mast go down. Your
sessions have been, on the whole, har?
monious, notwithttandjng some little
bickering, which, I think, will pass
awav with your adjournment.
While you think that you have
emancipated black men. I tell you that
you have emancipated more white
than blaek men from the insolent
domination of the slaveholder.. Ye*,
thje time was not long r.go when you"
dared not speak your sentiments. Even
in East Tennessee, where there were
onlv few slave?, an J we always spoke
more freely, do >on remember the
power which tho slaveholder exer?
cised? how many of our people were
compelled to live on barren ridges and
cultivate Hie stony spots, while a few
slaveholders owned thousands of broad
acres in the fertile valleys, Which they
tilled with their bondsmen.
Even you felt their power, and
knew the contempt they felt for you.
Because, many years ago, I dared to
speak of these things, ? was denounced
as an agrarian and demagogue, who
appealed to the prejudices of the
people. Thank God, J have lived to
see the day when the people ol* my
State have declared themselves free. 1
must now urge you to redouble youl
'efforts to carry out your work when
you go hence. If you consummate it
with the same resolution, the foul bjo:
of kunian slavery will be removed
from the escutcheon of the State. 1
shall .-ay"nothing of the future condi
tion of the liegrb, nor ol' the elective
franchise. First, organize; time ant
experience will regulate tlTe rest. Le
u; first get rid of slavery,; let there bi
no bickering or conflict till we ge
that cut cf the wa v. Tl is being .lone
wo will take up'other question?, and
dispose of them as they arise. Who
could have anticipated three years ago*
that we would have progrfssed thus
far? Let us, like wise men, hole? our?
selves in readiness to manage the mew
question* which may aris* in the
future. There is. no need of giving
ourselves trouble rrreraaturely.
* * *'* * *
Go ?home, "not- as rival?, but, ag
friends, resolved to save the State and
wipo out slavery. To do this is
enough for one man to live for. A
life spent in accomplishing a result like
this is well spent. Though some for
awhile may sneer, the time will come
when the nation will he utterly aston?
ished that this great monopoly has
been submitted to so long. Let no
man, then,, delude himself with the
dream, the vague hope, that he still
holds on to slavery; let him cut the
cord at once, and he will feel-a grest
deal easier.
Nor let any man suppose that I
think" that any portion of the populace
should be turned forth as loafers, with?
out work. The sooner we get ? ut of
this transition state, which is always
the worst, the better for us, the better
for-the negroes. In five years from
now the labor of the bbek man will
be more productive than ever, for
freedom simply means liberty to work
and enjoyment of the product of one's
labor. Let us try tp comprehend the
times in which we live, and the crreat
principles which sre at work. There
is a breaking up of old combinations,
and men are corni%g together hy their
natural affinities. Old parties are dis?
integrating/and new ideas thrown out
among men of miud, form the basis of
Vif.v parries.
Hero is the great contest of philan?
thropy, of sound reason, of h a man i ty,
whose foundation is the Christian re?
ligion; a bow of promise, whose base
rests upon the horizon and whose span
arches the universe.
In the midst of the darkness which
has been roting on the land for four
years-a d arkness deeper than that of
the dark ages-from you. sitting in the
midst of carnage and death, has gone
forth a light to illuminate the world,
and teach mankind that you can he
free. \ feel that God smiles'on what
you have done, and that it meets tin
approbation of the hosts that surround
lum. Oh, how it contras!.-, with the
shrieks, and the cries and waiiings
which the institution of slavery has
brought on the land! Look along the
battle-fields of Tennessee, nt the new
made graves; witness your countrymen
perishing in battle; see even the God?
dess of Liberty, struggling through
desolation, carnage and blood, and al?
most driven from our border.-! Might
I not'say with the poet
"O, bloodiest picture in- the hook of time!"
And yet, out of all this gloomy
scene hearns light to illuminate the
world in future years. As your fellow
citizen, who expects in some of your
valleys to deposit his hones. 1 thank
you again for the nobie work which
you have done. *
The last novelty from Germany is ?
musical bed, which receives the weary
body and immediately 'laps it in Ely?
sium.' It is an invention of a meeba?
nie in Bohemia, and is so constructed
that, by means of hidden mechanism,
a pressure upon the bed causes a soft
and gentle air of Auber to be played,
which continues long enough to lull
the most, wakeful to sleep. At the
head is a clock, the hand of which
being placed at the hour the sleeper
wishes to rise; when tho time arrives,
the bed plays a march of Spontoni,
with drums and cymbals, and, in
short, with noise enough to rouse the
seven sleepers.
Sorrow comes soon enough without
despondency; it does a man no good
to carry around a lightning rod to at?
tract trouble.
About Trees.
The superiority of our country in
regard to tree? may "iOt be known tu
all our readers. We have fiftv species
of oaks in North America; ali Europe
has only thirty. North America has
fnr'.y species of pines and firs-the
United States over - twenty-while
Europe has onlv- fourteen species.
Who has pride of country enough to
collect all thc native trees which will
grow, in iTis. latitude?
Let us pause, says Miss Cooper in
her Kural Hours, to count the days,
the months, the years-let us remem
berthe g'iterations that must come
and go, tiie cen uries that must roll
onward, ere the seed of this year's
cones shall produce a wood like that
just prostrated. The stout? arm so
ready to raise the axe to-day, must
grow weak with age, it must drop into
the grave; its bone and sinew must
crumble into dust long before oilier
trees, tall and great as those, shall
again occupy the same spot.
lu Dr. Piper's work on the 'trees
of America,' we find a suggestion,
which we think should he written in
letters of gold, lie says: . The pre?
sent noble Queen of England, before
she ascended the tlnoue, planted with
her own baud an oa'c at Chatsworth,
Iii our country, where all are born
sovereign, it is to be hoped that, ere
lohrr, every lady will deem it her.
duty lo imitate England's Queen in
this, and plant at least one tree. When
our ladies shad do this, then will tho
work be dono, and throughout our
broad land, the reproach of neglect in
this respect, have passed away. Have
you ever pl-mted a tree, dear lady;
you who are reading this? Or have
your friends or acquaintances under
! jrour influence, who are needlessly
cut;ing down shade trees by the road?
side, or neglecting to plant trees where
they would be beautiful?. It is to
woman we must look for reformation
on thia our national decline and fall.
How charming, how poetical it would
be, if we were to be so indebted to the
gentler sex for a national reform in
this respect, that the first thought on
seeing a beautiful tree would Le <?>ne
of grateful homage to worn:;::. We
. reier our fair reader to Dr. Piper's
magnificent work 1er some admirable
? reasons lor valuing tree-, their utihty
and necessity to the farmer, as well as
?their beauty. The portraits of remark?
able trees ojivcii in this work, are in
the highest stv'e of art, ami nobly cal?
culated tu inspire taste for this crowning
glory of nature.
In the island of Goa, near Bombay,
there is a singular vegetable, called
the sorrowful tree, because it only
flourishes in the rntrht. " At sunset no
Howers are to be seen, and yet after
half an hour it is full of them. They
yield a sweet smell, but tho sun no
sooner begins to .shine upon them
than sotne of them fall off, and others
c'oso up, and ethers continue flowering
in the night during the whole year.
It will surprise many of our readers
to know the gr<;at age to which
several varieties of trees attain. Amon^
those whose age- hav6 been ascertain?
ed, the elm has been known to live
more than 350 years; theehesnut GOO;
the cedar SOO;"oaks from 1,000 to
I 1,500; and some of tho woods of the
tropical clunes for three,-four and five
thousand years.
'My dear Colonel, I perceive i you
slept during the sermon last Suiuiay:
ir. is a very bad habit,' said worthy
divine to one of his parishioners. 'Ah.
]*octor. 1 could not possibly keep
awake, ? was so drowsy.' 'Would it
{ not be-well, Colonel, to taken 1 i * t Te
snuff to keep- vou *hwake.' 'Doctor.'
was the reply, 'would it not bedwell
to put a little snuff in the sermon?'
A Cooi,XKS3.- When Semp'iine's
wife kicked him out ot* bed, he said:
See here, now! you'd better not do
that again! If you do, it will c?.use a
J Coolness?
Considerable has boen s-iid about
Booth, the assassin's, habit of getting
excited, or so carried away bv' ll: .
character be was personnt'n:: upon tlx*
stace, as to make H real, instead o'" ;
mock attack, upon bis adversary in tb
play. The New York Herald speaks
of one instance in that-city, in his
performance of Richard the Iii, where,
roused to excitement, he attacked Mr.
E. L. TiIton, the Richmond of th? oc?
casion, so violently as to knock him *
into the orchestra, nea;ly breaking -
h?3 arm.
At the commencement of '. last
engagement in Boston, which, by the
bye, was at, the Mu-eurn, and not the ?
Howard Athenaeum, as stated by the
I daily papers, this excitement was
spoken of among the stock corrfpany
at rehearsal, and subsequently Bootie
admitted he bad cut men in some of
his stace combats. Upon this the lead?
ing actor at the Museum, who was to
perform Richmond, Renaud, in
supporting Booth, speaking to him on
the subject, said: "Mr. Booth, it. may
he as well that wc understand each
other before commencing ?the perform?
ance, there is no necessity of au
actor being burt in a stage combat,
and mark ray words, if you cu: my
[ fingers or even scratch toy person' with
I your sword, tiefend yourself in earnest.
! for from that moment the combat will
j be a real one.'
j We may add, in conclusion, thr.t
' the Boston professional, who is a.
j quiet, gentlemanly man, but who iias
no idea of being cut, to illustrate
another performer's eccentricity, re?
ceived not the slightest injury or evea
inconvenience in his stace combats
with Booth, who probably thought ir.
j ment during that engagement.
[Boston Commercial Bulletin.
AVitli all his supercilious hearties?
ness, Horace Walpole wrote some
: very sensible tiling?. 'Hud I children.'
i he once said, 'my utmost endeavors
I would be to breed them musicians.
I Considering I have no ear, nor even a
i thought for music, the preference
i seems odd, and vet it. is embraeed-on
frequent reflection. In short, mv aim
would *.be to make them happy. I
think it the most profitable method.
It is a resource which will last their
! lives; unless they grow deaf; it makes
i them depend upon . themselves, not ou
other?; always amuses and soothes, if
not consoles, and of all fashionable
pleasures, it is the cheapest. It :s
capable of fame, without the dangar of
I criticism: and is susceptible of enthi.
I siasm, without being priest-ridden."
j Not far from the probable site whore
j the Sermon on the Mount was deli
! ered, uur guide plucked two flower ,
j supposed to be of that; species to which
our Lord alluded, when he said, 'Cbn
! siderjJie lilies of the field.' Tho calv:-:
i of this* giant, lily resembled crimson
: velvet, and the "gorgeous flower was of
I white and li^ac, and truly no earthly
j monarch could have boen 'arrayed'
fhore gloriously than 'one of these.'
! Such is the testimouy of nature to tho
1 words spoken by ?ur Lord.
\Travels in Palestine.
i There is much truth i:i the follow
! ing remarks of Addison: T have found
' that the men who are really most fon?;
1 cf ladies-who cherish for them tho
? highest respect,-are seldom the most
I popular.with the sex. Men of grea:.
; assurance, whose tongues are light.y
i hung, v. 'io make .words sup; ly the
j place of ideas, and place compliment*
j in the room of ?entii?tjtit, are their :a
I vorites. A due respect for women
leads to a respectful action towards
i them and respect is mistaken by thc ru
j 'ur neglect or want of love.'
Ile is hanny whose curcumstances
i suit his temper, bur, he is more happy
I who cnn suit his temper to circam
j stances.

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