Newspaper Page Text
rnwaastcarai m 11 - n i-^-<B*-IIW?T>
Saturday Morning, May. 20, 1865.
Morals of the Highway.
The morals of the highway seem to he
thc only morals left in the country. The
wort of demoralization seems complete.
We hear of nothing but robbery and
j lunder on every baud. Our .stables aro
insecure. "We hear of nightly stealing;
horses and mules being the chief objects
ct" the thieves, at ],r(scnt. Provisions,
stored, bacon, bread, cloth aird medicines,
thciC were stolen as long ns any remained
to steal within these precincts. The offi?
cials of thc Confederate Government arc
chnrced numerously with inaugurating
this reign of plunder. Wc arc told of
numbers departing for their own homes
with thc supplies and public stores left, in
their possession for the bon cfit of the sol?
diers. These arc everywhere left, desti.
tuto, to droop and even die along the way |
side; or, following the < samples set cqcallv
by the people and the officials, to become
highway robbers, as it were, in self-de?
fence and for tho maint enan cc of life.
Band?, to thc number of sixty or seventy,
are understood to be haunting the imme?
diate precincts of this exhausted city,
preyiug upon what miserable debris of
property has been left-to thc citizens from
" the conflagration. These outlaws arc all
armed. In many instances, their names
arc given. Yet we hear of no prosecu?
tions. Ordinances of God and men are
violated with impunity, and the ofTenders
scorn equally to feel, the distress which
pleads to their pity and sympathy and
the laws which threaten punishment. And
this seems to be the case in all quarters.
On thc road between this, place and
Orangchnrg, there is reported to bc a for?
midable gang of plunderers, numberiug at
least two hundred, who live by plunder?
ing the traveller. Parties who have gone
forth, seeking their own or other homes
for bread for their wives and little ones,
have been stripped of everything and
been sent hack hero, ia ?,lie?r-nakedness.
*:o starve! "And so it must continue lo be so
long as authority sleeps ia its easy chair,
and the law forbears to resent the outrage
which boldly plucks her by the heard, and
tears thc robe from her hack and the mace
of power from her grasp. We have magis?
trates who hear all these things-to whom
the names of offenders have been given
easy to arrest, who walk the streets daily;
nay, divide their spoils-(,is wc are told) in
the very streets and in the open face u?
day; and yet authority sleeps; power, in
its hands, becomes but a cl?ld's bauble,
and thc fool's cap supersedes the sable cap
of judgment on her head. There is no
authority, because there is no people Thc
people are, in too many cases, linked too
closely with the offenders, to goad-justice
into the exercise of power. Shall we
wonder that God decrees our humiliation
-that iie forces us down upon our knees,
with our nioifths in the dust, and makes
our shame a grinning and a spectacle in
t!i'.- eyes of all the nations, lt is a great
error-nay, a crime-to charge these sins
upon our soldiers. Many of these, no
doubt, are guilty, and, in the wretched
condition in which they have, so long
lived-in the pitiahlo condition in which
they have- been Lit-abandoned to their
late hy the people for whom they have so
long bled and fought-abandoned by thc
Government, which has wasted their
strength and left them -without the means
of returning to their homes-sacrificing
them to the last-for these, there would
be some excuse; and while we should
lamcnt.'it would not sui prise us to behold
. the brave soldier cf Lee's or Johnston's
army occasionally subsiding into the out?
law and tho highway robber. Put the
greater number of those who now ravuge
the country are not soldiers-they have
skulked the war-have never lifted wea?
pon in the cause, and are - imply thieves,
incendiaries, rullians, robbers-having
enormous appetites, which they have nou?
rished in idleness, and without a ;finglc
virtue of manhood to redeem the thousand
vices in their mond constitutions. That,
with such a people, wc should fail ns a
people, should occasion no surprise. How
?an God save such a people? Whnt mad?
ness to think that, with a cause never so
noble and virtu >::\ li? should niaise it to
prosper, when sieh a people are its sup
pi i t . rs; and how, if successful, should
they realize any good result from inde
ji LiiC? Independence rs properly thu
bestowal upon virtue, and the several
virtues which ma'ce nnnh >od- industry,
thrift, intelligence, resolve-'humanity nn<l
courage. "We must deserve Goa's favor
to secure it We must prove our adequacy
to self-government before TC cnn acquire
its privileges or assert itsu<=es; and failing
in this capacity, tre lire delivered over to
Yankee masters, even as thc Israelites, thc
favorite people of the Lord, wore subject
ed to thc stern domination of Egyptian,
Assyrian. Philistine, Chaldean,Babylonian,
and finally deprived of all niitionalit}'
under thc iron yoke of the Roman. That
God has not wholly abandoned us, is
shown by his chastisements. It is by
these that he would humble in order to
reform, and reform in order that he might
save. Let us learn the lesson. .Let us
drink of our cup of bitterness, and accept
the humiliation, with all its ashes in our
mouths, that wo may savo the children of
our loins from that f ile from which we
were not able to save ourselves.
There is a report along thc street"", that
Gen. Forrest bas captured Vicksburg,
with all the United Stales stores in that
place; .taken several steamers, and, with
them, crossed his own and Gen. Lick Tay?
lor's army. If this he so, there ??then no
organized forces in arms for the Confed?
erate States on this sj de tue Mississippi.
The several army commands are all dis?
banded, under thc terms of Convention a*
agreed upon hy Sherman and Johnston;
the soldiers have mostly gone quietly to
their homes, and a calm, wonderfully con?
trasting the late storm, overspreads the
cis-Mississippi region. The calm is apathy
and temporary stagnation. It is thc peace
of death. Never did armies so suddenly
collapse-nevei was wreck of a Govern?
ment more complete-and never before
did a people subside more thoroughly
before the arms of a conqueror. If wc
are not a subjugated people, wc should be
a greatly humbled one.
Everybody at the North seems to be
apprehensive of assassination now-even
as a large number of our soi disant di
tingun fancied themselves ia danger ul
short shrift and sudden cord when th?
Yankees were iii Carolina. The guilt\
dee when no "man pursueth! SelfeSteerr
always fancies itself a conspicuous-mail
for the usurper or the assassin. Here
now, i; Senator Charles Sumner, beginning
to alarm his friends and the publie will
new dangers to his head and throat. Reai
the following, and see upon what slende
grounds the presses and the people atv
thrown into a peck of troublous apprehen,
sious. Verily, the time was ''that, whei
the brains were out, the man was dead;
but take the brains out as'you will, yoi
have done but little to quiet vanity, unies
you lake the tongue out also. At tin
rate, assassination will soon run itself int
the ground. Parley telegraphs from Wash
ington to the Boston Journal:
A report telegraphed hence that. Sc
nator Sumner was shot atone night la^
week was untrue, but was doubtles
founded on information now iu the posse:
sion of the authorities that two attempt
have been made to assassinate thc S en a tot
One of these att.-mpts was made a nigh
or two ago, and the other made iu .Jam'
ary last, lt was a knowledge of thea
attempts, and of threatening letters r<
eeived by Senator Sumner, that prompte
some of his friends tn request that a sentr
he posted at thc door of thc house i
which ho resides. When the Senato
questioned the sentry as to who had hit
stationed there, tho reply was, '"The Coi
poral ordered me to remain until relieve?
and not to leave this post should you sen
me away, that being his instructions
On the evening in which President L^ucol
was assassinated, Senator Sumner w;
absent from his rooms. A number of pe
sons called,, but no attempt has been ma?]
to ascertain who they were; neither di
the occurrence of that night prompt tl
posting a guard at Senator Sum net's doo
which is still kept there.
A report is is ia circulation, that Se
gea'it Corbett, who shot Booth, ha? be?
Holden, the editor cf the Raleigh Sta
dard, is suggested as the Governor
North Carolina, ile takes ground again
the restoration of Gov. Vance and the e
?sting legislature, and is for a new de:
He advocates the adoption of tho cons
tutionr.l amendments. abolishing slaver
and recognizes the Constitution ot t
United Staus as paramount to any Sta
Chief Justice Chase'-' mission is at
said to be for the re-orgaaizatiou of t
r'eikral Courts in the South. His niissi
will carry hint as far as Galveston, .1
vu New Orleans up the Mississippi.
tami HIM i iiiMi ?ii.?!? ni ij? irim-?HM
New York Central Park.
In thc'tenth year of the reij^n of the
"Board of Commissioners of thc Centra!
Tai k.1' in the fourthTnontb.'ou the twenty
eighth day o"f the month, there came one
to view the place and the improvements
effected therein. The buckwheat cake
was not in his mouth, nor did tho tear
stand in lib eye. In place thereof, iie held
: in hand a note-book, and Iiis head was
occupied hy recollections of the Phoenix
Park, in pleasant Dublin; of Wimbledon
Common and Sherwood-Forest, of Hyde
Park and the Oreen Park, of the Pois de
Boulogne of Paris, and the Prator of
Vienna. And these arc some of the things
he saw and noted and ascertained :
A wide sweep of hill and ?late, of rocky
knolls and pleasant valleys, extending far?
ther than the eye can reach, intended by
nature lo be beautiful, and rendered
doubly KO by art, combining many r>f the
features of chi parks ami forests of the
Ohl World, wi.h others never contemplat?
ed hy thc European mind, and blending
ail into one harmonious and perfect whole.
J On the extensive lakes, wild tow! from tho
I sunny tropic-- and from frozen Labrador
swim, dive and disport themselves. Swans,
uubeuding from their stateliness, indulge
in the matter of fact duties of incubation .
like mete ordinary fowl. Fountains
splash their silver spray into Ute air, and?
quaint lillie cascades trickle musically
over tho rocks. Winding paths lead up to
rustic chalets and down into quiet, mossy
nooks, where al!
-Is sweet nu;sie, that softer falls
Than petals from blown roses, on the
Or night'dews on still waters, between
Of shadowy granite, in a streaming pass
Nooks so calm and so secluded that even
the fibled lotos eaters might pray here to
be left alone to cease their wanderings and
to "steep their brows in slumbers holy
alni." Bathed in the sunlight, the new
born foliage of the trees looks brighter and
fresher now than nt any oilier period of
t!ie year; and at night,
Beneath a moon, that just
At crescent, dimly rains about the leaves
T,Wtlights of airy silver;
when the Pleiades,
Rising from the mellow shade.
Glitter like a swarm of fire flies tangled
in a silver nmz",
no scene can be fairer or more enchanting.
The red maple and the gorgeous "buck?
eye," the Alpine laburnums, and tlie wild
cherry and plu:n trees, make the air fra?
grant with'th?ir blossom. White and red
blueberries, scarlet fruited thorns, hollow
leaved .berries, and tho sweet scented
Honeysuckle, tend their charms to the
landscape. Over the parter; es, the spireas
in their snowy whiteness, ihe yellow
flowered forsythias, purple azuleas and
magnolias, und the deep crimsoned Japan?
ese quinces, east their resplendent hues;
and tendrilled bignonias and other creep?
ing pdants climb over thc great brown
boulders like rooks.
Hut all is riot ?-ill life within thc park.
On a fine atternoon, the carriage drives
bristle with animation. The beauty and
fashion of the metropolis are lhere, and
the drives encircling the "Mall" rival those
of its European prototype in tho elegance
and variety of the equipages displayed.
From the dashing and costly barouche,
with its doulile patented springs and em?
blazoned panels, ?own to the unpretend?
ing buggy, there arc many gradations in
the carriage maker's art; bul in the fore?
most rank must be placed those excruciat?
ing little pony chariots, with tho nattiest
of steeds and the fairest of drivers, in
which the ladies of >>Cv York have lat?
terly taken to outshine the meaner sex.
In such a chariot, Ph ehus himself might
wish to drive, and Thetis could hardly
blame him. Here, however, let us halt
and cool our enthusiasm, as many others
do, with an ice and a glass of refreshing
Catawba at thc pretty little salon over
whio.h Messrs- Radford ?fe Sieison so e!li
cicntly preside. Having done so, we ivens
ready to proceed- In variety and extent,
tlie drives nt present aro almost unequaled.
The extension of the East Drive, which N
now being pushed forward rapidly to com?
pletion, will give one continuous earriaire
road over eitjht miles lon^. If tlie farther
proposed extension t.- Washington Heights
be carried into effect, as there is every
reason to hope and expect, it will be, this
will legthen the route eight or ten nub s
more, and with the wideudening of iii?;
drive to Macotnbs' Dam, will form the
li nest boulevard in the world. Though
tbe Park itself, thanks to the unremitting
efforts of the Commissioner?, lias . been
saved from tlie desecration of becoming a
giant advertising medium, its approaches
have not escaped a similar fate. Thc
spirit of sordid utilitarianism which would
daub the Pyramids of Egypt with recom
inendotioiis to try "Harper Twelvetrees
Soap Powders," or ..Holloway's Pills,"
lias been at work here, and the grand oh:
rocks all around the Park ara besmeared
with.advertisements of "Wahoo Bitters,'
(which ought to be read "Yahpo,") "Dys?
pepsia Cures," and "Vermin Extractors.'
Th? zoological collection, for want o
better accommodations, lias been retaine?.
in a:-.d about the old arsenal, lt need:
sonic fortitude to approach tho hui ld j iii
from tho rear, for, lied toa willow tree
three surly looking African bullaloo:
^recentadditions) aro munching the newly
i mown grass. Tho bull has a kind of ?ata
ra ct over one eye, which seat eely conceal
il J vicious glamour; bis better half stand
by his side, watching his movements, an<
t. : v.- i r calf-a plump little fellow, about tb
?11 ir nw II uni - rr*"" ' "' '""
size ot a Welsh bullock, and as } et uncon?
scious of Iiis .?trenci.il-Ibofes about him in
undisguised amazement. 1 or all th?-y
swallow tbe foo.l offered tbeni with appa?
rent relish; a handful of dry rice straw is |
found to be more to their taste than the j
succulent herbage; and, doubtless, it '.hi ir j
own views were;consulted, n little more
liberty nr.d a little less care wouhJ pleas?
them heiter. Such a coors-, hoxvevi .-, is
not consistent with tho public safety, r.s, .
though seemingly quiet enough, they have
proved themselves treacherous and in- ,
cliued tn do mischief when Gie opportu
ai tv presents. At night, they ure fastened
up inside the building Their treachery is
equalled by that of tho fine prairie wolf
farther on. fihaegy as a Newfoundland
dog, he seejns almost as playful. Lying
down on bis side, he will loy with any
object which visitors, when the keepers
aro oui.of sight, thrust into his cage, and
then suddenly start up and di: play ail his
native ferocity. He and his wives, with
the black boar close to them, are kent ont
'of doors nicht an* day. Odd is their
nativcelement; they only shiver with heat.
Watch the raccoon yonder, whose cage di?
vides the -wolvi-s. from the bear. What
depths pf cunning and smartness lurk in
his restless-bead like eye. Do \"ow longer
doubt the cunning of the 'cen?, who, when
"treed," phonied to the sportsman, "Don't
shoot, captain, Pl: come down; 'taint no
matter o' use?" We do not; but. we firmly
believe that, if the captain granted the
armistice, he found himself, Lbe Sherman,
very considerably outwitted. You may
stroke with impunity that patient/looking
she camel, with her interesting offspring
standing just the ol her side ot the (once.
They have spent the winter with Yan
Atiiburgh, and are pretty well used to the
v.*ays"oi' men. They hardly se?-m happy,
though. Tears are streaming down the. (
old one's face. She evidently is sighing
for her native desert und u. drink of water
"Walk inside, ladies and gentleman, nr.d
you shall see what yon shall see-a live
lion." Stay! There is not a live lion, nor
yet a tiger, but lhere are representatives
of many other classes of ferae nature:. A
magnificent bittern, some line tortoises,
quite a number of ant bears, as?playful as
kittens and as harmless; monkeys more
playful but not so innocent, and a fine
collection of birds. Tue English lady who
landed-at Calais, and was astonished to
rind tlrat even the little children spoke
french, would have more food for amaze?
ment here. There aro parrots which speak
Out in thc grounds, tiiere is a handsome
dove cote, containing some hWndreds ol
beautiful pigeo'is, pouters, tumbler-, Car?
riers, fantails, Sc., Some ono lately de?
scribed the dove-cote as containing "one
hundred and "twenty-five different- varie?
ties," and, truth to say, the institutions of
that colony seem to he framed on the
Groat Salt Lake model, and Darwin him?
self would bepuzzled to decide tho origin
ot some of the species.
Near the Casino, in an enclosed space,
with a somewhat scanty supply of herb?
age and ol' room, are tho dcer,Jfcmrteen in
number. Enclosed with them are two
Cape of Good Hope sheep, with tails
weighing thirty pounds each, and fleshy
enough to allow of '?sheep-tail .steaks."
There is al-o a fine female elk. A Flores
bull, from Hartford, Conn.-.1 tawny huh
fellow, hardly bigger than a e<>od sized I
dog-has lately beenVpresented to the
Park. He has been turned out with the 1
sheep, and apparently has persuaded him- 1
self that he is "one of the family.''
Nearly the whole of the second floor of
the arsenal has hi en devoted to the forra
alio? of a statuary room to hold the casis
presented to the nation by Mrs. Crawford?
the widow o? the distinguished American
sculptor. Among the best known ami
finest of these casts are the "Indian
Hunter," "Indian Girl," and "I adi.in
Chief," the "Dying Indian Girl," the
"Peri," "America," and the ..Woodsman."
Boating on the lakes has already com?
menced. The band will begin tu play on
Saturday afternoons in a week or two.
Planting is being carried o:i .-.-..Mg--1 ?eal! .,
and the daily number of visitors is rapidly
augmenting.-Y-ic York Herald.
TAKIXG THE ?ATI! OK ALLKCIAXCK.--Most
<>f the prominent official.-, and citizens of
Richmond have taken the oath of alle?
giance to the United States Government,
and there is a very general disposition
purnong tho masses of citizens, to follow
their example. Among those who have
subscribed to tho oath arc Joseph Mayo,
? Mayor of Richmond; Judge William H.
Lyons, Judge of thc Hustings Court; Lit?
tleton Tazewell, Prosecuting Attorney in
the same Court; Thomas C. Dudley, City
Sergeant; Judge Meredith, of the Circuit
Court of Richmond; P. II. Aylett, late
Prosecuting Attorney bf the Confederate
States District Court; Joseph lt. Anderson.
Proprietor of the Tredegar Iron Woiks;
Wm. II. MacfarlanJ, President of the
Farm.TS' Bank, ami others le>s prominent.
Physicians, lawyers and professional men
generally, with some fow exceptions, bawd
tfikeu the oath and resumed the practice
of their professions. We have rio data
upon which to calculate thc number of
oaths administered; but tho aggregate em?
braces a large per centage ot the male
[Richmond Whiff, Maj 2.
Tho signers to the call for a public meet?
ing in Charleston, on the lUth inst., were
Jarnos Lynch, John F. Ponpeuheim, M. I).,
W. h. Houston, Samuel Hart, Sr., Mm
Van Winkle and John Ferguson.
liOcal -ST "tc-rms
FIAT Les.-The ci.ic: owes his r.ic
fouudest tow to thc .'.ir ???ty who .-o rr:n
ciously anticipated ^"-e oi Ids r.iosi serious
wan:-, end sent h itu a gnp) ly of . scellent
candies. He w iii now, b\ her lights, be
enabled co borrow from lue dreary hours
of the night, and it may be that light thus
bestowed will bring wilt! it !.. -p.ration.
Who knows but that he will sm^ ;i ne'w
fong, which shall gladden her ears, ar.':
not prove unpleasing in tho ears of ont
pleasant public. Ile trusts, at all events-,
to be Sble to prove himself grateful for
this and all other gifts, by puning them
religiously to their proper i;s- s, rind-pro
bono ftnblt o.
ESTTKSSOXAL.-All subscribers to the
Plucni.x .whose subscriptions have ex?
pired,' will please como forward and
renew, in specie or provisions; otherwise
their papers will be stopped.
trS* We wish it distinctly understood
that our tern.s are c .?'.. ?Co adveitise
tnents will, therefore, be inserted unless
paid for in advance.
We present the following schedule of
rates, rn the ca: c of the most obvious com?
modities. I''vi" one mont h's subscription
to the PhtOu.c, we will receive either of
the following, viz:
1 bushel corn. 1^-bnsh. peas or potatoes
5 pvunds butter. 25 IVs. flour,
7 lard. 4 Ihr. candles.
7 " bacon, Jfqis, rice.
S dozen eggs. 4 bead of chickens.
Wood, vegetables and provisions <;one
rallv received at fair market rates ap?
proaching the specie standards.
A meeting of Ibo colored population i:".
Charleston was held at -/.ion Church, on
the 9th, with thc view tothc'eslahli-htiieut
of a public press in that city to advocate
the peculiar interests of that class. Maj.
Delaney, Mr. Henley, Sergt, Barclay and
others addressed thc meeting. A stock
company was to be formed, with share* at
?10. About, sixty .shares were take::
among the audience, and a collection taken
to the amount of ?.~?()0. .Subscriptions rc
ceived at the Redpath Institute, '??1 King
The arrests of persons suppose.! to b
connected with the conspiracy for the as?
sassination ol Lincoln and Seward, already
numbers three hundred. Tho magnitud.??
of the affair is said to he such as will cs
tonish the country. There is p. quarrel
muong tlic captors.of Booth is to the di
vision of tho reward. Blood money is
precious lei detectives.
Tlic Savannah Uiver is to fce relieved ni
its obstructions,, and communication*. Ly
river, aro expected in a few days between
Savannali and Augusta.
/ 1 ENTLF.MEN wishing to be SHAVED
VT or to h?ve their ll Al Ii CUT or
SHAMPOON ED, can . be accommodated,
next door to the present Post Onie.-.
M ay 20 3 *
- For Sale,
AFINE LE ATI! ER-TOP BUGGY
made of best materials-and nearly ns
good as new.
Also, one sejt SILVER, PLATH) HAR?
NESS, nearly as gool as now. Apply
soon to JOHN C. DIAL. .3
may 20 ?'
LARI), LACON. FLOU Ik MOLASSES,
SMOKING and CHEWING TOBA li
I CO, SPERM and TALLOW CANDLES,
For sale by II. SOLOMON.
In tho basement of L. Levy's house,
Conloi- ol Plain and Assembly sts.
may 20 1*
Drugs, Medicines sud Sundries,
Al" FISHER ? llEIXirSH S.
pUM OPIUM, MORPHIA, SALTS.
\ X CHLOROFORM, CALOMEL, BLUE
MASS, PAREGORIC, DOVER'S POW
DER, Ipecac. Quinine, Hvd. C. Creta. Sul?
phur, Rhubarb. Castor Oil, Ergot, Oxid"
Bismuth, Nux V?mica, Spirits Nitro. Wil?
son's Pills, Cook's Pills, .-Ether. McLan*'s
Vennifuire, Dnlby's Crrminativ-. :I . i'.
tnnn's Ano.lyne. Gum Aloes, Kre - te.
Champion Pilis, Carle Iron, Tar:, Enietie,
Bal. Copaiva, Chi. Potassa, H a rt.- h o rr,,
Holloway's Pills, Mercurial Chitin :.!.
Creen Tea, Mason s Blacking. English
Pins. Canton Flannel, 2 Calf Skins, Solo
Leather, ?> pair Shoes, Matches, Alspice,
Cayenne Pepper, Machinery OF, Sb o ?
Brushes. Prescriptions prepare ', ns u?j il.
Corner of Plain and Henderson Btree's
Entrance in the rear, on Henderson stree*
may 20 1
TWILL b.i found in the South Carolin 1
(>l!e',''" buildings, in the Library, fn?m
10 a. nr. to 12 m.
M ay 4 -I AM ES 1 >. TRA ? ?EWELL.
120 Wrapping Paper. 40
OLD NEWSPAPERS for sale al tl.:'
o:VU-e. Pr:.- . 20 and 10 cer.:? 1 !?.?