Newspaper Page Text
Monday Morning, May 22, 1C65.
The Case as Decided for TJ3.
Thc long conflict ol' thirty ye\irs is over
The end has been reached.. State right:
aud State sovereignty are now but ti ct io ni
of 111 o past-thc dream of statesmen
v. ho, in ari abstract and ??lea', far beyond
. he reach of ordinary humanity, fandet'
they had found thc secret fur perpetuating
1 he liberties of ?1 people. We h ive, in a
thur years struggle in anns, proved inca?
pable of republican liberty-?'roved our
?elves un wort hy of independence-and : lie
confederacy ol'States is resolved into a
consolidated empire- The Stales are re?
duced to mera municipalities-corpora
tions, having their tenure solely at the will
ot a central power, which lias only to will
to make and unmake law. When Mr.
Seward boasted to the British Minister
hut he had only to touch a bell to cause
the arrest of any Governor, ur any citizen,
, bi any of the .Slates, he asserted the power
of a perfect despotism. The ?.Oncea of
Kurland-her ministers-possessed no stich
power, li ?lid not ned, nf er this, that
we should give to our Executive the title
?: King or Emperor. Ile possessed all the
requisites for imperial sway under the
?nore familiar and less pretentious name of
President. North and South have submit?
ted to the change. The former cheerfully,
in ?is moment of passion, and seeking the
full indulgence of its rage against the
1 Smith, for having shaken ott* that more
insidious sway, which, by indirection, was
fully possessed of all the substantials of
dominion; the South submits, in its far?
ther inability to struggle, lt does not.
much matter nn'v to inquire in what de?
gree, and by what errors, our subjugation
has been wrought. Enough that the fact
ia to, and that nothing remains for us but
?uomission to thc fate which wo have
vainly siriven to avert; satisfied, as we
should bc, that there wa< an innate incapa?
city ,*on our part, for the enjoyment of the
:-,rand privileges of independence. That
?^lie'lc. province of Federal polities, in
which we have for so long a time exercised
?mr thought ar.d agitated'our several com
ru un: tic, is 110 longer a subject of our
e n c or consideration. We may as well
dismiss our ancient theories to Astolfo's
mansions of Iii': moon-to enjoy the long
bl umber of forgotten things, which have
lost their 'u.-<.s herc on earth. We must
accept the new conditions with whatever,
v! ilosophy W ; may. We have simply
realized the experience ol' ail thc confede?
racies .and leagues o? State*, which the
ingenuity of thu optimist, ever conceived,
i -i t lie Iii pe of an ideal liberty for mun.
V? e have succumbed, ns a people, precisely
s 5 was the case willi ??'.1 the peoples ll.at
ever strove at independence. And we
have succumbed an.l fallen, with ai! our
shrines broken an ? altars overthrown,
.'Vom the ;?me "simple cause-ll c !..cl< of
thc necessary niora! essentials ic-liberty.
Our career, as a confederacy, has been
much shorter than that of most of the
confederacies of thc ancient and modern
worlds. Tiie Creek, lb-brew, Italian,
S wit ser, all enjoyed a longer duration of
their leagues in civil iib~iiv. We have
lived faster than any of .them-ti aii/.ed
more rapidly the results of fortun. - be?
come more rapidly the partakers of luxury
and thc s-.vei-?s of aa insidious and sou!,
sapping power, ar.d so the mote quickly
lost om virtues. And we must submit to
our fate, !:av mg really committed a moral
. suicide. When cur ^cities, worshipping
Mammon, would s<-::il a simply rich man.
notoriously without capacity, as their
representative to the highest council
chamber i:: ti.e confederacy, our liberties
were already sold to the highest hi lder.
When it nee In, in the candidate, in our
agricultural districts, no pt her qualifica
1 ions than the capacity to lie ad li f?t HM over
a jug of whiskey, we wcte already wal?
lowing in tho mire of self-degradation.
When, dnritig a four years war, which
.arried all our young men to the lield of I
nattle, anfl has covered our country with
-raves and maimed citizens, we could
evolve in eur leadership no superior cn -
.owtnimts-no high capacity for rule, no
'aleut, no geni'.;.-;-not even mere compe
.. n ?.! for ?'lace-our imbecility was made
.il .-nt, and we proved ourselves incapable .
?I elf government. In such a condition
.?if thing:?, a despotism becomes a popular
- ssitv. All government is legitimate
.. I.-!: adapts it 'If to thc condition and
..-..:.! -risties c. a people; and thus it is ?
: .. we make ourselves free, or subject]
ourselves to the away of a tyranny. The
tvrant is simply, as thc poet tells us,
"The creature of our need.
The scourge that whips us for decaying
And chastens to reform u*:"
Conquered by ourselves-hy our own
incapacities as well as vices-we pass
under the operation of a natural law, and
our destiny is shaped hy our wenknesres,
instead of being shaped by our wills. If
incapable of mle, by ourselves, we require
a foreign master. God put his favorite
people into foreign bonds for four hundred
yeats, and did not then release them,
until they* could evolve.from their own
masses such treat leaders ns Meses and
Aaron. -In degree as we submit .to the
dispensation ol' the Deity-submit with,
out murmur, and strive la place ourselves
ri -_rl i t. in his courts once more, our burdens
will be lightened and our deliverance
wrought out. But let us have no vain
and peevish strivings utter a lost condi?
tion. Let all our dreams of State sove?
reignty give place to that power which'
we have so long combated in vain. Con;
solidution triumphs. It is no longer Union
- it is fusion, consolidation-the utter
submerging of tho individual bein nth the
mass; no longer, as Shnkspearc phrases it,
"The unity and married calm of States;*'
not. their wedlock, hut their welding-the
links are no longer perceptible, in the
rigid har, solid as iron, inflexible' a - fate
which we have ii"t had the power to
break, and which is now a Weight above
our heads, which cur shoulders, however
we uplift them, would struggle idly to
shake oft". What, then, have we to do
with politics, and vain babble in thc mar?
ket-place, and hearkening to various ora?
tors, with their "windy inspirations of
forced breath;'' tearing passions to tatlers,
under the pretence of freedom and oph
tiion; when, in fact, til ey are only seeking
for place, position, ellice, power. Let the
dead bury their dead. Let ns to our
work in ihe fields and in the shops. Let
those prate of politics who will, and let
us eschew them-satisfied to rear grateful
homes in peace; io school submissive chil?
dren to industry, mo lesty, intelligence and
virtue. And, regardiug our Stales as mu?
nicipalities only, notus sovereignties, ad?
dress ourselves only* to those domestic
considerations-the legislative or the home
precinct-which shall develop together the
qualities equally in the soul and i:: the soil,
Oar Governor will probably nd ?ress him?
self duly to the powers that, be, asking
that tlve status nf the States be defined,
..u.d that he be counselled as to whatdutio
ara expected at his hands, lie will simply
bo required" lo obey the laws, and these
he must learn. Thi< knowledge procured
o'.'.r submission made, our penalties un
posed and submitted to, it will be for ns
th>n, each to address himself to his indi
vidual duties, taking heed to find out lil:
proper vocation. The best and first secret
of the young beginner is to ascertain wini
he is good for, and' to de; il. As a whole
we should see thai we send good and abb
men hito our councils and Legislatures
men capable ed" knowing what are- lin
proper virtues in the territory and tin
people, and so legislating ?is io nllor.
every stimulus to their development. On
first great lack is population. To procur
this, wo have need greatly to diversify lb
objects of popular employment and indus
try. All the industrial arts should b
encouraged. We should introduce ever;
form of manufacture, every agent of nm
chinery; encourage the mechanic an.
machinist, the engineer and the artisan
the art:st and the teacher. Ourschools an
colleges need thorough reform-a thou-an
reforms; and the standards of educnlio
should be greatly raised, especially in tl:
professions. These, which are among th
best guardians of a people, have been th
first to decline and become abased arnon
us, even beyond the degradation of th
people-so milch so. indeed, as to ha\
sunk even into popular contempt. In fae
they have greatly led the .way to on
overthrow and abasement.
Dy the proclamation ol President Join
son, Thursday, 1st day of June next, :
recommended to be set apart as a day tb
special humiliation and prover, in cons
quenco of the assassination of Abrahai
Lincoln, kite President ol tho Lulle
One of the processes of steel pen mal
ing, done by'females at Birmingham,
quick worker wfll?cut out in one day. <
len working hours, 20i"> .''ross, or '? '.,'''
jiens, which involves 712,000 dii tiuet in
, lions o: the anu-;vo ..! e-verv sc oui.
(if-r.ernl Beauregard an'd staff recently*
passed .through Atlanta, ou their way to
Louisiana. Vice President Stephens was,
at the same time, ii the same place, as a
State prisoner, on his way North, lie was
permitted, under a single guard, to see his
friends along the streets. It was under?
stood in the same city that ("ens. Bragg
and Wheeler had been recently captured
iu Clark County, Georgia. We presume j
that there is some n.it-tuke iu this, as we
see no r?ason why they sh o'lld La denied
the privileges of parole, as accorded to all
officers and soldiers in the convention
agreed npou between Johnston and Sher?
man. It i.-: probable that they have been
released before this.
We are glad to see tho resumption of the
issues of the Augusta Constitutitrivilist.
after a short enforced suspension by the
military authorises. The editor, in his
new prospectus, very properly submits to
thc new condition of things, which would
euro the press in its speech w hen addressing
persons in authority. The suppression is
not exactly l-gal. but the laws, as well as
the muses, grow s'lent in the din ed" arm-'.
We quote a paragraph which echoes the
(?pinion we have repeatedly had occasion
''Accepting in good faith the assurance
that the military authority is herc fer tin;
protection ol tile peoplo and of their peace*
lui ; utsuits, and not to oppress or "harass,
wc acquiesce freely in tb? reciprocal duty
of obedience to law. IN o proposition is
more manifestly true than that titos..- who
receive protection to their bosiio-ss should
so conduct it-as to avoid occasions . f col?
lision, of antagonism and of oif.-tie--. The
peace and ?rood order of societv require
harmony and cooperation between the
law-making power and the interests pro?
tected by law. In this spirit society should
settle duwu to its accustomed avocations.
In this spirit alone eau it, reasonably ex
peet, to lie again entrusted with its own
destinies, and the civil power be restored
to its ascendancy."
TUE WAY TO FINISH THE CIKRII.I.AS.
Now that all regular wartare is at au end.
it is the duty <>l the Government promptly
to suppress the roving bands of gu?rillas
who are still scattered through the South?
ern States., preying alike upon friend and
foe, il", indeed, they have any friends
among the Southern people, who must
necessarily be Hie greatest sufferers by
their -predatory raids. The way to finish
thes-e fello ws "is to declare them outlaws,
and treat iheiu as such whenever they aro
captured. They can no longer be regard?
ed in any tother light than ns brigands.
Brigandage is a Spanish and Italian in-li?
lli! inn, which may do very well iu Mexico
and in portions ol' Italy, but is not suited
to this country, and cannot flourish here.
The soldiers of the guerilla chief Mosby
have deserted him, but Mosby himself re
fti-es to surrender. We understand that
(len. (Irani issued ordi-rs to Cen. Hancock
to give him one hour in which to surren?
der, and if he refused, 'ode..'hire him out?
lawed, and deal ont to him the penalty of
outlawry. This order is probably au in?
dication of the course the Government
intends to pursue toward- all the rest ol
the guerillas, and it is the proper way to
get rid of them.- Xew Yorf. Herald.
Tiu.w. or ENGRAVERS OF HEBET. BONDS
AND Nor tts-Yesterday, the military e.Im?
mission of which t?en. Bragg is President
'"egan the trial of the seven engravers of
Confederate notes and bonds who came
here from the SoHth after the capture- of
Columbia by Cen. Sherman. They are
nil young Scotchmen, who en Ted the
service oi' the rebe! Treasury I"), . ailment
from Scotland in 1802. They were ?ir
-rested Mardi 10. They are defended on
tho ground that they are entitled to the
amnesty terms of 1 lie President's procla?
mation of March If. providing that ali
domiciled aliens who should leave the
South within twelve days thereafter,
siiouhi be free from prosecution.
[A?"H York Herald, May 1.
ARREST.-A Federal soldier who was
rendering himself .piite troublesome to a
citizen in the street, yesterday was
promptly arrested ! y an ofHcer who
chanced to pass that way. without any
complaint being made. This is another
i indication that the military authorities art
; determined lo do their utmost for the pre
I servation of order in our iuiilsf.
At the Tribunal of Correctional Pol.ce,
Paris. ..ii the 23th of March, M. Rogeard
J was lound guilty of having adversely cri
I ticised in a pamphlet the Emperor's "lli*
tory of Julius Cajsart" He was sentenced
to pay a tine of .v.'U?, and to bo impri?
soned for live Veals.
Mr. Secretary M illory, of the Cabinet
of Mr. Davis, ha? surrendered himself at
Pensacola to Capt. Gibson, of the United
The Confederate prisoners at Elmira,
New York, held.a general meeting,.at
which resolutions were passed expressing
their dissent and condemnation of the ns
sassiaatiou of Mr. Lincoln. .
In New Oilcans, three men were snot
for expressing ph'asmre at the itcws cf Lie
Ijocal Items. J
Tlio ofiW<; of the Columbia l'ftfci?x is
OD Gates street, second door from Plain.
The correspondence between Gov. Ms- J
gr: th and Gen. Gi ll more, together with ?
other important articles, will be published 1
in our next issue.
"Wc are indebted lo Dr. .1. .1. Cbisolm :
for a copy of tho Augusta Conxlitittionti
ist, of Hie IStli, numerous interesting ex- j
tracts from which will be found in ibis j
morning's issue. Wc will 1.- grateful t'?
other friends to supply us ii: Iii;.; manner. ;
We have also been favored by Alderman j
Gibbes and Mr. J. Burnside w ith liles of i
Augusta papers to th.- loth inst.
REPARATION OF UAILWAYS.-We under?
stand that the labor of repairing the seve?
ral railroad* in our State is going ott
rapidly, under the direction of the several
[ military commands throughout, the coun?
try. lt, is stated ihtit the United States
Government will put thc roads in order,
using them for military purpose-, and this
use nt an end, will then turn thc roads
over to their several proprietors. A hu g -
force is understood to bc at work on the
route (rom Charl..'sion, ns well in the di?
rection of Columbia ns of Hamburg; that
a like *force is at work on the Charlotte
j Railroad, and-that thc rebuilding of th .
I Cala.vlia Bridge is in rapid progress1. In
I the extreme destitution of thc co'untry in
i horse flesh, this intelligence will Le grate
I tully, heard by thousands of soie tooted
C KN. YottNO.- We ni e pU'aSed to meet
I in town with the gallant Gen. Young, of
Georgia, who basso much distinguished
j himself in the late warby his valor, skill
and admirable conduct. Ile appears in
i citizen's clothes; renounce*, like Othello,
? the pomp and pageantry of war, and,
with a manly resignation, will retire
henceforward lo the peaceful duties of the
citizen. Ile cnn - s with him tho reg"!?-ls
of all who know lum. His conscience
-will be troubled by no spectres of remorse.
He has not wantonly preyed on tho fields
and property of others; has outraged'nb
j homes,' trespassed upon no possessions,
despoih-d "Viun,o of his countrymen, lb
has blended the high ?jualilies of valor
with the gentles* manners and tho most,
Christian tenderness for the rights and
feelings of his fellow men.
Ai'RiT. TEAKS.-Our gardens have been
! relieved by gtacious showers, and April,
waving h.-r wand of a gav caprice at
last, blends together her smiles and tears
with the caprices of tin: damsel who woos,
yet flies. Tho corn steps forth with ?ts
green spears in serried array, having re
eeived a new uniform within the hist three
ibiys. Snap beans ar? curling themselves
aboiil and arou.id with the consequence of
?a maiden, having first cleared her lucks
from their paper felters, and made th?-m
free as those which wai.tun in tin1 winds
hom the neck of Nora Creina. Wo look
at the promise from th,; potato l>t.!< v. iii,
grateful anticipations of hoards yet <" he
spread for our special satisfaction. Verily,
our neighbor's garden haunts our eyes
willi provoca! ion, as we haw no garde*: ol
o'ir own. W ill he remember irs, W<* ask
ourselves, in a melancholy muse, when he
I shall ?'?ra? Muong his g.eeo intantry for
his own tat.!, ;
I Wc trust, that, our readers have already
i seen [that our purpose ii to give them :?.
j good family newspaper, such as will not
? only not impair the morals of (he vomit:
j in any way, but tend gradually Do elevate
I their intellectual standards and increase.
J the variety of their information, especially
I on subjects of art, s.ienoe. letters, philo
j sophy and the economies of societv. Our
j selections shall become more various as
our resources in books shall increase, and
we sh:.ll endeavor l" indicate, by just a:;,!
liberal criticism, a proper choice of books
in reading. Wc .-i:.i!l especially eschew
I all slang, all vulgar app.-als to th- passions
I or prejudices of clnsscj ur parties. Wi
j shall have ?itt!.- to du with politics, and
j shall conten? ourselv rs, in this respect,
j with simply giving the necessary report ol
j facts and event-", so that the reader shah
form his own judgment upon them. We
shall strive tu form a she t at one.- varier?
ait J instructive; thoughtful as well as
I graceful; pnssinsr "from gay to grave, fren:
I lively to severe.''
C^** We WISH it distinctly understood
I that our terms arc cash. Z\o advertise
; meats will, therefore, bo inserted univ.-;
I paid for in advance.
1 We present the following schedule o
rates, in the case of the m.,?st obvious com
. motlities. i'\>r une month's subscription
j to the P/ianix, we will receive either o
! the following, ?.'..;
I bushel corn. I?btish. peasorpr'tatoei
5 pounds butter, '?J lbs. nour.
! 7 - lank ^ 4 cairnie*.
rally received nt fair market rates ap
Gen Lee and his Views ot tho Future
We are seraewhat amused, mid not -it
ail alarmed or astonished, when \v? relimen
upon th" views Ce .. Le* enteri i'u.s of thc
future of the i?*".th, provided peace I...
U"t urn!" upon term* acceptai ic te tic
?ecession leaders in that* sceller. WcshaU
have uo such trouble as Gen. I. .: antier
pates. The fa<-t i-, the Sou'h : . a hi ass
were ?.-ver in favor ot seee . :o:i. No
Stat." South of thc Potomac, < xe pt S-nth
Carolina, was-ever radically in Savor ol'
recession, and Scull: Car")inti in tself wai
?inly committed to the folly because she
c< i.-.-ivcd a s:ill greater one. and that was
that MI" would become an ind? pendent
republic herself, or perhaps erect a pigmy
iiio.iarchv otj In.-r own tit.unt.. Sotnh
Carolina was about the last Mate in the
South lo adopt the Confederate Staten
Constitution; probably f"'- this verv rea?
son, lhe pe?-ole of Cen. Lee's Stale (Vir?
ginia') Wele never in laver Ot .-- c.?.--:. i .
and lhal Mate was t<*iu out ot the < uion.
or rather tho ?ltU?lipt Was ie:.de lo ir
her out, m.der lhe threats of rai '. viole! .
lt. was the pressure "?' radical ?.-va
isis, outside of her Si;t?e C><u\. .: ; um, that
carried the vo e in favor of si c. ding. Wc
doubt verv much whether u.innjor.'y ot
the convention ever ar ere in in .??rot se?
cession. It was the sam- with Tel:t?-s.-ee
and doubt le?-3 many ol bi r Soul i rn ^ Uti es.
Hatred of the Northern Ai., lin n Laders,
intensified by the election ?f th-ir tandi
diste for th? Presidency m LS-i'L.spurn.i
tile Southern radicajs to ll:?KC fal?! 'x
I reines, the fruits of which th*y ?re new
re: ping, but. for which the gi-jt hedy ? ?
have been responsible. 'Ac. lepea! th t,
Cen. Lee need have no eoneern about tho
future. He may gi ?eve to iiekniiwh.-d-rn
that the South ini? been fairly ovreou <?
! in hom.rahle combat, 1 tl! it is the tr:;'.!;.
I nevertheless, and all the vrumbbi r or
heart-burnings, in thc wmi.i cannot wipe
i out the fact. Thc best thing forC-n. Lee.
and ail the. other Southern 1 ad-: who
!. have surrendered t o t Grant,to do is
to submit grace full v to their defeat, and,
J returning cordially to the arni- of the
i L'nion, axliihit by their future eon.luci
their devotion to the interests, th- glories
and the destinies o? thc great rej.ul.i .>.
. ARREST VF A Coi-i-i:ia;i:.'.n MnMr.rn OK
COXORES*.- Hon. l?enjatnin tr. Harris, t!; .
Copperhead member of Congress from
Soiiihern Maryland, .was arre.-t.d on
Thursday last by Major While, of Cen. -
ral Augur's stall, for treasona!>le e ec lu? t
in dissuading paroled r. b. 1 pol.Hers her.
taking tbe oath of allegiafiee and nrgii.g
them as soon as exvhau"ed lo return t.
thc South and ma li e huilier light. The
arr. st ..j Harris h-is no cm: . <.: L u what?
ever with the nssas ui ilion <.? iup?mov.
! A', w York J!- mlJ, \
A!'i "iii iN SA Ii KS.
ZerJy, Seoii> & Bruns
WILL sell. Tit IS Mi >!! N I N G..at,10 o'. '..
at. the Express Uliice, oppo?-ite tat :
A quantity of well kept Household Fur
tiiuire, &c, with au assortment of Ki ehe:
1 IL-ifer Yearling. ll fi:;" Mule*.
1 two horse Wagon. Terms cash.
Unlimited articles received up to !:.>-::.
of .?aie. in nv '2? 1 .
1 By A.' E.. Phillis."
THIS (Monday) MOPNTNG. ut 10 oV-Tec*:
! will sell, at Head quarters, opposite In
Ln?;:ayra C?fieo, Cre-'n Ten, Black Per
per, English Longcloth. Agate P.ti::<;:..
Sniokilitr and Che win li Tobacco, M ec 1 Pens,
Seis-orsV Padlocks, Knives ?'..Mon Vir:
Ent?lish Sh..-Thr.-ad. -J pie.-.'s K.-r- y
Unlimited ailieh-s received until :? i-'?-k
FOR SAL?] AT
Marien Street, near lumber
O'POOL COTTON. CANDLE*.
O ?NGLISII P?NS. NEEDLES. TA; F..
CALICO. STRIPE : IIIETiN'O.
Spring Cassimero:-. Hair Netts.
Silk Tie*. Flax Thread, Coin!.;.
_ "Also. Blue Fiann.]. _ may 22 r?
/ 1 ENTLEM KN wishing to he SHAVE!
U er to have their II.-MP CI T ?
SHAMPOON ED, can be accommod?t ..
next door to the present Post Orii.-e
May 20 S
Provisions for Sale.
VFEW. bm reis of FLOUR, a fe?
bnsliels of RICE and n small i- : ir.: .
ty of SORGHUM can be had in it-:* :
suit purchasers by applying to ti;.- ? .
signed, at his residence) Winn slicer. : . .
the Charlotte Railroad Depot, between' -
and Iv o'clock in the njoruine:.
may 20 r? AV M. SMEPIIEPP
Furniture, &c, for Sale.
T^HE undersigned otl'ei-s for sale tho rr
i. tire lot-of HOUSEHOLD FL'RN L
TURE of a family removing frara t!,. citi
inciuuing not-only the usual complemem
of the parlor, dining : ?rn, ehamb? .- r.nr.
kit. hen, but Crockery, C.as-ware. Cutle-v
and the nunrberless oilier article? requisite
for e. rnfort Liberal conditions as "to ti ..
?in e of payment will i e given ii desired
to :i party purchasingthe n ';,de'?.r great..
natl of the lot. \Y M. SiiEPlIERD
Winn bfree*. ..ci" Cha: : ] v;o:
rnav -"0 * -2?