Newspaper Page Text
Tuesday Morning, May 23, 1865.
The Amnesty Proclamation.
We take from tlie Augusta Constitution
ali*t the amnesty proclamation of President
Lincoln. It should he read carefully by
everv citizen. The Constitutionalist de?
scribes the terms offered as l?bornl, and
-iiould be accepted by all, not excepted by
ili provisions, and says thal "the sooner we
ad ipi ourselves to the requirements of thc
Constitution and the laws of thc country,
the sooner will pearce and prosperity shed
their benign and happy influences over
our land." The same paper adds: "No
one is forced to take the oath," but, of
course, the direct pressure, through a
thousand agencies, is so akin to coercion,
that we need not split hairs in its discus?
sion. Our people will please to remember
.that wc are ? conquered people, entirely
^ at the mercy of thc conquerors, and all
discussion about rig?lts a?d constitution is
.merely waste of breath. Submission to
whatever the conqueror chooses to dis?
pense, is.all that is left us; and, briefly, all
who are not pleased to submit, should
liave the country. Those who remain, if
they are wise, wiil never bother themselves
with politics again; will quietly go to
their several tasks, and forget all that, they
have ever learned of politics; and the
sooner we go to work nt our several homes,
the better for our quiet, if not. our pride.
The Last Rumor.
The rumor along the streets, yesterday,
reported thc French lo have landed 80,000
troops at Tampico, for the support of
Maximilian. The reports tell us, also, that
the disbanded Yankee army are crowding
into the lists of volunteers, gathering in
the Northern cities for the proposed colony
in Sonora. The j'ixta-position of French
and Yankees in Mexico would provo an
interesting concalination accordingly.
When we say that weean trace the former
report to no trustworthy source, and that
liie colonial expedition of the Yankees is
probable enough, ve have exhausted
our means of speech on the subject. If
Maximilian has ceded Som.-ra and other
provinces to Prance, there will be casus
betti enough and michen mal i co. toe?, enough
to satisfy the sans culottes of both armies.
We are requested to say, that in-con se?
quence of orders received here and issued
by Major General Gillmore, the functions
< f the F.xecutive Department of the Go?
vernment of the State have ceased. 1 II
our issue of to morrow will appear the
order of Gen. Gillmore and the address of
(lov. Magrath, cfTiciallj- notifying the peo?
ple of the State that bc has ceased to ex?
ercise any of the powers of his office ai
t'.:e Chief Magistrate of the State.
We surrender our paper to-day, almost
.wholly, to documentary, ai.d political, and
politico-social matter, of official character,
Our readers will do well to study heedfully
all documents of this character which we
set before them, especially the amnesty
proclamation, the Act of confiscation and
all other papers emanating from the Go
i ernraent at Washington. We invite the
r.cb?c attention, also, to the correspond
er-ee'between Governor Magrat h and Gen.
Gillmore. The tone of the latter holds
lorth but little encouragement to a con?
quered and submissive people. It might
be more magnanimous, and perhaps poli?
tic., to reconcile them to subjection, with?
out compelling them to feel bow much of
the abject is implied in their new condition.
Let us submit, and then-go pray.
LINE OK BOATS-TRAVEL.-Something to?
wards tb." opening of communication and
travel between Columbia nnd tho up?
country, Dr. L. J. Hancock announces
(seo advertisement) that he is about'to
commence running a line of boats, tri?
weekly-, from Columbia lo Alston and
Shelton's Ferry. Tiiat line is well calcu
lated to carry passengers, ns well as
freights and the mails. He will have two
good boats nt once upon the line, and,
with the increase of demand, will pitia?
bly add to the number. We lake for
eranted that th? accommodations of the
boats will be such as will commend them
t?rntefully to passengers of both sews.
We trust thai this example will bo fol?
lowed by other enterprising citizens, giving
us carriage and wagon facilities in the
direction of Chester, Sumter, Camden and
Orangeburg. This done, we may hope
once more to communicate with the outer
? COLUMBIA, May iiO, 1S>'>5.
Hon. Jai .ot L. Orr, Anderson, S. C.
MY DEAR Sn?: In passing through New
berry a few days ago, I saw in the Herald,
.".! that place, your letter to the H.->r.. \V
\V. Boyce, in which you have expressed
your opinion of the present condition bf
this State, and also made some recom?
mendations ns to that course of conduct
wliich. at lliis time, would be proper for
adoptiou by the constituted authorities of
this Stale, The publication ol your letter
gives wide circulation to these opinions
and these recommendations. They will
both be received by the . people of the
State with tho respect due to them, be?
cause of the largo experience and wide,
observations of the source from which
the}- have come. And it is only because
the recommendations you make are ex?
posed to certain objections, which 1 am
sure were not. known to yon, but which,
nevertheless, render them impracticable,
that it has seemed to me proper to comma-*
mica te publicly to you the difficulties which
prevent the adoption of either of your re
They are, as [ understand them, from a
quick Luit yet attentive perusal, that (1)
tlie Legislature should be convened for the
purpose of lestoring the State to its for-;
mer condition, ns one of the United States;
and (2) that the (io vernor should, by his
proclamation, declare that the Constitution
and laws of tho United States are now of
force within the limits of this State.
I quite agree with yon as lo ihe neces?
sity which exists for a meeting of the L??
gislature But you are not aware that lo
the preposition of Gov. Brown requesting
thc permission of the President, of the
United States for themoeting of the Legis?
lature of Georgia, a distinct refusal w;;s
given. And (Jen. "Wilson, in Communicat?
ing the reply of tho President of ll' ?
; United States to Gov. Brown, informed
! him that if any members ?d' the State'
Legislature would obey his call for a meet
; ing of that body, the}- would be arrested.
Earnestly desirous of having the aid oT
the State Legislature af this important
ci isis in the direction of the public con?
duct of the Sla!<\ and feeling that it be?
longed properly to that department of the
Government of the State to instruct me in
regard to that conduct, 1 communicated
by telegram with C?en. Johnston in the
earlv part of this month, .and inquired of
him whether, if tin Legislature were called
together, it would bc disturbed in its sil?
ting. (Jen. Johnston answered that he
would refer the question to Gen. Sherman
and send nie the reply. I have never re?
ceived it, and supposed it probable that
the publication of the answer to the pro?
position of Gov. Brown was considered a
sufficient reply to my question to Gen.
This statement will sufficiently explain
to you the difficulty which attends o call
of the Legislature, and will show you that
this recommendation is impracticable.
The recommendation thijt I should, by
my proclamation, declare that the?oust.i
tniion and laws of the United States arc
m>w of loree in the Stale ol South Caro?
lina, is not less impracticable.
Tiie fact -may be truly stated in your
recommendation; but even if it is so, I
nm not the exponent of .that department
of the Government of the State by which
this declaration must, or can properly be
made, lt is not for mo, but for the Legis?
lature of the State, whenever that body is
assembled, to declare under what consti?
tution the State is governed, ?nd by what
laws its citizens are bound. And even
thus the proposition may be stated tito
broadly. It may be, it ii probably, with
the Government of thc United States, by
virtue of its conquest, to decide, without
regard to any department of the Govern
merit of the States, what shall be the po?
litical condition of its citizens. I have no
more right to assume what will bc the
determination of the Government of the
United States, than 1 have to decide what
would be the decision of the Legislature
ol the State. But. in. neither case would
it be consistent with my duties, nor could it
bc reconciled with the powers which are
[riven to nie, to undertake to make procla?
mation of what is the political condition,
and. therefore, "what are the political
duties, of the citizens of this State.
And, indeed, when I have said, in the
course ol' this letter, that I earnestly de?
sired the aid of the Legislature, it was not,
hy any means, solely for the purpose of
expressing its opinion or deciding its con
duel in relation to tho political status of
the State. The suceras of* Ihe Government
of the United States had given it the
power to interpose and overrule any such
opinion or control any such conduct.
Lesides this, there were other and very
crave questions of purely internal and
domestic legislation; greai and radical
changes which had become necessary-the
careful consid?ration and adoption of
which, in the most intimate manner, af?
fected thc welfare of the citizens of tho
Slate. If tiie duty of acting upon those
questions was confided to the Legislature
of thc State, it would be idle to dally wiii<
a responsibility which is overwhelming,
unless met in a spirit of calmness and
wisdom. And if thc determination of
certain principles had been made by the
Government of the United Slates, and
these principles were made operative
within the limits of the State, the adjust
ment of such details as would best tend
to the successful operation of those princi?
ples would, if committed to the Legisla
t uro, demand from that bod}- its gravest
consideration. 1 have po reason to sup
pose that in the determination of these
principles or in the adjustment of the
det ails-, will the Government of the United
States desire?or require the aid of the
Government cd the States. And 1 cannot,
therefore, but consider my announcement!
eitiioi of Mich principles or euch details,
BS not only unasked for. and, then-fore,
improper, but un'authorized, und, there?
lt is very'childish in nny to suppose that
the failure in the attempt made by this,
with other States, to secede from th*1 Go?
vernment of the United States, and to
organizu um>ther independent Govern?
ment, has, nevertheless, left still with these
States, or with thc people thereof, any in?
fluence in deciding the question how far
they shall be restored to the condition in
which they were under the Government of
thc Unite<l States. Tb^se Slates engaged
in war. Conquest lias been the conse?
quence of'that war. And it is for those
who have been overcome in that war to pre?
pare themselves for'tlsat condition which
conquest gives? to the victor the power
to impose. There ?6 a high virtue, even
in error/in submitting with fortitude to
the penalties of fnilurp. There ?6 lament,
aide weakness in shun ing our eyes to those
consequences <>f our conduct which ure
too plainly revealed to be mistaken.
If we will realize to uurst-lves that we
must bear what we cannot avoid; if reso?
lutely we contemplate the power that the
Government of the united ?tates possesses
to impose its own terms and conditions;
if we have the courage lo wnijt calmly the
ann ou neem eut of the conditions which
may bc intended (or us, we sholl be the
better prepared to endure it when it is
proclaimed. And if, in the meanwhile,
we shall, each in his proper ?dace, do what
he can, and all that he can, to preserve
the further peace and good order of the
Statt ; if the influence of all good men
will bo constantly exercised in all'modes,
times and places to -eserve as inviolate
os possible thc rights of property from the
depredations of the lawless and the
wicket); if we cnn, even for a wini.-, secure
for ourselves tin- proud position of a peo?
ple obedient to tin; law, when the h?
bas, for the moment, hist its power to
command; we shall be the better, if we?
are not even fully, prepared to undergo
what we provoked, but could not avert.
Yours verv- trulv. A. G. MAGRATH
GOOD COOK. WASJJE? AND
IRONER. Apply at this office,
tn av 2 S ?
A MEETING t.f the Columbia Medical
ix Society will be held THIS DAY. at
4 p. m., atibo office of Hr. Templeton, in
the Sui ver 1 louse.
1). H. TREZEVANT, President,
may 23 . ]
""Furnitura, Books, Etc., for Sale
HTMIE undersigned offers for sale some
X Parlor Household and Kitchen FUR?
NITURE. Feather lieds, Mattresses. Crock,
cry and Glassware. Also, some valu ib!e
Books, which will be sold at liberal pr.c.s.
Apply nt his residence, Washington street,
second house from Gales street.
may 23 I" P. S. JACOBS.
Bakery and Confectionery.
ISHOD AIR and W. STIEGLITZ
J* have l>- op.-ned their BAKERY,
CONFECTIONERY and CRACKER MA
Ny FACT? RY. Also, on bani a fine
assortment of CHEWING and SMOKING
TOBACCO, SCOTCH and MACCABOY
SNUFF, Cl C. A US. PI ?'ES, Ac., at Messrs.
Cooper it Caliber's old stand, may 23 0
Passage to the Up Country.
? ^ HAYING two good boats,
iS^I will commence running a
FjgjTRI-WEEKLY LINE to and
troiu Columbia to Alston and Shelton's
Ferry, commencing on WEDNESDAY
next. Passengers will be carried to either
point, at reasonable rates, payable in
specie or provisions. For freight, or pass?
age, apply on board, at Geiger's Mill,
.may 23 E. J. HANCOCK.
lill. 1\ 1?ELW\ W?fT
Pickens Street, head of Lady Street,
HAS JUS7 JU-: CK I VE I):
QUININE, OPIUM. MORPHINE.
BLUE MASS, GLYCERINE.
GUM and SPIRITS CAMPHOR.
C. Ammonia, Dover's Powder, Copaivji.
Gum Arabic, A'oes, Bops, Hartshorn.
Indigo, Jalap. Tr Iron, Nit. Silver.
Caustic. Laudar.uni, Paregoric.
Laking and AV ashing Soda.
Cantor Oil, Starch, liyd.'C. Creta.
Sub. Nit. Bismuth, Mercurial Ointment.
Adhesive Isinglass and Blister Plaster.
Cale. Magnesia. Comp'd Cathartic l ill?.
Opium Pills, Iodide Iron.
Acet. Tine. I od. Potash, Citric Acid.
Sweet Oil, Bi-Chromate Potash.
Chamomile, Cas'ile and Windsor Soap.
Coffee. Ten, Sugar, Candies.
Pepper, Mustard. Needles.
Pius, Hair and Tooth Brushes.
Gap, Letter, Noie ard Blotting Paper.
Envelopes, St.el Pens, Ink.
Hooks and Eyes. Blacking*
Chewing and Smoking Tobacco.
Syringe*. Coates' Cotton.
Pen Knives, Piaving Card?. Ac.
may 23 1* At head of.Lady street.
Marion Street, near Lumber
SPOOL COTTON, CANDLES.
., ENGLISH PINS, NEEDLES. TAPE.
CALICO, STRIPE SHIRTING.
Spring Cassimere?. Hair Netts.
Silk Ties. Flax Throed, Combs.
Also, Blue Flannel trav 22
The State of South Carolina,
COLUMBIA, May 20, 1865.
ITHE proclamations from this Dr*- I
. purl ment, hearing date the 2d day of
Maj-, 18(>.">, is hereby revoked; and the
direction* therein given are hareby coun?
termanded. The following correspondence
with General Q. A. Gillmore will set forth
the causes which have led mo to revoke
that proclamation and countermand its
HEAQ'RS DEFT OF TUE SOUTH,
HILTON HEAD, S. C.. May ll, 1S05.
Hon. A. G. Magrath, Cullimbin, S. C.
Sait: I have seen in the public prints
what purports to he a proclamation issued
by you to the people of t he State of South
Carolina, dated at "Headquarters, Colum
i a. May 2, 1865," directing .'that nil sub?
sistence 6tores and property of the Con j
federate State* within the limits of th?
State be?turned over to and accounted for '
hy tbs aeents of the State appointed for j
that purpose. The subsistence and other
stores to be used for the relief of the peo?
ple of the State, and the other property,
of whatever kind, to be held for the coin- I
mon benefit of thc State."
By the convention between Generals j
Sherman and Johnston, agreed upon on |
the 20th day of April ultimo, ?,t Bennett's '
Douse, near Durham Station, N. C., an !
official copy of which I eindose, nil acts of I
war on the part of General Johnston's j
command ceased, and the arm}- and publie i
property were surrendered to the United I
States. The district covered by said con?
vention include-* tie State?>( South Caro?
lina, as is correctly stated to you in the
despatch from General Johnston, dated
Greensboro, N. C., April 30, lsii.r>.
Al! public property, therefore, should
bc delivered to officers of the United
Stales and its seizure, by St ate agents ol?
by any other persons, is ill direct violation
ot the convention, is an act of war, a crime
against humanity, and xviii be so regarded
and treated at the.-e headquarters.
I consider that you cannot, properly
take any olliei.il action in this matter, ex?
cept through tlie United Slates authority,
lo whom Ibis property belongs, by right
of military capture and surrender. Its
gratuitous distribution among persons who,
hy persist .'nt treason on the part of their
leaders, have beert reduced.to a condition
of abject pauperism, in a senseless and
fruitless attempt at revolution, must, be an
act of charily on the part of the Govern?
ment which they have tried to overthrow,
i stand r. adv, under the orders of Major
General Sherman-, to take possession of
this properly, and "to relieve present
wants and encourage the inhabitants to
resume their peaceful pursuits" in the
State of South Carolina; and I expect
those who hold any semblance of authority
in the State to act in aid of this benevo
lent policy, if they attempt to act at all.
1 am, sir, respectfully, vo'ur obedient
servant,' Q. A. GILLMORE,
Mnjor-I ?enera! Commanding.
Cor.VMBiA, May 20, IsS?.
Mejor- Gt nrral Q A. Gillitiore,Cvnvmandinij
Department of the Sv'it/i.
Sn:: At Union, on the 18th, I received
your lotter of the 10th. At the same time
ami place, I was informed that a detach?
ment of United States troops were at
Spartanbiirg-there with despatches to
mo. waiting my arrival! I arri veil there
to lind that the party in charge of these
despatches had departed, and immediately
I returned to this place, for the purpose
of sending you my reply.
lt is proper for me very distinctly lo
assure you that it was not in any wise in?
tended by nie to interfere with, or m anv
manner nUVct, the terms or-conditions of
the military convention between General
Sherman and General Johnston. On the
contrary, 1 desire aird consider myself
bound to conform to it in all particulars.
When the proclamation was published,
two considerations were present, to inc
ibo one, to relieve want, not during the
pi-ogress of a war, but when war had
censed, and hostilities on the pa*t of the
people of the State were ended, the other,
to secure a portion of subsistence which
was still in the State-placing it in the
hands of prudent persons, and they saving
it, with any other public property, from
waste. At that time. 1 had no reason to
suppose that to th?3 there would be excep?
As soon as Genera! Johnston's telegram
was communicated, it was published as
explanatory of the proclamation. I had
no information of the construction which
would be given to the convention, except
fi om that paper. I gave it as I received it.
If you chun1, as I now understand you
to do, that all subsistence stores and pro?
perty in the State, referred to in the pro?
clamation, were, by the terms of the con?
vention, transferred to the United States,
then, to persist in doing what I Iben
wished and thought'right, would be to
affect thc operations of that conventiou.
I have clearly said that this was not in?
tended; and I shall go farther, and recall
the ] >roclamat ion.
i have, no; any reason to suppos- that
any poition, of the least consequence, of
thc subsistence stores cr property referred
to, lins come into tho hand of the agents of I
the State. In the only er.se which lins
come to my knowledge. I gare notice t<>
the parties not to distribute or dispose < '.'
it; nnd inform?" them that you claimed it
for the Unit.-d States. It. being, then, the
property of the United ?Mat-'!-, th? dispo
sition of it is, of course, uiid.-ri-.iol suljec?
lo the Government thereof. I do not deem
it pi'oper now to discuss with yon, rs you
sown to invite, the stif?seier.ey of ?lie cause??
which led to thc war, or tho principle
upon which you will exercise th? power,
which success has given lo you. Nor coule
you have expected me. considering our
relative positions, lo comment upon ih
Ianguace von employ for the expression of
your opinions concerning the one and ihc
In this State, the war is over. With ti.o
conventio?between General Johnston nnd
General "Sherman, hostilities have r?-ns.-.!
m every part of tili? State. 1 do not know
of a citizen of the State who IR in arms I"
there ip such, it, ?snot by the order ot v?i;h
the consent of the State authorities. !:
cannot but be known to you that the !..
sources of the Stale are exhausted. its
population much diminished and now
posed to prent fm ITV ring: in many cases,
without even the men ntl of subsistence- -
in all cases, wit .hetti ll;'.- means of r. sis'
ance. Such a people cunno:, be suspected
of aggression. JSor, as their repr?senta?
tive, can I be suspected of a desire or
purpose to do that which is "cause of
war." And lean with great confidence
?efer to the motive which led to the pro
clama I ion as not. constituting "a crime
I have the honer to be. vor.r obedient
servant. A. G. MAGRATH
Maj. (Jen. Q. A. G i :.i MOUE, commanding
Dep't of the South,' Klilton Hen I
IJ.- In pursnar.ee,.therefore, ol' l!e> cot
vontion referred t>> in this corresponden" .'.
all'subsistence stores and other, r ublic pi'1
porty referred to in tho proclamation . :
the 'Jd dav pf May. IS Ri. which were in
the hands"of any agents of the State, v. iii
be disposed of hy them according .<> ttl?
orders of thu Government of thc Uni'?d
States. And if any stich Wave been -.: ..
posed of or distributed before notice '
this proclamation, a report, of such dis?
sition or distribution will be made t<j JD' i:.
Gillniore, or any other < dicer of lie: Unite.:
St a tes, to whom such com mu:- ?cat it H eb'- v. i vi
be m a. le.
III. As all such property is now drumed
by the United Stales, because comp'?
h.-ride.l in the terms and condition . ot
Military Convention between G 'ti. Sb .. .
mat and Gen. Johnston. ] t.iee -upon e.:i
parsons to abstain from interference w tb
the'same. It is the duty of all persons
who are within the limits ol' thisSlnte to
respect nu.I sustain that contention.
IV. I appeal again to the people of li ij
State to preserve the public peace tu
maintain the : ubii. order. Com plait.ts ot
lawless conduct are made in ninny \ ot
lions of the State. The eo;i?i>ru"n*e??s ? :
such violence will surely fall heavily up'i:
tlit>se who h.Iiessly exercise it. Prop-rl'
unlawfully acquired cannot be law!'".!'.;,'
retained'or enjoyed. .And a ri.'i l r-ap- n
sitiility wiil, beyond all doubt, be imj i s-d
upon those v.ho participate in such con
duel. The sanctions which have b-et!
rived from the history of the pcoplt? < :
this Stale will, 1 trust, be ipiite as. pot . .
liai as the enactments of a p> -it.ve la v.
ltcannol.be that any influences willie
sufiiciently strong to lead those*who have
lived and prospered, because they respect
o.i and obey.-d the laws w h ie.h ^.*5M???''"
force, now to reject the obligations-or
those laws and refuse obedience t-.> what
tlie}'command, lt cannot be tba' in '.bis
Stat?' an armed force bas become necessary
to protect the rights of property, whetliei
public or private, from the spoliation ot
those who are citizen's of tee Stat-. Rut
if, in the present condition of the State,
that force cannot be hail; and -f tb-ST::-.,
has to.rely upon tho respect of her citizens .
lor,the preservation of her fame, it cannot,
be that such a necessity as is involved it:
that appeal will fail to secure for ti?.
Stat?* jn whose behalt it is mad - ?ni ear?
nest ami manly response from those io
whom it is addressed. In behalf of t|u
Stale, I do now make this appen!. Au.1. I
call upon all good men in the State to re?
peat that appeal, ato! assist me in ir\
efforts to make it eii'eclu. I.
Rv the Governor:
A C. MAGRATH.
Official: R. J. DAVA .NT, J.ieut. Ct I am
A. D. C. may 'j:-.
By Dmbec" & Walter.
WILL bc sold, THIS (Tuesday)MORN?
ING, at 10 o'clock, al mir office. Assem?
bly street, the following articles, viz:
1 Carpet, 1 Side Saddle, lot fine China
Dishes, Plates, Duckets, Tubs, Shoes,
Clothing. Mattresses, lot Carpenters Tools
Fire Dogs. Also, 100 lbs. Sole Leather
Unlimited articles received, raav 23 1*
Zealy, Scott & Bruns
WILL sell, at 10 o'clock. THIS DAT, a',
tiu- Ration House,
A choice lot of SILVER WARF, cor
Goblets/Pitchers. Pots, Waiters, Spoons
Ladles, with old Gold, old Silver. Terms
cash._ mav 03
ENTLEMEN wishing to be SH AV F. D
VJ t>r to have t licit- HA IR CUT or
SHAMPOON LD, can be accommodated,
next door to the prese: t Post Office.